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Final Exam Chapters 1-16 by keralaguest

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World History – Final Exam Outline
Chapters 1-16- Practice Outline

Multiple Choice
Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

____    1. Why is geography important to history?
           a. It helps us predict the future.
           b. It shows us the connections between people, places, and events.
           c. It tells us when events took place.
           d. It uncovers artifacts left by early people.
____    2. Which of the following was characteristic of the Old Stone Age?
           a. farming                                      c. toolmaking
           b. written language                             d. organized government
____    3. What was the Neolithic revolution?
           a. the change from hunting and food-gathering to farming
           b. a war for independence
           c. a rejection of Paleolithic values by Neolithic people
           d. the movement of people to North America
____    4. Which of the following caused ancient civilizations to change?
           a. lack of traditions
           b. contact with other people through trade, warfare, and migration
           c. poor leaders
           d. nomadic herders

            Figure 1-1

____    5. According to Figure 1-1, approximately what year did the Neolithic agricultural revolution take place?
           a. 8000 B.C.                                    c. 11,000 B.C.
           b. 9000 B.C.                                    d. 12,000 B.C.
____    6. Which of the following marked the beginning of civilization?
           a. the development of cities                    c. the discovery of fire
           b. the building of temples                      d. the creation of farming villages
____    7. Which of the following aided cultural diffusion among ancient peoples?
           a. trade                                        c. poor leaders
           b. new technology                               d. farming

            Figure 2-1

____    8. According to Figure 2-1, which of the following resources was the most widely distributed?
           a. gold                                        c. copper
           b. amethyst                                    d. feldspar
____    9. How did ancient Egyptians view their pharaohs?
           a. as gods                                     c. as father figures
           b. as cruel rulers                             d. as equals
____   10. The Egyptians believed in which of the following?
           a. life after death
           b. that God would lead them to the promised land
           c. one god
           d. Ahriman and Ahura Mazda
____   11. The need to keep records led to the development of which of the following in Egypt?
           a. cuneiform                                   c. pyramids
           b. pharaohs                                    d. hieroglyphics
____   12. The Epic of Gilgamesh is
           a. the story of the Hebrew’s flight from Egypt.
           b. an Egyptian folktale.
           c. a tale about King Assurbanipal.
           d. a poem recounting the adventures of a Sumerian hero.
____ 13. The Code of Hammurabi was a major achievement for which of the following reasons?
         a. It was the first major collection of laws.
         b. It treated men and women as equals.
         c. It ended capital punishment.
         d. It rejected the principle of an “eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth.”
____ 14. According to the Torah, who united the Hebrew tribes into a single nation?
         a. Solomon                                       c. Moses
         b. David                                         d. Deborah
____ 15. Why does Egyptian art often feature people from Nubia?
         a. The Nubians defeated the Assyrians.
         b. Religious beliefs forbid the portrayal of Egyptians.
         c. The Egyptians adopted their religion from the Nubians.
         d. After centuries of trade and warfare between Egypt and Nubia, the Nubians were a part of
            Egyptian culture.
____ 16. Which of the following geographic features had the greatest influence on ancient Egypt?
         a. the Mediterranean Sea                         c. the Nubian Desert
         b. the Nile River                                d. the Red Sea
____ 17. Most Egyptians were members of which of the following groups?
         a. farmers                                       c. merchants
         b. slaves                                        d. nobles
____ 18. The movement of people across the Fertile Crescent resulted in the
         a. belief in one god.
         b. exchange of ideas.
         c. building of pyramids.
         d. creation of colonies along the Mediterranean.
____ 19. Middle Eastern civilization was spread throughout the Mediterranean by the
         a. Hittites.                                     c. Persians.
         b. Phoenicians.                                  d. Hebrews.
____ 20. What evidence suggests that the Indus Valley cities had a well-organized government?
         a. well-planned cities                           c. records left by kings
         b. writings on stone seals                       d. statues of goddesses
____ 21. Which of the following is a true statement about the Indus Valley civilization?
         a. It lasted for thousands of years.
         b. It spread to other parts of Asia.
         c. It thrived until modern times.
         d. It disappeared without a trace and was only rediscovered in 1922.
____ 22. The Aryans divided people into classes by
         a. age.                                          c. occupation.
         b. race.                                         d. sex.
____ 23. During the Vedic age, the Aryans changed
         a. from nomads to farmers.                       c. from servants to rulers.
         b. from warriors to merchants.                   d. from farmers to nomads.
           Figure 3-1

