Docstoc

godovoy-09 v1.pmd

Document Sample
godovoy-09 v1.pmd Powered By Docstoc
					CONTENTS

2011 - International Year of Forests........................................ 3                               DEVELOPING ALTERNATIVE LIVELIHOODS
National Project Steering Committee Meeting ................. 3                                              FOR LOCAL POPULATIONS
                                                                                                             Community-Based Tourism Develops in Altai ................ 14
CONSERVATION OF RARE & ENDANGERED SPECIES                                                                    Skills & Labour Attract Tourists ............................................. 15
Somewhere in California ............................................................. 4                      Growing "Gold" in the Garden! .............................................. 16
Anti-Poaching Raids in the Altaisky Region ....................... 4                                         "Assistance" Micro-Crediting Fund ...................................... 17
No to Poachers! ............................................................................... 5            Sustainable Pastureland Management in the
Inheriting the Taiga ....................................................................... 5               Altai-Sayan Ecoregion ............................................................... 17
Evaluating Argali Populations in the Russian-                                                                Herbal Tea: Healing Gift from Altai ....................................... 18
Mongolian Transboundary Zone ............................................ 6                                  Honey Has to be Just Right .................................................... 18
Results of Saker Falcon Population Count                                                                     "Altai Protected" Ecotourism Route: Nature Unites ..... 19
in the Russian Portion of the Altai-Sayan Ecoregion ...... 7                                                 Conserving Together! ................................................................ 19
Tradition: Living in Harmony .................................................... 7                          Help Yourself! ................................................................................ 20
Snow Leopard Monitoring Using Camera Traps ............... 8                                                 New Opportunities Centre ...................................................... 21
Birds Protected From Electric Power Cables ....................... 9                                           Information on Village-Based Tourism Accessible to All ... 21
                                                                                                               Altai and Tuva Hosted Seminars on Community-
STRENGTHENED AND EXPANDED PROTECTED                                                                            Based Tourism ............................................................................ 21
AREAS SYSTEM                                                                                                   Seminar on Developing Small Businesses Held for
'Sailyugem' National Park Created ...................................... 10                                    the Inhabitants of Yailyu Village ............................................ 22
Consolidated Efforts by Community Councils ............... 10                                                Evaluation Completed, Conclusions Drawn .................... 22
Conference on Monitoring Biodiversity
in Protected Areas ...................................................................... 10                 CLIMATE CHANGE PROJECT COMPONENT
'Ak Cholushpa' Nature Park: To Be Or Not To Be? .......... 11                                                Training Seminar Held on Monitoring Alpine
Mobile School for Protected Area Inspectors                                                                  Ecosystems .................................................................................... 24
of the Altai-Sayan Ecoregion ................................................ 11                             Automatic Weather Station Installed at Katunsky
Evaluating Local Population Attitudes to Protected                                                           Reserve ............................................................................................ 24
Area Activities .............................................................................. 12            Climate Change Project Component Presented
Creation of "Altai" Transboundary Nature Reserve                                                             at International GLORIA Meeting ......................................... 25
Enters its Final Stage! ................................................................ 12                  In Germany Issues of Protected Areas Management
                                                                                                             are Discussed Within the Context of Climate Change . 25
ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION &                                                                                    Protected Areas Meet to Discuss Issues of Climate
AWARENESS-RAISING                                                                                            Change Monitoring in the ASE .............................................. 26
Environmental Education & Awareness-Raising                                                                  Training Course on Forest Fire Monitoring and
For All ............................................................................................... 13   Prevention ..................................................................................... 26
Opening of the Altai Museum for Cultural and                                                                 Protected Areas Provided with Fire-Fighting Equipment . 27
Ecological Heritage ..................................................................... 13
Photo Exhibition: Appeal to Care for Nature ................... 13                                           Project Publications 2010 ......................................................... 28




UNDP/GEF Project “Biodiversity Conser-                                                        Edited by                                                 Contact Details:
vation in the Russian Portion of the Al-                                                      Marina Novgorodtseva                                      42, Krupskoy str., Office 514,
tai-Sayan Ecoregion”                                                                                                                                    Krasnoyarsk, Russia, 660062
                                                                                              Translated by                                             Tel/ fax: +7 (391) 247-91-12
http://www.altai sayan.com                                                                    Joanna Dobson                                             E-mail: altai-sayan@undp.org
2
2011 - INTERNATIONAL YEAR OF FORESTS
                           The United Nations General As-      mation of cultures and customs of whole nations. For-
                           sembly declared 2011 Interna-       ests are a source of labour and material well-being for a
                           tional Year of Forests. Forests     significant proportion of the world's population. They
                           cover 31% of the earth's total      serve as a source of timber and timber-based products.
                           land area and 13% of the world's    Forests are essential to the world's economy providing a
                           forests are protected areas.        source of income to 1.6 billion people around the world.

                          The deforestation of the Earth       Forests make up more than half of the entire territory
                          caused by logging, degrada-          of the Russian portion of the Altai-Sayan ecoregion
                          tion and fires is a major concern    consisting of a range of forest ecosystems from forest-
through-out the international community. Forests are           steppe and pine belt-like forests to alpine forest. For-
central to the exchange of carbon between the earth's          est landscapes dominate in all the region's nature re-
ecosystems and the atmosphere. Forests also play an            serves and national parks. Siberian pine forests remain
essential role in conserving biodiversity and mitigating       the pride of the Altai and Sayan mountain territories. It
the impact of climate change.                                  is here that one finds the world's largest mountain
                                                               massif of Siberian pine or 'kedr' as it is more often
Forests function as habitat for approximately three quar-      called. The largest areas of this forest are concentrat-
ters of the planet's plant, animal and fungi species. For-     ed in the "Altaisky", "Katunsky", "Sayano-Shushensky",
ests also play an important role in the human cultural         "Khakassky", "Uvs Nuur" and "Azas" Nature Reserves as
and historical environment and have influenced the for-        well as "Shorsky" National Park.




NATIONAL PROJECT STEERING
COMMITTEE MEETING
From 9 to 11 February 2010 the fourth national steering        "Development of Alternative Livelihoods for Local Com-
committee meeting was held at the "Tanai" Centre (Ke-          munities. Overall, the steering committee approved
merevo Region).                                                Project activities carried out in 2009.

Aside from Project staff the following officials participat-   Committee meeting participants also discussed plans to
ed in the meeting: A.M. Amirkhanov, Project National Di-       implement the new project "Expansion of the Protected
rector, N.E. Olofinskaya, Head of the United Nations De-       Areas Network for the Conservation of the Altai-Sayan
velopment Program Ecological Department, representa-           Ecoregion" financed by the German Federal Ministry for
tives of governments and local government for Krasno-          the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safe-
yarsk Region, Kemerevo Region, Republics of Altai, Tyva        ty. This project will be run as a separate component of the
and Khakassia.                                                 existing UNDP/GEF project over a two year period and is
                                                               aimed at strengthening climate change resilience in for-
At the meeting Project performance on the territory of         ests of the Altai-Sayan ecoregion. The main task is to cre-
the Altai-Sayan ecoregion in 2009 was discussed. In 2009       ate 636 000 hectares of new protected areas on the terri-
thirty two project proposals successfully received fund-       tory of the Altai-Sayan region as a means of supporting
ing, the majority of which (approximately 140 000 thou-        natural ecosystem climate change adaptation and secur-
sand US dollars) was allocated to the Project component        ing the carbon stocks of these ecosystems.




                                                                                                                        3
 CONSERVATION OF RARE & ENDANGERED SPECIES
SOMEWHERE IN CALIFORNIA...                                      Project and the WWF. It should be noted that in recent
                                                                years the Altai-Sayan Mountains have attracted the atten-
Rather, in Berkeley, a meeting was held 10-11 February          tion of numerous conservation organisations and funds
2010 for Russian and American conservation organisa-            as one of the Earth's few remaining corners of unspoilt
tions with the aim of coordinating actions for biological       nature and rich natural and cultural diversity.
and cultural diversity conservation in the Altai-Sayan
ecoregion. The meeting's participants included represen-
tatives of twenty organisations working in the region such      ANTI-POACHING RAIDS IN THE ALTAISKY REGION
as Pacific Environment, Snow Leopard Conservancy, Al-
tai Project, Weeden Foundation, Cristensen Fund, Altai          In 2010 the inter-departmental anti-poaching brigade cre-
Assistance Project, the ESRI Conservation Program. Rus-         ated with the support of the Project in 2007 continued its
sian organisations participating included staff from the        activities in the Altaisky Region. The brigade is made up
UNDP/GEF Project, Fund for the Sustainable Development          of staff from the Tigireksky Nature Reserve, the local game
of Altai and the "Altai twenty-first century" Fund.             management department and the NGO "Gebler Ecologi-
                                                                cal Society".

                                                                Over the year the brigade carried out raids in the Zales-
                                                                ovsky, Krasnoshekovsky, Troitsky, Topchikhinsky and
                                                                Tretyakovsky districts of the Altaisky Region. As a result,
                                                                more than ten poachers were detained and several fire
                                                                arms, traps and fishing nets confiscated.

                                                                During the spring-summer period members of the remote
                                                                group removed and destroyed more than five kilome-
                                                                tres of fishing nets which had been set up in spawning
                                                                areas situated in the Krasnoshekovsky, Charyshsky and
                                                                Shipunovsky districs. Raids have shown that almost all
                                                                areas suitable for spawning during spring river floods were
                                                                totally entangled with nets. It is clear that poachers fail to
                                                                remove their nets even once water levels have fallen.
Central to discussions were the results and plans of the
UNDP/GEF Project, the largest conservation initiative in
the Altai-Sayan ecoregion. American organisations ex-
pressed most interest in projects aimed at supporting
sustainable livelihoods of local populations and the con-
servation of the region's rare and endangered species. In
particular, Snow Leopard Conservancy, Altai Project and
Altai Assistance Project representatives expressed their
willingness to support initiatives aimed at organising eco-
logical tourism and projects aimed at protecting snow
leopard and argali habitat that involve local communities
in the Altai Republic. In 2010 UNDP/GEF collaboration with
the American organisations mentioned above resulted
in 20 thousand dollars cofinancing for snow leopard moni-
toring in the Altai-Sayan ecoregion.                            During the autumn-winter season anti-poaching brigade
                                                                staff revealed a case in which seven Siberian roe deer were
An important decision resulting from the meeting con-           killed in the hunting grounds of the Troitsky, Krasnoshek-
cerns the recommendation to organise a Coordinating             ovsky and Kytmanovsky districts. In the course of raids
Committee for Conservation Organizations working in the         more than ten poachers were detained and several fire
Altai-Sayan ecoregion. It was held that such a committee        arms confiscated. Evidence of illegal hunting using snow-
could effectively coordinate the activities of various con-     mobiles and other forms of transport has also been dis-
servation organisations and funds working towards the           covered. This type of hunting constitutes a crime under
conservation of the region's biodiversity and facilitate col-   article 258 of the Russian Federation Criminal Code. The
laboration with large scale projects such as the UNDP/GEF       issue of criminal proceedings is currently being dealt with.

4
NO TO POACHERS!                                                    however, that members of the indigenous Shortsy popu-
                                                                   lation and staff from the “Shorsky” National Park have
In 2010 work of the inter-agency anti-poaching brigade cre-        certain aims and objectives in common. Hunting has rep-
ated with the support of the UNDP/GEF Project continued to         resented a key livelihood for many generations of the
carry out its activities in the Altai Republic. The brigade con-   Shortsy and if properly organised the hunting society
sists of staff from the Altai Republic Committee for Fauna         could ally the park with regard to conservation programs.
Conservation, Altaisky Nature Reserve, Fishery Inspector-
ate and the Altai Republic Ministry of Internal Affairs.

In October-December 2010 the anti-poaching brigade car-
ried out two raids, one at Lake Teletskoye and the other
across the Maiminsky, Shabalinsky and Choisky districts.
During raid operations the banks of Lake Teletskoye were
patrolled in key spawning areas for the Teletsky white fish.
Five poachers were detained, two of which were caught in
the riparian zone of the Altaisky Reserve and five nets were
confiscated. Violations were reported both with regard to
the illegal presence of fishing equipment in the nature re-
serve and transgression of Altai Republic fishery regulations.




