Wind Energy Project Analysis by hcj

VIEWS: 8 PAGES: 12

									          ®
RETScreen Eficiencia Energética Proyectos
Tipos de Instalaciones

      Edificios Comerciales e Institucionales        Instalaciones Nuevas, así como ya Existentes




     Edificios Residenciales y apartamenos                         Plantas y Procesos Industriales




                       Crédito Fotográfico : NRCan                           Crédito Fotográfico : NRCan
       Análisis de la Eficiencia Energética
Combustible




                                                          Uso final
                Optimizar      Maximizar      Minimizar
              el suministro   la eficiencia    el uso




                                                          Pasos
 Modelo de Eficiencia
 Energética de RETScreen®
RETScreen Energy Model - Energy efficiency measures project




                                                                                                                                                                                       Caso base vs caso propuesto
Fuels & schedules                                            Show data

    Fuel                                                                      Fuel type 1      Fuel type 2       Fuel type 3       Fuel type 4      Fuel type 5        Fuel type 6
    Fuel type                                                                  Electricity    Natural gas - m³
    Fuel consumption - unit                                                      MWh                m³              #N/A              #N/A             #N/A               #N/A
    Fuel rate - unit                                                             $/kWh             $/m³             #N/A              #N/A             #N/A               #N/A
    Fuel rate                                                                    0.100             0.400


    Schedule                                     Unit                         Schedule 1        Schedule 2       Schedule 3        Schedule 4       Schedule 5         Schedule 6




                                                                                                                                                                                       Pasos:
    Description                                                                  24/7
                                                                                                 Occupied         Occupied          Occupied         Occupied           Occupied
    Temperature - space heating                   °C                              23.0             21.0
    Temperature - space cooling                   °C                              23.0             24.0
                                                                                                Unoccupied       Unoccupied        Unoccupied       Unoccupied         Unoccupied
    Temperature - unoccupied                     +/-°C                                              3.0
                                                                                                 Occupied         Occupied          Occupied         Occupied           Occupied
    Occupancy rate - daily                                                        h/d               h/d             h/d               h/d              h/d                h/d
     Monday                                                                        24              18.0
     Tuesday                                                                       24              18.0




                                                                                                                                                                                            Combustible & programación
     Wednesday                                                                     24              18.0
     Thursday                                                                      24              18.0
     Friday                                                                        24              18.0
     Saturday                                                                      24              18.0
     Sunday                                                                        24              18.0
    Occupancy rate - annual                       h/yr                           8,760            6,570               0                 0                0                  0
                                                   %                             100%              75%               0%                0%               0%                 0%

    Heating/cooling changeover temperature        °C              16.0
    Length of heating season                       d              242




                                                                                                                                                                                             Características de las
    Length of cooling season                       d              123


Facility characteristics                                     Show data                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                                                             instalaciones(energía + costos)
                                                                                               Incremental        Fuel cost       Incremental                           Include
    Show:                                       Heating          Cooling       Electricity      initial costs      savings        O&M savings     Simple payback       measure?
    Fuel saved                                    GJ               GJ             GJ                  $               $                $                yr
    Heating system
    Boiler                                         0                -               -                  0              0                   0              -
    Cooling system
    Air-conditioning                               -                0               -                  0              0                   0              -
    Building envelope
    Appartment building                          2,686              0               -                60,000        28,659                 0             2.1




                                                                                                                                                                                            Resumen (energía)
    Ventilation
    Lights
    Electrical equipment
    Hot water
    Other
    Total                                        2,686              0              0                 60,000        28,659                 0            2.09


Summary                                                      Show data




                                                                                                                                                                                            Análisis de emisión
                                                          Fuel                           Base case                        Proposed case                  Fuel cost savings
                                                 Fuel
                                             consumption -                        Fuel                              Fuel                                               Fuel cost
    Fuel type                                     unit         Fuel rate      consumption       Fuel cost        consumption       Fuel cost        Fuel saved          savings
    Natural gas                                    m³        $        0.400     160,194.2     $       64,078       88,546.3      $       35,419      71,647.8      $         28,659
    Total                                                                                     $       64,078                     $       35,419                    $         28,659

                                                 Fuel            Fuel             Fuel             Fuel
    Project verification                     consumption -   consumption -    consumption     consumption -




