State Water Resources Control Board

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The NPS Encyclopedia is a free on-line reference guide designed to facilitate a basic
understanding of nonpoint source (NPS) pollution control and to provide quick access to
essential information from a variety of sources by providing direct hyperlinks to
resources available on the World Wide Web (WWW). References pertaining to
hyperlinks can be accessed simply by selecting (clicking) on the blue underlined font.
The purpose of this on-line resource guide is to support the implementation and
development of NPS total maximum daily loads (TMDLs) and watershed (action) plans
with a goal of protecting high-quality waters and restoring impaired waters. The NPS
Encyclopedia’s companion tool, the MP Miner, allows users to cull data from studies of
management practices (peer reviewed and others) by filtering studies using two relevant
site-specific variables such as slope, salinity, flushing and soil type. The MP Miner and
the NPS Encyclopedia use the same designations for land use category and
management practices which are similar to those identified by United States
Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA 2000) in their Plan for California’s Nonpoint
Source Pollution Control Program.

This guidance document is not directly applicable to any point-source dischargers that
are regulated under the Clean Water Act, including activities or facilities that are under a
National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) permit including those entities
covered by a municipal stormwater permit, and confined animal facilities that are
Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations (CAFOs), as defined by the United States
Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA).

California’s legal framework for implementing the NPS program is based on two primary
federal laws—the Clean Water Act and Coastal Zone Management Act (CZMA); and
State laws— California Water Code including the Porter-Cologne Act, and California
Code of Regulations (Title 23 and Title 27). However, other State and local authorities
are also critical components of the legal framework that address NPS pollution in
California, including: California Coastal Act; California Environmental Quality Act
(CEQA); and local: planning, zoning, and development ordinances. Additional details on
these and other authorities that are part of this framework are identified in the Plan for
California’s Nonpoint Source Pollution Control Program Volume II: California
Management Measures for Polluted Runoff. Details on the State Water Resource
Control Board’s (SWRCB) and California Coastal Commission’s (CCC) statutory
authority for addressing nonpoint sources are included in Appendix B, entitled Legal
Opinions in the Plan for California’s Nonpoint Source Pollution Control Program Volume
1: Nonpoint Source Program Strategy and Implementation Plan (1998-2013). This
guidance document has a section on relevant federal, state, and local laws that pertain
to NPS pollution control and how they are implemented by authorities of the SWRCB
and other authorities.

The Policy for the Implementation and Enforcement of the Nonpoint Source Pollution
Control Program (NPS Implementation and Enforcement Policy) is designed to assist all
responsible and/or interested parties in understanding how the State’s NPS water quality
control requirements will be implemented and enforced. The parties involved include the
SWRCB and the Regional Water Quality Control Boards (RWQCBs); federal, state, and
local agencies; individual dischargers; designated third party representatives; and any
other interested public and private parties.
The guidance is organized around the six (6) land-use categories:
   1. Agriculture
   2. Forestry
   3. Urban
   4. Marinas and Recreational Boating
   5. Hydromodification
   6. Wetlands, Riparian Areas, and Vegetated Treatment Systems

The home page for the NPS Encyclopedia contains a description on how to use the
reference document, its purpose, and an index of each land use category; applicable
and relevant federal, state and local laws, policies and ordinances; and general
resources (both technical and financial). Each land-use category web page contains an
index of relevant management measures, general technical and financial resources,
programs, and references. Each management measure web page describes the
management measure in detail, lists each relevant management practice, provides
specific (technical and financial) resources, and describes relevant programs (if not
listed in the overarching land-use category page) and references. Web pages for all of
the management measures can be accessed through an index located on the NPS
Encyclopedia home page, as well as on each relevant land-use category main page.
If you would like a CD containing the NPS Encyclopedia sent to you, please leave your
name and mailing address with Kelly Maurie at (916) 327-9530. For any problems
associated with this web site, please contact Mary Tappel at (916) 341-5491. To ensure
that the NPS Encyclopedia includes the most pertinent and current information available,
it will be updated annually. Comments and suggestions for the addition of new material
are accepted on a continual basis. Please contribute; forward any questions, comments,
or suggestions to Molly Munz at (916) 341-5485.

