Brazilians giving up their American dream

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					   MIGRATION &

          DECEMBER 16th-31st

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                                       Table of Contents
Top Issues ...................................................................... 2
Effects of the World Economic Crisis ......................... 5
World Immigration ...................................................... 6
  General ...................................................................................................................... 6
  Enforcement ............................................................................................................. 9
  Employment............................................................................................................ 11
  Education ................................................................................................................ 14
  Health ...................................................................................................................... 15
  Integration .............................................................................................................. 15
  Circular Migration................................................................................................. 16

U.S. Immigration ........................................................ 18
  General .................................................................................................................... 18
  Enforcement ........................................................................................................... 19
  Employment............................................................................................................ 20
  Education ................................................................................................................ 22
  Health ...................................................................................................................... 22
  Integration .............................................................................................................. 23
  Refugees .................................................................................................................. 27

Remittances ................................................................. 27
Events .......................................................................... 30
Publications ................................................................. 31

                                  Top Issues
IOM: Migrants Are a Good Thing
The Voice of America News, December 18, 2008
The International Organization for Migration says migrants make positive
contributions to the economic well being of societies. On International Migrant's Day
Thursday, the IOM urges countries not to shut the door against migrants who the IOM
says give more than they take. As the world sinks deeper into recession, the
International Organization for Migration says it fears migrants will become
scapegoats for the things that are going wrong. It says countries should recognize the
positive contributions that migrants can make to economic growth and recovery. It
says they should resist the temptation to shut the doors on them. IOM spokeswoman
Jemini Pandya tells VOA people in economic distress tend to look at migrants as
being part of the problem, rather than part of the solution. She says migrants generally
are a positive force for economic growth and prosperity

Generation left behind by Filipino migrant workers
The International Herald Tribune (France), December 23, 2008
According to several recent studies, the 'feminization of migration' is exacting a steep
toll. Filipino men have long gone abroad for jobs, mainly in construction and
seafaring. But in the past two decades the ever-rising demand in the developed world
for English-speaking caretakers - nurses, nannies and domestic servants - has opened
the door wide for Filipino women. They are now found in great numbers in the United
States, Europe, the Middle East and other parts of Southeast Asia, notably Hong Kong
and Singapore. They are increasingly less likely to be found back home in the
Philippines, caring for their own families. An estimated six million Philippine
children are growing up now with at least one parent absent because of
migration. That the absent parent is now usually the mother has resulted in
'displacement, disruptions and changes in care-giving arrangements,' Vanessa Tobin,
deputy director for programs at Unicef, said at a conference on migration in Manila in
September. Adolescents seem especially hard hit. A study released this year by the
non-profit Asia-Pacific Policy Center in Manila indicated that children between 13

and 16 are the most affected, with many dropping out of school, experimenting with
drugs or getting pregnant.

More than 300 migrants feared drowned near India's Andaman Islands
Deutsche Presse Agentur, December 29, 2008,more-than-300-migrants-feared-
More than 300 illegal migrants were feared to have drowned off India's Andaman and
Nicobar Islands in the Bay of Bengal, police and officials said Monday. The migrants,
Bangladeshi and Burmese nationals, went missing after they jumped from boats and
tried to swim ashore. At least 99 people were rescued by the Indian Coast Guard and
three men were able to swim ashore. Coast Guard officials, citing survivors, said the
migrants had left some 45 days earlier for Thailand and Malaysia from Bangladesh,
where they planned to work. According to survivors, there were a total of 412 people,
mostly Bangladeshis and some Burmese on six boats which were spotted by the Thai
Navy after they reached Thai waters. The migrants were detained for about four
weeks and later put on non-mechanized boats with some bags of rice in the high seas
to reach home, survivors told Indian officials. They were drifting in the Bay of Bengal
for 12 days before they reached the vicinity of the island group, some 1,200
kilometres off the Indian mainland.

U.S. Workers Crowding Out Immigrant Laborers
The Wall Street Journal, December 20, 2008
A year ago, a day-laborer center adjacent to a Home Depot here teemed with Latin
American immigrants who showed up and found a sure day's work painting,
gardening or hauling. These days, more than immigrants are packing the Hollywood
Community Job Center: Unemployed Americans are joining them. There's little work
for anybody. 'Everybody is coming to look for work,' says Rene Jemio, outreach
coordinator for the hiring hall. 'It's not just your average immigrant anymore; it's
African-Americans and whites, too.' For the first time in a decade, unskilled
immigrants are competing with Americans for work. And evidence is emerging that
tens of thousands of Hispanic immigrants are withdrawing from the labor market as
U.S. workers crowd them out of potential jobs. At least some of the foreigners are

returning home. In the third quarter of 2008, 71.3% of Latino immigrant workers were
either employed or actively seeking work, compared with 72.4% in the same quarter a
year earlier, according to a new study by the Pew Hispanic Center, a nonpartisan
research organization. The 1.1-percentage-point drop 'marks a substantial decrease in
the labor-market participation of Latino immigrants,' says Rakesh Kochhar, the Pew
economist who prepared the report.

          Effects of the World Economic Crisis

250,000 Indonesian migrant workers return home due to global crisis
Xinhua (China), December 18, 2008
The global financial crisis has forced about 250,000 Indonesian migrant workers to
return home, worsening the unexpected high unemployment rate in the country. 'The
cause is obviously the global economic downturn. Employers are facing financial
problems due to sluggish demand,' the Jakarta Post daily on Thursday quoted
Indonesian   Manpower      and    Transmigration    Minister    Erman    Suparno    as
saying. According to Erman, the return of these workers to Indonesia increased the
country's unemployment rate. Currently, around 40 million people are jobless in
Indonesia. Meanwhile, the country has no social security guarantee for the
unemployed. The jobless people now have no choice but to do any indecent jobs.