                                                                                                                                                                                             Análisis financiero
    Fuel type                                     unit         historical      Base case         variance



                                                                                                                                                                                         
    Natural gas                                    m³                           160,194.2

                                                Heating          Cooling       Electricity           Total
    Energy                                        GJ               GJ             GJ                  GJ
    Energy - base case                           4,204              0              0                 4,204
    Energy - proposed case                       2,324              0              0                 2,324
    Energy saved                                 1,880              0              0                 1,880
    Energy saved - %                             44.7%                                               44.7%

    Benchmark
    Energy unit                                  kWh
    Reference unit                                m²              7,500
    User-defined                                  m²              2,000

    Benchmark                                   Heating          Cooling       Electricity        Total
    Energy                                      kWh/m²           kWh/m²         kWh/m²           kWh/m²
    Energy - base case                           155.7             0.0            0.0             155.7
    Energy - proposed case                       86.1              0.0            0.0              86.1
    Energy saved                                 69.6              0.0            0.0              69.6
Combustibles & Programaciones

   Tipos de combustibles:       Programaciones:
   Gas natural                  Calefacción y refrigeración
   Propano, Keroseno            24/7
   Petróleo, Carbón, etc.       Dependiente de la ocupación
   Biomasa                      Temperatura de desactivación
   Definido por el usuario      Temperatura de activación
   Etc.
Características de las Instalaciones

 Sistema de calefacción
 Sistema de refrigeración
 Envoltorio de la construcción
 Ventilación
 Luces
 Equipamiento eléctrico
 Agua caliente
 Bombas
 Ventiladores
 Motores
Características de las Instalaciones

 Electricidad del proceso
 Calor del proceso
 Vapor del proceso
 Pérdidas de vapor
 Recuperación de calor
 Aire comprimido
 Refrigeración
 Otros
Sección de Resumen

 Resumen de combustible
 Verificación del proyecto
 Valores de Referencia
Emisión & Análisis Financiero

