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AEE Intro LEED NC _ EB Powered By Docstoc
					 Sustainable Green Buildings
Introduction to the USGBC LEED
      Family including New
 Construction and LEED Existing

                                 By Nick Stecky
                            NJS Associates, LLC
                      Certified Energy Manager
                   LEED Accredited Professional
   Provide an Introduction and Overview of
    Sustainability, the USGBC and LEED Family of
    Rating Systems
   Why LEED Should be of Great Interest to the
    ABMA including Manufacturers, A/E Design
    Community, Building Owners & Operators,
    Facility Managers, and Construction Managers
   How to identify LEED Credits Relevant to
    ABMA Members
As we go through this presentation, here‟s several points:
 LEED is becoming nationally accepted at local, state and Federal
 The engineering community has the knowledge and skills that
   can add significant value to a LEED design team.
 LEED has a value to the engineering community, both as
   owners/operators of facilities or as design team members.
 LEED can enable new value messages for manufacturers‟
 It is a WIN-WIN proposition for us all.
   Green Buildings are a process, not a collection of
    technologies and/or parts.
   Encourage participation & membership in USGBC and
    its local Chapters.
   Encourage attendance at LEED Workshops and
    Professional Accreditation.
   Encourage building owners/operators to register and
    certify projects.
      Sustainability Defined
   ASHRAE defines Sustainability as “Providing for the
    needs of the present without detracting from the
    ability to fulfill the needs of the future.”

   Brundtland Commission of the UN:
    Development is sustainable “if it meets the needs of
    the present without compromising the ability of
    future generations to meet their own needs.”
   Environmental Impact of
Americans spend as much as 90% of their time indoors.
 65.2% of total US electricity consumption
 more than 36% of total US primary energy use
 136 million tons of construction & demolition waste in
  the US
 12% of potable water in the US
 make up 35% of the municipal waste stream
 40% (3 billion tons annually) of raw materials use

* commercial & residential
    Environmental Impact of
 Emissions of green house gases
  contribute to global climate change and
  acid rain
 Represent a significant use of land,
  natural resources and impacts rivers
  and coastal environments
Reduced Environmental Impact
Energy Saving actions mean reducing:
 1.21 billion tons of CO2
 4.4 million tons of NO
 7.2 million tons of SO2
 129,000 tons of particulate
 34.6 tons of mercury
 57.6 tons of cadmium
 3.2 tons of lead emissions
Equals planting 3.8 billion trees or removing pollution of
  250 million mid-sized cars
Political Impact Potential ?
Aggressive adoption of LEED NC and EB
 could lead to the elimination of oil
 imports from the Middle East?
    Sustainable Design
High Performance Buildings
 High Efficiency Buildings
Integrated Building Design
     Green Buildings

All Different Terms but Basically
 Conveying the Same Message
Characteristics of Green Buildings
    Optimal environmental and economic
    Increased efficiencies saving energy and
    Satisfying, productive, quality indoor spaces
    Whole building design, construction and
     operation over the entire life cycle
    Fully integrated approach - teams, processes,
Characteristics, Yes but “What
    is a Green Building?”
           Green Buildings
Are designed and constructed in accordance with
   practices that significantly reduce or eliminate the
   negative impact of buildings on the environment and
Five broad areas:
 Sustainable Site Planning
 Safeguarding Water and Water Efficiency
 Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy
 Conservation of Materials and Resources
 Indoor Environmental Quality
All relate back to the previous definition of Sustainability
All of These are Contained in
      the LEED Standard