Russia's migrants face attacks in economic slump
The Associated Press, December 19, 2008
Even by the standards of Moscow's xenophobic thugs it was a horrific attack: A group
of skinheads gunned down a Tajik migrant on a Moscow street, cut off his head and
emailed a picture of the gruesome trophy to rights groups. This week, Salokhiddin
Azizov was buried in his mountain village — a funeral in which mourners' grief
mixed with rage. 'They ... cursed Moscow,' Azizov's uncle, Rakhmatsho, told The
Associated Press Thursday by telephone. Like millions of others from impoverished
former Soviet republics, the 20-year-old Azizov, who was killed Dec. 5, fled poverty
for a low-paying job in Moscow's once-booming economy. Now, experts say, the
rapidly spreading economic crisis — Russia's worst in a decade — has triggered a
spike in hate attacks against non-Slavic migrants with Asian or Middle-Eastern
features. More than 100 foreigners have been killed in apparent hate attacks this year,
four times more than in 2004, according to the Moscow Bureau for Human Rights.

                          World Immigration
Mexico opens help line for its citizens in Arizona
Macedonia Online, December 17, 2008
The Mexican government has opened a special call center in Arizona to provide a
sympathetic ear for citizens caught up in crackdown on illegal immigration in the
desert state. Officials at the Mexican consulate in Tucson said they opened the center
last week. It is available 24-hours-a-day to field complaints from Mexican nationals
about their treatment in the border state, where as many as half a million illegal
immigrants live and work in the shadows. 'We want to offer a human voice at the
other end of the line, so they can feel protected and know that someone is here for
them,' Alejandro Ramos, head of the consulate's Department of Protection, told

Immigration Pushes Europe's Population to Nearly 500 Million
Deutsche Presse Agentur, December 16, 2008,,3877788,00.html
The population of the European Union increased to nearly half a billion in 2008,
thanks largely to a rise in net migration, new figures show. According to the bloc's
statistical office, Eurostat, the 27 countries that form the EU will have a combined
population of 499.7 million people on Jan. 1, up 2.2 million from 2007. About a third
of this rise is attributable to the number of immigrants entering the bloc.
EDITOR'S NOTE: The Eurostat report is available online at:

Immigration 'must be slashed' to keep population below 70m
The Telegraph (U.K.), December 17, 2008
The balance of those settling here over those leaving must be cut to just 50,000 a year

if the population is not to pass the landmark total. But that would require an enormous
reduction from the current net level of 237,000 a year and makes a mockery of
immigration minister Phil Woolas' pledge to keep numbers under control. Karen
Dunnell, the National Statistician, has revealed for the first time the dramatic changes
required to keep population growth in check. It comes as the Home Office will today
announce it is keeping restrictions in place for at least another year on low-skilled
workers from Romania and Bulgaria

Immigrants central to swelling population
The Local (Sweden), December 18, 2008
Sweden‘s foreign-born population is expected to reach 14 percent by the end of 2008,
a year in which the country‘s overall population had its greatest increase since
1970. In the last decade, the Sweden‘s foreign-born population has grown by 27
percent, as measured as a percentage of Sweden‘s total population, according to
Statistics Sweden. The 108,000 Iraqis now living in Sweden comprise the second
largest group of foreign-born residents in the country behind natives of Finland, of
which there are 176,000.

Spain proposes tougher laws for immigrants
The Associated Press, December 19, 2008
Grappling with rising unemployment and a moribund economy, the Spanish
government proposed new immigration rules Friday to limit the influx of
immigrants. The measures, which need Parliamentary approval, would let police hold
undocumented aliens longer pending expulsion and make it harder for foreign-born
residents to bring relatives over. They are yet another reflection of the dramatic
turnabout in Spain's economy. Just a few years ago, Spain was Europe's top job-
creator. In 2005, it even granted amnesty to 600,000 illegal aliens, many of whom
worked under-the-table as laborers in a booming real estate sector. But with the
property bubble collapse in the last year, the Spanish economy is now on the verge of

recession and unemployment has soared to an EU-high of 11.3 percent. Among
immigrants, the jobless rate surpasses 17 percent.

'Lost' foreign children revealed
The BBC News (U.K.), December 23, 2008
Nearly 140 children from foreign countries cared for by East of England councils over
the past four years have subsequently gone missing. A BBC investigation found that
in 2008 some social services saw more than 40% of the children disappear. It is feared
that many of them will go on to be exploited by traffickers. The figures, obtained by
the BBC News website through Freedom of Information requests, were described as
'worrying' by a childcare expert. The figures show that between 2005 and 2008, 138
children (out of 857 who had come to the attention of social services) were listed as
having gone missing from social services.

Thousands more migrants reach Italy's shores
* Number of African arrivals soars by 50% this year
* Libya embroiled in row over coastal patrols
The Guardian (U.K.), December 30, 2008
The number of migrants reaching Italy's southern coastline after a perilous crossing
from Africa has soared by more than 50% this year, according to UN figures,
highlighting the mounting moral and diplomatic dilemma that will face countries in
southern Europe in 2009. Even before another wave of landings in recent days, the
number of arrivals this year soared to 33,000 - 13,000 more than in the whole of 2007,
according to figures supplied yesterday by the UN refugee agency, UNHCR. Up to
500 more, many of them asylum seekers from countries such as Somalia, are known
or feared to have died before reaching Italian shores. Since December 24, a further
2,400 people have come ashore in the Pelagic islands between Libya and Sicily. The
most recent landings took place on Sunday after a boat carrying 331 migrants crashed
into rocks fringing the tiny volcanic island of Linosa.

