Post-Dispositional Detention in Virginia Prepared by the Virginia Detention Association of Post- Dispositional Programs - VDAPP April 2008 Post Dispositional Program Overview Legislative History, Virginia’s Post-D Programs, Program Standards, Objectives and Goals Code of Virginia §16.1-284.1 establishes Virginia’s Post Dispositional Programs A sentence imposed on a juvenile offender by a judge (usually in lieu of commitment to a state facility and with recommendations by a Treatment Team) for up to 180 days in a secure detention facility, during which time the juvenile must participate in facility-based and/or community-based services for his/her rehabilitation. Post-D Legislative History 1985:House Bill 1417 – established post-dispositional detention and prohibited the pre-dispositional placement of juveniles in adult jails 1991:Statewide Task Force on detention issues – revised Board standards, requiring separate services for post-d detainees 1994:DYFS Post-Dispositional Study – examined post-d utilization (10-day, 30-day, and up to 180 days); Six-month post-d placements represented 24% of all post-d placements 1999:Commission on Youth Study on Post-D – comprehensive examination of post-d programs and utilization, resulting in House Bill 669 (died in Senate Courts of Justice) 2000:Senate Bill 66 (incorporated components of HB 669) – amended §16.1- 284.1 of the Code of Virginia, effective July 1, 2002 2001:House Bill 1753 – further amended §16.1-284.1 of the Code of Virginia, effective July 1, 2002 2002:Amended Code Section 16.1-284.1 becomes effective 2005:Post-d Detention Programs licensed and certified by DJJ – 18 programs; 228 beds Detention Capacity FY94-FY06 Pre-D Vs. Post-D 1,600 1,400 1,200 # of Beds 1,000 800 600 400 200 0 FY94 FY95 FY96 FY97 FY98 FY99 FY00 FY01 FY02 FY03 FY04 FY05 FY06 post-dispositional capacity 47 63 76 76 104 137 123 122 149 228 pre-dispositional capacity 532 549 549 593 645 856 883 974 1,033 1,135 1,239 1,303 1228 ADP 715 789 888 926 994 1,134 1,166 1091 1107 1216 1110 1110 History of Expansion FY01 FY02 FY03 FY04_____________ FY05_______. Rappahannock 21 to 80 Highlands 20 to 30 Blue Ridge *40 Shenandoah Valley 32 to 55 Virginia Beach* 90 James River * 60 Piedmont* 20 Chesterfield 33 to 90 Newport News 40 to 110 W.W.Moore 30 to 60 Prince William 40 to 72 Roanoke 48 to 81 * denotes a new facility Post-D Detention Capacity Southwest Virginia: Lynchburg (8) New River Valley (8) Roanoke (10) WW Moore in Danville (12) Highlands (7) Post-D Detention Capacity Northern Virginia: Blue Ridge in Charlottesville (10) Fairfax (15) James River in Powhatan (20) Loudoun (8) Northern Virginia in Alexandria (10) Northwestern in Winchester (13) Rappahannock in Stafford (10) Post-D Detention Capacity Eastern/Tidewater: Chesapeake (20) Chesterfield (10) Merrimac (15) Newport News (20) Norfolk (16) Virginia Beach (15) Highlights of Statutes and Standards Must be at least 14 years of age Interests of the juvenile and the community require secure custody for rehabilitation No violent juvenile felonies Not eligible if released from the custody of DJJ within the last 18 months No credit for time served Assessment for “appropriateness” conducted by the facility EXCLUSIONARY OFFENSES • Capital Murder • First or Second Degree Murder • Lynching • Aggravated Malicious Wounding • Felonious Injury by Mob • Abduction • Malicious Wounding • Malicious Wounding of a Law Enforcement Officer • Felonious Poisoning • Adulteration of Products • Robbery • Carjacking • Rape • Forcible Sodomy • Object Sexual Penetration Highlights of Statutes and Standards Ifeligible for state commitment, must receive suspended commitment to DJJ Suspended commitment imposed if juvenile fails to comply with program Thirty day review hearings or upon request for good cause shown Facility’s program must meet all standards set forth by the Department Highlights of Statutes and Standards Licensed and Certified by the Board of Juvenile Justice – including capacity Written agreement with the Court Services Unit delineating roles and responsibilities Written Post-D Program policies and procedures (i.e., treatment objectives, criteria for acceptance and termination) Written policies, procedures, practice regarding reasonable utilization of the facility – both pre-d and post-d Highlights of Statutes and Standards Individualized Service Plan within 30 days of placement describing: • strengths and needs of resident • resident’s current level of functioning • goals, objectives, strategies • projected family involvement • projected date for accomplishing each objective Highlights of Statutes and Standards Structured program of care including provision of social services and written daily schedule Policies regarding resident participation in outside employment and/or community- based services and activities Examples of Post-D Program Services Case Management Individual and Family Therapy Group Counseling addressing the following topics: Anger Management Substance Abuse Empathy Enhancement