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									    Post-Dispositional Detention
            in Virginia

Prepared by the Virginia Detention Association of Post-
          Dispositional Programs - VDAPP




                                        April 2008
    Post Dispositional Program
             Overview

Legislative History, Virginia’s Post-D Programs,
  Program Standards, Objectives and Goals
      Code of Virginia §16.1-284.1 establishes
      Virginia’s Post Dispositional Programs

   A sentence imposed on a juvenile offender by a
    judge (usually in lieu of commitment to a state
    facility and with recommendations by a
    Treatment Team) for up to 180 days in a secure
    detention facility, during which time the
    juvenile must participate in facility-based
    and/or community-based services for his/her
    rehabilitation.
           Post-D Legislative History
   1985:House Bill 1417 – established post-dispositional detention and prohibited
    the pre-dispositional placement of juveniles in adult jails
   1991:Statewide Task Force on detention issues – revised Board standards,
    requiring separate services for post-d detainees
   1994:DYFS Post-Dispositional Study – examined post-d utilization (10-day,
    30-day, and up to 180 days); Six-month post-d placements represented 24% of
    all post-d placements
   1999:Commission on Youth Study on Post-D – comprehensive examination of
    post-d programs and utilization, resulting in House Bill 669 (died in Senate
    Courts of Justice)
   2000:Senate Bill 66 (incorporated components of HB 669) – amended §16.1-
    284.1 of the Code of Virginia, effective July 1, 2002
   2001:House Bill 1753 – further amended §16.1-284.1 of the Code of Virginia,
    effective July 1, 2002
   2002:Amended Code Section 16.1-284.1 becomes effective
   2005:Post-d Detention Programs licensed and certified by DJJ – 18 programs;
    228 beds
                          Detention Capacity FY94-FY06
                                 Pre-D Vs. Post-D
                                  1,600

                                  1,400
                                  1,200
# of Beds




                                  1,000

                                    800

                                    600

                                    400
                                    200

                                       0
                                            FY94   FY95   FY96   FY97   FY98    FY99    FY00    FY01   FY02    FY03    FY04    FY05    FY06
              post-dispositional capacity                         47     63      76      76     104     137    123     122     149     228
              pre-dispositional capacity    532    549    549     593    645     856    883     974    1,033   1,135   1,239   1,303   1228
              ADP                           715    789    888     926    994    1,134   1,166   1091   1107    1216    1110    1110



                                                                 History of Expansion
            FY01                            FY02                  FY03                  FY04_____________ FY05_______.
            Rappahannock 21 to 80           Highlands 20 to 30     Blue Ridge *40        Shenandoah Valley 32 to 55 Virginia Beach* 90
            James River * 60                Piedmont* 20           Chesterfield 33 to 90                             Newport News 40 to 110
                                            W.W.Moore 30 to 60     Prince William 40 to 72
                                            Roanoke 48 to 81

            * denotes a new facility
      Post-D Detention Capacity

Southwest Virginia:

 Lynchburg (8)
 New River Valley (8)
 Roanoke (10)
 WW Moore in Danville (12)
 Highlands (7)
        Post-D Detention Capacity
Northern Virginia:

   Blue Ridge in Charlottesville (10)
   Fairfax (15)
   James River in Powhatan (20)
   Loudoun (8)
   Northern Virginia in Alexandria (10)
   Northwestern in Winchester (13)
   Rappahannock in Stafford (10)
        Post-D Detention Capacity
Eastern/Tidewater:

   Chesapeake (20)
   Chesterfield (10)
   Merrimac (15)
   Newport News (20)
   Norfolk (16)
   Virginia Beach (15)
    Highlights of Statutes and Standards

   Must be at least 14 years of age
   Interests of the juvenile and the community require
    secure custody for rehabilitation
   No violent juvenile felonies
   Not eligible if released from the custody of DJJ within
    the last 18 months
   No credit for time served
   Assessment for “appropriateness” conducted by the
    facility
      EXCLUSIONARY OFFENSES

•   Capital Murder
•   First or Second Degree Murder
•   Lynching
•   Aggravated Malicious Wounding
•   Felonious Injury by Mob
•   Abduction
•   Malicious Wounding
•   Malicious Wounding of a Law Enforcement Officer
•   Felonious Poisoning
•   Adulteration of Products
•   Robbery
•   Carjacking
•   Rape
•   Forcible Sodomy
•   Object Sexual Penetration
 Highlights of Statutes and Standards