____ 24. Which two letters in Figure 3-1 show the sites of early Indian civilizations?
         a. A and D                                       c. C and D
         b. A and B                                       d. A and C
____ 25. Which letter in Figure 3-1 shows the site of the civilization that developed along the Huang He?
         a. A                                             c. C
         b. B                                             d. D
____ 26. The fact that the city of Mohenjo-Daro was carefully planned is evidence of which of the following?
         a. Its inhabitants worshiped the goddess of order.
         b. It had a well-organized government.
         c. It was ruled by the Sumerians.
         d. It produced a surplus of food.
____ 27. Which of the following most likely contributed to the decline of civilization in the Indus Valley?
         a. an ecological or natural disaster
         b. conquest by the Sumerians
         c. conquest by the Persians
         d. a disease that killed its population
____ 28. In Aryan society, as the power shifted from the Kshatriyas to the Brahmins, the society became more
         a. warlike.
         b. democratic.
         c. focused on trade.
         d. focused on spiritual and moral issues.
           Figure 4-1

____ 29. Which of the following statements is accurate according to Figure 4-1?
         a. The Maurya and Gupta empires were about the same size.
         b. The Maurya empire included more territory than the Gupta empire.
         c. Both empires extended to the Hindu Kush.
         d. Both empires included the Deccan plateau.
____ 30. According to Figure 4-1, which part of India remained outside the control of both the Maurya and Gupta
         a. the Ganges River Valley                       c. the southernmost part
         b. the Indus River Valley                        d. the central plateau
____ 31. According to Figure 4-1, the Maurya and Gupta empires both included the
         a. southernmost part of India.                   c. Ganges River Valley.
         b. same amount of territory.                     d. Hindu Kush.
____ 32. India enjoyed a golden age during the Gupta dynasty because
         a. the government followed the laws of Legalism.
         b. the government promoted peace and prosperity.
         c. the dynasty had specially trained women warriors.
         d. a strong central government ruled with a strong hand.
____ 33. Hindus believed that caste could be changed by
         a. the emperor.                                  c. the law of karma.
         b. marriage.                                     d. moving.
____ 34. Which philosophy taught that government should pass strict laws and enforce them with harsh
         a. Confucianism                                  c. Daoism
         b. Legalism                                      d. Buddhism
____ 35. Han rulers based their policies on the teachings of
         a. Confucius.                                    c. Hanfeizi.
         b. Laozi.                                        d. the Buddha.
____ 36. In Hindu society, the purpose of caste rules was to
         a. punish criminals.                            c. aid the poor.
         b. keep foreigners out of India.                d. ensure spiritual purity.
____ 37. Indian villages were ruled by
         a. a priest.                                    c. a village council.
         b. a soldier.                                   d. the emperor.
____ 38. Confucius taught the Chinese people that their most important duty was
         a. loyalty to the state.                        c. achieving salvation.
         b. care of the poor.                            d. respect for parents.

           Figure 5-1

____ 39. Which letter in Figure 5-1 marks the location of Sparta?
         a. A                                            c. C
         b. B                                            d. D
____ 40. Which letter in Figure 5-1 marks the center of Minoan civilization?
         a. A                                            c. C
         b. B                                            d. D
____ 41. Which of the following conflicts centered around the location marked by the letter C in Figure 5-1?
         a. Trojan War                                   c. Peloponnesian War
         b. Macedonian conquest                          d. Persian Wars
____ 42. The geography of Greece helped create
         a. a large Greek empire.                        c. unity among Greeks.
         b. many small city-states.                      d. isolation from the outside world.
____ 43. Athens enjoyed a golden age under the leadership of
         a. Pericles.                                    c. Darius.
         b. Alexander.                                   d. Themistocles.
____ 44. Which of the following descriptions applies to the works of Greek artists and architects?
         a. imitated European styles
         b. reflected concern with form and order
         c. glorified political leaders
         d. emphasized complicated and irregular designs
____ 45. Who established an empire that extended from Greece to Egypt and India?
           a. Alexander                                   c. Philip II
           b. Pericles                                    d. Herodotus

