General Tips To Overcome An Interview
Exclusively for Campus/Off-campus
So what if you are not a mountaineer. Or a keen hiker. You still cannot treat your
interview like a careless morning trot along a jogger's path. Your jaw-jaw at the
interview table is nothing less than a cautious climb up a mountain trail--which
begins around your early childhood and meanders through the years at the
academia before reaching a new summit in your career. And as you retrace your
steps down memory lane make sure that you post flags at important landmarks of
your life and career, so that you can pop them before the interview panel scoops
them out of you. You don't want to be at the receiving end, do you?
Face the panel, but don't fall of the chair in a headlong rush-and-skid attempt to tell
your story. Take one step at a time. Here are a few preparation tips from the Team
of Freshersworld.com that books on interviews sometimes overlook. Remember, as
a fresher you do not have anything to loose but to gain.
TYPICAL QUESTIONS THAT AN INTERVIEWER WOULD ASK
1.Tell me about yourself
The most often asked question in interviews. You need to have a short statement
prepared in your mind. Be careful that it does not sound rehearsed. Limit it to
work/Study-related items unless instructed otherwise. Talk about things you have
done well at your college and how you wanted to perform in the first job.
2. Why Should We Employ You?
For this question, your answer should list out strengths that you feel are relevant to
the job. Given below are some answers which could help you with your answers.
However, structure them to suit your requirements.
I have good co-ordination skills
Good analytical skills
I can persuade people to see my point of view, and get the work done
My greatest asset is my ability to motivate people
Even during emergencies, I do not loose my cool
I have good entrepreneurial skills
I have consistently met my deadlines and targets
Can say “no” to people when required to do so!
I am very co-operative with my sub-ordinates, and would like to see them grow
I am a good team player
I am very flexible, and have the ability to work hard under difficult work conditions
I have the experience and knowledge relevant to this job (Here, give appropriate
details and examples)
3. Do You Have Offers From Other Companies ?
This is of course a difficult question to answer. Obviously, you must have applied to
other companies if you are looking for a job or would have some offers from other
companies already. Therefore, do not lie that you have not. However, you are on
thin ice here! The interviewer could be checking your honesty. On the other hand,
he/she may also be trying to find out how focused you are - are you applying
randomly, or is there a well-planned strategy?
Whatever your answer, it should match your career goals.
4. What Salary Are You Expecting?
Try not to get into salary details early in the interview. If pressed, you could say that
it all depends on the job, and would like to talk about it after a job offer. Say this in
a convincing tone. In case you are asked this question in your latter interviews, give
a direct answer. Do not sound apologetic while quoting the figure you have in mind.
SALARY EXPECTATIONS :
1. How much do you expect?
If you have done your homework, you would know how much other people in
similar jobs are paid. Quote the range upfront.
2. How much do you think you are worth?
Work out how much you should be paid, given the market value of the job and your
skills. If you can bring some extra skills to the table, do not hesitate to ask for more
than the market value.
3. What kind of a culture are you comfortable with?
It is better to be frank about your preferences. Your interviewer will get a clear idea
about your expectations.
4. Which is more important to you-salary, perks or growth opportunities?
This one will reveal the real you. So be sure what you are going to say. Above all, be
true to yourself. If you think this is a negotiation move, then say clearly that you will
never sell yourself short.
5. What do you know about our company?
Do not give your opinions about the company. Stick to reported facts that you have
gathered from newspapers and so on. Talk about the product portfolio, size,
income, and market perceptions of the company. Also it is better to refer details
about each company before going for the interview from Freshersworld.com or
6. Why should we choose you over someone else?
Talk clearly about problems that you have solved in your College/Project Team and
highlight the quality required.
6. Your qualifications are excellent, but you may be overqualified for the position
we have to offer?
Point out that more experience can never be a drawback. If you are multi-skilled,
then highlight the fact that a company on the fast-track needs multi-skilled people.
It needs people within different departments to work together. Also emphasise that
the company's future growth will be an exponential function of your experience.
QUESTIONS YOU SHOULD ASK :
Interviewers usually round off by giving you an opportunity to ask questions. Treat it
like a welcome opportunity.
You could ask questions like.
a) Tell me about your company.
b) Now that I have outlined my career goals, do you think you can offer me the
opportunities I need?
c) What kind of training and learning can I expect in your company?
d) Describe the work culture and the management style of your company?
e) What is the long-term vision of your company?
As a fresher, current position and status can impact the way you are interviewed.
Fresh Out of College
The basis on which you will be judged is your academic background, family
background, and interests.
If looking for your first job, ensure that your previous experience, even if it is part-
time, is noticed.
Mention projects or responsibilities you may have undertaken. This will indicate
your area of aptitude.
You should be willing to put in regular hours, in line with the company's policies.
The interviewer needs to know whether you can be punctual and put in full-time
In case you have applied for the post of management trainee, you should display an
ability to adapt, and indicate all-round interests. Moreover, you should have good
You should be enthusiastic to learn, and show commitment towards the
organization, as the company will be spending a lot on your training.