 Ifeligible for state commitment, must
  receive suspended commitment to DJJ
 Suspended commitment imposed if juvenile
  fails to comply with program
 Thirty day review hearings or upon request
  for good cause shown
 Facility’s program must meet all standards
  set forth by the Department
    Highlights of Statutes and Standards

 Licensed and Certified by the Board of Juvenile
  Justice – including capacity
 Written agreement with the Court Services Unit
  delineating roles and responsibilities
 Written Post-D Program policies and procedures
  (i.e., treatment objectives, criteria for acceptance
  and termination)
 Written policies, procedures, practice regarding
  reasonable utilization of the facility – both pre-d
  and post-d
    Highlights of Statutes and Standards

   Individualized Service Plan within 30 days of
    placement describing:
     • strengths and needs of resident
     • resident’s current level of functioning
     • goals, objectives, strategies
     • projected family involvement
     • projected date for accomplishing each
       objective
 Highlights of Statutes and Standards

 Structured program of care including
  provision of social services and written
  daily schedule
 Policies regarding resident participation in
  outside employment and/or community-
  based services and activities
Examples of Post-D Program Services
   Case Management
   Individual and Family Therapy
   Group Counseling addressing the following topics:
      Anger Management
      Substance Abuse
      Empathy Enhancement
      Life Skills
   Education:
      Academic (diploma or GED)
      Vocational
   Community Service
   Employment
   Community Outings
   Home Passes
            “Key Components” in
         developing a Post-D Program

   Cooperative relationship with judges, court service units, service
    providers
   Designated Post-D housing and staff
   Qualified and Driven Post-D Coordinator
   Continuum of facility-based and community-based
    services/resources
   Strong Educational Component – ideally a dedicated Post-D
    teacher or GED-prep instructor
   Solid case management component
   Transitional/aftercare component that is tied to and consistent with
    what was “learned” in secure setting
   Built-in Evaluation Component
   Well-Conceived Program that is also fluid, flexible, and
    evolutionary
Release and Transition Planning
Mental Health Transition Plans
(6 VAC 35-180)

   Implementation date was January 1, 2008
   Applies to all residents placed in Post-Dispositional
    Programs or released from DJJ and identified as
    having a recognized mental health, substance
    abuse, or other therapeutic treatment need
   The goal is to ensure implementation and continuity
    of treatment and services in order to improve short-
    and long-term outcomes
   The CSU and Detention Center enter into a
    Memorandum of Understanding with the public
    agencies required to participate
Implementation of MH Transition Plans

   At least 90 days before a juvenile’s scheduled
    release, a Post-D representative / qualified mental
    health professional identifies the resident as
    needing ongoing services
   If the resident has an identified diagnosis and/or is
    currently receiving medication treatment for a
    mental illness he/she meets criteria
   Recommended services are identified, to include
    medication management, outpatient counseling
    and substance abuse counseling
   Participants in this meeting include, but are not
    limited to, the juvenile, parents, Post-D Coordinator,
    mental health professional and probation officer
Implementation of MH Transition Plan,
continued

   The PO then takes on the role of coordinating the
    Community Transition Plan Meeting at least 30
    days prior to the resident’s release
   The Mental Health Transition Plan is developed at
    least 10 days before release, to include specific
    services provided, persons responsible for
    implementation of services, a timeframe for
    services, and funding sources
   During post-release supervision, the service
    providers must provide at least monthly progress
    reports
   Every 90 days thereafter, the plan is reviewed and
    progress is assessed
           School Re-Enrollment
   School Re-enrollment: The Code of Virginia
    through §22.1-17.1 established the responsibility
    of the Board of Education, in cooperation with
    the Board of Correctional Education to
    promulgate regulations for the re-enrollment in
    the public schools of youth who have been in the
    custody of the Department of Juvenile Justice
    (DJJ). These regulations require a re-enrollment
    plan for each youth who is of school attendance
    age or is eligible for special education services.
    Detention is included.
    School Re-enrollment Plans
 Required for any juvenile who has been detained
  for thirty days or longer
 Juveniles returning to the community as well as
  those being committed to DJJ
 Students who have obtained their GED are
  exempt
 Plan should be completed thirty days prior to the
  student’s release from custody
      Re-enrollment Plan Components

 Student support services needed to promote the
  student’s successful re-entry to public school,
  such as counseling services
 Anticipated dates and timelines for scheduled
  release to the receiving school division or for
  court review of the case
 Establishment of school placement upon release
 Contact information of representatives
  responsible for the re-enrollment plan
Post Dispositional Program Philosophy
            and Evaluation
 Every presentation should have at least one
            inspirational quote…




“Let us put our minds together and
 see what life we can make for our
            children.”