                                                                   The non-governmental organisation of hunters and fishers
                                                                   now has the opportunity to formalize rights to land use for
                                                                   periods of between 25 and 49 years. New opportunities are
                                                                   motivating hunters to preserve biodiversity on their lands.
                                                                   Knowing that an area is secured for one's family motivates
                                                                   local inhabitants to keep poachers from hunting on their
                                                                   land. Hunters are not authorised to deal with poachers who
                                                                   transgress protected area regulations. However, park inspec-
                                                                   tors are authorized to do so. The case of the Shortsy hunters
                                                                   and fishers organisation once again highlights an overlap of
                                                                   interests between local inhabitants and protected areas
Over the course of the November raid across the Maimin-            management. Hunters know their lands better than any-
sky, Choisky and Shebalinsky districts poachers were de-           one else and so are ideally equipped to detect poaching
tained who had illegally caught three Siberian roe deer.           activity fast. Being directly informed of the presence of poach-
The violators' weapons and illegally hunted game were              ers on certain territories park inspectors can then take the
confiscated and the incident reported.                             necessary legal measures. Collaboration between the Short-
                                                                   sy hunters and fishers society and “Shorsky” National Park
In 2010 the anti-poaching brigade brought to light 28              represents a clear example of direct local population involve-
transgressions of conservation legislation and confiscat-          ment in conservation activities which constitutes one of the
ed 13 fire arms. It should be noted that inter-agency coop-        main objectives of the UNDP/GEF Project.
eration and organisation of joint anti-poaching raids has
significantly increased the effectiveness of the region's          Over the year “Shorsky” National Park drew up its own
nature protection services. The advantages of inter-agen-          Hunting Rules based on specific elements of the local nat-
cy collaboration can particularly be felt in activities carried    ural and cultural landscape. In particular, the rules pro-
out in protected areas and their neighbouring territories.         hibit certain types of hunting from the annual hunting
                                                                   cycle such as hunting for bear in their hibernation dens
                                                                   and spring hunting of the Altai snowcock. The rules also
INHERITING THE TAIGA                                               prohibit the use of certain types of firearm. The Hunters &
                                                                   Fishers Society has the authority to deal with issues that
In October 2009 an NGO entitled "Gornaya Shoriya Hunt-             may arise in connection with hunting permits and given
ers & Fishers Society" was created with the support of the         the onset of a new Hunting law, it can also issue licences to
Project. By the beginning of 2010 the society had been             hunt certain species. Hunters united by the society also
successfully established as an independent organisation            have greater opportunities to distribute procured goods.
with more than one hundred members. The Gornaya
Shoriya Hunters & Fishers Society was set up to combine            Organised hunting provides other income opportunities
two activities that might initially appear to run counter to       aside from those generated directly by the sale of game.
each other, conservation and hunting. It has become clear          Experience of other hunting areas has shown that the
                                                                                                                                5
number of tourists desiring simply to observe nature and         S.B. Dongak, S.M. Kuular and S.F. Begzi (Uvs Nuur Biosphere
wild animals in their natural environment almost dou-            Reserve, Republic of Tuva). Field work was funded by the
bles that of those desiring to take part in hunting activi-      UNDP/GEF Project.
ties. No one better than a local hunter or gamekeeper
knows animal tracks and nesting places where one can             The study area covered all modern Argali habitats in the
capture unique images of fauna in their natural habitat          Russian Federation: Tsagan-Shibetu Range, Mongun-Taiga
without disturbing the balance of the animal world.              Massif (Republic of Tuva), Chikhacheva Range (Republic of
                                                                 Tuva, Republic of Altai), Sailyugem Range and the Ukok
Making alternative income sources available to local pop-        Plateau (Republic of Altai). Mongolian specialists carried out
ulations represents an important Project objective. The          synchronous counts on the Mongolian side of the border.
development of ecotourism on hunting grounds gener-
ates improved livelihood due to the additional opportu-          Winter 2009/2010 was particularly severe and a trying time
nities that arise to cater for tourists as well as through the   for mountain ungulates and domestic cattle. Much live-
production and sale of souvenirs.                                stock was lost on both sides of the border. Wild animals
                                                                 faired better than domestic cattle, nonetheless, the se-
                                                                 verity of the winter clearly impacted the resilience of off-
                                                                 spring. Surveys reflect a decrease in the percentage of
                                                                 lambs compared to percentages in previous, more favour-
                                                                 able years. Overall, the condition of the Russian-Mongo-
                                                                 lian Transboundary Argali population was concluded to
                                                                 be stable. Approximately 1600 individuals inhabit the area
                                                                 during the summer season.




With the support of the Project the society has also orga-
nized a procurement and supply centre for certain raw
materials. Victory onion (Allium victorialis) and Fiddleheads
of bracken (Pteridium aquilinum) have been made avail-
able for sale to large-scale industrial centres of the Kuzbass
region and society members have been trained in meth-
ods of preparing and processing non-timber forest prod-
ucts at "Matur" Ltd. (Republic of Khakassia). Harvesting
and processing non-timber forest products in Gornaya
Shoriya has the potential to develop into an economical-
ly viable means of sustainable livelihood for the inhabit-
ants of “Shorsky” National Park.


EVALUATING ARGALI POPULATIONS IN THE RUSSIA-
MONGOLIAN TRANS-BOUNDARY ZONE - CONCLUSIONS

From 16 June to 23 July 2010 field studies were carried out
on the territory of Russia and Mongolia to asses population
sizes of the argali, the Altai mountain sheep. Studies were      Poaching incidents were noted in the Ak-Adyr area (Re-
conducted as part of a monitoring program of the rare Altai      public of Tuva) and Bayan-Chagan (Altai Republic). Poach-
argali species, the largest wild sheep in the world. The total   ing activities in Ak-Adyr have become traditional. This
population of Altai Argali on the territory of Russia is esti-   winter, 3 argali were killed right on the border, and anoth-
mated to be approximately 700. On the territory of the Mon-      er two males were injured. The injured Argali perished at
golian border the population is estimated to be 900.             the site, and their bodies were eaten by foxes and carri-
                                                                 on-eating birds. In the location near the border from
Studies were carried out by staff from two adjacent re-          where the shots are thought to have been fired fresh
serves: S.V. Spitsyn (Altaisky Reserve, Republic of Altai),      cartridges from a 223 Remington were found. These car-
6
tridges were removed for the purpose of establishing the
rifle's ownership through the Federal Bullet and Shell Cas-
ing Registry. New signs of serious anthropogenic impact
on the Altai argali population have been observed for the
first time in many years. These include industrial mining
of tungsten deposits, using open pits, in argali habitat on
the Chikhachev Ridge (Karakulskoye deposit). Fragile
high-elevation ecosystems and argali habitat are being
destroyed by road-building and strip mining of prospect-
ing pits. In addition, argali are also disturbed by noisy
operations and vehicles, as well as the presence of large
numbers of people. The commercial pit mine and deposit
are located along the argali's seasonal migration route.
For this reason, potential resumed mining is predicted to
lead to the total destruction of important argali habitat
and the isolation of argali groups in the northern part of
the Chikhacheva Range will all its resulting consequences.      Saker falcons that have settled on a platform set up by
                                                                the Siberian Environmental Centre in 2006 in the Tuva
                                                                basin represents a clear success story. The first pair of
RESULTS OF SAKER FALCON POPULATION COUNT IN THE                 birds settled in 2009 and at the present time three pairs
RUSSIAN PORTION OF THE ALTAI-SAYAN ECOREGION                    are recorded as nesting on the platform. Two pairs have
                                                                successfully bred chicks and the presence of young males
Surveys to estimate saker falcon population size were           in the pairs indicates the future creation of new pairs.
carried out under the UNDP/GEF Project by the "Siberian
Environmental Centre". The expedition was headed by I.V.        In Tuva the upland buzzard which is the main nest builder
Karyakin, a leading specialist on birds of prey in the Rus-     for the saker falcon has begun assimilating platforms set
sian Federation.                                                up in 2009 in the conservation zone of the "Uvs Nuur"
                                                                Biosphere Reserve. There is hope that the saker falcon
Despite the continued pressure of poaching the species          will occupy these nests in forthcoming years.
population is generally concluded not to be imperilled.
The number of nesting pairs disappearing on average
equals the number of new arrivals which as a rule are           TRADITION: LIVING IN HARMONY
young pairs initiating reproduction. Nonetheless, a de-
cline in population numbers throughout the region has           In the Kosh-Agach District of the Altai Republic a new project
been observed. A 3% decline in the number of saker fal-         "Creating and Organising a Community Inspectorate for
cons has been observed over the past two years (2008-           the Preservation of Natural and Cultural Heritage in the
2010) in comparison with a 5.8% decline during the peri-        Kosh-Agach District of the Altai Republic" is being imple-
od 2006-2008. Observations therefore indicate that the          mented with the support of the UNDP/GEF Project.
rate of population decrease appears to be slowing down.
                                                                A community inspectorate has been created consisting
In remote territories population growth has been observed       of representatives from Telengit indigenous people com-
in nesting areas that had become almost totally extinct         munities "Kaia", "Chagan", "Mool-Millenium", "Tozyn-Tuu",
due to their accessibility to local hunters. Of 66 known sak-   "Beltir", "Kaan-Kurai" and "Otok". At present the inspec-
er falcon nesting areas 53 were noted as being occupied         torate consists of 35 community inspectors all of which
and 31 nests showed signs of successful breeding.               have been authorized and received identity cards. At the
                                                                current stage of the project identification cards have been
A particularly egregious example of hunting pressure            developed and equipment required to detect and regis-
has been observed in the Republic of Khakassia and in           ter transgressions has been purchased with the assistance
the Kosh-Agach district of the Altai Republic. In the "Ka-      of the Project including 10 digital cameras, 10 pairs of bin-
myzyakskaya Steppe" and "Kholl-Bogaz" clusters of the           oculars, 5 saddles and 2 GPS units. In addition a comput-
Khakassia Reserve three remaining pairs of saker falcon         er, laptop and printer have been supplied to facilitate the
have disappeared. In the last known nesting area of the         effective functioning of the Community Inspectorate Cen-
Chuisky Steppe the female disappeared in 2009 and for           tre. The equipment supplied will facilitate the creation of
two years the nest has been occupied by a lone male.            databases of staff details, filed transgressions and natu-
More optimistically, in south-eastern Altai a female has        ral and cultural heritage sites as well as assist in the run-
been sighted in a successful breeding nest. A leather           ning of training seminars for the centre's inspectors. A
ring noted on the bird's leg, used by hunters to mark           satellite phone has been ordered to ensure communica-
their prey indicates that the bird had obviously escaped        tions with representatives of the community inspectorate
from the hands of poachers.                                     who are situated in more remote areas.

                                                                                                                            7
A manual has been written to assist inspectorate staff         One of the project's main objectives in using automatic
detect and record the factual details of cases in which        cameras was to provide more precise information on the
conservation and cultural heritage regulations are violat-     number of the Argut irbis group. According to expert
ed. The textbook is expected to be published early 2011.       evaluations the Argut snow leopard group is the largest
                                                               in Russia with a population of 30-40 individuals. In reality,
Two educational seminars have been held for communi-           providing exact data on species numbers over this terri-
ty inspectors on the theme of community inspectorate           tory presents a major challenge given that winter sea-
procedures and detecting and recording transgression           son counts are complicated by the area's relief, severe
of natural and cultural heritage regulations. Community        winter conditions and the absence of solid snow cover.
inspectors have received details of their rights and re-       Camera traps provide the opportunity not only to gather
sponsibilities, areas of jurisdiction in the Kosh-Agach dis-   data on the presence of the snow leopard but also to
trict and means of liaison with local government. Local        acquire clear images of this elusive predator.
govern-ment staff have expressed their support of the
community inspectorate project and interest in joint col-
laboration to ensure that conservation laws are observed
in the Kosh-Agach district.

Binary agreements have been signed with the Russian
Border Guard Service, Kosh-Agach Forestry, Russian Na-
ture Management Inspectorate, the Fauna Protection Com-
mittee and the Kosh-Agach Internal Affairs Department.




                                                               The project is being run with the participation of the local
                                                               inhabitants of Inegen village, and is headed by staff from
                                                               the "Altaisky" Nature Reserve. It is extremely important
                                                               that local populations be involved in snow leopard mon-
                                                               itoring carried out on the territory in which they live. Plac-
                                                               ing camera traps at points in the landscape provides local
                                                               populations with an opportunity to become in-volved in
                                                               snow leopard conservation as a means of protecting their
                                                               natural and cultural heritage.
In 2010 community inspectors detected several unsanc-
tioned rubbish dumps in the villages of Kosh-Agach and         Another project objective is to develop ecotourism tours
Tashanta and the corresponding local government bod-           using camera traps in the Argut River Valley as part of the
ies were notified. Agreement has also been reached for         "Land of the Snow Leopard" transboundary tourist route.
community inspectors and Altai Republic Fauna Protec-          Such tours enable tourists both to enjoy the unique land-
tion Committee staff to conduct joint raids.                   scapes of the North-Chuisky and Katun mountain ranges
                                                               and to photograph the area's fauna including the irbis,
This project is also being implemented with the support        with the help of camera traps. The tour will be totally or-
of the UNDP/GEF Project partner in the Altai-Sayan ecore-      ganised by the inhabitants of Inegen village as part of
gion, the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF). In particu-        the "Irbis-Ecotour" tourism program which has been run-
lar, the WWF has provided funding to purchase field equip-     ning in the Argut valley for the past two years with the
ment for community inspectors living in the Sailyugem          support of the UNDP/GEF Project and the WWF.
range where the largest Altai Mountain Sheep group in
Russia has its habitat.                                        The project also envisages a Snow Leopard Museum
                                                               which would share both scientific data and the tradition-
                                                               al knowledge of the peoples of Altai concerning this char-
SNOW LEOPARD MONITORING USING CAMERA TRAPS                     ismatic high altitude predator. The museum will intrigue
                                                               both tourists and local inhabitants interested in the con-
In 2010, with the support of the UNDP/GEF Project, WWF,        servation of the species as a symbol of Altai.
Panthera Foundation, Altai Assistance Program and the
Altai Project a pilot project was carried out to monitor the   In the course of field studies carried out during October-
Argut snow leopard group using camera traps.                   December 2010 covering the main irbis habitat areas in

8
                                                                   The installation of protective systems in Altaisky region is
                                                                   the first result of collaboration begun in 2009 between the
                                                                   "Siberian Environmental Centre" and "MRSK Sibiri". Collab-
                                                                   oration has been made possible by the project "Conserva-
                                                                   tion of the Saker Falcon Population by Reducing Numbers
                                                                   of Deaths by Electrocution on Power Cables (EPC) in the
                                                                   Altai-Sayan Ecoregion" as part of the UNDP/GEF Project.