     Leadership in Energy and
       Environmental Design
Sustainable Buildings Defined
    The British Research Establishment Environmental
     Assessment (BREEAM) was launched in 1990 and is
     increasing in its use
    Canada‟s Building Environmental Performance
     Assessment Criteria (BEPAC) began in 1994 but
     never fully implemented due to its complexity
    The Hong Kong Building Environmental Assessment
     Method (HK-BEAM) is currently in Pilot form
    The USGBC LEED Family of Programs
    State and Regional guides include High Performance
     Building Guidelines in NY and Pa‟s Guidelines for
     creating High Performance Buildings
Benefits of Green Buildings
   Environmental Benefits - reduced impacts on
    natural resource consumption
   Economic Benefits - improves the bottom line
    - savings thru efficiency and productivity
   Health and Safety Benefits - enhanced
    occupant comfort and health
   Community Benefits - minimize strain on local
    infrastructures and improve the quality of life
Economic Benefits of Green
   Competitive first costs if integrated design process is
    used. Achieved thru the synergies between
    disciplines and technologies
   Lower construction costs- thru reduced site
    preparation and less waste disposal
   Reduced Operating Costs primarily thru energy
    savings - lower energy bills by 20% to 50%
   Optimized life-cycle economic performance Vs
    minimum first cost emphasis
 Economic Benefits Cont‟d
 Increased building valuation - use the
  formula: asset value increases at ten
  times the reduction in operating cost on
  an annual cost per sq ft basis
 Decreased vacancies, improves tenant
  retention and gives a marketing edge
 Reduced liability, improves risk
  management - i.e. no mold
    Productivity Benefits
 Improve Occupant performance -
  employee productivity rises, students
  grades improve
 Absenteeism is reduced
 Retail Stores have observed measurable
  improvements in sales in stores with
Why is Productivity
 Occupants’ Salaries are 85% of the Cost of Office Building
        Acceptance of LEED
   Federal Use - GSA, The USAF, US Army Corps of Engineers,Dept
    of state, DOE, EPA, FEMP
   Many states have established LEED initiatives: NY, NJ, Pa,
    Maryland, RI, Conn, Mass, Cal and more.
   Many cities have adopted LEED Including Seattle, Portland,
    Chicago, Fairfax Va, Arlington Va, Austin, Santa Monica
   Many local communities and municipalities adopting LEED
   Higher Ed adoption includes Colorado College, The NJHEPS
    which represents all NJ Higher Ed, Conn College, Emory College,
    Evergreen State, Furman U, Georgia Institute of Technology,
    Hardvard U, Lewis & Clark, MIT, Montana State, Mt Holyoke
    College, Tulane and many more.
     Corporate Acceptance
Many, Diverse Major Corporations are pursuing LEED projects
  and/or promoting LEED:
 Johnson & Johnson - corporate LEED EB Pilot
 Phillips Lighting
 National Geographic - 1st LEED EB Certified
 Johnson Controls - in the first group of LEED NC certified
 PNC Financial Services Group
 Turner Construction
 USAA Realty
 Herman Miller
 Steelcase
 and too many more to name
Op/Ed on LEED Acceptance
There‟s a groundswell of acceptance taking place. When LEED was
  first introduced several years ago, there was reluctance to
  accept it. It represented a new way of looking at the design,
  construction, operations and disposal of facilities. It called for a
  raising the bar which many have been slow to accept. Many
  questions about higher first costs, paybacks, overall benefits,
  ability of the design community to deliver, doubts about the
  technologies involved etc. The perception was that Green
  Buildings were too futuristic, not obtainable and required too
  many tradeoffs to be able to deliver a practical, efficient facility
  where people could live, work and play.
Op/Ed on LEED Acceptance
Some elements of these doubts remain, especially the
   financial benefits question. However, as we gain
   experience with Green Buildings, we are developing
   the experience and the data needed to resolve these
I believe that the time is nearing when Green Buildings
   will be accepted as being so obviously better that the
   uncertainties of going green will simply disappear.
   History teaches us that better will always displace
              The USGBC
Mission Statement

