Prospect September - November 2008 by nyut545e2


    September - November 2008 $3 (inc GST)

                                      Western Australian manufacturers tackle
                                      the resources expansion
Print post approved PP 665002/00062
                                                                                                                                            DEPARTMENT OF INDUSTRY AND RESOURCES
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Planning for growth                                                                                                                         Email:
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As the new Director General of the Department of Industry                                                                                   Wisma Budi Building • floor 5 Suite 504
and Resources (DoIR) it is a pleasure to welcome you to                                                                                     JI H R Rasuna Said Kav C-6
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my first issue of Prospect magazine, which, you may have                                                                                    Tel: +62 21 5290 2860 • Fax: +62 21 5296 2722
noticed, has a new and more contemporary design.                                                                                            Email:
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                                                                                                                                            Government of Western Australia, Tokyo Office
I come into the position at an interesting time,                                                                                            13th floor, Fukoku Seimei Building
with the resources industry driving the Western                                                                                             2-2-2 Uchisaiwai-cho Chiyoda-ku • TOKYO 100-0011 • JAPAN
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Australian economy’s stellar growth.                                                                                                        Email:
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One of my priorities will be for DoIR to ensure this                                                                                        Western Australian Government Office
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expansion is managed in a way that is environmentally                                                                                       Chuo-Ku • Kobe 650-0004 • JAPAN
and socially responsible, and that its benefits                                                                                             Tel: +81 78 242 7705 • Fax: +81 78 242 7707
are shared by all Western Australians.                                                                                                      Email:
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                                                                                                                                            Western Australian Trade Office
The success of such a plan will largely depend on how well                                                                                  4th floor, UBN Tower • 10 Jalan P Ramlee
we can engage and interact with industry and the community.                                                                                 KUALA LUMPUR 50250 • MALAYSIA
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This issue of Prospect features an update on a project                                                                                      Middle East — Dubai
that is doing this with great success – the Memorandum                                                                                      Western Australian Trade Office • Emarat Atrium
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of Understanding between the State Government and Rio                                                                                       Tel: +971 4 343 3226 • Fax: +971 4 343 3238
Tinto Iron Ore for Aboriginal employment in the Pilbara.                                                                                    Email:
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In planning for the future, it is encouraging to see that                                                                                   Room 2208 • CITIC Square
Western Australia’s manufacturing sector is keeping pace                                                                                    1168 Nanjing Road West
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with the resources industry’s output, as the stories on                                                                                     Tel: +86 21 5292 5899 • Fax: +86 21 5292 5889
Fenner Dunlop and Pacific Industrial Company attest.                                                                                        Email:
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New energy developments such as geothermal                                                                                                  Hangzhou Representative Office
energy and tight gas featured in this issue will form                                                                                       Room 1705 • World Trade Office Plaza
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another important part of the way forward.                                                                                                  122 Shuguang Road • Hangzhou 310007
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With major expansions tipped for iron ore, natural gas                                                                                      Tel: +86 571 8795 0296 • Fax: +86 571 8795 0295
and other resources sectors during the next few years, all                                                                                  South Korea — Seoul
Western Australians can look forward to an exciting future.                                                                                 Western Australian Trade & Investment Office
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Disclaimer                                                                    Cover photo: Fenner Dunlop equipment                          Tel: +662 344 6337 • Fax: +662 344 6306
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                                                                              Production of this issue of Prospect commenced prior to the
for loss or damage whatsoever suffered or incurred resulting from the use
of or reliance on information contained herein. Readers of this publication   Western Australian election on 6 June.
should make and rely on their own enquiries, research and judgements
in making decisions affecting their own or any other persons interest.        State Government personnel or policies mentioned within may
                                                                              therefore have changed by the time of publication.  
6-7 Hot topic                       16-17 Iluka’s vision
Development of Western              Mineral sands producer
Australian geothermal energy        works to protect its position
gathers steam.                      in Mid West region

10-11 Fossil hunters                20-21 Environmental excellence
A team of international             A strong pool of nominees
explorers search for the            contested this year’s Golden
dawn of life in the Pilbara         Gecko Awards

14-15 Indigenous opportunities      22-23 FMG expands
Rio Tinto’s Aboriginal employment   Fortescue Metals Group
program on track to achieve         continues to grow after its
important goals                     first shipment of iron ore

                                       Fenner Dunlop and Pacific Industrial
                                       Company are two Western Australian
                                       manufacturers rising to the challenge
                                       of servicing the State’s expanding
                                       resources industry. Pages 2-4
                                                           Lauren Kane, Department of Industry and Resources

                                                           steel cord belt to
                                                           service global industry
           Western Australia will soon be             Fenner PLC Chief Executive Mark             conveyer and materials technology,
           home to the world’s largest and            Abrahams said Australia was an              and a modern training school.
           most technologically advanced              ideal country for the development
                                                      due to its central location to growth       “The centre of excellence and training
           conveyer belt manufacturing facility.                                                  school will have many benefits for
                                                      markets in China, India and Africa.
                                                                                                  Western Australia including increasing
           Fenner Dunlop Australia plans
                                                      “Australia itself is also an important      the State’s technology capability,
           to construct a new A$70 million
                                                      market and our Australian team headed       and increasing opportunities for
           plant to produce and supply high
                                                      by David Landgren has proven know-          technology transfer,” Mr Collins said.
           performance heavyweight conveyor
                                                      how and expertise to ensure they build
           belting using steel reinforced rubber,                                                 “This has the potential to provide
                                                      the best conveyor belts anywhere
           also known as steel cord belt.             in the world,” Mr Abrahams said.            new opportunities for the capture
                                                                                                  and retention of local talent, and the
           The facility will be the first new         Mr Collins said having easy access          development of new expertise.”
           conveyor belt plant built in Australia     to high quality conveyor belts would
           in more than 60 years and will service     create significant benefits for the         Fenner Dunlop Australia Executive
           the global resources industry, with        Western Australian resources industry.      Director David Landgren said as well
           a particular focus on the Western                                                      as a state-of-the-art press to build the
           Australian iron ore sector.                “Having a local manufacturer will           biggest and best quality belt, the new
                                                      dramatically reduce lead times              plant would have the right front-end
           Construction on the 4.6 hectare            associated with transportation and          and back-end systems and processes
           Kwinana site is expected to begin soon     delivery, as well as significantly          to ensure exacting tensioning methods,
           and is scheduled to be completed by        reduce down-times associated with           delivering flawless belts even quicker
           April 2009, with production planned to     belt installation, belt replacement         than previously considered possible.
           start in the second quarter of 2009.       or belt servicing,” he said.
                                                                                                  “Fenner Dunlop has selected world-
           The Investment Attraction Division         “This will result in increased production   leading German and Italian technology
           of the Department of Industry and          from mine sites, improved materials         for the plant,” Mr Landgren said. “The
           Resources (DoIR) worked with Fenner        handling at ports and increased export      steel cord line comes from Siempelkamp
           Dunlop to secure this significant          capabilities for resources companies.”      and has the world’s largest press
           investment for Western Australia.                                                      with dimensions spanning 3420 mm
                                                      The new Fenner Dunlop facility will
                                                      create conveyer belts that are wider        and a press length of 18.5 m.
           DoIR Acting Director of Investment
           Attraction Geoff Collins said it was       than any other belt in the world. It will
                                                                                                  “Due to the expertise required to
           a very exciting project that would         produce steel cord belt and rubber ply
                                                                                                  make such an important belt for
           bring many benefits to the State.          belt up to 3200 mm wide and 50 mm
                                                                                                  our customers, these kinds of
                                                                                                  belts must be made using a highly
           “This important investment was
                                                      The facility’s initial production           skilled and qualified team, just like
           attracted at no cost to the State
                                                      capacity of 330,000 m² is equivalent        those in Australia,” he said.
           Government, and will result in a
           contribution of A$35 million to our        to 103 km of 3200 mm belt.
                                                                                                  “Our customers demand exacting
           economy each year,” he said.               The installation of wider belts on          standards, not just for excellent belts,
                                                      mine sites and at port facilities as        but also excellence in the manufacturing
           “The final investment will be around
                                                      a result of the facility will create        process and value added service.
           A$70 million and will create 50
                                                      productivity gains due to the
           construction jobs and 30 permanent                                                     “Our safety standard as well as
                                                      increased throughput of materials.
           full-time jobs, as well as an additional                                               our adherence to quality processes
           150 jobs for on-site maintenance and       This production of wide conveyor            means that using expert workers in
           equipment servicing to clients.            belts will also add a new capability        industrialised countries is the best way
                                                      to the Western Australian                   to guarantee we meet their growing
           “It will also help generate significant                                                service and performance expectations.”
                                                      manufacturing industry.
           new export revenue for the State
           from overseas markets including the        In addition to the manufacturing            This project represents a long-term
           German coal and South American             facility, Fenner Dunlop has also            commitment by Fenner Dunlop to
           iron ore markets, as well as a             committed to a research and                 Western Australia, with the plant having
           number of Asian markets.”                  development centre of excellence for        an operational life of up to 50 years.

                                                        FAR LEFT Workers at Fenner Dunlop’s new
                                                        A$70 million plant will service the Western
                                                        Australian iron ore sector.

                                                        LEFT Fenner Dunlop’s new centre of
                                                        excellence and training school will create new
                                                        expertise and increase worker retention.

                                                        BELOW The new Fenner Dunlop facility will
                                                        create conveyer belts that are wider than any
                                                        other in the world.

Fenner Dunlop’s
new facility
• Cost: A$70 million • Expected completion: April 2009 • Production capacity:
330,000m², or 103 km of 3200 mm belt • Employment: 230 construction, full-time,
maintenance and service jobs • Economic contribution: A$35 million per annum

      WA manufacturing
      expertise on world stage
      Western Australia’s growing reputation in the                                        “Winning projects
      global manufacturing industry has been further
      enhanced by a local company being selected
                                                                                           like this against global
      from an international tender to fabricate                                            competition helps to
      equipment for Fortescue Metals Group (FMG).                                          highlight Western
      Pacific Industrial Company (PIC)          PIC, established in 1969 and
                                                                                           Australia’s manufacturing
      was selected by a North American          based at Western Australia’s               capabilities and ensures
      engineering designer to produce a         Naval Base, is involved in all
      mobile conveying system for FMG           aspects of steel fabrication and           the State is on the
      – the first of its kind to be used        construction including engineering,
      in Australia’s iron ore industry.         procurement, fabrication, installation,    global bid list.”
                                                commissioning, and related electrical,
      The automated system will be used         instrumental and civil works. Its
      in FMG’s Pilbara operations, and          main clients are involved in the
      is expected to provide significant        resources and industrial sectors,
      operational savings. It will allow        but it has a broad customer base.
      continuous conveying and stacking,
      with a capacity of 8000 tonnes per        Department of Industry and
      hour.                                     Resources, Industry Development
                                                Deputy Director General Joe
      PIC Managing Director Marco Mosole        Ostojich said the fact that PIC had
      said the company was pleased to           been selected by a North American
      have won the project against stiff        engineer from a global tender
      local and international competition.      was testament to the outstanding
                                                quality of local fabrication.
      “PIC committed a great deal of energy
      and resources to bid for this project     “It’s great to see that Western
      and it has clearly paid off,” he said.    Australia’s involvement in local
                                                projects is continuing to increase
      “We undertook several trips to North
                                                and I commend the global alliance
      America to meet with engineering
                                                established between PIC and its
      designer FLSmidth RAHCO.
                                                northern associate, which has
      “Serious effort was expended in           allowed the State to participate in
      winning the client’s confidence and       the local FMG project,” he said.
      convincing them that a project of
                                                “Participation by Western Australia’s
      this size and importance could be
                                                manufacturing industry in projects
      undertaken and completed halfway
                                                such as this helps clear false
      around the world with minimal input
                                                perceptions that local industry is fully
      from the client, other than the design.
                                                committed and has limited capacity.
      “Winning projects like this against
                                                “It also helps our State to
      global competition helps to highlight
                                                create a competitive edge in
      Western Australia’s manufacturing
                                                the global marketplace.”
      capabilities and ensures the
      State is on the global bid list.”         Installation of the mobile conveyer
                                                system at FMG took place in August
      Mr Mosole said PIC’s achievement
                                                with commissioning scheduled
      in successfully completing the
                                                for late November. A second
      mobile conveying system on time,
                                                system is scheduled to come
      on budget and according to quality                                                   Pacific Industrial founder Erasmo Mosole surrounded
                                                on-line four months later.
      standards, would assist other                                                        by a section of the Western Australian-fabricated
      Western Australian companies                                                         mobile conveyor.
      bidding for international projects.

 Industry                                                                                   What is tight gas?
                                                                                            Tight gas refers to gas that is found in
                                                                                            rocks with low permeability and requires

                                                                                            specialised techniques and equipment
                                                                                            for extraction. While tight gas reserves
                                                                                            are yet to be developed in Western
                                                                                            Australia, this type of energy currently
                                                                                            supplies the United States with 30 per

 to drill
                                                                                            cent of its gas.

                                                                                            Specialist drill rigs could allow Latent Petroleum

 down on
                                                                                            and Alcoa to develop Western Australia’s first
                                                                                            commercial tight gas reserve.

 tight gas

Tight gas looms as an exciting new           “They included both local and                     Drilling is expected to commence in the
Western Australian resource as part          international speakers from a range               fourth quarter of 2008 when a new rig
of efforts to increase and diversify         of petroleum companies such as ARC                will arrive from the USA, along with other
                                             Energy, Latent Petroleum, Origin and              equipment from overseas.
the State’s energy supplies.
                                             Chevron, through to representatives of
Earlier this year Latent Petroleum and       major petroleum equipment suppliers               Latent Managing Director Stephen
Alcoa announced they had formed a            including Baker-Hughes, Halliburton,              Keenihan said the recent price rise
joint venture to appraise and develop the    GMI and Schlumberger.”                            for Western Australian domestic gas,
Warro gas field near Jurien. If successful                                                     combined with the successful application
                                             Mr Tinapple said the interest in the
this would be Western Australia’s first                                                        of appropriate technology and Alcoa’s
                                             workshop indicated the importance of
project to develop tight gas, which is       developing alternative sources of energy          long history in underpinning energy
found in low permeability rock and must      supply in Western Australia.                      infrastructure, encouraged Latent’s
be extracted with specialised equipment.                                                       investigation of the Warro field.
                                             “We are looking down the barrel of a
The Department of Industry and               potential domestic gas shortfall from             Latent is hoping to begin gas production
Resources (DoIR), in partnership with        as early as next year to 2012, and tight          by the first quarter of 2009, allowing more
the Western Australian Energy Research       gas has the potential to be a significant         gas to soon be pumped into South West
Alliance, is also focusing on increasing     supply alternative for the State,” he said.       homes and businesses.
interest in the sector. The organisations
                                             The workshop was part of DoIR’s strategy          DoIR’s Petroleum and Royalties Division
hosted a tight gas workshop in August,
                                             of developing upstream energy security            has met with key participants in the tight
bringing together all parties that have an   through creating alternative sources of
interest in tight gas development.                                                             gas industry to ascertain tangible ways
                                             supply.                                           of assisting industry in the exploration
“The WA Tight Gas Workshop provided          The three fields of Warro, Whicher Range          and development of tight gas resources.
a forum for industry, research               and West Erregulla could produce up to
organisations and government to network                                                        The department has also been actively
                                             12 trillion cubic feet of tight gas – enough
and discuss Western Australia’s tight gas                                                      identifying unconventional gas acreage
                                             to satisfy the State’s needs for up to 30
industry,” DoIR Petroleum and Royalties      years.                                            blocks and developing them for release.
Director Bill Tinapple said.                                                                   Last year it released the West Erregulla
                                             The Warro field 200 km north of Perth
“It was the first time all principal         is about 7000 hectares in size and is             field and awarded it to Warrego Energy
technical, business, financial and           estimated to contain between two and              Limited, while Whicher Range is
government tight gas proponents were         four trillion cubic feet of recoverable gas,      being considered for extended
assembled in the one place.                  about 4 km below the surface.                     production tests.
           Development of geothermal
           infrastructure in the Pilbara and
           Gascoyne regions could provide a
           clean source of energy for mining
           and petroleum projects.

