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VIEWS: 5 PAGES: 35

									                                                           1




Renewable energy

                                            BIOENERGY


                                            BIOFUELS


                                            WIND POWER


                                            SOLAR POWER




Sweden fully embraces green technologies


                         www.isa.se
RENEWABLE ENERGY – BIOENERGY                                 2




   Bioenergy

     Sweden are among bioenergy world leaders

     System approach to efficient use of bioenergy

     Full value chain coverage from raw material handling
      and processing to optimized end product mix




                               www.isa.se
  RENEWABLE ENERGY – BIOENERGY                                                                                                                3




      A world leader in biogas/bioenergy
         SHARE OF FINAL               9%      11%              15%                    20%                    29%
         ENERGY USE                  1970     1980               1990                   2000                   2007



      Swedish bioenergy use 1970-2007                        Produced volumes of vehicle gas (Nm3x1000)
125                                                  60000
TWh
                                                     50000
100

                                                     40000
 75
                                                                                                                                Biogas
                                                     30000
                                                                                                                                Natural gas
 50
                                                                                                                                Total
                                                     20000


 25
                                                     10000


  0                                                     0
                                                             1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
    70

    73

    76

    79

    82

    85

    88

    91

    94

    97

    00

    03

    06
 19

 19

 19

 19

 19

 19

 19

 19

 19

 19

 20

 20

 20




      Source: Swedish Bioenergy Association                   Source: Swedish Gas Association




                                                     www.isa.se
RENEWABLE ENERGY – BIOENERGY                                                             4



   System approach to bioenergy generation
   and distribution

     Use all possible biological sources
     Integrate bioenergy-producing plants
      to local recycling infrastructure and
      energy distribution grids
     Well-developed district heating and     GoBiGas – 0.8 TWh gasification plant for
                                              biomethane planned by Göteborg Energi AB
      district cooling increase efficiency
     ~230 biogas plants in operation,
      GoBiGas brings biogas to new level


                               www.isa.se
RENEWABLE ENERGY – BIOENERGY




  Utilization of biogas in Sweden (2008-2007)



                     Flaring 11%   Other 5%    Vehicle fuel
                                                  25%
       Power 8%




                                    Heat 51%
  RENEWABLE ENERGY – BIOENERGY                                                                                                           6




      Inspiring examples all over the country




   NBE Sweden/Sveg: Chinese/Swedish JV                                   Bioenergy combine in Storuman
   one of the first commercial plants in the world                       producing world’s most environmental
   to produce ethanol from forest raw materials                          friendly biopellets


    NSR biogas co-digestion                                                ‘Plant Power’ in Västerås:
    plant in Helsingborg:                                                  complete system for re-cycling raw
                                                                           materials, waste, nutrients and energy
    - pipeline pumps bio-manure
    directly to farms                                                      between urban and rural areas.
                                                                           www.vafabmiljo.se
    - biogas distributed in gas grid



More inspiration: “Biogas from manure and waste products - Swedish case studies´”. A report by the Swedish Gas Association, www.sgf.se



                                                                www.isa.se
RENEWABLE ENERGY – BIOENERGY




                   Timber stocks per inhabitant
   m³/inhabitant




                       374
                                327




                                             50         35           6

                      Finland   Sweden     France     Germany   Great Britain


Source: FAO



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RENEWABLE ENERGY – BIOENERGY




        95 percent of the trunk is put to use
                                                                  36% pulp
                               46% pulpwood                       and paper

                                         Pulp and              23% energy
                                        paper mills             and heat

                                          15% chips
                                      46%                            20%
                                   saw timber                     sawn timber

                                       Sawmills and
                                       board industry     8% bark and
                                                           saw dust

                                                              16% energy
                                      8% fuel                  and heat

                                                Heat production




                                                 www.isa.se
  RENEWABLE ENERGY – BIOENERGY




      Heat and Power

         Abundant access of wood in the
          Northern Sweden.
         Biofuels are the dominating fuel in
          the heat and power plants.
         CPH (Combined Power and Heat)
          plants are more effective, e.g. the
          Sveg plant, in the northern of
          Sweden.
         Fuel cell power plants producing
          electricity and thermal energy are
          expected to achieve efficiencies of
          80 % or more, when used as CHP
          plants.