Método 1
RETScreen Energy Model - User-defined
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Método 2
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              RETScreen Energy Model - Energy efficiency measures project
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Fuels & schedules                                            Show data
User-defined
    User-defined                                           Energy                                                                                                                                                                                 Fuel                                                                         Fuel type 1      Fuel type 2         Fuel type 3        Fuel type 4       Fuel type 5          Fuel type 6
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Fuel type                                                                     Electricity    Natural gas - m³
                                                           Green power                                                                                                                                                                            Fuel consumption - unit                                                         MWh                m³                #N/A               #N/A               #N/A                #N/A
                                                           Other                                                                                                                                                                                  Fuel rate - unit                                                                $/kWh             $/m³               #N/A               #N/A               #N/A                #N/A
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Fuel rate                                                                       0.100             0.400
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               RETScreen Cost Analysis - Energy efficiency measures project
                                                             Base case           Proposed case
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Schedule                                     Unit            Settings      Schedule 1            Schedule 2       Schedule 3         Schedule 4        Schedule 5           Schedule 6
    Technology                                              Grid electricity      Wind turbine                                                                                                                                                    Description                                                       Method 1    24/7                                           Notes/Range                                                               Second currency
    Power capacity                               kW                                  2,000                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Method 2                        Occupied                         Occupied
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     OccupiedSecond currency               Occupied
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Notes/Range         Occupied    None
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Temperature - space heating                   °C                                 23.0               21.0                     Cost allocation
    Capacity factor                               %                                   30%                                                                                                                                                         Temperature - space cooling                   °C                                 23.0               24.0
    Electricity exported to grid               MWh                                   5,256                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Initial costs (credits)             Unoccupied        UnoccupiedUnit           Quantity Unoccupied cost UnoccupiedAmount
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Unoccupied            Unit                                           Relative costs
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Temperature - unoccupied                     +/-°C                                                   3.0
    Incremental initial costs                  $/kW                                  2,000                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Feasibility study
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Occupied         Occupied cost Occupied   Occupied                          Occupied
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Feasibility study                                                                                              $            -
    O&M (savings) costs                        $/kWh                                 0.010                                                                                                                                                        Occupancy rate - daily                                                            h/d                h/d         RETScreen Emission Reduction h/d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      h/d           h/d          Analysis                 -   Energy efficiency measures
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 h/d                              project
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Sub-total:                                                                                                      $                -                0.0%
    Electricity export rate                    $/kWh                                 0.150                                                                                                                                                         Monday                                                                            24               18.0
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Development                                             Emission Analysis
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Tuesday                                                                           24               18.0
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Development                                                 cost                                                $                -
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Wednesday                                                                         24               18.0
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Thursday                                                         Sub-total:       24               18.0                                                                          $                -                0.0%
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Engineering
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Method 1                                                                                                                                              Global warming potential of GHG
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Friday                                                                            24               18.0
    Emission Analysis                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Saturday                                                         Engineering      24               18.0               Method 2
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              cost                                                  $                -                                                                                      21    tonnes CO2 = 1 tonne CH4         (IPCC 1996)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Sunday                                                           Sub-total:       24               18.0               Method 3                                                   $                -                0.0%                                                                  310   tonnes CO2 = 1 tonne N2O         (IPCC 1996)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Occupancy rate - annual                       h/yr             Energy efficiency measures
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   8,760             6,570               0                  0                0                     0
                                                            GHG emission                                                                                                                                                                                                                         %                  Incremental initial costs
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   100%               75%               0%                 0%              0%
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              RETScreen Financial Analysis - Energy efficiency measures project
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  0% $          60,000            100.0%
                                                                factor                T&D                                    GHG emission                                                                                                                                                                        Balance of system & miscellaneous
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Base case system GHG summary (Baseline)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Financial parameters                                                          Project costs and savings/income summary                                   Yearly cash flows
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Heating/cooling changeover temperature        °C               16.0
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Spare parts                                                 %                             General                $               -                                      Initial costs                                                              Year      Pre-tax                     After-tax        Cumulative
    Base case electricity system (Baseline)                  (excl. T&D)             losses                                     factor
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Length of heating season                       d               242Transportation                                            project                            Fuel cost escalation rate
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     $               -           %                   2.0%     Feasibility study                    0.0%       $                    0     #                  $                           $                  $
    Country - region                          Fuel type       tCO2/MWh                  %                                     tCO2/MWh                                                                                                            Length of cooling season                       d               123Training & commissioning                                    p-d                              Inflation rate CO2 emission
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     $               -
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       CH4 emission
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 %                    emission
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                N2O2.0%       Development                      Fuel0.0%       $ GHG emission 0           0            -60,000                     -60,000            -60,000
    Canada                                     All types        0.211                 5.0%                                      0.222                                                                                                                                                                               User-defined                                               cost                           Fuel mix rate $ factor
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Discount                            -     factor%                   factor Engineering
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    12.0%                                 consumption
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   0.0%       $     factor         GHG1emission 29,232
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   0                                               29,232            -30,768
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Contingencies                                       Fuel type
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                %                                  % life
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           $ Project 60,000 $ kg/GJ                  -     kg/GJ yr                  kg/GJ Power system
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        40                                    MWh  0.0%       $ tCO2/MWh           0     tCO2
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         2             29,817                      29,817               -951
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Facility characteristics                                     Show dataInterest during construction                        Natural gas                           100.0% 60,000 $                                                                 Heating system                       0.0%
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  1,668       $       0.179        0     3 299         30,413                      30,413             29,463
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           $                                         -
    Electricity exported to grid                MWh              5,256            T&D losses                                           8.0%                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Total                                 Finance
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              100.0%                                                                          Cooling system                       0.0%
