Time again for the Annual General Manuel’s practical demonstration of how to build
your own computer. Those who’ve seen his previous
Meeting of the Group presentations will know that this is likely to be one of
In accordance with the rules, individual commit- the most enjoyable and informative evenings of the
tee members will explain their past years’ activities year, and even if you have seen Neil’s demonstration
and the treasurer will present the accounts. Com- before, things in the computer world have moved on
mittee members of the Guildford PC User Group so there is a good chance you’ll get to see the latest
will stand down and an election of a new commit- tips and tweaks in action that can be used when you
tee will take place. assemble your own computer.
If you have any points that you think should be
raised at the AGM, please let me (your editor)
Secretary’s Bits — Recent Meetings
know before the meeting (you’ll find my contact COREL PAINT SHOP PRO 9: Monday 14 Febru-
Editor’s & details on page 2). ary 2005 was devoted to demonstrating Corel Paint
Shop Pro 9 (previously known as Jasc Paint Shop Pro
Secretary’s Bit This is the opportunity to help guide the group in
9). Chris Boba from Corel was due to demonstrate
Contact Details the months ahead. Please let your requirements or
this latest version but unfortunately was required to go
wishes be known by e-mailing me or telling a com-
to the US at the last moment. At very short notice
mittee member of your decision. Remember, if you
Laurence stepped into the breach and gave a fascinat-
Tip—Sort IE don’t volunteer, things will remain the same and
ing demonstration showing his masterly understand-
some work may not even get done.
Favorites ing of the program. In the Dec 2004/Jan 2005 ROM
Chairman Required Laurence reviewed this latest version. Paint Shop Pro
MS Fingerprint is a less expensive, yet similarly powerful alternative
Reader Following the untimely death of Norman Ris-
to Adobe Photoshop. Paint Shop Pro 9 has a number
bridger, our Chairman, late last year, Tony Hawes,
Windows Tips & of new features that are aimed mostly at advanced
your editor, has been standing in but we are in need
users but there are practical tools also, such as the
Tweaks of a Chairman who can keep a watchful eye over
new noise removal filter which was Laurence’s first
our proceedings. The task is not onerous and it will
Zoo Tycoon 2 relieve the burden that is otherwise placed on oth- very effective demonstration. He also illustrated per-
spective correction, (straightening up the Leaning
Key Logging ers in the Group — can you help???......please?
Tower of Pisa), automatic adjustment of contrast,
Dragon—Update Assuming that the AGM is a relatively painless (Continued on page 2)
affair we will follow immediately with Neil
Adobe Acrobat 7 ROM is available as a full-colour .pdf download from the Group web page at:
GPS—What is it? www.guildfordpcusergroup.co.uk
NEXT MEETING — Monday Meetings are held on the 2nd Monday of
11th April 2005 at 7.45 p.m. each month at 7.45pm at the Stoughton
Youth Club and Community Centre
AGM (opposite “The Royal” — Pub)
Worplesdon Road (A322), Guildford.
Followed by Practical (Meeting Room Telephone: 01483 531449)
Demo — How
to Build a Computer
Monday 9 May at 7.45 pm
ATI Graphics. What's new — an
Following the AGM Neil Manual will update evangelising talk by ATI’s Richard Huddy
us with the latest techniques and with sug- Monday 13 June at 7.45 pm
gestions as to what new hardware should be In Arrangement
used when you set out to build your own Monday 11 July at 7.45 pm
computer. This will be a practical demon- A Microsoft Program (to be announced) —
stration of actually building a computer. a practical demonstration by Tony Hawes.
Please bring a friend or colleague. Coffee Monday 8 August at 7.45 pm
and chocolate biscuits are free! Bring your computer to the club evening.
ROM April 2005 — May 2005 Page 1
(Continued from page 1) stuff on the menu and off I jolly well went. I think I
CONTACT brightness and gamma, and the fill flash filter did the Hokey Cokey around the Desert Orchid
DETAILS (correcting underexposed shadowy areas of photos).
Other effects were shown such as controlled motion
statue and I vaguely recall playing chicken with
the jockeys’ helicopters, but after that things be-
If you have any queries or blurring to give the effect of speed and the new art come somewhat hazy.
questions about the Guildford PC media tools. A most interesting evening showing the So it was that I was in fine spirits when I re-
User Group and its activities please versatility of this reasonably priced software. turned home, pockets and bladder overflowing
contact the following members of PINNACLE SOFTWARE: On Monday 14th with the folding stuff and alcohol. I dumped the
the committee: March the evening was devoted to a demonstration cash on the drawing room table and slumped in
by Tony Rhodes of Pinnacle Studio MediaSuite . front of the fire with a large Bushmills whisky,
Chairman Tony previously worked for Pinnacle Systems but is unconsciousness beckoned — fast.
(Currently Vacant) now a video editing specialist with Tag Systems. A couple of hours later, I awoke in a daze to find
Pinnacle Studio MediaSuite consists of Pinnacle my other half standing over me with one of those
Studio Version 9 plus the additional facilities of hairnet-and-rolling-pin looks on her face.
Pinnacle Studio Plus (professional chroma key and
picture-in-picture effects) together with CD/DVD “Have a good day?” the love of my life inquired,
Maxine Bushell frost forming on her rollers. “Marvellous,” I re-
direct burning facilities and much more to make this
(Membership Secretary) plied. “Look at all that money.”
an all inclusive digital media toolkit. Tony Hawes
Tel: 01483 830034 “Ah, yes”, she said. “Nearly seven hundred
reviewed this in the Oct/Nov 2004 edition of ROM
e-mail: with a reminder in Feb/Mar 2005 edition of the new pounds, and all of it in brand-new Northern Ire-
email@example.com features incorporated in the MediaSuite version of land banknotes.”
Pinnacle Studio 9. Oh Dear, I have just slept in the dog’s basket.
Francis Jacques (Treasurer) Tony Rhodes started by demonstrating the three My hangover is such that I feel like I have two
“Sampford”, Elmstead Road, step process of Pinnacle Studio. Selecting your scrapping cats living in my head. Ah, well. Such is
WEST BYFLEET, KT14 6BJ material from your video camera to tell the story, life.”
Tel: 01932 341888 setting up the storyboard, and transferring the fin-
e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org ished product to the output tapes, CD’s, DVD’s or Stories of Our Times
the Internet. He showed how the source material can I don’t often read ‘The Sun’, but this week was
Bryce McCrirrick be edited at the storyboard stage, and went on to use special as I wanted a free entrance ticket to
the timeline to illustrate how easy it was to insert ‘Chessington’s World of Adventure’ — buy five
(Secretary & Public Relations)
audio, titles and transitions from the extensive built- different copies of the Sun, save the various cou-
Surrey Place, pons and entrance is free — a bargain in any lan-
in library of effects. Demonstrating some of the
5 Coach House Gardens, guage as five copies of the Sun at 30p will save the
Pinnacle Studio Plus facilities he placed a picture
FLEET, GU51 4QX within a picture (PIP) by superimposing one video £22 entrance fee. So it was with interest that I read
Tel: 01252 623422 on top of part of another. He also produced a very in the Sun about the Scott family from Wakefield,
e-mail: B.McCrirrick@ntlworld.com convincing chroma key effect using a portrait taken West Yorkshire.
in front of a green back cloth. Altogether an admira- In now typical fashion, the Scott’s have amassed
Laurence Fenn (Web Master) ble demonstration of the software’s comprehensive a collection of 11 assorted children by different
84 St George’s Road, and easy-to-use capabilities for editing home mov- fathers. They live in a three-bedroomed council
ALDERSHOT, GU12 4LJ ies. A copy of Pinnacle Studio 9 was raffled at the house and pull in a modest £41,000 a year in tax-
Tel: 01252 330408 end of the evening to the benefit of the Club funds, free benefits, equivalent to an annual salary of
e-mail: email@example.com which was won by Neil Manual. around £68,000.