Source: ”One Big Thing” – The US Embassy


                                                www.isa.se
RENEWABLE ENERGY – BIOENERGY



 A combined heat and power plant will solve the surplus
 problems in warm seasons
 Heat or electricity generated by 1 million m3 wood fuel

                                                                 Heating plant
                                                                            1,7 TWh
                                                                         Thermal energy


                                                                 Combined heat and power plant

       1 million m3                                                   1,3 TWh              0,4 TWh
                                                                   Thermal energy          Electricity
        wood fuel
                                                                 Condensing power plant
                                                                             0,7 TWh
                                                                             Electricity

Source: Skogsindustrierna



                                                    www.isa.se
RENEWABLE ENERGY – BIOENERGY




   Electricity from heat and power production
                        Electricity from CHP plants 2004-2015
          16,0

          14,0                                                                 Oil

          12,0
                                                                               Gas
          10,0
                                                                               Biomass
      TWh 8,0

           6,0                                                                 Coal

           4,0                                                                 Waste
           2,0

           0,0
                 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015




                                                www.isa.se
RENEWABLE ENERGY – BIOENERGY




       The use of biofuels in district heating has
       dramatically increased since the 70’s
       Energy inputs sources in Swedish district heating from 1970’s-2003




Source: The Swedish Oil Commission



                                                    www.isa.se
RENEWABLE ENERGY – BIOENERGY




The Swedish pellets market (tonnes/year)

    1800000
    1600000
    1400000
    1200000
    1000000                                                                   Total
      800000                                                                  Family houses
      600000
      400000
      200000
                 0
                      1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006

   Source: Svebio and Swedish Association of Pellets producers



                                                                 www.isa.se
RENEWABLE ENERGY – BIOFUELS                             14




   Biofuels

     Sweden in forefront of vehicle fuel development

     Gasification of biomass

     Ethanol from cellulose

     Biodiesel from talloil

     DME from black liquor



                                www.isa.se
RENEWABLE ENERGY – BIOFUELS




   Potential for biofuels in Sweden
       TWh
                 160

                 140

                 120

                 100
                                                                     Utilizing 2006
                                                                     Potential
                  80

                  60

                  40

                  20

                   0
                       Peat   Waste   Agri. Fuel    Black    Wood
Source: Svebio                                      liquor   fuels


                                               www.isa.se
RENEWABLE ENERGY – BIOFUELS                                                                                  16



   Ideal place to develop and manufacture 1st and
   2nd generation biofuels

     Access to raw material
     Solid refining know-how

     Large pulp and paper industry,
      capabilities in forest chemistry            Timber stocks per capita, cubic meters


     Strong automotive industry
      - truck makers Volvo and Scania
      - car makers Saab and Volvo

     Dedicated test environments
                                                        Source: Swedish Forest Industries Federation, 2008




                                     www.isa.se
RENEWABLE ENERGY – BIOFUELS




 First generation biofuels are in commercial use
 Biofuels available on the market with subsidies



             Ethanol                        Biodiesel                                Biogas
                                             (RME)


Raw material: Grain                Raw material: Rape seed,                Raw material: Residues from trees,
                                   sunflower seed                          sewage sludge, garbage, waste from
Use: E85 and in a 5 % low blend                                            slaughter houses
with fossil gas                    Use: RME (rape methyl ether) and
                                   in a 5 % low blend with fossil diesel   Use: In flexi-fuel vehicles and in
Issues: Low energy efficiency                                              several municipalities e.g. in buses.
                                   Issues: Medium energy efficiency
Status: Stands for approx. 1.6                                             Issues: High efficiency compared to
                                   Status: Increased usage of
TWh of the energy in the                                                   the low emission of CO2
                                   biodiesel in fossil diesel
Swedish transport sector’s total
use of approx. 1000 TWh                                                    Status: There are 54 000 bio-fuelled
                                                                           vehicles on the road.



 Source: Svebio, Chalmers


                                               www.isa.se
RENEWABLE ENERGY – BIOFUELS




  Second generation biofuels more energy efficient
  Some of the second generation biofuels are in commercial use



         Ethanol                                 DME                                 FT- diesel
     (from Cellulose)                           Methanol

Raw material: Wood                     Raw material: Wood, black liquor       Raw material: Wood
Use: Transportation, electricity and   Use: Transportation, electricity and   Use: Transportation
power                                  power
                                                                              Issues: The method is generally in
Issues: The method is generally in a   Issues: Few are in commercial          a research stage. It has a higher
research stage, but has a higher       use, most are in developing stages     energy efficiency than bio diesel
energy efficiency than ethanol from                                           from grain. More expensive to
grain. More expensive to converse      Status: Chemrec’s technology is
                                                                              converse wood to diesel than
wood to ethanol than grain.            entering a commercial stage.
                                                                              grain.
Status: By 2009, the method is                                                Status: Research stage
expected to be in commercial
operation. Pilot plants in
Örnsköldsvik
                                                                                    Source: Svebio, Chalmers



                                                   www.isa.se
   RENEWABLE ENERGY – BIOFUELS




        Biofuels’ energy efficiency and CO2 emission
        compared to fossil fuels’




Source: Volvo AB


                                 www.isa.se
RENEWABLE ENERGY – BIOFUELS




  Sweden has produced ethanol since the 1930’s

    In Sweden ethanol was already produced in the 1930’s.