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  1,668       $       0.179        0     4 299         31,022                      31,022             60,484
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Sub-total:                                                            Enter number of months                     $               -               0.0%
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Incremental        Fuel cost         Incremental                Incentives and grants
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Include                           $                            User-defined                         0.0%       $                    0     5             31,642                      31,642             92,126
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Total initial costs                                                                                                    $          60,000            100.0%
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Show:                                       Heating          Cooling         Electricity         initial costs     savings          O&M savings Simple payback Debt ratio measure?                             %                            Energy efficiency measures        100.0%        $              60,000      6             32,275                      32,275            124,401
    GHG emission                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Fuel saved                                    GJ               GJ               GJ
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Annual costs (credits)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         $               $
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Unit
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           $
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Proposed case system GHG summary (Energy efficiency measures project)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Quantity
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            yr Debt
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Unit cost                Amount
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 $                       0    Balance of system & misc.            0.0%       $                    0     7             32,920                      32,920            157,321
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Heating system                                                                                                                                                 Equity                                          $                 60,000     Total initial costs                100.0%       $              60,000      8             33,579                      33,579            190,900
    Base case                                   tCO2             1,167                                                                                                                                                                            Boiler                                         0
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 O&M
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  -                 -                   0                0                 0                 - Debt interest rate                                %                                                                                                       9             34,250                      34,250            225,150
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    O&M (savings) costs                                       project                            Debt term        CO2 emission - CH4 emission
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     $                           yr             N2O emissionIncentives and grants              Fuel           $ GHG emission 0          10             34,935                      34,935            260,086
    Proposed case                               tCO2               93                                                                                                                                                                             Cooling system
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Parts & labour                                            project                            Debt payments $ factor
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Fuel mix                               -          $/yr
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           factor                        0
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     factor                               consumption               factor         GHG emission 35,634
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        11                                         35,634            295,720
    Gross annual GHG emission reduction         tCO2             1,074                                                                                                                                                                            Air-conditioning                               -                0                 -                   0                0                 0                 -
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Building envelope
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    User-defined                                               cost
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Fuel type                                  %                 $ kg/GJ         -     kg/GJ                     kg/GJ Annual costs and debt paymentsMWh                      tCO2/MWh              12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         tCO2          36,347                      36,347            332,066
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Contingencies                                                                                                                                                             O&M                                             $                    0    13             37,074                      37,074            369,140
    GHG credits transaction fee                   %              0.0%                                                                                                                                                                             Appartment building                          2,686              0                 -                60,000             Natural %
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      28,659     gas       0
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           $ 100.0%
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            2.1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 - $                 -                                                                              922               0.179                 165
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Sub-total:                                                                                Income tax analysis    $               -                                        Fuel cost - proposed case                       $              35,419     14             37,815                      37,815            406,955
    Net annual GHG emission reduction           tCO2             1,074           is equivalent to                                      218        Cars & light trucks not used                                                                    Ventilation                                                                                                           Total                                 100.0%                                                                                                                922               0.179                 165
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Effective income tax rate                       %                            Debt payments - 0 yrs                           $                    0    15             38,571                      38,571            445,527
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Fuel cost - proposed case
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Lights                                                                                                                                                         Loss carryforward?                                            T&D losses Total annual costs
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        No                                                    $            Total
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             35,419     16 165         39,343                      39,343            484,869
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Natural gas                                                 m³              88,546     $                0.400 $             35,419
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Electrical equipment                                                                                                                                           Depreciation method                                    Declining balance                                                                               17             40,130                      40,130            524,999
    GHG reduction income                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Sub-total:                                     GHG emission reduction summary                                    $          35,419
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Hot water                                                                                                                                                      Half-year rule - year 1                      yes/no                   Yes Periodic costs (credits)                                                     18             40,932                      40,932            565,931
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Depreciation tax basis                          %                                                                            $                    0    19             41,751                      41,751            607,682
    GHG reduction credit rate                  $/tCO2            0.00                                                                                                                                                                             Other                                                        Annual savings                                                  Unit           Quantity           Unit cost rate           Amount
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Depreciation                                    %                                                        Gross annual        $                         20
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   0 Net annual        42,586                      42,586            650,268
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Total                                        2,686              0                0
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Fuel cost - base case               60,000           28,659               0               2.09 Depreciation period                              yr                     15    End of project life - cost
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Years of               Base case         Proposed case                                                     GHG emission $ GHG credits                0
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   GHG emission 43,438
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        21                                         43,438            693,706
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Natural gas                                                 m³             160,194                      0.400 $
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           $ Tax holiday available?             64,078        yes/no                    No                                                                              22             44,306                      44,306            738,012
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            occurrence            GHG emission         GHG emission                                                         reduction          transaction fee        reduction
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Sub-total:                                                                                   Tax holiday duration$          64,078           yr                         Annual savings and income                                                   23             45,193                      45,193            783,205
Financial Analysis                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Summary                                                      Show data                                                 Energy efficiency measures                    yr                    tCO2               tCO2                              Fuel cost - base case           tCO2            $       %      64,078      tCO2
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        24             46,096                      46,096            829,301
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     project                                    1 to -1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Annual income               299                165                              Electricity export income         134           $                    0    25134          47,018                      47,018            876,320
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Fuel   Periodic costs (credits) Base case                              Unit case
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Proposed              Year            Unit cost
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Fuel cost savingsincome     Amount
