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BioEthanol for Sustainable Transport - BEST

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					Proposal to 6th Framework
Third Call of FP6-6-1 Sustainable Energy Systems
Activity Code SUSTDEV-1.1.5


Priority 6.1 Alternative Motor Fuels: BioFuel Cities




BioEthanol for Sustainable Transport
- BEST
2004-12-08



Type of Instrument
Integrated Project




Coordinator name:                Gustaf Landahl
Coordinator organisation name:   City of Stockholm, Environmental Health Administration
Coordinator email:               gustaf.landahl@miljo.stockholm.se
Coordinator phone:               +46 8 508 28 916
Coordinator mobile phone:        +46 70 47 28 916
Coordinator fax:                 +46 8 508 28 808
List of participants:
No    Partner name                                    Short name     Country   Type
      Stockholm, Sweden
1     Environmental and Health Administration         MF             SE        OTH
2     Stockholm Public Transport Authority            SL             SE        OTH
3     BSR Svenska AB                                  BSR            SE        IND
      BioFuel Region, Sweden
4     BioFuel Region                                  BFR            SE        OTH
5     BioAlcohol Fuel Foundation                      BAFF           SE        OTH
6     Svensk Etanolkemi AB                            SEKAB          SE        IND
23    Umeå university                                 UmU            SE        RES
      Rotterdam, The Netherlands
7     Department of Public Works Rotterdam            GW Rotterdam   NL        OTH
8     Royal Nedalco                                   Nedalco        NL        IND
      Somerset, UK
9     Somerset County Council                         SSC            UK        OTH
10    Wessex Grain                                    WGL            UK        IND
      Dublin, Irland
11    Maxol & CB Biofuels                             Maxol          IE        IND
      Basqe County, Spain
12    EVE – Ente Vasco de la Energía                  EVE            ES        IND
      Nanyang, China
13    City of Nanyang                                 CN             CH        OTH
14    Tsinghua University                             TU             CH        RES
15    Ford Europe                                     Ford           DE        IND

16    Imperial College of Science, Technology and     ICEPT          UK        RES
      Medicine (ICSTM) – Imperial Centre for
      Energy Policy and Technology (ICEPT)

      Madrid, Spain
17    The City of Madrid                              Madrid         ES        OTH
18    Municipal Company of Transport (EMT)            EMT            ES        OTH
19    Saab Automobile AB                              Saab           SE        IND
      São Paulo, Brazil
20    WIP – Wirtschaft und Infrastruktur Gmbh &       WIP            DE        IND
      Co Plannings - KG
21    CENBIO                                          CENBIO         BR        RES
22    Institute of Electrotechnics and Energy (IEE)   IEE            BR        RES
      Spezia, Italy
24    ETA                                             ETA            IT        IND
25    Comune La Spezia                                ComS           IT        OTH
26    Provincia della Spezia                          ProS           IT        OTH
27    ATC Spa                                         ATC            IT        OTH
28    Università di Genova CIRT                       CIRT           IT        OTH
Contents page
1 Scientific and technological objectives of the BEST project and state of the art on bioethanol 6
  1.1 Over-all objectives of the project ___________________________________________ 6
  1.2 The challenge __________________________________________________________ 6
  1.3 What is the problem? ____________________________________________________ 7
  1.4 Objectives and actions ___________________________________________________ 7
  1.5 Bioethanol has a high potential to substitute fossil fuels in transport_______________ 10
2 Relevance to the objectives of the Priority _______________________________________15
  2.1 The priorities to meet ___________________________________________________ 15
  2.2 Thematic priority Alternative motor Fuels ___________________________________ 15
3 Potential impact ____________________________________________________________18
  3.1 Strategic Impact of the Project ____________________________________________ 18
  3.2 Innovation-related activities ______________________________________________ 19
  3.3 Exploitation of the Results _______________________________________________ 19
  3.4 Added value of European level____________________________________________ 23
  3.5 Other National and international research ___________________________________ 24
  3.6 Contribution to standards ________________________________________________ 25
4 Outline implementation plan __________________________________________________27
  4.1 Research, technological development and innovation activities __________________ 28
  4.2 Demonstration activities _________________________________________________ 29
  4.3 Training activities ______________________________________________________ 37
  4.4 Management activities __________________________________________________ 38
5 Description of the consortium _________________________________________________40
  5.1 The BEST consortium __________________________________________________ 40
  5.2 Additional partners in the future___________________________________________ 59
  5.3 Subcontracting foreseen in the BEST project_________________________________ 59
6 Description of project management _____________________________________________60
  6.1 Project management structure_____________________________________________ 60
  6.2 Other partners and stakeholders ___________________________________________ 64
  6.3 Management elements __________________________________________________ 66
  6.4 Management of Knowledge and Intellectual Property __________________________ 67
  6.5 Addition of new partners ________________________________________________ 68
7 Project resources ___________________________________________________________69
  7.1 IP Project Effort Form __________________________________________________ 69
  7.2 IP management level justification of resources and budget ______________________ 70
8 Detailed implementation plan – first 18 months ___________________________________72
  8.1 Cost form for the BEST-project ___________________________________________ 72
  8.2 Timetable for BEST ____________________________________________________ 75
  8.3 Risk and contingency planning____________________________________________ 77
9 Other issues ______________________________________________________________101
  A. Applicants are requested to fill in the following table __________________________ 101
  B. Applicants are requested to confirm that the proposed research does not involve: ____ 101
10 Gender issues ____________________________________________________________102
Annexe 1: Partners __________________________________________________________107
Annexe 2: Confirmed Stakeholders _____________________________________________135
Proposal summary page

BioEthanol for Sustainable Transport – BEST

Strategic objectives:
    Mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions growth
    The reduction of over-dependency on oil
    Promotion of biofuels for transport


The BEST proposal will demonstrate an extensive substitution of petrol and diesel to
bioethanol. Furthermore the project will initiate a lasting and accelerating development of
bioethanol-fuel all over Europe through efficient ways of marketing and training and pave the
way for a market breakthrough for ethanol fuelled vehicles. The objective is to reduce
dependency on oil and greenhouse gas emissions through a fine-tuned method of market
introduction. This will be done through a massive, but very strategic introduction of vehicles
and distribution-lines at 10 strategically chosen sites in a maximum integrated public-private
partnership of cities/regions, car manufacturers, fuel producers, fuelling stations and fleet
owners combined with exactly targeted marketing campaigns.
Almost 9 000 vehicles and more than 150 fuelling stations are expected as a result of the
project, making this the largest demonstration of alternative fuelled vehicles yet supported by
the Commission. The project will clearly demonstrate how the Biofuel Directive and the Kyoto
Protocol can be met in a cost effective and sustainable way.
The BEST proposal will validate the already excellent reliability, energy-effectiveness,
environmental and societal benefits of ethanol used as a fuel, under different conditions and
further improve the benefits through innovative ways of production, distribution and use in
vehicles. The results will be valuable for several European standards and policies.
The wise use of frontrunner-experiences from Brazil and US speeds up the introduction within
European sites and the active use of information-multiplayer will result in followers that copy
the BEST actions
1 Scientific and technological objectives of the BEST project
and state of the art on bioethanol

1.1 Over-all objectives of the project
The BEST proposal will demonstrate an extensive substitution of petrol and diesel to
bioethanol. Furthermore the project will initiate a lasting and accelerating development of
bioethanol-fuel all over Europe and pave the way for a market breakthrough for ethanol fuelled
vehicles. The objective is to reduce dependency on oil and greenhouse gas emissions through a
fine-tuned method of market introduction. This will be done through a massive, but very
strategic introduction of vehicles and distribution-lines at 10 strategically chosen sites combined
with exactly targeted marketing campaigns.

1.2 The challenge
The Biofuel Directive 2003/30/EC set up targets for the Member States. In 2005 the market
share of biofuels should be 2 % and in 2010 5,75 %. The Commission has suggested the policy
objective of 20 % alternative motor fuels by 2020 in the Green Paper COM (2000) 769.
The Kyoto Protocol states that the EU should decrease its greenhouse gas emissions to 8%
below 1990 levels by 2010.
The Biofuel Directive, the Green Paper and the Kyoto Protocol calls for large changes in the
transport sector. Low blending of biofuels used in conventional engines will not be enough.
There is an obvious need to take firm steps towards higher blends and dedicated vehicles and
provide platforms that enables the consumers to express their concern and take conscious
decisions towards a sustainable future.
The Commission has supported technical development of alternative fuels for transports for
more than 15 years, i.a. through the THERMIE and GROWTH&ENERGIE -programs. Through
these programs, dedicated and flexi fuel biofuel vehicles have been developed, tested and
introduced in some countries. These vehicles have shown to be reliable and to fulfil high
environmental and energy standards. Though there are still potential for improvements and
refinements of the techniques, biofuel vehicles are now technically fit for a larger introduction.
Hence it is time to work not only with improving the technical performance, but also to speed
up the market development.
Experiences from introduction new technology like television, mobile phones, microwave
ovens, internet usage etc, shows that the initial uptake is very slow, but when you reach a
market share of about 5 %, the introduction will be self-supporting. Until then different kinds of
support are essential in order to speed up this development. The global market for bioethanol
vehicles differs. In most of Europe there is no market at all. In Sweden there is a developing
market. In Brazil the market is already self-supporting.
F igure 1 Technical introduction passes 3 different stages. Biofuel vehicles are now entering the 2nd stage
– developing market.


1.3 What is the problem?
To achieve any advantage from introducing or buying an vehicles that run on bioethanol, you
need a developed fuelling infrastructure and a price competitive with petrol. On the other hand,
to receive any profit from an ethanol filling station you need a substantial amount of ethanol
vehicles. Experiences from US clearly show that both vehicles and infrastructure needs to be in
place.
Neither the filling stations nor the car industry wants to take the first step, risking that the other
parts of the chain do not follow. Today Ford is the only vehicle manufacturer with a bioethanol
vehicle on the European market, only available in Sweden.
Municipalities and public bodies are generally too small fleet owners and too scattered to
generate the necessary momentum to break the ice in a country. National governments can
create a momentum by tax discounts, but has been reluctant to do this without being sure of the
availability of vehicles, fuel, filling stations and the fuelling companies’ interest in providing
ethanol. Only by a joint effort by several stakeholders, this deadlock can be broken.
Also when the ice is broken in one European country, the breakthrough will not necessarily
spread to other countries. On the contrary, if no other country follows, the vehicle manufacturer
will not continue to offer the models. From a vehicle manufacturer perspective, Europe is
considered one united market and only when a model is demanded in several countries, a long-
term vehicle/fuel-program is possible. Hence an alternative fuel has to be introduced in several
countries in order to reach the necessary critical mass for a market breakthrough.

1.4 Objectives and actions
The BEST project will address the issue of market development. The project will
simultaneously introduce bioethanol for transport at large scale in several European countries, in
order to reach this market breakthrough.

The objectives of the project are:
1. to prove and further improve the technical reliability, energy-effectiveness, environmental
   and societal benefits of bioethanol as a fuel
2. to perform large-scale demonstrations in order to initiate a market development and to
   evaluate performance and costs under different climatic, geographical and traffic conditions,
   using
       innovative ways of introducing known bioethanol techniques
        innovative ways of using bioethanol
        innovative ways of transfer of knowledge
        innovative ways of marketing and of providing incentives
3. to benchmark and evaluate the different innovative ways
4. to obtain followers that further increase the impetus towards a market development
5. to give recommendations for standards and policies
This will be done in close co-operation between cities/regions, car manufacturers, fuel
producers, fuelling stations and fleet owners. The BEST project focuses on maximum
integration, meaning that the participating sites will implement exactly the same things in close
co-operation in order to initiate a market development of bioethanol

The following actions will be performed to achieve the objectives
1. Prove and improve advantages of bioethanol
BEST will produce studies on the possibilities and advantages of bioethanol, improve the
technical performance of fuel production, distribution and use in vehicles and evaluate the
performance.
Studies will include a report on the potential and cost for short and long-term supply of
bioethanol in Europe and regional studies of the sites to examine the future potentials.
Experiences from Brazil and US will be incorporated.
Improvements of the technical performance will be done. Cost efficiency, safety and logistics of
the fuel production and distribution will be improved through innovative measures. A pilot plant
for E-diesel will be developed and tested. New vehicle types such as electric-hybrid vehicles to
use different bioethanol blends, innovative high-blends of bioethanol-petrol (E50-70, E85, E95)
in dedicated and flexi fuel vehicles, flexi fuel vehicles capable of running on E100, will be
introduced.
Conventional vehicles running on low blends of bioethanol and petrol (E10, E20-25) and
bioethanol and diesel (E-diesel) will be performed. Conversion of conventional cars to
dedicated/flexi fuel vehicles will also be tested. Manufactures will further develop Flexi fuel
vehicles to decrease the need for additional service of flexi fuel vehicles.
All sites will receive know-how on how to produce and distribute bioethanol cheaper and more
energy efficient. This knowledge will be used in future bioethanol plants at the sites.
2. Perform large scale demonstrations
The BEST project will demonstrate an extensive introduction of bioethanol buss and car fleets
for services such as taxi, city and regional fleets, public transport etc. The project will both
demonstrate high blends E95, E 85 and low blend such as E-diesel and E10 in different climatic,
geographical and traffic conditions at 10 sites. At the end of the BEST project the sites will
have achieved the following results:
Site                No of flexi No of         Low-         Low-         No fuel     Fuel
                    fuel cars E95             blend        blend        stations    stations
                                buses         Petrol       Diesel                   for E95
Stockholm              + 4 500        + 60                                     + 23        +5
BFR                    + 2 500        + 20                 E-diesel            + 55        +4
Rotterdam                + 950         +3     E10          E-diesel            + 12        +1
Somerset                 + 200                E10                               +5
Dublin                   + 100                E10                               +1
Basque Country           + 200                E10                               +4
Nanyang                  + 105         +6                  E-Diesel            + 50        +1
Madrid                   + 250        + 30                                      +2         +1
La Spezia                + 100         +3     E10          E-diesel             +2         +1
Total                   +8 900         +127                                   + 154         + 13

Table 1 Demonstration objectives

3. Benchmark and evaluate the different innovative ways
The market will not accept a new fuel, if not proven to be superior existing offers.
Evaluation and monitoring will be done to prove the energy efficiency and cost for production
from different feedstock. Performance of the vehicles will be monitored including emission tests
on different ways of using bioethanol as a fuel as well as energy consumption, fuel economy,
driving performance, service intervals, driver’s attitudes of the different vehicles. The different
incentives for private and company stakeholders: green transport procurement, clean taxi line,
test fleets, free parking, tax reduction, congestion charging discount etc will also be evaluated so
that experiences can be gathered for future work.
Life cycle analysis of effects on job growth, local development, export of know-how and
influence on trade balance and international safety will be done on the project as a whole.
4. Market and disseminate
The project will include marketing as a key element to reach a market introduction of
bioethanol. Marketing campaigns towards different target groups such as company fleet
operators, public users and the citizens will be done using fine-tuned and targeted methods.
Training of strategically selected persons to act as ambassadors for bioethanol will help market
the fuel and the vehicles. Test fleets will be used as a way to let potential users test the vehicles.
The project will disseminate, together with the Biofuel Partnership action, the results in Europe
through different networks using web-sites, conferences, seminars, and newsletters. Active co-
operation with external key bodies as UITP, POLIS, ACCESS and ICLEI will enable the project
to reach followers.
This will be done in close co-operation between cities/regions, car manufacturers, fuel
producers, fuelling stations and fleet owners. The BEST project focuses on maximum
integration, meaning that the participating sites will implement exactly the same things in close
co-operation in order to obtain a market breakthrough of bioethanol.
The BEST project will give the European partners enough experiences of driving ethanol buses
to conduct a joint procurement of buses, thus increasing the number of models available and
lowering the extra costs.
The experiences gained by City of Nanyang, China, will both help develop the use of bioethanol
in a quickly expanding market and create strong co-operation between China and Europe in this
field. The contacts with Brazil, that is eager to substitute fossil fuel in buses and lorries may
create a similar strong co-operation
5. Give recommendations for standards and policies
The project will test possible standards for: designated and flexi fuel vehicles, for different
blends of bioethanol-fuel, for the production & distribution of bioethanol. The results and
experiences will also be formed into policy recommendations to local and national politicians
and to the European commission.


  Reduction of emissions and fossil energy use
                 through BEST

CO2                              -19 400 000 kg

NOx                                  -66 959 kg
SO2                                 -196 625 kg

Particles                            -22 373 kg
Fossil Energy use                     -1 239 TJ




1.5 Bioethanol has a high potential to substitute fossil fuels in transport
No single biofuel has yet the capacity to replace all the fossil fuel used in transport in Europe,
several alternative fuels need to be used and demonstrated side by side in order to substitute as
much fossil fuels as possible. According to OECD/IEA, bioethanol has however a potential to
be a dominating biofuel the next 15 years.

1.5.1 Bioethanol characteristics
Bioethanol has many advantages that make it valuable for replacing petrol and diesel:

Environmental & health
      Bioethanol is renewable and does not contribute to the emissions of Greenhouse gases.
      Emissions of NOx, SOx, NMVOC and Particulate Matter are much lower than from diesel
      and petrol. Emission tests shows that Bioethanol buses meet and go below the Euro 5 and
      for some parameters also below the EEV-standards.
      Bioethanol is biodegradable and does not harm the environment even if it leaks out. It is
      less explosive, less poisonous and easier to extinguish if burning than petrol and diesel.

Energy
      Production of bioethanol shows a positive energy rate
      There is a large potential to further improve the energy rate both through improvement of
      the production technique for starch-based ethanol and through use of cellulose-based
      ethanol
      Bioethanol has excellent combustion properties, improving the energy effectiveness of the
      engine with up to 20 %
      Bioethanol can be produced locally, hence reducing the need of imported energy for
      transport

Security of supply and societal effects
      Many different feedstock’s’ can be used to produce ethanol. All European countries can
      produce bioethanol and reduce the dependency of imported oil
Potential volumes from starch and sugarcane Bioethanol are far beyond all other biofuel
options for the next 10-15 years. With cellulose-based ethanol the potential for ethanol is
magnified dramatically.
Local production of bioethanol contributes to employment and reduces the need for
agricultural subsidies in the short term and reveals large potentials for new industrial and
local development
Practical advantages
    The methods for producing ethanol are well known, the global production of bioethanol fuel
    reached a level of 28 000 000 m³ 2003 (IEA Biofuels for Transport) and is growing very
    rapidly.
    Ethanol is a liquid fuel, which makes it easy to distribute and the distribution can be done
    with the existing technique used for petrol and diesel.
    Ethanol can be blended in petrol, improving the combustion and decreasing the emission of
    fossil CO2 and CO. Most modern petrol cars can run on petrol containing 10 % ethanol.
    Ethanol can be blended in diesel, improving the combustion and decreasing the emission of
    fossil CO2 and Particulate matters.
    The flexi fuel technology for ethanol allows vehicles to run on ethanol, petrol or any mix of
    these fuels. This is essential for the wider uptake of vehicles among private stakeholders as
    this guarantees the full use of the vehicles, also when occasionally used in areas where the
    refuelling infrastructure is not yet fully developed.
    The flexi fuel technology is cheap, well-proven and well-known: several European car
    manufacturers have already produced more then 5 million flexi fuel vehicles for the
    Brazilian and US markets
    Ethanol is excellent as hydrogen carrier to be used in future fuel cells

Disadvantages
    Production costs for European bioethanol is still more expensive than petrol – about
    0.20 €/l. This difference will decrease due to economy of scale and improved techniques.
    Oil prices will continue to increase as the source is finite and the demand is increasing. As
    up to 60 % of the final price at pump consists of taxes, this difference could easily be
    adjusted during a developing period.
    In cold climates, Bioethanol has a disadvantage for cold start properties. To ignite properly,
    it is either necessary to add a small proportion of petrol or find other technical solutions like
    engine block heaters or special cold start features. That is the reason why E85 consists of
    85 % Bioethanol and 15 % petrol.
    Bioethanol-fuelled vehicles require service more often, which leads to a slightly higher
    operational cost.

1.5.2 Worldwide use of Bioethanol as a fuel
Brazil
Brazil uses Bioethanol as a fuel in large scale since the middle of the 1970s. The production is
about 15 000 000 m³/year, mainly from sugar cane and molasses. About 2 500 000 dedicated
vehicles run on Bioethanol, most of them on E100. There are about 25 flexi fuel models
available from European manufacturers (Ford, Fiat, Opel, Renault, VW) and also from US
manufacturers, and during 2004 the Flexi Fuel vehicles are estimated to approach 600 000 units
or 30% of total sales. Furthermore all petrol used in Brazil contains 22 - 26 % ethanol, used by
some 18 000 000 cars, 3 500 000 motorcycles and a great number of motorboats. Bioethanol
represents about 40 % of the fuel used for motorcycles and cars. There is almost the same tax on
Bioethanol as for petrol. Brazil has decided to further increase the number of flexi fuel vehicles.
As very few buses or lorries run on ethanol, Brazil is eager to increase this type of vehicles.
       United States
       In US, there are about 3 500 000 flexi fuel vehicles. These are mostly US made passenger cars
       but also European (e.g. 5 different Mercedes models). However only some 120 000 of them
       actually runs on E85. About 200 fuelling stations provide E85 though E10 is available all over
       the US. In some areas (carbon monoxide and ozone non-attainment areas) only E10 is provided
       parts of the year. The US produces 8-9 000 000 m³ bioethanol/year, mainly from surplus corn.
       There is a tax discount of about 0.10 €/l.
       The Department of Energy runs Clean Cities – a network of local coalitions of public and
       private producers, distributors and users of ethanol, that aims to promote alternative fuels and
       vehicles, fuel blends, fuel economy, hybrid vehicles, and idle reduction. Clean cities gathers
       knowledge and supports the wider use of bioethanol fuel through training, education, campaign
       material, networking in a close dialogue and cooperation with producers, distributors and
       vehicle manufacturers in the US.

       Canada
       Canada is mainly working with low blend. About 100 000 m³ ethanol/year is used in E10,
       though the interest for flexi fuel vehicles is growing. The domestic production is still low.
       Canada co-operates closely with the US and has started “Clean Fuels Coalition” similar to the
       US clean cities programme, in order to support the development of Bioethanol as a fuel.
       Also China, Mexico, Colombia, India, Japan and some other countries are beginning to produce
       and use ethanol for transport, mostly as low blend.

       1.5.3 State of the art in BEST partnership


Site          Experie    No of      No of FF Low-blend           No of No fuel           Tax     Local      Domesti
              nce        flexi fuel models                       E95    stations         discoun incentiv   c
              since      cars                                    buse                    t       es         producti
                                                                 s                                          on
Stockholm     1994           2 000        1 (31)E5 (E102)          264          18       YES        YES     YES
BFR           1994           1 250        1 (31)E5 (E102)            49         10       YES        YES     YES
Rotterdam     2004          3 (501)           1 -                     -      - (11)      - (yes3)   -       YES
Somerset      -                   -            --                     -           -      -          -       YES
Dublin        -                   -            --                     -           -      - (yes3)   -       YES
Basque        -                   -            --                     -           -      -          -       YES
Nanyang       2001                -            -E10,                  -    100 %         -          -       YES
                                                (E-Diesel4)                      1
Madrid        -                  -            - -                     -           -      -          -       YES
La Spezia     -                  -            - -                     -           -      -          -       YES
São Paulo     1970           30 %          > 40 E20-25                -    100 %         YES        -       YES
       Table 2 State of the art
       (1 Coming 2005 2 Prohibited 1999    3
                                               Considered by national gov   4
                                                                                A pilot test)

       Stockholm and Biofuel region, Sweden
       Sweden has taken the first steps to break this deadlock. Starting off with pilot projects and
       testing of small fleets imported from United States in 1994, a major breakthrough was made
       through a joint procurement in 2002, resulting in 3 000 vehicles at the Swedish market by the
       end of 2002. This has together with tax reduction and local incentives like reduced parking fees
       and green procurement in some cities, led to the first steps towards a market breakthrough.
       Today, there are about 12 000 flexi fuel vehicles, 400 ethanol buses and some 140 fuelling
       stations for E85 in Sweden. Furthermore, 80 % of the petrol sold in Sweden contains 5 %
       ethanol. Before 1999 also E10 was sold in Sweden but was prohibited when the Directive
1998/70/EG was introduced. The production of ethanol has increased and new ways to produce
ethanol from cellulose are being developed and tested. However, the share of ethanol vehicles is
still very small compared to the whole vehicle fleet and only one car model (Ford Focus FFV)
and one bus engine (Scania DC9 04 230) is yet available. However, SAAB and Volvo have
announced that they will introduce flexi fuel vehicles in 2005 as a response to the increased
demand and the development of the infrastructure. In accordance to Directive 2003/96/EC
Sweden has no energy or CO2-taxes on ethanol.