                                                                   In spring 2010 the Siberian Environmental Centre and
                                                                   “MRSK Sibiri” drew up a collaboration contract designed
                                                                   to protect birds from injury and death on electric power
                                                                   cables and to protect EPC from emergency cases linked
                                                                   with birds coming into contact with current - carrying
                                                                   EPC and their constructions. Under the terms of the con-
                                                                   tract “MRSK Sibiri” will install bird protection devices on
the middle part of the Argut River valley, camera traps            more than 400 km of the most dangerous EPC with a
have facilitated a research area covering 150 square ki-           current of 6-10 kW in the Republics of Altai, Tuva and Kha-
lometres. During the three month study period the cam-             kassia and likewise in the southern regions of Altaisky
era traps have captured thousands of images of Siberi-             and Krasnoyarsky regions.
an ibex, roedeer, Altai snowcock, bear, Siberian musk
deer, fox and other smaller inhabitants of the Argut val-          Power engineering specialists note that the installation of
ley such as chipmunk, squirrel, rodents and spotted                bird protection devices (BPD) will not only make power
nutcracker. Images of the lynx, the secretive inhabitant           lines safer for birds but will also have tangible economic
of montane forests and rock massifs were also taken.               consequences: the number of cases in which lines have to
Despite all efforts made by the research team no imag-             be disconnected as a result of faults caused by birds will be
es of the snow leopard were obtained.                              sig-nificantly decreased and consequently costs involved
                                                                   in restoring power supply will be significantly reduced.
The snow leopard successfully inhabited these areas in the
1980's and 1990's but was subsequently exterminated. No            Research carried out as part of the UNDP/GEF Project has
snow leopard tracks were found in the area during species          shown that current losses directly resulting from electro-
counts carried out in 2007-2009 and camera traps have              cuted birds on aerial electric power cables with a current
once again confirmed that at present no snow leopard               of 6-10 kW in Altaisky region and the Altai Republic
groups inhabit the lower and middle parts of the Argut             amounts to more than 150 million Russian roubles per
river valley. There is still no sign of the illusive predator in   year. The greatest loss, however, is suffered by popula-
the area despite its ideal habitat conditions and abundance        tions of rare and endangered species of birds of prey
of prey species. Camera traps will also be used in research        nesting in the steppe basin of the Altai Republic as well
studies planned for January-March 2011 in the Yungur and           as in the foothills and pine forests of the Altaisky region.
Koir river val-leys ("Sailyugemsky" National Park).                Electrocution on EPC represents one of the main factors
                                                                   for decline in Saker Falcon numbers in the Altai-Sayan
                                                                   ecoregion. Every year the ecoregion loses approximate-
BIRDS PROTECTED FROM ELECTRIC POWER CABLES                         ly 11 000 birds on EPC which represents a significant por-
                                                                   tion of their overall population size. Every year approxi-
In the Altai-Sayan ecoregion electric power cables are             mately 1 000 steppe eagles, 450 Eastern imperial eagles,
being armed with special devices which will prevent large          90 peregrine falcon and other bird species die due to elec-
and rare bird species from receiving electric shocks. As a         trocution by electric power cables.
rule, it is large birds that run the risk of receiving electric
shocks from power cables. The majority of them are rela-
tively rare and other valuable feathered species.

In November 2010 special protection systems that save
birds from being electrocuted were installed on electric
power cables in the Ust'-Kalmansky district of Altaisky
region by the Siberian Inter-regional Distributing-grid
Company "MRSK Sibiri". Five hundred and seventy devic-
es were installed on 190 ferroconcrete pylons. The pro-
tective devices insulate the cables which as a result pre-
vents the birds from being electrocuted when coming
into contact with them.


                                                                                                                              9
 STRENGTHENED & EXPANDED PROTECTED AREAS
 SYSTEM
"SAILYUGEM" NATIONAL PARK CREATED                               of village inhabitants and to participate in joint decision
                                                                making processes with the “Tigireksky” Nature Reserve
On 27th February 2010 the government of the Russian             and Tigirek local government. The council statute has
Federation signed a decree authorizing the creation of          been agreed and a work plan drawn up for 2011.
the “Sailyugem” National Park in the Altai Republic. Saily-
ugem is the fourth national park to be established in the       The Tigirek village Community Council has begun collab-
Russian portion of the Altai-Sayan ecoregion (aside from        oration with “Tigireksky” Reserve staff from the aware-
the “Shorsky”, “Shushensky Bor” and “Tunkinsky” Nation-         ness-raising department. Reserve staff have run creative
al Parks) and the first in the Altai Republic. With the cre-    workshops called “Craftsmen Township” in which creative
ation of “Sailyugem” National Park an additional 120 thou-      lessons were run for community members on wet wool
sand hectares of the Altai-Sayan ecoregion have been            felting and ribbon embroidery. The workshops were or-
attributed high conservation status.                            ganised with the longer term goal in mind of developing
                                                                potential forms of alternative livelihood for local popula-
                                                                tions in areas neighbouring the reserve.


                                                                CONFERENCE ON MONITORING BIODIVERSITY IN PRO-
                                                                TECTED AREAS

                                                                From 17-19th May 2010 an inter-regional scientific practi-
                                                                cal conference “Monitoring Biodiversity in Protected Ar-
                                                                eas” was held in Barnaul and timed to coincide with the
                                                                tenth anniversary of the creation of “Tigireksky” Nature
                                                                Reserve. More than 60 experts from protected areas and
                                                                other scientific and non-governmental organisations
                                                                gathered at the conference which was held with the sup-
                                                                port of the UNDP/GEF Project.
The territory of “Sailyugem” National Park consists of three
areas: “Argut”, “Sailyugem” and “Ulandryk”. The park’s cre-
ation meets a number of objectives: conservation of Altai
mountain sheep and snow leopard groups, preservation
of the traditional way of the life of the Telengit indigenous
population linked with cattle-breeding, development of
sustainable nature management as well as ecological and
community-based tourism.

The Project will support the creation of park infrastruc-
ture (ranger stationconstruction, visit-centres), as well as
the purchase of essential equipment, transport etc. from
funds made available by the German government. Issues
concerning Park structure, management and personnel
recruitment have yet to be dealt with.


CONSOLIDATED EFFORTS BY COMMUNITY COUNSILS!                     During the conference presentations were given on ex-
                                                                perience of monitoring biological diversity in protected
Inhabitants of Tigirek Village (Altaisky region) have decid-    areas in various parts of Russia from European Russia to
ed to apply the experience of community councils at the         Kamchatka with representatives from the following pro-
“Altaisky” Nature Reserve by creating their own council.        tected areas: “Tsentralno-Chernozemny”, “Jhigulevsky”,
In 2010 a Community Council was established in the vil-         “Denejhkin Kamen’”, “Tigireksky”, “Katunsky”, “Kuznetsky
lage of Tigirek as part of the Tigiresky State Nature Re-       Alatau”, “Azas”, “Stolby”, “Kronotsky” Reserves and “Sa-
serve with the support of the UNDP/GEF Project. The             marskaya Luka”, “Shorsky”, “Tunkinsky” and “Pribaikal-
project’s principal objective is to improve living conditions   sky” Nature Parks.

10
A presentation was also given on a system of indicators           the development of local tourism. The organisation of the
for monitoring biodiversity developed as part of the              park does not presuppose the relinquishing of lands and
UNDP/GEF Project. An initial discussion of the indicator          will enable the development of controlled tourism in the
system designed to provide comparability of results in            Chulyshman valley as well as the conservation of local, tra-
monitoring biological diversity in federal protected areas        ditional forms of natural resource use. On this basis the
in the Altai-Sayan ecoregion, was held by the Altai-Sayan         nature park is intended to be a harmonious and accept-
Reserves and National Parks Association. After a construc-        able form of protected area for the local population of the
tive ‘round table’ discussion in which conference partici-        Ulagan district, Altai Republic, conserving rare and endan-
pants proposed a series of recommendations and im-                gered species and their habitat as well as preserving the
provements the Project initiative to create indicators for        traditional way of life of the indigenous peoples of Altai.
a common biodiversity monitoring system was approved.
Finally, it was recommended that the project be presented         Background Information
to the Russian Ministry of Natural Resources for approval.        The Chulyshman river valley is one of Gorny Altai’s unique
                                                                  natural monuments made up of a diverse complex of nat-
                                                                  ural sites. The Chulyshman River is one of Altai’s largest
“AK CHOLUSHPA” NATURE PARK: TO BE OR NOT TO BE?                   water arteries and is the main water artery flowing into
                                                                  Lake Teletskoye. The River’s valley has picturesque rocky
The need to create a nature park in the Chulyshman val-           banks abundant in waterfalls and fantastical relief elements
ley has been discussed in the Altai Republic since 2003.          such as huge glacial boulders, stony scree slopes, stone
Specific steps were taken in November 2009 when                   runs and “stone mushrooms” etc. The valley’s fauna is par-
Y.M.Yargakova, head of the Ulagan district signed a de-           ticularly diverse. Tundra, forest and steppe species inhabit
cree authorising the creation of a working group to re-           a fairly compact area. These include unique and rare breeds
search the issue of the proposed “Ak Cholushpa” Nature            such as the snow leopard, argali, manul, demoiselle crane,
Park. In early 2010 the ecological and economical grounds         saker falcon, bearded vulture, Altai snowcock and others.
for the park’s creation were drawn up with the support of         The valley is also home to many archaeological and histor-
the UNDP/GEF Project. Research covered analyses of the            ical monuments such as kurgans, remains of ancient irri-
territory’s ecological values, its cultural and historical her-   gation systems, old bridges and sacred places of Altai leg-
itage, the necessity to conserve the natural environment          end. The key threats to the unique natural complex of the
and manage recreational activities in balance with social         Chulyshman valley are illegal poaching, non-regulated use
and economic development. The “Ak Cholushpa” Nature               of pastureland, forest fires and unregulated tourism.
Park boundaries and zoning were described in detail. On
the recommendation of Ulagan local government it is
planned to include the Chulyshman river valley from Lake          MOBILE SCHOOL FOR PROTECTED AREAS INSPECTORS
Teletskoye to the upper reaches of the Bashkaus River with-       OF THE ALTAI-SAYAN ECOREGION
in the park’s boundaries. The overall land area of the pro-
posed protected area will measure approximately 346 000           A mobile field school for protected areas inspectors was
hectares. Grounds for the park’s creation were discussed          run from 24th August to 4th September 2010. Over ten
and approved at an Ulagan local government meeting.               days five seminars were held each at a different Altai-Say-
                                                                  an protected area. Project organisers believe that this ap-
                                                                  proach to organising the Mobile school makes the one day
                                                                  seminars offered particularly effective. In total, 93 staff
                                                                  members from various state environmental organisations
                                                                  took part including 14 Altai-Sayan protected areas staff.

                                                                  A group of four trainers travelled more than 5000 kilome-
                                                                  ters throughout the Altai-Sayan ecoregion. The first sem-
                                                                  inar was held in Krasnoshekovo village for inspectors of
                                                                  the “Tigireksky” Nature Reserve (Altaisky Region). The sec-
                                                                  ond was organised in Kyzyl (Republic of Tuva) for protect-
                                                                  ed areas in the Republic of Tuva at the base of the “Uvs-
                                                                  Nuur” Biosphere Reserve. On 29-30 August a seminar was
                                                                  held in Shushensky village (Krasnoyarsky Region) for four
                                                                  protected areas in the Krasnoyarsky region as well as the
                                                                  Republic of Khakassia: “Sayano-Shushensky” Biosphere
The support of the local population is essential in order for     Reserve, “Khakassky” Nature Reserve, “Shushensky Bor”
work on the creation of the park to progress. As a result of      National Park and “Yergaki” Nature Park. On 2nd Septem-
the park establishment between 6-8 jobs will be created           ber representatives of six protected areas gathered in
for local inhabitants and protected area activities are esti-     Krasnoyarsk to take part in a Mobile School seminar. These
mated to create up to 100 seasonal jobs connected with            included: “Stolby”, “Tungussky”, “Tsentralno-Sibirsky”,

                                                                                                                          11
                                                                  Based on the results of the survey recommendations have
                                                                  been developed for awareness-raising department staff
                                                                  of protected areas in the Altai-Sayan ecoregion. Recom-
                                                                  mendations are aimed at raising awareness and inform-
                                                                  ing the local populations as a result of which collabora-
                                                                  tion between protected areas management and local
                                                                  populations can be improved.




“Baikalo-Lensky” and “Bolshoi Arktichesky” Nature Re-
serves. On 4th September the final Mobile School semi-
nar for inspectors of the “Kuznetsky Alatau” Reserve was
held at the “Kuznetsky Alatau” Reserve “ecostation”.

All participants received a copy of “Documents and Materi-
als for Conservation Departments in Protected Areas” pub-
lished with the support of the UNDP/GEF Project in 2009.


EVALUATING LOCAL POPULATION ATTITUDES TO PRO-                     CREATION OF “ALTAI” TRANSBOUNDARY NATURE RE-
TECTED AREA ACTIVITIES                                            SERVE ENTERS ITS FINAL STAGE!

