MEDIA AND SOCIETY

Document Sample
MEDIA AND SOCIETY Powered By Docstoc
					                                    MEDIA AND SOCIETY


MEDIA AND SOCIETY                                         The Media and Society program
                                                      includes, in addition to the study of mass
Program Faculty                                       media entertainment, advertising, and
Linda Robertson, Media and Society,                   news and information, the critical and
 Director                                             historical analysis of literature and the arts.
Donna Albro, Peer Education                               The aim of the combined elements in
Lester Friedman, Media and Society                    the critical study of both mass media and
Catherine Gallouët, French and                        the arts is to include an analysis of the
 Francophone                                          role of the artist in not only reflecting the
Grant Holly, English                                  dominant mythologies of the culture, but
Marilyn Jiménez, Africana Studies                     in reshaping them, of holding them up to
Liz Lyon, English                                     scrutiny, of compelling a revision of the
Nicola Minnott-Ahl, English                           human potential. For the same reason,
                                                      students are expected to engage in self-
HWS is among the first liberal arts                   expression by exploring their creative
colleges in the country to offer a major in           capacities in at least one of the visual and
media studies. From its inception in 1996,            plastic arts, writing, dance, or music.
the Media and Society Program has had                     The requirement for “hands on”
two main goals:                                       experience is met through courses in
    1. To engage students in the critical             documentary filmmaking, scriptwriting,
analysis of the influence of the mass                 digital editing, photography, digital design,
media on society, from both the socio-                and journalism, as well as through the
political and cultural/artistic perspectives.         requirement that each student complete an
    2. To stimulate students to use their             internship or practicum related to his or her
creative imaginations through self-                   area of academic interest.
expression in writing, videography and
editing, the visual and plastic arts, dance           REQUIREMENTS FOR THE MAJOR (B.A.)
and dance composition, and music and                  interdisciplinary, 12 courses, plus language
music composition.                                    competency.
    “Media studies” refers to the examina-            The Media and Society Program offers an
tion of the modern ability to disseminate             interdisciplinary major and minor. Media
the same message (visual, aural, and/or               and Society majors explore four core areas
textual) to a mass audience, using                    before deciding on a concentration. All
technologies of reproduction and/ or                  majors are required to take at least one
transmission.                                         course in the creative arts, and to
    Media studies is an interdisciplinary             complete either an internship or a
field, drawing upon cultural studies,                 practicum related to the study of the role
psychology, art and literary theory,                  of the media in society. Majors are
sociology, information and propaganda                 required to complete cognate courses in
theory, and economics, especially,                    American history or social consciousness
political economy. The central concern                and social theory. The major culminates
is the critical analysis of the influence of          with a Senior Seminar.
the media on society and the individual.                  To remain in good standing as a major, an
    While the entertainment and advertis-             average of at least 2.0 must be maintained for
ing industries are an important subject in            all courses that count toward the major. The
media studies, equally important is the               Senior Seminar must be passed with a C to
role of mass media news and information               count toward completing the major.
outlets as integral to the political process.             The internship is graded pass/no pass;


                                                226
                                    MEDIA AND SOCIETY


the practicum can be taken for a grade or              listed below as approved for the major,
as pass/no pass.                                       either under the headings Core Compe-
    The complete list of requirements for              tencies or Concentrations. Minors are not
the major are: MDSC 100; one course in                 required to develop a concentration in a
each of four core competencies; four                   specific area of Media and Society. Minors
courses to comprise a concentration                    may not use any of the courses listed as
approved by a program adviser, one of                  Cognates for the minor.
which will be a course which also satisfies a
core requirement; competency in research               APPROVED COURSES
methods (does not require additional                   The Media and Society Program draws
course work; this goal is met through                  upon courses offered in a number of
course work taken for the major as                     different departments. Some of the courses
approved by the adviser); a credit-bearing             listed below may be withdrawn by
internship or practicum in the area of                 contributing departments for various
communications, artistic production, or                reasons and new courses offered in
journalism; a Media and Society senior                 departments may be accepted for the
seminar.                                               Media and Society major. Students should
    In addition to these courses, majors are           consult with their advisers for current listings
required to take two cognate courses. A                of approved courses.
cognate course is one that supports the
study in the major, but is not a course in the         CORE COMPETENCIES
mass media or the arts. One cognate course             Majors are required to take one course in
must be in American history covering a                 each of four core areas. Minors are
period since the Civil War or an approved              required to take three courses chosen from
course on the subject of the formation of              different core areas. The same course may
social consciousness (listed below). The               be listed under more than one compe-
second cognate course must be an approved              tency; but one course cannot be used to
social theory course (listed below).                   satisfy more than one of the core compe-
    Media and Society majors are also                  tencies numbered 1-4 below.
required to demonstrate competence in a
foreign language to the 102 level.                     Core Competency 1. Techniques of
Students who have studied a foreign                    Performance and Creativity
                                                       (majors choose one):
language in secondary school may have
                                                       Art: Any studio art course
met this requirement; students for whom                English: Any creative writing course
English is a second language may have                  ENG 308          Screenwriting
met this requirement; students with a                  ENG 178          Acting I
certified statement from a counselor or                Music: Private Instruction and Ensembles (1/2 credit
physician that a learning disability                   per semester; two semesters required)
prevents them from learning a foreign                  MUS 210          American Musical Theater
                                                       MUS 400          Orchestration
language may petition for a waiver.
                                                       Dance: Any combination of dance classes for a total
Students should consult with their adviser             of 2.5 credits or one of the following:
about this requirement.                                DAN 200          Dance Composition I
                                                       DAN 300          Dance Composition II
REQUIREMENTS FOR THE MINOR
interdisciplinary, 6 courses                           Core Competency 2. Use of Imaging
MDSC 100; one course each from three                   Technologies
                                                       (majors choose one):
different core competencies numbered 1-                MDSC 300      Making the News
4; any two additional approved courses                 MDSC 305      Film Editing


                                                 227
                                         MEDIA AND SOCIETY


Core Competency 3. Critical Analysis or Media           ART 240         European Art and Architecture
Theory                                                  ART 249         Islamic Art and Architecture
(majors choose one):                                    ART 252         Japanese Art and Culture
ALST 200      Ghettoscapes                              ART 256         Art of the Russian Revolution
ALST 226      Screen Latinos                            DAN 210         Dance History I
ALST 309      Black Cinema                              DAN 212         Dance History II
ALST 310      Black Images/White Myths                  DAN 214         Dance History III
ART 212       Women Make Movies                         ENG 287         Film Histories I
ASN 342       Chinese Cinema                            ENG 288         Film Histories I
ENG 176       Film Analysis I                           ENG 289         Film Histories III
ENG 201       Jane Austen in Film                       ENG 370         Hollywood on Hollywood
ENG 229        Television Histories, Television         ENG 229         Television History, Television Narratives
              Narratives                                ENG 264         Globalism and Literature
ENG 230       Film Analysis II                          EUST 101        Foundations of European Studies I
ENG 233       Art of the Screenplay                     EUST 102        Foundations of European Studies II
ENG 368       Film and Ideology                         MDSC 205        America in the Seventies
ENG 375       Science Fiction                           MDSC 307        Medicine and Society
ENG 376       New Waves                                 MDSC 224        Age of Propaganda I
FRE 241       Que sais-je?                              MDSC 225        Age of Propaganda I
FRNE 252      Beyond Colonialism: Maghreb               MDSC 303        Social Documentary
              Cultures and Literatures                  MUS 135         Music in the Americas: 1750 - 2000
FRNE 395      Society and culture in the Ancien         MUS 202         History of Western Art and Music:
              Régime: Representation of Race                            Medieval and Renaissance
MDSC 204      Imagining the West                        MUS 203         History of Western Art and Music:
MDSC 205      America in the Seventies                                  Baroque and Classical
MDSC 307      Medicine and Society                      MUS 204         History of Western Art and Music:
MDSC 310      Covenant with Death                                       Romantic and Modern
MDSC 224      Age of Propaganda I                       MUS 207         Music in American Culture: Jazz
MDSC 225      Age of Propaganda II                                      and Popular
MDSC 303      Social Documentary                        MUS 210         American Musical Theater
PHIL 220      Semiotics                                 MUS 216         Music of Asia
PHIL 230      Aesthetics                                MUS 217         Folk and Traditional Music of Africa
PHIL 260      Mind and Language                                         and the Americas
POL 320       Mass Media
POL 363       Cyber Politics/Cyber Culture              Core Competency 5: Three Research Goals
WRRH 250      Talk and Text: Introduction to            (integrated into other course work for the major. The
              Discourse Analysis                        courses which meet these goals are approved by the
                                                        adviser)
Core Competency 4: Cultural History of the                 Research goal 1: Use of library,
Fine Arts or Mass Media                                 archival, and Internet sources
(majors choose one):                                       Research goal 2: Media content
ALST 310      Black Images/White Myths
ALST 200      Ghettoscapes
                                                        analysis (qualitative or quantitative)
ART 101       Ancient to Medieval                          Research goal 3: Fieldwork (inter-
ART 102       Renaissance to Modern                     views, reporting, documenting).
ART 103       East Asian Art Survey
ART 110       Visual Culture                            CONCENTRATIONS
ART 201       African-American Art                      A concentration for the major consists of
ART 208       Greek Art and Architecture
                                                        5 courses from any one of the clusters
ART 210       Woman as Image and Image-Maker
ART 211       Feminism in the Arts                      below. At least two must be in two
ART 221       Early Italian Renaissance Art             different disciplines. At least one must be
ART 222       Women in Renaissance Art and Life         an MDSC course unless otherwise
ART 226       Northern Renaissance Art                  indicated. Most courses taken to satisfy
ART 230       Age of Michaelangelo                      the core competencies can be applied


                                                  228
                                         MEDIA AND SOCIETY


toward at least one concentration; consult               Concentration in Studies in Cultural
the courses listed under each concentra-                 Production: Composition and Technology
tion. A minor chooses any two courses                    ART 234         Photography
                                                         ART 239         Digital Imaging
from the following:                                      ART 245         Photosilkscreen Printing
                                                         ART 301         Photography Workshop
Concentration in Studies in Mass Media and               DAN 200         Dance Composition I
Politics                                                 DAN 300         Dance Composition II
ALST 300      Ghettoscapes                               EDUC 295        Theater and the Child
ALST 309      Black Cinema                               English: Any creative writing course
ALST 310      Black Images/White Myths                   ENG 307         Playwriting Workshop
MDSC 205      America in the Seventies                   ENG 308         Screenwriting
MDSC 307      Medicine and Society                       MDSC 300        Making the News
MDSC 224      Age of Propaganda I                        MDSC 305        Film Editing
MDSC 225      Age of Propaganda II                       MDSC 485        Practicum: College Journalism
MDSC 303      Social Documentary                         MUS 400         Orchestration
POL 320       Mass Media                                 WRRH 300        Issues and Practice of American
POL 363       Cyber Politics/Cyber Culture                               Journalism
                                                         WRRH 302        Op-Ed: Writing Political and Cultural
Concentration in Studies in Film, Television,                            Commentary
and New Media
ALST 300      Ghettoscapes                               COGNATE COURSES
ALST 226      Screen Latinos
                                                         Social Theory
ALST 309      Black Cinema
                                                         (majors choose one; none of these courses can be
ALST 310      Black Images/White Myths
                                                         counted for the minor)
ART 212       Women Make Movies
                                                         BIDS 200        Critical Social Theory
ASN 342       Chinese Cinema
                                                         POL 160         Introduction to Political Theory
ENG 176       Film Analysis I
                                                         POL 175         Introduction to Feminist Theory
ENG 201       Jane Austen in Film
                                                         SOC 221         Sociology of Minorities
ENG 229       Television Histories, Television
                                                         SOC 222         Social Change
              Narratives
                                                         SOC 226         Sociology of Sex and Gender
ENG 230       Film Analysis II
                                                         SOC 228         Social Conflicts
ENG 233       Art of the Screenplay
                                                         SOC 249         Technology and Society
ENG 368       Film and Ideology
                                                         SOC 260         Sociology of Human Nature
ENG 375       Science Fiction
                                                         SOC 256         Power and Powerlessness
ENG 376       New Waves
                                                         SOC 257         Political Sociology
FRE 241       Que sais-je?
                                                         SOC 259         Theory of Social Movements
MDSC 205      America in the Seventies
                                                         SOC 275         Social Policy
MDSC 307      Medicine and Society
MDSC 224      Age of Propaganda I
                                                         American History and Social Consciousness
MDSC 225      Age of Propaganda II
                                                         (majors choose one; none of these courses can be
MDSC 300      Social Documentary
                                                         counted for the minor)
POL 363       Cyber Politics/Cyber Culture
                                                         AMST 100        History and Forms of American Culture
                                                         HIST 204        History of American Society
Studies in Critical Method and Mass Media Theory         HIST 208        Women of American History
ART 110       Visual Culture                             HIST 215        American Urban History
ENG 368       Film and Ideology                          HIST 227        African-American History I: The Early Era
PHIL 220      Semiotics                                  HIST 228        African-American History II: The
PHIL 230      Aesthetics                                                 Modern Era
PHIL 260      Mind and Language                          HIST 240        History of Immigration and Ethnicity
POL 363       Cyber Politics/Cyber Culture                                in America
WRRH 250      Talk and Text                              HIST 246        American Environmental History
                                                         HIST 250        Medieval Popular Culture
                                                         HIST 258        Transformation of Rural America




                                                   229
                                           MEDIA AND SOCIETY


HIST 306       Civil War and Reconstruction:                  critical intersections where the arts both
               1845-1877                                      influence and mediate the major historical
HIST 310       Rise of Industrial America                     events and intellectual currents of this decade.
HIST 311       20th -Century America: 1917-1941               (Friedman, offered annually)
HIST 312       The U.S. Since 1939
                                                              224 Age of Propaganda I: 1914-1945;
HIST 314       Aquarian Age: The 1960s                        225 Age of Propaganda II: 1945-2001 The
HIST 337       History of American Thought                    advent of modern or mechanized warfare
               Since 1865                                     brought awareness that propaganda directed at
HIST 340       Faulkner and Southern Historical               the home front, the enemy, and neutrals was as
               Consciousness                                  essential to victory as effective deployment of
POL 215        Minority Group Politics                        resources, weapons, and soldiers. Propaganda
POL 270        African-American Political Thought             techniques developed during World War I have
                                                              had significant influence over the later
                                                              emergence of public relations and advertising.
COURSE DESCRIPTIONS                                           This course examines the history and influence
100 Introduction to Media and Society The                     of war propaganda especially but not exclusively
course considers the cultural meanings conveyed in            of the United States during the twentieth
popular entertainment, children’s television, and             century, the Age of Propaganda. (Robertson,
advertising; the political economy of mass media              Spring, each offered alternate years)
ownership; and how the press mediates the public’s
sense of political and social realities. Students             300 Making the News This course examines
examine serious issues raised by the pervasive                how the news is made. Students are introduced to
influence of mass media, including the concentra-             the concept of narrative or representational
tion of ownership over public communications, the             paradigms used to structure news stories,
commodification of culture, and how the media                 epistemological and ethical questions in
affects the process of political persuasion. This             considering who makes the news and why, as well
course is intended for students interested in gaining         as to issues relevant to what constitutes news and
a better understanding of how we are influenced by            its social implications. The course project consists
public communications. (Robertson, Deutchman,                 of the research and editing of a film documentary.
and Staff, offered annually)                                  Students learn how to edit raw videotape to shape
                                                              news stories and analyze the implications of their
204 Imagining the West: The Myth and The                      choices. The course develops skills in collabora-
Media The image of the West in American culture               tive learning, research, critical thinking, writing,
is both real and imagined, historical and mythic.             and editing for visual impact. Prerequisites:
The so-called “frontier experience” has defined               MDSC 100 and permission of instructor.
significant aspects of cultural life and continues to         (Robertson, offered alternate years)
exert a hold on the imagination of Americans—
and those beyond our shores. This class examines              303 Social Documentary Photography and
the West as an ideological construct formed in by             moving images have been used to enlighten
both facts and legends, but most importantly,                 those who do not suffer to the lives of those who
communicated and sustained by the mass media.                 do, to forward social change, and to influence
Indeed, television and film productions have made             social policy, sometimes progressively and
the West as a vital part of American history and a            sometimes not. This course examines visual social
continuing facet of our everyday lives, and that is           documentary’s influence, largely confined to
the focus of the class. (Friedman, Fall)                      consideration of American social documentar-
                                                              ians, including influence of photographers of
205 America in the ’70s It is easy to make fun of             immigrants’ conditions in major cities during the
the ’70s with its big hair, bad music, and blighted           early 20th century; government-sponsored
fashions. Many historians see the first half of the           documentation of rural Americans’ lives during the
decade as a pounding hangover from the radical                Great Depression; and documentary films which
’60s and the second half as a counterbalancing                have shaped social conscience from consciousness.
prelude to the conservative ’80s, denying the ’70s            (Robertson, Spring, offered alternate years)
any identity of its own. But beneath the
glittering disco globes, a fundamental shift in the           305 The Fine Cut: The Basics of Film
culture, society and ideology that defined                    Editing This course offers an introduction to the
American life—one reflected and refracted in                  art of film editing, with an emphasis on the
the era's mass media and popular arts—took                    practical aspects of editing. Students learn basic
place from 1970 to 1979. This class explores the              editing techniques for narrative and documen-
’70s from the perspective of its cultural                     tary film, using either Final Cut Pro or Avid. In
productions, paying particular attention to the               addition to actual editing exercises using



                                                        230
                                            MEN’S STUDIES


unedited rushes or dailies, students study film             MEN’S STUDIES
sequences to learn various editing styles and
techniques. Finally, students study the relation-
ship of a novel, its screen adaptation and the film         Coordinating Committee
in order to understand the relationship of editing          Jack Harris, Sociology, Coordinator
to narrative. (Jiménez, offered annually)
                                                            Rocco Capraro, History
307 Medicine and Society The worlds of media                Iva Deutchman, Political Science
and medicine exist in a unique symbiosis. Not               Susan Henking, Religious Studies
only do medical issues fuel plot lines of popular           Renee Monson, Sociology
television programs and films, the creation of
cable channels devoted to health care matters,              T. Dunbar Moodie, Sociology
an ever-increasing number of books, newspaper               Lee Quinby, English
stories, magazine articles, advertisements, and             Craig Rimmerman, Political Science
Internet sites, but these media outlets, in turn,           William Waller, Economics
alter the practice and delivery of health care in
the U.S. The intricate web conjoining the
culture of medicine and the production of media             The men’s studies program offers an
has become a pervasive, two-way process that                intellectually rigorous and coherent
reflects the public’s obsession with health care
and the central role it occupies in our national
                                                            explanation of men’s lives, focusing on
consciousness. This class explores the intercon-            theories of masculinity, the history and
nections between medicine and the media,                    sociology of men’s experience, gender and
investigating this collaborative enterprise that            sexuality as organizing categories of men’s
characterizes contemporary American society.
(Friedman, offered annually)                                identity and experience, and ways of
                                                            knowing and teaching about these matters.
400 Senior Seminar This course is required of all
Media and Society majors. Normally, seniors will
enroll in this course; however, juniors may also
                                                            REQUIREMENTS FOR THE MINOR
enroll with the recommendation of their                     interdisciplinary, 5 courses
advisers. This seminar, which is a capstone                 An introductory course: either FSEM 196
course for the major, will focus on a topic                 Theories of Masculinity or another course
determined by the instructor. This is a research-
intense course. (Staff, Spring, offered annually)           approved by the coordinator; BIDS 245
                                                            Men and Masculinity; one theory course;
485 Practicum: Journalism for College                       one course on sexual minorities; and one
Newspapers A practicum offers students an
opportunity to develop their knowledge of some
                                                            course on gender. The five courses of the
aspect of the production and dissemination of               minor must include two courses from each
information through the acquisition and use of              of two divisions (humanities, social
practical skills learned from an experienced                sciences, natural sciences, and fine and
practitioner. This course is offered by an
experienced journalist and feature-story writer.            performing arts).
Course credit will be linked to reporting on
local, community, national, and international               CROSSLISTED COURSES
issues for the HWS newspaper, The Herald.                   Theory Courses
Cannot be used to satisfy the internship/
                                                            ART 211      Feminism in the Arts
practicum requirement if used toward the
concentration in Studies in Cultural Production.            ECON 310     Economics and Gender
(Offered annually)                                          ENG 304      Feminist Literary Theory
                                                            SOC 220      Sociology of Everyday Life
499 Media and Society Internship Permission only.           SOC 340      Feminist Sociological Theory
                                                            WMST 300     Feminist Theory




                                                      231
                                               MUSIC


Sexual Minorities Courses                              MUSIC
AMST 310     Sexual Minorities in America
ENG 281      Literature of Sexual Minorities
POL 219      Sexual Minority Movements and             Robert Cowles, D.M.; Associate Professor,
             Public Policy                               Department Chair
REL 283      Que(e)rying Religious Studies             Joseph M. Berta, M.A.; Professor
                                                       Nicholas V. D’Angelo, M.Mus.; Professor
Gender Courses                                         Patricia Ann Myers, Ph.D.; Professor
ANTH 220     Sex Roles: A Cross-Cultural
                                                       Robert Barbuto, B.A.; Instructor in Jazz
             Perspective
ASN 220      Male and Female in East Asian               Piano, Director of Colleges Jazz Ensemble
             Societies                                 Gregg Christiansen, M.Mus.; Instructor in
CLAS 230     Gender in Antiquity                         Piano
ENG 330      Male Heroism In The Middle Ages           Steve Curry, Instructor in Drums
PHIL 152     Issues: Philosophy and Feminism           Irina Georgieva, M.M.; Director of
POL 238      Sex and Power                               Colleges Community Chorus
PSY 223      Social Psychology
                                                       Steve Greene, B.F.A.; Instructor in Guitar
SOC 225      Sociology of the Family
SOC 226      Sociology of Sex and Gender               MaryAnn Hamilton, D.M.A.; Instructor
WRRH 221     He Says, She Says: Language and             in Organ
             Gender                                    Alan Mandel, M.A.; Instructor in Jazz
                                                         Saxophone
                                                       Kenneth Meyer, D.M.A.; Instructor in Guitar
MODERN LANGUAGES                                       Suzanne Murphy, M.M.; Instructor in Voice
The courses offered in English by foreign              John Oberbrunner, M. Mus.; Instructor in
language faculty members may now be                      Flute, Director of Colleges Woodwind
found under the listing for the respective               Ensemble
language; for example, the courses taught              Jeananne Ralston, B.Mus.; Instructor in
in English by the Department of French                   Piano
and Francophone Studies will be found at               Troy Slocum, B.M.; Instructor in Piano
the end of the listing of French courses               Jeffrey Stempien, M. Mus. Ed.; Instructor
and similarly for other foreign languages.               in Brass
                                                       James Trowbridge, M.M.; Director of
                                                         Colleges Brass Ensemble
                                                       Wendra Trowbridge, M.Mus.; Instructor
                                                         in Voice
                                                       Martin Wilson, D.M., Instructor in Voice
                                                       Andrew Zaplatynsky, B.M.; Instructor in
                                                         Violin/Viola, Director of Colleges String
                                                         Ensemble

                                                       The music department seeks to develop
                                                       the musical understanding of students who
                                                       desire to broaden their cultural perspective
                                                       through study of the arts, as well as to
                                                       prepare students wishing to pursue a
                                                       professional career in music.
                                                           Music courses are open to all students
                                                       who have fulfilled the necessary prerequisites
                                                       or gained permission of the appropriate
                                                       individual instructors. Admission to choral


                                                 232
                                                  MUSIC


and instrumental ensembles is by audition                 performed in the concert hall to hearing the
                                                          soulful strains of blues in a Chicago club, or the
only. Private instruction in applied music is             “exotic” timbres and tunings of a Balinese
available to all students for a fee of $270 per           gamelan. Each repertory is unique in its materials
semester for a total of 14 half-hour sessions.            and methods of organization, each elicits a
   The music department offers a disci-                   unique set of values and feelings in response.
                                                          Each is described and assigned meaning through
plinary major and both a disciplinary and                 the cultural filters of our own individual
interdisciplinary minor. To be counted                    backgrounds. Music utilized in the American
toward the major or minor, all course work                tradition based on European models is surveyed,
must be passed with a grade of C- or better.              as are representative models from contrasting
                                                          cultures. (Berta, offered annually)

REQUIREMENTS FOR THE MAJOR (B.A.)                         110 Introduction to Music Theory Fundamentals
disciplinary, 12 courses                                  and basic principles of Western music theory and
                                                          their application are presented in this course.
MUS 120, 121, 202, 203, 204, 231, 232,                    Specific areas include the study of clefs, major
401, 460; one additional course from MUS                  minor scales, key signatures, intervals, and triads.
130 or above; and two course credits earned               Music notation and terminology are discussed. The
                                                          final half of the course covers an introduction to
through participation in a major choral or
                                                          four-part harmonic writing, use of chords in root
instrumental ensemble for four semesters, or              position, and inversions. Basic ear training
by taking private instruction for four                    techniques are employed. (Cowles, offered annually)
semesters, or by taking two semesters of
                                                          120 Tonal Theory and Aural Skills I This course
ensemble and two of private instruction.                  strives to produce a listener/performer who can
                                                          perceive sound in meaningful patterns—
REQUIREMENTS FOR THE MINOR                                developing a hearing mind from the Western
                                                          classical tradition, including diatonic scales;
disciplinary, 6 courses
                                                          intervals; keys and triads; introduction to
MUS 120, 121; two courses from the group                  principles of voice leading; Roman numeral
MUS 202, 203, or 204; one additional                      analysis; functional harmony; and non-chordal
course from MUS 130 or above; and one                     melodic elements. The approach is an integrated
                                                          one, providing both the theoretical knowledge
course credit earned through participation                necessary for analysis and composition and the
in a major choral or instrumental ensemble                aural skills necessary for perception and perfor-
for two semesters, or by private applied                  mance. Prerequisite: MUS 110 or permission of
instruction for two semesters.                            the instructor. (Cowles, offered annually)

                                                          121 Tonal Theory and Aural Skills II This
REQUIREMENTS FOR THE MINOR                                course continues goals outlined for MUS 120. It
interdisciplinary, 7 courses                              explores further techniques of part writing,
                                                          including tonicization and modulation to closely
MUS 120, 121; two from the group MUS                      related keys, and the use of seventh chords.
202, 203 and 204; one non-music elective                  (Cowles, offered annually)
course from art, history, education,
philosophy, religious studies, anthropol-                 130 Beethoven: The Man and His Music This
                                                          course deals specifically with the music of
ogy, languages, dance, or another                         Beethoven. Among the compositions carefully
department, chosen in consultation with                   examined and listened to are his nine symphonies;
the adviser; two course credits earned                    his opera Fidelio; concertos such as The Emperor;
                                                          piano sonatas such as The Pathetique, Appassionata,
through participation in a major choral or                and Moonlight; selected string quartets; and his
instrumental ensemble, or by private                      Missa Solemnis. Beethoven’s place in history, his
applied instruction, for four semesters.                  personality, his leading the way to individualism
                                                          and subjective feeling in music, and his vision of
                                                          human freedom and dignity are also explored.
COURSE DESCRIPTIONS                                       (Berta, offered alternate years)
100 Introduction to Music Literature This
course is intended to deepen the meaning of               135 Music in America: 1750-2000 Investigating
experiencing music as a living language from              the panorama of American Music to reveal its
listening to Beethoven’s Fifth Symphony                   infinite variety and vitality, origins of American


                                                    233
                                                  MUSIC


music are traced from the Native Americans, to              204 History of Western Art Music: Romantic and
the psalm singing colonials, to the African slaves.         Modern (1800-1950) Most 19th century composers
Eighteenth century works by Billings and Mason              pushed the expressive power of chromatic harmony
are examined. Emphasis is placed on 19th- and               and thematic unity to the musical extreme. By 1910,
20th-century music. Compositions include works              most of the musical avant garde no longer found it
by Ives, Copland, Gershwin, Crumb, Antheil, and             possible to work within the constraints of the three
Bernstein. (Berta, offered alternate years)                 century old tonal system. New systems and searches
                                                            for novel sonorities led to the use of natural and
150 In a Russian Voice: Music from Glinka to                electronically generated sounds. Chance happenings
Stravinsky Borodin, Balakirev, Cui, Mussorgsky,             were advocated by composers who objected to older
and Rimsky Korsakov—who inherited a passion                 music’s predictability. The course surveys tradition
for creating “Russian” works from Glinka and                and change in romantic and modern music and is
Dargomizhsky and passed this passion on in                  based on selected readings, recordings, and scores.
elements of melody, harmony, and rhythm to                  (Myers, offered every third semester)
Stravinsky—consciously and successfully
incorporated folk and traditional elements into             206 Opera as Drama “That opera is properly a
the traditional genres of art music. This course            musical form of drama, with its own individual
considers these composers and their “Russianness”           dignity and force,” informs the content and
to discover what is “Russian” about their music             structure of this course. The central issue of the
and what impact Russian Orthodox Church music               relationship of words to music and form to meaning
and folk song and dance have had in the                     and their continuing reinterpretations is examined
development of musical language and style in the            with respect to solutions offered by Monteverdi,
20th century. (Myers, offered alternate years)              Pergolesi, Gluck, Mozart, Verdi, Wagner, and Berg.
                                                            Music moves the psyche on several levels
160 The Symphony The concert symphony is the                simultaneously; it is more holistic than the linearity
type of music most performed by orchestras today.           of verbal syntax can ever be. The ability to follow a
Students in this course study the evolution and             score in a rudimentary manner is desirable. (Myers,
ever changing nuances of symphony. They explore             offered alternate years)
the various periods and work their way through the
classical period, the romantic period, and the 20th         207 Music in American Culture: Jazz and Popular
century. (Berta, offered alternate years)                   This course studies the development of contempo-
                                                            rary styles and techniques in jazz and American
202 History of Western Art Music: Medieval and              popular music of the Western hemisphere since
Renaissance (600-1600) From Gregorian chant                 1900. (D’Angelo, offered alternate years)
and the songs of the troubadours, the beginnings of
polyphony, the “new secular style” of the 14th              210 American Musical Theater A survey of the
century, and the “sweet” harmonies of the 15th              development, as an art form, of American musical
century Burgundian school, through the                      theater from the European forms in early America to
humanistic currents of the late 15th and 16th               the present Broadway musical, including minstrels,
centuries, composers created new styles, tech-              vaudeville, burlesque, revue, comic opera, operetta,
niques, and forms, responding to the demand for             and blacks in the theatre. The course culminates
greater expressivity and more variety. The course           with a class production of a musical in concert form.
surveys tradition and change in music from 600 to           (D’Angelo, offered alternate years)
1600 and is based on selected readings, recordings,
and scores. (Myers, offered every third semester)           216 Musics of Asia Interest in the performing
                                                            arts of Asian cultures—music, theatre, and
203 History of Western Art Music: Baroque                   dance—on the part of Europeans can be traced
and Classical (1600-1800) From the early                    back to 18th century notions of enlightenment
operas of Monteverdi to the oratorios of Handel             and universality and to increased contacts with
and the cantatas of Bach, the Baroque composer              Asia through trade and colonization. The
aimed to “affect” his listener through powerful             Exhibition of 1889 introduced European
musical contrasts and rhetorical passions; Haydn,           audiences to Indonesian percussion orchestras,
Mozart, and the young Beethoven, on the other               melodic intricacies of Indian raga, and the
hand, were more interested in projecting formal             stylized movement of “Siamese” dance. Asian
logic and proportional design in their sonatas,             performing arts have unique, valid approaches to
string quartets, symphonies, and other instru-              the organization of sound and time. Among the
mental works. The course surveys tradition and              repertories studied are the classical music and
change in Baroque and classical music and is                dance of India, Indonesian gamelan, Chinese
based on selected readings, recordings, and                 Opera, and the theatrical traditions of Japan.
scores. (Berta, offered every third semester)               (Myers, offered alternate years)




                                                      234
                                                     MUSIC


217 Folk and Traditional Music of Africa and the               460 Seminar in Music History This seminar
Americas The ethnic, folk, and traditional musics              provides in depth study of selected areas within
of the Western continents fall into two groups:                the history of Western music. Subjects vary from
music found in cultures and regions having an                  year to year. Topics may focus on the works of a
urban, professional, cultivated “art” tradition; or            single composer (i.e., Mozart’s operas,
music of non literate, “primitive” peoples affected            Stravinsky’s ballets, Bach’s cantatas) or specific
marginally by literate cultures. The first helped              themes (i.e., text/music relationships). Stylistic
develop popular styles in the 20th century. The                and formal analysis of music is integrated with
second provides richness in understanding the role             European social and cultural history. Requirements
music and the other performing arts play in shaping            include active participation in discussion and
a culture’s view of itself and the surrounding world.          research projects. Students are expected to write
Among the repertories studied are Navajo                       two substantive papers. Prerequisite: permission of
ceremonial music, ritual music from the Guinea                 instructor. (Myers, offered alternate years)
Coastal area of Africa, Afro American blues and
work songs, ballad traditions of Appalachia,                   495 Honors
Andean music, Caribbean Carnival, and Afro
Brazilian dances. (Myers, offered alternate years)             Private Instruction
                                                               MUS 907          Jazz Saxophone (Mandel)
231 Tonal and Chromatic Theory This course                     MUS 908          Violin/Viola (Zaplatynsky)
focuses on chromatic harmony of 19th century                   MUS 909          Flute (Oberbrunner)
Western art music, including modulation to
                                                               MUS 910          Piano (Christiansen, Ralston,
chromatically related and non diatonic keys, and
altered chords. There is a strong emphasis on all                               or Slocum)
aspects of part writing, and on aural comprehension            MUS 911          Voice (Murphy, W. Trowbridge,
of theoretical concepts and the performance of                                   or Wilson)
more complex melodic, rhythmic, and harmonic                   MUS 912          Double Bass (D’Angelo)
materials. Prerequisite: MUS 121 or permission of              MUS 913          Brass (Stempien)
the instructor. (D’Angelo, offered annually)                   MUS 914          Woodwinds (Berta)
                                                               MUS 916          Organ (Hamilton)
232 Advanced Chromatic Theory and Counter-                     MUS 917          Guitar (Greene or Meyer)
point This course focuses on chromatic harmony of
                                                               MUS 918          Drums (Curry)
19th-century Western art music, including
modulation to chromatically related and non                    MUS 919          Jazz Piano (Barbuto)
diatonic keys, and altered chords. There is continued
emphasis on aural comprehension of theoretical                 Ensembles
concepts, part writing, and the performance of more            MUS 920          Colleges Jazz Ensemble (Barbuto)
complex melodic, rhythmic, and harmonic                        MUS 926          Colleges Woodwind Ensemble
materials, including counterpoint of the 18th and                               (Oberbrunner)
19th centuries. Prerequisite: MUS 231, or permission           MUS 930          *Colleges Chorale (Cowles)
of the instructor. (D’Angelo, offered annually)                MUS 935          Colleges Community Chorus (Bartel)
                                                               MUS 940          Colleges Brass Ensemble
400 Orchestration In this study of the ranges and
                                                                                (J. Trowbridge)
timbers of orchestral instruments with reference to
symphonic scoring, students arrange for small                  MUS 945          Colleges String Ensemble
ensembles and full orchestra. Prerequisite: permission                          (Zaplatynsky)
of instructor. (D’Angelo, offered alternate years)
                                                               *Members of the Colleges Chorale may be
401 Form and Analysis This course offers a                     considered for membership, additionally, in the
survey of selected methods of musical analysis,                Colleges Cantori, a chamber vocal ensemble.
including the traditional approaches to studying               Cantori is a not-for-credit ensemble.
form developed by Leon Stein and Douglas
Greene, La Rue’s style analysis, Schenker’s system             Note: Students who take private lessons receive one-half
for tracing the underlying tonal structure of pieces,          course credit per semester. Students who participate in the
and Perle’s handling of serial procedures and                  Colleges Chorale, Colleges Community Chorus, or
atonality. Each of the analytical systems is applied           String, Woodwind, Brass, and Jazz Ensembles, also
to representative works drawn from the six major               receive one-half course credit per semester.
style periods of Western art music. Prerequisite:
MUS 231 or permission of the instructor. (Myers,               Courses Offered as Needed
offered alternate years)                                       BIDS 298         The Ballet Russes: Modernism
                                                                                and the Arts
450 Independent Study                                          MUS 305          Fundamentals of Conducting