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Electricity export                                                              GHG reduction income - 0 yrs                    $                    0    26             47,959                      47,959            924,279
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Fuel                 User-defined                                               cost                                                  $               -
    Financial parameters                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Electricity exported to grid
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     $               -
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               MWh                       0    Customer premium income (rebate)                $                    0    27             48,918                      48,918            973,196
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           consumption -                          Fuel                                 Fuel                                                   Fuel cost
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Net annual GHG emission reduction Electricity export $ 134   rate                    $/MWh
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            tCO2                      0.00
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                is equivalent Other income (cost) - yrs Cars & light trucks not used
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              to            27.2                              $                    0    28             49,896                      49,896          1,023,093
    Inflation rate                                %                      2.0%                                                                                                                                                                     Fuel type                                     unit               End
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Fuel rate of project life
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             consumption            Fuel cost      consumption cost     Fuel cost      Fuel saved               savings
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Electricity export income           -           $                       0    CE production income - yrs                      $                    0    29             50,894                      50,894          1,073,987
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Natural gas                                    m³        $        0.400      160,194.2       $          64,078     88,546.3       $         35,419     71,647.8          $          28,659
    Project life                                  yr                        20                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Electricity export escalation rate              %                            Total annual savings and income                 $              64,078     30             51,912                      51,912          1,125,899
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Total                                                                                        $          64,078                    $         35,419                       $          28,659                                                                                                                            31             52,950                      52,950          1,178,849
    Debt ratio                                    %                       70%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 GHG reduction income                                                                                                                                      32             54,009                      54,009          1,232,858
    Debt interest rate                            %                     7.00%                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Fuel            Fuel               Fuel              Fuel                                                                                                     tCO2/yr                     0                                                                              33             55,089                      55,089          1,287,948
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Project verification                     consumption -   consumption -      consumption      consumption -                                                     Net GHG reduction                           tCO2/yr                   134 Financial viability                                                          34             56,191                      56,191          1,344,139
    Debt term                                     yr                        10                                                                                                                                                                    Fuel type                                     unit         historical        Base case          variance                                                       Net GHG reduction - 40 yrs                    tCO2                  5,342    Pre-tax IRR - equity                            %              50.7%      35             57,315                      57,315          1,401,454
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Natural gas                                    m³                             160,194.2                                                                        GHG reduction credit rate                    $/tCO2                          Pre-tax IRR - assets                            %              50.7%      36             58,461                      58,461          1,459,916
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 GHG reduction income                            $                       0                                                                              37             59,631                      59,631          1,519,546
    Initial costs                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Heating          Cooling          Electricity           Total                                                      GHG reduction credit duration                   yr                           After-tax IRR - equity                          %              50.7%      38             60,823                      60,823          1,580,370
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Energy                                        GJ               GJ                GJ                  GJ                                                        Net GHG reduction - 0 yrs                     tCO2                      0    After-tax IRR - assets                          %              50.7%      39             62,040                      62,040          1,642,409
    Incremental initial costs                     $                4,000,000                                        100.0%
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Energy - base case                           4,204              0                 0                 4,204                                                      GHG reduction credit escalation rate            %                                                                                                      40             63,281                      63,281          1,705,690
    Other                                         $                                                                   0.0%                                                                                                                        Energy - proposed case                       2,324              0                 0                 2,324                                                                                                                                   Simple payback                                  yr                 2.1    41                  0                           0          1,705,690
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Energy saved                                 1,880              0                 0                 1,880                                                   Customer premium income (rebate)                                                Equity payback                                  yr                 2.0    42                  0                           0          1,705,690
    Total initial costs                           $                4,000,000                                        100.0%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Electricity premium (rebate)                    %                                                                                                      43                  0                           0          1,705,690
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Energy saved - %                             44.7%                                                  44.7%
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Electricity premium income (rebate)             $                       0    Net Present Value (NPV)                         $            225,387      44                  0                           0          1,705,690
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Benchmark                                                                                                                                                      Heating premium (rebate)                        %                            Annual life cycle savings                     $/yr             27,340     45                  0                           0          1,705,690
    Incentives and grants                         $                                                                  0.0%                                           Cumulative cash flows graph                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Heating premium income (rebate)                 $                       0                                                                              46                  0                           0          1,705,690
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Energy unit                                  kWh
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Reference unit                                m²              7,500                                                                                            Cooling premium (rebate)                        %                            Benefit-Cost (B-C) ratio                                         4.76     47                  0                           0          1,705,690
                                                                                                                      14,000,000                                                                                                                  User-defined                                  m²              2,000                                                                                            Cooling premium income (rebate)                 $                       0    Debt service coverage                                        No debt      48                  0                           0          1,705,690
    Annual costs and debt payments                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Customer premium income (rebate)                $                       0    Energy production cost                      $/MWh             -791.21     49                  0                           0          1,705,690
    O&M (savings) costs                           $                                                                                                                                                                                               Benchmark                                   Heating          Cooling         Electricity           Total                                                                                                                                    GHG reduction cost                           $/tCO2              (205)    50                  0                           0          1,705,690
                                                                                                                      12,000,000                                                                                                                  Energy                                      kWh/m²           kWh/m²           kWh/m²              kWh/m²                                                    Other income (cost)
    Fuel cost - proposed case                     $                        0                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Energy                                        MWh                          Cumulative cash flows graph
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Energy - base case                           155.7             0.0              0.0                155.7
    Debt payments - 10 yrs                        $                  398,657                                                                                                                                                                      Energy - proposed case                       86.1              0.0              0.0                 86.1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Rate                                        $/MWh
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                1,800,000
                                                                                                                      10,000,000                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Other income (cost)                             $                       0
    Other                                         $                                                                                                                                                                                               Energy saved                                 69.6              0.0              0.0                 69.6
                                                                                        Cumulative cash flows ($)