            Sitting Bull
Post Dispositional Program Philosophy,
Systems of Care and Program Evaluation


                    Core Values &
                   Guiding Principles




                   Child Centered and
                    Family Oriented


  Performance
                                        Mental Health and
 Measurement and
                                          Other Child
 Evidence Based
                                        Welfare Services
    Practices
      System of Care Philosophy
Core values of the system of care philosophy specify
that children and family services should be
community based, child centered and family focused,
culturally and linguistically competent.
 Comprehensive
 Individualized
 Coordination at all system delivery levels
 Youth and families as full partners
 Emphasis on early identification and intervention
    Post Dispositional Programs around
                 the state…
   18 different program operate in distinct localities where response
    to and services for juveniles and families are developed in a
    collaborative nature, reflecting input and involvement from mental
    health, schools, social services, juvenile justice and other systems.
   Virginia Detention Association of Post Dispositional Programs
    (VDAPP) meets quarterly to review and discuss best practices and
    evidence based program interventions and treatment.
   VDAPP is currently collecting data to assist in program evaluation
    and assessment.
   Because of these efforts, Virginia’s Post Dispositional Programs
    meet the social and cultural needs of children and families in their
    communities AND incorporate standard intervention, public safety
    and treatment practices.
                          VDAPP
   The Virginia Detention Association for Post-Dispositional
    Programs (VDAPP) was developed in 2003
   Members consist of Post-D Coordinators from throughout
    the state as well as Treatment Specialists, Post-D
    Therapists, etc.
   Meetings are held quarterly throughout the state
   Accomplishments include: legislative input, development of
    standardized forms and Post-D Acceptance and Discharge
    Data (PDADD), coordination of our first VDAPP-sponsored
    training today
   Goals include: collaboration and sharing of program goals,
    services, forms, policies; legislative communication; ongoing
    discussion of best practices; united data collection; and
    ongoing training
            VDAPP Officers


 Melinda Jarvis (Virginia Beach), President
 Sara Jones (Merrimac), Vice President
 Pam Jeffries (Lynchburg), Treasurer
 Tammy Kruger (New River), Secretary
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Average Length of Stay
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Court of Jurisdiction  Total
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Lynchburg                        48
                                                                                  Average Length of Stay per Court of Jurisdiction                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       King William                     55
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Montgomery Co           79.66666667
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Caroline                         83
      Average Length of Stay                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Orange                           83
200
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Grayson Co                       87
180                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Hanover                          90
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Williamsburg            94.33333333
160                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Franklin Co.                  114.5
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         King George                     117
140
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Albemarle Co                    117
120                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Newport News            129.5454545
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Spotsylvania                    134
100                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Total   Radford City                    136
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Essex                           138
80                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Carroll Co                    138.5
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Northumberland                  142
60
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Virginia Beach                  143
40                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Bedford                         151
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Fairfax County                  151
20                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Louisa                          157
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Campbell                        157
 0
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         King and Queen                  161
                                                                                                                                                                       Spotsylvania
      Lynchburg




                                                                     Grayson Co




                                                                                                                                                       Newport News



                                                                                                                                                                                      Radford City




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Roanoke City
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Fairfax County




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Charlottesville
                                 Montgomery Co




                                                                                  Hanover
                                                 Caroline




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Charlotte
                                                            Orange




                                                                                                                          King George




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Louisa
                                                                                                                                                                                                             Carroll Co



                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Virginia Beach
                                                                                                                                                                                                     Essex




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Bedford




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Roanoke Co.
                                                                                                           Franklin Co.




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Campbell
                                                                                                                                        Albemarle Co




                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Northumberland




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Amherst
                  King William




                                                                                            Williamsburg




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           King and Queen




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Charlottesville                 174
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Roanoke City                    178
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Charlotte                       179
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Amherst                         179
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Roanoke Co.                     179
                                                                                                                                                                      Court of Jurisdiction
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Grand Total              129.704918
                                      Mental Health History and Admissions

                         Residents
                  12



                  10



                    8                                                                           Mental Health History
                                                                                                  Inpatient & Outpatient
                                                                                                  Inpatient
                    6
                                                                                                  Outpatient
                                                                                                  Other
                    4                                                                             None



