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Purchase Contract in Croatian

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Purchase Contract in Croatian document sample

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									Resettlement Policy Framework
       Case study examples
Example 1: Croatia Coastal Cities
   Pollution Control Project

    Land Acquisition/Resettlement
             Framework
          (Final draft 2002)
          Project Description
• Municipal wastewater conveyance and sewage
  treatment facilities
• Specific sites for investment to be determined
  during implementation, based on requests from
  Municipalities
  – Some land acquisition expected for collector
    network, pumping stations, treatment facilities,
    outfall points
  – Possible (unlikely) that private
    residences/structures affected; causing temporary
    or permanent relocation
          Elements of Framework
• Site-specific LAP required for each investment
• LAP to include:
   – steps taken prior to acquisition (e.g. notification &
     consultation with landowners)
   – Steps to be taken during preparation & implementation to
     ensure compliance with Croatian Law, OP/BP 4.12
• Outlines Croatian expropriation law (describes a                         public
  and transparent process for identification, negotiation of financial offer, appeal
  through County Court)
• Indicates 2 additional steps to be taken for the
  project
• Annex detailing applicable Croation laws,
  procedures on expropriation
     Additional Steps for Project
• Once tentative alignment identified, sub-borrower
  to invite all potentially affected landowners by mail
  to a public consultation (content/results recorded
  in minutes, available in project file)
• Sub-borrower prepare LAP, submit to WB for
  review/approval it as condition of release of sub-
  project loan funds (contents of LAP
  described)...LAP to be updated as new information
  obtained
Example 2: expansion of Greater Addo
 Elephant National Park, South Africa
  Resettlement Policy Framework with
  Associated Income Restoration Plans
Greater Addo Elephant National Park
Existing Park = 125,000 ha (of which 51,000 ha added
since 1997 by land purchase or contract)
Proposed expansion = 29,000 additional ha
National legislation and PA management plan call for no
permanent residence or economic use (except tourism)
Lands to be incorporated are 13 privately owned
agricultural properties
Expansion to be added through purchase or contractual
arrangements (willing buyer-willing seller)
OP 4.12 triggered because concerns over permanent and
seasonal agricultural laborers (loss of employment,
accommodation)
Neither RSA Government nor SANParks have official
resettlement policy, or coverage of laborers in expropriation
policy – agreed to follow OP 4.12
       Resettlement Study TORs
• Prepare Resettlement Policy Framework, in accordance
  with OP 4.12*
• (Prepare specific Income Restoration Plans for affected
  people
• Develop database of affected farmers and farm laborers
  covering proposed land acquisition and all land acquisition
  since 1997 (names, ages, genders, education/work
  experience, current wages and other benefits)
• Assess impacts on indirectly (economically) affected people
• Propose benefits for host communities (seeking win-win)
    *including all elements described previously– legal
    framework, consultation process, etc.)
                   Eligibility Criteria
      (rationale provided in Resettlement Study)

• Qualifying for resettlement assistance:
   – Farm workers and their families on farms yet to be acquired
   – Those workers and their families who have already been displaced
     (specific eligibility criteria defined).
   – Host communities who may receive these farm workers e.g. the
     residents of Paterson Township.
   – Farmers and their families
• Not qualifying for assistance:
   – Seasonal workers
   – People living in the GAENP and environs that rely on the current
     socio-economic configuration around agriculture for their livelihood
    Methodology for Valuation and
      Compensation of Assets
Detailed methodology provided for:
• Homesteads (built by farmer vs. built by laborer)
• Cultivated crops (trees/perennial; annual)
• Graves (to be fenced and protected within Park)
      Alternative Income-generating
              Opportunities
• Expected to fall mainly within conservation and eco-tourism (ca.
  40 jobs per 15,000 developed ha; 1 employee per 350 ha)
• Challenge is to ensure opportunities for employment and
  enterprises to go to project affected persons – skilled and
  unskilled jobs
   – Estimated opportunities created in GAENP overall:
       •   90 permanent jobs in conservation
       •   260 permanent jobs in eco-tourism
       •   24 permanent technical & administrative jobs
       •   71 contract construction jobs
       •   843 temporary poverty relief jobs
• PAPs in Phase 1 expansion: 169 workers (1 per 304 ha)
• Net shortfall in employment for phase 1 land acquisitions = 32
  unskilled workers
         Income Restoration Strategies

• Provide alternative housing for displaced persons
• Direct Employment: ca. 50 jobs with
  SANParks/GAENP (25% unskilled) –
  income/benefits to match previous level
• Training into semi-skilled positions (connected to
  ongoing Government poverty relief program)
• Interim support while awaiting employment
  opportunities: replacement housing, cash to
  replace lost wages until re-employed (ending if
  worker rejects 2 suitable offers), interim pension
  for those over 55 until they qualify for government
  pension
   Organizational Responsibilities for
           Implementation
• Primary responsibility for implementation and financing is
  with implementing agency (SANParks) – directly or
  through contracted agents (dedicated Resettlement Officer
  to be appointed)
• Dept. of Agriculture & Land Affairs provides guidance on
  valuation and compensation
• Resettlement Working Group provides consultative forum,
  grievance mechanism, oversight, monitoring
• Independent monitoring team – membership approved by
  WB
• World Bank general oversight


Annexes on Consultation/Participation, Grievance Mechanisms, Monitoring
              Estimated Costs
•   Additional detailed studies: $20,000
•   Compensation (structures, crops): $750,000
•   Income restoration
•   Training: $8,500
•   Providing alternative land: $1,935,000
•   Interim support: $678,000
                RESULTS

• Project approved February 2004
• RPF Implementation is in process – to date
  12 ex-farm laborers permanently employed
  by GAENP, 34 temporarily employed
• Resettlement Working Group meets
  quarterly
• SANParks revised own policy regarding land
  acquisition

								
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