    Scania drove their first trucks on ethanol, before cheap oil was
     discovered.

    In Sweden there is an easy access to ethanol, with 676 filling
     stations or 15 % of the total nearly the same as in whole US.

    Sweden has over 70 years experience with ethanol and 20 years
     experience of driving ethanol busses with over 400 ethanol buses on
     our streets.




Source: sekab.se, BioFuel Region


                                    www.isa.se
RENEWABLE ENERGY – BIOFUELS                                                   21




   World firsts in 2nd generation biofuels
    Chemrec – Black liquor to DME
       World’s first BioDME-plant to be built at
       Smurfit Kappa Kraftliner factory.
                                                         Both biorefineries
                                                          placed in Piteå
    SunPine – Biodiesel from tall oil
       World’s first industrial-scale manufacturing of
       green diesel from cellulose

       West Sweden’s automotive and
       petrochemical cluster
       - Volvo Trucks: DME demonstration trucks
       - Preem: upgrading and distribution of SunPine
       tall oil diesel, distribution of DME


                                          www.isa.se
RENEWABLE ENERGY – BIOFUELS                                                                       22




   A great test market for biofuels
     Extensive use of renewable fuels in local transport systems

     Green cars account for nearly 40 percent of new car sales

     Renewable fuels sold at 35 percent of filling stations
   40%
         Green car sales, % of new registrations
   30%


   20%


   10%


     0%                                                         Hybrid ethanol bus in Stockholm
      Jan-05               Jan-06     Jan-07           Jan-08
      Source: BIL Sweden



                                               www.isa.se
  RENEWABLE ENERGY – BIOFUELS




    The Pulp Mill becomes a Biorefinery with
    Chemrec Technology
                                                                                                        Paper Products

                                                                                                        Fuels and Lubricants
                                                                                                        – Methanol / DME
                                                                                                        – Hydrogen
                                                                                                        – FT Liquids

    Biomass                                                                                             Power and Heat

                                                       Heat, power                                      Other Chemicals
                                                       and process
                                                       chemicals
                                                                                                          Source: DOE & Chemrec



Biorefineries could be key for the future of the Pulp & Paper Industry:
“One of the key goals of our Agenda 2020 technology alliance is to have in place by 2010 one or more integrated forest products
biorefinery (IFPB) facilities that demonstrate the large- scale production of power, chemicals and fuels. A critical element of the IFPB
is gasification of the spent pulping liqueurs [black liquor], which constitute the main waste stream from the pulping process.”
American Forestry & Paper Association, March 2005



                                                               www.isa.se
RENEWABLE ENERGY – BIOFUELS




       Executive summary – investment opportunities in
       Swedish biofuels
       The need for alternative energy solutions has increased. Sweden has early imposed
        on itself a far more stricter energy policy than agreed within EU.
       Sweden together with the Nordic countries are world leaders in bioenergy use and
        technology. The share of biomass in the total energy production is the world highest.
       Investment opportunities exists in Swedish ethanol plants and heat and power
        plants. The Swedish goals are to decrease the oil use in transportation with 40-50 %
        and heating process in real estates should be completely oil free by 2020.
       Investment opportunities also exists in new technologies, such as ethanol from
        cellulose, dimethyl ether (DME), Fisher Tropsch diesel (FTD) and hydrogen.
       One of the first plants producing second generation biofuels – “black liquor”, is now
        commercializing its technology (Chemrec).




                                            www.isa.se
RENEWABLE ENERGY – WIND POWER                                         25




   Wind power

     Sweden is a hotspot for wind farm construction and by 2020,
      a 20-fold increase is projected

     The targeted wind power output by 2020 is 30 TWh from
      5,000 new wind turbines representing an investment volume
      of some 15 billion Euro

     2/3 will be on-shore constructions for arctic climate and 1/3
      will be off-shore constructions




                                     www.isa.se
RENEWABLE ENERGY – WIND POWER                                                                               26




  Strong ambition to reach 30 TWh by 2020
  – a 20-fold increase from current levels

  Sweden’s physical                Market                Incentive structure            Political unity
    characteristics             characteristics                 in place                and stability