                                                         235
                                        PEACE STUDIES


PEACE STUDIES                                       least one disciplinary tradition. Group B
                                                    courses provide close observation and
Program Faculty                                     experiential learning relevant to the peace-
Steven Lee, Philosophy, Director                    maker role and/or meaningfully incorpo-
Betty Bayer, Women’s Studies                        rate a substantial community service
Sheila Bennett, Sociology and Asian                 requirement. In the case of the latter, the
  Languages and Literature                          program faculty adviser must approve the
Michael Dobkowski, Religious Studies                content of the community service compo-
Kevin Dunn, Political Science                       nent as appropriate to the minor.
Jack Harris, Sociology                                  Two electives from Group 1 or 2:
Feisal Khan, Economics                              electives from Group 2 Courses in Group
Dia Mohan, Sociology                                1 provide a substantive foundation in the
Alejandra Molina, Spanish and Hispanic              study of peace and justice; courses in
  Studies                                           Group 2 provide a substantive foundation
Dunbar Moodie, Sociology                            in the study of peace and conflict.
Eric Patterson, American Studies                        Two one-half unit supervised commu-
Craig Rimmerman, Public Policy                      nity service practica or 1 supervised full
Richard Salter, Religious Studies                   credit internship (PCST 399): ordinarily
Charles Temple, Education                           a full credit practicum represents a
Lesley Adams, Chaplain                              minimum of 150 hours (75 hours for one-
                                                    half credit) of community service,
                                                    internship placement, or other experien-
Peace Studies at Hobart and William
                                                    tial learning, approved by the student’s
Smith Colleges is interdisciplinary inquiry
                                                    program adviser and documented by a
into the conditions that promote social
                                                    weekly reflective journal and final report.
justice and the non-violent resolution of
                                                        Senior Independent Project (PCST
conflict in relations among individuals,
                                                    450): Enacting Peace: A self-initiated
groups, and societies. It combines
                                                    project that enacts in some way a peace-
philosophical inquiry, historical knowl-
                                                    maker role under the supervision of a
edge, critical analysis of contemporary
                                                    Peace Studies Program faculty adviser.
social conditions, experiential learning,
                                                    Projects may include creative works and
and a deep commitment to educating and
                                                    performance, and include summer projects
empowering students for citizenship in a
                                                    judged of equivalent sustained commit-
world of greater peace, equity, and social
                                                    ment by the student’s Senior Practicum
justice. Our objective for the Minor in
                                                    adviser. Note: Additional information
Peace Studies is to prepare students
                                                    regarding program requirements is
willing and able to speak and act in their
                                                    available from program faculty.
lives out of deep commitment to creating
conditions of social equity and critical            Core Group A: Theoretical Foundations for the
regard for others.                                  Study of Peace, Justice, and Conflict
                                                    ECON 236     Radical Political Economy
REQUIREMENTS FOR THE MINOR                          PHIL 150     Justice and Equality
interdisciplinary, 7 courses                        PHIL 152     Philosophy and Feminism
One foundation course: PCST 201                     PHIL 155     Morality of War
                                                    PHIL 157     Ethical Inquiry: A Multicultural
Teaching Peace or WMST 372 Peace.
                                                                 Approach
    Two core courses: one from Group A              PHIL 159     Global Justice
and one from Group B. Group A courses               PHIL 232     Liberty and Community
provide a theoretical foundation for the            PHIL 235     Morality and Self-Interest
study of peace, justice, and conflict in at         POL 180      Introduction to International Relations


                                              236
                                              PEACE STUDIES


POL 249      Protest Politics in Comparative                   Elective Group 2: Peace and Conflict
             Perspective                                       AMST 100      History and Form of American Culture
POL 380      Theories of International Relations               AMST 302      The Culture of Empire
PPOL 101     Democracy and Public Policy                       ENG 101       The Experience of War in Literature
REL 228      Religion and Resistance                           ENG 317       Hearts of Darkness
SOC 300      Classical Sociological Theory                     ENG 399       Milton
SOC 325      Moral Sociology and the Good Society              HIST 103      Revolutionary Europe
SOC 356      Power and Powerlessness                           HIST 237      Europe Since the War
SOC 370      Theories of Religion: Religion, Power,            HIST 238      The World Wars in Global Perspective
              and Social Transformation                        HIST 272      Nazi Germany
WMST 372     Peace [if not elected to meet the                 HIST 284      Africa: From Colonialsim to
             foundation course requirement]                                  Neocolonialism
                                                               HIST 285      The Middle East: Roots of Conflict
Core Group B: Theory in Action                                 HIST 301      The Enlightenment
ASN 225      Tibetan Buddhism                                  HIST 461      Seminar: War and Peace in the
PCST 201     Teaching Peace [if not elected to meet                          Middle East
             the foundation course requirement]                MDSC 224      The Age of Propaganda I
PEHR 212     Making Connections                                MDSC 225      The Age of Propaganda II
PEHR 215     Teaching for Change                               PHIL 155      Morality of War
POL 212      The Sixties in American Politics                  POL 180       Introduction to International Relations
POL 215      Racial and Ethnic Politics                        POL 212       The Sixties and American Politics
PPOL 364     Social Policy and Community Action                POL 215       Racial and Ethnic Politics
SOC 259      New Social Futures                                POL 249       Protest Politics in Comparative
SOC 290      Sociology of Community                                          Perspective
                                                               POL 254       Globalization
Elective Group 1: Peace and Justice                            POL 283       Terrorism
ALST 201     South Africa: An Orientation                      POL 290       American Foreign Policy
ALST 202     South African Women’s Narratives                  POL 380       Theories of International Relations
ALST 240     Third World Women’s Texts                         PPOL 328      Environmental Policy
ASN 225      Tibetan Buddhism                                  REL 271       The History and Impact of the
BIDS 211     Labor: Domestic and Global                                      Holocaust
ECON 236     Radical Political Economy                         REL 274       Zionism, the State of Israel, and the
PHIL 150     Justice and Equality                                            Middle East Conflict
PHIL 157     Ethical Inquiry: A Multicultural Approach         REL 401       Literary and Theological Responses
PHIL 159     Global Justice                                                  to the Holocaust
PHIL 250     Feminism: Ethics and Knowledge                    SOC 356       Power and Powerlessness
PPOL 101     Democracy and Public Policy                       SPAN 317      Arte y Revolución
PPOL 328     Environmental Policy                              SPNE 355      Gabriel Garcia Marquez (in English)
PPOL 364     Social Policy and Community Action
REL 108      Religion and Alienation in                        COURSE DESCRIPTIONS
             20th Century Culture                              201 Teaching Peace Students consider some
REL 228      Religion and Resistence                           definitions of peace that include not just “the
REL 238      Liberating Theology                               absence of war,” as the English word implies, but
REL 318      Post-Colonial Theologies                          also “wholeness, welfare, and safety,” as the
                                                               Hebrew shalom and the Arabic salaam do; and
SOC 259      New Social Futures
                                                               justice, too, as in H.L. Mencken’s famous
SOC 325      Moral Sociology and the Good Society              suggestion, “If you want peace, work for justice.”
SOC 370      Theories of Religion: Religion,                   Then students consider the work of activists in
             Power, and Social Transformation                  peace work, through their writings, in inter-
SOC 290      Sociology of Community                            views, and to the extent possible, by working
WMST 372     Peace [if not elected to meet the                 along side of them. Peace workers practice
             foundation course requirement]                    negotiation, arbitration, and conflict transforma-
                                                               tion, but as Professor David Ost reminds us, they
                                                               also recognize the legitimacy of anger. And as
                                                               Charles McCormach, president of the Save the
                                                               Children Foundation observes, they do some of



                                                         237
                                           PEACE STUDIES


their best work upstream from conflict, helping
those who would otherwise contribute to
                                                           PEER EDUCATION IN HUMAN
violence to find productive ways to live in their          RELATIONS
communities. This is a service learning course: in
addition to participating in class discussions,
students undertake service jobs related to peace-          Program Faculty
building in the Geneva community. (Fall, offered           Donna Albro, Director
alternate years)
  Typical readings: Sheldon Berman, Children’s
Social Consciousness and the Development of Social
                                                           The issues of diversity and oppression in
Responsibility; Miles Horton, The Long Haul;               an array of institutions (schools,
Davies and Kaufman (eds.) Second Track/Citizens’           corporations, hospitals, the media, etc.)
Diplomacy Concepts and Techniques for Conflict             are important political issues now and
Transformation; Lederach, Building Peace:
Sustainable Reconciliation in Divided Societies;           will continue to be so well into the 21st
McCarthy, I’d Rather Teach Peace                           century. The peer education in human
                                                           relations program helps students function
                                                           effectively in this environment by
                                                           providing them with a deep, personally
                                                           grounded understanding of such issues, as
                                                           well as experience in linking that analysis
                                                           to action.
                                                               Students ordinarily begin the peer
                                                           education in human relations minor with
                                                           PEHR 212 in the spring of their first year.
                                                           Students completing this course then
                                                           apply for admission to the minor.

                                                           REQUIREMENTS FOR THE MINOR
                                                           interdisciplinary, 6 courses
                                                           PEHR 212; three additional PEHR courses
                                                           approved by an adviser in the program;
                                                           and two approved elective courses.

                                                           ELECTIVES
                                                           ALST 200    Ghettoscapes
                                                           ALST 309    Black Cinema
                                                           ALST 216    African Literature II: National
                                                                       Literatures of Africa
                                                           AMST 310    Sexual Minorities in America
                                                           ANTH 205    Race, Class and Ethnicity
                                                           ART 201     African American Art
                                                           ART 210     Woman as Image and Image Maker
                                                           ART 212     Women Make Movies
                                                           ASN 220     Male and Female in East Asian
                                                                       Societies
                                                           BIDS 245    Men and Masculinity
                                                           ECON 122    Economics of Caring
                                                           ECON 248    Poverty and Welfare
                                                           EDUC 203    Children With Disabilities
                                                           EDUC 332    Disability, Family and Society
                                                           EDUC 337    Education and Racial Diversity in
                                                                       the U.S.




                                                     238
                            PEER EDUCATION IN HUMAN RELATIONS


EDUC 338       Inclusive Schooling                          and challenges the notion of hierarchical
EDUC 345       Women, Nature and Science                    knowledge by putting students in the role of
ENG 281        Literature of Sexual Minorities              teachers and facilitators. Prerequisite: by
ENG 291        Introduction to African American             application. (Albro, offered each semester)
               Literature I
                                                            213 Teaching Colleagues Practicum This
ENG 304        Feminist Literary Theory                     course provides students a forum to demonstrate
ENG 318        Body, Memory, and Representation             the skills and competencies learned from
ENG 342        Readings in Multi Ethnic Women’s             Teaching for Change. The practicums take the
               Literature                                   form of co-teaching the course, Culture of
ENG 381        Sexuality and American Literature            Respect, or undertaking an equivalent experi-
FRNE 213       Vietnamese Literature in Translation         ence. Students are given opportunities to
FRNE 218       French Caribbean                             practice skills commensurate with their learning.
LTAM 308       Latin American/Latino Cinema                 At the minimum, students facilitate small groups
                                                            and help create a supportive and welcoming
LTAM 310       The Latino Experience
                                                            learning environment. At the maximum,
MDSC 100       Introduction to Media and Society            students present complex teaching modules in
PHIL 152       Issues: Philosophy and Feminism              front of a large group. Prerequisite: PEHR 212 or
POL 215        Minority Group Politics                      PEHR 215. (Albro, offered annually)
POL 219        Sexual Minority Movements and
               Public Policy                                215 Teaching for Change In this course,
POL 238        Sex and Power                                students are introduced to the basics of the
POL 334        Civil Liberties                              course pedagogy, skills, and competencies.
POL 348        Racism and Hatreds                           Students explore and share their experiences of
PSY 247        Psychology of Women                          those identities that confer or deny privilege and
                                                            access to resources on several levels: personal,
REL 100        Religions in the World
                                                            interpersonal, group, and intergroup. A service
REL 271        The Holocaust                                learning component gives students the chance to
REL 272        The Sociology of the American Jew            practice and enhance their skills and knowledge.
REL 273        Foundations of Jewish Thought                Students also receive intensive skills training
REL 281        Unspoken Worlds                              and advanced-level course work on anti
REL 283        Que(e)Rying Religious Studies                oppression pedagogy in order to prepare them to
SOC 221        Sociology of Minorities                      serve as student peer educators in PEHR 212
SOC 226        Sociology of Sex and Gender                  Making Connections. Prerequisite: PEHR 212.
SOC 244        Religion in American Society                 (Albro, Fall, offered annually)
SOC 258        Social Problems
                                                            312 Making Connections Practicum In this
SOC 340        Feminist Sociological Theory                 course, students serve as facilitators for PEHR
WMST 100       Introduction to Women’s Studies              212 Making Connections. (Albro, Spring, offered
WMST 300       Feminist Theory                              each semester)

COURSE DESCRIPTIONS                                         315 Teaching for Change Practicum In this
212 Making Connections This course                          course, students serve as co-teachers for PEHR
introduces participants to the following ‘isms,’            215 Teaching for Change. (Albro, Fall, offered
their dynamics, and their interconnections:                 annually)
sexism, racism, heterosexism, classism, anti-
Semitism, ageism, and ableism. It gives students,
staff, and faculty an invaluable opportunity to
connect and inspire one another; to deal with
issues of oppression and education; to topple the
wall of resentment and fear that separate men
and women, white people and people of color,
gay/lesbian/bisexuals and heterosexuals, poor and
rich, students and teachers—and to redefine the
meaning of community at Hobart and William
Smith Colleges. The course addresses the notion
of healing and the role of emotions and attitudes
in the development of human intelligence,
provides participants with a variety of traditional
and innovative teaching and learning methods,




                                                      239
                                          PHILOSOPHY


PHILOSOPHY                                               All courses toward a philosophy major
                                                      or minor must be completed with a grade
Scott Brophy, Ph.D.; Professor,                       of C- or higher.
 Department Chair
Eugen Baer, Ph.D.; Professor                          REQUIREMENTS FOR THE MAJOR (B.A.)
Eric Barnes, Ph.D.; Assistant Professor               disciplinary, 10 courses
Benjamin Daise, Ph.D.; Professor                      PHIL 100, PHIL 370, PHIL 372, PHIL
Steven Lee, Ph.D.; Professor                          373, PHIL 390, PHIL 460; four additional
Carol Oberbrunner, Ph.D.; Assistant                   philosophy courses, two of which must be
 Professor                                            at the 200 level or higher. PHIL 100 is a
                                                      prerequisite for 300-level courses.
Courses in the philosophy department are
designed to provide students with a                   REQUIREMENTS FOR THE MINOR
background in the history of philosophy               disciplinary, 5 courses
and to assist them in developing compe-               PHIL 100 and two 300-level history of
tence in the analysis and evaluation of               philosophy courses; two additional
philosophical problems and arguments                  courses, one of which must be at the 200
that arise in making choices about their              level or above.
own lives and in participating in the
decisions on the future of our society.               COURSE DESCRIPTIONS
    Philosophy is concerned with the most             100 Introduction to Philosophy This course seeks
                                                      to provide an understanding of what philosophy is
fundamental questions that human beings               by discussing some of the main problems that
can ask. What is the ultimate nature of               philosophers examine and by developing skills in
the world? When are our beliefs justified?            the methods used in philosophy. Among the kinds
What can we know? Which actions are                   of problems considered in this course are: Can we
                                                      prove God’s existence? What distinguishes
right and which are wrong? What is the                knowledge from mere belief? Is it always wrong to
best form of government? What is the                  break the law? (Staff, offered annually)
good life? Is mind reducible to body? In                Typical readings: Plato, The Trial and Death of
addition, philosophy seeks to understand              Socrates; King, Letter From a Birmingham City Jail;
                                                      Dworkin, Civil Disobedience; Perry, Dialogue on
the bases of other areas of study, for                Immorality and Personal Identity; Cahn, Classics of
example in philosophy of science,                     Western Philosophy
philosophy of language, philosophy of law,
                                                      100 Introduction to Philosophy Wonder about the
and philosophy of art.                                existence of God, or life after death? Argue with
    The philosophy department welcomes                friends about right and wrong, and wonder if there’s
both those who have an interest in                    an answer? What gives humans free will, and could
continuing in philosophy and those who                animals or machines have it? Students who are
                                                      fascinated by these questions have the prerequisites
wish to use their philosophical training as a         to take this class. There are two sides to every issue,
basis for other life pursuits. The study of           and the heart of critical thinking is understanding
philosophy has both intrinsic and instru-             both sides. This is the skill students in this course
                                                      hone. Students do this by reading classic and
mental value. The intrinsic value is the              contemporary dialogues that represent both sides of
sense of satisfaction and self discovery that         these issues. Readings are short, focusing on depth
comes from dealing in a careful and                   and complexity. Course work consists mostly of
systematic way with basic questions. The              very short essays that will be revised. There is a
                                                      strong emphasis on precise writing and critical
instrumental value lies in the skill that the         argumentation. (Barnes, offered annually)
study of philosophy provides in critical                 Typical readings: Plato, The Trial and Death of
thinking, a skill that helps a person to              Socrates; Perry, A Dialogue on Personal Identity and
better communicate and to adapt more                  Immortality; Hume, Dialogues on Natural Religion;
                                                      Williams, A Dialogue on Free Will
effectively to changing circumstances.


                                                240
                                                PHILOSOPHY


120 Critical Thinking and Argumentative                        by addressing it, students explore what enters
Writing This course is designed to improve a                   into consideration of a question from a moral
person’s ability to think critically. While any                point of view—how different aspects of human
course in philosophy does this, this course                    relationships come into play. By virtue of that
explicitly examines the principles of good                     exploration, students see what kind of reflection
reasoning. Emphasis is placed on the evaluation,               is appropriate when we are confronted with a
the understanding, and the formulation of                      moral dilemma. The work for the course will
arguments. Instruction is given in the detection               include (1) understanding different moral
and correction of fallacies of reasoning and in the            theories, (2) applying theories to the “facts” of
writing of argumentative essays. (Offered annually)            the case, (3) evaluating different moral theories,
  Typical readings: Wright, Critical Thinking;                 (4) understanding, constructing, and evaluating
Lee, What is the Argument?                                     arguments. Students acquire an understanding of
                                                               moral concepts and how to make use of those
125 Oral Argumentation and Debate Effective                    concepts in everyday situations. Students
oral communication is essential for success in                 develop the skills for making intelligent
life. This course introduces students to the theory            judgments about which of alternative courses of
and practice of oral argumentation and debate.                 action is the morally right one.
Students read classic and contemporary texts on                  Typical readings: Robert Waller, The Bridges of
rhetoric to understand the basis of effective                  Madison County; A. I. Melden, Rights and Persons
speaking in the face of an opposing viewpoint.
Students come to understand the basic structures               140 Introduction to Value Theory Values are
and tools of argument construction and                         embodied in our interpretations, in personal and
deconstruction. There is some written work, but                collective perspectival stances we take on issues of
most graded work is in the form of oral debates,               everyday life. They become manifest in actions
including required competition in two intercolle-              and words, when we state our opinion on, say,
giate weekend (usually Friday to Saturday)                     U.S. foreign policy, the role of parenting, the role
debate tournaments. Lab fee: ($100 or less,                    of women in religion, the value of higher
depending on expenses); permission of instructor               education etc. Values are generally acted out,
is required (first-years accepted). Crosslisted as             most of them unconsciously. But some of them
WRRH 125.                                                      can be raised into our awareness and can be
   Typical readings: Aristotle, Rhetoric; Meany,               talked and written about. Although this process of
Art, Argument & Debate                                         consciousness-raising is not without its problems,
                                                               this is precisely what this course tries to
130 Moral Dilemmas: Limiting Liberty The                       undertake. This course is an occasion for students
fundamental question addressed in this course is:              to examine their personal beliefs surrounding the
To what extent is it morally justifiable to limit a            meaning or lack of meaning they encounter in
person’s liberty? The two topics in connection with            major issues around the globe, both past and
which this question is considered are pornography              contemporary. Students begin by studying and
and hate speech. Both of these topics concern                  writing about values in the form of aphorisms,
contents of expression that some people think are              anecdotes, short paragraphs. Then they aim at
justifiably restrained. Others think that however              larger texts such as parables, fables, myths,
abhorrent the contents of expression in those areas            manifestos, poems, and entire books. Students
may be, freedom of expression should be abridged               have as their main project to arrive at an overall
in very limited kinds of cases, and that the topics in         narrative embodying some of their values. All
question do not fall within that limited class. This           writing in the course is oriented toward that final
course attempts to reach an understanding of the               project.(Baer, offered occasionally)
concerns that underlie both positions, the                       Typical readings: Nietzsche, Beyond Good and
arguments that may be presented for and against                Evil; Euripides, Bacchae; Nietzsche, Birth of
both positions, and how to evaluate those                      Tragedy; Freud, Civilization and Its Discontents;
arguments in order to reach a judgment that can be             Marx/Engels, Communist Manifesto; Price, Three
shown to be satisfactory. (Daise, offered alternate            Gospels; Price, A Serious Way of Wondering;
yesrs)                                                         Kierkegaard, Works of Love
  Typical reading: Bonevac, Today’s Moral Issues
                                                               150 Philosophy and Contemporary Issues:
130 Moral Dilemmas: Doing the Right Thing A                    Justice and Equality This course treats two topics
moral dilemma is a situation in which there are                that are of current social concern: the moral
good reasons to do something and apparently                    permissibility of abortion and the justification of
equally good reasons for not doing it. In this                 affirmative action. Students learn how to apply
course students address one question from the                  the tools of philosophical analysis in attempting
moral point of view: Did a certain character in a              to resolve these issues. (Daise, offered annually)
novel do the morally right thing? While that                     Typical readings: Joel Feinberg, The Problem of
particular question is of no special significance,             Abortion; Ezorsky, Racism and Justice


                                                         241
                                                PHILOSOPHY


151 Philosophy and Contemporary Issues:                       154 Philosophy and Contemporary Issues:
Crime and Punishment This course explores the                 Environmental Ethics This course explores the
relationship between moral responsibility and                 ethical and philosophical issues that arise when
criminal responsibility. It looks at some perennial           we consider the relation between humans and
problems in ethical theory, such as: What makes               the natural environment—issues made urgent by
an act wrong? When is a person morally                        our current environmental crisis. Among
responsible for their actions? When is punishment             questions examined are: Is the value of nature
an appropriate response to behavior that violates             intrinsic or only instrumental? Do humans have
social norms? It also looks at some problems in               obligations toward nonhuman animals? Why are
legal theory and in public policy, such as: What              animal species worth preserving? Is it individual
sorts of acts ought to be criminal? When is a                 animals or ecosystems that should be of moral
person legally responsible for her actions? Why               concern? What can feminism tell us about our
should insanity be a defense to criminal charges?             treatment of nature? Are economic efficiency
The following general question links all these                and cost/benefit analysis adequate criteria for
problems: Which forms of behavior control are                 assessing our relation to the environment? (Lee,
morally justifiable responses to which forms of               offered alternate years)
social deviance? (Brophy, offered annually)                     Typical readings: VanDeVeer and Pierce, (eds.),
  Typical readings: Macklin, Man, Mind, and                   People, Penguins, and Plastic Trees; McKibben, The
Morality: The Ethics of Behavior Control; Morris, The         End of Nature; Regan, Earthbound
Brothel Boy and Other Parables of the Law; Murphy
(ed.), Punishment and Rehabilitation, 3rd ed.; Katz,          155 Philosophy and Contemporary Issues: The
Bad Acts and Guilty Minds; Butler, Erewhon                    Morality of War and Nuclear Weapons This
                                                              course explores the phenomenon of war from a
152 Philosophy and Contemporary Issues:                       moral point of view. Among the questions
Philosophy and Feminism This course                           considered are: When, if ever, is it morally justified
examines both the ways in which philosophical                 to fight a war? What, if any, are the moral limits on
concepts and methodologies have influenced                    how one may fight a war? What difference have
contemporary thinking about gender and the                    nuclear weapons made in our moral understanding
                                                              of war? Among the topics considered are: just war
ways in which feminist viewpoints have
                                                              theory, pacifism, realism, Hiroshima, and nuclear
challenged many traditional philosophical
                                                              deterrence. (Lee, offered every three years)
ideas. Among the topics discussed are: marriage                 Typical readings: Walzer, Just and Unjust Wars;
and motherhood, justice within families,                      Beckman, et al., The Nuclear Predicament
prostitution, rape, sexual harassment, abortion,
and reproductive technologies. (Staff, offered                156 Philosophy and Contemporary Issues:
alternate years)                                              Biomedical Ethics This course examines ethical
  Typical readings: Okin, Justice, Gender, and the            issues that arise in the practice of medicine, in
Family; Minas (ed.), Gender Basics; Kourany et                the delivery of health care, and in biomedical
al., (ed.), Feminist Philosophies                             research. Ethical issues arise in all areas of human
                                                              activity, but they arise in medicine with special
153 Philosophy and Contemporary Issues:                       urgency. Some reasons for this are the special
Economic Justice This course explores the                     nature of the physician/patient relationship, the
question of distributive justice: How should                  importance of the matters of life and death
social wealth be divided among the members of                 involved, the difficulty in distributing health
society? Since our world is one of scarcity, people           care in a just manner, and the many recent
often will not get everything they want, and                  technological advances in medical treatment
some may not get everything they need. What                   that exacerbate all of these problems. Among the
should determine who gets what? What role                     issues considered are informed consent, patient
should the market play in the achievement of                  autonomy, confidentiality and privacy, genetic
distributive justice? Should the North feast while            intervention, medical experimentation,
the South survives on crumbs? This course                     reproductive control, allocation of scarce
explores the question of economic or distributive             medical resources, and justice in health care
justice as it arises both among the members of                delivery. (Lee, offered alternate years)
our own society and between the First and Third                 Typical readings: Munson (ed.), Intervention
Worlds. (Lee, offered every third year)                       and Reflection: Basic Issues in Medical Ethics ed. 5;
  Typical readings: Arthur and Shaw, Justice and              Pence, Classic Cases in Medical Ethics
Economic Distribution; Luper-Foy, Problems of
International Justice; Okin, Justice, Gender, and the         156 Philosophy and Contemporary Issues:
Family                                                        Biomedical Ethics National health care policy is
                                                              determined by economic, social, moral and
                                                              political considerations. Students focus on three



                                                        242
                                               PHILOSOPHY


contemporary issues in health care policy. First,            159 Philosophy and Contemporary Issues:
which patients should be allowed to die, who                 Global Justice This course examines a set of
should decide, and should physicians assist                  ethical issues arising from the relations among
patients in dying? Second, should human cloning              nations and their peoples in the light of increasing
or genetic engineering be legal? Third, how should           global interdependence. What does global justice
society distribute our limited medical resources             require of us? What is the moral significance of
and should insurance be nationalized? A                      national borders? Are we justified in treating our
satisfactory public policy must confront all these           compatriots as more important morally than those
hard questions in a way that has not yet been                in other lands? What are the obligations of those of
done. Students grapple with these issues                     us in wealthy nations to the hundreds of millions
individually and in small groups, working to                 on our planet in extreme poverty, especially when
develop and defend a coherent stance. Mostly                 some of this poverty is the result of our own
work is very short essays that are revised. Expect a         activities? Are our obligations to those in other
strong emphasis on precise writing and critical              lands negative only (not to harm), or are they also
argumentation. The course includes three required            positive (to provide needed help)? In seeking to
film screenings outside of regularly scheduled class         answer these questions, the course examines realist,
time. (Barnes, offered alternate years)                      statist, and cosmopolitan normative theories of
   Typical readings: Kuhse & Singer, Bioethics: An           international relations. (Offered alternate years)
Anthology; Selected articles from The Journal of               Typical readings: Charles Beitz, Political Theory
Medical Ethics                                               and International Relations; Henry Shue, Basic
                                                             Rights; Thomas Pogge, World Poverty and Human
157 Ethical Inquiry: A Multicultural Approach                Rights; John Rawls, The Law of Peoples
This course considers some specific ethical issues
from global and multicultural perspectives. Topics           159 Global Justice This course examines a set of
include issues such as human rights, gender roles            ethical issues arising from the relations among
and morality, world hunger and poverty,                      nations and their peoples in the light of
euthanasia, and racial and ethnic discrimination.            increasing global interdependence and widespread
In addition to examining these issues using a                global poverty. What does global justice require of
variety of Western philosophical traditions,                 us? What is the moral significance of national
students consider approaches that come from                  borders? Are we justified in treating our
Chinese, African, Indian, Native American,                   compatriots as morally more important than
feminist, Buddhist, and Islamic cultures and                 foreigners? What are the obligations of the
perspectives. (Oberbrunner, offered occasionally)            wealthy individuals and nations to the hundreds
                                                             of millions in extreme poverty? Are our
158 Philosophy and Contemporary Issues:                      obligations to those in other lands only not to
Debating Public Policy Effectively advocating                harm them, or also to provide them needed help?
for one’s plan of action, when it’s opposed, is              In seeking to answer such questions, students
what makes the difference between just a cool                examine realist, statist, and cosmopolitan
idea and an implemented policy. However,                     normative theories of international relations.
respectfully and persuasively selling one’s ideas            (Lee, Fall)
requires knowledge and skills that most people
lack. This course develops students’ theoretical             170 Philosophy of Human Nature All our social,
knowledge of policy analysis tools and their                 legal, and political institutions depend on
practical skills (especially oral communication              assumptions about human nature, as does each of
skills) to improve their advocacy. Students work             us in everyday life. This course examines these
in teams to develop public policy positions on               assumptions. Are we purely material entities
current political, moral, and legal issues—                  conditioned by our environment? Can we change
domestic and international. Teams then formally              human nature? Might we be the sole authors of
debate these positions while other students vote             our own identity? Are we basically good? Should
on them. Strong emphasis is placed on anticipat-             society take precedence over the individual? Did
ing problems with one’s own public policy                    Freud understand humans correctly? Did Marx?
positions. Students learn about the general                  Do feminists? Students begin with readings from
structure and tools of advocacy and opposition, as           the world’s great wisdom traditions from India
well as particular issues of current concern.                and China, then our culture’s Judeo-Christian
(Barnes, offered annually)                                   foundations, followed by influential thinkers from
  Typical readings: classic and contemporary                 Western philosophy and science. (Oberbrunner,
texts in philosophy, regular reading of The New              offered every three years)
York Times and extensive group research on                     Typical readings: Leslie Stevenson (ed.) The
several debated issues                                       Study of Human Nature: A Reader (2nd ed.;
                                                             Leslie Stevenson and David L. Haberman, Ten
                                                             Theories of Human Nature (3rd ed.)



                                                       243
                                                PHILOSOPHY


190 Facts and Values This course examines a                  individuality or instead is valuable because of the
variety of issues relevant to an understanding of            community it represents. A related question is
facts and values. What is the difference between             whether social relations are best understood as
a factual claim and a value claim? Does it make              created by contract among persons or as
sense to think of facts as objective, and therefore          constitutive of personhood. What is at issue is the
the same for everyone, and values as subjective,             adequacy of liberalism. (Lee, offered alternate years)
and therefore relative to individuals, families,               Typical readings: Morgan, Classics of Moral and
races, genders, classes, and cultures? What is the           Political Theory; Avineri, Communitarianism and
relationship between values and religion? How                Individualism
are values related to emotions? Is it possible, or
even desirable, to put aside value preferences               235 Morality and Self Interest How should we
when we seek knowledge? In what ways can                     act? Morality and individual self interest are
knowledge seeking inquiries be biased? (Offered              often thought to give conflicting answers to this
alternate years)                                             question. This course examines basic issues in
  Typical readings: Rachels, Elements of Moral               moral theory by focusing on the question of
Philosophy; Quine and Ullan, The Web of Belief;              whether acting in one’s own interests is
Feinberg (ed.), Reason and Responsibility                    incompatible with acting as morality requires.
                                                             The course has a community service component.
220 Semiotics This is an introductory course to              (Lee, offered alternate years)
semiotics, the doctrine of sign in all forms and               Typical readings: Morgan, Classics in Moral and
shapes. Signs are processes of interpretation.               Political Theory; Nelson, Morality—What’s in it for
Anything (object, idea, feeling, action) can                 Me?
become a sign by being interpreted. But
interpretation is itself a sign in need of being             236 Philosophy of Law Study of the law raises
interpreted, and so semiotics quickly becomes a              many problems for which philosophy can help
labyrinth in which the concept of the sign                   provide solutions. At the same time, the law
becomes more, rather than less, problematic, as              provides valuable source material bearing on
the inquiry into its nature proceeds. A wide                 many traditional issues in philosophy. This
variety of approaches to semiotics are presented,            course studies these problems and issues by
and applications to literature, art, architecture,           examining both philosophical writings on the
dance, history, anthropology, film studies, women            law and legal opinions. Tort and contract law are
studies, photography, sociology, psychology, and             examined, as well as criminal and constitutional
biology are encouraged. (Baer, offered annually)             law. Some of the questions to be considered are:
  Typical readings: Plato, Cratylus; Berger,                 What is law? What is the relation between law
Introduction to Semiotics; Lakoff and Johnson,               and morality? To what extent is the state
Metaphors We Live By; Frank, The Wounded                     justified in interfering with a person’s liberty?
Storyteller; Bal, Meaning Making                             When are persons responsible for their actions?
                                                             What is justice? When is a person liable for harm
230 Aesthetics This course addresses a variety of            caused to others? When is it morally justified to
philosophical issues relating to the arts. Some of           punish a person? (Lee, offered alternate years)
the questions that the course considers are: What              Typical readings: Arthur and Shaw, Readings in
does the term “beautiful” mean? Are there other              Philosophy of Law; Scalia, A Matter of Interpretation
measures of aesthetic value besides “beauty?”
What is the nature of artistic creativity? What is           237 Philosophy of Religion After reviewing
originality in art? Is there a role for art critics?         some world religions, this course examines
What is the purpose of art museums? How are                  philosophically a variety fundamental questions
interpretations and evaluations of art influenced            about religion. Can we honor both the global
by race, gender, class, etc.? What value do the              diversity of religions and our common humanity?
arts have for society? (Oberbrunner, offered                 Can rational thought help us? The Western
annually)                                                    tradition, both classical and contemporary,
  Typical readings: Korsmeyer (ed.), Aesthetics:             includes a fascinating set of arguments to prove
The Big Questions, Neill and Ridley, Arguing                 God’s existence. Are they successful? Students
About Art; Neill and Ridley, The Philosophy of               address the Problem of Evil, a perennial question
Art; Battin et al., Puzzles About Art                        about why there is so much human suffering. Is
                                                             religion patriarchal? What are some different
232 Liberty and Community This is a basic                    ways of understanding the nature of divinity?
course in political philosophy. The focus is on              Can we understand personal immortality? What
striking a balance in a political order between the          is the relationship between religion and science?
freedom of the individual and the demands of                 Students look at several perspectives on religious
community. The central question is whether the               truth and ways of knowing it. (Oberbrunner,
state is merely instrumental to the fostering of             offered alternate years)



                                                       244
                                                PHILOSOPHY


 Typical readings: Huston Smith, The World’s                  discusses issues in science and epistemology (i.e.,
Religions; Louis P. Pojman, Philosophy of Religion;           theory of knowledge). Historically, how has
Yeager Hudson, The Philosophy of Religion                     science contributed to the subordination of
                                                              women? Are social and political considerations
238 Philosophy of Natural Science: A Contempo-                relevant to science? Is it possible for science to
rary Introduction This course focuses on several              be “objective?” What can be done to make
questions: What is “scientific method?” What is               science less biased? (Offered alternate years)
“inductive reasoning?” When is data evidence for a              Typical readings: Kant, Grounding for the
theory? How well can different sciences explain and           Metaphysics of Morals; Mill, Utilitarianism; Held
predict the natural world? What is the relationship           (ed.), Justice and Care; Sherwin, No Longer
between explanation and prediction? What is the               Patient; Kourany (ed.), The Gender of Science
process by which a scientific community rejects one
theory and replaces it with another? (Brophy, offered         260 Mind and Language This course explores
every three years)                                            one of the newest theories of mind and language
  Typical readings: Hacking, Representing and                 and applies it to one of the oldest philosophic
Intervening; Casti, Searching for Certainty: What             texts. The circle linking Lakoff and Johnson
Scientists Can Know About the Future; Boyd,                   (1999) to the work of Chuang Tzu (4th century
Gasper, and Trout, (eds.), The Philosophy of                  B.C.) does not only enclose some 2,500 years of
Science                                                       philosophy but also attempts to build a bridge
                                                              between a U.S. version of a philosophy of
240 Symbolic Logic This course is an introduction             cognitive science with a version of Chinese
to the techniques and theories of formal logic. It            Taoism. Specifically, students study a method of
involves logic games and very user friendly                   cognitive linguistics which states that the mind
instructional software in the Macintosh computer              is inherently embodied and articulates itself
laboratory. Topics include translation to artificial          mostly in metaphors in ways that remain largely
languages; formal techniques and procedures                   unconscious. (Baer, offered annually)
(natural deduction and trees); the concepts of                  Typical readings: Lakoff and Johnson,
validity, soundness, completeness, and consis-                Philosophy in the Flesh; Mair, Wandering on the
tency; and the theory of deductive reasoning.                 Way; Mote, Intellectual Foundations of China
(Brophy, offered every three years)
  Typical readings: Barwise and Etchemendy, The               370 Ancient Philosophy This course gives
Language of First Order Logic, including the                  careful attention to Plato’s arguments on
program, “Tarski’s World”                                     questions of morality. It explores Plato’s view of
                                                              the proper relationship between the individual
242 Experiencing and Knowing How trustworthy                  and society and the relationship between that
are our sense organs for giving us information                view and Plato’s theory of knowledge. The views
about the world? Is there any other good source               of the Sophists are examined, and Aristotle’s
of knowledge besides sensory experience? How                  views in Metaphysics are also considered. (Daise,
reliable are the inductive methods of science?                offered annually)
How can we tell when we have achieved                           Typical readings: Plato, Meno; Protagoras,
knowledge? What is the scope of human                         Republic; Aristotle, Metaphysics
knowledge? What are its limits? This course
examines some 20th century discussions of these               372 Early Modern Philosophy This course is an
and similar questions that have long intrigued                introduction to the principal works and central
thinkers wishing to understand the capacities of              theories of the early modern period (1600-1750).
the human mind. (Offered alternate years)                     The philosophical thought of this period was
  Typical readings: Alcoff (ed.), Epistemology:               closely tied to the newly developing sciences and
The Big Questions, Pojman (ed.,) The Theory of                also to profound changes in religion, politics, and
Knowledge                                                     morality. Accompanying the transformation of
                                                              thinking in all of these areas was a renewed interest
250 Feminism: Ethics and Knowledge This                       in skeptical theories from ancient sources, and
course examines various feminist critiques of                 what emerged was the beginning of uniquely
traditional approaches to ethics and to knowl-                modern approaches to philosophy. Each year this
edge. The first half of the course addresses moral            course focuses on a handful of texts from this
issues. Are traditional moral theories adequate for           period, to be selected from the works of
addressing the problems that women face? Do                   Montaigne, Bacon, Galileo, Descartes, Hobbes,
women tend to think about morality differently                Bayle, Arnauld, Gassendi, Mersenne, Leibniz,
than men do? What is “feminist ethics?” What                  Spinoza, Boyle, Butler, Malbranche, Pascal,
moral obligations does it assign to individuals?              Newton, Locke, Berkeley, and Hume. (Brophy,
What are its implications for governments and                 offered annually)
social policy? The second half of the course



