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              Unit 6
Study of a Diverse and Rich Land
        K-W-L Chart

Make a KWL chart similar to the
previous units. Focus on what you
know about Ancient China!
  Essential Questions
1. How did the geography of China make it a
   diverse country?

2. What were some of the inventions and ideas
   that improved daily life in ancient China?

3. How is the history of ancient China

4. How did Confucianism, Daoism, and Legalism
   influence Chinese history and culture?
5. How did the silk road open up China to the
Critical thinking question #1

  What types of maps are
  used to explain the world
  around us?
Mapmakers! (cartographers)
 Types of Maps       Picture map
                       •   Simplest
                       •   Uses drawings
                 –   Topographical
                       •   Contour lines/imaginary
                       • Faster increase in
                           elevation=contour lines closer
                       • ripples like a pebble in a pond
                 –   Relief Maps
                       • Easier to use
                       • Use color
                       • Has a key
                       • brown mountains, and hills
                       • Greens and yellow are lowlands
                       • Blue is water
                 –   Political Map
                       • Imaginary lines
                       • Shows boundaries of states,
                           countries and counties
                 Which map is which?
Picture map ________

Relief map ________

Political Map ________
               You are There!
You are flying over Asia as a passenger on an airplane. As the
airplane heads east, you look out the window. Below is a vast
land of green, brown, black, and white. All of this is
surrounded by the rich blue of the ocean. It all looks close
enough to touch! You make out the rocky surface of tall
mountains, topped by silvery snow. Reddish plateaus, or raised
areas of flat land, separate the sharp mountain ranges. Some
areas seem dry like sandy deserts. From the mountainous
areas in the west, long winding rivers begin. Small streams lead
to rivers as they flow eastward to the ocean. Lowland areas
near the coasts in the south are lush and green. Land
surrounded by water juts out into the sea. Islands look like dots
in the deep, dark water. Welcome to China!
Geography of China
Critical thinking question #2

How did the geography of
China affect the
development of it’s ancient
      Relief Map of China

 Tian Shian Mts.

                      Gobi Desert
  Taklimakan desert

                                       North China Plain
Plateau of Tibet

   Himalayan Mts.

Diversity of the Land

 Read the four handouts about the
 different regions in China. Mark the text
 by underlining or hilighting 15 words. In
 your notebook take notes using the 2
 column method. Then answer the
 prompt at the bottom of each page in
 your notebooks
 Gobi      North
Desert   China Plain
           T: North China Plain
•Today             - trace settlements/Culture here
                   - heavily populated
                   - Center for agriculture/industry
                   - large portion of food
•Land              - Fertile
                     * enriched by loess
                               -soil from desert
                   - Winter-cold, summer -hot
                   - Soybeans, wheat, cotton
                     * grown on terraces (stairs)
•Beijing           - Capital
                   - 12 million people
                   - Center for culture/Government

                     * Since 13th century CE
       T: Guangxi Zhungzu
•Southeast    - Gulf of Tonkin-warm waters
              - Vietnam-SW
              - warm, moist winds-from the sea
              - hot & steamy
              - Plenty of rain and sun
•Farming      - best climate
              - long growing season
              -double cropping
                         * two crops on same land
                          * rice/ Vegetable or rice/Sugar
              - Fishing also important
•geography    - sinkholes- collect rainwater
              - Peaks throughout region
              - Limestone-erosion caused fantastic

              - underground streams
            T: China’s Sorrow
•Huang He            - called Yellow River
                     - 3400 miles long
                     - early civilizations-home
                     - begins-Mts. of SW china
                     - Through the Gobi desert
•Silt                - picks up and dissolved in water
                     - gives it its yellow color
                     -Huang is “yellow” in Chinese
•North China Plain   - changes from swift to slow
                     - Dikes/Levees used
                     - flood in summer/heavy rains
                     - Called China’s sorrow due to flooding

                        * destroys crops and homes
           T: Plateau of Tibet
•Last region         - Very rocky
                     - different from any other place
                     - Mts to the north and south
•People              - Speak Tibetan
                     - called Zhuang
                     -largest minority group
                     - Grow barley and herd sheep
                     - nomads-travel around
                     -live in tents

•Roof of the world   - Southern border-Himalayan mts.
                     - Mount Everest is here
                       * tallest peak in the world
                     - Himalayas in more than 1 country
    Follow-Up Questions
Use the prompts to write your answer. Do NOT
  rewrite the questions!