           Figure 6-1

____ 46. According to Figure 6-1, which of the following took place shortly after the beginning of the rule of
         a. The Pax Romana began.
         b. The Pax Romana ended.
         c. Christianity became the official religion of the Roman Empire.
         d. Rome fell.
____ 47. According to Figure 6-1, when did Diocletian divide the Roman Empire into two parts?
         a. during the Pax Romana
         b. after Christianity became the official religion
         c. before Constantine granted freedom of religion
         d. when Rome fell
____ 48. In Roman government, who represented the rights of plebeians?
         a. senators                                      c. tribunes
         b. patricians                                    d. consuls
____ 49. During the empire, the Roman legal system contributed to
         a. the outbreak of civil war.                    c. the downfall of the emperor.
         b. further conquests.                            d. unity and stability.
____ 50. Which of the following statements generally describes Rome’s attitude toward the Jews of Palestine?
         a. Romans tolerated the Jews’ religion.
         b. Romans forced Jews to convert to Christianity.
         c. Romans insisted that Jews worship Roman gods.
         d. Romans forbade Jews to worship.
____ 51. Jesus proclaimed that his mission was to
         a. overthrow Roman rule.
         b. reject the Ten Commandments.
         c. bring spiritual salvation to believers.
         d. lead the Jews out of Palestine.
____ 52. Roman art and literature blended Roman civilization with that of
         a. Gaul.                                         c. Carthage.
         b. Asia Minor.                                   d. Greece.
____ 53. The Incan road system was built primarily for the purpose of allowing
         a. people to travel to religious festivals.
         b. farmers to carry tribute to the Sapa Inca.
         c. armies and news to move rapidly throughout the empire.
         d. traders to come into the empire.
____ 54. Which of the following reflects the influence of Middle American civilizations on North American
         a. Iroquois League                               c. Cahokia temple mound
         b. potlatch                                      d. dog sleds

                Culture               Time           Cultural
                Group                 Period       Characteristic       Location
           Hohokam           C.A.D.   900–1500   farmers             Arizona
           Anasazi           A.D.   900–1300     cliff dwellers      Four Corners
           Hopewell          100 B.C.–A.D. 500   Mound Builders      Ohio Valley
           Mississippians    A.D.   700–1200     Mound Builders      Illinois

           Figure 7-1

____ 55. Based on Figure 7-1, the earliest of these culture groups lived in
         a. Arizona.                                       c. the Ohio Valley.
         b. the Four Corners region.                       d. Illinois.
____ 56. The first people who migrated to North America came by way of a land bridge across the present-day
         a. Rocky Mountains.                               c. Bering Strait.
         b. Mississippi River.                             d. Yucatán Peninsula.
____ 57. The Incan empire included the
         a. Valley of Mexico.                              c. Andes Mountains.
         b. Yucatán Peninsula.                             d. Mexican Gulf coast.
____ 58. Which of the following peoples united their empire with a road system that extended more than 12,000
         a. Incas                                          c. Mayas
         b. Aztecs                                         d. Olmecs
____ 59. Which of the following groups conquered the former Roman province of Gaul?
         a. the Christians                                 c. the Muslims
         b. the Franks                                     d. the Saxons
____ 60. Which of the following is credited to Charlemagne?
         a. the defeat of the Muslims at the Battle of Tours
         b. the development of feudalism
         c. the development of banking
           d. the revival of Latin learning
____ 61.   The manor economy was based on
           a. trade among many villages.                 c. metalworking.
           b. farming and self-sufficiency.              d. herding and weaving.
____ 62.   How did monks and nuns improve life during the Middle Ages?
           a. They cared for the sick and poor.          c. They opposed the feudal system.
           b. They gave land to the peasants.            d. They excommunicated criminals.
____ 63.   Why did some religious people want to reform the Church during medieval times?
           a. It declared war on feudalism.
           b. Its very success had brought problems.
           c. It had grown weak.
           d. It had grown too intellectual.
____ 64.   New agricultural technologies in the Middle Ages led to
           a. the end of Church influence.               c. increased food production.
           b. the end of feudalism.                      d. the creation of farmers’ guilds.