In 2010 sociological research was carried out as part of the      Russian Federation cabinet ministers have approved an
UNDP/GEF Project to evaluate the relationship of local pop-       agreement between the Russian government and the
ulations to protected area activities. Surveys were conduct-      government of Kazakhstan concerning the creation of
ed on six key territories of the Altai-Sayan ecoregion em-        the “Altai” Transboundary Reserve Territory. The corre-
compassing 13 protected areas and 54 villages. In total 2 275     sponding decree was signed on 27th December 2010.
individuals took part in the survey. The respondents were
asked four questions the answers to which were used to            The “Altai” Transboundary Reserve Territory will include
draw conclusions and construct graphs reflecting the rela-        the “Katunsky” State Biosphere Reserve (Russian Feder-
tionship of local populations to protected area activities. The   ation) and the “Katon-Karagaisky” State National Nature
table below indicates the percentages of local populations        Park (Republic of Kazakhstan). The agreement states that
who either do or do not support the activities of specific        “the “Altai” Transboundary Reserve Territory has been
protected areas across the territories included in the Project.   created to conserve Gorny Altai’s biological and land-
                                                                  scape diversity. It also aims to facilitate binary collabora-
                                                                  tion in the field of environmental protection and ratio-
                                           Supports,


                                                       Does Not
                                                       Support,




                                                                  nal natural resource use taking account of ecological,
                                              %



                                                          %




Protected Area
                                                                  social and cultural factors.

“Azas” Nature Reserve                        84          16       The creation of the Reserve Territory will also facilitate
“Uvs Nuur” Nature Reserve                    94          6        ecological monitoring and research into natural complex-
“Tigireksky” Nature Reserve                  63          37       es and sites in Gorny Altai as well as work towards devel-
“Khakassky” Nature Reserve                   63          37       oping ecological awareness and ecological tourism.
“Altaisky” Nature Reserve                    84          16
“Shushensky Bor” National Park               93          7        To a large extent the UNDP/GEF Project facilitated negoti-
“Yergaki” Nature Park                        69          31       ations in Russia and Kazakhstan and assisted in the de-
“Sayano-Shushensky” Nature                                        velopment of the Provision for the Reserve Territory. The
                                             44          56
Reserve                                                           Project also promoted transboundary collaboration be-
“Shorsky” National Park                      91          9        tween the two protected areas “Katunsky” Reserve and
“Argut” Nature Park                          79          21       “Katon-Karagaisky” National Park.
“Uch-Enmek” Nature Park                      62          38
“Sailyugem” National Park                    87          13
“Ukok Quiet Zone” Nature Park                84          16
“Katunsky Nature Reserve”                    69          31
12
 ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION & AWARENESS-
 RAISING
ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION AND AWARENESS-RAIS-                      The museum opening was attended by representatives
ING FOR ALL                                                      of Ust'-Koksa district government, R.V.Kypchakov, "El-
                                                                 Bashchi" of the Altai people of the Ust'-Koksa district, as
 In 2009 a creative group of scientists from the Altai Re-       well as members of the press and local public.
public and Altaisky Region developed a set of mainstream
school textbooks entitled "Altai Protected". Funding for
the textbooks was provided by the UNDP/GEF Project.

The textbooks "Protected Cultural World of Altai" and "Pro-
tected Natural World of Altai" which were previously pub-
lished with support from the Project received awards in
the All Russian competition in the "Best Textbook 2009"
nomination and in 2010 were approved in the Kosh-Agach
and Ongudai districts.

Teachers have noted student interest in the textbooks
and also state that parents have shown interest in the
material and have been drawn to reading them together
with their children. On 21-22nd May 2010 with the sup-
port of the Project an All Russian conference was held on
"Replicating Experience of Developing Methodological
Textbooks for Teachers and School Children in the Altai-         The museum takes the form of a traditional Altai dwell-
Sayan Ecoregion with the Aim of Including Issues of Biodi-       ing, a five-sided log 'ail' situated at the central farmstead
versity Conservation in the School Curriculum". Confer-          of the Reserve in the village of Ust'-Koksa. Exhibits include
ence participants included representatives of government         traditional objects of the Altai way of life such as national
bodies from the Altai-Sayan regions, education depart-           costume, household items, musical instruments, hunt-
ments, academics, teachers (from higher, middle and fur-         ing equipment, information stands describing tradition-
ther education) as well as protected areas staff and repre-      al forms of nature management and the ecological tra-
sentatives from non-governmental organisations.                  ditions of the Altai people. Visitors to the museum can
                                                                 become acquainted with the history of the Altai people,
During the conference a presentation was given on the "Al-       the Altai ecological worldview and Altai customs as well
tai Protected" set of textbooks. After talks from the develop-   as taste traditional Altai cuisine. On the same day, an open-
ers, teachers who have trial run the textbooks, representa-      ing was held for a tourist information centre also situated
tives of local government and educational authorities, the       in the area of the Reserve's central farmstead. Guests to
conference participants found the projects results to be suc-    the Ust'-Koksa district can receive information at the cen-
cessful and worthy of distribution and implementation both       tre concerning locally-produced souvenirs, addresses of
within the Altai Republic and beyond. Each participant re-       "Green House" private guest houses and services provid-
ceived a set of textbooks and additional materials.              ed by the local population such as horse hire, transport
                                                                 and farming by-products.
The participants acknowledged that the success of the            The opening of the museum and the tourist information
project lay in effective collaboration between numerous          centre was funded by the UNDP/GEF Project.
state, scientific and non-governmental structures. In par-
ticular, timely organisational and financial support from
regional government offices, deputies and non-govern-            PHOTO EXHIBITION: APPEAL TO CARE FOR NATURE
mental organizations in the Altai Republic undoubtedly
assured the conditions essential to the project's success.       On 14th March the photographic exhibition "Our Life is in
                                                                 Your Hands" was held in the Suzunsky district of the No-
                                                                 vosibirsk Region during an ecological hearing on the theme
OPENING OF THE ALTAI MUSEUM FOR CULTURAL AND                     "Utilities and rubbish disposal on the Banks of the Ob' in
ECOLOGICAL HERITAGE                                              the Vicinity of Malyshevo Village". The Photographic exhibi-
                                                                 tion was financially supported by the UNDP/GEF Project.
On 4th June 2010 a festive opening of the Altai Museum
for Cultural and Ecological heritage was held at the "Ka-        In just one day the hearing attracted over 400 visitors.
tunsky" Nature Reserve.                                          The discussion on the issue of river bank pollution was

                                                                                                                          13
accompanied by various relevant materials such as re-
serve and national park information booklets, informa-
tion on rare and endangered flora and fauna as well as a
showing of the slide film "Conserving Nature for our De-
scendants". The highlight of the event was the photo-
graphic exhibition by Y.Kotenev whose work embodies
the clear vision that photography can and must play an
important role in environmental protection.

After the hearings the photographic exhibition was moved
to the Children's Health Camp "Patriot". Here the children at
the camp were given the opportunity to become acquaint-
ed with the wonderful and yet vulnerable world of wildlife
and to consider our joint responsibility of protecting the
wild inhabitants with which they share their environment.




  DEVELOPING ALTERNATIVE LIVELIHOODS FOR
  LOCAL POPULATIONS
COMMUNITY-BASED TOURISM DEVELOPS IN ALTAI                       In June a meeting was held in the Ust’-Koksa district on
                                                                the development of tourism at Multinsky Lakes. The meet-
In 2010 a project was implemented to involve local inhab-       ing was attended by “Katunsky” Reserve staff, represen-
itants in the development of ecological and community-          tatives of Ust’-Koksa local government and members of
based tourism. The goal of the project was to create con-       the local public. The meeting was held with the objective
ditions for the conservation of biological diversity by in-     of resolving issues currently inhibiting the development
volving local inhabitants in the development of tourism         of tourism at lakes in the Multa river basin. Various prob-
and environmental protection activities.                        lems require attention such as the absence of road ac-
                                                                cess, communications, and medical services as well as
Ecotourism Guide Training Seminars organised by the             litter and a steady stream of unmanaged tourists. Over
“Katunsky” Biosphere Reserve were held in the Ust’-             the course of the meeting a working group was created
Koksa district of the Altai Republic in early June 2010.        to focus on working out a mid-term tourist development
Nine members of the local population took part, in-             program for Multinsky Lakes.
habitants from the villages of Katanda, Tyungur and
Kucherla. The components of the course included trav-           In September 2010 a tourist information centre was
elling through mountain territory, first-aid, planning          opened in Ulagan. This new information centre symbolis-
rescue operations, the basics of local history and the          es a significant step forward in the development of cul-
basics of environmental protection. A practical com-            tural and ecological tourism in the Ulagan district and
ponent of the course required that participants design          represents an important project result. The construction
rules of conduct both for tourists and guides that could        of the information centre was funded by the UNDP/GEF
be applied in their future profession. The course culmi-
nated in a test which was successfully completed by all
participants.

Likewise, training seminars were held for local inhabit-
ants on basic marketing and how to create and manage a
small business. The course covered organising a small
business and the essentials of making a business plan.
Seminar participants studied different organisational and
legal structures for first-time business owners and taxa-
tion of small business undertakings. Future business
owners were introduced to the basics of launching prod-
ucts and services and the specifics of market channels in
relation to various types of goods and services, particu-
larly in village areas. All participants were awarded certif-
icates on completion of the course.

14
Project and further supported by the NGO “‘Kun” (Sun)           gion” it has been recommended that the image of the
Community of Indigenous Telengit People ” and the “Al-          snow leopard be used for the purpose of developing tour-
taisky” Biosphere Reserve for which the Ulagan district         ism in areas of the predator’s habitat particularly in the
represents a coalition territory.                               Kosh-Agach district of the Altai Republic.

The tourist information centre provides visitors with in-       The main objective of this international project is to pro-
formation on the region’s tourist services, accommoda-          vide economic alternatives to local populations in remote
tion and excursions. The information centre also provides       areas by developing ecological tours, training local guides,
local craftsmen with an outlet for the sale of souvenirs.       capacity building and likewise equipping tourist bases and
Gifts made of leather, felt and wood are already exhibited      herder’s field camps to accommodate both Russian and
and available for sale at the centre. The tourist informa-      foreign tourist groups.
tion centre also functions as a visitor’s centre for the “Al-
taisky” Biosphere Reserve.                                      In September 2010 a training seminar was held for eco-
                                                                logical tour guides. The seminar was organised with the
                                                                support of the UNDP/GEF Project and was run by trainers
                                                                from the “Altai Protected Areas Specialist Training Cen-
                                                                tre”. Over the course of the seminar 16 individuals from
                                                                the villages of Beltir, Mukhor-Tarakhta, Djhazator and Ar-
                                                                gut were trained in the practical skills required to develop
                                                                and manage tourist routes. The training seminar culmi-
                                                                nated in a presentation of ecological tourist routes de-
                                                                signed during the course which included elements such
                                                                as observing rare and endangered Red Book species like
                                                                argali. In the future these routes will be integrated into
                                                                the main “Land of the Snow Leopard” transboundary tour-
                                                                ist route in Altai, Tuva and Western Mongolia.

                                                                Over the past four years 58 individuals have studied on
                                                                Guide Training Courses in the Altai Republic implement-
                                                                ed as part of the UNDP/GEF Project. The eight individuals
During the course of the project “Katunsky” Reserve staff       to most successfully complete the course obtained short-
gathered information on the ecologically friendly private       term work places in protected areas abroad. In Septem-
guest home service “Green House” functioning in the vil-        ber 2010 another 16 trained guides were added to the
lages of the Ust’-Koksa district. Subsequently, collabora-      total number.
tion contracts were drawn up between the Reserve and
home owners outlining assistance in developing local            As part of the same project master classes and a practical
services and support on behalf of the local inhabitants         seminar on crafting souvenirs from felt were held in Kosh-
for the main objectives of the Reserve. Information on          Agach at the end of September 2010. Experienced crafts-
the “Green House” private home guest service has been           men from the “Enchi” Centre for the Development of Tra-
uploaded to the Reserve website www.katunskiy.ru.               ditional Crafts were invited to run master classes which
                                                                were mainly focused on producing souvenirs from felt
                                                                such as small Kazakh syrmak style carpets and toys incor-
SKILLS AND LABOUR ATTRACT TOURISTS                              porating snow leopard and argali motifs.

One of the main tourist attractions in the southern part of
the Kosh-Agach district is the opportunity to see any of a
large number of wild animals including argali, ibex, mar-
mots and birds of prey. This gives the Kosh-Agach district
plenty of potential for developing ecological tourism.

Areas known to function as snow leopard habitat have
great potential for the development of tourism and the
ecological, photographic and video tours are extremely
successful in areas inhabited by wild animals. As part of
the Fund for the Sustainable Development of Altai project
“Development and Promotion of the “Land of the Snow
Leopard” Transboundary Tour as a Mechanism for Involv-
ing Local Inhabitants of Altai and Tuva in the Protection of
Rare and Endangered Species in the Altai-Sayan Ecore-

                                                                                                                        15
Twenty three individuals from the Kosh-Agach, Ongudai           Seedlings of Golden root which have been specially grown
and Ulagan districts took part. Over the two days the           in a laboratory in Barnaul will serve as planting stock. 4000
participants learned to roll wool, make different souve-        young plants have been awaiting the spring gradually
nirs, carpets and little boots. The event was extremely         gaining strength in their test tubes. The project is planned
successful not least because the participants were so           over a four year period, equally the time required for gold-
motivated to learn new skills and gain more experience in       en root to accumulate sufficient volume to become a com-
the felt making craft. A number of the participants intend      modity and also develop medicinal properties.
to open a small venture which will produce felt souvenirs
and train other enthusiasts. In the future guests will be
able to find original felt souvenirs at every stop on the
“Land of the Snow Leopard” itinerary.