Rotterdam
Since 2004, Rotterdam has a small fleet of 3 flexi fuel cars and is now installing a filling station.
In the Civitas-project Tellus, Rotterdam will test a fleet of 50 flexi fuel cars during 2005 and
will then gain more experience.

Nanyang
Nanyang is one of the first Chinese cities to use E10, starting off with a test fleet in 2001. Today
all fuel stations in the city only provide E10. In the end of 2004, this will apply for the whole
Henan province (about 100 million inhabitants). Until October 2004, 207,510 tons of E10 has
been sold as fuel in Nanyang city and 662,750 ton for the whole province. There is also a test of
E-diesel going on.

São Paulo
See Brazil above

Other
The other sites in the BEST project have no experience of using Bioethanol as a fuel.
The Netherlands and Ireland are planning to reduce taxes on biofuel in the near future.
All sites have access to locally/domestically produced bioethanol.
2 Relevance to the objectives of the Priority

2.1 The priorities to meet
BEST will meet the Priorities in the call Biofuel for cities (FP6-2004-TREN-3), following also
the spirit of the Lisbon strategy: Co-operation between local public bodies, local and
multinational industrial partners and the Commission creating platforms for economic
development and improved competitiveness.
The BEST project will show that European cities can fulfil the Biofuel Directive and the Kyoto
Protocol within the transport sector and reach 5.75 % use of biofuel and a 8 % decrease of CO2-
emissins.
The outcomes from BEST will greatly improve the European knowledge in bioethanol use and
create a great potential for exporting environmental and energy efficiency know-how.
The BEST project puts all involved stakeholders in several European countries in the same
project, and through show-cases, know-how transfer and marketing pushes the market towards a
breakthrough.

2.2 Thematic priority Alternative motor Fuels

2.2.1 Demonstration of alternative fleets
The BEST project will demonstrate an impressive number of ethanol-powered vehicles in fleets
(WP 1-3). The objective is to reach 8 900 vehicles at the 10 sites, making the BEST project to
the largest demonstration project on alternative fuel vehicles supported by the European
Commission.
The fleets will include both public and private operators such as taxi fleets, fleets operated by
cities and regional authorities, buss fleets operated by public transport operators.
The vehicles will be either in the form of Flexi Fuel vehicles and/or public transport ethanol
buses and energy efficient hybrid electric vehicles on bioethanol. Alternative fleets on low
blends of bioethanol in petrol (E10/E20 = 10/20 % bioethanol in petrol 95) and/or diesel
(Ediesel = 10 % bioethanol in diesel) will also be carried out.
The manufactures of bioethanol vehicles are dedicated to the project.

2.2.2 Demonstration of innovative, energy efficient, cost-effective and safe
production, storage and distribution of alternative fuels.
Energy efficient innovative production methods of bioethanol will be studied and evaluated.
The future potential of production of bioethanol from cellulose and starch will also be studied.
New cost-efficient ways of storing dehydrated bio-ethanol before transport will be
demonstrated (WP4). Safe and cost-efficient ways to adapt petrol storage to bioethanol storage
will be carried out and evaluated as well as creating new storage facilities.
More than 150 new filling stations will be demonstrated including some with, new, cost-efficient
flexi-pumps. Flexi-pumps make it possible to blend the required bioethanol fuel (i.e E10 - E85)
at the fuelling station.
Figure 2“Ethanol blending at the fuel station” Introduction of flexi-pumps improves the distribution by
making it possible to blend required mix of bioethanol and petrol at the fuelling station.

Safety is not a problem when using bioethanol as a fuel. Bioethanol is biodegradable, less
explosive, less poisonous and easier to extinguish if burning than petrol and diesel. The present,
well tested, petrol/diesel distribution system will be used in the demonstrations with only slight
modifications. The safety regulations for bioethanol are the same as for petrol.

2.2.3 Demonstration of new ways of using alternative fuels in energy efficient
vehicles
Several demonstrations of innovative uses of bioethanol will be carried out. Ford and Toyota
will demonstrate electric-hybrid vehicles running on bioethanol. They will be up to 40% more
fuel-efficient than vehicles without the hybrid technology.
The conversion of 5 petrol cars to bioethanol using a 50 to 70 % ethanol blend in petrol will be
demonstrated, tested and evaluated as a method of obtaining a quick reduction of fossil fuel use.
The conversion will mainly effect the ECU (engine control unit) introducing new software.
High blends or pure bioethanol (85-100%) will be demonstrated at all participating sites.
Innovative E100 cars will be demonstrated at some sites as a way of reducing the need for
petrol.
Low blends, 10 -25%, of ethanol in petrol and/or diesel in existing vehicles will be demonstrated
in several of the participating sites as a way to quickly reduce petrol & diesel use. Fuelling
stations for these fuels will be set up and demonstration fleets will be operating.

2.2.4 Assessment and monitoring of new and ongoing activities
The demonstration activities within the BEST project will be carried out in the same way across
all the participating sites. Difference in uptake will be closely monitored.
Distribution and bioethanol production from different feedstock as starch and lignocelluloses
will be monitored and disseminated in close co-operation.
Fuel consumption, bioethanol use, drivers’ attitude etc will be monitored in exactly the same
way at all sites. This will bring knowledge for 8 900 bioethanol vehicles and their drivers!
Different incentives implemented at different sites will be evaluated and compared with each
other with regard to their impact on the uptake of bioethanol as a fuel.
Data from newly monitoring of bioethanol vehicle projects in Stockholm, Biofuel Region and
São Paulo and of lignocelluloses ethanol production in Spain and Biofuel Region will also be
used.
2.2.5 Communication and dissemination
Dissemination, Marketing and Transfer of Knowledge are key factors for the successful and
rapid introduction of bioethanol as a fuel. BEST aims to obtain followers that will increase the
demand for bioethanol and will support them with advise, knowledge and experiences.
BEST will develop a common Dissemination and Marketing strategy at European level and co-
operate closely when making local marketing campaigns, in order to immediately benefit from
lessons learnt at one BEST site. A dedicated training for all local Dissemination and Marketing
managers will be performed early in the project. Professional help will be used in order to
ensure an efficient dissemination towards the different target groups In addition, the Industrial
partners will run marketing campaigns outside the BEST project, but still in close co-operation
with the sites.
Besides brochures, reports, web-site, newsletters, workshops and seminars, BEST will also
develop marketing tools directed to all potential users of bioethanol-fuel, bringing in lessons
learnt at the sites.
The close co-operation with external networks like POLIS, ACCESS and UITP will ensure a
wide dissemination of results and experiences.
Work package 8 is entirely dedicated to Transfer of Knowledge, which will increase the
efficiency of local actions and avoid unnecessary mistakes
3 Potential impact

3.1 Strategic Impact of the Project

3.1.1 Increased competitiveness
The BEST project will create new markets for flexi fuel vehicles and ethanol fuels. It will
strengthen the European Ethanol Industry at large. This industry consists mostly of locally
based SMEs that will be local partners at each BEST-site. They will be able to show how
ethanol from local or national production can be an alternative to petrol and diesel. The project
will create a primary market for bioethanol as a fuel, based on the available ethanol volumes.
The project will also show the potentials for the future production of ethanol based on the
different feedstock available in the countries involved. Several projects on increasing effiency
and using cellulose as feedstock are already ongoing. This process will continue, with an extra
push from the BEST initiative, as this will be needed to meet the demand from a growing fleet
of ethanol vehicles in Europe.
The increased demand for bioethanol will increase fuel capacity and energy effiency in the
production of ethanol. This can make European ethanol producing more competitive at the
international bioethanol market.
The increased demand for bioethanol vehicles will give the vehicle manufacturers a strong
incentive to further evolve their existing flexi fuel vehicles and incentives for other to enter the
market. European car manufacturers are, together with some US and Brazilian manufacturers,
alone at the bioethanol market and has an advantage that could be further developed.
Scania is the only bioethanol Bus manufacturer in the world. BEST will show that bioethanol
buses are a good alternative at and hence start a demand for more bioethanol buses, which is
likely to make other manufacturers to provide such vehicles. BEST will open up contact ways
with Brazil that has a developed ethanol market but no buses and lorries
BEST will develop the bioethanol market in China, which will give opportunities for further
trade, and possibilities for export to one of the world’s fastest growing markets.

3.1.2 Involvement and development of SMEs
SMEs are involved in different parts of the projects, mainly at the local level, where SMEs are
key stakeholders as drivers of vehicles, producers and distributors of fuel. In these roles they are
members of the consortium and/or members of the local site groups. As drivers and distributors
at local level, SMEs will benefit from the environmental image of driving and fuelling clean
vehicles. As frontrunners in bioethanol production and new ethanol techniques, SMEs will gain
experience that helps them to develop their products. Through the European and worldwide
integration they will find new markets and partners for joint ventures.

3.1.3 Citizens participation
An essential part of BEST strategy is to activate and engage the citizens. They are the critical
factor in order to create a market demand both as drivers of flexi fuel vehicles and low blends
and also as awareness multipliers. A large number of activated consumers promote a political
awareness, which is necessary for the long-term political process.
3.2 Innovation-related activities
The following innovative actions will be the heart of the innovation in BEST. Theses actions are
made mainly by SMEs, which will benefit from the wider European demand created by BEST.
    Evolve and test a pilot plant for E-diesel
    Evolve and test different solutions to improve the logistics and safety of the distribution
    chain
    Develop Ford and Toyota electric-hybrid vehicles to use different bioethanol blends (E10-
    E85)
    Evolve and test conversion of conventional cars to dedicated/flexi fuel vehicles
    Evolve technical solutions to run flexi fuel vehicles on E100, thus further reducing
    emissions and use of fossil energy
    Evolve and test technical solutions to decrease the need for additional service of flexi fuel
    vehicles
    Demonstrate innovative low blends of bioethanol and petrol (E10, E20-25) in conventional
    vehicles
    Evolve and demonstrate innovative low blends of bioethanol and diesel (E-diesel) in
    conventional buses and lorries
    New innovative ways of introducing dedicated and flexi fuel vehicles
The results of the innovative activities will further increase the efficiency of the BEST
activities, and they will be further exploited after the project to enhance an accelerating uptake
of bioethanol fuel.

3.3 Exploitation of the Results

3.3.1 Paving the way towards a European market breakthrough for bioethanol-
fuel
BEST will use the results from the project as a platform to start the market development of
bioethanol fuel all over Europe
The BEST project has a unique possibility to impact the European transport system further than
the actions in the project
    BEST will result in a unique amount of innovative vehicles (>8 900) and fuelling stations
    (>150) put in action. This is the largest number of vehicles and stations ever implemented in
    a EU-project. This will give a clear signal to the industry that there is a demand for
    bioethanol used as fuel.
    BEST has a unique possibility to find the most efficient ways to produce, distribute and use
    bioethanol-fuel, incentives and marketing activities as the sites implement exactly the same
    kind of actions, but differ in details like mode of production, distribution, kind of incentives
    and marketing
    BEST will put much effort in Marketing at local and European level, addressing all possible
    users of bioethanol as a fuel. BEST will also take advantage of the ordinary Marketing
    activities performed by the industrial partners.
    BEST will show a “well to wheel” demonstration of the use of ethanol in cars, buses and
    lorries and low blends, thus giving a complete showcase for other sites to copy and learn
    from. BEST will actively search and encourage other sites to follow the examples of BEST.
    Each follower will increase the critical mass, which will directly affect and strengthen the
    BEST activities.
    BEST involves the industrial partners that are experts in their fields and use proven efficient
    ways instead of evolving own solutions. Distribution will be performed by ordinary fuelling
    stations, cars will be sold by ordinary car dealers etc. This hands-on training will make them
    act as ambassadors for bioethanol. BEST gathers and/or share knowledge with all
    international expertise in the field of bioethanol as a fuel.
    BEST experiences from different sites all over the world will be a valuable contribution to
    standards on fuel quality, fuel distribution, vehicle emissions and also contribute to
    definitions of clean vehicles and harmonising of incentives.

3.3.2 How to reach a self supporting market/market breakthrough – The Ethanol
staircase
The market development phase (see figure 1) can be further divided into 5 steps, where each
step means introduction of new technique (new vehicle models, fuel stations) and soft measures
(range of incentives at local or national level).




Figure 3 The market development phase
                          Beginner        Market intro     Developing          Partial           Market
                                                           market              market            breakthroug
                                                                               breakthrough      h
Proportion of market 0-0.5%               0.5-1 %          1-3%                3-5%              >5%
Type of vehicles     Test vehicles        Auto             Auto                Standard          Standard
                                          manufactured     manufactured        vehicles          vehicles
                                          short series     standard
Additional Price of       + 20- 100%      +10-20 %         0-10%               0%                0%
vehicles
Fuelling stations         1               5-10/site        10-30/site          10-30 % of all    30-100% of
                                                                               stations          all stations
Incentives                None          EU support,         EU support         National and      None
                                        national and        national and local local
                                        local incentives    incentives         incentives
Principal promoters       Research,     Research and        Government,        Government,       Manufacture
                          manufacturers governments,        manufactures,      Manufactures,     s Dealers
                                        manufacturers       (dealers)          dealers
Drivers                   Special staff Municipal staff     Municipal staff    Municipal staff   Everyone
                                                            Interested         Companies
                                                            Companies          Citizens
Dissemination             Research,       Projects          Projects, special Special and        Dealers
                          special press                     and ordinary       ordinary press
                                                            press
Evaluation                Technical       Policy            Marketing          Marketing         Marketing
Table 3 The ethanol staircase

The BEST sites starts at different steps on this staircase, but through an active knowledge-
transfer from frontrunners as Brazil, US and Sweden, all sites will be able to kick-start and will
take at least one step during the project.
BEST’s strategy is to fund a carefully chosen part in the ethanol fuel system, and through
marketing activities and training multiply this initial input and solve the chicken-and-egg
dilemma. E.g. BEST will invest in 75 fuelling stations and provide 150 flexi fuel vehicles to
each site at an initial discount price (not EU-funded). Through massive marketing and directed
info campaigns towards chosen companies, BEST will multiply this initial impetus and achieve
154 fuelling stations and almost 9 000 vehicles. BEST regard this way to be the most efficient
to reach the objectives.
During the project different kinds of incentives and marketing strategies will be tested and the
partners will immediately benefit from these experiences. An essential part of this strategy is to
activate and engage local companies and the consumers/citizens – as drivers, as multipliers of
awareness and to build up a political awareness.
                                                                                              São Paolo




                                                       Stockholm
                                                       Biofuel Region


                                 Rotterdam
         Somerset                Nan Yang
         Basque
         Madrid
         Dublin
         Spezia




Figure 4 BEST partner climbing the ethanol staircase

The different BEST sites will be show-cases for other cities and regions in Europe. BEST will
show that any ambitious site can make a step on the ethanol staircase, and what costs and efforts
are needed. BEST will actively share knowledge and experiences with possible followers. Any
follower will further strengthen the signal to vehicle manufacturer and distributors that there is a
growing demand for bioethanol, which will further increase the momentum towards market
development.

3.3.2 Dissemination, Marketing & Training
Dissemination, Marketing & Training are core activities in the BEST project. In order to start a
market development it is essential to obtain followers to further increase the demand created by
BEST.
Hence BEST has identified different target groups as key actors that can copy, develop and/or
multiply BEST actions. Different target groups need information adapted to their specific roles
and also need to be approached through different information channels.
Figure 5 Identified target groups will be approached with specially adapted information

BEST will carefully analyse what information tools and means that should be used for each
target group to reach the maximum impact and form a Dissemination & Marketing strategy at
European level. Tools as web site, newsletters, TV-spots, study tours for strategically selected
politicians and journalist, and other innovative methods will be used.
The External Key Bodies, UITP, POLIS, ACCESS and ICLEI have declared their support to the
BEST project. Together with the Bio fuels-partnership these bodies are an excellent means to
the further spreading of results in BEST.
Similar Dissemination & Marketing Campaigns will be performed at each site, combined with
training of selected groups that will act as ambassadors, taxi drivers, bus drivers, fuelling station
staff etc.

3.4 Added value of European level
From the vehicle manufacturers point of view, a model needs to be demanded at a big market
and in many countries in Europe. Hence only a joint effort from several countries can create the
necessary signal to vehicle manufacturers and distribution companies that there is a growing
demand for bioethanol fuel.
By introducing exactly the same actions in several European countries it is possible to make
comparisons of performance in different climates, geography and traffic situations, and also
compare different incentives and ways of marketing. Gathering several sites with varying
experience in the field will give followers examples and show-cases at different steps of the
ethanol staircase to copy.
The European level create a larger demand and open up markets for SMEs like local ethanol
producers which then can invest in and develop new techniques for bioethanol fuel (ethanol
production from cellulose & starch, E-diesel, Conversion of vehicles etc).
Involvement of different European partners also makes it easier to compare national policies
and incentives, which could lead to a better harmonisation.
3.5 Other National and international research

3.5.1 Production
The Partner SEKAB runs a pilot plant for lignocelluose since 2004, testing production from
different feedstock and methods. Full scale production can be realised in 2009. The experience
from the pilot plant will be taken in account in the BEST project.
    Abengoa is coordinating a European project for the construction of a demonstration plant at
    Babilafuente (Salamanca) that will produce 5 000 m3 of bioethanol from barley and wheat
    straw (cellulose ethanol). Part of this project has been funded by the 5FP, contract number
    NNE5-2001-685.
    For the last 3 years, WIP has been co-ordinating a FP5 Thematic Network project (Latin
    American Network on Bioenergy (LAMNET), No. ICA4-CT-2001-10106), focussing on
    the promotion of the sustainable use of biomass and the deployment of innovative
    bioenergy technologies in Europe, Latin America, Africa and China. One of the main topics
    of LAMNET is the large-scale implementation of bioethanol production based on sugar
    cane and other suitable biomass resources including agro-forestry residues and the creation
    of a global bioethanol market. Within this project close contacts have been established with
    high-level Brazilian partners, such as the National Reference Centre on Biomass
    (CENBIO), and for this proposed IP project, demonstration activities in Sao Paulo with Flex
    Fuel Vehicles and Hybrid Vehicles running on gasohol (25% ethanol) have been elaborated.

3.5.2 Vehicles
    Stockholm and Rotterdam has worked in the CIVITAS-projects Trendsetter and Tellus,
    respectively. Some of the tasks in BEST are a direct continuation of tasks made in these
    projects.
    In Trendsetter, Stockholm has experienced what powerful instruments well performed
    information and PR-activities could be. The biofuel actions in Trendsetter are focussed at
    starting up the biogas segment, investing in vehicles and filling stations and also the
    Electric-Hybrid segment, while the ethanol segment was left more or less to its own
    development. BEST will repeat and evolve the successful actions in Trendsetter but
    concentrate on bioethanol and use the lessons learnt all over the consortium. Hence BEST
    will run information campaigns at all sites, using know-how from Trendsetter; BEST will
    run test fleets in Stockholm, Rotterdam and Somerset and BioFuel Region; the successful
    National website for private drivers (a Trendsetter-Tellus co-operation) will most likely be
    repeated at European level etc.
    In Tellus, Rotterdam is demonstrating 50 bioethanol vehicles and 1 fuelling station. It is
    important that this first demonstration is followed by more fuelling stations and incentives
    to potential drivers of flexi fuel. In BEST, Rotterdam will continue and develop this first
    step into a developing market.
    CleanerDrive is an RTD project (Growth 2000/DG TREN) focussing on Comparing the
    Environmental performances of conventional vehicles. One of their major output is a public
    web data base, listing the rating of all available car models, specified for 6 European
    countries. This database could be a base for also showing biofuel vehicles.
    Stockholm is a partner in the a Coordinated action NICHES (FP 6 -2003 Transport 3/DG
    Research). This project aims at enhancing knowledge exchange between European
    practitioners, experts and researchers in the fields of intermodal mobility, distribution of
    goods, alternatively fuelled vehicles and demand management strategies. Niches will also
    develop an accessible knowledge base. BEST will exchange knowledge with Niches and
    provide material to the knowledge base.
3.6 Contribution to standards

3.6.1 Fuel standards
    A special EU working group under the auspices of CEN is preparing an agreement on a
    standard for E85 to be ready in the end of 2004. There is however no ongoing
    standardisation work on low blends of bioethanol. On the contrary, the EU Directive on
    Mineral Oils 1998/70/EC prohibits blendings of 5-30 % ethanol. BEST will give input to
    such a standard.
    Demonstration of different bioethanol-petrol blends in flexi fuel vehicles, converted
    vehicles, electric-hybrid vehicles and conventional petrol vehicles will show what
    specifications that are needed to optimise the environmental, energy and driving
    performance of the vehicles. Also the practical possibilities to guarantee these specifications
    will be assessed.
    Demonstration of E-diesel, a 8-10 % blending of ethanol in diesel, will generate knowledge
    on emissions, fuel logistics, solutions for distribution and pumps. This will give substantial
    input to the coming work on a standard for blending of ethanol in diesel for use in buses and
    lorries for public transport, goods and services.
    The demonstration of ethanol buses in cities in Europe and China, is the first ever
    demonstration of ethanol buses. The fuel used in the buses will initially be E95 according to
    the Swedish standard. However, new ethanol derivates are likely to be developed during the
    project. The knowledge from storage, distribution, fuelling and driving will be BEST’s
    input to a European standard for heavy-duty ethanol fuel.

3.6.2 Distribution standards
    The large introduction of fuel pumps for E95, E85, E-diesel, E10 and flexi pumps will show
    if there is need for common standards in this area.

3.6.3 Vehicle standards
    Ford and Toyota’s work on adapting their electric-hybrid vehicles to bioethanol-fuel will be
    an important input to the standards in the field.
    The European commission is preparing a directive forcing public bodies to prioritise Clean
    Vehicles when procuring vehicles. BEST will contribute to the definition of Clean Vehicles
    through showing what environmental and energy performance vehicles using bioethanol
    have.
    Once a vehicle is type approved in a EU member state, it is approved all over EU. There is
    however no emission standards for flexi fuel vehicles. Hence present vehicles are type
    approved for driving on petrol. In order to achieve the petrol type approval, car
    manufacturers need to sub-optimise the performance for bioethanol driving. A bioethanol
    standard for type approval would further improve the environmental and energy
    performance of Flexi Fuel vehicles. BEST will give input to such a standard
    BEST will demonstrate if conversion of vehicles is a good way to rapidly increase the
    number of vehicles using bioethanol-fuel in Europe. If environmental and energy
    performance show to be good, BEST will propose for standard for such conversions.
    The demonstration of bioethanol-fuelled Buses at 6 different sites will give valuable input
    for a standard
The demonstration of different kinds of incentives will show the needs for Harmonisation of
incentives and definitions.
3.6.4 Tax discount
At least 4 sites will have experienced tax discounts for biofuels. Together with Biofuels for
cities, BEST will compare and evaluate the effects of this and give input for a possible
harmonisation of such discounts.
4 Outline implementation plan
The overall implementation plan for BEST shows how the different phases and type of actions
interrelate in time:
Overall implementation           Year 1          Year 2          Year 3          Year 4
plan
                                     3   6   9 12 15 18 21 24 27 30 33 36 39 42 45 48
Design, procurement &
permissions
Implementation

Evaluation

Reporting, dissemination



Research
Training
Marketing
Dissemination of results
Management


                                          End of implementation & Evaluation
                                         End of implementation & Evaluation

Table 4Overall implementation plan

In order to fulfil the objectives in BEST the sites are committed to perform a number of tasks,
divided in workpackages. The workpackage structure allows the sites involved in the same type
of demonstration to work close together, see Fig 6.