Migrant arrivals by sea up 75 pct in 2008 -Italy

Reuters, December 31, 2008
The number of illegal migrants arriving in Italy by boat rose by 75 percent in 2008 but
numbers will fall once joint sea patrols with Libya start next month, the Interior
Ministry said on Wednesday. A ministry spokesman said 36,900 migrants landed on
the Italian coast since the start of the year, compared with 20,500 in 2007. Most of
them -- 31,000 in total -- made landfall on the island of Lampedusa, which lies
between Sicily and North Africa. Illegal immigration, a divisive and emotional issue
in Italy, has been high on the political agenda since Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi
came to power vowing a crackdown. It was back in the news this week when about
2,000 migrants arrived on Lampedusa within a few days, swamping a local holding
centre and prompting the government to declare an emergency and start deportations.

Navy intercepts seventh boatload of asylum-seekers
The Canberra Times, December 17, 2008
The navy is taking 37 suspected asylum-seekers to Christmas Island after picking up
the seventh boat in Australian waters in recent months. Home Affairs Minister Bob
Debus said a Customs Dash-8 surveillance aircraft spotted the vessel, which patrol
boat HMAS Bathurst picked up yesterday. ''The group will now be transferred to
Christmas Island where they will be detained and processed. The nationalities and
intentions of the people on board are yet to be determined and no significant health
issues have been identified at this stage,'' he said. More than 160 suspected asylum-
seekers have been picked up in Australian waters since September 29, including three
boats each with 35 or more people on board this month.

Boat influx opens Howard's 'white elephant'
The Age (Melbourne), December 19, 2008
The Rudd Government has been forced to open the $400 million detention centre on

Christmas Island in an embarrassing admission it is struggling to cope with an influx
of boat people. Immigration Minister Chris Evans has previously resisted pressure to
open the centre despite a steadily increasing number of arrivals, saying the 800-bed
facility had been 'inherited' from the Howard Government and was not suitable for
children and families. Government MP Michael Danby, the head of a parliamentary
delegation that visited the centre this year, said it resembled a stalag and was a
'grandiose' waste of public money. 'It looks like an enormous white elephant,' he said
at the time. But the Immigration Department will today announce the latest boatload
of 37 suspected asylum seekers, intercepted 200 kilometres north-east of Darwin on
Tuesday, will be housed in the new centre. The 37 men are expected to arrive at
Christmas Island over the weekend.

Frontex not able to handle immigrant wave, MEP says
New Europe, December 19, 2008
The mandate of the EU's External Borders Agency, Frontex, must be extended to
make the agency more effective, according to a report adopted by the European
Parliament on December 18. The European People‘s Party spokesman on Frontex,
Simon Busuttil of Malta, a country feeling the brunt of illegal immigrants coming
from Africa, said that the parliament had consistently supported Frontex since its
inception and provided it with sufficient financial resources to undertake its missions.

5,000 deported from Botswana last week: report
The Sila News Agency (Algeria), December 22, 2008
More than 5,000 illegal immigrants who were deported to Zimbabwe from Botswana
last week have vowed to return despite the harsh conditions they endured during their
arrest and subsequent detention in Botswana prisons. Thousands of illegal
immigrants, the majority who are Zimbabweans, were last week caught unawares in a
joint operation conducted by the Botswana Defence Force (BDF), the Botswana
Police Services and the Immigration Department. The operation is a routine exercise
aimed at flushing out immigrants who have entered the country illegally and those
who have overstayed and are working without residence and work permits. However,
those who were caught in the recent raids say this was a major operation as it caught

veterans who came to Botswana 20 years back. The raids started on Monday last
week. Armed soldiers and the police manned major roads leading into towns and
stopped Combis and asking passengers to disembark and identify themselves.

EU4 cooperate on immigration
The Financial Mirror (Cyprus), December 24, 2008
High ranking officials from Cyprus, Greece, Italy and Malta met in Nicosia to draft a
common paper regarding the challenges they face in the area of migration and asylum
that is expected to be adopted at ministerial level in Rome in January. Cyprus, Greece,
Malta and Italy will also ask for a more effective action on behalf of the EU agency,
FRONTEX, tasked to coordinate the operational cooperation between member states
in the field of border security.

Long awaited joint patrols off Libyan coast to begin in January – Maroni
The Malta Independent, December 31, 2008
In what could be the best news for Malta in years as it grapples with the irregular
migration phenomenon, long-awaited patrols off the Libyan coast are expected to
begin next month. Joint Italian-Libyan patrols along the Libyan coastline are to begin
in January with the aim of stemming the ever-rising tide of African migrants setting
off from Libyan shores toward Italy and Malta, Italian Interior Minister Roberto
Maroni said on Monday. Speaking in a radio interview, Dr Maroni commented, ―I am
optimistic. If, as the Libyans are assuring, (patrols) begin in January, we will be able
to say once and for all addio to the landings in Lampedusa,‖ Italian state news agency
ANSA reported yesterday.

Saudi Arabia deports 23,000 Indonesian migrant workers
ANTARA News (Indonesia), December 23, 2008


Immigrants take 1.4m new jobs
The Sun (U.K.), December 16, 2008
Immigrants have filled nearly all the new jobs created in Britain over the past seven
years, a report claims today. Around 1.34 million jobs have been created here since
2001, according to think-tank Migrationwatch.But over the same period the number
of non-UK born workers has grown by 1.4million — while the number of UK-born
workers has fallen by 62,000. More than 500,000 of the migrant workers were Eastern
European, Migrationwatch found. Chairman Sir Andrew Green said: ―This must have
been staring the Government in the face for a long time

Sweden – A new melting pot?
The Local, December 16, 2008
December 15th, 2008 marked the starting point of a new era in Swedish immigration
policy. As of Monday, Sweden is once again open for labour migration from countries
outside the European Union. Foreign students who study at Swedish universities may
stay on and work after their exams. Foreigners may come to Sweden and – for a
limited period – try to find a job on the Swedish labour market. Right now,
unemployment rates are rising, but in the long run the ‗old world‘ is living up to its
name. In forty years‘ time, the average age in Sweden will be twenty years higher
than that of the populations in Canada and the US. That‘s why Sweden will need more
engineers, more doctors, and more people in the care sector in general. And that‘s
why the Swedish parliament made a nearly unanimous decision to embrace the new
principle of labour immigration.