Another aspect of the “Land of the Snow Leopard” project
has involved a 1kW wind turbine installed to provide pow-
er to the “Otok” community tourist base situated on the
bank of Tarkhatinsky Lake 30 kilometers from Kosh-Agach
village in the Kosh-Agach district. The power produced
by the wind turbine supplements that of the solar panel
set up previously in 2009. The “Otok” community tourist
base created with the financial support of the UNDP/GEF
Project now enjoys an uninterrupted source of electricity.


GROWING “GOLD” IN THE GARDEN!                                   Golden root is the subject of many folk legends and be-
                                                                liefs due to its unique healing qualities. It is said that gold-
 “Tigireksky” Reserve began working on the project “Culti-      en root will come to the aid of the healthy and the sick
vating Medicinal Herbs as an Alternative Livelihood for In-     gifting all its vitality and good humour. It is well known that
habitants of Villages Situated on “Tigireksky” Reserve Terri-   in the past golden root was highly esteemed and had a
tory” at the beginning of 2010. This project is particularly    value greater than gold. Today golden root is protected by
important as the foothills of the Krasnoshekovsky district      the state and is inscribed in the Russian Red Book.
where the “Tigireksky” Reserve is situated has suffered con-
siderable anthropogenic impact caused by intense un-
checked harvesting of non-timber forest products. The “Ti-
gireksky” Reserve project is funded by the UNDP/GEF Project.

The project provides the opportunity for inhabitants of
the villages of Chineta and Tigirek (Altaisky Region) situ-
ated in the vicinity of the reserve territory to grow golden
root (Rhodiola rosea) in their own private plots. The work-
ing concept is that if golden root can be grown locally in
more accessible locations inhabitants will be dissuaded
from harvesting plants in the wild thereby enabling those
wild populations to revive. Project participants will be able
to judge for themselves how much easier it is to grow
‘gold’ in the garden rather than having to conquer moun-
tain peaks in the search of these rare and valuable roots.

                                                                In early 2010 meetings were held between inhabitants of
                                                                Chineta and Tigirek villages and Reserve staff at which ten
                                                                local individuals agreed to take on the task of growing gold-
                                                                en root in local garden plots. In the autumn the plots were
                                                                prepared for future mini-plantations and cleared of weeds.
                                                                In turn, with the help of experienced colleagues Reserve
                                                                staff prepared material giving recommendations on how
                                                                to grow golden root and held a number of training semi-
                                                                nars on planting and caring for golden root.

                                                                So far this initial stage has mainly involved preparatory
                                                                measures whilst the bulk of the work lies ahead when the

16
time comes to plant the spring saplings in the open
ground. A qualified specialist from the South Siberian
Botanical Gardens will be available to observe the devel-
opment of the plants and consult project participants on
any issues that may arise.

The project has evoked considerable interest among the
population of Altaisky Region. Enquiries are being taken
by Reserve management from firms interested in acquir-
ing medicinal raw materials, private individuals interest-
ed in growing golden root in their own plots and busi-
ness owners advising on creating one’s own plantation.


"ASSISTANCE" MICRO-CREDITING FUND

The main activities of the microcrediting fund “Assistance”
created as part of the UNDP/GEF Project in 2008 consist in
supporting local business project initiatives. The fund is     An agreement has been reached between the “Assis-
committed to creating conditions for the social and eco-       tance” Fund and analogous funds in the Republic of Tyva
nomic development of local populations inhabiting Pro-         to hold experience exchange meetings and practical sem-
tected Areas by allocating short-term loans, grants and        inars for organisers on the provision of financial assis-
holding events that either offer consultation or provide       tance to local populations. In addition, a mechanism for
information on securing funding.                               implementing a small grants system has been designed
                                                               aimed at supporting sustainable livelihoods of commu-
At present, branches of the Microcrediting Fund have           nities living in immediate argali and snow leopard habi-
been set up in the Ongudai, Ulagan and Kosh-Agach dis-         tat. The first seminar was held in the Altai Republic in the
tricts of the Altai Republic. In 2010 six seminars were held   autumn of 2010. In an introductory visit to Altai guests
in various branches of the republic. Nine individuals re-      from Tuva were able to study examples of alternative
ceived loans to develop small businesses encompassing          income projects and explore opportunities for their fi-
elements of biodiversity conservation. A micro crediting       nancial support through the “Assistance” Fund.
system has also been set up in the Ust’-Koksa and Tur-
ochak districts and so far 14 applications from potential
borrowers have been received, five of which have been          SUSTAINABLE PASTURELAND MANAGEMENT IN THE
approved by the committee.                                     ALTAI-SAYAN ECOREGION

In 2010 the “Assistance” Microcrediting Fund extended its      In August 2010 the international seminar “Optimising Pas-
activities to the Mongun-Taiginsky and Bai-Taiginsky Dis-      tureland Management in Mountain Territories of the Al-
tricts of the Republic of Tyva. Funds created with the sup-    tai-Sayan Ecoregion” was held on the joint territory of the
port of local municipalities have begun issuing loans to       “Taldu” Study Centre for Mountane Nature Management
local inhabitants. In Western Tuva 12 local small business     in Rural Agriculture, created with the support of the
projects have received funding. Initiatives supported in-      Project in 2008 and the “Uch-Enmek” Nature Park (Ongu-
clude launching a sawmill, opening a felt studio and de-       dai district, Altai Republic). The seminar was held with the
veloping a tourist business.                                   support of the UNDP/GEF Project.




                                                                                                                       17
More than 30 participants attended the seminar includ-          Organising the procurement and processing of the latter
ing representatives of the Altai Government, regional           more widespread plant types should reduce cases of un-
government and village administration, heads of rural           checked harvesting of valuable and vulnerable plant spe-
farming units, scientific and research organisations from       cies at the same time as providing a consistent and sus-
the Altai Republic, Altaisky Region and Moscow as well as       tainable source of income to the local population. With
Protected Areas specialists.                                    this aim in mind staff from the Gorno-Altaisk Botanical
                                                                Gardens have opened a small workshop for processing
The seminar program included presentations on a system          different types of tea. The mini-workshop was set up with
of rational pasture management developed for “Uch Enmek”        the financial support of the UNDP/GEF Project.
Nature Park by the Altai Regional Institute of Ecology; meth-
odological recommendations for the organization of opti-        A huge amount of preparatory work preceded the opening
mal pastureland use in the Altai-Sayan ecoregion; exchange      of the workshop. A golden root plantation covering an area
of experience between organisations dealing with sustain-       of 0.5 hectares was created on the territory of the botanical
able pastureland resource management in various natural         gardens. In addition, in collaboration with regional and local
and climatic conditions of the Altai-Sayan ecoregion.           government as well as “Uch-Enmek”, “Argut” and “Chui-Oozy”
                                                                Nature Parks, staff from the botanical gardens held four train-
Talks were given devoted to the problems of sustainable         ing seminars in the villages of Besh-Ozek, Ulus-Cherga, Inya
mountain pastureland management and biodiversity                and Shashikman (Shebalinksy and Ongudai districts) in which
conservation in the Altai-Sayan ecoregion. In the course        more than 30 individuals took part.
of a round table discussion participants agreed a resolu-
tion in which it was acknowledged that measures must            The seminar focused on teaching sustainable methods
be taken to secure rational pastureland resource use un-        of harvesting medicinal herbs. Subsequently, harvesting
der future climate change conditions.                           and processing contracts were drawn up with three rural
                                                                farming units “Erchim” (run by L.N. Keberekova), “Irbis”
                                                                (run by T.I. Todukova), “Mejhelik” (run by L.T. Tutkushako-
HERBAL TEA: HEALING GIFT FROM ALTAI                             va) as well as business owner A.K. Chernov. As a result 12
                                                                jobs were created and during the summer period plants
The flora of Gorny Altai includes a large number of medic-      including shrubby cinquefoil, creeping thyme, bergania and
inal plants. Unfortunately, due to unemployment and a           oregano were harvested and processed. Approximately
lack of enterprises focused on comprehensive prepara-           half the plant material was picked and dried at the botani-
tion of medicinal raw materials members of the local pop-       cal gardens’ own plantation. A plant harvester has also been
ulation have become engaged in activities involving the         purchased which will considerably increase production.
unsustainable use of valuable plants.
                                                                The opening of the workshop was attended by A.B.
It is the most vulnerable species which are slow to revive      Sokolova, Head of the Shebalinsky district, E.B. Sarbashe-
that tend to fall prey to rapacious harvesting such as Rhod-    va, Deputy Head of Economics and Finance, Y.S. Zemirova
iola rosea, Rhaponticum carthamoides and red root whereas       Deputy of El-Kurultai Altai Parliament, representatives of
more widespread plant species abundant in the republic          the Ministry of Agriculture and Ongudai local govern-
such as Filipendula, fireweed, oregano, Pulmonaria, Hyperi-     ment, Tigireksky Reserve staff and “Uch-Enmek” Nature
cum and Pentaphylloides fructicosa are hardly used at all.      Park staff. All the guests enjoyed the taste and aroma of
                                                                the freshly brewed teas. The mini-workshop has created
                                                                five new jobs for previously unemployed individuals.

                                                                The “Vitamin”, “Taiga” and “Quiet glade”, herbal tea mixes,
                                                                specially designed at the workshop include the following
                                                                ingredients: bergania, fireweed, meadowsweet, dogrose,
                                                                shrubby cinquefoil, thyme, raspberry leaf, black currant
                                                                and oregano. In order to improve the quality and flavour
                                                                of the herbal tea range workshop staff plan to add dried
                                                                fruits of wild berry plants such as cowberry, bog bilberry
                                                                and common bilberry.


                                                                HONEY HAS TO BE JUST RIGHT

                                                                In creating alternative sources of income for the local
                                                                population of the Altai-Sayan ecoregion the rejuvenation
                                                                of ancient trades holds considerable potential. A project
                                                                initiated by “Aarychak” (Bee) an indigenous community

18
of the Shortsy people offers a clear example of the har-        and to minimise the impact of tourist numbers on the
monious relationship between man and the natural envi-          region’s vulnerable ecosystems.
ronment. The project’s objectives are to rejuvenate for-
gotten bee-keeping traditions in the Tashtagol district as      In 2010 the tourist route “Altai Protected” was designed
well as to reduce unemployment and poaching levels              with the support of the Project to include protected areas
among the local population.                                     and likewise UNESCO World Natural Heritage Sites.

In 2010 with the support of the UNDP/GEF Project the            “Altai Protected” has become the signature route of tour-
Aarychak community began distributing information on            ism in Gorny Altai. The route’s unique feature lies in the fact
the traditions of apiculture that have developed in Gor-        that it encompasses the tourist attractions of all seven pro-
naya Shoriya as a sustainable form of nature management.        tected areas in the Altai Republic: “Uch-Enmek”, “Belukha”,
The project has invoked a positive response and the local       “Argut” and “Ukok” Nature Parks, “Katunsky” Biosphere and
population is clearly inspired by the idea of developing        “Altaisky” Nature Reserves as well as the “Chui-Oozy” Na-
apiculture in the region as a viable income alternative.        turePark. The route passes through the Chulyshman val-
                                                                ley and guests may visit the “Kalbak-Tash” rock art gallery
                                                                sanctuary, Teletskoye Lake, Plateau Ukok and other natu-
                                                                ral monuments that constitute popular excursions sites.

                                                                The first field tour highlighted the route’s successes and
                                                                its drawbacks which can now be improved upon. The itin-
                                                                erary includes elements of water sports and hiking al-
                                                                though the main part of the route is covered by vehicle.
                                                                The organisers hope that the route will attract tourists of
                                                                all kinds (the first guests were physicists and accountants)
                                                                although children even of later school age could find the
                                                                route challenging. Tour operators do not intend for “Altai
                                                                Protected” to attract large groups. Groups on average
                                                                between 6 and 8 individuals are considered ideal.