                    2



                    0
                          BRJD       RVDC   LRJDC   RDH   VBJDC   NRVJDH   FCJDC   MC   NNJDC
Inpatient & Outpatient       1                              1       2              2
Inpatient                                     1      1
Outpatient                   2        3       4      2      3       3        3     5      2
Other                                                                              1
None                         1        2       1      3      2       2        4     2      9
                                 Average Age at Entry: Detention Facility Average = 16.2


       Average Entry Age
17.2


 17


16.8


16.6


16.4


16.2                                                                                                                   Total


 16


15.8


15.6


15.4


15.2
         FCJDC             RDH        MC         LRJDC       NNJDC            BRJD      RVDC     VBJDC    NRVJDH
Total 15.79571429      15.834      15.84333333 16.04333333     16.06          16.2925   16.644   16.72   16.92428571

                                                         Detention Facility
                                       Most Serious Offense at Time of Placement

        Total Admissions
 20

 18

 16

 14

 12

 10                                                                                                                                               Total

  8

  6

  4

  2

  0
                                                                                                               Violation of
          Burglary                         Weapon/Firea   Burglary                   Drug
                      Fraud    Vandalism                                  Other                  Drug Other   Probation/Co    Assault   Larceny
           Other                               rm         Dwelling                 Schedule II
                                                                                                                urt Order
Total        1             1       1            1            2              3          4             7             9            13        19

                                                                     Type of Offense
                                Resident Risk Level and Family Functioning

                        Number of Residents
                  18


                  16


                  14


                  12

                                                                             Family Functioning
                  10
                                                                               No Problem
                                                                               Some Disorganization
                   8
                                                                               Major Disorganization

                   6


                   4


                   2


                   0
                                    low            medium           high
No Problem                           1                1              1
Some Disorganization                 1               17              11
Major Disorganization                2               11              17

                                                  Risk Level
           Average Number of Petitions Prior to Entry, Resident Risk Level &
                                    Gang Status

                         Average of Prior Petitions
                   20

                   18

                   16

                   14

                   12                                                             Gang Status
                                                                                    None
                   10
                                                                                    Suspected Member
                    8                                                               Identified Gang Member

                    6

                    4

                    2

                    0
                                      low               medium         high
None                                   4              8.714285714   9.631578947
Suspected Member                                      13.33333333      17.8
Identified Gang Member                                   9.25           18

                                                       Risk Level
                                            Educational Program Enrolled

        Number of Residents
 30



 25



 20



 15                                                                                                            Total



 10



  5



  0
         Community   Enrolled Home   Enrolled                                                        Regular
                                                ISAEP     IEP Diploma   Obtained GED   Other   GED
          College       School        ISAEP                                                          Diploma
Total        1            1             2         4            5             5          7      10      24

                                                Education Program During Program
                                            Type of Program Services

        Total Residents
 30



 25



 20



 15                                                                                                                         Total



 10



   5



   0
             Family                                                                                Anger       Individual
                          Substance Abuse   Life Skills           NA/AA       Empathy Training
           Counseling                                                                            Management   Counseling
Total           1               2               3                   4                6               20           26

                                                          Type of Program Service
                                      Type of Community Activity

        Number of Residents
 20


 18


 16


 14


 12


 10                                                                                                Total

   8


   6


   4


   2


   0
              School          Other    Community Service      Home Visits   None   Group Outings
Total           1              2              10                   14        17         18

                                             Type of Community Activity
  12 Month Re-offense Rates for DJJ Agency
    Programs and Community Alternatives
                              (Virginia DJJ Data Resource Guide FY2007)


                                             Re-arrest           Reconviction     Re-incarceration


                                      2004     2005      2006    2004     2005    2004      2005


Substance Abuse Treatment Needed     53.6%    51.0%      44.8%   42.4%    37.7%   29.3%    26.2%


         Hanover JROTC               15.2%    35.5%      20.5%   15.2%    35.5%   12.1%    25.8%


   Virginia Wilderness Institute     40.5%    32.4%      28.2%   31.0%    27.0%   21.4%    18.9%

          JCC Releases               52.1%    49.5%      43.0%   41.7%    36.7%   28.7%    25.6%

      Probation Placements           35.7%    35.7%      36.2%   25.9%    26.6%    NA        NA

Post Dispositional Detention with
                                     42.9%    46.6%      49.6%   33.9%    35.7%   17.5%    15.9%
              Programs
  Thanks to the dedicated staff at Virginia’s
Detention Centers who help collect this data in
addition to performing their regular job duties.
                   The End!

								
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