Bring with you :
a) Copies of your resumes
b) References and letters of recommendations.
First Impressions :
There is a common saying that minds are made up within the first 5 minutes of an
interview. So keep in mind these important first impression indicators. Walk in the
door as if you already work there, carry yourself as though you feel perfectly
comfortable with the situation. Arrive on time or a little early. In the waiting area,
politely tell the receptionist who you are meeting and in a friendly way, ask where
you should sit. Take slow, deep breaths to help you remain calm and focused. When
introduced to the interviewer, have a firm, but not painful, handshake. Smile. Have
good posture when sitting or standing. Introduce yourself in a relaxed, confident
manner. Have a well-groomed, professional appearance. Project a feeling of
confidence. Bring extra copies of your resume, some thing to write on and
something to write with.
Human Resource Interview Tips
The interview is an opportunity for both, the interviewer and the candidate to
market themselves. The employer is selling the organization to you, and you are
marketing your skills, knowledge, and personality to the employer. Remember that
interviews are varied and so they cannot therefore be easily categorized.
Following are some human resource interview tips:
Preparation increases confidence. Practice with your friends or relatives. Remember
that everyone who is interviewing is not necessarily a good interviewer.
You may prepare by reviewing magazine and newspaper articles. You may check out
their web site. Read your resume before your interview. It will keep your answers
Location and punctuality
Find out the location of organization. Make sure you have a map or directions as
well as information of the nearest railway station.
Arrive 5-10 minutes early. Arriving early will give you the opportunity to read some
information on the company in the reception area.
Professional look always helps for good impression. Be careful about your dressing.
Be aware of the company culture and ensure you dress to impress. Decide what you
are going to wear the night before to avoid making the wrong choices.
Don't interrupt to the interviewer. Listen very carefully. Poor listening skills are
responsible for the bad impression.
If the interview is being conducted in a restaurant, mind your table manners. If the
interviewers are serious and soft-spoken, then you should be same as interviewer.
Avoid loud laughter during the interviewer.
Keep in mind that there is only one chance to make a first impression. Every
company wants employees who are goal-oriented, career-driven, enthusiastic and
motivated. Be the employee as they want. End the interview on a positive note. The
hiring official needs to know that you are interested, enthusiastic and excited about
the position and the company.
If you are experienced then the interviewer already knows your current salary and
benefits package. When the topic of salary comes up state that you know they will
make a fair offer.
If you are offered the position during the interviewing process and you want the job
then accept it. If the offer is not acceptable for any reason, ask for time to consider
Human resource interview tips - Do's
Have a firm handshake.
Be sincere and direct.
Introduce yourself in a courteous manner.
Read company materials while you wait.
You have to prepare for questions and listen carefully to the interviewer.
Ask about the next step in the process.
Thank the interviewer.
Learn about the Human Resources Analyst Program and understand the different
facets of human resources.
You never know what the interviewer will ask you about, so be prepared to talk
about anything you have included on your resume. You should be truthful about
your experiences and skills.
Human resource interview tips - Don'ts
Don't show depression or discouragement.
Don't start the topics like salary, benefits or working hours.
Don't look at your watch.
Don't take extensive notes.
Don't be too serious.
Always write a thank you note immediately after the interview. If there are number
of interviewers then send a copy of thank you letter to each person. Summarize
your qualifications and how they meet the expectations of the position.
HR Interview Questions For Freshers
1. Tell me about yourself?
I am down-to-earth, sweet, smart, creative, industrious, and thorough.
2. How has your experience prepared you for your career?
Aside from the discipline and engineering foundation learning that I have gained
from my courses, I think the design projects, reports, and presentations have
prepared me most for my career.
Through internships, I have gained self-esteem, confidence, and problem-solving
skills. I also refined my technical writing and learned to prepare professional
documents for clients.
By working on multiple projects for different student organizations while keeping up
my grades, I've built time management and efficiency skills. Additionally, I've
developed leadership, communication, and teamwork abilities.
In general, life has taught me determination and the importance of maintaining my
3. Describe the ideal job.
Ideally, I would like to work in a fun, warm environment with individuals working
independently towards team goals or individual goals. I am not concerned about
minor elements, such as dress codes, cubicles, and the level of formality. Most
important to me is an atmosphere that fosters attention to quality, honesty, and
4. What type of supervisor have you found to be the best?
I have been fortunate enough to work under wonderful supervisors who have
provided limited supervision, while answering thoughtful questions and guiding
learning. In my experience, the best supervisors give positive feedback and tactful
5. What do you plan to be doing in five years' time?
Taking the PE exam and serving in supervisory/leadership roles both at work and in
6. What contributions could you make in this organization that would help you to
stand out from other applicants?
In previous internships, my industriousness and ability to teach myself have been
valuable assets to the company. My self-teaching abilities will minimize overhead
costs, and my industriousness at targeting needs without prompting will set me
apart from others. Additionally, one thing that has always set me apart from my
scientific/engineering peers are my broad interests and strong writing abilities. I am
not your typical "left-brained" engineer, and with my broad talents, I am likely to
provide diverse viewpoints.