At a two week seminar specially organised in November
2010 for inhabitants of the Tashtagol district, N.M. Berezin,
the head animal technician of the Kemerevo Zoological
Centre, taught on the intricacies of apiculture. The seminar
culminated in an exam that was successfully completed by
eighteen of twenty seminar participants many of whom
have decided to engage in apiculture as a livelihood. Nine-
teen contracts have been drawn up with the Employment
Centre with previously unemployed citizens from remote
villages interested in starting their own business. These
individuals received government subsidies of 58 000 rou-
bles to purchase honeybee colonies and registered indi-
vidual enterprises. Five individuals who began bee keep-
ing subsequently to completing the project seminar re-          “Altai Protected” has been presented at three international
ceived regional grants to the sum of 300 000 roubles each.      tourism exhibitions in Berlin, Moscow and Novosibirsk.
                                                                The organisers are confident that tour operators based
                                                                abroad have expressed interest in the route and fully ex-
“ALTAI PROTECTED” ECOTOURISM ROUTE: NATURE                      pect to receive foreign guests in 2011. The website
UNITES                                                          www.roota.ru has been created to give detailed informa-
                                                                tion on both the itinerary of the ecological tourist route
Great detriment to nature can be caused by the intrusion        and protected areas in the Altai Republic.
of unregulated tourism. A poorly informed tourist can be
equated to a bull in a china shop intent on wreaking hav-
oc or a child with matches capable of causing a huge fire.      CONSERVING TOGETHER!
For this reason, the world over, ecological tourist routes
are organised as an alternative to ‘wild’ tourism. This type    Due to the activities of the UNDP/GEF Project more and
of tourist route is designed both to educate the visitor        more inhabitants living in the vicinity of protected areas

                                                                                                                           19
are coming to realise that having a reserve as one’s              torate personnel, community inspector identification
neighbour not only brings limitations but can also have           documents and report procedures. By February 2011 a
certain benefits. For example, inhabitants of the Mon-            community inspectorate of 8-10 individuals will be up and
gun-Taiginsky District in the Republic of Tuva have be-           running. Training of inspectorate personnel is planned to
come involved in snow leopard and argali conservation             take place in spring 2011 immediately prior to periods of
by means of ecological tourism.                                   active poaching of tarbagan marmot and other species.
                                                                  A printed guidelines have been produced for future in-
In the Mongun-Taiginsky district the “Uvs Nuur” Nature            spectors which will be distributed among local inhabit-
Reserve has allocated three areas for yurt camps set up           ants at the beginning of 2011.
to accommodate guests on ecotourism routes.
                                                                  All the necessary equipment has been purchased to facil-
                                                                  itate the yurt camp, eco-tourist programs and communi-
                                                                  ty inspectorate including two yurts, four tents, genera-
                                                                  tors, camping shower sets, furniture, binocular sets, tele-
                                                                  scopes and digital cameras.


                                                                  HELP YOUR SELF!

                                                                  In the Bai-Taiginsky District of the Republic of Tuva a project
                                                                  has been carried out to organise the rational and sustain-
                                                                  able use of food forest products. The project was implement-
                                                                  ed by the Fund for Small Business Support in the Bai-Taigin-
                                                                  sky District, Republic of Tuva, under the UNDP/GEF Project.

                                                                  As part of the project 12 information boards were erect-
                                                                  ed by members of the local population in areas of the
Plans exist to construct another camp in 2011 consisting of       taiga which have become mass tourist destinations. Signs
six yurts at lake Ak-Khol which is situated in the reserve con-   were placed in the vicinity of the following villages situat-
servation area. This area which is accessible in the snowless     ed in the Bai-Taiginsky District: Eer-Khavak, Bai-Tal, Arjhaan
period from the Altai Republic and Republic of Tuva and is        Shivilig, Shui, Kyzyl-Dag and Kara-Khol. Special seminars
situated on the Mugur-Aksy – Kash-Agach road attracts large       were organised for local inhabitants on sustainable meth-
numbers of tourists in the summer period. The camp will be        ods of harvesting non-timber forest products. Participants
situated in the proximity of areas of argali habitat in the       also received printed materials providing information on
Chikhacheva mountain range and near to snow leopard               the urgent need to take care of forests and guidelines on
habitat in the Bert-Adyr river valley. The area of the pro-       harvesting wild plants.
posed camp is also located close to a farming station be-
longing to herders who are interested in the employment
opportunities the camp will offer. The camp is planned to be
functional from June 2011 as part of the “Land of the Snow
Leopard” transboundary eco-tourist route.

Over the course of the project regulations were approved
concerning a Community Reserve Inspectorate, inspec-




                                                                  Systems were also set in place to procure edible forest
                                                                  products, carry out initial processing and transport raw
                                                                  and semi-prepared materials. In the village of Teeli a pro-
                                                                  cessing centre was created and equipped with a dryer
                                                                  and freezing facilities so that berries and mushrooms can
                                                                  be stored for longer periods. Treated products such as
20
fruit jams and salted mushrooms have been made avail-             equip one’s house, what services to offer, to what tourists
able for sale in the village of Teeli and in the town of Kyzyl.   expect from the experience of a village home stay. The sup-
This project has provided fifteen permanent jobs and              plement includes all relevant documents required to ini-
another three hundred seasonal positions.                         tiate and develop community-based tourism in the region.

                                                                  Internet site “Green House” was created to support commu-
NEW OPPORTUNITIES CENTER                                          nity-based tourism services. Site gives details of 50 private
                                                                  guest houses in Gorny Altai. Data-base was created for 200
The “Consultation Centre for Protected Areas in the Altai         community-based tourism sites in the Republic giving more
Republic” (regional NGO) created with the support of the          detailed information. Site address: www.zeldom.ru.
Project in 2008 has become not only a source of informa-
tion but also a genuine interface for creativity and com-
munication for the inhabitants of regions bordering pro-
tected areas. Forward thinking members of the Altai pop-
ulation have found support at the Centre and linked up
with like-minded individuals discovering new opportuni-
ties for future development. In 2010 the Consultation cen-
tre actively continued its work in the Altai Republic.

As a result of the Project the Centre’s activities aimed at
implementing programs to develop sustainable liveli-
hoods for local populations are carried out in the five dis-
tricts of the Altai Republic where the UNDP/GEF Project
key territories are concentrated: Ongudai, Turochak, Ust’-
Koksa, Ulagan and Kosh-Agach.

                                                                  Altai and Tuva Hosted Seminars on Community-Based
Information on Village-Based Tourism Accessible to All            Tourism

A Community-based Tourism Information Centre has been             As part of a project to develop sustainable livelihood
created with the support of the UNDP/GEF Project and              programs for local populations, the Consultation Cen-
the Altai Republic Consultation Centre. Likewise, as part         tre held 12 training seminars in 2010 for local inhabit-
of the project a manual entitled “Green House”: Commu-            ants of the Republics of Altai and Tuva on the funda-
nity-based tourism’ has been produced for inhabitants of          mentals of community-based tourism, souvenir produc-
the ecoregion giving information on how to organise               tion and small businesses.
community-based tourism via an ecologically friendly
private guest house service.                                      The seminars on community-based tourism in which more
                                                                  than 350 individuals took part were held in the Ust’-Koksa
The book is aimed at village inhabitants who either al-           district of the Altai Republic as well as in the Bai-Taiginsky
ready work in the system of village tourism or wish to            and Mongun-Taiginsky Districts of the Republic of Tuva.
become involved. It will also be of interest to those who
organise this type of tourist activity which offers a posi-       The main objective set by the seminar organisers was to
tive solution to the social and economic problems of vil-         build greater understanding of current levels of commu-
lage areas. The book offers current and potential guest           nity-based tourism in the area. Attempts were made to
house owners relevant information ranging from how to             determine the relevant resources held by members of
                                                                  the local population and any assistance that might be
                                                                  required by service providers to further develop this form
                                                                  of livelihood. Seminar participants were given presenta-
                                                                  tions on experience of community-based tourism in Ka-
                                                                  mchatka, Kareliya, Kyrgyzstan and other regions of Rus-
                                                                  sia and neighbouring countries. However, the main focus
                                                                  of this part of the seminar was on the Chemal district of
                                                                  the Altai Republic which has already accumulated rich
                                                                  experience of community-based tourism.

                                                                  Seminar participants learned that the initial stages of com-
                                                                  munity-based tourism require neither large financial in-
                                                                  vestment not construction of special resort type accom-
                                                                  modation. The service can be offered by accepting guests

                                                                                                                            21
into one’s own home which is first reorganised in the style
of a mini guest house with the garden or private land
around the house as a recreation area. However, initial
training seminars must be attended in order to under-
stand the manner in which guests should be received.

At the end of each seminar, both event organisers and
participants were divided into groups to determine the
potential and issues associated with each region. Partici-
pants discussed the potential resources they could bring
to this form of livelihood and ways of exploiting them by
developing specific projects.



                                                               The subsequent phase of the program involved increas-
                                                               ing legal and economic awareness among the local pop-
                                                               ulation. An expert from the Consultation Centre gave talks
                                                               for beginner and existing business owners on a range of
                                                               topics such as how to register a private enterprise and
                                                               which documents are required to do so and the different
                                                               forms that a private enterprise can take. In addition, the
                                                               inhabitants of Yailyu village were provided with more
                                                               comprehensive information on all existing forms of sup-
                                                               port for small and middle-sized businesses including grant
                                                               programs, subsidies etc. at local and regional levels.

                                                               A presentation was given on the “Green House” private
As a result of the Consultation Centre’s work in the Repub-    guest house service website as an example of a success-
lic of Tuva a collaboration agreement was signed between       fully developing small business based on community-
the Tuva Ministry of Culture and Tourism and “Orion” non-      based tourism. The need for this type of consultation ser-
commercial partnership. An agreement was drawn up with         vice was highlighted by the huge number of queries put
Government bodies in the Mongun-Taiginsky District ac-         to the Centre’s experts by the seminar participants.
cording to which craftsmen from Tuva will attend training
courses in the Altai Republic on stone working, willow weav-
ing, leather work, ceramics and felt making.                   EVALUATION COMPLETED, CONCLUSIONS DRAWN

                                                               With the support of the Project more than 30 separate
Seminar on Small Business Development Held for the             projects were implemented in the Altai-Sayan Ecoregion
Inhabitants of Yailyu Village                                  in 2007 and 2009 aimed at developing alternative liveli-
                                                               hoods. Project activities were focused on creating an ef-
A training seminar organised by the Consultation Centre        fective incentive base among local populations by reviv-
was also held in the village of Yailyu situated in the Al-     ing traditional trades and forgotten forms of natural re-
taisky Biosphere Reserve. The aim of the seminar was to        source use. Likewise efforts were directed towards creat-
provide consultation for members of the local popula-          ing and replicating practises such as organising medici-
tion who are either interested in setting up a private en-     nal plant plantations, developing ecological and cultural
terprise or who already run one. The seminar was funded        tourism as well as providing legal consultation and creat-
by the UNDP/GEF Project.                                       ing a micro-crediting fund.

The seminar represents one of a series of programs aimed       During the evaluation of the effectiveness of the projects
at introducing alternative livelihoods for local populations   implemented for environmental protection and social and
and jointly implemented by the Altaisky Biosphere Re-          economic development various tasks were fulfilled. Quanti-
serve and the Consultation Centre. The initial stage of this   tative and qualitative indicators were analysed, methodolog-
particular program involved a series of training seminars      ical approaches to the evaluation of project effectiveness
which gave presentations on the opportunities provided         were designed, strengths and drawbacks were assessed and
by community-based tourism and the production of vari-         finally, recommendations were drawn up for the implemen-
ous types of souvenirs. The inhabitants of Yailyu have be-     tation of future UNDP/GEF projects of this type.
gun actively developing a small business focused on orga-
nising meals, souvenir sales and guide services at the “Kor-   The average evaluation of the projects implemented
bu Waterfall” environmental awareness-raising centre.          shows that overall expected outcomes were achieved.

22
                        Integrated Quantitative Indicators of UNDP/GEF Project
                             Performance In All Key Territories 2007-2009

                      Results of projects implemented                            Quantitative indicators
1. Specific Results in the form of material benefit (resources)
Construction:
Greenhouse                                                                                  2
Conservatory                                                                                3
Workshop (equipped)                                                                         2
Ails                                                                                        6
Training areas                                                                              1
Living accommodation                                                                        5
Cafeteria                                                                                   1
Russian sauna                                                                               2
Nursery farms for cultivating seedlings                                                     1
Plantation for medicinal plants                                                             3
Demonstration areas for cultivating medicinal raw materials                                13
Apiary                                                                                      2
Purchase of field equipment                                                        50 thousand rubles
Purchase of other equipment (office furniture, information technology)               3304400 rubles
2. Number of permanent jobs created as a result of implemented projects
Total jobs created:                                                                  521 individuals
Permanent positions                                                                   51 individuals
Seasonal positions                                                                  4 70 individuals
3. Availability of stable income among local population
Number of individuals receiving permanent and temporary income                      150 individuals
                                                                                    More than 2 300
4. Number of local inhabitants involved in project events
                                                                                      individuals
5. Number of beneficiaries (clients) created as a result of projects implemented
Non-governmental organizations                                                             59
State organizations                                                                        37
Private enterprises                                                                         6
Village schools                                                                             3
Local inhabitants                                                                  2 640 individuals
6. Viability of working teams subsequent to project completion
Number of recruited groups continuing to function subsequent to project
                                                                                       12 groups
completion
7. Significance of projects for municipal social development
Number of populated areas in which implemented projects have had significant           51 villages
positive social consequences
8. Participation in ecological and environmental protection awareness-raising activities
Seminars                                                                                   43
Printed manuals (number of copies)                                                         32
                                                                                  9 (more than 120
Master-classes (participants)
                                                                                      individuals)
Actions on cleaning water sources                                                           2
Village councils held                                                                      15
Population surveys (number of respondents)                                        2 (200 individuals)
Photographic exhibitions                                                                    5
Round table discussion                                                                      3
9. Coverage of project environmental protection effects in republic and local media
Number of articles in republic and regional newspapers                           More than 100 articles
Number of television broadcasts                                                      19 broadcasts




                                                                                                           23
 CLIMATE CHANGE PROJECT COMPONENT
It is well-known that the primary ecosystems in the north-
ern hemisphere accumulating carbon or as scientists call
it, sequestering carbon, are forests. On this basis the Ger-
man government has committed nearly 3 million Euros
to assist the United Nations initiative on protected areas
in the Altai-Sayan ecoregion. Under the initiative an addi-
tional half-million hectares mainly consisting of forest
ecosystems will be added to the protected areas network
of the Altai-Sayan ecoregion.




