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A D V A N C I N G T H E P U B L I C ’ S H E A LT H T H R O U G H
            L E A R N I N G , D I S C O V E R Y , A N D C O M M U N I C AT I O N

              Catalog 2009–10

 Definition of Terms                    Departments and Degree Programs, 2009–10

 Degrees                                Department of Biostatistics                     Department of Nutrition
 DPH       Doctor of public health      SM (42.5-credit, 60-credit, and 80-credit       Nutritional epidemiology, public health
                                        programs), PhD                                  nutrition: SD, DPH
 MOH       Master of occupational
                                                                                        PhD (through the Division of Biolo-
           health                       Department of Environmental                     gical Sciences)
 MPH       Master of public health
                                        Exposure, epidemiology, and risk: SM            Department of Society,
 PhD       Doctor of philosophy         (42.5-credit and 80-credit programs,            Human Development, and
 SD        Doctor of science            including 80-credit program in occupa-          Health
                                        tional hygiene), SD                             (including joint programs with Sim-
 SM        Master of science
                                        Molecular and integrative physiological         mons College)
 Diplomas for the MPH, DPH,             sciences: SD, PhD (through the Division         SM (42.5-credit and 80-credit pro-
 and MOH degrees show the               of Biological Sciences)                         grams), SD, DPH
 degree only. Diplomas for the          Occupational health (including joint            Health communication: SM (80-credit
                                        programs with Simmons College):                 program), SD, DPH
 SM and SD degrees also show
                                        MOH, SM (42.5-credit and 80-credit
 the name of the department.            programs), SD, DPH                              Master of Public Health
 All PhD programs are offered                                                           Program
 under the aegis of the Harvard
                                        Department of Epidemiology                      Clinical effectiveness, family and com-
                                        SM (42.5-credit and 80-credit pro-              munity health, health care manage-
 University Graduate School of
                                        grams), SD, DPH                                 ment and policy, global health, law and
 Arts and Sciences.
                                                                                        public health, occupational and envi-
                                        Department of Genetics and                      ronmental health, quantitative meth-
 Concentrations                         Complex Diseases                                ods: MPH
                                        PhD (through the Division of Biological         Combined MD-MPH
 The names of the departments           Sciences)
 generally convey their education-                                                      Joint JD-MPH (for Harvard law stu-
                                                                                        dents only)
 al and research specialization,        Department of Global Health
                                        and Population
 or concentration. Where several                                                        Interdisciplinary Nondegree
                                        SM (80-credit program), SD, DPH                 Programs
 concentrations are available
                                                                                        Interdisciplinary concentration in
 within a department, these are         Department of Health Policy                     maternal and child health/children,
 listed in the chart. In the Depart-    and Management                                  youth, and families
 ment of Environmental Health           SM (42.5-credit and 80-credit pro-              Interdisciplinary concentration in
                                        grams), SD                                      obesity epidemiology and prevention
 only, the concentrations are
                                        Health care management (part-time,              Interdisciplinary concentration in
 shown on diplomas. Areas of
                                        nonresidential): SM                             the epidemiology of infectious disease
 interest, described in this catalog
                                        Health policy: PhD (through university          Interdisciplinary concentration in
 but not listed in the chart, are       program)                                        women, gender, and health
 generally less formal programs
 than concentrations or are sub-
                                        Department of Immunology and
                                        Infectious Diseases
 specializations within them.
                                        SD, PhD (through the Division of
                                        Biological Sciences)

 Additional information on all programs, including course requirements and electives, is available at http://www.hsph.harvard.

 3   Letter from the Dean
 4 Introduction to the Harvard School of Public Health
 5   Degree Programs and Requirements

 6 Biostatistics
10   Environmental Health
18   Epidemiology
24   Genetics and Complex Diseases
26   Global Health and Population
32   Health Policy and Management
38   Immunology and Infectious Diseases
42   Nutrition
46   Society, Human Development, and Health

52   Master of Public Health Program
56   Division of Biological Sciences
57   Division of Public Health Practice
57   Interdisciplinary Concentration in Maternal and Child
     Health/Children, Youth, and Families
57   Interdisciplinary Concentration in Obesity Epidemiology
     and Prevention
58   Interdisciplinary Concentration in the Epidemiology of
     Infectious Disease
58   Interdisciplinary Concentration in Women, Gender,
     and Health
58   Research Centers

59   Summer Program in Clinical Effectiveness
59   Summer Session for Public Health Studies

60   Admission to Degree Programs
61   Admission to Nondegree Status
62   Financial Aid
62   Registration

64   Boston, Massachusetts
64   Harvard University
64   Resources and Services for HSPH Students

67   About the Catalog
68   Faculty Index
69   Academic Calendar

Cover: Associate Professor Michael VanRooyen, MD, MPH, and Jocelyn Kelly
of the Harvard Humanitarian Initiative interview Mai Mai soldiers for a study
of sexual violence against women in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
Photo: Justin Ide/Harvard News Office

                                             am honored to have become the eighth dean of the Harvard School of Public
                                             Health, an institution with a venerable history of research and education
                                             spanning eighty-seven years, a brilliant faculty of interdisciplinary and collab-
                                        orative problem solvers, students who bring their talents and their passion for
                                        public health here from all parts of the world, and a community of staff members
                                        who are guided by a strong sense of service. HSPH also has the good fortune to
                                        be part of a renowned university with extensive resources and activities devoted
                                        to the improvement of health.

                                        But no institution can remain successful without embracing an agenda of perma-
                                        nent renewal. My own ambition for HSPH is that it should be the first school
                                        of public health for the twenty-first century: first in quality, first in its global reach
                                        and impact, and first in its ability to anticipate and innovate. In quality, the school
                                        is already a public health leader for the nation and the world. Its intellectual
  capacity ranges from the molecular biology of vaccines to the epidemiology of cancer; from women’s and children’s
  health to nutritional biochemistry; from health care management to human rights. Over the next few years, our goal
  for the school is to enforce our strengths by integrating disciplines and levels of analysis and by constantly assessing
  the excellence and relevance of our research and educational programs. Our strategy is to make major investments in
  the next generation—to identify and develop new opportunities for our students and our junior faculty. Our perspec-
  tive is to see local and global health as a continuum; there are few problems in health, health policy, and health care
  that are not global.

  We strive to provide the highest level of education for public health scientists, practitioners, and leaders. The depart-
  ments and programs described in this catalog reflect the full scope of the public health enterprise and the expertise
  of our faculty, ranging across life sciences, quantitative methods, population-level analyses, and social and policy
  disciplines. All of our programs are approached with a deep sense of dedication on the part of the faculty, students,
  and staff and with a mutual respect for different ways of contributing to our shared purpose.

  In the last century the impact of public health on the quality and duration of human lives was compelling, achieving
  longer gains in life expectancy than during the previously accumulated history of humankind. Please join us as we con-
  front unfolding challenges to health and work together to discover solutions that will safeguard our global community.

  Julio Frenk

                                                                                                                FROM THE DEAN        3




IN 1922 HARVARD SPLIT OFF FROM MIT,                      Three Nobel Prizes, a Lasker Prize, four         an array of fields and include physicians,
and the Harvard School of Public Health                  MacArthur Awards, presidential citations,        health services administrators, epidemiolo-
was formally established. In 1946 the                    and countless other honors attest to the         gists, nurses, dentists, lawyers, statisticians,
school celebrated its new status as a free-              excellence and impact of this work. Five         environmental scientists, engineers,
standing faculty of Harvard University, no               successive HSPH alumni led the U.S. Cen-         research assistants, psychologists, and
longer an administrative part of the Medical             ters for Disease Control and Prevention for      social workers. About 35 percent of current
School. Since its founding, the school,                  an unprecedented twenty-seven years              HSPH students are enrolled in the interdis-
through its faculty and graduates, has been              (1962–89). More difficult to quantify—but        ciplinary master of public health (MPH)
at the forefront of efforts to stem disease              a far better gauge—are the perceptible           program, 23 percent in master of science
and promote health worldwide. During the                 gains in length and quality of life that have    programs, and 42 percent in doctoral (doc-
early years the focus was on infectious dis-             been realized through all these efforts.         tor of science, doctor of public health, or
eases, deadly workplace exposures, and san-                                                               doctor of philosophy) programs.
itation—from Alice Hamilton’s pioneering                 The overarching mission of HSPH is to
studies of lead and mercury poisoning, to                advance the public’s health through learn-       The school is organized into nine academic
Thomas Weller’s pathbreaking research on                 ing, discovery, and communication. To            departments, the base of most teaching
the polio virus and Philip Drinker’s inven-              achieve this mission, the Harvard School of      and research activity; two interdisciplinary
tion of the iron lung. More recently the                 Public Health has a faculty of almost four       divisions (Biological Sciences and Public
school has expanded its reach to new areas,              hundred members from the diverse fields          Health Practice); the interdisciplinary mas-
including the effects of race, gender, class,            and disciplines that constitute public health.   ter of public health program; and a number
and social isolation on health; the reform               The student body comprises over a thou-          of specialized research centers. The
of national health systems; and cutting-edge             sand individuals from throughout the             school’s academic programs are described
research on the biomarkers of disease.                   United States and sixty-two other countries.     in detail here in the catalog.
                                                         Students, like faculty members, come from

4   H A R VA R D S C H O O L O F P U B L I C H E A LT H , 2 0 0 9 – 1 0

Degree Programs                                80-credit SM Candidates must hold a
The Harvard School of Public Health offers     bachelor’s degree in a relevant field; some
a number of degrees and degree programs        work experience may also be required.
(see inside front cover), reflecting a rich
educational and research environment for       60-credit SM in biostatistics Candidates
students of many backgrounds and interests.    normally hold a bachelor’s degree in one of
                                               the mathematical sciences or an allied field
The degree programs have a range of pur-       (for example, biology, psychology, or eco-
poses and requirements. Some master’s          nomics).
programs are intended to prepare students
for professional careers in public health;     Doctor of public health Candidates must
others focus on research training in prepa-    have or be in progress toward an MPH
ration for doctoral study. The doctoral pro-   degree and must also hold an advanced
grams offered by HSPH (doctor of public        degree in a basic public health discipline.       • completion of courses in introductory epi-
health, doctor of science) are designed for                                                        demiology and intermediate biostatistics
students with interests in the scientific      Doctor of science Candidates must hold a          • completion of the schoolwide oral qualify-
basis of public health and preventive medi-    bachelor’s degree in a relevant field; some         ing examination, usually by the end of the
cine who wish to pursue academic or            programs also require the completion of a           second year (some departments also
research positions. Students interested in     prior master’s or doctoral degree.                  require a written qualifying examination)
the PhD programs in biostatistics and bio-                                                       • completion of a program of independent
logical sciences in public health, sponsored   Schoolwide Degree Requirements                      and original research in one of the basic
by the Harvard University Graduate School      All HSPH degree programs require the                disciplines of public health
of Arts and Sciences, may consult the rele-    completion of some course work intended           • the presentation and submission of this
                                               to ensure basic competencies in public              research in a dissertation and the public
vant sections of this catalog.
                                                                                                   defense of the dissertation
                                               health sciences.
                                                                                                 • payment of at least two years of full-time
Entrance Requirements
                                                                                                   tuition and one year of full-time reduced
Entrance requirements for HSPH programs        For all professional master’s degree pro-
vary considerably by degree and also by        grams, students must fulfill core require-
department. Minimum entrance require-          ments in the following:
                                                                                                 Prospective students should consult the
ments for HSPH degree programs are as          • biostatistics
                                                                                                 descriptions in this catalog for more infor-
follows:                                       • epidemiology
                                                                                                 mation about particular programs and their
                                               • environmental health sciences
                                               • health services administration                  specific admission and degree require-
Master of occupational health Candidates
                                               • social and behavioral sciences                  ments. The Student Handbook, available
must hold a doctoral degree in medicine.
                                                                                                 at www.hsph.harvard.edu/registrar, also
                                               In addition, students must complete a cul-        provides detailed information about require-
Master of public health Candidates nor-
                                               minating experience, demonstrating integra-       ments, timetables, and procedures. Addi-
mally hold a doctoral degree—for example,
                                               tion of public health knowledge, and/or a         tional application and enrollment informa-
MD, DO, DDS (or their non-U.S. equiva-
                                               practice experience.                              tion can be found on pages 60–63.
lents), JD, PhD, SD, or other health-related
degrees. Also eligible to apply are those
                                               For research-oriented master’s degree pro-        Degree Planning
with a master’s degree in a health-related
                                               grams, students must fulfill the core             Prospective students may also consult de-
field (for example, MSN, MSW, MBA) and
                                               requirements in biostatistics and epidemi-        gree planners available at each department’s
three years of relevant experience.
                                               ology.                                            website. Degree planners are online tools
                                                                                                 that provide a sample course schedule for
Master of science
                                               Students in HSPH doctoral programs must           each of the concentrations or areas of inter-
42.5 credit SM Candidates normally hold a
                                               adhere to the doctoral timetable for main-        est offered by the school.
doctoral degree in medicine, dentistry, vet-
erinary medicine, or other public health–      taining satisfactory progress and must fulfill
related field. In some cases applicants with   the following schoolwide requirements:
a master’s degree in a related discipline or   • completion of course work in one major
with significant professional experience may      field (20 credits) and two minor fields (10
be considered.                                    credits each)

                                                                                            DEGREE PROGRAMS AND REQUIREMENTS                 5

Department of
       B I O S TAT I S T I C S
                                                                                                   BIOSTATISTICS INVOLVES THE

                                                                                                   THEORY AND APPLICATION OF

                                                                                                   STATISTICAL SCIENCE TO ANALYZE

                                                                                                   PUBLIC HEALTH PROBLEMS AND TO

                                                                                                   FURTHER BIOMEDICAL RESEARCH.

                                                                                                   THE FACULTY INCLUDES LEADERS IN THE
                                                                                                   development of statistical methods for clini-
                                                                                                   cal trials and observational studies, studies
                                                                                                   on the environment, and genomics/gene-
                                                                                                   tics. The department’s research in statistical
                                                                                                   methods and interdisciplinary collabora-
                                                                                                   tions provide many opportunities for stu-
                                                                                                   dent participation.

                                                                                                   Current departmental research on statistical
                                                                                                   and computing methods for observational
                                                                                                   studies and clinical trials includes survival
                                                                                                   analysis, missing-data problems, and causal
                                                                                                   inference. Other areas of investigation are
                                                                                                   environmental research (methods for longi-
                                                                                                   tudinal studies, analyses with incomplete
                                                                                                   data, and meta-analysis); statistical aspects
                                                                                                   of the study of AIDS and cancer; quantita-
                                                                                                   tive problems in health-risk analysis, tech-
                                                                                                   nology assessment, and clinical decision
                                                                                                   making; statistical methodology in psychi-
                                                                                                   atric research and in genetic studies; Baye-
                                                                                                   sian statistics; statistical computing; statis-
                                                                                                   tical genetics and computational biology;
CENTER FOR BIOSTATISTICS IN AIDS RESEARCH                                                          and collaborative research activities with
                                                                                                   biomedical scientists in other Harvard-
With about seventy-five biostatisticians and epidemiologists, the Center for Biostatistics in
                                                                                                   affiliated institutions.
AIDS Research (CBAR) is responsible for the design, monitoring, and analysis of many federal-
ly funded clinical trials of the management of HIV and its complications in the United States,     Degree Programs in Biostatistics
as well as for a number of international research efforts. “Because we have both adult and         As described below, the department offers
pediatric projects running side by side with important cross talk,” says Janet Andersen, SD,       80-credit, 60-credit, and 42.5-credit master
CBAR executive director, “we are able to truly think about what happens to someone exposed         of science (SM) programs and a doctor
to HIV or antiretroviral drugs, from in utero through adulthood.”                                  of philosophy (PhD) program. The PhD
                                                                                                   is offered under the aegis of the Harvard
One of CBAR’s largest projects is doing statistical design and data analysis with the AIDS
                                                                                                   University Graduate School of Arts and
Clinical Trials Group, which runs hundreds of clinical studies on HIV care in adults. CBAR’s       Sciences.
other largest projects are the International Maternal Pediatric Adolescent AIDS Clinical Trials
Group and the domestic Pediatric HIV/AIDS Cohort study. “These large groups are so impor-          Detailed information about requirements
tant because it can take a study conducted at a single hospital a decade or more to get            and elective options can be found in a
results,” says Andersen. “We can do it quickly, with larger numbers, and with greater diversity    handbook distributed by the department.
of people across the world.”                                                                       A master of public health program in quan-
                                                                                                   titative methods is described in the interdis-
Statistical design can play a powerful role, she points out. CBAR statisticians have played piv-   ciplinary section of this catalog.
otal roles in the design, analysis, and interpretation of trials that have had fundamental and
rapid impact on national and international treatment management guidelines, including pin-         The programs offered by the Department
pointing when to initiate or switch treatment, identifying active drugs and drug combinations,     of Biostatistics provide rigorous training in
and managing pregnant women with HIV around the world.                                             the development of methodology, collabora-
                                                                                                   tion, teaching, and consultation on a broad

6   H A R VA R D S C H O O L O F P U B L I C H E A LT H , 2 0 0 9 – 1 0
spectrum of health-related problems. The
department prepares students for academic          RELATED OFFERINGS
and private-sector research careers. Recent        Interdisciplinary concentration in the epidemiology of infectious
graduates have assumed faculty posts at            disease, see page 58.
universities, as well as positions in research     MPH concentration in quantitative methods, see page 55.
laboratories, federal government centers,
pharmaceutical companies, and research
institutes. The 60-credit master’s degree        information about schoolwide requirements           credits from the master’s core must be
program is designed to prepare students          for master’s degrees, see page 5.                   completed, with courses chosen at an inter-
for applied research positions in hospitals                                                          mediate or advanced level. More flexibility is
and universities, research organizations,        Biostatistics offers training in statistical the-   allowed since only 42.5 total credits are
and the pharmaceutical and biotechnology         ory and a variety of methods commonly               required. Other courses are selected in con-
industries.                                      used in the field of biostatistics. For the 80-     sultation with a faculty adviser.
                                                 credit program 50 credits must be earned in
Applicants to the department should have         courses from the master’s core, which               The 60-credit program has an applied
successfully completed calculus through          includes probability, statistical inference,        emphasis and is geared toward students
multivariable integration and at least one       statistical methods, linear and logistic            with an undergraduate degree in one of the
semester of linear algebra and have knowl-       regression, survival analysis, longitudinal         mathematical sciences or an allied field (for
edge of a programming language. In addi-         analysis, clinical trials, statistical genetics,    example, biology, psychology, or econom-
tion, applicants are strongly encouraged to      computational biology, health decision sci-         ics). A minimum of 40 credits of course
have completed courses in probability, sta-      ences, and related areas. Students also             work are required, including 30 credits from
tistics, advanced calculus, and numerical        choose from a variety of elective courses.          the applied biostatistics core curriculum and
analysis. Practical knowledge of a statistical                                                       a minimum of 5 credits from elective cours-
computing package such as SAS, S-plus,           The 42.5-credit program is designed for stu-        es. For the remaining credits students com-
R, Stata, or SPSS is also desirable.             dents who have a master’s degree in one of          plete a collaborative research practicum
                                                 the mathematical sciences or a doctorate in         related to the design, conduct, and analysis
Master of Science in Biostatistics               a quantitative field. Applicants must have a        of research studies with a focus on data
(80-credit, 60-credit, and 42.5-credit pro-      mathematical and statistical background             analysis and scientific presentation. Stu-
grams)                                           sufficient to achieve a level of proficiency        dents then write a thesis and make an oral
The master’s degree programs offered by          after one year of study comparable to that          presentation based on the practicum.
the department are aimed at students seek-       attained in the 80-credit program. As cours-
ing a terminal master’s degree, although         es must be taken out of sequence to com-            Doctor of Philosophy in Biostatistics
some students use the master’s program           plete the program in one year, considerable         The PhD program is designed for those
as preparation for PhD studies. Students         background in probability and statistical           who have demonstrated both interest and
with strong backgrounds ultimately interest-     inference is needed. The requirements for           ability in scholarly research. Qualified
ed in a doctoral degree are encouraged to        this degree are essentially the same as for         applicants may apply to this program with-
apply directly to the PhD program. For           the 80-credit program. A minimum of 25              out a prior advanced degree. Please note
                                                                                                     that Graduate School of Arts and Sciences
                                                                                                     application forms must be used. The dead-
                                                                                                     line for applying to the PhD program is
                                                                                                     December 15, 2009.

                                                                                                     The course work for the PhD program is
                                                                                                     built on a 20-credit doctoral core. In
                                                                                                     addition, 35 credits of advanced biostatistics
                                                                                                     courses are required; these courses are cho-
                                                                                                     sen by the student in consultation with an
                                                                                                     adviser. Students must also complete a 10-
                                                                                                     credit cognate requirement (or minor) in a
                                                                                                     substantive area (such as the biology of
                                                                                                     cancer or AIDS). Given the increasing reli-
                                                                                                     ance of statistical practice on computing
                                                                                                     technology, one or more courses in statisti-
                                                                                                     cal computing are also recommended.
                                                                                                     PhD students must satisfy a consulting

                                                                                                       D E P A R T M E N T O F B I O S TAT I S T I C S   7
Funding is available to qualified students               ington Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, or visit     For information on postdoctoral fellow-
pursuing the PhD degree. Most of the fund-               the department website.                       ships, please contact the Postdoctoral
ing is through six biostatistics training                Phone: 617-432-1056                           Committee, Department of Biostatistics,
grants in AIDS, cancer, computational bio-               Fax: 617-432-5619                             655 Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02115.
logy, the environment, neurostatistics, and              Email: biostat_admissions@hsph.harvard.       Phone: 617-432-1056
public health training for underrepresented              edu                                           Fax: 617-432-5619
minorities. These traineeships require U.S.              Web: http://www.hsph.harvard.edu/             Email: biostat_postdoc@hsph.harvard.edu
citizenship or permanent residency. Other                biostatistics                                 Web: http://www.hsph.harvard.edu/
funding (for example, tuition scholarships                                                             departments/biostatistics/fellowship-
and teaching and research assistantships)                For the PhD program online submissions        opportunities
is awarded on a competitive basis to quali-              are encouraged, using the Graduate School
fied applicants, including international                 of Arts and Sciences (GSAS) application
                                                                                                       DEPARTMENT FACULTY
students.                                                form available at the web address below:
                                                                                                       Please note that some faculty members may be on
                                                         Web: https://apply.embark.com/grad/
                                                                                                       leave during academic year 2009–10.
Contact Information                                      Harvard/GSAS
                                                                                                       Department Chair: Victor G. DeGruttola, SM, SM,
For more information about research and
                                                                                                       SD; Professor of Biostatistics. Methods for clinical
training in biostatistics, please contact                For information on department funding,        and epidemiological research on AIDS; investigation
David Wypij, director of graduate studies,               please consult http://hsph.harvard.edu/       of causes and consequences of resistance to antiviral
Department of Biostatistics, 655 Hunt-                   biostats/welcome/funding.html                 drugs; joint models of longitudinal and state changes
                                                                                                       Rebecca A. Betensky, PhD; Professor of Biostatistics.
                                                                                                       Survival analysis; cancer genetics; latent class mod-
                                                                                                       els; genetic epidemiology.
                                                                                                       Tianxi Cai, SD; Associate Professor of Biostatistics.
                                                                                                       Biomarker evaluation; high-dimensional data analy-
                                                                                                       sis; model selection and validation; personalized
                                                                                                       medicine in disease diagnosis, prognosis, and treat-
                                                                                                       ment; prediction methods; survival analysis.
                                                                                                       Paul J. Catalano, SD; Senior Lecturer on Biostatistics.
                                                                                                       Repeated measures; multivariate models; dose-
                                                                                                       response modeling; risk assessment; environmental

Please note that the courses listed are subject to change and some are not offered every year. Complete course descriptions are available at
Introduction to Programming in SAS                       Statistical Inference I and II                 Computational Biology
Introduction to Data Management and                      Methods I and II                               Spatial Statistics for Health Research and
Programming in SAS                                       Research Synthesis and Meta-Analysis of        Social Inquiry
Principles of Biostatistics I and II                     Public Health and Medicine                     Public Health Surveillance
Introduction to Statistical Methods                      Regression and Analysis of Variance            Semiparametric Methods for Analysis of
Statistics for Medical Research—Introductory,            Modern Statistical Computing Environments      Missing and Censored Data
II, Advanced, and Translational                          Advanced Topics in Clinical Trials             Reading the Medical Literature: A Course for
Analysis of Rates and Proportions                                                                       Statisticians
                                                         Nonparametric Methods
Regression and Analysis of Variance in                                                                  Statistical Methods for Causality
                                                         Analysis of Failure Time Data
Experimental Research                                                                                   Linear and Longitudinal Regression
                                                         Analysis of Multivariate and Longitudinal
Survey Research Methods in Community                     Data                                           Introduction to Programming and Statistical
Health                                                                                                  Modeling in R
                                                         Design of Scientific Investigations
Applied Regression for Clinical Research                                                                Introduction to Geographical Information
                                                         Advanced Statistical Computing                 Systems Using ArcGIS
Principles of Clinical Trials
                                                         Bayesian Methods in Biostatistics              Database Design and Usage for Health
Basics of Statistical Inference
                                                         Advanced Statistical Genetics                  Research
Applied Survival Analysis
                                                         Statistical Problems in Drug Development       Introductory Genomics and Bioinformatics for
Survival Methods in Clinical Research                                                                   Health Research
                                                         Computational Methods for Categorical Data
Applied Longitudinal Analysis                            Analysis                                       Practice of Quantitative Methods
Fundamental Concepts in Gene-Mapping                     Statistical Science Outreach                   Computational Biology
Probability Theory and Applications I and II             Sequential Analysis                            Independent Study, Tutorials

8   H A R VA R D S C H O O L O F P U B L I C H E A LT H , 2 0 0 9 – 1 0
Brent A. Coull, MS, PhD; Associate Professor of Bio-        Giovanni Parmigiani, PhD; Professor of Biostatistics.       Dianne M. Finkelstein, MS, PhD; Professor in the
statistics. Categorical data analysis; generalized linear   Statistical methods in cancer genetics and genomics;        Department of Biostatistics. Survival analysis; clinical
mixed models; generalized additive models.                  medical decision making; Bayesian analysis.                 trials; epidemiology of cancer and AIDS.
Francesca Dominici, PhD; Professor of Biostatistics.        Alkes L. Price, MSE, PhD; Assistant Professor of            Garrett Fitzmaurice, MSc, MA, SD; Professor in the
Bayesian statistics; statistical methods for environ-       Statistical Genetics. Population genetics and its rele-     Department of Biostatistics. Likelihood and nonlikeli-
mental epidemiology; meta-analysis.                         vance to disease mapping.                                   hood approaches to analyzing multivariate binary out-
Robert J. Gray, MS, PhD; Professor of Biostatistics.        John Quackenbush, MS, PhD; Professor of Compu-              comes.
Clinical trials; survival analysis.                         tational Biology and Bioinformatics. Functional gen-        Kimberlee Gauvreau, SM, SD; Assistant Professor in
David P. Harrington, MA, PhD; Professor of Biostatis-       omics; computational biology; mechanisms of cancer          the Department of Biostatistics. Biostatistical issues
tics. Nonparametric methods for censored data;              development and progression.                                in clinical studies in pediatric cardiology; institutional
sequential designs for clinical trials; model fitting       James M. Robins, MD; Mitchell L. and Robin LaFoley          variability in outcomes after congenital heart disease
and prediction in nearly singular censored data             Dong Professor of Epidemiology. Analytic methods            surgery.
regression models.                                          for drawing causal inferences in epidemiology and           Richard D. Gelber, MS, PhD; Professor in the Depart-
Winston Hide, MA, PhD; Associate Professor of Bio-          statistics.                                                 ment of Biostatistics. Design and analysis of clinical
informatics and Computational Biology. Stem cell            Armin Schwartzman, MS, PhD; Assistant Professor             trials.
gene regulation and cancer; computational biology           of Biostatistics. Image and signal analysis; modern         Rebecca S. Gelman, PhD; Associate Professor in the
and large-scale data integration; pathogen genomics.        multivariate statistics; large-scale multiple testing;      Department of Biostatistics. Clinical trials; disease
Michael D. Hughes, MSc, PhD; Professor of Bio-              functional and manifold-valued data; applications in        screening; survival methods.
statistics. Statistical methods in the design, analysis,    cancer research.                                            Robert J. Glynn, MA, PhD, SM, SD; Associate Profes-
and reporting of clinical trials; meta-analyses and         Donna L. Spiegelman, SM, SD; Professor of Epidem-           sor in the Department of Biostatistics. Analysis of
diagnostic testing.                                         iologic Methods. Statistical methods for epidemio-          longitudinal data; nonresponse in sample surveys.
Curtis Huttenhower, MS, MA, PhD; Assistant Pro-             logic research; measurement error and misclassifica-        Nicholas T. Lange, MS, SD; Associate Professor in the
fessor of Bioinformatics and Computational Biology.         tion; global epidemiology.                                  Department of Biostatistics. Statistical methodology
Computational biology; functional genomics and data         Kenneth E. Stanley, AM, PhD; Lecturer on Biostatis-         for human and animal brain mapping.
integration; biological network analysis.                   tics. Design and evaluation of randomized clinical          Jun Liu, PhD; Professor in the Department of Bio-
Peter Kraft, MA, MS, PhD; Associate Professor of            trials.                                                     statistics. Genetics; computational biology; missing
Epidemiology. Genetic epidemiology of complex dis-          Marcia A. Testa, MPH, MPhil, PhD; Senior Lecturer           data; Bayesian methodology.
eases, especially cancer.                                   on Biostatistics. Measurement and analysis of               Sharon-Lise T. Normand, MSc, PhD; Professor in the
Stephen W. Lagakos, MPhil, PhD; Professor of Bio-           patient-reported outcomes; statistical methods in           Department of Biostatistics. Bayesian inference;
statistics. Statistical methods in AIDS research; clini-    drug development; evaluating public health pre-             graphical models; meta-analysis.
cal trials.                                                 paredness.
                                                                                                                        E. John Orav, PhD; Associate Professor in the
Nan M. Laird, PhD; Professor of Biostatistics. Long-        Molin Wang, ME, PhD; Assistant Professor of Bio-            Department of Biostatistics. Statistical computing
itudinal studies; nonresponse and missing-data              statistics. Estimation of functions; nuisance parame-       and simulation; stochastic modeling; bioassay.
methods; discrete data analysis; Bayesian methods.          ters; stratified, sparse, and clustered data; measure-
                                                                                                                        Bernard A. Rosner, MA, PhD; Professor in the
                                                            ment of error.
Christoph Lange, MS, PhD; Associate Professor of                                                                        Department of Biostatistics. Analysis of clustered
Biostatistics. Statistical methods in genetics; general-    James H. Ware, MS, PhD; Frederick Mosteller Profes-         binary data; longitudinal data analysis.
ized linear models; robust statistics; time series          sor of Biostatistics. Design and analysis of longitudi-
                                                                                                                        David A. Schoenfeld, MA, PhD; Professor in the
analysis.                                                   nal studies.
                                                                                                                        Department of Biostatistics. Statistics in medical
Cheng Li, PhD; Associate Professor of Biostatistics.        Lee-Jen Wei, PhD; Professor of Biostatistics. Design        research; gene arrays; survival theory.
Computational biology with application interests            and analysis of clinical trials; repeated measure-
                                                                                                                        Grace Wyshak, SM, PhD; Associate Professor in the
in cancer and neuroscience; development of analysis         ments analysis; survival analysis.
                                                                                                                        Departments of Biostatistics and Global Health and
methods and software for high-throughput gene               Milton C. Weinstein, AM, MPP, PhD; Henry J. Kaiser          Population. Global and national health, primarily
expression and SNP microarray data.                         Professor of Health Policy and Management. Medical          women's health; cancer; osteoporosis; psychiatry;
Yi Li, MS, MS, PhD; Associate Professor of Biosta-          decision science; cost-effectiveness analysis; health       obstetrics; HIV/AIDS.
tistics. Survival analysis; longitudinal and spatial data   care technology assessment.
                                                                                                                        Adjunct Faculty
analysis.                                                   Paige L. Williams, MS, PhD; Senior Lecturer on Bios-
                                                            tatistics. Design and analysis of HIV/AIDS clinical         E. Andrés Houseman, SD. University of Massachu-
Xihong Lin, MS, PhD; Professor of Biostatistics. Sta-
                                                            trials and observational studies; risk assessment;          setts, Lowell.
tistical methods for high-dimensional and correlated
data; genomic and proteomic data in basic, popula-          environmental statistics; environmental epidemiolo-         Cyrus R. Mehta, SM, PhD. Cytel Software
tion, and clinical sciences; longitudinal data, clus-       gy; survival analysis; longitudinal analysis.               Corporation.
tered data, hierarchical data, and spatial data.            David Wypij, ScM, MS, MS, PhD; Senior Lecturer on           Alexander J. Ozonoff, MA, PhD. Boston University
Xiaole (Shirley) Liu, PhD; Associate Professor of           Biostatistics. Longitudinal and repeated measures           School of Public Health.
Biostatistics. Computational genomics, especially           models; vaccine efficacy studies; clinical trials; appli-   Christopher J. Paciorek, MS, PhD. University of
sequence analysis; high throughput sequencing;              cations in cardiology, psychiatry, and malaria.             California, Berkeley.
genome tiling microarray analysis.                          Guocheng (GC) Yuan, PhD; Assistant Professor of             Andrea Rotnitzky, MA, PhD. Di Tella University,
Judith J. Lok, MSc, PhD; Assistant Professor of             Computational Biology and Bioinformatics. Compu-            Argentina.
Biostatistics. Causality; time-dependent confounding;       tational biology; epigenomics; stem cells; DNA
                                                                                                                        Louise M. Ryan, PhD. Commonwealth Scientific and
counterfactuals; longitudinal data; observational           sequence analysis.
                                                                                                                        Industrial Research Organisation, Australia.
studies; competing risks; HIV; survival analysis.           Marvin Zelen, MA, PhD; Lemuel Shattuck Research
                                                                                                                        Michael A. Stoto, AM, PhD. George Washington
Donna S. Neuberg, MA, MS, SD; Senior Lecturer on            Professor of Statistical Science. Theory and practice
Biostatistics. Cancer clinical trials; genetic epidemiol-   of clinical trials; early detection of disease.
                                                                                                                        Laura Forsberg White, SM, PhD. Boston University
ogy; high throughput data in cancer; laboratory and         Secondary Appointments
                                                                                                                        School of Public Health.
animal studies in cancer.
                                                            (primary appointments at Harvard Medical School or
Marcello Pagano, MS, PhD; Professor of Statistical          Faculty of Arts and Sciences)
Computing. Surveillance; statistical computing;
                                                            Roger B. Davis, MA, SD; Associate Professor in the
measurement in the developing world.
                                                            Department of Biostatistics. Design and analysis of
                                                            clinical trials; recursive partitioning methods.

                                                                                                                          D E P A R T M E N T O F B I O S TAT I S T I C S        9
Department of
            E N V I R O N M E N TA L H E A LT H
                                                                                                      THE MISSION OF THE DEPARTMENT

                                                                                                      OF ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH IS

                                                                                                      TO ADVANCE THE HEALTH OF ALL

                                                                                                      PEOPLE AROUND THE WORLD

                                                                                                      THROUGH RESEARCH AND TRAINING

                                                                                                      IN ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH.

                                                                                                      THE DEPARTMENT EMPHA SIZES THE ROLE
                                                                                                      of air, water, the built environment, and the
                                                                                                      workplace as critical determinants of health.
                                                                                                      Faculty members in the department study
                                                                                                      the pathogenesis and prevention of environ-
                                                                                                      mentally produced illnesses and act as cata-
                                                                                                      lysts for scientifically based public health
                                                                                                      advances. Research approaches range from
                                                                                                      molecular studies to policy evaluation.

                                                                                                      The Department of Environmental Health
                                                                                                      examines complex problems that require the
                                                                                                      contributions of many specialties. The
                                                                                                      department’s faculty, research staff, and stu-
                                                                                                      dents reflect the multidisciplinary nature of
                                                                                                      the field and include chemists, engineers,
                                                                                                      epidemiologists, applied mathematicians,
                                                                                                      physicians, occupational health nurses,
                                                                                                      physiologists, cell biologists, molecular biol-
                                                                                                      ogists, and microbiologists. Educational
                                                                                                      activities of the department are carried out
DANYA MACHNES                                                                                         through three concentrations:
Master’s student, Department of Environmental Health                                                  • exposure, epidemiology, and risk
                                                                                                      • occupational health
“I’ve always been plagued by concerns about the world and whether it will still be livable            • molecular and integrative physiological
when I have children,” says Danya Machnes. “But I’m not an army. How do you make other                  sciences
people care?”
                                                                                                      EXPOSURE, EPIDEMIOLOGY, AND
As a chemistry major at Vassar College, Danya got a taste for both bench research and educa-
tion. For a science education internship she developed a curriculum and taught chemistry and          Research and educational training in expo-
photosynthesis to fourth graders. That experience made her realize how environmental factors          sure, epidemiology, and risk (EER) center
like exposure to lead and other pollutants can affect children’s health and their ability to learn.   on the investigation and mitigation of
Her two years after graduation as a research technician at the Immune Disease Institute fur-          health risks associated with environmental
ther piqued her interest in environmental factors, which can also contribute to autoimmune            and occupational hazards. These environ-
diseases.                                                                                             mental challenges to our society are
                                                                                                      addressed by EER through an interdiscipli-
Public health was a way to link what had previously seemed to be disconnected interests.              nary approach, involving the characteriza-
“I didn’t know what risk assessment was, and now it’s what I want to do,” says Danya, who             tion of contaminant sources, hazards, and
received a fellowship from the school devoted to top master’s degree applicants.                      environmental transport; identification of
                                                                                                      routes of exposure; investigation of health
She is now interested in bridging risk assessment and management (the science of evaluating
                                                                                                      effects; and the employment of risk assess-
a risk and then making the most effective use of resources to control that risk) with the public
                                                                                                      ment, engineering, and management strate-
policy and political will needed for change. Danya plans to apply to the HSPH doctoral pro-
                                                                                                      gies to minimize adverse outcomes.
gram in environmental science and risk management and to use her training to inspire others
to get involved. “Change can happen if people speak as one loud voice.”

10   H A R VA R D S C H O O L O F P U B L I C H E A LT H , 2 0 0 9 – 1 0
All students in EER acquire core competen-
cies in each of the three domains in which
faculty members focus their research:

• exposure assessment, which emphasizes
  the chemical, physical, microbiological,
  and engineering aspects of environmental
  and occupational exposures. Faculty mem-
  bers study the transport and fate of envi-
  ronmental contaminants by measurement
  and modeling of ambient, indoor, and per-
  sonal exposures to environmental and
  workplace contaminants and hazards.
  They also develop instruments and meth-
  ods for collecting, analyzing, and assess-
  ing the effects of physical, chemical, and
  biological stressors.