           Geothermal energy a hot option
           for Pilbara and Gascoyne
           Plans for a major geothermal               amounts of renewable energy to              of the area’s potential, the nature of
           energy industry in Western                 meet Western Australia’s growing            government requirements and the
           Australia have been bolstered by           demand for green power.                     potential market for energy.
           the release of a second acreage            “It could supply remote and rural           “The financial markets have
           area for exploration, in the               communities and operations with             deteriorated significantly since the Perth
           Carnarvon Basin.                           safe, distributed baseload energy,”         Basin acreage was announced, making
                                                      Mr Bruce said.                              the ability for companies to raise funds
           The new acreage released by the
                                                                                                  for deep geothermal exploration more
           Department of Industry and Resources       Successful bidders for the new acreage
           (DoIR) in August covers the onshore                                                    difficult,” Mr Knights said.
                                                      will need to drill at least one shallow
           Pilbara and Gascoyne regions, where        well (to a depth of about 400 metres)       “However on the flip-side, Australia is
           much of Western Australia’s resources      during the first two years of the           closer to reintroducing the Mandatory
           industry development takes place.          geothermal titles, which will be awarded    Renewable Energy Target, and the
           This new release follows successful        based on work programs.                     Emissions Trading Scheme, which will
           bidding for acreage in the Perth Basin                                                 assist.”
                                                      The bidding process for the Perth Basin
           earlier this year and is the latest        release suggests there will be a positive   Mr Knights said releasing the whole
           instalment in the systematic release       industry response to the Carnarvon          of Western Australia to geothermal
           of all onshore acreage in Western          Basin acreage. That release attracted       exploration allowed market forces to
           Australia.                                 64 valid bids from nine geothermal          drive development, with companies
           Industry has been given the chance to      explorers. These covered 38 application     weighing up the geological potential
           bid for 81 application areas of about      areas in a combined area of 12,160 km2.     of certain areas against their economic
           6400 km2 each, with applications closing                                               potential.
                                                      The available bidding area covered 495
           at 4pm on 12 February 2009.                                                            “It will be the enterprising spirit and
                                                      blocks of 320 km2 each in an area that
           DoIR Petroleum Exploration Geologist       took in Perth and important South West      great persistence of what are the
           Richard Bruce said the new release was     communities.                                industry’s pioneers that will drive the
           of strategic importance to the State.                                                  development of Western Australia’s
                                                      Australian Geothermal Energy                geothermal industry,” he said.
           “The Carnarvon Basin release is well       Association Secretary Alan Knights
           situated for Western Australia’s buoyant   said geothermal energy was the only         Some 627,361 km2 or 25 per cent
           resources industry,” Mr Bruce said.        renewable energy that could provide         of Western Australia has now been
                                                      continuous power and the only true          released to geothermal exploration
           “It is close to important regional
                                                      potential substitute for coal and gas-      and DoIR hopes to release the
           towns, ports and infrastructure and
                                                      fired power stations in southern            remainder of the State in two further
           the numerous mining, petroleum and
                                                      Western Australia.                          packages during the next six months.
           industrial projects that operate within
           the Pilbara and Gascoyne regions.”         He said industry response to the            Full application details for the acreage
           He said geothermal energy had              Carnarvon Basin release would depend        can be found on DoIR’s website at:
           the potential to produce large             on factors such as comprehension  

                                                                     Focus on
 The Geothermal Centre of Excellence will
 provide new knowledge to accompany the
 development of a geothermal industry in
 Western Australia.

                                                                energy through

The opening of the Western                     The first will be an assessment of Perth      “We have filed a provisional patent for
Australian Geothermal Centre of                Basin geothermal opportunities using          geothermally driven desalination and
Excellence this year will mark the             presently available data. Researchers         are preparing a patent submission for
beginning of a new era of renewable            will employ state-of-the-art geological,      geothermal cooling, refrigeration and air-
                                               hydrogeological and geophysical methods       conditioning.”
energy development in Western
Australia.                                     for assessment of underground heat.
                                                                                             The third program to be undertaken will
                                               Supercomputers will be utilised for           be the identification of future potential
The centre, a joint venture between
                                               3-D modelling of geothermal systems,          through deeper exploration, and is
CSIRO, the University of Western
                                               making it possible to drive geothermal        expected to deliver fundamental insights
Australia and Curtin University, will build
                                               research into directions that were            into the fracturing, geochemistry and
capacity and knowledge within Western
                                               previously out of reach in Australia.         permeability of hot rocks.
Australia to undertake exploration and
development of geothermal resources.                                                         John Libby, managing director of
                                               The second program the centre will
                                                                                             geothermal explorer New World Energy
The State Government allocated A$2.3           explore is the optimal use of geothermal
                                                                                             Solutions, said the Geothermal Centre
million in February this year to fund the      resources, with a specific focus on direct
                                                                                             of Excellence presented a fantastic
centre, to accompany successive releases       heat use in populated centres where
                                                                                             opportunity for WA to develop a
of geothermal exploration acreage.             exploitable heat, typically from hot ground
                                                                                             successful geothermal industry.
                                               water at about 90°C, is directly available.
The centre will be led by Professor
Klaus Regenauer-Lieb, a geothermal                                                           The research conducted by the centre will
                                               Professor Regenauer-Lieb said that by
expert and Premier’s Research Fellow in                                                      result in a much better assessment of the
                                               exploring and utilising low-grade heat in
Multi-scale Earth System Dynamics,who                                                        geothermal potential of areas and will
                                               a permeable sedimentary environment,
said the centre would provide a seed for                                                     lead to faster discovery and development
                                               his team proposed to significantly
addressing a global problem.                                                                 of geothermal resources,” Mr Libby said.
                                               broaden the footprint of direct
                                               geothermal heat energy utilisation.           “Geothermal has the greatest potential
“Developing countries are now
using conventional carbon dioxide                                                            of all the renewable energy sources
                                               “Direct geothermal heat use is a              and is particularly pertinent to WA
emitting technologies to power their
                                               neglected opportunity for displacing large    as the development of geothermal
industrialisation,” Professor Regenauer-
                                               scale electrical consumption. Through         resources will increase the State’s
Lieb said.
                                               the recent addition of new technologies,      diversity of energy sources, while making
“The centre will devise and disseminate        usable thermal power from direct heat         a significant contribution to meeting
modern zero-emissions concepts with            has grown exponentially,” he said.            renewable energy targets,” he said.
the mission of mitigating a global crisis in
                                               “The Centre of Excellence will develop the    Acreage for geothermal exploration was
resources and environment.”
                                               next technology for direct heat use. The      released early this year, covering the
The research to be undertaken at the           introduction of these new technologies        Perth Basin. A subsequent Carnarvon
soon-to-be-opened centre is organised          to the geothermal sector could trigger a      Basin area has also been released
into three interlinked programs.               new wave of utilising direct heat.            (details on page 6).
      Eneabba Gas has ordered four GE LM6000 gas-fired turbines, similar to the units    Eneabba Gas Managing Director Mark Babidge.
      pictured, to generate 168 MW of power.

      Mid West power on track
      with port and rail
      The developer of the proposed                     “Our freehold land also contains ten
      A$200 million Centauri 1 power                    100 per cent-owned tenements with
                                                        significant coal deposits, which are being
                                                                                                         Rare geology
      station says it will need only
      14 months from the start of
                                                        proved up as a possible source
                                                        of cheaper, Greenhouse-friendly energy
                                                                                                         prime for coal
      construction to begin generating
      power for Mid West iron ore miners.
                                                        reserves suitable for coal gasification.”
                                                        Gas for Centauri 1 will initially come from
      Perth-based Eneabba Gas has committed             the Dampier-to-Bunbury Natural Gas               The Eneabba Gas land near Dongara
      to building the 168 megawatt facility near        Pipeline and the company has signed              has a large underlying low-grade
      Dongara to cater to demand created by             a Memorandum of Understanding with               coal resource and holds Western
      the region’s burgeoning iron ore sector           Verve Energy to swap gas for operational         Australia’s only known underground
      and proposed Oakajee deepwater port.              flexibility.                                     resource of accessible coal seam
                                                                                                         methane gas.
      Oakajee Port and Rail was announced               The project will be capable of
      in July as the preferred developer of the         supplying power into the South West              The company has completed a
      port, which is expected to gain feasibility       Interconnected System but will be
                                                                                                         preliminary seven-hole drilling
      approval mid-way through next year.               focused on the Mid West iron ore sector.
                                                                                                         program of the tenements to survey
      Eneabba Gas Managing Director Mark                Eneabba Gas has received necessary               the extent of the resource, which
      Babidge said his company expected to              approvals for the project from the               is located about 200 m below the
      sign “take-or-pay” power contracts with           local Shire of Irwin, the Environmental          surface.
      customers and start construction of               Protection Authority and the Department
      Centauri 1 as soon as the go-ahead was            of Industry and Resources.                       The survey work returned positive
      given for the port and its associated rail                                                         results and encouraged the company
                                                        “A key approval which places Eneabba             to seek Department of Industry and
                                                        Gas in a unique position is that we are
                                                                                                         Resources approval for an expanded
      Mr Babidge said the power station would           the only holder of an Economic
                                                                                                         drilling campaign of 20 further holes.
      be developed well within the expected             Regulation Authority generation licence
      two years it would take to construct the          in the Mid West,” Mr Babidge said.
                                                                                                         Eneabba Gas believes the drilling
      Oakajee port and rail infrastructure, and         “This allows us to supply electricity            program will confirm a resource that
      for Mid West iron mines to achieve more           in the additional volumes required               could have a life of 40 years.
      substantial tonnages.                             to service the region.”
                                                                                                         If coal gasification proves possible,
      “Eneabba Gas is the only power station            Mr Babidge said the location of the              the company will be able to
      project proponent in the Mid West                 proposed plant would eliminate efficiency        generate and deliver electricity for a
      which has all necessary approvals                 losses for customers of up to 20 per             substantially lower price.
      and equipment orders in place for an              cent if they sourced their electricity from
      immediate start-up,” he said.                     Perth.                                           Eneabba Gas has already held
                                                                                                         discussions with a number of mining
      “The Centauri 1 project is located                Eneabba Gas has orders in place
                                                                                                         and infrastructure companies seeking
      on company-owned land, making                     for four GE LM6000 gas-fired turbines
      development quicker and easier.                   to generate 168 MW of power.                     energy in the Mid West.

The plenary sessions of the   More than 900 geoscience            showcasing a number of
                                                                                         in Perth    He said an update on the
Australian Earth Sciences                                         issues of great importance         Tropicana deposit, the most
                              experts from around the
Convention attracted great                                        to the broader community.
interest.                     globe gathered in Perth                                                recent large gold discovery
                              in July to hear the latest                                             in WA, was also presented
                                                                  “Plenary keynote papers
                              research on major challenges                                           by AngloGold Ashanti.
                                                                  addressed issues such as
                              affecting life on Earth.            Australia’s energy future,         More than 135 presenters,
                                                                  recent advances in our             450 papers and a wide range
                              International speakers, industry
                                                                  understanding of the geology       of workshops and field trips
                              leaders and key decision
                                                                  of Mars and the tsunami
                              makers came together to                                                were featured at the convention.
                                                                  risk to Australia,” he said.
                              attend the 2008 Australian
                              Earth Sciences Convention.                                             Department of Industry and
                                                                  “The resources industry
                                                                                                     Resources (DoIR) Executive
                                                                  was a very significant part
                              With the convention held in                                            Director of Geological Survey
                                                                  of the program, with many
                              Perth for the first time since                                         of Western Australia (GSWA),
                                                                  presentations covering
                              1994, this year’s focus was on                                         Dr Tim Griffin, said the division
                                                                  a diverse range of topics
                              mineral exploration and potential                                      had a strong presence at
                                                                  surrounding the industry.
                              discoveries in Western Australia.                                      this year’s convention.
                                                                  “The main theme was how to be
                              Australian Earth Sciences                                              “Staff from GSWA delivered
                                                                  smarter in applying good science
                              Convention Program Director,                                           many technical talks, chaired
                                                                  to mineral exploration success.
                              Dr Jon Hronsky said the most
                                                                  Dr Nick Hayward from BHP           sessions and led workshops
                              significant aspect of this year’s
                                                                  Billiton presented an integrated   and excursions that formed part
                              event was the fact it was the
                                                                  model for the genesis of iron      of the conference,” he said.
                              only geological meeting in
                                                                  oxide copper-gold deposits, a
                              Australia that brought together                                        “DoIR’s Petroleum and
                                                                  category which includes the
                              under the one roof, all the
                                                                  giant Olympic Dam copper-gold      Royalties Division also had
                              diverse aspects of geoscience.
                                                                  deposit in South Australia.        an exhibition which featured
                              “The convention is effectively                                         geoscience services as well
                                                                  “It was the first time that this   as upcoming petroleum and
                              several major conferences
                                                                  model, which has significant       geothermal acreage releases.”
                              wrapped into one,” he said.
                                                                  implications for exploration,
                              “It addresses mineral resources,    had been presented publicly.       Dr Griffin said by having the
                              petroleum, geo-hazards,                                                convention in Perth, capacity
                                                                  “Rio Tinto also presented
                              CO2 sequestration, planetary                                           in local geoscience and
                                                                  the results of their research
                              geology, studies of the earliest                                       geoscience institutions was
                                                                  and development work in
                              fossil life, environmental                                             successfully showcased.
                                                                  developing an airborne gravity
                              geology, geo-tourism and
                                                                  gradiometer which will be
                              geoscience information.                                                “The convention provided
                                                                  able to compete with the BHP
                                                                                                     us with the opportunity to
                              “Held every two years,              Billiton Falcon System. The
                                                                                                     highlight Perth’s exciting
                              it’s the Olympics of                system is the first of its kind
                                                                  in providing new insights into     and world famous geological
                              Australian geoscience.”
                                                                  buried geology and structure.”     formations and mineral deposits
                              The five-day convention was                                            including evidence of the
                              hosted by the Geological Society    Dr Hronsky said exploration        earliest life forms,” he said.
                              of Australia and the Australian     strategies which demonstrated
                                                                  a high level of technical work     “The convention also helped
                              Institute of Geoscientists.
                                                                  currently being conducted by       cement Perth as the geoscience
                              Dr Hronsky said the                 junior WA explorers, were also     and resources hub in the Indo-
                              convention succeeded in             discussed.                         West Pacific region.”
                                             Unique Pilbara
                                              fossils reveal
                                              origins of life

      The expedition had to travel great distances
      through sparsely populated areas to visit
      some fossil locations.

      Western Australia’s geological                 preserved ancient fossils and the quality        European Union through the European
      prowess was showcased to a team                of its scientific institutions,” Dr Grey said.   Space Agency.
      of 31 international researchers
                                                     “An important aspect of future research          Free University of Amsterdam student
      that traveled to the Pilbara region            in planetary science will be the ability         Marineus den Hartogh participated
      this year to gain an insight into the          to take a broad-based approach, so               in the Eendracht Expedition as part of
      origins of life on Earth.                      upcoming scientists need to understand           his petroleum geology studies and
                                                     the framework of other related                   said Western Australia had significant
      The 12-day Eendracht Expedition, named
                                                     disciplines.                                     advantages over places such as Norway,
      after the ship in which Dutch explorer
                                                                                                      where he had previously conducted
      Dirk Hartog first surveyed the Western         “Participating students were                     research.
      Australian coast, attracted postgraduate       carefully selected and came from a
      geology and astronomy students                 cross-disciplinary background that               “These fossils are preserved here like no
      and staff from the Netherlands’ Free           included geologists, paleontologists,            other place on Earth,” he said.
      University of Amsterdam and Leiden             sedimentologists, astronomers,
      University. Participants from Curtin           astrophysicists, biologists,                     “Because it’s a desert-like environment,
      University, the University of Western          ecologists, organic geochemists and              you don’t have the vegetation or human
      Australia and Monash University also           mathematicians.”                                 interference of other areas so the fossils
      took part.                                                                                      are quite easy to study.”
                                                     The agenda included trips to explore
      The expedition was led by Geological           modern stromatolites at Shark Bay and            The participants also experienced
      Survey of Western Australia (GSWA)             fossil stromatolites in the Pilbara aged         first-hand the challenges of conducting
      Chief Paleontologist Dr Kath Grey              up to 3.5 billion years old, to gain an          geological studies in Western Australia.
      and University of California Professor         understanding of the factors that gave           The inclement weather forced much of
      Stanley Awramik, who have spent many           rise to these early life-forms, as well as       the original trip agenda to be modified
      years exploring evidence of early life in      the conditions necessary to support life         with trips to new and less well-known
      Western Australia.                             on other planets.                                localities.