  Vast, sparsely            Skilled                    Renewable energy            Firm government
   populated areas            subcontractors and          producers receive            commitment to
   with good wind             skilled workforce           electricity certificates     wind power
   conditions and                                         from the State, in
   proximity to              Stable level of             proportion to the           Electricity
   electrical grid            electricity                 quantity that they           certificate system
                              consumption                 produce.                     will be prolonged
  Long coastline                                                                      until 2030
                             Nuclear phase-out          Subsidy is linked to
  Arctic climate             is still on the             the price of the            Unity across the
                              agenda                      certificate                  political parties




                                                  www.isa.se
RENEWABLE ENERGY – WIND POWER                                                                          27




   Over 50 TWh of wind power potential
   Cost in SEK per kWh, assuming 10% of technical potential is realized


             0.90

             0.80

             0.70

             0.60
   SEK/kWh




             0.50

             0.40

             0.30

             0.20

             0.10

             0.00
                    0               10                20                30             40    50   60
                                                                     TWh/year

                    Source: Elforsk, “Vindkraft i framtiden”, 2008




                                                                                www.isa.se
RENEWABLE ENERGY – WIND POWER




       Projects > 25 MW
       Projects by 2007 with all
       permits ready and those in
       final stages of the permitting
       process:
       • 3 000 MW
       • 9,75 TWh
       • 680 WTG’s (2 – 5 MW)




                                  www.isa.se   28
RENEWABLE ENERGY – WIND POWER




     Wind power potential and conditions


                             7.8 TWh




                       16.2 TWh




               15.1 TWh    1 TWh




                        5.1 TWh
               8 TWh


             4.3 TWh




                                       29
RENEWABLE ENERGY – WIND POWER                                                  30




   The Swedish government works to speed
   up large-scale expansion
        Property tax on wind power plants to be reduced from 0.5% to 0.2%

        7 public authorities assigned to coordinate wind power development,
         4 wind power coordinators assigned by Ministry of the Environment

        50 million USD in incentives to pilot projects

        Establishment of a national center for wind power

        Extension of the electricity certificate system until 2030

        Raise the limit for the environment permission from 1 MW to 25 MW



                                       www.isa.se
RENEWABLE ENERGY – WIND POWER                                                                    31




   Sweden for wind power manufacturing
    Knowledgeable industry cluster                                 Foreign investment

   SKF (bearings and sealing solutions,                   Vestas, Denmark
  remote monitoring systems)                              - has acquired two Swedish foundries
   ABB (power and fiber optic cables)                    - Northern European HQ in Malmö, to
   ESAB (welding and cutting technology)                 cover the Nordic and Baltic
                                                          markets, the UK and Poland.
   Advanced wind power technology
  research at several leading universities                 Enercon, Germany
                                                           - wind tower manufacturing in Malmö
  + globally leading specialty steel
  companies
  + strong aerospace, IT and electronics                         Investment opportunity
  industries

                                                           Assembly and manufacturing
                                                           Solutions for Arctic climates



                                             www.isa.se
RENEWABLE ENERGY – WIND POWER




   Converting to electric/hybrid cars
      Sweden use aprox. 100 TWh for transportation
      50 TWh or 50% of that is used by private cars
      80% of all daily rides are shorter than 80 km, well in range of new
       generation of batteries.
      So the equivalent of 40 TWh can be served by electricity alone.
      With the better efficiency of electric motors this saves 30 TWh…
      …as10 TWh of electric power covers the need.
      The remaining 10 TWh, (long drives) can be covered by second
       generation biofuels.



                                     www.isa.se
RENEWABLE ENERGY – SOLAR POWER




   Solar power

     Outstanding Swedish research in photovoltaic technology

     Swedish research and technology are far and away the
      leaders in hybrid solar technology

     Several multinational companies are using and further
      developing Swedish research findings.

     Ångström Solar Center conduct research for second and third
      generation solar cells




                                   www.isa.se
RENEWABLE ENERGY – SOLAR POWER




   Huge solar potential

     Solar energy is expected to increase to
      20% of world energy by 2025.
     The PV market has grown by about 40%
      a year in the 2000s.
     Global estimated installed capacity by
      2030 is 1,000 GW.
     Consumer prices for solar energy are
      expected to drop by half in ten years.
     Thin-film technology is lowering costs by
      about 80%.



                                    www.isa.se
RENEWABLE ENERGY – SOLAR POWER




    Solar hybrid technologies
      Integration of solar electricity and solar heating modules – a hybrid
       technology that supplies waste heat and enhances efficiency.
      Solar electricity and heat pump technology – a hybrid technology
       powerful enough to make single-family homes energy self-sufficient
      Solar cells, new battery technology and LED lighting – a hybrid
       technology for environments with no power line infrastructure.
      On-grid solar cells and solar heating systems connected to the district
       heating network – large hybrid systems that are a superb choice for
       heating in sunny countries.




                                     www.isa.se

								
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