                                                        245
                                                   PHYSICS


373 Kant Kant’s critical and transcendental                   PHYSICS
investigations of the limits of the ability of the
human mind to resolve issues of what we can know
and how we should act have been enormously                    Donald Spector, Ph.D.; Professor, Philip J.
influential for all subsequent philosophical inquiry.          Moorad ’28 and Margaret N. Moorad
This course is devoted to understanding the
problems Kant faced, the answers he advanced, and              Professor of Science, Department Chair
the difficult and intriguing arguments he provided            Theodore Allen, Ph.D.; Associate
to support his views. Because understanding Kant’s             Professor
empirical realism and transcendental idealism is
                                                              Larry Campbell, Ph.D.; Research Profes-
incomplete without critical scrutiny of his
argument, objections are introduced and discussed.             sor
(Baer, offered annually)                                      Pasad Kulatunga, Ph.D.; Assistant
  Typical readings: Kant, Critique of Pure Reason,             Professor
Foundations of the Metaphysics of Morals, Religion
within the Limits of Reason Alone                             Steven Penn, Ph.D.; Assistant Professor

390 Contemporary Philosophy This course traces                Historically, the discipline of physics is
the development of contemporary philosophy in                 identified as that branch of science which
the analytic Anglo-American tradition from
Charles Peirce and Bertrand Russell through                   seeks to discover, unify, and apply the
Ludwig Wittgenstein and Willard Quine, and                    most basic laws of nature. Our curriculum
beyond. Among the philosophical movements                     introduces students to its principal
considered are pragmatism, naturalism, realism,
intuitionism, positivism, emotivism, linguistic
                                                              subfields—electromagnetism, mechanics,
philosophy, conventionalism, and the return to                thermal physics, optics, and quantum
normative theory. Special attention is paid to the            mechanics—and provides the most
development of analytic philosophy within ethics.             extensive training in mathematical and
At the end, an important recent book in analytic
philosophy is studied. (Lee, offered annually)                analytical methods of any of the sciences.
  Typical readings: Lindberg, Analytic Philosophy;            Since this is the foundation upon which
Cahn and Haber, Twentieth Century Ethical Thought             all other sciences and engineering are
450 Independent Study
                                                              based, the study of physics provides a
                                                              strong background for students who plan
460 Senior Seminar This course has variable                   careers in areas such as physics, astrophys-
content. Each year a central philosophical issue              ics, astronomy, geophysics, oceanography,
or the work of an important philosophical figure
is examined. (Offered annually)                               meteorology, engineering, operations
                                                              research, teaching, medicine, and law.
495 Honors                                                    Because physics is interested in first
                                                              causes, it has a strong connection to
Courses Offered Occasionally:*
140            Introduction to Value Theory
                                                              philosophy as well.
153            Philosophy and Contemporary                        Increasingly in the modern era,
               Issues: Economic Justice                       physicists have turned their attention to
160            Philosophy of Medicine                         physics applications in areas where their
205            Ideas of Self                                  analytical and experimental skills are
225            Versions of Verity                             particularly demanded, exploring such
237            Philosophy of Religion
                                                              things as nanotechnology, controlled
271            Medieval Philosophy
274            German Idealism                                nuclear fusion, the evolution of stars and
380            Experience and Consciousness:                  galaxies, the origins of the universe, the
               Introduction to Phenomenology                  properties of matter at ultra-low tempera-
381            Existentialism                                 tures, the creation and characterization of
                                                              new materials for laser and electronics
*Frequency as determined by student demand and
faculty availability                                          technologies, and biophysics and biomedi-
                                                              cal engineering.
                                                                  PHYS 150 and 160 have a calculus


                                                        246
                                          PHYSICS


corequisite and are intended for students            count toward the major in the departments
majoring in the natural sciences or other            that offer them satisfy this requirement.
students with a strong interest in science.
    Courses with numbers lower than 150              REQUIREMENTS FOR THE MINOR
are particularly suitable for students not           disciplinary, 6 courses
majoring in a physical science. Prerequi-            PHYS 150, PHYS 160, PHYS 270, and
sites for any course may be waived at the            three additional physics courses.
discretion of the instructor. Grades in
courses comprising the major or the minor            COURSE DESCRIPTIONS
must average C- or better.                           110 “Beam Me Up, Einstein”: Physics
                                                     Through Star Trek Can you really learn physics
                                                     watching Star Trek? This course says “yes.”
BINARY ENGINEERING PLAN                              Students consider such Star Trek staples as warp
A joint-degree engineering program is                drive, cloaking devices, holodecks, and time
offered with Columbia University, The                travel, and learn what the principles of physics
                                                     tell us about these possibilities—and what these
Thayer School of Engineering at                      possibilities would mean for the principles of
Dartmouth, Rensselaer Polytechnic                    physics. Anyone who has ever enjoyed a science
Institute, and Washington University.                fiction book or movie will find that using Star
Upon completion of three years at Hobart             Trek offers an excellent context for learning
                                                     about a variety of topics in physics, including
and William Smith Colleges and two                   black holes, antimatter, lasers, and other exotic
years at an engineering school, a student            phenomena. (Offered annually)
will receive a B.S. in engineering from the            Typical readings: L. Krauss, The Physics of Star
                                                     Trek; R. March, Physics for Poets
engineering school and either a B.A. or a
B.S. from Hobart or William Smith.                   112 Introduction to Astronomy This course
Majoring in physics here provides the best           offers a survey of the celestial universe, including
preparation for further work in most                 planets, stars, galaxies, and assorted other
                                                     celestial objects which are not yet well
engineering fields. A similar program may            understood. The Big Bang cosmological model is
be constructed at many other engineering             thoroughly explored, as are the various
schools via the transfer process. See “Joint         observational techniques employed to collect
Degree Programs” elsewhere in the                    astronomical data. (Offered annually)
Catalogue for details.                               140 Principles of Physics This is a one-semester
                                                     survey course in physics with laboratory, which
REQUIREMENTS FOR THE MAJOR (B.A.)                    makes use of algebra and trigonometry, but not
                                                     calculus. It is designed particularly for architec-
disciplinary, 12 courses                             tural studies students, for whom it is a required
PHYS 150, PHYS 160, PHYS 270, PHYS                   course. It also provides a serious, problem-solving
285, PHYS 383, MATH 130 Calculus I,                  introduction to physics for students not wishing
MATH 131 Calculus II, and five addi-                 to learn calculus. The following topics are
                                                     included: mechanics (particularly statics, stress,
tional courses in physics at the 200 or 300          and strain), sound, and heat. This course satisfies
level. A course at the 200 or 300 level from         the physics prerequisite for PHYS 160. (Offered
another science division department may              annually)
                                                       Typical reading: Hecht, Physics
be substituted for a physics course with the
approval of the department chair.                    150 Introductory Physics I This is a calculus-
                                                     based first course in mechanics and waves with
REQUIREMENTS FOR THE MAJOR (B.S.)                    laboratory. Prerequisite: MATH 130 Calculus I
                                                     (may be taken concurrently). (Offered annually)
disciplinary, 16 courses                               Typical reading: Young and Freedman,
All of the requirements for the B.A.                 University Physics
physics major, plus four additional courses
                                                     160 Introductory Physics II This course offers a
in the sciences. Only those courses which            calculus-based first course in electromagnetism
                                                     and optics with laboratory. Prerequisites: PHYS



                                               247
                                                 PHYSICS


150 and MATH 131 Calculus II (may be taken                  statistics of data analysis, techniques of linear
concurrently). (Offered annually)                           and nonlinear fitting, discrete Fourier analysis,
  Typical reading: Young and Freedman,                      eigenvalues and linear systems, signal processing,
University Physics                                          numerical solutions of differential equations,
                                                            numerical integration, and symbolic computing.
240 Electronics This course offers a brief                  Additional topics may include complex analysis,
introduction to AC circuit theory, followed by              finite element modeling, and control theory.
consideration of diode and transistor characteris-          Students learn to solve problems with software
tics, simple amplifier and oscillator circuits,             such as MatLab and Maple. Prerequisite: PHYS
operational amplifiers, and IC digital electronics.         285. (Offered annually)
With laboratory. Prerequisite: PHYS 160.                      Typical reading: Bevington, Data Reduction and
(Offered alternate years)                                   Error Analysis for the Physical Sciences

262 Applied Photonics This course surveys new               351 Mechanics Particle dynamics and energy,
optical technologies widely used to control light,          potential functions, oscillations, central forces,
with an emphasis on generation, detection, and              dynamics of systems and conservation laws, rigid
imaging. These include new techniques in                    bodies, rotating coordinate systems, Lagrangian
microscopy relevant to biological applications              and Hamiltonian methods are explored in this
and nanotechnology, applications of lasers in               course. Prerequisites: PHYS 160 and MATH 131
micromanipulation, optical trapping, quantum-               Calculus II. (Offered alternate years)
dots, and fluorescence imaging of cells and single            Typical reading: Barger and Olsson, Classical
molecules. Prerequisites: PHYS 160 and MATH                 Mechanics
131 Calculus II or permission of the instructor.
(Offered alternate years)                                   352 Quantum Mechanics This course develops
   Typical reading: Saleh and Teich, Fundamen-              quantum mechanics, primarily in the
tals of Photonics; Greulich, Micromanipulation by           Schrödinger picture. Topics include the solutions
light in Biology and Medicine                               of the Schrödinger equation for simple
                                                            potentials, measurement theory and operator
270 Modern Physics This course provides a                   methods, angular momentum, quantum statistics,
comprehensive introduction to 20th-century                  perturbation theory and other approximate
physics. Topics are drawn from the following:               methods. Applications to such systems as atoms,
special relativity; early quantum views of matter           molecules, nuclei, and solids are considered.
and light; the Schrödinger wave equation and its            Prerequisite: PHYS 270. (Offered alternate years)
applications; atomic physics; masers and lasers;              Typical reading: Griffiths, Introduction to
radioactivity and nuclear physics; the band                 Quantum Mechanics
theory of solids; and elementary particles.
Prerequisites: PHYS 160 and MATH 131                        361 Electricity and Magnetism In this course
Calculus II. (Offered annually)                             students examine the vector calculus treatment
  Typical reading: Serway, Moses, and Moyer,                of electric and magnetic fields in both free space
Modern Physics                                              and in dielectric and magnetic materials. Scalar
                                                            and vector potentials, Laplace’s equation, and
285 Math Methods This course covers a number                Maxwell’s equations are treated. Prerequisites:
of mathematical topics that are widely used by              PHYS 160 and MATH 131 Calculus II. (Offered
students of science and engineering. It is intended         alternate years)
particularly to prepare physics majors for the                Typical reading: Griffiths, Introduction to
mathematical demands of 300-level physics                   Electrodynamics
courses. Math and chemistry majors also find this
course quite helpful. Techniques that are useful in         362 Optics A survey of optics that includes
physical science problems are stressed. Topics are          geometrical optics, the usual topics of physical
generally drawn from: power series, complex                 optics such as interference and diffraction, and
variables, matrices and eigenvalues, multiple               lasers. Prerequisites: PHYS 160 and MATH 131
integrals, Fourier series, Laplace transforms,              Calculus II. (Offered alternate years)
differential equations and boundary value                     Typical reading: Hecht, Optics
problems, and vector calculus. Prerequisite:
MATH 131 Calculus II. (Offered annually)                    375 Thermal Physics This course reviews the
  Typical reading: Boas, Mathematical Methods in            laws of thermodynamics, their basis in statistical
the Physical Sciences                                       mechanics, and their application to systems of
                                                            physical interest. Typical applications include
287 Computational Methods in Physics This                   magnetism, ideal gases, blackbody radiation,
course covers the theory and methodology of the             Bose-Einstein condensation, chemical and
most common computational methods used in                   nuclear reactions, neutron stars, blackholes, and
modern physics. Topics typically include the


                                                      248
                                          POLITICAL SCIENCE


phase transitions. Prerequisites: PHYS 160 and               POLITICAL SCIENCE
MATH 131 Calculus II. (Offered alternate years)
 Typical reading: Kittel and Kroemer, Thermal
Physics                                                      Iva E. Deutchman, Ph.D., Professor,
                                                               Department Chair
380 Contemporary Inquiries in Physics This
course examines current major lines of develop-              Jodi Dean, Ph.D., Associate Professor
ment in the understanding of physics. Typical                Kevin Dunn, Ph.D., Assistant Professor
examples include neutrino astronomy, supercon-               Cedric Johnson, Ph.D., Assistant
ductivity, superstrings and other attempts at
                                                               Professor
unification, phase transitions, the early universe,
and chaotic dynamics. Prerequisites: PHYS 270                DeWayne Lucas, Ph.D., Assistant
and two 300 level physics courses or permission                Professor
of the instructor. (Offered occasionally)                    David Ost, Ph.D., Professor
381 Topics in Laboratory Physics I This                      Paul A. Passavant, Ph.D., Associate
laboratory course offers a series of experiments               Professor
for students in 200 or 300 level physics courses.
Whenever possible the experiments assigned are               Political Science offers courses in four
related to the field of physics being studied in the
corresponding 200 or 300 level courses. PHYS                 subfields: American politics (AMER),
381 and PHYS 382 together may be substituted                 comparative politics (COMP), political
for PHYS 383. (0.5 credit; offered occasionally)             philosophy and theory (TH), and
382 Topics in Laboratory Physics II This
                                                             international relations (IR). Each subfield
laboratory course offers a series of experiments             has a 100-level introductory course. The
for students in 200 or 300 level physics courses             100-level courses can be taken in any
similar to PHYS 381 but at a higher level. PHYS              order. The 200- and 300-level courses are
381 and PHYS 382 together may be substituted
for PHYS 383. (0.5 credit; offered occasionally)             of equivalent difficulty, although the 300-
                                                             level courses tend to focus on more
383 Advanced Physics Laboratory This                         specialized topics. The 400-level courses
laboratory course meets once a week and offers a
series of experiments for students in 200 or 300
                                                             are seminars and are limited to junior and
level physics courses. Whenever possible the                 senior political science majors.
experiments assigned are related to the field of                 Political Science offers a disciplinary
physics being studied in the corresponding 200               major and minor. All courses must be
or 300 level courses. PHYS 383 is required of all
physics majors. (Offered annually)                           completed with a grade of C- or better in
                                                             order to be credited toward the major.
450 Independent Study
                                                             REQUIREMENTS FOR THE MAJOR (B.A.)
495 Honors
                                                             disciplinary, 10 courses
                                                             Two introductory courses from among
                                                             POL 110, POL 140, POL 160, and POL
                                                             180; one course in each of the four
                                                             subfields (the introductory courses count);
                                                             a seminar in the junior and senior years;
                                                             and a group of four courses, one of which
                                                             may be outside the department, that
                                                             define a theme or focus and are approved
                                                             by the adviser. Except for seminars, no
                                                             more than four courses in any one
                                                             subfield count toward the major.




                                                       249
                                           POLITICAL SCIENCE


REQUIREMENTS FOR THE MINOR                                     Political Theory Subfield
disciplinary, 5 courses                                        POL 160        Introduction to Political Theory
                                                               POL 175        Introduction to Feminist Theory
Five political science courses in at least
                                                               POL 261        Quantitative Research Methods in
three separate subfields (American                                            Political Science
politics, comparative politics, interna-                       POL 264        Legal Theory
tional relations, political theory), three of                  POL 265        Modern Political Theory
which must be at the 200 level or higher.                      POL 266        Contemporary Political Theory
                                                               POL 270        African-American Political Thought
COURSE CONCENTRATIONS                                          POL 279        Radical Thought from Karl Marx to
                                                                              George Bush
Note: Some courses serve more than one subfield.
                                                               POL 310        Feminist Legal Theory
Seminars do not count toward subfields.
                                                               POL 363        Cyber Politics/Cyber Culture
American Politics Subfield
                                                               POL 375        Feminist Legal Theory
POL 110        Introduction to American Politics
                                                               POL 379        Radical Thought, Left and Right
POL 212        The Sixties
POL 215        Racial and Ethnic Politics
POL 221        Voting and Elections                            CROSSLISTED COURSES
POL 222        Political Parties                               PPOL 219       Sexual Minority Movements and
POL 224        American Congress                                              Public Policy
POL 225        American Presidency                             PPOL 328       Environmental Policy
POL 229        State and Local Government                      PPOL 364       Social Policy and Community
POL 236        Urban Politics and Public Policy                               Activism
POL 238        Sex and Power
POL 249        Protests, Movements, Revolutions                COURSE DESCRIPTIONS
POL 270        African-American Political Thought              110 Introduction to American Politics This
POL 320        Mass Media                                      course examines the capability of the American
POL 328        Environmental Policy                            political system to respond to the needs of all its
                                                               citizens. It looks at historical origins, basic
POL 332        American Constitutional Law
                                                               institutions, distribution of power, popular
POL 333        Civil Rights                                    influence, parties and social movements, the
POL 334        Civil Liberties                                 relationship of capitalism to democracy, and
POL 335        Law and Society                                 inequalities based on class, race, and gender.
                                                               (Deutchman, Lucas, Johnson, Passavant, offered
Comparative Politics Subfield                                  each semester; subfield: AMER)
POL 140        Introduction to Comparative Politics              Typical readings: readings change each
POL 243        Europe after Communism                          semester, but include several books and often the
POL 245        Politics of the New Europe                      daily New York Times
POL 248        Politics of Development
                                                               140 Introduction to Comparative World
POL 249        Protests, Movements, Revolutions                Politics An ambitious introductory course, aimed
POL 254        Globalization                                   at teaching students both basic political
POL 255        Politics of Latin American Development          concepts—such as individualism and
POL 257        Russia/China Unraveled                          communitarianism, tradition and modernity,
POL 258        Middle East Politics                            right and left, fascism and communism,
POL 259        African Politics                                democracy and capitalism—as well as the
POL 348        Racism and Hatreds                              fundamentals of various political systems
                                                               throughout the world. Students look at the
                                                               impact of westernization, modernization,
International Relations Subfield
                                                               nationalism, racism, class conflicts, foreign
POL 180        Introduction to International Relations         intervention, and globalization and anti-
POL 248        Politics of Development                         globalization as they try to figure out just why it
POL 254        Globalization                                   is that the world’s political systems are organized
POL 280        Contemporary International Relations            the way they are. (Ost, Staff, offered each semester;
POL 283        Terrorism                                       subfield: COMP)
POL 290        American Foreign Policy
POL 296        International Law                               160 Introduction to Political Theory This course
POL 380        Theories of International Relations             reads classical political theory from the Ancient
                                                               Greeks through the early modern period in
POL 394        Identity and International Relations
                                                               England. The class introduces students to some of


                                                         250
                                           POLITICAL SCIENCE


the major themes through which politics and                      Typical readings: Diamond, Not by Politics
political life have been understood. Beginning                 Alone: The Enduring Influence of the Christian
with Thucydides, it examines the virtues and                   Right; Christie Whitman, It’s My Party, Too;
values of the ancient world with attention to the              David Dombe, God Willing?
dilemma between justice and expediency.
Continuing with Plato and Aristotle, it considers              212 The Sixties “The Sixties” is commonly
justice, reason, and the good in the context of life           memorialized as a period of radical social, political
in the polis. The course ends with the challenges              and cultural change in the United States. This
Machiavelli’s and Hobbes’ notions of power                     course examines the origins of the various social
present for the presumption of an original human               movements—civil rights, black power, anti-war,
sociality, for the emergence of liberal ideals of              women’s liberation—which characterized the
individual autonomy and national sovereignty.                  decade and assesses their impact on the late 20th
(Dean, offered annually; subfield: TH)                         century American political landscape. By
                                                               engaging primary materials, sociological studies
175 Introduction to Feminist Theory This                       and autobiography, students are asked to offer
course introduces students to key ideas in                     critical analysis of the era’s many leaders,
American feminist thought. Juxtaposing the                     organizations and ideas. Additionally, this course
concerns motivating first, second, and third wave              addresses the character of conservative responses
feminists, the course highlights changes in the                to the egalitarian overtures of Sixties oppositional
politics of bodies, gender, and identities. How is             movements and public policy changes. (Johnson,
it, for example, that some second wave feminists               offered alternate years)
sought to politicize housework while contempo-
rary feminists are more likely to concern                      215 Racial and Ethnic Politics This course
themselves with complex articulations of                       examines the historical and contemporary
sexuality, pleasure, and autonomy? The course                  relationship between ethnic minority and
situates these changes within their social,                    majority groups in the American political system.
economic, and historical contexts. Course                      The course looks at the use and effectiveness of
materials include films, popular culture, memoirs,             political and social power in shaping American
and novels as well as important texts in feminist              race relations and the ability of alternative
theory. (Dean, offered occasionally; subfield: TH)             methods to change those relations. The focus of
                                                               the course is largely on the relationship between
180 Introduction to International Relations As                 U.S. society and African-Americans, but Asian-
a broad introduction to the study of international             Americans, Hispanic-Americans, and Native
relations (IR), this course is designed to give                Americans are also covered. (Johnson, offered
students an understanding of the basic concepts                annually; subfield: AMER)
of world politics, an appreciation of the                        Typical readings: Pohlmann, Black Politics in
evolution of the current state system, and a                   Conservative America; Fong, The Contemporary
sampling of various approaches and theories of                 Asian American Experience; Duigan and Gann,
IR. Readings come from primary documents, as                   The Spanish Speakers in the United States
well as a standard text. The course is grounded in
an awareness of current events. Students                       221 Voting and Elections This course studies
examine how the lens used to view the world                    both the operation of elections and the role of
shapes understanding of the world, its problems,               public opinion in shaping the government of the
and possible solutions. (Dunn, offered every                   United States. It examines historical and
semester; subfield: IR)                                        contemporary patterns of voting and explores
  Typical readings: John Baylis and Steve Smith,               the expansion and limitation of suffrage in the
The Globalization of World Politics; Sven                      political process. (Lucas, offered alternate years,
Lindqvist, Exterminate all the Brutes                          subfield AMER)
                                                                 Typical readings: Dionne and Pomper, The
204 Modern American Conservatism One of the                    Election of 2000; Lublin Paradox of Representation;
most significant factors in American politics over             Norrander and Wilcox, Understanding Public Opinion
the last 25 years has been the rise of the Right in
the United States. Although there has long been a              222 Political Parties Despite early skepticism
tradition of an active Right in the U.S., it was for           and modern contempt, political parties have
the most part politically marginalized. Over the last          become integral components of the American
25 years it has been increasingly successful and               political process. This course examines the
influential. This is especially true for the Religious         historical and contemporary functions of
Right or Christian Right. In this class students focus         American political parties in comparison to
specifically on the role of the media, both in terms           other democratic nations. It outlines the
of how it spreads the message of the Christian Right           operational, functional, and electoral factors
and how it is used by the Right.(Deutchman,                    that shape the American party system. The
offered annually, subfield: AMER)


                                                         251
                                          POLITICAL SCIENCE


course further examines the role and challenges              between city, state, and national governments.
of third parties in the U.S. (Lucas, offered                 (Johnson, offered annually; subfield: AMER)
annually, subfield AMER)                                       Typical readings: Banfield, The Unheavenly
  Typical readings: Eldersveld and Walton,                   City Revisited; Buss and Redburn, Shutdown at
Political Parties in American Society; Herrnson and          Youngstown; Wilson, The Truly Disadvantaged;
Green, Multiparty Politics in America; Wayne, The            Kozol, Savage Inequalities
Road to the White House
                                                             238 Sex and Power The overwhelmingly male
224 The American Congress This course                        bias in the American political system raises
examines Congress as a major institution within              fundamental questions about equity, justice, and
the American political system. It studies the                the representation of all interests. The feminist
constitutional, theoretical, and practical                   movement, in an attempt to answer some of
behavior of members of the legislative branch in             these questions, has in effect redefined politics
relation to American public policy, other                    itself, fundamentally altering the terms of the
political institutions, and the American public at           debate. This course uses the framework that “the
large. Particular attention is devoted to                    personal is political” to critique the American
influences on congressional behavior. (Lucas,                political system from a variety of feminist
offered annually, subfield AMER)                             perspectives. Specifically, the course focuses on
  Typical readings: Dodd and Oppenheimer,                    the issues of the sexual revolution, rape and
Congress Reconsidered; Jacobson, The Politics of             pornography, and the sexuality debates within
Congressional Elections; Smith, The American                 the feminist community. (Deutchman, offered
Congress; Waldman, The Bill: How Legislation                 annually; subfield: AMER)
Really Becomes Law                                             Typical readings: Juska, A Roundheeled Woman;
                                                             Lefkowitz, Our Guys
225 The American Presidency This course
examines presidential powers from both                       243 Europe After Communism An old Chinese
historical and contemporary perspectives. It                 curse says “May you live in interesting times!”
places the presidency within the broader                     East Europeans have, living through all the great
analytical context of James MacGregor Burns’                 (and awful) “isms” of the last century and ending
notion of “the deadlock of democracy,” and                   up with postcommunist global capitalism today.
assesses whether the office of the presidency has            The course focuses on communism: what was it,
the power needed to translate presidential                   why did people embrace it, why did it fail? Then
objectives into public policy during a time of               it studies what has happened since: it looks at
resource scarcity. Finally, it assesses proposed             the revolutions of 1989, the dilemmas of
policy recommendations for constitutional and                democratization, the rise of nationalism, the
procedural reform. (Subfield: AMER)                          problem of privatization, the rise and decline of
  Typical readings: Lowi, The Personal President;            civil society, and the social costs of transforma-
Grover, The President as Prisoner; Smith, George             tion. The course looks at the region in general,
Bush’s War; several other paperbacks                         with particular focuses on Poland and the former
                                                             Yugoslavia. (Ost, offered alternate years; subfield:
229 State and Local Government This course is                COMP)
concerned with the structures, functions, and                  Typical readings: Ost, Solidarity and the Politics
politics of state governments. It highlights the             of Antipolitics; Greskovits, Political Economy of
similarities and differences that characterize the           Protest and Patience; Glenny, The Fall of
50 states. It examines the historical and                    Yugoslavia; Powers, In the Memory of Forest
constitutional roles of the states; the role of the
states in the federal system; and variations among           245 Politics of the New Europe This course
the states in regard to economic characteristics,            studies the evolution of postwar Europe—from
citizen attitudes, voter participation, political            radicalism to globalism, the welfare state to
parties, and public policy. (Subfield: AMER)                 Blairist Thatcherism, Stalinism to the fall of the
  Typical readings: Saffell, State and Local                 Berlin wall, American domination to the rise of
Government: Politics and Public Policy; Beyle, State         the European Union. The focus of the course is
and Local Government: CO’s Guide to Current                  the rise and fall of class politics. It explores what
Issues; articles from scholarly journals, and                capitalism and socialism have meant to Europe,
computer simulations                                         and contrasts European with U.S. politics.
                                                             Topics include the crisis of prewar Europe,
236 Urban Politics and Public Policy This is                 Keynesianism and communism, the meaning of
one of the core courses in the urban studies                 1968, radicalism, populism, the new right, and
program. Among the topics examined are: the                  the New Europe. (Ost, offered alternate years;
structure of urban governments; urban service                subfield: COMP)
delivery, the concentration of power in urban                  Typical readings: Spiegelman, Maus;
settings, the urban fiscal crisis, and relations             Kesselman and Krieger, European Politics in


                                                       252
                                         POLITICAL SCIENCE


Transition; Betz, Radical Right-Wing Populism;               Typical readings: Stiglitz, Globalization and its
Pells, The Americanization of Europe                        Discontents; Friedman, The World is Flat;
                                                            Ehrenreich, Global Woman; Stalker, The No-
248 Politics of Development Why are some                    Nonsense Guide to International Migration;
countries wealthier than others? Is it because they         Tarrow, Transnational Activism
have different resources, or are some better at
organizing themselves? Are the World Bank and               255 The Politics of Latin American Develop-
the WTO actually forces for good—or evil—or                 ment This course examines how politics in Latin
both? This course identifies some key factors               American countries have been shaped by their
affecting economic development in countries and             differing historical role in supplying raw
regions around the world. Students question                 materials for First World consumption, tracing
whether culture matters, compares the successes             how the production of various crops (coffee,
and failures of government intervention, and                bananas, wheat) or goods (tin, beef) have led
explores whether “globalization” is generating              countries to develop different social structures
new possibilities for countries—or just new traps.          and corresponding political systems. It also
(Staff, offered annually; subfields: IR, COMP)              considers how recent efforts by social groups
  Typical readings: Caufield, Masters of Illusion;          (women, indigenous people) to gain a greater
Klitgard, Tropical Gangsters; Fallows, Looking at           voice in government have been both inspired
the Sun; Escobar, Encountering Development                  and impeded by neoliberal reforms. (Staff, offered
                                                            alternate years; subfield: COMP)
249 Protest Politics in Comparative Perspective               Typical readings: Thornton, Imagining
This is a course in “unconventional” politics               Argentina; de Jesus, Child of the Dark; Warren,
around the globe. In recent years, movements                Indigenous Movements and Their Critics; Gleijeses,
have become an inexorable part of the current               Shattered Hope; Collier, Basta!
political system. What are movements? How and
why do they come about? What are their aims                 257 Russia/China Unraveled This course
and purposes? How have movements changed                    explores the evolution and transformation of
over the past century? Why and when do                      these two great powers over the last century.
movements become revolutions? Topics include                Students begin with trying to understand
the Russian Revolution, the lure of communism,              communism, through a close look at Soviet
the civil rights movement in the U.S., the                  practices for building the “new society.” Students
struggle against communism in Eastern Europe,               follow Russia’s trajectory from superpower to
transnational social movements, and the                     beleaguered nation, then turn to parallel
“alternative globalization” movement. The                   developments in China and the reverse
course also includes theoretical social science             evolution from struggling nation to potential
readings on the causes, nature, and consequences            world power today. Why has China evolved so
of protests and movements. (Ost, offered alternate          differently than Russia? What do the differences
years; subfields: AMER, COMP)                               mean for the people who live there? What do
  Typical readings: Meyer and Tarrow, The Social            these experiences tell about the nature of
Movement Society; Gornick, Romance of American              communism? What do they tell about America
Communism; Morris, Origins of the Civil Rights              with its historic fears of communism? (Ost,
Movement; Tarrow, Power in Movement; Rose,                  offered alternative years)
Coalitions Across the Class Divide; Klein, No Logo
                                                            258 Middle East Politics The Middle East is a
254 Globalization This course looks at five                 geographic zone of crucial strategic and
themes: global economics, global migration,                 economic importance to the West, but is also a
global civil society, global human rights, and              political zone facing its own internal difficulties
global institutions. Students examine how                   in establishing democratic rule. This course
international mobility of both capital and labor            examines the region’s colonial legacy, the
transforms both lives and politics, and in                  politics of oil, struggles against dictatorship, the
different ways in different places. Questions               role of Islam, and competing concepts of
include: Who do jobs and people go abroad?                  identity: pan-Arab, Muslim, Shia, Kurdish,
Who does it help and who does it hurt? What are             nationalist. It seeks also to identify Western
the politics of the Caribbean nanny in the                  stereotypes of “the oriental,” and so to gain
middle-class New York home? How does                        understanding of how Middle Eastern political
globalization weaken the state, and why is that so          thought developed partly in dialogue with
dangerous for democracy? Can transnational civil            western pressures and prejudices. (Staff, offered
activism make things better? Can the UN or                  alternate years; subfield: COMP)
World Bank do a better job? Do “global human                  Typical readings: Stone, The Agony of Algeria;
rights” exist? Should they? (Ost, offered alternate         Said, Orientalism; Kapuscinski, The Shah of
years; subfields: COMP, IR)                                 Shahs; Eposito, The Islamic Threat; Hosking, The



                                                      253
                                            POLITICAL SCIENCE


First Socialist Society; Scott, Beyond the Urals;             slavery in modern European and American
Remnick, Resurrection; Meisner, Mao's China;                  political theory. It interrogates the notion of the
Hessler, River Town                                           autonomous subject and the idea of instrumental
                                                              reason that animates it. Additionally, it reads the
259 African Politics The course traces the                    self-criticism that is always part of the Enlighten-
evolution of the African state from its colonial              ment tradition for alternative conceptions of
creation to its modern day “crisis” through an                equality, interconnection, and human flourish-
examination of how political, economic and                    ing. (Dean, offered annually; subfield TH)
social considerations have shaped and trans-                    Typical readings are key works of Locke,
formed African politics. The first section of the             Rousseau, Douglass, Kant, Hegel, Marx, and
course examines the historical creation of                    Nietzsche
contemporary African polities from the era of
European colonization. In the second section,                 266 Contemporary Political Theory Concen-
attention is paid to the creative solutions that              trating on late 20th century and early 21st
African societies have employed as a response to              century texts, this course grapples with the ways
both unique and universal problems of                         politics and the political have been configured
governance. (Dunn, offered alternate years;                   and reconfigured under contemporary conditions
subfield: COMP)                                               of globally networked technoculture and
  Typical readings: Peter Schraeder, African Politics         communicative capitalism. How does a given
and Society; Adam Hochschild, King Leopold’s                  conceptualization of the sites of politics link up
Ghost; Basil Davidson, Modern Africa; Ayi Kwei                with the designation of a matter as political?
Armah, The Beautyful Ones Are Not Yet Born                    Although the texts vary from year to year, an
                                                              emphasis on critical and poststructuralist theory
261 Quantitative Research Methods in Political                as well as an attunement to cultural studies can
Science This course focuses on the application of             be expected. (Dean, offered alternate years;
empirical, quantitative methodology to political              subfield: TH)
analysis. The goal is to acquaint students with
the analytical and statistical tools used to                  270 African-American Political Thought This
understand the political process, to evaluate                 course examines the political, economic, and
various theories of politics, and to assess the               social statuses of African Americans in American
cause-effect relationships within the political               society, as depicted in the speeches and writings
system. This course is designed to introduce                  of distinguished African-American thinkers,
undergraduate students to the basic principles of             scholars and artists, from slavery to the present.
research design and analysis, and to provide them             It explores some fundamental tensions in
with the tools to do their own empirical research.            African-American thought that are manifest in
(Lucas, offered occasionally; subfield: TH)                   diverse and seemingly contradictory solutions,
                                                              such as accommodation vs. protest, emigration
264 Legal Theory This course addresses the                    vs. assimilation, and separatism vs. integration.
relationship between liberalism and democracy,                (Johnson, offered alternate years; subfields: TH,
as well as the question of law's relation to justice.         AMER)
The course engages in a critical inquiry into the               Typical readings: Selections from Meir, Negro
values and weaknesses of law as a mechanism for               Protest Thought; Washington, Up from Slavery;
seeking justice. Among the questions asked: is it             DuBois, Dusk of Dawn; Malcolm X, The Auto-
possible or desirable for independent law to serve            biography of Malcolm X; King, Why We Can’t Wait
as a neutral ground for resolving conflict? What
is the value of rights? Is liberal law inclusive and          279 Radical Thought from Karl Marx to
tolerant of diversity? Is democracy? Should we                George Bush This course examines left and right
aspire to tolerance and diversity? What is                    radical thought of the past 150 years. Students
democracy and does liberalism assist or hinder it?            read the left radicals Marx and Lenin and anti-
Should we assist or hinder democracy? Should we               Soviet leftists such as the Frankfurt School and
seek to escape the limits of law in order to do               Sartre, as well as the anomalous approach of the
justice? (Passavant, offered alternate years;                 anarchists and Freud, who influenced both left
subfield: TH).                                                and right thinkers. Students then examine right-
   Typical readings: Stanley Fish, The Trouble with           wing radicalism, reading the work of influential
Principle; Carl Schmitt, The Concept of the                   fascists, followed by postwar American radical
Political; Anthony Scalia, A Matter of Interpreta-            thought. On the left, that means Herbert
tion; Jacques Derrida, Given Time                             Marcuse’s New Left classic One Dimensional Man,
                                                              Fanon and “Third Worldism,” and the re-
265 Modern Political Theory Reading texts                     embrace of liberalism with the discovery of “civil
from Locke through Nietzsche, this course                     society.” On the right, that means the rise of the
considers the relation between freedom and                    neoconservatives, from Allen Bloom to William



                                                        254
                                            POLITICAL SCIENCE


Kristol, both important influences on George                   international law and domestic law, interna-
Bush and his entourage. Finally, students look at              tional dispute resolution, and questions of
left responses to neo-conservatism, from Russell               sovereignty and self determination. (Passavant,
Jacoby to Zizek. (Ost, offered alternate years;                offered occasionally; subfield: IR)
subfield: TH)                                                    Typical readings: cases, documents, and
  Typical readings: Gottlieb, Marxism; Engles,                 additional articles
Socialism; Freud, Civilization and its Discontents;
Marcuse, One-Dimensional Man; Griffin, Fascism;                320 Mass Media We live in a world of mediated
Bloom, The Closing of the American Mind; Jacboy,               political realities. Like Plato’s prisoners in the
The End of Utopia; Zizek, Revolution at the Gates              cave, we see only shadows, not realities. Yet
                                                               these shadows have become our reality, through
280 Contemporary International Relations This                  the power of the mass media. This, of course,
course examines contemporary issues within                     raises a fundamental question about our ability
world politics, usually by developing a case                   to be self-governing when our understanding of
specific focus. Such topics may include the                    politics is determined not by the events
Middle East conflict, political transitions in                 themselves, but by those who create and report
central Asia, or other current issues of the day.              them. (Deutchman, offered annually; subfield:
(Staff, offered occasionally; subfield IR)                     AMER)
                                                                 Typical readings: Cook, Governing with the
283 Terrorism Conflict has been a central issue                News; Schudson, The Sociology of News. In
in the relations among states since the advent of              addition, students are required to watch and
the modern nation-state system. Well before                    analyze television news broadcasts
Sept. 11, 2001, terrorism had become a central
feature of how conflict has been expressed in the              332 American Constitutional Law This course
modern international system. This course                       is concerned with the nature and development
examines the causes of terrorism, the ways in                  of the U.S. constitutional structure. Emphasis is
which individuals and social groups have chosen                placed on judicial review, the powers of national
to wage terrorism, the goals they have estab-                  and state governments, limits on those powers,
lished, and the ways in which political and                    and the separation of powers. It addresses such
military leaders have chose to engage in counter-              issues as the regulation of private property, the
terrorist strategies. Using specific case studies, the         constitutionality of an Independent Counsel,
course compares the motivations and implica-                   and the law and politics of impeachment.
tions of ethno-nationalist terrorism, political                (Passavant, offered annually; subfield: AMER)
terrorism, and religious terrorism, and the future               Typical readings: constitutional cases; Robert
of terrorism in a post-Sept. 11 world. (Dunn,                  McCloskey, The American Supreme Court;
offered alternate years; subfield IR)                          Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, and John
                                                               Jay, The Federalist Papers
290 American Foreign Policy This course is an
introduction to the study of American foreign                  333 Civil Rights This course addresses the
policy. The first section provides an historical               constitutional and statutory protection of civil
overview of American foreign policy since World                rights in America. It studies the gradual
War II, highlighting the important events, themes,             recognition and enforcement of civil rights,
and trends that have shaped—and continue to                    recent retreats, and contemporary difficulties in
shape—the making and practice of American                      the implementation of egalitarian principles
foreign policy. The second section explores the                which inform citizenship in a democracy.
process of foreign policy making within the                    Substantive areas of focus include desegregation,
American political context. This section examines              voting rights, gender discrimination, affirmative
the “nuts-and-bolts” of how decisions are made and             action, and the problems involved with proving
implemented. The third and final section presents              discrimination that violates the Constitution.
key foreign policy issues facing the United States             (Passavant, offered annually; subfield: AMER)
today. (Dunn; offered annually; subfield: IR)                     Typical readings: constitutional cases; Gary
  Typical readings: Stephen Ambrose and                        Orfield and Susan Eaton, Dismantling Desegrega-
Douglas Brinkley, Rise to Globalism; Kenneth                   tion; Mark Tushnet, Making Civil Rights Law
Jensen, Origins of the Cold War; Warren Strobel,
Late-Breaking Foreign Policy: The News Media’s                 334 Civil Liberties This course analyzes key
Influence on Peace Operations                                  constitutional liberties like freedom of religion,
                                                               the “wall of separation” between church and state,
296 International Law This course focuses on                   and freedoms of speech and press. It also addresses
public international law. Subject matter includes              problems regarding sex and the Constitution
human rights, issues relating to the environment,              (abortion and homosexuality), and whether there
the use of force, the relationship between                     is a right to die. It studies how governments are



