A guide to using
The Real Nappy Campaign in Scotland would like to thank:
• Women’s Environmental Network, the Highland Real Nappy Project
and Bromley’s Real Nappy Campaign for allowing their publications to
be used to aid the development of this Healthcare Professionals’ Pack;
• Cambridgeshire and Peterborough Real Nappy Network and Orkney Islands
Council for kindly permitting use of material from their publications;
• The Nappy Lady for providing a link to the nappy folding instructions
on its website.
Waste Aware Scotland is a programme of Keep Scotland Beautiful. Keep Scotland Beautiful is an operating name This booklet provides healthcare professionals,
of Environmental Campaigns (Scotland). Scottish Charity Number SC030332.
parents and parents-to-be with information
This campaign is funded by the Scottish Government, as part of their commitment to a Greener Scotland, www.itsourfuture.co.uk
about using real nappies.
Printed on 80% recycled paper.
WHAT ARE REAL NAPPIES? REAL NAPPY TYPES
Modern real nappies are very practical and offer parents Most real nappy systems consist of a soft, absorbent
and parents-to-be an alternative to disposable nappies. nappy, which is covered by a leak-proof, breathable cover
Real nappies are made of lightweight, fluffy fabrics
(also known as a wrap). A one way liner is placed inside
the nappy to catch solids. A booster liner (booster pad) can
which can be machine washed and reused over also be used with most nappies to soak up more wetness.
and over again, while disposable nappies can
There are three main types of real nappies:
only be used once.
Shaped nappies are designed to fit the baby snugly
and need no folding. They have elasticated legs and waist,
and fasten with Velcro®, poppers, grips (Nappi Nippas) and
even ties. They require a one way liner and a cover (wrap).
Some shaped nappies can be used from birth to toddler
and adjusted to fit as baby grows.
Benefits of using real nappies include:
• Can save you money - around £500* Advantages:
• Convenient to wash and dry
• Easy to put on
• Easy to use and comfortable for baby
• Shaped to fit around legs
• Reduces your household waste, which goes to
landfill sites • Easy to wash and dry
• Available in a variety of styles, materials and sizes Shaped nappy
- there is one to suit every pocket and lifestyle
This booklet is part of the Real Nappy Campaign in
Scotland’s Healthcare Professionals’ Pack, which provides
healthcare professionals, parents and parents-to-be with
information about using real nappies. Samples of each
of the main nappy types and accessories are included
within the Pack. Parents and parents-to-be can ask
One way liner to catch solids
their midwife or health visitor to see these samples.
Most National Childbirth Trust antenatal teachers also have
samples please visit www.nct.org.uk to find your nearest.
* Women’s Environmental Network (WEN) 2006. Leak-proof breathable cover (wrap)
All-in-one nappies Nappy Costs (in 2006)
All-in-one nappies are shaped, Shaped nappies All-in-one nappies Flat nappies
with the nappy and leak-proof
£4.75 to £10.99 each £7.90 to £14.50 each £1.75 to £3.50 each
cover (wrap) all in one piece.
They should be used with a one
way liner. Pocket nappies are a
type of all-in-one, which have a Covers (wraps)
pouch for adding an insert, such Covers (also called wraps) need to be used with
as a folded flat nappy or pre-fold shaped and flat nappies to ensure a snug fit and
pad (see below), to soak up the wetness. stop wetness escaping onto clothes. Modern covers
are available in a wide range of waterproof and
Advantages: breathable fabrics, with soft edges and easy-to-use
• Easy to put on fastenings, such as Velcro® and poppers.
• Adaptable, as you can add an insert in a Covers do not normally need to be changed at every
pocket nappy to soak up the wetness nappy change unless they are soiled. It is important to
• Removing inserts when washing and use the right cover for the type of nappy and tuck the
drying pocket nappies saves drying time nappy properly inside the cover to prevent dampness.
Some brands come in various sizes, while others “grow
with baby” so that only one purchase is necessary.
Flat nappies made of towelling are versatile and can be
folded to make a variety of shapes (depending on boy
or girl). Please refer to the manufacturer’s instructions on
folding or see the ‘Practical Nappy Tips’ section on The
Nappy Lady website at: www.thenappylady.co.uk/advice
These shapes are secured with a plastic grip called a Nappi
Nippa or a safety pin, and covered with a wrap.
