Sample Apa Format for Talking Points Paper

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					                                                                                APA Guidelines        1

                               APA Guidelines for Student Papers
                                   (Holt, Hughes, and Smith)
                            Educational Administration Program Area
                                       ELCF Department
                                      College of Education
                                     University of Arkansas

All numbered information items, examples, and references are taken from the:

Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (5th ed.). (2001). Washington,

   DC: American Psychological Association.

   1. Use 81/2 X 11 in. white copy paper. (5.01, page 284)

   2. Use Times New Roman at 12 points. (5.02, page 285)

   3. Use minimum margins of 1 inch on top, bottom, left, and right. (5.04, page 286)

   4. Double space. (5.03, page 286)

   5. Use the functions of your word-processing program to create bold, italic, or other word

       processor functions. Italics are used for titles of books, periodicals, and microfilm

       publications. (5.02, page 285)

   6. Include a title page (see sample at end of this guideline) with title, author’s name,

       institutional affiliation, and a running head for publication. On this title page, number it

       page 1 and include a manuscript page header. (5.05, page 287)

       The manuscript page header that contains the first two or three words of the title, and the

       page number are placed in the header on the upper right-hand corner of the page. (See

       #12 & #13 below, 5.06, page 288)

       The running head for publication is an abbreviated title of not more than 50 characters. It

       is typed in all uppercase letters on the line below the manuscript page header flush left on

       the title page. (5.15, page 296)
                                                                            APA Guidelines         2

   The title, byline (author’s name), and the institutional affiliation are centered on the page

   and double-spaced in uppercase and lowercase letters. (5.15, page 296)

7. Type a short abstract of 120 words on a separate page. It should be numbered page 2 with

   the manuscript header in the upper right-hand corner of this page. The label Abstract is in

   uppercase and lowercase letters, centered, at the top of the page. The abstract is a single

   paragraph in block format without indention. (5.16, page 298)

8. The text should start on a separate page, numbered page 3. (5.17, page 298)

9. Start the reference list on a new page. Type the word References in uppercase and

   lowercase letters, centered, at the top of the page. Double-space all reference entries.

   References, in alphabetic order, are on the separate page, numbered as the final page(s).

   In addition, each reference must be cited where it is used in the text. APA publishes

   references in a hanging indent format, meaning that the first line of each reference is set

   flush left and subsequent lines are indented. (5.18, page 299)

10. Indent the first line of every paragraph five to seven spaces, and type the remaining lines

   of the paragraph with a uniform left-hand margin. The only exceptions to the

   requirements are the abstract, block quotations, titles and headings, table titles and notes,

   and figure captions. (5.08, page 289)

11. Space once after commas, colons, semicolons, after punctuation marks at the end of

   sentences, after periods that separate parts of a reference section, and after the periods of

   the initials of personal names. Exception: Do not space after internal periods in

   abbreviations (e.g., a.m., i.e., U.S.) or around colons in ratios. (5.11, page 290)

12. Number all pages consecutively, beginning with the title page in the upper right-hand

   corner. (5.06, page 288)
                                                                           APA Guidelines      3

13. Use a manuscript page header on all pages to identify the ownership of each page. On a

   word processor, use the automatic functions to place the first two or three words of the

   paper’s title on the header line five spaces to the left of the page number. (5.06, page 288)

   Sample -

   (APA Publication Guide      1)

14. Short quotations of fewer than 40 words should be incorporated into the text and enclosed

   by double quotation marks (“). (5.13, page 292)

15. Long quotations of 40 or more words should be in a double-spaced block with no

   quotation marks. Do not single-space. Indent five to seven spaces from the left margin

   without the usual opening paragraph indent. If the quotation is more than one paragraph,

   indent the first line of second and additional paragraphs five to seven spaces from the

   new margin. (5.13, page 292)

16. A great problem for writers is projecting “who is talking”. How do you write or construct

   a sentence showing – who is talking? (e.g., “In a study by Mosberg (1996), it was

   concluded that school districts spent their money in remarkably consistent proportions,

   regardless of their wealth and that the bulk of funds went to instructional services.

   However, Mosberg indicated that large differences in wealth and student need across

   schools and districts strongly affected performance.”) This example, taken from a May

   2000 University of Arkansas dissertation entitled A Relationship Study Of Instructional

   Costs And Student Performance Variables Among Public Elementary And Secondary

   Schools Of The United States by Stacy Emmanuel Richardson, demonstrates how to

   project the “person talking”.

17. Refer to the Fifth Edition of the APA Publication Manual (2001) for all other questions.
                                                                         APA Guidelines        4

18. Reference examples: (4.16, page 239)

       a. Journal article, one author (4.16, page 240)

          Mellers, B. A. (2000). Choice and the relative pleasure of consequences.

              American Psychological, 126, 910-924.

       b. Journal article, two authors, journal paginated by issue (4.16, page 240)

          Klimoski, R., & Palmer, S. (1993). The ADA and the hiring process in

              organizations. Consulting Psychology Journal: Practice and Research, 45(2),


       c. Book (4.16, page 248)

          Beck, C. A., & Sales, B. D. (2001). Family medications: Facts, myths, and future

              prospects. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

       d. Edited book (4.16, page 249)

          Gibbs, J. T., & Huang, L. N. (Eds.). (1991). Children of color: Psychological

              interventions with minority youth. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

       e. Doctoral dissertation abstracted in Dissertation Abstracts International (DAI) and

          obtained from the university (4.16, page 261)

          Ross, D. F. (1990). Unconscious transference and mistaken identity: When

              a witness misidentifies a familiar but innocent person from a lineup (Doctoral

              dissertation, Cornell University, 1990). Dissertation Abstracts International,

              51, 417.
                                                                APA Guidelines   5

f. Internet (E-mail) - (4.16, page 277)

   Chalmers, D. (2000, November 17). Seeing with sound [msg 1]. Message posted

       to news:11sci.psychology.consciousness.

g. Internet (on-line information) - (4.16, page 279)

   Borman, W. C., Hanson, M. A., Oppler, S. H., Pulakos, E. D., & White, L. A.

       (1993). Role of early supervisory experience in supervisor performance.

       Journal of Applied Psychology, 78, 443-449. Retrieved October 23, 2000,

       from PsycARTICLES database.

h. U.S. Supreme Court case (D.04, page 403)

       Brown v. Board of Educ., 347 U.S. 483 (1954)

i. State Court of Appeals case (D.03, page 402)

       Texas v. Morales, 826 S.W.2d 201 (Tex. Ct. App. 1992).

j. Text citation of court case (D.03, page 400)

       Durflinger v. Artiles (1981/1984)
                                                         APA Guidelines   6


                     APA Guidelines for Student Papers

                            Sample Title Page

                              Student Name

                          University of Arkansas

                                                            March 31, 2004

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