Life Skills Education: Academic (diploma or GED) Vocational Community Service Employment Community Outings Home Passes “Key Components” in developing a Post-D Program Cooperative relationship with judges, court service units, service providers Designated Post-D housing and staff Qualified and Driven Post-D Coordinator Continuum of facility-based and community-based services/resources Strong Educational Component – ideally a dedicated Post-D teacher or GED-prep instructor Solid case management component Transitional/aftercare component that is tied to and consistent with what was “learned” in secure setting Built-in Evaluation Component Well-Conceived Program that is also fluid, flexible, and evolutionary Release and Transition Planning Mental Health Transition Plans (6 VAC 35-180) Implementation date was January 1, 2008 Applies to all residents placed in Post-Dispositional Programs or released from DJJ and identified as having a recognized mental health, substance abuse, or other therapeutic treatment need The goal is to ensure implementation and continuity of treatment and services in order to improve short- and long-term outcomes The CSU and Detention Center enter into a Memorandum of Understanding with the public agencies required to participate Implementation of MH Transition Plans At least 90 days before a juvenile’s scheduled release, a Post-D representative / qualified mental health professional identifies the resident as needing ongoing services If the resident has an identified diagnosis and/or is currently receiving medication treatment for a mental illness he/she meets criteria Recommended services are identified, to include medication management, outpatient counseling and substance abuse counseling Participants in this meeting include, but are not limited to, the juvenile, parents, Post-D Coordinator, mental health professional and probation officer Implementation of MH Transition Plan, continued The PO then takes on the role of coordinating the Community Transition Plan Meeting at least 30 days prior to the resident’s release The Mental Health Transition Plan is developed at least 10 days before release, to include specific services provided, persons responsible for implementation of services, a timeframe for services, and funding sources During post-release supervision, the service providers must provide at least monthly progress reports Every 90 days thereafter, the plan is reviewed and progress is assessed School Re-Enrollment School Re-enrollment: The Code of Virginia through §22.1-17.1 established the responsibility of the Board of Education, in cooperation with the Board of Correctional Education to promulgate regulations for the re-enrollment in the public schools of youth who have been in the custody of the Department of Juvenile Justice (DJJ). These regulations require a re-enrollment plan for each youth who is of school attendance age or is eligible for special education services. Detention is included. School Re-enrollment Plans Required for any juvenile who has been detained for thirty days or longer Juveniles returning to the community as well as those being committed to DJJ Students who have obtained their GED are exempt Plan should be completed thirty days prior to the student’s release from custody Re-enrollment Plan Components Student support services needed to promote the student’s successful re-entry to public school, such as counseling services Anticipated dates and timelines for scheduled release to the receiving school division or for court review of the case Establishment of school placement upon release Contact information of representatives responsible for the re-enrollment plan Post Dispositional Program Philosophy and Evaluation Every presentation should have at least one inspirational quote… “Let us put our minds together and see what life we can make for our children.” Sitting Bull Post Dispositional Program Philosophy, Systems of Care and Program Evaluation Core Values & Guiding Principles Child Centered and Family Oriented Performance Mental Health and Measurement and Other Child Evidence Based Welfare Services Practices System of Care Philosophy Core values of the system of care philosophy specify that children and family services should be community based, child centered and family focused, culturally and linguistically competent. Comprehensive Individualized Coordination at all system delivery levels Youth and families as full partners Emphasis on early identification and intervention Post Dispositional Programs around the state… 18 different program operate in distinct localities where response to and services for juveniles and families are developed in a collaborative nature, reflecting input and involvement from mental health, schools, social services, juvenile justice and other systems. Virginia Detention Association of Post Dispositional Programs (VDAPP) meets quarterly to review and discuss best practices and evidence based program interventions and treatment. VDAPP is currently