Figure 6 Workpackage structure
The content and the responsibility for the different workpackages is seen below in table 5

WP     WP name                     WP Short description                                            WP leader

1      Cars                        Wide scale demonstration of flexi fuel vehicles from at least   City of Stockholm
                                   three car manufacturers in municipal fleets, company fleet,
                                   taxi fleets.

2      Buses                       Demonstration and monitoring of ethanol buses and E95           Bioalcohol fuel
                                   fuelling stations in public transport.                          foundation

3      Low Blends                  Demonstration of low blends of ethanol in petrol and diesel     SEKAB

4      Distribution                Demonstration of a variety of distribution solutions at the     Bioalcohol Fuel
                                   participating sites                                             Foundation

5      Incentives                  Demonstration of different kinds of measures at the local       City of Rotterdam
                                   and national level in order to promote the introduction of
                                   bioethanol as a fuel

6      Coordination                Overall management of the project and responsible for the       City of Stockholm
                                   contacts with the EU Commission. Close communication
                                   with the local managers and frequent meetings with the
                                   steering committee will ensure project and site integration.
                                   Co-operation with BioFuel Partnership.

7      Dissemination,              Dissemination of the results in the project on the EU-level,    City of Stockholm
       Marketing and               co-operation with BioFuel Partnership. Local dissemination
       Training                    and training in the participating sites.

8      Transfer of Knowledge       Transfer the knowledge built up in Sweden during a 10-year      BioAlcohol Fuel
                                   introduction of ethanol to the partners of BEST. The            Foundation
                                   experiences from US, Brazil and China will also be spread to
                                   the partners.

9      Monitoring and              Set up a framework for monitoring and evaluation of the         Imperial College
       Evaluation                  demonstration tasks. Co-operation with BioFuel Partnership

Table 5 Content and responsibility for different workpackage.


4.1 Research, technological development and innovation activities
BEST is a demonstration project. The objectives for the research parts in BEST are to
strengthen the demonstrations and the research is therefore integrated in the different
workpackages. RTD and innovation activities can be found in the following workpackages:

RTD and innovation             WP Planned             Sto Rot So Bas      Biof Nan Saa For La Dub Mad Sao Um
                                  period of           ckh terd mer que    uel yan b    d   Spe lin rid Pao eå
                                  work                olm am set Cou      regi g           zia         lo  uni
                                                                   ntry   on                               v

Conversion of petrol cars      1      M1-36
Technical refinement           1      M 1-18
Bioethanol Electric Hybrids 1         M1-36
E 95 study                     2      M1-8
E-diesel and E10 study         3      M1-36
Long term supply study         4      M 1-48
European dissemination         7      M1-48
Transfer of knowledge          8      M1-36
Socio economic effects,        9      M1 -36
study
The results from the RTD and innovation will be integrated in the demonstration workpackages
and also taken into account in the evaluation workpackages.

4.2 Demonstration activities
Demonstrations of ethanol driven vehicles are the core objective in the BEST-project. Within
WP 1, 2, 3 and 4 demonstrations of light vehicle flexi fuel fleets, ethanol buses, electric hybrid
vehicles, low blends of ethanol, energy effective vehicles and effective distribution solutions for
ethanol will be performed. The demonstration tasks will be done in close cooperation between
the sites. The sites tasks in the demonstration workpackages are very similar why the sites will
benefit a lot from the integrated approach in BEST. One of the responsibilities of the
workpackage leaders is to facilitate the exchange of experiences from the demonstrations
between the sites and organise regular workshops with the local project managers and site
coordinators. The regular meetings with the steering committee will be used for discussion on
the progress in the demonstration workpackages.
The following provides description of the activities planned within each workpackage and who
is responsible of each task. The demonstrations tasks will be evaluated within each
demonstration coordinated by the Evaluation Manager responsible for workpackage 9
Monitoring and evaluation. The evaluation manager will work closely together with the
workpackage leaders and the site managers and co-ordinate, supervise and monitor the
evaluation performed by local evaluators and workpackage leaders in order to fulfil an
integrated evaluation. A plan will be developed for the measurement / technical capacity of each
Workpackage to monitor: NOx, Particulate Matter (PM), CO, HC / NMHC, CO2, SOx, CH4
and if necessary, monitor aldehyde emissions in selected case studies

4.2.1 Workpackage 1: Cars


Work package 1                    Planned     Stoc Rott Som Bas     Biof Nan Saa Ford La   Dubl Mad Sao
                                  period of   khol erda erse que    uel yang b        Spez in   rid Paol
                                  work        m    m    t    Cou    regi              ia            o
                                                             ntry   on

Work package leader               M 1-48
City/regional fleets              M1 -36
Private fleets                    M1-36
Conversion of petrol cars         M1-36
Technical refinement              M 1-12
Bioethanol Electric Hybrids       M1-36



WP-leader Stockholm will:
    Ensure integration between car demonstration sites
    Facilitate exchange of technical and practical knowledge between the sites through
    workshops, informal contacts etc
    Harmonise the evaluation methods within the WP

City/regional fleets
All sites will demonstrate flexi fuel vehicle under different conditions to make comparisons of
technical performance, practical use and users acceptance.
Private fleets
Local SMEs will drive and demonstrate flexi fuel cars. Some of these are already known and
have confirmed their commitment. Others will be obtained through fine-tuned marketing and
information campaigns, specifically targeted at chosen companies, together with use of
dedicated incentives.

Conversion of Petrol cars
A local SME will convert and test 5 conventional vehicles into flexi fuel vehicles. The energy
efficiency, environment, practical performance and effects on the engine will be evaluated in
order to decide if conversion is a suitable way to rapidly increase the number of flexi fuel
vehicles in Europe

Technical refinement
Ford will further improve the flexi fuel vehicle by eliminate the need for extra service, improve
cold condition ignition and make it possible to use E100.

Bioethanol Electric Hybrids
Toyota will use of different blends of bioethanol in the Toyota Prius and run long-term on-road
test. Ford will test hybrid technology in flexi fuel vehicles
Altogether the following number of vehicles will be demonstrated:


Site                          No public No private Total No of cars
                              cars       cars
Stockholm                            400     >4 100          >4 500
Rotterdam                            150        800              950
Somerset County Council              100        100              200
Basque Country                       200                         200
Biofuel region                     1 700       >800          >2 500
Nanyang                              105                         105
Dublin                               100                         100
Madrid                                25        225              250
La Spezia                             10         90              100
Total                               2790      >6100             8900



4.2.2 Workpackage 2: Buses


Work package 2                       Planned     Stoc Rott Som Bas     Biof Nan Saa Ford La  Dubl Mad Sao
                                     period of   khol erda erse que    uel yan b         Spe in   rid Paol
                                     work        m    m    t    Cou    regi g            zia          o
                                                                ntry   on

Work package leader                  M 1-48
Demonstration of ethanol bus         M 1-36
fleet
Installation of fuel stations for E95 M 1-36
E95 studies                          M 1-24
More models of ethanol engines       M 1-36
WP-leader BAFF will:
    Ensure integration between sites in the bus demonstration
    Transfer of practical and technical knowledge through internal workshops, seminars,
    informal contacts etc
    Harmonise the evaluation methods within the workpackage

Demonstration of ethanol bus fleet
Six sites will demonstrate the operation of ethanol-fuelled buses in various environments.
Evaluation will be harmonised to take into account the energy efficiency, technical performance
and passenger’s perceptions across sites.

Installation of fuel stations for E95
In order to supply the buses with ethanol fuel, new refuelling stations will be installed. The
number of stations will be decided by the needs; one station (Madrid, Rotterdam, Nanyang, La
Spezia), four stations (BioFuel Region) or five stations (Stockholm).

E95 studies
Rotterdam will perform a study on the specifications for E95 for the Netherlands as input to the
production of ethanol bus fuel.

More models of ethanol engines
Based on the horizontal experiences from the bus demonstrations sites, a coordinated
procurement of ethanol buses is planned by bus buyers. Apart from stimulating manufacturers
to supply more ethanol engines, BAFF will coordinate and manage the work to disseminate
information on the experience from the demonstrations.
Altogether the following number of vehicles will be demonstrated:


Partner                              Number of ethanol buses Fuel stations for E95
SL (Stockholm)                                            60                                5
BioFuel Region                                            20                                4
Municipal Company of Transport                            30                                1
(EMT) (Madrid)
Rotterdam                                                      3                            1
La Spezia                                                      3                            1
Nanyang                                                        6                            1
Total                                                        127                           13
4.2.3 Workpackage 3: Low blends


Work package 3                     Planned     Stoc Rott Som Bas     Biof Nan Saa Ford La  Dubl Mad Sao
                                   period of   khol erda erse que    uel yan b         Spe in   rid Paol
                                   work        m    m    t    Cou    regi g            zia          o
                                                              ntry   on

Work package leader                M 1-48
Study and Demonstration of E5      M 1-36
and E10

Study and Demonstration of E-      M 1-36
Diesel
Compliance of Ford vehicles with M 1-36
E10 fuel



WP-leader SEKAB will:
    Ensure integration between the sites working with low blending
    Transfer technical knowledge and practical experience, through internal meetings, seminars,
    informal contacts etc
    Harmonise the evaluation methods within the workpackage.

Studies and demonstration of E5 and E10
Low blend of ethanol in petrol will be studied in a production perspective (Rotterdam) as well
as market studies (Somerset). Demonstration of E10 will be made in three sites with slightly
different approaches: step-wise introduction (Rotterdam, La Spezia) or flexi-pumps (Basque
Country, Dublin).

Studies and demonstration of E-Diesel
Three sites, BioFuel Region, La Spezia and Rotterdam, will demonstrate the blending of ethanol
in diesel fuel. Sekab will evaluate a pilot production of E-diesel. Small scale testing will be
followed by large demonstration. Technical and environmental performance will be the focus.

Compliance of Ford vehicles with E10 fuel.
Investigate the technical feasibility to blend up to 10% ethanol in regular petrol used in Ford
vehicles.


Partners                    E-diesel                                 E10
Sekab                       10 fuel stations, 50 vehicles            -
EVE                         -                                        Introduction of flexi pumps
Rotterdam                   10 vehicles, potentially 2000            Demo in the Rotterdam area
Dublin                      -                                        5 fuel stations
La Spezia                   Test with fleet of buses                 Demo in La Spezia Region
Somerset                    -                                        Study for the Somerset Region
4.2.4 Workpackage 4: Distribution


Work package 4                      Planned     Stoc Rott Som Bas     Biof Nan Saa Ford La  Dubl Mad Sao
                                    period of   khol erda erse que    uel yan b         Spe in   rid Paol
                                    work        m    m    t    Cou    regi g            zia          o
                                                               ntry   on

Work package leader                 M 1-48
Efficient distribution and logistics M 1-36
for ethanol

Increase the number of filling      M 1-36
stations and introd. Flexi pumps



The WP-leader BAFF will:
    Ensure integration between sites
    Transfer technical and practical knowledge, through workshops, seminars, informal contacts
    etc
    Harmonise the evaluation methods within the WP

Efficient Distribution and logistics for ethanol fuel
The regional capacity and logistics for distributing E85 at the sites will be developed. Nedalco
and Somerset will develop the system for storing and distributing of the ethanol to the fuel
stations. La Spezia will study the design of a possible ethanol distributing network in the region.
Another site, BioFuel Region, will study the logistics for a large-scale introduction of ethanol.
The experiences on large-scale distribution from Brazil will be taken into account through the
partners in Sao Paulo.

Increase the number of filling stations and introduce flexi pumps
All sites in Europe and China will demonstrate effective systems for delivering E85 through the
introduction of fuel stations, mainly flexi fuel pumps that opens up for an ethanol blend up to
85%. On a whole 152 fuel stations will be set up.


Partner                        Number of E85 fuel stations
MF                                                       23
BioFuel Region                                           55
Basque Country                                            4
Rotterdam                                                12
Somerset                                                  5
Dublin                                                    1
Nanyang                                                  50
La Spezia                                                 2
Madrid                                                    2
Total                                                   154
4.2.5 Workpackage 5 Incentives


Work package 5                      Planned     Stoc Rott So Bas     Biof Nan Saa Ford La  Dubl Mad Sao
                                    period of   khol erda mer que    uel yan b         Spe in   rid Paol
                                    work        m    m    set Cou    regi g            zia          o
                                                              ntry   on

Work package leader                 M 1-48
Strategy for implementation of      M 1-36
local incentives

Test fleets                         M 1-36
Evaluation of existing incentives   M 15-20




The WP-leader Rotterdam will:
    Ensure integration between sites working with incentives
    Transfer technical knowledge of effects of different incentives through internal workshops,
    seminars, informal contacts etc
    Harmonise the evaluation methods within the workpackage

Strategy for implementation of local incentives
Seven of the sites will prepare the implementation of incentives by developing strategies for
incentives. These strategies will include a broad range of incentives, both economic incentives
as tax reduction and free parking, and other kinds of benefits as possibilities to test-drive flexi
fuel vehicles and a special line for clean taxis at attractive locations as at the airport or the
central train station.

Test fleets
Stockholm, BioFuel Region, Rotterdam, Dublin, Somerset, Madrid, Basque Country, Nanyang,
Saab and Ford will all set up test fleets consisting of 2-6 models of flexi fuel vehicles.
Companies, organisations and municipalities wishing to do a test drive can lent a car for a few
days or even up to one week in order get increase knowledge of function of the car, how the
refuelling works, free of charge.

Evaluation of existing incentives
Sweden has introduced a number of incentives during the last years and a task for both
Stockholm and BioFuel Region is to evaluate the effects of the incentives. The experiences will
be transferred to the partners.
          4.2.5 Workpackage 7: Dissemination and Marketing



Work package 7               Planned     Stock Rotter Somer Basqu Biofue Nanya Saab    Ford   La     Dublin Madri Sao
                             period of   holm dam set       e     l      ng                   Spezia        d     Paolo
                             work                           Count region
                                                            ry

Project Co-ordination        M 1-48
European Marketing/          M 1-48
dissemination

Local marketing/             M 1-48
dissemination



          Project Co-ordination
          The co-ordination will co-ordinate and integrate the partners’ activities among themselves and
          external bodies to achieve maximum effect of the efforts. Coordinate the dissemination input
          to Biofuel Partnership. Support the partners with necessary dissemination tools and marketing
          training. Develop a strategic Dissemination & Marketing plan.

          European Marketing and Dissemination
          Transform the project results into informative, available and useful documents and news,
          adapted to different target groups. Analyse and set up strategic tools to spread the results from
          BEST, e.g. web site, newsletter, presentations, Workshops and conferences. Active co-operation
          with the External bodies UITP, POLIS, ACCESS, ICLEI, EUBIA and Biofuel Partnership.

          Local Marketing and dissemination
          All sites will run Dissemination activities directed towards Local and National Politicians and
          media Marketing campaigns to increase the use of bioethanol fuel and dissemination activities
          to increase the public and political support for bioethanol. Training of ambassadors like drivers,
          fuel station personnel, Taxi drivers etc

          Industrial Marketing and dissemination
          Run independent marketing activities, but in close cooperation with BEST
4.1.6 WP 8 Transfer of Knowledge


Work package 8                  Planned     Sto Rott So Bas     Biof Nan Saa Ford   La    Dubli Madri Sao
                                period of   ckh erda mer que    uel yang b          Spezi n     d     Paol
                                work        olm m    set Cou    regi                a                 o
                                                         ntry   on

Work package leader             M 1-48
Transfer of knowledge -         M 1-36
Sweden (light house tours,
workshops, support)
Transfer of knowledge -    M 1-36
Brazil (Flexi Fuel
Vehiclemarket development)


The workpackage leader BAFF will:
    Support the WP leaders and site coordinators with knowledge from introduction of ethanol
    in Sweden and Brazil
    Organise local workshops together with the site coordinators
    Stimulate close cooperation between the sites
The introduction of ethanol will be done through large-scale demonstration of flexi fuel
vehicles, buses and low blending in diesel, combined with innovative methods for transfer of
knowledge from 20 years of experience in this process of change from Sweden, Brazil and the
US. The know-how from the frontrunners is important in order to avoid repeating mistakes done
and to speed up the time for acceptance of the new fuel. A wise use of the experience from the
other markets will give a kick-start to the BEST project. "Lighthouse" tours to Sweden for
politicians, civil servants, journalists, fleet owners, companies and other important people in the
participating sites will accelerate the dissemination of knowledge related to ethanol both within
and outside the participating sites.

4.2.7 Workpackage 9 Montoring and evaluation


Work package 9                   Planned ICE Stoc Rott So Bas Biof Nan Saa For La Dub Mad Sao
                                 period of PT khol erda mer que uel yan b  d   Spe lin rid Paol
                                 work         m    m    set Cou regi g         zia         o
                                                                 ntry on

Work package leader              M 1-48
Monitoring                       M 1-36


Evaluation                       M 1-36
Socio economic study             M 18-36
Local Evaluation                 M 24-36
WP leader Imperial College will:
    Ensure integration between sites in the evaluation work
    Ensure that the monitoring protocols to be performed by the Local evaluators and Work
    Package leaders will result in credible and replicable in order to fulfil an integrated
    evaluation on time and to cost
    Support Local Evaluation managers and Work Package leaders with methodology for
    evaluation, standards, exchange of experiences, arranging work shops, seminars, training
    etc

Monitoring
Coordination of layout for monitoring at the local sites, in order to get credible and replicable
results. This will be done in close cooperation with the participating sites.

Evaluation
Local Evaluation managers and Work Package leaders will be supported with methodology for
evaluation, standards, exchange of experiences, arranging workshops, seminars, training etc.
The workpackage leaders will Guarantee that local evaluation results are satisfactory from
scientific point of view.

Socioeconomic study
The University of Umeå will perform a socioeconomic study on the effects of large scale
introduction of bioethanol in the participating countries, in cooperation with the local sites.

Local evaluation
The evaluation of the demonstration workpackages will be integrated in the local projects. The
site coordinators will be involved in the overall evaluation.

4.3 Training activities
All training activities are included in workpackage 8 Dissemination, Marketing and Training.

4.3.1 WP 8 Dissemination, marketing and training


Work package 8 the Training part Planned       Stoc Rott So Basq    Biofu Na Saa Ford     La Du Madri Sao
                                 period of     khol erda mer ue     el    nya b           Spe blin d  Paolo
                                 work          m    m    set Coun   regio ng              zia
                                                             try    n

Work package leader                 M 1-48
Training of decision makers         M 1-36


Training of sales personnel (fuel   M 1-36
and vehicles)
Training of drivers and             M 1-36
maintenance personnel
The WP leader will:
        Stimulate the exchange of experience between the sites
        Help to spread good practice and effective methods
        Harmonise the evaluation methods within the workpackage

Training of decision makers
Politicians and other decision makers will be given both information and training during the
project. The training will give a real life experience of ethanol as a fuel and a broader
knowledge of the potentials for sustainable transport systems.

Training of sales personnel, drivers and maintenance personnel
The experience from other EU projects and demonstrations are that training of the users of new
technology is one of the key factors for success. A good knowledge of the new technique makes
the users more positive and fewer problems occur. As ethanol is a new kind of fuel in a majority
of the sites training of key personnel in the participating partners and stakeholders will be an
important part of BEST. A majority of the demonstration tasks has a training part included in
the project. Drivers, sales personnel (vehicles and fuels), service and maintenance personnel
will be given education specially developed for their tasks. Training material will be developed
in the local languages.

4.4 Management activities
The management activities are described more extensively in section B6. These are the
most important management activities.

4.4.1 Workpackage 7: Co-ordination


Work package 7                Planned     Stock   Rotter Somer Basqu Biofuel Nan     La   Dubli Madri Sao
                              period of   holm    dam    set   e      region yang    Spez n     d     Paulo
                              work                             Countr                ia
                                                               y

Project Co-ordination         M 1-48
Quality assessment            M 1-48
Communication                 M 1-48
Local co-ordination           M 1-48



Project Co-ordination
The co-ordination will co-ordinate and integrate the partners’ efforts in order to reach the
over-all objectives on time and to cost and support the partners with all necessary
administrative and financial routines.

Quality assessment
With help from the Evaluation manager, monitor and assess the quality of the work in project

Communication
The co-ordination will establish a routine that ensures the communication, between and among
the BEST partners and also with the relevant external bodies: European Commission, Biofuel
Partnership External Key Bodies
Local Co-ordination
Local co-ordinations perform similar task as the over-all coordination at local level.
Objectives
5 Description of the consortium

5.1 The BEST consortium
The BEST consortium consists of 10 sites and 28 partners. The different sites have been chosen
to represent different topography, climate and traffic conditions. All sites and partners have a
true interest in the transition from fossil fuels to biofuel alternatives and all sites has a local or
domestic bioethanol producer that will supply them with bioethanol fuel for the use in vehicles
and low blends. Some of the sites have a long and thorough experience within the field of
biofuel and clean vehicle fleets. Some of the sites are eager to begin this work and ready to learn
from the sites with experience.


Stockholm               Long experiences of both ethanol and European projects
BFR                     Long experiences of ethanol in cold climate, Frontrunner in production,
Rotterdam               Some experience of ethanol, world’s largest transit harbour for ethanol and oil.
                        Tax rebate is discussed. Vulnerable for climate change
Somerset                UK has now reached the state where oil needs to be imported. No experience
                        of ethanol. Tax rebate is discussed
Dublin                  No experience of ethanol. Big city with dense traffic. Tax rebate is discussed
Basque County           No experience of ethanol fuelled vehicles. Large ethanol producer with no
Madrid                  domestic demand
Nanyang                 Some experience, China is one of the fastest growing market in the world
São Paulo               World leader in ethanol fuel production and use since 1970s
La Spezia               No experience of ethanol. Experience from other alternative fuels and strong
                        local government support.
Imperial College        Highly experienced in evaluation of Biomass energy research. Adviser to the
                        UK government
Ford                    The first and currently only manufacturer providing a flexi fuel vehicle in Europe
SAAB                    The second manufacturer providing a flexi fuel vehicle in Europe, launches in
                        2005


The BEST consortium is a strong consortium, which consists of all stakeholders in the whole
ethanol chain; that is bioethanol fuel producers, bioethanol fuel distributors, bioethanol vehicle
producers, and public and private fleet operators as well as experts on evaluation and
dissemination. The transfer of knowledge between the partners and associates outside Europe
will ensure maximum integration and know how. The participants represent small and medium
sized enterprises, public bodies, interest and expert organisations.
Three highly skilled universities will ensure good evaluation and important output for the sites
to use and benefit from in their demonstration activities.
The co-operation with existing networks will ensure a beneficial transfer of knowledge and a
large dissemination of the work at its results.
Figure 7 shows the BEST project consortium.
Figure 7 BEST project consortium


5.1.1 Stockholm
City of Stockholm has 0.74 million inhabitants but the whole Stockholm region consists of 1,8
million people. Approximately 6,7 millions travels are made within the city each day, 60 % by
public transport, and 25 % by private vehicles. In peak hour as many as 73 % of the trips are
made by public transport in the city. The main environmental and traffic related problem is the
increasing number of vehicles, congestion on many principal roads, noise and emissions from
traffic, and low bicycling frequency. There are big problems with air quality in inner city areas,
due to high concentration of NOx and particulate matter.
Stockholm is one of Europe’s leading cities in renewable fuels/clean vehicles with a total fleet
of over 2 500 vehicles, both private and public, and with a developed refuelling infrastructure
(18 fuelling stations for bioethanol in the Stockholm Region). Since 1995, City of Stockholm
has worked with different clean technologies like ethanol, biogas, electric-hybrid and fuel cells.
There is a cross-party political board exclusively dealing with clean vehicles and with a clear
aim to keep Stockholm as the leading clean vehicle city. Today 50 % of the vehicles within the
fleet owned and operated by the city are clean vehicles. The goal is to a 60 % clean vehicle
share by 2006.
In 2005 Stockholm introduces discounts for clean vehicles on parking fees and on the
congestion charges during the 13 months Congestion charging pilot period. These incentives are
expected to increase the private demand for clean vehicles.