Canada Fast-Tracks Those it Needs Desperately
The Khaleej Times, December 17, 2008
Canada has a new message for would-be economic immigrants from all over the
world: if you belong to one of 38 occupations that are badly needed here, you can
expect to receive a landing permit within six months of applying. In 2009, we expect
to welcome about 45,000 such applicants. The list of occupations were announced by

Immigration Minister Jason Kenney recently along with a promise to maintain
immigration levels in the face of a looming recession and a global trend towards
lower migrant flows. These changes were introduced by the Conservative government
on February 27, freezing a waiting list running into 900,000 applications, including
600,000 in the economic category. No longer will it be a first-come-first-served
system, but rather one that privileges people in a few select professions who can
immediately fill labour market shortages in Canada. According to Citizenship and
Immigration Canada (CIC), all it takes to qualify is, ―At least one year of continuous
full-time or equivalent paid work experience in the last 10 years.‖ The last step in this
changeover was identifying the shortlist of high-demand occupations, which the
Minister announced last week.

Immigration Policy to Get Friendlier
The Korea Herald, December 17, 2008
The government Wednesday unveiled a new policy initiative to attract and retain
more foreign professionals and knowledgeable workers, including easing entry and
residency requirements for qualified foreign nationals. The foreigner-friendly policy
is part of efforts to boost national competitiveness. In a meeting chaired by Prime
Minister Han Seung-soo, the Committee on Foreigner Policy said the new measure
would be regarded as a long-term, comprehensive ``national strategy'' to help Korea
become a place that can attract more foreign nationals with skills and capital. The
government will start easing entry requirements for qualified foreign nationals,
including professional skilled workers, investors and students enrolling in local
universities, according to the committee.

Immigration tightened to save jobs
The Courier Mail, December 17, 2008,23739,24816259-952,00.html
A growing jobs shortage and rising unemployment figures in Australia have forced
the Rudd Government to start closing the gate on foreign workers. Jobs vacancies for
skilled workers have plunged 50 per cent in Queensland as demand for professionals
and tradespeople dries up and mining giants slash staff. Nearly 550 Queensland
miners were axed on Tuesday and up to $30 billion in planned mining developments

are in doubt because of the sudden downturn in world demand for the state's coal. In
response, the Federal Government has moved to tighten immigration laws to protect
Australian jobs. This will involve the Government making it harder for skilled foreign
workers to come to Australia, but fast-tracking those who meet critical shortfalls

Filipinos top the immigrant and temporary-worker lists
The Globe and Mail (Canada), December 17, 2008
For the first time, the Philippines has become Canada's largest source country for
immigrants and temporary workers combined, signalling an important shift in
immigration patterns. China has been the No. 1 source country for several years; but
as its economy soared, it was surpassed by the Philippines, which sent 19,064
immigrants and 15,254 temporary workers to Canada in 2007. Permanent residents
from China, while still the most numerous, decreased by one-third between 2005 and
2007, while immigrants from India, the second-largest group, dropped by 20 per cent
in this period. Permanent residents from the Philippines are the third-largest group,
and their numbers have more than doubled in the past decade. In 2007, more Filipinos
arrived in Canada as temporary workers than any other nationality, except for

Thousands of Displaced Minors in Colombia to Attend New Schools and Receive
a Better Education
Posted on Tuesday, 23-12-2008
Colombia - A USD 8.4 million agreement, between IOM and the Ministry of
Education, will build schools and strengthen the curriculum benefitting more than
8,000 displaced minors. A USD 8,344,870 project, funded by the United States
Agency for International Development (USAID) and the Ministry of Education, will
build 36 new schools and improve existing structures in Colombia's border areas with
Ecuador. The project will also conduct a series of studies to identify the current
educational situation in areas with large populations of internally displaced persons,

and apply the Open Doors School Strategy, developed by IOM to allow teenagers and
adults to attend classes in the afternoons and evenings, covering basic reading and
writing, vocational training, conflict resolution, family abuse prevention, psychosocial
support, and sports and cultural activities.

Italy migrants' state 'appalling'
The BBC News (U.K.), December 18, 2008
The working conditions of many poor African migrants in rural areas of southern Italy
are 'appalling', the international medical charity MSF says. The charity, which calls
the workforce an invisible and vulnerable army, says migrants live in dilapidated
buildings, with no electricity or running water. Thousands of Africans, many of them
without papers, seek jobs as fruit pickers in the Calabria region. 'They live in disused
houses, hangars or abandoned factories, with no running water, electricity or heat,
often surrounded by rubbish that attracts rats and packs of stray dogs,' said Antonio
Virgilio, MSF's head of mission in Calabria. MSF (Medecins Sans Frontieres) calls
the lack of basic hygienic facilities 'appalling'. It has distributed sleeping bags and
hygiene kits to migrant workers in Calabria. Mr Virgilio said the Calabrian authorities
were failing to respect the United Nations minimum standard of one toilet per 20
people for the migrant workers

