Learn To Be
When do I need to protect myself
from sun exposure?
At all times not just in the summer
Sun’s UV rays hit the earth all year
Late Spring & Early Summer the worst
9:00 am to 3:00 pm prime UV exposure
UV rays are not stopped by clouds
Ultraviolet (UV) Rays
What exactly are "ultraviolet rays" ?
part of sunlight / invisible radiation
3 types: UVA, UVB, UVC
– UVA most abundant at earths surface
penetrates beyond top layer of skin
can damage connective tissue
– UVB most absorbed in ozone layer
penetrates less than UVA
least damaging to cells
– UVC all absorbed in stratosphere
most dangerous to skin
How can I protect myself
from the sun's UV rays?
avoid outdoor activities prime time (9-3)
Wear protective clothing
wide brimmed hat
Use other protective gear
wrap-around, 100% UV protected
sunscreen at least SPF 15
beware of expiration dates
high heat can shorten shelf life
What can excessive exposure
to UV rays do to my health?
biggest environmental factor in
developing skin or lip cancer
premature aging, change in skin texture
also associated with eye issues
such as cataracts
What is the UV Index?
forecast of exposure risk
can help you determine amount of
protection you need
scale 0-10+ with 0 being no risk
and 10+ being severe risk
Tanning and Burning
Not everyone burns or tans in the
same manner. Are there ways to
classify different skin types?
Whether individuals burn or tan depends on
a number of factors, including their skin
type, the time of year, and the amount of
sun exposure they have received recently.
Skin Tanning and Sunburning
I Always burns, never tans, sensitive to sun
II Burns easily, tans minimally
III Burns moderately, tans gradually to light
IV Burns minimally, always tans well to
V Rarely burns, tans profusely to dark
VI Never burns, deeply pigmented, least
Why does the skin tan when
exposed to the sun?
UV rays cause production of melanin
melanin comes to surface as a tan
this tan represents damaged skin
Rub It On
Does it matter what kind of
sunscreen I use?
not as long as it blocks UVA & UVB
and has a minimum SPF 15 rating
many types available: spray, gel, oil, etc.
some specialize: dry skin, nose, lips, etc.
What does a sunscreen's SPF rating mean?
Sun Protection Factor
effectiveness in offering protection
from UV radiation
higher the number, more protection
should always use at least SPF 15
How do sunscreens work?
most absorb, reflect or scatter UV rays
using a chemical that interacts with
the skin to protect it from UV
prevent problems from sun exposure
like skin cancer & premature aging
Do sunscreens need to be reapplied
during the course of a day?
at very least follow directions on package
some protect when sweating or in water,
probably should reapply often anyway
probably should reapply fairly often
during peak hours of sun
Can cosmetics protect
you from UV rays?
some claim to be able to
be sure they are at least SPF 15
to be safe
What kinds of clothing best
protect my skin from UV rays?
loose-fitting, long-sleeved shirts/pants
tightly woven material
wet shirt not as good as dry one
Does protective clothing
have to be a certain color?
any color is ok
dark colors offer a little more protection
Wear a Hat!
Will a hat help protect my
skin? What styles work best?
can help shield skin from UV rays
choose one to shade all of head & neck
a wide brim all the way around that
shades completely your face, ears and
back of neck is best
if you choose a baseball cap supplement
with sunscreen for best protection
Does the color or material
of the hat matter?
color is not that important but darker
colors are slightly better
tightly woven materials are best
straw hats with large holes do not
offer much protection
Are sunglasses an important
for sun protection?
protect eyes from UV rays
help protect against cataracts
protect tender skin around eyes
What type of shades protect
my eyes from UV rays best?
ones that protect from UVA & UVB
most sold in US do this
wrap-around glasses are best
they block UV rays from sides
Are there particular times I
should try to stay in the shade?
The sun’s rays are strongest between
10 am and 4 pm. To protect yourself during
these peak times you should seek shelter
from an umbrella, tree, or other shelter.
If I stay in the shade, should I
still use sunscreen?
UV rays bounce off of everything
to be safe wear sunscreen
even in the shade