The USGBC is the nation‟s foremost coalition of leaders
  from across the building industry working to promote
  buildings that are environmentally responsible,
  profitable and healthy places to live and work.
                 The USGBC
   Formed in April 1993 and led by D. Gottfried, a developer, M.
    Italiano, an environmental attorney, and R. Fedrizzi, head of
    environmental communications for Carrier Corp.
   DOE Grant for $200,000 in January 1997
   LEED NC Pilot launched in December 1998
   February 2000, LEED Workshops launched
   LEED NC 2.0 launched and LEED NC Pilots recognized in March
   USGBC moved to Wash DC in August 2000
   LEED Accredited Professional program launched February 2001
   First 6 Chapters recognized, August 2001
   LEED licensed to Canada GBC, July 2003
   LEED EB Adopted October 2004
                The USGBC
As September 2003
 Members include building owners, facility managers, architects,
   designers, engineers, general contractors, subcontractors,
   product and buildings system manufacturers, government
   agencies and nonprofits.
 More than 3,500 members
 65 Chapters and Affiliates
 1,027 LEED Registered Projects
 120 LEED Certified Projects
 More than 10,500 Workshop Attendees
 More than 4,550 LEED Accredited Professionals
    Why was LEED Created?
   LEED Developed as a way to define and quantify
    what constitutes a Sustainable, Green design.
   Defines “green” by providing a standard for
   Addresses the “Greenwashing” issue such as false or
    exaggerated claims.
   Facilitate positive results for the environment,
    occupant health and financial return.
   Promote whole-building, integrated design process.
    Why was LEED Created?
   Use as a design guideline
   Recognize leaders
   Stimulate green competition
   Establish market value with recognizable
    national “brand.”
   Raise consumer awareness
   Transform the marketplace
         What is LEED
 Performance and Prescriptive Based
  Rating System
 Focuses on the Whole Building System
  Instead of the Components
 Life Cycle Based, not First Cost Focused
 Promotes Architectural and Engineering
  Innovation i.e. Innovation Credits
     Why LEED for Your
 Demonstrates Leadership
 Provides National Recognition
 Aligns with Core Values
 Can become a marketing platform for
  ABMA Members
The Growing Family of LEED
  Building Rating Systems
                                            Family of Rating

       for                   for                  for                for                 for
      New                 Existing            Commercial          Core and              Homes
   Construction           Buildings            Interiors            Shell
     (2000)                (2004)               (2004)             (2005)

   For building        For building          For building       For developers      For residential
   owners and design   owners and            owners, tenants    and design teams    building owners,
   teams that          service providers     and design teams   that address the    developers and
   address the new     that address          that address       new building        design teams that
   building design     building operation    commercial         design and          address the new
   and construction    and on-going          interiors design   construction        residential building
   or major            upgrades and          and installation   process for         design and
   renovations         performance           process. (Note:    buildings where     construction
   process. Also       improvements.         process can be     the interiors are   process.
   referred to as                            driven by either   not part of the
   LEED 2.0.                                 owners or          initial design
                                             tenants.)          process.
LEED for New Construction
    Points Categories
 Sustainable Sites (22%)
 Water Efficiency (8%)
 Energy & Atmosphere (27%)
 Materials & Resources (20%)
 Indoor Environmental Quality (23%)

Note: that engineering skills are applicable to as many
  as 58% of total available points on Water, Energy
  and IAQ.
May „04 Energy User News article by Peter
 D‟Antonio, Entitled “The LEEDing Way”

The Article analyzes the activity in Energy & Atmosphere, E&A,
  and Indoor Environmental Quality, IEQ, for the first 53 LEED
  Certified Buildings:
 Regarding E&A, average points earned is only 5.3 out of the possible
 This is the lowest % achieved in any of the five points categories! So
  although E & A is the largest plum, few appear to be taking advantage
  of it.
 Renewable Energy points are earned in less than 10% of the certified
 Regarding IEQ points, ventilation effectiveness and controllability are
  achieved in less than one third of buildings.
  This EUN Article provides support for the
 proposition that we in the engineering and
    energy industries and others are not
maximizing our potential contributions to LEED

       Hence, there is a significant
    opportunity for our professions to
     take on the larger role that we
     should have in Green Buildings‟
        design, construction and
LEED NC Technical Review
             Sustainable Sites
              (14 Possible Points/Credits)

Prerequisite: Erosion & Sedimentation Control
 Site Selection - 1 point
 Urban Redevelopment - 1 point
 Brownfield Redevelopment - 1 point
 Alternative Transportation - includes public transportation access,
   bicycle storage, alternative fuel vehicles, parking capacity. Up to 4
 Reduced Site Disturbance - protect or restore open space, development
   footprint - Up to 2 points
 Stormwater Management - rate, quantity, treatment - Up to 2 points
 Heat Island Effect - roof and non-roof applications - Up to 2 points
 Light Pollution Reduction - 1 point
           Water Efficiency
               (5 possible points)

