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					Vashon 101: A Journey Just Begun




          Vashon Island - Ray Pfortner
Vashon 101: A Journey Just Begun

 The Human History of an Island:
      Vashon-Maury Island
   Ordinary People, Extraordinary History
            Session Six:
The S’Homamish, Contact, and Settlement

              Session Seven:
Separate Villages to an Island Community
 Separate Villages to an Island Community

 Founding Vashon - Boom - 1894 to 1920

 Decline and Depression - 1920 to 1940

 An Island Community - 1940 to 1960

 Hippies & Professionals - 1960 to 1980

 Growth and Change - 1980 to the Present
 Separate Villages to an Island Community

  Year    Population   % Change     Year   Population   % Change

Contact    @ 650                  1930        1,482       -42%
1885           347                1940        2,701       + 9%
1887           253       -27%     1950        3,889      + 44%
1889           514     +103%      1960        5,182      + 33%
1892           926      +80%      1970        6,516      + 25%
1900           294   -68%         1980        7,377      + 13%
1910           647 + 120%         1990        9,309      + 26%
1920         2,557 + 295%         2000      10,123        + 9%
Founding Vashon - Boom - 1894 to 1920
     Founding Vashon - Boom - 1894 to 1920
                                    Issues

   Transportation - Ferry Wars, Auto
    Ferry, Roads, Canal and Electric
    Railroad

   Societal Patterns Extended -

   Education - Chautauqua,
      Vashon College, and Schools

   Economics - Depression, Labor strife,
      Recovery and World War -

   Politics - Populism & Women’s Suffrage
                                             Vashona at Burton Dock

   Discrimination - Japanese Immigrants
 Founding Vashon - Boom - 1894 to 1920
                  Founder Principle

 “Founder Principle” or “Founder Effect”
     Island Biogeography - founding population is subset of
     the possible populations and thus limit possibilities of how
     the area develops


 “Founders” set pattern for development

 Representative Founders for Each Era-
  archetypes that help shape Vashon Island
Founding Vashon - Boom - 1894 to 1920
                          Founders


                                Farmer - B.D., Kuni, and Sato Mukai

                                Entrepreneur - Harrington-Beall
                                                Greenhouses

                                Shipbuilder - John Martinolich

                                Politician - Ira Case

                                Mosquito Fleet - Nels Christensen
Spring Beach Water Taxi
Founding Vashon - 1894 to 1920 - Founders
         Farmer - B.D., Kuni, and Sato Mukai




 Rail Cars Loading Berries




                              Kuni at Mukai House and Garden
                                     “adjacent cultures”




    B.D. at “Freezer” Plant
Founding Vashon - 1894 to 1920 - Founders
 Entrepreneur - Harrington-Beall Greenhouses
Founding Vashon - 1894 to 1920 - Founders
             Shipbuilder - John Martinolich




                                 Janet G - Last boat built at Dockton


 Martinolich Crew at Shipyard
Founding Vashon - 1894 to 1920 - Founders
                        Politician - Ira Case




                                       Marjesira Hotel - Magnolia



 Ira Case 1923 Legislature
Founding Vashon - 1894 to 1920 - Founders
         Mosquito Fleet - Nels Christensen




   Virginia IV at Flag Stop




                              Virginia V and Klahowya at North End
     Founding Vashon - Boom - 1894 to 1920
                                      Summary


   Early Settlement Patterns Expanded

   Pattern of Separate Communities Expanded

   Intellectually Rich - Chautauqua,
          Vashon College, and Schools

   Mixed Economy - Wageworkers Frontier
                    Traditional Agriculture

   Collapse and Tremendous Growth

   Diversity - Japanese Issei and Nisei        Vashona at Burton Dock
Decline and Depression - 1920 to 1940




            Ellisport Sunrise - Terry Donnelly
    Decline and Depression - 1920 to 1940
                            Issues

 Transportation - End of “Mosquito Fleet”
              Ferry Wars, Roads
 Societal Patterns

 Education - School Unification

 Economics - 1920s Agricultural Depression
              1930s Great Depression

 Politics - Conservatism followed by New Deal
                                                 Bob Smith 1925
 Discrimination - anti-immigrant, KKK,
       Decline and Depression - 1920 to 1940
                                 Founders

                                     Island Identity - Unified Schools

                                     Island Identity - 27 to 2 Docks

                                     Island Identity - Oliver Van Olinda’s
                                       History of Vashon-Maury Islands

                                     Olympic Berry – Hallack Greider

                                     Island Identity - The Arts –
                                           Norman Edson
Ferry 1919 – Oliver Van Olinda

                                     Island Identity - George McCormick

                                     S’Homamish - Lucy Gurand
                                          Land Claim’s Testimony
               Decline and Depression - 1920 to 1940
        Island Identity - Unified Schools – Multiple Districts




Quartermaster        Chautauqua       Burton 1909       Vashon 1895




Vermontville             Columbia       Dockton        Lisabeula
         Decline and Depression - 1920 to 1940
    Island Identity - Unified Schools - Two High Schools




   Burton High School 1908




                                       Vashon High School 1912



Burton Union High School 1913
Decline and Depression - 1920 to 1940
     Island Identity - Unified Schools




