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Larimer County Colorado Alternatives to Incarceration Gary A. Darling Director Criminal Justice Services Jail Inmate Population • If LC was at the average incarceration rate for the State of Colorado, we would have 858 inmates in jail. • If LC were at the National average we would have 758 inmates in jail. • Consultants projected in 2003 LC would have 567 inmates in jail. • We now have a average daily population of 468 inmates for 2009. Alternative Programs • Work Release has been used for nearly 30 years. • Work Ender program has been used for 25 years. • Useful Public Service has been used for 20 years. • Electric Home Detention has been used for over 10 years. • Alternative daily costs per inmate averages $26. • Jail daily cost per inmate $104. Alternative Programs • Pretrial Services established 30 years ago. • Community Corrections established 33 years ago. • Re-entry Program established 2 years ago. • Mental Health Intervention Pretrial Services (MHIPS) established 3 years ago. • Alternatives for Incarcerated Individuals with Mental Health Needs (AIIM) established 3 years ago. • Crisis Assessment Center established 3 years ago. • Community Dual Disorder Treatment (CDDT). Criminal Justice Advisory Committee (CJAC) Membership • District Court Judge • Public Defender • District Attorney • Sheriff • Director of Community Corrections • Two Chiefs of Police • Jail Commander • Chief of Probation • Regional Director of Parole • Director of Heath and Humane Services • County Manager • Director of Criminal Justice Services Decision to Arrest Sentence Decision to Modification Detain Pre- Decision trial Larimer County Detention Center Decision to Sentencing Release from Decision (Jail) Pre-trial Detention Adjudication Decision to Outcome Prosecute 2009 Scenario • January 2009 ADP at the jail increased. • 2009 budget forces Sheriff to cap the jail at 460. • Sheriff proposes to CJAC that anyone charged with a class 4 felony or less will not be accepted into the jail (some exceptions noted). • Proposal not acceptable to members of the CJAC and a special meeting is scheduled with all judges and other criminal justice department heads. Meeting Results • Change requirements for bonds and use Pretrial Bond Commissioners to get more PR and PR-CO bonds recommended. • Review outcomes of new procedures and evaluate the workload and failure to appear rate over the next four months. • Officers on the street to use a summons in lieu of arrest when appropriate. Meeting Results • If Officer makes an arrest, determine if the individual has ties to the community and determine if they may be released to a responsible individual when appropriate. • Increase the number of beds in Work Release to increase sentencing options. Impact • Bookings at the jail decrease by 13%. • Number of people bonding and placed on pretrial did not increase. • PR bonds increased, PR-CO, cash, and surety bonds decreased. • FTA rate on those bonded with pretrial supervision decreased. • Jail population has decreased to a low of 419 inmates. NOTE: ADP for the year is at 468 due to the high counts early in the year • Number of people sentenced to Work Release increased slightly. Matrix of Pretrial Defendants Arrested High risk Low risk Released Released with $ with $ on PR to Surety PR/CO Remain in High risk Low risk custody without without without Released $ $ on PR posting PR/CO bond PRETRIAL SUPERVISION Average number of defendants per month by year Summary • You must look at the system as a whole and make changes at each of the decision points. • You must determine what the reason is for your programs. Less cost, recidivism reduction, community safety or a combination of reasons. • Community safety for Larimer County is more important than an individual returning to court. Pretrial Services are critical to success. Questions?
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