                                                         255
                                         POLITICAL SCIENCE


obliged to act and the constitutional limits placed         and books such as Barabasi, Linked; Dyer-
on the way governments may act. (Passavant,                 Witheford, Cyber-Marx; Rheingold, Smart Mobs
offered annually; subfield: AMER)
  Typical readings: constitutional cases; Ronald            375 Feminist Legal Theory This course
Dworkin, Freedom’s Law; Anthony Lewis,                      examines the gender(s) of law. Students prepare
Gideon’s Trumpet; Isaac Kramnick and R.                     court cases and feminist legal analyses to
Laurence Moore, The Godless Constitution                    investigate the relationship between power and
                                                            law as it establishes the boundaries separating
335 Law and Society This course addresses the               public from private, straight from gay, qualified
relationship of “law” and “society” -- does law             from unqualified, madonna from whore. Topics
stand above society and adjudicate disputes in a            include workplace discrimination, sexual
neutral manner, or do law and society bleed into            harassment, prostitution, pornography, abortion,
each other such that law is corrupted by social             rape, and child custody. (Dean, offered alternate
interests and therefore invariably “political” in           years; subfield: TH)
the way that it is used to address disputes?                  Typical readings: Frug, Women and Law; Frug,
Additionally, how does law frame our perception             Postmodern Legal Feminism; Williams, The
of such issues as ownership and value? How does             Alchemy of Race and Rights; MacKinnon, Toward
law affect “who gets what”? What are the                    a Feminist Theory of the State
implications of these findings for America’s
belief in liberalism and the value of liberalism’s          379 Radical Thought Left and Right This
individual rights? Substantive areas of focus               course explores the sources of, and the transfor-
include the problems of objectivity in interpreta-          mation in, European and American radical
tion, whether legal rights matter, conflicts                political thought since the time of Marx.
between rights to free speech and private                   Students begin with Marx, and then look closely
property in the area of Intellectual Property law,          at the Frankfurt School, Freud, Sartre, Herbert
and the consequences for law and freedom posed              Marcuse, and the New Left in America and
by “gated communities.” (Passavant, offered                 Eastern Europe. The course concludes with a
alternate years; subfield: AMER)                            discussion of the New Right and of American
  Typical readings: John Locke, The Second                  and European radicalism in the new globalized
Treatise on Civil Government; Evan McKenzie,                world. (Ost, offered alternate years; subfield: TH)
Privatopia; Christian Parenti, Lockdown America               Typical readings: Marx, Selected Works; Freud,
                                                            Civilization and Its Discontents; Griffin, Fascism;
348 Racism and Other Hatreds What is the role               Marcuse, One-Dimensional Man; Gitlin, The Sixties
of conflicts and hatreds in politics? This course
looks at various politicized hatreds around the             380 Theories of International Relations
world, based on race, nation, and religion.                 Theories of international relations are plentiful,
Students explore hatreds in a variety of contexts:          and debatable. This course examines a number of
anti-Chinese and anti-Black racism in the U.S.A;            theory traditions in the study of international
anti-Semitism in Europe; ethnic hatreds in Africa;          relations and involves the student in efforts to
and look at topics such as the role of science; the         further develop the theory and/or to test some of
relationship between race and class; and the                its claims empirically. The theories selected vary
nature of nationalism. The aim of the course is to          from semester to semester, but come from such
understand how social conflicts can best be                 areas as structural realism, liberal international-
organized to create a more democratic society.              ism, globalism, constructivism, and world
(Ost, offered alternate years; subfield: COMP)              systems. (Dunn, offered every year; subfield IR)
  Typical readings: Takaki, Iron Cages; Roediger,             Typical readings: Waltz, Theory of International
The Wages of Whiteness; Lindemann, The Jew                  Relations; Keohane and Nye, Power and
Accused; Mosse, History of European Racism                  Interdependence; Bloom, Personal Identity,
                                                            National Identity, and International Relations;
363 Politics and the Internet That globally                 Rosenau, Turbulence in World Politics
networked communications media are radically
changing the world is widely accepted. What                 394 Identity Politics in International Relations
these changes mean, however, is widely debated.             This course examines how concepts of identity form
This course focuses on these debates, asking                and matter in the international system. Students
whether networked media enhance democratic                  consider how national, ethnic, and other identities
practices or facilitate new forms of political              are shaped by international incentives and
control and economic exclusion. It takes up                 constraints such as trade interests, security, cultural
issues of privacy, surveillance, virtual communi-           flows, media, communication networks, and
ties, speed, and the differing logics of networks.          international norms like human rights or environ-
(Dean, offered alternate years; subfield: TH)               mental protection. Examining a range of topics
  Texts may include Web-based sources, films,               varying with the latest world events, students also



                                                      256
                                              POLITICAL SCIENCE


develop a theoretical basis for understanding the              432 Politics in the Movies This seminar
significance of identity politics in world affairs.            examines the changing ways in which Holly-
(Staff, Dunn, offered alternate years; subfield IR)            wood has depicted Washington. Films begin
                                                               with the “days of innocence” when politicians
Seminars                                                       were seen as good men (and they were all men),
Seminars for juniors and seniors change                        as in “Mr. Smith Goes to Washington.” A
                                                               critical edge emerges in the 1960s, with “The
yearly. Seven or more seminars are offered                     Manchurian Candidate” and “Dr. Strangelove.”
each year. Maximum enrollment in the                           Watergate gave us “All the President’s Men,”
seminars is set at 12. The seminars are                        and then Robert Redford gave us “The
limited to political science majors unless                     Candidate,” which is compared with the ’90s
                                                               film “Wag the Dog” to see the very different
there is space and the professor chooses to                    ways in which the interplay of media and politics
sign in a non-major. The following are                         is presented. (Deutchman)
descriptions of some recent and planned
                                                               437 Europe and America Is this historic alliance
seminars.                                                      coming to an end? In light of the recent decline in
                                                               transatlantic relations due to U.S. policy in Iraq,
416 Native People’s Politics This course examines              this course takes a close look at the evolution of
the politics of indigenous and tribal peoples around           U.S.-Europe relations, and at similarities and
the world: Native Americans; Latin American                    differences in policies and sensibilities. Students
Indians; Australian Aborigines; and the Maoris of              look at classic American attitudes to Europe and
New Zealand. Students consider how current                     European attitudes to America, with a particular
political movements reflect the historical                     focus on the French experience with Americaniza-
experience of forcible incorporation into modern               tion. Students then look at attitudes since World
states, and why such people seek to preserve their             War II, and explore the legacy of the “cultural cold
internal ethnic cohesion by invoking rights to self-           war,” as they try to figure out why there are such
determination. This course also employs theory                 divisions today over styles of domestic and foreign
from international relations and comparative                   politics, and on issues such as globalization, the role
politics to examine larger issues: how discourses of           of military power, and the value of international
nation-building, the modern state, European ideas              treaties. Students take particular time to look at the
of “savagery” and “civilization,” and economic                 conflict over Iraq. (Ost)
development have contributed to creating this
category of ethnic conflict. (Staff)                           459 Law and Globalization What are the
                                                               consequences for law and democracy in an age
426 Partisanship in the 21st Century This seminar              when national sovereignty is in a state of crisis?
explores the nature of American loyalty to their               This is the primary research question for the
party system. It addresses how party attachments               course. This course considers such substantive
among the public have evolved in the late 21st                 questions as the anti-globalization movement as
century and reasons behind shifting voting                     a legal movement, intellectual property issues in
alignments and behaviors in the U.S. It examines               globalized space, the relationship between
the role of political, social, and economic factors in         human rights and national sovereignty, and new
shaping contemporary political patterns. (Lucas)               transnational legal practices. (Passavant)

428 Pan-Africanism Pan-Africanism refers to                    462 Public Spheres Democracy, many think, is
the political and cultural opposition to the                   rule by the public. But who or what is the
legacies of racial capitalism, colonization, and               public? Does it refer to a numerical group? To
imperialism. With discussion shifting from                     occupants of a specific territorial space? To an
intellectual writing to activities taking place in             ideal collectivity who may not yet exist but can
the streets, dance-halls and athletic arenas, the              be called into being? Is it an adjective denoting
course probes the extent to which emancipatory                 something funded by the government, as in
ideas have been “tainted” by the powers-that-be.               “public housing”? This seminar considers the
For example, students look at how dominant                     impact of any of these understandings of the
notions of gender, sexuality, class, color,                    public in terms of their opposites: the domestic
leadership and religion have sometimes                         private sphere, the economic private sphere, and
compromised Pan-Africanism’s liberatory                        the sphere of secrets. Grappling with the impact
potential. Finally, they look at the challenges for            of notions of the public on conceptions of
a new Pan-Africanism posed by globalization                    democracy, students ask whether democracy
and the technological revolution. (Johnson)                    requires something like a public sphere, and
                                                               what this means in a mediatized, technocultural
                                                               age. (Dean)



                                                         257
                                              PSYCHOLOGY


481 International Travel This course is designed            PSYCHOLOGY
to explore the multiple and varied ways that
travel and tourism are related to international
relations. As such, the topics explored during the          Michelle Rizzella, Ph.D.; Associate
semester cover, but are not limited to, imperialism           Professor, Department Chair
and (neo)colonialism, international political
                                                            Debra DeMeis, Ph.D.; Professor
economy and development, refugees and
migration, ideology and nationalism, and                    Karen Feasel, Ph.D.; Assistant Professor
diplomacy and security. In so doing, this course            Ron Gerrard, Ph.D.; Adjunct Professor
attempts to illustrate the centrality of travel and         Jeffrey M. Greenspon, Ph.D.; Professor
tourism to the study of international relations in
the 21st century. (Dunn)                                    Jon Iuzzini, Ph.D.; Assistant Professor
                                                            Beth Wilson, Ph.D.; Assistant Professor
450 Independent Study                                       Uta Wolfe, Ph.D.; Assistant Professor
495 Honors
                                                            Psychology provides students with a broad
                                                            introduction to the study of behavior and
                                                            its underlying processes with emphasis on
                                                            psychology as an experimental science.
                                                                The department offers a disciplinary
                                                            major and minor. To count toward the
                                                            major or minor, courses must be passed
                                                            with a grade of C- or better. In order for
                                                            courses to count toward the psychology
                                                            major or minor, the following prerequisites
                                                            must be met: 200-level courses require PSY
                                                            100 or PSY 101 as a prerequisite; 300-level
                                                            non-lab courses require PSY 100 and at
                                                            least one 200-level course, which might be
                                                            specified; 300-level lab courses require PSY
                                                            100, PSY 210, and at least one other 200-
                                                            level course, which might be specified.
                                                            Refer to individual course descriptions for
                                                            specific 200-level prerequisites.

                                                            REQUIREMENTS FOR THE MAJOR (B.A.)
                                                            disciplinary, 11 courses
                                                            PSY 100 or PSY 101 and PSY 210; one
                                                            course from laboratory group A; one course
                                                            from laboratory group B; two 300-level
                                                            non-lab courses; four additional psychol-
                                                            ogy courses, only one of which may be at
                                                            the 400-level, one of which must be the
                                                            prerequisite for a 300-level group A lab
                                                            course, and one of which must be the
                                                            prerequisite for the 300-level group B lab
                                                            course; and one course from outside the
                                                            department that provides another
                                                            perspective on behavior.




                                                      258
                                            PSYCHOLOGY


REQUIREMENTS FOR THE MAJOR (B.S.)                         PSY 322        Research in Personality Psychology
disciplinary, 16 courses                                  PSY 327        Research in Experimental Social
                                                                         Psychology
All of the requirements for the B.A. in
                                                          PSY 347        Research in Cross-Cultural
psychology, plus five additional courses in                              Psychology
the natural sciences, approved by the                     PSY 350        Research in Clinical Psychology
adviser, assuming the course that provides                WMST 323       Research in Social Psychology
a perspective on behavior from a disci-
pline other than psychology is in the                     *PSY 305 cannot be counted as an A lab
natural sciences. Otherwise, six additional               if PSY 322 is taken to satisfy the B lab
natural science courses are needed.                       requirement.

REQUIREMENTS FOR THE MINOR                                300-LEVEL NON-LABORATORY COURSES
disciplinary, 6 courses                                   PSY 307        History and Systems of Psychology
PSY 100 or PSY 101 and PSY 210; one                       PSY 309        Topics in Sensory Perception
                                                          PSY 344        Topics in Personality Psychology
psychology laboratory course (either
                                                          PSY 346        Topics in Cross-Cultural Psychology
group); and three additional elective                     PSY 352        Topics in Clinical Psychology
psychology courses, only one of which                     PSY 359        Topics in Behavioral Neuroscience
may be at the 400 level. One of the                       PSY 370        Topics in Developmental Psychology
electives must be a prerequisite for either a             PSY 373        Topics in Social Psychology
group A or B laboratory course.                           PSY 375        Topics in Cognitive Psychology
                                                          WMST 357       Self in American Culture
                                                          WMST 372       Topics in Social Psychology
200-LEVEL ELECTIVE COURSES
PSY 203      Introduction to Child Psychology and
                                                          COURSE DESCRIPTIONS
             Human Development
                                                          100 Introduction to Psychology This course
PSY 205      Adolescent Psychology                        offers a comprehensive survey of the methodol-
PSY 220      Introduction to Personality                  ogy and content of present day psychology.
             Psychology                                   Emphasis is placed on the development of a
PSY 221      Introduction to Psychopathology              critical evaluative approach to theories and
PSY 227      Introduction to Social Psychology            empirical data. (Fall and Spring, offered annually)
PSY 230      Biopsychology
PSY 231      Cognitive Psychology                         101 Advanced Introductory Psychology This
PSY 245      Introduction to Cross-Cultural               course is an advanced introductory course
                                                          designed for likely majors or for students with
             Psychology
                                                          exceptional interest and commitment to the
PSY 275      Human Sexuality                              study of psychology. The course offers and in-
PSY 299      Sensation and Perception                     depth survey of psychological topics and
WMST 223     Social Psychology                            emphasizes active student involvement. Students
WMST 247     Psychology of Women                          read primary sources in addition ot a standard
                                                          text book, and an active learning project (such
                                                          as designing and conducting a research study or
300-LEVEL LABORATORY COURSE GROUPS                        behavioral intervention or participating in
Group A                                                   community-based service-learning activites) is
PSY 305      Psychological Test Development and           required. Oral and written communication of
             Validation*                                  students’ work and ideas are also emphasized.
PSY 310      Research in Perception and Sensory           (Offered annually)
             Processes
PSY 311      Research in Behavioral Neuroscience          203 Introduction to Child Psychology and
PSY 331      Research in Cognition                        Human Development This course provides an
                                                          overview of theories and empirically based
                                                          research in child development. The focus is on
Group B                                                   normative development as it occurs from
PSY 305      Psychological Test Development and           conception through late childhood. Areas of
             Validation*                                  development that receive considerable emphasis
PSY 321      Research in Developmental                    are theoretical approaches to development,
             Psychology                                   behavioral genetics, the impact of parents and


                                                    259
                                              PSYCHOLOGY


family environments toward healthy adjustment,              change, prejudice and discrimination, interper-
the development and maintenance of gender                   sonal attraction, conformity, aggression, and
roles throughout childhood, the impact of                   intergroup relations. Prerequisite: PSY 100.
friendships on development, and the develop-                (Staff, offered occasionally)
ment of morality. Prerequisite: PSY 100. (Offered
alternating years)                                          230 Biopsychology This course examines
                                                            relationships between biology and behavior. Lectures
205 Adolescent Psychology This course explores              are designed to concentrate on those aspects of
the developmental research associated with                  biopsychology that are interesting and important to a
adolescence. Emphases include theoretical                   broad audience. A topical format is employed
positions on growth and development, the                    focusing on contemporary areas. Prerequisite: PSY
construction of identity as a developmental task            100. (Greenspon, offered annually)
for adolescents, social development, and                        Typical readings: Kalat, Biological Psychology,
sexuality. Considerable attention is given to how           and related articles
social structural systems (such as schools,
families, and peers) impact development both                231 Cognitive Psychology This course is
directly and indirectly. Contemporary as well as            designed to provide a general understanding of
classic research is examined. Prerequisite: PSY             the principles of cognitive psychology. Cognitive
100. (Offered alternating years)                            psychology is the scientific approach to
                                                            understanding the human mind and its
210 Statistics and Research Methods A survey                relationship to behavior. The course introduces
of basic procedures for the analysis of psychologi-         students to classic and contemporary empirical
cal data, topics in this course include basic               research in both theoretical and practical aspects
univariate and bivariate descriptive statistics;            of a variety of cognitive issues. Topics included
hypothesis testing; and a variety of analyses to            are pattern recognition, attention, mental
use with single group, between group, within                representation, memory, language, problem
group, and factorial designs. A study of                    solving and decision making. Prerequisite: PSY
experimental methods is also conducted with                 100. (Rizzella, offered annually)
laboratory. Prerequisite: PSY 100. (Rizzella,
Greenspon, offered each semester)                           243 Organizational Psychology This course
                                                            provides an introduction to organizational theory
220 Introduction to Personality Major                       and behavior. Issues relating to effectiveness,
theoretical approaches and contemporary research            communication, and motivation within
are evaluated to assess the current state of                organizations are considered from the point of
knowledge about intrapsychic, dispositional,                view of the individual. Some selected topics
biological, cognitive, and sociocultural domains of         include leadership, management-employee
personality functioning. The personal, historical,          relations, the impact of technology and the
and cultural contexts of theory development are             environment on organizations, and organiza-
emphasized. Application of personality concepts             tional survival and change. Prerequisite: PSY
to individual lives is encouraged to enhance                100. (Offered occasionally)
understanding of self and others. Prerequisite: PSY             Typical readings: Baron, Behavior in
100. (Feasel, offered annually)                             Organizations, and current articles

221 Introduction to Psychopathology This course             245 Introduction to Cross-Cultural Psychology
primarily focuses on the theoretical models,                Cross-cultural psychology is the systematic,
diagnosis and assessment of adult psychological             comparative study of human behavior in
disorders. Childhood disorders, relevant                    different sociocultural contexts. This course
controversies and prevention are also covered,              examines theory and research that pertain to
time permitting. Typical readings assigned beyond           cross-cultural similarities and differences in
the primary text include case studies and                   human experience and functioning. The cultural
autobiographical accounts of mental illness.                antecedents of behavior are emphasized. Course
Prerequisite: PSY 100. (Wilson, offered annually)           readings focus on the diversity of human
                                                            experience in domains such as cognition and
227 Introduction to Social Psychology This                  intelligence, emotion and motivation, socializa-
course introduces students to theory and research           tion and development, social perception and
in social psychology, the study of the nature and           interaction, and mental health and disorder.
causes of individual and group behavior in social           Prerequisite: PSY 100. (Offered occasionally)
contexts. Emphases are placed on understanding
social psychological theories through studying              275 Human Sexuality The primary aim of this
classic and current research and on applying                course is to explore contemporary issues of the
social psychological theories to better understand          human sexualities. Emphasis is given to
phenomena such as person perception, attitude               psychosocial and cross-cultural research of the


                                                      260
                                              PSYCHOLOGY


20th century and the sequelae of institutional               particular sensory system (e.g., hearing or
forces designed to pathologize sexual expression.            touch), study of a particular sensory ability (e.g.,
Topics include variations of sexual behavior,                color vision), or study of a particular issue in
sexual response, sexual deviance, and sexual                 perception (e.g., perceptual development or
dysfunction and treatment. Prerequisite: PSY                 brain mechanisms of perception). Prerequisites:
100. (Offered annually)                                      PSY 100 and PSY 299 or permission of the
    Typical readings: Strong and DeVault,                    instructor. (Wolfe, offered occasionally)
Human Sexuality
                                                             310 Research in Perception and Sensory
299 Sensation and Perception Perception of the               Processes An introduction to conducting
world through the senses is one of the most                  research on the senses (with laboratory).
sophisticated yet least appreciated accomplish-              Students explore contemporary issues in
ments of the human mind. This course explores                sensation and perception through classroom
how people experience and understand the world               discussion and “hands on” research experience.
through the senses, using frequent classroom                 Working closely with the instructor, students
demonstrations of the perceptual phenomena                   develop, conduct, analyze, and present research
under discussion. The course introduces the                  projects on specific topics in the field. Prerequi-
major facts and theories of sensory functioning              sites: PSY 100, PSY 210 and PSY 299. (Wolfe,
and examines the psychological processes                     offered annually)
involved in interpreting sensory input. The
primary emphasis is on vision, though other                  311 Research in Behavioral Neuroscience This
senses are considered as well. Prerequisite: PSY             course exposes students to basic concepts of
100. (Wolfe, offered annually)                               psychological research in the area of neuro-
                                                             science. Emphasis is placed on theoretical and
305 Psychological Test Development and                       methodological issues surrounding the study of
Validation Psychological tests are used in a variety         brain-behavior relationships. Specifically, the
of settings for purposes such as educational                 history of questions to which theory and method
placement, public polling, market research,                  have been applied, the logic implicit to answer
diagnosis, scientific inquiry, and self-understand-          certain kinds of questions, and the strengths and
ing. How do we determine if a test measures what             limitations of specific answers for providing
it’s supposed to, and how do we construct such a             insights into the nature of the brain-behavior
test? This course emphasizes practical, theoretical,         relationship are examined. The development of
and statistical considerations and approaches to             conceptual and theoretical skills is emphasized.
test development and validation. Students                    Prerequisites: PSY 100, PSY 210 and PSY 230,
develop measures of psychological concepts (e.g.,            or permission of instructor. (Greenspon, offered
attitudes, personality characteristics, cognitive            annually)
abilities, perceptual and motor skills, etc.) and                Typical readings: selected journal articles
design and carry out research to evaluate test               and book chapters
properties and refine the measures. Prerequisites:
PSY 100, PSY 210, and two additional 200-level               321 Research in Developmental Psychology
PSY courses; or permission of instructor. (Feasel,           This is an advanced class in research methodol-
offered alternate years)                                     ogy. Research methodologies are discussed in the
                                                             context of human development. Emphases are
307 History and Systems of Psychology This                   placed on methodological decisions investigators
course examines the history of psychology and its            make when designing research projects and the
antecedents, both classical and modern. Surveyed             interpretations that can be drawn from research
in detail are the processes by which the diverse             given methodological limitations. Considerable
roots of modern psychology fostered the develop-             attention is given to the ethical parameters of
ment of principal areas of psychological inquiry,            involving humans in clinical/single subject,
including those that guide much of the research and          experimental, naturalistic, and field studies.
practice of psychology today. This course places             Students are asked to complete a research
into historical perspective major concepts,                  project and make a formal presentation of their
philosophical assumptions and theories of                    project to other students and invited faculty.
psychology. Prerequisites: PSY 100 and two PSY               Prerequisites: PSY 100, PSY 210, and PSY 203
courses other than PSY 210. (Offered occasionally)           or PSY 205. (Offered annually)

309 Topics in Sensory Perception An in-depth                 322 Research in Personality Psychology This
exploration of a specific topic in sensory                   course provides an introduction to a variety of
perception, using advanced readings from the                 methods employed in the service of three
primary literature. The topics covered vary from             complementary objectives of personality
semester to semester but might include study of a            research: 1) holistic understanding of the unique



                                                       261
                                               PSYCHOLOGY


organization of processes within individuals; 2)             347 Research in Cross-Cultural Psychology This
explanation of individual differences and                    course concentrated on the study of human
similarities; and 3) discovery of universal                  behavior and experience as they occur in different
principles that characterize human personality               cultural contexts and/or are influenced by cultural
functioning. Practical, ethical, and theoretical             factors. Special attention is devoted to cross-
considerations for assessing and studying                    cultural research methodology. Claims about the
personality characteristics and processes are                generality or universality of psychological laws
emphasized, as are interpretation and critical               and theories are evaluated. Students use
analysis of published research. Students design,             knowledge gained in this course to design and
carry out, and report original research. Prerequi-           carry out a research project. Prerequisites: PSY
sites: PSY 100, PSY 210 and PSY 220. (Feasel,                100, PSY 210, and PSY 227 or PSY 245. (Offered
offered annually)                                            occasionally)

327 Research in Experimental Social Psychology               350 Research in Clinical Psychology This course
This course is designed to acquaint students with            provides an introduction to the scientist-
experimental research approaches in social                   practitioner model of clinical psychology.
psychology. Through examination of classic and               Students examine a variety of theoretical models
contemporary studies and innovative as well as               of psychotherapy and research regarding the
traditional methods in the discipline, the practical         effectiveness of therapeutic interventions.
and ethical challenges of designing, conducting,             Contemporary treatment issues and ethics are also
and interpreting social psychological research are           considered. Students are introduced to clinical
explored. Students design and carry out original             research methods and design a single-case
research. Prerequisites: PSY 100, PSY 210 and PSY            behavior-change experiment. The laboratory
227 or WMST 223. (Offered occasionally)                      component provides an opportunity for students
                                                             to learn and practice basic counseling skills with
331 Research in Cognition An in-depth                        their peers. Prerequisites: PSY 100, PSY 210 and
examination of experimental methodology in the               PSY 221. (Wilson, offered annually)
field of cognitive psychology is covered in this
course. The use of reaction time and accuracy                352 Topics in Clinical Psychology The scope of
measures is emphasized. Students conduct a study             this course varies from covering general clinical
in a cognitive area of their choice and present it           issues to a more in-depth analysis of one topic
during a classroom poster session. Prerequisites:            area. The topic is announced in advance and
PSY 100, PSY 210 and PSY 231. (Rizzella, offered             may include aggression and violence, positive
annually)                                                    psychology, forensic psychology, community
                                                             psychology, child psychopathology or child
344 Topics in Personality This course explores               psychotherapy. Prerequisites: PSY 100 and PSY
classic and current theory and research pertaining           221. (Wilson, offered occasionally)
to fundamental and often controversial issues in
personality psychology. The course follows a                 359 Topics in Behavioral Neuroscience This
seminar format that emphasizes critical analysis             course surveys literature and theory representa-
and articulation of ideas, both in discussion and in         tive of an important contemporary conceptual
writing. Topics are announced in advance.                    issue in behavioral neuroscience. Each year
Possible topics include personality and culture;             topics for the course are announced in advance.
personality development; self and identity;                  The course is designed to include a nonspecial-
personality and interpersonal relationships, ethnic          ized group of students having a varied distribu-
identity, personality and emotion. Prerequisites:            tion of psychology courses and interested in
PSY 100 and PSY 220, or permission of instructor.            developing conceptual relationships among
(Feasel, offered annually)                                   different subdivisions within psychology.
                                                             Prerequisites: PSY 100 and at least one other
346 Topics in Cross-Cultural Psychology This                 psychology course. (Greenspon, offered
course provides an in-depth examination of a                 occasionally)
contemporary topic in cross-cultural psychology.
Topics may include: culture and cognition;                   370 Topics in Developmental Psychology This
cultural contexts of emotional experience; culture           course surveys theory and research reflecting
and communication; culture, mental health, and               contemporary issues in life span development.
psychopathology; social perception across cultures;          Theoretical and empirical readings are drawn
cultural influences on social behavior; diversity            from several current psychological discourses
and intercultural training; prejudice and                    within developmental science. This course is
discrimination; or ethnic identity. Course                   open to students with a varied distribution of
activities draw upon extensive readings in the               psychology courses. Topics to be covered are
primary literature of the selected topic. (Offered           announced in advance. Prerequisites: PSY 100
occasionally)                                                and PSY 203 or PSY 205. (Offered occasionally)


                                                       262
                                      PUBLIC POLICY STUDIES


373 Topics in Social Psychology This course               PUBLIC POLICY STUDIES
surveys the empirical and theoretical literature
associated with a significant contemporary issue
in social psychology. Topics are announced in             Program Faculty
advance. Possible topics include persuasion and           Renee Monson, Sociology, Coordinator
social influence, processes in social cognition,
prejudice and intergroup relations, altruism and          Eric Barnes, Philosophy
prosocial behavior. Prerequisites: PSY 100 and            Scott Brophy, Philosophy
PSY 227 or WMST 223. (Offered occasionally)               David Craig, Chemistry
                                                          Richard Dillon, Anthropology
375 Topics in Cognitive Psychology In this
seminar, students read primary research articles          Kristy Kenyon, Biology
and study current theories and empirical findings         Steven Lee, Philosophy
in an area of cognition. Students are required to         Patrick McGuire, Economics
make substantial contributions to the course
through classroom discussion. Topics vary from            Jo Beth Mertens, Economics
year to year; topics covered in the past include          H. Wesley Perkins, Sociology
mental representation, accuracy of memories,              Craig A. Rimmerman, Public Policy
creation of false memories, and flashbulb                 Lillian Sherman, Education
memories. Two substantial term papers are
required. Prerequisites: PSY 100 and PSY 231.
(Rizzella, offered occasionally)                          The public policy program connects
                                                          classroom learning to efforts through
450 Independent Study (Staff)                             public policy to solve problems in the
495 Honors (Staff)
                                                          larger society, teaching analytic skills
                                                          within an interdisciplinary, liberal arts
                                                          context. Its goal is that graduates think
                                                          and act critically in public affairs.
                                                          Students explore the methodological,
                                                          analytical, empirical, and ethical issues of
                                                          policy formulation and implementation.
                                                          Public Policy is designed to prepare
                                                          students for careers in government, human
                                                          services, social work, urban affairs, city
                                                          planning, law, community organizing,
                                                          business, communications, or academia.
                                                             The public policy program offers an
                                                          interdisciplinary major and minor.
                                                          Students majoring or minoring in public
                                                          policy must develop a concentration.
                                                             Some examples of concentrations are:
                                                          –Children and Families
                                                          –Education
                                                          –Environmental Policy
                                                          –Development Policy
                                                          –Foreign Policy
                                                          –Health Care
                                                          –Law
                                                          –National Policy Process
                                                          –Sexuality
                                                          –Technology
                                                          –Welfare
                                                             All courses applied toward a public


                                                    263
                                 PUBLIC POLICY STUDIES


policy major or minor must be completed               EXAMPLES OF POLICY BRIEF COURSES
with a grade of C- or higher. The                     ECON 316      Labor Market Analysis
following requirements apply to students              ECON 317      Economics of Sports
declaring their majors and minors as of               ECON 326      Public Microeconomics
                                                      EDUC 460      Baccalaureate Seminar: Moral and
February 15, 2006, and beyond.
                                                                    Ethical Issues in Education
                                                      PHIL 236      Philosophy of Law
REQUIREMENTS FOR THE MAJOR                            PPOL 219      Sexual Minority Movements and
interdisciplinary, 10 courses                                       Public Policy
One course in each of the three public policy         PPOL 328      Environmental Policy
 core groups (humanities, social sciences,            PPOL 364      Social Policy and Community
natural sciences); two courses in public policy                     Activism
research methods, one of which must be                SOC 375       Social Policy
quantitative; at least three 200-level or above
                                                      CORE COURSES
courses forming a concentration in an area
                                                      Humanities
chosen by the student (see examples below);           HIST 311      20th-Century America: 1917-1941
 a capstone course that requires writing a            HIST 312      The United States Since 1939
policy brief; and a one-course practicum (an          PHIL 150      Issues: Justice and Equality
independent study or off-campus program               PHIL 151      Issues: Crime and Punishment
experience; students should register for PPOL         PHIL 152      Issues: Philosophy and Feminism
499). No more than four courses (excluding            PHIL 154      Issues: Environmental Ethics
                                                      PHIL 155      Issues: Morality of War
the practicum) may be taken in any one
                                                      PHIL 158      Issues: Debating Public Policy
discipline. The capstone course should be             PHIL 159      Issues: Global Justice
completed in the senior year, but it may be
completed in the junior year if circumstances         Social Sciences
require this. Each semester there are a variety       ANTH 110      Introduction to Cultural Anthropology
of courses offered in which students may              ECON 122      Economics of Caring
                                                      ECON 160      Principles of Economics
elect to write a policy brief (often in addition
                                                      POL 110       Introduction to American Politics
to the regular course work) and which thus            PPOL 101      Democracy and Public Policy
can count as the student’s capstone course.           SOC 100       Introduction to Sociology
To complete the practicum, students should
make arrangements with a faculty sponsor              Natural Sciences
before beginning the work. A practicum                BIOL 162      Dangerous Diseases
requires, in addition to registering for PPOL         BIOL 164      A Biotech World
                                                      CHEM 110      Molecules That Matter
499, an internship of at least 150 hours taken
                                                      ENV 170       The Fluid Earth
under the direction of a faculty sponsor, the         ENV 191       Environmental Science
keeping of an internship journal, and the             FSEM 041      Science and Public Policy
writing of an extensive research paper on a           GEO 170       The Solid Earth
public policy issue related to the internship.        PHYS 140      Principles of Physics
                                                      PHYS 150      Introductory Physics I
REQUIREMENTS FOR THE MINOR
interdisciplinary, 6 courses                          RESEARCH METHODS COURSES
                                                      Qualitative
Two public policy core courses from two
                                                      ANTH 227      Intercultural Communication
different divisions; one research methods             ANTH 273      Ethnographic Research and Methods
course; two courses forming a concentration           PHIL 120      Critical Thinking and Argumentative
in an area chosen by the student (see                               Writing
examples below); and a capstone course that           SOC 211       Research Methods
requires writing a policy brief. No more than
three courses may be taken in any one
 discipline.