Editor’s Bit (Again!) To avoid confusion, I should add at this point
Web Page: that neither Mr nor Mrs Scott work, because they
As April approaches (at the time of writing) it’s
http://www.lfenn.co.uk time to recall what’s happening in this wacky old
say that to do so would leave them considerably
(this site contains many of the worse off. Oh, and they’d like a bigger house,
reviews that have appeared in please, if you don’t mind.
ROM) A former colleague of mine who’s into the sport
Their current rent and council tax-free abode is
of Kings (well he likes betting is perhaps a better
modestly equipped, with a £1,000 widescreen telly
description) sent this to me recording his recent visit
Group Web Page: to Cheltenham for the Gold Cup in late March.
in the living room, televisions in all the bedrooms,
www.guildfordpcusergroup.co.uk two hi-fi systems, a PlayStation and, between
“I went off to Cheltenham, for the racing. And them, five mobile phones.
what a splendid day it was. From ex-Army colonels
EDITOR to twinkly-eyed tinkers, from Cockney spivs to the
As is often the case, some or all of the Scott clan
Tony Hawes claim to be “disabled”. At least three children,
crème de la crème of the Gloucestershire establish-
25 Folly Close, FLEET, GU52 7LN while physically fit, have “learning difficulties”,
ment, from Princess Anne and her daughter Zara
Mrs Scott suffers from arthritis and Mr Scott can-
Tel: 01252 617962 Philips downwards, all human life was there.
not work because he also has learning difficulties.
Fax: 01252 664756 For once I had a stroke of luck. I usually take a
Mobile: 07941 778007 Surely it cannot be that difficult to teach him the
decent wad of notes with me and hand it to the first
e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org basic facts of life in the hope that he might at least
bookmaker I see, therefore saving valuable drinking
learn to keep his appendage in his trousers in fu-
time while accumulating the inevitable loss. But this
year it didn’t quite work like that.
Maybe the gipsy woman who spat at me because I Comic Relief
declined her invitation to buy some “Lucky Heather …and then did you watch and enjoy Comic Re-
Sor” got her curses mixed up, but I went from win- lief the other night?
ner to winner. I even missed out on a trip to the Would you have enjoyed it if you knew quite
Guinness tent at one point because I was collecting where some of the money you kindly donated was
winnings. It was remarkable. going? From the Sun again it appears that
Of course the Champagne soon joined the black (Continued on page 3)
Page 2 ROM April 2005 — May 2005
(Continued from page 2) Compensation Corner Mr Murphy claims that he suffered brain
£100,000 of your money has gone to some- ...and finally as this world gets madder and damage which caused severe behavioural
thing called the Gipsy and Traveller Law madder the Sun went to town about the com- problems which led to him being expelled
Reform Council which lobbies Parliament pensation handed out to Carl Murphy, who from two schools during his recovery. Inter-
on gipsies’ rights (why they feel the need to sued the owner of a warehouse after falling estingly, Mr Murphy now lives with his
bother, I don’t know) while grants of up to through the roof of the building while tres- grandmother because his mother Diane and
£3,000 have gone to individual gipsy passing upon it.
her boyfriend, Kevin Parsons, both 36, are
groups trying to get planning permission serving three years in prison for setting up a
(or completely ignore it, as the case may Mr Murphy fell 40ft and suffered head heroin and crack cocaine business from their
be). injuries as a nine-year-old. Now 18, he has council house.
just collected his compensation winner’s
Previously, £80,000 went to a charity for cheque… for £567,000. No really. The fig- Mr Murphy is from Merseyside. But you
ex-IRA prisoners which was run by a man ure is around 50 times more than the family already guessed that, didn’t you?
convicted of killing three people in a Lon- of a murder victim would receive from the
don bombing campaign — never mind. Red
Criminal Injuries Compensation Board.
noses all round!
Dr. Robert Ballard whose underwater expedition discovered the remains of the Titanic, this year on 1st April released a formerly secret Titanic
photo. This disturbed me because I can’t believe they are still there!!! I’m sure I have seen Kate Winslet in something since, or am I dreaming?
Tip — Sort Your IE Favourites in One Go
A tip from Tony Hawes
do it by changing one Registry entry. computer this was a whole string of numbers),
Sorting your Internet Explorer Favourites Exit and re-enter Explorer where you’ll find
Select Start, Run, type regedit and press
can be a real pain. When you want to sort the Favourites menu and associated sub-
Enter. Navigate to the left-hand pane to
your favourites you can try sorting by name, menus sorted into alphabetical order.
but there is a problem with this in that you
need to repeat this for each of the sub menus
nuOrder\Favorites. When there delete the NB. If worried backup your registry first,
which after a while can be tedious in the
Order value in the right-hand pane (on my see Tips on page 5.
extreme. However there is an easier way to
ROM April 2005 — May 2005 Page 3
Microsoft Fingerprint Reader
Reviewed by John Childs
This device enables you to manage your
passwords without having to keep remem-
bering them. You can log on to your PC,
access your favourite Web sites, and easily
switch users with the touch of your finger on
the device. Obviously it cannot be very se-
cure, since you are specifically warned on
the packaging that the device should not be
used for protecting sensitive data or for log-
ging on to corporate networks. There is also
a similar warning, which you must acknowl-
edge, when setting up the device.
The device works on Windows XP only
and requires a PC running a Pentium
233MHZ or higher.
The software, Digital Persona Password
Having installed the device, you can then When you want to log on to a Web site, you
Manager 1.0, has to be installed first. The register it with the Windows logon screen navigate to the logon boxes as usual, but then
device then has to be plugged in to a USB
and with any Web pages which require user you put your registered finger on the reader’s
port on your PC. You then have to register names and passwords. Firstly, if you use a window. This brings up another box as shown
your fingerprints before the device can be
password to log on to Windows, you no below in which you are asked for the logon
used. The software installed without prob- longer have to enter your password at the details for the site in question. Enter the de-
lems and I plugged the reader into a USB 1.1
login screen: you can just press your regis- tails and thereafter you only have to navigate
port. On screen came a message from Win- tered fingerprint onto the reader. I do not to the logon screen and put your finger onto
dows XP that the device would work quicker
use a password to enter Windows (I know, I the reader’s screen for you to be logged on to
if it were plugged into a USB 2.0 port. Obvi- know!) so I was unable to test this. You can the site in question. On some sites, the finger-
ously then the device works on USB 2.0
also use the reader as a quick means of print reader just puts the details into the site’s
although nowhere does the packaging nor switching between user accounts if you login boxes and you have to press enter and on
the instruction booklet tell you this. I
have Fast User Switching turned on. I do others it does both for you. About the only site
plugged the reader into a USB 2.0 port and not have multiple user accounts on my PC the reader couldn’t help with was my building
carried on. I was then asked to register my
so I was unable to test this aspect either. society site. I have to enter three items, a cus-
prints (see image below).