Segregation 'widespread' for Swedish immigrants
The Local (Sweden), December 18, 2008
A study released on Thursday by Statistics Sweden (SCB) reports widespread
segregation in the fields of education, housing, employment and politics. In 2008, net
immigration into Sweden reached record levels, with more than 100,000 people
entering the country and projections that the foreign-born population will reach 14
percent by the end of the year. The report, released on International Migration Day,
illuminates how pronounced the differences in living conditions are between native
Swedes and the country‘s immigrant populations, particularly those born in Africa

and Asia. For example, the study shows that foreign-born school children lagged
behind their Swedish-born counterparts, with students born in Africa falling far
behind their native peers by 9th grade, even if they came to Sweden at a pre-school

Immigrants coping with Christmas culture shock
The Canwest News Service (Canada), December 22, 2008
For many immigrants and refugees, the first Christmas in Canada means first snows,
dazzling light displays and weaving their own traditions in with those of their new
home. But the festive excess of North America can also be difficult for those fleeing
extreme   deprivation    and   for   newcomers     grappling    with   poverty    and
unemployment. 'The whole concept of Christmas is both exciting and overwhelming
for these families,' said Chris Friesen, the Vancouver-based director of settlement
services for the Immigrant Services Society of British Columbia. Many are dealing
with culture shock, he says, and those whose families aren't intact feel that more
acutely at a time when everyone is focused on family. Even Santa Claus is a hard-to-
grasp notion for children who have lived through upheaval in their homelands, he

Circular Migration
Polish migrant workers feel the chill
The Financial Times (London), December 20, 2008
When the UK opened its borders to European Union accession countries in 2004, the
strong economy lured an influx of eastern European job seekers. 'How dare they come
over here, doing work Britons do not want for less money than Britons would
demand,' was the refrain of comedians parodying a reaction of mingled xenophobia
and gratitude. But now Poles are at the bleeding edge of the downturn, concentrated in
badly hit sectors such as construction, often as vulnerable subcontractors and agency
workers. A reverse migration has begun. The income of Access Europe, which finds
jobs for skilled Polish technicians, is down 40 per cent. 'We have noticed a cooling
towards migrant workers, with employers worried that British employees may resent

them,' says Mrs Jukes. She expects 200,000 Poles to flee the UK over the next year.
She will stay, being deeply rooted. She hates carp and will celebrate Christmas by
eating beef with her English husband.

Uganda Government News: Immigration accused of ill treatment December 31, 2008
The Minister of State for Information and Communication, Alintuma Nsambu has
defended government against allegations of mistreating Ugandans living aboard when
they are returning back to Uganda. This follows allegations by different Diaspora
Ugandans that immigration official ill-treat Ugandans who live abroad and by
subjecting them to unnecessary delays and checks. Edris Kironde a Ugandan who
lives in US says some people are mistreated by immigration officials when they return
to Uganda which makes them get disappointed of coming back to Uganda

Mexico: So far, no exodus from US to Mexico
The Associated Press, December 17, 2008
A Mexican Foreign Relations Department official says there has been no major return
of migrants from the United States despite an economic crisis and immigration
crackdown north of the border. Undersecretary for North American affairs Carlos
Rico says that so far this year about 1,800 Mexicans have requested permits to bring
home their belongings from the United States compared to 1,400 last year. Rico said
Tuesday that the government has no data showing a massive return of Mexican
migrants. Some 12 million Mexicans live in the U.S. About half are believed to be
there illegally

                           U.S. Immigration
All (Illegal Immigrants) Aboard ICE Air
On This Airline, Passengers Get One-Way Flights, Mixed Emotions and Huge
ABC News, December 16, 2008
                                       ICE Air could be the busiest airline you've
                                       never heard of. It serves 30 countries, tickets
                                       are free and unlike most carriers, it gives each
                                       passenger a complimentary meal. But to
                                       secure a flight, you need to be an illegal
                                       immigrant. ICE is a one-way airline operated
                                       by the Immigration and Customs Enforcement
agency. At a time when most airlines are cutting flights and adding fees for aisle
seats, extra luggage and snacks, ICE air is growing by about 10 percent a year.
EDITOR’S NOTE: ABC video report can be reached by clicking Play on the picture

Only Michigan, Rhode Island lose population
The Associated Press, December 22, 2008
The nation's great migration south and west is slowing, thanks to a housing crisis that
is making it hard for many to move. Only two states Michigan and Rhode Island lost
population from 2007 to 2008, according to the new estimates. But growth rates fell in
many states, even for those that had been adding residents at a rapid clip. Most
southern and western states aren't growing nearly as fast as they were at the start of
the decade, pausing a long-term trend fueled by the desire for open spaces and
warmer climates, according to population estimates released Monday by the Census
Bureau. Foreign immigration has slowed since the start of the decade and fewer
people are moving around within the nation's borders. A study by the Pew Research
Center found that only 13 percent of U.S. residents moved from 2006 to 2007 the

smallest percentage since the government began tracking movers in the late
1940s. The Census population estimates are available online at:

More than 700,000 immigrants to US detained, 386 die in one year
Agence France Presse, December 17, 2008
More than 700,000 foreigners were detained after entering the US illegally, and 386
died in attempts to do so during the 2008 fiscal year, US Border Patrol said here
Wednesday. Most -- 661,766 -- were Mexicans, many who had crossed their country's
2,000-mile (3170-kilometer) land border with the southern United States, according to
Border Patrol's Office of International Affairs. The rest -- 62,059 -- were citizens of
other countries, a majority from Central America, including almost 20,000 from
Honduras, more than 16,300 from Guatemala and just over 12,000 from El
Salvador. A total of 386 died, down from 398 the previous US fiscal year, which runs
from October 1 to September 30.