                                                264
                                        PUBLIC POLICY STUDIES


Quantitative                                                 ARCH 301         Design II: The Immediate
BIO 212        Biostatistics                                                  Environment
ECON 212       Statistics                                    ARCH 302         Design III: The Wider Environment
ECON 304       Econometrics                                  ECON 212         Environmental Economics
POL 261        Introduction to Quantitative Research         ECON 213         Urban Economics
               Methods in Political Science                  ECON 348         Natural Resources and Energy
PSY 210        Statistics and Research Methods                                Economics
PSY 305        Psychological Test Development and            ENV 280          Approaches to Environmental
               Validation                                                     Problem Solving
SOC 212        Data Analysis                                 HIST 246         American Environmental History
                                                             HIST 397         Environmental History Seminar
CONCENTRATIONS                                               PPOL 328         Environmental Policy
Children and Families                                        SOC 249          Technology and Society
ALST 200       Ghettoscapes                                  SOC 271          Sociology of Environmental Issues
ANTH 230       Beyond Monogamy
BIDS 307       Children in Contexts                          Development
ECON 248       Poverty and Welfare                           ANTH 280         Environment and Culture: Cultural
ECON 310       Economics and Gender                                           Ecology
EDUC 203       Children with Disabilities                    ANTH 296         African Cultures
EDUC 332       Disability, Family, and Society               ANTH 297         Peoples and Cultures of Latin
HIST 367       Women and the State: Russia                                    America
POL 333        Civil Rights                                  BIDS 235         Third World Experience
POL 375        Feminist Legal Theory                         ECON 206         Community Development Economics
PPOL 364       Social Policy and Community                                    and Finance
               Activism                                      ECON 212         Environmental Economics
PSY 203        Child Psychology and Human                    ECON 213         Urban Economics
               Development or                                ECON 316         Labor Market Issues
PSY 205        Adolescent Psychology                         ECON 344         Economic Development
SOC 225        Sociology of the Family                       HIST 231         Modern Latin America
SOC 226        Sociology of Sex and Gender                   HIST 283         South Africa in Transition
SOC 258        Social Problems                               HIST 284         Africa: From Colonialism to
SOC 310        Generations                                                    Neocolonialism
SOC 375        Social Policy                                 HIST 285         The Middle East: Roots of Conflict
WMST 247       Psychology of Women                           HIST 352         Who Wants to be a Millionaire
                                                             POL 248          Politics of Development
Education                                                    SOC 201          The Sociology of International
BIDS 307       Children in Contexts                                           Development
ECON 248       Poverty and Welfare                           SOC 233          Women in the Third World
EDUC 203       Children with Disabilities                    SOC 240          Gender and Development
EDUC 333       Literacy                                      SOC 259          People Creating Social Change
EDUC 338       Inclusive Schooling                           SOC 291          Sociology of India
EDUC 370       Multiculturalism                              SOC 299          Sociology of Vietnam
EDUC 460       Baccalaureate Seminar: Moral and
               Ethical Issues in Education                   Foreign Policy
POL 333        Civil Rights                                  ECON 233         Comparative Economics
PPOL 364       Social Policy and Community                   ECON 240         International Trade
               Activism                                      ECON 344         Economic Development
PSY 203        Child Psychology and Human                    ECON 435         Political Economy of Latin America
               Development or                                ECON 466         Population Issues
PSY 205        Adolescent Psychology                         HIST 237         Europe since the War
SOC 261        Sociology of Education                        HIST 238         The World Wars in Global Perspective
                                                             HIST 261         20th Century Russia
Environmental Policy                                         HIST 284         Africa: From Colonialism to
ANTH 280       Environment and Culture: Cultural                              Neocolonialism
               Ecology                                       HIST 285         The Middle East: Roots of Conflict



                                                       265
                                    PUBLIC POLICY STUDIES


HIST 312      U.S. Since 1939                             HIST 312     The United States Since 1939
HIST 390      Modern Transformation of China and          POL 204      Modern American Conservatism
              Japan                                       POL 224      American Congress
HIST 394      Russia and Asia                             POL 225      American Presidency
HIST 461      War and Peace in the Middle East            POL 290      American Foreign Policy
POL 248       Politics of Development                     PPOL 219     Sexual Minority Movements and
POL 283       War in the International System                          Public Policy
POL 290       American Foreign Policy                     PPOL 236     Urban Politics and Public Policy
POL 296       International Law                           PPOL 328     Environmental Policy
POL 380       Theories of International Relations         PPOL 346     The President, Congress, and Public
                                                                       Policy
Health Care                                               PPOL 425     Seminar in National Decision Making
BIDS 295      Alcohol Use and Abuse
ECON 248      Poverty and Welfare                         Sexuality Concentration
ECON 338      Third Sector Economics                      AMST 310     Sexual Minorities in America
EDUC 203      Children with Disabilities                  BIDS 245     Men and Masculinity
EDUC 332      Disability, Family, and Society             POL 238      Sex and Power
HIST 325      Medicine and Public Health in               POL 333      Civil Rights
              Modern Europe                               POL 334      Civil Liberties
PHIL 156      Issues: Biomedical Ethics                   POL 375      Feminist Legal Theory
PPOL 219      Sexual Minority Movements and               PSY 275      Human Sexuality
              Public Policy                               PPOL 219     Sexual Minority Movements and
PPOL 346      The President, Congress, and Public                      Public Policy
              Policy                                      REL 283      Que(e)rying Religious Studies
PPOL 364      Social Policy and Community                 SOC 225      Sociology of Family
              Activism                                    SOC 226      Sociology of Sex and Gender
WMST 204      The Politics of Health                      SOC 340      Sex and the State: Feminist Social
                                                                       Theory
Law                                                       WRRH 301     Discourses of Rape in Contemporary
CHEM 302      Forensic Science                                         Culture
ECON 203      Collective Bargaining
ECON 204      Business Law                                Technology
HIST 215      American Urban History                      AMST 201     American Attitudes toward Nature
PHIL 232      Liberty and Community                       ECON 230     History of Economic Thought
PHIL 235      Morality and Self Interest                  ECON 305     Political Economy
PHIL236       Philosophy of Law                           ECON 344     Economic Development
POL333        Civil Rights                                HIST 215     American Urban History
POL334        Civil Liberties                             HIST 256     Technology and Society in Europe
POL335        Law and Society                             HIST 310     Rise of Industrial America
POL207        Governing Through Crime                     HIST 325     Medicine and Public Health in
POL375        Feminist Legal Theory                                    Modern Europe
PPOL 219      Sexual Minority Movements and               PHYS 270     Modern Physics
              Public Policy                               PPOL 328     Environmental Policy
PPOL 328      Environmental Policy                        PPOL 363     Politics and the Internet
SOC 224       Social Deviance                             SOC 249      Technology and Society
SOC 375       Social Policy                               SOC 251      Sociology of the City

National Policy Process                                   Welfare concentration
ECON 327      The Economic Policy for the “New”           BIDS 307     Children in Contexts
              Economy                                     ECON 248     Poverty and Welfare
ECON 372      Keynes, Keynesians, and Post-               POL 204      Modern American Conservatism
              Keynesians                                  POL 229      State and Local Government
ECON 480      Seminar: Current Issues in                  POL 236      Urban Politics and Public Policy
              Macroeconomics                              PPOL 364     Social Policy and Community
HIST 311      20th Century America: 1917-1941                          Activism



                                                    266
                                         PUBLIC POLICY STUDIES


SOC 256        Power and Powerlessness                        nature of the problem in light of recent research
SOC 375        Social Policy                                  on global warming, pollution and acid rain, solid
                                                              waste management, and deforestation. Students
                                                              interrogate the values of a liberal capitalist
COURSE DESCRIPTIONS                                           society as they pertain to our environmental
101 Democracy and Public Policy This course                   problematic from a number of perspectives:
examines the American policy process by                       modern conservative, modern liberal, demo-
interrogating a number of domestic policy                     cratic socialist/radical, ecofeminist, and
issues—affirmative action, poverty and welfare,               doomsday perspectives. Students evaluate which
HIV/AIDS, health care, labor/workplace,                       perspective or combination of perspectives offers
education, community development, and                         the most coherent and rigorous response to the
environmental concerns. Students examine all of               policy and moral and ethical issues growing out
these issues from various perspectives, including             of this course. Students assess the development
the modern conservative, modern liberal, and                  and accomplishments of the environmental
radical/democratic socialist, with particular                 movement over time. The goal is to evaluate
attention to the role of the federal government in            how the American policy process works in light
the policy process. Students have the opportunity             of one of the most significant public policy issues
to confront their own roles within the American               of our time. (Rimmerman, offered alternate years)
policy process from a critical perspective.                       Typical readings: Speth, Red Sky at Morning;
Students discuss, too, the role of the policy                 Bradsher, High and Mighty: The Dangerous Rise of
analyst in a democratic society and consider the              the SUV; Rifkin, Beyond Beef; Anderson and Leal,
interdisciplinary nature of public policy analysis.           Free Market Environmentalism, Shutkin, The Land
(Rimmerman, offered annually)                                 that Could Be: Environmentalism and Democracy in
    Typical readings: Katznelson, When                        the Twenty-First Century; Seager, Earth Follies; Vig
Afffirmative Action was White; Olasky, Compas-                and Kraft, eds., Environmental Policy: New
sionate Conservatism; Rimmerman, The New                      Directions for the Twenty-First Century
Citizenship: Unconventional Politics, Activism, and
Service; Levenson, The Story of AIDS and Black                364 Social Policy and Community Activism
America; Ehrenreich, Nickel and Dimed; Kozol,                 This is a course about social policy and
Savage Inequalities; Schlosser, Fast Food Nation;             community participation and activism; it is also
Speth, Red Sky at Morning                                     a course about democracy, community,
                                                              education, and difference. All students are
219 Sexual Minority Movements and Public                      required to be fully engaged in a semester-long
Policy This course explores the rise of the                   community activism/service project. Students
lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgendered                     have an opportunity to reflect upon how their
movements from both contemporary and                          participation in the community influences their
historical perspectives. The course addresses the             own lives, their perspectives on democracy, and
sources of these movements, the barriers that                 their understanding of democratic citizenship. In
they have faced, and how they have mobilized to               addition, students examine contemporary social
overcome these barriers. Students devote                      policy issues—HIV/AIDS, health care,
considerable attention to the response of the                 affirmative action, welfare, and education
Christian Right to the policy issues that are a               policies from a number of ideological perspec-
focus of this course—HIV/AIDS, same-sex                       tives and from the perspective of how these
marriage, integration of the military, education              issues are played out on our campus and in the
in the schools, and workplace discrimination.                 Geneva, N.Y., communities. (Rimmerman,
Finally, students address how the media and                   offered alternate years)
popular culture represent the many issues                          Typical readings: Katz, The Price of
growing out of this course (Rimmerman, offered                Citizenship: Redefining the American Welfare State;
alternate years)                                              Murray, Losing Ground; Rimmerman, The New
     Typical readings: Boylan, She’s Not There;               Citizenship: Unconventional Politics, Activism, and
Blasius and Phelan, eds., We Are Everywhere;                  Service; Cohen, The Boundaries of Blackness:
Walters, All the Rage; Rimmerman, From Identity to            AIDS and the Breakdown of Black Politics;
Politics: The Lesbian and Gay Movements in the United         Quadagno, One Nation Uninsured; Kozol, The
States; Bull, ed., AIDS: While the World Sleeps;              Shame of the Nation; Sunderman, Kim, and
Chauncey, Why Marriage?; Bawer, Place at the Table:           Orfield, NCLB Meets School Realities: Lessons
The Gay Individual in American Society; Lorde, Sister         from the Field
Outsider; Boykin, Beyond the Down Low
                                                              385 The Workshop in Public Policy This
328 Environmental Policy This course assesses                 course has a public policy research emphasis.
the capability of the American policy process to              The specific issue is chosen at the start of each
respond to energy and environmental concerns                  semester and students spend the semester
in both the short and long term. It examines the



                                                        267
                                            PUBLIC SERVICE


studying the topic, analyzing the policy                   PUBLIC SERVICE
implications and designing alternative solutions
or recommendations for public policy action.
The course is designed for public policy majors/           Program Faculty
minors and it serves to satisfy the program                Jack Harris, Sociology, Coordinator
requirements for a capstone course and
                                                           Steven Lee, Philosophy
practicum. See instructor for a list of potential
topics. Prerequisites: Public Policy major or              Craig Rimmerman, Political Science
minor or permission of instructor. (McGuire,               Charles Temple, Education
offered occasionally)

499 Internship in Public Policy Studies The                The liberal arts and education through
public policy internship is designed to provide            public service share the goal of developing
students with an opportunity to provide students           the basis for effective democratic citizen-
with an opportunity to connect their classroom             ship. In the public service program,
study of public policy to the real world of policy
making. In doing so, students draw upon the                service learning—the integration of
analytical, methodological, and substantive                community service into an academic
training that they have received in the public             course—may be used in the teaching of
policy process. (Staff, offered annually)
                                                           many different subject areas. The service
                                                           experience can allow the student to
                                                           achieve an understanding of human
                                                           community as well as of our particular
                                                           society in a way which is more complex
                                                           and effective than readings and class
                                                           discussions alone. In addition, the
                                                           community involvement fostered by the
                                                           service experience can lead the student to
                                                           a better understanding of the self.
                                                              The public service program offers an
                                                           interdisciplinary minor built upon courses
                                                           that include a service learning compo-
                                                           nent. These courses change yearly.
                                                           American Commitments, a group
                                                           involved in community service, coordi-
                                                           nates service learning courses and can
                                                           provide updated information. All courses
                                                           toward a public servide minor must be
                                                           completed with a grade of C- or higher.

                                                           REQUIREMENTS FOR THE MINOR
                                                           interdisciplinary, 6 courses
                                                           One introductory course, one course from the
                                                           list of public service humanities electives, one
                                                           course from the list of public service social
                                                           sciences electives, two additional public
                                                           service electives, and a seminar. The minor
                                                           must include at least two courses in each of
                                                           two divisions (humanities, social sciences,
                                                           natural sciences, and fine and performing
                                                           arts). For the seminar, a senior group
                                                           independent study is recommended.


                                                     268
                                         RELIGIOUS STUDIES


RECENT PUBLIC SERVICE COURSES                          RELIGIOUS STUDIES
Introductory Courses
ALST 200     Ghettoscapes
                                                       Michael Dobkowski, Ph.D.; Professor,
SOC 290      Sociology of Community
                                                        Chair
Humanities Electives                                   Etin Anwar, Ph.D.; Assistant Professor
EDUC 295     Theatre and the Child                     Lowell Bloss, Ph.D.; Professor
EDUC 320     Children’s Literature                     Susan E. Henking, Ph.D.; Professor
EDUC 333     Literacy                                  Hyo-Dong Lee, Ph.D.; Assistant Professor
PHIL 235     Morality and Self Interest                Richard Salter, Ph.D.; Assistant Professor
REL 271      The Holocaust
WRRH 220     Breadwinners and Losers: The
             Rhetoric of Work                          The Department of Religious Studies
WRRH 322     Adolescent Literature                     brings a variety of perspectives to bear on
                                                       the study of a significant aspect of human
Social Sciences Electives                              existence: the experience of, thought
ECON 122     Economics of Caring                       about, and actions concerning, the sacred,
POL 110      Introduction to American Politics
                                                       or what Paul Tillich called “ultimate
SOC 100      Introduction to Sociology
                                                       concern.” Our approaches to the study
Natural Sciences Electives                             vary. Collectively, we bring historical,
BIDS 295     Alcohol Use and Abuse                     theological, philosophical, sociological,
                                                       political, ethical, literary, feminist, and
                                                       psychological perspectives to this
                                                       enterprise. We are united in the under-
                                                       standing that each of these perspectives
                                                       provides a different way of interpreting
                                                       religious phenomena and that no single
                                                       approach is adequate to, let alone
                                                       exhaustive of, the work of religious
                                                       studies. This means that the study of
                                                       religion, as we engage it, is intrinsically
                                                       interdisciplinary and multicultural.
                                                           Religious studies offers a disciplinary
                                                       major and minor. It is strongly recom-
                                                       mended that students take one of the
                                                       introductory courses (100 through 110)
                                                       prior to any other course in the depart-
                                                       ment. Students wishing to enter an
                                                       upper-level course without having taken
                                                       an introductory course should consult the
                                                       instructor. All courses toward a religious
                                                       studies major or minor must be completed
                                                       with a grade of C- or higher.

                                                       REQUIREMENTS FOR THE MAJOR (B.A.)
                                                       disciplinary, 11 courses
                                                       One introductory religious studies course;
                                                       two courses each from two concentra-
                                                       tions—one in each concentration should
                                                       be at the 200 level and the other at the


                                                 269
                                        RELIGIOUS STUDIES


300 level or higher (one of these concen-                REL 305       Tongues of Fire: Pentecostalism
trations must be in a specific religious                               Worldwide
tradition); REL 461 Senior Seminar; three                REL 345       Tradition Transformers: Systematic
                                                                       Theology
additional religious studies courses, at
least two of which are outside the                       Islamic Studies Courses
student’s areas of concentration; and two                REL 219       Introduction to Islamic Tradition
approved cognate courses from other                      REL 228       Religion and Resistance
departments or two other courses in the                  REL 236       Gender and Islam
department. Cognate courses may be                       REL 242       Islamic Mysticism: The Inward Dance
                                                         REL 321       Muslim Women in Literature
chosen from an accepted list or by
petition to the adviser.                                 History of Religions Courses
                                                         REL 210       Hinduism
REQUIREMENTS FOR THE MINOR                               REL 211       Buddhism
disciplinary, 5 courses                                  REL 217       Gurus, Saints, Priests and Prophets
One introductory religious studies course,               REL 312       New Heavens, New Earths
a 200-level course and a 300-level or                    REL 315       Japanese Religions
                                                         REL 410       Sacred Space
higher course in one of the religious
studies concentrations, REL 461 Senior                   Philosophy of Religions Courses
Seminar, and one additional religious                    REL 226       Religion and Nature
studies course.                                          REL 243       Theology of World Religions
                                                         REL 251       Revelation in Religion and Science
COURSE CONCENTRATIONS                                    REL 254       The Question of God/Goddess
Introductory Courses                                     REL 260       Religion as a Philosophical Act
REL 100      Religions in the World                      REL 313       Religious Language
REL 103      Journeys and Stories                        REL 318       Postcolonial Theologies
REL 105      Religious Imagination                       REL 402       Conflict of Interpretations
REL 108      Religion and Alienation
REL 109      Imagining American Religion(s)              Religion and Literature Courses
                                                         REL 256       Tales of Love and Horror
Judaic Studies Courses                                   REL 257       What’s Love Got to Do With It?
REL 270      Modern Jewish History                       REL 258       The Qu’ran and the Bible
REL 271      The Holocaust                               REL 402       Conflict of Interpretations
REL 272      The Sociology of the American Jew
REL 273      Foundations of Jewish Thought               Religion, Gender and Sexuality Courses
REL 274      Zionism, Israel and the Middle East         REL 236       Gender and Islam
             Conflict                                    REL 281       Unspoken Worlds
REL 276      History of East European Jewry              REL 283       Que(e)rying Religious Studies
REL 278      Jewish Life and Thought in Modern           REL 321       Muslim Women in Literature
             Times                                       REL 382       Toward Inclusive Theology
REL 279      Torah and Testament                         REL 464       God, Gender and the Unconscious
REL 370      Jewish Mysticism and Hasidism
REL 401      Literary and Theological Responses          Psychological and Social Scientific Approaches
             to the Holocaust                            Courses
                                                         REL 263       Religion and Social Theory
Christian Traditions Courses                             REL 267       Psychologies of Religion
REL 228      Religion and Resistance                     REL 269       Therapy, Myth and Ritual
REL 232      Rethinking Jesus                            REL 365       Loss of Certainty
REL 237      Christianity and Culture                    REL 464       God, Gender and the Unconscious
REL 238      Liberating Theology
REL 240      What Is Christianity?                       CROSSLISTED COURSE
REL 241      Rastaman and Christ                         ASN 101       Intellectual and Religious
REL 279      Torah and Testament                                       Foundations of Asian Civilization



                                                   270
                                            RELIGIOUS STUDIES


COURSE DESCRIPTIONS                                           as a Cultural System; Cappadona, Art, Creativity,
100 Religions in History and Around the                       and the Sacred; Levi, The Drowned and the Saved;
World This course provides an historical and                  Cone, Martin and Malcolm in America
geographic frame for understanding religions of
the world—a journey through ostensive and                     108 Religion and Alienation in 20th-Century
explicitly religious phenomena in space and                   Culture What is religion, and how is it part of
time. Topics include varieties of religious                   human experience? What shapes have religious
architecture, images and music, locus of the                  ideas and institutions taken in confrontation
origin and spread of major religions, movements               with the contemporary world? How has the
of contemporary religions around the world,                   phenomenon of alienation contributed to the
“lost” vs. “living” religions, influence of religions         development of religion and religious responses.
on political structures, religious conflagrations             How have specific groups that have suffered
and collisions, religions “gone wrong” and occult             alienation—Jews, Blacks, American Indians,
or “bogus” religions, gender tensions within                  Rastafarians and women—coped with their
religions, and the study of religion in its relation          situations through the appropriation and
to other academic disciplines. (Salter, and Staff,            modification of religious tradition? This course
offered alternate years)                                      explores these issues as well as religious, social,
    Typical readings: Comstock, Religious                     and existential interpretations of alienation set
Autobiographies; Eliade, The Sacred and the                   out by 20th-century thinkers in the West.
Profane; Esposito, World Religions Today; Fisher/             (Dobowski, offered alternate years)
Bailey, An Anthology of Living Religions                          Typical readings: Camus, Rebel; Sartre,
                                                              Anti-Semite and Jew; Des Pres, The Survivor;
103 Journeys and Stories What does it mean to                 Barrett, The Rastafarians; Berger, The Sacred
live a myth or story with one’s life or to go on a            Canopy; Neihardt, Black Elk Speaks
pilgrimage? How are myths and voyages
religious, and can storytelling and journeying be             109 Imagining American Religion(s) What does
meaningful in our contemporary situation? This                it mean to imagine an American religion? This
course begins by focusing on the journeys and                 course explores that question in two ways. One
stories found within traditional religious                    way is to work towards a definition of the terms in
frameworks. It then turns to the contemporary                 the title of this course: what is an “American”?
world and asks whether modern individuals in                  What is “religion”? What does it mean to
light of the rise of secularism and the technologi-           “imagine” these things? The other way we explore
cal age can live the old stories or must they                 the question of American religion is to examine
become non-religious, or religious in a new                   various attempts to make meaning in the United
manner. (Bloss, offered alternate years)                      States. How do different social groups “imagine
    Typical readings: Wiesel, Night, Gates of the             American religion”? Does that change and, if so,
Forest; Olsen, Tell Me a Riddle; Hampl, I Could               why and how? Why does it matter how people
Tell You Stories; Dallas, The Book of Strangers;              imagine American religion? (Salter, Henking,
Neihardt, Black Elk Speaks; Silko, Ceremony;                  offered annually)
Novak, Ascent of the Mountain, Flight of the Dove                 Typical readings: Berger, The Sacred Canopy;
                                                              Eck, A New Religious America?; Wertheimer, A
105 The Religious Imagination This course                     People Divided; Fuller, Spiritual But Not Religious
constructs a critical perspective on contemporary
culture and then proceeds to investigate                      210 Hinduism This course traces the major
experiences traditionally referred to as                      Indian religious tradition from its roots in the
“religious,” as well as the problem of locating the           Indus Valley civilization and the Vedic era,
“religious” in a world commonly understood to                 through the speculations of the Upanishadic
be “secular.” Traditional understandings of                   seers and the meditative techniques of the yogis,
religious experience are both affirmed and                    to the development of devotional cults to Siva,
questioned in one novel and one memoir.                       Durga, and Vishnu. It ends with an exploration
Cross-cultural ways of understanding religious                of the effect of Hinduism on such figures as
symbol and ritual are proposed. How different                 Gandhi, Sri Aurobindo, and Tagore in the
cultures (primitive, classical, contemporary)                 imperial and contemporary periods. Sacred texts,
address the problems of good and evil, oppres-                novels, autobiographies, village studies, and
sion, suffering, and death are studied in                     Hindu art and architecture provide major sources
cognitive and artistic forms. Students are                    of this study. Audiovisual aids—slides and films—
encouraged to explore new ways of reflecting                  are used extensively. (Bloss, offered annually)
upon their experiences of these forms of                          Typical readings: Zaehner, The Bhagavad
expression. (Lee, offered alternate years)                    Gita; Narayan, The Ramayana; Zimmer, Myths
    Typical readings: Herrigel, Zen in the Art of             and Symbols in Indian Art and Civilization;
Archery; Gordon, Final Payments; Geertz, Religion             Forster, A Passage to India; Eck, Darsan; Roy,
                                                              Bengali Women


                                                        271
                                            RELIGIOUS STUDIES


211 Buddhism Buddhism’s rise and develop-                     global modes of production and consumption.
ment in India, and its spread into Southeast                  Some have faulted the tradition of Western
Asia, Tibet, China, Korea, Vietnam, and Japan                 enlightenment and the scientific-technological
are traced. In each of these regions the                      mindset it has created, while others have focused
indigenous traditions, such as Bon in Tibet, or               on monotheistic traditions (Judaism, Christian-
Confucianism and Taoism in China, or Shinto in                ity, and Islam) and their alleged anthropocentric
Japan, are considered, and the question is asked              desacralization of nature as the roots of our
as to how Buddhism adopted and/or influenced                  present ills. In order to gain a critical insight into
elements of its new surroundings. This interac-               these debates, students read some of the religious
tion of the core of Buddhist ideas and practices              works on ecology and environmental ethics along
and other cultures creates such movements as                  with ecofeminist literature that situates the
Zen (Ch’an) and Vajrayana (Tibetan Tantrism).                 debates within the context of global capitalism
Audiovisual materials include the films Requiem               and patriarchal oppression of women. (Lee,
for a Faith and The Smile. (Bloss, offered annually)          offered annually)
    Typical readings: Rahula, What the Buddha                      Typical readings: Foltz, Worldviews, Religion,
Taught; Lhalungpa, The Life of Milarepa; Suzuki,              and the Environment: A Global Anthology;
Zen Mind, Beginner’s Mind; Trungpa, Meditation                Merchant, The Death of Nature; Ruether,
in Action; Kaltenmark, Lao Tzu and Taoism;                    Integrating Ecofeminism, Globalization, and World
Confucius, Analects; Hesse, Siddhartha; Kasulis,              Religions; Berry, The Great Work
Zen Action, Zen Person
                                                              228 Religion and Resistance In this course
217 Gurus, Saints, Priests, and Prophets:                     students explore the ways in which religion and
Types of Religious Authority Using informa-                   resistance are related. Among other questions,
tion from many Asian cultures, this course                    students ask how the religious imagination helps us
compares types of religious leadership. Focusing              to see alternate realities and permits us to call into
on founders, prophets, shamans, gurus, mystics,               question our current realities. Students also explore
and priests, the course explores how these Asian              the role of religion in legitimizing the status quo
specialists in the sacred relate to the ultimate and          and oppression. They ask how religious communi-
how their authority is viewed by the members of               ties identify and combat oppression. In combating
their traditions. Do these leaders mediate or                 oppression, the class also turns to questions of
intercede with the sacred, pronounce or                       practice. Is it enough to talk about liberation? Is
interpret, advise or perform rites? What types of             religion a “call to action?” If so, what is meant by
religious experiences do they have and what                   “action?” (Salter, Staff, offered occasionally)
techniques do they use to exhibit their authority?                 Typical readings: Al-e Ahmad, Gharbzadegi
(Bloss, offered alternate years)                              [Weststruckness]; Esack, Qur’an, Liberation, and
    Typical readings: Spence, God’s Chinese Son;              Pluralism: an Islamic Perspective of Interreligious
Herrigel, Zen in the Art of Archery; Fingarette,              Solidarity Against Oppression; Johnson, She Who Is:
Confucius, The Secular as Sacred; Hawley, Saints              the Mystery of God in Feminist Theological
and Virtues; Kendall, Shamans, Housewives                     Discourse; Romero, The Violence of Love; Shariati,
                                                              Religion vs. Religion; Tutu, No Future Without
219 Introduction to Islamic Religious Traditions              Forgiveness; Ellison, Invisible Man
This course is an historical study of the rise of
Islam from seventh-century Arabia to the current              232 Rethinking Jesus Who is Jesus? The
global context. It examines basic beliefs, major              question is not as simple to answer as it might
figures, sacred scriptures, and rituals of this               seem. This course explores central ways the
religious tradition. The course emphasis is on                founding figure of Christianity has been
modern developments in Islam, including the                   conceived and rethought, especially in the last
Muslim presence in Southeast Asia. (Anwar,                    100 years. Though students start with an inquiry
offered annually)                                             into “the historical Jesus,” they move on to rethink
    Typical readings: Denny, An Introduction to               Jesus from theological, cultural, and literary
Islam; Arberry, The Koran Interpreted; Watt, A                perspectives. (Salter, offered alternate years)
Short History of Islam; Esposito, Islam: The Straight             Typical readings: The New Testament;
Path; Barboza, American Jihad: Islam after Malcolm            Crossan, Jesus: A Revolutionary Biography;
X; Mernissi, Fatima, Dreams of Trespass                       Sanders, The Historical Figure of Jesus; Pelikan,
                                                              Jesus Through the Centuries; Spencer, Dread Jesus;
226 Religion and Nature This course examines                  Ogden, The Point of Christology; various films,
various religious traditions to see what they can             including The Matrix, The Life of Brian, The
contribute to a contemporary understanding of                 Greatest Story Ever Told, Jesus of Montreal, The
humanity’s healthy, sustainable relationship with             Last Temptation of Christ, and The Gospel
the natural world. The ecological crises of our               According to St. Matthew
time have forced us to question the prevailing



                                                        272
                                          RELIGIOUS STUDIES


236 Gender and Islam Westernization has                     Christian traditions, and theological readings
brought sweeping changes and challenges to                  about the various interpretations of key Christian
Islamic cultures and religious practices. As a              symbols in different Christian traditions. (Salter,
result, political developments, social patterns,            offered alternate years)
and codes of dress have undergone metamorpho-                   Typical readings: Reuther, Women and
sis as secular ideologies conflict with traditional         Redemption: a Theological History; Hans Kung, On
religious beliefs. The role of women continues to           Being a Christian; Eusebius, The History of the
undergo transformation. How will these changes              Church from Christ to Constantine; Owen
effect Muslim identity in the 21st century?                 Chadwick, A History of Christianity; the Christian
(Anwar, offered annually)                                   Testament
     Typical readings: Haddad, Esposito, Islam,
Gender and Social Change; Mernissi, The Veil and            241 Rastaman and Christ: Encounters in Diaspora
the Male Elite: A Feminist Interpretation of                What happens when religions collide? This course
Women’s Rights in Islam; Ahmed, Women and                   explores this question in the specific context of the
Gender in Islam; Rachlin, Foreigner                         “New World,” where religions from various
                                                            traditions collided under the rubrics of colonial
237 Christianity and Culture What is the                    conquest, slavery and, more recently, rapid social
relationship between what Christian groups do               changes like migration, communications advances,
and how they understand themselves? This                    and tourism. This course primarily explores the
course uses case-studies of a wide variety of               collision of West African religions with Christian-
Christian communities, from a Native American               ity. Thus students focus on understanding the
community in the contemporary U.S. to the                   emergence of religions like Rastafari, Vodou,
Christian communities of the Apostle Paul, to               Santeria, Shango, and other New World religions.
examine the relationship between theory and                 (Salter, offered alternate years)
practice in Christianity. Special emphasis is                    Typical readings: Chevannes, Rastafari: Roots
placed on the questions of whether or how                   and Ideology; Burdick, Looking for God in Brazil;
Christian communities can produce significant               Mais, Brother Man; McCarthy Brown, Mama
social change. (Salter, offered alternate years)            Lola: a Vodou Priestess in Brooklyn; Desmangles,
    Typical readings: Hall (ed.), Lived Religion in         The Faces of the Gods: Vodou and Roman
America: A Fundamental Practical Theology;                  Catholicism in Haiti; Olmos and Paravisini-Gebert
Bourdieu, Outline of a Theory of Practice;                  (ed.), Sacred Possessions: Vodou, Santeria, Obeah,
Prejean, Dead Man Walking; Orsi, The Madonna                and the Caribbean
of 115th Street
                                                            242 Islamic Mysticism: The Inward Dance One
238 Liberating Theology In the popular                      of the most enigmatic and enamoring aspects of
imagination we often associate Christianity with            Islam is Islamic mysticism or Sufism. What is
the elites, colonizers, or oppressors in history.           Sufism and how has it come to be such a pervasive
But what happens when we rethink Christianity               presence in Islamic civilization? The Sufi’s goal is
from the perspective of those marginalized from             often defined as the unveiling of the Divine light
mainstream society? This course does that with              leading to union or annihilation. Sufi theoreti-
the help of major 20th-century theologians who              cians have often used simple imagery, symbolism,
might in some way be considered part of the                 and storytelling for expression. This course
Liberation Theology movement. Key perspec-                  addresses the classical Sufi thought through
tives covered include Latin American liberation             theoretical expressions and texts, current orders,
theology, feminist theology, black theology, and            and its presence in the West. Comparative
others. (Salter, offered alternate years)                   references to other mystical traditions such as
    Typical readings: Boff and Boff, Introducing            Christian mystical thought, Hasidism, and Yoga
Liberation Theology; Cone, A Black Theology of              are also made. (Anwar, offered annually)
Liberation; Gutierrez, On Job: God-talk and the                 Typical readings: Schimmel, The Triumphal
Suffering of the Innocent; Ruether, Sexism and              Sun, I am the Fire You are the Wind; Ernst, trans.,
God-talk; Deloria, Jr., God is Red                          Ruzbihan Baqli: The Unveiling of Secrets, Diary of a
                                                            Sufi Master; al-Din Rumi, Mathnavi; Barks, Feeling
240 What is Christianity? This course is an                 the Shoulder of the Lion; Attar, The Conference of
introduction to Christianity designed both for              the Birds
students with no familiarity at all with Christian-
ity and for students who have been raised in                243 Theology of World Religions What is
Christian traditions, but who are not familiar with         “salvation” from a religious standpoint? What does
the critical study of religion or the breadth of            it mean to be “saved? Is Christianity the only
Christian traditions. Students explore Christianity         religion to save, as many Christians today claim?
using primary readings from Christian scriptures,           How is salvation understood in other religions?
historical readings on the development of various           What is the status of their distinctive truth claims



                                                      273
                                             RELIGIOUS STUDIES


about salvation? By engaging these questions, this                  Typical readings: Eliade, Bengali Nights; Deri,
course explores theologically and philosophically               It Does Not Die; Morrison, Sula; O’Connor,
responsible ways of comparing religions, using                  Everything That Rises Must Converge; tales from
soteriology (the teaching or study of salvation) as             classic religious traditions
an example of comparative category. In so doing,
the course addresses the problem of formulating a               257 What’s Love Got to Do with It? Suppose
“theology of religions,” that is, a self-critical and           the understanding of a concept such as love is
articulate way of being faithful to one’s own                   proportional to the number of genres through
religious tradition while also being open to the                which it is perceived. Then one can expect that
power of the truth claims of other religion                     the most complete understanding of love will be
traditions. (Lee, offered annually)                             found through an entire galaxy of genres, such as
    Typical readings: Coward, Sin and Salvation in              dialogues, satires, videos, canticles, modern lyrics,
the World Religions; Neville, The Human                         newspaper columns, and novels. Besides “literary”
Condition; Heim, Salvations; Santideva, The                     texts, students read and discuss “sacred” texts on
Bodhicaryavatara; Kohn, The Taoist Experience;                  love from both Eastern and Western religious
Bonaventure, The Soul’s Journey into God                        traditions. (Lee, offered alternate years)
                                                                    Typical readings: Plato, Symposium; Sappho’s
251 Revelation in Religion and Science One of the               lyrics; the Hebrew Song of Songs; Sufi love poetry;
influential books of the 20th century was Alfred                John’s First Letter and Paul’s Letter to the
North Whitehead’s Science and the Modern World                  Corinthians; Amerindian tales; Joyce, The Dead;
(1925). In it he expressed his concern for the future           Thompson, Who Do You Love; Soble, Eros and
when he wrote, “When we consider what religion is               Agape
for humanity, and what science is, it is no
exaggeration to say that the future course of history           258 The Bible and the Qur’an: Do They Mean
depends upon the decision of this generation as to              What They Say? The three major religious texts
the relation between them.” This course carries his             of many cultures—the Hebrew Bible, the New
concern into our postmodern world with its new                  Testament, and the Qur’an—originated at
understandings of science and religion. (Staff, offered         different times and can be understood differently
alternate years)                                                by different people. How have the texts been
     Typical texts: Gerhart and Russell, New Maps               understood at their best? What controversies
for Old; Lindberg, The Beginnings of Western Science            have affected particular expressions of belief in
                                                                each tradition? How do different translations
254 The Question of God/Goddess: Metaphoric                     affect the meanings of the texts? The course has
and Philosophical Origins In an age when                        two foci: first, to compare accounts in the sacred
formal language has become more technical, the                  texts in the same narratives (e.g. of Abraham,
question of God is often given over to those who                Moses, Jesus, Mary, Hagar, Joseph, Potiphar), and
do not want to be bothered with the complexity                  second, to locate principles that major thinkers
of the question. In an attempt to “overhear”                    in each tradition have used to interpret their
some of the issues that are left out of specialized             respective texts. Students make presentations of
knowledge, this course examines Greek plays                     how the sacred texts of each religion are used in
with special attention to the ways in which these               ritual, art, architecture and music. In what
texts raise the question of God. It also familiar-              different senses are the three religions—Judaism,
izes students with representative ways of                       Christianity and Islam—“religions of the book”?
formulating the question of God in classical and                How might some of the polemical criticisms that
contemporary thought. Students dramatize one                    have been brought against the texts be answered?
contemporary play to show the transformation of                 Prerequisite: One 100-level course in religious
images and issues. (Lee, offered alternate years)               studies, or permission of instructor. (Staff, offered
    Typical readings: Euripides, Ion, Alcestis,                 alternate years)
Medea; Heracles, Electra, Helen, Hecuba, The                         Typical readings: The Qur’an; The Oxford
Trojan Women, Iphigenia at Aulis; McFague,                      English Bible; Textual Sources for the Study of Islam;
Models of God; O’Neill, Mourning Becomes Electra                Textual Sources for the Study of Judaism; Textual
                                                                Sources for the Study of Christianity, Tracy, Writing
256 Tales of Love, Tales of Horror What is a
tale? Why might tales of love and terror be                     260 Religion as a Philosophical Act This course
significant from a religious perspective? These texts           explores what it means to be religious in a
relate to the experience of the holy as a mystery               philosophical manner. Central to our exploration
that is both fascinating and fearful. This course               are the following questions: Can one be religious
explores texts from different centuries on the                  and at the same time also be rational and critical?
subjects of “love” and “terror,” and how they treat             Is being religious equivalent to accepting certain
the experiences of marginality, alienation, and                 ideas and practices merely on authority, i.e.,
transcendence. (Lee, offered alternate years)                   having a “blind faith”? If religions do involve



