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									       Directions for the Research Paper Training Experience: The Shakespeare Paper

This research practice paper is important to learn the exact form of a research paper. Use the introductory material
from the Folger’s copy of Taming of the Shrew, “William Shakespeare” from The Britannica Elementary
Encyclopedia website (accessed from, be sure you get the passwords!) and two resources of your
choosing (one electronic and one traditional) for your research. The general directions are below, with details and
samples on the following pages.

1.   On four separate note cards, print bibliographical data on the four sources. Use the sample bibliography cards
     included as a guide. Set these aside for your works cited page or selected bibliography. (See bibliography card

2.   Skim the online encyclopedia article provided.

3.   On scratch paper that you will turn in later, list the general topics covered. (his times, plays, poetry, influences,
     Elizabethan age, four periods, sonnets, childhood, etc.) Use these as headings (tag words) for your note cards.

4.   Using a separate note card for each idea, record word for word what the source says. You will use the cards for
     quotations later, so make sure your sources are cited on the bibliography cards and the cards are legible. When
     you get to your second source only record that which is different from the first source (or maybe that which is
     said in a clearer way). Write only one quotation per card and make sure each card is on only one topic. (This
     will help you when you organize your outline later.) Include the tag word, source number, and page number. Do
     not begin taking notes with your most detailed source because you do not want to exhaust your information
     immediately. It is best to get the basic information and then move into the more complex sources. (See note
     card details.)

5.   Sort your note cards into piles according to the tag words.

6.   Review your notes, and formulate a thesis stating the conclusion to which your evidence leads you. (See thesis

7.   Organize your piles of note cards in the logical sequence that your thesis suggests.

8.   Construct a working outline that reflects the sequence of the note cards. This outline may need revision as you
     write the first draft. Type your outline, tape the cards neatly, and make sure all of the topic sentences and
     analytical sentences are clearly visible without forcing the reader to move the cards. Cards should not hang over
     the edge. Neatness is important. (See outline details.)

9.   Draft your essay to prove the validity of your thesis, blending the information on your note cards into your own
     writing. Indicate the source of each quotation using MLA parenthetical documentation style.

10. Create your works cited page and bibliography. The difference is the works cited page notes works you actually
    use in your paper and the bibliography notes are all the sources you explored for research.

11. Polish your final draft. Follow MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers 6th ed. instructions for heading
    and title.

12. Write your business letter. In paragraph one tell me what you prove in your paper and what style you use for
    documentation. In paragraph two explain any problems you had with the project, and in paragraph three tell me
    what you learned from the experience of doing this research paper.
 Note Card Details:
 Your smaller cards are note cards to help organize your facts. The key to a great paper is to have only one idea per
 note card and then weave these sources together in a logical, well-transitioned paper that flows between sources as
 you prove your points. This process will seem tedious at first, but it will help you learn your topic so well that you
 will see connections otherwise missed.

 Sample Note Card:
                   childhood                                2                             Source
Tag                                                                                       Number
                   Use actual quotations on cards; you
                   may paraphrase the information later.
                                                                                       Page number
                                                          332                          of quotation

 Outline Details:
 Your outline should follow the order of your thesis. You must write a complete sentence for the capital Roman
 numeral sections (i.e. I, II, III, IV—these are your topic sentences for each major idea). The capital letter sections
 (i.e. A, B, C, D) must be analytical statements. Finally, instead of copying your cards word for word, for the subset
 numbers (1, 2, 3, 4’s) you may simply tape the cards onto your outline. When cards are used as a shortcut, the
 outline may be more than 4-5 pages long.

 Please note, the outline is presented in three major Roman numeral sections, but in transferring your outline to your
 research paper, the Roman numeral (topic sentence) sections will be broken down into more than one paragraph—
 your research paper, obviously, will not be five long paragraphs.

 After centering the title, state the thesis—it does not get a Roman numeral.

 Sample Outline:
                                                    Meaningful Title

 Thesis: This should be a single sentence (often complex) which sharply clarifies what you intend to prove.

 I. The first sentence of the outline will probably turn into the topic sentence of the paper’s first body paragraph. (Do
    not include introduction paragraph in the outline. You will write the introduction after the body of the paper is
    A. Remember to write an analytical sentence.
         1. Tape note cards! These are your details to prove your analysis.
         2. Note card!
         3. Note card!
    B. The next analytical sentence—still focusing on proving your topic sentence.
         1. Tape note cards! These are your details to prove your analysis.
         2. Note card!
         3. All letters and numbers must appear as at least two (a pair) or they should be absorbed into the letter
            above them.
    C. etc.
 II. This Roman numeral will be your thesis statement’s second major point.
    A. See Roman numeral one for details.
    B. etc.
          Bibliography Card Details: Create one card for every source found. Your larger cards are for bibliographical
          notations. You can simply attach computer printouts to the larger note cards to cite your sources. Just remember to
          include all information required on bibliographical cards. Number each source (1,2,3…) and note the location of
          each source. (This will help you both relocate the source if necessary and write the works cited page.) When typing
          the final works cited page, include only those cited. Remember, you will list all sources in the bibliography.