                                                                  During the seminar participants were introduced to GLO-
The joint project run by the United Nations Development           RIA (an acronym for Global Observation Research Initia-
Programme and International Climate Initiative “Expan-            tive in Alpine Environments), an international pro-
sion of the Protected Areas Network for the Conserva-             gramme for monitoring alpine ecosystems and climate
tion of the Altai-Sayan Ecoregion” was begun in 2010 and          change incorporating more than 100 research target
is being financially supported by the German Federal Min-         regions throughout all the world’s key mountain sys-
istry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nucle-         tems. The Katunsky Reserve has been taking part in the
ar Safety. This component is an independent programme             program since 2005 and during the seminar reserve ex-
planned over a two year period. The main tasks are (1) to         perts had the opportunity to share their work experi-
create new protected areas on the territory of the Altai-         ence with colleagues from other protected areas. In ad-
Sayan region as a means of supporting natural ecosystem           dition, specialists from the Russian Academy of Science,
climate change adaptation and (2) to secure carbon stocks         Ural Branch Institute of Plants and Animals Ecology, pre-
of these ecosystems. Other tasks, no less ambitious, in-          sented a program developed by them for monitoring
clude developing and implementing a fire protection strat-        the ecotones of the upper treeline.
egy and creating a complex system for monitoring climate
change in newly created protected areas. The programme            In the seminar’s concluding section participants were ac-
is aimed at strengthening climate change resilience in Si-        quainted with the use of automatic equipment for hydrom-
berian forests of the Altai-Sayan ecoregion.                      eteorological monitoring. Boris Terentiev, representative
                                                                  of the supplier - “Perel Russia” company - demonstrated
                                                                  how to set up, service, download data and dismantle an
TRAINING SEMINAR ON MONITORING ALPINE ECO-                        automatic weather station at the Katunsky Reserve.
SYSTEMS

In August 2010 a training seminar was held at the Katun-          AUTOMATIC WEATHER STATION INSTALLED AT THE KA-
sky Biosphere Reserve on “GLORIA Alpine Ecosystems                TUNSKY NATURE RESERVE
Monitoring and the use of automatic equipment for mon-
itoring ecosystems and climate change in the protected            As part of the project “Organising Ecosystem and Climate
areas of the Altai-Sayan ecoregion”.                              Monitoring at the Katunsky Biosphere Reserve” an auto-
                                                                  matic weather station has been installed in the Multinsky
Among the 17 scientists who participated in the seminar           area of the reserve. This project is financially supported
were research officers from the “Altaisky”, “Tigireksky”, “Kuz-   by the United Nations/International Climate Initiative
netsky Alatau”, “Sayano-Shushensky” and “Katunsky” pro-           Project “Expansion of the Protected Areas Network for
tected areas. Other participants included representatives         the Conservation of the Altai-Sayan ecoregion”.
of scientific research organisations that collaborate with
protected areas of the Altai-Sayan ecoregion on ecosys-           Automatic weather stations report key meteorological
tem level climate change research and monitoring. The             and hydrological parameters: temperature, humidity,
aim of the training seminar was to create a uniform meth-         rainfall, barometric pressure, wind speed and wind direc-
odology for the organization of climate change monitor-           tion as well as water temperature and water level of the
ing systems in ASE protected areas.                               Multa River. The automatic weather station equipment

24
                                                               regions for monitoring alpine ecosystems will be estab-
                                                               lished in the “Altaisky”, “Kuznetsky Alatau”, “Tigireksky”,
                                                               “Ubsunurskaya Kotlovina” Reserves and other protected
                                                               areas in the region.
effectively observes and records data remotely concern-
ing weather conditions and climate change at high alti-
tudes in the Katunsky Mountain Range. The data gath-           IN GERMANY ISSUES OF PROTECTED AREA MANAGE-
ered can be applied to determine the role climatic factors     MENT ARE DISCUSSED WITHIN THE CONTEXT OF CLI-
play in the dynamics of high-altitude ecosystems.              MATE CHANGE

                                                               In August 2010 a seminar on “Managing for climate
PROJECT’S CLIMATE CHANGE COMPONENT PRESENT-                    change - Developing strategies for protected areas” was
ED AT INTERNATIONAL GLORIA MEETING                             held at the International Academy of Nature Conserva-
                                                               tion on the Isle of Vilm (Germany). The seminar was orga-
In September 2010 an international GLORIA (“Global Ob-         nised by the International Union for the Conservation of
servation Research Initiative in Alpine Environments”)         Nature and its World Commission on Protected Areas,
meeting on monitoring alpine ecosystems was held in Perth      United Nations Development Program and the German
(Scotland). The meeting was organised by the GLORIA team       Federal Agency for Nature Conservation. The aim of the
from the University of Vienna and participants included        seminar was to develop potential managerial responses
representatives of more than 80 GLORIA target regions          to processes linked with climate change and its impact
situated in 28 states across four continents. At the plenary   on protected areas.
session devoted to an overview of the GLORIA network in
Asia, Tatyana Yashina, head of the working group on the        Seminar participants included representatives of the IUCN,
Development of Climate Change Ecosystem Adaptation             WWF, managers and experts of United Nations Develop-
Strategy in Protected Areas of the Altai-Sayan Ecoregion,      ment Projects being carried out in the countries of East-
gave a presentation on the activities of the United Nations/   ern Europe and the CIS. The Altai-Sayan project under the
International Climate Initiative “Expansion of the Protected   United Nations Development Project/International Cli-
Area Network for the Conservation of the Altai-Sayan Ecore-    mate Initiative was represented by Tatyana Yashina, coor-
gion”. Her presentation explained organization of ecosys-      dinator of the climate change component.
tem and climate change monitoring in protected areas of
the Russian portion of the Altai-Sayan ecoregion.

It is well known that alpine ecosystems are highly sensi-
tive to climate change and thereby serve as a useful tar-
get for an entire network for monitoring climate change
impact. Consequently, alpine ecosystems have been cho-
sen as key in organising climate change and ecosystem
monitoring systems in the Altai-Sayan ecoregion. At
present just one GLORIA target region exists in the Altai-
Sayan established in 2005 in the Katunsky Biosphere Re-
serve. However, under the United Nations/International
Climate Initiative Project, in 2011 other research target

                                                                                                                      25
The seminar took place as part of the development of          tive landscapes and their components: glaciers and snow
“Guidelines for protected areas management in the con-        cover, upper forest boundaries and alpine ecosystems.
text of climate change”. Work on this project is being car-   Monitoring systems are built from modern hydro-mete-
ried out by experts of the IUCN World Commission on           orological technology, complex automatic weather sta-
Protected Areas and the key content of the Guidelines         tions, support structures and automatic meteorological
will be based on the results of discussions held during the   sensors for registering various meteorological parame-
seminar. The Guidelines will be published in 2011 as part     ters. A standardized methodology underpinning a region-
of the IUCN Best Practises series.                            al monitoring system based on various international ini-
                                                              tiatives and monitoring programs will increase the signif-
Experience of the Altai-Sayan Project UNDP/ICI on or-         icance of protected areas in the Altai-Sayan region both
ganising ecosystem and climate change monitoring in           at a national and international level.
the region’s protected areas received a positive evalu-
ation from experts who recommended it for implemen-
tation in the Guidelines as an example of best practises      TRAINING COURSE ON FOREST FIRE MONITORING AND
management.                                                   PREVENTION

                                                              In November 2010 as part of the UNDP/GEF climate change
PROTECTED AREAS MEET TO DISCUSS ISSUES OF CLI-                project component a training course was held in Shush-
MATE CHANGE MONITORING IN THE ASE                             enskoye village, Krasnoyarsky Region on the basics of
                                                              forest fire monitoring and prevention. Fifteen managers
In November 2010 a meeting was held for the Altai-Sayan       of ASE reserves, nature and national parks attended.
Reserves and National Parks Association on the climate
change component of the Project. Specialists from seven       Specialists from the Protected Areas Directorate and of
protected areas and four scientific research organizations    the Russian Federal Nature Control Agency for Krasno-
from the region met in the village of Shushenskoye (Kras-     yarsky Region, the Russian Academy of Science Institute
noyarsky Region) to discuss issues surrounding the im-        of Forest and the Siberian State Technical University also
plementation of programs on ecosystem and climate             took part in the training course.
change monitoring. Topics for discussion included prob-
lems associated with choosing objects for monitoring,         The training course was held at the visitor’s information
the specifics of automatic monitoring equipment and           centre of the Sayano-Shushensky Biosphere Reserve and
details of methodology.                                       run by specialists from the federal aviation forest protec-
                                                              tion service “Avialesokhrana” (based in Pushkino, Moscow
                                                              Region). The many important themes covered during the
                                                              seminar included wildfire protection in nature reserves,
                                                              detection and control in forest and steppe areas, tactics
                                                              and strategic actions in the management of large fires
                                                              recognizing the specific conditions of the natural envi-
                                                              ronment, among other topics. Participants’ attention was
                                                              particularly focused on management issues such as an
                                                              introduction to forest fire legislation, interaction in fire




Another area of discussion touched on agreeing the prin-
cipal monitoring indicators that will enable scientists to
make both temporal and spatial inference of change - a
capacity essential to the formation of a regional monitor-
ing system. At the present time, under the Project eco-
system and climate change monitoring systems are be-
ing created on the territory of six protected areas in the
Altai-Sayan ecoregion: the “Altaisky”, “Katunsky”, “Kuz-
netsky Alatau”, “Tigireksky”, “Ubsunurskaya Kotlovina”
Reserves, and “Ergaki” Nature Park. These systems pre-
suppose the organization of complementary observa-
tions of climate change and the reactions of highly sensi-

26
monitoring and control, and safety. Issues concerning         In general, the equipment purchased on behalf of pro-
strategic actions for wildfire control recognizing the spe-   tected areas under the fire protection component of the
cific conditions of mountainous areas were also given         project falls into three categories. The first category in-
careful consideration, since that mountain landscape          cludes fire-fighting equipment directly used in fire con-
dominates the Altai-Sayan territory.                          trol. The second category includes vehicles for fire pre-
                                                              vention or extinguishment. The third category includes
At the end of the training course all participants took a     navigation and communication equipment including
written exam and received certificates recognizing their      charging equipment for use in the field.
successful completion of an “Avialesokhrana” education-
al course. Protected areas staff commented on the high        In 2010 funds were allocated to ten protected areas for
professional standard of the course trainers and expressed    the purchase of three tractors, six mobile forest patrol
hope that in the future the UNDP/GEF Project will orga-       systems, two fire trailers, 12 ploughs and other equip-
nize similar fire management courses both for protected       ment. Funds were also allocated for hand-held fire safety
areas managers and inspectors.                                equipment (17 blast engines, 22 motor pumps, 36 petrol-
                                                              powered saws and 220 portable forest fire extinguishers)
The majority of the Altai-Sayan region’s reserves and na-     and 151 sets of fire-fighter clothing.
tional parks are situated in remote and under-populated
mountainous areas. This significantly complicates fire        To assist in delivering fire-fighters and supporting equip-
detection and control strategy and creates the essential      ment and materials to fires and to provide mobile patrol
requirement for protected areas staff to receive fire pro-    units in wildfire hazard areas during the fire season the
tection training.                                             purchase of three vehicles, five horses and two trailers for
                                                              transporting equipment is planned. Funds have also been
                                                              allocated for the same objective along rivers and around
PROTECTED AREAS PROVIDED WITH FIRE – FIGHTING                 lakes and will include the purchase of 16 boat engines as
EQUIPMENT                                                     well as 10 metal and four rubber boats.

In 2010 a survey was carried out to assess availability of    Contemporary navigation and communications equip-
fire equipment in the twelve protected areas of the Altai-    ment is essential to expedite fire detection and control. In
Sayan ecoregion. Applications were received for fire          2010 ten protected areas were allocated funds for the
equipment and systems for fire control where needed.          purchase of one computer, five GPS units, 33 radio units
Ten protected areas purchased essential equipment and         and three satellite phones. Charging equipment acquired
both the “Ergaki” Nature Park (Krasnoyarsky Region) and       by protected areas includes two portable solar powered
the “Azas” Reserve (Republic of Tuva) have applications       batteries and nine petrol and diesel powered generators.
for equipment purchase in progress as of early 2011. In       The “Khakassky” and “Stolby” Reserves (Republic of Kha-
total, more than 20 million Russian roubles have been         kassia and Krasnoyarsky Region received all equipment
made available for the purchase of fire-fighting equip-       purchased by the end of 2010. “Stolby” Reserve also re-
ment, transport and communications for use both in pre-       ceived vehicle ТаgАZ TAGER MT-8, three boats, three aux-
ventative measures and fire control.                          iliary motors and two trailers.