DHS wants green card holders' fingerprints
The CNet News, December 18, 2008
Millions of green card holders will be fingerprinted and photographed every time they
enter the United States as part of an expansion of a controversial biometric program,
the U.S. Department of Homeland Security announced on Thursday. The expansion of
the US-VISIT program to permanent residents--also known as green card holders--
takes effect on January 18, 2009. At the moment, the program's biometric
requirements apply to foreign citizens with a non-immigrant visa or those traveling as
part of the so-called Visa Waiver program. Anyone screened as part of the US-VISIT
program must provide digital fingerprints and a photograph at the border, plus date of
birth, address while in the country, and other information that the U.S. government
deems appropriate. The information is checked against a government database of

known terrorists and criminals. Refusing to give prints of all 10 fingers will result in
being denied entry to the country.

Praise, criticism meet Border Patrol growth
The San Antonio Express-News (TX), December 23, 2008
The country's national border-protection force now stands at more than 18,000 agents
— a milestone for the agency that started out in El Paso in 1924 with 450 officers on
horseback. The beef-up was part of a recruitment effort mandated by President
George W. Bush two years ago when he announced the Border Patrol would hire
6,000 new agents by the end of 2008. The goal was a total of 18,319. As of Dec. 6,
the most recent count available, the work force stood at 18,160 agents — technically
still short of the mandate, but officials are confident the official tally will be
reached. 'We've been on track all year to meet and exceed the goal,' Border Patrol
spokesman Jason Ciliberti said. 'As a result, we've gotten the word out in places
people had never heard of us before — we've become a household name.' But some
veteran agents are questioning the cost of the unprecedented hiring flurry, saying their
once proud agency is deteriorating into a corps of unqualified and unprepared rookies.

Hispanic Immigrants Drop in U.S. Labor Force
The Washington Post, December 16, 2008; Page D08
The percentage of Hispanic immigrants who are working or looking for a job in the
United States has declined for the first time since 2003, according to a study released
yesterday. The Pew Hispanic Center, which published the report, said the findings are
a testament to the nature and depth of the recession, which is rooted in slumping
housing values, as many Hispanic immigrants found work in construction in the boom
years. The study was based on data from the Current Population Survey, which is
produced jointly by the Bureau of Labor Statistics and the Census Bureau. The Pew
center said it found a small but significant decline in the share of Hispanic immigrants
active in the U.S. labor force. The percentage of Hispanic immigrants who were either

employed or actively looking for a job at the end of the third quarter was 71.3 percent,
compared with 72.4 percent a year ago, according to the study. The drop comes after
steady yearly increases since 2003.

Study: NJ reliant on immigrant work force
The Associated Press, December 22, 2008
Immigrants make up 28 percent of New Jersey's work force, account for nearly a
quarter of all earnings, and represent one-fifth of the state's business owners,
according to a new report by Rutgers University. An analysis by the Eagleton Institute
Program on Immigration and Democracy says that New Jersey's 1.7 million foreign-
born population has no negative impact on the Garden State's economy
overall. Immigrants account for 20 percent of the state's population, but make up a
higher percentage of the work force because more of them are of working age. The
study finds immigrants contributing at both the highest and lowest ends of the
economic spectrum. The foreign-born account for 40 percent of all advanced degree
holders in New Jersey, and immigrants also occupy some of the lowest-earning jobs
in the state. The Eagleton Institute of Politics report, 'Destination New Jersey: How
Immigrants Benefit the State Economy,' is available online at:

Day laborer jobs dry up in wilting economy
The San Jose Mercury News (CA), December 25, 2008
It had been four days since Francisco Castillo last worked, earning $10 an hour
helping a San Jose family move. And the 35-year-old Mexican immigrant wasn't sure
when his next job was going to come in at St. Joseph the Worker Center. On a recent
afternoon at the center, housed in an East San Jose warehouse that's been converted
into a gathering place for day laborers, 50 workers were on the waiting list. At the rate
jobs were trickling in, Castillo expected to wait about six more days before he reached
the top of the job list again, he said over a lunch of canned corn, rice and
sausages. Across the Bay Area, and in many such centers that serve documented and

undocumented workers around the country, the global financial crisis is hitting the
sector of local economies once powered by home improvement projects and
construction. The day jobs that placed immigrant workers such as Castillo in the job
market have all but dried up as the housing crisis forced many homeowners to forgo
paying for gardening, housecleaning and other work they used to hire out. Directors
of day-labor programs across the Bay Area report a dramatic decline in jobs. At the
same time more and more day laborers are seeking work and food. Like Castillo,
many of the workers now coming into day-labor centers used to hold steady jobs.

Woman's mission: keep Hispanic youths in school
The Associated Press, December 23, 2008
Back-to-school time for Maria Gonzalez means Friday evenings in a church
basement, surrounded by 30 teens chattering in a mix of English and Spanish. She
pushes them to excel in school, though she is not a teacher. She coaches the students
in dance, though she is not a dancer. Gonzalez, 50, is a Torrington woman who has
assigned herself a mission: to improve graduation rates and college attendance of
Torrington and Winsted's Hispanic youth. The problems Gonzalez is trying to tackle
might be newer to Torrington, where the immigrant population has taken hold and
grown more recently than in other, larger Connecticut cities. But they are familiar
problems. The national Hispanic high school dropout rate is 21 percent compared to
the national average of 10 percent, according to the Pew Hispanic Center, a
nonpartisan Washington-based research center on the nation's Hispanic population

Mexico Consulate Gives Free Health Care to Illegal Aliens in Texas
Vaccinations and AIDS tests.
The Latin American Herald Tribune (Venezuela), December 23, 2008
At least 600 immigrants, most of them undocumented, have been vaccinated this year
by the Mexican Consulate in El Paso in its efforts to improve the quality of life of

Mexicans who are afraid to go to hospitals. Mexico's consul in this border city,
Roberto Rodriguez Hernandez, told Efe that 250 AIDS tests have also been
performed. 'The immigrant community, especially those who are undocumented in El
Paso, come to us so that we will provide them with free health care because they're
afraid of being reported if they show up at clinics or hospitals,' he said. Rodriguez
said that because of the immigrant community's ignorance about its rights, the
consulate is carrying out a campaign to get those who need medical care to go to
clinics serving low-income people.

