Vijay Bukkawar by liaoqinmei


									                Proposal for
               MARG HAMARE
(Mutual Aid & Response Group for Hazardous Material
                 Road Emergencies)

                            Vijay Bukkawar
                            Retired, Joint Director,
  Directorate of Industrial Safety and Health, Government of Maharashtra.
                   Adviser, Health, Safety & Environment,
          Indian Chemical Council, National Headquarters.
                       Indian Chemical Council
It is already there

 MARG ( Mutual Aid & Response Group)
 in Maharashtra
     Situation before
     Established in 1991
     Working in 12 Industrial Clusters
     This presentation starts with a case study
      of MARG
     There are ample case studies
     Best approach for MARG HAMARE

           Indian Chemical Council
         Case Study of Hazmat emergency
         handled by MARG PRIA ( Patalganga
         Rasayani Industries Area)
Major Accident involving 3 Road Vehicles : A Milk
  van (LMV Tempo) , A Jeep (LMV) & A Heavy
  Goods Vehicle( HGV ). HGV lost control, collided
  with the others and overturned caused Spillage.
 Date      : 05.04.2004.
 Location :NH04, CHOWK Village, Dist. Raigad,
 Time      : 22.45 hrs.
 Duration : Emergency lasted up to next day
                 Indian Chemical Council
Indian Chemical Council
       Genealogy of the Incident Command.
              On Location –Day 1
 RIL Fire Officer & team moved to accident spot
 immediately for a first hand field review :
             Strong Toxic smells
             Acute breathing & eye-irritation
  Message for Alert and Response sent to
   Local Police,
   Bombay Dyeing Fire team,
   RIL-SSM (Incident Command at RIL,}
   Tashildar & District Administration,
   Pollution Control Board.

                 Indian Chemical Council
                    Genealogy of the Incident
From the Base Camp –Days 1 & 2.
 On Alert,
   for first aid and treatment Dhirubhai Ambani hospital,

  & RIL- Occupational Health Centre
      Emergency Response Centre Advisory team
      Seniors & specialists from PRIA area on Standby, as :
             Base Camp Counselors.
 Advise to location ( “Do‟s and Don‟ts, the ”
  MSDS interpretation”, and “ Mobilizing” additional
  resources for Site.
                        Indian Chemical Council
            Genealogy of the Incident
                On Location – Day 1
• In the pitch dark night, an undamaged Bottle was
  retrieved from one of the crates in the Truck.
• Colour of vapours and some visible letterings on
  the crate & helped identification of chemical to be
  primarily Liquid Bromine.
• Advise from base station : Carry controlled field
  tests with water & lime powder.
• There were other Chemicals also, fortunately not
                Indian Chemical Council
           Genealogy of the Incident Command.

                On Location – Day1
   Chowk Villagers woken up, & moved to
    ½ a KM away, at that hour of night.
   Injured rescued & sent to DHA hospital with help
    from local police.
   Unfortunately the driver stuck in the vehicle
    succumbed to injuries.

                   Indian Chemical Council
              Genealogy of the Incident
On Location – Day 1
   MSDS & guidelines for safe handling made
    available from Base Camp. Hard copies sent to
    accident site.
  #04 dumpers for loose soil were mobilized
    to cover the spillage to contain escaping vapors
    Thereafter Lime powder & Soda Ash used.
  However all personnel within immediate vicinity
    remained in full PPE.
                      Indian Chemical Council
               Genealogy of the Incident
                       On Location – Day 2
    Most damaged crates & bottles retrieved carefully and taken
    to safely in a nearby „contained‟ area.
    Using a Crane mobilized from RIL-Site & a JCB mobilized
    locally, the truck‟s undercarriage & body parts were lifted off
    the road and placed into a nearby “cordoned” area away
    from the highway.
   Other drums & carboys containing remaining chemicals
    were withdrawn and stacked in a separate area, using local

                       Indian Chemical Council
         Genealogy of the Incident Command.
                  On Location – Day 2
 Withdrawal and positive containment of truck
  parts, cargo.
 Damaged containers neutralization confirmed in
  presence of relevant authorities.
 Full wash given to road after isolation and
 All clear by Tashildar after road-wash by other
  brigades 14.30 hrs
 Time of team exit : 13.55hrs.
 Normal traffic resumed: 14.45 hrs.

                Indian Chemical Council
              „The Learning‟

   Portable detectors for detecting toxicity levels, odor
    thresholds, to be included in safety gears of Turnout team.
   Mobile phones to team leader on Turnout duty to ensure
    communication at all times wit Base Camp & off-site
    agencies. ( At this time Walkie Talkie Set was used.)
   Heavy-duty Chemical masks/hoods are being looked
   Explore if Trucks can be provided with “Black BOX” type of
    indestructible container for easy recovery of critical MSDS
    & other information.

                     Indian Chemical Council
                Emergency Response Center
 located on the HOC campus.
 An independent body with participating specialists
  from all industries at Rasayani, PG.
 Resources are pooled when– whether ISBL or far
  away areas.
 Turn-out to any SOS call is taken up in rotation
 On assessment of Turnout leader, other members
  are called up for further backup.
 ERC is capable to handle most situations of:
      Fires –whether Industrial or residential,
      Accidents– whether ISBL or Outside,
      Spillages - of all kinds, Environmental issues, Even
      natural calamities.

                       Indian Chemical Council
          Why &How MARG ?

 Hazmat emergencies expect a knowledge based prompt
  and correct response
 Impediments
    Lack of infrastructure
    Poorly maintained infrastructure
    Apathy of off-site agencies
    All pervading ignorance.
   But EMS has to work within the given circumstances. The answer
     that we found was MARG
   MARG is a road or path and that is what we eventually invented.
     It is a force multiplier

                       Indian Chemical Council

 Regular meetings
 Training to off-site agencies
 Safety promotion and competitions
 Area specific programs –APT
 Up-dating of plans
 Publication of hazard/emergency
 Community awareness programs

          Indian Chemical Council
          Achievements of MARG

 Organized and well defined help for road accidents
  involving hazardous substances
 Timely response / de-escalation
 Confidence building
 Camaraderie
 Collective and participative planning for emergencies
 Drill that brought praise from ILO

                     Indian Chemical Council
Getting started

 Stock of the situation
      Lack of
         organisation

         co-ordination

         resources

         awareness   amongst transporters, users,
          public and authority
         infrastructure

         discipline

             Indian Chemical Council
Where and how to start

 Join Hands with
     Industry, Industry associations
     Authorities – Ministries of Central Govt
     State Government; concerned
     Area MARG

            Indian Chemical Council

 Finance

 Organisation

 Resources

         Indian Chemical Council
Way out

 PPP Model

 Model has to be sustainable with least finance
  from the Government
 Use logical extension as a guiding principle, as
  much as possible
 Share, ( adapt, adopt and accept)

 Constitute Group

           Indian Chemical Council
Suggested route for action

 Workshop of Industry associations

 Form ad hock body ( Include experts )

 Approach Collectively to Ministries and
  State Governments
 Do not wait but improvise

         Indian Chemical Council
What have we got?

Stephen Covey warns: "If we always do
  what we've always done, we'll always
  get what we've always got." Hence, the
  obvious question is: "What do we do,
  now has to be different.?"

         Indian Chemical Council
@yaa Aba MARG
vaOsao , AaSaavaadI
haonaomao @yaagalat hOÆ

         ‘T h a n Q’

Vijay Bukkawar
Advisor, HSE,
Indian Chemical Council,
Sir Vithaldas Chambers,
16, Mumbai Samachar Marg,
Mumbai – 400001
Email –

        Indian Chemical Council

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