      “WA is at the forefront of astrobiological     Dr Grey said the trip reflected a growing        After successful visits to Lake Thetis
      studies because of its unique, well-           interest in space exploration in the             and Shark Bay to examine the living

During a break in the weather students gathered
for discussions about the origins of life on Earth.

stromatolites, exceptionally heavy rain
set in when the party reached Carnarvon
to camp for the night.

“During the night an unexpected storm
flattened many of the tents, soaked                    “Because of the vast areas of Precambrian
everyone’s gear and closed several main
roads,” Dr Grey said.
                                                       rocks in Western Australia, the Geological
“The next day was spent trying to dry out
                                                       Survey has pioneered methods of using fossil
and it was obvious that the bush tracks
would be too boggy to allow access to
                                                       stromatolites to correlate rocks that are
Duck Creek, the first fossil locality on the           otherwise difficult to date,” Dr Griffin said.

“While the conditions were frustrating,
the organisers were able to take some
solace from the fact that these young
researchers now know just how difficult
it can be to collect data in remote areas
of Western Australia.

“All three vehicles used in the expedition
were bogged at some point in the trip
and the students were introduced to the
joys of snatch-strapping and digging out

Despite the weather, the expedition
participants were able to examine a layer
of spherules in the Hamersley Group,
which provided evidence of a huge
impact event. And after some heavy work
with picks and shovels to repair previous
cyclone damage, they were also able to
reach the Trendall locality to see some               Before setting off on 6 June, expedition   In spite of the difficulties involved in the
of the oldest fossils in the world.                   participants were given a tour of the      trip, Dr Grey said participants remained
                                                      GSWA Core Library at Carlisle, which       in good spirits throughout and learned
The mapping of a new stromatolite                     archives drill-core samples and other      a lot about the geology of Western
locality 60 km south of Marble Bar                    materials acquired during mineral and      Australia. She said many of the students
that has the potential to be a specialist             petroleum exploration in WA.               expressed their determination to return
geotourism and educational site had to
                                                      GSWA Director Tim Griffin said the         to see some of the localities they could
be abandoned.
                                                      expedition showed there was great          not explore this time.
“But this at least allowed the party to               interest in Western Australia’s
                                                                                                 “Some may even return to work over
examine Fortescue Group geological                    Precambrian fossils.
structures along the sealed Rippon Hills                                                         here,” Dr Grey said.
Road,” Dr Grey said.                                  “Because of the vast areas of
                                                      Precambrian rocks in Western Australia,    “It seems that several who visited the
“And another rethink of our plans                     the Geological Survey has pioneered        Ironclad Hotel in Marble Bar were offered
resulted in a morning spent at Marble                 methods of using fossil stromatolites      jobs on the spot because of the current
Bar Pool engaged in lively discussion                 to correlate rocks that are otherwise      shortage of geologists in the mining
about the origin of life.”                            difficult to date,” Dr Griffin said.       industry.”


                                                                                                             DoIR 081714_Prospect

This October, Western Australia will host some of the world’s leading innovators and
entrepreneurs as they come together to showcase the State’s growing emerging industries.
The Leading Lights Innovation and Investment Conference will be held from 16 – 17 October
and offers a unique opportunity to visit Perth and discuss business opportunities.
This is your chance to take advantage of WA’s thriving economy and brilliant science minds.
Guest speakers include:                                   Where: Burswood Entertainment Complex
   Steve Wozniak, Co-founder of Apple Computer            When: Thursday 16 October to Friday 17 October 2008
    Steven Goh, Co-founder, mig33,
                                                          Conference cost: $495 until 8 October
    San Francisco (established in Perth)
    Peter Quinn, Premier’s Fellow and Professor of        Register now to avoid disappointment:
    Astronomy, UWA                              
    Pete Bonee, Partner, Innosight Ventures, Singapore    The Leading Lights Conference is part of the Western
                                                          Australian Government’s Brilliant West Week, being held from
The program features a mix of:
                                                          12-18 October.
• presentations
• panel discussions                                       For researchers, entrepreneurs and businesses, Brilliant West
• case studies                                            Week will help develop the knowledge, skills and networks to
                                                          take new products and services from idea to market.
• pitch sessions
• business matching activities
Who should attend:
• Entrepreneurs who need the right information to help
  secure capital
•   Investors who want access to investment ready
    business ventures
                                                         LEADING LIGHTS
•   People with an interest in innovation                WA INNOVATION & INVESTMENT CONFERENCE

                                                 New DoIR Director General Anne Nolan says
                                                the growth of its resources industry provides
                                                  Western Australia an opportunity to deliver
                                               lasting economic, social and cultural benefits.

New DG focuses
on sustainable and
continued growth
In 2007 Western Australia accounted         business confidence levels,”                         “Western Australia has a strong
for more than 36 per cent of                Ms Nolan said.                                       and diverse economy, so it will
Australia’s total merchandise                                                                    be a very exciting challenge to
                                            “With this growth comes challenges                   ensure this growth continues in a
exports, shipping out a total               and it is more important than ever                   sustainable manner,” she said.
of A$61.3 billion in goods.                 that we manage development
                                            in a sustainable manner.                             “One of the important factors in that
The State is the powerhouse of
                                                                                                 equation is cooperation between
Australia’s economy and there is no doubt   “The Government must play a role in
                                                                                                 government and industry.
that its current economic prosperity        ensuring that the proposed resource
is the envy of the world’s developed        expansions and new developments                      “Government and industry must
nations. The rapid industrialisation        are sustainable and that they will                   work together because of the
of China has created an enormous            return a dividend to all Western                     interactive nature of our economy.
                                            Australians to underpin our future.
opportunity for the biggest resources
expansion in Australia’s history.                                                                “The community wants economic
                                            “This is also important for our
                                                                                                 growth but they want it to occur in an
                                            trading partners who want security
This period of historic and momentous                                                            environmentally sensitive way that is
                                            of supply for many years to come
demand for Western Australia’s                                                                   also socially inclusive and responsible.
                                            as they continue to expand also.”
commodities offers many opportunities
and challenges for the State. And the new                                                        “I am looking forward to ensuring
                                            Ms Nolan brings a wealth of experience
                                            in leading and developing public                     DoIR delivers its services to best meet
Director General of the Department of
                                            sector agencies, most recently                       the needs of the Western Australian
Industry and Resources (DoIR) is ready
                                            as Deputy Director General at the                    community, through balancing economic,
to tackle these challenges with gusto.
                                            Western Australian Department                        social and environmental considerations.”
Anne Nolan took over the reigns at          of Premier and Cabinet.
                                                                                                 There are several key issues on top of
DoIR in July and says that as a State,
                                            Her other government posts include                   Ms Nolan’s list of priorities for her time
Western Australia has an opportunity
                                            Chief Executive at the Independent                   at DoIR. They include energy security,
to ensure that the current and
                                            Market Operator, and the Coordinator                 development in the Pilbara and the
prospective resources growth delivers
                                            of Energy at the Office of Energy. She               Kimberley, the streamlining of approvals
lasting economic, social and cultural
                                            has also held a number of senior                     processes and industry diversification.
benefits to all Western Australians.        positions within the Department of
                                            Treasury and Finance including the                   “DoIR is responsible for issues
“Western Australia is experiencing                                                               that are critical to the ongoing
                                            role of Executive Director (Economic).
unprecedented levels of growth –                                                                 development and prosperity of
it provides one-third of Australia’s        Ms Nolan said she was looking forward                Western Australia,” she said.
total exports, has Australia’s lowest       to leading a department that had
unemployment rate, among its fastest        been significantly involved in Western               Ms Nolan has been appointed
growth in retail sales and the highest      Australia’s unprecedented growth.                    under a five-year term.

           Indigenous employment
           goals in sight
           Rio Tinto Iron Ore (RTIO) is well      allowed traditional owners to            They will now move into employment,
           on its way to reaching its target      benefit from the RTIO expansion.         some with RTIO and some elsewhere.
           of employing 100 indigenous            She said pleasing progress had
                                                                                           “The priority area for the company
           workers within Western Australia       been made in just a few months.
                                                                                           in terms of recruitment is those
           in the 12 months since signing a                                                traditional groups with which
                                                  “We are working closely with RTIO’s
           Memorandum of Understanding                                                     RTIO have land use agreements,
                                                  team and have formed a working
           with the State Government.             group to map the recruitment             followed by other Pilbara-based
                                                  processes and establish a pre-           indigenous people, then indigenous
           To date, 30 indigenous workers have                                             people from elsewhere in the
           been employed by RTIO from Karratha,   employment and job-based training
                                                                                           State,” Ms Jackson said.
           Roebourne and Tom Price/Paraburdoo.    program,” Ms Jackson said.
                                                                                           “There are eight tasks attached
           The Memorandum of Understanding        “This group oversees the award-
                                                                                           to the MoU document, and along
           (MoU) for the delivery of economic     winning pre-employment Workstart         with jobs and training, it is looking
           development for indigenous Western     program run by the Ashburton             at establishing an environmental
           Australians was signed by the then     Aboriginal Corporation.                  rehabilitation company.
           State Development Minister Eric
           Ripper, the then Director General      “The 16-week Workstart program is        “They want that to have indigenous
           of the Department of Industry and      intensive. It’s self-paced and picks     engagement, involvement and
           Resources (DoIR) Dr Jim Limerick,      up fitness for work, leadership,         preferably ownership of the
           and RTIO Chief Executive Sam Walsh.    numeracy, and drivers’ licences – the    company and the operations – that’s
                                                  basics necessary to get indigenous       employment and enterprise.”
           The agreement has seen RTIO            people to the employer’s gate.
           and DoIR work together on a                                                     Ms Jackson said the DoIR and RTIO
           range of training, pre-employment      “The Workstart training is just the      team were finalising where they
           and employment programs,               beginning. That guarantees the           would be targeting recruitment,
           and business opportunities, to         trainees a job within the company,       how many people they would take
           maximise the participation of          but once there they benefit from         from each group or location, and
           indigenous people in the expansion     on-site trainers, mentors and            where they would be placed on
           of RTIO’s Western Australian                                                    RTIO sites across the Pilbara.
                                                  other support structures to help
           mining and related operations.
                                                  them through the process.”               RTIO has appointed three part-
           The aim is for RTIO to employ up to                                             time work ambassadors to help
                                                  The latest 21 trainees were recognised
           300 indigenous workers in a range of                                            members of traditional owner
                                                  and acknowledged at a graduation
           occupations over the next two years.                                            groups gain employment.
                                                  ceremony held in Roebourne in July,
           DoIR Aboriginal Economic               where former WA Indigenous Affairs       “The primary role of the ambassadors
           Development (AED) Director,            Minister Michelle Roberts presented      is to provide a link between
           Victoria Jackson said the MoU          graduates with certificates.             RTIO and its traditional owners,

Trainees from the Workstart program
attended a graduation ceremony in
Roebourne on 18 July, where former
Indigenous Affairs Minister Michelle
Roberts presented certificates with RTIO
Organisation Resources Vice President,
Joanne Farrell.

promoting employment and economic          “It has been truly collaborative             AED has also recently begun work
opportunities with the company and         and we are very appreciative of the          with mining company MetalsEx
its contractors,” Ms Jackson said.         efforts of the staff from AED.               and traditional owner groups in the
                                                                                        Ngaanyatjarra lands east of Warburton.
“They will promote the benefits of work    “It is a great model for future projects”.
to Aboriginal people at the individual,                                                 “We’ve been asked to put together
                                           Mr Hart said it was not an issue for         an employment enterprise
family and group level; promote
                                           RTIO that some graduates were                strategy from the outset for the
employment at RTIO’s operations;
                                           working with other companies.                Wingellina Nickel Project, and so
mentor and support Aboriginal people
who make a commitment to take                                                           we’re working with the traditional
                                           “What’s important is that this project
                                                                                        owners and the mining company
up work or programs that prepare           is increasing the level of indigenous
                                                                                        side by side,” Ms Jackson said.
them for work; help them through           employment – it doesn’t matter
the assessment and training process;       where they are employed,” he said.           “We don’t have a formal Memorandum
and mentor them on the job.”                                                            of Understanding, but are doing similar
                                           “We’re delighted with the work
                                                                                        work to bring to fruition the best
The three ambassadors have                 ambassadors, who are making sure
                                                                                        opportunity for them to engage in the
been appointed to the Kurama               that people in the community help
                                                                                        mainstream economy. It’s wonderful
Marthdudunera, Gobawarrah                  us to achieve good job outcomes.”
                                                                                        to see the success of the MoU with
Minduarra Yinhawanga and Nyiyiparli                                                     RTIO spreading further afield.”
                                           Ms Jackson said that while RTIO
Groups. RTIO will appoint further
                                           benefited from the ability to train
ambassadors for other traditional          and recruit local indigenous
owner groups later in the year.            people, the major benefit was to
RTIO General Manager of
                                           those who gained employment.
                                                                                          “It is exciting
Communities Bill Hart said the             DoIR has established another
company was extremely excited              program called Work Coach in

                                                                                          we are
about what was happening.                  partnership with the Bloodwood
                                           Tree Association, an indigenous
“We think it is a wonderful project,       employment agency in Port Hedland.
with collaboration between
ourselves and the State and our            Ms Jackson said this initiative was            working with
partners, including the Ashburton
Aboriginal Corporation,” he said.
                                           also showing encouraging signs.
                                           “It’s designed to pick up people who
“It is exciting because we are             have shown motivation,” she said.
working with long-term unemployed
and we’ve got this opportunity
                                           “They have the skills and willingness
                                           to engage in the labour market, but            and we’ve
to assist them into work.

“What has been particularly fascinating
                                           might be lacking in fitness or readiness
                                           for work, and need motivation and              got this
and exciting about this work is that
through this collaboration, we are
                                           support to get to a level of fitness that
                                           will allow them to pass medicals.              opportunity
improving the way Workstart will work.
It’s continuous improvement in the way
                                           “The Work Coach program has the
                                           flexibility to provide a supportive
                                                                                          to assist them
it is operating, because each time we
are learning new things and adapting
                                           environment to assist trainees and
                                           provide encouragement in overcoming
                                                                                          into work.”
so that we can get the best results.       personal barriers to being work-ready.”

           Mineral sands mined at Eneabba provide the
           basis of Iluka Resources’ Mid West operations.

      Iluka aims to maintain
      Mid West presence with
      A$60m expansion
      Iluka Resources could secure its                      “The company is already the largest          Iluka spokesperson Robert
      presence in Western Australia’s                       employer in the Geraldton community and      Porter said the Mid West
      Mid West region for years to                          will be able to offer longer-term security   generated about 75 per cent of
      come through the expansion of its                     to its 240 full-time workers at Narngulu     Iluka’s overall production.
      Narngulu facility to process mineral                  as well as new contract employment
                                                                                                         “While the Mid West remains a
      sands from South Australia.                           to many more engineers and transport
                                                                                                         key part of the Iluka portfolio,
                                                            workers,” Mr Carpenter said.
                                                                                                         there has been recognition
      The Western Australian
                                                            “The proposed A$60 million                   for some years that the age
      Government approved a variation
                                                            expansion of the processing                  of the ore bodies being mined
      in July to the State Agreement
      covering Iluka’s Mid West                             facilities to accommodate this               meant that the mineralogy
      operations, allowing it to use the                    plan will use predominantly local            characteristics were declining,”
      Narngulu plant for processing                         contractors and suppliers.”                  Dr Porter said.
      ore mined from sources other
                                                            Iluka has also agreed to the                 He said there was excess
      than its Eneabba mining leases.
                                                                                                         processing capacity available at
                                                            removal of the unimproved
      This variation will allow the                                                                      Narngulu and it made sense to
                                                            value rating clause in the State
      company to import and process                                                                      consider how this could be best
                                                            Agreement, which will allow local
      600,000 tonnes of heavy mineral                                                                    utilised.
                                                            government authorities to rate
      concentrate (HMC) from its                            the company’s operations on                  “The company’s intention to bring
      Jacinth-Ambrosia deposit in                           gross rental value as they would             heavy mineral concentrate from
      South Australia each year.                            similar operations.                          the Jacinth-Ambrosia project
      The depletion of ore bodies                                                                        in South Australia provides the
                                                            The Jacinth-Ambrosia deposit                 logical means to utilise existing
      from the Eneabba leases has
                                                            contains an estimated 6                      spare processing capacity in
      threatened Iluka’s contribution
                                                            million tonnes of HMC. It will               Western Australia and in doing
      to the Mid West region, where it
                                                            supplement HMC sourced from                  so, extend the economic life
      employs 385 permanent and 300
      contract staff and contributes                        the Eneabba mining lease.                    of the Mid West processing
      more than A$120 million                                                                            facilities,” he said.
                                                            Shipments of HMC should begin
                                                            in early 2010 between the ports              The opportunity to process HMC
      Speaking at the announcement                          of Ceduna in South Australia and             from South Australia is expected
      of the variation, the then                            Geraldton in WA. The Narngulu                to extend the life of the Narngulu
      Western Australian Premier Alan                       facility is expected to produce              facilities by at least 10 years,
      Carpenter said it would allow                         approximately 300,000 tonnes of              which is the current estimated
      Iluka’s considerable presence in                      zircon from the South Australian             economic life of the Jacinth-
      the region to be maintained.                          mine each year.                              Ambrosia ore bodies.
Iluka also has an active                           “Iluka has also been a good           West to maintain some diversity
exploration program within its                     corporate citizen in terms of         within the mining sector at a time
Eneabba licence area and within                    its contribution to community         when there was growing interest
                                                   events, sporting events and so        in iron ore development.
the past 12 months has stepped
                                                   on,” he said.
up efforts to identify new deposits                                                      “While there has been a lot
near existing facilities.                          “From our point of view, allowing     of interest in the region from
                                                   Iluka to bring in this concentrate    the junior iron ore miners,
Mid West Development                               from South Australia will allow
                                                                                         the interest from the major
Commission Chief Executive                         that position to continue well into
                                                                                         companies has not yet
Steve Douglas said Iluka had                       the future.”
                                                                                         materialised and it’s important
been a valued contributor to                       Mr Douglas said the continuation      that we maintain that diversity
the Geraldton and Mid West                         of Iluka’s mineral processing         within sectors, as well as across
community for a generation.                        operation would allow the Mid         sectors,” he said.