• epidemiology, which focuses on identify-
  ing and measuring the influence of envi-
  ronmental factors (physical, chemical, and
  biologic) on human disease in communi-
  ties to provide scientific evidence for        model their fate and transport, and develop          as air or water). They may focus on monitor-
  sound environmental and health policies.       strategies to control environmental hazards,         ing, modeling, or controlling pollutants;
                                                 allergens, and pathogens.                            health effects; or management, regulation,
• risk assessment, which integrates evi-                                                              and policy.
  dence from exposure assessment, epi-           Occupational hygiene This area of interest
  demiology, toxicology, and other disci-        offers training in the anticipation, identifica-     Many students also take courses at MIT
  plines to inform policy decisions in the       tion, evaluation, and control of occupational        and at other Harvard schools, including the
  presence of uncertainty. Faculty members       hazards.                                             Kennedy School and the Graduate School
  are involved in research and training on                                                            of Arts and Sciences.
  analytic methods and applications to
                                                 Risk and decision sciences This area of
  quantify human health risks.
                                                 interest provides an integrated education in         Master of Science in Environmental
                                                 environmental science, risk analysis, and            Health (80-credit and 42.5-credit
Beyond these core competencies students                                                               programs)
                                                 decision science applied to environmental
take additional courses to develop a focus                                                            Graduates of these professional programs
in one or more of the areas of interest des-                                                          assume positions in government, in private
cribed below:
                                                 Degree Programs in Exposure,                         companies, or in research institutions. In
                                                 Epidemiology, and Risk                               the past few years some graduates have
Environmental epidemiology This area of          EER offers both 80-credit and 42.5-credit            gone to work as scientists in environmental
interest is for students interested in measur-                                                        consulting firms, as occupational hygienists,
                                                 master of science (SM) programs in envi-
ing the influence of environmental factors                                                            or as academic and government researchers.
                                                 ronmental health, including the 80-credit
(physical, chemical, and biological) on                                                               Some are working for nonprofit community
                                                 SM in occupational hygiene, as well as a
human disease in communities to provide                                                               and international organizations, while others
                                                 program leading to the doctor of science
scientific evidence for sound environmental                                                           have gone on to pursue doctoral programs.
                                                 (SD) degree.
and health policies.
                                                 All students must meet the school require-           Applicants’ personal statements should
Ergonomics and safety This area of inter-        ments for core knowledge in public health            clearly state their preferred area of interest
est provides a public health and engineering                                                          within the exposure, epidemiology, and
                                                 (for information about schoolwide require-
approach to the prevention of work-related                                                            risk concentration and the ways that the
                                                 ments for master’s and doctoral students,
injuries and musculoskeletal disorders. The                                                           program will further their careers.
                                                 see page 5). In addition, both doctoral and
area encompasses exposure assessment,
                                                 master’s students in this concentration take
occupational biomechanics, and epidemi-                                                               Applicants to the 80-credit program gener-
                                                 core courses in human physiology and toxi-
ology.                                                                                                ally have undergraduate degrees and limit-
                                                 cology, exposure assessment, environmental
                                                 and occupational epidemiology, and risk              ed work experience. Consistent with the
Environmental exposure assessment This           assessment. Beyond the general core                  interdisciplinary nature of the concentra-
area of interest prepares students to identify                                                        tion, a broad range of undergraduate or
                                                 requirements, areas of interest have specific
and characterize human and ecological                                                                 graduate degrees are acceptable. Among
                                                 course requirements. Advanced courses in
exposures to environmental contaminants,                                                              these are environmental science, physics,
                                                 exposure, epidemiology, and risk are orient-
                                                 ed toward specific pollutants or media (such         mathematics, biology, chemistry, engineer-

                                                                                         D E P A R T M E N T O F E N V I R O N M E N TA L H E A LT H   11
                                                                                                        ence and methodological aspects of the
                                                                                                        decision sciences are encouraged to apply
                                                                                                        to the environmental science and risk man-
                                                                                                        agement area of interest. This program
                                                                                                        involves admission to both the Department
                                                                                                        of Environmental Health and the Depart-
                                                                                                        ment of Health Policy and Management
                                                                                                        and requires a double major. Students
                                                                                                        uncertain about whether their interests are
                                                                                                        better suited to one of these joint programs
                                                                                                        or to another program in exposure, epi-
                                                                                                        demiology, and risk should contact the EER
                                                                                                        office for clarification.

                                                                                                        Doctoral candidates serve as teaching assis-
                                                                                                        tants and are provided training in proposal
                                                                                                        development and oral presentation. They
                                                                                                        are also given the opportunity to present
ing, geology, meteorology, and decision                 ment, epidemiology and toxicology, enviro-      their research in departmental seminars.
analysis. Applicants to the program are                 nmental economics and decision analysis,        During the course of their program, doctor-
expected to have evidence of strong quanti-             life-cycle assessment, and negotiation          al students are encouraged to present
tative skills. Occasionally applicants with             analysis.                                       papers at scientific conferences.
social science, business, or policy back-
grounds are successful if they can demon-               Doctor of Science in Environmental              Depending on the specialty area, doctoral
strate some academic background in math,                Health                                          students may be funded either fully or par-
chemistry, physics, and biology. At times               Doctoral graduates are qualified for            tially through research or training-grant fel-
applicants are accepted conditional upon                research and teaching positions in schools      lowships. National Institutes of Health
completing science and/or math courses.                 of public health and other academic institu-    (NIH) traineeships are restricted to doctoral
                                                        tions, in local and federal agencies, and in    students who are U.S. citizens or perma-
The EER 80-credit master’s programs are                 the private sector. Recent graduates have       nent residents. For students specializing in
based on a set of core courses in the first             taken positions as faculty members; as          occupational hygiene, tuition support may
two semesters, followed by more special-                research scientists with the Environmental      be available through a NIOSH Education
ized courses in the later semesters. Within             Protection Agency, the National Institute for   and Research Center Grant for highly quali-
these constraints students have some flexi-             Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH),         fied U.S. citizens and permanent residents.
bility to change their focus within the pro-            the environmental division of Health Can-
gram. Students enrolled in the 80-credit                ada, and Taiwan’s Institute of Occupational     Contact Information
program in occupational hygiene follow the              Health and Safety; and as staff scientists      For more information about research and
same general curriculum and may also elect              with the National Research Council, the         training in exposure, epidemiology, and risk,
a focus on hazardous substances, which                  Mexican Ministry of Health, and consulting      please contact the EER Program Office at
involves additional targeted courses and a              organizations.                                  HSPH Landmark Center, Box 15677, 401
related project.                                                                                        Park Drive West, Boston, MA 02215, or visit
                                                        Applicants to the doctoral program normally     the EER website.
Applicants with exceptional credentials                 have a master’s degree in a related science
(including postbaccalaureate degrees and/               or mathematics field and strong scientific      Applicants to the doctoral program are
or professional experience) may request                 and quantitative skills. Admission into the     strongly encouraged to arrange an interview
consideration for admission to a 42.5-credit            doctoral program in all areas of interest       with faculty members. Please contact the
SM program.                                             depends upon demonstrated competence            EER program office at the address above or
                                                        in the requirements for an SM program des-      via email.
Within the 42.5-credit master’s program an              cribed above. Those applying to study occu-     Email: envsci@hsph.harvard.edu
area of interest in environmental health                pational hygiene usually have several years     Web: http://www.hsph.harvard.edu/eer
management is available for midcareer                   of relevant work experience in addition to a
environmental health professionals from                 master’s degree.                                OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH
developing countries interested in updating                                                             This occupational health concentration is
and strengthening their knowledge and                   Doctoral students interested in a research      designed to train health and safety profes-
technical capabilities. The program stresses            career in environmental epidemiology are        sionals to recognize and prevent disease
the scientific foundations and quantitative/            encouraged to consider a dual degree in         and injuries associated with occupational
analytic skills needed to frame, develop, and           environmental health and epidemiology           and environmental exposures. This concen-
manage environmental health policy. Topics              (see page 19). Doctoral students with a         tration is offered by the environmental and
of study include exposure and risk assess-              strong interest in both environmental sci-      occupational medicine and epidemiology

12   H A R VA R D S C H O O L O F P U B L I C H E A LT H , 2 0 0 9 – 1 0
program (EOME). The disciplines of medi-        As described below, the following programs        MPH is taken as the first year of a two-year
cine and epidemiology are the focus of the      are offered: master of occupational health        Occupational and Environmental Medicine
EOME program; depending on the orienta-         (MOH); master of science (SM) in primary          Residency (see page 14).
tion of the student, these disciplines are      health care nursing (from Simmons Col-
brought to bear on occupationally and envi-     lege) and dual-degree SM in environmental         For the MOH (or the MPH) program, in
ronmentally related exposures. Practicing       health and primary health care nursing            addition to schoolwide requirements, stu-
physicians and nurses can choose courses        (from HSPH, in cooperation with Simmons           dents take core courses in toxicology, ergo-
with a medical orientation; industrial          College); SM in environmental health with a       nomics and human factors, occupational
hygienists, safety professionals, and those     focus on occupational safety and health;          safety, occupational health policy and ad-
seeking careers in academia and research        and doctor of science (SD) or doctor of           ministration, the work environment, occu-
can emphasize epidemiology. The academic        public health (DPH). For information about        pational and environmental medicine, envi-
degree programs described below are organ-      schoolwide requirements for master’s and          ronmental and occupational epidemiology,
ized so that students can chose courses in      doctoral degrees, see page 5.                     and the practice of occupational health.
both medicine and epidemiology.                                                                   Recommended electives include the analy-
                                                Master of Occupational Health (42.5-              sis of rates and proportions, regression
Faculty research is focused on a wide variety   credit program)                                   and analysis of variance in experimental
of exposures and research approaches to         This professional program is designed to          research, and the ethical basis of the prac-
identifying the association between expo-       train physicians in the public health disci-      tice of public health.
sure and disease or injury. Areas of faculty    plines relevant to the prevention and con-
research include the following:                 trol of occupational and environmental dis-       Master of Science in Environmental
                                                ease and injury. Physicians interested in         Health (80-credit and 42.5-credit
• respiratory disease among exposed popu-       occupational and environmental medicine           programs)
  lations, including indoor and outdoor         may apply either to the MOH program or to         The occupational health concentration
  workers and building occupants                the occupational and environmental health         emphasizes the epidemiologic and biosta-
• reproductive and chronic disease studies      concentration of the master of public health      tistical aspects of the environmental and
  of populations exposed to petrochemi-         (MPH) program. Either the MOH or the              occupational fields. The SM is normally an
  cals, heavy metals, and persistent organic
• biological and chemical hazards assess-
• epidemiology of acute injury and cumula-
  tive trauma disorders
• occupational and environmental cancers,
  such as lung, skin, and bladder cancer
• biomonitoring and medical surveillance
• occupational and environmental health
  focused on developing countries
• occupational health policy and services
• environmental genetics, including the
  development of biochemical, molecular,
  and genetic markers and their applica-
  tions in environmental epidemiologic
• gene-environment interactions
• environmental and molecular epidemio-
  logy and occupational epidemiology

Degree Programs in Occupational
The training programs in occupational
health are offered through the NIOSH-
sponsored Harvard Education and Research
Center for Occupational Safety and Health
(ERC). Graduates are prepared for careers
in fields such as occupational and environ-
mental medicine and nursing, occupational
hygiene, occupational and/or environmental
safety, epidemiologic research, disease and
injury surveillance, environmental and/or
occupational health policy, and molecular

                                                                                     D E P A R T M E N T O F E N V I R O N M E N TA L H E A LT H   13
80-credit program, although an individual               Master of Science in Environmental              In addition to schoolwide requirements,
with a PhD or JD may be admitted to a 42.5-             Health (HSPH) and Primary Health Care           students in the doctoral program complete
credit program. It is generally expected that           Nursing (Simmons College) (dual-degree,         many of the same courses as those in the
students without a prior doctoral degree                74-credit program)                              SM program and also courses in exposure
will wish to enroll in a subsequent doctoral            This dual-degree professional program           assessment for epidemiology, biomarkers
program.                                                emphasizes identification of health hazards,    in chronic disease, genetics, and advanced
                                                        workplace assessment, program planning          epidemiology.
This program provides training appropriate              and intervention, worker health promotion,
for those who wish to work in research or               and disease and injury prevention. The pro-     Some financial support may be available
teaching environments. Applicants normally              gram integrates curricula from HSPH and         for doctoral students who are U.S. citizens
have a bachelor’s degree and advanced                   Simmons College, with courses taken con-        or permanent residents through NIH Nat-
training in science, including college-level            currently at these institutions.                ional Research Service Awards, NIOSH-
organic and inorganic chemistry. Those cur-                                                             sponsored ERC (Education and Research
rently holding positions in the fields of               The program focusing on occupational            Center) or other traineeships, or scholar-
occupational or environmental safety and                health nursing is aimed at preparing nurses     ships.
health, and planning to return to these                 for positions as occupational health nurse
positions, are considered particularly strong           practitioners. Practice locations include       Occupational and Environmental
candidates for admission.                               workplaces/corporations, clinics (including     Medicine Residency
                                                        occupational and environmental medicine         The Occupational and Environmental
In addition to schoolwide requirements,                 facilities), and hospitals.                     Medicine Residency (OEMR) is a two-year
students take courses in toxicology, patho-                                                             program consisting of an academic year
physiology, ergonomics and human factors,               Applicants must have at least a bachelor’s      leading to the MPH or MOH degree and a
occupational safety, occupational health                degree in nursing from a program accredit-      practicum year devoted to the development
policy and administration, the work environ-            ed by the National League of Nursing or the     of skills in clinical occupational and envi-
ment, environmental and occupational epi-               Commission on Collegiate Nursing Educa-         ronmental medicine and epidemiologic
demiology, the practice of occupational                 tion, must show satisfactory completion of      research. During the practicum year
health, advanced biostatistics, and ethics.             a basic statistics course, and must be regis-   acquired knowledge and skills are applied
                                                        tered to practice nursing in a U.S. state or    to patient management and workplace/
Master of Science in Primary Health                     territory. Nurses interested in this program    community problem solving; at least one
Care Nursing (42.5-credit program)                      must apply to, be accepted by, and maintain     short-term research project is designed, exe-
This program is offered by the Harvard                  satisfactory academic progress in both          cuted, and documented under faculty super-
Education and Research Center and Sim-                  schools.                                        vision. Field experience includes rotations
mons College, which awards the degree.                                                                  through hospital- and community-based
The program is designed for registered                  Students in this program must fulfill essen-    occupational and environmental health clin-
nurses seeking preparation as occupational              tially the same course requirements at          ics. Additional rotation choices are available
health nurse practitioners.                             Simmons College as those enrolled in the        in corporate medical departments and gov-
                                                        master of science in primary health care        ernmental agencies. The residency is fully
Applicants must have at least a bachelor’s              nursing. At HSPH, in addition to school-        accredited by the Accreditation Council for
degree in nursing from a program accredit-              wide requirements, students take courses        Graduate Medical Education.
ed by the National League of Nursing, must              covering ergonomics and human factors,
show satisfactory completion of basic sta-              the work environment, occupational safety,      Applicants must be graduates of an ap-
tistics and physical assessment courses,                and environmental and occupational epi-         proved school of medicine or osteopathy
and must be registered to practice nursing              demiology; a tutorial in toxicology; and two    and must have completed at least one year
in a U.S. state or territory.                           electives. Students must also complete an       of internship training in an accredited U.S.
                                                        independent study project.                      or Canadian clinical program; board eligibili-
Participants undertake practica in industrial                                                           ty or certification in a primary care specialty
settings, clinics, and hospital-based occupa-           Doctor of Science in Environmental              is preferred. Physicians currently holding
tional health programs and complete a                   Health/Doctor of Public Health                  positions in the field of occupational safety
course at HSPH in occupational health poli-             The SD or DPH degree may be earned by           and health who plan to return to these posi-
cy and administration and courses at Sim-               students who wish to concentrate in disci-      tions are considered strong candidates for
mons College in normal and abnormal                     plines related to occupational health, in-      admission.
human physiology, research methods, the                 cluding injury prevention, occupational epi-
theory and practice of primary health care              demiology, or environmental molecular           Admission to the practicum year of the resi-
nursing, the theoretical foundations for                epidemiology. Applicants for the DPH pro-       dency is a separate process from, and usu-
nursing practice, clinical pharmacology for             gram must have or be in progress toward,        ally occurs shortly after, admission to the
nurses in ambulatory care, health in the                an MPH degree and must also hold an             degree program. In addition to submitting
workplace, health care systems, and health              advanced degree in a basic public health        an electronic application to the (MPH or
promotion.                                              discipline.                                     MOH) degree program, prospective resi-
                                                                                                        dents must apply to the practicum year

14   H A R VA R D S C H O O L O F P U B L I C H E A LT H , 2 0 0 9 – 1 0
Please note that the courses listed are subject to change and some are not offered every year. Complete course descriptions are available at

Introduction to Environmental Health               Water Systems Management                              Environmental Exposure, Epidemiology, and
Principles of Environmental Health                 Industrial Hygiene/Ergonomics Internships             Risk Practicum
Human Physiology                                   and Environmental Sciences Research Seminar           Fundamentals of Human Environmental
                                                   Exposure Assessment for Environmental and             Exposure Assessment
Pathophysiology of Human Disease
                                                   Occupational Epidemiology                             Interdisciplinary Training in Pulmonary-
Advanced Respiratory Physiology
                                                   Environment Risk Management                           Sciences I and II
Advanced Topics in Physiology
                                                   Genetic Epidemiology and Gene-Mapping                 Critical Readings in Mechanisms of Health
Occupational Health Policy and                                                                           Effects by Air Pollution
Administration                                     Human Health and Global Environmental
                                                   Change                                                Environmental Genetics
Introduction to Occupational and
                                                   Radiation Environment: Identification,                Ecotoxicology
Environmental Medicine
                                                   Evaluation, and Control                               Air Pollution Modeling
Epidemiology of Environmental and
Occupational Health Regulations                    Field Methods in Environmental Health                 Research Design in Environmental Health
Occupational Safety and Injury Prevention          Occupational Health Care Delivery                     Environmental and Occupational
                                                   Injury Epidemiology and Prevention                    Epidemiology
Ergonomics/Human Factors
                                                   Industrial Ecology and Life Cycle Assessment          Practice of Occupational Health
Protecting Workers and Communities from
Hazardous Substances                               Research in Physiology                                Respiratory Epidemiology
Ventilation                                        Properties and Behavior of Airborne Particles         Advanced Regression for Environmental
Evaluation and Control of Noise and Vibration      Occupational Biomechanics
                                                                                                         Integrated Cancer Biology
Introduction to Aerobiology                        Atmospheric Environment Seminars
                                                                                                         Environmental Cardiology
Water Pollution                                    Environmental Epigenetics
                                                                                                         Risk Assessment
Introduction to the Work Environment               Principles of Toxicology
                                                                                                         Independent Research, Tutorials
Analytical Methods and Exposure Assessment         Advanced Seminar in Aerobiology

                                                RELATED OFFERINGS
                                                Environmental/occupational epidemiology area of interest, Department of Epidemiology,
                                                see page 19.
                                                MPH concentration in occupational and environmental health, see page 55.

                                                   must apply for both the degree program                Fax: 617-432-3441
                                                   and the residency by October 15, 2009, for            Email: dchris@hsph.harvard.edu
                                                   2010–11 matriculation. Continuation into              Web: http://www.hsph.harvard.edu/erc
                                                   the second year of the residency is contin-
                                                   gent upon having had adequate prior clini-            For more information about the Occu-
                                                   cal experience and exemplary performance              pational and Environmental Medicine Resi-
                                                   in the academic phase of the program.                 dency, please contact Stefanos Kales, MD,
                                                                                                         MPH, Department of Environmental
through the Electronic Residency Appli-            Some financial support for residency candi-           Health, 665 Huntington Avenue, Boston,
cation Service. OEMR encourages prospec-           dates who are U.S. citizens or permanent              MA 02115.
tive residents to send a curriculum vitae          residents may be available through trainee-           Phone: 617-665-1580
listing medical training and experience,           ships.                                                Fax: 617-432-0219
research experience, and publications to the                                                             Email: skales@hsph.harvard.edu
program director prior to beginning the            Contact Information                                   Web: http://www.hsph.harvard.edu/erc/
application process. Prospective residents         For more information about the occupation-            oemr/index.htm
who already have an MPH degree are wel-            al health concentration, MOH degree pro-
come to apply and should consult the               gram, training in occupational epidemiology           MOLECULAR AND INTEGRATIVE
OEMR website.                                      and environmental molecular epidemiology,             PHYSIOLOGICAL SCIENCES
                                                   and ERC traineeships, please contact David            Training in molecular and integrative physi-
Applicants to the MOH program and the              Christiani, MD, MPH, SM, Department of                ological sciences (MIPS) addresses the
MPH program with a concentration in occu-          Environmental Health, 665 Huntington                  intersection between basic pulmonary sci-
pational and environmental health who are          Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, or visit the ERC            ences and environmental exposures, often
also applying to the Occupational and              website.                                              in the context of global public health. Fac-
Environmental Medicine Residency program           Phone: 617-432-1260                                   ulty members focus on three main prob-

                                                                                            D E P A R T M E N T O F E N V I R O N M E N TA L H E A LT H   15
lems: air pollution, lung infection, and asth-          as they apply to public health are expected to   For the PhD Program in Biological Sciences
ma. The theme of pulmonary inflammation                 grow both in academia and in the biotech-        in Public Health, online submissions are
spans these foci, as does an interdisciplin-            nology and pharmaceutical industries.            encouraged, using the Graduate School of
ary approach bridging biological and phys-                                                               Arts and Sciences (GSAS) application form
ical sciences. Areas of research include bio-           Applicants to the program generally have a       available at the web address below:
mechanical properties of cells/tissue in                bachelor’s degree and demonstrated com-          Web: http://www.gsas.harvard.edu/hils/
normal/inflamed lungs; smooth muscle                    petence in organic and biological chemis-        admissions_apply.html
and airway constriction in asthma; media-               try, general biology, physics, and calculus.
tors and adhesion molecules involved in                 Students in this program follow a different
pulmonary inflammation; effects of inhaled              curriculum from those in the PhD program.        DEPARTMENT FACULTY
particles; lung infections; genomic discov-             In consultation with their adviser, students     Please note that some faculty members may be on
                                                                                                         leave during academic year 2009–10.
ery approaches to cell biology; and epithe-             design a program of course work with their
lial cell, macrophage, lymphocyte, and neu-                                                              Department chair: Douglas W. Dockery, SM, SM, SD;
                                                        specific objectives in mind. The program
                                                                                                         Professor of Environmental Epidemiology. Epidemio-
trophil lung biology. The biology is broadly            offers a firm foundation in the basic bio-       logic studies of respiratory health effects of air pollu-
based, ranging from molecular and cell                  medical sciences, as well as in epidemiolo-      tion; environmental exposures and lifetime develop-
biology to integrated organismic, environ-              gy and biostatistics, and provides the           ment of respiratory disease.
mental, and comparative physiology.                     opportunity for students to engage in labo-      Joseph D. Brain, SM, SM, SD; Cecil K. and Philip
                                                        ratory rotations. For information about          Drinker Professor of Environmental Physiology.
The MIPS concentration combines a range                 schoolwide requirements for doctoral             Function and structure of pulmonary macrophages;
                                                                                                         deposition and clearance of inhaled particles and
of scientific fields, including physics, bio-           degrees, see page 5.
                                                                                                         responses to them; respiratory infection; metal
engineering, physiology, biomathematics,                                                                 bioavailability.
cell biology, molecular biology, proteomics             Most students admitted to the SD program         John Briscoe, PhD; Gordon McKay Professor of the
and genomics, clinical science, and epi-                receive a stipend, as well as tuition and        Practice of Environmental Engineering and Professor
demiology. By working within this rich inter-           health insurance support. Students are           of the Practice of Environmental Health. Water man-
disciplinary environment, students learn                encouraged to apply for fellowships from         agement, economic development, and health.
many measurement technologies, discover                 outside sources since certain external fel-      James P. Butler, AM, PhD; Senior Lecturer on Phys-
a variety of approaches, and develop                    lowships provide higher stipends.                iology. Cell mechanics; soft-tissue lubrication; pul-
                                                                                                         monary functional imaging with hyperpolarized noble
mature scientific thinking.
                                                                                                         gas MRI; gait kinematics and risk of falling; aerosol
                                                        Doctor of Philosophy in Biological               transport and deposition mechanisms.
Degree Programs in Molecular                            Sciences in Public Health (Molecular
                                                                                                         David C. Christiani, MD, MPH, SM; Professor of
and Integrative Physiological                           and Integrative Physiological Sciences)          Occupational Medicine and Epidemiology. Environ-
Sciences                                                Students wishing to study cellular and           mental and occupational molecular epidemiology;
As described below, the MIPS concentration              molecular biology or physiology as it per-       gene-environment interactions; environmental
leads either to the doctor of science (SD)              tains to major problems in public health         genetics.
degree, offered through the Department of               may apply to the PhD program offered by          Philip K. Demokritou, MEng, PhD; Assistant Pro-
Environmental Health, or to the doctor of               the Division of Biological Sciences through      fessor of Aerosol Physics. Aerosol science and tech-
                                                                                                         nology; indoor environmental quality.
philosophy (PhD) degree, offered through                the Harvard University Graduate School of
                                                                                                         Jack T. Dennerlein, SM, PhD; Associate Professor of
the Division of Biological Sciences.                    Arts and Sciences. The PhD program is
                                                                                                         Ergonomics and Safety. Upper-extremity biomechan-
                                                        designed to prepare students for research        ics during keying; tools in exposure assessment of
Doctor of Science in Environmental                      careers in respiratory physiology, cell and      physical risk factors of VDT workers; product design's
Health                                                  molecular biology, or bioengineering. For        effect on upper-extremity biomechanics; prevention
Students wishing to study cellular, integra-            more information about the PhD program,          of falls from ladders.
tive, or engineering approaches as they per-            see page 56.                                     John S. Evans, MS, SM, SD; Senior Lecturer on
tain to problems in the environment, physi-                                                              Environmental Science. Risk and decision analysis;
                                                                                                         characterization of uncertainty; value of information;
ology, or public health may apply directly              Contact Information
                                                                                                         environment and health in the Middle East; public
to the SD program in the Department of                  For more information about research and          health impacts of the 1990 invasion and occupation
Environmental Health.                                   training in molecular and integrative physio-    of Kuwait.
                                                        logical sciences or about the SD program,        Majid Ezzati, MEng, MA, PhD; Associate Professor of
The SD program prepares students for                    please contact Lester Kobzik, MD, Depart-        International Health. Environmental health in devel-
research careers in respiratory physiology,             ment of Environmental Health, 665                oping countries; energy, air pollution, and health; risk
cell and molecular biology, or bioengineer-             Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02115.             assessment; population health; global health; tech-
                                                                                                         nology policy.
ing. Graduates assume positions as faculty              Phone: 617-432-2247
members and research scientists at medical                                                               Jeffrey J. Fredberg, SMME, ME, PhD; Professor of
                                                        Fax: 617-432-0014
                                                                                                         Bioengineering and Physiology. Biophysical properties
schools, research institutes, and schools               Email: lkobzik@hsph.harvard.edu                  of cells and their relationship to airway narrowing in
of public health. Career opportunities in mol-                                                           asthma.
ecular and integrative physiological sciences                                                            Russ B. Hauser, MD, MPH, SD; Professor of Envi-
                                                                                                         ronmental and Occupational Epidemiology. Repro-
                                                                                                         ductive and developmental epidemiology; impact of
                                                                                                         endocrine disruptors on fertility and pregnancy out-
                                                                                                         comes; contaminants.

16   H A R VA R D S C H O O L O F P U B L I C H E A LT H , 2 0 0 9 – 1 0
Robert F. Herrick, MS, SD; Senior Lecturer on Occu-       Daniel J. Tschumperlin, MS, PhD; Associate Professor       Edward A. Nardell, MD; Associate Professor in the
pational Hygiene. Exposure assessment; exposure-          of Bioengineering and Airway Biology. Asthma, pul-         Departments of Environmental Health and Immu-
biomarker relationships; control technologies and         monary fibrosis, and other environmentally related         nology and Infectious Diseases. Airborne transmission
intervention strategies.                                  lung diseases; remodeling of the lung; transduction        and infection control of Mycobacterium tuberculosis; air
Petros Koutrakis, MS, PhD; Professor of Environ-          of physical forces at a cellular and molecular level.      disinfection with ultraviolet irradiation.
mental Sciences. Air pollution; indoor air quality; air   Marc G. Weisskopf, PhD, SM, SD; Mark and Cath-             Richard L. Verrier, PhD; Associate Professor in the
pollution exposure assessment.                            erine Winkler Assistant Professor of Environmental         Department of Environmental Health. Neural triggers
Francine Laden, MS, SD; Mark and Catherine Winkler        and Occupational Epidemiology. Epidemiology of             of sudden cardiac death; cardiac electrophysiology;
Associate Professor of Environmental Epidemiology.        neurological disease with an emphasis on environ-          T-wave alternans; coronary hemodynamic function;
Environmental risk factors for chronic diseases (e.g.,    mental exposures; environmental effects on brain           novel delivery systems for anti-arrhythmic therapy.
cancer and cardiovascular and respiratory diseases);      physiology and neurological function (e.g., cognitive
                                                                                                                     Scott T. Weiss, MD, SM; Professor in the Department
specific interests in exposure assessment and epi-        function and psychiatric symptoms).
                                                                                                                     of Environmental Health. Natural history of chronic
demiology of air pollution and applications of GIS.       Secondary Appointments                                     lung disease; epidemiology of asthma and hyperten-
Jonathan I. Levy, SD; Mark and Catherine Winkler                                                                     sion; cardiovascular, occupational, environmental,
                                                          (primary appointments at Harvard Medical School)
Associate Professor of Environmental Health and                                                                      and genetic epidemiology.
                                                          Elisha H. Atkins, MD, SM; Assistant Professor in the
Risk Assessment. Air pollution exposure assessment                                                                   Robert O. Wright, MD, MPH; Associate Professor in
                                                          Department of Environmental Health. Hospital-work-
and risk assessment; health impact assessment of                                                                     the Department of Environmental Health. Pediatric
                                                          er health and safety.
power plants and transportation sources.                                                                             environmental health; gene-environmental interac-
                                                          David C. Bellinger, PhD, SM; Professor in the Depart-      tions; psychosocial factors as modifiers of chemical
Chensheng (Alex) Lu, MS, PhD; Mark and Catherine
                                                          ment of Environmental Health. Developmental                neurotoxicants.
Winkler Assistant Professor of Environmental
                                                          impact of early metabolic and chemical insults to the
Exposure Biology. Environmental exposure biology;                                                                    Rosalind J. Wright, MD, MPH; Assistant Professor in
                                                          nervous system; neuropsychological toxicology.
pesticide exposure and human health; neurodevelop-                                                                   the Department of Environmental Health. Stress and
mental and neurobehaviroal toxicity in children;          Augustine M.K. Choi, MD; Professor in the Depart-          health; asthma disparities; social determinants of
cumulative risk assessment for pesticide exposure.        ment of Environmental Health. Oxidative stress and         lung disease.
                                                          lung injury; signal transduction and gene regulation;
Quan Lu, MS, PhD; Mark and Catherine Winkler                                                                         Adjunct Faculty
                                                          cell death and autophagy; regulation and physiologic
Assistant Professor of Lung Biology. Receptor signal-
                                                          function of gaseous molecule carbon monoxide.              Andrea Baccarelli, MD, PhD. University of Milan,
ing and trafficking; gene-environment interaction;
                                                          Jeffrey M. Drazen, MD; Professor in the Department         Italy.
global “loss-of-function” genetic screen.
                                                          of Environmental Health. Pulmonary and respiratory         Costas A. Christophi, MS, PhD. Cyprus International
Melissa Perry, MHS, ScD; Associate Professor of
                                                          pharmacology; mediators of immediate hypersensitiv-        Institute for the Environment and Public Health.
Occupational Epidemiology. Occupational epidemiol-
                                                          ity; mucus regulation and expression in chronic bron-
ogy and preventive intervention research; endocrine                                                                  Ellen A. Eisen, SM, SM, SD. University of California,
disruption and chromosomal abnormalities; health                                                                     Berkeley.
impacts of pesticide exposure.                            John J. Godleski, MD; Associate Professor in the
                                                                                                                     Philippe Grandjean, MD, DMSc. Odense University,
                                                          Department of Environmental Health. Experimental
Stephen N. Rudnick, MS, SM, SD; Lecturer on Occu-                                                                    Denmark.
                                                          models of normal and pathologic responses to
pational Hygiene Engineering. Engineering control of                                                                 Steven R. Hanna, MS, PhD. Hanna Consultants.
                                                          inhaled particles.
disease transmission via air or fomites; aerosol tech-
                                                          Diane R. Gold, MD, MPH; Associate Professor in the         Howard Hu, MD, MPH, SM, SD. University of
                                                          Department of Environmental Health. Influence of           Michigan.
Joel D. Schwartz, PhD; Professor of Environmental
                                                          early-life environmental exposures on allergy and          Tom B. Leamon, MSc, MSc, PhD. Liberty Mutual
Epidemiology. Environmental epidemiology; natural
                                                          asthma development; cardiovascular and pulmonary           Research Institute for Safety.
history of lung function and disease; cost-benefit
                                                          effects of air pollution.                                  Nancy C. Long Sieber, PhD.
analysis; time series analysis; nonparametric smooth-
ing and graphical methods.                                Rose H. Goldman, MD, MPH, SM; Associate Profes-            Edward F. Maher, MS, SD. Dade Moeller &
                                                          sor in the Department of Environmental Health.             Associates.
James P. Shine, PhD; Senior Lecturer on Aquatic
                                                          Metal poisoning and toxicity; neurotoxicity; repetitive
Chemistry. Transport and fate of contaminants in                                                                     Konstantinos Makris, PhD. Cyprus International
                                                          strain injuries; medical and public health education.
aquatic ecosystems.                                                                                                  Institute for the Environmental and Public Health.
                                                          Stefanos (Stephen) N. Kales, MD, MPH; Assistant
Stephanie A. Shore, PhD; Senior Lecturer on                                                                          Donald K. Milton, MD, MPH, DPH. University of
                                                          Professor in the Department of Environmental
Physiology. Obesity and asthma; airway smooth-                                                                       Massachusetts, Lowell.
                                                          Health. Firefighters, emergency responders, environ-
muscle biology; air pollution and asthma.                                                                            Joseph P. Mizgerd, SD. Boston University.
                                                          mental/workplace exposures, and metabolic health
Thomas J. Smith, MPH, MS, PhD; Professor of Occu-         effects; chemical emergencies; heavy metals; tradi-        Gregory Norris, MS, PhD. Sylvatica.
pational hygiene. Exposure assessment for epidemio-       tional Indian medications.
                                                                                                                     Annette Peters, SM, PhD. Institute of Epidemiology,
logic studies; environmental chemical hazards; bio-
                                                          Jeffrey N. Katz, SM, MD; Associate Professor in the        Neuherberg, Germany.
markers of exposure; hazards of diesel exhaust expo-
                                                          Departments of Epidemiology and Environmental
sure.                                                                                                                Robert B. Pojasek, PhD. First Environment Inc.,
                                                          Health. Clinical policy relating to noninflammatory
                                                                                                                     Boonton, NJ.
Frank E. Speizer, MD; Professor of Environmental          musculoskeletal conditions; health policy questions;
Science. Health effects of air pollution; interests in    back pain and upper-extremity disorders.                   Christine A. Rogers, PhD. University of Massachu-
cancer and cardiovascular and pulmonary diseases                                                                     setts, Amherst.
                                                          Lester Kobzik, MD; Professor in the Department of
and in healthy aging.                                                                                                Gregory R. Wagner, MD. National Institute for Occu-
                                                          Environmental Health. Lung defenses against inhaled
John D. Spengler, PhD, SM; Akira Yamaguchi                particles and pathogens; pulmonary inflammation            pational Safety and Health.
Professor of Environmental Health and Human               and pathology.                                             David H. Wegman, MD, SM. University of Massachu-
Habitation. Indoor air quality; health risk assessment;                                                              setts, Lowell.
                                                          Christos S. Mantzoros, MD, DSc, MMSc, SM; Asso-
sustainable design; healthy communities.
                                                          ciate Professor in the Department of Environmental         Xin Xu, MD, PhD.
Helen H. Suh, SM, SD; Associate Professor of              Health. Obesity, diabetes, and malignancies: bio-
                                                                                                                     Pierre A. Zalloua, MA, PhD. Lebanese American
Environmental Chemistry and Exposure Assessment.          markers, molecular epidemiology, and translational
Air pollution exposures and health effects; GIS;          research.
nation-wide chronic exposure models; indoor pollu-
tion; source apportionment.

                                                                                                        D E P A R T M E N T O F E N V I R O N M E N TA L H E A LT H        17
Department of
                                                                                                   EPIDEMIOLOGY—THE STUDY OF

                                                                                                   THE FREQUENCY, DISTRIBUTION,

                                                                                                   AND DETERMINANTS OF DISEASE

                                                                                                   IN HUMANS—IS A FUNDAMENTAL

                                                                                                   SCIENCE OF PUBLIC HEALTH.

                                                                                                   EPI DEM IOLOGISTS USE MANY APPROACHES ,
                                                                                                   but the ultimate aim of epidemiologic
                                                                                                   research is the prevention or effective con-
                                                                                                   trol of human disease.

                                                                                                   The Department of Epidemiology has a long
                                                                                                   tradition of teaching and research, including
                                                                                                   in the epidemiology of cancer, cardiovascu-
                                                                                                   lar and other chronic diseases, and infec-
                                                                                                   tious diseases, as well as in epidemiologic
                                                                                                   methodology. Current research in the
                                                                                                   department includes the role of infections
                                                                                                   in the etiology of cancer; the connection
                                                                                                   between diet and risk of cancer, cardiovas-
                                                                                                   cular disease, and other major chronic dis-
                                                                                                   eases; the relationship between exposure to
                                                                                                   chemicals in the workplace and the develop-
                                                                                                   ment of cancer; the epidemiology of infec-
                                                                                                   tious disease; factors in early life predispos-
                                                                                                   ing individuals to chronic diseases; case
                                                                                                   identification and risk factors in mental dis-
                                                                                                   orders; health effects of drugs, vaccines,
                                                                                                   and medical devices; and causes of human
Doctoral student, Department of Epidemiology
John Jackson used to believe that solutions to diseases would be found through advances in         Degree Programs in Epidemiology
biomedical research. But a public health conference on health disparities made him appreciate      As described below, the department offers
that improvements in health often depend on factors outside of medicine. “I realized that you      both 80-credit and 42.5-credit master of sci-
could have a world-class treatment, but without proper infrastructure, health education, and       ence (SM) programs, as well as a doctor
                                                                                                   of science (SD) and doctor of public health
access to care it would do little to ease the burden of disease.”
                                                                                                   (DPH) program. For information about
After graduating from the University of Maryland with a bachelor’s in biochemistry, John           schoolwide requirements for master’s and
began working as a research assistant at the Center for Health Disparities Solutions at Johns      doctoral programs, see page 5.
Hopkins University. There he learned public health research from the ground up, starting as
a research assistant and eventually studying management and data analysis.                         Students in all degree programs choose
                                                                                                   from among thirteen areas of interest:
Much of what he learned, though, came from living in communities similar to the ones he
studied. “Teaching adult education classes and working as a community liaison brought me           Cancer epidemiology In addition to
face to face with people whose unmet need for mental health care severely limited their            research methodology, the curriculum in
ability to live full, healthy, and productive lives,” he says. John became convinced that mental   this area includes courses on the biology
health was integral to improving health and quality of life.                                       and genetics of cancer; the basic concepts
                                                                                                   and issues of cancer epidemiology; the
At HSPH he is gaining the theoretical and analytical skills needed to contribute to the growing    roles of lifestyle factors such as diet and
field of psychiatric epidemiology. John has been particularly impressed with the department’s      physical activity; environmental and occupa-
causal inference program. “It is a different way of thinking about epidemiology, not offered       tional exposures in the etiology of cancer;
anywhere else, and has clarified the kinds of questions I ask and the ways I think about           the integration of biomarkers (e.g., plasma,
answering them.”                                                                                   genetic, and tumor markers) into research;
                                                                                                   the prevention of cancer; and research

18   H A R VA R D S C H O O L O F P U B L I C H E A LT H , 2 0 0 9 – 1 0
methods. Research opportunities for stu-
dents include a large number of ongoing
cohort and case-control studies conducted
within the department or at associated
institutions and in conjunction with the
Dana-Farber/ Harvard Cancer Center.