Partner 1: Environmental and Health Administration
The Environmental and Health Administration, MF, is the Municipal authority dealing with
indoor and outdoor environment, including e.g. pollution, greenhouse gases, chemicals, noise,
food safety, biological diversity and environmental monitoring. MF has approximately 200
employees. MF is one of the driving forces for more sustainable transport through the Traffic
Environment Programme which sets priorities concerning measures to improve the traffic
environment, reduce CO2 emissions, improve air quality, lower noise levels and reduce
contamination of water. The Greenhouse Gas Project is a dedicated action programme against
CO2 emissions. Both programmes in combination give the basis for successful expert work also
on European level.
MF has long experience in EU-projects: as co-ordinator of Trendsetter and Zeus and as
participant in Cute, Moses, Plume, Niches, Elcidis and E-tour projects. MF is also an active
member in different European networks, e.g. Polis, Euro cities, Citelec, ICLEI, Cities for
Climate Protection and European Sustainable Cities and Towns Campaign.

Partner 2: Stockholm Transport
Stockholm Public Transport Authority, SL, is responsible for all Public Transport in the region
including buses, tramway, subway and commuter trains. PT makes almost 2 million travels each
day.
SL’s long-term vision is that the entire bus fleet should be running on renewable fuels by 2021.
SL has driven 250 ethanol buses ( 15 % of the fleet) in the central parts of Stockholm over the
last 15 years. In the European project CUTE, SL operates 3 fuel cell buses. In the Trendsetter
project SL has started using 21 biogas buses. The next step is to operate ethanol buses also in
the outskirts of the city. When procuring other transport services than Public transport, SL
requires the provider to drive minimum 25 % with clean vehicles.

Partner 3: BSR Svenska AB
BSR is private owned company with 15 employees and a worldwide retailer net. Turn over is
approximately 2 Million Euro and increasing 20-25% every year. Since 1991 BSR have carried
out the professional optimisation of car engines – both in terms of performance and with the
environment in mind. Tuning programs are available for a large number of European cars, and
comply with EU emission norms.
BSR is involved in several projects, carrying out active research into converting petrol engines
for use with non-fossile fuels such as bioethanol and DME. BSR has also optimised the world’s
first WRC rally car powered by bioethanol (E85). BSR optimise and further develop the engine
commissioned by car importers and manufactures such as the Swedish super-sports car
manufacturer Koenigsegg. In the BEST project BSR will be responsible for converting 5 petrol
driven light vehicle engines to bioethanol.
Confirmed local stakeholders in Stockholm
The following stakeholders have confirmed their co-operation in the BEST project in
Stockholm:
    Taxi 020 – will purchase and operate at least 30 bioethanol taxi cars during BEST.
    Taxi Stockholm – will purchase and operate at least 10 bioethanol taxi cars during BEST.
    Statoil Detaljhandel – will establish 10-15 bioethanol fuelling stations (E85) in Stockholm
    before the end of BEST.
    Preem Petroleum - will increase the availability of bioethanol fuel stations in Stockholm
    during 2005-2008.

5.1.2 BioFuel Region (BFR)
BFR is located in the north of Sweden (about 500 km from Stockholm) and has approximately
0.5 million inhabitants. There are big problems with air quality in city areas, due to high
concentration of NOx and particulate matter. Some of the worst air quality in cities in Sweden is
to be found in this region. This is mainly the case in the winter, due to inversion.
BFR is one of Europe’s leading region in renewable fuels/clean vehicles with one of the two
research pilot plant for producing ethanol from ligno cellulose (the other one is run by Abengoa
– Confirmed local stakeholder in BEST), a total fleet of over 700 ethanol vehicles, both private
and public, and with approximately an infrastructure with 20 developed refueling stations, both
with low blend (5%) and flexi-fuel pumps (E85). The clear objective for BFR is to be the
leading region in the world regarding the process towards atransport system based on cellulose
based biofuels. A specific goal is to be self sufficient in transport fuels in 2030 by using
biofuels. Furthermore, the stated objective is to be in the forefront of the acquisition of
knowledge about the entire system surrounding cellulose based biofuels, as well as being a
leader in the development of technology, production and utilization of bio fuels. BioFuel
Region’s strategy is to promote and lead development by mobilizing, engaging and activating as
many potential developmental forces as possible within the region. The development of systems
thinking and technology development for ethanol has been drivenby the BioAlcohol Fuel
Foundation, that is founded and active within the region, but BFR as a regional project was
constituted in 2003 and at the present time there are about 25 stakeholders that represent
municipalities, county councils, county administrations, federal authorities and
private enterprises.
There is a cross-party and industrial consensus in BFR’s long-term objective and therefore the
organization is open for all interested parties and stakeholders. Currently (September 2004) it is
15 municipalities, 1 County Council, 5 SME’s and all three universities in the region that are
members. The National Road Authority and the two County Administration Boards are also
affiliated members. The public members represent a total of 85% of the population in the
region. The organization owns an Ltd (BFR AB), were all the activities are conducted.
Work is organized in relatively independent groups, which are closely connected within
different areas of the BioFuel developmental chain, that is to say raw materials, production,
distribution, vehicles, legal framework, and activating the dynamic market forces. The working
groups in question are as follows: Adult education and public commitment, High Schools,
Research and development, the Public sector, Development of fuel stations, Raw material
issues, Industrial development, and Long-term financing of the process and for future start up
companies within this field. In total, there are approximately 150 active persons participating in
the working groups.
During the first project period 2003 to 2006, BFR have a budget of € 2,2 million (SEK 20
million) for process work that aims at preparing the foundation for the future. This amount is the
equivalent of approximately 1 1/2 promille of the amount spent on fossil fuel in the region.

Partner 5: BAFF
BAFF was founded in 1983 and is based in Örnsköldsvik. The driving forces and financiers of
BAFF is the municipality of Örnsköldsvik, The Energy Utility Company of Skellefteå (Skellefte
Kraft), SEKAB (se below) and the Swedish national Farmers Association (Lantmännen). One of
BAFFs main goals is to develop the production and use of BioAlcohols in the transport sector.
This production shall be based on biological raw materials. Environmental and sustainability
aspects have high priority
BAFF, BioAlcohol Fuel Foundation, is involved in a rapid transformation to renewable fuel that
suits the course of nature. They are working towards a large scale introduction of bioethanol in
the transport sector and ensuring that Europe and European industries play a major role in this
work. Important is also the promoting of local production of bioethanol for fuel. Baff is playing
the leading role in Europe in promoting this transition.
BioAlcohol based on ligno cellulose is a long-term environmentally adopted alternative to
petrol and diesel. Adapting to the usage of bio-alcohol, as a fuel can be best described as a chain
of development, in which all links are equally important for a successful development. This
chain of development begins with the processing of raw material for production and distribution
to vehicles and the different engines. The next link presents the external effects such legal
framework and emissions and other qualitative values. The last link is about how to activate the
dynamic market forces. BAFF is working to promote and push all the links in this chain.

Partner 6: SEKAB
Svensk Etanolkemi AB, or Sekab, works primarily in three areas: ethanol, ethanol derivates, and
ethanol fuels. Sekab supplies biological ethanol for a number of different applications from
Sweden’s only factory manufacturing ethanol from forestry raw materials. Bio-ethanol is
produced in co-operation with Domsjö Fabriker.
Sekab has an increasing output of chemical products based on ethanol. Products that are
manufactured and marketed are acetaldehyde, acetic acid, and ethylacetate. The Company’s
long-term objective is to be a European market leader in the production of acetaldehyde and
ethyl acetate. At the moment, Sekab is the only chemical company in Europe with potential of
manufacturing this type of ethanol-based product from biological raw materials.
One rapidly growing sector is ethanol as vehicle fuel. Sekab is today the leading supplier of
ethanol fuels with appropriate additives on the European market. And Sekab´s objective is to
become the Nordic Market’s leading supplier of technical ethanol
Flexibility, promptness, and safety are key issues for Sekab regarding deliveries. Distribution
takes place via road tankers, rail tank-wagons, or tankships.

5.1.3 Rotterdam
Rotterdam has the largest port in the world and is
the central main-port of Europe, the city has about
600.000 inhabitants; the whole Rotterdam region,
together with the city belonging to the economic
centre of The Netherlands, consists of 18
municipalities with 1,3 million people. In the city of
Rotterdam, 300.000 inhabitants commute to work
every day. The majority of the population in the
Rotterdam region cycles or walks for trips shorter
than 5 km, for those short trips 24 % travels by car




                                                          Air pollution level in Benelux & Germany
and only 5% uses public transport. For longer trips, the use of car and public transport increases
to 65% and 23% respectively.
The high mobility needs in the Rotterdam region causes a negative impact on environment and
public space. Local and regional traffic and environmental policies are therefore aiming to
reduce that negative impact. Environmental mobility problems can be divided into 3 categories;
contribution to global heating (green house gases), local air pollution and (car) mobility also
affects the quality of life (noise, vibration and affecting public space). With regard to local air
pollution, the following satellite picture of the NO2 situation on a higher level makes it very
clear that the Rotterdam region is one of the most severe European regions in this respect. The
approaches for solving those problems are stimulating the use of public transport, introducing
environmental friendly vehicle technologies and guiding the mobility.
Rotterdam is one of Europe’s very active cities in setting up demonstration projects with clean
vehicles. Since 1990, the city has worked with different clean technologies like natural gas, bio
diesel, LPG for trucks, electric and hybrid-electric. Since very recently the city has shown its
interest in hydrogen fuel cell transport applications and the possibilities of bio-ethanol (E85) as
an alternative fuel for ICE vehicles.
For hydrogen fuel cell applications a study1 has been performed as a first start for the transition
process towards a hydrogen future. The use of E85 in flexi-fuel vehicles is planned for a first
introduction in the European TELLUS project, running till February 2006.
The subject of implementing clean vehicles on a large scale has been integrated into the cities
Environmental Policy Plan (accorded in October 2003) and into the local and regional Traffic
Policy. Regarding traffic related environmental impact; the introduction of clean vehicles is the
most substantial part in the action plans for improving local and regional air-quality.

Partner 7: Department of Public Works Rotterdam
The department of Public Works Rotterdam, GW-MRO, is the municipal authority dealing local
and regional environmental activities. The applicable department GW-MRO (Milieu en
Ruimtelijke Ontwikkeling = Environment and Spatial Development) is a very important driving
force for more sustainable transport in the city and region of Rotterdam. This role originates
from the production of the regional “Deltaplan Wegverkeer” (DPW), a report aiming to
highlight the best possible measures for diminishing noise and air pollution from road-traffic in
the region.
Special attention is paid to the introduction of road charging principles and transport related
environmental zones, the responsibility of the Traffic Department and to the implementation of
clean vehicle fleets, the responsibility of GW-MRO. In that respect, GW-MRO performs as the
co-ordinator for all municipal, but also for all regional developments and action plans regarding
introduction of clean vehicles.
GW-MRO has long experience in transport related EC-projects, as co-ordinator in the electric
vehicle projects ELCIDIS and E-TOUR, as participant in TELLUS, as advisor in ENTRANCE
and ENTIRE and as trainer in TRUMP. GW-MRO is also an active member in different
European networks, e.g. Polis, ACCESS/Eurocities, CITELEC, BESTUFS and in the national
clean vehicles network “Platform Schone voertuigen”.
One municipal department in Rotterdam is Roteb-lease, the car park management department in
the municipality of Rotterdam. They are responsible for managing and maintaining a total of
3.200 vehicles of all municipal departments in Rotterdam, several car parks of the neighbouring
regional municipalities and a few (semi-) private companies, amongst which the regional energy
company ENECO.


1
    “Transition Trajectory to a Fuel Cell Transport System in Rotterdam”, graduation research by Suzanne van den Bosch, May 2004.
Within Roteb-lease all new vehicles are preferred to be “as clean as possible”; providing their
reliability is equal to the "normal" used product and exploitation costs are on the same level.
Roteb-lease is doing the procurement for all their clients. However, all these clients have their
own responsibility in drawing up specifications and they have the final choice in the desired
vehicles. Mostly their concern is the cost aspect in the leasing price. In this respect, political
pressure towards municipal departments in all regional municipalities is essential, to be
arranged through the execution plans on local air-quality improvement.
GW-MRO will be the local site co-ordinator in Rotterdam and through Roteb-lease bioethanol
vehicles will be available for the municipal fleet of the city

Partner 8: Royal Nedalco
Royal Nedalco, a joint venture between the Dutch sugar producers Cosun and CSM, is a leading
producer of ethanol (ethyl alcohol) of agricultural origin in Europe. Cosun is a cooperative
company in several food ingredient branches with annual turnover of € 1.4 billion.
Nedalco was founded in 1899 as the company "Zuid- Nederlandsche melasse- spritusfabriek" in
Bergen op Zoom. Together with the production location in Delfzijl, Belgalco, the affiliate
company Orbat Distillery in Italy, and the joint venture with Brüggemann Alcohol in Germany
they have reached a strong position in the European ethanol market.
The high quality alcohol of Nedalco is used in the manufacturing of products both in the food
and the non-food sector. Nedalco’s strategy is focussed to be market leader for the production of
bio-ethanol in the Benelux area. Due to Nedalco’s excellent logistical position (from supply and
customer market point of view) they will be able to operate with great flexibility in this project.
Royal Nedalco will contribute to the BEST project by supplying Rotterdam with bio-ethanol for
vehicle fuel. The bio-ethanol will be produced in Bergen op Zoom. Nedalco will bring into the
project their expertise in the field of handling and storing of bioethanol.
Nedalco has a long standing experience in several EU and non-EU projects. Examples from last
year’s commitment (as leading partner) in bio-ethanol related projects:
    Development of European standard on ethanol for low blending purposes. This tasked is
    commissioned by DG Industry to Working Group 21 of CEN Institute in Brussels. This is a
    FW 6 project.
    Workshop Agreement with Ford under the commission of CEN Institute in Brussels on the
    development of the E-85 standard for the Ford Focus.
    TIME project on bio-ethanol production from corn stover, spruce and willow. This is a FW
    5 project
    Nedalco is part of the Biofuels Expert Group of Ministry of Environmental Affairs
    Nedalco is developing a demo-production facility on cellulose ethanol in 2006 in the
    Netherlands. The project is part of the Transition Management Program towards ‘a bio-
    based economy’ of the Ministry of Environmental and Economical Affairs.

Confirmed local stakeholder in Rotterdam
Community of Zwijndrecht, Community of Ridderkerk and Community of Hendrik-Ido-
Ambacht are three neighbouring communities to Rotterdam. They have declared support of the
of BEST initiative and have great confidence and high expectations of the results for improving
the quality of the air.

5.1.4 Somerset County
The County of Somerset is situated in the South West Region of England. Somerset is a County
with the main towns of Taunton, Yeovil, Bridgwater and the historic City of Wells. Under the
terms of the Kyoto Conference, and in a joint agreement with EC member states, the UK
Government agreed to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 12.5% of 1990 levels by 2008-12
and to reduce CO2 emissions by 20% of 1990 levels by 2010. Regional Planning Guidance for
the South West (RPG10) states that local authorities, energy suppliers and other agencies should
support and encourage the region to meet these national targets. Transport is responsible for
some 32% of carbon emissions in the County.
The percentage split across vehicle types registered in Somerset is as follows: Cars (83%),
LGVs (10%), Motorcycles (4%), Public transport vehicles (0.24%), and Goods vehicles (2%).
Petrol engine cars account for a majority of all new cars registered in the County.

Partner 9: Somerset County Council
In line with national and regional sustainability policies, Somerset County Council (SCC) has
adopted a Renewable Energy Strategy with the aim of supporting attainment of a reduction of
carbon emissions by 20% from 1990 to 2010. The Strategy also aims to maximise the benefits
to the local economy from implementation of renewable energy technologies in the County. The
S.C.C. Renewable Energy Strategy has recently won the national Green Apple award for
excellence in environmental best practice by a local authority. As a part of the S.C.C Renualbe
Energy Strategy, S.C.C will introduce bioethanol cars in public own fleets.

Partner 10: Wessex Grain
Wessex Grain is the major grain trading company in the South West Region, marketing 350,000
tonnes of grain annually. The company has storage and drying facilities for 50,000 tonnes at it’s
headquarters in Henstridge, Somerset. The high starch varieties of wheat grown in SW England
are most suitable for distilling and processing into ethanol. A bioethanol production plant will
be established in Henstridge by Wessex Biofules (se below).

Confirmed local stakeholders in Somerset
   Ford Motor Company
    The Ford Motor Company has agreed to provide the Ford Focus Flexible Fuelled Vehicle to
    the Somerset Biofuels Project, contribute marketing expertise, and arrange maintenance
    facilities for the Flexi Fuel Vehicles through existing Ford garages and dealers in the
    County.
    Wessex Biofuels
    Wessex Biofuels, a subsidiary company of Wessex Grain, was established to develop a
    commercial bioethanol production plant. Outline Planning Permission has been obtained for
    a 100,000 tonne bioethanol production plant on a disused airfield adjacent to the Henstridge
    site. The building of the plant will hopefully start soon. The company is actively engaged in
    discussion with government departments on the development of the UK Strategy for
    Biofuels.
    Avon & Somerset Police Authority
    The Avon & Somerset Police Authority is responsible for securing the maintenance of an
    efficient and effective police force for an area covering the counties of Somerset and Avon,
    and the City of Bristol. The Authority is looking to reduce the level of harmful emissions
    from their vehicles and to explore and harness the potential environmental benefits to be
    derived from sustainable energy.

    Wessex Water
    Wessex Water is the largest water utility company in the South West Region,
    providing clean water and water treatment services. Wessex Water has a strong
    environmental agenda, including the development of sustainable energy supplies.
    The company has prepared a carbon management plan, with the assistance of Forum
    for the Future, which includes providing energy from renewable sources.
    Wessex Water state that the project will:
        Help Wessex Water and the community work towards more sustainable travel.
        Support external initiatives that help facilitate Wessex Water's move towards
        sustainability. This includes encouraging other businesses and organisations to build the
        market for renewable resources.
        Reduce the quantities of non-renewable energy sources used by the company as part of
        their carbon management strategy and reduce the carbon emissions of the company in
        line with our 2025 sustainability vision of aiming for a neutral impact on greenhouse
        gas concentrations.
        Begin a transition to vehicles being powered by alternatives to fossil fuels.
        Demonstrate to their stakeholders/customers a positive commitment to environmental
        responsibility and improvement.

5.1.5 Dublin
Dublin is Ireland’s capital and has a population of circa one and a quarter million people. The
average income per capital has increased in recent years and the Irish Economy is enjoying a
very positive period. The city lies at the centre of Dublin Bay and has a good port and
improving public transport system.
Growth in the transport system in Dublin City and Dublin County has reached unsustainable
levels as is evidenced in significant growth in energy demand. Transport accounts for a
considerable amount of Energy consumed in the region and the demand of Transport for Energy
is increasing all the time. Within the Transport Sector, Road Transport is by far the leading
Energy Consumer. Road Transport Energy is now responsible for upwards of 30% of the
Regions Energy Consumption.
Although important improvements have been achieved thanks to regulations intended to reduce
pollution by Motor Vehicles and improve the quality of fuels, transports relative contribution to
CO2 emissions has risen significantly and continues to increase in the Dublin Regions. Such
emissions are estimated to have grown about 70% between 1990 and 2000.
The Irish Government is anxious to meet the EU target for replacing traditional fuels with
alternative fuels by 2020 and has introduced legislation to encourage the development and use
of Biofuels in Ireland.

Partner 11: Maxol & CB Biofuels
Maxol & CB Biofuels was created by a number of persons including Maxol, Irelands largest
independently owned Irish Fuel Retailer in 1990. Its mission is to carry out research and
development on the creation and manufacture of BioEthanol from Renewable Sources in
Ireland.
It also develops conditions necessary to implement a coherent energy policy geared towards
ensuring availability of energy under the best conditions of supply, security, cost and
environmental impact with a view to steering Ireland towards a position of sustainable
development.
    Maxol & CB Biofuels have carried out Research and Development on developing Energy
    from Biomass.
    Maxol & CB Biofuels have obtained Irish, EU, UK and South African Patents for this
    purpose.
    Maxol & CB Biofuels will produce BioEthanol in Ireland and demonstrate its use as an
    alternative renewable environmentally friendly motor fuel.
    Maxol & CB Biofuels has assisted in and promoted the use of Flexi Fuel Vehicles (FFV’s)
    and have demonstrated both on National Radio and TV the possibilities of BioEthanol when
    used as an E85 Fuel in Flexi Fuel Vehicle Vehicles.
    Maxol & CB Biofuels (M & CB) operates within the Maxol Group of Companies and in the
    Irish Energy and Environmental Sector.
M & CB have extensive experience in participating in International Projects. They have
participated in discussions and projects with European Energy Companies and in a joint project
with Ford Motor Company in Beijing, China.
In order to reduce dependency on oil products in the transport industry, Maxol & CB Biofuels
together with Dublin City Council in keeping with EU Directives is promoting the use of new
energy sources in transport. Maxol & CB Biofuels and Dublin City Council have carried out a
number of successful small schemes as well as research & development relating to the
production of bioethanol from biomass.

Confirmed local stakeholder
   Dublin City Council
    The Dublin City Council will operate a fleet of 100 bioethanol cars within the public owned
    car fleet.

5.1.6 Basque Country
The Basque Country is situated in the north of the Iberian Peninsula. It has a land area of 7,235
sq. km. and a population density of 290 inhabitants per square kilometre. Growth in transport in
the Basque Country has reached unsustainable levels, as evidenced by the significant growth in
energy demand: whereas in 1993, transport accounted for just over 21% of all energy consumed
in the region, by 2003 the proportion had risen to 31%. Within the transport sector, road
transport is by far the leading energy consumer. In 2003 it accounted for 94 % of all energy
consumed in the Basque transport sector, meaning that road transport was responsible for 30%
of the region’s total energy consumption. As elsewhere in the EU, transport in the Basque
Country is a captive market for oil products.
In the Autonomous Community of the Basque Country, transport's relative contribution to CO2
emissions have grown 70% between 1990 and 2000.
In order to reduce dependency on oil products in the transport industry, the Basque
Government, in keeping with EU directives, is promoting the use of new energy sources in
transport. A number of successful schemes have been carried out in the Basque Country
involving the use of natural gas and bio-diesel in transport. The Basque Government has signed
on the EU target of replacing 20% of traditional fuels with alternative fuels by 2020.
It is clear that in order to reduce CO2 emissions, fuel savings need to be achieved and petroleum
fuels replaced by other fuels derived from vegetable matter. (oil-bearing crops or crops with
high sugar or starch contents). Going ahead of the target set for the EU, the Basque Government
proposes that by 2010, 11.9% of the energy consumed in the transport sector should come from
biofuels.