Immigrant doctors driving taxicabs or dentists working in construction can get
help through a new center at Highline Community College that provides
guidance to foreign-trained health-care professionals trying to get their careers
back on track.
The Seattle Times, December 29, 2008
A recent study by the Migration Policy Institute, an independent Washington, D.C.-
based think tank, found more than 1.3 million such immigrants are doing unskilled
jobs beneath their levels of education and training. The Puget Sound Welcome Back
Center at Highline helps them identify the additional training they need and how best
to get it. It was planned in partnership with the California Welcome Back Initiative,
which started in San Francisco in 2001 ( and provides a
model for this type of work, with centers now in four states. In her report, Uneven
Progress, Migration Policy Institute's Jeanne Batalova found that just over half of the
6.1 million immigrants who held at least a bachelor's degree in 2006 had received
their education before coming to the U.S. And one in four of them is working in an
unskilled job. 'Our report challenges the notion that a college education automatically
opens up doors of opportunity to everyone,' Batalova said. She said degrees from
institutions in Western Europe, Canada and other English-speaking countries are
looked upon more favorably than those from Asia, Eastern Europe or Africa. 'It's not
stated overtly, but by practice there's the assumption that the other country's education
training program might be inferior or not match standards in the U.S.,' she said.


U.S. needs to 'Americanize' immigrants, or face trouble, federal task force says
The Cox News Service, December 18, 2008
The United States must embark on an aggressive effort to integrate immigrants,
including teaching them English and U.S. history, a federal task force recommended
Thursday. If this 'Americanization' fails, the nation could see major problems in 20 or
30 years, with foreign-born populations detached from the larger society and engaging
in anti-social behavior, said Alfonso Aguilar, who heads the U.S. Office of
Citizenship. The report strongly emphasizes that immigrants must learn English in
order to fully integrate into American society. The task force also recommends that
every state create a 'state integration counsel' comprised of state and local government
officials, businesses, faith-based organizations, civic organizations, and nonprofit
groups that work with immigrant communities. It also calls for more U.S. history and
civic instruction at all levels of schooling and urges American businesses to provide
English-language instruction for their employees. Aguilar said the widespread
integration effort is needed because of the unique nature of current immigrants who
are mostly from Latin America, Asia and Caribbean nations and are coming in large
numbers. By 2025, about 14 percent of the nation will be foreign-born, he said. The
task force - which includes 12 cabinet-level departments and eight additional federal
agencies - has been studying the issue for two years. It is part of a Bush
administration effort to promote citizenship.
EDITOR'S NOTE: The full report is available online at:

Immigrants struggle to preserve native languages
The Chattanooga Times Free Press (TN), December 26, 2008
It is not uncommon for children who come to the United States at a very young age,
or who are born here to immigrant parents, to learn English at the cost of forgetting
their native language, local experts say. 'I have parents that are unable to
communicate with their own children and I have to translate for them,' said Marisol
Jimenez, an English as a Second Language teacher at East Side Elementary.
'Unfortunately, when you have subtractive language classes, -- which subtracts the

heritage language in search of English -- kids gain proficiency in the second language
at the expense of their first if they are not equally supported in that first
language.' Tennessee is an English-only state, which means all material given to the
students for testing or other performance measures is in English, said Dr. Valerie
Rutledge, Teacher Preparation Academy department head at the University of
Tennessee at Chattanooga. This is a factor that contributes to the difficulty of
language retention, she said. Although Rosalina and her siblings often serve as
translators and liaisons between their mother and the landlord or school officials, the
children say it's a lot easier for them to communicate in English than in Spanish.

Patchogue synagogue reaches out to Hispanics
Newsday (NY), December 21, 2008
Manuel Paucar has traveled across the Americas - from his home in the mountains of
Ecuador to the eastern end of Long Island. But until yesterday, he'd never been to a
synagogue. That changed with an offer from Rabbi Joel Levinson and the
congregation of Temple Beth El in Patchogue. Filing past a sign on the lawn that said
'somos uno' (we are one), 25 Hispanic residents, from a month-old baby to a
grandmother, joined an evening prayer service. In welcoming the visitors, Levinson
said Jewish residents of the area were shocked by last month's fatal stabbing of
Marcelo Lucero, an immigrant from Ecuador. Still, the killing resonated because Jews
are very familiar with crimes of hatred. Noting the attack came on the eve of
Kristallnacht, 'the Night of the Broken Glass,' Levinson said as he stood at the front of
the temple, 'It is important to us to honor the memory of our loved ones who were
slaughtered and not turn a blind eye to what happened to Marcelo.' After a 40-minute
service, the temple members hosted the visitors for dinner of bagels and lasagna in a
room at the temple. Paucar, who repairs shoes for a day job and makes sculptures at
night, sat with Jean Kaleda, a librarian who works in Patchogue library. 'We want to
show that people are people, regardless of language,' said Kaleda

Boy Scouts see Hispanics as key to boosting ranks
The Associated Press, December 26, 2008

As it prepares to turn 100, the Boy Scouts of America is honing its survival skills for
what might be its biggest test yet: drawing Hispanics into its declining — and mostly
white — ranks. 'We either are going to figure out how to make Scouting the most
exciting, dynamic organization for Hispanic kids, or we're going to be out of
business,' said Rick Cronk, former national president of the Boy Scouts, and chairman
of the World Scout Committee. So the group set out to sell Scouting, hiring a
Washington-based media and marketing company that targets Latinos. To spread the
word, the Scouts gathered a committee of Hispanic leaders, including the CEO of
AT&T's wireless unit, a U.S. senator from Florida and the archbishop of the Diocese
of Laredo. In 2009, the Boy Scouts is kicking off pilot programs in six heavily Latino
cities, from Fresno, California, to Orlando, Florida, to test ways of introducing
Scouting to immigrant parents. The group is also planning radio and television spots,
hiring bicultural, Spanish-speaking staffers, partnering with churches that serve
Hispanics and shaping programs to fit the family-oriented community.