7. What sort of criteria are you using to decide the organization you will work for?
Most importantly, I am looking for a company that values quality, ethics, and
teamwork. I would like to work for a company that hires overachievers.
8. What made you choose your major?
My academic interests are broad, so I sought civil engineering to achieve a great
balance of mathematics, chemistry, biology, physics, and writing.
9. Have your university and major met your expectations?
The College of Engineering at MSU has exceeded my expectations by providing
group activities, career resources, individual attention, and professors with genuine
interest in teaching.
My major has met my expectations by about 90%. I would have enjoyed more
choices in environmental courses, and would have preferred more calculus-based
10. What made you choose this college?
I chose this college for the following reasons: my budget limited me to in-state
schools, I was seeking an area with dog-friendly apartments, the MSU web site
impressed me, I saw active student groups, and the people were very friendly.
11. List 2-3 of your greatest achievements since you've been in college and why?
Receiving the SWE Outstanding Member Award and College of Engineering Student
I got involved with student activities to overcome my debilitating shyness. Receiving
these awards signified that I had accomplished a transition from dragging myself to
participate to feeling energized by it.
Receiving the SWE Web Site Award
Without training in web design, I competed against not only the other student
sections, but professional sections around the nation. Despite competing with more
HTML-experienced people, I brought this award to my section. After getting so
much from SWE, I was able to give something back.
Earning the highest grade in an organic chemistry class of ~200 people
I worked very hard for this grade and loved the subject, so it was a great feeling to
see that the hard work paid off.
12. Which subjects have you enjoyed studying the most and why?
I have enjoyed hydrology, fluids, solid & hazardous waste management, water and
wastewater treatment, and oceanography because I love water and environmental
Calculus and linear algebra excite me because I love logic.
I enjoyed the writing and analysis in economic history.
Business law thrilled me because I have a strong interest in legal matters.
13. Which subjects did you dislike and why?
Introductory soil elicited little interest in me, most likely because the professor was
inexperienced, the book was ineffective, and I had little spare time that semester to
look into other resources.
14. Do you have plans to continue your education?
Yes, but not immediately. I plan to continue part time with either an MBA or an
environmental engineering masters, depending on which will be more beneficial to
15. How would a professor who knows you well describe you? One who does not
know you well?
A professor who knows me well would likely describe my personal qualities: sweet,
down-to-earth, smart, hard-working, and conscientious.
As specific examples of those who did not know me well, my soils professor and
soils teaching assistant each considered me smart and respectful, and both thought
that I must have enjoyed the class a lot, due to my performance.
16. Given the chance, how would you alter your education?
Knowing now what I like the most, I would have used my electives for extra math
and psychology classes, since I tend to be well-rounded enough that a variety of
classes are unnecessary; my personal reading is diverse enough. I have found that
mathematics and psychology are helpful to all career and life paths.
17. Which part-time job did you enjoy the most and why?
Working for PM Environmental was most enjoyable to me, since I felt like I was
significantly contributing to the company, and I enjoyed learning on my own.
Some of my interests include dogs, hiking, snow-shoeing, water sports, writing,
reading (especially Charles Dickens' novels), skiing, drawing, crafts, and computers.
19. What are your strengths?
My strongest strength is the ability to teach myself difficult material, regardless of
the subject (with the exception of theater and drawing blood from dogs, which I
have no talent for). Additionally, I have always excelled verbally and look forward to
20. What are your weaknesses?
I tend to try to do too many things, leaving little time for myself. I have worked on
balancing myself for the last several months. I am also working on improving my
public speaking skills.
21. What sort of serious problems have you experienced, and how have you
My apartment building burned down at the end of January during one of my
semesters at MSU. Before the fire got too bad, I was able to rescue my pets and the
neighbor's dog, as well as my textbooks and backpack, but I lost most of my
mementos and possessions. While the firemen were preparing their hoses, I drove
to school (with the animals in the car) to meet my lab partners, who were waiting
for me. I explained the situation, emailed my professors, and rushed back to the
Fortunately, I had renter's insurance. I missed about a week of school to deal with
the insurance matters and find a new place to live. In order to salvage my grades
and sanity, I dropped a course and honored my existing student group and research
commitments. Staying active socially and keeping myself well-rounded were the
best healing tools for me. Within a few weeks, I was caught up and had recovered
reasonably from the loss of sentimental items.
22. Do you or have you in the past experimented with illegal drugs?
No. My only addictions are caffeine and sugar.
23. Would you be willing to take a drug test?
24. Do you drink alcohol socially?
No, but I enjoy Shirley Temples quite a bit.
When you are facing a panel of interviewers, make your best moves.
Whether you are searching for jobs, looking for career avenues or climbing the
corporate ladder, you can't escape team interviews these days. The problem is that
such interviews don't have a pattern to them. They come in different forms. You
could be facing your prospective team members. Or you could be up against the top
brass—HR vice-president, the section head, the operations chief. Or you could also
be sent to a recruitment assessment centre for multi-parametric evaluation
(psychological tests for pressure-handling abilities, team-player skills and so on).