 Iluka Resources will step up exports through
 the Port of Geraldton once it starts processing
 ore from South Australia.

 Iluka’s Mid West operations:
 • Iluka has been present in the Mid West for 30 years
 • The region accounts for 75 per cent of company production
 • The company employs more than 385 permanent and 300 contract staff in the region
 • The Narngulu processing facility alone employs 240 full-time workers
 • Iluka contributes more than $A120 million per year to the regional economy

            “It is encouraging to note that
            compliance levels have improved in
            the Goldfields and the Mid West ...”

“It is encouraging to no
compliance levels have
the Goldfields and the M

   Environmental compliance
                   on the up
                                                                                             The percentage of mining companies not
                                                                                           complying with environmental regulations
                                                                                      governing exploration has dropped significantly.

  There has been a big jump in               “We designed a package of measures               DoIR arranged a series of workshops
  the Western Australian mining              to ensure that industry was made                 to improve general understanding of
  industry’s compliance with                 very aware that the Government                   exploration regulatory requirements.

ote that
                                             would not tolerate non-compliance,
  the environmental regulations                                                               “We conducted a series of exploration
                                             and it is very rewarding to see that
  governing exploration tenements            these are having an effect.”                     compliance seminars and workshops,
  following the 2007 revelation                                                               in Perth, Bunbury, Geraldton and
  that 82 per cent of sites failed           The 2007 situation was so serious that           Kalgoorlie.” Mr Cobby said.
  to meet requirements.                      the then Resources Minister Francis

 improved in
                                             Logan warned he was prepared to                  “We had a good response, including
  Field inspectors from the Department       remove tenements from offending                  more than 100 exploration staff in
  of Industry and Resources (DoIR)           companies, and hefty fines were                  Kalgoorlie. I was very happy with
                                             imposed for significant breaches.                attendance, the response of attendees
  have reported the figure has now
                                                                                              at the workshops and also with what
  been reduced to about 30 per cent.
                                             Golden West Resources was fined                  we are now finding in the field.”
                                             a total of A$71,500 for a number of

 Mid West ...
  Inspections of 56 exploration sites by
                                                                                              Mr Cobby said inspectors were making
  DoIR last year revealed that 46 had        offences at mining tenements at its
                                                                                              more regular field inspections.
  environmental and regulatory breaches,     Wiluna West iron ore project, including
  some of which were in environmentally      unauthorised drilling and clearing and           “There were 251 inspections of
  sensitive areas of the State.              the failure to complete rehabilitation.          mining operations during 2007-
                                                                                              08 compared with 170 inspections
  Breaches included drilling or              And Hancock Prospecting was fined
                                                                                              the previous year,” he said.
  construction of exploration camps          A$20,000 for the unauthorised
  without an approved Program of Works;      construction of an exploration camp at           “It is encouraging to note that
  failure to permanently and securely plug   Roy Hill, 120 km north of Newman.                compliance levels have improved
  drill holes and pick up sample bags;                                                        in the Goldfields and the Mid West
                                             Ten of the non-compliant sites were
  excessive clearing for drill pads and                                                       but continued communication
                                             issued with directions to modify work
  access tracks; and failure to comply                                                        and engagement with industry
                                             practices; the operators of 26 sites were
  with rehabilitation requirements.                                                           and consultants is needed to
                                             ordered to provide written explanations;
                                                                                              drive the message home.
                                             and seven were issued with verbal
  “The breaches were widespread,
                                             instructions to undertake work.                  “The Government has clearly indicated
  and the incidence had increased
                                                                                              that it will not tolerate non-compliance
  markedly over previous inspections,”       With the maximum fine for breach                 with legally binding conditions.”
  DoIR Senior Environment                    of exploration licence or lease
  Advisor Graham Cobby said.                 conditions being A$50,000, DoIR                  DoIR’s 2008-09 inspection program
                                             reviewed the level and range of                  is focused on exploration and mining
  “They appeared to result from the          fines in terms of their disincentive             activities that are considered to
  rapid rise in the number of exploration    effectiveness. Amendments are                    be higher risk, particularly in the
  companies with exploration applications    proposed for a maximum of A$150,000              Goldfields and Pilbara regions.
  having risen to 2500 a year, compared      per tenement for corporations.
  with 500 per annum four years ago.                                                          Risk factors considered include
                                             Following the review, the Government             location and environmental sensitivity,
  “It was also clear that small-to-          also revised the Scale of Fines, which           nature and extent of operation,
  medium sized companies were not            dictates the level of fines different            area of disturbance and potential
  well enough aware of basic legislative     breaches attract, based on factors               for rehabilitation, company history
  requirements and there was a lack          such as the size and environmental               of performance and a range of
  of onsite management control.              impact of ground disturbance.                    technical considerations.

      Golden Geckos
      celebrate another
      year of sustainable                                                                     Rio Tinto Iron Ore

      development         The 2008
      The broad range of projects entered in the 2008 Golden Gecko Awards
      covered everything from sustainable accommodation and waste recovery
      initiatives, to technologies to reduce pollution and environmental footprints.        Golden
      This year’s winners of the awards,          The assessment panel for the awards       BHP Billiton
      which are organised by the Department       is made up of representatives of DoIR;
      of Industry and Resources (DoIR),           the Departments of Environment and        Project: Newman EcoVillage
      were announced at a ceremony at             Conservation, Agriculture and Food, and   Location: Pilbara
      the Perth Convention and Exhibition         Water; the Environmental Protection
      Centre on September 10.                     Authority; and the Conservation           BHP Billiton has developed sustainable
                                                  Council of Western Australia.             self-contained accommodation for fly-
      HIsmelt Operations, Minara Resources                                                  in, fly-out workers that is energy and
      and Kings Park and Botanic Gardens          Findings based on written submissions     water-efficient and aimed at townsite
      with Rocla Quarry Products won              and site visits are presented to a        integration, thereby improving workforce
      Golden Gecko Awards while Rio Tinto         selection committee, which decides        participation in the community.
      Iron Ore won a Certificate of Merit.        the projects deserving of a bronze
                                                  Golden Gecko Award sculpture and
      Now in their 17th year, the Golden Geckos   any Certificate of Merit recipients.      Chevron Australia
      recognise outstanding contributions                                                   Project: Enhanced management of
      to environmental sustainability in the      The criteria against which the
                                                                                            vegetation clearing
      Western Australian resources industry.      entries are judged are:
                                                                                            Location: Barrow Island
      DoIR Environment Director Kim Anderson      •	 Commitment to                          Chevron has developed a new geographic
      said the awards provided an opportunity
      to showcase outstanding projects and
                                                     Environmental Excellence               information system (GIS) software to
                                                                                            improve the planning and implementation
      communicate their progress to the public.
                                                  •	 Demonstrated Excellent                 of native vegetation clearing, to minimise
                                                                                            impacts and avoid priority vegetation
      “By offering recognition to companies          Environmental Outcomes                 areas. This tool also assists in auditing
      that responsibly develop Western
                                                                                            native vegetation clearing and ongoing
      Australia’s valuable resources, the         •	 Community Engagement                   reporting of cumulative impacts.
      Golden Geckos help to encourage the
      wider industry adoption of such practices   •	 What Makes it Special?
      in the future,” Ms Anderson said.
                                                  To find out more information about
                                                                                            HIsmelt Operations
      She said the nine submissions for the       the Golden Geckos, including the          Project: HIsmelt technology
      2008 awards were of a very high quality.    2008 winners, visit http://www.           Location: Kwinana
      “What is most encouraging is that                                                     HIsmelt Operations has developed a
      they cover a broad range of resources       Full details of the winners will          new steel-making process that creates
      development in both the mining              also be included in the next              less pollution and imposes a smaller
      and petroleum sectors, and employ           edition of Prospect.                      environmental footprint than existing blast
      a variety of innovative methods to                                                    furnace technology. The company has
      achieve their important outcomes.”                                                    also undertaken numerous initiatives on
                                                                                            a local level including the Kwinana Water
      Last year a Golden Gecko was awarded                                                  Reclamation Plant, identifying product
      to Alcoa World Alumina Australia for                                                  synergies with neighbouring industries and
      the rehabilitation of 975 hectares of                                                 implementing waste recycling programs.
      land at the Jarrahdale Bauxite mine.

 BHP Billiton                                     Chevron Australia                              Inpex Browse Ltd

Geckos nominees
                                                                                                 Minara Resources Ltd

Inpex Browse Ltd                                 Minara Resources Ltd
Project: Minimising environmental                Project: Framework for minesite closure
impact of onshore drilling                       Location: Goldfields
Location: Maret Islands
                                                 Minara Resources Ltd has developed key
Inpex Browse has undertaken its                  performance indicators for rehabilitation
onshore geotechnical drilling program            success, to improve rehabilitation planning,
with minimal environmental impact on             design and adaptive management,
Maret Islands through the helicopter             and increase certainty and clarity in
transport of equipment; restricting              assessing rehabilitation performance.
all onshore transportation to walking,
                                                                                                 Kings Park and Botanic Gardens
including for pipe laying; developing
an offshore desalination plant; and              Rio Tinto Iron Ore                              with Rocla Quarry Products

locating all accommodation offshore.             Project: Lang Hancock Railway
                                                 Location: Pilbara

Kings Park and Botanic                           Rio Tinto Iron Ore has avoided and
                                                 minimised environmental impacts
Gardens with Rocla                               on key Mulga woodland communities
Quarry Products                                  and Aboriginal heritage sites through
                                                 undertaking extensive consultation
Project: Banksia woodland restoration            to inform the design and route of the
Location: Lexia                                  Lang Hancock Railway. Research
                                                 has also been undertaken into the
Rocla Quarry Products engaged Kings
                                                 design and rehabilitation of borrow
Park and Botanic Gardens 13 years ago, to                                                        Universal Sodexho
                                                 pits to improve rehabilitation success.
undertake research into restoring banksia
woodland to rehabilitate its sand quarries.
This resulted in significant improvements        Universal Sodexho
in the understanding of the unique
ecosystem and was applied to achieve             Project: Waste recovery program
a successful return of species diversity.        Location: Statewide

                                                 Remote site services company Universal
Lennard Shelf Pty Ltd                            Sodexho has overcome numerous
                                                 implementation barriers to remove all
Project: Cadjebut tailings storage facility      recyclable materials from mine site
rehabilitation                                   accommodations. The amount and volume
Location: Kimberley                              of waste deposited in local landfill has been
                                                 significantly reduced and all money raised      Lennard Shelf Pty Ltd
Lennard Shelf Pty Ltd has undertaken an
                                                 is donated to Princess Margaret Hospital.
innovative approach to tailings storage
                                                 Waste canola oil is also converted into
facility design, for successful rehabilitation
                                                 biodiesel to fuel on-site vehicles.
where climatic conditions and soil types
could not be addressed by standard design.

      FMG on expansion
      track in Pilbara
      FORTESCUE Metals Group (FMG)                FMG has also entered into a joint venture   political, business and community
      continues to pass milestones in             with Chinese firm Baosteel to develop       leaders from across Australia.
      the Pilbara as it aims to cement            the Glacier Valley tenement.
                                                                                              Speaking at the ceremony, the then
      its position as the new force in the        Reflecting the importance of the            Western Australian Premier Alan
      Western Australian iron ore sector.         Chinese market, it has established          Carpenter said the project had gone
                                                  an advisory board to provide advice         from conception to operation in record
      The fledgling company shipped the
                                                  to senior management about the              time and attributed this to the drive and
      first ore from its Cloudbreak mine
                                                  company’s strategy and operations           determination of FMG chief executive
      to China in May this year, in keeping
                                                  in the country. Mr Rowley said it was       Andrew Forrest and his team.
      with its long-stated schedule.
                                                  important for FMG to have such high
                                                  level representation in China, which        “For FMG’s mine and the associated
      By 18 July it had achieved “project                                                     railway and port facilities to go
      completion”, a condition of its financing   purchased the bulk of its iron ore.
                                                                                              from the first drill holes at Cloud
      arrangements whereby it mined,                                                          Break to operation within three-
                                                  “Fortescue has agreements
      railed and shipped two million tonnes                                                   and-a-half years is a momentous
                                                  with all top 20 steel producers
      of ore within a four-week period.           in China for production up to               achievement,” Mr Carpenter said.
      And by the end of July, 25 shipments        100 Mt/a,” Mr Rowley said.
      carrying more than four million tonnes                                                  He also praised FMG’s commitment
      of ore had left the company’s Herb          “There is huge demand worldwide             to the Pilbara community.
      Elliot port facility, bound for China.      demand for iron ore, and as a result we
                                                  are in constant discussions with existing   The company has pledged to house
      FMG Executive Director Graeme Rowley        customers about expanding worldwide         all of its 250 permanent port and rail
      said the company’s operations had           supply as well as new customers             workers in Port Hedland. The first of 250
      four significant phases - construction;     seeking iron ore from Fortescue.”           homes were scheduled to be completed
      commissioning of equipment; ramp-                                                       in mid-August and a home ownership
      up to full operation; and expansion.        The 18 July date for project                program for FMG employees was to
                                                  completion in the Pilbara was exactly       be implemented at the same time.
      It has completed the first two              five years from when FMG came
      of these and is busily working              into existence at an extraordinary          On top of this, FMG has a number
      on the remaining two.                                                                   of programs to improve the lives
                                                  general meeting in Perth in 2003.
                                                                                              of indigenous Australians in the
      “Our initial plans are to achieve a         Mr Rowley said there had been               north of Western Australia.
      production rate of 55 million tonnes per    significant challenges since
      annum (Mt/a), before expanding to in        then in getting the company’s                FMG has targeted a production rate of
      excess of 100Mt/a,” Mr Rowley said.         project off the ground.                      55 million tonnes of iron ore per annum,
                                                                                               before expanding to more than 100 Mt/a.
      “The board is currently considering         “There was obviously considerable
      a range of finance options                  scepticism about Fortescue’s lofty
      that is expected to establish a             ambitions,” Mr Rowley said.
      strongly funded expansion.”
                                                  “In addition the challenges
      FMG will announce further details of        presented by our competitors only
      these expansion plans in the near future.   spurred us to work smarter and
                                                  harder to achieve our goals.”
      It is currently investigating resources
      within its tenements, with exploration      He said innovations, such as the
      activity focused on the western             use of surface miners, presented
      region around the Solomon Group.            significant challenges to achieve
                                                  maximum efficiencies.
      The company’s tenement area
      increased by 17,000 km² during              “Some worked, some didn’t, but the
      the three months to June 2008 and           end result has been high production
      currently stands at 57,400 km².             rates matched by low cost of production,
                                                  which will sustain Fortescue for decades
      In a project named Heng Shan,               to come.”
      Fortescue has undertaken extensive
      planning to increase the production         FMG’s first shipment of ore to
      base of its Chichester Range deposits -     China was marked by a ceremony
      Cloudbreak and Christmas Creek.             at Port Hedland attended by