No place to go
An impoverished middle class fleeing violence and disorder leaves Iraq
disadvantaged and its neighbors overwhelmed
The Baltimore Sun (MD), December 28, 2008
As the United States shifts its military focus from Iraq to Afghanistan, it leaves
behind a humanitarian crisis. Since the 2003 invasion, more than 2 million Iraqis have
fled the chaos of their homeland for the relative safety of Jordan, Syria and other
neighbors. The greatest movement of people in the Middle East since the Palestinian
flight of 1948 has impoverished hundreds of thousands of families, drained a crippled
nation of its professional class and strained relations in an already volatile corner of
the world. It is an exodus that has occurred largely out of sight. Sixty years since the
Palestinian flight transformed the Middle East, the region's governments have been
reluctant to recognize this new wave of refugees. Iraqis, unable to live or work
legally, arrive and disappear into the shadows of Amman and Damascus, Cairo and
Beirut. A fortunate few - under 23,000 in the past two years - have been resettled in
Europe and North America. Two hundred and two have landed in Maryland, several
of them congregating in and around an apartment complex in Northeast Baltimore. An
additional 110,000 have returned to Iraq to take their chances. But the great majority
of them remain in exile, caught between a homeland most believe remains unsafe and
countries where they fear detention and deportation. The U.N. High Commissioner for
Refugees describes an unusually well-educated diaspora, one that includes doctors
and nurses, teachers and engineers, now exhausting their savings while waiting for
conditions to improve in Iraq or opportunities to resettle abroad.

Poles to pioneer money transfer by mobile
The Guardian (U.K.), December 22, 2008

Polish people in Britain can now send cash back home by merely tapping a few digits
into their mobile with the launch of a new service today from NatWest. Using mobile
phone technology to send money has taken off in countries such as India and Kenya
where many people do not have bank accounts and use mobiles to send money to
relatives in rural areas, who claim their cash at local shops. But the NatWest service,
which uses technology from the UK firm Monitise, is the first time that mobile money
transfer has been launched in a major 'donor' country. An estimated £1bn a year is
sent back to Poland by migrant workers in Britain. NatWest is seeking to expand the
service to other communities in Britain, with Indians being an obvious target.

Bad Times Stall Cash Flow From Tajik Migrants
The New York Times, December 25, 2008
The financial crisis that is in full swing in the world's developed countries is only
beginning to reach the poorest, and labor migrants, with feet in both worlds, are
among the first to feel it. Flows of migrant money to developing countries, known as
remittances, began to slow this fall, the first moderation after years of double-digit
growth, according to the World Bank. The slowdown is expected to turn into a decline
of 1 to 5 percent in 2009, when the full effect of the crisis hits. Some are already
feeling it. Mexico, for example, is likely to have a 4 percent decline in the flows of
migrant money in 2008, according to World Bank estimates. The biggest declines
next year are expected in the Middle East and North Africa, because of economic
slowdowns in the Persian Gulf and Europe. The decline will be less severe than for
other flows, like foreign investment, Mr. Ratha said, but its effects will be amplified
in countries like Tajikistan that have come to depend on rapidly growing remittances.
The country will rank first in the world in 2008 for remittances as a portion of its
economy -- 54 percent -- according to an estimate by the International Monetary Fund

Filipinos remit more when peso is weaker—BSP study
The Manila Standard (Philippine Islands), December 30, 2008
Remittances of Filipinos working abroad increase when the peso depreciates, a study
by the Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas shows. 'A depreciation of the peso vis-à-vis a
basket of currencies of major overseas Filipino destination countries prompts an

increase in remittances. This indicates that [Filipinos overseas] are driven by
investment-related rather than altruistic motives,' the paper prepared by Francisco
Dakila and Racquel Claveria said. About eight million Filipinos work abroad and are
expected to remit some $16.9 billion this year, up 15 percent from 2007. Remittances
are projected to grow just 6 to 10 percent because of the global economic
slowdown. The peso has fallen to the 49 level against the US dollar in November
from 40 in February. The central bank expects the peso next year to hover between 45
and 48 against the greenback.

     Date & time     Location               Initiative          Contact & info

     01.14.09      1400 16th      Migration Policy Institute:   http://contact.mig
1.   9:00-10:30    Street, NW,    Immigration and the 
     a.m.          Suite 300,     Current Economic              ite/Calendar?vie
                   Washington,    Crisis'                       w=Detail&id=39
                   DC                                           01&JServSession

     30.01.09      Auditorium,    Pennsylvania State  
2.   9:00 a.m.–    Lewis Katz     University and      
     4:15 p.m      Building       Dickinson School of Law's     igrantRegistratio
                   Pennsylvania   Center for Immigrants'        n.cfm
                   State          Rights: 'Immigration in a
                   University     New Administration'           The Center for
                   University                                   Immigrants'
                   Park Campus,                                 Rights, 814-865-
                   University                                   3823,
                   Park, PA                                     centerforimmigra



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