Try these ten tips for surviving, and scoring, in a team interview.
GIVE VARIETY TO YOUR ANSWERS
Remember you might be interviewed by different panels. Don't give a stock answer
to all of them. They'll be comparing notes.
Repackage your skills so that they sound different. If you're showcasing project X as
your major achievement in your present job before one team, talk about project B
before another interview panel.
A technical team will tune in to techie talk; an HR team would rather hear about
your interpersonal skills.
FINE-TUNE INTERPERSONAL SKILLS
Pull out the stops on your group management and group presentation
skills.Interviewers are people after all. Look for the personality type underscoring
each interviewer.Then try and connect with each one of them without getting
personal. Usually the best way to make contact is to project values that you feel you
can share with your interviewers.
DON'T QUAKE IN YOUR BOOTS
Interviewers are not ogres. They are looking for excuses to hire you, not spill your
Don't be obsequious. That conveys low self-esteem.
If you face your interviewers with fear in your eyes, they won't like what they see.
They are NOT sadists.
PREPARE FOR STRESS
You'll be up against a time crunch in a team interview.
In one-on-ones, the interviewer might be taking notes, allowing you little breathers.
No such luck with four people firing questions at you. Use stress control techniques
to soothe your nerves. You might even use the extra adrenaline to sharpen your
SHOWCASE THE IMPORTANT THINGS
List seven important things that fit the job description of the advertised post.
Prepare to present skills that fit such traits.
It helps to talk to friends familiar with the job description. You can even ask them to
prepare tests that you can take from them.
Put together three family members or friends with diverse personality traits.
Recreate the formality of a team interview situation and ask them to fire nonstop
questions at you. That will serve as a useful practice session.
Ask for serious feedback, especially about weak areas in your answers. Questions
about qualifications and work experience are usually generic, so what your mock
team asks you is bound to be pretty close to the real stuff.
CREATE A MENTAL PICTURE OF YOURSELF
Boost your self-confidence by seeing yourself as star performer who's a cut above.
See yourself answering with elan the questions you expect. Then replay your
answers and ask yourself these questions:
How interesting were your observations?
Did most of your responses begin the same way?
Did you use 'we' often, suggesting team-player attributes?
Are there traces of humour in your responses?
ASK GOOD QUESTIONS
Research is integral to a good interview performance. Find out as much about you
can about the company concerned. Browse the Net, check company reports, put
together news clips.
Armed with your background brief, ask relevant questions about the company.
If you think you have a bright idea about any ongoing activity, try this: "Did the
company consider this option ..."
LOOK BEYOND THE OBVIOUS
Your interview team has some core queries about you. It's these they want you to
address. Try and look beyond the upfront questions to decipher their exact intent.
Then respond to fill in what the team is really looking for.
Flesh out your answers to focus on the team's concerns. If they ask you about your
perception of the company's ESOP policy, they want you to present your
expectation from a stock option plan.
Answer in sync with the general tenor of the interview. If your work involves
individual research besides team work, don't go overboard about team-player
abilities. Balance your answer. Mention how sometimes individual work is more
productive though team work is needed to put into action ideas generated by
Seven Commandments for Success in Campus Interviews :
Campus Interview … Hmm… is what one looks forward to with enthusiasm, fear and
excitement towards the beginning of the final year .
For some it's a make or break, atleast that's the way it's looked at and for some it's
a matter of pride. The constant thought in one's mind is - what shall make this click!
What is it that the interviewer is looking in me!
Here's what we look for when we visit the various campuses. This by no means is an
exhaustive list but is a good indication of the expectations and the mean s to meet
these. Freshersworld.com present you the 7-Commandments.
1. Know Thyself
Not everyone is good in each and every field. Each one of us has our fortes and
weaknesses too. But that's not a stumbling block! What we look for are people who
know their area of specialization and are an expert in it. Therefore, it pays to be a
master in some fields if not the jack of all.
The most common mistakes many make is to profess knowing a field of which they
know little about. Remember that huge and bulky resumes are as tough to read as
they are to make. So, identify your skill set, and keep your resumes simple and
straight. Know your limits and polish on your strengths.
2. Testing What You Know and NOT What You Don't.
Many interviewers may ask the student the subjects that she/he wishes to be
interviewed upon. Eureka !! Here's a golden opportunity. Answer this wisely! Never
end up choosing a difficult subject that you know only little about, rather choose
the one you are most confident of.
3. Rack Your Brain - Analyze
The interview is not just limited to testing your knowledge base, but we are also
interested in knowing your ability to apply it. Often questions that need to be solved
then and there are asked. Now keep in mind - the right answer is not the only thing
being looked at. The focus area is also the way in which you attack the problem i.e.
approach to problem solving is equally important.
So, remember to put your thinking caps on!