1. Why is the North China Plain a good place to
   grow crops?
2. Summarize the characteristics of Guangxi
   Zhungzu that makes it different from other
3. What difficulties did the Yellow River cause for
   the Early Chinese people?
4. What challenges do the nomadic people face on
   the Tibetan Plateau?
Himalayan   Tibetan
Mountains   Plateau
            Using data

Use the data sheets to answer the three
following questions: 1) Why did most
people settle on North China Plain?, 2) Why
was China isolated from the rest of the
world?, 3) Why did a number of different
cultures develop within ancient China?
                           Part A
    Most people in ancient China settled on the
    North China Plain. Explain why this was
    true considering the following:
•   Which elevations may have been unsuitable for human
    ( Gobi ,Himalayan, Taklimaken, Tian Shian)
•   Which locations may have been too hot or too cold for farming?
    ( Hot- Gobi, Taklimaken Cold- Himalayas, Gobi)
•   Which locations might provide the best sources for water to fulfill
    human needs?
    ( Chang Jiang, Haung He, North China Plain)
•   Which locations might provide vegetation for domesticated
    animals, such as cattle and pigs?
    ( Chang Jiang, Tian Shian, North China Plain)
                                 Part B
    China was isolated from the rest of the world during ancient
    times. Explain why this was true by considering the
•   How might elevation make it difficult to enter and exit China from the west
    and southwest?
    mountains are difficult to cross and are very treacherous and cold
•   What physiographic features might protect China from northern invaders?
    Gobi Desert is very hot, no water and extremely difficult to travel in
•   How might the seas east of China act as a barrier to trade and travel?
    South China sea and pacific ocean difficulty to navigate and dangerous
    to cross with crude boats
•   How might the vegetation act as an obstacle to invaders trying to attack
    southern China?
    Thick, lush, dense rainforests difficult to get through with large army.
                                Part C
     A number of different cultures developed within
     ancient China. Explain why this was true considering
     the following:
How might the different elevation levels separate people?
    (the deserts, mountains and Plateaus created numerous regions that
    developed separately from each other with their own unique language
    and customs)
How might differences in temperature effect the way people dressed?
    ( People living in colder regions tended to dress in heavier clothes and
    to herd animals while those in temperate areas dressed in lighter
    garments and farmed)
How might differences in precipitation effect the types of housing that people
    ( People in wet areas had to waterproof their houses while people in
    dry areas could use earth to build their houses.)
How might the different types of vegetation effect people’s diets?
    ( Fruits were more available in the rainforest areas of the south. In the
    north, people ate cereals like wheat and barley)
        Effects of Geography on Ancient China
Most people settled on the       China was Isolated from        Different Cultures developed
      North China Plain             the rest of the World                 within China
                             •     West                     •     Elevations separate people
•   Temperature                     – Himalayan Mts.               – Natural barriers
    – Farming-                                                     – People adapted
                             •     North                           – Tech. was poor
      agriculture                   – Gobi Desert           •     Different Clothing
•   Water                    •     East                            – Light in warm climates
    – 2 river valleys               – Seas of Japan,                     • Linen, cotton, silk
                                      China Sea and                – Heavier in cold climates
    – Precipitation- 23               Pacific Ocean                      • Layers, wool,
      inches per yr.                                                        fur/skins
                             •     South                    •     Different housing
•   Vegetation                      – Rainforest has               – Sturdy, insolated in Cold
    – Good for domestic               dangerous                    – Thatch, wood in warm
                                      animals                      – Tents, movable in deserts
                                    – Thick or dense        •     Diets
•   Suitable for humans               vegetation                   – Rainforest-fruits, fish
    – Elevation- temp. is                                          – Mountains.-meats,
                                                                       protein, dairy
                                                                   – Plains- grasses, domestic
    – Landforms easy to                                                animals
      live on                                                      – scavenging in deserts
Task Rotation- The geography of China had THREE major impacts on its
early growth and development. 1) Most people settled on the north China
plain, 2) It was isolated from the rest of the world, 3) Many different cultures
developed within China. Use these three ideas to complete one of the tasks

