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									                                          Reading Quiz Chapter 19
                                       New Frontiers of the South & West

Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

____    1. The New South Creed emphasized all the following except:
           a. industrialization.
           b. sectional peace.
           c. women’s rights.
           d. racial harmony.
____    2. The American Tobacco Company was:
           a. based in Dallas, Texas.
           b. second only to the Bull Durham Company in cigarette production at the turn of the
           c. broken up by the Supreme Court in 1911.
           d. the first such government-owned company in the United States.
____    3. The Pittsburgh of the South, so named because it was an iron center, was:
           a. Birmingham, Alabama.
           b. Houston, Texas.
           c. Nashville, Tennessee.
           d. Rome, Georgia.
____    4. King Cotton survived the Civil War and expanded over new acreage:
           a. even as its export markets leveled off.
           b. due to expanding its export market.
           c. because the United States government now gave farmers new subsidies.
           d. in spite of growing claims of collusion in the marketplace.
____    5. The postwar South suffered from an acute shortage of:
           a. capital.
           b. labor.
           c. cotton.
           d. domestic help.
____    6. Who was the first president of the National Association of Colored Women?
           a. Ida B. Wells
           b. Ann Beston
           c. Mary Church Terrell
           d. Mary Plunkett
____    7. The first great cowtown was:
           a. Abilene, Kansas.
           b. St. Louis, Missouri.
           c. Dallas, Texas.
           d. Butte, Montana.
____    8. Perhaps the ultimate paradox of the Bourbons rule was that their paragons of white supremacy tolerated:
           a. federal intervention in the South.
           b. a lingering black voice in politics.
           c. the new Black Codes in society.
           d. Radical Republican rule of the country.
____    9. Why did tenant farmers have no incentive to take care of the farmland that they were on?
           a. It was not their own land.
           b. It was not part of their tenant agreement.
           c. They did not have the basic skills to keep it up.
           d. They were tired of their status as tenant farmers.
____   10. The Mississippi plan of disenfranchisement included all the following except a:
           a. residency requirement.
           b. provision disqualifying anyone who owned less than $300 in personal property.
           c. provision disqualifying those who had not paid their poll taxes.
           d. literacy requirement.
____   11. In the case of Plessy v. Ferguson, the Supreme Court:
           a. ruled that a federal Civil Rights Act could not extend to individual action.
           b. decided that segregation on railroad cars was illegal under the Fourteenth Amendment.
           c. upheld a Louisiana segregation law.
           d. ruled that the Fourteenth Amendments guarantee of equal protection of the laws applied to
                private businesses.
____   12. The lynching of blacks in the South:
           a. prompted the passage of a federal anti-lynching law in 1892.
           b. decreased just before the turn of the century, possibly because whites could control blacks
                through Jim Crow laws.
           c. increased at about the same time that Jim Crow laws spread through the South.
           d. occurred at the same rate at the turn of the century as similar lynchings in the North.
____   13. Booker T. Washington:
           a. was born of a slave mother and a white father.
           b. had a Ph.D. in history from Harvard and wrote several distinguished historical works.
           c. criticized W. E. B. Du Boiss Atlanta Compromise speech.
           d. is correctly represented by all the above statements.
____   14. Who said, In all things that are purely social we can be as separate as the five fingers, yet one as the hand in
           all things essential to mutual progress?
           a. George Washington Cable
           b. W. E. B. Du Bois
           c. Philip Sheridan
           d. Booker T. Washington
____   15. Exodusters were:
           a. Chinese immigrants in California.
           b. Scandinavian immigrants in the West.
           c. black Southerners who moved west.
           d. prostitutes who worked in the cowtowns.
____   16. The Comstock Lode was:
           a. just outside of Deadwood, South Dakota.
           b. in Nevada.
           c. on land given to the Cherokee Indians in the 1830s.
           d. the site of the first uranium mine in the United States.
____ 17. Six states were created from the western territories in the years 18891890. These states were not admitted
         before 1889 because:
         a. Democrats in Congress were reluctant to create states out of territories that were heavily