Partner 12: EVE – Ente Vasco de la Energía
The Basque Energy Board (EVE) was created by the Basque Government in 1982. Its mission
was to develop the conditions necessary to implement a coherent energy policy, geared towards
ensuring availability of energy under the best conditions of supply security, cost and
environmental impact, with a view to steering the Basque Country towards a position of
sustainable development.
Since then, the Basque Energy Board has been the main agent of energy policy in the Basque
Country. Its work encompasses three main areas, through which it seeks to preserve the natural
surroundings and improve the quality of life of local people. These areas are:
    Promotion of energy saving and efficiency measures.
    Strengthening of renewable power resources.
    Diversification of the energy demand structure.
Working on the principle that the cleanest energy is unconsumed energy, EVE has promoted
and provided backing for improvements in energy efficiency and savings. It has pioneered the
use in Spain of self–generating systems. EVE has promoted a series of actions to enhance the
use rehabilitation of small hydro stations, the development of wind energy, the use of solar
energy for generating hot water (thermal collectors) and electricity (photovoltaic panels) and the
use of biomass for energy purposes (timber waste, biogas, etc.).
EVE has extensive experience participating in European projects. Recent work includes the
coordination of TetraEner (in the CONCERTO Programme) and MunicipRegEnergAid (in the
ALTENER Programme), and participation as a partner in the EURENA, ENLIGHT and
CLIMASOL projects.

Confirmed local stakeholders:
   Abengoa Bioenergy
    Is a subsidiary of Abengoa S.A., with headquarters in Seville, Spain. Abengoa Bioenergy
    owns and operates five bioethanol production facilities throughout the United States and
    Europe with a total production capacity of 665 million litres. One additional plant (200 Ml.)
    is under construction in Spain.
    Abengoa Bioenergy will supply the bioethanol for the Basque County in The BEST
    proposal.

5.1.7 Nanyang
City of Nanyang is located in the southwest in the Henan province in China. It has 10.65 million
inhabitants in the total region.

Partner 13: City of Nanyang
At present, the City of Nanyang is promoting the use of E10 and is one of the first cities in Asia
where E10 is being demonstrated. At the first stage of applying E10 in China, the petrol stations
in Nanyang city was retrofitted and converted into E10 stations one at the time. Since October,
2003, all petrol stations in whole Nanyang city completed the shift from supplying petrol into
only supplying E10. The same shift will very soon be finished in whole Henan province, which
is the biggest province in terms of its population (about 100 million.) in China.
So far, 207 000 tons of E10 has been sold in Nanyang city. For whole Henan province, the
consumed amount of E10 is 660 000 ton. Totally only four plants were approved by China
central government to produce denatured fuel ethanol. One of them is located in Nanyang city,
producing bioethanol from wheat. Its yield capacity is now 200,000 tons of ethanol, and its
future capacity will be 500,000 tons of ethanol fuel. Nanyang ethanol Co. Ltd itself has a large
truck fleet and the blending of ethanol and diesel has been tested in its truck fleet for more two
years. There are approximately 65 000 vehicles in Nanyang city. All of them are currently using
E10, including the 200 000 motorcycles.
Partner 14: Tsinghua University
Tsinghua University, located in the northwestern suburb of Beijing in China, was built in 1911
on the site of “Qing Hua Yuan”. The university section was first established in 1925 enrolling
undergraduate students for a four-year program, and in 1929 a graduate school was established.
Tsinghua has flourished since 1978, with the re-establishment of the departments in sciences,
economics and management, and the humanities. The Tsinghua graduate school has been
recognized nationally, ranking first in the National Evaluation of Graduate Schools. The School
of Continuing Education makes the best use of modern information technologies, as well as the
advanced educational resources at Tsinghua. Currently, the university consists of 44
departments distributed in 11 schools, including the schools of sciences, architecture, civil
engineering, mechanical engineering, information science and technology, humanities and
social sciences, economics and management, law, arts and design, public policy and
management, and applied technology. A medical school is currently being established. The
university currently has over 7,100 faculty and staff, with over 900 full professors and 1,200
associate professors.
Tsinghua University will help and support Nanyan City and function as a site co-ordinator of
the local site project.

Partner 15: Ford Motor Company Europe
Ford Motor Company entered the business world in 1903, when Henry Ford and 11 business
associates signed the company's articles of incorporation and in this way gave birth to what was
to become one of the world's largest corporations. Ford has been in the lead within research and
development of clean vehicle technologies during the past 40 years. Today they provide clean
vehicles that may operate on a wider spectrum of alternative fuels than any other vehicle
manufacturer. This includes ethanol, electricity, methanol, methane gas (biogas and natural gas)
as well as liquefied petroleum gas. Ford is the only vehicle manufacturer that currently has
ethanol-powered vehicles for sale on the European market, the Ford Focus. In 2005 they
introduce yet another ethanol car model, the Ford C-max, in Europe.
Ford will provide flexi fuel vehicles to the sites and offer a non-EC-funded discount on the first
50 vehicles per site.
Ford will also test the hybrid technique in flexi fuel vehicles and refine the flexi fuel technique.

Partner 16: Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine (ICSTM) – Imperial
Centre for Energy Policy and Technology (ICEPT)
The Imperial Centre for Energy Policy and Technology (ICEPT) is a leading and internationally
recognised UK centre for energy research, research training and policy advice. ICEPT’s
BioEnergy Group’s (BEG) research focus is on developing a ‘whole-systems’ approach to
bioenergy that integrates techno-economic, environmental and policy analysis. BEG is
composed of an inter-disciplinary team of researchers with experience in the technology,
agricultural and policy/implementation sectors. (www.iccept.imperial.ac.uk).

5.1.8 Madrid
The City of Madrid has a population of approximately 3.2 million inhabitants, being the main
urban centre of a metropolitan area of approximately 5.5 million inhabitants. One of the major
environmental challenges to which Madrid has to face up is the traffic. In spite of the important
effort made in the last few years for the improvement in public transport, the private vehicle
continues to represent a very large percentage in the commuting made in the city. This has
consequent impacts on the quality of the air and on acoustic pollution. The levels of NOx and
particles (P.M. 10) exceed the values currently determined by the European rules, for which the
Madrid City council is finishing the preparation of its Local Quality Strategy of the Air.
Madrid is making an important effort in lessening the atmospheric pollution from the public
transport and the municipal services, for which the city started the Green Fleet Plan. One of its
guidelines is the promotion of the use of alternative fuels, as ethanol, biogas or biodiesel. In this
same line of work, the Municipal Company of Transport has incorporated, during the last few
years, vehicles that generate fewer emissions, counting at present with 150 buses alimented with
natural gas, 20 hybrid buses, as well as 4 buses with fuel cell.

Partner 17: The City of Madrid
The Area of Government of Environment and Services to the City is the competent municipal
authority regarding environment, including in its fields atmospheric pollution, acoustic
pollution, urban waste management, road cleanliness, sewage purification and management of
parks and green areas. The Area of Government of Environment and Services to the City counts
on a staff of 1.445 employees. This Area promotes the quality improvement policies of the air
and the sponsorship of renewable energies in the city of Madrid, through plans like the Local
Quality Strategy of the Air, the Green Fleet Plan or the Energy Madrid Plan.

Partner 18: Municipal Company of Transport (EMT).
EMT is the organisation that furnishes the normal public transport service to surface travellers
in the municipal area of Madrid. The Madrid City council is its unique owner. From the creation
of the Regional Partnership of Transport of the Community of Madrid and the incorporation of
the Madrid City council to the latter, EMT moves on to provide its transport service as operator
under the authority of the Partnership. This organization is in charge of the regulation of the
transport needs in the Madrid. Besides EMT the remaining means of transport are the
metropolitan (Metro) and interurban (railways and long-distance buses).
The principal data that define the activity of EMT, referring to 2003, correspond to more than
four hundred seventy million transported travellers, a network of one hundred million
kilometres, a fleet of 1.958 buses, 187 lines in service and a staff of 6.954 workers. Those data
situates EMT as the greater company of urban surface transport in Spain and one of greatest in
Europe.
EMT is developing an important effort to improve the quality of service, assuming among its
commitments the development of its activity with special attention as regards the protection of
the environment and the permanent improvement in its fleet of vehicles. EMT began in 1993 to
use vehicles alimented by natural gas and takes part in European projects as CUTE and
CITYCELL.

    Site objectives relevant for the proposal.
    In accordance with the municipal aims concerning the quality of the air and the promotion
    of renewable energies, the Madrid City council is working to improve the situation of the
    traffic in the city and to reduce its environmental impact.
    The aims for the period 2005-2010 are:
        To reduce the emission of NOx in order to reach an annual limit of NO. 2 of 40 ug/m 3.
        To reduce the issue of particles, in order to reach a daily average value below 50 ug/m3.
        To promote the use of clean vehicles in private fleets.
    Demonstration objectives.
    The Madrid City council has been committed in the promotion of the use of clean vehicles
    in municipal services in the framework of the Green Fleet Plan and, to this end, will carry
    out a pilot experience in order to use vehicles alimented with ethanol, during the period
    2006-2010, as a part of this proposal:
         Use of 25 flexi fuel vehicles in the municipal fleet.
         Introduce 225 Flexi Fuel vehicles in private fleets
         Use of 30 buses alimented by bioetanol in the EMT.
         Installation of supply points to assure the availability of fuel for the vehicles offered in
         the programme.
         Circulation campaign of the results and promotion of the use of Flexi fuel vehicles.

Partner 19: Saab
Saab Automobile AB was established as an independent company: in 1990, following a joint
venture agreement between Saab-Scania AB and General Motors. As from 2000, Saab
Automobile AB is owned by GM. Svenska Aeroplan AB (SAAB for short) was founded in
1937 to make military aircraft. Some years later work started on the first car prototype and in
1947 the first Saab car was unveiled. Saabs Head Office is situated in Trollhättan, Sweden. The
number of employees is 6,016 (September 2004) and the number of cars retailed: 131,641
(2003). Saab Automobile AB is marketing and selling cars in more than 60 countries
As the car motors into its second century, it is fast approaching a crossroads where a crucial
decision must be made about the future direction of its fuel requirements. To overcome the
current dependence on oil-based products, Saab believes that one viable direction is to move
towards ethanol. Saab considers there to be two irresistible driving forces behind the adoption
of ethanol: the environmental need to combat the so-called 'greenhouse', or climate change,
effect and the need to overcome our dependence on oil, a finite resource which will eventually
run out. Ethanol is providing an effective first step, and Saab is making a contribution in
developing the Saab 9-5 BioPower model for the Swedish market as well as promoting sales in
other European markets as a way of stimulating infrastructure development.
SAAB will provide flexi fuel vehicles to the sites and offer a non-EC-funded discount on the
first 50 vehicles per site.

5.1.9 City of São Paulo
Brazil
The oil crises of the 70´s induced the Brazilian Government to create the National Alcohol
Program PROÁLCOOL, the world’s first major program for production and utilization of
renewable fuels. It was established in order to reduce the country’s dependence of oil imports
by substituting conventional gasoline with fuel alcohol from sugar cane. Already before the
start-up of the program, the Brazilian gasoline has been blended with ethanol in various
admixture proportions.
During its many years of fuel alcohol utilization, Brazil’s ethanol industry has gained
considerable experience and benefits. The Brazilian ethanol expertise has led to impressive
reductions of production costs. Since the introduction of PROÁLCOOL in 1975, the cost of
producing ethanol has declined by 4 to 5 percent annually.
Due to this significant reductions in production costs, together with the economies of scale, the
mixture of hydrated ethanol and gasoline, called gasohol (25 % of alcohol admixture to regular
gasoline), is currently sold for 60-70 % of the price of regular gasoline. Taking into account that
the consumption of neat-fuel cars is higher than the consumption of regular gasoline cars, the
calculated price for ethanol is about 80.67 % of that from gasoline.
Brazil is currently the world’s largest consumer and producer of ethanol. Thus, international
cooperation gives a huge potential for future development and the exchange of experience.
The Brazilian alcohol program demonstrated the commercial viability of converting sugarcane
to ethanol for fuel applications. Brazil has many years of experience in the utilization of fuel
alcohol. The country’s ethanol industry achieved significant reductions in production costs. Due
to the early utilization of fuel alcohol and the introduction of commercial Flexible Fuel Vehicles
(FFVs), the country has gained a huge knowledge about all ethanol aspects. In order to gain
further developments and increase the overall fuel efficiency in the transport sector, the
objective is to implement the Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEV) technology running on the
Brazilian gasohol (25 % of alcohol admixture to regular gasoline).
The Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEV) technology can be seen as the trend-setting technology for
future transport systems. Powered by a combination of different conversion technologies (e.g.
combustion engines, fuel cells and electric generators/motors) and storage systems (e.g.
batteries), the advanced technology achieves up to twice the fuel economy of regular vehicles,
helping to reduce up to 50 percent of greenhouse gas emissions.

City of São Paulo
The City of São Paulo is the fourth biggest city in the world, 16 million people are living in the
city and its metropolitan area. Due to the city’s inadequate public transportation system, most of
the citizens choose the car as their primary means of daily transport. The daily traffic jam is one
of the major constraints for further progress of the city and poses serious health hazards to the
city’s population. The main environmental and traffic related problems are an increasing
number of vehicles, congestion on many principal roads, noise and emissions from traffic, and
low bicycling frequency. There are big problems with air quality in inner city areas, due to high
concentration of NOx and particulate matter.
The daily traffic situation causes tremendous exhaust gas emissions and the intensive use of
private cars shows the necessity of transport sector improvements. Therefore, the city of São
Paulo has developed a long-range transport plan that should help to reduce the air pollution.
Besides gasoline vehicles, diesel engines are major contributors to air pollution that together are
responsible for about 90 percent of toxic pollutants released in the air.
The environmental benefits of replacing polluting vehicles by less-polluting Flex Fuel
Vehicles (FVVs) or Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEVs) will help to make a significant
contribution towards lower pollution levels in the heavily populated urban area of São
Paulo.
Partner 20: WIP – Wirtschaft und Infrastruktur Gmbh & Co Plannings - KG
WIP, founded in 1968, plans, develops, realises and monitors systems and installations in the
field of renewable energy technologies and environmental engineering.
WIP's activities in the renewable energy sector focus on
    Component and system development
    Service provision to industry, utilities & end-users of renewable energy technology
    Demonstration of state-of-the-art techniques
    Formulation of strategies for achieving greater integration of renewable energy technologies
   Management and organisation of major events aimed at advancing knowledge transfer and
 assisting in achieving greater market penetration of renewable energy technologies
Currently, WIP is co-ordinating a Latin American Network on Bioenergy (LAMNET) focussing
on the promotion of the sustainable use of biomass and the deployment of innovative bioenergy
technologies in Europe, Latin America, Africa and China. One of the main focuses of LAMNET
is the large-scale implementation of bioethanol production based on sugar cane and other
suitable biomass resources (e.g. sweet sorghum) including agro-forestry residues and the
creation of a global bioethanol market. Therefore, WIP can actively contribute to the goals of
this Integrated Project.

Partner 21: CENBIO
CENBIO was founded in 1996. CENBIO is the Brazilian Reference Center on Biomass, with
the main mission of implementing the energy generation from biomass through efficient
processes. Located at the University of São Paulo/Institute of Electrotechnology and Energy,
São Paulo, Brazil, CENBIO works on joint research and development of technological,
economic, social, environmental and political studies related to biomass conversion and use,
together with National and International groups, in the scientific, technological, industrial and
agricultural sectors.
The main activities of CENBIO comprise:
    Research and development for Biomass utilisation processes
    Collection of data and elaboration of relevant studies
    Organization of Bioenergy: seminars, courses and workshops
    Establishment of Bioenergy Databases
    Dissemination of Biomass related information through ”CENBIO News” and the CENBIO
    website

The Brazilian Reference Center on Biomass is a joint initiative of:
    The Ministry of Science and Technology (MCT)
    The São Paulo State Secretariat of Energy (SEE/SP)
    The University of São Paulo (USP/IEE)
    The Biomass Users Network from Brazil (BUN)
For the past five years CENBIO has been promoting the use of Biomass as an efficient source of
energy, a generator of employment (mainly in rural areas) and, a mechanism for sustainable
development for Brazil.
Partner 22: Institute of Electrotechnics and Energy (IEE)
The Institute of Electrotechnics and Energy (IEE) of the São Paulo University (USP) has it's
main activities in the field of research and post graduation programs.
The research area of develops studies is in the fields of general electrical engineering, power
engineering and energy management. For the last 50 years, the Institute has been directly
involved in the national technological development. This engagement includes the development
of certification programs, as well as calibration and equipment tests.
The Post Graduation Program of IEE has been developed in order to enhance the quality and
education of professionals, working in the overall energy sector. The five research areas of the
program are:
    Integrated Resources Management
    Economic and Institutional Analysis of Energy Systems
    Renewable and Non-Conventional Energy Sources
    Energy, Society and Environment
    Electric Grid, Equipment and Energy Quality

Confirmed local stakeholder
Toyota do Brazil
Since 1958 Toyota is represented in Brazil under the name Toyota do Brazil. Toyota do Brazil
is involved in sustainable technology development. This includes the strong efforts towards the
introduction of environmentally friendly transport technologies. Within the introduction of
Toyota’s new hybrid car PRIUS, the company already has imported several models that have
been presented at several events and exhibitions. Up to now however, the Hybrid Electric
Vehicle technology has no permission to be commercialized, since several tests required by the
Brazilian legislation had not been performed yet. The new Toyota Hybrid System (THS II) of
the Toyota PRIUS has been designed in order to enable further evolution and consists of two
kinds of motive power sources.
Toyota do Brazil understands the difficulty that is related to the commercialization and market
introduction of new technology vehicles like PRIUS. Through the dissemination of the benefits
that will be learned from the HEV demonstration task, it will become much easier to legitimate
more beneficial taxation schemes for environmentally friendly transport technologies.
Toyota do Brazil will operate a test fleet of three Toyota PRIUS electric hybrid cars with a
blend of ethanol and petrol.

Partner 23: Umeå university
Umeå University was inaugurated in 1965 and situated in the north part of Sweden. Today,
there are courses and study programmes in every academic field. Students come from all over
Sweden, as well as from many other countries.
The University also has seven colleges. The Umeå School of Business and Economics is based
on a unique co-operation between the Departments of Business Administration, Economics,
Legal Science and Statistics. The Umeå Institute of Design and The Umeå School of Fine Arts,
with its sculpture and other study programmes, are located off-campus. The Umeå Institute of
Technology includes all of the programmes offered to those who intend to be engineers. The
Umeå School of Environmental Studies is the result of co-operation between Umeå University
and the Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU). This institution offers many study
programmes and courses in this exciting and growing field of environmental studies. The Umeå
University School of Physical Education, which is a co-operation between our five faculties,
includes all programs that touch sports as a subject. The newest of our colleges is the Umeå
University School of Restaurant and Culinary Arts.
At Umeå University the research specialties are as follows:
    Life sciences
    The interplay between people - machines - IT
    The ecologically sustainable and resource adapted society
    Social welfare
    The northern cultural boundary: changes in time and space
    Gender studies
    Teacher education and vocational pedagogies
Umeå University will carry out scientific studies to identify the consumers’ present knowledge,
attitudes, and beliefs about bio fuel and the choice of vehicles in order to improve and carry out
further dissemination. They will also be uncharged of studies on ethanol supply within the
participating countries as well as socio-economic studies connected with ethanol and the BEST
project.

5.1.10 City of La Spezia
City of La Spezia has 100.000 inhabitants but the whole La Spezia region consists of 300.000
people. Approximately 250.000 travels are made within the city each day, 30 % by public
Transport, and 45 % by private vehicles.
The town of La Spezia was born as an industrial and military pole in Italy after the reunification
of Italty. Nowadays the main activities of the own are the harbour, and the tourism , while
Portovenere, Lerici and Cinque Terre are the main attractions.
The main environmental and traffic related problems are an increasing number of vehicles,
congestion on many principal roads, noise and emissions from traffic, and low bicycling
frequency. There are problems with air quality, due to high concentration of NOx and particulate
matter.

Partner 24: ETA Renewable Energies
ETA is based in Florence, Italy and has been operating for almost a decade in the Renewable
Energy sector, with a particular a focus on biomass. With a team of experienced engineers,
economists and jurists and a multi language staff to co-ordinate international contacts, ETA has
built a sound and wide-ranging experience in the development, application and implementation
of Renewable Energy systems, and especially of the biomass based ones.
ETA has gained a large experience in research, demonstration and promotion actions in the field
of bioenergy and biofuels, e.g. conversion and use of liquid biofuels (like bio ethanol and
pyrolysis oil), for energy production and utilisation as transport fuels. ETA’s skills cover a wide
range of technical activities, included the assessment of the socio-economic follow-up at
regional and local scale of sustainable energy initiatives.
ETA is a charter member of EUBIA (European Biomass Industry Association), a founding
partner of the Florence Energy Agency, founding partner of the Regional Energy Agency, a
member of the Italian Biofuels Committee, Italian member of IEA Bioenergy Task 39 Liquid
Biofuels.
Selected recent reference projects
    ECHI-T. Large bio-ethanol project from Sweet Sorghum in China and Italy – DG Research
    BIOSIT: GIS-based planning tool for greenhouse gases emission reduction through biomass
    exploitation – DG Environment
    LAMNET. Latin America Thematic Network On Bioenergy – DG Research
    RERUM: Renewable Energy & Rational Use Scan in Municipalities – DG TREN
    BIO-TURBINE - Opportunities for biofuel-burning microturbines in the European
    decentralised-generation market DG TREN
    COMBIO - A New competitive Liquid Biofuel for Heating - DG Research
    Project Technical Assistance Framework contract "Stationary Applications of Liquid
    Biofuels" - European Commission DG TREN
    Pantelleria Renewable Energy Sources - Action plan and final design of RES systems in the
    Pantelleria island
    Pantelleria Sustainable Mobility - Action plan and final design of sustainable mobility
    initiatives in the Pantelleria island
    RESPIRE: Renewable Energy Sources, Promotion and Integration for the sustainable
    development of Insular Regions of Europe - DG TREN
    Pellets for Europe: Solid biofuels in Europe. Market analysis and opportunities for
    European development – DG TREN
    RES Integration: Rural Sustainable Development through Integration of Renewable Energy
    Technologies in poor European regions – DG Research

Partner 25: Comune di La Spezia
Comune di la Spezia (Municipality of La Spezia) intends to participate the project by
Assessorato all’Ambiente ( Environment Deputation).The Environmental deputation ,is the
Municipal authority dealing with indoor and outdoor environment, including e.g. pollution,
greenhouse gases, chemicals, noise, food safety, biological diversity and environmental
monitoring. The Environment Deputation has approximately 20 employees. Assessorato
all’ambiente is one of the driving forces for more sustainable transport through the Province
Traffic Plan which sets priorities concerning measures to improve the traffic environment,
reduce CO2 emissions, improve air quality, lower noise levels and reduce contamination of
water.
Comune di La Spezia is also an active member in different European networks, e.g. Polis,
Eurocities, Citelec, ICLEI, Cities for Climate Protection and European Sustainable Cities and
Towns Campaign.

Partner 26: ATC Spa
ATC Spa is responsible for all Public Transport in the area including buses and trolley bus.
Almost 75.000 travels are made by ATC each day. ATC’s strategy is to enforce the use of
trolley bus increasing the length of the lines; then to start the use of bioethanol and methane gas
in public bus operation in order to reduce pollution and to gain experience of the use of
renewable fuels.