You have to choose which finger(s) to use I found the reader particularly useful
when surfing the Web. Quite a lot of the tomer number, an item of memorable data and
(you can register more than one fingerprint) three figures from my pass number. Each time
and click on chosen fingers on the diagram. sites I visit require user names and pass-
words before you can do anything with you log on to the site you are asked for differ-
A box popped up asking me to press my ent figures from your pass number and the
finger four times onto the window on the them. You can enter some sites easily as
your details are remembered in a “cookie”, fingerprint reader cannot, of course, cope with
reader. I tried this and nothing happened. I this.
moved the reader to another USB port and it but this does not work with all sites. Most of
worked perfectly. I registered the index fin- mine ask for both a user name and a pass- The device recognised my registered finger-
gers of both hands and the setting up proce- word and I have to keep a list handy to deal prints every time, and would not accept any
dure ended. with them all. The fingerprint reader does
away with all that. (Continued on page 5)
Page 4 ROM April 2005 — May 2005
(Continued from page 4) list of passwords each time I wanted to ac- your passwords, then this might just be the
non-registered fingerprints. The actual proc- cess various websites and I came to appreci- gadget for you.
ess of recognising my fingerprints was very ate this very much indeed. This is a stand-alone device, but the Micro-
quick, averaging about two or three seconds. Whether I would actually fork out real soft website also has details of a wireless key-
Conclusions money for the device I would rather doubt. It board with the device built in.
does more or less what it claims to do, but it
At first I thought this was a bit of a toy is a rather specialised item and there are Availability
without much usefulness going for it. How- many more things I would rather spend my The device has a recommended retail price
ever, the more I used it the more I came to money on. However, your priorities will be of £59.99 inc. VAT and can be obtained from
like it. It did away with having to pull out a different, and if you have trouble organising www.dabs.com for £42.62
Windows Tips & Tweaks assembled by Geoff Arnold
with Chkdsk. Click the Defragment Now Changing the Path to My Docu-
Windows XP System Mainte- button. ments
nance Tips Clean the Registry By default, the “My Documents” folder in
Compared to its predecessors, Windows Windows leads to some arcane directory path
Another area that can stand an occasional
XP is strong stuff and rivals the Rock of Gi- in Documents and Settings. But, what if you
clean-out is the Registry. This huge database
braltar. But this doesn’t mean you can just want to reroute My Documents so that it leads
tells Windows how to run. As you install and
compute and go. Periodic maintenance is es- to another location? It’s quite easy. The fol-
delete programs, remnants are usually left
sential to keep your computer humming lowing is taken from Microsoft’s knowledge
behind in the Registry. Eventually, this de-
bris can make Windows unstable.
Start with Disk CleanUp. It does quite a When the properties of the My Documents
The Registry is a critical part of Windows.
few things to free hard disk space including folder (the desktop icon) are displayed and a
So before cleaning it, back it up. Click Start
removing temporary Internet files, files in group policy has not been established to redi-
and Run. Type “regedit” (without the
the Recycle Bin, installed programs that you rect the folder, you can change the path to the
quotes) in the box and click OK. In the Reg-
do not use, and old Restore Points. My Documents folder and you can move the
istry Editor, click File and Export. Select a
To use Disk Cleanup, double-click My folder in which to save the backup. Name contents from the old location to the new loca-
Computer, right-click the hard disk on which the file Registry Backup and click Save. If tion:
you want to free space, and select Properties. cleaning the Registry leaves your computer 1. Right-click My Documents (on the desk-
Click Disk Cleanup on the General tab. unstable, double-click the Registry Backup top), and then click Properties.
On the Disk Cleanup tab, click to select file to restore it. 2. In the Target box, type the new path to the
the check boxes of the files that you want to Two free programs, EasyCleaner 2.0 and My Documents folder, or click Move to
remove, click OK, Yes, and OK. When RegSeeker 1.35, make light work of cleaning browse to the folder and if needed, create a
done, click the More Options tab. Here, you the Registry. new My Documents folder. If the path you
can remove Windows components that you type does not exist, you are prompted to
EasyCleaner comes from ToniArts and can
do not use. On the More Options tab, you confirm creating a new folder.
be found here: http://www.toniarts.com/
can also remove installed programs and re- 3. Click Yes to move files from the old My
store points, too. Documents location to the new location, or
The site says: EasyCleaner is a small pro-
Next, get the hard disk in tip-top shape. click No if you do not want to move these
gram which searches Windows' registry for
Disk Defragmenter and Chkdsk (which re- files. Note that clicking No does not delete
entries that are pointing nowhere. Easy-
placed ScanDisk, found in earlier versions of the files in the old location, but means they
Cleaner also lets you delete all kinds of un-
Windows) are important tools. are no longer visible from My Documents
necessary files like temps, backups etc. You
Run these as a pair at least monthly, start- after the change.
can search for duplicate files and you can
ing with Chkdsk. As its name implies, view some interesting info about your disk How do I start Windows in Safe
Chkdsk scans the hard drive for errors. It space usage! You are also able to manage
should be set to correct any errors automati-
start-up programs, invalid shortcuts and
cally. The most common type is orphaned Safe mode is the diagnostics mode of Win-
add/remove software list.
data located on the hard drive. This is most dows. When you start the computer in Safe
RegSeeker can be found at the Hover Inc. mode, only the bare-minimal components that
often caused by an improper shutdown or
site here: http://www.hoverdesk.net/ are needed to run the operating system are
freeware.htm loaded. This mode is useful for troubleshoot-
To use Chkdsk, click Start and My Com- ing the PC, in the event if Windows does not
According to the site: “RegSeeker is a per-
puter. Right-click the hard drive you want to load normally. Safe mode restricts the user in
fect companion for your Windows registry!
check, and click Properties. Select the Tools terms of using some functions, such as a con-
RegSeeker includes a powerful registry
tab and click Check Now. Check both boxes. nection to the Internet. Safe mode also loads a
cleaner and can display various information
Click Start. You’ll get a message that the standard video driver at a low resolution. It’s a
like your start-up entries, several histories
computer must be rebooted to run a com- method to diagnose and troubleshoot the com-
(even index.dat files), installed applications
plete check. Click Yes and reboot. Chkdsk puter for load problems and other issues, by
and much more! With RegSeeker you can
will take awhile, so run it when you don’t isolating the cause and pinpointing which soft-
search for any item inside your registry, ex-
need the machine. ware or driver is causing the problem. Here is
port/delete the results, and open them in the
Next comes Disk Defragmenter. When you registry. RegSeeker also includes a tweaks the procedure to start Windows XP in Safe
save a file, bits and pieces of the file can be panel to optimize your OS! Now RegSeeker Mode.
scattered on the hard drive. Disk Defragmen- includes a file tool to search for duplicate Turn On your computer. The first screen will
ter puts these bits in contiguous order, so the files, bad shortcuts and more! RegSeeker is be the memory test or the BIOS logo is dis-
file can be more easily reconstructed. That FREE for personal use only!” played.
speeds up opening files.