4. Ask for Help!
Murphy chooses to strike at the appropriate time! In spite of the fact that you may
know something very well, it might just slip your mind. After all, heavy preparation
does takes its toll. Who better to ask for help than the poser of the question (of
course, don't try this too often!)!
Remember the interviewer is not there to grill the confidence out of you, but to
bring forth the best in. Just in case you are stuck, ask for a hint. Things might just
click. Also, stay alert for clues.
5. What are your biggest accomplishments
You may like to begin your reply with: "Although I feel my biggest achievements are
still ahead of me, I am proud of my involvement with……I made my contribution as
part of that team and learnt a lot in the process".
It will be a good idea to close your answer with also specifying what attributes and
circumstances made you succeed.
6. Be Calm, have Clear Verbal and Sound Non-Verbal Communication
Calmness shows emotional maturity. True, being calm in a job interview is a difficult
proposition, but then that is where it is required! Calmness does not imply being
unenthusiastic or apathetic during the interview, but knowing that you are nervous
and not letting it come in the way. A clear verbal communication implies clarity of
the thought process.
One should also watch out for the impressions made in non-verbal communication.
Body language and facial expressions can assist you in establishing a good rapport
with the interviewer. Pauses, silences and gestures may all indicate what you mean,
understand, or would like to emphasize.
7. Two-Way Exchange Process
The interview process is a two-way exchange of information. Make sure you also
understand about the company, its activities, job requirements. The company is in
need for good candidates and you need a good company to launch your career.
Interview is an opportunity to present yourself and your skills to your best
advantage. Make sure you make the most out of it. And YOU are the best one to do
A GD is a methodology used by an organization to gauge whether the candidate has
certain personality traits and/or skills that it desires in its members. In this
methodology, the group of candidates is given a topic or a situation, given a few
minutes to think about the same, and then asked to discuss the it among
themselves for 15-20 minutes. Freshersworld.com brings you an elaborate section
for GD as you had ever seen anywhere else.Some of the personality traits the GD is
trying to gauge may include :-
Ability to work in a team
Ability to think on ones feet
The reason why institutes put you through a Group discussion and an interview,
after testing your technical and conceptual skills in an exam, is to get to know you as
a person and gauge how well you will fit in their institute. The Group discussion
tests how you function as a part of a team. As a manager, you will always be
working in teams, as a member or as a leader. Therefore how you interact in a team
becomes an important criterion for your selection. Managers have to work in a
team and get best results out of teamwork. That is the reason why management
institutes include GD as a component of the selection procedure.
Companies conduct group discussion after the written test so as to check on your
interactive skills and how good you are at communicating with other people. The
GD is to check how you behave, participate and contribute in a group, how much
importance do you give to the group objective as well as your own, how well do you
listen to viewpoints of others and how open-minded are you in accepting views
contrary to your own. The aspects which make up a GD are verbal communication,
non-verbal behavior, conformation to norms, decision-making ability and
cooperation. You should try to be as true as possible to these aspects.
Move through Question Papers
Facing the technical interview of a company is an uphill task. It all depends on the
mood of the interviewer and to an extent on your appearance. If he is in a bad
mood, the interview can be really tough. Otherwise you might have a slight
consideration. Be prepared for any questions from every section of your skill set. If
the interviewer goes to a part of your skill, which you are not comfortable with, try
to divert his attention to some other part in which you are an expert. Try to explain
things in a simple way and be precise in your answers. If you don't know an answer
admit it. DO NOT try to make up and answer. That might lessen your chances of
Here are some of the FAQ's that can be asked in the technical interview
What does static variable mean?
What is a pointer?
What is a structure?
What are the differences between structures and arrays?
In header files whether functions are declared or defined?
What are the differences between malloc() and calloc()?
What are macros? what are its advantages and disadvantages?
Difference between pass by reference and pass by value?
What is static identifier?
Where are the auto variables stored?
Where does global, static, local, register variables, free memory and C Program
instructions get stored?
Difference between arrays and linked list?
What are enumerations?
Describe about storage allocation and scope of global, extern, static, local and
What are register variables? What are the advantage of using register variables?
What is the use of typedef?
Can we specify variable field width in a scanf() format string? If possible how?
Out of fgets() and gets() which function is safe to use and why?
Difference between strdup and strcpy?
What is recursion?
Differentiate between a for loop and a while loop? What are it uses?
What are the different storage classes in C?
Write down the equivalent pointer expression for referring the same element
What is difference between Structure and Unions?
What the advantages of using Unions?
What are the advantages of using pointers in a program?
What is the difference between Strings and Arrays?
In a header file whether functions are declared or defined?
What is a far pointer? where we use it?
How will you declare an array of three function pointers where each function
receives two ints and returns a float?
what is a NULL Pointer? Whether it is same as an uninitialized pointer?
What is a NULL Macro? What is the difference between a NULL Pointer and a NULL
What does the error 'Null Pointer Assignment' mean and what causes this error?
What is near, far and huge pointers? How many bytes are occupied by them?
How would you obtain segment and offset addresses from a far address of a
Are the expressions arr and &arr same for an array of integers?