Flat nappies made of towelling or cotton can be folded
to make a pad (pre-fold), which is held in place by a cover
(wrap). An example is shown on page 7. Cotton pre-folds
are commonly used by nappy laundry services - see
pages 9 and 14 for details. A one way liner should be
used with flat nappies.
• Low cost option
• Versatile - towelling nappies can be folded
to make a variety of shapes
• Quick to dry after washing
Liners WHAT DO YOU NEED
There are two types of liners: TO GET STARTED?
One way liners
One way liners are used to catch solids. They are If you are going to use real nappies most or all
placed inside the nappy (on top of the booster of the time, you will need:
liner/pad, if used). The one way liner allows • Around 20 nappies - this depends on how
wetness to pass through, so the nappy can often you wash them. New babies generally
absorb it which keeps the baby’s bottom drier. need 6 to 8 nappy changes daily, while fewer
Flushable liners, made of paper, can be lifted out changes are needed as babies get older.
of the nappy and flushed away when soiled (as • Around 4 covers (wraps), depending on age
long as the packet states they are biodegradable). of baby.
Liners made of fleece can also be used to catch • Liners - plenty of flushable one way liners
solids. You can buy these or make them yourself (a perforated roll of 200 lasts for around a
from a piece of fleece. When soiled, they month) or around 25 washable fleece liners.
should be rinsed into the toilet, before being If booster liners/pads are used, around 8 of
machine washed with the nappies for reuse. these would be needed.
Absorbent booster liners (also known as booster
pads) usually made of cotton can also be used
inside the nappy to soak up more wetness, for
example on long car journeys or overnight.
They are easily washed with the nappies for
Flushable one way liners Washable booster liner/pad
In addition, a lidded bucket or bin for storing
soiled nappies and an out-and-about waterproof
bag for clean and used nappies would be handy.
Cover and Liner Costs (in 2006)
Covers (wraps) Flushable Liners Washable Liners See the contacts list at the back of this booklet
for details of your local real nappy retailers,
£0.43 to £9.95 each Approx £0.02 each £0.60 to £2.10 each consultants and advisors and trial services.
There is a growing market for second-hand
nappies and suppliers of these are also listed.
WHY USE REAL NAPPIES? Real Nappies are convenient to wash and dry
Real Nappies can save you money
Please follow the manufacturer's advice on storing and
You can save around £500* by using real nappies and washing washing nappies. Pre-soaking is not required with modern
them at home. And you can save even more if you use them for real nappies, although you may wish to soak them if they
your second or third child or buy them second-hand. Some real are heavily soiled. There is no need to boil wash real nappies;
nappies have a good resale value. they can be washed easily at home in a 60°C washing machine
cycle along with washable liners.
The total cost of using real nappies can be half that of using
disposables. If washing your nappies at home, a one-off Brand new nappies should be washed a couple of times
payment is needed to buy the supply of nappies. before use, as this will increase their absorbency. Covers
should be washed at 40°C where possible to protect their
A 2006 study* has estimated costs from birth to potty for real waterproof fabrics. If inserts are used, these should be
and disposable nappies as: removed from the nappy before washing both parts.
Choose from the quicker drying fabrics if you have concerns
• Buying real nappies and washing them at home costs
about drying time.
from £182.50 to £359
• Buying disposable nappies costs from £615.16 to £922.74* Nappy laundry services
For extra convenience, nappy laundries offer a weekly service in
These costs are based on nappies being used over two and a many areas that collects used nappies from your doorstep in a bin
half years. They are average costs and depend on the type of supplied and provides a fresh supply of clean nappies, laundered
nappy used and how often disposable nappies are changed. to the thermal disinfection standards used in hospitals.
Visit www.wen.org.uk for full details of the study and the
assumptions made. See the contacts on page 14 for details of nappy laundry
services that may operate in your area.
Using a real nappy laundry service (see pages 9 and 14) is another
option in many areas and typically costs around £6 - £11 per week. Real Nappies are easy to use and comfortable
In addition to these savings, some local authorities offer Real nappies are soft and comfortable, and come in various
incentives such as cash back rewards, vouchers for the colours and patterns with easy-to-use fastenings (e.g. Velcro®,
purchase of real nappies, free or discounted laundry trials poppers, grips). They are absorbent, and inserts or booster
or free sample packs of nappies. liners/pads can be used to soak up extra wetness if required.