Cardiovascular epidemiology This area
provides training in research methodology
and the epidemiology of cardiovascular dis-
eases. Doctoral students conduct research
in a substantive or methodological area
related to cardiovascular epidemiology.
Research opportunities for graduate and
postdoctoral students include a broad area
of topics, including the role of diet, genet-
ics, plasma markers, lifestyle characteris-
tics, clinical interventions, and environmen-
tal predictors of primary and secondary          es during the regular academic year and, if       epidemiologic methodology are introduced
onset of cardiovascular disease. Trainees        desired, during two or more summer peri-          through advanced courses and tutorials.
will have the opportunity to work with           ods. Alternatively, students can satisfy the      Doctoral students conduct research with
several large ongoing cohort and case-           requirements for the 42.5-credit SM degree        faculty members in the development of new
crossover studies and to interact with other     by taking courses during summer periods           methodologies and in novel applications of
trainees and investigators through forums        and completing a supervised research pro-         existing methodologies. Those enrolling in
and other activities organized by the pro-       ject. The content of this project typically       this area of interest ordinarily have complet-
gram in cardiovascular epidemiology cen-         entails the design and implementation of          ed four semesters of college calculus and
tered at HSPH.                                   a clinical study, the analysis of the resulting   one semester of linear algebra. Students
                                                 data, and the creation of a manuscript of         engaged in this area will have an opportun-
Clinical epidemiology This area is design-       quality suitable for publication. An outline      ity for collaboration with researchers work-
ed primarily for clinicians and other health     for this project must be submitted at the         ing on causal inference in epidemiology and
care professionals in the 42.5-credit mas-       time of application.                              allied sciences.
ter’s program who wish to develop the
quantitative skills needed for clinical re-      Environmental/occupational epidemio-              Epidemiology of aging This area is geared
search. Students take core courses in epi-       logy This area is closely associated with         toward those interested in the diseases and
demiology and biostatistics to develop           the concentrations in exposure, epidemiolo-       conditions, as well as research methods,
basic skills in study design and analysis that   gy, and risk and in occupational health in        specific to older populations. Social and cul-
will allow them to examine clinical ques-        the Department of Environmental Health.           tural aspects of health in older persons are
tions related to the diagnosis and treatment     Students take courses in epidemiology,            also covered. Core courses focus on the epi-
of disease. Additional courses in epidemiol-     environmental health, occupational health,        demiologic aspects of the study of aging
ogy and courses offered by other depart-         biostatistics, toxicology, genetics, and envi-    and include topics in biology, statistics, and
ments address related topics of potential        ronmental exposure assessment. Doctoral           other relevant fields. Numerous research
interest such as health status and quality-      students conduct research in a substantive        opportunities on a wide range of issues,
of-life measurement, decision analysis,          or methodologic area related to environ-          including neurologic diseases, osteoporosis,
cost-effectiveness analysis, health services     mental or occupational health. Research           incontinence, and others, are available in
research, and quality improvement of health      emphasis includes the relationships               the Department of Epidemiology, as well as
care.                                            between environmental and occupational            the Department of Nutrition, Channing Lab-
                                                 exposures and cancer, children’s health,          oratory, the Division of Preventive Medicine
While the appropriate content for this area      cardiopulmonary disease, neurodegenera-           at Brigham and Women’s Hospital, and
may be covered by taking courses offered         tive disease, reproductive health, and gene-      Hebrew SeniorLife.
during the regular academic year (fall and       environment interactions.
spring semesters), requirements for the                                                            Infectious diseases Research in this area
42.5-credit SM degree in epidemiology may        Epidemiologic methods This area pro-              focuses on the biological and dynamic fea-
also be partially fulfilled by taking the sum-   vides training in the development and             tures of infectious diseases, with emphasis
mer courses offered through the Summer           application of new methods in epidemiolog-        on the use of epidemiologic approaches to
Program in Clinical Effectiveness and the        ic research. Students learn to use and justi-     study the social, behavioral, and biological
Summer Session in Public Health Studies.         fy classical epidemiologic methods in study       determinants of infectious disease emer-
In this schedule students begin their pro-       design, data analysis, and interpretation of      gence, transmission, pathogenesis, and
gram by taking a core set of courses during      results. Students also receive training in        immunity. Courses within the department
an initial summer period. They complete          biostatistical areas most relevant to epi-        cover the common features of communica-
the SM program by taking advanced cours-         demiologic research. Recent innovations in        ble diseases and their dynamics, methods

                                                                                                   DEPARTMENT OF EPIDEMIOLOGY                  19
for the analysis of transmission dynamics,              Relevant courses explore the genetic epi-        • psychiatric epidemiology, which intro-
and advanced topics in the epidemiology                 demiology of complex diseases, including           duces students to concepts and methods
of certain specific infectious diseases, espe-          cancer, cardiovascular disease, diabetes,          for studying the genetic and psychosocial
cially HIV. Courses in other departments                psychiatric illnesses, Alzheimer’s disease,        factors that relate to the prevalence, inci-
provide introductions to the epidemiology               and asthma, as well as individual variation        dence, and outcome of different types of
of additional specific infectious diseases              in drug response (pharmacogenomics).               psychiatric illnesses. Emphasis is given to
and to additional relevant methodologies,               Students can collaborate with the HSPH             issues of reliability and validity in study-
including spatial and time series analysis.             Department of Environmental Health, the            ing such disorders among children, ado-
                                                        Channing Laboratory, the Dana-Farber               lescents, and adults. The curriculum con-
Students in this area ordinarily join the
                                                                                                           sists of six specialized courses, as well as
interdisciplinary concentration in the epide-           Cancer Institute, and other research groups.
                                                                                                           related courses offered in the HSPH
miology of infectious disease.
                                                                                                           Departments of Epidemiology, Biostat-
                                                        Neuro-psychiatric epidemiology Within this
                                                                                                           istics, and Society, Human Development,
Molecular/genetic epidemiology This                     increasingly integrated area of interest, stu-
                                                                                                           and Health. A wide range of research
area introduces students to the application             dents typically elect one of two focus areas:
                                                                                                           opportunities are available, with particular
of molecular and genetic methods in epi-                                                                   depth in psychiatric genetics, mental
demiology. These methods may be useful as               • neuroepidemiology, which provides train-
                                                                                                           health services, pharmacoepidemiology,
measures of exposure, disease susceptibili-               ing in research methodology and the epi-
                                                                                                           clinical trials, prevention, and community
ty, or disease outcome. Training encom-                   demiology of neurological diseases. Cur-
                                                                                                           and cross-cultural studies.
passes family-based association methods,                  rent research emphasizes the roles of
genome-wide association studies to identify               diet, infections, and environmental expo-
                                                                                                         Nutritional epidemiology Through cours-
the chromosomal localization of genes                     sures in the etiology of neurodegenerative
                                                                                                         es in the Departments of Epidemiology and
associated with disease, and fine map-                    diseases such as multiple sclerosis, Park-
                                                                                                         Nutrition, students in this area learn meth-
                                                          inson's disease, and amyotrophic lateral
ping and identification of these genes.                                                                  ods of nutritional assessment and their
                                                          sclerosis and integrates biomarkers and
Population-based studies correlate variation                                                             related strengths and weaknesses. Students
                                                          genetic factors. Doctoral students conduct
in genes with disease risk and prognosis                                                                 also receive advanced training in the nutri-
                                                          research in a substantive or methodologi-
and assess gene-environment interactions.                                                                tional determinants of disease and in meth-
                                                          cal area related to neuroepidemiology.

Please note that the courses listed are subject to change and some are not offered every year. Complete course descriptions are available at
Principles of Epidemiology                              Epidemiologic Methods in Health Services         Epidemiology of Neurologic Diseases
Introduction to Epidemiology                            Research                                         Data Mining and Prediction
Elements of Epidemiologic Research:                     Analytical Aspects of Clinical Epidemiology      Models for Causal Inference
Methods II                                              Use of Biomarkers in Epidemiologic Research      Data Collection
Study Design in Epidemiologic Research                  Measuring Health Status                          Advanced Topics in Epidemiologic Methods
Analysis of Case-Control and Cohort Studies             Seminar in Applied Research in Clinical          Analysis of Genetic Association Studies Using
Practice of Epidemiology                                Epidemiology                                     Unrelated Subjects
Advanced Epidemiologic Methods                          Genetic Epidemiologic Methods for Psychiatric    Screening
                                                        and Other Disorders
Introduction to Clinical Epidemiology                                                                    Bridging Psychiatric Morbidity and
                                                        Applied Biomarkers in Cancer Epidemiology        Reproductive Outcomes
Epidemiology of Cancer
                                                        Epidemiologic Methods Development—Past           Research: Clinical Epidemiology
Advanced Topics in the Analysis of Case                 and Present
Control and Cohort Study                                                                                 Fundamentals of Epidemiology
                                                        Molecular Biology for Epidemiologists
Epidemiology in Public Health Practice                                                                   Dynamics of Infectious Diseases
                                                        Molecular Epidemiology of Cancer
Assessment Concepts and Methods in                                                                       Epidemiology of Disorders and Diseases of
Psychiatric Epidemiology                                Infections and Cancer                            Childhood and Young Adulthood
Psychiatric Diagnosis in Clinic and Community           Epidemiology of Aging                            Epidemiologic Methods for Global Health
Populations                                             Epidemiology of HIV Infection I: Etiology,       Oral Health Policy Research Seminar
Pharmacoepidemiology—Introductory and                   Natural History, and Transmission
                                                                                                         Epidemiologic Investigation of Social and
Advanced                                                Epidemiology of HIV Infection II: Therapeutic    Environmental Risks for Psychiatric Disorders
Genetic Epidemiology of Diabetes and Its                and Prevention Interventions
                                                                                                         Inference in Infectious Disease Epidemiology
Complications                                           Advanced Seminar in Cancer Epidemiology
                                                                                                         Nutritional Epidemiology of Cancer
Cardiovascular Epidemiology I and II                    Mathematical Modeling of Infectious Diseases
                                                                                                         Developmental Epidemiology of Adult
Cancer Prevention                                       Epidemiologic Research in Obstetrics and         Psychiatric Disorders
Oral Epidemiology                                       Gynecology
                                                                                                         Obesity Epidemiology
Ophthalmic Epidemiology                                 Advanced Reproductive Epidemiology
                                                                                                         Introduction to Pharmacoepidemiology
Research Synthesis and Meta-Analysis                    Seminar in Clinical Epidemiology
                                                                                                         Case-Based Seminars on Drug Safety
                                                        Propensity Score Analysis: Theoretical and
                                                        Practical Considerations                         Independent Study, Tutorials

20   H A R VA R D S C H O O L O F P U B L I C H E A LT H , 2 0 0 9 – 1 0
ods for analysis specific to research in nut-
ritional epidemiology. Students can conduct          RELATED OFFERINGS
research within several large prospective            Exposure, epidemiology, and risk and occupational health concentrations, Department
ongoing studies at HSPH and Harvard                  of Environmental Health, see pages 10 and 12.
Medical School, including an examination             Interdisciplinary concentration in maternal and child health/children, youth, and
of dietary factors in relation to cardiovascu-       families, see page 57.
lar disease, cancer, and other chronic dis-          Interdisciplinary concentration in obesity epidemiology and prevention, see page 57.
eases; a study of the interactions between           Interdisciplinary concentration in the epidemiology of infectious disease, see page 58.
nutritional and genetic determinants of dis-         Interdisciplinary concentration in women, gender, and health, see page 58.
ease; and the assessment of nutritional              Summer Program in Clinical Effectiveness, see page 59.
supplementation in relation to infectious
agents and malnutrition.
                                                   Reproductive epidemiology This area foc-        Required courses are similar for the 80-
Oral and dental health epidemiology This           uses on the determinants and consequen-         credit and 42.5-credit programs and include
area prepares dentists and other degree            ces of reproduction, including women’s          both schoolwide requirements and specific
candidates with an interest in oral health         health and male infertility. Students can       courses in epidemiology.
for relevant research and teaching careers.        explore pubertal development, gynecologic
Focus areas are oral cancer etiology, gene-        disorders, sexually transmitted infections,     In addition to epidemiology and statistics
environment interactions in oral disease,          the menstrual cycle, menopause, fertility,      courses, students in the 80-credit program
the links between oral health and systemic         conception, assisted reproductive technolo-     study the basic medical sciences and the
conditions such as diabetes or stroke, and         gies, and pregnancy as endpoints or as fac-     biological aspects of public health prob-
the global epidemiology of common dental           tors influencing disease outcomes. The          lems. The program is primarily intended
diseases such as caries and periodontitis.         Obstetrics and Gynecology Epidemiology          for students who expect to continue toward
Students can participate in field research         Center, based at Brigham and Women’s            a doctoral degree. Recommended courses
activities; epidemiologic studies of oral          Hospital, offers the opportunity to gain        cover human physiology, the pathophysio-
health; or clinical trials designed to test pre-   experience in data collection and analysis      logy of human disease, and specified cours-
ventive, diagnostic, or therapeutic interven-      of large-scale population- and clinical-based   es in biostatistics. In the 42.5-credit pro-
tions. This area of interest is jointly admin-     epidemiologic studies. Students may collab-     gram, remaining courses reflect areas of
istered by the Department of Oral Health           orate with faculty members at HSPH and          special interest and may include supervised
Policy and Epidemiology in the Harvard             Harvard Medical School and also have the        research.
School of Dental Medicine and the HSPH             opportunity to pursue gynecological and
Department of Epidemiology.                        reproductive health research at the many        Doctor of Science in Epidemiology/
                                                   resources available in the area, including      Doctor of Public Health
Pharmacoepidemiology This area focuses             the Channing Laboratory, Harvard Pilgrim        The doctoral programs are designed for stu-
on the determinants of both unintended             Health Care, and the Division of Preventive     dents who plan careers in epidemiologic
and expected effects of drugs, vaccines, bio-      Medicine and Connors Center for Women’s         research or teaching or for those who aspire
logics, medical procedures, and medical            Health and Gender Biology at Brigham and        to leadership roles in the health profes-
devices. Patterns of utilization, cost-benefit     Women’s Hospital. Students are encour-          sions. Recent graduates are working in
and risk-benefit analyses, and investigation       aged and given guidance on how to submit        major universities, medical schools, and
of the distribution of diseases possibly           their own research proposals for private or     research institutes. They also serve as epi-
amenable to medical intervention represent         federal funding.                                demiologists for the National Cancer Insti-
important secondary themes. The Depart-                                                            tute, Centers for Disease Control and Pre-
ment of Epidemiology offers courses in             Master of Science in Epidemiology               vention, other domestic and international
pharmacoepidemiology and a variety of              (80-credit and 42.5-credit programs)            governmental institutions, and private
ongoing research projects. Relevant courses        The master’s programs provide students          industry.
elsewhere in the school cover such areas as        with basic skills in epidemiology, quantita-
clinical trials, meta-analysis, drug regulatory    tive methods, and computing, in prepar-         Applicants to the SD program should hold
affairs, decision analysis, and health servic-     ation for research or academic careers.         at least a bachelor’s degree and have a
es research. Students in pharmacoepidemi-          Graduates have taken positions as research-     strong background in biology and mathe-
ology have the opportunity to attend cours-        ers in university and hospital settings and     matics. For these individuals the degree
es and congresses outside the school and           as epidemiologists for public health agen-      generally takes four to five years to com-
are encouraged to undertake internships in         cies and private companies.                     plete; candidates with relevant master’s and
regulatory agencies or pharmaceutical and                                                          doctoral degrees may complete the program
biotechnology companies. Students ordi-            The 80-credit SM program is designed for        in three years. Applicants to the DPH pro-
narily have a prior degree in medicine or          individuals who hold a bachelor’s degree        gram must have or be in progress toward
pharmacy. Others are expected to acquire           and have a strong background in biology         an MPH degree and must also hold an
substantially equivalent expertise in areas        and mathematics. The 42.5-credit program        advanced degree in a basic public health
related to their research.                         is open to applicants with a medical degree     discipline.
                                                   or master’s-level background in biology.

                                                                                                   DEPARTMENT OF EPIDEMIOLOGY                21
Normally most of the first two years is dev-             E. Francis Cook, MA, SM, SD; Professor of Epidem-         James M. Robins, MD; Mitchell L. and Robin LaFoley
oted to course work. Course requirements                 iology. Epidemiologic methods; clinical epidemiology.     Dong Professor of Epidemiology. Analytic methods
                                                         Douglas W. Dockery, SM, SM, SD; Professor of Envi-        for drawing causal inferences in epidemiology and
are the same as for the SM program, with
                                                         ronmental Epidemiology. Epidemiologic studies of          statistics.
the addition of specified courses in epidem-
                                                         respiratory health effects of air pollution; environ-     Joel D. Schwartz, PhD; Professor of Environmental
iology and biostatistics. Ten credits are also           mental exposures and lifetime development of respi-       Epidemiology. Environmental epidemiology; natural
required in substantive courses offered by               ratory disease.                                           history of lung function and disease; cost-benefit
the department. Of the two minors required               Wafaie W. Fawzi, MBBS, MPH, SM, DPH; Professor            analysis; time series analysis; nonparametric smooth-
for the degree, one must be in advanced                  of Nutrition and Epidemiology. Etiologies of infec-       ing and graphical methods.

biostatistics.                                           tious diseases and perinatal conditions with empha-       George R. Seage III, MPH, DSc; Associate Professor
                                                         sis on dietary and nutritional causes; dietary factors    of Epidemiology. HIV epidemiology, transmission,
                                                         in disease in pregnancy and childhood.                    and prevention; translational research (impact of
Funding may be available for U.S. citizens
                                                         Stephen E. Gilman, SM, SD; Assistant Professor of         ARV's on pediatric outcomes); HIV epidemiological
or permanent residents enrolled in the doc-                                                                        methods; evaluation of long-term drug toxicities.
                                                         Society, Human Development, and Health. Social epi-
toral program or a postdoctoral fellowship               demiology of psychiatric disorders; health disparities    Stephanie A. Smith-Warner, MS, PhD; Associate
program, depending on the specialty area,                and the life course.                                      Professor of Nutritional Epidemiology. Examination
and terms of funding. Sources of support                 Edward L. Giovannucci, MD, MPH, SD; Professor of          of dietary factors in relation to cancer risk.
include the National Cancer Institute, the               Nutrition and Epidemiology. Etiologies of cancer with     Donna L. Spiegelman, SM, SD; Professor of Epidem-
National Institute of Environmental Health               emphasis on dietary causes, particularly for prostate     iologic Methods. Statistical methods for epidemio-
Sciences, the Food and Drug Administra-                  and colorectal cancers; methodologies to measure          logic research; measurement error and misclassifica-
                                                         dietary factors in epidemiologic studies.                 tion; global epidemiology.
tion, and the National Institute of Allergy
                                                         Russ B. Hauser, MD, MPH, SD; Professor of Envi-           Meir J. Stampfer, MD, MPH, DPH; Professor of
and Infectious Diseases. For U.S. citizens
                                                         ronmental and Occupational Epidemiology. Repro-           Nutrition and Epidemiology. Influence of diet and
and permanent residents interested in car-               ductive and developmental epidemiology; impact of         lifestyle on health, particularly prostate cancer, other
diovascular disease or aging, research                   endocrine disruptors on fertility and pregnancy out-      cancers, heart disease, and cognitive decline.
traineeships may be available through Har-               comes; contaminants.                                      Eric J. Tchetgen, PhD; Assistant Professor of Epidem-
vard Medical School. The National Institute              Miguel A. Hernán, MD, MPH, MS, DPH; Associate             iology. Methods for causal inference and missing-
of Aging also offers research traineeships               Professor of Epidemiology. Epidemiologic methods;         data models; semiparametric statistical methods for
for doctoral students, postdoctoral fellows,             neuroepidemiology; HIV/AIDS.                              high-dimensional data; genetic epidemiology.

and physicians engaged in postdoctoral                   Sonia Hernández-Díaz, MD, MPH, DPH; Associate             Dimitrios V. Trichopoulos, MD, SM; Vincent L. Gre-
                                                         Professor of Epidemiology. Drug safety evaluation         gory Professor of Cancer Prevention. Cancer epidemi-
                                                         from observational data, with a special emphasis in       ology; hormone-dependent cancer intrauterine origin
                                                         the analysis of patterns of use and safety of drugs       hypothesis.
Contact Information                                      during pregnancy.                                         Tyler J. VanderWeele, MA, AM, PhD; Associate Pro-
For more information about research and                  Frank B. Hu, MD, MPH, PhD; Professor of Nutrition         fessor of Epidemiology. Epidemiologic methods;
training in epidemiology, please contact the             and Epidemiology. Nutritional and genetic epidemiol-      causal inference.
coordinator of academic services, Depart-                ogy of obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease.     Marc G. Weisskopf, PhD, SM, SD; Mark and Cath-
ment of Epidemiology, 677 Huntington                     David J. Hunter, MB, BS, MPH, SD; Vincent L.              erine Winkler Assistant Professor of Environmental
Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, or visit the                   Gregory Professor of Cancer Prevention. Genetic epi-      and Occupational Epidemiology. Epidemiology of
                                                         demiology; cancer epidemiology; international health.     neurological disease with an emphasis on environ-
department website.
                                                         Karestan C. Koenen, MA, PhD; Associate Professor of       mental exposures; environmental effects on brain
Phone: 617-432-1055
                                                         Society, Human Development, and Health. Trauma;           physiology and neurological function (e.g., cognitive
Fax: 617-566-7805                                                                                                  function and psychiatric symptoms).
                                                         posttraumatic stress disorder; developmental psy-
Web: http://www.hsph.harvard.edu/                        chopathology; gene-environment interaction; psychi-       Walter C. Willett, MD, MPH, DPH; Fredrick John
departments/epidemiology                                 atric epidemiology.                                       Stare Professor of Epidemiology and Nutrition.
                                                         Peter Kraft, MA, MS, PhD; Associate Professor of          Nutrition; physical activity; endogenous hormones
                                                         Epidemiology. Genetic epidemiology of complex dis-        and risks of noncommunicable disease; dietary
DEPARTMENT FACULTY                                       eases, especially cancer.                                 assessment methods.

Please note that some faculty members may be on          Francine Laden, MS, SD; Mark and Catherine Winkler        Secondary Appointments
leave during academic year 2009–10.                      Associate Professor of Environmental Epidemiology.        (primary appointments at Harvard Medical School,
Department chair: Hans-Olov Adami, MD, PhD;              Environmental risk factors of chronic diseases (e.g.,     Harvard School of Dental Medicine, or Harvard
Professor of Epidemiology. Cancer epidemiology;          cancer and cardiovascular and respiratory diseases);      Faculty of Arts and Sciences)
global health; women's health; prostate cancer; renal    specific interests in exposure assessment and epi-
                                                                                                                   Deborah Blacker, MD, SD; Associate Professor in the
cell cancer; breast cancer.                              demiology of air pollution and applications of GIS.
                                                                                                                   Department of Epidemiology. Psychiatric epidemiolo-
Alberto Ascherio, MD, MPH, DPH; Professor of             Marc Lipsitch, DPhil; Professor of Epidemiology. Pop-     gy; assessment methods; genetic epidemiology; epi-
Epidemiology and Nutrition. Nutritional epidemiolo-      ulation biology of infectious agents; epidemiologic       demiology of Alzheimer’s disease and other neu-
gy; epidemiology of neurological diseases.               methods for emerging infections; antimicrobial resist-    ropsychiatric disorders; genetic association analysis.
                                                         ance; Streptococcus pneumoniae; immuno-epidemi-
Lisa F. Berkman, MS, PhD; Thomas D. Cabot Pro-                                                                     Julie E. Buring, MS, SD; Professor in the Department
fessor of Public Policy and of Epidemiology. Social                                                                of Epidemiology. Epidemiology of chronic disease,
epidemiology; population health; epidemiology of         Megan B. Murray, MD, MPH, SD; Associate Profes-           primarily cardiovascular disease and cancer; epidemi-
aging.                                                   sor of Epidemiology. Use and evolution of molecular       ologic methodology, especially clinical trials.
                                                         markers in tuberculosis; transmission dynamics of
David C. Christiani, MD, MPH, SM; Professor of                                                                     Carlos A. Camargo, Jr., MPH, MD, DPH; Associate
                                                         infectious diseases; study of vaccine effects.
Occupational Medicine and Epidemiology. Environ-                                                                   Professor in the Department of Epidemiology.
mental and occupational molecular epidemiology;          Alkes L. Price, MSE, PhD; Assistant Professor of          Asthma/COPD; anaphylaxis; emergency medicine;
gene-environment interactions; environmental             Statistical Genetics. Population genetics and its rele-   U.S. dietary guidelines.
genetics.                                                vance to disease mapping.

22    H A R VA R D S C H O O L O F P U B L I C H E A LT H , 2 0 0 9 – 1 0
Theodore H. Cohen, MD, DrPH; Assistant Professor           Karin B. Michels, MS, MPH, SD, MSc, DPhil; Asso-           Jordan W. Smoller, MD, SD; Associate Professor in
in the Department of Epidemiology. Transmission of         ciate Professor in the Department of Epidemiology.         the Department of Epidemiology. Psychiatric epidemi-
tuberculosis within and between communities.               Nutritional epidemiology and methodology; perinatal        ology; genetic association analysis; epidemiology and
Nancy R. Cook, SM, SD; Associate Professor in the          and reproductive risk factors for breast cancer.           genetics of mood disorders; anxiety disorders, psy-
Department of Epidemiology. Longitudinal data              Stacey A. Missmer, SM, SD; Assistant Professor in          chotic disorders and ADHD; pharmacogenetics.
analysis; predictive modeling; hypertension preven-        the Department of Epidemiology. Reproductive epi-          Rulla Tamimi, MS, SD; Assistant Professor in the
tion.                                                      demiology: endometriosis, uterine leiomyoma, assist-       Department of Epidemiology. Molecular and cancer
Daniel W. Cramer, MD, SM, SD; Professor in the             ed reproductive technology, endogenous sex steroid         epidemiology; epidemiology of breast cancer with a
Department of Epidemiology. Ovarian cancer; endo-          hormones.                                                  focus on intermediate markers of risk.
metriosis; reproductive epidemiology.                      Murray A. Mittleman, MDCM, MPH, DPH; Associate             Shelley S. Tworoger, MS, PhD; Assistant Professor in
Gary C. Curhan, MD, SM, SD; Associate Professor in         Professor in the Department of Epidemiology. Epi-          the Department of Epidemiology. Biomarkers in ovar-
the Department of Epidemiology. Nephrolithiasis            demiology of acute risk factors triggering myocardial      ian and breast cancer risk; ovarian cancer etiology.
risk factors and prevention; renal function decline        infarction and stroke; methodological problems in          Rob M. Van Dam, MSc, PhD; Assistant Professor in
risk factors; hypertension risk factors and prevention;    implementing case-crossover studies.                       the Departments of Nutrition and Epidemiology.
gout; painful bladder syndrome; pneumonia; shin-           Dariush Mozaffarian, MD, DPH; Assistant Professor          Determinants of the development of obesity and
gles.                                                      in the Department of Epidemiology. Cardiovascular          type-2 diabetes with a particular interest in the role of
Immaculata DeVivo, MPH, PhD; Associate Professor           epidemiology, particularly effects of dietary and          diet.
in the Department of Epidemiology. Etiology of can-        lifestyle habits.                                          Athanasios I. Zavras, DMD, MS, DMSc; Associate
cer, specifically the relationship between genetic vari-   Lorelei A. Mucci, MPH, SD; Assistant Professor in          Professor in the Department of Epidemiology. Phar-
ation and disease risk for future prevention.              the Department of Epidemiology. Biomarker studies          macogenetics; molecular epidemiology of cancer; epi-
Alessandro Doria, MD, PhD, MPH; Associate Profes-          of prostate cancer risk and survival.                      demiology of oral diseases.
sor in the Department of Epidemiology. Genetic epi-        Jane M. Murphy, PhD; Professor in the Department           Shumin Zhang, MD, MSc, SD; Assistant Professor in
demiology of type-2 diabetes, especially early-onset       of Epidemiology. Longitudinal studies of psychiatric       the Department of Epidemiology. Etiology of cancer;
forms; genetic epidemiology of coronary artery dis-        epidemiology in general populations.                       nutritional epidemiology; health effects of antioxi-
ease in diabetes.                                          David L. Pauls, PhD; Professor in the Department of        dants, folates, alcohol, lipids, and obesity; biomark-
Chester W. Douglass, DMD, MPH, PhD; Professor in           Epidemiology. Inheritance of behavior disorders in         ers of nutrients.
the Department of Epidemiology. Oral epidemiology          children and adults, specifically the interaction of       Adjunct Faculty
and health policy.                                         genetic and environmental factors in the expression
                                                                                                                      Monique M. B. Breteler, MSc, MD, PhD. Erasmus
Alison E. Field, SD; Associate Professor in the            of these illnesses.
                                                                                                                      University Medical Center, Rotterdam, the
Department of Epidemiology. Weight gain and obesi-         Janet W. Rich-Edwards, MPH, SD; Assistant                  Netherlands.
ty; weight cycling; eating disorders; pediatric epidemi-   Professor in the Department of Epidemiology.
                                                                                                                      Kin-Wei Arnold Chan, MD, MPH, SD. Ingenix
ology.                                                     Prenatal and childhood predictors of cardiovascular
                                                                                                                      Pharmaceutical Services.
A. Lindsay Frazier, MD, ScM; Associate Professor in        disease and diabetes; lifestyle determinants of fertili-
                                                           ty and pregnancy outcome.                                  Graham A. Colditz, MBBS, MPH, DPH, MD.
the Department of Epidemiology. Colorectal cancer
                                                                                                                      Washington University School of Medicine.
screening and prevention.                                  Paul M. Ridker, MD, MPH; Professor in the
                                                           Department of Epidemiology. Molecular and genetic          Richard C. Dicker, MD, SM. Centers for Disease
Francine Grodstein, SD; Associate Professor in the
                                                           epidemiology of hemostasis, thrombosis, and inflam-        Control and Prevention.
Department of Epidemiology. Aging; health effects of
exogenous hormones; risk factors for Alzheimer’s           mation; “predictive” medicine; etiology and preven-        Bernard L. Harlow, MPH, PhD. University of
disease.                                                   tion of acute coronary syndromes.                          Minnesota School of Public Health.

Susan E. Hankinson, MS, MPH, SD; Associate Pro-            Eric B. Rimm, SD; Associate Professor in the Depart-       Albert Hofman, MD, PhD. Erasmus University
fessor in the Department of Epidemiology. Relation-        ments of Epidemiology and Nutrition. Nutrition; car-       Medical School, Rotterdam, the Netherlands.
ships between hormonal factors and risk of breast          diovascular disease; genetics; biomarkers; obesity;        Chung-Cheng Hsieh, MPH, SM, SD. University of
and ovarian cancers.                                       chronic disease; epidemiology; cohort studies.             Massachusetts Medical Center.
Michelle D. Holmes, MD, DrPH; Associate Professor          Susan L. Santangelo, SD; Associate Professor in the        Kaumudi J. Joshipura, SM, SD. University of Puerto
in the Department of Epidemiology. Lifestyle factors       Department of Epidemiology. Genetic epidemiology           Rico.
affecting quality of life and survival after a cancer      of psychiatric disorders; statistical modeling of genet-
                                                                                                                      Pagona Lagiou, MD, MS, PhD. University of Athens
diagnosis, as well as cancer risk; development of          ically complex (non-Mendelian) diseases.
                                                                                                                      Medical School, Greece.
observational and intervention studies in Africa and       Debra A. Schaumberg, SD, OD, MPH; Associate
                                                                                                                      K. Malcolm Maclure, SM, SD. Ministry of Health,
other parts of the developing world.                       Professor in the Department of Epidemiology.
                                                                                                                      British Columbia, Canada.
Jeffrey N. Katz, SM, MD; Associate Professor in the        Epidemiology of eye diseases (cataract, macular
                                                           degeneration, diabetic retinopathy, dry eye syn-           Dominique S. Michaud, SD. Faculty of Medicine,
Departments of Epidemiology and Environmental
                                                           drome); genetic epidemiology; biomarkers for eye           Imperial College, London.
Health. Clinical policy relating to noninflammatory
musculoskeletal conditions; health policy questions;       disease; blindness prevention.                             Paola Muti, MD, MSc. Italian National Cancer
back pain and upper-extremity disorders.                   Eva S. Schernhammer, MD, MPH, DPH, MS; Assis-              Institute, Rome.
Tobias Kurth, MD, SM, SD; Assistant Professor in the       tant Professor in the Department of Epidemiology.          John D. Seeger, PharmD, MPH, DPH. Ingenix
Department of Epidemiology. Risk factors for stroke,       Chronic disease epidemiology; cancer biomarker and         Pharmaceutical Services.
migraine, and chronic kidney disease; risks and bene-      circadian rhythm research.
                                                                                                                      Mark T. Seielstad, PhD. Genome Institute, National
fits of analgesic use; propensity scores.                  Sebastian Schneeweiss, MD, SM, SD; Associate Pro-          University of Singapore.
I-Min Lee, MBBS, MPH, SD; Associate Professor in           fessor in the Department of Epidemiology. Pharma-
                                                                                                                      Ming T. Tsuang, MD, PhD, DSc. University of
the Department of Epidemiology. Epidemiology of            coepidemiology and pharmaceutical outcomes
                                                                                                                      California, San Diego.
cancer; physical activity and fitness and cancer inci-     research.
                                                                                                                      Alexander M. Walker, MPH, MD, DPH. Principal,
dence.                                                     Daniel E. Singer, MD, MA; Professor in the Depar-
                                                                                                                      World Health Information Sciences, Sciences
JoAnn E. Manson, MD, MPH, DPH; Professor in the            tment of Epidemiology. Preventive health care.
                                                                                                                      Consultants, LLC.
Department of Epidemiology. Chronic disease epi-
demiology; cardiovascular and diabetes epidemiolo-
gy; hormone replacement therapy; biomarkers.

                                                                                                                      DEPARTMENT OF EPIDEMIOLOGY                            23
Department of
                                                                                                    ADAPTATION TO ALTERATIONS IN

                                                                                                    NUTRIENTS, CHANGES IN LIFESTYLE

                                                                                                    AND DIETARY EXPOSURES, AND

                                                                                                    ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS IS CEN-

                                                                                                    TRAL TO HUMAN HEALTH. THE

                                                                                                    COMPLEX INTERPLAY OF BIOLOGICAL

                                                                                                    PROCESSES WITH ENVIRONMENTAL

                                                                                                    FACTORS AS THEY APPLY TO CHRON-

                                                                                                    IC, MULTIGENIC, AND MULTIFACTOR-

                                                                                                    IAL DISEASES IS THE EMPHASIS OF

                                                                                                    THE DEPARTMENT OF GENETICS AND

                                                                                                    COMPLEX DISEASES.

                                                                                                    RESEARCH PROGRAMS IN THE DEPARTMENT
                                                                                                    focus on molecular mechanisms of adaptive
                                                                                                    responses to environmental signals to
                                                                                                    elucidate the mechanisms underlying the
                                                                                                    intricate interaction between genetic deter-
                                                                                                    minants and their divergent responses to
                                                                                                    stress signals or metabolic input. Altera-
                                                                                                    tions in these integrated adaptive mecha-
                                                                                                    nisms, central to many devastating disor-
                                                                                                    ders such as diabetes, cardiovascular dis-
                                                                                                    ease, and cancer, have a major impact on
                                                                                                    the health of human populations worldwide.

SIHAO LIU                                                                                           The research activities in the Department of
Doctoral student, Department of Genetics and Complex Diseases                                       Genetics and Complex Diseases and its pre-
                                                                                                    and postdoctoral training programs concen-
A disease focus, particularly on metabolic diseases, is important to Sihao Liu, whose father
                                                                                                    trate on the molecular, cellular, and organis-
has diabetes and whose grandfather died from it. “Other programs study interesting molecu-
                                                                                                    mic adaptations and responses to nutrients,
lar pathways, but we ask first if the pathway has an impact on disease,” explains Sihao about
                                                                                                    toxins, and radiation stress and explore the
why Harvard’s program appeals to him. “Because of research on metabolism, the outcome               genetic and molecular networks controlling
has been better for my father.”                                                                     these interactions in experimental systems.
Sihao grew up in a city in southwest China about double the size of Boston. After two years as      Programmatic focus is on genetic and
                                                                                                    mechanistic approaches to biological adap-
a biological sciences major at the China Agricultural University in Beijing, he was one of three
                                                                                                    tation. Integrated interdisciplinary opportu-
students chosen to transfer to an American university. At Cornell he quickly dove into food sci-
                                                                                                    nities also aim to apply this knowledge to
ences research and graduated with top honors in 2007.
                                                                                                    human populations to understand, prevent,
Determination helped him succeed in this difficult cultural transition. Realizing that “commu-      and treat complex human diseases.
nication of my ideas is as important as good research,” Sihao set out to improve his English
by watching television. He’s only been home twice in his four years in this country, but the        Faculty research is concentrated within sev-
                                                                                                    eral broad categories, including stress and
fact that he’s getting the tools and understanding he needs “pushes me hard.”
                                                                                                    inflammatory signaling pathways, genetic
Working in the laboratory of Assistant Professor Chih-Hao Lee, Sihao is now studying a class        and epigenetic regulation of chronic inflam-
of factors that can sense the cell’s nutritional status. “There is no better place than Boston to   mation, nutrient sensing and molecular
do this disease-related work with so many opportunities to collaborate with people in world-        transport, oxidative stress and adaptive
renowned hospitals,” he adds. His hope is that one day his research will advance the develop-       stress resistance, hormone action, and
ment of antidiabetes drugs to improve health.                                                       metabolic homeostasis, and the role of
                                                                                                    endoplasmic reticulum dysfunction, nuclear
                                                                                                    hormone receptors, cell growth and prolifer-

24   H A R VA R D S C H O O L O F P U B L I C H E A LT H , 2 0 0 9 – 1 0
Please note that the courses listed are subject to change and some are not offered every year.
Complete course descriptions are available at http://www.hsph.harvard.edu/registrar/ courses.
Metabolic Processes Underlying Complex Diseases
Molecular Basis of Nutritional and Metabolic Diseases
Independent Study, Tutorials

                                                   No master of science programs are

                                                   Doctor of Philosophy in Biological
                                                   Sciences in Public Health (Genetics and
                                                   Complex Diseases)                              For the PhD Program in Biological Sciences
                                                   Students wishing to study disease mecha-       in Public Health, online submissions are
                                                   nisms and the integrated biology of chronic    encouraged, using the Graduate School of
                                                   complex diseases (including metabolic disor-   Arts and Sciences (GSAS) application form
                                                   ders, cancer, and aging) as they pertain to    available at the web address below:
                                                   major problems in public health should apply   Web: http://www.gsas.harvard.edu/hils/
ation, and protein stability. The diseases         to the PhD program offered by the Division     admissions_apply.html
under study include nutritional and meta-          of Biological Sciences through the Harvard
bolic diseases such as obesity, diabetes,          University Graduate School of Arts and Sci-
                                                                                                  DEPARTMENT FACULTY
and cardiovascular diseases; cancer; and           ences. For more information about the PhD
                                                                                                  Please note that some faculty members may be on
aging. As most of these health problems            program, see page 56.
                                                                                                  leave during academic year 2009–10.
emerge as clusters, the translation of
                                                                                                  Department chair: Gökhan S. Hotamisligil, MD, PhD;
research involves multidisciplinary collabo-       Contact Information
                                                                                                  James Stevens Simmons Professor of Genetics and
rations with faculty members in other              For more information about research and        Metabolism. Molecular basis of metabolic diseases;
HSPH departments and Harvard-affiliated            training in genetics and complex diseases,     studies on regulatory pathways; signal transduction
centers, as well as other institutions partic-     please contact Julie Gound, director of        in mammalian cells; biology of fatty-acid binding
                                                   administration, Department of Genetics         proteins.
ularly involved in gene-environment interac-
                                                   and Complex Diseases, 665 Huntington           Bruce F. Demple, PhD; Professor of Toxicology. Oxi-
tions and application of high-density and
                                                                                                  dative and free radical damage to DNA and other cel-
genomic-based technologies and proteomic           Avenue, Boston, MA 02115.
                                                                                                  lular components; sensing and defense systems to
approaches to physiological platforms.             Phone: 617-432-0054                            counteract oxidative damage.
                                                   Fax: 617-432-5236
                                                                                                  Tiffany Horng, PhD; Assistant Professor of Genetics
Degree Programs in Genetics and                    Email: jgound@hsph.harvard.edu                 and Complex Diseases. Chromatin biology and epige-
Complex Diseases                                   Web: https://www.hsph.harvard.edu/             netics; transcriptional regulation of inflammation and
As described below, the department offers          departments/genetics-and-complex-diseases      immune responses.
the doctor of philosophy (PhD) program.                                                           Chih-Hao Lee, PhD; Assistant Professor of Genetics
                                                                                                  and Complex Diseases. Energy metabolism regulated
                                                                                                  by nuclear receptors in immunity and metabolism.
                                                                                                  Quan Lu, MS, PhD; Mark and Catherine Winkler
                                                                                                  Assistant Professor of Lung Biology. Receptor signal-
                                                                                                  ing and trafficking; gene-environment interaction;
                                                                                                  global “loss-of-function” genetic screening.
                                                                                                  Brendan D. Manning, PhD; Assistant Professor of
                                                                                                  Genetics and Complex Diseases. Signal transduction
                                                                                                  pathways underlying cancer and metabolic diseases.
                                                                                                  James R. Mitchell, PhD; Assistant Professor of
                                                                                                  Genetics and Complex Diseases. Molecular mecha-
                                                                                                  nisms of lifespan extension and acute stress resist-
                                                                                                  ance by nutritional interventions, including dietary
                                                                                                  restriction and fasting.
                                                                                                  Marianne Wessling-Resnick, MS, PhD; Professor of
                                                                                                  Nutritional Biochemistry. Genetic disorders of iron
                                                                                                  metabolism at the molecular level and their implica-
                                                                                                  tions in complex disease.

