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									                               in America



Bronx High School of Science
Forensic Science SBF- 05
Mary Villani
2001-2002
                                                          New England ~ ~>
                                                      Connecticut, Maine,
MURDER ACROSS AMERICA                                 Massachusetts, New Hampshire,
                                                      Rhode Island, Vermont

                                                          West North Central~~>
                                                      Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota,
                                                      Missouri, Nebraska, North
                                                      Dakota, South Dakota

                                                          West South Central~~>
                                                      Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma,
                                                      Texas

                                                           Middle Atlantic~~> New
                                                      Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania

                                                            South Atlantic~~~>
                                                      Delaware, District of Columbia,
                                                      Florida, Georgia, Maryland,
                                                      North Carolina, South Carolina,
                                                      Virginia, West Virginia

                                                           Mountain~~> Arizona,
                                                      Colorado, Idaho, Montana,
                                                      Nevada, New Mexico, Utah,
                                                      Wyoming

                                                             East North Central~~>
                                                      Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio,
                                                      Wisconsin

                                                          East South Central~~>
                                                      Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi,
                                                      Tennessee

                                                           Pacific~~> Alaska,
   http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/bjs/homicide/region.htm
                                                      California, Hawaii, Oregon,
                                                      Washington
CAUSES OF MURDERS




  http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/bjs/homicide/circumst.htm
NUMBER OF MASS MURDERERS 1976-1999




           http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/bjs/homicide/multiple.htm
AGE OF MASS MURDERERS 1976- 1999




       http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/bjs/homicide/teens.htm
 CAUSES OF THE PROBLEM
Some Mass Murderers:
    Kill to boost their egos.
    Kill because they feel excluded and not loved.
    Kill for recognition.
    Kill for money.
    Kill for fame and glory.
    Kill because of gang initiation and/or cult loyalty. (Disciple Type)
    Hit men.
    Kill for sexual gratification.
    Emotional, selfish, or cause specific intent:
          self defense
          mercy killing
          assassinations
          cult
          religious
    Kill because they are angry at their families. (Annihilator Type)
    Kill to lash out at some perceived unfairness. (Disgruntled Employee Type)
    Kill to lash out against the world which is “not right” in some way. (Pseudommando
  Type)
     CHARACTERISTICS OF MASS
          MURDERERS
 People who kill 2 or more victims in a single short and bloody episode
 Young males
 Caucasian
 Usually between the ages of 20-30
 Experienced great humiliation in their life
 Show interest in weapons and military paraphernalia
 Choose to isolate themselves from society
 Choose victims spontaneously
 Often show signs of depression or unhappiness
 Show interest in others who carry out massacres
 Store real or imagined grievances, frustrations, disappointments, and outrages done to him done by
others over long periods of time
 Are unable to form intimate relationships
 Are usually sad, inadequate, and lonely
 Are usually set out to kill people he blames for hurting him.
 Often kill victims from their same ethnic group
 They don’t want to kill themselves because their basis for living is to kill others
 Usually act in a single violent paroxysm of inexplicable rage
 Often draw attention to their sense of impotence
 Usually frustrated with society and the way it works
 Often show anger and hostility
 Probably has no criminal record nor has been seen treated for any psychiatric disorder
TYPES OF MASS MURDERERS
              Disciple Type: Follow commands of
            leader; Fall under “spell” to please leader
               Annihilator Type: Burst into violence
            against those sharing home; Oldest male
            in family exhibiting bizarre behavior
               Disgruntled Employee Type: Job in
            jeopardy; Kill randomly and
            indiscriminately; Target in mind
               Pseudommando Type: Gun, assault
            rifle, grenade, exotic weapon stock piler;
            Random victim selection; Geographically
            mobile
               Set and Run Killer Type: Plants
            device, runs from scene. Injects poison to
            products.
               Family Murderers: Kill family and
            pets; Travel far killing relatives abroad.
              Terrorists: Kill for political revenge.
            Instill fear in victims.
             Bio Terrorists: Use biological
            agents to spread terror
  THE MOST EFFECTIVE AND
      FEASIBLE POLICY
  A 24-hour/ 7day-a-week hotline
  Immediate action by law enforcement agencies and medical
personnel
  Warnings of dangers
  Educational programs
      warning signs
      public safety
      self defense
  Increased local, state and national security
  Training in detecting warning signs in young children, teenagers and
 young adults.
  Increased guidance and support for troubled youth and their families
      community agencies
      schools
      religious organizations
  Stiff penalties for offenders
                    REFERENCES
SLIDE # 1 Cover Page: therapids.net/dbv4u/tiles/ firewood_tile.jpg Background
    http://www.q1.com/PIX-LOGO-DEVELOPMENT/murder.jpg
    http://www.tillmanbb.com/images/murder.jpg
SLIDE # 2- Murder Across America
    http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/bjs/homicide/region.htm
SLIDE # 3 - Causes of Murders
      http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/bjs/homicide/circumst.htm
SLIDE # 4- Number of Mass Murders 1976-1999
      http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/bjs/homicide/multiple.htm
SLIDE # 5 Age of Mass Murderers 1976- 1999
      http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/bjs/homicide/teens.htm
SLIDE # 6- Causes of the Problem
    http://www.suite101.com/article.cfm/crime_stories/46024/
    http://www.faculty.ncwc.edu/toconnor/401/401lect21.htm
SLIDE # 7 - Characteristics of Mass Murderers
      http://www.criminalprofiling.com/
      http://www.forensic-crim.com/
SLIDE # 8 - Types of Mass Murderers
    www.goldenpioneermuseum.com/ exhibits.htm
    www.sparky.org/cool/ cool-poison.htm
    memory.loc.gov/ammem/ ndlpedu/educators/
    SLIDE # 9- Modus Operandi
         http://www.fortunecity.com/roswell/hammer/73/murderchar.html
         www.lsic.ucla.edu/.../powerpointhtml/ warfarenew/sld019.htm
         http://www.crime-scene-investigator.net/blood.html