           Figure 8-1

____ 65. In Figure 8-1, which of the following suggests that the castle was designed to withstand attack?
         a. the kitchen                                    c. the battlement
         b. the chapel                                     d. the great hall
____ 66. The moat in Figure 8-1 was used
         a. for recreational purposes.
         b. for drinking water.
         c. for irrigation.
         d. to prevent an enemy from reaching the castle walls.
____ 67. Which of these statements best describes the function of the building in Figure 8-1?
         a. Its main purpose is defense.
         b. It is a center of trade.
         c. It is a center for farming.
         d. It is the center of religious life for many surrounding villages.
____ 68. According to Figure 8-1, from which of the following positions would it be easiest to defend the castle?
         a. the inner bailey                               c. the middle bailey
           b. the drawbridge                               d. the battlements
____ 69.   Why was the Battle of Tours significant?
           a. It allowed Muslims to gain control of France.
           b. It resulted in Charles Martel becoming king of France.
           c. It stopped the Muslim advance into Western Europe.
           d. It extended Charlemagne’s empire to Spain.
____ 70.   Which of the following helped unite Charlemagne’s empire?
           a. a strong, efficient government               c. the Treaty of Verdun
           b. Magyar attacks                               d. Viking attacks
____ 71.   Which group made up the largest part of the population in feudal society?
           a. vassals                                      c. knights
           b. peasants                                     d. lords
____ 72.   The Church had great power over people during the Middle Ages because
           a. it protected them in times of warfare.
           b. it provided them with education.
           c. it decided who could achieve salvation.
           d. it controlled food production.
____ 73.   How did the three-field system contribute to the agricultural revolution that took place during the Middle
           a. It allowed peasants to produce more crops.
           b. It gave more land to the peasants.
           c. It gave more land to the nobles.
           d. It helped revive religion.
____ 74.   Which of the following groups dominated the economic and political life of towns during the High
           Middle Ages?
           a. nobles                                       c. knights
           b. merchant guilds                              d. the clergy

           Figure 9-1
____ 75. According to Figure 9-1, what percentage of the population died of the Black Death in Region A?
         a. under 15 percent                              c. 15 to 50 percent
         b. The region was unaffected.                    d. over 50 percent
____ 76. Why was the Magna Carta important?
         a. It approved money for wars in France.
         b. It asserted that the monarch must obey the law.
         c. It allowed the monarch to abolish Parliament.
         d. It limited the power of the pope.
____ 77. The Concordat of Worms was
         a. a treaty that ended the struggle between emperors and popes over investiture.
         b. an edict forcing Gregory VII into exile.
         c. a treaty giving the Holy Roman Empire control of Italy.
         d. a document declaring the pope the ruler of the world.
____ 78. Which of the following was the main reason for Germany’s disunity during medieval times?
         a. the growth of trading towns
         b. the physical geography
         c. rulers that failed to control strong and independent nobles
         d. cultural differences among regions
____ 79. What was the chief goal of the Crusades?
         a. to liberate Spain                             c. to free the Holy Land
         b. to conquer England                            d. to defeat the Hindus
____ 80. The development of an early jury system took place during the reign of
         a. Urban II.                                     c. Edward I.
         b. Henry II.                                     d. William the Conqueror.
____ 81. Which of the following was a result of the Crusades?
         a. permanent conquest of the Holy Land by Christians
         b. religious tolerance in Western Europe
         c. increased trade in Western Europe
         d. the reunification of the Roman and Byzantine churches
____ 82. A key feature of Gothic architecture is
         a. towers.                                       c. flying buttresses.
         b. tiny windows.                                 d. low, heavy roofs.
____ 83. Which of the following best describes the Church during the late Middle Ages?
         a. It provided strong moral leadership.
         b. It wielded great political power.
         c. It grew weak and divided.
         d. It offered great comfort to people during hard times.
____ 84. Why is Joan of Arc remembered?
         a. She led a peasant uprising that ended feudalism.
         b. She led the French to victories against the English in the Hundred Years’ War.
         c. She led English troops in the Hundred Years’ War.
         d. She drove the English from Calais.
____ 85. The Byzantine empire preserved the cultural heritage of
         a. Greece and Rome.                              c. the Mongols.
         b. Russia.                                       d. Western Europe.
____ 86. Which of the following statements best describes the region of Eastern Europe?
         a. a culturally uniform region
         b. an isolated region
         c. a region of many peoples, languages, and cultural traditions
         d. a peaceful region
____ 87. Which of the following religions had an impact on Poland and Hungary?
         a. Hinduism                                    c. Orthodox Christianity
         b. Islam                                       d. Roman Catholicism