Partner 27: Provincia della Spezia
Provincia della Spezia is the area Government, responsible for the Mobility plan and eager to
support the introduction of renewable fuels in the Community.
Partner 28: Univercita di Genova C.I.R.T
C.I.R.T. is an Engineering Organisation which through the realisation of "Key in Hand"
projects, offers the advantage of it's unique position of responsibility, certainty regarding time,
cost and quality in realising planet investments and tasks provided for by the safety at work, fire
prevention, environment and quality regulations in force.

5.2 Additional partners in the future
BEST partners have been carefully selected to consist a complementary consortium. However,
several good candidates had to be left out to avoid a budget out of limit. Should the budget
increase or a partner by any reason has to withdraw, there are candidates ready to join the
consortium.
Examples of such sites are London, Bucharest, Lisbon and Seville

5.3 Subcontracting foreseen in the BEST project
WP 1 Car fleets and WP 3 Low blends: Subcontracting for emission tests. Equipment for
emission testing is expensive and nothing that the stakeholders in BEST own or know how to
operate. It is also necessary that an independent body carry out these tests in order to be
accepted by others.
WP 5 Incentives: Subcontracting will be used for the evaluation of driver’s attitudes. This is to
get approved and reliable results from an independent body. Subcontracting will also be used
for the evaluation of various kinds of incentives like free parking, no congestion charges and the
green transport procurement activities. In order to compare these incentives with each other and
their expected effects an independent body is preferred to ensure others of a trustworthy result.
WP 7 Co-ordination: Subcontracting will be used for different administration aspects.
Subcontracting will not be used for work that lie within core responsibilities of the co-ordinator.
WP 8 Dissemination and marketing: Subcontracting will be used for information campaigns, pr-
campaigns, telemarketing campaigns and for introducing a call-centres as well as layout and
production of web site, newsletters, brochures and the arrangements of large conferences. These
activities will need public relations skills to promote the use of E85 and attract an interest to use
ethanol vehicles. It is very important that these tasks are carried out by professionals, in order to
attract the most interest and reach maximum effect. Subcontracting will not be used for work
that lie within core responsibilities of the co-ordinated overall dissemination and marketing
activities.
6 Description of project management
The BEST-initiative is a strategically important project for the consortium. Competent and
efficient project management is a key task to achieve the project objectives. The project
management has therefore the following key objectives:
    to offer clear and concise co-ordination and integration of the project, ensuring that all
    relevant information and experience reach the relevant stakeholders, avoid double-working
    and ensure a clear decision structure.
    to monitor and supervise the project development, in order to fulfil the work-programme
    activities, objectives and schedules
    to ensure the interaction with the European Commission
    to ensure the interaction on the European level with Biofuel Partnership and other related
    projects
    to promote the dissemination, exploitation and marketing of the project results in order to
    maximise the European adoption of Bioethanol as a fuel

6.1 Project management structure
The project has adopted a management structure that takes account of the complexity of a
project of this size and ambition, including also non-European partners. This structure will
allow daily contact between doers and deciders, still integrating the actions on all sites into one
project. It gives clarity and certainty and maximises the information exchange between sites,
work packages and key external bodies, but is not overly cumbersome or expensive to operate.
The Project management contains the following bodies:
    Steering Group
    Political Group
    Project Management Team
    Site Groups
    WP-leaders

6.1.1 Steering Group
The Steering Group is the superior deciding organ and consists of the Project Management
team, the Site managers and the leader of Work Package 8, Transfer of Knowledge. Hence, all
sites and all core contractors are represented in this group. The Steering Group will meet 3 times
per year. The non-European partners Nanyang and São Paulo will attend in 1 meeting per year.
The Steering Group is chaired by the Co-ordinator.
The responsibilities of the Steering Group are:
    Over-all responsible for the BEST project, guarantee continuity and consistency and
    adequate allocation of resources.
    Approval of public reports and deliverables
    Possible adoption of additional partners
    If necessary, adjust the project content
    Handle any conflict resolution that could not be handled at a lower level.
    Handle any contractual and financial matters
6.1.2 Political group
A political group, consisting of high-level politicians from each participating site, will meet 2-3
times during the project in order to ensure political support for the project, to exchange
experiences and also form a platform for the spreading of the political and technical experiences
to other European cities and regions.

6.1.3 Project Management Team
The Project Management Team co-ordinates the day-to-day-activities on European level and
monitor the project. The team consists of the Co-ordinator, Assistant co-ordinator, Marketing
Manager and Evaluation Manager. The more detailed work of the Project Management Team is
described in the Work package descriptions for WP 6, 7 and 9.

Co-ordinator
The Co-ordinator’s tasks are:
    Guarantee the day-to-day management, co-ordination between all project partners, exchange
    of results, organisation of the project conferences, meetings, seminars and workshops.
    Integrate, supervise and monitor the project in order to fulfil the objectives on time and to
    cost
    Co-ordinate the administrative and financial reporting as well as other administrative and
    financial issues
    Represent the project externally
    Contact point towards the Commission and main Contact point towards the Biofuel
    Partnership
    Lead and report to and from the project Steering Group
    Prepare the Political Group Meetings
Gustaf Landahl from the City of Stockholm is appointed as Co-ordinator
Gustaf Landahl, Head of Department Planning & Environment. He has a Masters degree in civil
engineering from the Royal Institute of Technology in Stockholm, Sweden. After working for
the national government and for a private consultant enterprise, he started to work for the City
of Stockholm in 1988. He lead the city’s work with a comprehensive land-use planning and
managed to bring several plans for sustainable development to decision by the city council. In
1995 Mr. Landahl was appointed head of Department Planning & Environment. This
department is responsible for environmental control in Stockholm as well as environmental
issues in land use planning and traffic. Mr. Landahl is also responsible for several European
projects with funding from the European Commission. He co-ordinated the ZEUS (Zero and
low Emission vehicles in Urban Society), a THERMIE/DG 17, project from 1996-2000 and is
presently co-ordinating the TRENDSETTER-project, a CIVITAS/DG TREN, project from
2002-2006. Mr Landahl is also member of the Advisory group of the PLUME project, City of
tomorrow/DG research and leads a Working Group on clean vehicles and fuels in the NICHES
project, FP 6-2003-Transport3/DG Research.

Assistant co-ordinator
The assistant co-ordinator will assist the Co-ordinator in his tasks. Most of the daily work will
be performed by the assistant co-ordinator. Experts on different administrative aspects will also
be assisting on a sub-contracting basis. Tasks that will be subcontracted do not lie in the core
responsibilities of the co-ordination.
Jonas Ericson from the City of Stockholm is appointed as assistant co-ordinator.
Jonas Ericson holds a BSc in Biology and Geography from the University of Stockholm, 1985.
He has a thorough experience in Project management from the Swedish Environment Protection
Agency and Ministry of Environment, developing the agri-environmental schemes, the 6th
European Environmental programme and the Cardiff procedure. In 2001, he was deputy leader
of the EU-delegation in the Subsidiary Body on Scientific, Technical and Technological Advice
(SBSTTA) of the Convention on Biological Diversity. He was also an expert in the Swedish
Commission on green procurement. He is presently Assistant Co-ordinator of the
TRENDSETTER project.

Dissemination and Marketing Manager
The Dissemination and Marketing Manager has the following tasks:
    Support Local Dissemination and Marketing managers with updated information, exchange
    of experiences and training in marketing of bioethanol, arranging work shops, seminars,
    training etc
    Ensure quality of common marketing products and that experiences are transferable outside
    of the project partners
    European Dissemination and Marketing; gather information from the participating partners
    and other sources, adapt it for different target groups and spread it to other European cities
    and possible users of ethanol vehicles with the aim to obtain followers that will repeat the
    actions made in BEST
    Co-ordination of BEST’s input to joint dissemination/marketing with Biofuel cities and
    other biofuel projects
    Monitor and Evaluate the Local Marketing activities
    BEST’s Contact point for the Biofuel Partnership regarding Dissemination/Marketing
Helene Carlsson from the City of Stockholm is appointed as Dissemination and Marketing
Manager. To assist and advice her, experts in marketing, information, web information and
other tasks that does not lie in the core responsibilities of the co-ordination will be
subcontracted.
Helene Carlsson has a Masters degree in civil engineering, Environment & Technology, from
the Royal Institute of Technology in Stockholm and a journalist education. She has worked as
an information Manager at the Swedish Environmental Institute, Swedish Commission for
Agenda 21 and the Swedish Delegation for Sustainable Technology. She has also been a
Technical attaché in Bonn. She is presently Dissemination Manager in the TRENDSETTER
project.

Evaluation Manager
The Evaluation Manager has the following tasks:
    Co-ordinate, supervise and monitor the evaluation performed by Local evaluators and Work
    Package leaders in order to fulfil an integrated evaluation on time and to cost
    Lead the work with an over-all project evaluation and socio-economic studies
    Support Local Evaluation managers and Work Package leaders with methodology for
    evaluation, standards, exchange of experiences, arranging work shops, seminars, training
    etc
    Guarantee that local evaluation results are satisfactory from scientific point of view
    BEST’s Contact point for the Biofuel Partnership regarding Evaluation issues and Co-
    ordination of possible common evaluation with other biofuel projects
Dr Jeremy Woods from the Department of Environmental Science & Technology, Imperial
College in London is appointed as Evaluation Manager. To assist him, a few tasks that does not
lie in the core responsibilities of the co-ordination will be subcontracted.
Jeremy Woods is a Research Fellow at Imperial College London working on the interplay
between development, land-use and the sustainable exploitation of renewable and non-
renewable resources, in particular biomass energy. Recent work has included an LCA
assessment of renewable transport fuels for UK-DTI, carbon accreditation and assessing the
potential for bioelectricity in OECD countries by 2020 for WWF. He co-ordinates an
ICSU/SCOPE research project, southern African savannas, and researches the use of sweet
sorghum for bioenergy production, focused on southern Africa.

6.1.4 Site Groups
Each site will set up a local group to co-ordinate and monitor the work performed by the local
partners. This team includes representatives from all the local contractors and relevant
stakeholders, e.g. providers of vehicles and equipment, fuel producers, fuel distributors, fleet
managers etc.
A Site Management Team consisting of a co-ordinator, a Local Marketing manager and a Local
Evaluation Manager will lead and co-ordinate the local activities. At some sites, one person may
fulfil more than one of these roles.

Site co-ordinator
The Site co-ordinator
    Perform the day-to-day management, co-ordination between the local partners, the
    exchange of results, the participation of relevant local partners and stakeholders in
    conferences, meetings, seminars and workshops.
    Integrate, supervise and monitor the local project in order to fulfil the objectives on time
    and to cost
    Set up the local communication lines
    Co-ordinate the local administrative and financial reporting as well as other administrative
    and financial issues
    Represent the local project externally.
    Represent the site in the Steering group

Local Marketing manager
As the uptake of Bioethanol Vehicles among various stakeholders is dependent on successful
marketing of the bioethanol concept, each site will put strong effort in this task and also include
experts on marketing, either as Local Marketing Managers or as subcontracted assistance.
The Brazilian market is already fully aware of bioethanol as a fuel. In São Paulo this role will
instead focus on spreading the possibilities to use the hybrid technique.

Local Evaluation Manager
The Local Evaluation Manager is responsible for the performance and the scientific standard of
the evaluation on the site.

Work Package leaders WP 1-5
(Flexi fuel fleets, Ethanol buses, Low Blends & Energy efficient vehicles, Distribution,
Local and National Incentives)
These WP-leaders are responsible for:
    Ensure integration between sites
    Harmonising the evaluation methods within each WP
    Transfer of technical knowledge on the WP theme, through WS, Seminars, informal
    contacts etc
These WP-leaders also work in close contact with the Project and Local Evaluation Managers
and the WP 9-leader.
    WP 1: City of Stockholm
    WP 2: BioAlcohol Fuel Foundation
    WP 3: Svensk EtanolKemi AB
    WP 4: BioAlcohol Fuel Foundation
    WP 5: City of Rotterdam

Work package leader WP 8
WP 9 aims at facilitating the introduction of bioethanol through transfer of strategic knowledge,
built up in Brazil, United States and Sweden during their introduction of bioethanol, together
with experiences made during the project. Experiences show that there may be resistance among
potential users due to ignorance and presuppositions of Bioethanol, though Brazil, the US and
Sweden has found ways to overcome these obstacles. An ultimate objective is to achieve a
situation where the dynamic market forces overtakes the development process. Howeer, until
such a position can be achieved there must be a battery of activities such as national regulations
that make bioethanol competitive to fossil fuels, e.g. through tax incentives, green procurement
etc.
The WP 8-leader will work closely together with Site Co-ordinators, Local Marketing Managers
and Leaders of WP 1-5 and will carry on a continuos dialogue and information exchange with
São Paulo and Clean Cities in the US.
Per Carstedt at BioAlcohol Fuel Foundation is appointed as WP 10-leader.
Per Carstedt has a Masters Degree in Business Adminsistration (MBA) from the University of
California, Berkeley, US 1986. He has been leading the BioAlcohol Fuel Foundation BAFF
since 1998, where he has worked with developing the entire system for bioethanol by focusing
on the new technology for cellulose-ethanol production, the introduction of FlexiFuel vehicles
and flexiFuel filling stations in Sweden as well as being activily participating in EU processes
for biofuels as well as in a world wide network for ethanol development in conjunction with
Brazil, US, CANADA, Thailand, Mexico and China. He is also a member of the executive
committe for ISAF, Internationl Symposium on Alcohol Fuels which have held internationl
symposiums on biofuels around the world since 1976. He has also lived in Brasil for four years
where he worked for the automobile and industrial gas industry.

6.2 Other partners and stakeholders

6.2.1 Industrial partners and stakeholders
In order to secure supply of vehicles and fuels, BEST have included the key industrial partner in
the consortium and will sign separate agreements with other stakeholders. Some of these
stakeholders are already known and have submitted letters of intent to the BEST project.
The Industrial partners and stakeholders’ main tasks are to provide vehicles, fuel, fuelling
equipment, filling opportunities and knowledge on this. They will work closely with the site
managers, WP-leaders for WP 1-4 and the Evaluation Manager. They will also co-operate with
Local and Project Marketing Managers, though they will run separate marketing campaigns.
Ford and SAAB are contracted partners and will provide vehicles to all sites. All vehicle
manufacturers are invited to be contractors on the same premises as Ford and SAAB, if they can
provide flexi fuel vehicles.
The fuel producers Sekab, Wessex Grain, Nedalco, Abengoa are contracted local partners and
will both provide fuel and develop improved production methods.
Local Fuel distributors has agreed to provide ethanol to the BEST partners.
Other Industrial stakeholders, like Dresser Wayne (Flexi Pumps) and Toyota (ethanol Hybrid-
electric vehicles), Scania (ethanol buses) and others have explained their support to the BEST
project (Company name Katrineholm Omni).
EUBIA, the European Biomass Industry Association, has a broad knowledge of European
bioethanol stakeholders and will cooperate with BEST. They will also transfer knowledge from
the newly started ethanol production plant in Romania.

6.2.2 Driving stakeholders
Taxi companies, Delivery Companies, Fire brigades, Police forces, Bus companies and other
other local SMEs that drive ethanol vehicles, are not contracted partners but will sign separate
agreements to buy and drive ethanol vehicles. Some of these stakeholders are already known
and have submitted letters of intent to the BEST project. They will be associated with the local
site groups and co-operate on different aspects of WP 1-5

6.2.3 External key bodies
The external key bodies will contribute to the BEST-initiative through exchange of knowledge
and experiences. Co-operating with these bodies will guarantee the wider spreading of BEST’s
results and increase the possibilities to achieve followers. Representatives from BEST will meet
with these bodies 3-4 times during the project and they will be invited to the appropriate project
seminars and conferences. These bodies are:
    ACCESS - Eurocities for a New Mobility Culture
    ACCESS is a joint initiative of the European Commission and Eurocities. ACCESS is a
    local authority network aiming to promote a new mobility culture throughout Europe, in
    order to combat congestion, improve air quality, as well as to reduce greenhouse gas
    emissions and noise
    POLIS
    Polis is a network of leading European cities and regions working together for the
    development of innovative technologies and policies in local transport
    UITP
    UITP is the world-wide association of urban and regional passenger transport operators,
    their authorities and suppliers.
    ICLEI is a worldwide Association of Local Governments dedicated to sustainable
    development ICLEI has than 180 European members and serve as an Agency to assist Local
    Governments on their way to local sustainability
    The Clean Cities Program at the US Department of Energy
    Clean Cities runs a network of local coalitions of public and private partners, that aims to
    promote alternative fuels and vehicles, fuel blends, fuel economy, hybrid vehicles, and idle
    reduction.
6.2.4 Biofuel partnership
The BEST project will co-operate closely with other Biofuel projects and the accompanying
Coordinated Action in the Biofuel partnership to exchange knowledge, co-ordinate
dissemination and evaluation actions etc.
Many actions, like public web-sites and marketing, highlighting of legal obstacles, desired
policies or harmonisation of standards could benefit from a common approach, regardless of
which biofuel that is used. Several BEST partners have experienced the advantage of such a
common approach at local level and recommend this approach also at EU-level.

6.3 Management elements
The primary elements that will be used to manage the project are:

6.3.1 Project Meetings
The whole project will meet on 3 occasions during the project time, as a Kick-off, at mid-term
and as a final conference. This will give all partners the possibility to know each other by face
and name, which will enhance the informal communication by phone and e-mail.

6.3.2 Steering Group meetings
The Steering Group will meet 3 times per year, in order to monitor progress and integration
within and between the sites and to decide on e.g. detailed time plans, evaluation methods and
possible changes of the project. This is also a forum for information exchange. The meetings
will be chaired by the Co-ordinator.

6.3.3 Site level meetings
The Site Groups will meet in order to monitor progress and decide on common issues.
Depending on the size and type of actions implemented on each site, the meetings will vary in
frequency, but there will be approximately one meeting per month

6.3.4 Work Package meetings
In conjunction with the Steering Group meetings, there will be thematic Workshops and Work
Package meetings in order to integrate the actions and strategies within the Work Packages. In
addition there will be separate WP-meetings.

6.3.5 Internal information channels
The main internal information channels at project level will be
    Project meetings and minutes from these meetings
    Monthly letter to the Steering Group, summarising all importing fact and dates
    Internal web site, providing internal timetables, contact details, necessary documents,
    reporting forms etc.
    The web site will offer the same possibility for the Sites and Work packages.
    It will also be used for production of common documents, e.g. administrative & finacial
    reports.
    Informal contacts by telephone and e-mail
6.3.6 Marketing Plans
As the BEST-project aims to a wide European adoption of Bioethanol as a fuel, marketing
activities are essential. Marketing Plans will be elaborated both on site-level and on European
level during the first 6 months of the Project.

6.3.7 Central document co-ordination and peer review.
Documents will only be released through the project co-ordinator, which will undertake a final
document check, according to the definition set out in the quality plan. Public Reports will be
reviewed by the Steering Group before publishing.

6.3.8 Decision making and conflict solving
The clear division of responsibilities between the Steering Group, the Project Management
Team, the Local Management Teams and the WP-leaders will ensure that decisions are taken
appropriately and decisively. Possible conflicts will be solved by the Steering Group. The
decision and problem resolving process will be defined in detail in a Consortium Agreement.

6.3.9 Consortium agreement
A consortium agreement will be elaborated before the possible signing of a contract with the
European Commission, defining the elements above, together with definitions of tasks,
responsibilities and liabilities for all partners, also defining the procedures for uptake or
withdrawal of partners, settlement of possible disputes, management of knowledge, Intellectual
property etc.

6.4 Management of Knowledge and Intellectual Property
The BEST-initiative is expected to generate and refine knowledge of commercial interest in
some fields, e.g. Conversion of conventional vehicles into Ethanol vehicles, New and energy-
saving methods for producing Ethanol, the use of E-diesel etc. Partners investing in evolving
such products should have an advantage over those who do not. On the other hand, they will
gain from having the products tested under real conditions.
This leads to the principle that generated knowledge is made available to the extent needed for
other partners to improve the common work and the success of BEST.
This approach to Knowledge management and Intellectual Property will be regulated in the
Consortium Agreement.
Some of the major aspects covered are shortly indicated below.
    Confidentiality: Each partner will treat information from other partners as confidential and
    not disclose it to third parties unless it is obvious that the information is already publicly
    available.
    Ownership of Knowledge: Knowledge is owned by the partners who carried out the work
    generating the knowledge, or on whose behalf such work was carried out.
    If a partner wishes to assign any knowledge to a third party he should inform the other
    partners and request their consent, which should not unreasonably be withheld.
    Patents: Partners who own knowledge suitable for patent may (and are encouraged to) at
    their own expense make applications for patent or similar form of protection and shall
    supply details of each such application to the other partners.
    Access Rights: Partners grant to each of the other partners royalty-free access right to
    knowledge generated in the project to the extent needed to successfully perform the project.
6.5 Addition of new partners
The BEST-project has a clear objective to obtain followers that repeat the actions at new sites.
BEST will actively encourage such followers and support them with advise and share
knowledge and experiences with them.
Should there be additional resources available, BEST has a list of potential partners, see chapter
B5.2 The adoption of any of these partners will be done before the contract with the European
Commission is to be signed.
Later applications to join the BEST project will be treated in the Steering Group. After
consultation with the EC, an amendment to the contract will be made, including the new site
and its local partners.
7 Project resources

7.1 IP Project Effort Form
7.2 IP management level justification of resources and budget
The overall budget requested for funding amounts to 9 438 488 €. The budget has been
distributed among the 28 partners according to their role in the project.
The distribution of resources allocated for different categories of actions is as follows:


Activity                              EU-funding in €          %
Research                                   1 654 403            17,5
Demonstration                              6 328 976            67,1
Training                                     803 832             8,5
Management                                   651 276             6,9


This is a well-balanced distribution for a demonstration project like BEST
The distribution of resources allocated for different workpackages is as follows:
Work Package                                 EU-funding         % Spendings
                                                 €
WP 1 Cars                                        1 813 648     19,2 Manpower, Emission test,
                                                                    Conversion of conventional cars,
                                                                    HEV-vehicles, technical
                                                                    refinements,
WP 2 Buses                                       1 786 275     18,9 Extra cost for buses& fuelling
                                                                    stations
WP 3 Low Blends                                    481 546      5,1 Developing E-diesel, Manpower
WP 4 Distribution                                1 463 829     15,5 Fuelling stations, Flexi pumps,
                                                                    signposting & visibility promotion
WP 5 Incentives                                    848 470      9,0 Manpower for introduction,
                                                                    promotion & evaluation
WP 6 Co-ordination                                 496 751      5,3 Manpower & Travel
WP 7 Marketing, Dissemination &                  1 269 905     13,5 Manpower, training programs,
     Training                                                       Marketing campaigns, printing, web,
                                                                    events,
WP 8 Transfer of Knowledge                          70 798      0,8 Manpower and travel
WP 9 Evaluation, Monitoring &                    1 207 266     12,8 Manpower
     Socioeconomic effects
Total                                            9 438 488 100,0


The distribution and the main costly actions in the different WPs are listed in the table. Some
Marketing and Evaluation efforts are included in the WP 1-5, as are Site management and WP-
leaders efforts.
BEST regards Vehicles, Distribution, Marketing + Incentives (WP 1, 2, 4, 5, 7) as core Work
Packages to break the chicken-and-egg situation and shift to a new system of fuels. The
distribution of funds is evenly distributed between these Work Packages.
BEST’s strategy is to fund a carefully chosen part in the ethanol fuel system, and through
marketing activities and training multiply this initial input. E.g. BEST will invest in 75 fuelling
stations and provide flexi fuel vehicles at an initial discount price (not EU-funded) and then at
ordinary price. Through massive marketing and directed info campaigns towards chosen
companies, BEST will multiply this initial impetus and achieve 154 fuelling stations and almost
9 000 vehicles. BEST regard this way to be the most efficient to reach the objectives.