Does mentioning the array name gives the base address in all the contexts?
Explain one method to process an entire string as one unit?
What is the similarity between a Structure, Union and enumeration?
Can a Structure contain a Pointer to itself?
How can we check whether the contents of two structure variables are same or
How are Structure passing and returning implemented by the complier?
How can we read/write Structures from/to data files?
What is the difference between an enumeration and a set of pre-processor #
what do the 'c' and 'v' in argc and argv stand for?
Are the variables argc and argv are local to main?
What is the maximum combined length of command line arguments including the
space between adjacent arguments?
If we want that any wildcard characters in the command line arguments should be
appropriately expanded, are we required to make any special provision? If yes,
Does there exist any way to make the command line arguments available to other
functions without passing them as arguments to the function?
What are bit fields? What is the use of bit fields in a Structure declaration?
To which numbering system can the binary number 1101100100111100 be easily
Which bit wise operator is suitable for checking whether a particular bit is on or off?
Which bit wise operator is suitable for turning off a particular bit in a number?
Which bit wise operator is suitable for putting on a particular bit in a number?
Which bit wise operator is suitable for checking whether a particular bit is on or off?
which one is equivalent to multiplying by 2:Left shifting a number by 1 or Left
shifting an unsigned int or char by 1?
Write a program to compare two strings without using the strcmp() function.
Write a program to concatenate two strings.
Write a program to interchange 2 variables without using the third one.
Write programs for String Reversal & Palindrome check
Write a program to find the Factorial of a number
Write a program to generate the Fibinocci Series
Write a program which employs Recursion
Write a program which uses Command Line Arguments
Write a program which uses functions like strcmp(), strcpy()? etc
What are the advantages of using typedef in a program?
How would you dynamically allocate a one-dimensional and two-dimensional array
How can you increase the size of a dynamically allocated array?
How can you increase the size of a statically allocated array?
When reallocating memory if any other pointers point into the same piece of
memory do you have to readjust these other pointers or do they get readjusted
Which function should be used to free the memory allocated by calloc()?
How much maximum can you allocate in a single call to malloc()?
Can you dynamically allocate arrays in expanded memory?
What is object file? How can you access object file?
Which header file should you include if you are to develop a function which can
accept variable number of arguments?
Can you write a function similar to printf()?
How can a called function determine the number of arguments that have been
passed to it?
Can there be at least some solution to determine the number of arguments passed
to a variable argument list function?
How do you declare the following:
An array of three pointers to chars
An array of three char pointers
A pointer to array of three chars
A pointer to function which receives an int pointer and returns a float pointer
A pointer to a function which receives nothing and returns nothing
What do the functions atoi(), itoa() and gcvt() do?
Does there exist any other function which can be used to convert an integer or a
float to a string?
How would you use qsort() function to sort an array of structures?
How would you use qsort() function to sort the name stored in an array of pointers
How would you use bsearch() function to search a name stored in array of pointers
How would you use the functions sin(), pow(), sqrt()?
How would you use the functions memcpy(), memset(), memmove()?
How would you use the functions fseek(), freed(), fwrite() and ftell()?
How would you obtain the current time and difference between two times?
How would you use the functions randomize() and random()?
How would you implement a substr() function that extracts a sub string from a given
What is the difference between the functions rand(), random(), srand() and
What is the difference between the functions memmove() and memcpy()?
How do you print a string on the printer?
Can you use the function fprintf() to display the output on the screen?
What is a class?
What is an object?
What is the difference between an object and a class?
What is the difference between class and structure?
What is public, protected, private?
What are virtual functions?
What is friend function?
What is a scope resolution operator?
What do you mean by inheritance?
What is abstraction?
What is polymorphism? Explain with an example.
What is encapsulation?
What do you mean by binding of data and functions?
What is function overloading and operator overloading?
What is virtual class and friend class?
What do you mean by inline function?
What do you mean by public, private, protected and friendly?
When is an object created and what is its lifetime?
What do you mean by multiple inheritance and multilevel inheritance? Differentiate
Difference between realloc() and free?
What is a template?
What are the main differences between procedure oriented languages and object
What is R T T I ?
What are generic functions and generic classes?
What is namespace?
What is the difference between pass by reference and pass by value?
Why do we use virtual functions?
What do you mean by pure virtual functions?
What are virtual classes?
Does c++ support multilevel and multiple inheritance?
What are the advantages of inheritance?
When is a memory allocated to a class?
What is the difference between declaration and definition?
What is virtual constructors/destructors?
In c++ there is only virtual destructors, no constructors. Why?
What is late bound function call and early bound function call? Differentiate.
How is exception handling carried out in c++?
When will a constructor executed?
What is Dynamic Polymorphism?
Write a macro for swapping integers.
DATA STRUCTURE QUESTIONS
What is a data structure?
What does abstract data type means?
Evaluate the following prefix expression " ++ 26 + - 1324" (Similar types can be
Convert the following infix expression to post fix notation ((a+2)*(b+4)) -1 (Similar
types can be asked)
How is it possible to insert different type of elements in stack?
