OBSERVATION by niusheng11


   Community Based Disaster Risk Management Training of Trainers Workshop,
                                  Date: 8-14 March 2010

The CBDRM ToT for Chukha Dzongkhag was held at Phuentsholing during 8-14 March
2010. This is the fifth ToT workshop organized by the Department of Disaster
Management (DDM), MoH & CA under the EQRRP project. ToT programme has
already been conducted in Punakha, Wangdue, Thimpu and Bhumtang. A total of 21
participants including 11 Gewog Administrative Officers took part in the workshop. The
team from DDM carried out the ToT with the support of Phuentsholing Dungkhag
administration. International Federation of Red Cross designed the seven day training
The general objective of the workshop was to create a pool of resource persons on
Community Based Disaster Risk Reduction Planning at
Dzongkhag (district) level.
   I.   Formation of Disaster Management Committees at
        the Gewog level
  II.   Developing Gewog Disaster Management Plan
 III.   Learning concepts, definitions of DRM and DRR
 IV.    Emergency preparedness and response
  V.    Training of Gewog personnel on CBDRR planning

Training approach & Methodology: The ToT adopted
the participatory approach. Methodology includes a mix of lecture based presentation,
group work, discussion, brain storming, field visit, simulation, role plays and learning by
doing activity based methods.
Training Module:
Day I: Overview of hazards and vulnerabilities in Bhutan; National Disaster Risk
Management Framework and disaster management institutions in Bhutan
Day II: Basic DRR concepts; importance of CBDRM and mainstreaming DRR into
development; characteristics of a safer, more resilient community; CBDRM process- The
seven steps
Day III: Introduction to hazard, vulnerability and capacity assessment (HVCA); HVCA
tools- secondary sources and direct observation; mapping (social map/spatial map;
hazard/vulnerability map, resource/capacity map); transect walk; historical profile;
historical visualization and projection
Day IV: HVCA tolls (seasonal calendar, interview, focused group discussion);
community based disaster management planning (data collection and analysis, CBDRM
Planning (How to plan?); field work briefing; self directed planning for field work by
participants; preparation for the field visit
Day V: Field visit (meeting with community leaders, data collection, analyze and
collation of information collected, evaluation and reflection by participants)
Day VI: Key learning from the field visit (individual feedback, group presentation,
facilitators’ observation); re-cap of HVCA
tool; CBDRM planning and presentations;
community based monitoring and evaluation
Day VII: Overview of disaster preparedness
and response; community mobilization and
advocacy; group planning (action plan for
Gewog CBDRM training and plan; gallery
walk; post course assessment; closing
ceremony ( course summary, awarding
certificates, impression on the course and
concluding remarks)
       Selection/group of participants: participants are selected meticulously; majority of
        them are Gewog Administrative Officers (GAOs) those have a command over Dungkhag
        and Gewog level. Total size of the group i.e., 21 which was quite appropriate; high level
        of energy and enthusiasm among participants;
       Venue: Dungkhag office conference hall was quite specious, airy and had adequate
        scope for conducting group works, activities etc;
       Logistics: Both training and operation logistics are well planned and managed;
       Training Material: Excellent ToT training modules with explanations, exercises and
        individual learning space;
       Training aid: Adequate amount of training aids such as spread sheets, chart papers,
        markers and handouts of different modules/sessions were available and put to best use
        by the participants;
       Trainers: Resource persons/trainers are good listeners, sensitive, articulate,
        commanded respect of the participants.

Good Practice:
  i.    Every important session was followed up either by an individual exercise or group work
        and presentation;
 ii.    Ice-breaking exercise and other team building activities were carried out at right
 iii.   ToTs/Master Trainers from other project districts (Punakha and Wangdue) were
        engaged as trainers; no handholding from external trainers in this ToT;
 iv.    Expectations and outputs were matched before closing of the workshop
  v.    Planning for the next level of CBDRR with budget and guidelines
 vi.    Daily feedback by participants before end of the day
vii.    House keeping by the group member

Room for Improvement:
    a) Use of white board with marker for explanation would have been good
    b) Use of space; movement by the trainer around the groups would help drawing better
       attention of the participants
c)   Eye contact with participants is required
d)   Scope for better participation by the trainees
e)   Scope for better explanation of technical terminologies with suitable examples
f)   Focus more on vulnerability assessment

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