Disk Defragmenter shares the Tools tab (Continued on page 6)
ROM April 2005 — May 2005 Page 5
(Continued from page 5) tween the index and the file disappear. That Restart and re-install Windows.
After the page finishes, you’ll see the tells your system that the file is no longer Reformatting will keep most people out of
Start-up options listed. needed and that hard drive space can be your old files. But specialized shareware ex-
Select the Operating System which you overwritten. But the deleted file remains on ists to reclaim files after reformatting. If you
want to start, and Press F8 key your computer. Only when it is overwritten do not know who will get the computer — or
do you begin to be safe. Even then, a spe- you do know and you don’t trust them —
Using the arrow keys on the keyboard,
cialist might be able to recover the old data. stronger measures are required.
scroll to and select the Safe mode menu
item, and then press Enter. Assuming you just deleted everything in 3. Buy software and overwrite the
preparation for saying goodbye to your PC, disk, again and again and again.
Make a Password Reset Disk it is unlikely that the sensitive information
has been overwritten. It’s still sitting there, If you don’t know much about computers,
in Windows XP this might be easier than Step 2. There are
Do you need to enter a password when and anybody with a shareware program
several programs that write gibberish to the
booting into Windows XP Pro? Afraid you could find it.
hard drive. They promise that nobody will be
might forget this password down the road Do you Trust the Recipient? able to find your files after the software is
and not be able to run your PC? Make a utilized.
How you handle this really depends on
password reset disk to protect against a lost
where the computer is going. If a trusted PC Inspector’s (www.pcinspector.de) e-
friend or your Aunt Minnie is getting it, you maxx meets U.S. military standards. Another
1. Click Start > Control Panel > User Ac- can probably just delete stuff. good program is Eraser, free through Heidi
counts. Computers (www.heidi.ie). If you have a
But be aware that if you’re going to give
2. Left-click your account name. the computer to charity, you don’t know Mac, try SuperScrubber (www.jiiva.com).
3. Under the Related Tasks left side op- where your machine will land. And if a com- It’s not free it can be downloaded for $30,
tions, click Prevent a forgotten pass- puter nerd with a mean streak and too much but meets military specs.
word. time on his hands gets it, you could have real This process can be slow, because these
4. Follow the directions in the Forgotten problems. programs write to the disk repeatedly. You
Password Wizard to create a password might want to run it overnight.
reset disk. So here are my Four Sugges-
4. You’re totally paranoid, so get out
5. Store the disk in a secret location, be- tions. the acetylene torch.
cause anyone can use it to access your 1. Don’t want a big hassle? Give the I’m not kidding. The only absolute and as-
local user account. computer to a trusted employee, friend or sured way of protecting your data is to de-
family member. stroy the hard drive. To do that, you need to
To Recover a Lost Password If you trust who you give it to, I wouldn’t remove it from the computer. If you want to
When your editor lost his Windows pass- put a lot of effort into destroying data. Re- save the rest of the computer, touch the ma-
word Laurence Fenn provided the follow- covering deleted data isn’t automatic. A thief chine’s metal frame before reaching in. Static
ing to get it back: or con artist will have to get some special- electricity can wreck the circuitry.
“When you get to the login screen for ised software and learn to use it. Rivers of Allegedly the UK MOD shreds its hard
windows, hit ALT-CTRL-DELETE. For boring data would have to be sorted to find drives. That should work, assuming you can
username, type Administrator, and the pass- the good stuff. The average (honest) person find a hard-drive shredder. I’ve never seen
word is blank. Then go to START>RUN> isn’t going to bother. one.
and type “control userpasswords2” without So if you give the PC to someone you trust
quotes. Here you can manage all the pass- You need to destroy the platters inside. Try
(careful now), you should simply delete the smashing them with a hammer, failing that
words for the users on that computer.” files. More extensive work probably isn’t
destroying them with a torch should work.
OR worth the effort. Just be sure the recipient is
honest. If he or she is shaky, go to the next Step 4 seems excessive to me. But you’re
“While you are restarting your machine
step. right to be paranoid about this. Identity theft
press the F8 key to get the “Boot Mode”
has become overwhelming. There are a lot of
menu. Choose “Safe Mode”. Once you get 2. Reformat the hard drive and re- people out there who would love to hurt you.
to the Log in screen log in as administrator install the operating system. Personally, I would use Step 3. I believe in
with no password. This will allow you to Reformatting a disk prepares it to accept a being careful, no matter who gets the com-
reset forgotten local admin/users pass- new operating system. It also wipes out eve- puter.
words.” rything on the hard drive. That’s your goal.
Getting Rid of Your Com- Past versions of Windows (up to Windows
Me) allow you to create a start-up disk. Someone asked me the other day. “How
puter? — TIP — Clean the can I take pictures of what I see on the screen
You’ll need one to reformat your hard drive.
Hard Drive Click Start > Settings > Control Panel. Dou- and put those in a Microsoft Word docu-
Chances are great there’s sensitive data ble-click Add/Remove Programs. Click ment?” — Easy!
on it. If you’re like me, that PC’s hard drive Start-up Disk. Click Create Disk. Press the Print Screen (or PrtScn) key on
contains a compilation of your personal and your keyboard. This places a copy of the en-
On Windows XP, you’ll need to download
business life. If the wrong people were to tire screen on the Windows Clipboard. To
the disk information. Go to
grab it, they could possibly hurt you or your capture only the current active window, press
www.bootdisk.com and click “DOS — Win-
business very seriously. the ALT + Print Screen keys. To paste the
dows 9X/NT4/2000/XP Excellent Boot-
Here’s the problem: An index of files is disks.” Download the Windows XP Custom image into a document, select Edit from
maintained for the hard drive, telling it Install Disk and save it to a floppy. Word’s menu and Paste. This tip works in
where things are stored. When you install a Excel, FrontPage, Outlook, PowerPoint and
On all systems, shut down all open pro-
file, especially a big one, it is scattered Publisher, too.
grams. Restart the computer with the floppy
around the hard drive in bits and pieces. On There are software programs you can buy
in the A: drive. At the A: prompt, type For-
your command to open the file, the hard that allow you to do more, such as save the
mat: C. Answer “yes” to the warning; you
drive checks the index, then gathers the shots in different file formats. But before you
want to wipe out all the data. When the re-
pieces and reconstructs them. go out and spend your money and buy a pro-
format finishes, put the Windows installation
When that file is deleted, the links be- CD in the CD drive and remove the floppy. (Continued on page 11)
Page 6 ROM April 2005 — May 2005
Microsoft Zoo Tycoon 2
by Christopher Kuzmin (11 years old)
to bottom. In the middle column is the Ani-
This game is the latest Zoo Tycoon game mals Panel where there are buildings, adop-
by Microsoft. The original game had two tions, terrain change, and staff hiring buttons
expansion packs that enabled you to breed along the top. The zoom in and zoom out
dinosaurs and Marine animals! Zoo Tycoon buttons are alongside in the circle with the
2 however has no expansion packs, yet. The rotate buttons. However with the scrolling, I
game explores the care for the animals and find it easier to scroll with the mouse. In the
breeding endangered species rather than final right column is the Adopt Animals sec-
making as much money as you can. The tion. I have it on the tropical rainforest sec-
minimum processor is 733 MHz with 900 tion on the picture but you can also chose
MB of hard drive space being needed. You anything to tundra (arctic) to the outback!
will also need online requirements for There is a much bigger choice of animals to
downloading stuff. Zoo Tycoon 1 but there are no marine ani-
A screen will come up when you put the mals or dinosaurs. There are checklists, op-
CD in. It tells you your product ID number. tions, demolish things and zoo status next to
I have blacked out the ID number on the the circle of zooming and rotation.
example on the right for obvious reasons!!! According to Microsoft’s Zoo Tycoon 2
web site user’s are recommended to
download a 5Mb update patch with perform-
ance improvements. The patch also includes
a number of fixes for Animal and Guest re-
lated issues. Although I had not come across
any problems after some time playing the
game without it I downloaded it and it in-
stalled itself very simply.