    SLIDE # 10-Blood Viewed as Evidence
        http://www.faculty.ncwc.edu/toconnor/425/425lect13.htm
        www.grandopera.com/ storyc2.html
        www.thepacc.org/ Chronology5.html
        www.amnesty.dk/sider/bibliotek/ jamaica.htm

    SLIDE # 11-Blood Splatter Evidence
         http://www.brazoria-county.com/sheriff/id/blood/bloodsplatter_general.htm
    SLIDE # 12 - Blood Stain Patterns
         http://www.brazoria-county.com/sheriff/id/index.htm
    SLIDE # 13 & 14 - Blood Evidence in the OJ Simpson Trial
         www.cnn.com/US/9701/30/simpson.update/ simpson.t1.jpg
    SLIDE # 15- RFLP Testing
         www.brand.de/english/newslink/ news/new_e.htm
•   SLIDE # 16- PCR Testing
         Sixth Edition- Criminalistics: An Introduction to Forensic Science by Richard
         Saferstein
•   SLIDE # 17- PCR Results in the OJ Case
          http://www.courttv.com/casefiles/simpson/criminal/summary/week16.html
          www.bioventures.com/ genereleaser.html
          www.barc.usda.gov/ psi/fl/pcr.jpg
SLIDE # 18 - The Forensic Pathologist
    http://www.forensicmed.com/faq4.htm
    http://www.med.unr.edu/medlib/pathsyl/foreni.html
     www.stchris.edu/stchris/ clinicalpic.jpg
     www.swlink.net/.../BeyersBizzareDrawing/ BizzareDrawing.htm

SLIDE # 19- Time/Cause/Circumstances of Death
        http://www.dundee.ac.uk/forensicmedicine/llb/timedeath.htm
        http://www.campusrat.com/basementpapers/papers/stack12_14.html
        www.adfs.state.al.us/ adfs/articles/di.htm
        www.deakin.edu.au/.../Chemical%20Detective/ disciplines.htm

SLIDE #20- Asphyxia and Strangulation
         www.weirdclipart.com/ arc10.html
       www.ranchropes.com/ rope%20order%20form.htm
        www.ramseyfamily.com/ garrote.html
SLIDE # 21- Drowning
      www.cs.uoregon.edu/~michal/
SLIDE #22- Bullet Wounds
      Bullet wounds: medlab1.unm.edu/biomedcom/Photography/ bullet-hole-jpgs.htm
      www.mel.nist.gov/div821/webdocs-13/ bullets-1.jpg

SLIDE # 23- Stab Wounds
SLIDE # 24- Burn Wounds
SLIDE # 25- Rape wounds and Poisoning
     www.uwm.edu/Dept/EHSRM/ LAB/labgascyl.html
     www.box.net.au/~gkhume/ poisons.html
     www.springfielddelco.org/ currentevents.htm
     www.puzzlesink.com/ ssigns2.HTM
     www.drugabuse.gov/.../Prescription/ prescription2.html


SLIDE # 26- Autopsy of Nicole Simpson
     http://www.lectlaw.com/files/cas45.htm
SLIDE # 27- Autopsy of Ronald Goldman
     http://www.lectlaw.com/files/cas47.htm

SLIDE # 28- Criminal Profiling Process
     http://www.criminalprofiling.ch/
     http://www.corpus-*delicti.com/Profiling_law.html
     http://www.crimelibrary.com/criminolog
SLIDE # 29- Profile of Mass Murderers
SLIDE # 30- Collection and Processing of Physical Evidence
     http://students.washington.edu/radin/oj.
     http://www.cnn.com/US/OJ/index.htm
     http://www.wagnerandson.com/oj/OJ html


SLIDE # 31 - Current Policies Relating to Mass Murders
     http://www.caselaw.lp.findlaw.com/casecode/uscodes/18/parts/ii/chapters/
     228/sections/section_3591.html
     http://www.caselaw.lp.findlaw.com/nycodes/law82/art18.html
     http://www.assembly.state.ny.us/leg/?bn=A02518
     http://www.assembly.state.ny.us/leg/?bn=A03499
     http://www.uwlax.edu/ereserves/cox/soc324/oj_simpson_case.htm


SLIDE # 32- New York State Policy Relating to Mass Murders
                                   CREDITS
The Bronx High School of Science

Slide Show Leaders/ Coordinators:
Sheena Lall                            Susanna Barry        Caitlin McGinty
Sofia Papakostas                       Victor Berrios       Juan Carlos Medrano
                                       Yung-Han Chen        Qing Miao
Julia Hui
                                       Sarah Colle          Christina Nadler
Jennifer Santamaria                    Alexandra Cosmatos   Adam Novzen
Alexandra Cosmatos                     Dennis Espinoza      Charlene Poulos
                                       Angela Francis       Xizi Qiu
Grace Wen                              Victoria Friedrich   Jennifer Santamaria
Angela Francis                         Tracey Fung          David Sat
                                       Fernando Hernandez   Kum-Ting See
                                       Julia Hui            Jesse Smith
Production Staff:                      Norman Jang          Jose Sun
Class SBF-05                           Andrew Kobets        Sarah Thomas
                                       Sheena Lall          Erik Venetsky
                                       Daniel Lee           Erica Watson
Teacher:                               Annie Liu            Grace Wen
Ms. Villani                            Olga Mantilla        Betty Yu

								
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