No Prerequisites in this category
 Water Efficient Landscaping - 50% reduction, no
  irrigation, non-potable water irrigation - Up to 2
 Innovative Wastewater Technologies - 1 point
 Water Use Reduction - 20% reduction is 1 point,
  30% reduction is 2 credits
    Energy & Atmosphere
         (17 possible points)

 Fundamental Building Systems
 Minimum Energy Performance -
  ASHRAE 90.1 - 1999 as baseline
 CFC Reduction in HVAC&R Equipment
Energy & Atmosphere Cont‟d
            (17 possible points)

 Optimize Energy Efficiency - possible 10
 Renewable Energy - 3 Possible at
  5%,10%,20% of total energy
 Additional Commissioning - 1
 Ozone Depletion Avoidance - 1
 Measurement & Verification - 1
 Green Power - 1
Energy Related Credits for
   CFC Elimination Prequisite
   HCFC Elimination - prescriptive that earns a credit
   Optimize Energy Performance - performance based that
    provides up to 10 credits. This is the single largest block of
    LEED Credits available in any one category. Credits earned by
    simulating the overall performance of the facility and systems
    using ASHRAE 90.1 -1999. Design team develops an energy
    baseline budget and then compares the various energy options.
   Renewable Energy - use of biogas as fuel, up to 3 credits
   Emissions - possible innovation credits possible, up to 4 credits?

However, you probably must be part of
 the Design Process to earn these credits
     Materials & Resources
                 (13 possible points)

Prerequisite: Storage & Collection of Recyclables
 Building Reuse - 3 points possible at 75% & 100% reuse of
   building shell & non-shell
 Construction Waste Management - 2 possible points at diverting
   50% or 75%
 Resource Reuse - 2 possible points at 5% or 10%
 Recycled Content - 2 possible points at 5% or 10%
 Local/Regional Materials - 2 possible points either manufactured
   or harvested locally
 Rapidly Renewable Materials - 1 point
 Certified Wood - 1 point
Indoor Environmental Quality
                (15 possible points)

 Prerequisite 1 - Minimum IAQ Performance
 Prerequisite 2 - Environmental Tobacco Control, ETS
  Carbon Dioxide Monitoring - 1 point
  Ventilation Effectiveness - 1 point
  Construction IAQ Management Plan - 2 possible
   points, during construction and before occupancy
  Low Emitting Materials - 4 possible points relating to
   adhesives, sealants, paints, carpet, composite wood
Indoor Environmental Quality
    Indoor Chemical & Pollutant Source Control - 1 point
    Controllability of Systems - 2 possible points, for
     perimeter and non-perimeter
    Thermal Comfort - comply with ASHRAE Std 55-1992
     - 1 point
    Permanent Monitoring System - 1 point
    Daylighting & Views - daylight for 75% of spaces - 1
    Daylighting & Views - views for 90% of spaces - 1
Innovation & Design Process
           (5 possible points)

 Use of LEED Accredited Professional - 1
 Innovation in Design - 4 possible points
LEED for Existing Buildings
     Rating System
LEED for Existing Buildings
   Addresses:
     – Operation and upgrades of existing buildings
   Pilot: 2002 - 2004
   Adopted in October 2004
   Achievements:
     – More than 95 registered buildings
     – 4 certified buildings
   Range of Users:
     – Federal, state, and local government; schools, colleges and
        universities, commercial buildings
The First Buildings Certified
      Under LEED-EB
National Geographic Headquarters
        Washington, D.C.