collecting data to assist in program evaluation and assessment. Because of these efforts, Virginia’s Post Dispositional Programs meet the social and cultural needs of children and families in their communities AND incorporate standard intervention, public safety and treatment practices. VDAPP The Virginia Detention Association for Post-Dispositional Programs (VDAPP) was developed in 2003 Members consist of Post-D Coordinators from throughout the state as well as Treatment Specialists, Post-D Therapists, etc. Meetings are held quarterly throughout the state Accomplishments include: legislative input, development of standardized forms and Post-D Acceptance and Discharge Data (PDADD), coordination of our first VDAPP-sponsored training today Goals include: collaboration and sharing of program goals, services, forms, policies; legislative communication; ongoing discussion of best practices; united data collection; and ongoing training VDAPP Officers Melinda Jarvis (Virginia Beach), President Sara Jones (Merrimac), Vice President Pam Jeffries (Lynchburg), Treasurer Tammy Kruger (New River), Secretary Average Length of Stay Court of Jurisdiction Total Lynchburg 48 Average Length of Stay per Court of Jurisdiction King William 55 Montgomery Co 79.66666667 Caroline 83 Average Length of Stay Orange 83 200 Grayson Co 87 180 Hanover 90 Williamsburg 94.33333333 160 Franklin Co. 114.5 King George 117 140 Albemarle Co 117 120 Newport News 129.5454545 Spotsylvania 134 100 Total Radford City 136 Essex 138 80 Carroll Co 138.5 Northumberland 142 60 Virginia Beach 143 40 Bedford 151 Fairfax County 151 20 Louisa 157 Campbell 157 0 King and Queen 161 Spotsylvania Lynchburg Grayson Co Newport News Radford City Roanoke City Fairfax County Charlottesville Montgomery Co Hanover Caroline Charlotte Orange King George Louisa Carroll Co Virginia Beach Essex Bedford Roanoke Co. Franklin Co. Campbell Albemarle Co Northumberland Amherst King William Williamsburg King and Queen Charlottesville 174 Roanoke City 178 Charlotte 179 Amherst 179 Roanoke Co. 179 Court of Jurisdiction Grand Total 129.704918 Mental Health History and Admissions Residents 12 10 8 Mental Health History Inpatient & Outpatient Inpatient 6 Outpatient Other 4 None 2 0 BRJD RVDC LRJDC RDH VBJDC NRVJDH FCJDC MC NNJDC Inpatient & Outpatient 1 1 2 2 Inpatient 1 1 Outpatient 2 3 4 2 3 3 3 5 2 Other 1 None 1 2 1 3 2 2 4 2 9 Average Age at Entry: Detention Facility Average = 16.2 Average Entry Age 17.2 17 16.8 16.6 16.4 16.2 Total 16 15.8 15.6 15.4 15.2 FCJDC RDH MC LRJDC NNJDC BRJD RVDC VBJDC NRVJDH Total 15.79571429 15.834 15.84333333 16.04333333 16.06 16.2925 16.644 16.72 16.92428571 Detention Facility Most Serious Offense at Time of Placement Total Admissions 20 18 16 14 12 10 Total 8 6 4 2 0 Violation of Burglary Weapon/Firea Burglary Drug Fraud Vandalism Other Drug Other Probation/Co Assault Larceny Other rm Dwelling Schedule II urt Order Total 1 1 1 1 2 3 4 7 9 13 19 Type of Offense Resident Risk Level and Family Functioning Number of Residents 18 16 14 12 Family Functioning 10 No Problem Some Disorganization 8 Major Disorganization 6 4 2 0 low medium high No Problem 1 1 1 Some Disorganization 1 17 11 Major Disorganization 2 11 17 Risk Level Average Number of Petitions Prior to Entry, Resident Risk Level & Gang Status Average of Prior Petitions 20 18 16 14 12 Gang Status None 10 Suspected Member 8 Identified Gang Member 6 4 2 0 low medium high None 4 8.714285714 9.631578947 Suspected Member 13.33333333 17.8 Identified Gang Member 9.25 18 Risk Level Educational Program Enrolled Number of Residents 30 25 20 15 Total 10 5 0 Community Enrolled Home Enrolled Regular ISAEP IEP Diploma Obtained GED Other GED College School ISAEP Diploma Total 1 1 2 4 5 5 7 10 24 Education Program During Program Type of Program Services Total Residents 30 25 20 15 Total 10 5 0 Family Anger Individual Substance Abuse Life Skills NA/AA Empathy Training Counseling Management Counseling Total 1 2 3 4 6 20 26 Type of Program Service Type of Community Activity Number of Residents 20 18 16 14 12 10 Total 8 6 4 2 0 School Other Community Service Home Visits None Group Outings Total 1 2 10 14 17 18 Type of Community Activity 12 Month Re-offense Rates for DJJ Agency Programs and Community Alternatives (Virginia DJJ Data Resource Guide FY2007) Re-arrest Reconviction Re-incarceration 2004 2005 2006 2004 2005 2004 2005 Substance Abuse Treatment Needed 53.6% 51.0% 44.8% 42.4% 37.7% 29.3% 26.2% Hanover JROTC 15.2% 35.5% 20.5% 15.2% 35.5% 12.1% 25.8% Virginia Wilderness Institute 40.5% 32.4% 28.2% 31.0% 27.0% 21.4% 18.9% JCC Releases 52.1% 49.5% 43.0% 41.7% 36.7% 28.7% 25.6% Probation Placements 35.7% 35.7% 36.2% 25.9% 26.6% NA NA Post Dispositional Detention with 42.9% 46.6% 49.6% 33.9% 35.7% 17.5% 15.9% Programs Thanks to the dedicated staff at Virginia’s Detention Centers who help collect this data in addition to performing their regular job duties. The End!
Pages to are hidden for
"Re Evaluation Custody Forms"Please download to view full document