                 Mastery                               Self-expressive
 MAP- Make a map of China and draw          Letter to a friend -write a letter to a
 in the key landforms or physiographic      friend in Egypt explaining how you feel
 features and label them. Explain how       to live in China with all of its
 each of these isolated China from the      surrounding geography. Give examples
 rest of the world in ancient time.         of at least three of these features and
                                            describe how they impact your life.

             Understanding                              Interpersonal
 Argument- In a well written essay,         Relating it to you- Describe how ancient
 explain one of the three impacts listed    China is similar to your life today.
 above. You MUST include 2-3 reasons        Discuss where people settle and how
 (yellows) and support it with at least 2   different cultures develop. You may also
 reds. Use specific ideas discussed in      discuss ways we are isolated from other
 class. Make sure you include a topic       people. Include pictures. This can be
 sentence and a proper conclusion           done in poster form
        Unit 6 continued

  China’s Past
Looking into it’s Dynasties
                  You are there
One day in 1899 BCE in Beijing, China, you go with your father to an
apothecary, or pharmacy, to buy medicine for his friend Wang. Wang has
malaria, later known to be a disease spread by mosquitoes. The cure for
malaria come from tortoise, or land turtle, shells. You and your father
watch the shopkeeper begin to grind the shell into a fine powder.
Suddenly, you notice something that looks like writing on the larger piece.
Curiosity strikes!
When Wang feels better, he and your father go on a mission. They search
apothecaries all over Beijing, buying every tortoise shell and animal bone
they can find. In the end, they find 1,058 old, strange inscriptions written in
Chinese characters on the tortoise shells and animal bones that no one
has ever seen before. You are thrilled that you were with your father, Lui
E, when the first discovery was made.

                                             Oracle bone from
                                             the Shang Dynasty
                         Zhou Dynasty-
Xia Period said                               Qin Dynasty Emperor Qin
to exist                                      Shi Huang Di
                         1027-221 BCE
2000-1700 BCE                                 Lasted about 20 years
                                              221-206 BCE

       Shang Dynasty-                                             Han Dynasty
       China’s 1st
                                                                  Many Inventions
       1760-1500 BCE
                                                                  206 BCE- 220 CE

         1.   How long did the longest Dynasty last?
         2.   How long was the Han Dynasty?
         3.   How many years were there between the Shang and the Qin Dynasties?
         4.   How many years was the Xia period?
         5.   How many years was the shortest Dynasty?
Discovering the Past
          What is this object and what do you
            think it was used for?

          This is a pottery jug used to boil
             water. It was made during the
             Bronze Age and came from the
             Xia period
Discovering the Past
           What do you think makes Chinese
             culture unique?

