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European Exploration and Colonization

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					  European
Exploration and
 Colonization
   What European
country explored and
settled the Caribbean,
Central America, and
   South America?

Spain
 For what two reasons
 did Englishmen settle
   in North America?
Religious Freedom

Economic Opportunity
What religious group
settled New England?

The   Puritans
  What was another
name for the Church of
      England?
The   Anglican Church
 What was the major
   reason for the
 settlement of New
      England?
Religious   Freedom
   Who settled at
     Plymouth,
  Massachusetts in
       1620?
The Separatists
commonly called
 the Pilgrims
 What agreement signed
 by the male settlers at
    Plymouth helped
 establish the notion of
 self-government in the
       Americas?
   Mayflower
The
Compact
 Who settled the
Massachusetts Bay
    Colony?
The   Puritans
How did the Puritans
  get their name?
The Puritans
 wanted to purify
 or reform the
 Anglican Church.
  What was the basic
       unit of
  the Massachusetts
     Bay Colony?
 The Church
  Congregation
 Each congregation

  established a Town
  Where did the
Puritans practice a
  form of direct
   democracy?
  Town
At
Meetings
 Which colony did
the Pilgrims settle?


Plymouth
What three European
groups chiefly settled
 the Middle Atlantic
      region?
 English

 Dutch

 Germans
  What was the major
     reason for the
 settlement of Virginia
and the other Southern
       colonies?
Economic
Opportunity
  Who founded the
 Virginia colony as a
 business venture?
   Virginia
The
Company of London
  Who were the English
  nobility who received
    large land grants in
 Virginia from the King of
England and helped settle
        the colony?
Cavaliers
     Define indentured
         servant?
Aperson who agreed to
work a certain number of
years in exchange for
payment of his passage to
America.
 Whatwas the first English
 attempt at a colony in the New
 World?

 Roanoke
 What was the first
 permanent English
 settlement in North
      America?

Jamestown
 What became the
 cash crop of the
 Virginia colony?

Tobacco
  What was the first
  elected assembly
(lawmaking body) in
   the New World?

TheHouse of
Burgesses
  With what colony
 does one associate
   the Cavaliers?

Virginia
  Where did many poor
English immigrants settle in
   the Virginia colony?

 Inthe Shenandoah Valley
 or western Virginia
What regions of the Western
Hemisphere did the Spanish
   explore and settle?

 The Caribbean
 Central America

 South America
What region of the Western
Hemisphere did the French
         explore?


Canada
  Who had better relations
with the First Americans, the
   British or the French?


The    French
    How did English
 colonization affect the
  American Indians?
 Lost territory
 Died from European
  diseases, especially
  smallpox
   What group did
 Europeans force to
come to the Americas
 or what group came
    involuntarily?
Africans
    Name four characteristics of
      the economy of the New
         England colonies?

   Shipbuilding
   Fishing
   Lumbering
   Subsistence Farming
Name three characteristics
  of the economy of the
    Middle Colonies?
 Shipbuilding

 Small farms
 Trading
     What was the
 economic basis of the
  Southern colonies?

Cash crops raised on
large Plantations
  What formed the basis of the
   economy of the Southern
 colonies in the mountains and
   valleys of the Appalachian
            foothills?
 Subsistence   farming
 Hunting

 Trading
 What were the three cash
  crops of the Southern
        colonies?

 Tobacco

 Rice

 Indigo
  What were the two
 cash crops in South
      Carolina?
Rice

Indigo
 Which English colonies
   believed in private
   property and free
  enterprise (profit)?

ALL
  What trade pattern
brought Africans to the
  English colonies?

TheTriangular
Trade
What was the name of the
forced voyage of African
slaves from their homes
   to the New World?

TheMiddle
Passage
   The main reasons Africans died
    during the Middle Passage was
    because



   of crowded and unsanitary conditions
    led to disease and death
According to the SOL,
what were the 3 points
  in the Triangular
       Trade?
 The  New England
  Colonies
 The West Indies

 Africa
To what major conflict did
  the Southern colonies’
slavery-based agricultural
   economy eventually
          lead?

The   Civil War
 Slave rebellions occurred in the
 British colonies because



 harsh   laws were passed to control
 slaves
 What  two African American slaves
 led slave rebellions?



 Gabriel   Prosser and Nat Turner
What does religious
 tolerance mean?

Freedom   of
Religion
  What religious
   group settled
  Pennsylvania?

Quakers
 What religious
 group settled
  Maryland?

Roman
Catholics
   Huguenots and Jews settled mostly in
    which colony?



   New York
   Presbyterians settled mostly in which
    colony?

   New Jersey
 What two groups of
 colonists generally
 believed in religious
      tolerance?
Quakers

Roman   Catholics
   What is the term that describes British
    neglect of its colonies which actually
    resulted in economic growth and
    prosperity for the colonies?

   Salutary neglect
   What are the
 eastern lowlands
  of the Atlantic
   Coastal Plain
      called?
Tidewater
 What was the background of
the small farmers, hunters, and
 traders in the mountains and
  valleys of the inland South?

Scots-Irish

English
   The economy of inland settlers in the
    mountains and valleys of the Appalachian
    region was mostly dependent on

   Subsistence farming, hunting and trading.
  What religious
 movement swept
   the American
  colonies in the
    mid-1700s?
   Great
The
Awakening
    Name two
 important leaders
   of the Great
   Awakening?
George Whitefield
Jonathan Edwards
       What two
 denominations grew
 rapidly as a result of
the Great Awakening?

Baptists

Methodists
What religious movement
 of the mid-18th century
    preached “fire and
 brimstone” sermons to
   encourage spiritual
         rebirth?
   Great
The
Awakening
 What did the Great
   Awakening
   challenge?
 The  religious order of the
  colonies
 The governmental order
  of the colonies
   This social challenge to society from the
    Great awakening led to a movement which
    would support the

   American Revolution

				
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