Stack can be described as a pointer. Explain.
Write a Binary Search program
Write programs for Bubble Sort, Quick sort
Explain about the types of linked lists
How would you sort a linked list?
Write the programs for Linked List (Insertion and Deletion) operations
What data structure would you mostly likely see in a non recursive implementation
of a recursive algorithm?
What do you mean by Base case, Recursive case, Binding Time, Run-Time Stack and
Explain quick sort and merge sort algorithms and derive the time-constraint relation
Explain binary searching, Fibinocci search.
What is the maximum total number of nodes in a tree that has N levels? Note that
the root is level (zero)
How many different binary trees and binary search trees can be made from three
nodes that contain the key values 1, 2 & 3?
A list is ordered from smaller to largest when a sort is called. Which sort would take
the longest time to execute?
A list is ordered from smaller to largest when a sort is called. Which sort would take
the shortest time to execute?
When will you sort an array of pointers to list elements, rather than sorting the
The element being searched for is not found in an array of 100 elements. What is
the average number of comparisons needed in a sequential search to determine
that the element is not there, if the elements are completely unordered?
What is the average number of comparisons needed in a sequential search to
determine the position of an element in an array of 100 elements, if the elements
are ordered from largest to smallest?
Which sort show the best average behavior?
What is the average number of comparisons in a sequential search?
Which data structure is needed to convert infix notations to post fix notations?
What do you mean by:
How can you correct these errors?
In which data structure, elements can be added or removed at either end, but not in
How will inorder, preorder and postorder traversals print the elements of a tree?
Parenthesis are never needed in prefix or postfix expressions. Why?
Which one is faster? A binary search of an orderd set of elements in an array or a
sequential search of the elements.
Operating System Questions
What are the basic functions of an operating system?
Explain briefly about, processor, assembler, compiler, loader, linker and the
functions executed by them.
What are the difference phases of software development? Explain briefly?
Differentiate between RAM and ROM?
What is DRAM? In which form does it store data?
What is cache memory?
What is hard disk and what is its purpose?
Differentiate between Complier and Interpreter?
What are the different tasks of Lexical analysis?
What are the different functions of Syntax phase, Sheduler?
What are the main difference between Micro-Controller and Micro- Processor?
Describe different job scheduling in operating systems.
What is a Real-Time System ?
What is the difference between Hard and Soft real-time systems ?
What is a mission critical system ?
What is the important aspect of a real-time system ?
If two processes which shares same system memory and system clock in a
distributed system, What is it called?
What is the state of the processor, when a process is waiting for some event to
What do you mean by deadlock?
Explain the difference between microkernel and macro kernel.
Give an example of microkernel.
When would you choose bottom up methodology?
When would you choose top down methodology?
Write a small dc shell script to find number of FF in the design.
Why paging is used ?
Which is the best page replacement algorithm and Why? How much time is spent
usually in each phases and why?
Difference between Primary storage and secondary storage?
What is multi tasking, multi programming, multi threading?
Difference between multi threading and multi tasking?
What is software life cycle?
Demand paging, page faults, replacement algorithms, thrashing, etc.
Explain about paged segmentation and segment paging
While running DOS on a PC, which command would be used to duplicate the entire
Which type of architecture 8085 has?
How many memory locations can be addressed by a microprocessor with 14 address
8085 is how many bit microprocessor?
Why is data bus bi-directional?
What is the function of accumulator?
What is flag, bus?
What are tri-state devices and why they are essential in a bus oriented system?
Why are program counter and stack pointer 16-bit registers?
What does it mean by embedded system?
What are the different addressing modes in 8085?
What is the difference between MOV and MVI?
What are the functions of RIM, SIM, IN?
What is the immediate addressing mode?
What are the different flags in 8085?
What happens during DMA transfer?
What do you mean by wait state? What is its need?
What is PSW?
What is ALE? Explain the functions of ALE in 8085.
What is a program counter? What is its use?
What is an interrupt?
Which line will be activated when an output device require attention from CPU?
What is the difference between an Abstract class and Interface?
What is user defined exception?
What do you know about the garbage collector?
What is the difference between java and c++?
In an htm form I have a button which makes us to open another page in 15 seconds.
How will you do that?
What is the difference between process and threads?
What is update method called?
Have you ever used HashTable and Directory?
What are statements in Java?
What is a JAR file?
What is JNI?
What is the base class for all swing components?
What is JFC?
What is the difference between AWT and Swing?
Considering notepad/IE or any other thing as process, What will happen if you start
notepad or IE 3 times ? Where three processes are started or three threads are
How does thread synchronization occur in a monitor?
Is there any tag in htm to upload and download files?
Why do you canvas?
How can you know about drivers and database information ?
What is serialization?
Can you load the server object dynamically? If so what are the 3 major steps
involved in it?
What is the layout for toolbar?
What is the difference between Grid and Gridbaglayout?
How will you add panel to a frame?