0     NPS Encyclopedia Home Page
   o 0A    Relevant federal and state laws and policies, and local ordinances
   o 0B    General Resources
   o 0C    List of Acronyms

1       Agriculture Main Page
    o   1A    Erosion and Sediment Control
    o   1B    Animal Waste
    o   1C    Nutrient Management
    o   1D    Pesticide Management
    o   1E    Grazing Management
    o   1F    Irrigation Water Management
    o   1G    Groundwater Protection (New MM)
    o   1H    Education and Outreach

2       Forestry Main Page
    o   2A     Preharvest Planning
    o   2B     Streamside Management Areas (SMAs)
    o   2C     Road Construction and Reconstruction
    o   2D     Road Management
    o   2E     Timber Harvesting
    o   2F     Site Preparation and Forest Regeneration
    o   2G     Fire Management
    o    2H     Re-vegetation of Disturbed Areas
    o    2I     Chemical Management
    o    2J     Wetlands Forest Management
    o    2K     Postharvest Evaluation
    o    2J     Education and Outreach

3        Urban Areas Main Page (newly reorganized)
         3.1   Planning and Design
           o   3.1A Watershed and Groundwater Protection
           o   3.1B Impervious Surfaces (New MM)
           o   3.1C Landscaping (New MM)
           o   3.1D Land Disturbance and Development
         3.2   Construction
           o   3.2A Structural/Permanent
           o   3.2B Grounds Keeping/Chemical Control
           o   3.2C Onsite Wastewater Treatment Systems
           o   3.2D Grading/Excavation (New MM)
         3.3   Education and Outreach

4         Marinas and Recreational Boating Main Page
          4.1   Marina Siting and Design
            o   4.1A Flushing Management
            o   4.1B Habitat Assessment
            o   4.1C Water Quality Assessment
            o   4.1D Shoreline Stabilization
            o   4.1E Storm Water Runoff
            o   4.1F Fueling Station Management
            o   4.1G Sewage Pump-out Facilities
            o   4.1H Solid Waste Management Facilities
          4.2   Operations and Maintenance
            o   4.2A Solid (Including Fish) Waste Control
            o   4.2B Liquid Waste (Including Gray Water) Management
            o   4.2C Fuel and Used Oil Control
            o   4.2D Topside Boat Cleaning and Maintenance
            o   4.2E Underwater Boat Hull Cleaning and Maintenance (New MM)
            o   4.2F Sewage Pump-out Facilities and Marine Sanitation Devices
            o   4.2G Boat Operation
            o   4.2H Aquatic Invasive Species Control (New MM)
            o   4.2I   Hazardous Material Management and Emergency Response
        Plans (New MM)
          4.3   Education and Outreach
            o   4.3A For the Public
            o   4.3B For Boaters (New MM)

5        Hydromodification Main Page (newly reorganized)
         5.1  Stream Channel Modification
           o  5.1A Channelization and Channel Modification
           o  5.1B Dams and Levees, Construction
           o  5.1C Dams and Levees, Operation & Maintenance
           o  5.1D Dams and Levees, Removal (New MM)
         5.2  Managing Hydromodification Impacts
          o   5.2A Streambank and Shoreline Erosion
          o   5.2B Flow Maintenance (New MM)
          o   5.3C Low Impact Development (New MM)
        5.3   Education and Outreach

6       Wetlands, Riparian Areas and Vegetated Treatment Systems Main Page
    o   6A    Protection and Conservation
    o   6B    Restoration and Mitigation
    o   6C    Vegetated Treatment Systems
    o   6D    Education and Outreach

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