           Figure 10-1

____ 88. According to Figure 10-1, what is the main reason the Bosporus is an important waterway?
         a. It provides a passage from the Black Sea to the Mediterranean.
         b. It connects the Byzantine empire with the Ottoman empire.
         c. It connects the Black Sea to the Sea of Marmara.
         d. It provides Greece with access to the Black Sea.
____ 89. Looking at Figure 10-1, which of the following statements best explains why Constantinople is
         advantageously located?
         a. It is situated on a crossroads between Europe and Asia.
         b. It is located in the Byzantine empire.
         c. It lies across from the Ottoman empire.
         d. It is near the Sea of Marmara.
____ 90. Which of the following groups finally conquered the Byzantine empire?
         a. Ottoman Turks                               c. Latin Christians
         b. Seljuk Turks                                d. Arabs
____ 91. Which of the following statements best describes the style of leadership that emerged in Russia?
         a. cooperative                                 c. democratic
         b. compromising                                d. autocratic
____ 92. Which of the following cities became the capital of Russia under the czars?
         a. Kiev                                        c. Constantinople
         b. Kulikovo                                    d. Moscow
____ 93. Which of the following statements best explains why Eastern European kingdoms were so often invaded?
         a. The rulers were weak.
           b. There were few geographic barriers.
           c. They had no organized government.
           d. The rulers were preoccupied with matters outside of their borders.

                                  SPREAD OF ISLAM
                                     Approximate Date          Approximate
                                      of Introduction         Percentage of
           Country                        of Islam            Muslims Today
           Egypt                             656                    94%
           India                            1250                    11%
           Iran (Persia)                     656                    95%
           Morocco                           750                    99%
           Saudia Arabia                     610                   100%
           Spain                             750                 less tan 1%
           Syria                             656                    90%
           Turkey (Asia Minor)              1070                   99.8%

           Figure 11-1

____ 94. Based on Figure 11-1, Islam was introduced in Syria before it was introduced in
          a. Egypt.                                       c. Saudi Arabia.
          b. Iran.                                        d. Morocco.
____ 95. Based on Figure 11-1, in less than 50 years, Islam had spread from Saudi Arabia to
          a. Egypt.                                       c. Morocco.
          b. India.                                       d. Turkey.
____ 96. Which of the following statements is accurate according to Figure 11-1?
          a. Islam is the major religion in India.
          b. Most Spaniards are Muslims.
          c. Iran has a higher percentage of Muslims than Egypt has.
          d. All Syrians are Muslims.
____ 97. The split between Sunni and Shiite Muslims began with disagreement over
          a. the choice of a caliph.
          b. a belief in one God.
          c. acceptance of the Quran.
          d. the required pilgrimage to Mecca.
____ 98. Which of the following words best describes Muslim trade?
          a. extensive                                    c. forbidden
          b. restricted                                   d. unsuccessful
____ 99. Which of the following results followed the Muslim invasions of India?
          a. Trade between India and the Muslim world decreased.
          b. Many Hindus converted to Buddhism.
          c. Sultans introduced Muslim traditions of government to India.
          d. Hindu princes united against Muslim invaders.
____ 100. Before Muhammad became the prophet of Islam, he was a
          a. priest.                                      c. ruler.
          b. merchant.                                    d. soldier.
____ 101. Which of the following events created a Muslim empire in India?
          a. the fall of the Gupta empire
          b. the establishment of the Delhi sultanate
          c. the invasion by Tamerlane
          d. the conquest by Mahmud
____ 102. Sikhism blended the beliefs of Islam with those of
          a. Christianity.                                c. Buddhism.
          b. Judaism.                                     d. Hinduism.
____ 103. Which of the following statements describes the Ottoman and Safavid empires?
          a. Both were ruled by a caliph.
          b. Both persecuted non-Muslims.
          c. Both preserved peace.
          d. Both based their government on Muslim traditions.