   First building certified under LEED-EB
   LEED Certified Silver November 2003
   Thomas Properties Group/
Joe Serna Jr. - California EPA HQ
     Sacramento, California

                 First building certified Gold
                  under LEED-EB
                 LEED Certified Gold
                  November 2003
Why LEED EB is so Important
     Besides the Environmental Impacts and Benefits
       introduced previously, it‟s simple:

     There are many more existing buildings than
       those in New Construction. Existing Buildings
       have the potential to be a much more overall
       significant contributor than New Construction.
Overview of LEED-EB
LEED-EB Rating System Goals
    Help building owners upgrade and
     operate their buildings in a sustainable
     way over the long term
     – Avoid the “saw tooth” approach (upgrade,
       decline, upgrade, decline …)
    Support high productivity by building
      Benefits of LEED-EB
   Communications
    – Helps building managers, operators, and service
      providers communicate the importance of effective
      ongoing building operation and maintenance to
      decision makers in their organization
    – Helps building managers and operators make
      sustainability part of the culture of their
    – Helps CEOs and CFOs make sustainability part of
      the culture of their organization
    – Helps communicate organization‟s sustainability
      commitments and achievements to its customers
      and community
  Prerequisites and Credits
Same categories as for other LEED® Rating
   – Sustainable Sites
   – Water Efficiency
   – Energy and Atmosphere
   – Materials and Resources
   – Indoor Environmental Quality
   – Innovation and Design Process
   – LEED-EB Accredited Professional
LEED-EB Point Distribution

    +   Innovation and Accredited Professional Points
LEED-EB Point Distribution

     14 Sustainable Sites
      5 Water Efficiency
     23 Energy and Atmosphere
     15 Materials and Resources
     21 Indoor Environmental Quality
     78 Points

      4   Innovation and Design Process
      1   LEED Accredited Designer
     83   Total Points Available
LEED-EB Pilot Rating System
4 Levels of Certification:
   LEED-EB Certified 31-38 points
   Silver Level      39-46 points
   Gold Level        47-61 points
   Platinum Level    62-83 points
Energy and Atmosphere
               (22 possible points)
   Existing Building RetroCommissioning
   Minimum Energy Performance
   Ozone Protection
   Optimize Energy Performance - up to 10 points
   Renewable Energy - up to 3 points
   Continuous Commissioning and Maintenance - up to 3 points
   Additional Ozone Protection - 1 point
   Measurement & Verification - up to 4 points
   Green Power - 1 point
     Innovation and Accredited
              (5 possible points)

   LEED EB Innovation - up to 4 points

   LEED EB Accredited Professional - 1
 You Can Download Each of the
     LEED Rating Systems

 Visit U.S. Green Building Council Web
  Site at
 Choose Rating System
 Click on rating system you would like to
      The LEED Process
 Design Team
 Project Registration
 Project Certification
 Documentation
   The Design Process

When does a Green Design Begin?
“It Begins in the Beginning”

      Critical to success is the
 integration of the design TEAM on
           Day 1 of Design
      LEED as the
Marketplace Transformer

It is a Paradigm Shift Away from
 Top Down, Minimum First Cost
The Hierarchical Old Way
   Design, Bid, Build
                     The LEED Way
All Participate as Equals on a Construction Roundtable
          Forming an Integrated Design Team

   Owner
   Operations Personnel
   Architect
   Engineer
   Construction Manager
   Contractors & Subcontractors
   Equipment Suppliers & Manufacturers
   Commissioning Authority
    Conventional Wisdom
 Green Building may have a higher First
  Cost --But depends upon Certification
  Level -at Base Level, Green, no change!
 Green Building has a Lower Operating
  cost - generally 10-25% Lower - this is
              Ownership Cost Summary
 40-year                                         Construction
                         Operation                  11%
Life Cycle                 50%


             First Cost is Only 11% of the Total Life Cycle Cost!!   And A/E fees are
             only 6% to 8% of that 11%, or .88%!!


 In 2002, both organizations
   entered into a Partnering
 Agreement and the ASHRAE
GreenGuide was developed to
assist USGBC in their efforts at
promoting sustainable design.
       ASHRAE GreenGuide
   Developed to provide guidance on how to apply
    green design techniques.
   Not developed to motivate use of green designs
   The purpose is to help the designer of a “green
    design” with the question of “What do I do next?”
   Organized to be relevant to the audience, useful,
    practical and to encourage innovative ideas from the
    design team.
   A reference guide incorporating “Green Tips.”
It is Greener on the Other Side

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