To find out if there is an incentive scheme in your area visit There are a variety of styles available to fit snugly to baby,
www.wasteawarescotland.org.uk or call the Real Nappy with soft elasticated sides to prevent dampness, made of
Campaign Helpline on 0845 850 0606 (calls charged at a range of fabrics including organic cotton.
Modern real nappies are made of specially designed
* Women’s Environmental Network (WEN) 2006. breathable materials. This means that your baby is no more
or less likely to get nappy rash from real nappies than
from disposable nappies. With all nappies, to avoid
nappy rash it is important to change them regularly
and allow plenty of fresh air between each change.
Real Nappies mean less waste to landfill To find our more about real nappies and related services (retailers, laundries,
incentive schemes, networks/projects) that are available in your area visit
Using real nappies will reduce your household waste, which goes www.wasteawarescotland.org.uk or call the Real Nappy Campaign Helpline
to landfill sites. Reducing your waste saves the Earth’s natural 0845 850 0606 (charged at local rate).
resources, saves energy and reduces the risk of global warming.
It also reduces waste disposal costs, which fall on Local Authorities Women’s Environmental Network (WEN) is a UK-wide charity that has been a
and Council Tax payers. leading player in the real nappy movement since 1988 and through its real nappy
project works to raise awareness about the environmental impact of nappies and to
ensure that parents have a fair choice. It runs a real nappy exchange (see Second-Hand
Top 10 Environmental Tips Suppliers & Trial Services on page 14), and is a source of information and advice.
Tel: 020 7481 9004; Website: www.wen.org.uk
There are lots of things you can do to help protect the environment
when using real nappies:
REAL NAPPY RETAILERS
• Do not boil wash - machine wash nappies and washable liners You can buy real nappies from local retailers or from local consultants/advisors who
at 60°C. can offer advice on choosing and using real nappies, often in your own home. Real
• Machine wash covers (wraps) at 40°C. nappies are available from selected branches of national retailers and a variety of
• When purchasing laundry appliances, choose ones with a Internet and mail/phone order retailers and can also be bought second-hand.
good energy rating to reduce energy and water consumption.
• Minimise tumble drying - line dry or use an airer. LOCAL RETAILERS
• Don’t use fabric conditioner - it is unnecessary and reduces Local retailers that stock real nappies include:
• Use eco-friendly washing powders.
Argyll & Bute Fife
Snazzy Pants - The Nappy Shop Little World
• Use organic and non-bleached products. St Mary’s House, Shore Road, Innellan, Kingsgate Shopping Centre,
• Don’t iron nappies. Dunoon, PA23 7SP Dunfermline
Tel: 01369 830040 Tel: 01383 728 530
• Use real nappies for more than one child. www.snazzypants.co.uk
• It is also possible to buy second-hand real nappies. Forth Valley
Borders Baby Central
Pride and Joy Unit 8, Munro Road, Stirling, FK7 7UU
3 Beaumont Street, Kelso, TD5 7JH Peek a Boo
Tel: 01573 228 888 15 Bank Street, Falkirk, FK1 1NB
The Baby Shop Stirling Pram Centre
45-47 North Bridge Street, 42-44 Forth Street, Stirling, FK8 1UF
Hawick, TD9 9PX Tel: 01786 472 392
Tel: 01450 375 122
The Real Nappy Campaign in Scotland Grampian
Dumfries & Galloway Cherubs Baby Shop
This booklet has been produced by the Real Nappy Campaign in Kid-Nap 22E Bridge Street, Banchory, AB31 5SX
Scotland. The campaign in Scotland is delivered by the Scottish Waste 67-69 Queensbury Street, Tel: 01330 825 522
Awareness Group (SWAG) in partnership with the Community Recycling Dumfries, DG1 1BH
Network for Scotland (CRNS). It is funded by the Scottish Government Tel: 01387 265 019
3 Batchen Street, Elgin, IV30 1BH
and has the support of Local Authorities throughout Scotland. Tel: 01343 542 349
Wisemans of Peterhead Strathclyde REAL NAPPY CONSULTANTS & ADVISORS
40-44 Broad Street, Peterhead, AB42 1BX Carridges
Tel: 01779 479 334 You can also buy nappies from real nappy consultants and advisors, who offer advice on
Unit 7, New Cross Centre, Lamb Street, choosing and using real nappies, often in your own home. Some local contacts and the
Highland Hamilton, ML3 8AH
areas they cover are listed below. If there is no consultant/advisor listed in your area,
Tel: 01698 458 080
Nursery Needs www.carridges.co.uk please contact the Real Nappy Campaign for further information (see details at the top