                                                                                                  Adjunct Faculty
                                                                                                  Dieter A. Wolf, MD. Burnham Institute for Medical

                                                                             DEPARTMENT OF GENETICS AND COMPLEX DISEASES                                 25
Department of
          G L O B A L H E A LT H A N D P O P U L AT I O N
                                                                                                    THE DEPARTMENT OF GLOBAL

                                                                                                    HEALTH AND POPULATION SEEKS TO

                                                                                                    IMPROVE GLOBAL HEALTH THROUGH

                                                                                                    EDUCATION, RESEARCH, AND SERV-

                                                                                                    ICE FROM A POPULATION-BASED


                                                                                                    THE TWENTY - FIRST CENTURY HAS ARRIVED
                                                                                                    with a complex set of demographic pat-
                                                                                                    terns, disease burdens, and health policies.
                                                                                                    These create challenges that affect all soci-
                                                                                                    eties, rich and poor, developed and develop-
                                                                                                    ing. The department’s approach to these
                                                                                                    problems combines the analysis of popula-
                                                                                                    tion and health using quantitative and quali-
                                                                                                    tative methods, the investigation of policies
                                                                                                    that affect health, and a concern with the
                                                                                                    politics and ethics of health and develop-

                                                                                                    The department’s faculty members generate
                                                                                                    knowledge and ideas through their research,
                                                                                                    strengthen technical and leadership skills
                                                                                                    through educational programs, and en-
                                                                                                    hance national capacities through collabora-
                                                                                                    tive projects, especially in the developing
                                                                                                    world. In their examination of global health
RIFAT HASAN                                                                                         and population issues, department faculty
Doctoral student, Department of Global Health and Population                                        members draw on their disciplinary expert-
                                                                                                    ise in many areas: anthropology, biostatis-
“They say that educating a woman is educating her family; the same logic extends to health,”
                                                                                                    tics, demography, ecology, economics,
says Rifat Hasan of her passion for improving the lives of women and their families around          epidemiology, ethics, law, medicine, political
the world. Rifat, whose first job after graduating from Middlebury College was doing laboratory     science, reproductive biology, and sociology.
research at the National Institutes of Health, was headed for a career in biochemical research.     The department’s research interests span a
“But without interaction with patients, I felt removed from the actual goal.” Although raised in    wide spectrum of topics, including social
Ohio, Rifat was born in Bangladesh and visits family there every year. Witnessing the obsta-        and economic development, health policy,
cles to high-quality care faced by poor women there motivated her to focus on women’s repro-        and demography; design and financing of
ductive health instead.                                                                             health care systems; women’s health and
                                                                                                    children’s health; prevention and control of
After getting a master of science in the HSPH Department of Society, Human Development,             infectious and chronic diseases; and geo-
and Health in 2005, Rifat spent two years at the World Bank Group in Washington, DC. She            graphic information systems (GIS). The de-
designed an action plan for the government of Rajasthan to provide safe maternal and obstet-        partment has a special concern with ques-
ric care, analyzed global fertility and child health data, and integrated population/reproductive   tions of health equity and human rights, par-
health and development issues into “poverty reduction processes.” “The experiences I had            ticularly in relation to health and population
with the complexities of global health emphasized that a multidisciplinary approach is essen-       issues in developing countries.
tial to be effective on the ground,” she says.
                                                                                                    Students in the department come with vari-
She returned to HSPH for doctoral studies because of the multidisciplinary perspective of the       ous backgrounds. Many students are from
Department of Global Health and Population. Hoping to contribute to the evidence base for           developing countries. All have an interest in
policymaking, she’ll soon be embarking on her dissertation research on the impact of                the health of disadvantaged populations
women’s reproductive health on household economic status.                                           worldwide.

26   H A R VA R D S C H O O L O F P U B L I C H E A LT H , 2 0 0 9 – 1 0
Degree Programs in Global
Health and Population
As described below, the department offers
both an 80-credit master of science (SM)
program and a program leading to the doc-       problems at home and abroad from a range            good performance in college-level mathe-
tor of science (SD) or doctor of public         of disciplinary perspectives. The program           matics or statistics courses) and for those
health (DPH) degree. For information on         builds a set of advanced competencies cov-          with relevant prior working experience in
schoolwide requirements for master’s and        ering theoretical and empirical tools and           international health.
doctoral degrees, see page 5.                   knowledge. Graduates pursue a range of
                                                careers in applied research, policy analysis,       The course work is designed to allow stu-
In addition to these programs, the depart-      and practice in global health and in national       dents to take elective courses that will build
ment hosts postdoctoral research fellows        and international government agencies,              their skills in several specific areas of their
and midcareer leaders in international          NGOs, and the private sector. The degree            choice. Of the necessary 80 credits, the
health and undertakes cooperative research      may also be used as the first step toward           required core courses make up roughly half,
and intervention projects overseas.             doctoral training.                                  allowing considerable flexibility for students
                                                                                                    to tailor their own degree programs; 60
Master of Science in Global Health and          Applicants must hold a bachelor’s degree            credits must be letter-grade credits, includ-
Population                                      or equivalent in a relevant discipline. Many        ing a 5-credit required thesis. The remainder
This 80-credit academic program contrib-        entering students already hold advanced             of the credits may be taken pass/fail.
utes to the improvement of health and pop-      degrees in medicine or a social science dis-
ulation issues around the world by equip-       cipline. The admissions committee looks             In the first year of study, students focus on
ping graduates with the analytical and tech-    for candidates with strong quantitative             the core courses required by the school and
nical skills to address health and population   skills (as demonstrated, for example, by            the department. The foundation course on
                                                                                                    global health and population, offered in the
                                                                                                    first semester, is taken by all students and
                                                                                                    provides a common platform for the more
                                                                                                    advanced work that follows. There are
                                                                                                    approximately 35 required credits in the first
                                                                                                    year of study, including schoolwide require-
                                                                                                    ments; courses in demography, population
                                                                                                    health measurement and risk factors, and
                                                                                                    ethics; and applied courses in politics and
                                                                                                    economics. In the summer after the first
                                                                                                    two semesters of instruction, students are
                                                                                                    expected to develop their ability to apply
                                                                                                    their skills and knowledge to contemporary
                                                                                                    problems in international health by under-
                                                                                                    taking an internship in the United States or
                                                                                                    abroad. Students often use this internship
                                                                                                    and the opportunities it provides to gather
                                                                                                    information for their thesis. In the Winter-
                                                                                                    Session (January each year), many students
                                                                                                    join one of the faculty-directed field courses,

                                                                          D E P A R T M E N T O F G L O B A L H E A LT H A N D P O P U L AT I O N   27
Please note that the courses listed are subject to change and some are not offered every year. Complete course descriptions are available at
Management Control in Health Organizations              International Health Economics I and II          Social, Political, and Economic Dimensions of
Health, Human Rights, and the International             Field Trip: Health Reform and Community          Infectious Disease in Developing Countries
System                                                  Medicine in Chile                                Field Trip: Urban and Rural Bangladesh
Health and Human Rights: Concepts and                   Field Trip: Kerala, India                        Health System Reforms in China: Seminar and
Methods for Public Health                               Research Methods in Population                   Field Study
Introduction to Demographic Methods                     International Reproductive Health Issues:        Field Trip: Brazil
Health Sector Reform: A Worldwide                       From Theory to Practice                          Field Study on Public Health and Peace
Perspective                                             Determinants of Fertility and Mortality          Building
Planning and Evaluation of Health Programs              Applied Qualitative Methods for International    Clinical Research in Resource-Limited Settings:
Human Ecology                                           Health Research                                  Tanzania

Models of Complex Systems in Biology and                Sex, Reproduction, and Reproductive Health       International Health and Education
Public Health                                           Measuring Population Health                      Population Change: Cause and Consequence
Grant Writing for Funding of Research and               Population Health Risk Factors—Introduction      Societal Response to Disaster
Health Care Projects                                    and Advanced                                     Ethical Basis of the Practice of Public Health
Ethical Issues in International Health Research         Public Health Operations in Complex              Introduction to the Practice of International
HIV/AIDS in Developing Countries:                       Emergencies and War                              Health
Epidemiology and National Responses                     Humanitarian Studies in the Field I and II       Financing Health Care in Developing
Field Experience in Health and Human Rights             Health Policies in Post-Conflict Peacebuilding   Countries
Applied Politics and Economics I: Political             Ecology of Health in Development                 Justice and Resource Allocation
Economy of International Health                                                                          Program Evaluation of Public Health
                                                        Econometrics for Health Policy
Foundations of Global Health and Population                                                              Programs
                                                        Geography of Infectious Diseases
Applied Quantitative Methods I                                                                           Ethics and Health Disparities
                                                        Introduction to Global Health Care Delivery
Pharmaceutical Policy and Global Health                                                                  Managing Community Health Centers
                                                        Introduction to Spatial Methods for Public
Issues in Health and Human Rights                       Health                                           Culminating Experience: MPH-IH Thesis
Microeconomics and Applications to Public               Applied Demography Analysis                      Business Planning for Health Organizations
Health in Developing Countries                                                                           Research Methods in Population
                                                        Qualitative Inquiry for Health Research
Individual and Social Responsibility for Health                                                          Independent Study, Tutorials

which in recent years have included work in             major issues in population and global
Palestine, India, Bangladesh, China, and                health; the tools to examine evidence relat-
Chile.                                                  ed to program effectiveness, priority set-
                                                        ting, and decision making; and insights into
The second year involves a combination of               the practical aspects of undertaking popula-
course work and independent study, some                 tion health interventions around the world,
linked to the thesis. Individual contracts for          including a perspective on the economic,
independent study with faculty members in               social, political, and ethical considerations
the school or the university are encouraged             that bear on these issues.
in this second year of study. Many students
choose to take courses in other Harvard                 Doctor of Science in Global Health and
faculties such as the Harvard Kennedy                   Population/Doctor of Public Health
School or the Harvard Graduate School of                The doctoral programs are designed to pre-
Arts and Sciences. Since students have                  pare students both for academic careers in
fewer required courses in the second year,              universities or research institutions and for
they can specialize in areas of their choice.           professional leadership positions in the         Desired applicants have outstanding aca-
                                                        public or private sectors of public health.      demic records, substantial relevant experi-
The instruction provided through courses,               Recent graduates have taken positions with       ence in the international public health
field visits, and individual or small-group             the Centers for Disease Control and Pre-         arena, and research interests relevant to the
teaching is largely based on the firsthand              vention, the World Bank, and nongovern-          department. Applicants to the DPH pro-
current research experience of the faculty,             mental organizations and have assumed            gram must have or be in progress toward
who work on a range of applied and theo-                postdoctoral and teaching positions with         an MPH and must also hold an advanced
retical problems in global health and popu-             universities in the United States and around     degree in a basic public health discipline.
lation. The graduating student thus has a               the world.                                       Students without sufficient training are
solid and up-to-date understanding of the                                                                encouraged to enter the department’s 80-

28   H A R VA R D S C H O O L O F P U B L I C H E A LT H , 2 0 0 9 – 1 0
credit master’s degree program and to            The three areas of interest offered by the
apply to enter the doctoral program at a         department are described below:
later date. Entry to the doctoral program
will then depend upon outstanding per-           Economics The economics area of interest             three intellectual disciplines—political
formance in the master’s degree program          is designed to give students a strong foun-          economy, evaluation sciences, and ethics—
and acceptance through the regular admis-        dation in microeconomic theory and to de-            and emphasizes making evidence-based
sions process of the doctoral program.           velop their skills in applying economic              policies. Courses provide knowledge to im-
                                                 analysis to global health and population             prove the design, strategy, implementation,
In addition to schoolwide requirements in        issues. In addition to economic theory and           and evaluation of health systems around
biostatistics and epidemiology, doctoral stu-    econometrics, students will study recent             the world, particularly in middle- and lower-
dents must complete a common core of             empirical economic research related to               income countries. Students learn to inte-
course work with a focus on global health.       global health and population. As well as             grate theories of economics, political sci-
Core courses cover economics, ethics, poli-      courses at HSPH, students are expected               ence, political economy, and ethics and to
tics, quantitative and qualitative methods,      to take advanced courses in economics in             apply them to the critical international
and population health measurement. The           the Department of Economics in the Faculty           health system issues of the day. Through
second year of the doctoral program usually      of Arts and Sciences and at the Kennedy              extensive course work in program evalua-
involves both course work and research           School. The rigorous training provided in            tion, students apply methods to assess the
planning.                                        this area of interest, together with interdisci-     performance of health systems or pro-
                                                 plinary training in other areas, will allow          grams.
Applicants to the doctoral program must          students to undertake their own research
select one of three areas of interest current-   using economic models of behavior.                   Research topics include deterministic mod-
ly offered by the department: economics,                                                              els of health systems performance; political
health systems, or population and repro-         Research topics that might be pursued with-          economy of health system reform; design
ductive health. The selected area becomes        in the economics area of interest include            of systems to improve the equity, effective-
the student’s required major for the doctor-     the costs and benefits of public health inter-       ness, and efficiency of health care; reform
al program. Although course requirements         ventions, the effect of poverty and social           of financing, organization, and incentive
for a specific area of interest may be taken     deprivation on health, the impact of health          structures to improve systems’ perform-
concurrently with the core, the majority         improvements on the economy, the effect of           ance; evaluation of the impacts of system
of these will be taken during the second         government regulation on market structures           reforms; and the design and evaluation of
year of study. Students are also required        and private health care provision, mecha-            social experiments to achieve social goals.
to select two minor fields from the depart-      nisms for developing new drugs and treat-
ment or from allied departments of the           ments, and the effect of family size on child        Population and reproductive health This
school or university, including the HSPH         poverty and health.                                  area of interest prepares students for inde-
Departments of Biostatistics, Epidemiology,                                                           pendent research on population health
Immunology and Infectious Diseases,              Health systems This area of interest                 issues worldwide. Through required cours-
Nutrition, or Society, Human Development,        trains students to apply a multidisciplinary         es, seminars, and independent study, this
and Health.                                      approach to advance research on health               area provides a solid foundation in the
                                                 care systems. The goal is to improve equity,         essential demographic, epidemiologic, and
                                                 health outcomes, and the efficiency of               statistical concepts and methods needed for
                                                 health systems. Study in this area rests on

                                                                            D E P A R T M E N T O F G L O B A L H E A LT H A N D P O P U L AT I O N   29
the analysis of levels, trends, and differen-           national burden of chronic diseases; fertility   Phone: 617-432-1232
tials in population health and its determi-             and induced abortion in Ghana; and inter-        Fax: 617-432-6733
nants. A key element of the training is a               generational factors in child growth and
grounding in methods for the measurement                health in rural Africa.                          For more information about master’s and
of fertility, mortality, and morbidity levels                                                            doctoral programs in global health and pop-
and their biological, environmental, and                Postdoctoral Fellowships                         ulation, please contact the Education Office,
behavioral determinants, including health               The Takemi Program in International Health       Department of Global Health and Popula-
risk factors, all at the population level.              offers postdoctoral fellowships for profes-      tion, at the address above, or visit the
Several courses illustrate the way in which             sionals and scholars from around the world       department website.
methods and models based on demograph-                  for research and advanced, interdisciplinary     Phone: 617-432-2253
ic estimation techniques and epidemiologic              training on critical issues of international     Fax: 617-432-6733
relationships can be applied to new chal-               health, especially those related to develop-     Email: ajaimung@hsph.harvard.edu
lenges in national, regional, and global bur-           ing countries. Takemi fellows are typically      Web: http://www.hsph.harvard.edu/
den of disease assessments. The training is             mid- to senior-level health professionals        Academics/pih/index.htm
strongly quantitative, with an emphasis on              who spend the year working on a particular
analytical techniques, but some com-                    research topic. The program addresses            For more information about the Takemi
                                                                                                         Program in International Health, please
                                                                                                         contact the program coordinator, Depart-
                                                                                                         ment of Global Health and Population,
                                                                                                         665 Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02115,
                                                                                                         or visit the program website.
                                                                                                         Phone: 617-432-0686
                                                                                                         Fax: 617-432-1251
                                                                                                         Email: takemi@hsph.harvard.edu
                                                                                                         Web: http://www.hsph.harvard.edu/

                                                                                                         DEPARTMENT FACULTY
                                                                                                         Please note that some faculty members may be on
                                                                                                         leave during academic year 2009–10.
                                                                                                         Department chair: David E. Bloom, MA, PhD;
                                                                                                         Clarence James Gamble Professor. Applied econom-
                                                                                                         ics: labor, population, health, education, and develop-
                                                                                                         ment; demography; global health; international edu-
                                                                                                         Till W. Bärnighausen, MD, MSc, MSc, ScD; Assistant
                                                                                                         Professor of Global Health. HIV in sub-Saharan
                                                                                                         Africa; health systems in developing countries; popu-
                                                                                                         lation health.
  Interdisciplinary concentration in maternal and child health/children, youth, and
                                                                                                         Lisa F. Berkman, MS, PhD; Thomas D. Cabot
  families, see page 57.                                                                                 Professor of Public Policy and of Epidemiology. Social
  Interdisciplinary concentration in the epidemiology of infectious disease, see                         epidemiology; population health; epidemiology of
  page 58.                                                                                               aging.
  Interdisciplinary concentration in women, gender, and health, see page 58.                             Theresa S. Betancourt, MA, SD; Assistant Professor
  MPH concentration in international health, see page 54.                                                of Child Health and Human Rights. Developmental
                                                                                                         and psychosocial consequences of concentrated
                                                                                                         adversity on children and families; resilience and pro-
                                                        problems of mobilizing, allocating, and          tective processes in child development; child health
petence in the application of qualitative
                                                                                                         and human rights; applied cross-cultural mental
methods and an understanding of the                     managing scarce resources to improve
                                                                                                         health research.
broader socioeconomic theories of popula-               health, and of designing strategies for dis-
                                                                                                         Barry R. Bloom, PhD; Joan L. and Julius H. Jacobson
tion health is also expected, depending on              ease control and health promotion. The           Professor of Public Health, and Harvard University
the dissertation topic.                                 program does not provide funding.                Distinguished Service Professor. Mechanisms of
                                                        Applicants are encouraged to identify their      resistance and pathogenesis of diseases in develop-
Students within this area have recently writ-           own sources of support for the fellowship.       ing countries, particularly tuberculosis and leprosy;
                                                                                                         genetic analysis of host resistance; development of
ten dissertations on such topics as HIV/
                                                                                                         genetically engineered vaccines against tuberculosis.
AIDS in Tanzania; sexual behavior and the               Contact Information
                                                                                                         Thomas J. Bossert, MA, PhD; Lecturer on Global
epidemic of HIV/AIDS in informal settle-                For general information about the Depart-
                                                                                                         Health Policy. Decentralization of health systems;
ments in Capetown, South Africa; gender-                ment of Global Health and Population,            political process of health reform; interventions to
based violence and reproductive health in               please contact the department at 665             increase social capital; reforms of public health min-
Jordan; risk factors for the global and                 Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02115.             istries.

30   H A R VA R D S C H O O L O F P U B L I C H E A LT H , 2 0 0 9 – 1 0
Claude Bruderlein, Lic.en Droit, LLM; Lecturer on
International Health. Strategic planning and program
evaluation; human rights and humanitarian law; pro-
tection of civilians in war; role of international institu-
tions in humanitarian intervention.
Paul H. Campbell, MPA, SD; Lecturer on Manage-
ment. Emergency preparedness; community health
centers; management issues in low-income coun-
David J. Canning, PhD; Professor of Economics
and International Health. Interaction between health,
population, and economic development.
Richard A. Cash, MD, MPH; Senior Lecturer on
International Health. Link between infectious dis-
eases and impact on political, social, and economic
conditions, primarily in developing countries; ethical
issues in global health research; public health educa-        measuring the impact of health interventions; popu-        impact and cost-effectiveness of health programs
tion in developing countries.                                 lation health status and differentials; women’s            and interventions.
Marcia C. Castro, MA, PhD; Assistant Professor of             health; geographical differentials in urban health.        Daniel Wikler, PhD; Mary B. Saltonstall Professor
Demography. Population dynamics and demographic               Kenneth Hill, PhD; Professor of the Practice of Global     of Population Ethics and Professor of Ethics and
methods; mortality and morbidity; malaria transmis-           Health. Measurement of population health outcomes          Population Health. Bioethics; ethical issues in popu-
sion and control; environmental change and health;            in developing countries; interpretation of differences     lation health and global health; ethical issues in
spatial methods applied to social sciences; Amazon            between populations or changes over time within            research with human subjects; ethical issues in
frontier expansion.                                           populations.                                               health resource allocation; responsibility for health.
Jessica Lee Cohen, PhD; Assistant Professor of                William C. Hsiao, MPA, PhD; K.T. Li Professor of           Secondary Appointments
Global Health. Maternal and child health; human               Economics. Health systems studies; payments and
resources for health; impact evaluation of health and                                                                    (primary appointments at Harvard Medical School or
                                                              incentive structures; national health insurance.
development policies; randomized trials.                                                                                 Kennedy School of Government)
                                                              Jennifer Leaning, SM, MD; Professor of the Practice
Norman Daniels, MA, PhD; Mary B. Saltonstall                                                                             Jonathan L. Burstein, MD; Assistant Professor in the
                                                              of Global Health. Medical human rights and interna-
Professor of Population Ethics and Professor of                                                                          Departments of Global Health and Population and
                                                              tional law; complex humanitarian emergencies; med-
Ethics and Population Health. Justice, health, and                                                                       Health Policy and Management. Emergency medicine
                                                              ical triage in war and disasters; environmental effects
health policy, specifically issues of resource alloca-                                                                   in the field, hospitals, and disaster situations.
                                                              of war.
tion, health disparities, access to risk reduction and                                                                   Michael J. VanRooyen, MD, MPH; Associate Pro-
                                                              Richard Levins, PhD; John Rock Professor of Popu-
forms of health care, and insurance coverage; health                                                                     fessor in the Department of Global Health and
                                                              lation Sciences. Public health and agricultural ecolo-
technology assessment.                                                                                                   Population. Research in accountability, effectiveness,
                                                              gy; evolution; qualitative mathematical modeling;
Majid Ezzati, MEng, MA, PhD; Associate Professor of                                                                      and quality assurance in humanitarian operations
                                                              complexity and philosophy of science; special interest
International Health. Environmental health in devel-                                                                     in conflict and disaster.
                                                              in Latin America.
oping countries; energy, air pollution, and health; risk                                                                 Mary E. Wilson, MD; Associate Professor in the
                                                              Yuanli Liu, MD, MPH, SM, PhD; Senior Lecturer on
assessment; population health; global health; tech-                                                                      Department of Global Health and Population.
                                                              International Health. Innovative ways to make health
nology policy.                                                                                                           Emerging infectious diseases.
                                                              systems in developing countries more equitable and
Wafaie W. Fawzi, MBBS, MPH, SM, DPH; Professor                efficient; health and pharmaceutical policy; interna-      Grace Wyshak, SM, PhD; Associate Professor in the
of Nutrition and Epidemiology. Etiologies of infec-           tional comparison of health systems; financing and         Departments of Biostatistics and Global Health and
tious diseases and perinatal conditions with empha-           organization.                                              Population. Global and national health, primarily
sis on dietary and nutritional causes; dietary factors                                                                   women's health; cancer; osteoporosis; psychiatry;
                                                              Ajay Mahal, MS, PhD; Associate Professor of
in disease in pregnancy and childhood.                                                                                   obstetrics; HIV/AIDS.
                                                              International Health Economics. Health financing
Günther Fink, PhD; Assistant Professor of Interna-            and health systems research; economics of HIV and          Adjunct Faculty
tional Health Economics. Development economics;               AIDS; health policy in India.                              Peter A. Berman, MSc, PhD. World Bank.
health economics; human and health capital.
                                                              Stephen P. Marks, Doctorat d’état; François-Xavier         Saidi H. Kapiga, MD, MPH, SD. London School of
Julio Frenk, MD, MPH, MA, PhD; T & G Angelo-                  Bagnoud Professor of Health and Human Rights.              Hygiene and Tropical Medicine.
poulos Professor of Public Health and International           Health and human rights; international law; develop-
Development in the Harvard School of Public Health                                                                       Joel H. Lamstein, SM. John Snow, Inc.
                                                              ment economics; international trade; Cambodia; civil
and Harvard Kennedy School and Dean of the Faculty            society; biotechnology; terrorism; cultural rights;        Ulla M. Larsen, MA, MA, PhD. University of
of Public Health. Comparative analysis of health sys-         tobacco control; access to essential drugs.                Maryland.
tems; national health policy; globalization and health.
                                                              Marc D. Mitchell, MD, MS; Lecturer on International        Adetokunbo O. Lucas, MBBS, DPH, SM, MD.
Sofia M. Gruskin, JD, MIA; Associate Professor of             Health. Development and validation of clinical stan-       Consultant.
Health and Human Rights. Conceptual, methodologi-             dards; use of mobile technology to improve quality of      Christopher J. L. Murray, MD, DPhil. University of
cal, policy, and practice implications of linking health      care.                                                      Washington.
to human rights with particular attention to HIV/
                                                              Michael R. Reich, AM, PhD; Taro Takemi Professor           M. Omar Rahman, MD, MPH, SD. Independent
AIDS, women, children, gender issues, and vulnera-
                                                              of International Health Policy. Political economy of       University of Bangladesh.
ble populations.
                                                              health, population, and development; pharmaceutical
Daniel T. Halperin, MS, PhD; Lecturer on Interna-                                                                        Gita Sen, MA, PhD. Indian Institute of Management,
                                                              policy and global health.
tional Health. Heterosexual transmission of HIV and                                                                      Bangalore, India.
                                                              Marc J. Roberts, PhD; Professor of Political Economy.
other sexually transmitted infections, including previ-                                                                  Winnie Chi-Man Yip, PhD. Oxford University.
                                                              Health sector reform around the world; public health
ously neglected co-factors.
                                                              ethics; pharmaceutical policy; ethics of disaster man-
Allan G. Hill, PhD; Andelot Professor of Demography.          agement.
Health, mortality, and fertility health transitions and
                                                              Joshua A. Salomon, PhD; Associate Professor of
their determinants in the Arab World and West Africa;
                                                              International Health. Priority setting in global health;
                                                              health measurement and valuation; evaluation of

                                                                                               D E P A R T M E N T O F G L O B A L H E A LT H A N D P O P U L AT I O N        31
Department of
          H E A LT H P O L I C Y A N D M A N A G E M E N T
                                                                                                 THE DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH

                                                                                                 POLICY AND MANAGEMENT IS A

                                                                                                 MISSION-ORIENTED DEPARTMENT

                                                                                                 CONCERNED WITH IMPROVING THE

                                                                                                 HEALTH CARE DELIVERY SYSTEM

                                                                                                 AND MITIGATING PUBLIC HEALTH

                                                                                                 RISKS IN THE UNITED STATES AND


                                                                                                 THE DEPARTMENT IS DEDICATED TO
                                                                                                 resolving major management and health
                                                                                                 policy problems through original research,
                                                                                                 advanced training, and dispute resolution.
                                                                                                 Research priorities in the Department of
                                                                                                 Health Policy and Management are organ-
                                                                                                 ized into nine broad areas:

                                                                                                 • health financing and insurance, including
                                                                                                   the creation of new physician payment
                                                                                                   systems and the design of public policies
                                                                                                   dealing with rising insurance premiums

                                                                                                 • management of health hazards, including
                                                                                                   use of risk assessment to set priorities
                                                                                                   for environmental health protection

MICHAELA KERRISSEY                                                                               • study of the causes and etiology of injury
Master of science student, Department of Health Policy and Management                              and the application of that work to the
                                                                                                   development and evaluation of preven-
“Blaring radios, baskets of mangos, laughter, car exhaust, polio survivors crossing streets on     tion and intervention strategies and
twisted knees. The earth is red, the sky dazzles, and the buildings crumble.” This is how          policy
Michaela Kerrissey—an award-winning poet—described Kampala, Uganda, where she spent
the past three years developing innovative, community-based public health programs. She          • management of health care organiza-
believes her greatest accomplishment there was developing a groundbreaking prevention pro-         tions, encompassing the application of
gram that targeted couples where only one partner was HIV-infected.                                corporate strategic-planning concepts to
                                                                                                   the challenges faced by health systems
Michaela went to Uganda after graduating from Duke University, where she focused on com-           and pharmaceutical firms
munity engagement projects as a Robertson scholar, a merit-based program for future leaders
committed to social change. As part of this program, she traveled to countries like Cuba and     • evaluation and management of medical
South Africa to learn about community development. These experiences sparked her interest          technology, including the meta-analysis
                                                                                                   of data from clinical trials
in public health and ultimately led her to HSPH.

“Coming to HSPH has been an eye-opening experience,” says Michaela. “My fieldwork was            • business and labor in health, including
valuable, but when you’re elbow deep in your work, you concentrate on the specific project at      the negotiation of occupational safety
                                                                                                   and health care benefits in the collective-
hand rather than how the health system as a whole is organized.”
                                                                                                   bargaining process
Recognizing the importance of effective national health policies and evidence-based programs,
Michaela has focused her course work on system-level issues. Her classes have broadened her      • international health, including evaluation
perspective, she says, and will be of great benefit when she returns to work in sub-Saharan        of the cost-effectiveness of health pro-
                                                                                                   grams in developing countries
Africa upon graduation. Currently she is writing a book on her Uganda experiences and is
forming a social enterprise to address the unmet public health challenge of road safety there.

32   H A R VA R D S C H O O L O F P U B L I C H E A LT H , 2 0 0 9 – 1 0
                                                                                                    cants who demonstrate strong potential but
                                                                                                    who lack sufficient professional experience
                                                                                                    in the health sector. These applicants work
                                                                                                    within the health field in positions approved
                                                                                                    by the program for a minimum of one year
                                                                                                    before matriculating.

                                                                                                    Of the 80 credits necessary to earn the
                                                                                                    SM, required courses account for 30 to 35.
• quality of health care, encompassing the                                                          In addition to fulfilling schoolwide require-
  design of better methods to measure                                                               ments, students must satisfy the require-
  quality                                                                                           ments of at least one of three areas of
• health care reform, involving the develop-
  ment of partnerships between the depart-                                                          Management This area of interest pre-
  ment and the corporate community to                                                               pares students for managerial and leader-
  explore critical aspects of health policy     Master of Science in Health Policy and              ship positions in health care organizations,
  and management                                Management (80-credit and 42.5-credit               such as hospitals, sub-acute and long-term
                                                programs)                                           care facilities, physician practices, insurers,
The department’s problem-solving orienta-       The 80-credit SM program is designed for            community health centers, and consulting
tion is exemplified by its strong ties to       students who are building professional              companies.
leading health practitioners in hospitals,      careers in health-related fields and who
managed-care plans, community health cen-       aspire to leadership roles. The program             Policy This area of interest is intended for
ters, health advocacy groups, corporate         emphasizes professional skills and con-             those who wish to become involved in the
medical departments, health and environ-        cepts; a solid grounding in the substance           formulation of health policy, including med-
mental consulting firms, state and local        of health problems; rigorous quantitative           ical care policy, heath finance and insur-
health departments, legislative committees,     training; and a curriculum that combines            ance, access to health care, payment to
federal regulatory agencies, and internation-   professional, academic, and practice activi-        institutions and practitioners, political
al agencies. Practical skills are emphasized    ties. Acquired knowledge is applied to prac-        analysis and strategy, and Medicare and
by an interdisciplinary faculty that includes   tical situations through a required summer          Medicaid reform.
management specialists, decision analysts,      internship program and a field research
accountants, physicians, lawyers, policy        project. Recent graduates have taken posi-          Research This area of interest is geared
analysts, economists, political scientists,     tions in local, state, and federal government       toward students looking toward doctoral
and program evaluators.                         agencies; consulting companies; public pol-         education and research careers in fields
                                                icy research organizations; community               such as health economics, quality of care,
Degree Programs in Health Policy                health centers; hospitals; health plans; and        technology assessment, health decision
and Management                                  pharmaceutical companies. Others have               analysis, and advanced statistical analysis.
As described below, the department offers       gone on to doctoral and fellowship pro-
both 80-credit and 42.5-credit master of sci-   grams.                                              The requirements for the management, poli-
ence (SM) programs, a nonresidential, part-                                                         cy, and research areas of interest are des-
time SM in health care management for           Applicants to the 80-credit program come            cribed in a guide available from the depart-
physician and dental executives, and a doc-     from a wide variety of undergraduate fields.        ment. After the required credits have been
tor of science (SD) program. The depart-        They are expected to have full-time work            completed, students are encouraged to
ment also participates in the university-wide   experience and an academic record, particu-         enroll in relevant courses at Harvard Bus-
doctor of philosophy (PhD) Program in           larly in quantitative and analytical courses,       iness School, Harvard Kennedy School, and
Health Policy. For information about school-    that suggest outstanding potential in the           Harvard Graduate School of Education.
wide requirements for master’s and doctor-      areas of health policy and management.
al degrees, see page 5.                         Applicants should have at least two years of        The 42.5-credit SM program is designed for
                                                relevant postbaccalaureate work experience          students pursuing research careers in pub-
                                                in the health field; exceptions are occasion-       lic- or private-sector health care institutions,
                                                ally made for outstanding candidates.               particularly physicians and other candidates
                                                Deferred admission is available for appli-

                                                                         D E P A R T M E N T O F H E A LT H P O L I C Y A N D M A N A G E M E N T   33
Please note that the courses listed are subject to change and some are not offered every year. Complete course descriptions are available at
Economic Analysis                                        Health Policy Issues: Access to Dental Services   Medical Malpractice and Risk Management
Economic Analysis for Public Health                      Methods and Application in Health Services        Theory and Practice of Effective Leadership
Health Care Regulation and Planning                      Research                                          Law and Public Health
Economics for Health Policy                              Current Issues in Health Policy                   Principles of Injury Control
Program Evaluation                                       Skills and Methods of Health Care                 Politics and Strategies for Change in Health
Public Health Law                                        Negotiation and Conflict Resolution I and         Policy
                                                         Advanced                                          Ethical Basis of the Practice of Public Health
Financial Transactions and Analysis
                                                         Applied Research and Practice in Health           Ethical Basis of the Practice of Public Health:
Financial Management and Control                         Policy and Management                             Health Care Delivery
Financial Management of Health Care                      Research Ethics                                   Practice of Health Care Management and
                                                         Doctoral Seminar in Health Economics              Policy
Public Speaking for Managers
                                                         Research with Large Databases                     Oral Health Policy Research Seminar
Economics of Health Policy
                                                         Introduction to Management of Health Care         Theory and Practice of Public Health in the
Introduction to the New American Health                  Organizations                                     United States
Care System: Law, Policy, and Management
                                                         Medical Informatics                               Managing Community Health Centers
Managing Health Care Costs
                                                         Health Care: Quality Improvement                  Business Planning for Health Organizations
Community Organizing for Health
                                                         American Violence: The Intersection Between       Pharmacoeconomics
Managing People in Health Care                           Home and Street                                   Decision Analysis for Health and Medical
                                                         Health Information Technology and Its Impact      Practices
Competitive Strategy                                     on Health Care                                    Cost-Effectiveness and Cost-Benefit Analysis for
Operations Management in Service Delivery                Organizing Consumer and Community                 Health Programs Evaluations
Organizations                                            Interests in the Health System                    Decision Theory
Strategic Marketing Management in Health                 Disparities in Health                             Decision Analysis Methods in Public Health
                                                         Principles of Suicide Prevention                  and Medicine
Health Economics: Economic Analysis of the
Health Care System                                       Measuring and Analyzing the Outcomes of           Foundations in Public Health
                                                         Health Care                                       Decision Analysis in Clinical Research
Public Health Leadership Skills
                                                         Information Technology and Chronic Disease        Research Seminar on Risk and Decision
Seminar in Health Policy                                 Management                                        Analysis
Improving Quality in Health Care                         Leading Change                                    Methods for Decision Making in Medicine
Payment Systems in Health Care                           Public Health Response to Mass Emergencies        Independent Study, Tutorials
                                                         Health Care Organizations and Behavior

with relevant advanced degrees who desire               include upper-level courses in biostatistics,      dates are required to spend three weeks
intensive training in analytic and quantita-            epidemiology, health economics, health             each summer on campus, as well as five
tive skills. The degree is appropriate for stu-         services research, health decision sciences,       four-day weekends (Friday through Monday)
dents interested in either domestic or inter-           quality improvement, technology assess-            each academic year. Participants should
national research questions. Recent gradu-              ment, and program evaluation.                      expect ten to fifteen hours per week of
ates have taken research positions at aca-                                                                 assignments when not on campus. A final
demic medical centers and other health                  Master of Science in Health Care                   practicum and quality improvement field
care organizations.                                     Management                                         project are also required.
                                                        The SM in health care management is a
Applicants to the 42.5-credit program                   42.5-credit, two-year, part-time, nonresiden-      This is a closed-cohort learning situation.
should hold graduate medical or other pro-              tial degree program that trains clinicians in      Attendance at all sessions is mandatory,
fessional degrees and have significant expe-            the executive skills required for manage-          and previous courses and/or degrees will
rience in health services. They typically               ment. This professional program is for mid-        not be applied to degree requirements. No
expect to devote a substantial portion of               career MDs, DOs, DMDs, and DDSs with               auditing or cross-registration is allowed.
their careers to research in areas such as              significant management responsibilities
health services research, cost-effectiveness            who wish to be more effective in their roles       Doctor of Science in Health Policy and
analysis, and clinical decision making.                 in the health care sector.                         Management
                                                                                                           The SD program in health policy and
Students fulfill schoolwide requirements                The program includes course work on strat-         management is designed for physicians,
and take up to 10 tutorial credits and an               egy determination, financial analysis, nego-       lawyers, and other professionals who are
additional 10 credits in courses within the             tiation, organizational behavior, operations       interested in doctoral-level research training
department. Recommended electives                       management, information systems, and               in health policy and who are committed
                                                        quality-of-care management. Degree candi-

34   H A R VA R D S C H O O L O F P U B L I C H E A LT H , 2 0 0 9 – 1 0
to applied, interdisciplinary research. The     Doctor of Philosophy in Health Policy               Applicants must submit GRE or GMAT
program prepares graduates to perform           The doctor of philosophy in health policy is        exam scores that are less than five years
research in the academic or professional        a collaborative program of six Harvard Uni-         old, and individuals whose native language
realm.                                          versity faculties: the Graduate School of Arts      is not English must submit TOEFL scores.
                                                and Sciences, School of Public Health, Med-         A graduate degree is not required for
Applicants should hold an MD, a DDS, a          ical School, Kennedy School, Law School,            admission; however, with the possible
PhD, or a JD degree. Except in rare cases       and Business School. Because this is an             exception of applicants wishing to pursue
the department also expects that applicants     interfaculty program, enrolled students take        a combined degree (see above), preference
will be in progress toward or will have         courses throughout the university. The PhD          is given to those with either relevant work
already obtained a degree at HSPH. More-        is awarded by the Faculty of Arts and               experience or some prior graduate work.
over, applicants should have a strong           Sciences. Please note that Graduate School
aptitude in a quantitative discipline (dem-     of Arts and Sciences application forms must         Degree requirements include approximately
onstrated by prior academic performance,        be used when applying to the PhD Program            two years of course work; a concentration
work experience, and standardized test          in Health Policy. The deadline for applying         in one academic discipline (decision sci-
scores), experience in the health sector,       to the PhD program is December 15, 2009.            ence, economics, ethics, evaluative science
and the ability to perform original and inde-                                                       and statistics, management, medical sociol-
pendent work. Applicants should indicate        The program prepares students for tenure-           ogy, or political analysis); at the dissertation
their anticipated area of interest within the   track positions and other research positions        stage specialization in one of five policy
department and anticipated faculty mentor       at schools of public health, public policy,         areas (environmental health, health care
in their application. An environmental sci-     and medicine; organizations such as the             services, international health, mental
ence and risk management area of interest       Kaiser Family Foundation, the RAND Cor-             health, or public health); general and con-
is offered jointly with the Department of       poration, the World Health Organization,            centration exams (usually at the end of the
Environmental Health.                           and Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Cen-            second year); a dissertation prospectus and
                                                ter; and government agencies such as the            oral examination; a dissertation based on
In addition to schoolwide requirements,         Congressional Budget Office and the Cen-            original research; and a dissertation
candidates complete a set of required           ters for Disease Control and Prevention.            defense.
courses in decision science, economics,
program evaluation, health politics, and        Applicants wishing to combine the PhD               Financial aid is available to applicants
public health law (lawyers only). Each stu-     Program in Health Policy with either the            admitted to the program. Financial aid
dent works closely with a faculty adviser       MD program at Harvard Medical School or             (tuition for five years and a stipend for three
to develop an individual plan of study. While   the JD program at Harvard Law School                years) is available for admitted minority
students in this program have the opportu-      must apply separately to each program and           students with demonstrated need. Trainee-
nity to take courses throughout the universi-   indicate in the PhD application that they are       ships for some admitted students are also
ty, all required courses are offered through    also applying to the MD or JD program.