Where are the card layouts used?
What is the corresponding layout for card in swing?
What is light weight component?
Can you run the product development on all operating systems?
What are the benefits if Swing over AWT?
How can two threads be made to communicate with each other?
What are the files generated after using IDL to java compiler?
What is the protocol used by server and client?
What is the functionability stubs and skeletons?
What is the mapping mechanism used by java to identify IDL language?
What is serializable interface?
What is the use of interface?
Why is java not fully objective oriented?
Why does java not support multiple inheritance?
What is the root class for all java classes?
What is polymorphism?
Suppose if we have a variable 'I' in run method, if I can create one or more thread
each thread will occupy a separate copy or same variable will be shared?
What are virtual functions?
Write down how will you create a Binary tree?
What are the traverses in binary tree?
Write a program for recursive traverse?
What are session variable in servlets?
What is client server computing?
What is constructor and virtual function? Can we call a virtual function in a
Why do we use oops concepts? What is its advantage?
What is middleware? What is the functionality of web server?
Why is java not 100% pure oops?
When will you use an interface and abstract class?
What is the exact difference in between Unicast and Multicast object? Where will it
What is the main functionality of the remote reference layer?
How do you download stubs from Remote place?
I want to store more than 10 objects in a remote server? Which methodology will
What is the main functionality of Prepared Statement?
What is meant by Static query and Dynamic query?
What are Normalization Rules? Define Normalization?
What is meant by Servelet? What are the parameters of service method?
What is meant by Session? Explain something about HTTP Session Class?
In a container there are 5 components. I want to display all the component names,
how will you do that?
Why there are some null interface in JAVA? What does it mean? Give some null
interface in JAVA?
Tell some latest versions in JAVA related areas?
What is meant by class loader? How many types are there? When will we use them?
What is meant by flickering?
What is meant by distributed application? Why are we using that in our application?
What is the functionality of the stub?
Explain about version control?
Explain 2-tier and 3-tier architecture?
What is the role of Web Server?
How can we do validation of the fields in a project?
What is meant by cookies? Explain the main features?
Why java is considered as platform independent?
What are the advantages of java over C++?
How java can be connected to a database?
What is thread?
What is difference between Process and Thread?
Does java support multiple inheritance? if not, what is the solution?
What are abstract classes?
What is an interface?
What is the difference abstract class and interface?
What are adapter classes?
what is meant wrapper classes?
What are JVM.JRE, J2EE, JNI?
What are swing components?
What do you mean by light weight and heavy weight components?
What is meant by function overloading and function overriding?
Does java support function overloading, pointers, structures, unions or linked lists?
What do you mean by multithreading?
What are byte codes?
What are streams?
What is user defined exception?
In an htm page form I have one button which makes us to open a new page in 15
seconds. How will you do that?
Advanced JAVA questions
What is RMI?
Explain about RMI Architecture?
What are Servelets?
What is the use of servlets?
Explain RMI Architecture?
How will you pass values from htm page to the servlet?
How do you load an image in a Servelet?
What is purpose of applet programming?
How will you communicate between two applets?
What IS the difference between Servelets and Applets?
How do you communicate in between Applets and Servlets?
What is the difference between applet and application?
What is the difference between CGI and Servlet?
In the servlets, we are having a web page that is invoking servlets ,username and
password? which is checks in database? Suppose the second page also if we want to
verify the same information whether it will connect to the database or it will be
used previous information?
What are the difference between RMI and Servelets?
How will you call an Applet using Java Script Function?
How can you push data from an Applet to a Servlet?
What are 4 drivers available in JDBC? At what situation are four of the drivers used?
If you are truncated using JDBC , how can you that how much data is truncated?
How will you perform truncation using JDBC?
What is the latest version of JDBC? What are the new features added in that?
What is the difference between RMI registry and OS Agent?
To a server method, the client wants to send a value 20, with this value exceeds to
20 a message should be sent to the client . What will you do for achieving this?
How do you invoke a Servelet? What is the difference between doPost method and
What is difference between the HTTP Servelet and Generic Servelet? Explain about
their methods and parameters?
Can we use threads in Servelets?
Write a program on RMI and JDBC using Stored Procedure?
How do you swing an applet?
How will you pass parameters in RMI? Why do you serialize?
In RMI ,server object is first loaded into memory and then the stub reference is sent
to the client. true or false?
Suppose server object not loaded into the memory and the client request for it.
What will happen?
What is the web server used for running the servelets?
What is Servlet API used for connecting database?
What is bean? Where can it be used?
What is the difference between java class and bean?
Can we sent objects using Sockets?
What is the RMI and Socket?
What is CORBA?
Can you modify an object in corba?
What is RMI and what are the services in RMI?
What are the difference between RMI and CORBA?
How will you initialize an Applet?
What is the order of method invocation in an Applet?
What is ODBC and JDBC? How do you connect the Database?
What do you mean by Socket Programming?
What is difference between Generic Servlet and HTTP Servelet?
What you mean by COM and DCOM?
what is e-commerce?