The Main Menu Why Buy?
On the right is the So, why buy it? There are hundreds of new
main menu. At the features that I have found, but probably even
top is the player pro- more still waiting to be discovered. The
file where you chose painting easel allows apes to paint. The
which profile to use. fences can be curved making it easier to
The buttons at the make exhibits. You can groom and wash the
bottom are; (from top animals, for the purpose of the game, (and
right to bottom left) clean up their poop!) inside the exhibits. All
sandbox mode, where of the animals are endangered and are more
you have unlimited exiting to care for and watch.
When you start installing Zoo Tycoon 2,
cash and can build the
you will go through a simple children For the guests you can get more food and
zoo of your dreams;
friendly step-by-step process until the game drinks facilities with playgrounds for the
challenge game, lim-
has been installed. You can choose between children. There are Shetland pony rides for
ited amount of cash
normal install and express install, but to be children as well! If one of the animals gives
and extra bonuses;
safe I chose the normal install since this lets birth you receive a certificate for breeding
ca mpai gn ga me,
you choose which directory you put the endangered animals. There are stars which
where you take differ-
program in. fill up as your zoo gets more famous. The
ent parks and help
them one thing that I would say about the cam-
o r paigns and challenges is that money is very
b e - hard to get and things are expensive.
come a great millionaire; load I enjoyed this game and hope that you
game, where you load a saved readers will buy it and enjoy it as much as I
game; downloads and game did!
options. The cross is to quit the
Pricing and Availability
Most suppliers have it listed at around the
Toolbar £28 — £29 mark, but currently Ama-
Below is the toolbar of the zon.co.uk are selling it for £15.97 inc. VAT,
game. On the very left is the which is a bargain.
Views column. The map, over-
view, zookeeper and photo
safari modes are from the top
There are screen captures of the game
while the game is installing, which gives
you an idea (see above) of what you are
ROM April 2005 — May 2005 Page 7
Key Logging — How’s it Done?
by Tony Hawes
The KeyGhost Home has 128K of Flash
UK Police Foil Massive Bank Memory to log 128,000+ keystrokes, the
Theft Standard (512K) 500,000+, and the Pro
(1MB) 1,000,000+ keystrokes.
You probably saw the headlines a week
or so ago — so what’s behind it? They need no batteries, they need no soft-
ware installed, and they’ll work on any PC.
Well an attempted bank robbery has You can plug them into one computer to
raised a number of questions concerning record and into another to play back, if you
the possibility of using keystroke-capturing like.
software to help carry out such a scheme.
In the States the KeyGhost Home sells for
Scotland Yard’s National Hi-Tech Crime $89, Standard $99 and the KeyGhost Pro
Unit, finishing an investigation that began $149. ISTR they were on sale in the UK a
in October, foiled what is being referred to
as “Britain’s largest attempted bank rob-
bery.” The investigation revealed computer
experts were attempting to electronically
transfer £220 million from the Japanese
bank Sumitomo Mitsui to ten different bank
accounts located around the globe.
According to reports, the thieves man-
aged to infiltrate the system with keystroke
logging devices and software that would
have enabled them to track every button
pressed on computer keyboards. From that
they could learn account numbers, pass-
words and other sensitive information.
The attempt on Sumitomo Mitsui marks
one of the first recorded attempts at using Sumitomo Mitsui’s London HQ
malicious software in order to defraud such
a large financial institution. Internet.
According to Israeli Police, after the plot In essence Loggers are simple enough things. KeyGhost Outside...
was uncovered Yeron Bolondi, 32, was The only subtlety in them lies in making them
arrested in Israel having tried to transfer as undetectable and inviolable as possible, so
£13.9m into an account there. He has been users don’t know they’re there, and can’t turn
charged with money laundering and decep- them off even if they do. Key loggers have
tion, but police say their investigation is also evolved into more advanced products that
continuing. monitor what people click on and pretty much
A further Israeli man Aharon Abu Hamra everything else they do with their computer.
a 35-year-old resident of Tel Aviv is sus- These so-called “activity loggers” are more
pected of being a link between Bolondi and useful, these days, with complex multitasking
the British-based accomplices in the fraud. machines for which keyboard input is often
According to the police in Israel, Aharon secondary.
Abu Hamra arranged with Bolondi to laun- There are some people who have good rea-
der approximately 20 million euro gained son to use key loggers. Financial institutions
from the Japanese bank, from which he and military organisations, for example and
expected to receive a substantial commis- doubtless any law enforcement organisation
sion. worth its salt will use activity loggers for sur- ...and KeyGhost inside
veillance purposes where they can be consid-
Key Loggers ered the computer equivalent of a phone tap. few years back, I actually remember reading
If you are paranoid and think They* have Lots of people with less clear-cut reasons to a review of one, but don’t know if they still
put a tiny device in your keyboard that use loggers do as well. For some employers, are. It may look simple, but it’s not. The
records everything you type and sends it to key loggers fit in with security cameras and e- makers claim that very nearly all of the little
the Echelon satellites so that MI5 and the mail monitoring as elements of what’s usually microcontroller’s ROM is taken up, with
FBI can keep tabs on your every action, referred to by a euphemism like “employee code compiled from nearly 120 kilobytes of
you may be right — well, except for the evaluation”. Obvious and not-so-obvious pri- source. USB versions are being tested.
Echelon satellite part. vacy issues are raised by these policies.
There are lots of ways to spy on computer Finally
users, but one of the simplest is the “key Actually Buy a Key Logger? *..if paranoid enough — from recent re-
logger”. Key loggers are devices or pro- Anyway did you know you can actually buy cords released under the US Freedom of
grams that record every keystroke made by a Key Logger? Well you can in the USA, and Information Act the FBI is known to possess
the user. it’s called a KeyGhost, and it looks like this a trojan horse-delivered key logger program
Any reasonably expert user can set up a (above right). known as Magic Lantern. It used a keystroke
logger to output to a hidden file, or a file on KeyGhost is a tiny device that connects be- logger to obtain the Pretty Good Privacy
a network drive. Some loggers can send tween an ordinary PC keyboard - AT or PS/2 - (PGP) encryption pass phrase of a suspect in
their output to a distant machine over the and a computer, and records every keystroke. Philadelphia. He was convicted
Page 8 ROM April 2005 — May 2005
Dragon Naturally Speaking 8 — an Update
From Dr Paul Kuzmin
words in the “Words” “Edit” section though
Since my review of the ‘Preferred’ version I felt the vocabulary provided was far too
of ScanSoft’s Dragon NaturallySpeaking 8 wide ranging and this would have affected
in the February issue of ROM I have now its initial accuracy. Probably only 5% of the
been able to trial the ‘Professional’ version words in this vocabulary would ever be used
of Dragon NaturallySpeaking 8 which al- by any doctor anywhere in the world in my
lows the addition of specialised vocabular- view. There were so many unheard-of words
ies. Dictation products really should not be that I felt quite worried looking at this. One
reviewed until about three months into their can cull a few of these when a mistake has
use because there is a great learning curve, been made.