The FMG timeline
2003   FMG formed at extraordinary
       general meeting in Perth and
       acquires tenements at Christmas
       Creek and Cloudbreak localities

2004   Signs first Chinese iron ore sales
       agreements and Infrastructure
       State Agreement

2005   Discovers significant iron
       ore mineralisation within
       Cloudbreak area and signs
       Mining State Agreement

2006   Commences earthworks at port
       site and construction of railway

2007   Opens China office, signs
       further supply deals and begins
       commercial mining at Cloudbreak

2008   Completes construction of
       Cloudbreak to Port Hedland railway
       and ships first ore to China

      Commissioned Projects                                        Committed Projects

                           IRON ORE                                order to extend the life to about 2024, the company         Mid West Region - Extension Hill Hematite Mine
                                                                   has committed to an underground mine expansion.             MT GIBSON IRON LTD
      Pilbara - Hope Downs - Iron Ore Mine                         Commencement of underground operations is                   Mount Gibson Iron has environmental approval for
      HAMERSLEY WA PTY LTD                                         scheduled for Q4 of 2008.                                   a 2 Mt/a hematite mining operation at Extension
      The initial mining project includes the development          Expenditure: $1.2b.                                         Hill, 330 km southeast of Geraldton. The ore will be
      of mining in the East Pilbara and the construction of        Employment: Construction: 250; Operation: 500               trucked to a railhead near Perenjori then railed to the
      a rail spur line to connect to the existing Pilbara Rail                                                                 port of Geraldton for export. The Mount Gibson board
      network. Production will be up to 30 Mt/a after 5 years.                       ELECTRICITy                               has approved commencement of construction of the
      Full operation is expected to commence in Q4 2008.                                                                       project. Subject to secondary Government approvals,
      Hope Downs Iron Ore assigned a 50 per cent interest in       Collie - Collie - Bluewaters I and II, Coal-fired           Mount Gibson expects to start shipments in Q2 2009.
      the project to Hamersley WA Pty Ltd.                         Power Stations                                              Expenditure: $73m.
      Employment: Operation: 280                                   GRIFFIN ENERGY PTY LTD                                      Employment: Construction: 150; Operation: 100
      Pilbara - Iron Ore Mine Rail and Port Development            Griffin Energy is constructing the first of two 208
                                                                                                                               Mid West Region - Koolanooka/Blue Hills Hematite
                                                                   MW coal-fired power stations at the proposed
      FORTESCUE METALS GROUP LTD                                                                                               Iron Ore Mine
                                                                   Coolangatta industrial estate, 10 km northeast of
      FMG operates a 45 Mt/a iron ore mine at Cloud Break                                                                      MIDWEST CORPORATION LIMITED
                                                                   Collie. Commissioning of the Bluewaters 1 coal-fired
      in the Chichester Ranges of the eastern Pilbara. The                                                                     Midwest Corporation commenced transporting iron
                                                                   base load power station is expected by late 2008.
      mine is serviced by a multi-user railway and new port                                                                    ore fines from stockpiles at Koolanooka, about 160 km
                                                                   Griffin expects the second of the two power stations
      facilities at Port Hedland. First exports of iron ore to                                                                 southeast of Geraldton, in January 2006, with the first
                                                                   (Bluewaters II) to be commissioned in late 2009.
      China commenced in May 2008.                                                                                             exports shipped in February 2006. Midwest proposes to
                                                                   Expenditure: $400m.                                         re-open the Koolanooka and Blue Hills hematite iron
      Expenditure: $3.2b.
      Employment: Construction: 2500; Operation: 870               Employment: Construction: 600; Operation: 50                ore mines at a rate of 1-2 Mt/a, with timing dependent
                                                                                                                               on the timing of government approvals. The re-opening
                            BAUxITE                                                        GOLD                                of the mines is being environmentally assessed at a
                                                                                                                               Public Environmental Review level.
      Worsley - Alumina Refinery Expansion to 4.7Mt/a              Boddington - Gold Mine (Wandoo Expansion)
                                                                                                                               Expenditure: $26m.
      WORSLEY ALUMINA PTY LTD                                      BGM MANAGEMENT COMPANY PTY LTD
                                                                                                                               Employment: Construction: 40; Operation: 60
      BHP Billiton in May gave the go-ahead for the $2.5           BGM Management Company Pty Ltd, on behalf of
      billion Efficiency and Growth Expansion Project at its       Newmont and AngloGold Ashanti, is developing                          IRON ORE PROCESSING
      Worsley Alumina Refinery. The project will lift capacity     the Wandoo project, based on mining the extensive
      of the refinery from 3.5 Mt/a to 4.7 Mt/a through            bedrock resource that underlies the mined-out oxide         Kwinana - HIsmelt Commercial Iron Making Plant
      expanded mining operations, additional refining              resource. The mine has been in the construction phase       HISMELT CORPORATION PTY LTD
      capacity and upgraded port facilities. The construction      since 2006. Production will be about 800,000 oz/a of        HIsmelt Corporation, in a joint venture with Nucor
      phase will start immediately and first production is         gold and about 30,000 t/a copper in concentrates over a     (25%), Mitsubishi (10%) and Shougang (5%), has
      expected in the first half of 2011.                          17-year mine life. Initial production is expected by late   developed a commercial-scale HIsmelt process plant
      Expenditure: $2.5b.                                          2008 or early 2009. The Wandoo project will result in       at Kwinana, near Perth. The first stage of the plant is
      Employment: Construction: 1500; Operation: 200               significant growth in and around the rural community        designed to produce 800,000 t/a of pig iron from iron
                                                                   of Boddington, 120 km southeast of Perth.                   ore fines, coal and fluxes. First hot metal production
                              CHAR                                 Expenditure: $2b.                                           commenced in mid-2005, with commissioning
                                                                                                                               continuing towards full production capacity over three
                                                                   Employment: Construction: 1500; Operation: 650
      Collie - Premier Mine - Char Plant (Coal)                                                                                years.
      WESFARMERS PREMIER COAL LIMITED                                       HEAvy MINERAL SANDS                                Expenditure: $800m.
      At its Premier Coal Mine near Collie, Wesfarmers                                                                         Employment: Construction: 320; Operation: 65
      Energy has commissioned a demonstration scale                Narngulu - Processing Facility Expansion
      char plant, with a target production capacity at full        ILUKA RESOURCES LIMITED                                            OIL & GAS DEvELOPMENTS
      operation of 50,000 t/a. The plant is providing sufficient   Iluka recently announced a proposed $60 million
      volume to allow potential customers to fully assess the                                                                  Carnarvon Offshore Basin – Angel – Gas and
                                                                   upgrade of its Narngulu processing facility to treat        Condensate Field
      product. Char has applications in steelmaking, ferro
                                                                   third-party ore from South Australia, to supplement
      alloy production, mineral sands processing, smelting                                                                     WOODSIDE ENERGY
                                                                   a diminishing supply from its Eneabba mining
      and some chemical plant processes.                                                                                       The Angel gas and condensate field, operated by
                                                                   operations. Iluka will treat up to 600,000 t/a of heavy
      Expenditure: $8m.                                                                                                        Woodside as part of the North West Shelf Venture
                                                                   mineral concentrate from its Jacinth-Ambrosia deposit
      Employment: Operation: 10                                                                                                (NWSV), includes the NWSV’s third fixed production
                                                                   in SA at Narngulu starting in early 2010. Up to 350,000
                                                                                                                               platform, which will be remotely operated; three
                                                                   t/a of zircon will be produced at the plant.
                               COAL                                Expenditure: $60m.
                                                                                                                               subsea production wells; and a 50 km subsea pipeline,
                                                                                                                               which will link the new platform to the existing North
      Collie - Collie Coal Mine (Ewington I)                                                                                   Rankin production facility. Angel is expected to start up
      THE GRIFFIN COAL MINING COMPANY PTY LIMITED                                       IRON ORE                               in Q4 2008. The platform will be capable of processing
      Griffin Coal plans to develop its Ewington I coal                                                                        800 million standard cubic feet of gas a day and 50,000
                                                                   Tom Price - Brockman 4 Iron Ore Mine                        bbl/d of condensate.
      deposit, approximately 2 km east of Collie, which            HAMERSLEY IRON PTY LIMITED
      has estimated coal resources of 408 Mt. The mine                                                                         Expenditure: $1.6b.
      will produce approximately 3.4 Mt/a of coal for              Hamersley Iron is developing the Brockman 4 iron
                                                                   ore deposit. Construction work has commenced and            Carnarvon Offshore Basin - Pluto LNG
      private sector customers, including Griffin Energy’s
                                                                   commissioning is expected in 2010. Full capacity of 22      WOODSIDE ENERGY
      nearby Bluewaters 1 power station, presently under
      construction, and its proposed Bluewaters 2 power            Mt/a is expected to be reached in 2012.                     Woodside approved the Pluto LNG project in Q3 2007.
      station. Mine start-up is scheduled for 2008-09. The         Expenditure: $1.5b.                                         Construction has commenced on Sites A and B on the
      Ewington I coal mine will be an extension of the                                                                         Burrup Industrial Estate for export of LNG in Q4 2010.
                                                                   Cape Lambert - Cape Lambert Port Expansion                  Expenditure: $11.2b.
      Ewington II mine.
                                                                   ROBE RIVER MINING CO PTY LTD                                Employment: Construction: 3000; Operation: 200
      Expenditure: $20m.
                                                                   Robe River Mining is planning to expand the capacity
      Collie - Collie Coal Mine (Ewington II) -                    of its port facilities at Cape Lambert, east of Karratha.
                                                                                                                               North West Shelf - Project Expansion -
      Char Plant (Coal)                                                                                                        5th LNG Train
                                                                   The expansion will lift the iron ore export capacity
      THE GRIFFIN COAL MINING COMPANY PTY LIMITED                  of the facilities to 85 Mt/a. It is anticipated that the    WOODSIDE ENERGY
      The char plant is designed to drive off most of the          expansion will be completed Q4 2008.                        Commissioning is due in Q4 2008 and first LNG export
      water and volatile compounds from Ewington II coal.          Expenditure: $1.1b.                                         cargoes are also planned for Q4 2008.The fifth train
      The plant, located about 4.5 km east of Collie, will                                                                     will boost the North West Shelf project’s total LNG
                                                                   Employment: Construction: 450; Operation: 70                production capacity to 16.3 Mt/a.
      convert up to 800,000 t/a of coal to 400,000 t/a of
      char from two process units. The plant will produce          Dampier - Dampier Port Expansion                            Expenditure: $2.4b.
      high-value char suitable for steelmaking as well as          HAMERSLEY IRON PTY LIMITED                                  Employment: Construction: 1500; Operation: 20
      generation of 24 MW of power.
                                                                   Hamersley Iron is well advanced in its construction         Carnarvon Offshore Basin - Pyrenees – Oil Fields
                                                                   work to expand the capacity of its port facilities at
                          DIAMONDS                                 Dampier Port from 120 Mt/a to 145 Mt/a. This work
                                                                                                                               BHP BILLITON PETROLEUM (AUSTRALIA) PTY LIMITED
                                                                                                                               In July 2007, BHPB Petroleum announced approval
      Kimberley - Argyle - Argyle Diamond Mine                     included installation of a new car dumper, screen
                                                                                                                               of the Pyrenees oil development, located 45 km
      ARGYLE DIAMOND MINES PTY LIMITED                             house and related facilities. Final approvals to operate
                                                                                                                               north of Exmouth. The development comprises the
                                                                   the new facilities at 145 Mt/a are expected in Q3 2008.
      Development of the Argyle Diamond Mine commenced                                                                         Crosby, Ravensworth and Stickle oil fields, which
      in 1982 and mining commenced in the main ore                 Expenditure: $920m.                                         have estimated recoverable oil reserves in the
      body (AK1) in 1985. The mine is operational and in           Employment: Construction: 800; Operation: 200               range of 80-120 million barrels. The project involves

                                                                   This section is intended as an overview and does not constitute an exhaustive
Prospect                                                           list of projects within the Western Australian resources industry.
                                                            Projects Under Consideration