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Duration                                       yr
    Total annual costs                            $                  451,217                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Escalation rate                                %                                                      1,600,000
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Clean Energy (CE) production income
                                                                                                                       8,000,000
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  CE production                                 MWh                  922
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  CE production credit rate                    $/kWh                                                    1,400,000
    Annual savings and income
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  CE production income                            $                     0
    Fuel cost - base case                         $                        0                                           6,000,000                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  CE production credit duration                   yr                                                    1,200,000
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  CE production credit escalation rate            %
    Electricity export income                     $                  788,400
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Energy




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Cumulative cash flows ($)
    Other                                         $                                                                    4,000,000                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             delivered                                                  1,000,000
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Fuel type                                    (MWh)       Clean energy
    Total annual savings and income               $                  788,400                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    1 Natural gas                                    922                Yes
                                                                                                                       2,000,000                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         800,000
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                2                                                                    No
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                3                                                                    No
    Financial viability                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         4                                                                    No                                  600,000
    Pre-tax IRR - equity                          %                     34.6%                                                 0                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 5                                                                    No
                                                                                                                                   0     1    2   3    4   5    6    7    8      9    10    11   12   13   14   15   16   17   18   19   20                                                                                                                                                                     6                                                                    No
    Pre-tax IRR - assets                          %                     12.3%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   7                                                                    No                                  400,000
    Simple payback                                yr                       5.4                                        -2,000,000                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                8                                                                    No
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                9                                                                    No                                  200,000
    Equity payback                                yr                       3.2                                                                                                       Year                                                                                                                                                                                                                       #                                                                    No
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                #                                                                    No
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                #                                                                    No                                        0
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                #                                                                    No                                             0   2     4   6   8   10   12   14   16   18    20   22   24   26   28   30   32     34   36   38   40
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                #                                                                    No
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         -200,000
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                #                                                                    No
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                #                                                                    No
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                #                                                                    No
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                #                                                                    No                                                                              Year
Ejemplo de Proyecto: Agua Caliente

   Edificio de Apartamentos de 40 unidades
   Reducción del flujo en 35%
   Reducción de la temperatura de suministro de 60 a 55 oC
   Recuperación de calor, 20% eficiencia, costo $15,000
   Ahorros O&M (agua) $3,000/año
   Cambio de combustible petróleo a gas natural
   Nuevo calentador de agua con un costo de $40,000
    Ver plantilla de base de datos del proyecto:
    Agua caliente - Apartamento
¿Preguntas?




    www.RETScreen.net

								
To top