an early review will not show the long-term
For the first few days there was a marginal
advantages as more words and phrases are
increase in accuracy with most corrections
added to the program’s vocabulary. I have to
being second or third choice on the correct
say that my last review might have revealed
menu. After about two weeks however there
some disappointment with Dragon
was a marked increase in accuracy which
NaturallySpeaking Preferred 8, but now this
made me relax more and hence I was able to
would only have applied to its use in medi-
produce the best ever rendition of voice to
A different speaking style is required oc-
Hands-Free’s medical vocabulary was a
casionally when voice recognition products
puter using this roaming profile would have very well spent £99 therefore.
move on a step and now the realisation has
come that this was required with this prod- exactly the same accuracy and learned at ex- We just get the odd mistake and it still has
uct too. There were days at the beginning actly the same rate, any added pronunciations the propensity to put just instead of chest,
when discreet words had to be spoken sepa- and words. but really the amazing speed is such a boon
rately with IBM Voice Type so that the As I hadn’t run the other product for very at present and the other doctors are at last
computer can recognise them. Then we had long I did a complete reinstall and, having getting jealous of my detailed consultation
the continuous speech products. However, listened to ScanSoft’s Simon Howard’s sug- notes and beginning to look at whether they
this is more of a continuous sentence spoken gestions, I did not add any previously added should consider it themselves over the com-
very quickly product. Once the penny words or get it to adapt to any previous docu- ing few months.
dropped the accuracy became much im- ments. A medical dictionary was obtained It is clear therefore that ScanSoft have
proved and I was also able to use the facility from Hands-Free computing http:// made some good progress on this product,
that already existed on the Preferred version www.hands-free.com, a Sussex company spe- especially when mated with a specialised
to save a speech profile on my medical prac- cialising in vocabularies. Having looked at the medical vocabulary
tice file server. This meant that any com-
Pinnacle Software — Latest News
The latest release of Studio v.9 allows con- Theatre” pack, providing the latest advanced
Following on from Tony Rhodes demo sumers to easily capture video footage from an video and audio codecs. Beyond all input/
last month a couple of news stories about even wider range of video devices, including output formats already supported by Studio,
Pinnacle. DVD camcorders, to create entertaining, high- this pack lets Studio users import, edit and
Avid Technology Inc., who make high- quality movies. Pinnacle Studio users can also create DivX videos, burn DVDs with Dolby
end professional film and video editing now import and edit movies burned to DVDs Digital 5.1 surround sound, and export com-
hardware and software (their equipment was and DVD camcorder owners can import and pressed MPEG-4 videos and MP3 audio.
used to edit the Oscar-winning film “Million edit their movies as easily as traditional cam- This promotion will be available for all vari-
Dollar Baby,”) has announced it was buying corder owners. This new feature gives the ants of Studio software products (Studio,
Pinnacle Systems for $462 million to boost users the ability to import previously edited Studio Plus and Studio MediaSuite) begin-
its line of video-editing products for con- video from a home DVD, alter again if re- ning early April.
sumers. The purchase would expand Avid’s quired and create a new disk.
line of products sold to consumers, follow- Pricing and Availability
Through a partnership with DivX, Studio
ing its purchase last year of home-recording products will support DivX video, allowing Studio, Studio Plus or Studio MediaSuite
gear maker Midiman Inc. for $174.5 million. for the import, export and edit of DivX video. “Home Theatre Edition” software products
Thanks to the high compression rates offered are expected to be available from April at
Pinnacle Studio v.9 Enhance- most major retailers, online resellers and
by DivX encoding, Studio users will be able to
ments record up to two hours of video on a single through the Pinnacle e-store. No UK prices
Pinnacle Studio v.9 Enhancements Allow CD without sacrificing quality. The user can yet but in the States expect to pay in the
Users to Import, Edit and Capture Videos then play them on any DivX enabled device, range from US$79 to US$129.
with Greater Flexibility in Formats and De- back-up hours of movies on their hard drive, ShowCenter 200
vices or easily share videos via the Internet.
Pinnacle Systems, has launched ShowCen-
Pinnacle Systems, has announced en- ter 200, its latest digital media adapter.
hancements to its award-winning Pinnacle
Studio Home Theatre Edition
Studio version 9 line of home movie-making To accompany the latest release of Studio Pinnacle ShowCenter 200 connects di-
software. v.9, the complete Studio software line will rectly to a PC, or to a home network, and
come for a limited period with the “Home streams media files to any television or
ROM April 2005 — May 2005 Page 9
(Continued from page 9) Center 200 provides intuitive navigation for controlled EPG and direct-to-DVD recording.
home entertainment system connected to selecting content with a remote control. Unlike other TV tuner products, Pinnacle
the ShowCenter player. A complete solu- PCTV products with MediaCenter offers com-
tion that works with high-speed wired and Pricing and Availability plete and powerful media management and
wireless (802.11g) home networks, Pinna- Pinnacle ShowCenter 200 carries an SRP remote controlled playback of digital media
cle ShowCenter 200 includes the digital of £199.99 inc VAT throughout the UK and content including advanced playlist, search
media adapter set-top box with a front is expected to be available from May at most and organisational features for more custom-
panel USB port, a remote control, Ethernet major retailers, online resellers and through ised usage.
and power cables, and easy-to-use media the Pinnacle e-store.
management software. Pinnacle PCTV Product Family
PINNACLE PCTV PCTV 200e – Enjoy mobile digital terres-
High Definition Video and Pinnacle PCTV Makes It Easier to Enjoy trial TV on your laptop. Dubbed “Anywhere
Photo Support TV and Digital Media on the PC. TV,” DVB-T is an ideal technology for the
ShowCenter 200 includes support for Pinnacle PCTV products are a unique set mobile product. Simply, with PCTV 200e,
high definition video and photo, signifi- of complete hardware and software solu- television signals are received by an antenna
cantly enhancing their quality on televi- tions, which in this latest release enables PC which offers a wider range of free content
sions with HD capabilities. In addition, users to transform their computers into a TV, without subscription fees within the geo-
users can now view HD video in a variety Personal Video Recorder (PVR) and digital graphic regions with DVB-T coverage.
of formats including WMV, .AVI, media entertainment centre. Unique to Pinnacle’s PCTV product, 200e is
and .MPEGs files and enjoy high quality equipped with an active antenna by Hirsch-
photos taken with mega-pixel digital still Surfing the Wave of Digital mann Electronics GmbH which enables
cameras. Television unique high quality reception. Design and
With the revolutionary breakthroughs in form factor enable extreme portability, snap-
Enjoy Online Video and Music digital television technology, consumers are ping onto the back of a laptop computer with
Content increasingly finding greater enjoyment in ease and is powered by the USB port.