the development of 13 subsea wells connected                               AMMONIA/UREA                               gas from the Dampier to Bunbury Natural Gas
via flowlines to a floating production, storage and                                                                   Pipeline, EGL has 10, 100 per cent-owned exploration
offloading (FPSO) vessel, which will be capable of          Burrup Peninsula - Ammonia Plant                          tenements containing coal deposits. A preliminary
producing about 96,000 bbl/d of oil. First production is    DYNO NOBEL ASIA PACIFIC LIMITED                           drilling program has returned positive results for
expected during the first half of 2010 and the estimated                                                              a low-cost alternative energy source which would
                                                            Dyno Nobel purchased the interests of Plenty River
economic field life is 25 years.                                                                                      minimise Greenhouse effects. EGL is awaiting DoIR
                                                            (Plentex) and Thiess in a large scale ammonia-urea
Expenditure: $2b.                                           project to be located on the Burrup Peninsula. The        approval for an expanded drilling program to prove up
                                                            company is also conducting a feasibility study into       the capacity for coal gasification of the resource.
Carnarvon Offshore Basin - van Gogh – Oil Field
                                                            developing a 230,000 t/a ammonium nitrate production      Expenditure: $200m.
                                                            facility, which could be located on the Burrup            Employment: Construction: 100; Operation: 4
The Van Gogh oil development, located about 50 km           Peninsula. The alternative of building a small scale
northwest of Exmouth, will utilise a FPSO vessel                                                                      Mid West Region - Central West Coal & Coolimba
                                                            ammonia plant to supply the ammonium nitrate plant
with a processing capacity of 63,000 bbl/d of oil and                                                                 Power Projects
                                                            is being investigated as part of the feasibility study.
storage capacity of 620,000 barrels. It will be linked                                                                AVIVA CORPORATION LTD
to two subsea drill centres with 10 production wells.       Expenditure: $900m.
                                                                                                                      Aviva Corporation Ltd is progressing the development
Drilling commenced in January 2008 and will continue        Employment: Construction: 1000; Operation: 130
                                                                                                                      of the Coolimba Power Project, a 2 x 200 MW base-
until September 2008. Subject to obtaining all the
necessary government approvals, the field installation                           BAUxITE                              load coal-fired power station and associated coal
                                                                                                                      mine located 20 km south of Eneabba. Coolimba will
of Van Gogh is expected to start in late 2008 and be in                                                               be the first power station in WA to deploy leading
                                                            Wagerup/Willowdale - Alumina Refinery Train 3
production by early-to-mid-2009. The expected life of                                                                 edge emissions technology for carbon capture. Upon
the development is 12-15 years.                                                                                       commissioning, the power station will constitute 8
                                                            ALCOA WORLD ALUMINA - AUSTRALIA
Expenditure: $600m.                                                                                                   per cent of the installed capacity in the SWIS and have
                                                            Alcoa is investigating the feasibility of a third
Carnarvon Offshore Basin – vincent Development –                                                                      an operating life of 30 years. Subject to Government
                                                            production train expansion at its Wagerup Alumina
Oil Field                                                                                                             approvals, construction is expected to commence
                                                            Refinery to increase capacity up to 4.7 Mt/a. On 14
                                                                                                                      in mid 2009 and will extend over three years for
WOODSIDE ENERGY                                             September 2006, the Minister for the Environment
                                                                                                                      completion in 2011-12.
Approval of the first phase of the Vincent oil              approved the expansion proposal. A decision on the
                                                            project go-ahead is dependent on market factors.          Expenditure: $1b.
development was given in March 2006. The field is
located approximately 50 km northwest of Exmouth            Expenditure: $1.5b.                                       Employment: Construction: 600; Operation: 100
in a water depth of about 350 metres. Oil will be           Employment: Construction: 1500; Operation: 260            Neerabup - Perth - Bioenergy
produced through an eight well subsea development
                                                                                                                      SpiritWest Bioenergy Pty Ltd
and processed and stored in a FPSO vessel. First oil                                COAL                              SpiritWest is developing a 46 MW base-load power
is planned for Q4 2008, with initial production at about
100,000 bbl/d.                                              Collie - Bluewaters III and Iv – Coal-fired Power         station at Neerabup, 33 km north of Perth. The power
                                                            Stations                                                  station will use timber waste from pine plantations
Expenditure: $1b.
                                                                                                                      nearby, and other wood residues. Environmental
                                                            THE GRIFFIN COAL MINING COMPANY PTY LIMITED
                                                                                                                      approval was received in 2006, and a final investment
                 RARE EARTHS                                Griffin Energy Pty Limited is planning to expand the      decision is expected by Q4 2008, with construction
                                                            Bluewaters Power Station Project with two additional      commencing shortly thereafter. Commercial operation
Mt Weld - Rare Earths Mine
                                                            208 MW coal-fired power stations to be located on
LYNAS CORPORATION LTD                                                                                                 is scheduled for 2010-11.
                                                            the Coolongatta Industrial Estate, 4.5km north-east
The Mt Weld deposit, located about 35 km south of           of Collie. Commissioning of the Bluewaters III base-      Expenditure: $100m.
Laverton, contains an estimated resource of 12.2 Mt         load power station in expected by late 2012 and           Employment: Construction: 250; Operation: 45
at 9.7% grade for 1.18 Mt rare earth oxides (REO).          commissioning of Bluewaters IV by late 2014.
The development involves an open pit mine and               Expenditure: $800m.                                                              GOLD
concentration plant at Mt Weld. The concentrate will
                                                            Employment: Construction: 600; Operation: 30              Kalgoorlie - Super Pit - Golden Pike Cutback
be containerised on site then trucked to Leonora and
railed to a container port for export. The first mining                                                               KALGOORLIE CONSOLIDATED GOLD MINES KCGM
campaign was completed in May 2008. The ore will be
                                                                                 COPPER                               KCGM is planning to extend the life of its Fimiston open
shipped to a $220 million processing plant in Malaysia,     Pilbara - Panorama Copper-Zinc Mine                       cut mine by five years to 2017, with the Golden Pike
which will have an initial production capacity of 10,500    CBH RESOURCES LTD                                         Cutback. This will entail additional tailings storage
t/a of REO in late 2009, and is then expected to be                                                                   facilities and waste rock dumps. KCGM is also required
                                                            The Panorama Project is located about 110 km
expanded to 21,000 t/a in 2011.                                                                                       to develop a detailed closure plan prior to commencing
                                                            southeast of Port Hedland. It involves the construction
Expenditure: $90m.                                                                                                    the expansion. The Minister for Environment endorsed
                                                            and operation of an open-pit mine and associated
Employment: Construction: 12; Operation: 40                                                                           the proposed project in June 2008 subject to additional
                                                            infrastructure, with a mine life of about 8 years.
                                                                                                                      conditions being imposed that will limit the project’s
                                                            Approximately 75,000 t/a of copper concentrate and
      TITANIUM DIOxIDE PIGMENT                              85,000 t/a of zinc concentrate are planned to be
                                                                                                                      impact on the environment and surrounding residents.
                                                            produced for shipment via Port Hedland. The project       Employment: Operation: 1043
Kwinana - Titanium Dioxide Pigment Plant
                                                            currently is undergoing environmental assessment
                                                            through a Public Environmental Review.                             HEAvy MINERAL SANDS
                                                            Expenditure: $250m.                                       Happy valley - Heavy Mineral Sands Mine
Tiwest, through its joint venture partners Tronox
                                                            Employment: Construction: 176; Operation: 150             BEMAX CABLE SANDS (WA) PTY LTD
Incorporated and Exxaro Resources, has approved
an expansion at its Titanium Dioxide Pigment Plant                                                                    Located adjacent to Bemax’s Gwindinup deposits,
in Kwinana that will see a 36 per cent ramp-up in
                                                                              ELECTRICITy                             the project will involve the mining of mineral sands
production from the plant’s current capacity of 110,000     Mid West Region - Centauri 1 Power Project                from two deposits (Happy Valley North and South)
t/a to around 150,000 t/a, in a bid to take advantage                                                                 located on private land and in State forest. The
                                                            ENEABBA GAS LIMITED
of the strong demand for titanium oxide in the Asia-                                                                  level of assessment for the project has been set at
Pacific region. Construction is expected to start in late   Eneabba Gas Limited (EGL) has received all necessary      Environmental Review and Management Program.
2008, subject to Government approvals, with additional      approvals for the start-up of its 168MW Centauri 1 gas-   Environmental impact studies for the proposed mine
capacity to come online in early 2010.                      fired power station project, located on company-owned     development have been completed. Assessment of the
                                                            land 8 km east of Dongara. Planning approvals have        project by the EPA will commence in Q3 2008. Happy
Expenditure: $100m.
                                                            been received from the Shire of Irwin, Environmental      Valley contains a reserve of around 6 Mt of ore at a
Employment: Construction: 108; Operation: 12                Protection Authority and Department of Industry           heavy mineral grade of 11.3 per cent.
                                                            and Resources (DoIR). EGL is the only holder of an
                    vANADIUM                                Economic Regulation Authority generation licence
                                                                                                                      Expenditure: $35m.
                                                            in the Mid West. A Memorandum of Understanding            Employment: Construction: 100; Operation: 30
Windimurra - vanadium Pentoxide mine and
processing plant                                            has been signed with Verve Energy to swap gas for         Jangardup South - Heavy Mineral Sands Mine
                                                            operation flexibility. The project will be capable of
WINDIMURRA VANADIUM LIMITED                                                                                           BEMAX - CABLE SANDS (WA) PTY LTD
                                                            supplying power into the South West Inter-connected
The project involves construction of a processing           System (SWIS) but will be focused on supplying            The Jangardup South minerals deposit is situated
plant and planned commencement of operations in             additional volumes of energy for the developing Mid       54 km south of the Nannup township and adjacent
late 2008. Once operational, the mine will produce          West iron ore industries. EGL has an agreement to         to the D’Entrecasteaux National Park. Cable Sands
approximately 5,600 t/a of contained vanadium. The          acquire four GE LM 6000 gas-fired turbines, which will    estimates that the deposit would provide 2 Mt of
process plant will produce both ferro-vanadium (an          allow construction to commence on-site immediately        minerals. Feasibility and environmental studies are
alloy of vanadium, aluminium and iron) and high purity      and for the plant to be operational in approximately 14   well advanced. An environmental impact statement for
vanadium pentoxide.                                         months, as soon as take or pay contracts for Mid West     the project is being prepared.
Expenditure: $296m.                                         iron ore customers are confirmed. Generation capacity     Expenditure: $60m.
Employment: Construction: 400; Operation: 120               can be easily increased to 365MW. Besides sourcing        Employment: Construction: 100; Operation: 50

      Projects Under Consideration

      Keysbrook - Heavy Mineral Sands Mine                        Mid West Region - Extension Hill Magnetite Mine             feasibility assessment of the development of the
      OLYMPIA RESOURCES LTD                                       ASIA IRON                                                   Roy Hill iron ore deposit, possibly Australia’s largest
      Olympia proposes to develop a mineral sands mine            Asia Iron has primary environmental approval to             undeveloped Marra Mamba iron ore deposit. The
      located near the township of Keysbrook, approximately       produce up to 5 Mt/a of magnetite concentrate, which        deposit is located about 80 km north of Newman. In
      70 km south of Perth. Olympia has identified proven         will be transported by slurry pipeline to the port of       2007, the company invested $38 million on a major
      and probable reserves of 41 Mt of ore containing 1.2        Geraldton for export. The company is currently seeking      drilling program to more closely define the iron
                                                                  secondary approvals.                                        ore resource. Further infill drilling is continuing.
      Mt of zircon, ilmenite and leucoxene. The concentrate
      will be processed at Cable Sands’ plant at Bunbury          Expenditure: $715m.                                         The development program is to move to a bankable
      over the mine’s eight-year life. In late October 2007,      Employment: Construction: 1000; Operation: 280              feasibility study by Q3 2008 for a decision on the project
      the EPA recommended approval of the project subject                                                                     by late 2009. The project includes the development of
                                                                  Mid West Region - Jack Hills Hematite Mine Stage 2
      to Olympia meeting a number of conditions in the                                                                        mines, a new railway or third party use of an existing
                                                                  CROSSLANDS RESOURCES
      development and operation of the mine. All required                                                                     railway, and export port facilities at Port Hedland.
                                                                  Murchison Metals commenced trucking 1.5 Mt/a
      information is now with the Appeals Convenor, which                                                                     Pilbara - West Pilbara Iron Ore Project
                                                                  hematite from its Jack Hills operations to the port of
      will be considered before a recommendation is made to       Geraldton in December 2006. The company expects             API MANAGEMENT PTY LTD
      the Minister for Environment.                               to increase production to 2 Mt/a in 2008 before             The Australian Premium Iron Joint Venture is
      Expenditure: $18m.                                          proceeding to Stage 2, which would involve a further        proposing to develop the West Pilbara Iron Ore Project.
      Employment: Construction: 35; Operation: 30                 increase to 10-25 Mt/a of hematite and beneficiation        Stage 1 of the project is based on the production of
                                                                  ore. The ore would be transported by a new railway to       20-30 Mt/a of direct shipping iron ore from a group
      Shark Bay - Coburn - Heavy Mineral Sands Mine               a new deepwater port at Oakajee. A definitive feasibility   of three mine sites located approximately 50 km
      GUNSON RESOURCES LIMITED                                    study and exploration drilling program on its Jack Hills
                                                                                                                              southwest of Pannawonica. The ore will be exported
                                                                  Stage 2 project is progressing.
      Gunson proposes to develop the Coburn mineral sands                                                                     via a new railway and port facility located on the
                                                                  Expenditure: $750m.
      project, located south of Shark Bay, which contains                                                                     Pilbara coast. Subject to the successful completion
      total ore reserves of 306 Mt at an average grade of         Employment: Construction: 450; Operation: 350               of feasibility and environmental studies (in process),
      1.2 per cent heavy minerals. All of these reserves lie      Mid West Region - Mt Karara Magnetite Mine                  and receipt of Government regulatory approvals, the
      within the portion of the project area that has received    GINDALBIE METALS LTD                                        company anticipates that the first shipment will occur
      Government environmental approvals for mining. At           Gindalbie Metals plans to develop a 12 Mt/a magnetite       in early 2012.
      the proposed mining rate of 17.5 Mt/a, the Coburn           concentrate project at Mt Karara, which has a resource      Expenditure: $3b.
      mine life is estimated to be 17.5 years. In October 2007,   life of about 50 years. Transport options for the ore are   Employment: Construction: 1300; Operation: 700
      Gunson signed a second MOU with CTIEC of China              currently under investigation. The project is currently
      providing for CTIEC’s parent, CNBM, and an electric         undergoing environmental assessment at a Public             Pilbara Region - Rapid Growth Project 5
      power supply company in the Chinese city of Bengbu,         Environmental Review level. The company anticipates         BHP BILLITON IRON ORE PTY LTD
      to take a combined 40 per cent share in the project.        that first shipment will occur in Q1 2010, subject to       BHPB is currently expanding the production capacity
      A formal agreement between the parties is currently         government approvals.
                                                                                                                              of its Western Australian iron ore operations to 155
      being negotiated. It is planned that zircon-rich non-       Expenditure: $1b.                                           Mt/a by 2012, to supply international growth in iron
      magnetic concentrate from the Coburn mine will be           Employment: Construction: 400; Operation: 240               ore demand, particularly from China. It is also in the
      shipped to a mineral separation plant in China for          Mid West Region - Mungada Hematite Mine                     process of seeking approvals for a parallel expansion
      further processing. The magnetic fraction is to be                                                                      that would extend this to 205 Mt/a within the same
                                                                  GINDALBIE METALS LTD
      sold in Geraldton as a final ilmenite product containing                                                                period. The increased production involves mine
                                                                  Gindalbie Metals is proposing to develop a direct
      62 per cent TiO2.                                                                                                       expansions, railway duplication and additional berths
                                                                  shipping hematite ore project of up to 3 Mt/a at
      Expenditure: $100m.                                         Mungada, 85 km east of Morawa. The project is               at Port Hedland. BHPB is also investigating further
      Employment: Construction: 170; Operation: 110               currently undergoing environmental assessment at a          expansion to 300 Mt/a by 2015.
                                                                  Public Environmental Review level.                          Expenditure: $9b.
      Tutunup South - Heavy Mineral Sands Mine
                                                                  Expenditure: $75m.
                                                                  Employment: Construction: 200; Operation: 170                         IRON ORE PROCESSING
      Iluka proposes to develop the Tutunup South mineral
      sands mine, located approximately 15 km south east          Mid West Region - Weld Range Iron Ore Mine                  Pilbara - Cape Preston - Iron Ore Processing
      of Busselton. The project will include the construction     MIDWEST CORPORATION LIMITED                                 CITIC PACIFIC
      of mine pits, solar drying dams, ore concentrator and       Midwest Corporation proposes to develop a 15-20             CITIC Pacific, a Chinese company, received Ministerial
      associated mine infrastructure. The mine is expected        Mt/a iron ore mine at Weld Range, 65 km southwest           approval on 2 May 2008 for the development of a
      to produce over 1.2 Mt of heavy mineral concentrate         of Meekatharra, producing a mix of hematite lump            magnetite iron ore mine and pellet plant with a
                                                                  and fines. The project is expected to utilise a new rail
      over its five-to-six year life, which will be transported                                                               capacity of 6 Mt/a. Construction is due to begin this
                                                                  line and a new deepwater port facility at Oakajee. The
      to Capel for further processing. Tutunup South is                                                                       year. A concentrator, pellet plant, slurry pipeline,
                                                                  company commenced an extensive drilling program in
      scheduled to commence operation in early 2009,              June 2006 and is currently completing a pre-feasibility     port facilities, 240 MW power station and desalination
      subject to obtaining necessary government approvals,        study.                                                      plant will be built at Cape Preston, as well as
      and will replace Iluka’s Wagerup mine site. The project                                                                 accommodation facilities. The company plans to export
                                                                  Expenditure: $800m.
      is currently in the Environmental Impact Assessment                                                                     the first high-grade pellets to China in 2010.
                                                                  Employment: Construction: 900; Operation: 220
      phase and is being assessed at the level of Public                                                                      Expenditure: $3.5b.
      Environmental Review.                                       Pilbara - Atlas Iron Pardoo Hematite DSO Mine
                                                                                                                              Employment: Construction: 2500; Operation: 500
      Expenditure: $25m.                                          ATLAS IRON LTD
                                                                  In December 2008, Atlas Iron Ltd is due to commence         Pilbara - Cape Preston - Mine and Pellet Plant
      Employment: Construction: 150; Operation: 40
                                                                  shipping 1 Mt/a of hematite iron ore from its Pardoo        MINERALOGY PTY LTD
                           IRON ORE                               deposit, 75 km east of Port Hedland (subject to final       The Iron Ore Processing (Mineralogy Pty Ltd)
                                                                  Government approvals). It plans to increase production      Agreement is based on the development of Mineralogy
      Great Southern Region - Southdown Magnetite Mine            to 3 Mt/a by 2010.
                                                                                                                              Pty Ltd’s Fortescue magnetite deposits, located
      GRANGE RESOURCES LTD                                        Employment: Operation: 70                                   near Cape Preston, 70 km southwest of Dampier.
      Grange is finalising a bankable feasibility study on        Pilbara - Balla Balla                                       Mineralogy has sold subsidiary companies with right-
      the Southdown magnetite project, 90 km northeast of         AUROX RESOURCES LIMITED                                     to-mine agreements to two purchasing companies,
      Albany. The company plans to produce an initial 3.3         Aurox has recently signed contracts for the design,         CITIC Pacific Ltd and Australasian Resources, which
      Mt/a magnetite concentrate from 2012 stepping up            engineering and manufacture of all major components         are planning the development of separate projects
      to 6.6 Mt/a. The concentrate will be transported via        required to commission both the mine and port aspects       under the Mineralogy State Agreement. Australasian
      a slurry pipeline to the Port of Albany for export and      of the Balla Balla magnetite iron ore project located       Resources Ltd has announced an agreement with
      pelletising in Malaysia. The project is currently being     mid-way between Karratha and Port Hedland. Aurox            Shougang Corporation, which will fund a feasibility
      environmentally assessed at a Public Environmental          has also signed two 15-year 3 Mt/a magnetite sales          study on a combined concentrate/pellet and DRI
      Review level. Subject to environmental approvals,           agreements with major Chinese steel companies. First        project. If viable, Shougang will fund the project
      construction is anticipated to commence in 2009, with       export of magnetite is expected in 2011.                    development, with Australasian keeping a 50 per cent
      commissioning Q4 2012.                                      Pilbara - Iron Ore Mine - Roy Hill                          interest.
      Expenditure: $839m.                                         HANCOCK PROSPECTING PTY LTD                                 Expenditure: $5b.
      Employment: Construction: 700; Operation: 250               Hancock Prospecting Pty Ltd is undertaking a pre-           Employment: Construction: 2500; Operation: 800

