On Citizenship by xiuliliaofz


									   On Citizenship
Find out what it means to be a good citizen!
The citizens of the Philippines
are defined by the Constitution.
Before defining who the citizens
are, it’ useful to define
constitution first.
What is a constitution?

• It refers to that body of rules and
  maxims in accordance with which the
  powers of the sovereign are
  habitually exercised.
• More specifically THE
 PHILIPPINES is defined as that
 written instrument by which the
 fundamental powers of the
 government are established, limited
 and defined, and by which these
 powers are distributed among the
 several departments or branches for
 their safe and useful exercise for
 the benefit of the people
   Who are citizens of the
       ( Article IV, Section 1 )

• Those who are citizens of the
  Philippines at the time of the
  adoption of this ( the 1987 consti.)

• Those whose fathers and mothers
  are citizens of the Philippines
• Those born before January 17,1973,
  of Filipino mothers, who elect
  Philippine Citizenship upon reaching
  the age of majority (18)

• Those who are naturalized in
  accordance with law
What are the duties and
obligations of Citizens?
 • To be loyal to the Republic (our country)
 • To defend the state against any threats
   whether from within or from outside
 • To contribute to the development and
   welfare of the state by paying taxes
   properly, helping maintain peace and
   order, conserving the natural resources
   and promotion of social justice, by
   patronizing local products, etc.
• To uphold the constitution and obey
  the laws because if people will
  disregard them, our country would
  collapse and we will not have peace
  and order
• To cooperate with duly constituted
  authorities because if we don’t, we
  can never expect successful
  undertakings our government would
  like to do for the good of the
• To exercise rights responsibly and with
  due regard for the rights of others. If
  we do this, we can expect harmonious
  relationship between members of

• To engage in gainful work. Every citizen
  should bear in mind that only by hard
  work can men and nations live and
  survive. A nation’s greatness springs
  from citizens’ patience and industry
• To register and vote because
  suffrage (right to vote and be voted)
  is both a privilege and duty which
  every qualified citizen must perform.
  Voting must be done with intellectual
  judgment by considering the political
  issues by political candidates so that
  we can choose the right person to
  manage the government.
       How can we become
         good citizens?
• By living in accordance with good citizenship
  values enshrined in the preamble of our
  constitution such as :

 faith in God, Unity, Patriotism, Work, Respect
  for life, Respect for the law and government,
  Truth, Justice, Freedom, Love, Equality, Peace,
  Promotion of the common good, Concern for the
  Family and future generations, Concern for the
  environment, and Order
If one is to grow into a citizen who is
“ maka-Diyos”, “maka-tao”, “maka-
bayan”, and “maka-kalikasan”, he
needs to form his own values
consistent with the basic Filipino
   Important Constitutional
Article II ( State Policies and Principles)

 Just and Dynamic Social Order
  Section 9:
  “The state shall promote just and dynamic social
  order that will ensure the prosperity and
  independence of the nation and free the people from
  poverty through policies that provide adequate social
  services, promote full employment, a rising standard
  of living, and an improved quality of life for all.”
 Social Justice
 Section 10:
 “ The state shall promote social justice
 in all phases of national development.”

- This means the state is concerned with
  the general welfare of the masses- the
  poor, underprivileged, those who are
  less in life or the less fortunate
  members of the society.
 Human Dignity
 Section 11:
 “The state values the dignity of every
 human person and guarantees full respect
 for human rights.”

 - Our constitution in Article III ( Bill of
 Rights) mandates the respect and
 enjoyment of human rights. These rights
 cannot be taken away from us, not even
 by the government through the
 lawmaking body ( Congress and Senate )
 Rearing the Youth for civic
  Efficiency and Development of
  Moral Character
 Section 12:
 “ The state recognizes the sanctity of family
 life and shall protect protect and strengthen
 the life of the mother and the life unborn
 from conception. The natural and primary
 right and duty of the parents in rearing the
 youth for civic efficiency and the
 development of moral character shall receive
 the support of the government.”
- The emphasis on the sacredness of
  family life and strengthening of
  family ties in the constitution is
  basically because of the Philippines
  being a Christian country.
 Role of the Youth in Nation
 Section 13:
 “The sate recognizes the vital role of the
 youth in nation building and shall promote
 and protect their physical, moral, spiritual,
 intellectual, and social well-being. It shall
 inculcate in the youth patriotism and
 nationalism, and encourage their involvement
 in public and civic affairs.”
- This emphasize the state’s duty to
  promote the general welfare of the
  youth because they are a rich
  source of manpower. With the
  developments of the different
  aspects in the youth, they would
  grow healthy, upright, intellectual
  and productive citizens of the
 Labor as Primary Social
  Economic Force
  Section 18:
  “ The state affirms labor as a primary social
  economic force. It shall protect the rights
  of workers and promote their welfare.”


1. Right to self-organization – right to form
   or join labor unions
2. Right to collective bargaining-
  this means the representative of
  the organization/ union
  negotiating with employer
  regarding wages, hours of work
  and other terms of employment

3. Right to collective negotiation-
  this happens when there is dispute
  or conflict to be settled between
  employees and employer
4. Right to peaceful and concerted
  activities including right to strike-
  this is a mass group action to enjoy
  their freedom of expression
  guaranteed in the Bill of Rights (

5. Right to security of tenure- this
  means a worker cannot be
  terminated from work unless there
  is just cause/ right reason.
6. Right to a just and humane
  conditions of work- this means state
  will see to it that employers provide
  workers with safe and healthful
  working conditions, equal
  opportunity for promotion and rest,
  leisure and reasonable limitations of
  working hours.
7. Right to a living wage – this
  means giving workers sufficient
  and lawful wages to support their

8. Right to participate in policy and
  decision-making process- use of
  participatory management in the
  protection of workers’
Section 22:
“The state recognizes and promotes the
  rights of indigenous cultural
  communities within the framework of
  the national unity and development.”
- Indigenous cultural communities are those
  minority groups in the country who wish
  that their ethnic, religious, or linguistic
  tradition be respected.
- In the formulation of policies the state sees
  to it that their customs, traditions, beliefs
  and interest are taken into consideration.
The citizens ( youth, laborers,
 indigenous people, among other
 persons in the society) need to work
 hand in hand with the
 government if the goal is national
 progress and development.

We all need to consider our roles as
 citizens. We need to pay close
 attention to being a good citizen
 because that is our valuable
 contribution to the betterment of
 this country which redounds to the
 benefits to ourselves .

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