DADAISM Francis-Marie Martinez Picabia FRANCIS PICABIA'S YOUTH Francis-Marie Martinez Picabia was born on January 28, 1879 in Paris He studied at École des Beaux-Arts and École des Arts Decoratifs In the beginning of his career, from 1903 to 1908, he was influenced by the impressionist painting of Alfred Sisley. From 1909, he came under the influence of the cubists and the Golden Section (Section d'Or). FRANCIS PICABIA AS AN ARTIST Around 1911 he joined the Puteaux Group, which met at the studio of Jacques Villon in the village of Puteaux. There he became friends with artist Marcel Duchamp. Some of the group's members were, Apollinaire, Albert Gleizes, Roger de La Fresnaye, Fernand Leger and Jean Metzinger. From 1913 to 1915 - Picabia traveled to New York City several times and took active part in the avant-garde movements, introducing modern art to America. Later. In 1916 - while in Barcelona he started his well-known Dada periodical 391, in which he published his first mechanical drawings. He continued the periodical with the help of Duchamp in America. 1919 - Picabia continued his involvement in the Dada movement in Zürich and Paris, before breaking away from it after developing an interest in Surrealist art. 1925 - he changed his style, when he returned to figurative painting. 1930 - he became a close friend of Gertrude Stein. Before the end of World War II, he returned to Paris where he resumed abstract painting and writing poetry. In spring 1949 - A large retrospective of his work was held at the Galerie René Drouin in Paris. In addition to artistic activities, Picabia was a significant collector of automobiles, owning as many as 150 of them. FRANCIS PICABIA'S DEATH November 30, 1953 - Francis Picabia died in Paris. QUOTES: He world is divided into two categories: failures and unknowns. Marcel Duchamp 28 July 1887 – 2 October 1968 was born in Blainville-Crevon Seine-Maritime in the HauteNormandie region of France and grew up in a family that enjoyed cultural activities. New York Dada had a less serious tone than that of European Dadaism, and was not a particularly organized venture. Duchamp's friend Picabia connected with the Dada group in Zürich, bringing to New York the Dadaist ideas of absurdity and "anti-art". A group met almost nightly at the Arensberg home, or caroused in Greenwich Village. Together with Man Ray, Duchamp contributed his ideas and humor to the New York activities, many of which ran concurrent with the development of his Readymades and The Large Glass. They also worked on the concept of "found art". The most prominent example of Duchamp's association with Dada was his submission of Fountain, a urinal, to the Society of Independent Artists exhibit in 1917. Artworks in the Independent Artists shows were not selected by jury, and all pieces submitted were displayed. However, the show committee insisted that Fountain was not art, and rejected it from the show. This caused an uproar amongst the Dadaists, and led Duchamp to resign from the board of the Independent Artists. Along with Henri-Pierre Roché and Beatrice Wood, Duchamp published a Dada magazine in New York, entitled The Blind Man, which included art, literature, humor and commentary. When he returned to Paris after World War I, Duchamp did not participate in the Dada group. In 1955, he became a naturalized citizen of the United States. The last surviving member of the Duchamp family of artists, in 1967, in Rouen, France, Marcel helped organize an exhibition called "Les Duchamp: Jacques Villon, Raymond Duchamp-Villon, Marcel Duchamp, Suzanne Duchamp." Some of this family exhibition was later shown at the Musée National d'Art Moderne in Paris. MARCEL DUCHAMP'S LAST YEARS In December 2004, Duchamp's Fountain was voted the most influential artwork of the 20th century by 500 of the most powerful people in the British art world. This is testimony to the influence of Duchamp's work, and the mark he has left on the art world. Marcel Duchamp died October 2, 1968 in Neuilly-surSeine, France and is buried in the Rouen Cemetery, in Rouen, Normandy, France. quote: I don't believe in art. I believe in artists.