9 Lamington Street, Tain, IV19 1AA of page 11).
Tel: 01862 894411 Cowans
61-69 Templehill, Troon, COMPANY & AREAS TELEPHONE EMAIL ADDRESS
Baby Dayz Ayrshire, KA10 6BQ
3 Tulloch Street, Dingwall COVERED BY LOCAL CONTACTS
Tel: 01292 311 211 Daft on Nappies www.daftonnappies.co.uk
Tel: 01349 862 333
Glasgow Pram Centre Dundee 01382 524366 email@example.com
Lothian 25-29 McFarlane Street, Team Lollipop www.teamlollipop.co.uk
Earth Matters Glasgow, G4 0TL 01736 799 512 firstname.lastname@example.org
67 High Street, North Berwick, EH39 4HG Tel: 0141 552 3998 Nappy Times www.nappytimes.co.uk
Tel: 01620 895 401 The Baby’s Castle Dundee, Angus, North East Fife 01241 855 312 email@example.com
13-15 Alloway Street, Ayr, KA7 1SP and parts of North Perthshire
Musselburgh Pram Centre
35 High Street, Musselburgh, EH21 7AD Tel: 01292 262 003 Nationwide Babykind Agents 0845 094 2275 firstname.lastname@example.org
Tel: 0131 665 2530 email@example.com Sunshine Tots www.sunshinetots.co.uk
www.pramcentre.co.uk Glasgow, Inverclyde 01505 874 275 firstname.lastname@example.org
Tayside and Renfrewshire
Orkney Islands Daft on Nappies The Nappy Lady www.thenappylady.co.uk
John Scott & Miller Ltd. Tel: 01382 524366 Edinburgh and West Lothian 0131 333 4482 email@example.com
15-19 Bridge Street, Kirkwall, firstname.lastname@example.org Aberdeen and Aberdeenshire 01467 633 167 email@example.com
Orkney, KW15 1HR www.daftonnappies.co.uk
Tel: 01856 873 146 Davidsons Chemist
Kiddi Winkles 92 South Street, Perth
17 Broad Street, Kirkwall, Tel: 01738 625871
Orkney, KW15 1DH Jamesfield Organic Centre
Tel 01856 877788 Abernethy, Perth We recognise that preparing to have a new baby may
Tel: 01738 850498 be an expensive time for parents and parents-to-be.
Shetland Islands www.jamesfieldfarm.co.uk You may like to take advantage of our new Real Nappy
Anderson & Company Just4Baby.co.uk Saving Scheme. Just like saving for a new pram or cot,
60 Commercial Street, 7 Princes Street, Dundee, DD4 6AS
Lerwick, ZE1 0BD it gives you the peace of mind to save up at a pace that
Tel: 01382 452 769 suits you and your family for the real nappies you
Tel: 01595 693 714
Kenmar want. (The sooner you start using real nappies
Cee and Jays 10-12 St Johns Street, Perth, PH1 5SP
5 Commercial Road, Lerwick on your baby, the more money you'll save
Tel: 01738 629 476
Tel. 01595 639025 compared to disposable nappies!).