With ShowCenter 200 it will be possible digital television in its various forms. The PCTV 110i and PCTV 100e – Enjoy ana-
to enjoy music and video throughout the conversion to digital television offers dra- logue TV and FM radio on your PC. With
home by streaming content via integrated matic improvements over analogue technol- significant software enhancements, analogue
wireless support. It offers an easy-to-use ogy, including High Definition Television tuners PCTV 110i and PCTV 100e make it
TV interface that gives remote control ac- (HDTV), multicasting, enhanced TV pro- easy to play, record and time-shift TV and
cess to video, photo, music and TV files gramming and the ability to deliver new record direct-to-DVD. New to this year’s in-
stored on the PC. Music lovers can take services to consumers. Pinnacle Systems ternal tuner, PCTV 110i now offers FM capa-
advantage of their Microsoft® Windows offers consumers the opportunity to maxi- bilities.
Media® 9 music downloads by streaming mise this new broadcast technology through PCTV 310i – Enjoy your choice of ana-
them from their PC and broadband users its latest line of PCTV tuner products. Users logue or digital terrestrial TV on your PC.
can listen to Internet SHOUTcast radio on have the ability to utilise analogue or DVB- Pinnacle PCTV 310i supports both analogue
their home audio system. T* technology. and DVB-T reception. DVB-T support will
An All-In-One Media Manage- not be offered everywhere immediately, but
Easy Set-Up and Installation
will roll out gradually. This DVB-T technol-
A new, improved installation wizard ment Solution ogy allows users to enjoy live television out-
makes it simple to install ShowCenter 200 All Pinnacle PCTV products incorporate side the home for a user friendly, mobile TV
and connect it to the PC via a wired Pinnacle MediaCenter software, which pro- experience in the geographic areas covered by
Ethernet connection. The only product vides complete, premium solutions for turn- DVB-T. PCTV 310i supports free Digital TV
within its category to offer ‘watched fold- ing the PC into a TV, PVR and entertain- programmes in perfect picture and stereo
ers,’ content can be imported from folders ment centre. Pinnacle PCTV products in- sound quality. DVB-T mode will provide
automatically, alerting the user when new clude internal and external solutions extend- digital radio, and certain regions also allow
media is found. With a simple TV inter- ing to analogue and digital solutions. Ad- users to enjoy FM radio reception in analogue
face and category organisation, the Show- vanced PVR features include remote- mode.
Adobe Acrobat 7.0 Professional
SAN JOSE, Calif. — Adobe Systems Incorpo- which helps reduce costly print errors.
rated has announced that Adobe Acrobat 7.0 The addition of PDF correction tools to Acro-
Professional software has been released. Acrobat bat 7.0 Professional corrects many common
7.0 Professional lets designers, publishers, ad problems with print production PDF files. Tools
agencies and print service providers dependably to correct RGB colour, transparency, hairlines
share files for commenting and proofing, fixing and printer’s marks are now available in Acro-
print output errors and optimising Adobe Portable bat 7.0 Professional. A powerful output preview
Document Format (PDF) files for production tool allows users to see common output errors
requirements. on screen, including CMYK black, ink coverage
For the first time, Acrobat 7.0 Professional limits and separation previews.
enables creative professionals to include anyone Acrobat 7.0 Professional supports an ex-
in the design review process by enabling access panded number of print standards so creative
to commenting tools in the free Adobe Reader® professionals can output Adobe PDF files relia-
software. As a result, reviewers can mark up page bly and consistently. Newly supported standards
layouts, proofs and other documents in PDF, include JDF and the latest PDF/X specifica-
without having to send paper documents back and tions. JDF product definitions ensure accurate
forth. Additionally, Adobe Reader 7.0 users can
accurately view PDF files containing overprints, (Continued on page 11)
Page 10 ROM April 2005 — May 2005
(Continued from page 10) Your Editor enjoys
job submissions to Adobe PDF print work- a drink with Micro-
flow systems. PDF/X is an industry standard soft’s UK Managing
for graphic arts file exchange, which virtually Director Alistair
eliminates the most common errors in file Baker at Microsoft’s
preparation. Xmas Party (in
March — and you
Watch out for a forthcoming review of thought Longhorn
Acrobat 7 in ROM. was late!).
Pricing and Availability that when Microsoft
Available from Amazon.co.uk and other on- rently available as a
line suppliers. Acrobat 7.0 Professional is public beta, is re-
available for £399 inc. VAT. Registered users leased in July it
of Acrobat 4.0, Acrobat 5.0, Acrobat 6.0 Stan- would be free.
dard, or Acrobat 6.0 Professional can upgrade
to Acrobat 7.0 Professional for an estimated The status of Micro-
street price of £142 inc. VAT for both Macin-
tosh and Windows platforms. Prices from (whether free or via
Amazon.co.uk. a paid-for subscrip-
Standard version costs less: £219 full or £87 tion) has still to be
for the upgrade. Prices include VAT. announced.
(Continued from page 6) ground” so that it can provide some sort of ser- If the program has been automatically con-
gram, here are a couple of few free ones to vice while you are using the computer. For ex- figured to start, it will start the next time you
try: ample, it may support special function keys on boot your computer. This is a good way to
1. PrintScreen from: the keyboard, or interface to a scanner. Anti- see if a program is really needed. Stop the
Virus and other programs also run ‘silently’ in program using the method above, then use
the background only alerting you when suspi- the computer for a few hours. If you do not
2. HoverSnap From: cious activity is detected. Other less welcome see any negative effects or loss of functional-
http://www.hoverdesk.net/freeware.htm programs are spyware or adware, and are de- ity, then you can probably disable the pro-
signed mainly to benefit the companies that gram permanently.
Very Useful Freeware wrote the program — not you. Each program
Power Toys for Windows XP from that runs consumes some computer resources How do I Uninstall a Program?
Microsoft such as system memory, and may also con- The best way to permanently stop a pro-
This is a collection of little applications sume CPU time. This can reduce the perform- gram from running is to uninstall it. Click
that make Windows run better. They were ance of the PC, so it is best to run only the pro- Start | Control Panel | Add/Remove Pro-
written by Microsoft programmers, al- grams you really need. grams. Find the name of the program you
though the company does not officially want to remove on the list and select it. Then
support them. In fact, Microsoft warns that
How do I Know Which Programs click the Add/Remove button. Some pro-
it can’t take responsibility for them. Don’t are Needed? grams, particularly spyware and adware, may
let that throw you off. I’ve used them for It is hard to generalise about which programs not completely remove themselves when they
years. They work well. each individual needs. So the easiest answer is are uninstalled. In these cases you may need
to see what programs are actually running. to use a spyware cleaner such as Microsoft’s
http://www.microsoft.com/windowsxp/ AntiSpyware (see the last issue of ROM) or
downloads/powertoys/xppowertoys.mspx If you use the free diagnostics program PC SpyBot Search and Destroy.
Cost: Free PitStop — http://www.pcpitstop.com — it will
detect and assess which programs you have How can MSConfig Prevent
Belarc Advisor running with a listing of the services they sup- Programs From Running?