               NO other culture has been
              continuous or unbroken from it’s
              earliest recorded history to today.
              Not the Mesopotamians,
              Egyptians, Greeks or Romans.
              Some are older, but they have
              changed or have been destroyed.
              Chinese writing is a key part of
              the evidence to support this fact!
         Notemaking Directions
1.   I will read a story about each Emperor to you. Listen
     carefully and take “JOT” notes
2.   Identify the (7) character traits demonstrated by him
     from the list of 16 provided earlier in the presentation.
3.   Give 1-2 examples of why this trait applies to this
4.   Work as a team and put those (7) traits on a post-it
     note for the Magic Emperor game.
5.   You will do 4 emperors. Huang Di (7), Yao Di (7),
     Shun Di (7), and Yu Di (7)
6.   For each emperor, make sure you have JOT notes
     and examples of how they demonstrate that trait. (t-
              China’s Past
Xia Dynasty        •   Earliest time period
                   •   This time period is legendary
                        – Very little recorded evidence
                   •   Time of Superheroes
                        – Invented useful things
                        – Taught the people how to
                            • Find food, clothing, and shelter
                   •   Yu
                        – Worked for 13 years to conquer
                          the flooding of the Huang River
                   •   They enriched Chinese life
                   •   Valuable to people
                        – Domestication of animals
                        – Agriculture
                        – inventions
  The First Dynasty
Shang      •   1760- 1500 BCE
           •   Farming –most people
                – Grew millet and rice
                – Raised animals
                – Cloth from silk and flax
           •   Warriors
                – Rode horse-drawn chariots
           •   Bronze Age
                – Tools
                – Weapons
                – Cups
                    • Made by melting copper and tin
           •   Rituals
                – Oracle bones
                    • Used to predict the future
           •   First written records
                – On shells, bones, bronze and
The Longest Dynasty
Zhou      •   1027-221 BCE
          •   Longest one- over 800 yrs.
          •   Two periods
               – Earlier- western
          •   Farmers
               – Grew wheat, rice, beans, and
          •   Slaves worked the land
          •   Women harvested the crop
          •   Silk was important
               – Women produced silk
                   • Made from cocoons of
                   • Cultivated mulberry trees to
                     feed them
                   • Boiled the cocoons to get the
                   • Wove silk from fibers
  Zhou Dynasty Con’t.
Eastern Zhou   •   Golden Age of China
               •   New system of money
                    – Encouraged trade
                    – Economy thrived
               •   Government projects
                    – Flood control
                    – Irrigation and canal building
                    – Walls around northern towns
                      to keep nomads out
                    – Iron farm tools and weapons
               •   Kings powers weakened
                    – Warfare between rivals
                    – Traditions challenged
                    – Scholars and teachers
               •   Teachings from this period
                   affected China for years to
Changing face of China

                  1.   How did Chinese
                       territory change
                       from the Xia to
                       the Shang to the
                  2.   What part of
                       China does this
                       map show?
             Qin Dynasty
Qin Shi Huang Di   •   Means first emperor
                        – Powerful Legalist ruler
                   •   Qin divided into 36 provinces
                        – Political divisions
                        – Qin Shi centralized them
                        – Money, weights and measures
                          were standardized or made the
                            • Helped trade among regions
                   •   Began building the GREAT WALL
                       OF CHINA
                        – 100’s of thousands of laborers
                        – Protect people from northern
                        – Continued under future dynasties
                   •   Controlled what people did
                        – Punished those critics
                   •   Dynasty lasted 20 years
                        – Until he died
                            • Poisoned himself searching for
                              potion for immortality (twist)
             Qin Dynasty

•   How did Qin Shi Huangdi unify China?
•   Why was the Great wall of China built?
•   Summarize the positive and the negative
    parts of the reign of Qin Shi Huangdi.
              Han Dynasty
                •   206 BCE- 220 CE
Han Dynasty     •   Stretched into modern Vietnam and Cambodia
                •   1st Ruler was Gaozu (gow zoo)
                     – Meant high ancestor
                     – Lifted book ban
                •   Wu Di- 141-87 BCE
                     – Many advancements
                         •   Divided land owned by princes and lords
                         •   Took power from those that challenged him
                         •   Taxed imported and exported goods
                         •   Built new roads
                         •   Civil service began
                               – Using skills and talents to work for the
                               – Take exams to work
                               – Anyone that passed could work for the
                •   Inventions
                     – New ways to trade and transport
                     – Porcelain
                     – Paper and ink
                •   Development of the silk road
                •   Chinese culture became unified!
               Han Dynasty