                                                          274
                                           RELIGIOUS STUDIES


modes of rational, (self-)critical thinking, how             Szasz, The Myth of Psychotherapy; Fromm,
do they operate and manifest themselves? Do                  Psychoanalysis and Religion; Suler, Contemporary
religious people make coherent, convincing and               Psychoanalysis and Eastern Thought
compelling cases for their religious ideals, beliefs
and practices? Toward answering these                        270 Modern Jewish History This course
questions, students read some of the major                   examines Jewish intellectual, political, and
philosophical thinkers from the 18th century to              socio-economic history from the period of the
the present who have attempted to present                    French Revolution until the mid-20th century.
coherent and compelling philosophical                        The specific focus of the course is on the manner
arguments for or against religious beliefs and               in which Jews accommodated themselves and
practices. (Lee, offered occasionally)                       related to changes in their status which were
    Typical readings: Hume, Dialogues Concern-               caused by external and internal events. A major
ing Natural Religion; Kant, Critique of Practical            area of concern are the movements—intellec-
Reason; Marx, Marx on Religion; Nietzsche, On                tual, political, and religious, such as, Reform
the Genealogy of Morals; Buber, I and Thou;                  Judaism, the Haskalah, Zionism, Jewish
Nishitani, Religion and Nothingness; Tu,                     radicalism, Hasidism—which arose within the
Confucian Thought                                            Jewish communities in question as reactions to
                                                             Emancipation and Enlightenment. (Dobkowski,
263 Religion and Social Theory Is society God?               offered alternate years)
Is religion the opiate of the people? What does                  Typical readings: Hertzberg, The Zionist Idea;
religion do? This course examines a variety of               Sartre, Anti-Semite and Jew; Wiesel, Souls on Fire;
classic (Freud, Marx, Weber, Durkheim,                       Dawidowicz, The War Against the Jews; Arendt,
Malinowski) and contemporary (Berger,                        Anti-Semitism; Glazer, American Judaism
Luckmann, Douglas, Geertz) theories of religion
that emphasize social and cultural aspects of                271 The History and Impact of the Holocaust
religion, including the origins and functions of             This course analyzes the background and history
symbol, myth and ritual. (Henking, offered                   of the Holocaust; its impact on the Jewish
alternate years)                                             community in Europe and worldwide; theological
    Typical readings: Freud, Totem and Taboo;                reactions as reflected in the works of Buber,
Geertz, The Interpretation of Culture; Weber, The            Fackenheim, and Rubenstein; the question of
Sociology of Religion; Turner, Religion and Social           resistance; the problem of survival; the Elie Wiesel
Theory; Erikson, Where Silence Speaks: Feminism,             syndrome; and collective guilt leading to the
Social Theory, and Religion; Durkheim, The                   creation of the State of Israel. It also examines the
Elemental Forms of the Religious Life                        nature of the human, society, religion, and politics
                                                             post-Auschwitz. (Dobkowski, offered annually)
267 Psychologies of Religion This course examines                Typical readings: Hilberg, The Destruction of
the variety of modern psychological perspectives             European Jews; Wiesel, Night, Dawn, The Oath;
that have been used to understand religion,                  Rubenstein, After Auschwitz; Fackenheim, God’s
including depth psychologies, social psychology, and         Presence in History; Arendt, Eichmann in
empirical and behavioral approaches. In doing so, it         Jerusalem; Des Pres, The Survivor; Clendinnen,
explores psychological theories that attempt to              Reading the Holocaust
answer such questions as: Why are people religious?
Where do religious experiences and images come               272 The Sociology of the American Jew This
from? What does it mean to be religious? (Henking,           course examines the sociological, religious, and
offered alternate years)                                     historical complexion of the American Jewish
     Typical readings: James, The Varieties of               community. It attempts to deal with such issues
Religious Experience; Jung, Psychology and Religion;         as immigration, religious trends, anti-Semitism,
Freud, The Future of an Illusion; Batson,                    assimilation, adjustment, identity, and survival,
Schoenrode, and Ventis, The Religious Individual             and it attempts to understand the nature of the
                                                             American Jewish community. It analyzes this
269 Therapy, Myth, and Ritual How are                        experience by utilizing sociological and historical
religion and psychology connected? Does                      insights, as well as by looking at immigrant
psychology operate as a religion today? Are                  literature in its cultural and historical context.
psychotherapists the new clergy? Has modern                  (Dobkowski, offered alternate years)
Western religion become psychologized? This                       Typical readings: Sklare, America’s Jews, The
course explores such issues by examining the                 Jew in American Society; Liebman, The Ambivalent
historical connections of religion and psychology            Jew; Fein, Where are We?; Goldstein, Jewish
in the West and the interaction of religion and              Americans; Howe, World of Our Fathers;
psychology in modern Western culture.                        Wertheimer, A People Divided
(Henking, offered alternate years)
    Typical readings: Tillich, The Courage to Be;



                                                       275
                                            RELIGIOUS STUDIES


273 The Foundations of Jewish Thought This                    278 Jewish Life and Thought in Modern Times
course traces the foundations of Jewish religious and         This course examines Jewish life, thought, and
philosophical thought from the Bible, Rabbinic                cultural development from 1760 to the present.
literature, Talmudic Judaism, the Kabbalah,                   Among the topics discussed are: the rise of
medieval philosophy, and mysticism, to contempo-              Hasidism and reaction to it; the Enlightenment
rary Jewish thought. It is an attempt to understand           and modern varieties of Judaism; Zionist thought;
the “essence” of Judaism and to trace how it has              and revolution and Jewish emancipation. The
developed over time and been influenced by other              course also focuses on major Jewish thinkers and
traditions. It also examines the impact of Judaism on         actors who have had a profound impact on
Islamic and Western European thought.                         shaping, defining, and transforming Jewish
(Dobkowski, offered alternate years)                          thought and praxis. This includes thinkers like
     Typical readings: Neusner, Understanding                 the Baal Shem Tov, Martin Buber, Abraham
Rabbinic Judaism, Invitation to the Talmud;                   Joshua Heschel, Mordecai Kaplan, and Blu
Sholem, The Messianic Idea; Lamm, Faith and                   Greenberg. (Dobkowski, offered alternate years)
Doubt; Baeck, The Essence of Judaism; Heschel,                    Typical readings: Gillman, Sacred Fragments;
Man’s Quest for God; Steinsaltz, The Essential                Buber, I and Thou; Heschel, G-d in Search of
Talmud; Gillman, Sacred Fragments                             Man; Katz, Tradition and Crisis; Avineri, The
                                                              Making of Modern Zionism
274 Zionism, the State of Israel, and the
Middle East Conflict An examination of the                    279 Torah and Testament How do we read
roots of Zionism—a complicated religious,                     sacred texts? How can they say anything to us
ideological, and political movement. Such                     today? This course introduces students to central
external factors as the Holocaust and the acute               texts of the Jewish and Christian traditions and
problems of the surviving refugees; the conflict              key methods of reading/interpreting those texts.
between Jews and Arabs in Palestine; the                      Through close readings of selected representative
breakdown of the British Mandate and the                      texts, we cover themes that may range from
mutual rivalries of the Western powers in the                 origins and cosmologies to liberation, freedom,
Middle East; and the East-West conflict in the                law and morality. (Dobkowski, Salter, offered
global scene are some of the historical forces                alternate years)
which accelerated the creation of the Jewish                       Typical readings: Genesis; Exodus; the Gospel
state that are examined. But attention is also                of John; the Gospel of Matthew; Holtz, Back to the
given to the internal intellectual and spiritual              Sources; Sanders and Davis, Studying the Synoptic
forces in Jewish life, which were at least as                 Gospels
important and which constitute the ultimately
decisive factor. (Dobkowski, offered occasionally)            281 Unspoken Worlds: Women, Religion, and
    Typical readings: Laqueur, A History of                   Culture When theorists describe the lives of
Zionism; Hertzberg, The Zionist Idea; Chomsky,                religious people and the meaning of religion, they
Peace in the Middle East?; Curtis, The Palestinians;          often speak of homo religious, religious man. What
Gal, Socialist-Zionism; Spiro, Kibbutz; Shipler,              happens when we move beyond a focus upon
Arabs and Jews                                                men to examine the religious lives of women?
                                                              This course focuses exclusively upon women,
276 History of East European Jewry, 1648-1945                 located within and enacting a variety of cultures
This course examines the social, political,                   and religions. In doing so, it considers women’s
cultural, and religious history of the Jews in                agency and oppression, the significance of female
Eastern Europe. Since Eastern Europe was home to              (or feminine) religious imagery, and the
a majority of world Jewry until the Holocaust, it is          interweaving of women’s religious lives with such
important to analyze what was distinctive about               imagery. (Henking, offered alternate years)
the East European Jewish experience and what                      Typical readings; Sered, Priestess, Mother,
impact it had on contemporary Jewish life. Topics             Sacred Sister; Falk (ed.), Unspoken Worlds; Gross,
covered include: Hasidism; the Haskalah; Yiddish              Feminism and Religion
literature and language; Polish-Jewish politics;
anti-Semitism; the world of the Yeshiva; Zionism              283 Que(e)rying Religious Studies What do
and Socialism; and the Russian Revolution and                 religion and sexuality have to do with each
the creation of Soviet Jewry. (Dobkowski, offered             other? This course considers a variety of religious
every three years)                                            traditions with a focus on same-sex eroticism. In
     Typical readings: Dawidowicz, The Golden                 the process, students are introduced to the
Tradition; Buber, Tales of the Hasidim; Singer, The           fundamental concerns of the academic study of
Spinozo of Market Street; Stanislawski, Tsar                  religion and lesbian/gay/queer studies. Among
Nicholas I and the Jews; Hoffman, Shetle                      the topics considered are the place of ritual and
                                                              performance in religion and sexuality, the
                                                              construction of religious and sexual ideals, and



                                                        276
                                            RELIGIOUS STUDIES


the role of religious formulations in enforcing                literature on philosophy of language, hermeneu-
compulsory heterosexuality. Prerequisites: Any                 tics, and various philosophical and theological
100-level religious studies course or permission               theories of religious symbols, texts, and
of instructor. (Henking, offered alternate years)              discourses. Central to this examination is the
    Typical readings: Herdt, Same Sex, Different               question whether and in what sense religious
Culture; Shokeid, A Gay Synagogue in New York;                 language can be interpreted as embodying and
Brown, Immodest Acts; Comstock and Henking,                    conveying a surplus of meaning, given the
Que(e)rying Religion                                           presence of other conflicting interpretations
                                                               (poststructuralist, psychoanalytic, feminist,
305 Tongues of Fire: Pentecostalism World-                     postcolonial, etc.). (Lee, offered annually)
wide The Pentecostal movement is character-                         Typical readings: Stiver, The Philosophy of
ized by the “descent of the Spirit” and                        Religious Language; McFague, Metaphorical
manifested through such practices as speaking in               Theology; Tracy, Plurality and Ambiguity; Taylor,
tongues, spontaneous healing, and spontaneous                  Erring; Kwok, Postcolonial Imagination and Feminist
prayer. This movement has been one of the                      Theology; Neville, The Truth of Broken Symbols
fastest growing forms of Christianity worldwide
over the past three decades; two Pentecostal                   315 Japanese Religions Japan provides a
denominations were recently ranked as the first                wonderful opportunity to apply the discipline of
and second fastest growing religious denomina-                 the history of religions. This field of study traces
tions in the U.S. What is this movement and how                the rise, development, and changes of religious
do we make sense of it? Why has it spread so                   traditions over time, as well as comparing types
rapidly? To whom does it appeal? And what has                  of religions. Japanese history begins with the
been its effect where it spreads? (Salter, offered             indigenous shamanistic Shinto tradition, which
every three years)                                             interacts with a number of Buddhist traditions,
    Typical readings: Harvey Cox, Fire From                    filtered before their arrival through India, Tibet,
Heaven; Martin Riesbrodt, Pious Passion; David                 and China. This mix is then challenged by
Martin, Tongues of Fire: the Explosion of                      Christianity and most recently has been transformed
Protestantism in Latin America; R. Andrew                      by the growth of “new” religions in sublime and
Chesnut, Born Again In Brazil; Walter                          terrifying forms. This course uses a range of sources in
Hollenweger, The Pentecostals; Diane                           the study of Japanese religions and culture.
Austin-Broos, Jamaica Genesis                                  Selections of poetry, drama, novels, and biographies,
                                                               as well as rituals and art provide glimpses of the
312 New Heavens, New Earths This course                        richness of Japan. Prerequisites: An introductory
compares religious movements that arise during                 course in religious studies or permission of instructor.
times of rapid social change, cultural crisis, or              (Bloss, offered alternate years)
oppression and often, under the guidance of a                       Typical readings: Endo, The Samurai;
prophet, foresee the dramatic end of an age and                McFarland, Daruma; Ono, Shinto the Kami Way;
a beginning of a period of redemption. It begins               Statler, Japanese Pilgrimage; and readings from such
with religious movements among primitive                       texts as the Man’Yoshu, the Kojiki, and Noh plays
cultures which have been overwhelmed or
severely shaken by contacts with the West, then                318 Postcolonial Theologies This course
turns to the pursuit of the Millennium in the                  explores postcolonial theory and its implications
Middle Ages, Mother Anne and the Shakers, the                  for theological and philosophical studies of
Rastafarians of Jamaica; and ends with a study of              religions. It examines how the imperial
a flying saucer cult in Chicago. Audiovisual aids              ideologies of the North Atlantic empires, often
are used extensively. (Bloss, offered alternate years)         with the help of imperialist theological readings
     Typical readings: Burridge, New Heaven,                   of the Christian tradition, distorted and
New Earth; Cohn, The Pursuit of the Millennium;                misrepresented the religious traditions of the
Andrews, A People Called Shakers; Lurie,                       subject peoples in the name of the Christianizing
Mountain Wolf Woman; Barrett, Rastafarians;                    and civilizing mission of the West on the one
Halm, Shi’a Islam; Kehoe, The Ghost Dance                      hand and the objectivity of “the study of
                                                               religion” on the other. Central to this examina-
313 Religious Language This course explores                    tion is the question whether postcolonial theory,
the nature and function of religious language.                 which deconstructs all imperial constructions of
The key questions asked are: What is a “sacred”                “the other,” could be a catalyst for producing
symbol, text, or discourse? How is religious                   “postcolonial theologies” that repudiate any
language different from everyday language or                   religiously grounded establishment of one
scientific language, if at all? Does religious                 dominant center of value, meaning and order.
language enable us to be in touch with ultimate                (Lee, offered annually)
or divine reality, as it claims? In order to answer                Typical readings: Young, Postcolonialism: A
these questions, this course examines some of the              Very Short Introduction; King, Orientalism and



                                                         277
                                          RELIGIOUS STUDIES


Religion; Lopez, ed., Curators of Buddha; Majid,            370 Jewish Mysticism and Hasidism This
Unveiling Traditions: Postcolonial Islam in a               course attempts to trace and describe the
Polycentric World; Donaldson and Kwok,                      developments in Jewish mysticism culminating
Postcolonialism, Feminism and Religious Discourse;          in the Hasidic movements of the 18th and 19th
Kwok, Postcolonial Imagination & Feminist                   centuries and neo-Hasidic trends in the 20th.
Theology; Keller et. al., Postcolonial Theologies           These movements are viewed as religious and
                                                            spiritual, as well as social and economic
321 Muslim Women in Literature The question                 manifestations. The course operates from the
of what is intrinsically Islamic with respect to            premise that there is a continuing dialectic
ideas about women and gender is important for               between an exoteric and subterranean tradition.
understanding the position of women in Islam,               The true history of a religion lies beneath the
and for distinguishing the religious element from           surface and often contradicts, energizes, and
socio-economic and political factors. The course            finally transforms the assumptions of the
sets in perspective the diversity of cultural               normative tradition. The course argues the
manifestations which contribute to the complex-             central importance of the Kabbalistic-mystical
ity of Islam, through a selective exploration of            tradition, not as a footnote of Jewish history, but
literary works by both women and men. The                   as a motivating force. (Dobkowski, offered every
writings contain political, social, and religious           three years)
themes and reflect debates regarding the nature of              Typical readings: Scholem, Jewish Mysticism;
society and the status of women, written primarily          Minkin, The Romance of Hasidism; Zborowski,
in the last 50 years. Readings include fiction,             Life Is With People; Buber, Tales of the Hasidic
poetry, and non-fiction. (Anwar, offered annually)          Masters; Wiesel, Souls on Fire; Schaya, The
     Typical readings: Mernissi, Dreams of                  Universal Meaning of the Kabbalah
Trespass: Tales of a Harem Girlhood; Daneshvar,
Savushun; Mahfouz, Midaq Alley; Khalifa, Wild               382 Toward Inclusive Theology Theology from a
Thorns; Hillman, A Lonely Woman: Forough                    feminist perspective has called into question many
Farrokhzad and Her Poetry; El-Sa’dawi, Memoirs              of the presuppositions of theologies that are
from the Women’s Prison                                     assumed to apply to anyone. At the same time,
                                                            neither womanist nor other identifiable groups of
345 Tradition Transformers: Systematic                      theologians speak with the same voice; nor need
Theology This course focuses on key Christian               they work explicitly on the same issues. This course
theologians/figures who have shaped Christian               investigates the major contributions feminist
thought. The work of these thinkers has been                theologians have made since 1980 and additional
fundamental to the development of and changes               resources for addressing issues of inclusive theology
in Western thought and society. The emphasis of             in general. (Lee, offered occasionally)
the course is on close readings of selections from              Typical readings: Elizabeth Johnson, She Who
the primary texts (in translation) and biographi-           Is; Mary Boys, Jewish-Christian Dialogue; Bill
cal/historical readings which contextualize each            Moyers et al, Genesis and the Millennium; Bharati
author. (Salter, offered alternate years)                   Mukherjee, Jasmine; Paul Knitter, One Earth,
    Typical readings: the Pauline Epistles;                 Many Religions: Religions, Multifaith Dialogue and
Augustine, On Christian Teaching; Aquinas,                  Global Responsibility
Summa Theologica (selections); Luther,
Commentary on Romans; Calvin, Institutes;                   401 Literary and Theological Responses to the
Copleston, Aquinas; Sanders, Paul; Steinmetz,               Holocaust It is increasingly obvious that the
Luther in Context                                           Holocaust is a watershed event, a phenomenon
                                                            that changes our perceptions of human nature,
365 Loss of Certainty Religious experience has              religion, morality, and the way we view reality.
been described as a purely individual phenom-               All that came before must be re-examined and
enon. Yet, religion has also been a powerful                all that follows is shaped by it. Yet, precisely
institutional and cultural force. The loss of faith         because of its dimensions, the meaning of the
has been depicted in similarly contradictory                Holocaust is impenetrable. Language is
ways—both as the product of individual decision             inadequate to express the inexpressible. But the
and as a large scale historical process called              moral imperative demands an encounter. This
secularization. This course explores this tension           course examines some of the more meaningful
by reading novels and biographies as well as                “encounters” with the Holocaust found in
theoretical work which examines the relation of             literature, films, and in theology. It is through
religion to historical and psychological processes.         the creative and theological mediums that
(Henking, offered alternate years)                          post-Holocaust human beings have attempted
    Typical readings: Berger, Sacred Canopy;                most sensitively and seriously to come to terms
Swift, Ever After; Glasner, The Sociology of                with the universal implications of the Holocaust.
Secularisation; Tillich, Dynamics of Faith; Miller,         (Dobkowski, offered every three years)
Nurturing Doubt


                                                      278
                                         RELIGIOUS STUDIES


    Typical readings: Schwartz-Bart, Last of the             461 Senior Seminar: Toward Theory in
Just; Wiesel, Night, Dawn, The Gates of the                  Religious Studies Religious studies is an
Forest; Cohen, In the Days of Simon Stern;                   endeavor to understand phenomena referred to
Fackenheim, God’s Presence in History, The                   in the general categories “religion” and
Jewish Return to History; Rubenstein, After                  “religious.” What does it mean to be religious in
Auschwitz                                                    U.S. culture? In other cultures? What is religion?
                                                             What are some major religious questions? What
402 Conflict of Interpretations “That’s just                 are ways people have responded to these
your interpretation!” This course engages in and             questions? What is theory? What is experience?
reflects on two levels of interpretation: regional           How are theory and experience related? In this
(interpretation of texts) and general (interpreta-           course students discuss diverse theoretical
tion of issues in interpreting any text). It studies         perspectives on religion, differentiate among
conflicting interpretations of traditionally                 kinds of theories, evaluate them, and apply them
religious texts (such as proverbs in Ecclesiastes            to particular examples. The course offers a
and parables), traditionally literary texts (such as         context for recognizing the contribution of prior
Antigone, Pygmalion), and one contemporary                   work in religious studies and provides a capstone
novel, The Magus. It then studies kinds of                   for the major. (Fall, offered annually)
interpretations that are understood to conflict
(structuralist, psychoanalytic, religious, etc.) and         464 God, Gender, and the Unconscious The
the senses in which a text embodies a surplus of             unconscious and God have both been depicted
meanings. It also considers various ways of                  as inaccessible to ordinary conscious reflection.
adjudicating between conflicting interpretations.            Likewise, depth psychologists like Freud have
(Lee, offered alternate years)                               depicted women as mysterious objects of desire
    Typical readings: Booth, Critical Understand-            or, like Jung, as representative of the depths
ing: The Powers and Limits of Pluralism; Bal, Lethal         which call men toward wholeness. What is the
Love; Eagleton, Literary Theory; Fowles, The                 relation of the enigmas of God, woman, and the
Magus; Tracy, Dialogue with the Other; Gerhart,              unconscious? This course examines depth
Genre Choices, Gender Questions                              psychology with particular reference to
                                                             connections between religion and gender. In
410 Sacred Space The course takes a compara-                 doing so, students read the work of Freud and
tive approach in order to explore the meaning,               Jung, consider the positions of selected followers
function, and structure of space for religious               who have discussed religion and/or gender, and
persons. Topics include: the “wanderings” of the             examine the perspectives of various feminists
Australian aborigines; habitation modes of                   who have used and/or critiqued Freud and Jung.
American Indians; the Peyote pilgrimage of the               (Henking, offered alternate years)
Huichol Indians of Mexico; the Hindu Temple;                     Typical readings: Freud, The Future of an
the Buddhist Stupa; and the individual as                    Illusion; Jung, Aspects of the Feminine; Wehr, Jung
cosmos in yoga and Chinese alchemical texts.                 and Feminism; Van Herik, Freud on Femininity
The student is asked to keep a journal reflecting            and Faith
his or her reactions to the readings and
reflections on space as experienced in our                   495 Honors
culture. Prerequisite: One 200-level course in
history of religions (210-219), or permission of
instructor. (Bloss, offered alternate years)
    Typical readings: Turner, Ritual Process;
Bachelard, The Poetics of Space; Chatwin,
Songlines; Snodgrass, The Symbolism of the Stupa;
Griaule, Conversations with Ogotemmeli;
Campbell, The Hero with a Thousand Faces;
Eliade, Australian Religions; Mookerjee, The
Tantric Way

450 Independent Study




                                                       279
                                RUSSIAN AREA STUDIES


RUSSIAN AREA STUDIES                               society, while the disciplinary track
                                                   involves a concentration in Russian
Program Faculty                                    language for the minor and Russian
Judith McKinney, Economics, Coordinator            language and culture for the major. (Note
David Galloway, Russian                            that a student may not satisfy the
Jo Anna Isaak, Art                                 requirements for both disciplinarity and
Derek Linton, History                              interdisciplinarity within Russian Area
Susanne McNally, History                           Studies.) Only courses for which the
Patricia Myers, Music                              student has received a grade of C- or
David Ost, Political Science                       better will be counted toward either of
Kristen Welsh, Russian                             the majors or minors. A semester abroad
                                                   in one of the Colleges’ programs is
The Russian Area Studies program is                strongly recommended for either major.
designed to give students knowledge of
the Russian language, to help students             REQUIREMENTS FOR MAJOR, HISTORY AND
better understand Russian culture and the          SOCIETY
situation in the newly independent                 interdisciplinary, 10 courses
countries, and to prepare students for             Three Russian language courses, starting
continued study at the graduate level. The         at least at the 102 level; two courses from
geopolitical location and vast size of the         the Russian Area Studies humanities
former Soviet Union ensure that this area          electives; three courses from the Russian
will continue to play a critically impor-          Area Studies social science electives; and
tant role in the world. In addition,               two additional courses in either Russian
because Russia’s historical development            language or from the Russian Area Studies
has occurred within the context of the             electives. At least two courses must be at
challenge and comparison represented by            the 300 level or above. No more than one
the West, the perspective which emerges            course can come from the contextual
from a study of Russian and Soviet                 courses category. Students are encouraged
history, culture and language offers an            to take one independent study outside of
excellent opportunity to see ourselves             language study.
more clearly.
    Russia is a natural subject for a              REQUIREMENTS FOR MAJOR, LANGUAGE AND
multidisciplinary approach. The struggle           CULTURE
to improve conditions of life in that              disciplinary, 10 courses
country has constituted a common                   Seven language courses, starting at least at
project engaging social, political,                the 102 level, and three non-language
economic, and religious thinkers,                  courses from the Russian Area Studies
historians, philosophers, writers, and             offerings, at least one of which must be
artists. No one area, approach, or way of          from the humanities and at least one of
knowing has developed in isolation from            which must be from the social sciences.
the others; each illuminates the whole.            No course from the list of “Contextual
    The Russian Area Studies program               Courses” will count.
offers two tracks for a major (one
disciplinary and one interdisciplinary),           REQUIREMENTS FOR MINOR, RUSSIAN
and two tracks for a minor (one disciplin-         LANGUAGE
ary and one interdisciplinary). The                disciplinary, 5 courses
interdisciplinary track involves a                 Five courses in Russian language starting
concentration in Russian history and               at least at the 102 level.


                                             280
                                      RUSSIAN AREA STUDIES


REQUIREMENTS FOR THE MINOR, AREA                            ECON 240       International Trade
STUDIES                                                     ECON 344       Economic Development and Planning
                                                            HIST 238       World Wars in Global Perspective
interdisciplinary, 5 courses
                                                            HIST 276       The Age of Dictators
Five courses from the Russian Area                          POL 140        Introduction to Comparative Politics
Studies electives selected in consultation                  POL 245        Europe East and West
with an adviser. At least two courses must                  POL 379        Radical Thought Left and Right
be in humanities and two in social                          SOC 300        Classical Sociological Theory
sciences. No courses from the list of
“Contextual Courses” may count toward                       COURSE DESCRIPTIONS (RUS)
                                                            101, 102 Introductory Russian I and II An
the minor.
                                                            introduction to the Russian language designed
                                                            particularly to develop listening, speaking,
CROSS-LISTED COURSES                                        reading and writing. Students work with
Humanities Electives                                        dialogues and grammatical patterns, using audio/
ART 256      Art of the Russian Revolution (offered         video tapes and computers.
             occasionally)
                                                            105 Beginning Russian in Review This course
BIDS 298     The Ballets Russes (offered                    offers qualified students the opportunity to
             occasionally)                                  complete the elementary sequence of language
ENG 360      20th-Century Central European Fiction          acquisition in one semester rather than two.
HIST 367     Women and the Russian State                    Students learn the fundamentals of the Russian
             (offered occasionally)                         language (speaking, listening, writing, and reading).
RUSE 112     Introduction to Russian Literature—            Instruction and practice rely heavily on technologi-
             the 20th Century                               cal tools such as CD-ROMs, computerized drilling
RUSE 203     Russian Prison Literature                      exercises, and interactive Web activities. Weekly
                                                            laboratory is mandatory.
RUSE 204     Russian Film
RUSE 230     Russian Culture                                201, 202 Intermediate Russian I and II The aim
RUSE 237     Russian Folklore                               of these courses is to develop further the basic
RUSE 238     Spies, Reds, & Poets                           language skills acquired in the introductory
RUSE 350     Survey of 19th-Century Russian                 courses. An intensive study of grammatical
             Literature                                     structures with a continued emphasis on oral and
RUSE 351     Survey of 20th-Century Russian                 written skills, they include supplementary reading
             Literature                                     with vocabulary useful for everyday situations and
MUS 150      In a Russian Voice (offered                    creative writing based on course material. Audio/
                                                            video tapes and computers are used.
             occasionally)
                                                            301, 302 Russian Language, Literature and
Social Sciences Electives                                   Culture I and II These courses are intended to
BIDS 120     Russia and the Environment                     expand usage of Russian in oral and written forms.
ECON 146     The Russian Economy                            The main emphasis is on contemporary conversa-
HIST 260     19th-Century Russian Modernity                 tional Russian. Intensive and reading is accompa-
             through Literature                             nied by a review of grammar in context, and
HIST 261     20th-Century Eurasia                           compositions on a variety of themes, based on
HIST 394     Russia and Central Asia                        reading original texts of Russian literature, poetry,
                                                            and newspapers. Films and computers are used.
HIST 396     History and the Fate of Socialism
POL 257      Russia and China Unraveled                     330, 331 Russian Language, Literature and
                                                            Culture I and II These courses in Russian
Contextual Courses                                          emphasize using the language largely as a means
Cannot count for either of the minors or                    of looking at Russian literature, culture, and
for the Language and Culture major;                         contemporary life. The focus of attention is texts,
                                                            such as poetry, short stories, and newspaper
maximum of one can count for the                            articles, as well as Russian painting, music, films,
History and Society major.                                  and videotapes. Readings, discussion, and written
ECON 233     Comparative Economic Systems and               assignments in Russian are suited to students at
             Institutions                                   the third or fourth year level of language study.
ECON 236     Introduction to Radical Political              Computers are used.
             Economy


                                                      281
                                       RUSSIAN AREA STUDIES


401, 402 Selected Topics: Russian Literature                230 Russian Culture Russia has stood at a
and Culture Highly advanced Russian language                crossroads in Eastern Europe between the
and culture courses for students who have already           influence of the Orient and Western Europe. As
achieved the fourth level of language study.                a consequence, the Russian identity is a curious
These courses offer topics from a broad range of            mix of Eastern and Western influences. This
choices, including literary texts, poetry, film and         course presents samplings from many aspects of
avant-garde writers. Written and oral reports and           Russian culture, including art, music, language,
weekly journals.                                            religious practice, film, cuisine, history, and the
                                                            image of Russia in American culture. The goal is
450 Independent Study                                       to comprehend how Russian culture has
                                                            established itself between the two extremes of
495 Honors                                                  East and West. Open to all students. (Galloway,
                                                            Spring)
COURSES TAUGHT IN ENGLISH (RUSE)
137 Vampires: From Vlad to Buffy This course                237 Russian Folklore In this course, students
examines the vampire from its historical roots in           survey the wealth of Russian and Slavic folk
the legend of Vlad Tepes to the American                    tales, epic songs, legends, riddles and other
commercialization and popularization of the                 elements of the oral tradition, as well as the later
vampire in media such as “Buffy the Vampire                 literatures these genres inspired. Students
Slayer.” Students discuss the qualities of the              examine characters such as the Firebird, Baba-
folkloric vampire and its role in traditional               Yaga the witch, Koshchei the Deathless, and Ilya
culture, how the folkloric vampire has evolved              Muromets. Materials are not restricted to the
over time and across cultural borders, and why              printed word, and include art and music arising
the vampire is such a pervasive cultural icon.              from the Russian folk tradition. There are no
The approach is interdisciplinary, using folktales,         prerequisites and no knowledge of Russian
short stories, legends, novels, films, television           language or culture is presumed. (Galloway,
shows, and analytical studies. All materials are            Spring, alternate years)
read in English. (Galloway, offered annually)
                                                            238 Spies, Reds, and Poets Throughout their
203 Russian Prison Literature The Soviet                    history, Russians have left their homeland
system of prisons and labor camps operated for              because of war, political and religious persecu-
much of the 20th century. Under dictator Josef              tion, and unbearable censorship. In the 20th
Stalin, millions of the country’s own citizens              century, this problem intensified to create three
were imprisoned on false charges for years,                 distinct “waves” of Russian émigrés, many of
worked to death in Siberian mines, or executed              whom settled in the United States. Students will
outright. The perpetrators of these crimes have             analyze stereotypes such as the gangster, the
never been brought to justice. In this course               capitalist, the spy, and the femme fatale while
students read from the literature that arose in             considering the more subtle representations
response to this tragedy: works by Aleksandr                created by writers who have experienced the
Solzhenitsyn, Varlam Shalamov, Lidia Ginzburg,              other culture first-hand. The course is open to all
and Georgii Vladimov. The course is open to all             students regardless of level. (Welsh, Fall)
students regardless of level, and all readings will
be in English translation. (Galloway, Spring)               350 Survey of 19th-Century Russian Literature
                                                            (In translation) Nineteenth-century Russian
204 Russian Film This course is an introduction             writers recorded “the ‘body and pressure of time’”
to the most important trends, directors, and films          and mapped the human heart, exploring
in Russian cinema from the beginning of the                 relationships between men and women, sexuality,
20th century to the present. Students are                   issues of good and evil, and the alienated
exposed to a wide range of movies, including                individual’s search for meaning in the modern
early silent films, experimental films of the 1920s         world. In brilliant, yet deliberately accessible work,
and early 1930s, socialist realist films, films on          prose writers recorded the conflict and struggle of
World War II and Soviet life, and films from                their distinctively Russian cultural tradition, with
contemporary Russia. All readings are in English            its own understanding of ideas about religion,
and all films shown with English subtitles. Due to          freedom, and the self, and its own attitudes toward
the rich heritage of Russian cinema this course             culture, historical, and social order. Open to
does not claim to be an exhaustive treatment of             students of all levels. (Offered occasionally)
all the great Russian films, but rather aims to                  Typical readings: Pushkin, Little Tragedies;
acquaint students with the overall contours of              Lermontov, A Hero of Our Time; Gogol, The
Russian filmmaking. (Welsh, Spring)                         Overcoat and other stories; Turgenev, Fathers and
                                                            Sons; Dostoevsky, Notes from Underground




                                                      282
                         SACRED IN CROSS-CULTURAL PERSPECTIVE


351 Survey of 20th-Century Russian Literature               THE SACRED IN CROSS-CULTURAL
(In translation) In the 20th century, Russia’s
“other voices” continued to express the souls and           PERSPECTIVE
spirit of individual men and women, but now
under the profound impact of historical events
from revolution and world wars through glasnost
                                                            Program Faculty
and perestroika. Witnessing and experiencing                H. Wesley Perkins, Sociology,
great suffering, these heroic writers could neither            Coordinator
remain silent under censorship nor write the                Lowell Bloss, Religious Studies
socialist-realist propaganda dictated by the
Soviet government. Open to students of all                  Richard Dillon, Anthropology
levels. (Offered alternate years)                           Michael Dobkowski, Religious Studies
    Typical readings: Akhmatova, Requiem and                Susan Henking, Religious Studies
other poetry; Bulgakov; Solzhenitsyn
                                                            Hyo-Dong Lee, Religious Studies
                                                            T. Dunbar Moodie, Sociology
                                                            Ilene Nicholas, Anthropology
                                                            Richard Salter, Religious Studies

                                                            This program provides an opportunity to
                                                            study expressions and representations of
                                                            the sacred across several eras from the
                                                            prehistoric to the modern, and in several
                                                            cultures. Topics include the following:
                                                            religious artifacts and sites; behaviors,
                                                            relationships, roles and institutions
                                                            associated with the sacred; sacred thought
                                                            worlds of peoples in their own terms;
                                                            religious expressions; and religious and
                                                            ritual systems in socio cultural context and
                                                            as they change through innovation,
                                                            revitalization, resistance, and myriad other
                                                            processes. The focus is on the sacred in
                                                            different cultures from religious studies,
                                                            anthropological, and sociological perspec-
                                                            tives. One objective is to show that the
                                                            sacred is necessarily constituted socially
                                                            and culturally, on the one hand, and that
                                                            the meanings of any particular expressions
                                                            of the sacred are not necessarily exhausted
                                                            by social cultural analysis, on the other.
                                                                The sacred in cross cultural perspective
                                                            program offers an interdisciplinary minor;
                                                            the program does not offer a major.

                                                            REQUIREMENTS FOR THE MINOR
                                                            interdisciplinary, 6 courses
                                                            One course in religious studies and one
                                                            course in anthropology or sociology at
                                                            each of three levels: 100, 200, and 300 to
                                                            400 level from the following lists.