                                                                  This section is intended as an overview and does not constitute an exhaustive
Prospect                                                          list of projects within the Western Australian resources industry.
Projects Under Consideration

                 MOLyBDENUM                                  end engineering and design work for the project, it will    appraisal activities and concept evaluation studies to
                                                             consider a final investment decision on the project.        select a preferred development concept in the latter
Pilbara - Spinifex Ridge Molybdenum-Copper Mine              Expenditure: $11b.                                          half of 2008. Woodside is targeting an LNG production
MOLY MINES LIMITED                                           Employment: Construction: 3000; Operation: 600              facility capable of supporting up to 15 Mt/a of LNG.
                                                                                                                         Start-up of LNG production is expected in the period
The Spinifex Ridge Project is located 50 km northeast        Browse Basin – Ichthys                                      2013 to 2015.
of Marble Bar in the Pilbara region of Western
                                                             INPEX                                                       Bonaparte Offshore Basin - Tern/Petrel - Gas Fields
Australia. It is based on a resource of 469 Mt at 0.06
per cent molybdenum and 0.09 per cent copper. Moly           The Ichthys gas and condensate field was discovered         SANTOS LIMITED
                                                             in 1980 and is located in 250 metres of water,
Mines has completed a definitive feasibility study which                                                                 The offshore Petrel gas field, discovered in 1969, is
                                                             approximately 440 km north of Broome and 250 km
has forecast 240 Mlbs of molybdenum concentrate and                                                                      located about 250 km west of Darwin on the WA-NT
                                                             from the mainland. Six discovery and appraisal wells
270 Mlbs of copper concentrate to be produced in the                                                                     seabed border in the Bonaparte Basin. The offshore
                                                             were drilled during 2000-2004. The P50 estimated            Tern gas field, discovered in 1971, is located about
first 10 years of the operation. The project’s processing
                                                             recoverable resource in place is approximately 12.8         300 km west of Darwin in WA waters in the Bonaparte
plant design capacity is at 20 Mt/a. The project is          Tcf of gas and 527 mbbl of condensate and LPG. The
undergoing environmental assessment.                                                                                     Basin. Field development options include installation
                                                             permit is owned by Inpex Browse Ltd (76 per cent)           of unmanned offshore production platforms with a
Expenditure: $1.084b.                                        and Total (24 per cent). Development of the field           pipeline to a gas treatment plant south of Darwin.
Employment: Construction: 400; Operation: 375                is planned to include offshore semi-submersible             The development possibilities for these fields has
                                                             facilities and a subsea pipeline to an offshore location,   been enhanced by recent significant discoveries
                       NICKEL                                where approximately 8 Mt/a of LNG will be produced          by other parties nearby, which may provide tie-in
                                                             for export to the Asia-Pacific market, with the first       potential for Petrel and Tern to service domestic
Goongarrie - Kalgoorlie Nickel Project -                     shipment scheduled for 2012. The company is also            gas customers. A conceptual plan involves initial
Mine (laterite ore) and Hydrometallurgical                   looking at new technologies associated with gas-to-         development of Petrel with a pipeline to an onshore
Processing Plant                                             liquids and dimethyl ether, as well as possibilities for    gas plant and a subsequent phase that completes
HERON RESOURCES LTD                                          domestic supply.                                            Petrel and develops Tern.
This project will involve a mine and hydrometallurgical      Expenditure: $10b.                                          Expenditure: $1b.
processing plant at Goongarrie, about 85 km north            Employment: Construction: 2000; Operation: 500
of Kalgoorlie, producing up to 50,000 t/a of nickel                                                                             PLATINUM GROUP METALS
                                                             Carnarvon Offshore Basin - Macedon - Gas Field
from laterite resources of 903 Mt grading 0.74 per                                                                       Halls Creek - Panton Sill-Platinum Project
                                                             BHP BILLITON PETROLEUM (AUSTRALIA) PTY LIMITED
cent nickel and 0.05 per cent cobalt. Heron and Vale
                                                             The Macedon gas field, located about 50 km north of         PLATINUM AUSTRALIA LIMITED
Inco are undertaking a pre-feasibility study which
                                                             Exmouth, was discovered in 1992 by the West Muiron-3        The Panton platinum-palladium deposit is located
is due for completion in January 2009. Further ore
                                                             well, with a follow-up appraisal campaign in 1994. BHP      60 km north of Halls Creek in the Kimberley region
reserve estimation, mine planning and metallurgical
                                                             Billiton is continuing to investigate domestic market       of Western Australia, and contains the highest grade
testing will be undertaken. The main focus will be on                                                                    known in Australia. A bankable feasibility study (BFS)
                                                             opportunities for Macedon, which is estimated to
development of three flowsheet applications, leading                                                                     has found that, while the project is technically sound, it
                                                             contain a gas resource of up to 1.2 Tcf. Gas recovered to
to preliminary plant design, final flowsheeet selection                                                                  is not commercially viable. The company is considering
                                                             date is dry, containing no condensate or LPG.
and new capital and operating cost estimates.                                                                            updating the BFS during the first half of 2009 to assess
Expenditure: $1.4b.                                          Pilbara - Devil Creek Development Project                   the impact of current higher prices for platinum,
Employment: Construction: 1000; Operation: 300               APACHE ENERGY LIMITED                                       palladium and by-product nickel.
                                                             Apache Energy Ltd and Santos Ltd are investigating the
North Eastern Goldfields - yakabindie Nickel Mine                                                                        Pilbara - Platinum Deposit
                                                             development of the Devil Creek Development Project
BHP BILLITON NICKEL WEST PTY LTD                             (DCDP), a greenfield gas project comprised of an            HELIX RESOURCES NL
The Yakabindie project is based on a large nickel            unmanned offshore gas production platform over the          Helix Resources NL has established an indicated
                                                             Reindeer gas field, about 80 km northwest of Dampier;       resource of 9.2 Mt at 2.9 g/t combined platinum,
deposit situated near BHP Billiton’s existing Mt Keith
                                                             offshore and onshore gas pipelines; an onshore gas          palladium, rhodium, and gold, 0.2 per cent nickel, and
nickel project and is estimated to contain a resource
                                                             processing plant near Devil Creek, 65km southwest of        0.3 per cent copper at its project site near Karratha.
of 289 Mt at 0.58% nickel. BHPB is considering
                                                             Karratha; and a sales gas export pipeline connected         Preliminary mining studies suggested a mining rate
developing Yakabindie as an integrated part of the                                                                       of combined open cut and underground production of
                                                             to the Dampier to Bunbury Natural Gas Pipeline
Mt Keith project, and is conducting a pre-feasibility                                                                    1.5 Mt/a. Further activity was postponed in early 2003,
                                                             (DBNGP). The DCDP is designed to provide up to 300 TJ
study, including infill drilling of the ore body and                                                                     as a result of poor exploration results and a decreased
                                                             per day of dry natural gas and between 160 kl to 800 kl
metallurgical testing.                                       per day of gas condensate. All gas from the DCDP will       palladium price. The project is under review.
Expenditure: $20m.                                           service the domestic gas market in Western Australia.
                                                             Construction is scheduled to start by end 2008, with                                 SALT
Pilbara - Nickel Mine
                                                             first gas delivered into the DBNGP by mid 2010, subject
SHERLOCK BAY NICKEL COMPANY                                                                                              Exmouth Gulf - yannarie Solar Salt Project
                                                             to receiving all the required statutory approvals.
Sherlock Bay Nickel Corporation owns the Sherlock                                                                        STRAITS SALT PTY LTD
                                                             Expenditure: $600m.
Bay nickel project, 120 km east of Karratha. The                                                                         Straits Salt is proposing to develop the Yannarie
                                                             Employment: Construction: 200; Operation: 20
project is comprised of the Symonds and Discovery                                                                        Solar Salt, a 4 Mt/a salt operation in the east coast
deposits. The ore body extends over a length of              Pilbara - LNG Plant                                         of Exmouth Gulf. It has exploration licences over
approximately 1.6 km and varies in width between 5           BHP BILLITON PETROLEUM (AUSTRALIA) PTY LIMITED              the area and has applied for a mining lease. The
m and 35 m. The deposits contain a combined proven                                                                       proposal was assessed at the Environmental Review
                                                             BHP Billiton Petroleum and Exxon Mobil are working
resource of 25.4 Mt at 0.4 per cent nickel, 0.09 per                                                                     and Management Program level by the EPA. A
                                                             together to identify the optimal development plan for
                                                                                                                         statement released on 23 July 2008, EPA Report 1295,
cent copper and 0.02 per cent cobalt. This resource is       the commercial development of the Scarborough gas
                                                                                                                         recommended against approval for the Yannarie Solar
expected to give a project life of 12 years. Processing of   field located offshore in about 900 metres of water
                                                                                                                         Salt proposal.
the ore will use the BioHeap bulk heap leach process,        and about 280 km northwest of Onslow. The project
                                                             is examining a number of concepts including the             Expenditure: $200m.
which will produce metal with an expected recovery of
88 per cent.                                                 development of an associated 6 Mt/a LNG plant at a          Employment: Construction: 100; Operation: 75
                                                             site approximately 4.5 km southwest of Onslow. The
Expenditure: $30m.
                                                             LNG produced may be sold to the American west coast                               TIMBER
                                                             and Asian energy markets.
       OIL & GAS DEvELOPMENTS                                                                                            Mirambeena Timber Processing Precinct -
                                                             Expenditure: $5b.
                                                                                                                         Engineered Strand Lumber
Carnarvon Offshore Basin - Barrow Island -                   Employment: Construction: 2400; Operation: 125
                                                                                                                         LIGNOR LTD
Gorgon LNG
                                                             Browse Basin - Scott Reef/Brecknock - Gas Fields            Lignor Ltd is proposing the development of
CHEVRON AUSTRALIA PTY LTD                                                                                                an engineered strand lumber plant located at
                                                             WOODSIDE ENERGY
In December 2007, the Gorgon Joint Venture (GJV)                                                                         Mirambeena, near Albany. The plant will source most
                                                             Woodside discovered gas and condensate at Torosa
announced its intention to upgrade the project                                                                           of its timber from the extensive eucalypt plantations
                                                             (Scott Reef) in 1971, Brecknock in 1979 and Calliance
specifications from a 10Mt/a (2 train) to a 15Mt/a (3        (Brecknock South) in 2000. The fields are located           growing in the Albany region and will use technology
train) development on Barrow Island. The project             in water depths of up to 800 metres, about 425 km           developed by the German engineering company,
is based on gas from both the Gorgon and Jansz               northwest of Broome and 250 km from the mainland.           Siempelkamp. The company has completed its
fields. The GJV is also considering a domestic gas           The reserves in these fields are currently held as a        feasibility study. Further project development has been
development on Barrow Island. The GJV obtained               contingent resource and are estimated to be in excess       put on hold pending more favourable global market
environmental approval for the 10Mt/a development in         of 20 Tcf of gas and 300 Mbbls of condensate. During        conditions.
late 2007. Once the GJV has obtained environmental           2007 and 2008 Woodside (Operator and 50 per cent            Expenditure: $350m.
approvals for the additional train and completed front-      interest holder) is planning to continue with field         Employment: Construction: 400; Operation: 140

      in store
      for Indian
      mining                                                A Western Australian trade and investment delegation visited India in July this year.

      India has a wealth of natural               transparent and welcoming investment              established, proposing legislative
      resources but its mining sector             framework for foreign mining companies.           changes that would finally encourage
      remains relatively underdeveloped.                                                            meaningful investment in mining and
                                                  Western Australia has an important                exploration. A high level committee
      As explained by Simon Johnson,
                                                  interest in this process because of               chaired by Anwarul Hoda was
      the India Regional Director of the          the potential for new opportunities               established in 2005 by the Indian
      Western Australian Global Network,          for trade and collaboration. India is             National Planning Commission.
      this could all be about to change.          already Western Australia’s fourth
                                                  largest export market and contributed             The main findings of what became
      Though their mining sectors are vastly
                                                  A$5 billion value to the State in 2007.           known as the Hoda Report included
      different in terms of development
                                                                                                    the allowance for stand-alone
      and economic potential, India and           Western Australia has two Indian                  mining, rationalisation of royalty
      Western Australia both have vast            trade offices, at Chennai and Mumbai,
      endowments of natural resources.                                                              regimes to encourage market-based
                                                  that facilitate trade between the two             pricing, streamlining of conversion
      The eastern Indian states of Orissa,        regions. The growing importance of                of mining leases, and reduction of
      Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand and West            India to Western Australia was reflected          the discretionary use of government
      Bengal in particular, are home to           in a State trade and investment                   powers in granting leases.
      world-class reserves of iron ore,           mission to the country in July.
      bauxite, chromite and manganese.                                                              The report also allowed for the continued
                                                  Western Australia also has a                      provision, in certain circumstances, of
      Coal too is common and is treated as
                                                  Memorandum of Understanding                       captive mining, whereby end users such
      a separate industry sector to other
                                                  (MoU) with India for the exchange of              as power companies will undertake
      mining, with its own relevant ministry.
                                                  environmental and mining management               mining for their own purposes.
      Despite the country’s natural wealth,       technologies, and another relating
      mining at present contributes just          to petroleum is being considered.                 States were likewise permitted to
      2 per cent to India’s gross domestic                                                          continue giving preference to miners that
                                                  The process of reforming India’s mining           committed to investing in value-added
      product and mining operations are
                                                  sector began in the 1990s, when the               industries, where it was an option.
      small-to-medium in size and often
      run by government operations.               approach to foreign direct investment
                                                  (FDI) in mining became more welcoming.            After much deliberation, the Hoda
      This is vastly different to the                                                               Report received cabinet approval
      situation in Western Australia, where       In 1993 a new national mining policy was          following some amendments.
      multinational firms regularly announce      introduced and by 2006, FDI of 100 per
      new multi-billion-dollar mining             cent was permitted for exploration and            The Indian Ministry of Mines has
      projects, and the combined mining           mining of gold, silver and minerals other         since published new rules and
      and petroleum sectors contribute 30         than those for metallurgy and processing,         regulations governing the national
      per cent to gross state product.            and by approval for diamonds and                  mining policy which accepted
                                                  precious stones.                                  most of the recommendations.
      India’s inability until now to capitalise
      on its resources wealth has been            While allowing for foreign investment             The new rules and regulations were
      attributed to a variety of factors,         in theory, these initial reforms proved           expected to be presented to parliament
      including the steel and power industries    insufficient at attracting any real               in August 2008 and it is hoped they
      protecting their interests through          interest and to date there has not been           will soon pass into legislation.
      lobbying for a highly regulated sector.     a single mining production lease issued
                                                  to any foreign company in India.                  There is a chance for further delays
      Many officials in both central                                                                as a result of an upcoming election
      and state governments have also             In the iron ore sector, no new                    and continued contention, but there
      supported the status quo, while             greenfield projects have opened in the            are real hopes for a period of new
      issues concerning land rights and           past two decades despite a plethora               prosperity in the Indian mining sector.
      the environment have contributed.           of MoUs being signed between
                                                  companies and state governments.                  With Western Australia poised to become
      However in the past few years real                                                            an Asia-Pacific mining services sector
      progress has been made in efforts to        To address these concerns, a review               leader, this could provide immense
28    change this situation and create a more     of the national mining policy was                 opportunities for years to come.
Significant resource projects
in Western Australia                                                                            Visit us online
Western Australia continues to lead the way as Australia’s premier
resources investment destination. Despite several significant projects                          Prospect can be downloaded free of
moving to the operational stage since the last edition of Prospect, there                       charge from the Internet by visiting the
are still more than A$90 billion worth of projects either committed or                          website of the Department of Industry
under consideration during the next few years. These will create more                           and Resources at:
than 34,000 construction and more than 8900 full-time jobs.