•   What changes did the first Han ruler Gaozu
    make that affected life in China?
•   Compare and contrast Wu Di and Qin Shi
•   What is the civil service? Who are civil service
    workers in our country today?
  The Silk Road
Opening up China to the West!
        Essential Question

How was China opened up to the west?
 These are a few of my favorite
Make a list of your FIVE favorite foods. List the
 names of the country where they originated

Cultural diffusion- the gradual process through which
 goods and ideas from one culture are introduced
 and adopted by another culture
        Silk Road Map

Read the passage provided and make 2
column JOT notes. There is one hanger
for each of the paragraphs. The JOTS are
up to you!
               The Silk Road
Trade routes      •   Linked china-west
                       –   Coined in 1800’s
                       –   Used since 300 BCE
                       –   Few traveled entire route
                       –   Trade centers
                             • Barter for goods
                       –   7000 miles long
                             • Chang An to Rome

   Goods          •   Variety of goods
                       – From West
                               • Gold, ivory, perfumes, glass, fruits
                       – From China
                               • Furs, ceramics, jade, bronze, iron, gunpowder
                       –   SILK
                              •   Gave the route its name
                              •   Romans wanted it
                                     –   China’s most powerful trading partner
                              •   Royalty and luxury
                              •   Production was secret
                                     –   Punishable by death
                              •   Currency
                                     –   Bribe for the nomads of north/west not to invade
                Silk Road Cont.
The Silk production   •   Early as 3000 BCE
                           –   Closely guarded secret
                           –   13 century CE
                                 •   Books describing its process

                      •   Art, architecture and music were
                      •   Religion
                           –   Buddhism from India
                                 •   influences today
                                        –   Religious teachings
                                        –   beliefs
Create a Staple-less booklet that
 includes all 4 of the Dynasties of
 China as well as the Xia period.

Each of the Sections must include the
   A colorful picture (s) or graphic (s) to
   represent it
   Dates of the dynasty
   Important people to the dynasty
  3 important facts about that dynasty
Staple-less Booklet
  2000-1700 BCE
  It was the time of Superheroes.
  Domestication of animals and agriculture
  were important during this time period.
  There was very little recorded evidence of
  this time period, so it was said to be
  Yu Di worked for 13 years to fix the
Writing an Essay using an informal
• Who is a your favorite athlete, musician,
  TV star, and or movie star
• List the 3 best things about them!
            Informal Outline
• Topic
  – Reason____________________________
    • EX ____________________________________
    • EX ____________________________________
  – Reason ____________________________
    • EX ____________________________________
    • EX ____________________________________
  – Reason ____________________________
    • EX ____________________________________
    • EX ____________________________________
• Conclusion__________________________
           Model of Excellence

Kevin Garnett is one of the most valuable basketball players for three
reasons. First, he is very unselfish. He was willing to give up his personal
statistics in order to help his team win more games and eventually a
championship. Next, he is very conscientious. He works very hard, even in
the off-season, in order to make sure that he can perform at his highest
levels. Finally, he is very caring about his teammates. He spends a lot of
time with them talking about their game, their team and their goals. Kevin
Garnett has made the Boston Celtics a championship team and he is
tremendously valuable to his team and the entire NBA.
          Writing assignment
• Which one of the dynasties do you think was the
  most important to the development of ancient
• Identify three characteristics that made it
  valuable and give examples.
• Use step-up tools to help write this essay
• You must use an Occasion/Position Topic
  sentence for this essay
                           - These are full sized   backdrops, just scale them up!
                           - Can be Copy-Pasted out of
                           Templates for use anywhere!
       Pictures from:                      Movies from:

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