         Vashon Unified High School 1930
        Decline and Depression - 1920 to 1940
             Island Identity - Docks: From 28 to 2




Glen Acres Steamer Dock @ 1900




                                         North End Dock - 1940’s
Decline and Depression - 1920 to 1940
Island Identity - Historian - Oliver Van Olinda




                                   Oliver 1927



Ida and Oliver 1897
    Decline and Depression - 1920 to 1940
Island Identity - The Olympic Berry – Hallack Greider




                             The Olympic Berry - Norman Edson




        The Greiders
 Decline and Depression - 1920 to 1940
  Island Identity - The Arts – Norman Edson




                                The Sun’s Last Glow
Norman Edson
Decline and Depression - 1920 to 1940
   Island Identity - George McCormick



         McCormick
         Marathon
           1937




                               George in 1968
Decline and Depression - 1920 to 1940
  S’Homamish - Lucy Gurand Testimony




         Lucy Gurand 1927 with
       Wapato John and Tom Milroy
Decline and Depression - 1920 to 1940 - Founders
       S’Homamish - Lucy Gurand Testimony
    Decline and Depression - 1920 to 1940
                             Summary

   An Island Identity Emerges
        Unified Schools
        End of “Mosquito Fleet”
        Island History
        Olympic Berry
        Norman Edson
        McCormick Marathon
   Population declines & recovers (5% growth)


   Depression - 1920s Agricultural
                 1930s Great Depression


   Stage set for wartime growth and suburbanization
                                                       Bob Smith 1925

   Stage set for removing Japanese
An Island Community - 1940 to 1960
An Island Community - 1940 to 1960
                    Issues

                              Transportation -
                                  Vashon Ferry District
                                  Washington State Ferries
                                  Bridge

                              Societal Patterns

                              Economics –
                                  1940s War Boom & Bust
                                  1950s Suburbanization

                              Politics – Island Assembly

                              Discrimination -
 Vashon Town 1946                  Japanese Internment
          An Island Community - 1940 to 1960
                                      Founders

   War: Civil Defense - Paul Billingsley
          Veterans - Bacchus Brothers

   Internment - Mary Matsuda Grunenwald

   Ferry District #1 and “Build the Bridge”

   Island Assembly – Operation Jigsaw

   Entrepreneur - K2 - Bill Kirschner

   The Arts – Betty MacDonald
                                                    Vashon Town 1960
   S’Homamish - Rosemary Bridges James
    Nuu-Chah-Nulth - Hyacinth and Winnefred David
       An Island Community - 1940 to 1960 - Founders
War: Civil Defense - Paul Billingsley - Veterans - Bacchus Brothers




 Paul Billingsley at Lookout 1942   Thomas Bacchus   Douglas “Lad” Bacchus
                                       Nov. 1944           Jan. 1945
An Island Community - 1940 to 1960 - Founders
      Internment - Mary Matsuda Grunenwald




                            Mary and Yoneichi at Minidoka 1944

     Masuda Family 1933
An Island Community - 1940 to 1960 - Founders
      Internment - Mary Matsuda Grunenwald




    Heisuke and Yoneichi 1950’s   “Mama-san” Matsuda 1950’s
       An Island Community - 1940 to 1960 - Founders
  Ferry District #1 - Commissioners McCormick, Law and Wall




                                                 George Wallace, George Davis, Charles Law, George
                                                      McCormick, Cleve Bard, George Bacon
Vashon Vigilantes Prevent Illahee from Docking
An Island Community - 1940 to 1960 - Founders
                            “Build the Bridge”




                                         Vashon Bridge Conceptualization



  Vashon Bridge Route Map
An Island Community - 1940 to 1960 - Founders
       Island Assembly/Community Council




             Operation Jigsaw 1963-64
An Island Community - 1940 to 1960 - Founders
        Entrepreneur - K2 - Bill Kirschner




                                    Ski Hall of Fame 2001
An Island Community - 1940 to 1960 - Founders
                    The Arts – Betty MacDonald




                                    Betty MacDonald at Book Signing


Betty MacDonald on Vashon 1946
An Island Community - 1940 to 1960 - Founders
      S’Homamish - Rosemary Bridges James




            The Puyallup Tribal Health Center
An Island Community - 1940 to 1960 - Founders
  Nuu-Chah-Nulth - Hyacinth and Winnefred David




      Hyacinth David                  Winnefred David

              Wax Orchards and Blake Island
An Island Community - 1940 to 1960
                    Summary

                          Wartime Sacrifices

                          Boom and Suburbanization

                          Ferries and “The Bridge”

                          Population nearly doubles

                          Island gains political voice

                          Discrimination -
                               Japanese Internment
                               126 interned
 Vashon Town 1946              less than 40 return
Hippies and Professionals - 1960 to 1980




            Jesus Barn - Paradise Valley
 Hippies and Professionals - 1960 to 1980
                 Issues


                         Transportation - Ferry Strikes

                         Societal Patterns - Counter Culture Wars

                         Economics - 1960s Growth
                                      1970s Boeing Bust
Vashon Nike Battery
                         Politics - King County Plans - Jigsaw,
                               Open Space, Agricultural,
                               Community Council