            Figure 12-1

____ 104. According to Figure 12-1, the earliest African kingdoms developed
          a. in East Africa.                              c. along the Zambezi River.
          b. in West Africa.                              d. along the northwest coast.
____ 105. Based on Figure 12-1, which African kingdom controlled the largest area?
          a. Songhai                                      c. Axum
          b. Ghana                                        d. Nubia
____ 106. Which of the following statements is accurate according to Figure 12-1?
          a. Caravan trade routes were located in southwest Africa.
          b. Caravan trade routes connected West African kingdoms with cities in North Africa.
          c. Caravan trade routes linked West African kingdoms with East African kingdoms.
          d. Caravan trade routes crossed the Nile River.
____ 107. Which of the following rulers made a hajj that resulted in trading and diplomatic ties between Mali and
          other Muslim states?
            a. Amina                                        c. Mansa Musa
            b. Sundiata                                     d. Sonni Ali
____ 108.   Axum prospered partly because it had a port on the
            a. Mediterranean Sea.                           c. Atlantic Ocean.
            b. Indian Ocean.                                d. Red Sea.
____ 109.   What group of people developed expert knowledge of the natural world by adapting to life in the
            a. Hausa                                        c. Almoravids
            b. Khoisan                                      d. Phoenicians
____ 110.   Which of the following statements describes a patrilineal culture?
            a. The husband joined his wife’s family in her village.
            b. Inheritance was traced through the mother’s side.
            c. Kinship ties came through the father’s side.
            d. Sisters made their sons available to help their brothers.
____ 111.   What religious tradition did the Axumites pass on to the Ethiopians?
            a. Christianity                                 c. Hinduism
            b. Islam                                        d. Buddhism
____ 112.   Which of the following terms refers to people who trace their inheritance and descent through the
            mother’s side?
            a. a nuclear family                             c. a clan
            b. a joint family                               d. a matrilineal culture

            Figure 13-1

____ 113. Based on Figure 13-1, which city was a center for overland and water trade routes?
          a. Beijing                                     c. Hangzhou
          b. Xian                                        d. Canton
____ 114. Which of the following conclusions is supported by Figure 13-1?
          a. China had no foreign trade during the Tang and Song dynasties.
          b. China carried out foreign trade with Japan and Korea during the period from 618 to 1279.
          c. Water routes provided the only means of trade with China.
          d. China’s overland trade routes did not extend to foreign lands.
____ 115. Which of the following statements is accurate according to Figure 13-1?
          a. The Song dynasty gained territory between 1050 and 1150.
          b. The Tang empire was larger than that of the Song.
          c. The Song empire included Korea and Japan.
          d. The Tang dynasty ruled all of Southeast Asia.
____ 116. Because of Korea’s geography, most people met their need for protein by
          a. farming.                                     c. herding.
          b. fishing.                                     d. trading.
____ 117. Which of the following cultures had the greatest influence on Korea?
          a. Chinese                                      c. European
          b. Japanese                                     d. African
____ 118. Which of the following influences did Japan adopt from China?
          a. Shinto                                       c. kana
          b. civil service                                d. pagoda architecture
____ 119. Which of the following statements reflects a Confucian value that influenced Tang and Song dynasties?
          a. Merchants had lower social status than peasants.
          b. Only the gentry could hold government office.
          c. Girls were valued more highly than boys.
          d. Position in government was based on military service.
____ 120. Korea’s landscape consists mainly of
          a. rain forests.                                c. plains.
          b. deserts.                                     d. mountains.
____ 121. The artists of the Renaissance focused on
          a. humanistic concerns.                         c. the universe.
          b. the spiritual world.                         d. the Catholic Church.
____ 122. The development of printing in Europe led to
          a. religious tolerance.
          b. increased competition with China.
          c. increased literacy.
          d. increased corruption in the Roman Catholic Church.
____ 123. Luther criticized the Roman Catholic Church for
          a. selling indulgences.                         c. translating the Bible into German.
          b. preaching forgiveness.                       d. believing in the Bible.
____ 124. Which of the following was a result of the Catholic Reformation?
          a. witch hunts
          b. increased tolerance for religious minorities
          c. the end of the Protestant religion
          d. the spread of Calvinism
____ 125. Copernicus proposed which of the following?
          a. The sun travels around the Earth.
          b. The Earth travels around the sun.
          c. Gravity keeps the planets in orbit around the sun.
          d. The Earth is the center of the universe.
           Figure 14-1