Belarc Advisor from Belarc, Inc. This port. Following diagnosis the PC PitStop test
In some cases, you may only want to dis-
little gem will tell you exactly what you’ve results has a page showing in colour-codes a
able one part of a program, or the program
got on your computer. It takes seconds to list of the programs that are running. If you
may not have provided an uninstall entry.
run and produces a window of easy-to-read click on an entry, it will usually tell you more
Windows 98/Me/XP users can use the Sys-
information. Belarc displays information about what the program does, why you need it
tem Configuration Utility (MSConfig) that is
about the hardware and software installed (or don’t need it), and how to disable it. If PC
provided as part of those versions of Win-
on your computer. PitStop has no specific information, the page
dows: Click Start | Run and type msconfig.
http://www.belarc.com/free_download.html provides links to web sites that may provide
Then click the Start-up tab. You will see a
more detail, and a link to a Google search for
Cost: Free for personal use list of programs that will run each time you
(The free version of Belarc is used by start your PC. Clear the checkbox next to an
your editor and strongly recommended if How do I Stop a Program Tem- item to prevent it from running. If you later
you want to know what's on your computer porarily? find that you need that program, go back to
— Ed). MSConfig and check the box next to that
Windows 95/98/Me: Press Ctrl-Alt-Del and item, and reboot.
select the program you want to stop from the
MORE TIPS FROM TONY list of running programs. The name on this list How do I Manage Windows
Stop Programs Loading will usually match the file name without the 2000/XP Services?
When you boot your computer it will run extension. Click the End Task button to stop
There is a separate interface that controls ser-
the programs you installed that have been the program. vices. Click Start | Control Panel | Administra-
automatically configured to start, many are Windows NT/2000/XP: Press Ctrl-Alt-Del tive Tools | Services. Find the service that you
identified by having a link on the desktop to bring up Task Manager. Click the Processes want to change and double-click it. From there
or in the task bar. tab and select the program you want to stop you can start or stop the service, and change
So why are all these programs running? from the list. Click the End Process button to whether it should be started automatically when
Usually, a program runs “in the back- stop the program. the system boots.
ROM April 2005 — May 2005 Page 11
What Exactly is GPS?
by Bryce McCrirrick
After his ship Endurance was crushed in
the ice in 1916 Sir Ernest Shackleton led
his men to safety against all odds by mak-
ing an incredible journey across 800 frozen
miles to South Georgia from the Weddle
Sea with only the stars and a compass to
guide him. I was reminded of this just a few
weeks ago when on a cruise ship in the
Antarctic. With GPS, the ship, and even I,
with my hand held GPS receiver costing
just over £100, knew within a few metres, A total of 24 “NAVSTAR” US Global Position-
exactly where we were. ing System (GPS) satellites orbit overhead
Soon after the end of World War II, be- and provide accurate positioning and naviga-
tion information for both military and civilian
fore the introduction of GPS, systems such use. Solar cells power each satellite and its ceiver in real time in the field using radio
as Decca Navigator and Loran were used, atomic clocks. Antennas on a satellite con- signals or through post processing after data
but they were very restrictive in their cov- tinuously transmit timing information from capture using special processing software.
erage and range and their accuracy was the clocks. The signals can be picked up and
processed by a GPS receiver to determine Other Satellite Navigation Sys-
limited. GPS is a satellite system run by the
exact location and altitude.
US Department of Defense. It consists of tems
24 satellites in orbits located about exactly where each satellite will be moment Are there any other satellite navigation sys-
20,200km above the earth plus a number of to moment. The basic orbits are very accu- tems under development? Yes. The Russians
“hot spares” ready to take over in an emer- rate but such things as gravitational pulls launched their Glonass satellites in 1982 but
gency. There are six separate orbits each from the moon and sun can cause deviations. the system has never been made operational
containing four satellites. Each satellite is So the satellite positions are constantly due to the country’s economic situation. It is
about 5m wide with the solar panels ex- monitored by the US Department of Defense hoped, however, that by a joint venture with
tended, weighs about 850 kg and is travel- and correction signals applied to their clocks the Italian Government the system will be put
ling at a speed of around 3300km/h. The as necessary. into service in 2007. The European Space
solar panels can provide 700 watts of Agency, with some funding from China, is
power; sufficient to provide a transmitted Differential GPS developing a system titled Galileo. It is pro-
power of 50 watts and also charge the bat- Even greater accuracy (down to a few posed that this will be inter-operational as far
teries to cover times when the satellite in millimetres) can be achieved by Differential as the receivers are concerned with both GPS
darkness. The six orbits allow a receiver to GPS. This is where a correction signal from and Glonass but unlike GPS it will be under
interrogate five or six satellites in a clear a second receiver at an accurately known civilian control. It is planned to have real time
position, although only four are required at position is fed into the roving receiver. This positioning accuracy of one metre. The first
any one time to provide a fix. is often used for surveying purposes. satellite will be launched by the end of 2005
Until 2000, civilian users had to contend and the system fully functional by 2008. It
Basis of GPS with Selective Availability (SA). The DoD will employ 27 operational satellites in 3 or-
The basis of the GPS system is triangula- intentionally introduced random timing er- bits and will provide a global search and res-
tion from satellites. A GPS receiver meas- rors in satellite signals to limit the effective- cue function using a separate transponder and
ures the distance from a number of satel- ness of GPS and its potential misuse by ad- the facility to inform the user that his situation
lites by using the travel time of the signals. versaries of the United States. These timing and location has been detected and that help is
A complicated digital code is generated by errors could affect the accuracy of readings on its way.
a very accurate clock (actually four accu- by as much as 100 meters. (Editor’s Note: On a more practical note my
rate atomic clocks) and transmitted by the
With SA removed, a single GPS receiver son has a GPS add-on to his pocket PC that
satellite. Each satellite has its own unique
can achieve accuracies of approximately 10 he uses for car navigation. Having seen it in
code. These codes are compared with a
similar code produced in the receiver and meters. To achieve the accuracies needed for action I am highly impressed.
the time difference measured. The time quality surveying — from one to two meters If you can’t run to the expense of a ‘real’
difference multiplied by the speed of light down to a few centimetres — requires differ- GPS receiver Microsoft's FS2004 includes a
gives the distance travelled. This assumes, ential correction of the data. The majority of built-in software GPS based on the Garmin
of course, that the clock in the receiver is data collected using GPS for surveys is dif- GPS 500 for you to have fun in accurately
also highly accurate. It would not be practi- ferentially corrected to improve accuracy. navigating around the world — see below —
cal for obvious reasons to have an atomic The underlying premise of differential Ed).
clock in the receiver but by sampling the GPS (DGPS) is that any two receivers that
output of a fourth satellite, only three being are relatively close together will experience
required for a three dimensional fix, the similar atmospheric errors. DGPS requires
receiver clock can be corrected. As an off- that a GPS receiver be set up on a precisely
set from universal time would affect all our known location. This GPS receiver is the
measurements the receiver looks for a cor- base or reference station. The base station
rection factor that will cause them to inter- receiver calculates its position based on
sect at a single point. This brings the re- satellite signals and compares this location
ceiver clock back into sync with universal to the known location. The difference is
time. A GPS receiver requires at least four applied to the GPS data recorded by the
channels so that all this can be done simul- second GPS receiver, which is known as the
taneously. Each receiver has an almanac roving receiver. The corrected information
programmed into its computer that tells it can be applied to data from the roving re-
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