                                                                         D E P A R T M E N T O F H E A LT H P O L I C Y A N D M A N A G E M E N T   35
provided from funding sources such as the               For the PhD program online submissions                   David Hemenway, MA, PhD; Professor of Health
Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality              are encouraged, using the Graduate School                Policy. Injury and violence prevention; microecon-
and the National Institute of Mental Health.            of Arts and Sciences application form avail-
                                                                                                                 William C. Hsiao, MPA, PhD; K.T. Li Professor of
                                                        able at the web address below:
                                                                                                                 Economics. Health systems studies; payments and
Contact Information                                     Web: https://apply.embark.com/grad/
                                                                                                                 incentive structures; national health insurance.
For more information about SM and SD                    Harvard/GSAS
                                                                                                                 Ashish K. Jha, MD, MPH; Associate Professor of
programs in health policy and management,                                                                        Health Policy and Management. Quality of care pro-
please contact Anne Occhipinti, director of             For specific information about the PhD pro-              vided by health care systems, with two focus areas:
academic programs, Department of Health                 gram, please contact Debbie Whitney, asso-               health care disparities as a marker of poor quality of
Policy and Management, 677 Huntington                   ciate director, PhD Program in Health                    care and HIT as a potential solution for improving
Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, or visit the                  Policy, 14 Story Street Street, 4th Floor,
department website.                                                                                              Nancy M. Kane, MBA, DBA; Professor of Manage-
                                                        Cambridge, MA 02138, or visit the program
                                                                                                                 ment and Associate Dean for Educational Programs.
Phone: 617-432-4511                                     website.
                                                                                                                 Nonprofit hospital governance; community benefit
Fax: 617-432-3699                                       Phone: 617-496-5506                                      and financial performance metrics for nonprofit
Email: aocchipi@hsph.harvard.edu                        Fax: 617-496-2860                                        health care organizations; delivery system payment
Web: http://www.hsph.harvard.edu/                       Email: deborah_whitney@harvard.edu                       reform.
academics/hpm                                           Web: http://www.healthpolicy.fas.harvard.                Jack Kasten, MPH, JD; Lecturer on Health Services.
                                                        edu                                                      Managed care; service utilization; manpower issues;
                                                                                                                 hospital organization and management.
For more information about the SM degree
in health care management, please contact                                                                        Jane J. Kim, SM, PhD; Assistant Professor of Health
                                                                                                                 Decision Science. Mathematical modeling and cost-
Colin Fleming, senior coordinator, Depart-              DEPARTMENT FACULTY                                       effectiveness analysis to inform resource allocation
ment of Health Policy and Management,                   Please note that some faculty members may be on          decisions; calibration of disease simulation models;
677 Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02115,                leave during academic year 2009–10.                      women's health and mental health.
or visit the department website.                        Department chair: Arnold M. Epstein, AM, MD; John        Howard K. Koh, MD, MPH; Professor of the Practice
Phone: 617-432-7075                                     H. Foster Professor of Health Policy and Manage-         of Public Health. Community-based strategies to
Email: cfleming@hsph.harvard.edu                        ment. Applying the paradigm and methodologies of         reduce cancer disparities; tobacco control programs,
                                                        economics and other social sciences to clinical medi-    secondhand smoke exposure; melanoma/skin cancer
Web: http://www.hsph.harvard.edu/mhcm
                                                        cine.                                                    control; bioterrorism; pandemic influenza; emerging
                                                        Katherine Baicker, PhD; Professor of Health Econ-        health threats.
                                                        omics. The financing of health insurance; health care    Jonathan I. Levy, SD; Mark and Catherine Winkler
                                                        disparities; spending on public programs and fiscal      Associate Professor of Environmental Health and
                                                        federalism.                                              Risk Assessment. Air pollution exposure assessment
                                                        Robert J. Blendon, MBA, MPH, DS; Professor of            and risk assessment; health impact assessment of
                                                        Health Policy and Political Analysis. Health policy      power plants and transportation sources.
                                                        and political analysis; public opinion; national emer-   Leonard J. Marcus, MSW, PhD; Lecturer on Public
                                                        gency preparedness.                                      Health Practice. Meta-leadership for emergency pre-
                                                        Paul H. Campbell, MPA, SD; Lecturer on Manage-           paredness and response; crisis leadership; health
                                                        ment. Emergency preparedness; community health           care/public health negotiation and conflict resolu-
                                                        centers; management issues in low-income coun-           tion; public health leadership; mediation for health
                                                        tries.                                                   care disputes.

                                                        Susanne J. Goldie, MD, MPH; Roger Irving Lee             Michelle M. Mello, MPhil, PhD, JD; Professor of Law
                                                        Professor of Public Health. Decision science; mathe-     and Public Health. Empirical analysis of health law
                                                        matical models; cost-effectiveness analysis; resource    issues; medical malpractice litigation; medical errors
                                                        allocation; health systems; infectious causes of can-    and patient safety; pharmaceuticals; ethics.
                                                        cer; vaccine-preventable disease; maternal mortality.    Matthew J. Miller, MD, MPH, SD; Associate
                                                        James K. Hammitt, SM, MPP, PhD; Professor of             Professor of Health Policy and Management. Suicide
                                                        Economics and Decision Sciences. Economics; deci-        prevention; injury prevention; violence prevention;
                                                        sion sciences; risk analysis; information and uncer-     health policy; epidemiology; pharmacoepidemiology;
                                                        tainty.                                                  medical ethics; clinical trials.
                                                                                                                 Joseph P. Newhouse, PhD; John D. MacArthur Pro-
                                                                                                                 fessor of Health Policy and Management. Financing
                                                                                                                 and organization of medical care; medical malprac-
          RELATED OFFERINGS                                                                                      tice; manpower policy; outcomes research.

          Environmental science and risk management area of interest, Department of                              R. Heather Palmer, MBBCh, SM; Professor of Health
          Environmental Health, see page 12.                                                                     Policy and Management. Quality in health care,
                                                                                                                 including quality measurement and improvement;
          Interdisciplinary concentration in the epidemiology of infectious disease, see
                                                                                                                 primary care.
          page 58.
                                                                                                                 Howard L. Rivenson, MBA, PhD; Lecturer on Health
          MPH concentrations in health care management and policy and in law and                                 Management. Accounting and financial management
          public health, see page 54.                                                                            of health care organizations; community health cen-
                                                                                                                 ters; governance of health care organizations.

36   H A R VA R D S C H O O L O F P U B L I C H E A LT H , 2 0 0 9 – 1 0
Marc J. Roberts, PhD; Professor of Political Economy.      Kenneth A. Freedberg, MD, SM; Associate Professor           Adjunct Faculty
Health sector reform around the world; public health       in the Department of Health Policy and                      Mark A. Bloomberg, MD, MBA. Tufts University
ethics; pharmaceutical policy; ethics of disaster man-     Management. Decision analysis; cost-effectiveness           School of Medicine.
agement.                                                   analysis; clinical epidemiology and outcomes
                                                                                                                       Troyen A. Brennan, MA, JD, MPH, MD. Aetna.
Meredith Rosenthal, PhD; Associate Professor of            research; HIV disease.
Health Economics and Policy. Health economics;                                                                         Mark J. Campbell, MEd. M. J. Campbell Associates.
                                                           Atul A. Gawande, MA, MD, MPH; Associate Pro-
physician payment; pharmaceutical policy; health care      fessor in the Department of Health Policy and               Michael H. Cohen, JD, MBA, MFA. Law Offices of
quality; patient incentives.                               Management. Reduction of errors and complications           Michael H. Cohen.
Sara J. Singer, MBA, PhD; Assistant Professor of           in surgery; global provision of surgical care; narra-       James B. Conway, MA, MS. Institute for Health Care
Health Care Management and Policy. Application of          tives from medicine.                                        Improvement.
organizational safety, organizational learning, and        G. Scott Gazelle, MD, MPH, PhD; Professor in the            Deborah Devaux, MHSA. BDC Advisors, LLC.
leadership theories to understand and improve the          Department of Health Policy and Management.
                                                                                                                       Maria G. M. (Myriam) Hunink, MD, PhD. Erasmus
quality, safety, and efficiency of health care organiza-   Technology assessment; health services research.
                                                                                                                       University Medical Center, Rotterdam, the
                                                           Thomas A. Gaziano, MD, MSc; Assistant Professor in          Netherlands.
Katherine Swartz, MS, PhD; Professor of Health             the Department of Health Policy and Management.
                                                                                                                       David Javitch, MA, PhD. Boston University School of
Policy and Economics. Populations without health           Development of decision analytic models to assess
                                                                                                                       Public Health.
insurance; health insurance markets; aging-                the cost-effectiveness of various screening, preven-
population issues.                                         tion and management decisions, including in devel-          Cleve L. Killingsworth, MPH. Blue Cross Blue Shield
                                                           oping countries.                                            of Massachusetts.
Nancy Turnbull, MBA; Senior Lecturer on Health
Policy and Management and Associate Dean for               Robert A. Greenes, MD, PhD; Professor in the                Karen M. Kuntz, SM, SD. University of Minnesota
Educational Programs. Health insurance; insurance          Department of Health Policy and Management. Bio-            School of Public Health.
regulation; expansion of health coverage.                  medical informatics; knowledge management and               Karl W. Lauterbach, MD, MPH, MS, SD. Institute of
Milton C. Weinstein, AM, MPP, PhD; Henry J. Kaiser         decision support strategies for enhancing quality and       Health Economics and Clinical Epidemiology,
Professor of Health Policy and Management. Medical         safety of health care.                                      Cologne, Germany.
decision science; cost-effectiveness analysis; health      Allen B. Kachalia, JD, MD; Assistant Professor in           Zita Lazzarini, JD, MPH. University of Connecticut
care technology assessment.                                the Department of Health Policy and Management.             School of Medicine.
                                                           Patient safety; medical malpractice reform; and legal
Secondary Appointments                                                                                                 Lucian L. Leape, MD. Institute for Healthcare
                                                           issues in medicine.
(primary appointments at Harvard Medical School)                                                                       Improvement.
                                                           Thomas H. Lee, Jr., MD, SM; Professor in the Depart-
John Z. Ayanian, MD, MPP; Professor in the Depart-                                                                     Eugene Litvak, MS, PhD. Boston University School of
                                                           ment of Health Policy and Management. Prognostic
ment of Health Policy and Management. Impact of                                                                        Public Health.
                                                           stratification in and cost-effectiveness analysis of car-
gender, race, insurance coverage, and socioeconom-         diovascular disease management.                             Linda MacCracken, MBA. Solucient Business
ics on access to care and clinical outcomes.                                                                           Development.
                                                           Jeffrey Levin-Scherz, MD, MBA; Assistant Professor
David W. Bates, MD, SM; Professor in the Depart-           in the Department of Health Policy and Manage-              John E. McDonough, MPA, DPH. Health Care for All.
ment of Health Policy and Management. Clinical             ment. Health care affordability; managed care; pro-         George B. Moseley III, MBA, JD. University Seminar
decision making and physician behavior; quality of         vider incentives and disease management.                    Center.
care and cost-effectiveness; outcome assessment.
                                                           Matthew H. Liang, MD, MPH; Professor in the                 Benjamin W. Moulton, JD, MPH. American Society of
Donald M. Berwick, MPP, MD; Professor in the               Department of Health Policy and Management.                 Law, Medicine, and Ethics.
Department of Health Policy and Management.                Epidemiology of rheumatic disease and disability;           Jeremy J. Nobel, MD, MPH, SM. Nobel and
Health care quality assessment, management, and            clinimetrics; health services research; technology          Associates.
improvement; technology assessment and cost-               assessment.
effectiveness analysis; decision analysis and clinical                                                                 Joseph S. Pliskin, SM, PhD. Ben-Gurion University,
                                                           Tracy A. Lieu, MD, MPH; Professor in the                    Israel.
                                                           Department of Health Policy and Management.
Paul D. Biddinger, MD; Assistant Professor in the                                                                      Janet E. Porter, MBBChir, MA, FRCS, FFAEM. Dana-
                                                           Children’s primary care delivery and outcomes;
Department of Health Policy and Management. Pub-                                                                       Farber Cancer Institute.
                                                           cost-effectiveness analysis.
lic health preparedness for disasters; use of simula-                                                                  Lisa A. Prosser, MS, MS, PhD. University of
                                                           Eric C. Schneider, MSc, MD; Associate Professor in
tion exercises for adult learning and measurement of                                                                   Michigan.
                                                           the Department of Health Policy and Management.
                                                           Health care quality, including quality measurement,         Deborah B. Prothrow-Stith, MD. SpencerStuart.
Jonathan L. Burstein, MD; Assistant Professor in the       organizational and socioeconomic influences, and            Dorothy E. Puhy, MBA. Dana-Farber Cancer Institute.
Departments of Global Health and Population and            quality-improvement strategies.
Health Policy and Management. Emergency medicine                                                                       Karen M. Quigley, MPH. Health care consultant.
                                                           Jane C. Weeks, MD, SM; Professor in the Department
in the field, hospitals, and disaster situations.                                                                      Stephen C. Resch, MPH, PhD. Abt Associates.
                                                           of Health Policy and Management. Outcomes of
David J. Cohen, MD, SM; Associate Professor in the         cancer treatment; effectiveness of resource utilization     Vinod K. Sahney, MSME, PhD. Blue Cross Blue Shield
Department of Health Policy and Management.                in medical oncology; medical decision making in             of Massachusetts.
Application of health outcomes research and cost-          oncology.                                                   Uwe Siebert, MD, MPH, SM, SD. University for
effectiveness analysis to interventional cardiology.
                                                           Joel S. Weissman, PhD; Associate Professor in the           Health Sciences, Medical Informatics and
Craig C. Earle, MD, MSc; Associate Professor in the        Department of Health Policy and Management.                 Technology, Austria.
Department of Health Policy and Management.                Access to care for the uninsured; disparities in care       Richard B. Siegrist, Jr., MS, MBA. WebMD Quality
Quality-of-care assessment; cancer survivorship; eco-      for vulnerable populations; quality and patient safety;     Services.
nomic evaluation.                                          drug policy.
                                                                                                                       David M. Studdert, LLB, MPH, SD. University of
                                                                                                                       Melbourne, Australia.

                                                                                           D E P A R T M E N T O F H E A LT H P O L I C Y A N D M A N A G E M E N T         37
Department of
                                                                                                    THE DEPARTMENT OF IMMUNOLOGY

                                                                                                    AND INFECTIOUS DISEASES (IID)
                                                                                                    FOCUSES ON THE BIOLOGICAL,

                                                                                                    IMMUNOLOGICAL, EPIDEMIOLOGI-

                                                                                                    CAL, AND ECOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF

                                                                                                    VIRAL, BACTERIAL, PROTOZOAN,

                                                                                                    AND HELMINTHIC DISEASES OF ANI-

                                                                                                    MAL AND HUMANS AND THE VEC-

                                                                                                    TORS THAT TRANSMIT SOME OF

                                                                                                    THESE INFECTIOUS AGENTS.

                                                                                                    RESEARCH IN THE DEPARTMENT EMPHA -
                                                                                                    sizes basic pathogenic mechanisms that
                                                                                                    may lead to better diagnostic tools, the
                                                                                                    development of vaccines and other interven-
                                                                                                    tions for prevention and control of infection
                                                                                                    and disease, and the identification of new
                                                                                                    targets for antiviral and antiparasitic drugs.
                                                                                                    Laboratory-based research within the school
                                                                                                    may be supplemented by field-based studies
                                                                                                    of epidemiological and ecological aspects of
                                                                                                    infectious disease transmission and control.
                                                                                                    Diseases of developing countries are

HARVARD MALARIA INITIATIVE                                                                          Members of the department take a multidis-
                                                                                                    ciplinary approach that includes immun-
“Malaria is a fully preventable, controllable disease,” says Professor Dyann Wirth, director of
                                                                                                    ology, molecular biology, public health ento-
the Harvard Malaria Initiative and chair of the HSPH Department of Immunology and Infec-            mology, cell biology and ultrastructure,
tious Diseases. About 300 to 500 million people worldwide get malaria each year. If new treat-      biochemistry, pathology, virology, epidemiol-
ments are not developed, that number could double in the next ten years.                            ogy, and ecology. The faculty undertakes
                                                                                                    research both within the school and around
The Harvard Malaria Initiative is “an epicenter of hope” in the battle against the disease,
                                                                                                    the world.
which kills two million each year, mostly young children. Global eradication programs in the
past have failed, but Wirth believes that with “the new knowledge we have and a mosaic of
                                                                                                    Infectious diseases currently under study
tools, it is now more feasible.”                                                                    include protozoa (malaria and leishmania),
The Harvard Malaria Initiative encompasses over a hundred investigators working on more             helminths such as schistosomes, viruses
than a dozen projects. There are many opportunities for graduate students to work on these          (HIVs, leukemia retroviruses, West Nile and
                                                                                                    eastern equine encephalitis), and bacteria
projects in labs here and overseas. Projects include efforts to stop or interfere with the trans-
                                                                                                    (Lyme disease agents, ehrlichia, tuberculo-
mission of the disease from mosquitoes through vector biology, genomic studies of the para-
                                                                                                    sis). Further immunologic studies focus on
site, and other approaches that range from fundamental chemistry through epidemiology and
                                                                                                    genetic regulation of the immune response,
field study design.                                                                                 the function and regulation of T-cell-derived
One of the primary goals of the initiative is to discover entirely new classes of drugs and vac-    cytokines, and cytokines involved in the reg-
cines. “One of the biggest challenges is that the malaria parasite has evolved and is resistant     ulation of inflammation.

to all known antimalarial drugs,” Wirth points out. The malaria initiative is collaborating with
the Broad Institute of Harvard and MIT and with Genzyme to “take things we’ve discovered
and move them quickly into the drug development pipeline.”

38   H A R VA R D S C H O O L O F P U B L I C H E A LT H , 2 0 0 9 – 1 0
Degree Programs in Immunology                     the epidemiology, biology, and vaccinology
and Infectious Diseases                           of AIDS as an example of a complex infec-
As described below, the department offers         tious disease. Students take courses in
doctor of science (SD) and doctor of philos-      virology, vaccine development, and related
ophy (PhD) degree programs. No master of          fields.
science programs are available.
                                                  Doctor of Science in Immunology and
Students in both programs choose among            Infectious Diseases
the areas of interest described below:            The SD program is designed for those inter-
                                                  ested in immunology, molecular biology,
Immunology The curriculum for this area           virology, and the epidemiology of infectious
of interest currently focuses on genetic reg-     diseases. The program prepares students
ulation of the immune response and the            for postdoctoral research fellowships; junior
function and regulation of T-cell-derived         faculty positions at academic institutions;
cytokines. Students take courses in cell biolo-   and positions in independent scientific
gy, immunology, and molecular immunology.         research institutions, governmental agen-
                                                  cies, and the biotechnology industry.
Immunology and molecular biology of
parasitic and other infections This area          Applicants to the SD program must have a        Medical School, the Harvard Graduate
of interest introduces students to recent         clinical degree (MD, DVM, DMD, or equiva-       School of Arts and Sciences, and MIT, as
advances in the biology of parasitic and          lent). Candidates must have adequate back-      well as at HSPH.
infectious diseases and provides back-            ground in modern biology, including micro-
ground for conducting research on these           biology; must identify an area of study         Students are encouraged to participate in
diseases. The program emphasizes molecu-          and specific project; and must obtain the       the numerous seminar series and informal
lar biology, immunology, cell biology, and        approval of an IID mentor before applying.      discussion groups offered on the Harvard
the epidemiology of parasites.                                                                    Longwood campus. The department
                                                  This program aims to develop the basic          emphasizes publication of research results
Infectious disease epidemiology and trop-         skills in laboratory techniques and data han-   in the standard research literature, and
ical public health This area of interest pro-     dling necessary for undertaking original re-    most doctoral students publish several
vides a solid understanding of epidemiolo-        search. Course selection will largely depend    papers before completing the degree. The
gy, ecology, and control of infectious dis-       on the student’s area of work and chosen        dissertation is based on intensive laboratory
eases in developing countries. It empha-          adviser. Courses may be taken at Harvard        research under the guidance of a faculty
sizes control and prevention measures and
the biological basis of diseases caused by
pathogens that range from viruses to para-

Vector biology, ecology, and control This
area of interest focuses on the manner in
which blood-feeding arthropods interact
with their various vertebrate hosts and with
the human pathogens that they transmit.
This area combines biological experimenta-
tion, epidemiological analysis, and popula-
tion studies. Students become familiar with
the various arthropods that are associated
with human disease and learn the ways
environmental change may result in ill
health. Students conduct studies on mecha-
nisms of transmission of vector-borne
pathogens, both in the laboratory and in
the field, and devise novel intervention

Virology This area of interest is designed
to prepare a future generation of experts for
new developments in the pathogenesis and
prevention of AIDS and other infectious dis-
eases. At present the program emphasizes

                                                                   DEPARTMENT OF IMMUNOLOGY AND INFECTIOUS DISEASES                          39
Please note that courses listed are subject to change and some are not offered every year.
Complete course descriptions are available at http://www.hsph.harvard.edu/registrar/
Ecology, Epidemiology, and Control of Important Parasitic Diseases of Developing Areas
Tuberculosis: The Host, the Organism, and the Global Threat
Survey of Immunology
Principles of Public Health Entomology
Immunology of Infectious Diseases
Cellular and Molecular Biology of Parasites
Design and Development of a Vaccine
Genetics and Genomics of Infectious Diseases: Tuberculosis, Malaria, HIV
Combating Infectious Diseases in the Developing World
Introduction to Computational Genomics for Infectious Diseases
Clinical Tropical Medicine and Infectious Disease
Independent Study, Tutorials

                         RELATED OFFERINGS
                         Interdisciplinary concentration in the epidemiology of infectious
                         disease, see page 58.

adviser in the student’s area of interest.              Contact Information
                                                                                                      DEPARTMENT FACULTY
Students choose a faculty adviser whose                 For more information about the SD pro-
                                                                                                      Please note that some faculty members may be on
research interests match their own when                 gram in immunology and infectious dis-
                                                                                                      leave during academic year 2009–10.
beginning to research their thesis topic. For           eases or other departmental inquiries,
                                                                                                      Department chair: Dyann F. Wirth, PhD; Richard
information about schoolwide requirements               please contact Andrea Sabaroff, administra-
                                                                                                      Pearson Strong Professor of Infectious Diseases.
for doctoral degrees, see page 5.                       tive coordinator, Department of Immun-        Biochemistry; molecular biology; genomics; microbi-
                                                        ology and Infectious Diseases, 651 Hunt-      ology; parasitology.
Limited funding is available to qualified SD            ington Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, or visit     Barry R. Bloom, PhD; Joan L. and Julius H. Jacobson
students who are U.S. citizens or perma-                the department website.                       Professor of Public Health, and Harvard University
nent residents. A training grant from the               Phone: 617-432-1023                           Distinguished Service Professor. Mechanisms of
                                                                                                      resistance and pathogenesis of diseases, particularly
NIH Fogarty Institute also provides some                Fax: 617-739-8348
                                                                                                      tuberculosis and leprosy; genetic analysis of host
support for international students.                     Web: http://www.hsph.harvard.edu/             resistance; genetically engineered vaccines against
                                                        departments/immunology-and-infectious-        tuberculosis.
Doctor of Philosophy in Biological                      diseases                                      Barbara Burleigh, PhD; Associate Professor of Immu-
Sciences in Public Health (Immunology                                                                 nology and Infectious Diseases. Chagas disease;
and Infectious Diseases)                                For the PhD Program in Biological Sciences    host-pathogen interactions.
Students wishing to study cellular and                  in Public Health, online submissions are      Manoj T. Duraisingh, MSc, PhD; Assistant Professor
molecular biology, immunology, virology, or             encouraged, using the Graduate School of      of Immunology and Infectious Diseases. Molecular
physiology as it pertains to major problems                                                           basis of the mechanisms underlying the pathogenesis
                                                        Arts and Sciences (GSAS) application form
                                                                                                      of Plasmodium falciparum malaria; devising vaccine
in public health should apply to the PhD                available at the web address below:           and drug strategies for control of the disease.
program offered by the Division of Biolog-              Web: http://www.gsas.harvard.edu/hils/
                                                                                                      Myron (Max) Essex, MS, DVM, PhD; Mary Woodward
ical Sciences through the Harvard Univer-               admissions_apply.html                         Lasker Professor of Health Sciences. Role of retro-
sity Graduate School of Arts and Sciences.                                                            viruses as infectious agents in AIDS; mechanisms of
The PhD program is designed to train sci-                                                             immunosuppression by retroviruses; African HIVs.
entists in state-of-the-art concepts and                                                              Sarah M. Fortune, MD; Assistant Professor of
methods in immunology, immune system                                                                  Immunology and Infectious Diseases. Molecular
disorders, virology, the biology of parasites,                                                        mechanisms by which Mycobacterium tuberculosis per-
                                                                                                      sists and causes disease in the infected host.
or important infectious diseases. For more
information about the PhD program, see
page 56.

40   H A R VA R D S C H O O L O F P U B L I C H E A LT H , 2 0 0 9 – 1 0
Laurie H. Glimcher, MD; Irene Heinz Given Professor       Daniel L. Hartl, PhD: Professor in the Department of      Joseph G. Sodroski, MD; Professor in the Depart-
of Immunology. Biochemical and genetic approaches         Immunology and Infectious Diseases. Drug resist-          ment of Immunology and Infectious Diseases. Role
to elucidate the molecular pathways that regulate         ance, genetic variation, and molecular evolution of       of the HIV-1 envelope glycoproteins in virus entry;
CD4 T helper-cell development and activation.             the malaria parasite; molecular evolution of bacterial    topological and structural analysis of the HIV-1 enve-
Michael J. Grusby, PhD; Professor of Molecular            antibiotic resistance.                                    lope glycoproteins; generation of HIV-1 neutralizing
Immunology. Molecular and genetic analysis of the         Martin S. Hirsch, MD; Professor in the Department         antibodies.
JAK/STAT signaling pathway.                               of Immunology and Infectious Diseases. Pathogen-          Bruce D. Walker, MD; Professor of Medicine in the
Tiffany Horng, PhD; Assistant Professor of Genetics       esis and therapy of human retrovirus and herpes           Department of Immunology and Infectious Diseases.
and Complex Diseases. Chromatin biology and epige-        virus infections.                                         Characterization of the correlates of immune protec-
netics; transcriptional regulation of inflammation and    Shahin Lockman, MD, SM; Assistant Professor in the        tion in HIV infection; HIV evolution under immune
immune responses.                                         Department of Immunology and Infectious Diseases.         selection pressure; HIV vaccine development.

Phyllis J. Kanki, DVM, SD; Professor of Immunology        Prevention of mother-to-child HIV-1 transmission;         Peter F. Weller, MD; Professor in the Department of
and Infectious Diseases. Pathobiology and molecular       antiretroviral therapeutics for HIV/AIDS in resource-     Immunology and Infectious Diseases. Investigations
epidemiology of HIVs; characterization of immune          limited settings.                                         pertinent to the roles of eosinophils in allergic and
responses and correlation to disease pathogenicity;       Kenneth McIntosh, MD; Professor in the Department         antiparasite immune responses and to the cellular
impact of genetic variation.                              of Immunology and Infectious Diseases. Pathogen-          biology of leukocytes underlying their functions in
                                                          esis, prevention, and treatment of pediatric respirato-   infectious and immune inflammatory responses.
Tun-Hou Lee, SM, SD; Professor of Virology. Human
and nonhuman primate retroviruses; AIDS vaccine           ry viral diseases; coronaviruses; new methods in viral    Adjunct Faculty
research and development.                                 diagnosis; epidemiology and pathogenesis of respira-
                                                                                                                    Claudio A. Hetz, PhD. University of Chile.
                                                          tory infections.
Marc Lipsitch, DPhil; Professor of Epidemiology.                                                                    Fotis C. Kafatos, MA, PhD. Imperial College, London,
Population biology of infectious agents; epidemio-        Edward A. Nardell, MD; Associate Professor in the
                                                                                                                    United Kingdom.
logic methods for emerging infections; antimicrobial      Departments of Environmental Health and Immun-
                                                          ology and Infectious Diseases. Airborne transmission      Danny A. Milner, Jr., MD. Brigham and Women’s
resistance; Streptococcus pneumoniae; immuno-
                                                          and infection control of Mycobacterium tuberculosis;      Hospital.
                                                          air disinfection with ultraviolet irradiation.            Thomas P. C. Monath, MD. Kleiner Perkins Caufield
Richard G. Marlink, MD; Bruce A. Beal, Robert L.
                                                          Edward T. Ryan, MD, DTM&H; Associate Professor            & Byers.
Beal, and Alexander S. Beal Professor of the Practice
of Public Health. Clinical, epidemiological, and exper-   in the Department of Immunology and Infectious            Robert L. Murphy, MD. Feinberg School of Medicine,
imental approaches to improve HIV/AIDS prevention,        Diseases. Enteric infections and the development of       Northwestern University.
care, and treatment in the developing world; role of      vaccines protective against such infections.              Marc A. T. Muskavitch, PhD. Boston College.
host and virus in determining HIV outcomes.               Roger L. Shapiro, MD, MPH; Assistant Professor in         Stephen J. O’Brien, PhD. National Cancer Institute.
Matthias Marti, MSc, PhD; Assistant Professor of          the Department of Immunology and Infectious Dis-
                                                                                                                    Abhay R. Satoskar, MD, PhD. Ohio State University.
Immunology and Infectious Diseases. Systematic            eases. Prevention of mother-to-child HIV transmis-
analysis of virulence domains in Plasmodium falci-        sion; HIV treatment and prevention.
parum; comparative biology of malaria parasites.
Eric J. Rubin, MD, PhD; Professor of Immunology
and Infectious Diseases. Genetics of tuberculosis.

Secondary Appointments
(primary appointments at Harvard Medical School)
Samuel M. Behar, PhD, MD; Associate Professor in
the Department of Immunology and Infectious
Diseases. Characterization of immunological path-
ways required for host defense against Mycobacterium
tuberculosis infection; mechanisms of vaccine-induced
protection against tuberculosis.
Marcia B. Goldberg, MD; Associate Professor in the
Department of Immunology and Infectious Diseases.
Characterization of the molecular mechanisms under-
lying the interactions of bacterial pathogens with host
cells; mechanisms of bacterial cell organization rele-
vant to virulence.
Anne E. Goldfeld, MD; Associate Professor in the
Department of Immunology and Infectious Diseases.
Studies on immunopathogenesis of tuberculosis and
AIDS and their integration with novel community-
based approaches to treatment; TNF gene regulation.
Donald A. Goldmann, MD; Professor in the Depart-
ment of Immunology and Infectious Diseases. Epi-
demiology of nosocomial infections; epidemiologic
approaches to medical outcomes assessment and
hospital quality improvement.

                                                                               DEPARTMENT OF IMMUNOLOGY AND INFECTIOUS DISEASES                                           41
Department of
                                                                                                       THE MISSION OF THE DEPARTMENT

                                                                                                       OF NUTRITION IS TO IMPROVE

                                                                                                       HUMAN HEALTH THROUGH EN-

                                                                                                       HANCED NUTRITION. THE DEPART-

                                                                                                       MENT STRIVES TO ACCOMPLISH THIS

                                                                                                       GOAL THROUGH RESEARCH AIMED

                                                                                                       AT IMPROVED UNDERSTANDING OF

                                                                                                       HOW DIET INFLUENCES HEALTH,
                                                                                                       THE DISSEMINATION OF NEW

                                                                                                       KNOWLEDGE ABOUT NUTRITION TO

                                                                                                       HEALTH PROFESSIONALS AND THE

                                                                                                       PUBLIC, THE DEVELOPMENT OF

                                                                                                       NUTRITIONAL STRATEGIES, AND THE
                                                                                                       EDUCATION OF RESEARCHERS AND


                                                                                                       THE DEPARTMENT OF NUTRITION PROVIDES
                                                                                                       training and research opportunities in basic
                                                                                                       science relating to nutrition and in epidemi-
                                                                                                       ologic aspects of nutrition as they affect
                                                                                                       public health. Nutrition policy and the eval-
                                                                                                       uation of nutritional interventions are long-
                                                                                                       standing interests of the department, partic-
GLOBAL COLLABORATIONS ON NUTRITION RESEARCH                                                            ularly as they concern the populations of
For more than fifteen years, Dr. Wafaie Fawzi, HSPH professor of nutrition and epidemiology,           Latin America, Africa, Asia, and the United
                                                                                                       States. Department research ranges from
has led a collaboration in Tanzania that has bridged issues of nutrition with maternal and child
                                                                                                       molecular biology to human studies of can-
health and infectious diseases. The team also has programs ongoing in India, Uganda, and
                                                                                                       cer and heart disease, including the conduct
                                                                                                       of population-based intervention trials. Stu-
“Malnutrition is a direct or indirect cause of 50 percent of ten million child deaths that occur       dents learn and use the latest techniques in
annually worldwide,” explains Fawzi. “Nutritional interventions provide relatively low-cost            biochemistry, physiology, biostatistics, epi-
approaches to improving survival and quality of life among individuals in developing coun-             demiology, and related fields. Departmental
                                                                                                       research, whether basic or applied, is rele-
                                                                                                       vant to human health.
Through numerous large randomized clinical and epidemiological research studies, Fawzi and
his team have found, for example, that prenatal vitamins reduce fetal loss, low birth weight,          Current research covers a wide range of top-
and severe prematurity. Mothers with a better nutritional status during pregnancy and lacta-           ics, including large prospective studies of
tion have children who are less likely to die in the first two years of life and less likely to have   dietary factors in relation to heart disease,
diarrheal and other infectious diseases. Multivitamins also slowed the progression of HIV dis-         cancer, diabetes, and ophthalmologic dis-
                                                                                                       ease; development of methods to assess
ease, prolonging the time before antiretroviral therapy is needed. The team also trains future
                                                                                                       nutritional status by analysis of body tissue;
leaders and policymakers to translate findings from research into public health programs.
                                                                                                       the interaction of nutritional factors with
Fawzi is principal investigator of the Nutrition and Global Health Program, part of the Harvard        genetic determinants of disease; the interac-
Initiative for Global Health. With collaborators in India, Tanzania, and Brazil and across             tion of nutritional factors and infectious
Harvard, the program aims to develop new curricula and increase the number of U.S. and                 agents; nutritional influence on blood pres-
international students engaged in nutrition and global health research. This research address-         sure; effects of nutrition programs on the
                                                                                                       mental and physical consequences of mal-
es both the unfinished agenda of undernutrition and the growing threat of obesity and non-
communicable diseases.

