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Puritan Beliefs

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					Puritan Beliefs
       “Of Plymouth Plantation”
                  And
“Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God”
Who were the Puritans?
           • The Puritans were
             group of Christians in
             England who wished
             to “purify” the Church
             of England, also
             known as Anglicans.
       What are Anglicans?

• Followers of the Church of England
  are called Anglicans. (In the United
  States the Anglican Church became
  the Episcopal Church).
• The Church of England was started by
  Henry VIII who the King of England
  from 1509 to 1547.
Why did Henry VIII start his own Church?


       • Henry wanted a male
         heir.
       • Henry’s wife
         Catherine couldn’t
         produce a male heir,
         meanwhile Henry fell
         in love with Ann
         Boleyn
                                  Catherine of
                                  Aragon
Why did Henry VIII start his own Church?

                  • But being a Catholic
                    Henry couldn’t
                    divorce Catherine and
                    the Pope wouldn’t
                    make any exceptions.
                  • Meanwhile Ann
                    Boleyn became
                    pregnant.
                  • Henry decided to
                    form his own church
                    in England apart from
     Ann Boleyn
                    the Pope in Rome.
     The Result of Henry’s break


• This gave Henry more power and
  money because now he controlled
  the government and religion.
• Henry became both the political
  and religious leader of England.
    Ironically….
• Did Ann Boleyn have a boy or
  a girl?
• It was a girl?
• What was this girl’s name?
• Elizabeth
• What happened to Ann
  Boleyn?
• Henry got tired of her, so he
  found a way to have her
  beheaded.
       Ironically…continued
• Elizabeth became
  queen after her
  step-sister died.
• Elizabeth, who
  became one of
  England’s
  greatest leaders.
                      What state is
                      named after Queen
                      Elizabeth? And
                      Why?
           But what the Puritans?

• The Church of          • The Puritans wanted
  England was much         more reformation and
  like the Catholic        wanted to ―purify‖ the
                           Church of England
  Church but without
  the Pope as its        • Although its leaders
                           did come to power for
  leader and few other
                           a short time they
  changes such as          remained a minority
  divorce.                 in England—thus
                           their desire to settle
                           the New World.
      Puritan Beliefs
1. Total Depravity: Through
   original sin every human is
   born sinful.
2. Doctrine of Election: God
   chooses who is saved and who
   is damned, but only God          Take Notes
                                      Here!
   knows.
3. Predestination: Only a few are
   selected for salvation.
      Puritan Beliefs
4. The Elect: Those elected by
   God have the full power to
   interpret God’s will. These
   ―saints‖ could tell other how to
   live.
5. They maintained a steady and       Take Notes
                                        Here!
   humble watch over their lives to
   prove they were among the
   elect.
   Puritan Beliefs

6. Material and social success
   were signs of God’s
   providence, and although it
   could not win salvation, it
   was a sign of salvation.
7. This belief in strict moral
   propriety, community
   service, and hard work is
   referred to as the Puritan
   Work Ethic.
    Puritan Beliefs
Great Awakening – was a
  religious revival that
  emphasized the
  unworthiness of sinners
  and the anger of God.


                      For
                    Jonathan
                    Edwards
  Puritan Beliefs: Yesterday and
              Today
1. What are some    a) Work ethic
   of Puritan       b) Sense of
   values that         Responsibility
   have become      c) Moral Superiority
   basic American
   values?
   Puritan Beliefs: Yesterday and
               Today
1. What values do
   we still attribute
   to the Puritans?
2. What values
   today contrast
   most to the
   Puritan values?
   Literary Elements: Allegory
• Allegory is a work in which each element
  symbolizes something else. Often
  characters, objects, or events represent
  moral qualities or circumstances.
When the literal content of a work stands
  for abstract ideas, suggesting a parallel,
  deeper, symbolic sense.