                        30
   Share of funding %




                        25
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                                                                                            EV
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                                                                              IN
The distribution between countries, Industry and Universities making evaluation and
socioeconomic assessment is shown in this graph.
This distribution reflects at what step on the ethanol stairway the different sites are and the
ambition to take further steps in the field of ethanol public transport. Even high ambitions in the
field of cars does not require as much funding. Sweden and Spain are represented by two sites
each. The Spanish sites has a high ambition in the field of, where especially station accounts
8 Detailed implementation plan – first 18 months
BEST aims to demonstrate how ethanol can be a part of the solution for a sustainable transport
system. The partners in BEST are highly motivated to perform the tasks. The participating cities
and regions as well as the industry partners are dedicated to the goal to reduce emission of fossil
CO2 and reduce the oil dependency. The political leadership in the cities and regions has a long
record of working with sustainable development and transport issues and sees the BEST project
as vital to the progress towards a sustainable transport system. The partners have got letters of
intent from the local project partners involved in performing the tasks as users or suppliers
(ANNEXE 1).
The following section outlines the structure for the whole BEST project. The first 18 months
will be used for preparation and start of all demonstrations that can be seen in the timetable
(TABLE 1). In order to clarify the risks in BEST, the risks and contingency plan has been
developed for each task together with an indication on how this may impact on the delivery of
the tasks.

8.1 Cost form for the BEST-project
Below is the cost form for the 48 months in BEST, shown as the cost for the first 18 months and
for the whole project.
             8.1.1 Cost form first 18 month
                                                                          Proposal Submission Forms
                                                       EUROPEAN COMMISSION
                                                                                          Integrated                                                                                                                         A3
                                                       6th Framework Programme for
                                                       Research, Technological            Project
                                                       Development and Demonstration



                                  1                                                                                                       2                       BEST
                Proposal Number                                                                                 Proposal Acronym                                                                                         Month 1-18

                                                                                          Financial Information (Integrated Project)
                                                               28                           Demonstration                                  31                  Consortium                           Total
                                                       RTD and innovation-                                             Training activities
                                                              30                                       29                                                                 32
                                                       related activities                   activities                                                         management
Participant n° 26                      Cost            Costs   (€)          Requested grant Costs   (€)      Requested      Costs   (€)       Requested        Costs   (€)       Requested          Costs   (€)        Requested grant
                                       model 27                             to the budget 27                 grant to the                     grant to the                       grant to the                          to the budget 27
                                                                                                                     27                               27                                 27
                                                                            (€)                              budget (€)                       budget (€)                         budget (€)                            (€)
1. MF                                  FC                        57630              28815        872341           305319             27120           27120             538400         148180                 1495491            509434
2. SL                                  FC                        13560               6780       1875507           656428                 0               0                  0              0                 1889067            663208
3. BSR                                 FC                            0                  0         85000            29750                 0               0                  0              0                   85000             29750
4. BioFuel Region                      FC                            0                  0       1056921           369923             32874           32874              29074          10176                 1118869            412972
5. BAFF                                FC                            0                  0        127000            44450                 0               0             142200          42200                  269200             86650
6. SEKAB                               FC                       157000              78500        857000           299950             55000           55000                  0              0                 1069000            433450
7. City of Rotterdam                   FC                        53500              26750        448225           156879             16000           16000              23250           8138                  540975            207766
8. Royal Nedalco                       FC                        54000              27000        118200            41370             12000           12000                  0              0                  184200             80370
9. Somerset County Council             FC                        47740              23870         32000            11200              7000            7000              19700           6895                  106440             48965
10. Wessex Grain                       FC                       281212             140606         70500            24675             59225           59225                  0              0                  410937            224506
11. Maxol and CB Biofuel               FC                         9150               4575         82350            28823                 0               0              19900           6965                  111400             40363
12. Basque Country                     FC                       175705              87853        353440           123704                 0               0              32700          11445                  561845            223002
13. Nanyang City                       FC                            0                  0        448000           156800             13500           13500                  0              0                  461500            170300
14. Tsinghua University                FC                        11000               5500          1500              525                 0               0               3700           1295                   16200              7320
15. Ford Europe                        FC                       140000              70000        858700           300545             68000           68000                  0              0                 1066700            438545
16. Imperial College                   AC                       211500             211500         53000            53000             20000           20000              23700          23700                  308200            308200
17. City of Madrid                     FC                       116000              58000        903279           316148                 0               0              15700           5495                 1034979            379643
18. Municipal Company of               FC                            0                  0       1056182           369664             36000           36000                  0              0                 1092182            405664
Transport
19. Saab Automobil                     FC                               0               0           102984          36044           164476         164476                    0                  0             267460            200520
20. WIP-KG Energy and                  FC                           67535           33768            30000          10500                0              0                    0                  0              97535             44268
Environment
21. CENBIO                             FC                        18000               9000       214370             75030                 0              0                5200           1820                  237570            85850
22. IEE                                AC                         7200               7200        68600             68600                 0              0                   0              0                   75800            75800
23. Umeå Universitet                   FC                       160060              80030            0                 0                 0              0                   0              0                  160060            80030
24. ETA Renewable Energy               FC                        15972               7986         1576               552             11713          11713               10648           3727                   39909            23977
25. Comune la Spezia                   FC                         4490               2245        79308             27758              4490           4490                   0              0                   88287            34492
26. Provinca della Spezia              FC                         3355               1677        72014             25205              4084           4084                   0              0                   79453            30966
27. ATC Spa                            FC                         3465               1733       272725             95454              5445           5445                   0              0                  281635           102631
28, CIRT                               AC                         4000               4000         1044              1044              4000           4000                   0              0                    9044             9044
                                                  33           1612073             917387     10141767           3629337            540926         540926              864172         270035                13158938          5357685
                                      (Sub)-total


Please use additional copies of form A3 if the number of lines is not sufficient                                                                             Form A3: page                                   of
                8.1.2 Cost form for the whole project
                                                                          Proposal Submission Forms
                                                       EUROPEAN COMMISSION
                                                                                          Integrated                                                                                                                         A3
                                                       6th Framework Programme for
                                                       Research, Technological            Project
                                                       Development and Demonstration



                                  1                                                                                                     2                        BEST
                Proposal Number                                                                              Proposal Acronym                                                                                            Month 1-48

                                                                                       Financial Information (Integrated Project)
                                                               28                        Demonstration                                  31                    Consortium                            Total
                                                       RTD and innovation-                                          Training activities
                                                              30                                    29                                                                   32
                                                       related activities                activities                                                           management
Participant n° 26                      Cost            Costs   (€)       Requested grant Costs   (€)      Requested       Costs   (€)       Requested         Costs   (€)       Requested           Costs   (€)        Requested grant
                                       model 27                          to the budget 27                 grant to the                      grant to the                        grant to the                           to the budget 27
                                                                         (€)                              budget 27 (€)                     budget 27 (€)                       budget 27 (€)                          (€)
1. MF                                  FC                       101700           50850       1904206            666472             27120           27120          1468203             408891                 3501229          1153333
2. SL                                  FC                        27120           13560       1932366            676328                 0               0                0                  0                 1959486           689888
3. BSR                                 FC                        65822           32911        156373             54731                 0               0                0                  0                  222195            87642
4. BioFuel Region                      FC                            0               0       2144814            750685             70954           70954            60348              21122                 2276116           842761
5. BAFF                                FC                            0               0        260000             91000                 0               0           271600              71600                  531600           162600
6. SEKAB                               FC                       164000           82000       1767000            618450            103000          103000                0                  0                 2034000           803450
7. City of Rotterdam                   FC                       130500           65250       1534413            537045             49000           49000            62000              21700                 1775913           672995
8. Royal Nedalco                       FC                       108000           54000        220200             77070             24000           24000                0                  0                  352200           155070
9. Somerset County Council             FC                       122740           61370         86300             30205             22000           22000            41600              14560                  272640           128135
10. Wessex Grain                       FC                       281212          140606        140500             49175             98600           98600                0                  0                  520312           288381
11. Maxol and CB Biofuel               FC                        18300            9150        176900             61915                 0               0            42000              14700                  237200            85765
12. Basque Country                     FC                       345350          172675        862800            301980                 0               0            67600              23660                 1275750           498315
13. Nanyang City                       FC                            0               0        783500            274225             36000           36000                0                  0                  819500           310225
14. Tsinghua University                FC                        25750           12875          3000              1050                 0               0             7400               2590                   36150            16515
15. Ford Europe                        FC                       140000           70000        858700            300545             68000           68000                0                  0                 1066700           438545
16. Imperial College                   AC                       391000          391000         87000             87000             32000           32000            49600              49600                  559600           559600
17. City of Madrid                     FC                       232000          116000       1795956            628585                 0               0            33600              11760                 2061556           756345
18. Municipal Company of               FC                            0               0       1518685            531540             36000           36000                0                  0                 1554685           567540
Transport
19. Saab Automobil                     FC                            0               0           102984          36044            164476          164476                    0                   0             267460            200520
20. WIP-KG Energy and                  FC                       197100           98550            30000          10500                 0               0                    0                   0             227100            109050
Environment
21. CENBIO                             FC                        57000           28500       232370             81330                  0               0            10400               3640                  299770           113470
22. IEE                                AC                        18000           18000        93000             93000                  0               0                0                  0                  111000           111000
23. Umeå Universitet                   FC                       360400          180200            0                 0                  0               0                0                  0                  360400           180200
24. ETA Renewable Energy               FC                        53946           26973         4502              1576              30879           30879            21296               7454                  110623            66881
25. Comune la Spezia                   FC                        13949            6975       177968             62289              10176           10176                0                  0                  202093            79439
26. Provinca della Spezia              FC                        10260            5130       157485             55120               8751            8751                0                  0                  176496            69001
27. ATC Spa                            FC                        11838            5919       706700            247345              12375           12375                0                  0                  730913           265639
28, CIRT                               AC                        11910           11910         3774              3774              10500           10500                0                  0                   26184            26184
                                                  33           2887897         1654403     17741495           6328976             803832          803832          2135647             651276                23568870          9438488
                                      (Sub)-total


Please use additional copies of form A3 if the number of lines is not sufficient                                                                            Form A3: page                                    of
8.2 Timetable for BEST
The timetable for BEST shows the implementation strategy for each of the tasks. Information of
responsible partner and on how will be done in terms of preparation, demonstration, evaluation
and reporting as well as milestones are to be found for each the task.
8.3 Risk and contingency planning

8.3.1 Management risk
There are risk connected with the management of the projects. If qualified project managers not
will be found in time there are risks for delays in these tasks. There can also be a risk that
someone with an important role in the project coordination gets another job, goes on parental
leave or by some other reason leaves the project.
There are risks of evaluation problems, if there is a lack of baseline data available. This will
make it difficult to evaluate the effects of the project.

8.3.2 Contingency actions
The management risks can be reduced by having a system with open files accessible to local
managers in all sites (internal web site), an extensive cooperation between the sites and close
cooperation with the workpackage leaders. It’s important to not have only one person with all
knowledge of BEST at the sites.
The evaluation risks can be mitigated by decisions on what to monitor in a very early stage of
the project and the set up of a evaluation plan. Monitoring of the baseline in attitudes to ethanol
will be done during the first phase of the project.

8.3.3 Political risks
There are broad local political consensus at the sites on the introduction of renewable fuels and
ethanol. In some of the participating countries the national parliament are close to decision on
tax incentives for renewable fuels. It’s a risk that these decisions are delayed, which can mean
that a broad introduction of E85 to the public gets more difficult, if the price for E85 is much
higher than that for petrol.

8.3.4 Contingency actions
If the tax reduction not occurs during the time of the project, it will not change any of the
demonstration projects in the proposal. The BEST partners has not built the project on the
assumptions that there will be tax reductions for bioethanol in all sites, that will only make the
project to reach higher levels of ethanol vehicles. In order to mitigate the political risks,
politicians from all parties will be targets for regular information on the progress of the projects.
There will also be a political reference group to BEST, which will seek to involve the politicians
in the work for the high level objectives. The measures taken towards a sustainable transport
system have to continue to be of high priority.

8.3.5Technical risks
BEST will introduce a number of technologies that are innovative on the European market but
well known on other markets. An element of risk is if the users don’t accept the new technology
and it therefore doesn’t have the expected effects.

8.3.6 Contingency actions
As the companies delivering the technology are either partners in the project or local partners at
the sites which guarantee fast actions to solve any problem. Effective and innovative training of
the users of the new technology and marketing of the new technical solutions will get a high
level of user acceptance and also mitigate any negative reactions from the public.
In order to minimize the risks in the tasks the partners in BEST has already identified possible
risks in their own tasks and also discussed contingency planning within these tasks. See table 6
below.
Table 6Risks in tasks
Work package 1 description
Work package number                                    1 Flexi Fuel Fleets

Start date or starting event:                          Month 1

WP Leader             Stockholm             WP leader time                       6MM

Participant id        Person-months                                Participant id         Person-months per
                      per participant:                                                    participant:
MAD                   8                                            M & CB                 4
MF                    19,5                                         SCC                    4
BSR                   8                                            EVE                    6
GW Rotterdam          42                                           Ford                   8
BFR                   29,65                                        Nanyang                20
IEE                   2                                            CENBIO                 8
Wessex Grain          2                                            WIP                    1
ComS                  34,9                                         Specia prov            30,35


 Objectives
     Introduction of 2760 new Flexi Fuel Cars to the city fleet,
     Introduction of 5 900 new Flexi Fuel Cars in companies (company cars and taxi).
     Comparative evaluation of emissions between diesel and ethanol fleet.
     Technical refinement to improve the flexible fuel cars.
     To offer each city/site a special discount for 100 Ford Focus Flexi Fuel 50 Saab 9-5 BioPower cars per
     city/site participating in the BEST project.
     Demonstration of conversion of petrol cars to Dedicated Fuel Vehicle in the range of E50 to E70, in
     order to be able to use renewable fuels in the existing vehicle fleet using simple means.
     Demonstration of ethanol blended with petrol in energy efficient (electric hybrid vehicles), Toyota and
     Ford.




 Description of work

 Task 1 – City/Regional Car Fleets
 Demonstration of flexi fuel cars in the city fleets in nine of the participating sites. A total of 2790 ethanol car
 will be used by public authority employees in their day to day work. The introduction of new vehicle
 techniques is best to begin through the progressive replacement of public vehicles. The reason for this is
 that the number of interlocutors involved is smaller and their motivation for participation in the initiative is
 not exclusively based on economic criteria (environmental, energy, example setting etc). The nine cities
 represent different climate conditions, different traffic situation and different topography situations. The
 vehicles will be evaluated with regard to these factors, mileage, bioethanol fuel use and drivers attitudes.
 Information and education of the personnel will be carried in order to get a high percentage of ethanol
 actually fuelled in the vehicles. Emission tests on two-three models of ethanol vehicles will also be
 performed in Stockholm.

 Task 2 – Private Car Fleets
 Demonstration of flexi fuel cars in private companies in six of the participating sites. A total of over 6100
 ethanol cars will be introduced at various kinds of private companies; priority is given to taxi cars. The
 vehicles will be evaluated with regard to mileage, bioethanol fuel use and drivers attitudes and when
feasible consumers attitudes (i.e taxi customers).
In order to get a fast start to the demonstration projects and the introduction of flexi fuel vehicles Ford and
Saab will offer each site to buy 100 and 50 vehicles respectively with a discount (not to be funded within
BEST). The buyers (or leasers) of the vehicles will in their turn sign in on using at least 80 % E85 during the
three years of demonstration. Cover the car with "ethanol car" decals and also regularly answer on
questionnaires from the project. They will also have to follow and report the fuel consumption.

Task 3 – Conversion of petrol vehicles
Five older vehicles representing different engine families will be converted to flexi fuel cars running on fuel
blend in the range E50-E70. The aim is to keep the manufacturers original hardware installation but fuel
optimising the ECU (Engine Control Unit) with new software. The aim is to test emissions and if there are
any long term effects on the motor of the converted cars. All five cars included in the project will be
emission tested according EU norms with petrol to be compared with same car in ethanol version. BSR
Sweden AB will do the conversion and MTC in Sweden will do the emissions tests for and quality insurance
to the project. Evaluation of the conversion project will be done to decide on whether conversion is a
relevant method for increasing the number of ethanol vehicles. With a positive result from the evaluation of
the demonstration project, an investigation of legal obstacles for conversion of petrol vehicles will be
undertaken.

Task 4 – Technological Refinement
Emission and performance measurements on 20 flexi fuel cars in order to compare the influence of different
Ethanol blending ratios will be done in Sao Paulo, Brazil. During the three-year test period, the vehicles will
be fuelled with petrol that has variable biethanol proportions (E25, E 85 and E100 percent). Due to the
relevance of E85 for the European market, the focus is on this special admixture rate. During the test, the
vehicle is operated over a standardised driving cycle. An evaluation of long term utilisation including the
effects on engine parts, catalytic converters, exhaust pipes, etc will also be performed.
Technical refinements in order to eliminate additional oil and air filter changes and engine block heaters will
be carried out by Ford Europe. In comparison with the comparable gasoline Focus version, the flexi fuel
version requires an extra oil and air filter change after every 10.000 km. This additional service interval is
perceived by the customers as a cost disadvantage, but more so as an annoyance, having to service the
vehicle twice as often. The current Focus Flexi fuel vehicle contains an electric powered engine block
heater to avoid any cold start problems with temperatures below minus 15 degrees Celsius. Investigations
and tests in central and southern European countries will answer to the feasibility to avoid this extra feature.
Ford Europe will also demonstrate compliance of Focus Flexi fuel vehicle with E100 fuel. The current Focus
Flexi fuel vehicle has been designed to run on a maximum of 85% dehydrated ethanol with a purity grade of
99.4 %. The use of up to 100 % ethanol with hydrated alcohol with a purity grade of 95.5 % would make the
Flexi fuel vehicle products more attractive to consumers and a higher ethanol content could further reduce
emissions which are caused by the 15% gasoline content in E85

Task 5 – Energy efficient vehicles
Toyota, Brazil will implement and operate a Toyota Prius hybrid electric fleet of 3 cars that runs on petrol
with a bioethanol admixture of 25 percent. During the first year of the test period, each vehicle will run on a
test track near São Paulo. This will include the performance of monitoring that covers all environmental and
security objectives that need to be fulfilled in order to comply with the relevant legal requirements for market
introduction. After the successful test period, the Hybrid Electric Vehicle fleet will be transferred to
employees of Toyota do Brazil and CENBIO. The Hybrid Electric Vehicles will be operated in regular traffic
and user conditions for 2-3 years and brings the vehicles under scrutiny of common users and potential
customers.
Ford Europe will equip a Ford Focus with ISG (micro-hybrid) technology. Because of the 30% lower energy
content of ethanol the Flexi fuel vehicle products consume 30% more E85 fuel than a comparable gasoline
engine. This is seen by the potential consumers of Flexi fuel vehicle vehicles as an obstacle since the fuel
costs for an Flexi fuel vehicle using E85, driving 1000km can be equal or higher than driving a petrol
powered vehicle. The additional tank-refilling stops are also seen as point of inconvenience. A Flexi fuel
vehicle engine, which is equipped with an electric Integrated Starter Generator (ISG) could reduce E85 fuel
    consumption up to 15 %.




    Deliverables
    D1 Yearly data collection of ethanol car use, mileage, share of E85 use.
    D2 Report on drivers’ attitude towards Flexi fuel vehicles
    D3 Report on drivers-, cost- and maintenance experiences
    D4 Evaluation of environmental effects
    D5 Report on the experiences of converting petrol cars to bioethanol
    D6 Report on the legal obstacles for conversion
    D7 Strategic implementation plan for Flexi fuel vehicle introduction
    D8 Engineering releasing a technical solution to avoid the extra service interval
    D9 Development of an ISG driven Flexi fuel vehicle demonstrator vehicle
    D10 Report on results of the hybrid electric vehicles on bioethanol




    Milestones2 and expected result
    M1 After 30 months 5 000 new Flexi fuel vehicle delivered
    M2 After 48 months all 8 900 new Flexi fuel vehicle delivered
    M3 Testing of vehicles to prove out the technical changes
    M4Testing of vehicles under winter climate conditions to determine new cold start breaking point
    M5 Testing of durability of Flexi fuel vehicle engines with new bio-fuels for central European markets
    M6 Technical Damage Statistics, Customers choice and sales figures Project Month: 18
    M7 Emission and Performance test results of the hybrid electric vehicles on bioethanol




2
  Milestones are control points at which decisions are needed; for example concerning which of several
technologies will be adopted as the basis for the next phase of the project.
Work package 2 description
Work package number                                    2 Buses

Start date or starting event:                          Month 1

WP Leader             BAFF                  WP leader time                       6

Participant id        Person-months                               Participant id          Person-months per
                      per participant:                                                    participant:
SL                    8                                           GW Rotterdam            13,5
BAFF                  10                                          BFR                     12,6
Royal Nedalco         6                                           EMT                     11
Nanyang               6                                           ATC                     6,85


Objectives
    Demonstrate the function of ethanol powered buses in the public transport system
    Demonstration of 127 ethanol buses at six sites.
    Installation of 13 E95 fuel pumps
    To produce bio-ethanol for ethanol buses in the Benelux
    Training for the conductors and maintenance personnel




Description of work

Task 1 – Demonstration of ethanol bus fleets
Ethanol bus fleets will be demonstrated in Stockholm, BioFuel Region, Rotterdam, Madrid and Nanyang. In
Stockholm 60 new ethanol buses will be demonstrated. The buses will be driven in the outskirts of the city.
The function of the buses in new kinds of environments will be followed. Rotterdam will perform a design
study of a demonstration of three ethanol buses. The results will be of use for the three bus companies
active in the Rotterdam region and be the base for a decision of the layout of the demonstration of three
ethanol buses. 6 new fuel ethanol buses will be introduced in Nanyang city public transport system.
Tianguan Co. Ltd. in Nanyang city will manage them independently. The aim is to evaluate public attitude
towards their use and disseminate benefits of fuel ethanol buses. In BioFuel Region the public transport
authorities will demonstrate all together 20 ethanol buses in the cities in the region. The Municipal Company
of Transport in Madrid will incorporate 5 vehicles in its fleet with the aim of making a pilot test to study its use
under real conditions. La Spezia in Italy will demonstrate 3 ethanol buses in the public transport bus fleet.

Task 2 – Installation of Fuel stations for E95
As the fleet of ethanol buses in Stockholm expands five new fuel stations will also be built. In BioFuel Region
four new fuel stations for E95 will be set up. One supply point will be installed to ensure supply the vehicles
in Madrid, Rotterdam, La Spezia and in Nanyang.

Task 3 – E95 studies
The objective of the task is to contribute in knowledge and experience on the production for requested bio-
ethanol specification for E95 in the Netherlands. To determine possible adjustments in the production,
storage and transport of bio-ethanol for E95 purposes will also be a part of the task. The results of this study
will be applied in production and logistic chain of Nedalco in order to deliver E95. In the other participating
cites a national ethanol producer will supply the E95.
Task 4 – New models of bus ethanol engines
The ethanol engine on the market is the only ethanol engine available for buses. A market break through for
ethanol in heavy vehicles will need more models of engines from more than one producer. A coordinated
procurement of ethanol buses is therefore planned. The knowledge and experience of ethanol buses that will
be built up during the first years of the BEST project will be the base for the next step which is a coordinated
procurement of ethanol buses made by bus buyers. The demonstrations in BEST will be showcases for all
other interested public transport authorities, and innovative methods for dissemination of the experiences of
ethanol as a fuel for heavy vehicles will be used. BAFF will coordinate and manage the work to spread
information on the experience from the demonstrations.