42    H A R VA R D S C H O O L O F P U B L I C H E A LT H , 2 0 0 9 – 1 0
nutrition; nutritional determinants of blood    as well as the biological aspects of nutri-      one minor in quantitative methods (biosta-
lipid factors; lipoprotein metabolism; mole-    tion. The overall objective of the nutritional   tistics or epidemiology) and one minor in a
cular mechanisms of diabetes and obesity;       epidemiology concentration is to enable          behavioral science relevant to the develop-
regulation of the intra- and intercellular      students to investigate relationships be-        ment of public health programs and poli-
delivery of macromolecular nutrients; and       tween diet and disease. Students in public       cies (for example, society, human develop-
the molecular mechanism leading to ather-       health nutrition combine behavioral sci-         ment, and health). For more information on
osclerosis and thrombosis.                      ences with biologic and quantitative ap-         schoolwide requirements for doctoral
                                                proaches to design and evaluate nutrition        degrees, see page 5.
Degree Programs in Nutrition                    programs, policies, and the dissemination
As described below, the department offers       of nutrition research.                           Admission to a joint program with the
two doctoral programs. The first is a pro-                                                       Department of Epidemiology requires the
gram leading to the doctor of science (SD)      Graduates are prepared for careers as            approval of both departments, and appli-
or doctor of public health (DPH) degree in      research scientists in academic institutions,    cants should contact the Department of
nutrition, with concentrations in either        private-sector organizations, and public         Nutrition before making formal application.
nutritional epidemiology or public health       health agencies in state, national, and inter-   All students in a joint program with Epi-
nutrition. The second is a doctor of philoso-   national settings. Recent graduates are now      demiology must satisfy the major require-
phy (PhD) program in biological sciences in     working at universities, research founda-        ments of both departments, complete a
public health (nutritional biochemistry/        tions, pharmaceutical companies, the Na-         minor acceptable to both, and write a dis-
cardiovascular biology). Applicants to the      tional Cancer Institute, and the American        sertation on a topic concerning both nutri-
PhD program who hold a clinical degree in       Cancer Society.                                  tion and epidemiology.
medicine, veterinary medicine, or dentistry
may prefer to follow a different curriculum     Applicants must have a strong background         For the SD and DPH programs, funding may
leading to the SD degree in nutritional bio-    in biology and mathematics. An MD or             be available through the NIH-supported
chemistry. This option may be available by      other professional health-related degree is      Training Program in Nutritional Science for
special arrangement with the department.        desirable but not required. Applicants for       students with previous doctoral degrees.
No master’s degree programs are available.      the DPH program must have or be in pro-
                                                gress toward an MPH degree and must also         Doctor of Philosophy in Biological
Doctor of Science in Nutrition/Doctor of        hold an advanced degree in a basic public        Sciences in Public Health (Nutritional
Public Health                                   health discipline.                               Biochemistry/Cardiovascular Biology)
The concentration in nutritional epidemiol-                                                      Students wishing to study cellular and
ogy or in public health nutrition, leading      For the nutritional epidemiology concentra-      molecular biology or physiology as it per-
to the SD or DPH degree, provides rigorous      tion, one of the two required minors must        tains to major problems in public health
training in epidemiology and biostatistics      be in epidemiology; for the public health
                                                nutrition concentration, students complete

                                                                                                     DEPARTMENT OF NUTRITION                  43
Please note that courses listed are subject to change and some are not offered every year.
Complete course descriptions are available at http://www.hsph.harvard.edu/registrar/
Scientific Writing in Nutrition and Epidemiology
Nutritional Epidemiology I and II
Programs and Principles of Public Health Nutrition
Molecular Basis of Nutritional and Metabolic Diseases
Advanced Topics in Nutrition and Cancer
Principles of Nutrition
Science of Human Nutrition
Nutrition Seminars I and II
Advanced Topics in Nutrition II
Seminars in Food Science and Technology
Nutritional Problems of Less-Developed Countries
Research Techniques in Nutritional Biochemistry
Seminar in Nutrition and Food Policy
Nutrition/Health Promotion in the Mass Media
Nutrition: Developing the Applied Research Practicum in Public Health
Applied Research Practicum in Public Health Nutrition
Independent Study, Tutorials

  Interdisciplinary concentration in maternal and child health/children, youth, and
  families, see page 57.
  Interdisciplinary concentration in obesity epidemiology and prevention, see
  page 57.
  MPH concentration in family and community health, see page 53.
  Nutritional epidemiology area of interest, Department of Epidemiology, see
  page 20.

should apply to the PhD program offered                 Contact Information
by the Division of Biological Sciences                  For more information about research and
through the Harvard University Graduate                 training in nutrition, please contact Colleen
School of Arts and Sciences. The PhD pro-               Bertrand, academic services coordinator,
gram in nutritional biochemistry offers                 Department of Nutrition, 655 Huntington
rigorous training in biochemistry, cell biolo-          Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, or visit the
gy, and metabolism, allowing students to                department website.
work toward solving nutritional and meta-               Phone: 617-432-1851
bolic problems in the laboratory. Students              Fax: 617-432-2435
in cardiovascular biology learn to use                  Email: cbertran@hsph.harvard.edu
cutting-edge technologies from molecular                Web: http://www.hsph.harvard.edu/
biology, biochemistry, and genetics to criti-           Academics/nutr/department
cally dissect the mechanisms underlying
cardiovascular diseases such as heart                   For the PhD Program in Biological Sciences
attacks, strokes, heart failure, atherosclero-          in Public Health, online submissions are
sis, and congenital heart disease. For more             encouraged, using the Graduate School of
information about the PhD program, see                  Arts and Sciences (GSAS) application form
page 56.                                                available at the web address below:
                                                        Web: http://www.gsas.harvard.edu/hils/

44   H A R VA R D S C H O O L O F P U B L I C H E A LT H , 2 0 0 9 – 1 0
                                                         regulatory pathways; signal transduction in mam-           Secondary Appointments
DEPARTMENT FACULTY                                       malian cells; biology of fatty-acid binding proteins.
                                                                                                                    (primary appointments at Harvard Medical School)
Please note that some faculty members may be on          Frank B. Hu, MD, MPH, PhD; Professor of Nutrition
                                                                                                                    Eunyoung Cho, SD; Assistant Professor in the
leave during academic year 2009–10.                      and Epidemiology. Nutritional and genetic epidemiol-
                                                                                                                    Department of Nutrition. Epidemiologic evaluation
Department chair: Walter C. Willett, MD, MPH, DPH;       ogy of obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease.
                                                                                                                    of diet and breast/colon/renal cell cancer and chronic
Fredrick John Stare Professor of Epidemiology and        David J. Hunter, MBBS, MPH, SD; Vincent L. Gregory         eye diseases; choline and one-carbon metabolism-
Nutrition. Nutrition; physical activity; endogenous      Professor of Cancer Prevention. Genetic epidemiolo-        related research.
hormones and risks of noncommunicable disease;           gy; cancer epidemiology; international health.
                                                                                                                    Christopher P. Duggan, MD, MPH; Associate Profes-
dietary assessment methods.
                                                         Chih-Hao Lee, PhD; Assistant Professor of Genetics         sor in the Department of Nutrition. Oral rehydration
Alberto Ascherio, MD, MPH, DPH; Professor of Epi-        and Complex Diseases. Energy metabolism regulated          solutions for acute diarrhea; nutritional requirements
demiology and Nutrition. Nutritional epidemiology;       by nuclear receptors in immunity and metabolism.           of catabolic patients; micronutrient needs in infec-
epidemiology of neurological diseases.                                                                              tious and critical illness.
                                                         Frank M. Sacks, MD; Professor of Cardiovascular
Hannia N. Campos, MS, PhD; Senior Lecturer on            Disease Prevention. Nutrition and risk factors for car-    Matthew W. Gillman, MD, SM; Professor in the
Nutrition. Essential fatty acids and chronic disease.    diovascular disease; clinical trials on macro- and         Department of Nutrition. Relationship of diet to
Wafaie W. Fawzi, MBBS, MPH, SM, DPH; Professor           micronutrients; human lipoprotein pathophysiology;         chronic conditions and diseases; early origins and
of Nutrition and Epidemiology. Etiologies of infec-      effects of dietary fat and carbohydrates.                  early-life prevention of adult chronic diseases; disease
tious diseases and perinatal conditions with empha-      Stephanie A. Smith-Warner, MS, PhD; Associate Pro-         prevention in defined populations.
sis on dietary and nutritional causes; dietary factors   fessor of Nutritional Epidemiology. Examination of         Clifford W. Lo, MD, MPH, ScD; Assistant Professor in
in disease in pregnancy and childhood.                   dietary factors in relation to cancer risk.                the Department of Nutrition. Vitamin D and calcium
Edward L. Giovannucci, MD, MPH, SD; Professor of         Meir J. Stampfer, MD, MPH, DPH; Professor of               nutrition; total parenteral nutrition.
Nutrition and Epidemiology. Etiologies of cancer with    Nutrition and Epidemiology. Influence of diet and          David S. Ludwig, MD, PhD; Associate Professor in
emphasis on dietary causes, particularly for prostate    lifestyle on health, particularly prostate cancer, other   the Department of Nutrition. Endocrinology; pediatric
and colorectal cancers; methodologies to measure         cancers, heart disease, and cognitive decline.             obesity.
dietary factors in epidemiologic studies.
                                                         Marianne Wessling-Resnick, MS, PhD; Professor of           Eric B. Rimm, SD; Associate Professor in the Depart-
Gökhan S. Hotamisligil, MD, PhD; James Stevens           Nutritional Biochemistry. Genetic disorders of iron        ments of Epidemiology and Nutrition. Nutrition; car-
Simmons Professor of Genetics and Metabolism.            metabolism at the molecular level and their implica-       diovascular disease; genetics; biomarkers; obesity;
Molecular basis of metabolic diseases; studies on        tions in complex disease.                                  chronic disease; epidemiology; cohort studies.
                                                                                                                    Rob M. Van Dam, MSc, PhD; Assistant Professor in
                                                                                                                    the Departments of Nutrition and Epidemiology.
                                                                                                                    Determinants of the development of obesity and
                                                                                                                    type-2 diabetes with a particular interest in the role of
                                                                                                                    W. Allan Walker, MPH, MD, DPH; Professor in the
                                                                                                                    Department of Nutrition. Nutrition and developmen-
                                                                                                                    tal gastroenterology; nutrition and mucosal immunol-
                                                                                                                    ogy; gastrointestinal immunology; protective func-
                                                                                                                    tions of breast milk.

                                                                                                                    Adjunct Faculty
                                                                                                                    Guy Crosby, PhD. Framingham State College.
                                                                                                                    Teresa T. Fung, MS, SD. Simmons College School of
                                                                                                                    Health Studies.
                                                                                                                    Sjúdur F. Olsen, MD, MS, DMSc, PhD. University of
                                                                                                                    Aarhus, Denmark.
                                                                                                                    Karen E. Peterson, RD, SD. University of Michigan.
                                                                                                                    Eduardo Villamor, MD, MPH, DPH. University of

                                                                                                                          DEPARTMENT OF NUTRITION                         45
Department of
            S O C I E T Y, H U M A N D E V E L O P M E N T ,
            A N D H E A LT H
                                                                                                  THE MISSION OF THE DEPARTMENT

                                                                                                  OF SOCIETY, HUMAN DEVELOPMENT,

                                                                                                  AND HEALTH (SHDH) IS TO IMPROVE

                                                                                                  HEALTH THROUGHOUT THE LIFE-

                                                                                                  SPAN, INCLUDING A SPECIAL EM-

                                                                                                  PHASIS ON CHILDREN AND ADO-


                                                                                                  THIS MISSION IS ACHIEVED THROUGH
                                                                                                  research to identify the social and behav-
                                                                                                  ioral determinants of health, development
                                                                                                  and evaluation of interventions and policies
                                                                                                  leading to the improvement of population
                                                                                                  health, and the preparation of professionals
                                                                                                  and researchers who will fill leadership
                                                                                                  positions in advocacy and public service.

                                                                                                  The department’s educational mission is to
                                                                                                  train both scholars and practitioners: schol-
                                                                                                  ars whose research will illuminate basic
                                                                                                  social determinants of health and who will
                                                                                                  identify and test innovative social policy and
                                                                                                  service interventions; practitioners who are
                                                                                                  skilled in designing, implementing, and
J. ROBIN MOON                                                                                     evaluating health-enhancing interventions in
Doctoral student, Department of Society, Human Development, and Health                            action settings.

J. Robin Moon once earned more than she had time to spend as an international management          The department highlights three areas of
consultant for Price Waterhouse. Her struggles to figure out what she really wanted out of life   interest:
have landed her in a department at HSPH known for its progressive approach to social deter-
minants of health research. “I’ve found my purpose in life,” comments Robin. She is interest-     Human development The department’s
ed in how the interplay of factors—such as socioeconomic inequality, neighborhood dispari-        emphasis on human development across
ties, and social exclusion—affect the health of vulnerable people and in turn their upward        the life course results from faculty research
mobility.                                                                                         and interest in three domains: the physical,
                                                                                                  mental, and behavioral health and well-
Robin has experienced what it is to be an immigrant in this country, moving here with her         being of children and adolescents; basic
family from South Korea. She learned about poverty through travels to Russia, Central             developmental processes (including physi-
America, and Sub-Saharan Africa; about health disparities as a director of strategic planning     cal growth, nutrition, and psychological
for World Vision, an international humanitarian organization; and about philanthropy when         development); and growing attention to the
she founded and directed the Korean American Community Foundation.                                impact of early-life conditions on long-term
                                                                                                  health and functioning. Course work in this
Since 2005 Robin has led an international research initiative for a New Orleans NGO on pub-       area of interest includes study of physical
lic markets and community health in post-Katrina New Orleans, the Brazilian Amazon region,        growth and development, principles of psy-
and Nairobi, Kenya, areas undergoing rapid transition. She is developing tools and programs       chological and social development, and lon-
that unite research and practice to measure the economic, social, and nutritional impact of       gitudinal research methods. Research con-
markets. From HSPH Robin is seeking the academic foundation to enhance efforts to bring           ducted by faculty members involves longitu-
research and practice together. “I want to be the connector,” she says, “so money is spent        dinal studies of both at-risk and community
more wisely and more people benefit.”                                                             samples, emphasizing cumulative risk and

46   H A R VA R D S C H O O L O F P U B L I C H E A LT H , 2 0 0 9 – 1 0
protective influences across the lifespan
and implications for prevention, early inter-
vention, and treatment strategies.

Planned social change This area of inter-
est focuses on the application of theory in
the design of intervention programs, as well
as on research and evaluation methodology.
The area includes work on interventions
using randomized clinical trial designs and
quasi-experimental approaches. Attention is
given to the following design steps: prob-
lem diagnosis, assessment, formative
research, program design, and evaluation.
The social settings for interventions may be
communities, workplaces, schools and col-
leges, and health care facilities. Populations
of interest include those who are under-
served, marginalized, and in special need.
Intervention strategies include educational
interventions, community organizing and          Students examine mechanisms and pro-                  children, youth, and families and/or the
development, social marketing, communi-          cesses through which social factors exert             interdisciplinary concentration in women,
cation, adult-learning approaches, and           their impact, and also investigate mecha-             gender, and health. Within the doctoral and
advocacy.                                        nisms that mediate or moderate relation-              80-credit master’s programs only, students
                                                 ships between social factors and health out-          may follow a concentration in health com-
Social determinants of health This area          comes.                                                munication. For information about school-
of interest emphasizes the analysis of the                                                             wide requirements for master’s and doctor-
major social conditions that affect the          Degree Programs in Society,                           al degrees, see page 5.
health of populations. Research stresses         Human Development, and Health
socioeconomic position, social and eco-          As described below, the department offers             Master of Science in Society, Human
nomic inequality, discrimination, social net-    both 80-credit and 42.5-credit master of sci-         Development, and Health (80-credit and
works and support, social capital, work con-     ence (SM) programs, a dual-degree mas-                42.5-credit programs)
ditions, and psychological states. Seminars,     ter’s program for nurses and social workers,          The 80-credit, professional SM program
tutorials, and courses enable students to        and a doctoral program leading to the doc-            prepares students for a variety of positions
explore a range of the health consequences       tor of science (SD) or doctor of public               in community, public, and private settings.
of various social factors by studying varied     health (DPH) degree. Students in all degree           These roles include the design, manage-
subgroups, at different times and places         programs may follow the interdisciplinary             ment, and evaluation of programs, particu-
and under diverse and changing conditions.       concentration in maternal and child health/           larly health promotion and disease preven-
                                                                                                       tion programs, health communication pro-
                                                                                                       grams, and those providing services to
                                                                                                       women, youth, and children. Other roles
                                                                                                       include work in research, public policy, and
                                                                                                       advocacy. The health communication con-
                                                                                                       centration is especially intended for those
                                                                                                       who seek positions as independent re-
                                                                                                       searchers and scholars; public health com-
                                                                                                       municators in the private sector, state and
                                                                                                       federal agencies, international agencies, and
                                                                                                       nonprofit organizations; and public health
                                                                                                       leaders who require communication skills.

                                                                                                       Recent graduates have taken such positions
                                                                                                       as the evaluator on a violence prevention
                                                                                                       program for adolescents, associate director
                                                                                                       of public health and research at George-

                                                            D E P A R T M E N T O F S O C I E T Y, H U M A N D E V E L O P M E N T, A N D H E A LT H   47
town University, assistant medical director             delineate professional goals and to develop      lished practitioners or investigators holding
of the Rhode Island Health Department,                  an area of expertise. They often focus on a      prior master’s or doctoral degrees in the
and intern in the Presidential Management               subject area (such as AIDS; addiction; car-      social/behavioral sciences, health care, or a
Program, Office of the Budget for Health                diovascular or cancer risk reduction; the        public health field. Students in this program
and Human Services; others have gone on                 health of children, adolescents, or women;       must fulfill the schoolwide requirements
to earn doctoral degrees.                               and mental health) and/or a skill area (such     and earn 15 credits in departmental courses.
                                                        as program design and evaluation, commu-         They should work closely with their advisers
Applications are encouraged from students               nication, policy analysis, or marketing). Stu-   to develop a study plan to meet their partic-
who have a strong social sciences and/or                dents must complete a practicum, which           ular academic and career goals.
natural sciences background, public health              consists of skill development in a practice
experience, and defined public health goals.            setting, two seminars, and a final paper.        Master of Science in Society, Human
Solid mathematics and writing skills and                                                                 Development, and Health (HSPH 42.5-
successful experience with course work                  In the health communication concentration,       credit program) and Master of Social
requiring critical reading and writing, draw-           students must take a core course on theo-        Work or Master of Science in Parent-
ing of inferences, and rigorous analysis are            ries of health communication, two courses        Child Nursing or in Women’s Health
crucial. Previous graduate work is not                  in health communication in applied set-          (Simmons College)
required.                                               tings, and one on advanced topics. All stu-      These professional, dual-degree programs,
                                                        dents should consult the department’s            which require that 42.5 credits be earned at
Students must earn at least 20 credits in               Curriculum and Advising Guide for a listing      HSPH, are designed to prepare nurse prac-
departmental courses. They are not required             of required courses.                             titioners and social workers for leadership
to declare an area of interest within the                                                                roles in public and private institutions serv-
department but are encouraged to take                   The 42.5-credit SM program is intended to        ing children and their families. Recent grad-
course work in all three. In addition to ful-           prepare students for research careers in         uates have taken such positions as director
filling HSPH, SHDH, and practice core                   public and private agencies. Applicants eli-     of clinical services for the Family Planning
requirements, students are expected to                  gible for the 42.5-credit program are estab-     Association of Maine and staff director for
                                                                                                         the World Health Organization Maternal
                                                                                                         Health and Safe Motherhood Program.
                                                                                                         Applicants should have a relevant bache-
  Interdisciplinary concentration in maternal and child health/children, youth, and
                                                                                                         lor’s degree and the equivalent of at least
  families, see page 57.
                                                                                                         three years of relevant experience. Inter-
  Interdisciplinary concentration in obesity epidemiology and prevention, see page 57.
                                                                                                         national applicants with equivalent degrees
  Interdisciplinary concentration in women, gender, and health, see page 58.
                                                                                                         and experience are eligible to apply. Inter-
  MPH concentration in family and community health, see page 53.
                                                                                                         national nurses must have equivalent licen-
                                                                                                         sure. Applicants must also meet the general
                                                                                                         admission requirements of both HSPH and
                                                                                                         Simmons College.

                                                                                                         Students enroll in half-time study at both
                                                                                                         Simmons College and HSPH for two aca-
                                                                                                         demic years, in addition to studying at
                                                                                                         Simmons for one summer session. See the
                                                                                                         department’s Curriculum and Advising
                                                                                                         Guide for degree requirements. Continued
                                                                                                         matriculation is dependent on maintaining
                                                                                                         satisfactory academic progress in both pro-

                                                                                                         Doctor of Science in Society, Human
                                                                                                         Development, and Health/Doctor of
                                                                                                         Public Health
                                                                                                         The doctoral program provides a common
                                                                                                         core education addressing issues of society,
                                                                                                         human development, and health at the
                                                                                                         same time as developing expertise in one
                                                                                                         of the three previously described areas of

48   H A R VA R D S C H O O L O F P U B L I C H E A LT H , 2 0 0 9 – 1 0
interest (human development, planned               Recent graduates have taken such positions
social change, and the social determinants         as Epidemic Intelligence Service officer at
of health). Students must select an academ-        the Centers for Disease Control and Preven-
ic focus in one of these areas. All students       tion (CDC) in Atlanta, postdoctoral fellow at
should consult the department’s Curricul-
um and Advising Guide for a listing of
required courses.

Current and recent doctoral students in the
department have undertaken dissertation
research projects on the following topics:
socioeconomic position, allergic disease,
and cancer risk; cross-national comparisons
of perinatal care technologies on neonatal
survival; poverty, policy, neighborhoods, and
health; effectiveness of public policies for
children with disabilities; social influences
on health behaviors of college students with
same-sex experience; depressive symptoms
in postpartum women; gender inequality
and health; measurement and social and
physical contexts of physical activity; and
cost-effectiveness of lead-poisoning preven-
tion programs.

Please note that the courses listed are subject to change and some are not offered every year. Complete course descriptions are available at

Physical Growth and Development                    Society and Its Effects on Child Health                SHDH Master’s Seminar
Nutrition in Child Growth and Development          Psychosocial Theories of Health and Health             Multilevel Statistical Methods: Concept and
Social Epidemiology                                Behavior                                               Application

Practice of Family and Community Health II         Social Services for Children, Adolescents, and         Program Planning: Design and Evaluation
                                                   Families                                               Doctoral Seminar on Society, Human
Mental Health of Children and Adolescents
                                                   Services for Children with Disabilities                Development, and Health
Media and Health Communication: Practical
Skills                                             Future Health Communication: New Media                 Innovative Strategies in Health Education
                                                   and Emerging Technologies                              Health Literacy
Society and Health
                                                   Community Intervention Research Methods                Methods for Research on Social and
Life Course Epidemiology
                                                   SHDH Department Proseminar                             Behavioral Dimensions of Public Health
Communication in Health Care Settings
                                                   Public Health Genetics: Contemporary Issues            Personality and Cognitive Development:
Race, Ethnicity, and Health: Perspectives from                                                            Application to Public Health
                                                   and Challenges
Social and Behavioral Sciences
                                                   Qualitative Research Methods for Public                Policy Analysis Methods for Public Health
Adolescent Health                                  Health                                                 MCH Seminar
Women, Health, and Development:                    Practice of Preventing Intimate Partner                Place, Migration, and Health
Reconciling Science and Policy                     Violence
Health Promotion Through Mass Media                                                                       Practicum Project Planning and Evaluation
                                                   Social Policy and Legal Dilemmas: Child
Developmental Disabilities I: Evaluation,                                                                 Health and Social Policy Doctoral Seminar
                                                   Custody and Visitation
Assessment, and Systems                                                                                   Leadership in Minority Health Policy
                                                   Applied Methods for Secondary Data
Developing Radio Communications                                                                           Sexuality and Public Health
                                                   Social and Behavioral Research Methods I
Developmental Disabilities II: Value, Policy,                                                             Issues in Minority Health Policy
                                                   Issues in MCH Programs and Policies
and Change                                                                                                Science of Learning, Behavior, and Health
                                                   Approaches to International Tobacco Control
History, Politics, and Public Health: Theories                                                            Clinical Effectiveness Seminar
                                                   and Public Health Practice
of Disease Distribution
                                                   Social Disparities, Stress, and Health                 Infant Assessment in the Context of Perinatal
Childbirth Health Policy and Epidemiology                                                                 Exposure
                                                   Aging, Life Course Social Conditions, and
High-Risk Behavior: Epidemiology and                                                                      Independent Study, Tutorials
                                                   Public Health
Prevention Strategies
                                                   Research on Social and Behavioral Health: A
                                                   Practical Guide

                                                               D E P A R T M E N T O F S O C I E T Y, H U M A N D E V E L O P M E N T, A N D H E A LT H   49
the National Development and Research
Institute in New York, research scientist at
Harvard University, project officers in phil-
anthropic foundations, and assistant pro-
fessors at schools of public health and med-
ical schools. Graduates are pursuing careers
in academia, government, and nonprofit
organizations as leading researchers, teach-
ers, policymakers, and program developers,
such as chair of a department of obstetrics
in Taiwan and chief of the lead-poisoning
branch at the CDC.

Most students enter the doctoral program
with a strong foundation in the social,
behavioral, clinical, public health, or natural
sciences and with an earned master’s de-
gree in a social science (such as sociology,
psychology, economics, political science,
public policy, and anthropology); clinical
health (such as nursing and social work);
public health (such as epidemiology and
health education); or natural sciences (such
as biology, physiology, and neurosciences).

For the SD the department may accept a                  Contact Information                                      Gregory N. Connolly, DMD, MPH; Professor of the
                                                                                                                 Practice of Public Health. Impact of policies restricting
small number of students without a mas-                 For more information about research and
                                                                                                                 smoking; structure and marketing practices of the
ter’s degree directly into the program. Can-            training in Society, Human Development,                  tobacco industry; analysis of internal tobacco industry
didates for the DPH degree must have or                 and Health, please contact Elizabeth Solo-               documents; tobacco product design and use.
be in progress toward an MPH degree and                 mon, assistant director for academic affairs             Felton J. Earls, MD; Professor of Human Behavior
must also hold an advanced degree in a                  and fellowship programs, Department of                   and Development. Community-based participatory
basic public health discipline.                         Society, Human Development, and Health,                  research; child and adolescent mental health; preven-
                                                        677 Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02115,                 tion of HIV/AIDS; prevention of violence and related
Limited funding is awarded on a competi-                or visit the department website.
                                                                                                                 Karen M. Emmons, MA, PhD; Professor of Society,
tive basis to qualified applicants in both              Phone: 617-432-3761
                                                                                                                 Human Development, and Health. Cancer disparities;
master’s and doctoral programs. Two train-              Fax: 617-432-3755                                        community-based cancer prevention interventions;
ing grants from the Maternal and Child                  Email: esolomon@hsph.harvard.edu                         health communication.
Health Bureau support some students in                  Web: http://www.hsph.harvard.edu/shdh                    Stephen E. Gilman, SM, SD; Assistant Professor of
the interdisciplinary concentration in mater-                                                                    Society, Human Development, and Health. Social epi-
nal and child health/children, youth, and                                                                        demiology of psychiatric disorders; health disparities;
                                                                                                                 and the life course.
families. A fellowship for doctoral students            DEPARTMENT FACULTY
is available in the area of cancer prevention,                                                                   Maria Glymour, SM, SD; Assistant Professor of
                                                        Please note that some faculty members may be on          Society, Human Development, and Health. Social
and some doctoral fellowships may also be               leave during academic year 2009–10.                      determinants of health in aging; cognitive change in
available for underrepresented minorities.              Department chair: Ichiro Kawachi, MD, PhD; Pro-          the elderly; socioeconomic and geographic determi-
A limited number of university-wide presi-              fessor of Social Epidemiology. Social inequalities in    nants of stroke incidence and outcomes; causal infer-
dential fellowships are awarded on a com-               health, especially related to income distribution;       ence in social epidemiology.
petitive basis to underrepresented minori-              stress and cardiovascular disease; quality of life and   Steven L. Gortmaker, MS, PhD; Professor of the
                                                        healthy aging; tobacco control.                          Practice of Health Sociology. Identifying modifiable
ties and to students from developing coun-
                                                        Dolores Acevedo-Garcia, MPA, PhD; Associate Pro-         risks for morbidity and mortality in the young, partic-
tries who are planning on public service or
                                                        fessor of Society, Human Development, and Health.        ularly those living in poverty and minority popula-
academic careers. Students receive funding
                                                        Effect of social determinants on racial and ethnic       tions, and initiating and evaluating interventions to
in other areas through research assistant-              health disparities; role of nonhealth policies on        improve these outcomes.
ships and their own grant applications.                 reducing health disparities; residential segregation;    Karestan C. Koenen, MA, PhD; Associate Professor of
                                                        immigration; children with special needs.                Society, Human Development, and Health. Trauma;
                                                        Lisa F. Berkman, MS, PhD; Thomas D. Cabot Pro-           posttraumatic stress disorder; developmental psy-
                                                        fessor of Public Policy and of Epidemiology. Social      chopathology; gene-environment interaction; psychi-
                                                        epidemiology; population health; epidemiology of         atric epidemiology.

50   H A R VA R D S C H O O L O F P U B L I C H E A LT H , 2 0 0 9 – 1 0
Nancy Krieger, MS, PhD; Professor of Society, Human         Kasisomayajula Viswanath, MA, PhD; Associate Pro-         Joan Y. Reede, MD, MPH, SM; Associate Professor
Development, and Health. Conceptual frameworks to           fessor of Society, Human Development, and Health.         in the Department of Society, Human Development,
understand, analyze, and improve population health          Health communication; health disparities; risk com-       and Health. Biomedical manpower and academic/
and reduce health inequities; ecosocial theory of dis-      munication; e-health; cancer prevention and control.      research career development; health services to and
ease distribution; societal determinants of population      David R. Williams, MPH, MA, PhD; Florence Sprague         impact of health policy on minority and other popula-
health; methodological research on improving moni-          Norman and Laura Smart Norman Professor of                tions.
toring of health inequities.                                Public Health, and Professor of African and African       Michael O. Rich, MD, MPH; Assistant Professor in
Laura D. Kubzansky, MSc, MPH, PhD; Associate                American Studies in the Faculty of Arts and Sciences.     the Department of Society, Human Development,
Professor of Society, Human Development, and                Race and SES differences in health; racism and            and Health. Children’s health and communications
Health. Psychosocial determinants of health over the        health; religion/spirituality and health; survey          media; the illness experience from the patient’s per-
life course; social inequality and health; resilience and   research methods.                                         spective.
health; biology of resilience.                                                                                        Ronald C. Samuels, MD, MPH; Assistant Professor in
                                                            Secondary Appointments
Marie C. McCormick, MD, ScD; Sumner and Esther                                                                        the Department of Society, Human Development, and
                                                            (primary appointments at Harvard Medical School)
Feldberg Professor of Maternal and Child Health.                                                                      Health. Improving data entry in immunization data-
Epidemiology of infant mortality and low birth weight;      S. Bryn Austin, SD; Assistant Professor in the Depart-    bases; using immunization databases to identify chil-
measurement of and factors associated with child            ment of Society, Human Development, and Health.           dren not receiving immunizations.
health status, especially among premature infants;          Environmental influences on nutrition, physical activi-
                                                                                                                      Edward Z. Tronick, MS, PhD; Associate Professor in
evaluation of MCH programs.                                 ty, and eating disorders in adolescents; sexual orien-
                                                                                                                      the Department of Society, Human Development, and
                                                            tation disparities in health.
Beth E. Molnar, SM, SD; Assistant Professor                                                                           Health. Neurodevelopment of infants and children
of Society, Human Development, and Health.                  Allen C. Crocker, MD; Associate Professor in the          exposed to drugs in utero; depressive symptoms and
Community-level prevention of child maltreatment;           Department of Society, Human Development, and             mother-infant interaction.
family and community violence and sequelae; social          Health. Chronic illness and developmental disabilities
                                                            in children; mechanisms of disability.                    Adjunct Faculty
and psychiatric epidemiology; prevention of adoles-
cent risk behaviors.                                        Barbara Gottlieb, MD, MPH; Associate Professor in         Jennifer D. Allen, SD. Boston College School of
                                                            the Department of Society, Human Development, and         Nursing.
Rima E. Rudd, MS, ScD; Senior Lecturer on Society,
Human Development, and Health. Health literacy;             Health. Women’s health; unintended pregnancy;             Gary G. Bennett, MA, PhD. Duke University.
pedagogy related to public health education; partici-       depression; minority and community health; adoles-        Robin J.R. Blatt, MPH. Applied Biogenuity
patory research and program design; community-              cent and school health.                                   Consultants.
based public health program design and evaluation.          Jennifer S. Haas, MD, SM; Associate Professor in the      Mary Jean Brown, SM, SD. National Center for
Jack P. Shonkoff, MD; Julius B. Richmond FAMRI              Department of Society, Human Development, and             Environmental Health.
Professor of Child Health and Development. Early-           Health. Disparities in health and health status; the
                                                                                                                      Stephen L. Buka, SM, AM, SD. Brown University.
childhood policy; childhood roots of disparities in         role of neighborhood characteristics on health behav-
                                                            iors and outcomes; prescription drug policy.              Johanna T. Dwyer, MS, SM, SD. Tufts Medical Center.
health and learning; development and translation of
the science of health, learning, and behavior.              Charles J. Homer, MD, MPH; Associate Professor in         Michael L. Ganz, MS, MPhil, PhD. Abt Associates,
                                                            the Department of Society, Human Development,             Inc.
Jay G. Silverman, MS, PhD; Associate Professor of
Society, Human Development, and Health. Etiology,           and Health. Application of epidemiologic methods to       Roberta E. Goldman, MA, PhD. Brown University.
epidemiology, and prevention of adolescent and adult        assess the effectiveness of health care services.
                                                                                                                      David T. Helm, MA, PhD. Children’s Hospital Boston.
intimate-partner violence; sexual and reproductive          Ellice S. Lieberman, MD, MPH, DPH; Professor in
                                                                                                                      Daniel J. Kindlon, MS, PhD. Clinical Psychologist.
health in the context of adolescent and adult inti-         the Department of Society, Human Development, and
mate-partner violence; health effects of exposure to        Health. Perinatal epidemiology; risk factors for          Lawrence C. Kleinman, MD, MPH. Quality Matters,
intimate-partner violence among children.                   adverse pregnancy outcomes; assessment of new             Inc.

Glorian Sorensen, MPH, PhD; Professor of Society,           technologies and care practices in obstetrics.            Michael G. Marmot, MBBS, MPH, PhD. University of
Human Development, and Health. Cancer prevention            Charles A. Nelson, PhD; Professor in the Department       London, United Kingdom.
and control; worksite and community intervention            of Society, Human Development, and Health. Dev-           Karen E. Peterson, RD, SD. University of Michigan.
research; tobacco control; nutrition education.             elopmental cognitive neuroscience; risk factors for
                                                                                                                      Norma M. Swenson, MPH. Consultant.
S. V. Subramanian, MA, MPhil, PhD; Associate Pro-           atypical brain-behavioral development; effects of early
                                                            experience.                                               Lisa Tieszen, MA. Beth Israel Deaconess Medical
fessor of Society, Human Development, and Health.
Understanding the role of geographic, spatial, and          Judith S. Palfrey, MD; Professor in the Department of
institutional contexts (e.g., neighborhoods, schools,       Society, Human Development, and Health. Develop-          Deborah K. Walker, EdM, EdD. Abt Associates, Inc.
workplaces) in influencing population health.               ment of preschool children; interface of health and
                                                            educational services for children.

                                                                          D E P A R T M E N T O F S O C I E T Y, H U M A N D E V E L O P M E N T, A N D H E A LT H         51

Master                 of
     P U B L I C H E A LT H P R O G R A M
                                                                                                     THE MASTER OF PUBLIC HEALTH

                                                                                                     (MPH) DEGREE IS THE MOST WIDELY
                                                                                                     RECOGNIZED PROFESSIONAL CRE-

                                                                                                     DENTIAL FOR LEADERSHIP IN PUBLIC

                                                                                                     HEALTH. THE PROGRAM EMPHASIZES

                                                                                                     ACTIVE, STUDENT-DIRECTED LEARN-

                                                                                                     ING, PROBLEM SOLVING, AND THE

                                                                                                     ACQUISITION OF SKILLS ESSENTIAL

                                                                                                     TO THE PRACTICE OF PUBLIC


                                                                                                     THE PROGRAM IS ORGANIZED AROUND
                                                                                                     seven career-oriented concentrations (see
                                                                                                     below). In addition to the common core
                                                                                                     curriculum, each concentration offers spe-
                                                                                                     cialty electives and a selection of areas of
                                                                                                     interest, allowing students to explore in
                                                                                                     depth one or more spheres of relevance to
                                                                                                     their career goals. The concentrations and
                                                                                                     areas of interest enable students in the
                                                                                                     interdisciplinary MPH program to establish
                                                                                                     a second “home” in one of the school’s
                                                                                                     academic departments, such as Health
                                                                                                     Policy and Management or Global Health
                                                                                                     and Population.
                                                                                                     Coming from all parts of the world, MPH
Master of public health student
                                                                                                     students bring a wide variety of back-
“Loss of biodiversity is one of the greatest threats to public health in the twenty-first century,   grounds and experiences to the program.
but this has gone largely unrecognized,” asserts Aaron Bernstein. Over half of the most fre-         The majority of these students are health
quently prescribed drugs in the United States, for example, are derived from nature, he says,        professionals, with a minimum of three or
but with current extinction rates we may lose species that hold drugs for presently incurable        more years of work experience, who are pre-
diseases before we even know they exist. Biodiversity is also the substrate for such ecosystem       paring for advancement in their organiza-
services as air and water filtration performed by the species that live in forests and water-        tions or for transition into new fields.
                                                                                                     Applicants ordinarily hold a doctoral degree
sheds. “HSPH is one of few schools of public health that pays any attention to these issues,
                                                                                                     (or foreign degree equivalent) in medicine,
and that’s why I’m here.”
                                                                                                     dentistry, veterinary medicine, law, or other
Aaron originally received degrees in human biology and music from Stanford University. He            fields related to public health—for example,
plays the viola and has studied music at Oxford. By the end of college, he was also interested       biology, other natural sciences, behavioral
in climate change, ozone depletion, and the loss of biodiversity. He went to medical school at       sciences, or social sciences. Individuals
the University of Chicago, where he began to pair his interests in global environment change         with a master’s degree in nursing, social
                                                                                                     work, business administration, or a field
with medicine.
                                                                                                     closely related to public health (see above)
“As a pediatrician I am primarily concerned with the future for our children,” he says. HSPH         and who have at least three years of health-
has provided him with the quantitative methods and public policy knowledge to bring these            related work experience may also be consid-
issues to attention at the state and federal levels. After graduation Aaron will be on faculty at    ered for admission to the program. Prefer-
Children’s Hospital and Harvard Medical School (HMS) and continue work at the HMS Center             ence is given to applicants with clearly iden-
for Health and the Global Environment—caring for the present and future health of children.          tified career goals relevant to the program
                                                                                                     and who demonstrate a strong academic

52   H A R VA R D S C H O O L O F P U B L I C H E A LT H , 2 0 0 9 – 1 0
background. Those without the required
professional training or experience should
consider an 80-credit master of science pro-
gram offered by one of the HSPH depart-

Students currently enrolled in MD, DO,
DMD, or DDS programs (and some law
students) who have a career interest in pub-
lic health and/or preventive medicine are
also eligible to apply for admission to the
MPH program. Medical and dental students
undertake the MPH program while on leave
of absence between the third and fourth
years of medical or dental school. They
receive the MPH degree upon successful
completion of both programs and conferral
of the doctoral degree. The MPH program
serves as a required academic year for resi-
dency training in general preventive medi-
cine, aerospace medicine, or occupational
and environmental medicine.

Students accepted to Harvard Law School
may simultaneously pursue an MPH under
Harvard’s JD/MPH joint degree program.
Prospective students should apply to the
joint program either concurrently with their
application to Harvard Law School or dur-       students complete the requirements for the        provide the analytic and quantitative train-
ing their first semester of law school. HSPH    degree over a period of two or three years.       ing necessary to evaluate clinical practices.
course work begins in the summer follow-        Students may elect to begin their course          Major areas of professional interest for con-
ing the first year of law school and contin-    work in July by enrolling in the Summer           centrators include clinical epidemiology and
ues over the next two years.                    Session for Public Health Studies; those          biostatistics, cost-effectiveness analysis,
                                                interested in this option should contact the      medical decision analysis, health services
MPH students are required to complete a         Office for Educational Programs for guid-         research, quality improvement in health
minimum of 42.5 course credits and must         ance.                                             care, and measurement of health-related
fulfill core requirements in the fundamental                                                      quality of life. The concentration is limited to
public health disciplines (see page 5) and      A summer-only MPH program is also avail-          clinicians enrolled initially in the Summer
a course on the ethical basis of the practice   able for students in two concentrations:          Program in Clinical Effectiveness.
of public health. Within their selected con-    quantitative methods and clinical effective-
centration students choose a second tier of     ness. The program can be completed by tak-        Along with the broad perspective the pro-
recommended or required courses and             ing courses in three consecutive enroll-          gram offers on general aspects of public
complete a practice course, which generally     ments in the Summer Session for Public            health, this training provides a basis for
serves as the required culminating experi-      Health Studies; students in this program          identifying the health policy implications
ence, following concentration guidelines.       can also take courses during the HSPH             and public health benefits of clinical investi-
Beyond the program and concentration re-        WinterSession. Students wishing to apply          gations. The concentration prepares physi-
quirements, students are encouraged to          for the summer MPH in quantitative meth-          cians for clinical research responsibilities
consult with faculty advisers to choose elec-   ods or clinical effectiveness must observe        and for leadership roles in evaluating and
tive courses best suited to their needs. Re-    the same admissions deadlines as all MPH          improving all aspects of health care delivery.
quirements and concentration guidelines         degree applicants.                                Most graduates hold positions in academic
are available from the Office for Educational                                                     medicine.
Programs.                                       Concentration goals and areas of interest
                                                are described below:                              Family and community health This con-
MPH candidates may complete the degree                                                            centration focuses on the promotion of
requirements on a full-time or part-time        Clinical effectiveness Concerned with             health and the prevention of disease, espe-
basis (or may change from one status to         identifying the most appropriate, ethical,        cially in more vulnerable populations.
the other). Full-time students normally com-    and cost-effective means of providing health      Course work emphasizes strategies for
plete the program in two consecutive sem-       care through prevention, early detection, or      needs assessment and establishment of
esters (September through May). Part-time       treatment, the concentration is designed to       health objectives, data collection and analy-

                                                                                            M A S T E R O F P U B L I C H E A LT H P R O G R A M   53
                                                                                                         organizations, donor aid agencies, private
                                                                                                         voluntary organizations, research and aca-
                                                                                                         demic institutions, and the private sector.