                                                                                                                      27
PROJECT PUBLICATIONS 2010
                          “Tracker Dog Training and the        Don O. Hunter. The publication includes detailed recom-
                          Search for Snow Leopard Scat         mendations on the use of automatic cameras in survey-
                          in Assessing Species Numbers         ing and monitoring snow leopard populations (Uncia
                          Using DNA Analysis” L.Kerley         uncia). The handbook is aimed at protected area special-
                                                               ists, researchers, staff of federal and regional organs
                          Methodological guidelines            responsible for the conservation and monitoring of spe-
                          translated from a manuscript by      cies inscribed in the Red Data Book of the Russian Fed-
                          Linda Kerley contain recom-          eration, photographers and nature lovers.
                          mendations for dog training to
                          assist in the search for snow
                          leopard scat samples. The book                                 “The Brown Bear in the Altai-
                          also contains a method for gath-                               Sayan Ecoregion and Neigh-
                          ering and conserving scat sam-                                 bouring Mountain Systems of
ples for DNA analysis as well as determining group num-                                  Southern Siberia” P.B.Baranov,
bers. This publication is aimed at researchers and pro-                                  M.G. Bondar
tected area specialists.
                                                                                           This publication provides both
                                                                                           an overview of the biological
                           “Recommendations on Meth-                                       characteristics of the brown
                           ods for Saker Falcon Monitor-                                   bear in the Altai-Sayan Ecore-
                           ing in the Altai-Sayan Ecore-                                   gion and analysis issues that
                           gion” I.V. Karyakin                                             have become apparent over the
                                                                                           past decade surrounding hu-
                           This publication sets forth rec-    man-brown bear conflict in the mountains of Southern
                           ommendations on monitoring          Siberia. The book includes rules of safe conduct when
                           saker falcon nesting popula-        passing through brown bear habitat or encountering this
                           tions (Falco cherrug Gray) in the   large predator. The publication is aimed at experts in game
                           Altai-Sayan Ecoregion and rep-      management, tour operators, hunters and anyone in-
                           resents the results of many         volved in leisure activities in the wild.
                           years of research. The material
                           provides a complete overview
of saker falcon studies and conservation issues in the re-                             “Methodological Recommenda-
gion during the period 1999-2010. The publication aims                                 tions for Organizing Optimal
to facilitate the monitoring of saker falcon nesting popu-                             Pastureland Use in the Altai-Say-
lations in the Altai-Sayan region and will be of interest to                           an Ecoregion Based on Experi-
protected area specialists and non-governmental envi-                                  ence in the Karakol Valley, Altai
ronmental organisations as well as staff of federal and                                Republic”Y.V. Robertus, L.V. Bail-
regional organs responsible for the conservation and                                   agasov, Z.B. Tolbina.
monitoring of species inscribed in the Red Data Book of
the Russian Federation.                                                                 The recommendations given
                                                                                        here are based on the example
                                                                                        of the “Uch - Enmek” Nature Park
                          “Using Camera Traps to Study                                  situated in the Karakol Valley
                          Snow Leopard Populations”            (Ongudai district, Altai Republic) and set forth meth-
                          R.Jackson, D.Roy, R.Wangchuck        odological approaches to the study of the contempo-
                                                               rary condition of pastureland use in the mountain ar-
                          This handbook is a translation       eas of the Altai-Sayan Ecoregion. Based on an analysis
                          into Russian of the publication      of the merits and drawbacks of past and current forms
                          ‘Surveying Snow Leopard Pop-         of pasture use in the Karakol Valley recommendations
                          ulations with Emphasis on            for improvement have been developed based on tra-
                          Camera Trapping: A Handbook’         ditional transhumance principles. The recommenda-
                          The Snow Leopard Conservan-          tions will be of interest to those involved in agriculture
                          cy. Sonoma, California, 2005 by      and local government, ecologists, nature protection
                          Jackson R, Rodney M., Jerry D.       bodies, teachers and students in the disciplines of na-
                          Roe, Rinchen Wangchuk and            ture protection and agriculture.


28
                          “Organizing Sustainable Hunt-         of the Altai-Sayan Ecoregion and its unique natural land-
                          ing in Protected Areas”               scape where rare species such as the snow leopard, ar-
                          P.B.Baranov                           gali and saker falcon still have their habitat. Research
                                                                was conducted in 2006 and 2008 by the “Siberian Eco-
                           This manual describes the key        logical Centre” (an international charitable organization)
                           stages of setting up sustainable     as part of the WWF Russia and UNDP/GEF projects. The
                           hunting in protected areas (na-      book is aimed at a wide range of specialists including
                           tional parks and nature parks).      hunters, nature protection staff, market analysts, gov-
                           It describes a system which al-      ernment officials working in customs departments, the
                           lows for and in some cases even      Ministry of Internal Affairs and the Financial Crime De-
                           prescribes developing tradition-     partment, as well as researchers, academics and stu-
                           al forms of nature management        dents whose studies are focused on the species men-
                           while taking into account the        tioned in the publication.
need to conserve biodiversity and support optimal pop-
ulation numbers. The publication is aimed at protected
areas staff, game management experts, hunters, those                                       “Climate Change and Connec-
involved in leisure activities in the wild as well as those                                tivity Conservation in the Altai-
interested in the conservation of the region’s animal world.                               Sayan Ecoregion”

                                                                                        This publication comprises a
                          “Green house”: Community-                                     collection of materials from the
                          based Tourism” S.G. Shilova,                                  international conference “Cli-
                          N.Y. Terekhova, O.Y. Obrazts-                                 mate Change and Connectivi-
                          ova, M.I. Buivolova, N.A.                                     ty Conservation in the Altai-
                          Vasileva                                                      Sayan Ecoregion” held in July
                                                                                        2010 in the Altai Republic (Gor-
                          This book is intended for village                             no-Altaisk and Ust’-Koksa). The
                          inhabitants who either already                                compilation includes articles
                          work in the system of village         and thesis lectures devoted to the problems of climate
                          tourism or wish to become in-         change and its impact on the dynamics of natural land-
                          volved. It will also be of interest   scapes and their components in the Altai-Sayan Ecore-
                          to those who organise this type       gion as well as issues of transboundary collaboration
                          of tourist activity which offers a    between protected areas.
positive solution to the social and economic problems of
village areas. The book offers current and potential guest
house owners relevant information ranging from how to                                      “Monitoring Biodiversity in
equip one’s house and what services to offer to tourist                                    Protected Areas”
expectations of a village home stay.
                                                                                         The publication presents mate-
                                                                                         rials of the inter-regional scien-
                           “Analysis of the Wild Animal                                  tific practical conference “Moni-
                           and Derivatives Market in the                                 toring Biodiversity in Protected
                           Altai-Sayan Ecoregion 2005 –                                  Areas” held in Barnaul 17-20 May
                                 ,
                           2008” I.E. Smelyansky and E.G.                                2010). It includes articles and lec-
                           Nikolenko                                                     tures devoted to organising the
                                                                                         ecological monitoring of flora
                           This publication presents the                                 and fauna as well as separate
                           results of research into the re-                              natural complex components
                           gional market for wild animals       and ecosystems in their entirety. The book is aimed at
                           and their derivatives based on       protected area specialists, biologists, geographers and
                           open sources. The content is fo-     representatives of authoritative bodies in the field of pro-
                           cused on the Russian portion         tected area management.




                                                                                                                         29
                 UNDP is the UN’s global development              • Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollut-
                 network, an organization advocating for          ants (POPs)
                 change and connecting countries to               • UN Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD)
                 knowledge, experience and resources to
                 help people build a better life. We are on       The GEF is also associated with many global and regional
                 the ground in 166 countries, working with        MEAs that deal with international waters or transbound-
                 them on their own solutions to global and        ary water systems.
                 national development challenges. As they
                 develop local capacity, they draw on the         As such, the GEF helps fund initiatives to assist developing
                 people of UNDP and our wide range of             countries in meeting the objectives of the Conventions.
                 partners.

World leaders have pledged to achieve the Millennium              Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conserva-
Development Goals, including the overarching goal of cut-         tion and Nuclear Safety (BMU)
ting poverty in half by 2015. UNDP’s network links and
coordinates global and national efforts to reach these            The BMU's principal functions include fundamental envi-
Goals. Our focus is helping countries build and share so-         ronmental policy issues, informing and educating the
lutions to the challenges of:                                     public about environmental issues, climate protection,
• Democratic Governance                                           environment and energy, nuclear supply and disposal,
• Poverty Reduction                                               conservation of groundwater, rivers, lakes and seas, in-
• Crisis Prevention and Recovery                                  ternational cooperation.
• Environment and Energy
• HIV/AIDS

UNDP helps developing countries attract and use aid ef-
fectively. In all our activities, we encourage the protection
of human rights and the empowerment of women.

The annual Human Development Report, commissioned
by UNDP, focuses the global debate on key development
issues, providing new measurement tools, innovative anal-
ysis and often controversial policy proposals. The global         Since the beginning of 2008, additional funding from the
Report’s analytical framework and inclusive approach car-         auction of emission allowances has been available to the
ry over into regional, national and local Human Develop-          BMU for the implementation of the International Climate
ment Reports, also supported by UNDP.                             Initiative. The Climate Initiative aims to cost-effectively tap
                                                                  existing potential for emission reductions and advance
                                                                  innovative model projects for climate protection. It fo-
                 The Global Environment Facility (GEF) is         cuses on the following areas:
                 a global partnership among 178 countries,        - Promoting a climate-friendly economy
                 international institutions, non-govern-          - Promoting measures for adaptation to the impacts of
                 mental organizations (NGOs), and the pri-        climate change
                 vate sector to address global environmen-        - Promoting measures for preservation and sustainable
                 tal issues while supporting national sus-        use of carbon reservoirs/ Reducing Emissions from De-
                 tainable development initiatives. It pro-        forestation and Degradation (REDD)
vides grants for projects related to six focal areas: biodiver-
sity, climate change, international waters, land degrada-
tion, the ozone layer, and persistent organic pollutants.         The Altai-Sayan Ecoregion

The GEF is also the designated financial mechanism for a          What is the Altai-Sayan Ecoregion? - Why does it belong
number of multilateral environmental agreements                   to the Global two hundred ecoregions? Let us have a closer
(MEAs) or conventions; as such the GEF assists countries          look at the area.
in meeting their obligations under the conventions that
they have signed and ratified. These conventions and              It received the status of an ecoregion after an extensive
MEAs provide guidance to the two governing bodies of              research by the World Wide Fund for Nature. Experts se-
the GEF: the GEF Council and the GEF Assembly.                    lected 233 regions around the world. These land, fresh-
                                                                  water, and marine ecosystems were called Global 200. The
• Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD)                        ecoregions harbor 95% of biodiversity on our planet. If
• United Nations Framework Convention on Climate                  we protect these regions, ultimately we’ll conserve the
Change (UNFCCC)                                                   global biodiversity.

30
The Altai-Sayan Ecoregion is the heart of Asia and occupies
an area of more than one million square kilometers. Russia,
Mongolia, China, and Kazakhstan share its unique moun-
tain landscapes. The Russian portion of the Ecoregion
stretches over fifteen hundred kilometers from the Kazakh
steppe in the west to Baikal Lake in the east. It includes the
territories of republics of Altai, Khakassia, and Tyva, and over-
alps with Buryatia Republic, and Krasnoyarsk, Altai, Kemero-
vo, and Irkutsk Regions. For the biodiversity richness the
Altai-Sayan Ecoregion holds the second place in Russia after
the Caucasus Mountains due to its unique combination of
Siberian taiga and steppe ecosystems of Central Asia.

The ecoregion’s wildlife is amazing. It is the home for ani-
mals and birds common to steppe and semidesert ecosys-
tems, such as, Zeren antilope, manul, and saker falcon. At
the same time there are species typical to the taiga forest -
the brown bear, elk, wolverine, lynx, sable, and capercaillie.
In the mountain tundra you can meet the reindeer and Altai
snowcock, while mountain steppe is home for Altai moun-
tain sheep – Argali – the biggest wild sheep in the world. The
mysterious Snow Leopard traces Siberian Ibex on the bor-
der of glaciers.

The Altai mountain sheep and Snow Leopard are the two
rare animal species protected according to the IUCN Red
List. Their presence symbolizes conservation of the ecore-
gion biodiversity.

The Ob’ and Enisey, two of the world’s largest rivers, origi-
nate in this area. Belukha Mount is the highest peak in Sibe-
ria. Glacial ice covers its two summits. Teletskoye Lake stands
out for its supreme beauty among the other 27,000 lakes in
the region. Surrounded with legends, Ergaki nature park is a
genuine tourist attraction in the Sayan mountains. The ecore-
gion hosts 3700 plant species, 143 mammals, 425 birds and
80 fish species. Of those 357 are endemic. It means that they
are found only within the Altai-Sayan Ecoregion.

The Russian Federation has acknowledged uniqueness of
the ecoregion. There are 9 state nature reserves, including 3
biosphere reserves, and 2 national parks. Also there are tens
of other protected areas, such as nature parks, wildlife ref-
uges, and Nature Monuments.

The Altai-Sayan Ecoregion has rich cultural and ethnic heri-
tage. Many historians call it the ‘cradle of civilization’. Four
million people speak forty different languages. The indige-
nous peoples of Tuvinian Todzhines, Kumandins, Teleuts, and
many others maintain their ancient cultures and traditional
nomadic livelihoods of cattle graising, hunting, fishing, and
gathering forest products. The Altai-Sayan Ecoregion is a
unique combination of intact ecosystems and ancient cul-
ture heritage, which must be conserved as a great value for
future generations.




                                                                    31

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:27
posted:7/29/2011
language:English
pages:31