                                                      283
                       SELF-INSTRUCTIONAL LANGUAGE PROGRAM


CROSSLISTED COURSES                                          SELF-INSTRUCTIONAL LANGUAGE
Religious Studies Courses                                    PROGRAM (SILP)
REL          Any 100-level course
REL 210      Hinduism                                        Program Faculty
REL 211      Buddhism
REL 217      Gurus, Saints, Priests and Prophets
                                                             Thelma Pinto, Director
REL 219      Introduction to Islamic Tradition
REL 226      Religion and Nature                             The SILP program offers supervised courses
REL 228      Religion and Resistance                         in less commonly taught, but critical
REL 232      Rethinking Jesus                                languages. Students apply to the program
REL 236      Gender and Islam                                and are interviewed by the director to
REL 237      Lived Christianity
                                                             determine whether they have the aptitude
REL 238      Liberating Theologies
REL 241      Rastaman and Christ                             for supervised, but to a certain extent self-
REL 243      Theology of World Religions                     directed, study. Students must have at least
REL 254      The Question of God/Goddess                     one semester of college-level language study
REL 258      The Qu’ran and the Bible                        in any language to be considered for the
REL 263      Religion and Social Theory                      program. Students admitted to the program
REL 272      The Sociology of the American Jew               are provided with a syllabus and other
REL 273      Foundations of Jewish Thought
                                                             materials as needed. They meet, face-to-face
REL 281      Unspoken Worlds
REL 283      Que(e)rying Religious Studies                   or online, with a native or near-native
REL 305      Tongues of Fire: Pentecostalism                 speaker regularly for conversation and oral
             Worldwide                                       practice. A midterm and final, ordinarily
REL 312      New Heavens, New Earths                         composed of an oral and written section, are
REL 313      Religious Language                              sent to an outside faculty examiner, who is
REL 315      Japanese Religions                              an instructor of that specific language at an
REL 318      Postcolonial Theologies
REL 336      Islam and the West
                                                             accredited college or university. The outside
REL 365      Loss of Certainty                               examiner’s evaluation along with other
REL 402      Conflict of Interpretations                     requirements for the course are then
REL 410      Sacred Space                                    evaluated by the director, who assigns the
                                                             final grade for the course. Throughout the
Anthropology Courses                                         semester, the director maintains contact
ANTH 102     World Prehistory
                                                             with the students and follows their progress.
ANTH 110      Introduction to Cultural Anthropology
ANTH 206     Early Cities                                        The Self Instructional Language
ANTH 208     Archaeology of Japan and China                  Program (SILP) at HWS is affiliated with
ANTH 220     Sex Roles: A Cross Cultural Perspective         the National Self Instructional Program
ANTH 227     Intercultural Communication                     (NASILP). Languages available include
ANTH 290     Pharaohs, Fellahin, Fantasy                     Arabic, Hindi, Vietnamese, Hebrew,
ANTH 296     African Cultures                                Advanced Italian, Brazilian Portuguese.
ANTH 297     Peoples and Cultures of Latin America
                                                             Other languages may be offered on
ANTH 306     History of Anthropological Theory
ANTH 326     Patterns and Processes in Ancient               request, but the request must be submitted
             Mesoamerican Urbanism                           with at least one semester’s notice.
ANTH 352     Builders and Seekers                            Because there are costs and other
                                                             administrative issues involved with
Sociology Courses                                            offering a new language, we cannot
SOC 243      Religion, State, and Society in                 guarantee that a request will be honored.
             Modern Britain
SOC 244      Religion in American Society
                                                                 All courses may be taken for credit or
SOC 370      Theories of Religion: Religion,                 pass/fail.
             Power, and Social Transformation




                                                       284
                               SPANISH AND HISPANIC STUDIES


COURSE DESCRIPTIONS                                      SPANISH AND HISPANIC STUDIES
111 Beginning Arabic I Permission needed from
instructor. (Pinto, Fall)
112 Beginning Arabic II Permission needed                Juan Liébana, Ph.D., Associate Professor,
from instructor. (Pinto, Spring)                           Department Chair
113 Beginning Arabic III Permission needed               Marisa DeSantis, M.A., Instructor
from instructor. (Pinto, Spring)                         Alejandra Molina, Ph.D., Assistant
131 Beginning Hindi I Permission needed from
instructor. (Pinto, Fall)                                  Professor
132 Beginning Hindi II Permission needed from            Cristina Müller, Ph.D.; Assistant Professor
instructor. (Pinto, Spring)                              Edgar Paiewonsky-Conde, Ph.D.,
133 Beginning Hindi III Permission needed
from instructor. (Pinto, Spring)
                                                           Associate Professor
205 Intermediate Hindi Permission needed from
instructor. (Pinto, Spring)                              The Spanish and Hispanic Studies
145 Brazilian Portuguese Permission needed               department meets the demands and
from instructor. (Pinto, Fall)
146 Intermediate Brazilian Portuguese Permission         expectations of students as they confront
needed from instructor. (Pinto, Fall)                    the global situation of the third millen-
161 Beginning Vietnamese I Permission needed             nium in which the language and cultures
from instructor. (Pinto, Spring)
                                                         of the Hispanic world play a crucial role.
162 Beginning Vietnamese II Permission needed
from instructor. (Pinto, Fall)                           The program is built on the premise that
121 Beginning Hebrew Permission needed from              language and culture are inseparable:
instructor. (Pinto, Fall)                                every step in the process of becoming
226 Intermediate Hebrew Permission needed
from instructor. (Pinto, Spring)                         proficient in language must be rooted in
301 Advanced Italian Permission needed from              culture and, conversely, language
instructor. (Pinto, Spring)                              proficiency is the necessary foundation for
                                                         all true understanding of culture. We
                                                         promote the intellectual and moral
SOCIOLOGY                                                expansion that must typify a liberal arts
The program and course descriptions for                  education, making students more
Sociology can be found in the section for                conscious of the linguistic dimension that
the Department of Anthropology and                       is the essence of human society and
Sociology (p. 88)                                        deepening their understanding of how
                                                         identity is both product and producer of
                                                         the fabric of culture.
                                                             Delving into the ethnically diverse and
                                                         conflictive genesis of both imperial Spain
                                                         and colonial Latin America, our program
                                                         traces some of the main features and
                                                         events of the Hispanic world, as it has
                                                         evolved and continues to evolve, on both
                                                         sides of the Atlantic. Covering the
                                                         multifaceted cultural topography of Spain
                                                         and Latin America, as well as the
                                                         relatively new manifestations of Hispanic
                                                         culture in the U.S., the Spanish and
                                                         Hispanic Studies department offers, by
                                                         definition, a profoundly multicultural
                                                         academic experience, one firmly grounded
                                                         in bilingualism and intended for students
                                                         of diverse backgrounds. Recent innova-


                                                   285
                             SPANISH AND HISPANIC STUDIES


tions include the integration of the latest           group or courses taught in English with
multimedia technology in order to create              Hispanic content (SPNE).
a fully interactive learning experience
that encompasses the cultural richness of             REQUIREMENTS FOR THE MINOR
the Hispanic world.                                   disciplinary, 6 courses
    All Spanish and Hispanic Studies                  Six Spanish and Hispanic studies courses
students are strongly advised to study one            at the 203 level or above, at least three of
semester abroad. The department sponsors              which must be from level III (Introduc-
two off-campus programs: one in Madrid,               tion to Culture and Literature) or level IV
Spain, and one in Santiago, Dominican                 (Advanced Culture and Literature). Only
Republic. In these programs students live             one of the level IV courses can be from
with families, take all courses in the target         courses taught in English with Hispanic
language, and speak only in Spanish. The              content (SPNE).
Colleges also have a program in Ecuador
and some course credits from this program             COURSE LEVELS
may, with approval of the department, be              Level I: Fundamental Language Skills
counted toward a major or minor. A                    SPAN 101      Beginning Spanish I
maximum of four course credits from off-              SPAN 102      Beginning Spanish II
                                                      SPAN 121      Intermediate Spanish I
campus study may be applied to the major,
                                                      SPAN 122      Intermediate Spanish II
two to the minor.
    Spanish and Hispanic Studies courses              Level II: Advanced Language Skills
are organized into four sequential levels: I          SPAN 203      Grammar and Conversation
fundamental skills, II advanced skills, III           SPAN 204      Spanish for Heritage Speakers
introduction to culture and literature, and           SPAN 221      Spanish in Film and Song
IV advanced culture and literature.                   SPAN 225      Hispanic Media: Contemporary
                                                                    Issues
Courses from level I focus on fundamental
                                                      SPAN 231      Translation I
language skills and must be taken in                  SPAN 260      Grammar and Composition
sequence. Courses at level II develop
advanced language skills. Courses at level            Level III: Introduction to Culture and Literature
III are an introduction to Hispanic culture           SPAN 316      Voces de Mujeres
and literature, and courses at level IV               SPAN 317      Arte y Revolución
offer an advanced exploration of Hispanic             SPAN 321      Cuentos de América Latina
                                                      SPAN 336      Spain: The Making of a Nation
culture and literature.                               SPAN 344      Survey I: Spain
    The Spanish and Hispanic Studies                  SPAN 345      Survey II: Latin America
department offers a disciplinary major and
minor. Only courses completed with a                  Level IV: Advanced Culture and Literature
grade of C- or better may count toward                SPAN 343      Masterpieces of Spanish Literature
the major or minor.                                   SPAN 346      Latin American Women’s Writings
                                                      SPAN 360      Dark Heroes: Melancholia in Western
                                                                    Culture
REQUIREMENTS FOR THE MAJOR (B.A.)                     SPAN 361      The Sounds of Spanish: Phonetics
disciplinary, 10 courses                                            and Dialects
Ten Spanish and Hispanic Studies courses              SPAN 362      Generations of 1898 and 1927
at the 203 level or above, including three            SPAN 372      Contemporary Spanish Novel
courses from the Introduction to Culture              SPAN 410      Spanish Golden Age: Renaissance
and Literature group, three from the                                and Baroque
                                                      SPAN 420      Contemporary Latin American Novel
Advanced Culture and Literature group,                SPAN 460      Special Topics: In the Shadow of
and two more which may be either from                               Dulcinea
the Advanced Culture and Literature                   SPAN 490      Cervantes: Don Quixote


                                                286
                                  SPANISH AND HISPANIC STUDIES


Courses Taught in English with Hispanic                    203 Advanced Spanish: Grammar and
Content                                                    Conversation This course focuses on the Spanish
SPNE 314       Spanish Cinema                              grammar acquisition process with a particular
SPNE 320       ¿Spanglish? Issues in Bilingualism          focus on listening comprehension and speaking.
                                                           In addition to traditional grammar learning,
SPNE 330       Latina Writing in the United States
                                                           students will refine their Spanish language skills
SPNE 345       The Paradoxes of Fiction                    by practicing oral expression. Aural comprehen-
SPNE 355       García Márquez: The Major Works             sion, idiomatic usage, fluency, and language use
                                                           in everyday situations will be emphasized.
COURSE DESCRIPTIONS (SPAN)                                 Prerequisite: Completion of the intermediate
101 Beginning Spanish I Designed for students              Spanish sequence or the equivalent. (Offered each
who have not taken Spanish before, this course             semester)
develops the basic skills in understanding,
speaking, reading, and writing the language.               204 Spanish for Heritage Speakers A compre-
Beginning Spanish I, as well as the other courses          hensive review of the Spanish language that
in the beginning and intermediate levels, use a            targets the particularities of the bilingual
combination of master classes with the regular             condition, this course introduces students to
instructor and small groups and individual                 issues that are relevant to the different Hispanic
practice with the multimedia materials                     populations living in the United States.
accompanying the text. (Offered each semester)             Readings, exercises, and class discussions address
                                                           the specific needs of the bilingual student.
102 Beginning Spanish II A continuation of                 Students in this course also have the opportunity
Beginning Spanish I, this is normally the                  to work with the diverse Hispanic communities
appropriate level for students who have taken              living in the area. Prerequisite: permission of the
recently one year of Spanish in high school. The           instructor. (Molina, offered alternate years)
course combines master classes with the regular
instructor, and practice sessions using the                221 Spanish in Film and Song This course uses
multimedia materials accompanying the text.                Spanish and Latin American music and cinema
Prerequisite: SPAN 101 or the equivalent.                  to refine the student’s language skills beyond the
(Offered each semester)                                    intermediate level. Team work is emphasized in
                                                           the creation of multimedia projects tailored to
121 Intermediate Spanish I The intermediate                the needs of the group and the individual. Scripts
level of Spanish is designed for students who              and lyrics are used as text to introduce students
have completed the beginning Spanish sequence,             to popular culture and current events in today’s
or students whose previous language studies place          Hispanic world. In addition, students develop a
them at that level. The course further develops            script writing project. Prerequisite: Completion
the basic language skills acquired in the                  of the intermediate Spanish sequence or the
beginning sequence through the intensive study             equivalent. (Liébana, offered annually)
of grammatical structures, continued attention to               Typical readings: Leymarie, La música
oral and written communication, and an                     latinoamericana; Sacchi, Más allá de la pantalla;
increased emphasis on reading comprehension.               McVey Gill, Cinema for Spanish Conversation
Written Spanish is practiced through short essays
and oral expression and through the creation of            225 Hispanic Media: Contemporary Issues This
dialogues and situations. The course combines              course focuses on contemporary issues as
master classes with the regular instructor, and            presented in the media of Spain, Latin America
practice sessions using the multimedia materials           and U.S. Latino communities. The Internet,
accompanying the text. Prerequisite: SPAN 102              printed, audio and visual media will provide the
or the equivalent. (Offered each semester)                 foundation for class discussions, oral presenta-
                                                           tions, critical analysis and journalistic writing.
122 Intermediate Spanish II A continuation of              Prerequisite: Completion of the intermediate
Intermediate Spanish I, this course introduces             Spanish sequence or the equivalent. (Müller,
the student to the more complex aspects of                 offered annually)
grammar, continues vocabulary build up, and
emphasizes oral and written communication                  231 Translation I A situational approach to
through discussion of textual material, situation          translation, this course provides practice in
dialogues, and the writing of short essays. The            translation in everyday situations, such as may
course combines master classes with the regular            occur at banks, post offices, airports, immigration
instructor and practice sessions using the                 offices, through role-playing, skits, and “real-life”
multimedia materials accompanying the text.                writing assignments. A contrastive analysis of
Prerequisite: SPAN 121 or the equivalent.                  English and Spanish grammar as appropriate to
(Offered each semester)                                    translation is a fundamental aspect of the course.



                                                     287
                                 SPANISH AND HISPANIC STUDIES


This course is highly recommended for bilingual              tell a story in its multifaceted manifestation in
students and students who intend to teach either             Latin America. Moving from the forms of the
Spanish to English speakers or English to Spanish            oral tradition (anécdota, chiste, cuento popular)
speakers, since it addresses the major areas of              to the popularly rooted stories of Bosch, Rulfo
conflict between Spanish and English. Prerequi-              and Allende, to the metaphysical games of
site: Completion of the intermediate Spanish                 Borges and Cortázar, and from the Amazon to
sequence or the equivalent. (Offered annually)               the urban centers, from the Andes to the
                                                             Caribbean, the course ends with an examination
260 Advanced Spanish: Grammar and                            of the multi functionality of feminine voices in
Composition This course focuses on the Spanish               the present generation of women storytellers.
grammar acquisition process with a particular                Students sharpen their receptivity as listeners
focus on writing and reading. In addition to                 and readers as well as exercise their skills as
traditional grammar learning, students will refine           inventors and narrators. Prerequisites: Two
their Spanish language skills by practicing                  courses from level II and above, one of which
written expression with directed and original                must be 203, 204 or 260. (Offered alternate years)
composition exercises. Reading comprehension,                     Typical readings: Stories by writers
idiomatic usage, and language use in various                 mentioned above and also Quiroga, Bombal,
written genres will be emphasized. Prerequisites:            García Márquez, Poniatowska, Valenzuela,
Completion of the intermediate Spanish                       Sánchez, Vega
sequence or the equivalent. (Offered annually)
                                                             336 Spain: the Making of a Nation This course
316 Voces de mujeres Designed to introduce                   takes an approach to the development of
students to Hispanic women’s discourse, this                 contemporary Spain and Spanish national
course is an introduction to the critical analysis           identities in the context of Western civilization.
of texts written by women from Spain and Latin               It studies and discusses historical background,
America. Class discussions confront issues of                economic and political patterns, literary and
race, class, gender, sexuality and nation; the               artistic development (Cervantes, Velázquez,
relationship between gender and writing, and                 Goya, Picasso), as well as cultural traditions and
the dialogue of the analyzed texts undertaken                folklore. Some of the issues the course addresses
within their historical and cultural context.                are: Jews, Muslims, and Christians; imperial
Prerequisites: Two courses from level II and                 Spain and the psychology of conquest; the myth
above, one of which must be 203, 204 or 260.                 of Don Juan; the Gypsy paradox. Prerequisites:
(Molina, offered annually)                                   Two courses from level II and above, one of
    Typical readings: Santiago, Cuando era                   which must be 203, 204 or 260. (Liébana, offered
puertorriqueña; Gerúa Morales, Él sur; Laforet,              alternate years)
Nada; Alegría, No me agarran viva; works by                       Typical readings: Ugarte, España y su
Poniatowska, Storni, Garro, and others                       civilización; Pereira-Muro, Culturas de España; films
                                                             by Buñuel, Berlanga, Saura and Almodóvar;
317 Arte y Revolución This course offers an                  paintings by el Greco, Dalí, and Picasso
introduction to literary discourse through the
exploration of literary genres, and the particular           343 Masterpieces of Spanish Literature A
vocabularies, strategies and devices they employ.            chronological study of selected masterpieces of
A number of critical approaches are brought to               the Peninsula from their genesis in the Middle
bear on a variety of representative contemporary             Ages to the present with an emphasis on the
Latin American texts. Comparisons are drawn                  historical, political, and sociological factors that
between literary works and the forms of other                have shaped Spanish culture and society. An
artistic media, such as films, paintings, and songs.         appreciation of the essential features of different
Students sharpen their critical and communica-               literary periods (e.g., Renaissance, Baroque,
tive skills through oral and written responses to            Romanticism) and of correspondences to other
texts. Prerequisites: Two courses from level II and          artistic media. Prerequisites: Two courses from
above, one of which must be 203, 204 or 260.                 level III or the equivalent. (Liébana, offered
(Paiewonsky-Conde, Spring, offered annually)                 alternate years).
    Typical readings: Stories by García Márquez,                  Typical readings: Lazarillo de Tormes; poetry
Rulfo and Borges; the poetry of Neruda; essays by            by Garcilaso, Góngora, and Quevedo; Calderón,
Alegría; paintings by Rivera and Kahlo; songs by             La vida es sueño; Unamuno, San Manuel Bueno,
Parra, Blades, and others; novels by Fuentes and             mártir; García Lorca, La casa de Bernarda Alba
Sábato, and theatre by René Marqués
                                                             344 Survey I: Spain This course focuses on key
321 Cuentos de América Latina Against a                      moments in the development of Spanish
background of contemporary theory on the                     Peninsular Literature from the Middle Ages to the
genre, the course examines this ancestral drive to           (post) modern period. Through the analysis of



                                                       288
                                  SPANISH AND HISPANIC STUDIES


poems, short stories, essays and other historical            historical, cultural and political background of this
and experimental genres, this class seeks to                 nexus. A reading list combining historical,
explain and exemplify essential themes of the                theoretical and critical texts will supply an
Spanish literary tradition: race and ethnicity;              introduction to the complex development of the
nation, Empire, and foreign influence; cultural              notion of melancholia from a Spanish perspective.
customs and the appraisal of modernity; gender               Prerequisites: Two courses from level III or the
issues and the reflection on literature, individual-         equivalent. (Müller, Fall 2006)
ity and artistic language. Prerequisites: Permission             Typical readings: Sem Tob: Proverbios
of the instructor. (Müller, offered alternate years)         Morales, Fernando de Rojas: La Celestina, Huarte
     Typical readings: Poema de Mío Cid, Tirso de            de San Juan: Examen de ingenios, Cervantes Don
Molina: El Burlador de Sevilla, Baltasar Gracián:            Quijote, Teresa de Jesús: Libro de las fundaciones,
El héroe, Cadalso: Cartas Marruecas, Moratín: El             fragments from chronicles by Fernando de
sí de las niñas, poetry of G.A. Bécquer and                  Oviedo and Bartolomé de las Casas, and essays by
Rosalía de Castro, Juan Ramón Jiménez, Pardo                 Larra, Unamuno, Federico García Lorca
Bazán, Federico García Lorca; narrative and
essays by B. Pérez Galdós, Miguel de Unamuno,                361 The Sounds of Spanish: Phonetics and
Ramón Gómez de la Serna, Delibes etc.                        Dialects This course takes students one step
                                                             further in their study of the Spanish language
345 Survey II: Latin America This survey                     with an introduction to the biological mechanics
course is designed to introduce students to key              of native sound production. Students work
authors and literary movements from the                      together to approximate the sounds created by a
colonial to the modernist period. Students read              native speaker of Spanish and the develop an ear
and discuss selections from major works and will             for native versus nonnative sounds. Once these
analyze these texts from a historical and socio-             tasks are accomplished, students are introduced
political perspective. This class will also explain          to the phonetic variation found in the Spanish-
and exemplify essential themes of the Latin                  speaking world with particular emphasis on the
American literary tradition such as race,                    social advantages and disadvantages that these
ethnicity and gender; Empire and nation                      variations produce. Prerequisites: Two courses
formation, the colonial and neocolonial                      from level II or the equivalent. (DeSantis, Fall,
condition and others. Prerequisites: Permission of           offered annually)
the instructor. (Molina, offered alternate years)
    Typical readings: Comentarios reales, Inca               362 Generations of 1898 and 1927 From the
Garcilaso; Sonetos y redondillas, Sor Juana Ines de          Spanish American War (1898) to the Spanish
la Cruz; Sab, Gertrudis Gómez de Avellaneda;                 Civil War (1936) there was a period of
Azul, Rubén Darío                                            extraordinary literary and artistic production.
                                                             This course focuses on the study of the two
346 Latin American Women’s Writings This                     generations that compose what is known as the
course encompasses one or more topics                        second Golden Age in Spanish literature. The
concerning female experience as represented in               socio historical conditions and the literary
texts written by women in Latin America. Class               currents that affected this period in Spanish
themes and discussions center on issues such as              history are examined in the light of the concept
women as writers; the female body and violence;              of “generation” in the arts. Prerequisites: Two
women and power; women as agents of history;                 courses from level III or the equivalent. (Liébana,
or female voice/female silence. Prerequisite: Two            offered every three years)
courses from level III or the equivalent. (Molina,               Typical readings: Unamuno, Niebla;
offered alternate years)                                     Machado, Campos de Castilla; Baroja, El Arbol de
    Typical readings: Allende, Eva Luna;                     la Ciencia; Valle Inclán, Luces de bohemia; García
Valenzuela, Cambio de armas; Esquivel, Como                  Lorca, Bodas de sangre; Guillén, Cántico (poetry);
agua para chocolate; Menchu, Me llamo Rigoberta              selected poetry by Aleixandre
Menchú and other testimonials
                                                             372 Contemporary Spanish Novel A study of
360 Special Topics. Dark Heroes: Melancholia                 the novel after the Spanish Civil War, the course
in Western Culture This course examines the                  focuses on some of the major novelists writing
Spanish contribution to the historical develop-              during the Franco regime (1939-1975), and the
ment of the notion of melancholia within Western             new generation of authors of the post-Franco
culture and thought. Starting with a question that           period. Such topics as the trauma of the Civil
is more than two thousand years old, “Why are all            War, censorship and creative freedom, the New
great people melancholy?”, this course investigates          Wave novelists, and female voices in Spanish
the interrelation between sadness, anxiety and               fiction are addressed. Movies based on contempo-
creativity on the literary and philosophical level,          rary Spanish novels are part of the course.
while taking into account the heterogeneous                  Prerequisites: Two courses from level III, or the
                                                             equivalent. (Liébana, offered alternate years)


                                                       289
                                   SPANISH AND HISPANIC STUDIES


    Typical readings: Cela, La colmena; Delibes,               Arcipreste de Talavera: Corbacho, Luis de León:
Los santos inocentes; Sánchez Feriosio, El                     La perfecta casada, Cervantes: Los trabajos de
Jarmana; Mendoza, El misterio de la cripta                     Persiles y Segismunda, María de Zayas: Novelas
embrujada; Montero, La hija del caníbal; Muñoz                 amorosas y ejemplares, court and religious poetry
Molina, El invierno en Lisboa; Rodoreda, La plaza
del diamante                                                   490 Cervantes: Don Quixote This course offers
                                                               careful analysis of the style, characterization, theme,
410 Spanish Golden Age: Renaissance and                        and structure of Spain’s greatest literary masterpiece,
Baroque This course analyzes major works of                    and study of the work’s relationship to major social
Spain’s most influential literary and cultural                 and intellectual currents of the 16th and 17th
period (1492-1700). It focuses on topics that                  centuries. (Paiewonsky-Conde, offered every three
have become foundational to modernity such as                  years)
the relation of author and authority, self-                        Typical readings: Don Quixote and required
fashioning and orthodoxy, perspectivism and                    critical writings
ethnocentrism, religious thought and secular
power. This class will examine the literary texts              495 Honors
in the larger context of Renaissance culture, and
explore their interrelations with history,                     COURSES TAUGHT IN ENGLISH (SPNE)
philosophy and art, and their preceding Italian                314 Spanish Cinema In this course students
and contemporary Elizabethan counterparts.                     examine the production of the major Spanish
Prerequisites: Two courses of level III or IV, or              filmmakers from Buñuel to Almodóvar. Through
the equivalent. (Müller, offered alternate years)              screenings of films, class discussions, and readings
     Typical readings: El Abencerraje y la hermosa             on film theory and film history, students trace the
Jarifa, Lazarillo de Tormes, Cervantes: Novelas                evolution of Spanish cinema through Franco’s
ejemplares, Calderón de la Barca: La vida es sueño,            military dictatorship and under the new democratic
poetry by Garcilaso de la Vega, San Juan de la                 system. Themes of exile and censorship, gender
Cruz, Teresa de Jesús, Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz,              and sexuality, religion and sin, among others, are
Góngora y Quevedo, Italian and Spanish                         explored in the context of Spanish society and in
baroque paintings; articles on the authors and                 relation to other artistic manifestations of Spanish
works studied                                                  culture. Prerequisite: Open to all; recommended for
                                                               sophomores and above.
420 Contemporary Latin American Novel This                         Typical readings: Kinder, Blood Cinema;
course focuses on reading and discussion of major              Stone, Spanish Cinema; Besas, Behind the Spanish
works by the generation of Latin-American writers              Lens; Jordan, Contemporary Spanish Cinema
know as the Latin American “boom” and important
precursors. Consideration is given to the political            320 ¿Spanglish? Issues in Bilingualism This
factors that inform the ideological premises of these          course examines the ever-growing bilingual
writers. (Paiewonsky-Conde, offered every three years)         Spanish/English population in the United States
    Typical readings: Bombal, La amorta ja da;                 from both a linguistic and sociolinguistic point
Rulfo, Pedro Páramo; Carpentier, El acoso;                     of view. Students first explore linguistic and
Márquez, La hojarasca; Fuentes, La muerte de                   sociolinguistic history by looking at the specific
Artemio Cruz; Vargas Llosa, Los cachorros                      events that lead to the merging of Spanish and
                                                               English along with prior notions of bilingualism.
450 Independent Study                                          They then look at the present linguistic and
                                                               sociolinguistic state of bilingualism through
460 Special Topics: In the Shadow of Dulcinea                  current research as well as conduct their own
This course examines the complex social,                       research by exploring the local bilingual
literary and philosophical aspects that underlie               community. Prerequisites: SPAN 101 or 102, or
the ideology of love developed in Spanish                      equivalent. (Offered alternate years)
literature during the Late Middle Ages and Early
Modernity. Through intensive textual readings                  330 Latina Writing in the United States This
students approach conventional as well as                      course examines works by women writers of
subversive models of love and lovers, along with               Hispanic descent in the United States. It
issues in gender identity, female literacy, and                explores the dynamics of gender, race, and
politics of sexuality. The analysis of gender                  sexuality as it affects the writers’ identities as
relationships uncovers the taboos and the                      Latinas. The works analyzed are placed in
repressed aspects of the Early Modern culture                  critical dialogue with the changing U.S. cultural
and the self. Prerequisites: Two courses of level              and political attitudes towards an ever-growing
III or IV or the equivalent. (Müller, Spring 2007)             Latino population. Prerequisite: Open to all;
     Typical readings: Montalvo: Amadís de                     recommended for sophomores and above.
Gaula, Arcipreste de Hita: El libro del buen amor,             (Molina, offered alternate years)



                                                         290
                                                  THEATRE


   Typical readings: García, Dreaming in Cuban;             THEATRE
Cisneros, The House on Mango Street; Anzaldua,
Borderlands/La Frontera; Santiago, Almost a
Woman; Gaspar de Alba, Desert Blood                         Robert F. Gross, English, Coordinator
345 The Paradoxes of Fiction: Latin American
Contemporary Narrative This course examines                 The theatre program provides students
some of the most representative works by the                with the opportunity to explore the
generation of Latin American literary giants                literature of the theatre as well as the
known as the “Boom.” This is a fiction that lays            performance of theatre.
bare the paradoxes at the very core of fiction:
exposing the double-sidedness of boundaries,                    The theatre program offers an interdis-
turning life inside out and death outside in,               ciplinary minor.
dismantling the construction of subjectivity, and
constantly assaulting and reconstructing the
reader’s own identity. And yet for all this, the            REQUIREMENTS FOR THE MINOR
reader is always caught in the very dense web of            interdisciplinary, 5 courses
socio-historical conditions (and at times                   ENG 178 Acting I; ENG 278, Introduction
gruesome political reality) of Latin America. It            to Dramatic Interpretation; one course from
is, therefore, a literature responsive to the whole
of human experience. Prerequisite: Open to all;             the dramatic literature group; and two
recommended for sophomores and above.                       courses from the art of theatrical produc-
(Paiewonsky-Conde, offered alternate years)                 tion group.
     Typical readings: Borges, Ficciones; Bombal,
The Shrouded Woman; Rulfo, Pedro Páramo;
Carpentier, Manhunt; Cortazar, Stories; Fuentes,            CROSSLISTED COURSES
Aura; Garcia Márquez, On Love and Other                     Dramatic Literature Courses
Demons; Traba, Mothers and Daughters                        CLAS 108      Greek Tragedy
                                                            ENG 225       Shakespeare: Histories and
355 García Márquez: the Major Works This                                  Comedies
course provides a close study of major novels and
                                                            ENG 226       Shakespeare: Tragedies
stories by this extraordinary writer, as well as
some of his journalistic pieces and key inter-              ENG 278       Introduction to Dramatic
views. Consideration is given to both the                                 Interpretation
political and magic-realist perspectives in his             ENG 328       European Drama from Lessing to
work. The context of ideological controversy                              Ibsen
(the politics of culture) in contemporary Latin             ENG 333       American Drama
America is examined. Prerequisites: Open to all;            ENG 380       Modern Drama
recommended for sophomores or above.
(Paiewonsky-Conde)                                          Art of Theatrical Production Courses
    Typical readings: Cándida Eréndida y su
                                                            EDUC 295      Theatre and the Child
Abuelo Desalmado; Cien años de soledad; Crónica
de una muerte anunciada; El amor en los tiempos de          ENG 275       Acting II
cólera; El olor de la guayaba                               ENG 307       Playwriting Workshop




                                                      291
                                       URBAN STUDIES


URBAN STUDIES                                         REQUIREMENTS FOR THE MINOR
                                                      interdisciplinary, 5 courses
Program Faculty                                       BIDS 229 Two Cities: New York and
Patrick McGuire, Economics, Coordinator               Toronto; three courses from three different
James Spates, Sociology, Coordinator                  disciplines; and one upper-level (300 or
Ted Aub, Art                                          higher) course or independent study
Judith-Maria Buechler, Anthropology                   approved by an adviser in the program.
Alan Frishman, Economics
Christopher Gunn, Economics                           CROSSLISTED COURSES
Clifton Hood, History                                 Introductory Courses
                                                      BIDS 229       Two Cities: New York and Toronto
Derek Linton, History
Stan Mathews, Art                                     Core Courses
Scott McKinney, Economics                             ANTH 206       Early Cities
Ilene Nicholas, Anthropology                          ANTH 247       Urban Anthropology
                                                      ECON 213       Urban Economics
Urbanization and globalization are                    HIST 215       American Urban History
proceeding at an incredible rate. The field           HIST 264       Modern European City
                                                      POL 236        Urban Politics
of urban studies examines the living
                                                      SOC 251        Sociology of the City
environment of most Americans and of a
rapidly growing proportion of the world’s             Methods Courses
population. In this context, urban studies            ANTH 273       Ethnographic Research and Methods
is a valuable major.                                  ECON 202       Statistics
    The program is multidisciplinary, using           SOC 211        Research Methods
a variety of analytical methods to study
                                                      Electives
the life and problems of cities. The                  ALST 200       Ghettoscapes
primary subject areas for the major are               ANTH 205       Race, Class and Ethnicity
anthropology/sociology, economics,                    ANTH 271       Jobs, Power and Capital
history, and political science. However,              ANTH 297       Peoples and Cultures of Latin
courses in art, English, classics, and                               America
American studies are also relevant and                ANTH 298       Modern Japan
                                                      ANTH 326       Patterns and Processes in Ancient
give the student additional perspectives
                                                                     Mesoamerica Urbanism
on urbanization beyond those offered in               ARCH 302       Design II: The Wider Environment
the three basic departments.                          ARCH 311       History of Modern Architecture
    Urban studies offers an interdisciplinary         ARCH 312       Theories of Modern Architecture and
major and minor. All courses toward an                               Urbanism
urban studies major or minor must be                  ART 101        Ancient to Medieval Art
completed with a grade of C- or higher.               ART 102        Renaissance to Modern Art
                                                      ART 115        Three Dimensional Design
                                                      ART 116        World Architecture
REQUIREMENTS FOR THE MAJOR (B.A.)                     ART 232        Rococo Art and Architecture
interdisciplinary, 10 courses                         ART 233        Renaissance Architecture
BIDS 229 Two Cities: New York and                     ART 235        Art and Architecture of Baroque
Toronto; four core courses from at least                             Rome
four disciplines; one methods course; and             ART 249        Islamic Art and Architecture
                                                      ART 340        American Architecture to 1900
four additional elective courses (from the
                                                      BIDS 265       Architecture, Morality, and Society
core or elective list) approved by an                 CLAS 202       Athens in the Age of Pericles
adviser in the program. One upper level               CLAS 251       The Romans: Republic to Empire
(300 or higher) course should be included.            ECON 206       Community Development




                                                292
                                    WOMEN’S STUDIES


ECON 122   Economics of Caring
ECON 135   Latin American Economics                 WOMEN’S STUDIES
ECON 221   Population and Society
ECON 227   Women and Economic Development           Program Faculty
ECON 248   Poverty and Welfare                      Betty Bayer, Women’s Studies, Coordinator
ECON 344   Economic Development
                                                    Cerri Banks, Education
ENG 258    19th-Century English Novel
HIST 237   Europe Since the War                     Biman Basu, English
HIST 246   American Environmental History           Sheila Bennett, Sociology
HIST 256   Technology and Society in Europe         Lara Blanchard, Art
HIST 300   American Colonial History                Judith-Maria Buechler, Anthropology
HIST 310   Rise of Industrial America               Rocco Capraro, History
HIST 311   20th-Century America: 1917-1941          Elena Ciletti, Art
HIST 352   Who Wants to be a Millionaire?
                                                    Melanie Conroy-Goldman, English
HIST 469   Global Cities
MDSC 303   Social Documentary                       Anna Creadick, English
POL 215    Minority Group Politics                  Donna Davenport, Dance
POL 222    Political Parties                        Jodi Dean, Political Science
POL 227    Interest Group Politics                  Debra DeMeis, Psychology
POL 229    State and Local Government               Iva Deutchman, Political Science
POL 320    Mass Media                               Richard Dillon, Anthropology
PPOL 101   Democracy and Public Policy
PPOL 328   Environmental Policy
                                                    Laurence J. Erussard, English
SOC 221    Race and Ethnic Relations                Maureen Flynn, History
SOC 223    Inequalities                             Laura Free, History
SOC 245    Sociology of Work                        Christopher Gunn, Economics
SOC 262    Criminology                              Jack Harris, Sociology
SOC 290    Sociology of Community                   Susan Henking, Religious Studies
                                                    Leah R. Himmelhoch, Classics
                                                    Jo Anna Isaak, Art
                                                    Marilyn Jiménez, Africana Studies
                                                    Cedric Johnson, Political Science
                                                    George Joseph, French and Francophone
                                                      Studies
                                                    Hyo-Dong Lee, Religious Studies
                                                    Elisabeth Lyon, English
                                                    Susanne McNally, History
                                                    Dia Mohan, Sociology
                                                    Alejandra Molina, Spanish and Hispanic
                                                      Studies
                                                    Renee Monson, Sociology
                                                    Paul Passavant, Political Science
                                                    Eric Patterson, English and American
                                                      Studies
                                                    Lee Quinby, English and American
                                                      Studies
                                                    Alison Redick, Women’s Studies
                                                    Craig Rimmerman, Political Science
                                                    Mary Salibrici, Writing and Rhetoric
                                                    Richard Salter, Religious Studies
                                                    Deborah Tall, English and Comparative
                                                      Literature

                                              293
                                    WOMEN’S STUDIES


Michael Tinkler, Art                                 REQUIREMENTS FOR THE MINOR
Cadence Whittier, Dance                              interdisciplinary, 5 courses
Cynthia Williams, Dance                              WMST 100 and four additional women’s
Jinghao Zhou, Asian Languages and Cultures           studies elective courses from at least two
                                                     divisions and at least two departments or
Women’s Studies has been taught at the               programs.
Colleges since 1969 and the program was,
in fact, one of the first such programs in           ELECTIVES
the country. The program seeks to                    Humanities
educate students about women’s participa-            ALST 240      Third World Women’s Texts
tion in history, literature, society and             AMST 201      American Attitudes Toward Nature/
                                                                   Methodologies of American Studies
thought, and about the serious implica-
                                                     AMST 300      History of Sexual Minorities
tions for social and cultural life of the            ART 210       Woman as Image and Image-Maker
neglect of women’s contributions. The                ART 211       Feminism in the Arts
course offerings give particular attention           ART 222       Women in Renaissance
to the myriad ways in which women’s                  ART 229       Women and Art in the Middle Ages
lives have been shaped by the intersec-              ART 256       Art of Russian Revolution
tions of gender with race, class, sexuality,         ART 306       Telling Tales: Narrative in Asian Art
                                                     ART 312       Women Make Movies
and ethnicity. The main goal of the
                                                     ART 403       Gender and Painting in China
program is to raise questions about past             ART 467       Seminar: Artemesia and Gentileschi
history and present practices that will              ASN 212       Women in Contemporary Chinese
enable women and men to work for the                               Culture
betterment of all.                                   ASN 220       Male and Female in East Asian Societies
   Women’s studies is a multidisciplinary            ASN 304       Courtesan Culture
enterprise. Students are encouraged to               ASN 342       Chinese Cinema: Gender, Politics and
                                                                   Social Change in Contemporary China
take a wide range of courses, developing
                                                     BIDS 365      Dramatic Worlds of South Asia
theoretical sophistication, cultural and             CLAS 230      Gender in Antiquity
historical awareness, and an understand-             DAN 212       Dance History II
ing of multiple perspectives on gender.              DAN 214       Dance History III 1960s to Present
   Women’s studies offers a disciplinary             DAN 900-level courses require prior dance
major and minor and an interdisciplinary             department approval to count as WMST credits
major and minor.                                     EDU 208       Teaching, Learning, and Popular
                                                                   Culture
   To be credited to the major or minor, a           EDU 370       Social Foundations of
course must be completed with a grade of                           Multiculturalism
C or better.                                         ENG 229       Popular Fiction: The Fifties
                                                     ENG 238       Flexing Sex
REQUIREMENTS FOR THE MAJOR (B.A.)                    ENG 264       Post-World War II American Poetry
interdisciplinary, 10 courses                        ENG 281       Literature of Sexual Minorities
                                                     ENG 304       Feminist Literary Theory
WMST 100, WMST 300, WMST 401, a
                                                     ENG 318       Body, Memory, and Representation
feminist research and methodology                    ENG 342       Readings in Multi-Ethnic Women’s
course (WMST 323, WMST 304 or                                      Literature
WMST 301 or other as approved by the                 ENG 346       Iconoclastic Women in the Middle
program), and six additional women’s                               Ages
studies elective courses that create an              ENG 354       Forms of Memoir
area of concentration and include                    ENG 381       Sexuality and American Literature
                                                     FRE 251       Eros and Thanatos
courses from at least two divisions and at           FRE 380       Advanced Francophone Topics:
least four departments or programs.                                Images de Femmes
                                                     FRE 389       Women in the French Renaissance



                                               294
                                           WOMEN’S STUDIES


FRNE 311     Feudal Women in France, Vietnam and           BIDS 245        Men and Masculinity
             Japan                                         BIDS 280        Women’s Narratives of Wealth and
HIST 208     Women in American History                                     Power
HIST 234     Medieval Europe                               BIDS 307        Contexts for Children
HIST 241     The Politics of Gender and the Family         ECON 227        Women and International
             in Europe, 1700-1850                                          Development
HIST 253     Renaissance and Reformation                   ECON 310        Economics and Gender
HIST 279     Body Politics: Women and Health in            ECON 316        Labor Market Issues
             America                                       POL 175         Introduction to Feminist Theory
HIST 317     Women’s Rights Movements in the U.S.          POL 212         The Sixties
HIST 367     Women and the State: Russia                   POL 219         Sexual Minority Movements and
HIST 371     Life-Cycles: The Family in History                            Public Policy
HIST 375     Western Civilization and Its                  POL 238         Sex and Power
             Discontents                                   POL 333         Civil Rights
MDSC 203     History of Television                         POL 375         Feminist Legal Theory
MUS 206      Opera As Drama                                PPOL 364        Social Policy and Community
PHIL 152     Issues: Philosophy and Feminism                               Activism
PHIL 250     Feminism: Ethics and Knowledge                SOC 221         Sociology of Minorities
REL 236      Gender and Islam                              SOC 225         Sociology of the Family
REL 237      Christianity and Culture                      SOC 226         Sociology of Sex and Gender
REL 247      Women and “Fundamentalism”                    SOC 233         Women in the Third World
REL 254      The Question of God/Goddess                   SOC 240         Gender and Development
REL 256      Tales of Love and Horror                      SOC 340         Feminist Sociological Theory
REL 257      What’s Love Got to Do With It?                WMST 204        Politics of Health
REL 281      Unspoken Worlds                               WMST 243        Feminism and Science
REL 283      Que(e)rying Religious Studies                 WMST 304        Medical Historiography
REL 321      Muslim Women and Literature
REL 345      Tradition Transformers                        Natural Sciences
REL 402      Conflict of Interpretations                   PSY 275         Human Sexuality
REL 464      God, Gender and the Unconscious               WMST 223        Social Psychology
RUSE 351     Other Voices in 20th-Century Russian          WMST 247        Psychology of Women
             Literature: Women Writers                     WMST 323        Research in Social Psychology
SPAN 316     Voces de Mujeres                              WMST 357        Self in American Culture
SPAN 346     Latin American Women’s Narratives             WMST 372        Topics in Social Psychology
SPNE 330     Latina Writing in the U.S.
WMST 204     Politics of Health                            COURSE DESCRIPTIONS
WMST 243     Feminism and Science                          100 Introduction to Women’s Studies This course
WMST 304     Medical Historiography                        introduces the vast, complex, changing field of
WRRH 221     He Says, She Says: Language and               women’s studies. By engaging some key issues,
             Gender                                        questions, and conversations that have been raised in
WRRH 250     Talk and Text: Introduction to                and by women’s studies in specific times and places,
             Discourse Analysis                            this course is designed to stimulate analyses about
                                                           students’ locations in the circuits of such conversa-
WRRH 252     An Anatomy of American Class:
                                                           tions, and to encourage students to raise their own
             Realities, Myths, Rhetorics                   questions about women, gender, feminism(s), modes
WRRH 301     Discourse of Rape                             of women’s organizing, and production of knowledge
WRRH 304     Hidden Writing: Journals, Diaries,            about women. While it is impossible to cover all
             and Notebooks as Creative Discourse           pertinent topics in one semester, this course
                                                           introduces various specific issues and histories, that,
Social Sciences                                            taken together, highlight the complexity of Women’s
ANTH 209     Gender in Prehistory                          Studies as both an academic and activist field.
ANTH 220     Sex Roles: A Cross-Cultural                   (Offered each semester)
             Perspective
                                                           204 The Politics of Health This course
ANTH 230     Beyond Monogamy                               introduces students to the historical context of
ANTH 296     African Cultures                              critical studies of health, especially health and
BIDS 211     Labor: Domestic and Global                    the politics of race, gender, and sexuality.