                         Discrimination - Hippies, “White-Flight”
      Hippies and Professionals - 1960 to 1980
                    Founders

   Counter Culture - Lotus

   Professional - Rich and Sue Wiley
        (Redbook Magazine)

   Wax Orchards - Betsy and Robert Sestrap
       Open Space Initiative - 1979

   The Arts – Movie Mural

   Boldt Decision 1974
        Native Rights & Conflict



                                              Benskins and Hayes 1971
Hippies and Professionals - 1960 to 1980
      Founders - Counter Culture - Lotus




                            Lotus and Dorothy 2006


  Lotus 1960s
          Hippies and Professionals - 1960 to 1980
           Founders - Professional - Rich and Sue Wiley




Rich and Sue Wiley 1973 Redbook




                                       Rich and Sue Wiley 2006
Hippies and Professionals - 1960 to 1980
     Founders - Betsy & Robert Sestrap




     Betsy and Robert Sestrap Wax Orchards 1961
   Hippies and Professionals - 1960 to 1980
            Founders – The Arts – At Hansen




Three Roses, 1984
                                    Poppy, 1999
Hippies and Professionals - 1960 to 1980
      Founders - Boldt Decision 1974




        Marlon Brando & Bob Satiacum at “fish-in”
         Hippies and Professionals - 1960 to 1980
                       Summary

   Counter Culture Wars

   Growth and the Boeing Bust

   “White-Flight” & Suburbanization

   30% population growth

   Attempts to preserve rural character

   Indian Rights Movement


                                           Vashon Rock Festival 1970
Growth and Change - 1980 to the Present




        Mount Rainer and Tahlequah Ferry – Terry Donnelly
Growth and Change - 1980 to the Present
                                   Issues

   Transportation - WSFS ,
                     PO Ferry

   Gentrification

   Environment - arsenic, mining,
      development & preservation

   Economics - Service Economy -
      Commuters, Self-employed,
      Retirees & Tourists
                                                 Ferry – Terry Donnelly

   Politics - Women in Politics

   Discrimination - anti-immigrant,
                  anti-gay/lesbian,
                 anti- registered sex-offender
    Growth and Change - 1980 to the Present
                                       Five Founders

                                                 New Wealth

                                                 New Directions

                                                 “New” Politics - Ruth Anderson

                                                 The Arts - VAA

                                                 Preservation -
                                                      LandTrust
                                                      Preserve Our Islands
                                                      No Bridge
                                                      Sustainable Vashon
                                                      Forest Stewards

Red Ranger Came Calling – Berkeley Breathed
                                                 Native People - emigrants -
                                                  Israel Shotridge
      Growth and Change - 1980 to the Present
                            Founders - New Wealth

Thomas J. “Tom” Stewart – Misty Isle Farms


                                                “MacMansion” Example




                                                14,500 sq ft - $16,500,000
Growth and Change - 1980 to the Present
                  Founders - New Directions



                          ?
   ?                    New Wealth
                                              ?
                                              Retirees
Professionals         Hourglass
                      Economy

   ?                                          ?
 Service Sector                      Underground Economy
Growth and Change - 1980 to the Present
    Founders - “New” Politics - Ruth Anderson




   Ruth Anderson 1983        Ruth Anderson – VPD Chair 1992
Growth and Change - 1980 to the Present
         Founders – The Arts - VAA




              Ten Founders – John Sage
Growth and Change - 1980 to the Present
                            Founders - Preservation




                                              Stop the Bridge
                                                   1992
          Land Trust 1990




                                         Sustainable Vashon - 2004




Preserve Our Islands 2003

                                        Forest Stewards 2004
Growth and Change - 1980 to the Present
    Founders - Native People - Israel Shotridge
Growth and Change - 1980 to the Present
                           Summary

                                Super and Passenger Only Ferries
                                     Transform Island

                                Gentrification and New Wealth

                                Environmental Concerns

                                An Artist’s Community

                                37% population growth

  Ferry – Terry Donnelly
                                Women Change Politics

                                Diversity - “New” Native Population
                                             Asian-Americans
                                             Lesbian/Gay Friendly
               Break




Mount Rainer and Ventricular Cloud - TNT
Growing Up On Vashon




Gene, Tom & Jim Sherman

    Island Residents
Vashon 101: A Journey Just Begun




 The Human History of an Island:
       Vashon-Maury Island
   Ordinary People, Extraordinary History


     Summary and Overview
Vashon 101: A Journey Just Begun

 The Human History of an Island:
       Vashon-Maury Island
    Ordinary People, Extraordinary History

                  The S’Homamish
                Contact 1787 to 1860
               Settlement 1860 to 1893
    Boom - Industry and Agriculture 1893 to 1920
        Decline and Depression 1920 to 1940
             War and Boom 1940 to 1960
 Hippies, Professionals, and Boeing Bust 1960 to 1980
               Growth 1980 to Present
The Human History of an Island
 Ordinary People, Extraordinary History




               Portage – Ray Pfortner

				
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