                                                                                                         The program is intended to prepare health
                                                                                                         professionals with prior international health
                                                                                                         experience for leadership roles in the prac-
                                                                                                         tice of international health, with a special
                                                                                                         emphasis on the populations in developing
                                                                                                         countries. Graduates of the program work
                                                                                                         in national ministries of health, internation-
                                                                                                         al organizations, donor aid agencies, private
                                                                                                         voluntary organizations, research and aca-
                                                                                                         demic institutions, and the private sector.

                                                                                                         Health care management and policy This
                                                                                                         concentration offers training with either a
                                                                                                         management or a policy focus. In addition
                                                                                                         to fulfilling the MPH core requirements,
                                                                                                         students select from clusters of courses to
                                                                                                         gain depth in their chosen focus area. Stu-
sis, leadership skills, consultation, commu-            ideas, including demography and epidemi-         dents choosing the management focus take
nication, advocacy, and policy formation                ology, the organization of health systems,       courses providing practical management
in the public sector. Beyond the MPH core               the ethical basis of resource allocation, pol-   skills, such as accounting, finance, opera-
requirements students are encouraged to                 itical economy, health economics and fi-         tions, marketing, information systems, qual-
develop expertise in a focus area geared to             nancing, and health and human rights and         ity improvement, management of people,
their professional interests. Areas of inter-           humanitarian studies.                            and strategy determination. Students select-
est include maternal and child health,                                                                   ing the policy focus take courses in health
women and health, mental health, violence               The program is intended to prepare health        economics, political science, and applied
and substance abuse, health disparities,                professionals with relevant prior experience     policy in areas like payment systems, insur-
community health, health promotion, and                 for leadership roles in the practice of global   ance, mental health and substance abuse,
disease prevention.                                     health. Graduates of the program work in         community health, and health promotion
                                                        national ministries of health, international     and disease prevention.
The concentration prepares students for
working in diverse spheres, including feder-
al, state, and local government; advocacy
groups; voluntary health organizations; and
community-based primary care settings in
the United States and other countries.
Posts filled by graduates of this concentra-
tion include state health director; medical
director of programs for child, adolescent,
and women’s health; health policy analyst;
and health educator. Other graduates have
gone on to academic positions.

Global health This concentration empha-
sizes the development of skills leading to
the ability to understand and evaluate spe-
cific public health issues affecting popula-
tions in developing countries, explore
strategic planning methods for both crisis
management and the creation of policy ini-
tiatives, and examine their effects on
national health systems. Because of the
multisectoral nature of health improvement
in developing countries, students are
exposed to a wide range of disciplines and

54   H A R VA R D S C H O O L O F P U B L I C H E A LT H , 2 0 0 9 – 1 0
                                                                                                   ments of the two-year Occupational and
                                                                                                   Environmental Medicine Residency. This
                                                                                                   area is also intended for other physicians
                                                                                                   who wish to satisfy the didactic require-
                                                                                                   ments of the American Board of Preventive
                                                                                                   Medicine for certification in occupational
                                                                                                   and environmental medicine. The require-
                                                                                                   ments for the master of occupational health
                                                                                                   (MOH) degree are similar to those of the
                                                                                                   MPH in occupational medicine; physicians
                                                                                                   may elect either degree.

                                                                                                   Quantitative methods In addition to a
                                                                                                   strong foundation in public health, the con-
                                                                                                   centration provides students with the neces-
                                                                                                   sary quantitative and analytic skills to
                                                                                                   approach and solve problems in clinical and
                                                                                                   public health research and practice. The
                                                                                                   concentration emphasizes study design,
                                                                                                   data analysis, and the application of quanti-
                                                                                                   tative methods. Major areas of interest
                                                                                                   include epidemiology, biostatistics, decision
                                                                                                   sciences, demography, needs measurement,
                                                                                                   and program evaluation.
The concentration prepares students for         centration is open to individuals who hold a
leadership positions in health care organiza-   U.S. or foreign law degree or who are pur-         The program is geared toward health pro-
tions that provide direct care (such as hos-    suing a law degree at Harvard Law School           fessionals requiring analytical and statistical
pitals, group practices, and home health        (through the JD/MPH joint degree pro-              skills for successful public health practice
agencies), those that pay for and/or organ-     gram).                                             and research. It is designed for both mid-
ize health care (such as governments,                                                              career health professionals and those in the
health insurers, and health maintenance         Occupational and environmental health              early stages of their careers. The program
organizations), and those that supply direct-   This concentration focuses on workplace            prepares graduates to take on leadership
care providers (such as pharmaceutical          and environmental hazards, the physiologic         roles in clinical and population-based health
companies and biotechnology firms). Pro-        and biomechanical aspects of work, the             research in government, health care institu-
gram graduates fill many roles—from con-        risks posed by the interaction of genetic          tions, and private industry. Many graduates
sultants and staff analysts to middle-          and environmental factors, and a practical         hold positions in academic medicine.
management and executive positions.             approach to solving health problems in vari-
                                                ous work and community settings. The con-          Contact Information
Law and public health This concentration        centration features three areas of interest:       For more information about the MPH pro-
introduces lawyers to the science of public     occupational/environmental medicine,               gram or the summer MPH in quantitative
health, provides them with skills in analysis   occupational health, and environmental             methods or clinical effectiveness, please
of public health problems, and allows them      health.                                            contact Roberta Gianfortoni, assistant dean
to design a curriculum that will meet their                                                        for professional education, Office for
particular interests. Beyond the MPH core       The program is designed for physicians and         Educational Programs, 677 Huntington
requirements, which include law-related         other professionals who intend to practice         Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, or visit the pro-
courses, lawyers are encouraged to develop      occupational/environmental medicine or to          gram website.
an area of interest by choosing elective        hold responsible positions in occupational         Phone: 617-432-0090
courses in a specific field such as health      and/or environmental policy and manage-            Fax: 617-432-3365
care delivery or environmental health.          ment. The occupational/environmental               Email: roberta@hsph.harvard.edu
                                                medicine area fulfills the first-year require-     Web: http://www.hsph.harvard.edu/mph
The concentration is designed to train lead-
ers in the field of public health law. Grad-
uates are prepared for careers in a variety       RELATED OFFERINGS
of settings, including health or environmen-      Master of occupational health, see page 13.
tal law work in a law firm, nongovernmental       Occupational and Environmental Medicine Residency, see page 14.
organization, or in-house counsel’s office;       Summer Program in Clinical Effectiveness, see page 59.
policy positions in local, state, and federal     Summer Session for Public Health Studies, see page 59.
government; or posts in academia. The con-

                                                                                             M A S T E R O F P U B L I C H E A LT H P R O G R A M   55



IN MOST OF THESE DEPARTMENTS , TWO                        a bachelor’s degree and undergraduate            Students must also write and defend a dis-
doctoral degrees are offered: the doctor of               preparation in advanced-level biology and        sertation, generally within five or six years of
philosophy (PhD) and the doctor of science                chemistry (both physical and organic), cal-      beginning the program.
(SD). The PhD programs generally center                   culus, and physics appropriate for mastery
on laboratory-based investigation in the bio-             of the biology material. Those deficient in      Participating HSPH departments offer PhD
logical sciences, whereas the SD programs                 one of these areas may be admitted provi-        programs in the following areas:
emphasize epidemiological analysis. The                   sionally on the condition that appropriate       • genetics and complex diseases (molecu-
PhD program is administered by the Divi-                  courses will be taken before and/or after          lar mechanisms of adaptive responses to
sion of Biological Sciences.                              entering the program. Applicants are               stress; molecular and cellular toxicology;
                                                          required to take the GRE general test in           radiobiology; nutritional biochemistry;
Doctor of Philosophy in Biological                        time to meet the application deadline of           genetic and molecular mechanisms of
Sciences in Public Health                                 December 8, 2009. Please note that Grad-           chronic diseases such as obesity, dia-
Students wishing to study cellular and                    uate School of Arts and Sciences applica-          betes, and cancer)
molecular biology or physiology as it per-                tion forms must be used when applying to         • environmental health (molecular and inte-
tains to major problems in public health                                                                     grative physiological sciences)
                                                          the PhD Program in Biological Sciences in
                                                                                                           • immunology and infectious diseases
should apply to the PhD Program in Bio-                   Public Health.
                                                                                                             (immunology and molecular biology of
logical Sciences in Public Health (BPH).
                                                                                                             parasitic and other infections)
                                                          The BPH program offers a firm foundation
                                                                                                           • nutrition (biochemistry; cardiovascular
                                                          in the basic biomedical sciences, as well as
                                                          in epidemiology and biostatistics. The pro-
                                                          gram also features interdisciplinary train-
                                                                                                           All students admitted to the PhD program
                                                          ing, with students taking courses in several
                                                                                                           receive a stipend, as well as tuition and
                                                          different departments to meet their individ-
                                                                                                           health insurance support. Students are
                                                          ual requirements. All students complete
                                                                                                           encouraged to apply for fellowships from
                                                          courses in a minimum of four of the seven
                                                                                                           outside sources since certain external fel-
                                                          core areas (molecular biology, cell biology,
                                                                                                           lowships provide higher stipends. While
                                                          biochemistry, genetics, physiology, toxi-
                                                                                                           funds to support international students are
                                                          cology/cancer cell biology, immunology/
                                                                                                           limited, one special scholarship is available
                                                          infectious diseases). Other requirements
                                                                                                           each year for a student from a developing,
                                                                                                           sub-Saharan African country. Harvard Uni-
     COURSES OF INSTRUCTION                                                                                versity presidential funds also support inter-
     Complete course descriptions are available at                                                         national doctoral students. A university-
     http://www.register.fas.harvard.edu/Courses/BiologicalSciencesinPublicHealth.html.                    wide fellowship program provides funding
                                                                                                           to qualified underrepresented minority stu-
                                                                                                           dents in the sciences.
This program offers the PhD degree                        for the first two years of study include the
through the Harvard University Graduate                   following: courses in epidemiology, biosta-
                                                                                                           Contact Information
School of Arts and Sciences.                              tistics, and the conduct of science; three
                                                                                                           For the PhD Program in Biological Sciences
                                                          ten-week laboratory rotations; and two criti-
                                                                                                           in Public Health, online submissions are
Graduates ordinarily assume positions as                  cal-reading courses. Elective courses taken
                                                                                                           encouraged, using the Graduate School of
faculty members and research scientists                   during the first two years cover principles of
                                                                                                           Arts and Sciences (GSAS) application form
in graduate schools, medical schools,                     toxicology, introductory cancer biology,
                                                                                                           available at the web address below:
research institutes, or schools of public                 genetic toxicology, cell response to muta-
                                                                                                           Web: http://www.gsas.harvard.edu/hils/
health. Career opportunities in the biologi-              gens and carcinogens, human physiology,
cal sciences as they apply to public health               advanced respiratory physiology, advanced
are expected to grow both in academia                     topics in physiology, immunology, cellular
                                                                                                           Applicants with specific questions about the
and in the biotechnology and pharmaceuti-                 and molecular biology of parasites, and the
                                                                                                           PhD program may contact Ruth Kenworthy,
cal industries.                                           science of human nutrition. At the end of
                                                                                                           administrator, Division of Biological Sci-
                                                          the second year, students must take a pre-
                                                                                                           ences, 665 Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA
To qualify for admission, applicants must                 liminary qualifying examination to assess
demonstrate strong enthusiasm and capa-                   their ability and preparation for an original,
                                                                                                           Phone: 617-432-2932
city for the vigorous pursuit of scientific               laboratory-based scientific investigation.
                                                                                                           Fax: 617-432-4033
knowledge. Minimum requirements include
                                                                                                           Email: rkenwort@hsph.harvard.edu
                                                                                                           Web: http://www.hsph.harvard.edu/bph
56     H A R VA R D S C H O O L O F P U B L I C H E A LT H , 2 0 0 9 – 1 0
D I V I S I O N O F P U B L I C H E A LT H P R A C T I C E                                           INTERDISCIPLINARY
                                                                                                     C O N C E N T R AT I O N I N
(DPHP) was created in 1997 in response to
                                                                                                     M AT E R N A L A N D C H I L D
a national call by the Institute of Medicine                                                         H E A LT H / C H I L D R E N ,
for dedication to public health practice. The                                                        YOUTH, AND FAMILIES
mission of the division is to translate pas-
                                                                                                     THE GOAL OF THE CONCENTRATION IS TO
sion and learning into advances that protect
                                                                                                     improve the health of children and their
the health of all. DPHP serves as a bridge
                                                                                                     families through educating leaders in ma-
between academia and the community
                                                                                                     ternal and child health/children, youth, and
through initiatives such as MassCONECT
                                                                                                     families (MCH/CYF). This interdepartmen-
(Massachusetts Community Networks to
                                                                                                     tal concentration is geared toward students
Eliminate Cancer Disparities through Edu-
                                                                                                     who desire careers in public health pro-
cation, Research, and Training), the Tobacco
                                                                                                     grams for children and their families, and
Control Research Program, health dispari-
                                                                                                     those interested in research and/or teach-
ties research, the Leadership Initiative, the
                                                                                                     ing in this area. The curriculum focuses on
HSPH Center for Public Health Prepared-
                                                                                                     the health problems of the target popula-
ness, investigation of health care for home-
                                                                                                     tion, programmatic and policy responses,
less populations, and promotion of
                                                  Council and sponsors a number of events,           appropriate research techniques, and spe-
community-based collaborative research
                                                  including the Barry R. Bloom Public Health         cific leadership skills in courses in the four
and linkages with Harvard Catalyst, the uni-
                                                  Practice Leadership Speaker Series,                participating departments: Society, Human
versity’s clinical and translational science
                                                  Community Partnership Day and Agency               Development, and Health, Global Health
center. The division also helps to prepare
                                                  Information Fair, the Julius B. Richmond           and Population, Nutrition, and Epidem-
students for leadership positions; nurtures
                                                  Award and Lecture, and the William A.              iology. The MCH/CYF concentration con-
community partnerships to meet health
                                                  Hinton Lecture.                                    sists of four areas of study: MCH/CYF and
challenges; and works to strengthen its
                                                                                                     human development, MCH/CYF and nutri-
commitment to service, education, and
research opportunities for the school’s stu-      Contact Information                                tion, child rights and global health, and
                                                  For more information on the Division of            characterizing the health problems of chil-
dents, faculty, and practitioners. DPHP col-
                                                  Public Health Practice or the programs and         dren and their families. As the concentra-
laborates with the HSPH Office for Educa-
                                                  practice opportunities sponsored by the            tion does not offer a degree, prospective
tional Programs to provide practice oppor-
                                                  division, please visit the web address below:      students must apply to a department-based
tunities for HSPH students by matching
                                                  http://www.hsph.harvard.edu/academics/             degree program and must complete the
them with appropriate host agencies, insti-
                                                  public-health-practice                             requirements for both the academic pro-
tutions, and community organizations. The
                                                  Phone: 617-495-4000                                gram and the concentration. The number of
division supports the Student Advisory
                                                                                                     required credits for the concentration
                                                                                                     ranges from 7.5 to 10 credits, depending on
                                                                                                     the student’s degree program.
EPIDEMIOLOGY AND PREVENTION                                                                          Contact Information
                                                  or Society, Human Development, and                 For more information about research and
                                                  Health. Students must fulfill the require-         training in maternal and child health/
is designed for students interested in train-
                                                  ments of the home department, which                children, youth, and families, please
ing in the theoretical, methodological, and
                                                  issues the degree, and the requirements of         contact Trish Lavoie, program administra-
applied knowledge and skills necessary to
                                                  the concentration, which include core cours-       tor, Department of Society, Human
conduct obesity-related epidemiologic and
                                                  es in nutritional and obesity epidemiology         Development, and Health, 665 Huntington
prevention research. The concentration
                                                  and obesity prevention. The concentration is       Avenue, Boston, MA 02115.
includes obesity epidemiology and preven-
                                                  limited to doctoral and two-year master’s          Phone: (617) 432-0964
tion in international settings. Areas of train-
                                                  students; 10 credits are required.                 Fax: (617) 432-3755
ing include assessment of obesity in indi-
                                                                                                     Email: tlavoie@hsph.harvard.edu
viduals and populations; biological and
                                                  Contact Information                                Web: http://www.hsph.harvard.edu/mch-
social determinants of obesity; epidemiolog-
                                                  For more information about research and            concentration/mch-concentration
ic and prevention study designs; health and
social consequences of obesity; worksite-,        training in obesity epidemiology and preven-
community-, and school-based interven-            tion, please contact the Obesity Epidem-
tions; gene-environment interactions; and         iology and Prevention Program Office,
global obesity epidemiology and prevention.       Department of Nutrition, 655 Huntington
As the concentration does not offer a             Avenue, Boston, MA 02115.
degree, prospective students must apply to        Phone: 617-432-1333
a degree program, which can be in any of          Fax: 617-432-2435
three departments: Nutrition, Epidemiology,

                                                                                            D I V I S I O N O F P U B L I C H E A LT H P R A C T I C E   57
                                                         I N T E R D I S C I P L I N A R Y C O N C E N T R AT I O N I N W O M E N ,
                                                         G E N D E R , A N D H E A LT H
                                                        T HIS INTERDISCIPLINARY CONCENTRATION
                                                        is geared toward students who desire                COURSES OF INSTRUCTION
                                                        careers in research, teaching, and programs         Please note that the courses listed are subject to
                                                        related to women, gender, and health.               change.
                                                        Addressing issues of women, gender, and             Women, Gender, and Health
                                                        health (WGH) requires the study of the
                                                                                                            Advanced Topics in Women, Gender, and Health
                                                        health of women and girls—and men and
                                                                                                            Women, Gender, and Health: Critical Issues in
                                                        boys—throughout the life course, with gen-          Mental Health
                                                        der, gender equality, and biology under-
                                                                                                            Women, Gender, and Health: Introductory
                                                        stood as important and interacting determi-         Perspectives
                                                        nants of well-being and disease. Areas of
INTERDISCIPLINARY                                                                                           Issues in Mental Health: Independent Study
                                                        study also include gender and gender
C O N C E N T R AT I O N I N T H E                                                                          Independent Study
                                                        inequality in relation to individuals’ treat-
EPIDEMIOLOGY OF                                         ment by and participation in health and
INFECTIOUS DISEASE                                      medical care systems; the physical, eco-         of the concentration, which include core
                                                        nomic, and social conditions in which indi-      courses in women, gender, and health; gen-
E DUCATION AND RESEARCH ON ASPECTS                      viduals live; and their ability to promote       der analysis; and women’s health.
of infectious disease occur in a number of              the health of their families, their communi-
HSPH departments, including the Depart-                 ties, and themselves. Inherent within these      Contact Information
ments of Biostatistics, Epidemiology, Global            studies is the protection of human rights        For more information about research and
Health and Population, Health Policy and                as fundamental to health and the recogni-        training in women, gender, and health,
Management, and Immunology and Infec-                   tion of diversity and inequality among           please contact the WGH Program Office,
tious Diseases. These departments partici-              women—and men—in relation to race/               Room 1202, 665 Huntington Avenue,
pate in the interdisciplinary concentration             ethnicity, nationality, class, sexuality, and    Boston, MA 02115, or visit the concentra-
in the epidemiology of infectious disease,              age. As the concentration does not offer a       tion website.
which focuses on population studies incor-              degree, prospective students must apply          Phone: 617-432-3690
porating both epidemiologic and laboratory              to a degree program, which can be in any         Fax: 617-432-3755
methods. This concentration is intended to              department. Students must fulfill the re-        Email: wgh@hsph.harvard.edu
provide training for those students who                 quirements of the home department, which         Web: http://www.hsph.harvard.edu/wgh
desire careers in research and teaching in              issues the degree, and the requirements
infectious disease. As the concentration is a
nondegree program, prospective students
must apply to a program in one of the par-
ticipating departments, which will issue the
degree. Upon matriculation students may
then elect to participate in this concentra-
tion. Students are responsible for fulfilling
the requirements of the academic program
within the home department in addition to
the requirements of the concentration.
Students who complete the required 15
credits receive a certificate.

Contact Information
For more information about research and
training in the epidemiology of infectious
                                                        RESEARCH CENTERS
disease, please contact Felisa Nobles, pro-
ology, 677 Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA                areas of importance to public health. These efforts tend to be multidisciplinary in their
02115, or visit the concentration website.              approach, bringing together faculty members from several HSPH departments and in some
Phone: 617-432-1498                                     cases from several faculties at Harvard University. Faculty affiliated with the centers offer
Fax: 617-566-7805                                       courses in their field of interest through the school’s academic departments and often pro-
Email: fnobles@hsph.harvard.edu                         vide opportunities for student involvement in research. Schoolwide research groups currently
Web: http://www.idepi.hsph.harvard.edu                  include the Center for Decision Science, Center for Health Communication, François-Xavier
                                                        Bagnoud Center for Health and Human Rights, HSPH AIDS Initiative, Harvard Center for
                                                        Population and Development Studies, and Harvard Injury Control Research Center.

58   H A R VA R D S C H O O L O F P U B L I C H E A LT H , 2 0 0 9 – 1 0

SUMMER PROGRAM                                    S U M M E R S E S S I O N F O R P U B L I C H E A LT H S T U D I E S
EFFECTIVENESS                                     the core areas of public health in two intensive sessions. Courses in the program help stu-
                                                  dents develop the ability to define, assess, and evaluate the health needs of populations; to
                                                  participate in the development of health policy; and to ensure the delivery of health services.
effectiveness—affiliated with Brigham and
Women’s Hospital, Massachusetts General
                                                  Students in the Summer Session attend one or two three-week sessions in July and August.
Hospital, and Harvard Medical School—is
                                                  The 2009 curriculum includes courses in biostatistics, epidemiology, health care manage-
intended for physicians who have complet-
                                                  ment, health policy, ethics, environmental health, global health, and social and behavioral
ed their residencies and wish to obtain the
                                                  science. Each course offers 2.5 credits, and the maximum recommended course load is 5
quantitative and analytical skills needed for
                                                  credits (two courses) per session. Because the course work is very intensive and fast paced,
careers in clinical research. Candidates
                                                  students registered for two courses in a session should not have other work commitments.
must be fellows or faculty members and are
usually sponsored by their clinical depart-
                                                  The Summer Session is intended for health professionals in training or those who are con-
ments or divisions. Students attend an
                                                  sidering a midcareer change into public health and feel the need to strengthen their skills.
intensive, seven-week, 15-credit summer
                                                  Participants include public health professionals, primary care practitioners, physicians
program, comprising courses in biostatis-
                                                  engaged in the evaluation of health care delivery and management, physicians in training
tics, epidemiology, and health policy and
                                                  (including preventive medicine residents and medical students in an MD/MPH joint-degree
management. Upon completion of the sum-
                                                  program), and candidates for a part-time MPH program. Students accepted for admission
mer program, qualified participants who
                                                  to an HSPH degree program may choose to begin their studies early by enrolling in the
apply and are admitted to a degree program
                                                  Summer Session; these students will have greater flexibility in course selection during the
may apply these academic credits toward
                                                  academic year. Other students may subsequently seek admission to an HSPH degree pro-
the requirements for either a master of pub-
                                                  gram. Students eligible for the MPH in the quantitative methods or clinical effectiveness con-
lic health (MPH) or a master of science
                                                  centrations may apply for a summer-only MPH, which must be completed in three consecu-
(SM) degree.
                                                  tive summers.
HSPH offers two specifically relevant degree
programs: the MPH with a concentration in
                                                  Contact Information
                                                  For more information about the Summer Session, please contact Nancy Perna, administra-
clinical effectiveness and the SM in epidem-
                                                  tive assistant for summer programs, Office of Educational Programs, 677 Huntington
iology, with an area of interest in clinical
                                                  Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, or visit the program website.
epidemiology. Qualified participants may
                                                  Phone: 617-432-0091
fulfill requirements for the summer-only SM
                                                  Fax: 617-432-3365
in epidemiology by attending classes during
                                                  Email: summer@hsph.harvard.edu
a second summer period and completing a
                                                  (specify Summer Session on subject line)
supervised research project (5–12.5 credits).
                                                  Web: http://www.hsph.harvard.edu/summer/brochure
Qualified participants may fulfill require-
ments for the MPH in clinical effectiveness
                                                  For more information
by attending classes during second and
                                                  about the summer-
third summer periods and by completing a
                                                  only MPH degree
supervised practicum (2.5–7.5 credits).
                                                  program, please con-
                                                  tact Roberta Gianfor-
RELATED OFFERINGS                                 toni, assistant dean
Clinical epidemiology area of interest,           for professional edu-
Department of Epidemiology, see                   cation, Office for
page 19.                                          Educational Pro-
                                                  grams, 677 Hunt-
Contact Information                               ington Avenue,
For information about the Summer Program          Boston, MA 02115.
in Clinical Effectiveness, or to request appli-   Phone: 617-432-0090
cation materials, please contact Barbara          Fax: 617-432-3365
Rosen, administrator, Program in Clinical         Email: roberta@
Effectiveness, Division of General Medicine       hsph.harvard.edu
and Primary Care, Department of Medicine,
Brigham and Women’s Hospital, 1620
Tremont Street, Boston, MA 02120.                                                             RELATED OFFERINGS
Phone: 617-732-5648                                                                           MPH concentrations in clinical effectiveness and
Fax: 617-732-5344                                                                             in quantitative methods, see pages 53 and 55.
Email: brosen@partners.org
Web: http://www.hsph.harvard.edu/clineff

                                                                                                      ACADEMIC SUMMER PROGRAMS                  59

Admission to Degree Programs                            Application Procedures and                          TOEFL may submit the score as long as it
The admissions information in this section              Requirements                                        is not more than two years old. The
pertains to applications for degree pro-                Application to the Harvard School of Public         International English Language Testing
grams offered by the Harvard School of                  Health is made through the centralized              System (IELTS) exam will be accepted if
Public Health. Applicants should contact                Schools of Public Health Application Service        the applicant’s score is 7.0 or above.
the Admissions Office or consult the web                (SOPHAS). For more information about this
for complete instructions and application               process, please consult the HSPH admis-           • A nonrefundable application fee to
                                                        sions website (http://www.hsph.harvard.             SOPHAS (the amount will vary according
forms. Information on HSPH minimum
                                                        edu/admissions).                                    to the number of schools designated to
entrance requirements can be found on
                                                                                                            receive the application). HSPH does not
page 5. Note that application forms for PhD
                                                                                                            charge an application fee.
programs, offered under the auspices of                 Required application materials consist of
the Harvard University Graduate School of               the following:
                                                                                                          Applicants may apply to only one degree
Arts and Sciences (GSAS), are different
                                                        • A completed and signed application form,        program and must satisfy the requirements
from those used by applicants to programs
                                                          a resume, and a statement of purpose            of the department or program to which they
administered by HSPH; these forms must
                                                          written by the applicant. The statement         are applying. Those applying to the JD/
be obtained directly from GSAS.
                                                          should describe the applicant’s academic        MPH joint degree program with Harvard
                                                          and professional history, area of interest      Law School or an MD/MPH combined
HSPH Application Deadlines
                                                          at HSPH, reasons for wanting to enroll in       degree program with Harvard Medical
Applications may be submitted beginning
                                                          the degree program, and professional or         School or another medical school must sat-
on September 1, 2009.
                                                          academic career plans upon completion           isfy the entrance requirements to both
                                                          of the program. The SM in health care           schools. Applicants to doctoral programs
December 15, 2009, is the deadline for com-
                                                          management, MPH, and JD/MPH pro-                must demonstrate the ability to undertake
plete applications for all HSPH doctoral
                                                          grams have specific requirements for the        original research. All prospective students
(SD and DPH), master of occupational
                                                          statement of purpose. Please visit the          must apply for either full-time or part-time
health (MOH), and master of science (SM)
                                                          admissions website for more information.        status. Most international students are eli-
programs except as explained below.
                                                                                                          gible for full-time study only.
                                                        • Official transcripts from all colleges, grad-
December 15 is also the deadline for appli-               uate schools, and/or professional schools       Admission is granted for the fall semester
cations to the master of public health                    attended, whether or not the courses            of a particular year (currently September
(MPH) and SM in health care management                    taken appear to be relevant to a degree in
                                                                                                          2010). Students unable to enroll at that
programs in the priority admission cycle.                 public health. Applicants are expected to
                                                                                                          time may request a deferral but may be
Applicants are strongly encouraged to sub-                have a distinguished undergraduate
                                                                                                          required to reapply.
mit their applications by November 27,                    record, as well as excellent performance
2009, to allow time for all their credentials             in any graduate work undertaken.
                                                                                                          Application Review
to arrive by the December 15 deadline.
                                                                                                          Applicants are notified as soon as possible
                                                        • Letters of recommendation from at least
                                                                                                          (in writing or electronically) about the sta-
January 8, 2010, is the deadline for complet-             three people who are well acquainted with
                                                          the applicant’s academic work and/or            tus of their application. The Admissions
ing applications to the MPH program for
                                                          professional experience (recommendation         Office will either confirm that an application
review in a second cycle. February 15, 2010,
                                                          forms are provided in the application).         is ready for review or will specify any miss-
is the deadline for completing applications
                                                                                                          ing documents. The decision of the Com-
to the SM in health care management pro-
                                                        • Official scores of the Graduate Record          mittee on Admissions and Degrees is final
gram for review in a second cycle. Appli-
                                                          Examination (GRE). While GRE scores are         and is not subject to appeal.
cants should be aware that these degree
                                                          strongly preferred, some other tests may
programs may fill to capacity during the pri-
                                                          be substituted in circumstances specified       For all HSPH programs the Committee on
ority admission cycle.
                                                          in the application. The requirement for         Admissions and Degrees considers the aca-
                                                          scores from a standardized test will not        demic ability of applicants, the relevance of
Participants in the Summer Clinical Effec-
                                                          be waived on the basis of academic or           their previous education and experience,
tiveness and Summer Session programs
                                                          professional background.                        and their overall qualifications for graduate
matriculating in the 2010 summer program
                                                                                                          education in public health, including those
and wishing to apply for degree candidacy               • Official scores of the Test of English as a     qualities of character that reflect upon an
must meet the application deadlines out-                  Foreign Language (TOEFL), if applicable.        individual’s suitability to be a public health
lined above.                                              Applicants (including those who have            professional. In decisions about admission
                                                          been U.S. citizens or permanent residents       and financial aid, HSPH does not discrimi-
Applicants to the MPH or MOH programs                     for less than one year) from countries
                                                                                                          nate against individuals on the basis of
who wish to participate in the Occupational               where English is not the language of
                                                                                                          race, color, gender identity, sexual orienta-
and Environmental Medicine Residency                      instruction must submit a score from the
                                                                                                          tion, religion, age, national or ethnic origin,
must apply by October 5, 2009.                            TOEFL. Those who have already taken the
                                                                                                          political beliefs, veteran status, or disability.

60   H A R VA R D S C H O O L O F P U B L I C H E A LT H , 2 0 0 9 – 1 0
The increased participation of underrepre-
sented groups in public health practice and
                                                       Tuition and Fees, July 2009–June 2010
research is essential to the advancement of
health, and the school is committed to                 Per-credit assessment
expanding the diversity of its faculty, staff,         (full-time, part-time, and special students and affiliates)           $ 850 per credit
and student body.                                      Tuition for full-time 42.5-credit master’s degree students            $36,125 per year

Tuition Deposit and Financial Certification            Tuition for full-time 80-credit master’s degree students
Applicants who are granted admission must              (40 credits per year required)                                        $34,000 per year
submit a $500 tuition deposit when con-
                                                       Tuition for nonresidential master of science in health care management
firming acceptance of the offer of admis-
                                                       (2009–11 cohort)                                                  $59,160 total
sion. This deposit, which is nonrefundable,
                                                                                                                         for two-year program
will be applied toward the student’s tuition
and fees.                                              Tuition for full-time resident doctoral students
                                                       (40 credits per year required)Full-time, years one and two            $34,000 per year
Accepted applicants who are not U.S. citi-             Full-time reduced, year three                                         $17,000 per year
zens or permanent residents must demon-                Facilities fee, year four to thesis defense                           $ 4,250 per year
strate that sufficient funds are available in          Dissertation defense fee (final semester before graduation)           $ 1,875 final semester
U.S. currency to pay the costs (tuition, fees,
                                                       Tuition for part-time resident doctoral students
and living expenses) of the full period of
                                                       Credits 1–80                                                          $ 850 per credit
their academic program. International stu-             Credits 81–120                                                        $ 425 per credit
dents supported by personal, family, or                Credits 121 to thesis defense                                         $ 2,125 per semester
sponsors’ funds not paid directly to Harvard           Dissertation defense fee (final semester before graduation)           $ 1,875 final semester
University are required to deposit and retain
adequate funds in a Boston-area bank in an             Tuition for nonresident doctoral students                             $ 2,350 per year
account bearing the student’s name. Stu-
                                                       Summer matriculation (2009)                                           $    850 per credit
dents bringing their families to the United
                                                       (includes HSPH summer courses, Summer Institute, clinical
States must transfer and certify adequate              effectiveness, summer SM in epidemiology, and doctoral
funds for their support as well. (Please see           5-credit research)
page 63 for an estimate of living expenses
in the Boston area.)                                   Fees
                                                       Registration fee (summer, spring, and fall)                           $    125 per semester
Admission to Nondegree Status                          Late registration fee                                                 $     80
Affiliates                                             Leave of absence fee                                                  $    125 per semester
Harvard faculty and staff, employees of                Health fees (see page 62)
                                                       Academic records fee                                                  $     10 one-time fee
Harvard-affiliated hospitals, HSPH alumni,
and certain other Boston-area public health
professionals may register for a maximum
of 10 credits per semester as nondegree             Special Students                                     Subsequent Application for Degree
affiliates of the school. Affiliates must regis-    Individuals who do not fall into one of the          Candidacy
ter in person at the HSPH Registrar’s               categories listed above may apply for spe-           Affiliates and special students wishing to be
Office.                                             cial student status. Applicants for special          admitted to degree candidacy must apply
                                                    student status are subject to the same               and will be considered on the same basis as
Enrollment of affiliate students in specific        admission and registration requirements,             other applicants for admission. At the time
courses is subject to the availability of           deadlines, and procedures as applicants for          of their application, affiliates and special
space and permission of the instructor and          degree candidacy. U.S. citizens and perma-           students who have taken courses at the
the registrar; if classes fill to capacity, pref-   nent residents may apply to the Admissions           school within the preceding five years may
erence is given to HSPH degree candidates.          Office for full-time or part-time special stu-       count up to 20 credits retroactively as part
Payment is on a per-credit basis and is due         dent status. As noted previously, foreign            of the academic credit requirements.
at the time of registration. Payment is not         applicants are eligible for full-time status
refundable unless the student is unable to          only. Admission to special student status is         Up to 20 credits of tuition previously paid
take the desired course because it is filled        limited to one academic year. The deadline           to HSPH may be counted toward the
to capacity. Affiliate students may neither         for applying for special student status is           school’s tuition requirement for the degree
audit courses nor cross-register at other           December 15, 2009.                                   program.
Harvard schools or MIT.

                                                                                                            ADMISSION AND ENROLLMENT                  61
Financial Aid
Estimated Student Expenses                                  Health Fees, August 2009–July 2010
The budget information on page 63 is
intended to provide students with an esti-                  University Health Services (UHS) Fee                       Semester              Year
mate of how much it will cost to spend nine                 Individual                                                 $563                  $1,126
                                                            Family (student plus spouse)                                                      2,700
months at HSPH. These figures are for the
                                                            Family (student plus spouse and one child)                                        3,394
2009–10 academic year; applicants for sub-
sequent years should anticipate increases.                  The University Health Services (UHS) provides comprehensive prepaid medical care such
                                                            as physical examinations, physician visits, laboratory tests, psychological counseling, and
Matriculation in Summer Programs                            emergency services. The UHS fee is compulsory for all degree candidates and special stu-
Tuition for the Clinical Effectiveness Pro-                 dents registered for more than 10 credits in a semester. Others may elect to waive UHS
gram and the Summer Session for Public                      coverage; this must be done before September 30 for fall and February 28 for spring.
Health Studies in 2009 is $850 per credit.
                                                            Blue Cross/Blue Shield (BC/BS) Medical Insurance           Semester             Year
HSPH offers a special program in English
                                                            Individual                                                 $857                 $1,714
communication in advance of the regular
                                                            Family (student plus spouse)                                                     3,866
orientation for entering students; tuition for              Family (student plus spouse and one child)                                       5,106
the Professional English Communication
Seminar is $850 for summer 2009. Living                     The Blue Cross/Blue Shield (BC/BS) plan provides extensive benefits for ambulatory and
expenses, including rent, are about $1,895 a                inpatient care not offered at UHS. BC/BS coverage is compulsory for all nonimmigrant
month.                                                      international students and for all other students who do not have comparable insurance.
                                                            International students whose spouse and/or children will also be living in the United
                                                            States are required to enroll in the family plan. U.S. students who have comparable insur-
Sources of Financial Aid
                                                            ance may elect to waive BC/BS coverage; this must be done by September 30 for fall and
The Office of Student Financial Services and
                                                            February 28 for spring.
academic departments make every effort to
assist students in finding resources to                     Note: UHS and BC/BS coverage extends from August 1 through July 31.
finance their education at HSPH. It should
be noted that the school’s financial aid
budget is extremely limited. Students are               aid application for more information. An            which subsidizes between 50 percent and
urged to investigate all sources of support,            HSPH application for financial aid is               75 percent of the on- or off-campus employ-
including employers, government agencies,               required.                                           er’s costs. Eligibility for this program is the
and civil and religious organizations.                                                                      same as for federal student loans.
                                                        Federal student loans The Office of Stu-
Financial aid is available in the form of               dent Financial Services administers the             Please refer to the student financial services
grants, scholarships, loans, and work pro-              Federal Direct Loan and Federal Perkins             website for additional and updated informa-
grams, as follows:                                      Loan programs. The maximum amount a                 tion about loan and work programs.
                                                        student may receive under the direct loan
Grants and scholarships The Office of                   program is $20,500 per academic year.               Registration
Student Financial Services and some aca-                Some full-time students may be eligible for         Students receive course descriptions and
demic departments may have grants or                    an additional $12,500. Students with ex-            information about course meeting times,
departmental scholarships that cover partial            treme financial need may also be eligible for       registration procedures and requirements,
or full tuition; some grants also provide a             a Perkins loan up to $6,000. To apply for           course load requirements, and payment of
stipend. Eligibility is generally based on              these loan programs, a student must                 tuition and fees prior to registration. Every
career goals, academic merit, experience,               • be a U.S. citizen or eligible nonresident         new resident degree candidate is expected
and U.S. citizenship or permanent residen-              • not be in default on a prior federal loan or      to check in, in person, on August 24, 2009,
cy. Please contact the department to which                 owe a refund on a federal student grant          for the 2009–10 academic year.
you are applying for additional information.            • be enrolled at least half-time (10 or more
                                                           credits per semester)                            Cross-Registration
The university offers a number of restricted            • complete the financial aid application            HSPH students may enroll in courses
                                                           process                                          offered by the other Harvard faculties, MIT,
scholarships to students who meet specific
criteria. Please refer to the HSPH financial                                                                and the Fletcher School of Law and Diplo-
                                                        Work programs Some students may                     macy at Tufts University. Students intending
                                                        obtain part-time employment as research             to cross-register should be aware that regis-
                                                        or teaching assistants in their academic            tration deadlines vary from school to
                                                        departments. Additionally the school partici-       school; these students must conform to the
                                                        pates in the Federal Work-Study Program,            registration requirements of the school into
                                                                                                            which they are cross-registering as well as
                                                                                                            those of HSPH.