                                                     295
                                          WOMEN’S STUDIES


Beginning with conceptions of sex and sexuality             Halberstadt and Ellyson, Social Psychology
from the Greeks and Freud, students consider the            Readings: A Century of Research; Festinger,
invention of new systems of classification for race         Riecken and Schachter, When Prophecy Fails;
and gender within the medical sciences. The                 Wilkinson, Feminist Social Psychologies; Bourke,
course examines hormone research in the 20th                The Burning of Bridget Cleary
century and its relationship to the American
Eugenics Movement, the history of childbirth,               243 Feminism and Science This course explores
and the changing context of reproductive rights             the historical and scientific context for feminist
in the early 20th century. Students explore how             interventions into scientific practice and study.
gender affects health treatment, the history of             Students are asked to consider a series of
the reproductive rights movement, the origins of            questions, including the following: How did
birth control and the politics of sterilization and         feminist science studies develop? Is feminism
safer sex education, the Women’s Health                     relevant to the study of science? How does
Movement, and AIDS activism since 1980.                     scientific inquiry become gendered through a
Prerequisite: WMST 100 or permission of                     variety of cultural and historical contexts? What
instructor. (Redick)                                        are some specific intersections of race, gender
                                                            and sexuality in the study of feminism and
215 Between Feminism and Psychoanalysis                     science? Do students think that feminism has
Sigmund Freud has been reviled by many                      transformed science studies within a specifically
feminists for his notions of penis envy and his             feminist context? Using the work of feminist
puzzled query “What do women want?” And yet,                scholars and scientists, students examine the
Freud and such subsequent psychoanalytic                    history of genetics, sociobiology, prenatal testing,
theorists as Horney, Klein, Winnicott, and Lacan            and the 1990s cultural science wars from a
also have been sources of significant analyses of           feminist standpoint. Prerequisite: WMST 100 or
female subordination, sexuality, and desire. This           permission of the instructor. (Redick)
course examines relations between psychoanalysis
and feminism by focusing on ways in which                   247 Psychology of Women To Freud’s question
psychoanalytic theory has understood gender, as             of “What do women want?” psychology has
well as the ways in which feminists have critiqued          brought description, analysis, categorization and
and/or appropriated such depictions of female               diagnosis in its effort to plumb the depths of
experience. (Henking, offered occasionally)                 woman’s purported enigmatic nature. Parallel to
    Typical readings: Freud, Sexuality and the              psychology’s mainstream versions on the
Psychology of Love; Freud, Dora; Hooks, Feminist            psychology of women are feminist writings
Theory, From Margin to Center; Olivier, Jocasta’s           exploring alternative views of psychological
Children; Sayers, Mothers of Psychoanalysis; Trask,         issues and life events of concern to women. This
Eros and Power                                              course examines these distinct paths from early
                                                            case studies of hysteria through to mid-century
223 Social Psychology With the emergence of                 depictions of the “problem with no name”
the discipline of social psychology in late 19th            (Friedan) and to late 20th-century renderings of
century came new ways of thinking about the                 PMS, bodily dissatisfactions and eating disorders.
gender, race, and class of individuals, groups, and         The course uses history, theory and research in
nations. These new conceptualizations brought               psychology to examine these issues and events as
with them new ways of seeing the social                     well as to appreciate psychology’s changing
psychological nature of “Man” and by extension              views, treatment and study of women’s lives in
“Woman,” and the psychological terms of                     all of their diversity. This course also can count
modernity and postmodernity. Drawing on                     toward the major in psychology. Prerequisite:
influential European and North American social              Permission of the instructor or PSY 100. (Bayer)
psychologists, students in this course ask: Was                 Typical readings: Chodorow, Femininities,
social psychological nature to be understood in             Masculinities, Sexualities; Riger, Transforming
more symbolic interactionist, behaviorist,                  Psychology: Gender in Theory and Practice;
psychodynamic, cognitive or cybernetic terms?               Hurtado, The Color of Privilege
Students learn how ideas on social psychological
life carried commitments to uncovering the                  300 Feminist Theory This seminar surveys
“social laws of life” (Dewey); or social                    several strands of feminist theorizing and their
psychology’s efforts to engage with women and               histories. By critically engaging the underlying
men as historicized subjects within social,                 assumptions and stakes of a range of theories,
political, and cultural contexts (Wilkinson,                students become more aware of their own
Sampson). This course also can count toward the             assumptions and stakes, and sharpen their abilities
major in psychology. Prerequisites: Permission of           to productively apply feminist analyses in their
instructor or PSY 100. (Bayer)                              own work. Prerequisite: WMST 100 or permission
     Typical readings: Myers, Social Psychology;            of instructor. (Fall)



                                                      296
                                              WOMEN’S STUDIES


301 Feminist Oral History Feminist oral history                 357 Self in American Culture Twentieth
considers how women communicate and                             century U.S. life is distinguished by an increasing
conceptualize their life stories, putting into practice         tendency to see everyday life in psychological
a feminist commitment to recording women’s life                 terms. How and when did it become so chic to
stories. This seminar operates as a workshop,                   see and conceive of ourselves as essentially
investigating the theory underlying feminist oral               psychological? What happens when these forms
history while putting the methodology to work                   of self recede and newer ones, such as the
through a class interviewing project. Through                   consumer self, the narcissistic self, or the
critical reading and practical experience, students             saturated self begin to signify the psychology of a
research oral history questions and conduct                     decade and who we are as humans? This course
interviews that are recorded using audio and video              draws on a feminist approach to examine the
equipment. Furthermore, they develop the critical               place of social psychology in the cultural history
tools and analytical judgment needed to analyze                 of American individualism and notions of the
the role of gender in oral history interviewing and             self. This course also can count toward the major
prepare interviews to be deposited in an archive.               in psychology. (Bayer)
                                                                     Typical readings: de Tocqueville, Democracy
304 Medical Historiography This upper-level                     in America, Danziger, The Historical Formation of
seminar introduces students to the history of                   Selves; Pfister and Schnog, Inventing the
medicine as a field of study, focusing on research              Psychological; Gergen, The Saturated Self; Haiken,
methods. Students explore the history of                        Venus Envy
medicine broadly, beginning with the origins of
Western medicine in both Greece and the                         372 Topics in Social Psychology This course
Renaissance. Students also explore transnational                focuses on a topic of current interest. Topics are
medical practices, and consider how Western                     announced in advance and are addressed through
medical practices have come to be historically                  history and theory in feminist social psychology.
valorized. Students read key texts in medical                   One topic is peace: students examine practices
sociology and gain an understanding of how the                  for peace and social justice through movements,
history of medicine and physiology came to be a                 writing, art, and film in the larger social and
disciplinary subspecialty in the early to mid-20th              psychological context of humanity and quests for
century. Students perform a research project that               life lived in harmony and equality. Other topics
makes use of methods in medical history. This                   include cyberpsychology; Cold War America and
could include archival research, oral histories, or             Cold War psychology; the psychology of the
interview methods. Prerequisite: WMST 100 or                    Women’s movement; and history of psychology.
any 200 level WMST course. (Redick)                             This course also may count toward the major in
                                                                psychology. Prerequisites: PSY 100 or WMST
323 Research in Social Psychology How lives                     223 or permission of instructor. (Bayer)
are studied in social context is the question at
the heart of social psychological research and                  401 Senior Seminar Women’s studies seniors
feminist epistemology. Brought together, these                  produce a culminating project as they apply
approaches have reawakened concerns about the                   feminist theories and research methods,
place of language, cultural discourses and                      integrating their experiences as women’s studies
relations of power in social psychological life.                majors. Prerequisites: WMST 100 and WMST
This course asks students to think through the                  300. (Spring, offered annually)
philosophical and theoretical underpinnings to
different research paradigms as they learn how to               450 Independent Study/Practicum This course
put different research methods into practice.                   provides the opportunity for students to engage in
Students design and conduct a research project,                 practical involvements in topics/issues in women’s
for which one component will be discourse                       studies as well as pursuing independent research
analysis of women’s and men’s forms of language                 under faculty supervision.
and the subtle ways in which these forms act on
perceptions. This course also can count toward
the major in psychology and satisfies the
psychology laboratory requirement. Prerequisites:
WMST 223 or WMST 247 or permission of the
instructor. (Bayer)
    Typical readings: Wetherell, Taylor, and
Yates, Discourse Theory and Practice; Potter and
Wetherell, Discourse and Social Psychology;
Wilkinson and Kitzinger, Feminism and Discourse:
Psychological Perspectives (Gender and Psychology)




                                                          297
                                 WRITING AND RHETORIC


WRITING AND RHETORIC                                 forms of professional writing are available.
                                                     Requires approximately 30-35 pages of
Program Faculty                                      polished writing.
Cheryl Forbes, Ph.D.; Professor, Coordinator            Writing across the curriculum is also a
Susan Hess, M.A., Instructor                         central component of program offerings
Gary L. Matassarin, M.A.; Instructor                 through the Writing Colleagues Program,
Mary M. Salibrici, Ph.D.; Associate                  which prepares student mentors to help
 Professor                                           with the teaching of writing and reading
Stefan J. Senders, Ph.D.; Assistant                  through the program’s work in first-year
 Professor                                           seminars and bidisciplinary courses and
                                                     through the program’s support of faculty
rhetoric. n. 1. The study of the elements,           members’ use of writing in their courses.
as structure or style, used in writing and              Finally, for students interested in a
speaking. 2. The art of effective expression         concentrated study of writing and
and the persuasive use of language.                  rhetoric, the program offers a disciplinary
             —American Heritage Dictionary           major. The major requires students to
                                                     complete foundational courses in
The primary purpose of the Writing and               grammar and style, discourse analysis and
Rhetoric Program is to offer rigorous                introductory rhetoric. In addition,
courses at all levels that integrate the             students take elective courses to build on
study of writing and the study of rhetoric.          and further challenge the work of the
The courses support students who enter               foundational courses, a set of courses
the Colleges knowing that they need and              geared to post-graduate writing, and a
want to strengthen their ability to express          capstone seminar.
themselves effectively in written dis-
course. They help students meet the                  REQUIREMENTS FOR THE MAJOR (B. A.)
challenges of the community curriculum,              disciplinary 12 courses
                                                     Foundational Courses 3 required
which puts effective written discourse at            Emphasis on the study and application of writing
its center. Writing is both a way to learn           as grammatical, discursive, rhetorical, and social.
course content and a result of learning:             WRRH 201       Grammar and Style
the mark of a liberally educated person.             WRRH 250       Talk and Text: Introduction to
    Writing courses are divided into three                          Discourse Analysis
categories:                                          WRRH 312       Power and Persuasion: Readings in
                                                                    Rhetoric, Ancient to Modern
    Introductory (WRRH 100): empha-
sizes the importance of voice, focus,                Electives 6 required
cohesion, and organization to good                   Emphasis on critical reading and writing as
writing. Requires approximately 25 pages             integrated activities whether focused on
                                                     academic research, critical analysis, and/or
of polished writing.                                 creative nonfiction projects.
    Intermediate (WRRH 200 and any                   WRRH 200       Writer’s Seminar II
other 200-level course): emphasizes                  WRRH 202       Going Places: Travel Writing
academic argument and research. Requires             WRRH 220       Breadwinners and Losers: The
approximately 25-30 pages of polished                               Rhetoric of Work
writing.                                             WRRH 221       He Says, She Says: Language and
                                                                    Gender
    Advanced (any WRRH 300-level
                                                     WRRH 224       Writing and the Culture of Reading
course and WRRH 420): emphasizes                     WRRH 251       Black Talk, White Talk
independent projects and more complex                WRRH 252       An Anatomy of American Class:
approaches to rhetorical analysis and                               Realities, Myths, Rhetorics
argument. Advanced studies in various


                                               298
                                       WRITING AND RHETORIC


WRRH 301       Discourses of Rape in Contemporary            revision, peer responses, and editing are stressed.
               Culture                                       Texts are variable depending on faculty
WRRH 302       Secrets and Security: The Rhetoric of         preference. (Fall and Spring, offered annually)
               Risk
WRRH 304       Hidden Writing: Journals, Notebooks,          201 Grammar and Style Understanding grammar
               and Diaries as Creative Discourse             is important for writers because grammatical
WRRH 322       Adolescent Literature                         choices affect style; stylistic choices have
                                                             grammatical implications. Yet grammar is often
Career Focus           2 required                            given last place in writing classes or made a mere
Emphasis on the study and practical application              matter of mechanics—correcting a comma splice,
of genres representing specific professional                 changing a relative pronoun. This course is
domains.                                                     designed for all writers and would be writers who
                                                             want to understand the rhetorical power of
WRRH 300       American Journalism
                                                             grammar. It is designed for anyone who wants to
WRRH 303       Introduction to Publishing                    understand what stylistic choices writers have
WRRH 305       Writing Colleagues Seminar                    available. It is not, therefore, a course in
WRRH 351       Writing in the Natural and Social             grammar or a course in style, but a course on the
               Sciences                                      relationship between them. Students improve
WRRH 352       Writing in the Professional Workplace         their grammar through working on style; they
                                                             improve their style by working on grammar,
Capstone Seminar       1 required                            sentence diagramming, weekly grammatical
Emphasis on the production of a publishable-                 excursions, required weekly quizzes, and a final
quality text and the integration of knowledge of             project. (Forbes, offered annually)
writing as grammatical, discursive, rhetorical,                  Typical readings: Kolln, Rhetorical Grammar:
and social.                                                  Grammatical Choices, Rhetorical Effects; Kolln and
WRRH 420       Writers’ Guild                                Funk, Understanding English Grammar; Wislawa
                                                             Szymborka; and Annie Proulx

CROSSLISTED COURSES
                                                             202 Going Places: Travel Writing “Journeys,”
MDSC 100       Introduction to Media and Society             writes Susan Orlean, “are the essential text of the
MDSC 223       War, Words and War Imagery                    human experience.” That experience is at the
MDSC 300       Making the News                               heart of this course. As Orlean says, though, a
MDSC 321       Grand Illusions: Press and Political          journey need not be to an exotic place, though
               Spectacle                                     she has been to many such places. But a piece
                                                             about a journey—a piece of travel writing—can
COURSE DESCRIPTIONS                                          come from somewhere just around the corner,
                                                             down the street, up a flight of stairs, any “there-
100 Writer’s Seminar This course is for students
                                                             and-back-again” that you might take. The only
who wish to improve their ability to express their
                                                             requirement is that the writer—the traveler first,
own ideas, positions, and interpretations. It
                                                             then the writer—pay attention. Students read
emphasizes developing the writer’s “voice”
                                                             exemplary travel writers, write their own travel
because much of what one is asked to write in
                                                             pieces, keep a reading journal and observation
college requires the writer to express his or her
                                                             notes to prepare for their formal essays. A field
own ideas in a convincing, credible manner. The
                                                             trip and a fee are required. (Forbes, Spring, offered
course considers what it means to be a writer—
                                                             alternate years)
what habits of mind and work lead to an
                                                                  Typical readings: Naipaul, A Turn in the
effective essay—and stresses focus, cohesion, and
                                                             South; Goldberg, Time’s Magpie; Winchester, The
organization. Course times and themes vary with
                                                             River at the Center of the World; Raban, Passage to
instructor. (Repeatable) (Offered each semester)
                                                             Juneau; Robb, A Death in Brazil
200 Writer’s Seminar II This intermediate
                                                             220 Breadwinners and Losers: The Rhetoric of
writing course offers students the chance to
                                                             Work How do we talk about work in our society?
develop writing and research skills through
                                                             How do we decide what work to do? How does
reading and writing processes introduced in
                                                             work affect identity and what life means? Is work
WRRH 100, with an emphasis on increased
                                                             valuable in and of itself, or is work only a means
responsibility for engaging in critical analysis and
                                                             to an end? What are the rhetorical requirements
argument and for developing research projects.
                                                             of various workplaces? What issues of gender,
Students become more familiar with academic
                                                             class, and equity are raised by workplace
standards and conventions, particularly with the
                                                             rhetoric? This course seeks to address these and
ever-widening variety of research tools available
                                                             other questions about a fundamental aspect of
to them. Invention strategies, multiple drafts and



                                                       299
                                        WRITING AND RHETORIC


every person’s life. It explores the issue of work            251 Black Talk, White Talk What is BEV or
in school and after school through readings and               Ebonics? Is it a language or a dialect? This course
discussions. Topics vary. (Repeatable) (Forbes,               studies Black English Vernacular, also called
offered alternate years)                                      Ebonics or Black street speech or Black talk
    Typical readings: Hall, Life Work; Wilson,                (depending on the linguist): its sounds, structure,
When Work Disappears; Millhauser, Martin Dressler;            semantics, and history. It investigates the
Snyder, The Cliff Walk; Levine, What Work Is                  differences between black and white spoken
                                                              discourse styles, which lead to tension and
221 He Says, She Says: Language and Gender                    misunderstanding. It looks at written texts for
Relations Awareness of gender difference often                the ways in which they reveal particular styles of
constitutes a significant barrier both to effective           spoken discourse. And it investigates the
self expression and interpersonal communication,              educational public policy issues surrounding
becoming for both men and women a source of                   Black English Vernacular. (Forbes, offered
either self censorship or an (often unconscious)              alternate years)
silencing of others. Is there a value to having a                  Typical readings: Smitherman, Talkin and
sense of otherness based upon one’s gender roles?             Testifyin: The Language of Black America; Baugh,
Are there ways to bridge the gender gap in order              Black Street Speech: Its History, Structure, and
to communicate effectively and without                        Survival; Smitherman, Black Talk: Words and
diminishing one’s sense of self? If one takes the             Phrases from the Hood to the Amen Corner;
problem as an opportunity for serious study, one is           Holloway, Africanisms in American Culture;
confronted with fundamental questions about how               Wiley, Why Black People Tend to Shout
language links individual identity with socially
defined gender roles. Students encounter the                  252 An Anatomy of American Class: Realities,
potential for discovering new opportunities for               Myths, Rhetorics Visit any American high
personal expression and communication with                    school and find most students dressed in trendy
others. (Offered alternate years)                             sneakers and jeans, a good representation of the
                                                              hidden discourse of class since these same
224 Writing and the Culture of Reading                        students originate from different social and
Academic, intellectual culture is a culture of the            economic backgrounds. This course interrogates
word, of reading and writing, of print. This                  American class—how is it defined? Who gets to
course explores the dynamics of this culture                  define it? How is it represented in written and
through a close interrogation of the writing and              spoken discourse? What are its costs and hidden
reading practices of intellectuals, ourselves                 injuries? How does class shape and predict? What
included. Through the course of the semester                  is the connection between race, ethnicity, and
students keep a reading journal, write several                class? What is the language of class? Students
critical essays, and complete a final project.                think, read, and write analytically about their own
(Forbes, offered alternate years)                             experiences as well as develop critical interpreta-
    Typical readings: Rose, The Year of Reading               tions about the cultural discourse of class.
Proust; Manguel, A History of Reading; Denby,                 (Salibrici, offered alternate years)
Great Books; Montaigne, selected essays; Carroll,                  Typical readings: Terkel, Division Street
Alice in Wonderland; Scholes, Protocols of Reading            America; Rubin, Worlds of Pain; Fussell, A Guide
                                                              Through the American Status System; Burke, The
250 Talk and Text: An Introduction to Discourse               Conundrum of Class; Weis, Working Class Without
Analysis This course investigates one of the                  Work; Zandy (ed.), Liberating Memory: Our Work
fundamental theoretical ways language is studied              and Working Class Consciousness; and literary
today. Students study the theories of discourse               works by Sinclair Lewis, Tillie Olsen, Alice
analysis and practice those theories by analyzing             Walker, and Gloria Anzaldua
spoken and written texts. Analysis of the various
kinds of texts in our culture—from billboards to              300 Writers World of Discourse: Issues and
novels, from political speeches and academic                  Practice of American Journalism This course
lectures to radio and TV talk shows—leads into                introduces print journalism. It focuses on the
discussions of conversational style, gender,                  basics of reporting and feature writing (business,
linguistic stereotypes, and problems in intracultural         sports, local government, and the law). Partici-
communication. (Offered alternate years)                      pants should expect to produce several pages of
    Typical readings: Brown/Yule, Discourse                   accurate, detailed, and well-written copy a week
Analysis; Tannen, ed., Analyzing Discourse: Text              and be prepared for extensive and numerous
and Talk; Tannen, Talking Voices: Repetition,                 revisions. Students also work on typography and
Dialogue, and Imagery in Conversational Discourse             layout. As the major project for the semester,
                                                              students in teams write, edit, design, and typeset a
                                                              newspaper. There is a fee for this course.
                                                              (Repeatable) (Forbes, offered alternate years)



                                                        300
                                      WRITING AND RHETORIC


   Texts: A subscription to The New York Times;                 Typical readings: Johnson and Prijatel, The
Harrower, The Newspaper Designer’s Handbook;                 Magazine From Cover to Cover: Inside a Dynamic
and The Associated Press Stylebook and Libel Manual          Industry; The Chicago Manual of Style; Greco,
                                                             The Book Publishing Industry
301 Writers World of Discourse: The
Discourses of Rape in Contemporary Culture                   304 Hidden Writing: Journals, Diaries, and
An examination of the many ways our culture                  Notebooks as Creative Discourse Creative ideas
talks about rape, from political rape to date rape;          for writers often begin with jottings that remain out
the changing definitions of rape; rape as                    of sight when final artistic creations are unveiled.
metaphor; and the social, political, and ethical             Journals, diaries, and notebooks are usually private
implications of such discourses. How does the                but normally pivotal to the creative process. This
news media cover rape? How does the entertain-               course explores the connection between private
ment industry portray rape? Issues of power and              and public texts and the value of private writing as
powerlessness, victims and victimization, and                a creative activity. How does the language of
privacy and the public good emerge. (Forbes,                 privacy prefigure or help shape public creations?
offered alternate years)                                     Can private writing be considered an art form?
    Typical readings: Brownmiller, Against Our               Students investigate such questions while
Will; Roiphe, The Morning After: Sex, Fear and               examining private writings of published authors.
Feminism on Campus; Raini, After Silence; short              They also engage in their own hidden writing,
stories by Atwood; novels by Morrison and Irving;            making connections between their experiences,
Thornhill and Palmer, A Natural History of Rape              authors studied, and the discourse of hidden
                                                             writing. (Salibrici, offered alternate years)
302 Secrecy and Security: Rhetoric, Theory,                       Typical readings: Dresher and Munoz (eds.),
Practice This course examines government                     Darkness and Light: Private Writing as an Art: An
secrecy and security discourse as responses to               Anthology of Contemporary Journals, Diaries, and
current political events including Sept. 11, 2001,           Notebooks; Johnson, The Hidden Writer: Diaries
the war in Iraq, and the articulation of                     and the Creative Life; Ghiselin (ed.), The Creative
international policy in the post-Cold War world.             Process; and hidden writings of such authors as
The course looks in particular at the rhetorical             Franz Kafka, Virginia Woolf, Anais Nin, and
dimensions of government secrecy—the ways it                 Sylvia Plath
is explained, rationalized, and argued. The
readings include general philosophical and                   305 Writing Colleagues Seminar: The Teaching
sociological approaches to secrecy, as well as               of Writing and Reading This intensive course is
case-studies, critiques and polemics. Students are           designed for students who would like to work in
encouraged to integrate theoretical approaches               the Writing Colleagues program, or study the
with concrete examples, and they are expected                current theories of the teaching of writing and
to develop their abilities to express complex                reading at the college level. Students investigate
ideas in writing. (Senders)                                  the theories of writing as a process and the ways
                                                             that reading is a critical and interdependent part
303 The Art and the Business of Ideas:                       of that process; engage in frequent critical
Introduction to Publishing This course focuses on            reading, writing, and discussion; and, under the
the principles and practices of magazine and book            supervision of the instructor, work with at least
publishing. It explores the way rhetoric functions           one student during a five-week practicum to help
in publishing and how “gatekeeping” functions in             her or him improve critical reading and writing
this industry of ideas and cultural influence: who           abilities. In addition, students solidify and hone
decides what and who gets heard. The issues of               their grammatical skills. Prerequisites: Must be
gender, race, and class are central. Students study          completing sophomore year although excep-
general interest and special interest magazine               tional first-years are accepted; submission of
publishing; general trade book, academic or                  portfolio; interview; and faculty recommenda-
special interest book publishing; and the history of         tion. (Forbes, Salibrici, offered each semester)
American publishing from the colonial era.                       Typical readings: Batholomae and Petrosky
Participants keep a reading journal; write several           eds., Ways of Reading: An Anthology for Writers;
critical essays about the major issues in magazine           Vacca and Vacca, Content Area Reading; Straub
and book publishing today; and complete a major              and Lunsford, eds., 12 Readers Reading:
semester-long project, individually or in teams (for         Responding to College Student Writing.
instance, editing a book-length manuscript or
producing a magazine). Two fieldtrips are                    312 Power and Persuasion: Readings in
planned: a local trip to visit a printer; a trip to          Rhetoric, Ancient to Modern In this course,
New York City to visit a book and a magazine                 students read and respond to texts of rhetorical
publisher. There is a fee for this course. (Forbes,          theory, practice the art of detailed rhetorical
Fall, offered alternate years)                               analysis, and apply rhetorical theory to their own
                                                             persuasive texts. They also focus on political


                                                       301
                                       WRITING AND RHETORIC


rhetoric as exemplified in representative great               360 Writing Colleagues Field Placement
20th-century speeches. Students study and give
traditional kinds of speeches, including                      420 The Writer’s Guild The goal of the course
deliberative, judicial, and ceremonial. (Salibrici,           is to write a collection of essays. This capstone
offered alternate years)                                      workshop for Writing and Rhetoric majors or
    Typical readings: Plato, Phaedrus; Aristotle,             serious writers meets once a week in extended
Art of Rhetoric; Cicero, De Oratore; Augustine,               session during which students read and critique
On Christian Doctrine; Virginia Woolf, Monique                each other’s work. Students should be prepared
Wittig, Cornel West, and speeches by Franklin                 to write an essay a week, with extensive
Roosevelt, Martin Luther King, Robert Kennedy,                revisions, read professional examples on the
Ronald Reagan, Geraldine Ferraro, among others.               theme for the semester, which varies from year to
                                                              year, submit an essay for publication, and give a
322 Adolescent Literature This course, run as a               public reading as the final examination.
workshop and compliment to EDUC 320                           Prerequisite: permission of the instructor based
Children’s Literature, considers contemporary                 on a writing sample. (Repeatable) (Forbes,
works that represent the main forms of literature             Salibrici, offered alternate years)
for early and late adolescence: science fiction,
fantasy, realistic and “problems” novels, and                 450 Independent Study
historical novels. Students write young adult
fiction, as well as read and discuss young adult              495 Honors
novels—their rhetoric, style, and issues.
Participants form reading partnerships with local
middle and high school students to discuss the
books they are reading and the stories they are
writing. There is a lab with this course. (Forbes,
Salibrici, offered alternate years)
     Typical readings: Voigt, Paterson, Hamilton,
Kerr, L’Engle, Singer, Alexander, Tolkien,
LeGuin, Fox, O’Dell, Konigsburg, Aiken, Avi,
among others.

351 Writing in the Natural and Social Sciences
This course is designed for students interested in
writing about science, particularly environmental
science. Students write weekly articles or essays,
read and discuss articles by major science writers,
and read and discuss each other’s articles in a
workshop. (Offered alternate years)
    Typical readings: Gould, McPhee, Angier,
Hubbell, Heath, Sacks, Thomas; a subscription
to the New York Times is required

352 Writing in the Professional Workplace
Preparing students for the principles and
practices of professional writing in nonacademic
settings is the focus of this course. It explores the
way rhetoric functions in professional cultures
and, more broadly, within a high-tech “informa-
tion society.” Issues of gender relations and
multiculturalism in the workplace are also
addressed. Students investigate, read, and write
about professional writing, as well as practice its
numerous forms, including (but not limited to)
job application materials, letters and memos,
reports and proposals, oral presentations, and
electronic communications. (Salibrici, offered
alternate years)
     Typical readings: Bell, Tools for Technical and
Professional Communication, Boyett/Conn,
Workplace 2000, Jackall, Moral Mazes, The World
of Corporate Managers, and chapters from Barnum/
Carliner, Techniques for Technical Communication


                                                        302
                            WRITING COLLEAGUES PROGRAM


WRITING COLLEAGUES PROGRAM                           electives group; two additional courses
                                                     from the Writing Colleagues core courses
Mary M. Salibrici, Writing and Rhetoric,             or any of the electives.
 Director
                                                     CORE COURSES
The Writing Colleagues program                       MDSC 321     Grand Illusions: Press and Political
                                                                  Spectacle
combines practical experience working
                                                     WRRH 201     Grammar and Style
with students to improve their reading               WRRH 202     Going Places
and writing, not as a tutor but as a trained         WRRH 220     Breadwinners and Losers: The
reader, with intellectual inquiry into the                        Rhetoric of Work
social, cultural, psychological, and                 WRRH 221     He Says, She Says: Language and
cognitive processes of language. A student                        Gender
first applies to the Writing Colleagues              WRRH 224     Writing and the Culture of Reading
                                                     WRRH 250     Talk and Text: Introduction to
program by contacting the program                                 Discourse Analysis
director. Once accepted as a candidate               WRRH 252     An Anatomy of Class
colleague, the student enrolls in the                WRRH 251     Black Talk/White Talk
Writing Colleagues seminar and, by                   WRRH 300     Writers World of Discourse: Journalism
earning a B or better, becomes a Writing             WRRH 301     Discourse of Rape
Colleague. The colleague is then qualified           WRRH 302     Secrets and Security
                                                     WRRH 303     World of Publishing
to work with professors in a series of field
                                                     WRRH 304     Hidden Writing
placements, associated with courses the              WRRH 305     Writing Colleagues Seminar
professor is teaching. Completion of the             WRRH 312     Power and Persuasion: Readings in
Writing Colleagues program is valuable                            Rhetoric, Ancient to Modern
preparation for work in teaching, law,               WRRH 322     Adolescent Literature
journalism, public policy, advertising/              WRRH 352     Writing in the Professional Workplace
marketing, public relations, and publish-            WRRH 351     Writing in the Natural and Social
                                                                  Sciences
ing. The Writing Colleagues program
                                                     WRRH 420     Writers Guild
offers both a disciplinary and an interdis-
ciplinary minor. Students who major in               ELECTIVES
Writing and Rhetoric and minor in the                Humanities
Writing Colleagues program must have a               AMST 101     American I, Eye, Aye
second minor.                                        ART 211      Feminism in the Arts
                                                     ART 212      Women Make Movies
REQUIREMENTS FOR THE MINOR                           EDUC 202     Human Growth and Development
                                                     EDUC 321     Language, Experience and Schooling
disciplinary, 6 courses                              EDUC 333     Literacy
WRRH 305 Writing Colleagues Seminar;                 EDUC 334     Science and Cognition
two field placements, one of which must              EDUC 343     Special Populations in Texts
be a first-year seminar; three courses               ENG 310      Creative Non-Fiction Workshop
from the Writing Colleagues core or any              ENG 354      Forms of Memoir
of the electives.                                    PHIL 120     Critical Thinking and Argumentative
                                                                  Writing
REQUIREMENTS FOR THE MINOR                           PHIL 190     Facts and Values
                                                     PHIL 260     Mind and Language
interdisciplinary, 6 courses                         PHIL 380     Experience and Consciousness
WRRH 305 Writing Colleagues Seminar;                 REL 103      Journeys and Stories
two field placements, one of which must              REL 258      The Qu’ran and the Bible
be a first-year seminar; one course from             REL 402      Conflict of Interpretations
the social sciences and natural sciences



                                               303
                            WRITING COLLEAGUES PROGRAM


SOCIAL AND NATURAL SCIENCES
ANTH 227   Intercultural Communication
ANTH 370   Life Histories
POL 270    African-American Political Thought
POL 375    Feminist Legal Theory
PSY 203    Introduction to Child Psychology and
           Human Development
PSY 205    Adolescent Psychology
PSY 357    Self in American Culture




                                                  304
                              COURSE CODES


CODE   DEPARTMENT OR PROGRAM               ITAL   Italian
AEP    Arts and Education                  JPN    Japanese
ALST   Africana Studies                    LAT    Latin
AMST   American Studies                    LGBS   Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual Studies
ANTH   Anthropology (Anthropology          LTAM   Latin American Studies
       and Sociology)                      MATH   Mathematics (Mathematics
ARCH   Architectural Studies                      and Computer Science)
ART    Art                                 MDSC   Media and Society
ASN    Asian Studies                       MUS    Music
BIDS   Bidisciplinary Courses              PCST   Peace Studies
BIOL   Biology                             PEC    Athletics and Physical
CHEM   Chemistry                                  Education (formal)
CHIN   Chinese                             PEHR   Peer Education in Human
CLAS   Classics                                   Relations
CPSC   Computer Science                    PER    Athletics and Physical
       (Mathematics and Computer                  Education (informal)
       Science)                            PEW    Athletics and Physical
DAN    Dance                                      Education (wellness)
DAT    Dance (Technique)                   PHIL   Philosophy
ECON   Economics                           PHYS   Physics
EDUC   Education                           POL    Political Science
ENG    English and Comparative             PPOL   Public Policy Studies
       Literature                          PSY    Psychology
ENV    Environmental Studies               REL    Religious Studies
EUST   European Studies                    RUS    Russian Area Studies
FRE    French and Francophone              RUSE   Russian Area Studies (taught
       Studies                                    in English)
FRNE   French and Francophone              SILP   Self-Instructional Language
       Studies (taught in English)                Program
FSCT   Fisher Center                       SOC    Sociology (Anthropology and
FSEM   First-Year Seminar                         Sociology)
GEO    Geoscience                          SPAN   Spanish and Hispanic Studies
GERE   German Area Studies (taught         SPNE   Spanish and Hispanic Studies
       in English)                                (taught in English)
GERM   German Area Studies                 URST   Urban Studies
GRE    Greek                               WMST   Women’s Studies
HIST   History                             WRRH   Writing and Rhetoric




                                     305

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:130
posted:7/28/2011
language:English
pages:80