                                  Responsible for this
                                      Definition!
                  Allegorical Art
• What would this
  painting
  represent?
• Answers will vary
• Nicolas Poussin
  The Dance of the
  Music of Time
  c. 1639-40
             Allegorical Art
• What would this
  painting represent?
• Answers will vary
• St. Michael
  Vanquishing the
  Devils
  Luca Giordano, 1666
          Literary Elements
• Parallelism (see page 1048) - a literary
  technique where a writer emphasizes the
  equal value of two or more ideas by
  expressing them in the same sentence or
  grammatical form.
• Antithesis is a use of words or phrases
  that contrast with each other to create a
  balanced effect
                                  Responsible for these
                                      Definitions!
  Literary Elements: Parallelism
• What is Parallelism?
• Similar words, ideas, or phrases repeated in the
  same sentence to help prove a point.
• Examples:
• Perch are inexpensive; cod are cheap; trout are
  abundant; but salmon are best.
• She wanted her home to be neat, orderly, and
  uncluttered.
• Close-minded men often have a narrow vision of
  the future.
  Literary Elements: Antithesis
• What is antithesis?
• Opposite words, ideas, or phrases repeated in
  the same sentence to help prove a point.
• Examples:
• "It has been my experience that folks who have
  no vices have very few virtues." —Abraham
  Lincoln
• It can't be wrong if it feels so right.
• From the mountains and the valleys villagers
  prepared for battle.
  Literary Elements: Metaphor
• Metaphor is a figure of speech in which a
  word or phrase literally denoting one kind
  of object or idea is used in place of
  another to suggest a likeness or analogy
  between them.
• A metaphor makes a direct comparison
  while a simile uses like or as.


                                       Must Know!
  Literary Elements: Metaphor
Examples of Metaphor
• Eric is drowning in money.
• The ball is a magnet to Megan’s hands
  when she is dribbling a basketball.
• While getting stitches daggers of pain shot
  threw Anthony’s leg.
• All the traders were bulls today as stock
  prices rose on Wall Street today.
 Literary Elements: Personification
• Personification is a figure of speech in
  which inanimate objects or abstractions
  are endowed with human qualities or are
  represented as possessing human form.




                                  Required Material
 Literary Elements: Personification
Examples of Personification
• The rain danced on the sidewalk and did a
  jig into the drain.
• The angry sea capsized the boat.
• The wind sang to the nervous trees as the
  storm approached.
• Death sat by the old man’s bed as his
  heart slowly stopped beating.
            Quiz Questions
1. How are the Puritan religious and political
   values expressed “Of Plymouth Plantation?”
2. What is more important to the Puritans, their
   law or their freedom?
3. People’s actions vs. God’s actions; People’s
   lives: coincidence or deliberate?
4. Take note of how people are described? What
   does the author deem important?
5. What is important about the Mayflower
   Compact? What is its purpose?
          Quiz Questions
6. Note the metaphors that Edwards uses
   in his sermon.
7. What sinners is Edwards directly
   addressing?
8. How does Edwards portray the power of
   God?
 Vocabulary         7. Abhor
                    8. Ascribe
1.   Prosperous
                    9. Incense
2.   Profane
                    10. induce
3.   Loath
4.   Sundry
5.   Mutinous
6.   Constitution
7.   Avail
8.   Contrivance
               The Aftermath
                    •   On 2 May 1536 the court of Henry VIII was
• Did Ann Boleyn        rocked by the biggest scandal of the reign.
                        The queen, Anne Boleyn, was arrested on a
  have a boy or a       charge of incest with her brother, plus
  girl?                 adultery with a court musician and members
                        of the king’s Privy Chamber. She was tried
• It was a girl?        for treason and on 19 May beheaded.
• What was this                            Why?
  girl’s name?      •   The relationship soured and Ann had an
                        affair.
• Elizabeth         •   Ann didn’t produce a male heir so Henry
• What happened         next planned to wed Jane Seymour
                    •   The King’s enemies made false allegations
  to Ann Boleyn?        against Ann in order to make Henry look
                        bad.
                    •   How many wives did Henry eventually have?
                    •   Six

				
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