                           A Book

       Call                973.91                                                       1 TPHS
      number                                                                                                   Number of
                                                                                                               source (1-50)
                                                                                                               and location
                            Smith, Michael
                          The Paramecium                                                                       of library.
A sentence or
                          New York: Ginn & Co., 1954
two about the
                          This has structural info, metabolic stuff, but complex reproduction info.
contents and                                                                                                         Rank this
                          also good pictures and diagrams. The language is quite detailed, but still
your opinion                                                                                                         source on
                          understandable. I think it could be used for the introduction.
about the                                                                                                            a scale of
value for your                                                                                                       1-10 (10
paper.                                                                                                               is best)
                           An Encyclopedia

                           402 Ref                                                          2 UCSD

                           Author- if one is given
                           “Paramecium” (name of article)
                           Collier’s Encyclopedia
                           International Edition
                           New York: American Corp., 1986

                           Your summary of info and its value to your paper.                     8

                            The World Wide Web
          The information available varies per source. Legitimate sources usually have more information—so choose sources
          wisely. See page 215 of the MLA Handbook for specific directions.

          Sample Works Cited Page:
                                                              Works Cited

          Allende, Isabel. Latin American Tales. New York: Simon, 1988.

          ---. Why I Live in Chile. 2nd ed. Chicago: Ginn & Co., 1970.

          Barger, Bennat. “Toad’s Mouth.” Trans. Margaret Sayers Peden. A Hammock Beneath the Mangoes: Stories from

                  Latin America. Smith & Barney, 1998.

          “Paramecium.” The World Book Encyclopedia. 1994 ed.

          Smith, Jorge M. “Paramecium.” The New Encyclopedia Britannica. 15th ed. 1987.
                                      Shakespeare Presentations!

Your assignment is to do a report on one of the following subjects. You will teach
the class everything you learn about your subject during a three to five minute
presentation. Some of the subjects will have two people assigned, but for the most
part you will be presenting individually. Information presented may appear in the
future (i.e. on a test). The speaking and written portion will be assessed separately.
Presentation expectations for an A grade:
    Clever, interesting report that grabs the audience’s attention and holds it
    Visual aid is creative and meaningful, easy to read/see and understand (way beyond poster board)
    Photocopies of informative notes are made available to students
    Speaker is poised and maintains eye contact with the class
    3”x5” note cards are used to help speaker focus, but are not read to the class
    Excellent voice projection

Presentation expectations for a B grade:
    Basic information is reported
    Visual aid is meaningful (more memorable than poster board #38982)
    Speaker maintains eye contact with the class
    3”x5” note cards are heavily relied upon, nearly read to class
    Clear voice projection

Presentation expectations for a C grade:
    Basic information is reported
    Visual aid is difficult to read/see (oh poster, oh poster, why is your print so small?)
    Speaker reads information from 3”x5” note cards
    Average voice projection

I don’t expect you to go lower than C-level in your performance!

Your choices:
   1. Plautus and Terrance (Roman comedy)
   2. Menader and Aristophanes (Greek comedy)
   3. Christopher Marlowe
   4. The Burbages (knew Shakespeare and owned a playhouse…)
   5. Henry VIII
   6. Mary Tudor
   7. Elizabeth I
   8. James I (King when Shakespeare died)
   9. The Plague (focus on London only during the 1400 to 1600s. No later! Symptoms, cures, song…)
   10. The defeat of the Spanish Armada (2)
   11. Francis Bacon
   12. Ben Jonson and the Humors
   13. The Sonnets (yes I mean by Shakespeare! Rhyme scheme, sample, to whom were they written?)
   14. The authorship of the plays (who really wrote Shakespeare’s plays?)
   15. Clothing (of course during Elizabethan times-Shakespeare’s times…what did they wear?)
   16. Architecture of London (1500 to 1600’s, please. Name some architects!)
   17. Tower of London
   18. Elizabethan Theaters (not just the Globe; include the Swan, Rose and Black Friars)
   19. Moliere (a French comedy writer of the same period)
What you must submit for a grade:
   Business Letter

   Outline with note cards
   Works Cited Page

   Bibliography

   Unused note cards

   Presentation: I will be grading this as an oral essay, which means I will

     not be reading your essay, though I strongly recommend you write one
     so that you can do a well-spoken presentation because you will be so
     intimately familiar with the details and the language of your essay.

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