Athletic Injuries and Psychology

Document Sample
Athletic Injuries and Psychology Powered By Docstoc
					Athletic Injuries and Psychology

                    Weinberg & Gould
Introduction
 Role   of Psychological Factors in
  Athletic and Exercise Injuries
 Psychological factors that might
  predispose people to athletic
  injuries
Introduction
 Explanations
 for the stress-
 injury
 relationship
Introduction
 Typical   Psychological Reactions to
  Injuries
 Signs of Poor Adjustment to
  Injury
Introduction
 How  to implement psychological
skills and strategies to speed the
rehabilitation process.
   Psychological Factors In Athletic
               Injuries
            involved with athletes,
 Individuals
 sports, and/or exercise need to
 understand that how an individual
 psychologically reacts to an injury
 and how well mental strategies
 are used can facilitate recovery.
A Model of Stress and Athletic Injury
Anderson & Williams (1988)



              Personality              History of                    Coping
                Factors                Stressors                    Resources



                                                     Attention/
                                     Stress Resp.
Potentially             Perception                   Distractions
 Stressful                  of                                                  INJURY
                                       Inc. State
 Situation                Threat                       Muscle
                                        Anxiety
                                                       Tension



                                     Psychological
                                          Skill
                                     Interventions
How Injuries Happen
QUESTION:




 Please provide me with some examples of
 some typical Physical Factors that cause
 injury?
How Injuries Happen
 Typical Physical Factors:
1.   Muscle Imbalance
2.   High Speed Collisions
3.   Overtraining/Undertraining
4.   Physical Fatigue
How Injuries Happen
 Some   examples of Psychological Factors
  that cause injury can include:
1. Personality Factors
2. Stress levels
3. Attitudes




         (Rotella & Heyman, 1986; Wiese & Weiss, 1987)
1. Personality Factors
Need to consider personality traits such as
 is the person introverted/extroverted,
 self-concept/self-esteem; Hardiness; Type
 A or B Personality.
1. Personality Factors
Although most research on personality and
 injury is conflicting, personality factors
 are still important to consider when
 working with injured individuals.
2. Stress Levels
Stress is indeed an important antecedent
 of athletic injury.

Research has examined the relation
 between life stress and injury rates and
 there is overall evidence to suggest that
 athletes higher in levels of life stress
 experience more injuries.
2. Stress Levels (continued)
Fitness and Sport Professionals should ask
  about major changes and stressors in
  athletes’ lives and monitor and adjust
  training     regimens    and     provide
  psychological support.
                  STUDY
Participants: H.S. Male and Female Athletes
Sports: Basketball, Wrestling, Gymnastics
Study: Examined relationship between
 stressful life events; social and emotional
 support from family, friends and coaches;
 coping skills; and number of days athletes
 could NOT participate in their sport due
 to injury.
                  STUDY
Results: Life stress was associated with
 athletic injuries of athletes who had both
 low levels of social support and low
 coping skills.
Results Suggest: Athletes possessing few
 coping skills and little social support are
 at greater risk of athletic injury.
                             STUDY
A.T./Coaches: Should be on the look out
 for these “AT-RISK” individuals.

This finding supports the Andersen and
 Williams model showed earlier which
 emphasized looking at multiple
 psychological factors in the stress-injury
 relationship     .
              (next slide)
A Model of Stress and Athletic Injury
Anderson & Williams (1988)



              Personality              History of                    Coping
                Factors                Stressors                    Resources



                                                     Attention/
                                     Stress Resp.
Potentially             Perception                   Distractions
 Stressful                  of                                                  INJURY
                                       Inc. State
 Situation                Threat                       Muscle
                                        Anxiety
                                                       Tension



                                     Psychological
                                          Skill
                                     Interventions
          ADDITIONAL STUDY:
          Gould, Udry, Bridges, Beck (1997)

Another investigation identified specific
 stress sources athletes undergo when
 injured and when rehabilitating from
 injury.
          ADDITIONAL STUDY:
          Gould, Udry, Bridges, Beck (1997)

The greatest sources of stress were NOT
 the result of the physical aspects of the
 injuries themselves but the psychological
 reactions.
         ADDITIONAL STUDY:
         Gould, Udry, Bridges, Beck (1997)

Psychological Reactions included:
 Fear of reinjury
 Feeling that hopes and dreams were
  shattered




 Watching   others get to perform
              ADDITIONAL STUDY:
              Gould, Udry, Bridges, Beck (1997)

Social Concerns included:
 Lack of attention
 Negative Relationship
 Isolation




   Loss of identity (athlete identity)
              CONCLUSION:
Stress Management techniques
 (progressive relaxation, breathing,
 biofeedback, etc.) may not only help the
 athletes and exercisers perform more
 effectively but also reduce their risk of
 injury.
Explaining the Stress-Injury Relationship
     Understanding why athletes who
   experience high stress in life are more
  prone to injury can help you in designing
   effective sports medicine programs to
    deal with stress reactions and injury
                 prevention.

               End of ATH INJ and PSYCH Part I

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:18
posted:7/30/2011
language:English
pages:24