                                                         Project value      Employment
                                                             A$m)      Construction Permanent   Prospect
                                                                                                Subscription/Change of address
Alcoa - Wagerup/Willowdale Refinery Train 3 Expansion         1500        1500        260       ABN: 69 410 35 356
Worsley Alumina - Refinery Expansion                          2500        1500        200
Sub Total                                                     4000        3000        460
Iron and Steel
Asia Iron - Extension Hill Magnetite Mine                      715        1000        280
Australian Premium Iron Joint Venture - Iron Ore Mine         3000        1300        700
BHP Billiton Iron Ore - Rapid Growth Projects                 9000          -          -
Hamersley Iron - Brockman 4 and Dampier Port Expansion        2420         800        200       z
Fortescue Metals Group - Mine, Rail and Port Project          3200        2500        870
Gindalbie Metals - Karara Magnetite Mine                      1000         400        240
Grange Resources - Southdown Magnetite Mine                    839         700        250
HIsmelt - Commercial Iron Making Plant                         800         320         65
Hope Downs Limited - Iron Ore Mine                              -           -         280       Organisation:
Midwest Corporation - Weld Range Hematite Mine                 800         900        220
Mineralogy and CITIC Pacific - Cape Preston Mine and
                                                              8500        5000        1300      Address:
Processing Projects
Murchison Metals - Jack Hills Stage 2 Hematite Mine            750         450        350
Robe River - Cape Lambert Port Expansion                      1100         450         70       z
Sub Total                                                    32124       13820        4825
Nickel/Cobalt                                                                                   Type of business:
Heron Resources - Goongarrie Mine and Plant                   1400        1000        300
Sub Total                                                     1400        1000        300
                                                                                                Phone number:
Oil, Gas and Condensate
Apache - Devil Creek Project                                   600         200         20
Apache - Van Gogh Oil Field                                    600          -          -        Email
BHP Billiton - Onslow LNG Plant                               5000        2400        125
BHP Billiton - Pyrenees Oil Project                           2000          -          -        Please tick the appropriate box
                                                                                                Please add me to your mailing list to receive
Gorgon Joint Venture LNG Project                             11000        3000        600       Prospect magazine. I would like a subscription for
Inpex - Ichthys LNG Project                                  10000        2000        500           one year @ $12 (incl. GST)
North West Shelf Venture - LNG Phase V Expansion              2425        1500         20           two years @ $22 (incl. GST)
Santos - Tern Petrel Gasfield Project                         1000          -          -            three years @ $32 (incl. GST)
Woodside - Angel Gas/Condensate Project                       1600          -          -
                                                                                                My cheque, made out to the Department of Industry
Woodside - Pluto LNG Plant                                   11200        3000        200       and Resources, is enclosed OR please debit the
Woodside - Vincent Oil Project                                1000          -          -        amount to my credit card using the following details:
Sub Total                                                    46425       12100        1465      Type of card:         Visa      Bankcard         Mastercard
Argyle Diamonds - Underground Mine (Stage 1)                  1200         250        500
                                                                                                Expiry date
Aviva Corporation - Mid West Power                            1000         600        100       This form will become a tax invoice for GST purposes when payment is made.
BGM - Boddington Wandoo Gold Mine Expansion                   2000        1500        650
                                                                                                    Change of address
Dyno Nobel - Burrup Ammonia Plant                              900        1000        130       (please make changes required on one of your old labels).
Griffin Coal - Blueswater III & IV                             800         600         30       Please photocopy or cut coupon and mail to:
Griffin Energy - Bluewaters 1 and 2 Coal Fired Power                                            Prospect subscriptions
                                                               400         600         50       Information Centre
                                                                                                Department of Industry and Resources
Moly Mines - Spinifex Molybdenum/Copper Mine                  1084         400        375       Mineral House, 100 Plain Street
Straits Resources - Yannarie Salt Project                      200         100         75       East Perth, Western Australia 6004
Sub Total                                                     7584        5050        1910
TOTAL                                                        91533       34970       8960
 September 2008                                        Major Resource Development Projects: Western Australia
  INSET B                                                                                  Mutineer
                                                                                                                                                            INSET C               Campbell
                                                                              EaglehawkEgret Hermes                                                           Wonnich Endymion
                                                                          Searipple            Lambert                                                                         /Sinbad                                                                                        Kelp Deep
                                                                     Capella                        Angel                                                                                         Doric/Ulidia
                                                                     Perseus                    Cossack                                                                     Bambra               Linda                                                          Jahal
                                                                                    North Wanaea                                                                                                                                              Laminaria                       Chudditch
                                                              Dockrell Ishmael      Rankin             Legendre                                                 Harriet/Gudrun Lee MontyC

                                                                Keast                                                                                                                       Rose
                                                                            Goodwyn                                                                                      Varanus Island
                                                                                                                                                              North Alkimos

                                                        Echo/Yodel                                                                                                                                   Josephine
                     Io/Jansz                           Goodwyn South       Tidepole                      Burrup Peninsula                                      Agincourt                   Gipsy
                                       Urania                                                                                                                                           S.Plato                                                                         Bayu-Undan
                                               Wheatstone Rankin/
                                                           Sculptor     Dixon/West Dixon                    Ammonia                                         Monet/Simpson
                                                                                                                                                                                        Little Sandy/Pedirka/North Pedirka/
                                           Geryon        Iago                                               Ammonia-urea                                       /Tanami                      Hoover Victoria
                              Eurytion                                         Reindeer
                                                  Pluto       Wilcox                                        Ammonium Nitrate                                                  Double island
                                                                                 Caribou                                                                       Barrow Gorgon
                                                                         Corvus                             Desalination                                                                                                                      Jabiru
                                     Orthrus                                                                                                                   Island
                       Maenad                                                        Wandoo                 LNG                                                  Barrow Island
                                                                                                                                                                               Harriet Oil and Gas                                            Challis/Cassini
                                           Chrysaor/Dionysus                                                                                                                                                         Puffin
                                                West Tryal Rocks                                            Pluto LNG                                                          Development Area                       Skua
                                 John Brookes            SEE INSET C                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Petrel
                              Gorgon                                                                         Parker Point Cape Lambert
                                   Spar                                                                               Dampier                                                                                                                                                                Tern
                                                                                                          Dampier Salt
                                                                                                Cape Preston                        Cape Lambert
                                                                                                                          Karratha                                                              Torosa
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Ichthys                                                           Blacktip
                               Woollybutt                                                                                        Radio Hill                                             Brecknock
                                                                                                                                    Whundo Cu Zn
           Griffin Oil                                                                                                          Munni Munni                                             Calliance
                                                                                                         Balmoral South                                                                                                                                                                        Turtle
           Development Area                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Mitchell Plateau

 Eskdale                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Ord Stage 2-M2
     Skiddaw                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Wyndham
                  Vincent       Yammaderry      Crest                                                                                                                                                                                                     Ord Stage 2-Mantinea Flats

Stybarrow                                      Saladin                                                                                                                                                       Koolan Island

   Laverda            Pyrenees Group Cowle

                                                 Skate                                                                                                                                             Cockatoo Island                                                               Ord Stage 1 Sorby Hills

                                             Roller                                     Robe                   Middle Robe Mesas                                                                                                                                      Lake Argyle Hydro

                        Macedon                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Zn Pb Ag

                                                                                                             Robe Mesa J

                                                                                        Mesa A

                                               Pilbara LNG

                                    Tubridgi                                                                    Bungaroo Creek


                                                                                                                                                                                                                Derby     Lloyd Boundary
                                       Yannarie                                                                                                                                                                 West Terrace                                            Sally Malay
                                                                                                                              Homestead                                                                                               Ellendale
                                                                                                                                Silvergrass                                                                            Sundown                                                         Copernicus
                                                                                                                                                                              Broome                                            Blina                                    Panton
                                                                                                                                    Brockman 2                                                                      Liveringa
                    Rough Range                                                                                                  Brockman 4
                                                   0                                            100          Paulsens          200 km
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Pillara Zn Pb              Koongie Park
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Zn Cu Ag
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                RESOURCE SYMBOLS
                                                                                                                                                                                                 Admiral Bay Zn Pb Ag           Bauxite-Alumina
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Alumina refineries
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Mines and deposits
                                                         SEE INSET B                                                                                                                                                            Chemicals / Petrochemicals / Petroleum            Coyote
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Processing plants / refineries
                                                                                                                              Port Hedland                                                                                         Natural gas field
                                   Scarborough                                                                                                 Pardoo
                                                                                                                  Finucane Island          Port Hedland Salt                                                                       Oil field
                                                                                                             Ronsard Island        Balla Balla                                                                                     Natural gas / oil field
                                                                                                                               Salt Creek Zn Pb    Yarrie                                                                          Natural gas / condensate field
                                                                                                                            Sherlock Bay                                                                                           Natural gas / oil / condensate field
                                                                                                                             Whim Creek Cu                                                                                      Chromite
                                                                                                                                  Indee                   Spinifex Ridge Mo Cu                                                     Mines and deposits
                                                                                                                             Wodgina           Sulphur Springs Zn Cu                                                            Clays
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Brick / tile processing plants
                                                                                                                                    Abydos                  Woodie Woodie                                                       Coal
                                                                                                                                                                                                   Telfer Au Cu
                                                                                                                           PILBARA                    Golden Eagle
                                                                                                                                                                         Nifty Cu
                                                                                                                                                                   Ant Hill
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Coal/char/coal bed methane (CBM) mines and deposits
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Lignite mines and deposits
                                                                                                                           Solomon                Cloud Break         Maroochydore Cu Co                                           Mines and deposits
                                                                                                                             Koodaideri Marillana Christmas Creek             Kintyre       Lake Auld                           Diamonds
                                                                                                                     Marandoo Western 4 Yandi/BHPB         Roy Hill                         Potash                                 Mines and deposits
                                                                                                                 Tom Price                   Yandicoogina/HI
                                                                                                       Beasley River                           Mindy Mindy                                                                      Gold
                                                                                                                          Mining Area C                                                                                            Mines and deposits
                                                                                                          Turner Syncline West Hope Downs      Rhodes Ridge
                                                                                                            Paraburdoo West Angelas               East Angelas                                                                  Gypsum
                                                                                                      Western Range          Turee Syncline           Orebody 23, 25 & 18
                                                                                                           Eastern Range                                                                                                           Mines and deposits
                                                                                                                             Channar Giles Mini           Jimblebar                   Lake                                      Heavy mineral sands
                                                                                                                                          Mt Whaleback
                                                                                                                                                           Coobina                    Disappointment                               Mines and deposits — titanium-bearing sands
                                                                                                                                 Prairie Downs                    Robertson Range
                                                                                                                                                                                      Potash                                       Mines and deposits — garnet-bearing sands
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Ti02 pigment and synthetic rutile plants
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Iron ore
                                                              Lake MacLeod                                                                                                                                                         Mines and deposits
                                                              Lake MacLeod                                                               Abra Pb Cu Au                                                                             Downstream processing plants
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Mines and Deposits
                                             Carnarvon                                                                                                                                                                             Cement plants
                                                                                                                                           Plutonic                                                                             Magnesite
                                                                                                                              Fortnum                                                                                              Mines and Deposits
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Manganese ore
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Mines and deposits
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Nickel                                           Wingellina
                                                                                                                 Jack Hills                                                                                                        Mines and deposits
                                                  Shark Bay                                                                                   Jundee/Nimary                                                                        Smelters and refineries
                                                                                                                     Magellan Pb                                                                                                Phosphate                                        West Musgrave
                                                                     Coburn                                           Meekatharra
                                                                                                                 Gabanintha Wiluna                                                                                                 Mines and deposits
                                                                                                                    Wiluna West
                                                                                                               Weld Range                                                                                                       Platinoids
                                                                                                                     Honeymoon Well         Lake Way
                                                                                                                                    Yeelirrie      Lake Maitland                                                                   Mines and deposits
                                                                                                         Burnakura Nowthanna                Mt Keith                                                                            Rare earth elements
                                                                                                                             Gidgee               Bronzewing/Mt McClure
                                                                                                                              Yakabindie                                                                                           Mines and deposits
                                                                                                            Barrambie            Cosmos                                                                                         Salt/Potash
                                                                                                                                                Waterloo                                                                           Production facilities / pans
                                                                                                                                  Leinster           Darlot         Moolart Well
                                      INSET A          Port Gregory                              Hill 50
                                                                                                                Sandstone Plant Agnew                                       Thatcher
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Silica - Silica Sand
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Mines and deposits
                                                                               Tallering Peak                                   Lawlers
                                                                                                      Lords Henry & Nelson                        Marshall      Mt Windara                                                         Silicon smelters
   AIS Jetty                 0              50km                                                                                      Sinclair      Pool Sickle
                                                                    Eradu Pig Iron                                  Windimurra Jaguar Zn Cu                                                                                     Talc
   Alumina Refinery        Gingin                      Oakajee                          Gullewa Au Cu Kirkalocka Plant                               Whisper             Brightstar                                                Mines and deposits
                                                                                               Golden Grove Zn Cu                     Tarmoola                        Mikado
   Ammonium Nitrate                                                 Narngulu Synthetic                                                                                                                                          Tantalum
                                                   Geraldton         RutileIrwin River Minjar Gossan Hill Ag Au                   Sons of Gwalia Murrin              Mt Weld                                                       Mines and deposits
   BP Oil Refinery                                Alinta Wind farm               Mt Karara       Mt Mulgine                                         Murrin         Sunrise Dam
                              Synthetic                   Yardarino       Mount Horner          Blue Hills                            Mt. Mason              Granny Smith–Wallaby                                               Uranium
   Cement and Lime               Rutile                 Centauri 1       Hovea–Eremia Koolanooka
                                                                            Xyris                                                                                   Red October                                                     Mines and deposits
   Chlor Alkali     Neerabup                     Frankland Dongara                        Koolanooka South
                                                         Cliff Head        Apium
                                                                         Don                                                                                                                                                    Vanadium-Titanium
   Chemicals                                                 Jingemia        gara Three Springs      Mt Gibson     Lake Giles                                                                                                      Mines and deposits
                     Malaga Brick                                                  HM                                                           Jump Up Dam
   Desalination               Middle Swan Brick    Beharra Springs/                                                                                                           Mulga Rock
                               Midland Brick                                 Eneabba                                                  Canegrass Goongarrie
   Fertilizers                                                                                Mt Gibson Windarling Range
                          PERTH Airport Brick                          Woodada
                                                               Tarantula Central West                                           Davyhurst                             Carosue Dam                                               NON-MINERAL PROJECTS
   Fused Alumina    Caversham Tile                                                                           Mt Jackson                  Cawse      Scotia Lindsays Find                                                          Irrigation/water schemes
   Fused Zirconia                                                            Coolimba                         Bungalbin East            Paddington        Black Swan                                                              Major port handling facilities
                       Fremantle                      Cooljarloo North        Emu Downs Wind Farm                                   Mt Pleasant           Kanowna Belle – Red Hill
                                                                                                                                                                Bulong                                                            Major power stations
   HIsmelt                       Armadale Brick                  Cooljarloo                                 Koolyanobbing              Kundana                  Avalon Plant
                                                                                   Cataby                                                                Super Pit                                                                Downstream timber processing plant
                                 Cardup Brick                                                                                                             Kalgoorlie Ni Smelter                                                        Gas pipeline       Proposed gas pipeline
                                                                                                                      Coolgardie-Redemption                         Blair-Area57
                                                                      SEE INSET A                        Westonia                        Mt Marion        Carnilya      Aldiss–Randalls                                         OPERATING PROJECTS ARE SHOWN IN BLUE
                                                                                                                                         Long–Victor       Kambalda Concentrator                                                POTENTIAL PROJECTS ARE SHOWN IN RED
                               Keysbrook                                                                        Marvel Loch            Nepean               Beta-Hunt
                                                                                                                                           Spargoville      St Ives                                                             PROJECTS ON CARE AND MAINTENANCE ARE
                                                                                                                            Yilgarn Star Wattle Dam
                                                                                                                                            Armstrong             Bald Hill                                                     SHOWN IN PURPLE
                                                                                                                                       Miitel–Redross        Lanfranchi
                                 Huntly                               PERTH                                                                                 Trident
                                                                                                                                    Emily Ann – Maggie Hays                                 Central Norseman
 Kemerton                          Wagerup
                                          Saddleback                                                                                                               O'Sullivans
   Chlor Alkali
   Silicon Smelter
                                          Worsley                                                                                                                                               Scaddan
   Titanium                 Australind       Bluewaters                                                                                                                                                                                    Western
   Pigment                   Bunbury           Collie
                                                                                                                                        Phillips River – Trilogy      Ravensthorpe                                                         Australia
                Dardanup      Dardanup           Muja                                                                                                                            Esperance
Capel Synthetic Rutile        Gwindinup                                                                       Manjiump
           Ludlow                                                                                          Jangardup South                    Southdown
 Tutunup South/Iluka
Leeuwin - Naturaliste CBM                                                                                        Mirambeena
                     Whicher Range        Greenbushes                                                                                   Albany
                                                                                                                   Albany Wind Farm
                                                                                                                                          0           100           200           300                400

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