To find if you have a Real Nappy Saving
Helen Perry The Nappy Pin
Tel. 01595 890332 Scheme in your area, please visit:
13-17 Commercial Street,
email: firstname.lastname@example.org www.wasteawarescotland.org.uk
Dundee, DD1 3DG
Jacqui Abernethy Tel: 01382 221 181
Tel. 01595 810820 The Nappy Pin
email: email@example.com 71-75 Gray Street, Broughty Ferry,
Dundee, DD5 2AU
Tel: 01382 477 944
NATIONAL RETAILERS Second-hand nappies can also be
purchased on the eBay website:
REAL NAPPY The GRAB Trust
(Group for Recycling in Argyll & Bute)
Selected branches of national retailers
stock real nappies. Some of these
www.ebay.co.uk NETWORKS Tel: 01631 569188
are listed below - please contact the Cloth Nappy Review & PROJECTS Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
company to check whether your local www.clothnappyreview.blogspot.com Real nappy networks and projects offer Website: www.grab.org.uk
store sells real nappies. Mumsnet impartial advice about buying and using Highland Real Nappy Project
Scottish Manufacturers www.mumsnet.com real nappies. They often give talks and Tel: 0845 201 2609
Ella’s House T: 01955 641 358 demonstrations to parents and parents-to- Email: email@example.com
www.ehnappies.co.uk be using samples of various nappy types Website: www.hrnp.org.uk
and lend out free trial kits. Inverclyde Real Nappy Network
Nappies T:01851 870662 Parents Lounge
by Minki www.nappiesbyminki.co.uk Ardnamurchan Nappy Club Tel: 01475 715902
www.parentslounge.co.uk Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Tel: 01967 402 453
Nappy Tel: 0141 416 5540
The Nappy Site Borders Real Nappy Network Orkney’s Real Nappy Scheme
www.thenappysite.co.uk Tel: 0870 143 0929 Tel: 01856 873 535 ext. 2315
Tots Bots T: 0141 778 7486 Used Nappies Email: email@example.com Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
www.usednappies.co.uk Website: www.brnn.co.uk Website: www.orkney.gov.uk
National Retailers Dumfries & Galloway Real Nappy Project Perth & Kinross Real Nappy Network
Asda Tel: 0500 100 055 LAUNDRY SERVICES Tel: 01387 260 139 Tel: 01738 476 476
www.asda.co.uk Real nappy laundries offer weekly Email: email@example.com
Boots Tel: 08450 70 80 90 services in many areas that collect Website: www.dumgal.gov.uk/realnappies Website: www.pkrnn.org.uk
www.boots.com and deliver clean real nappies to your Renfrewshire Real Nappy Network
Dundee Real Nappy Network
John Lewis Tel: 08456 049 049 doorstep in a bin provided. See below Tel: 0141 577 303
Tel: 07590 227155
for details of laundries and the areas Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Mothercare Tel: 08453 30 40 30 Email: email@example.com
they cover (at the time of publication).
www.mothercare.com East Ayrshire Real Nappy Network Shetland Real Nappy Network
Nappy Times Tel: 01595 744 800
Tesco Tel: 0845 7225533 Tel: 01563 554 093
Covers Dundee, Angus, North East Fife Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
www.tesco.com Email: email@example.com
and parts of North Perthshire Website: www.shetlandrealnappies.org
Toys R Us www.toysrus.co.uk Address: Westfield, Main Street, Barry, East Renfrewshire Real Nappy
Carnoustie, Angus, DD7 7RP Promotion Scheme West Dunbartonshire Real Nappy Project
Tel: 0141 577 3032 / 07814 685 542 Tel: 0845 111 0050
REAL NAPPY SECOND- Tel: 01241 855312
Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: www.west-dunbarton.gov.uk
HAND SUPPLIERS AND Website: www.nappytimes.co.uk Edinburgh and Lothians Western Isles Real Nappy Project
DISCUSSION FORUMS The Nappy Laundry Company Real Nappy Project Tel: 01851 709 900
Good Green Fun CIC The Nappy Laundry Company covers Tel: 0131 555 4010 Email: email@example.com
Unit 31 Stirling Enterprise Park, Aberdeen, South Aberdeenshire and Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: www.cne-siar.gov.uk/recycling
Stirling, FK7 7RP www.changeworks.org.uk
North Angus. But if you are not in this
Tel: 01786 849216
www.goodgreenfun.co.uk area and are interested in the service Forth Valley Real Nappy Network
email email@example.com do get in touch as we are continually Tel: 01786 449215
expanding our territory. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
The Nappy Trial Service has a range
of real nappy systems for hire and Address: 73 Lily Loch Road, Stonehaven, Grampian Real Nappy Project
ex-trial nappies and covers for purchase. Aberdeenshire, AB39 2WB Tel: 01224 774 177
Tel: 01833 640 400 Tel 01569 767342 Email: email@example.com
Email: firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com Website: www.aberdeenforward.co.uk