         b. the lawlessness of many western towns discouraged Congress from admitting the
              territories as states.
         c. polygamy, as practiced by the Mormons in the West, was unacceptable to Congress.
         d. if large mining firms had been forced to pay state taxes,they would have had to close
____ 18. Following the 1867 Report on the Condition of the Indian Tribes,Congress decided that the best way to end
         the Indian Wars was:
         a. to send in the army, under men such as George Custer, to break the morale of the Indians.
         b. systematically to kill most of the buffalo.
         c. to Americanize the Indians by offering them an education at the white mans schools.
         d. to persuade the Indians to live on out-of-the-way reservations.
____ 19. In the Battle of the Little Bighorn:
         a. General George Custer’s troops were massacred by the Cherokee and Seminole Indians.
         b. some 2500 Indians annihilated a detachment of 200 soldiers.
         c. Chief Red Cloud was captured and murdered.
         d. Sioux and Cheyenne Indians won a large chuck of the Montana Territory, which they kept
              for fourteen years.
____ 20. The Dawes Severalty Act:
         a. was designed to Americanize the Indians.
         b. gave individual Indians up to 160 acres of land that, for the Indians’ protection, the
              government held in trust for 25 years.
         c. caused the Indians to lose over half of their land by 1934.
         d. is correctly represented by all the above statements.
____ 21. Which of the following statements about the cowboys frontier is not true?
         a. With two or three notable exceptions, blacks were not allowed to be cowboys.
         b. Texas longhorns were noted more for their speed and endurance than for their value as
         c. Much of the cowboys equipment had been passed on from Mexico.
         d. Cattle ranching had been common since colonial times.
____ 22. The Newlands Reclamation Act of 1901:
         a. sold to settlers the lands created by clearing the timber from the western public lands.
         b. allowed the government to reclaim some of the land once given to railroads.
         c. authorized the government to begin a tremendous tree-planting project to reclaim part of
              the arid West.
         d. provided funds for irrigation works.
____ 23. The fight for survival in the trans-Mississippi West made men and women:
         a. more equal partners than were their eastern counterparts.
         b. have a mutual hatred for Native Americans.
         c. come to an understanding that women would play a subservient role on the frontier.
         d. realize their mistakes which led them to follow a very nomadic lifestyle.
____ 24. Proponents of the New South believed that the South should:
         a. eliminate agriculture.
         b. form a separate nation.
         c. industrialize.
         d. be dominated by planter aristocrats.
____ 25. In the late 1800s, the South experienced major increases in the production of:
         a. textiles.
         b. lumber.
         c. tobacco products.
         d. all of the above.
____ 26. Under Bourbon rule in the South, state spending for public education:
         a. increased slightly.
         b. stayed about the same.
         c. dramatically declined.
         d. was roughly the same for black and white schools.
____ 27. The case of Plessy v. Ferguson involved a challenge to segregation laws that applied to:
         a. public schools.
         b. passenger trains.
         c. restaurants.
         d. hotels.
____ 28. Ida B. Wells became famous for:
         a. starting a black college in Tuskegee, Alabama.
         b. becoming the South’s leading black scientist and inventor.
         c. leading a campaign against lynching.
         d. all of the above statements.
____ 29. Buffalo soldiers were:
         a. black soldiers who served in the West.
         b. Indian scouts who helped the Army against the Plains tribes.
         c. white hunters who killed millions of buffalo.
         d. immigrants who joined the Army in exchange for citizenship.
____ 30. The Indian tribe that defeated Custer and put up the greatest resistance to U.S. domination was the:
         a. Apache.
         b. Comanche.
         c. Crow.
         d. Sioux.
____ 31. Cattle drives:
         a. delivered herds to the slaughterhouses in Chicago.
         b. were largely over by 1886.
         c. typically started from ranches in Kansas and Oklahoma.
         d. caused the extinction of Texas longhorns.
____ 32. The historian Frederick Jackson Turner argued that:
         a. the frontier shaped Americas national character.
         b. equality has always been this country’s leading ideal.
         c. Americas culture is largely a copy of Europe’s.
         d. the United States would become the worlds leading power.

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