62   H A R VA R D S C H O O L O F P U B L I C H E A LT H , 2 0 0 9 – 1 0
Harvard University maintains an online cat-
alog of all courses offered at the university.     2009–10 Student Expense Budget
This catalog is searchable by school, topic,
                                                   Per-credit tuition assessment = $850                        42.5-credit master’s   Doctoral and other
time, and instructor. Also listed at this
                                                                                                               programs               master’s programs
site are relevant, school-specific cross-
                                                   Full-time tuition                                           $ 36,125               $34,000
registration policies and credit equivalen-
                                                   University Health Services fee1     $   563 per semester    $ 1,126                $ 1,126
cies. The address for the site is the follow-
                                                   BC/BS health insurance fee2         $   857 per semester    $ 1,714                $ 1,714
ing: https://crossreg.harvard.edu.                 Registration fee                    $   125 per semester    $ 250                  $ 250
                                                   Books/supplies                      $   688 per semester    $ 1,376                $ 1,376
Contact Information                                Living allowances
The HSPH application is available at the           Rent/utilities                      $1,086 per month        $ 9,774                $ 9,774
                                                   Food                                $ 336 per month         $ 3,020                $ 3,020
web address below:
                                                   Personal                            $ 395 per month         $ 3,554                $ 3,554
Web: http://www.sophas.org                         Local transportation                $ 78 per month          $ 703                  $   703
                                                   SUBTOTAL 3                                                  $57,642                $ 55,517
Prospective degree candidates or special           Federal student loan fees4              1.5%                $ 308                  $ 308
students who wish to request information           TOTAL                                                       $57,950                $ 55,825
about applying, have questions about ad-
mission requirements, require assistance           1. Part-time students taking 10 credits or fewer may waive the University Health Services fee if a
with the application process, or wish to visit        waiver form is completed prior to registration. Students with a spouse and/or children may request
the school should contact the HSPH Admis-             family coverage at a fee of $2,700 for a student and spouse; $1,820 for a student and child; $3,394
                                                      for a student, spouse, and child; and $3,742 for a student, spouse, and children.
sions Office, 158 Longwood Avenue, Boston,
MA 02115, or visit the office website.             2. The BC/BS health insurance fee can be waived upon proof of comparable coverage. Students with
                                                      a spouse and/or children may request family coverage at a fee of $3,866 for a student and spouse;
Phone: 617-432-1031
                                                      $2,954 for a student and child; $5,106 for a student, spouse, and child; and $5,728 for a student,
Fax: 617-432-7080                                     spouse, and children.
Email: admisofc@hsph.harvard.edu
                                                   3. International students in the 42.5-credit master’s programs must be able to demonstrate a nine-
Web: http://www.hsph.harvard.edu/                     month level of support of $57,642 prior to the issuance of an appropriate visa. Other master’s degree
admissions                                            and doctoral candidates must demonstrate a twelve-month support level of at least $61,199. Stu-
                                                      dents with additional family members must demonstrate the following levels of support:
For more information about the financial                                             Student       Student      Student, spouse,       Student, spouse,
aid application process, please contact the                                          & spouse      & child      & child*               & 2 children*

HSPH Office of Student Financial Services,            Nine months
                                                      (42.5-credit programs)         $65,849       $63,376      $68,973                $71,293
708 Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02115,
                                                      Twelve months
or visit the office website.
                                                      (42.5-credit programs)         $73,026       $70,318      $76,540                $79,310
Phone: 617-432-1867
                                                      Twelve months
Fax: 617-432-5431                                     (multiyear programs)           $70,901       $68,193      $74,415                $77,185
Email: osfs@hsph.harvard.edu
                                                     *For each additional child, add $1,485 for the nine-month and $1,980 for the twelve-month budget.
Web: http://www.hsph.harvard. edu/
administrative-offices/student-financial-          4. Loan fees are based on borrowing $20,500 in Federal Direct Loans, available to U.S. citizens and
                                                      permanent residents only.

For information about registration, billing
procedures, admission to affiliate status, or    For more information about student health
policies regarding cross-registration, please    insurance, please contact the Student
contact the HSPH Registrar’s Office, 677         Insurance Office, Harvard University Health
Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, or          Services, 75 Mt. Auburn Street, Cambridge,
visit the office website.                        MA 02138, or visit the office website.
Phone: 617-432-1032                              Phone: 617-495-2008
Fax: 617-432-2009                                Fax: 617-496-6125
Email: registra@hsph.harvard.edu                 Web: http://www.uhs.harvard.edu
Web: http://www.hsph.harvard.edu/registrar
                                                 For the PhD programs online submissions
                                                 are encouraged, using the Graduate School
                                                 of Arts and Sciences (GSAS) application
                                                 form available at the web address below:
                                                 Web: http://www.gsas.harvard.edu/hils/

                                                                                                              ADMISSION AND ENROLLMENT                        63

Boston, Massachusetts                                   Harvard University                               Cambridge, where students may cross-
The Harvard School of Public Health is                  Founded in 1636, Harvard University is the       register for courses at other Harvard schools
located in Boston, Massachusetts, an                    oldest institution of higher learning in the     and at MIT. A shuttle bus runs between the
important center of American history, cul-              United States. It has educated seven presi-      Longwood campus and Harvard Yard in
ture, commerce, and education. Boston                   dents of the United States, and its faculty      Cambridge.
is New England’s largest city and one of                has produced more than forty Nobel laure-
America’s oldest. A wealth of historical                ates. Today Harvard has an enrollment of         Francis A. Countway Library of Medicine
buildings and sites evokes the city’s colonial          more than 20,000 degree candidates.              The Countway Library is the principal pro-
past while providing a striking contrast to             Including HSPH, the university has ten           vider of library services to the school and is
the skyscrapers of the business district. The           graduate and professional schools. Its nine-     open every day (except for holidays) for
Greater Boston area is home to more than                ty individual collections constitute the         work and study. One of the largest medical
                                                                                                         libraries in the world, the Countway houses
                                                                                                         over 630,000 bound volumes, 3,500 current
                                                                                                         biomedical journal titles, and 10,000 non-
                                                                                                         current titles. The library’s website provides
                                                                                                         access to additional full-text journals in the
                                                                                                         biosciences and medicine and to many elec-
                                                                                                         tronic databases. The Countway also owns
                                                                                                         an extensive collection of historical materi-
                                                                                                         als dating from the fifteenth century. Stu-
                                                                                                         dents have borrowing privileges throughout
                                                                                                         the Harvard University library system. The
                                                                                                         Boston Public Library, MIT libraries, and
                                                                                                         other area libraries add to the total book
                                                                                                         and periodical resources available.

                                                                                                         Instructional Computing Facility
                                                                                                         The HSPH Instructional Computing Facility
                                                                                                         is dedicated to serving the course work and
                                                                                                         research computing needs of the school’s
                                                                                                         students and faculty. Resources include
                                                                                                         SUN Unix computers, 200 IBM personal
                                                                                                         computers, a Novell network, laser printers,
                                                                                                         an OCR scanner, and a 392 CPU high-
a hundred colleges and universities and                 largest academic library in the world. Ten       performance research computing cluster;
many renowned teaching and research hos-                art and science museums further enrich the       a wide array of software, including statistical
pitals.                                                 quality of intellectual life.                    packages, programming languages, analyti-
                                                                                                         cal programs, and word-processing pack-
The area hosts major art museums, muse-                 The university has campuses both in Cam-         ages; and services such as antivirus soft-
ums devoted to science and children, the                bridge, Massachusetts, and in Boston.            ware, email, wireless Internet connectivity,
famous Boston Symphony and Boston                                                                        user assistance, short courses, and comput-
Pops, several professional theater compa-               Resources and Services for HSPH                  er accounts for funded research. Many aca-
nies, the Boston Ballet, and a number of                Students                                         demic departments also provide computing
professional sports teams. The city also                The school’s main buildings for research,        resources for their students. Additional
offers elegant shopping and diverse dining,             teaching, and administration are located         services, such as computer classes, user
from casual ethnic restaurants to haute cui-            in the heart of Boston’s hospital district       groups, technical support, and purchase of
sine. Compact in scale, Boston invites walk-            and Harvard University’s Longwood cam-           discounted hardware and software, are
ing but furnishes extensive public trans-               pus. The facilities adjoin those of Harvard’s    available through the offices of Harvard’s
portation.                                              Medical School, School of Dental Medicine,       University Information Systems.
                                                        and Francis A. Countway Library of Medicine
                                                        and are near Children’s Hospital Medical         Office for Student Affairs
The proximity of Cape Cod and Maine beach-
                                                        Center, Beth Israel Deaconess Hospital,          The Office for Student Affairs (OSA) pro-
es, the mountains of Vermont and New
                                                        Brigham and Women’s Hospital, and other          vides a variety of support services and
Hampshire, and the charming villages of New
                                                        Harvard-affiliated hospitals. The school is      offers educational, social, cultural, and aca-
England add to the appeal of Boston, one of
                                                        within walking distance of many cultural         demic programs to enhance the student
America’s most desirable places to live and
                                                        institutions, such as Boston’s Museum of         experience at HSPH. Staff members are
                                                        Fine Arts, and public transportation is readi-   available to respond to the needs of individ-
                                                        ly available to other parts of Boston and        ual students as they deal with the many
                                                                                                         demands of their academic and personal

64   H A R VA R D S C H O O L O F P U B L I C H E A LT H , 2 0 0 9 – 1 0
lives. The staff helps students and their
families who have questions about living in
Boston and the United States and also
assists all students in adjusting to life here.
Through a variety of programs the office
works to support a sense of community for
students across the school. OSA sponsors
noncredit academic support seminars on
such topics as time management and dis-
sertation writing and can refer students to
other sources of academic and personal
support. The office also works closely with
the HSPH Student Government and other
student groups to address collective con-
cerns. Another activity sponsored by the
office is Global Chat, a seminar series fea-
turing experts from around the world,
including HSPH students, who share their
experiences in an informal setting. The
office also oversees the assignment and           including interpreters, scribes, class notes,   trators. The office develops and implements
leasing processes for Shattuck International      arrangements for accommodations and             programs to build the alumni network and
House and provides assistance to students         transportation, and other services as appro-    serves as a catalyst for connecting students,
with disabilities.                                priate. For more information, contact the       alumni, faculty, and outside constituencies
                                                  director for student affairs.                   on local, regional, and international levels.
Student housing The Henry Lee Shattuck
International House, available to both            Career Services Office                          In addition, OAA works closely with the
domestic and international students, is           The Office for Career Services offers career    Offices of Career Services, Student Services,
operated by the school on a nonprofit basis       counseling, employment resources, and           and Educational Programs, as well as indi-
for its full-time students and their families.    networking opportunities to assist students     vidual academic departments, to provide
In addition to providing living quarters, the     and alumni in expanding their employment        input into curricula, locate and facilitate
facility offers a supportive environment; stu-    prospects. The office invites numerous          practice placements, and act as a resource
dents serving as resident community advis-        organizations to campus to present infor-       for possible career opportunities. The Office
ers help to organize house activities and         mation sessions and to participate in the       of Alumni Affairs also works with the HSPH
provide assistance. Located within a ten-         fall and spring Career Fair. Organizations      Alumni Association and the Alumni Council,
minute walking distance of the school, the        are invited to post jobs, internships, and      the association’s elected representative
apartment complex consists of three build-        fellowships and to review electronic            body, to organize educational and network-
ings with seventy furnished one-bedroom           resume/CV books for potential candidates.       ing events in the United States and abroad.
and two-bedroom apartments that accom-            The career services staff conducts work-        In 2009–10 the office will be working with
modate single students, roommates, and            shops on resume/CV and cover letter writ-       the HSPH Alumni Council to build an on-
families. Several apartments are accessible       ing, job search strategies, and interviewing    line community to help facilitate connec-
to those with disabilities. All apartments        and negotiating skills and organizes panel      tions between HSPH students, faculty, and
have private kitchens and baths, free Inter-      discussions featuring public health profes-     alumni.
net and email access via a data link to the       sionals, including HSPH alumni. Alumni
school, two telephone lines, and interior         career coaches are also available to assist     Office of Diversity
cable access. Shared facilities include a         students with their job search and career       The HSPH Office of Diversity was created to
computer room with a printer and copy             planning. Students and alumni have access       initiate and support activities that increase
machine, a library/reading room, an exer-         to current online job postings and to fellow-   diversity and promote cultural competency
cise room, a function room, a children’s          ship and internship opportunities. The          among members of the HSPH community.
playroom, a laundry room, an indoor bicycle       Career Services Office library contains job     The office assists with recruitment initia-
storage area, a piano room, a TV room with        listings, resource directories, and other       tives, hosts or co-sponsors cross-cultural
satellite TV and DVD, a recycling area, and       career-related information. Students have       educational activities and events, and par-
an outdoor playground. Harvard Real Estate        the opportunity to network with Harvard         ticipates in activities that represent the
Services also offers a wide range of housing      graduates through Crimson Compass, an           school’s diversity agenda within HSPH and
options in both Cambridge and Boston.             online database of university-wide alumni.      the university and nationally. The office is
                                                                                                  also an informal gathering place for stu-
Students with disabilities The Office for         Office of Alumni Affairs                        dents, staff, and other members of the com-
Student Affairs furnishes a range of services     The Office of Alumni Affairs (OAA) acts as      munity.
to students with documented disabilities,         a liaison between over 11,000 HSPH alumni
                                                  and HSPH faculty, students, and adminis-

                                                                                                                        STUDENT LIFE        65
                                                                                                       For more information about student affairs
                                                                                                       or students with disabilities, please contact
                                                                                                       Andy Eisenmann, director for student
                                                                                                       affairs, 677 Huntington Avenue, Boston,
                                                                                                       MA 02115.
                                                                                                       Phone: 617-432-1036
                                                                                                       Fax: 617-432-3879
                                                                                                       Web: http://www.hsph.harvard.edu/

                                                                                                       For more information about Shattuck
                                                                                                       House and other housing, please consult

                                                                                                       For more information about Harvard Real
                                                                                                       Estate Services, please consult
Student Organizations                                   In addition to the programs provided by the
The HSPH Student Government includes                    Office for Student Affairs, the Harvard        For more information about career services,
elected and appointed representatives from              International Office, located on the Cam-      please contact Peter Crudele, director of
each department, from the MPH pro-                      bridge campus, offers a variety of services    career services, 677 Huntington Avenue,
gram, and from the Division of Biological               to students from abroad, including orienta-    Boston, MA 02115, or visit the office
Sciences. The Student Government meets                  tions, newsletters, and cross-cultural work-   website.
regularly to discuss issues and plan activi-            shops. One program, the Friends of Inter-      Phone: 617-432-1034
ties related to student life at HSPH. The               national Students, matches students with a     Fax: 617-432-3879
                                                        person or family who will welcome them         Web: http://www.hsph.harvard.edu/careers
organization also provides a mechanism for
                                                        and ease their transition to the United
working with members of the school’s facul-
                                                        States. An international student adviser       For more information about services offered
ty and administration on schoolwide issues,
                                                        from the Harvard International Office holds
for sponsoring seminars and other educa-                                                               by the Office of Diversity, please contact
                                                        biweekly office hours at HSPH to assist stu-
tional programs, for organizing social activi-                                                         Dale Trevino, director of diversity programs,
                                                        dents with visa matters and to advise them
ties, and for arranging for student represen-                                                          33 Wigglesworth Street, Boston, MA 02120.
                                                        on immigration regulations and other
tation on several of the school’s faculty                                                              Telephone: (617) 384-5411
committees. The Student Government fre-                                                                Email: dtrevino@hsph.harvard.edu
quently sponsors or cosponsors collabora-               Child Care Facilities and Work/Life
tive activities, such as toy drives, with the                                                          For more information about services offered
school and the neighboring community.                                                                  by the Harvard University International
                                                        There are a number of child care facilities
                                                                                                       Office, please contact Maria Hernandez,
                                                        located near the Longwood and Cambridge
There are numerous student organizations                                                               adviser to foreign students and scholars,
                                                        campuses. Referrals and information are
at HSPH geared toward the interests of                                                                 Harvard International Office, 1350
                                                        provided by the Harvard University Office of
specific constituencies, including the Span-                                                           Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, MA
                                                        Work and Family. Arrangements should be
ish Speaking Committee; the Asian Club;                                                                02138.
                                                        made as early as possible, as facilities are
the Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender                                                            Phone: 617-495-2789
                                                        quickly filled. The HSPH work/life liaison
Association; the Jewish Students Associa-                                                              Fax: 617-495-4088
                                                        can provide additional information on uni-
tion; the Muslim Student Group; the Chris-              versity- and school-sponsored support ser-
tian Fellowship; the Health Policy Forum;                                                              For more information about child care cen-
                                                        vices and resources for students and their
and Reproductive Health and Rights.                                                                    ters in the area, please contact the Office of
                                                                                                       Work/Life Resources.
Harvard International Office                            Contact Information                            Phone: 617-495-4100
During the 2008–09 academic year, about                 For more information about student servic-
33 percent of HSPH students came from                   es, please contact Stanley Hudson, associ-     For more information on services, resources,
outside the United States. The experiences              ate dean for student services, 677 Hunt-       and programs for students and their fami-
that international students bring to the                ington Avenue, Boston, MA 02115.               lies, please contact Ronnie Mae Weiss,
school lend an important dimension to the               Phone: 617-432-4703                            work/life liaison.
academic programs and add to the richness               Fax: 617-432-2009                              Phone: 617-432-7448
of the environment. International students                                                             Email: rweiss@hsph.harvard.edu
organize many cultural events at the school
and participate in the annual International
Night talent show.

66   H A R VA R D S C H O O L O F P U B L I C H E A LT H , 2 0 0 9 – 1 0
Academic Officers of the Harvard               Editor: Elizabeth Jones                           from any such examination or requirement
School of Public Health                        Graphic design: Cynthia Frawley                   which he or she may have missed because
                                                                                                 of such absence on any particular day, pro-
Julio Frenk, MD, MPH, MA, PhD, Dean of         Publications coordinator: Kate Cole               vided that such makeup examination or
the Faculty of Public Health
                                               Photography: Dan Bersak, Suzanne                  work shall not create an unreasonable bur-
David J. Hunter, MB, BS, MPH, SD, Dean         Camarata, Richard Chase, Kent Dayton,             den upon the school. No fees of any kind
for Academic Affairs                           Grant Faint/Getty Images, Paul Farmer,            shall be charged by the institution for mak-
                                               Richard Feldman, Andrew Fox/Corbis,               ing such opportunity available to the stu-
Michael J. Grusby, PhD, Senior Associate
                                               Liza Green, Naomi Odell, Roger Perales,           dent, and no adverse or prejudicial effects
Dean for Academic Affairs
                                               Winnie Yip                                        shall result to any student for availing him-
Bernita L. Anderson, MA, Associate Dean                                                          self or herself of these provisions.
for Faculty Affairs                            Nondiscrimination Policy
                                               As a matter of policy, law, and commitment,       Campus Security
Karen M. Emmons, MA, PhD, Associate
                                               the Harvard School of Public Health does          In compliance with the Student Right-to-
Dean for Research
                                               not discriminate against any person on the        Know and Campus Security Act of 1990, the
Stanley G. Hudson, MA, MBA, Associate          basis of race, color, sexual orientation, gen-    Harvard University Police Department pub-
Dean for Student Services                      der identity, religion, age, national or ethnic   lishes an annual security booklet entitled
                                               origin, political beliefs, veteran status, or     Playing It Safe. The booklet describes Har-
Nancy M. Kane, MBA, DBA, Associate Dean
                                               handicap in admission to, access to, treat-       vard’s security policies, provides statistical
for Educational Programs
                                               ment in, or employment in its programs            information on the occurrence of crime on
David A. Shore, PhD, Associate Dean for        and activities. The following person has          campus, and outlines some of the counsel-
Continuing Professional Education              been designated to handle inquiries about         ing programs the university offers. Students
                                               nondiscrimination programs: Christine             may obtain a copy of this booklet from the
Nancy Turnbull, MBA, Associate Dean for
                                               Ciotti, associate dean for human resources,       HSPH Admissions Office, 158 Huntington
Educational Programs
                                               Office of Human Resources, 677 Hunting-           Avenue, Boston, MA 02115 (phone: 617-432-
Roberta Gianfortoni, MA, Assistant Dean        ton Avenue, Boston, MA 02115. Inquiries           1031; web: http://www.hupd.harvard.edu).
for Professional Education                     about the application of nondiscrimination
                                               policies concerning race, color, national ori-    Voter Registration
                                               gin, age, sex, or handicap may also be            Massachusetts state law, as set forth in
Online Resources
                                               referred to the Regional Director, Office for     Chapter 51, Section 42E (Section 17 of
A wealth of HSPH information can be
                                               Civil Rights, U.S. Department of Education,       Chapter 475 of the Acts of 1993), requires
accessed at http://www.hsph.harvard.edu.
                                               J. W. McCormack POCH, Room 222, Post              educational institutions to make available
This site includes updated course, faculty,
                                               Office Square, Boston, MA 02109.                  affidavits of voter registration. Eligible stu-
and educational information and school
                                                                                                 dents may register to vote at registration,
news. Information about Harvard’s other
                                               Disabilities                                      and mail-in registration affidavits are avail-
faculties can be found at http://www.
                                               The university, in accordance with its obliga-    able from the Registrar’s Office. Students
                                               tions under the Americans with Disabilities       from other states who desire to vote in a
                                               Act and Section 504 of the Rehabilitation         state other than Massachusetts may use the
HSPH Catalog 2009–10
                                               Act of 1973, does not discriminate against        federal mail-in affidavit of voter registration
Every effort is made to ensure the informa-
                                               qualified individuals with disabilities in        or a mail-in form supplied by the state.
tion contained in this catalog is accurate
                                               admission or access to programs and activi-       These students must contact the appropri-
at the time of publication. However, the
                                               ties. The Office for Student Affairs assists      ate state election official to receive the state
Harvard School of Public Health reserves
                                               all students with learning, manual, mobility,     form or may contact the Massachusetts
the right to make changes without notice
                                               hearing, visual, and other disabilities.          Elections Division, Room 1705, McCormack
in tuition and fees, admission and degree
                                                                                                 Building, One Ashburton Place, Boston, MA
requirements, courses of instruction, facul-
                                               Religious Holidays                                02108, for a federal form.
ty, and other information contained herein.
                                               According to Chapter 151c, Section 2B, of
These changes will govern all students, in-
                                               the General Laws of Massachusetts, any            Accreditation
cluding those who matriculated prior to the
                                               student in an educational or vocational           The Harvard School of Public Health is
changes coming into effect.
                                               training institution, other than a religious or   accredited by the Council on Education for
                                               denominational training institution, who is       Public Health.
                                               unable, because of his or her religious
                                               beliefs, to attend classes or to participate in
                                               any examination, study, or work require-
                                               ment on a particular day shall be excused

Acevedo-Garcia, Dolores, 50       Dwyer, Johanna T., 51              Javitch, David, 37                 Michels, Karin B., 23            Schwartzman, Armin, 9
Adami, Hans-Olov, 22              Earle, Craig C., 37                Jha, Ashish K., 36                 Miller, Matthew J., 36           Seage, George R., 22
Allen, Jennifer D., 51            Earls, Felton J., 50               Joshipura, Kaumudi J., 23          Milner, Danny A., 41             Seeger, John D., 23
Ascherio, Alberto, 22, 45         Eisen, Ellen A., 17                Kachalia, Allen B., 37             Milton, Donald K., 17            Seielstad, Mark T., 23
Atkins, Elisha H., 17             Emmons, Karen M., 50               Kafatos, Fotis C., 41              Missmer, Stacey A., 23           Sen, Gita, 31
Austin, S. Bryn, 51               Epstein, Arnold M., 36             Kales, Stefanos (Stephen) N., 17   Mitchell, James R., 25           Shapiro, Roger L., 41
Ayanian, John Z., 37              Essex, Myron (Max), 40             Kane, Nancy M., 36                 Mitchell, Marc D., 31            Shine, James P., 17
Baccarelli, Andrea, 17            Evans, John S., 16                 Kanki, Phyllis J., 41              Mittleman, Murray A., 23         Shonkoff, Jack P., 51
Baicker, Katherine, 36            Ezzati, Majid, 16, 31              Kapiga, Saidi H., 31               Mizgerd, Joseph P., 17           Shore, Stephanie A., 17
Bärnighausen, Till W., 30         Fawzi, Wafaie W., 22, 31, 45       Kasten, Jack, 36                   Molnar, Beth E., 51              Siebert, Uwe, 37
Bates, David W., 37               Field, Alison E., 23               Katz, Jeffrey N., 17, 23           Monath, Thomas P. C., 41         Siegrist, Richard B., 37
Behar, Samuel M., 41              Fink, Günther, 31                  Kawachi, Ichiro, 50                Moseley, George B., 37           Silverman, Jay G., 51
Bellinger, David C., 17           Finkelstein, Dianne M., 9          Killingsworth, Cleve L., 37        Moulton, Benjamin W., 37         Singer, Daniel E., 23
Berkman, Lisa F., 22, 30, 50      Fitzmaurice, Garrett, 9            Kim, Jane J., 36                   Mozaffarian, Dariush, 23         Singer, Sara J., 37
Berman, Peter A., 31              Fortune, Sarah M., 40              Kindlon, Daniel J., 51             Mucci, Lorelei A., 23            Smith, Thomas J., 17
Berwick, Donald M., 37            Frazier, A. Lindsay, 23            Kleinman, Lawrence C., 51          Murphy, Jane M., 23              Smith-Warner, Stephanie A., 22, 45
Betancourt, Theresa S., 30        Fredberg, Jeffrey J., 16           Kobzik, Lester, 17                 Murphy, Robert L., 41            Smoller, Jordan W., 23
Betensky, Rebecca A., 8           Freedberg, Kenneth A., 37          Koenen, Karestan C., 22, 50        Murray, Christopher J. L., 31    Sodroski, Joseph G., 41
Biddinger, Paul D., 37            Frenk, Julio, 31                   Koh, Howard K., 36                 Murray, Megan B., 22             Sorensen, Glorian, 51
Blacker, Deborah, 22              Fung, Teresa T., 45                Koutrakis, Petros, 17              Muskavitch, Marc A. T., 41       Speizer, Frank E., 17
Blatt, Robin J.R., 51             Ganz, Michael L., 51               Kraft, Peter, 9, 22                Muti, Paola, 23                  Spengler, John D., 17
Blendon, Robert J., 36            Gauvreau, Kimberlee, 9             Krieger, Nancy, 51                 Nardell, Edward A., 17, 41       Spiegelman, Donna L., 9, 22
Bloom, Barry R., 30, 40           Gawande, Atul A., 37               Kubzansky, Laura D., 51            Nelson, Charles A., 51           Stampfer, Meir J., 22, 45
Bloom, David E., 30               Gazelle, G. Scott, 37              Kuntz, Karen M., 37                Neuberg, Donna S., 9             Stanley, Kenneth E., 9
Bloomberg, Mark A., 37            Gaziano, Thomas A., 37             Kurth, Tobias, 23                  Newhouse, Joseph P., 36          Stoto, Michael A., 9
Bossert, Thomas J., 30            Gelber, Richard D., 9              Laden, Francine, 17, 22            Nobel, Jeremy J., 37             Studdert, David M., 37
Brain, Joseph D., 16              Gelman, Rebecca S., 9              Lagakos, Stephen W., 9             Normand, Sharon-Lise T., 9       Subramanian, S. V., 51
Brennan, Troyen A., 37            Gillman, Matthew W., 45            Lagiou, Pagona, 23                 Norris, Gregory, 17              Suh, Helen H., 17
Breteler, Monique M. B., 23       Gilman, Stephen E., 22, 50         Laird, Nan M., 9                   O'Brien, Stephen J., 41          Swartz, Katherine, 37
Briscoe, John, 16                 Giovannucci, Edward L., 22, 45     Lamstein, Joel H., 31              Olsen, Sjúrdur F., 45            Swenson, Norma M., 51
Brown, Mary Jean, 51              Glimcher, Laurie H., 41            Lange, Christoph, 9                Orav, E. John, 9                 Tamimi, Rulla M., 23
Bruderlein, Claude, 31            Glymour, Maria, 50                 Lange, Nicholas T., 9              Ozonoff, Alexander J., 9         Tchetgen, Eric J., 22
Buka, Stephen L., 51              Glynn, Robert J., 9                Larsen, Ulla M., 31                Paciorek, Christopher J., 9      Testa, Marcia A., 9
Buring, Julie E., 22              Godleski, John J., 17              Lauterbach, Karl W., 37            Pagano, Marcello, 9              Tieszen, Lisa, 51
Burleigh, Barbara, 40             Gold, Diane R., 17                 Lazzarini, Zita, 37                Palfrey, Judith S., 51           Trichopoulos, Dimitrios V., 22
Burstein, Jonathan L., 31         Goldberg, Marcia B., 41            Leamon, Tom B., 17                 Palmer, R. Heather, 36           Tronick, Edward Z., 51
Butler, James P., 16              Goldfeld, Anne E., 41              Leaning, Jennifer, 31              Parmigiani, Giovanni, 9          Tschumperlin, Daniel J., 17
Cai, Tianxi, 8                    Goldie, Susanne J., 36             Leape, Lucian L., 37               Pauls, David L., 23              Tsuang, Ming T., 23
Camargo, Jr., Carlos A., 22       Goldman, Roberta E., 51            Lee, Chih-Hao, 25                  Perry, Melissa, 17               Turnbull, Nancy, 37
Campbell, Mark J., 37             Goldman, Rose H., 17               Lee, I-Min, 23                     Peters, Annette, 17              Tworoger, Shelley S., 23
Campbell, Paul H., 31, 36         Goldmann, Donald A., 41            Lee, Thomas H., 37                 Peterson, Karen E., 45, 51       Van Dam, Rob M., 23, 45
Campos, Hannia N., 45             Gortmaker, Steven L., 50           Lee, Tun-Hou, 41                   Pliskin, Joseph S., 37           VanderWeele, Tyler J., 22
Canning, David J., 31             Gottlieb, Barbara, 51              Levins, Richard, 31                Pojasek, Robert B., 17           VanRooyen, Michael J., 31
Conway, James B., 37              Grandjean, Philippe, 17            Levin-Scherz, Jeffrey, 37          Porter, Janet E., 37             Verrier, Richard L., 17
Cash, Richard A., 31              Gray, Robert J., 9                 Levy, Jonathan I., 17, 36          Price, Alkes L., 9, 22           Villamor, Eduardo, 45
Castro, Marcia C., 31             Greenes, Robert A., 37             Li, Yi, 9                          Prosser, Lisa A., 37             Viswanath, Kasisomayajula, 51
Catalano, Paul J., 8              Grodstein, Francine, 23            Liang, Matthew H., 37              Prothrow-Stith, Deborah B., 37   Wagner, Gregory R., 17
Chan, Kin-Wei Arnold, 23          Grusby, Michael J., 41             Lieberman, Ellice S., 51           Puhy, Dorothy E., 37             Walker, Alexander M., 23
Cho, Eunyoung, 45                 Gruskin, Sofia M., 31              Lieu, Tracy A., 37                 Quackenbush, John, 9             Walker, Deborah K., 51
Choi, Augustine M. K., 17         Haas, Jennifer S., 51              Lin, Xihong, 9                     Quigley, Karen M., 37            Walker, Bruce D., 41
Christiani, David C., 16, 22      Halperin, Daniel T., 31            Lipsitch, Marc, 22, 41             Rahman, M. Omar, 31              Walker, W. Allan, 45
Christophi, Costas A., 17         Hammitt, James K., 36              Litvak, Eugene, 37                 Reede, Joan Y., 51               Wang, Molin, 9
Cohen, David J., 37               Hankinson, Susan E., 23            Liu, Jun, 9                        Reich, Michael R., 31            Ware, James H., 9
Cohen, Jessica Lee, 31            Hanna, Steven R., 17               Liu, Xiaole (Shirley), 9           Resch, Stephen C., 37            Weeks, Jane C., 37
Cohen, Michael H., 37             Harlow, Bernard L., 23             Liu, Yuanli, 31                    Rich, Michael O., 51             Wegman, David H., 17
Cohen, Theodore H., 23            Harrington, David P., 9            Lo, Clifford W., 45                Rich-Edwards, Janet W., 23       Weller, Peter F., 41
Colditz, Graham A., 23            Hartl, Daniel L., 41               Lockman, Shahin, 41                Ridker, Paul M., 23              Wei, Lee-Jen, 9
Connolly, Gregory N., 50          Hauser, Russ B., 16, 22            Lok, Judith J., 9                  Rimm, Eric B., 23, 45            Weinstein, Milton C., 9, 37
Conway, James B., 37              Helm, David T., 51                 Long Sieber, Nancy C., 17          Rivenson, Howard L., 37          Weiss, Scott T., 17
Cook, E. Francis, 22              Hemenway, David, 36                Lu, Chensheng (Alex), 17           Roberts, Marc J., 31, 37         Weisskopf, Marc G., 17, 22
Cook, Nancy R., 23                Hernán, Miguel A., 22              Lu, Quan, 17, 25                   Robins, James M., 9, 22          Weissman, Joel S., 37
Coull, Brent A., 9                Hernández-Díaz, Sonia, 22          Lucas, Adetokunbo O., 31           Rogers, Christine A., 17         Wessling-Resnick, Marianne, 25, 45
Cramer, Daniel W., 23             Herrick, Robert F., 17             Ludwig, David S., 45               Rosenthal, Meredith, 37          White, Laura Forsberg, 9
Crocker, Allen C., 51             Hetz, Claudio A., 41               MacCracken, Linda, 37              Rosner, Bernard A., 9            Wikler, Daniel, 31
Crosby, Guy, 45                   Hide, Winston, 9                   Maclure, K. Malcolm, 23            Rotnitzky, Andrea, 9             Willett, Walter C., 22, 45
Curhan, Gary C., 23               Hill, Allan G., 31                 Mahal, Ajay, 31                    Rubin, Eric J., 41               Williams, David R., 51
Daniels, Norman, 31               Hill, Kenneth, 31                  Maher, Edward F., 17               Rudd, Rima E., 51                Williams, Paige L., 9
Davis, Roger B., 9                Hirsch, Martin S., 41              Makris, Konstantinos, 17           Rudnick, Stephen N., 17          Wilson, Mary E., 31
DeGruttola, Victor G., 8          Hofman, Albert, 23                 Manning, Brendan D., 25            Ryan, Edward T., 41              Wirth, Dyann F., 40
Demokritou, Philip K., 17         Holmes, Michelle D., 23            Manson, JoAnn E., 23               Ryan, Louise M., 9               Wolf, Dieter A., 25
Demple, Bruce F., 25              Homer, Charles J., 51              Mantzoros, Christos S., 17         Sacks, Frank M., 45              Wright, Robert O., 17
Dennerlein, Jack T., 16           Horng, Tiffany, 25, 41             Marcus, Leonard J., 36             Sahney, Vinod K., 37             Wright, Rosiland J., 17
Devaux, Deborah, 37               Hotamisligil, Gökhan S., 25, 45    Marks, Stephen P., 31              Salomon, Joshua A., 31           Wypij, David, 9
DeVivo, Immaculata, 23            Houseman, E. Andrés, 9             Marlink, Richard G., 41            Samuels, Ronald C., 51           Wyshak, Grace, 9, 31
Dicker, Richard C., 23            Hsiao, William C., 31, 36          Marmot, Michael G., 51             Santangelo, Susan L., 23         Xu, Xin, 17
Dockery, Douglas W., 16, 22       Hsieh, Chung-Cheng, 23             Marti, Matthias, 41                Satoskar, Abhay R., 41           Yip, Winnie Chi-Man, 31
Dominici, Francesca, 9            Hu, Frank B., 22, 45               McCormick, Marie C., 51            Schaumberg, Debra A., 23         Yuan, Guocheng, 9
Doria, Alessandro, 23             Hu, Howard, 17                     McDonough, John E., 37             Schernhammer, Eva S., 23         Zalloua, Pierre A., 17
Douglas, Chester W., 23           Hughes, Michael D., 9              McIntosh, Kenneth, 41              Schneeweiss, Sebastian, 23       Zavras, Athanasios I., 23
Drazen, Jeffrey M., 17            Hunink, Maria G. M. (Myriam), 37   Mehta, Cyrus R., 9                 Schneider, Eric C., 37           Zelen, Marvin, 9
Duggan, Christopher P., 45        Hunter, David J., 22, 45           Mello, Michelle M., 36             Schoenfeld, David A., 9          Zhang, Shumin, 23
Duraisingh, Manoj T., 40          Huttenhower, Curtis, 9             Michaud, Dominique S., 23          Schwartz, Joel D., 17, 22

68    H A R VA R D S C H O O L O F P U B L I C H E A LT H , 2 0 0 9 – 1 0

July 1                               Registration for summer programs
July 2                               Summer Program in Clinical Effectiveness and Summer Session for Public Health
                                     Studies begin
July 2–24                            Summer 1 term
July 3                               Independence Day, a holiday (observed)
July 27–August 14                    Summer 2 term
August 16–24                         Professional Communication Seminar
August 24                            Fall semester check-in for new students
August 24–28                         Orientation for new students
September 2                          Fall 1 term begins
September 7                          Labor Day, a holiday
October 12                           Columbus Day, a holiday
October 23                           Fall 1 term ends
October 26                           Fall 2 term begins
November 11                          Veterans Day, a holiday
November 26–27                       Thanksgiving recess
December 15                          Final deadline for application to all doctor of science (SD), doctor of public health (DPH),
                                     master of occupational health (MOH), and most master of science (SM) programs; deadline
                                     for application to master of public health (MPH), and SM in health care management
                                     programs in the priority admission cycle
December 18                          Fall 2 term ends
December 21–January 1                Winter recess

January 1                            New Year’s Day, a holiday
January 4                            WinterSession* begins
January 8                            Final deadline for application to MPH program
January 18                           Martin Luther King, Jr., Day, a holiday
January 22                           WinterSession ends
January 25                           Spring 1 term begins
February 15                          Final deadline for application to the SM in health care management program
February 15                          Presidents Day, a holiday
March 12                             Spring 1 term ends
March 15–19                          Spring recess
March 22                             Spring 2 term begins
May 14                               Spring 2 term ends
May 27                               Commencement
May 31                               Memorial Day, a holiday

* WinterSession is a special academic term at HSPH offering opportunities for creativity and innovation in learning and teaching.
  Credit and noncredit courses and activities for WinterSession, as well as relevant school and departmental policies, are listed at
  the following website: http://www.hsph.harvard.edu/registrar/WinterSession/index.shtml

                                                          5   H A R VA R D S C H O O L O F P U B L I C H E A LT H , 2 0 0 9 – 1 0
677 Huntington Avenue
Boston, MA 02115

                                          H A R VA R D S C H O O L O F P U B L I C H E A LT H   4

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