____ 126. According to Figure 14-1, what was the population of the British Isles in 1400?
          a. 5 million                                      c. 4 million
          b. 3 million                                      d. 15 million
____ 127. Which country, or group of countries, had a population of 8 million in 1450 according to Figure 14-1?
          a. France and the Lowlands                        c. Germany and Scandinavia
          b. Italy                                          d. Spain
____ 128. Which of the following best explains why the Renaissance occurred in northern Europe later than it did in
          a. There was little interest in the arts in northern Europe.
          b. The Black Death delayed economic growth in northern Europe.
          c. Few people were educated in northern Europe.
          d. Northern Europe was a region of peasants.
____ 129. Which of the following was an effect of the printing revolution in the 1500s?
          a. the spread of new ideas
          b. decreased funding for the arts
          c. increased competition with China
          d. the beginning of compulsory education
____ 130. How did Henry VIII react when the Pope refused to annul his marriage?
          a. He started a war.
          b. He took over the English church.
          c. He started the Reformation.
          d. He imposed fines on the Roman Catholic Church.
____ 131. Which of the following stressed the use of experiments and observation in seeking knowledge?
          a. Bacon                                          c. Aristotle
          b. Descartes                                      d. Petrarch
____ 132. Which of the following best explained why European rulers encouraged ocean exploration?
          a. They wanted to find new trade routes.
          b. They wanted to conquer new lands.
          c. They wanted to spread Islam.
          d. They wanted to test new navigational tools.
____ 133. The Khmer empire was influenced by
          a. India.                                         c. Japan.
          b. China.                                        d. England.
____ 134. How did Portugal gain control of trade in Southeast Asia?
          a. They used military force.
          b. They established ties with local rulers.
          c. They paid money for trading rights.
          d. They agreed to share their navigational know-how with rulers of the region.
____ 135. In the 1600s, the Portuguese lost control of trade in the Indian Ocean to the
          a. French.                                       c. Dutch.
          b. Spanish.                                      d. English.
____ 136. The Ming and Qing dynasties followed which of the following policies regarding foreign trade?
          a. They restricted foreign trade.
          b. They encouraged foreign trade.
          c. They allowed foreign trade in all of China’s coastal cities.
          d. They forbade foreign trade entirely.

           Figure 15-1

____ 137. According to Figure 15-1, which European power took the lead in sending out voyages of exploration?
          a. France                                      c. England
          b. Portugal                                    d. the Dutch
____ 138. According to Figure 15-1, which of the following explorers sailed around Africa to India?
          a. Dias                                        c. Columbus
          b. Da Gama                                     d. Cabot
____ 139. Which of the following generalizations is supported by Figure 15-1?
          a. The English were the first to reach North America.
          b. Early explorers were searching for gold and other treasures in Africa.
          c. The Dutch were the last power to take to the oceans for riches.
          d. Portugal and Spain took the lead in sending out voyages of exploration.
____ 140. How did Prince Henry change the course of Portugal’s history?
          a. Portugal became a Muslim country.
          b. Portugal led the way in exploration.
          c. Portugal became the first country to circumnavigate the world.
          d. Portugal became a gold-rich country.
____ 141. Which of the following best describes Southeast Asia?
          a. a region completely dominated by China
          b. a completely isolated region
          c. a region composed of a mainland and scattered islands
          d. a region located between China and Japan
____ 142. Korea was similar to China in that it
          a. encouraged contacts with outsiders.
          b. discouraged contacts with outsiders.
          c. killed all foreigners in its territory.
          d. was part of a vast trade network.
____ 143. Which of the following was true of Japan under the Tokugawa shoguns?
          a. It had good trade relations with the Europeans.
          b. It was isolated from the rest of the world.
          c. It was a haven for Christians.
          d. It was the center of a flourishing Pacific trade.

           Figure 16-1

____ 144. Which of the following statements is accurate according to Figure 16-1?
          a. In 1713, English claims included most of North America.
          b. In 1713, French claims included most of the major rivers in North America.
          c. In 1713, Spanish claims included northern lands in North America.
          d. Most lands in North America were unclaimed in 1713.
____ 145. Which of the following statements is accurate according to Figure 16-1?
          a. In 1713, England’s claims in North America were separated by those of France.
          b. In 1713, Spain claimed most of North America’s major rivers.
          c. In 1713, lands along North America’s eastern coast were unclaimed.
          d. In 1713, France claimed the lands along the northwest coast of North America.
____ 146. According to Figure 16-1, lands in the central region of North America were
            a. claimed by England.                           c. claimed by Spain.
            b. claimed by France.                            d. unclaimed.
____ 147.   Spanish explorers traveled to the Americas to find
            a. slave labor.                                  c. horses.
            b. gold.                                         d. furs.
____ 148.   As a result of the Treaty of Paris of 1763, North America was dominated by
            a. France.                                       c. Britain.
            b. Spain.                                        d. Portugal.
____ 149.   Who began a vast global exchange that included people, plants, technologies, and cultures?
            a. Samuel de Champlain                           c. Bartolomé de las Casas
            b. Christopher Columbus                          d. Hernan Cortés
____ 150.   The culture that developed in Brazil blended Native American and African influences with those of
            a. Spain.                                        c. England.
            b. France.                                       d. Portugal.

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