Deliverables
D11 Report on function, maintenance and environmental effects
D12 Report on public attitudes to use fuel ethanol buses.
D13 Report on bus-drivers’ attitudes towards ethanol buses
D14 Report on the comparative evaluation of emissions between diesel and ethanol fleet
D15 A first draft on a standard for engines for ethanol buses will be delivered




Milestones3 and expected result
M8 50 new buses in the end of 2007
M9 127 ethanol buses by the end of 2008
M10 7 filling stations in the end of 2007
M11 13 filling stations in the end of 2008
M12 Experience in the maintenance and use of ethanol buses




3
  Milestones are control points at which decisions are needed; for example concerning which of several
technologies will be adopted as the basis for the next phase of the project.
Work package 3 description
Work package number                                  3 Low Blends

Start date or starting event:                        Month 1

WP Leader            SEKAB                WP leader time                       6MM

Participant id       Person-months                              Participant id        Person-months per
                     per participant:                                                 participant:
SEKAB                5                                          GW Rotterdam          17,5
M & CB               8                                          SCC                   3
Ford                 2                                          Wessex Grain          2
MF                   5                                          EVE                   10
Royal Nedalco        4                                          BFR                   12
ATC                  16


Objectives
    Demonstration of E-diesel in heavy vehicles at two sites.
    Increased knowledge of emissions and impacts on the engine from E-diesel use
    Provide information on market potential for E10 low blends
    Demonstration of E10 at four sites.




Description of work

Task 1 – Demonstration of E-Diesel
Blending of 10 % ethanol in diesel, E-diesel, will be demonstrated at two BEST sites; BioFuel Region and
Rotterdam. In BioFuel region fuel stations will be set up and small fleets of buses and equipment vehicles (in
cooperation with the local stakeholder Botniabanan) will demonstrate E-diesel in a first step. In the next step
a large scale demonstration will be done. Rotterdam will perform a study on E-diesel in order to do the layout
for the E-diesel project. A first small-scale test with around 10 different vehicles will then be performed. In
order to achieve these goals, E-diesel fuelling facilities will be installed and the applicable diesel vehicle
manufactures must approve their vehicles for the use of E-diesel fuel. The evaluation will focus on emissions
test. The function and reliability of E-diesel will be monitored and the exhaust emissions will be
characterised. The emission tests will be performed by MTC.

Task 2 – Studies on introduction of E10.
A large scale introduction of E10, 10 % blending of ethanol in petrol, are prepared in Rotterdam, Somerset
and Basque Country. Rotterdam will follow the Swedish example and use that experience, Nedalco will
perform a study if specific requirements are needed for logistics and production bio-ethanol for low blend
purposes like E5, E10 and E-diesel. Ford will investigate the technical feasibility to blend up to 10 % ethanol
in regular petrol. Somerset County Council will survey public attitudes to E10 low blends and Wessex
Biofuels will assess the costs for establishment of E10 pumps on participating forecourts and provide costs
for blending, storage and delivery of E10.

Task 3 – Demonstration of E10
In order to gain operational experience and implement emission tests on the use of E10 in vehicles, E10 will
be introduced in in Rotterdam, Basque Country and Dublin. In Rotterdam the low blending will be taken
stepwise from 5 to 10 % in the Rotterdam area. For the pilot introduction of E10 in vehicles, at least 5 fuel
stations with E10 will be required in the Basque Country. Flexi pumps may be introduced at these fuel
stations, which will be able to provide different blends of ethanol, such as E10, E85 and E50. In Dublin at
least 5 fuel stations with E10 will be required for pilot introduction of E10. Contacts will be made with vehicle
manufacturers to get approval for using E10 in their car models; this will be coordinated by the WP-leader
and the over-all coordination. All models with E10 approval will be listed and the lists displayed on all E10
pumps. This solution will make it possible to progressively extend the bioethanol distribution network, thus
creating a situation where in the future the general public will be able to run Flexi Fuel -type vehicles for
private use.




Deliverables
D16 Research report on the viability of E-diesel (Report on the impact on the wear of the engine)
D17 Introduction plans for E10
D18 Testing of E10 gasoline blends and present results and specify any potential engineering change
requirements
D19 E-diesel test fleet(s)
D20 Flexi pumps with E10-E85
D21 Evaluation of environmental effects of E-diesel and E10




Milestones4 and expected result
M13 Result from emissions tests
M14 After 12 months E-diesel fuelling facilities realised in the region
M15 After 24 months E-diesel test fleet(s) running at the sites
M16 After 24 months, research report on broad introduction of E10
M17 After 48 months E10 generally accepted as a normal fuel for gasoline cars




4
  Milestones are control points at which decisions are needed; for example concerning which of several
technologies will be adopted as the basis for the next phase of the project.
Work package 4 description
Work package number                                   4 Distribution

Start date or starting event:                         Month 1

WP Leader            BAFF                  WP leader time                         6MM

Participant id       Person-months                                Participant id        Person-months per
                     per participant:                                                   participant:
MF                   2                                            EVE                   9
Nanyang              8                                            WIP                   9,5
GW Rotterdam         9                                            CENBIO                5,5
SCC                  10                                           Nedalco               20
Wessex Grain         11                                           Tsinghua univ         7
M & CB               6                                            MAD                   1
BFR                  30,1                                         SEKAB                 3
UMU.                 25                                           ComS                  2,5
IEE                  6                                            ETA                   1,85
                                                                  ProS                  1,4



Objectives
    Demonstrate effective and energy efficient methods for distributing E 85 at the participating sites
    Introduction of 154 flexi fuel pumps
    Establish E85 Blending and Storage at existing blending facility on Thames.




Description of work

Task 1 – Efficient distribution and logistics for ethanol fuel
The regional capacity and logistics for distributing E85 at the sites will be developed in this task. In
Rotterdam, Nedalco will develop the system for storing the dehydrated bio-ethanol before transport, organise
transport and off-loading of bio-ethanol to filling stations. In Somerset a system for storage, blending and
delivery of ethanol to the region will be introduced within the task. The task includes negotiation by Wessex
BioFuels with Thames Fuel Blending Facility for E85 production and storage. In BioFuel Region a study of
the logistics for large-scale introduction of ethanol will be performed, in order to optimize it. The reports from
Sao Paulo the experiences of efficient ethanol distribution network will give input to the work in the sites. The
Brazilian long-term experience concerning Ethanol will be investigated. This includes an assessment of
available supply logistics and development scenarios that will support the implementation of Ethanol to the
already existing distribution network of Europe, in order to implement an appropriate quality assurance for
fuel Ethanol.

Task 2 – Increase the number of filling station and introduce flexi pumps
Filling stations for E85 will be introduced in Stockholm, BioFuel Region, Rotterdam, Somerset, Basque
Country, Madrid, Dublin and Nanyang. Primarily there will be flexi fuel pumps. The introduction of the fuel
stations will be done in close co-operation with the fuel companies at each site. In Stockholm 23 new E85
flexi pump will open during the project. Road signs showing the locations of the fuel station will be set up
within the task. In Rotterdam 12 new E85 pumps will be installed in the city region. Wessex Biofuels will
install 5 E85 pumps on forecourts in Somerset on locations decided after discussions between Wessex
Biofuels, Ford Motors, Project Partners and Fuel Retail Companies. EVE in the Basque Country will centre
its efforts on the three major cities (provincial capitals) in the Basque Country (Vitoria, San Sebastian and
Bilbao) and four fuel stations will be installed to ensure supply to the city fleets. Within the region of Nanyang
city the numbers of flexible fuel fuelling stations will be increased to 50 in the project, by introducing the
flexible pumps to the existing 45 stations (E10) and building 5 new flexible fuel fuelling stations. In Dublin
one fuel station will be introduced in Dublin City Centre. Within Biofuel Region the project target is to
increase the number of E85 fuelling stations from currently 15 up to 70. Flexi pumps are to be introduced at
the existing fuel stations in the region. Road signs showing the locations of the fuel station will be set up. In
Madrid two fuel stations for E85 will be set up at locations close to the city fleet and in La Spezia two E85
pumps will be built.

Task 3 – Long-term supply of ethanol
Umeå University will perform studies on the long-term supply of ethanol in the participating cities. The work
will be done in cooperation with the sites.




Deliverables
D22 Ethanol Distribution Infrastructure - Recommendations for the European Market (Month: 26)
D23 Report on the Brazilian experience on quality assurance and Ethanol standards (Month: 35)
D24 Report on cost- and maintenance experience of the 1st pilot flexi fuel pump
D25 154 E85 fuel stations open Month 36
D26 Handbook for introducing flexi fuel pumps




Milestones5 and expected result
M18 60 fuelling stations with flexi pumps month 18
M19 154 E85 fuel stations open Month 36




5
  Milestones are control points at which decisions are needed; for example concerning which of several
technologies will be adopted as the basis for the next phase of the project.
Work package 5 description
Work package number                                    5 Incentive

Start date or starting event:                          Month 1

WP Leader             Rotterdam             WP leader time                        6

Participant id        Person-months                                  Participant id       Person-months per
                      per participant:                                                    participant:
MF                    12                                             Royal Nedalco        4
Ford                  12                                             SCC                  6
Nanyang               18                                             Wessex Grain         6
GW Rotterdam          15                                             BFR                  5,6
M & CB                2                                              EVE                  14,1
ETA                   3,25                                           ComS                 3,6
ProS                  3,60                                           ATC                  3,7
CIRT                  6,4


Objectives
    Implementing and evaluate incentives for flexi fuel vehicles.
    Develop and new incentives Introducing test fleets of 2-4 new models of clean cars
    Study on local incentives for the promotion of clean vehicles
    Evaluation incentives as free parking, exemption of congestions charges and green transport
    procurement
    Introduction of clean taxi line in order to increased numbers of clean taxis
    Resolution of possible economic instruments for the creation of a flexible fuel vehicle market.




Description of work

Task 1 – Strategy and implementation of local incentives
Incentives to facilitate the introduction of ethanol vehicles will be introduced in all participating sites. In
Rotterdam a strategy for incentives will be developed and the most suitable incentives for the Rotterdam
Region will be implemented. Madrid will study on possible economic and tax instruments to create the
favorable conditions necessary to encourage the acquisition of flexible vehicles by citizens as well as public
and private companies. Stockholm will introduce incentives for clean taxi; one example is clean taxi lines at
central locations in Stockholm. Somerset will work closely with the governmental department in order to
develop national incentives. Nanyang will study a number of incentives as free parking for ethanol vehicles,
relief of the road maintenance cost for the ethanol vehicles and the effects of the price difference between
the petrol gasoline and flexible fuels. La Spezia will develop a plan for incentives and implement the plan
within BEST.

Task 2 – Test fleets
Stockholm, Rotterdam, Dublin, Somerset, Basque Country, Nanyang and Ford (at all sites) will all set up test
fleets consisting of 2-6 models of flexi fuel vehicles. Companies, organisations and municipalities wishing to
do a test drive can lent a car for a few days or even up to one week in order to get the right impression for
themselves, free of charge. This approach has so far always been leading to more interest in procuring
ethanol vehicles and is the best way to convince them of the benefits and increase their confidence in the
use of biofuels. All drivers will have to report their experiences. Ford will also set up a test fleet to be used by
local and national media.

Task 3 – Evaluation of existing incentives
Stockholm and BioFuel region has already introduced a broad range of incentives that will be evaluated
within BEST in order to spread the experience to the partners. The focus in Stockholm is the effects of the
free parking for clean vehicles and the exemption of congestion charging for clean vehicles. An evaluation of
the local effects of green procurement will be done both in Stockholm and in BioFuel Region.




Deliverables
D27 Evaluation sheets (enquiries) for all test drivers
D28 Report on drivers’ attitudes to ethanol vehicles.
D29 Report on evaluation of free parking for ethanol cars.
D30 Report on evaluation of and knowledge from congestions charges with regard to clean vehicles.
D31 Report on effects of green procurement of transport services
D32 Increased knowledge on effects of environmental/traffic policy measures
D33 Report on local incentives for clean vehicles
D34 Report on the drivers’ experience of using flexi fuel vehicles




Milestones6 and expected result
M20 Identification of potential public and private fleet owners
M21 Test fleets established with one vehicle after 4 months
M22 Report on local incentives Month 18
M23 600 drivers have tested the ethanol vehicles (month 12)




6
  Milestones are control points at which decisions are needed; for example concerning which of several
technologies will be adopted as the basis for the next phase of the project.
Work package 6 description
Work package number                                 6 Coordination

Start date or starting event:                       Month 1

WP Leader           MF                    WP leader time                       52

Participant id      Person-months                              Participant id         Person-months per
                    per participant:                                                  participant:
MF                  4                                          Rotterdam              11,5
BFR                 4                                          EVE                    4
SSC                 4                                          ICEPT                  4
MAD                 4                                          Tsinghua univ          2
M&CB                4                                          WIP                    2
ETA                 2                                          BAFF                   4


Objectives
   to offer clear and concise co-ordination and integration of the project, ensuring that all relevant
   information and experience reach the relevant stakeholders, avoid double-working and ensure a clear
   decision structure.
   to ensure effective communication between the partners.
   to monitor and supervise the project development, in order to fulfil the work-programme activities,
   objectives and schedules
   to ensure the interaction with the European Commission to ensure the interaction on the European level
   with Biofuel Partnership and other related projects




Description of work

Task 1 - Technical and Administrative co-ordination
   Supervise the progress and fulfilling of each partners’ tasks in order to achieve the project’s objectives
   on time and to cost.
   Co-ordinate between all project partners, the EU Commission and the Biofuel Partnership
   Support the local management at the partner sites.
   Ensure the integration between the different sites and within and between the Work Packages
   Report to the EU Commission about project status and progress both formally via annual progress
   reports, interim co-ordination reports, final reports and informally through other channels
   Prepare and report to and from the Steering Group Meetings. Support the Steering Group in its work.
   Prepare and report to and from the Political Group Meetings.

Task 2 - Financial co-ordination
   Supervise the partners’ financial tasks and distribute funds received
   Communicate with and transmit financial report to the Commission.

Task 3 - Quality assessment
    With help from the Evaluation manager, monitor and assess the quality of the work in the WPs

Task 4 - Internal project communication
    Establish routines that ensures the communication, between and among
    the project partners
    associated partners and stakeholders
    the European Commission
    the Biofuel Partnership
    External Key Bodies

Task 5 - Local Co-ordination
    Technical and Administrative co-ordination
    Financial co-ordination
    Quality assessment
    Internal project communication
Local co-ordinations perform similar task at local level as as the over-all coordination does at project level.
The manpower foreseen is distributed to the various tasks to be performed by the sites and not shown in this
table, but amounts to approximately 12 MM/site.




Deliverables
D35 Consortium Agreement (month –1)
D36 Memorandum of Understanding with Biofuel Partnership
D37 Inception Report
D38-41 Progress reports
D42 Final technical report (month 48)
D43 Final financial report (month 48)
D44 Other possible administrative and financial reports, Implementation report, Midterm report
Milestones7 and expected result
M24 Kick-off (month 1)
M25-37 Meeting with the Steering Group (12 meetings, prel every 4th Month 1, 5, 9…)
M38-42 Meeting with the Political group (3 meetings Mont 1, 24, 48)
M43-47 Project meeting (3 meetings Mont 1, 24, 48)
M48 Delivery of the final reports and project end (month 46)
M49 Possible Conference with the Biofuel Partnership (month 48)
M50 Local Kick-offs




7
  Milestones are control points at which decisions are needed; for example concerning which of several
technologies will be adopted as the basis for the next phase of the project.
Work package 7 description
Work package number                                  7 Dissemination and marketing

Start date or starting event:                        Month 1

WP Leader            MF                   WP leader time                       18

Participant id       Person-months                             Participant id          Person-months per
                     per participant:                                                  participant:
MF                   13                                        EVE                     6
BFR                  38,6                                      WIP                     1
SSC                  7                                         MAD                     15
G W Rotterdam        11,5                                      CENBIO                  1
                                                               CIRT                    2,2
ETA                  2,4                                       Nanyang                 2
Saab                 10                                        Ford                    26
M&CB                 10                                        Royal Nedalco           15



Objectives
    to promote the dissemination, exploitation and marketing of the project results in order to maximise the
    European adoption of Bioethanol as a fuel
    through dissemination and marketing obtain followers that repeat BEST actions at new sites
    through local dissemination and marketing obtain a multiplying effect that result in more bioethanol used
    as fuel at the sites through comparison of the work at different sites find the most efficient ways to
    market bioethanol




Description of work

Task 1 - Marketing and Dissemination Co-ordination
   Administrate the production of all external deliverables/reports as well as the specific materials for
   European Marketing & Dissemination
    Co-ordinate campaigns, conferences, events etc between local Marketing & Dissemination managers,
    Biofuel Partnership, the Commission and other stakeholders in the field
    Produce a Dissemination & Marketing Plan at European level and support Local
    Marketing/Dissemination managers in making the local Dissemination, Marketing & Training Plans
    Ensure the flow of information of updated information & facts on bioethanol, results and experiences
    made at other sites to local Marketing/Dissemination managers
    Support local managers with marketing know-how through work shops, seminars, training etc
    Ensure the integration of dissemination between the different sites
    Ensure quality of common marketing products and that experiences are transferable outside of the
    project partners
    Co-operate with the Commission and the Biofuel partnership
    Co-ordination of BEST’s input to joint dissemination/marketing with other biofuel projects
    Monitor and Evaluate the Local Marketing activities
    BEST’s Contact point for the Biofuel Partnership regarding Dissemination/Marketing
    Together with the Evaluation Manager ensure a proper comparison and evaluation of the different
    Marketing activities at different sites

Task 2 - European Marketing and dissemination
    Analyse the different kinds of information needed for identified target groups and through what channels
    to reach them and develop a strategic Marketing & Dissemination Plan.
    Set up and produce adapted tools for efficient spreading of the results from BEST. The exact tools to be
    used will be decided after a thorough analysis. The following tools will be closely examined:
    Project Web-site as a main platform for presentation of ongoing activities, results, invitations to
    conferences, interactive exchange of information between the partners and the public, local decision
    makers and other target groups.
    Public Bioethanol Web-site presenting all flexi-fuel models available in Europe, what conventional cars
    that can use low-blends of bioethanol-petrol/diesel, map of all fuelling stations offering bioethanol in
    Europe, tax incentives used in different countries, local incentives of use when travelling a bioethanol-
    fuelled vehicle, basic facts on bioethanol as a fuel etc. Such a website could be elaborated in co-
    operation with the Biofuel Partnership or could build upon existing websites, like www.miljofordon.se or
    www.cleaner-drive.com
    BEST-brochure and BEST-powerpoint presentation. Short presentation of BEST, partners, objectives,
    measures, work and time plan. A presentation will be updated regularly.
    Multi-editional Newsletter, Thematic newsletter covering the progress and results of the measures in
    BEST. Each newsletter could be produced in 3 editions with the target groups a) Politicians/decision-
    makers/media, b) Technicians/and potential users of bioethanol, c) Drivers/interested among the
    public/general journalists.
    Thematic Work-shops to reach technicians and decision makers.
    Final conference
    “The complete bioethanol-introducer’s handbook” for sites that want to repeat the BEST actions
    Presentations of the BEST project at strategically chosen conferences and seminars.
    transform the project results into informative, available and useful documents and news, adapted to
    different target groups
    Active co-operation with external key bodies as UITP, POLIS, ACCESS, ICLEI and Biofuel Partnership in
    order to reach followers set up and produce means to spread the results from BEST
    Actively advice and share knowledge and results with possible followers

Task 3 - Local Marketing and dissemination
The sites will run:
    Dissemination activities directed towards Local and National Politicians and media press releases, press
    conferences, brochure Study tours for local and national decision makers to show “best practice”
    Marketing campaigns connected to the demonstrations in WP 1-5 to increase the uptake of flexi fuel
    vehicles and use of low-blends. TV-spots, advertisements
    Training of ambassadors like drivers, fuel station personnel, Taxi drivers, local seminars and work-shops
The sites will contribute to the European Marketing and dissemination through providing information to web
site, newsletter etc, preparing local politicians when meeting other European politicians, possible translation
of material etc.

Task 4 - Industrial Marketing and dissemination
Industrial partners will run independent marketing activities, but in close cooperation with BEST




Deliverables
D45 Dissemination Plan
D46 One or more of Web site, brochure, newsletter, etc
D47 Marketing Workshop
D48 Possible Thematic Workshops and conferences
D49 Policy recommendations (month 46)




Milestones8 and expected result
M51 Launch of Website
M52 Work Package Workshops
M53 Local Marketing Campaigns
M54 Final Conference
M55 Final draft report on performance of Flexi Fuel Vehicles and Ethanol Bus Trials – Month 44




8
  Milestones are control points at which decisions are needed; for example concerning which of several
technologies will be adopted as the basis for the next phase of the project.
Work package 8 description
Work package number                                    8 Transfer of Knowledge

Start date or starting event:                          Month 1

WP Leader             BAFF                  WP leader time                       6 MM

Participant id        Person-months                               Participant id          Person-months per
                      per participant:                                                    participant:
BAFF                  10                                          CENBIO                  6


Objectives
Facilitate the local process of introducing the entire “chain of ethanol” as a fuel in the participating sites by
sharing and transfer the knowledge built up in Sweden, Brazil and the US.




Description of work

Task 1 – Transfer of Knowledge Sweden
The aim with the workpackage is to help the site coordinators, local project managers and WP-leader with
strategic knowledge and contacts/network. This shall result in an accelerated process towards meeting the
objectives. Organise Regular meetings at the sites with focus on: media, politicians, civil servants and other
stake holders. “Light house” tours to Sweden for the above groups will be arranged as well as workshops
and meetings of knowledge sharing together with WP- and site leaders. The WP leader for WP 10 will be
accessible and “ready to help” throughout the project. The task is also to facilitate the transfer of knowledge
between sites and to facilitate contacts with the other “bio fuel cities” outside the EU.

Task 2 – Transfer of Knowledge Brazil
The already commercially established Flexi Fuel Vehicle market of Brazil can be seen as an example for
future market creation activities in Europe. The assessment of the current Brazilian Flexi Fuel Vehicle market
situation will be executed in order to gain reliable information on the trend of the market, as well as related
factors of influence. The results of this task will serve as a basis for the establishment of market growth
scenarios. Such scenarios will help to identify the future potentials of dedicated Flex Fuel Vehicle markets
around Europe. In order to support the future introduction of Flex Fuel Vehicles to the European market, this
task also aims at the identification of potential problems and barriers. The development and elaboration of
dedicated marketing strategies for Europe will support the market introduction of Flex Fuel Vehicles. Within
this, the focus is on the importance of public awareness and proper background information of this new
transport technology, as the success of implementation actions strongly depends on the loyalty and reliance
of potential customers. The elaboration of different market introduction scenarios will help to gather the most
appropriate strategies for a European market development for Flex Fuel Vehicles.




Deliverables
D50 Report on effective methods for “transfer of Knowledge” (month 38)
D51 Report on Flexi Fuel Vehicle market, marketing strategies and market introduction scenarios (month 19)
Milestones9 and expected result
M56 Ethanol cities workshops at every site during the first 4 months and then once every year (month 16,
month 28, month 40)
M57 Organising “light tour trips” to Sweden before month 6
M58 At each site develop a local platform of expertise of know how and for running the local process of
ethanol implementation (month 10)
M59 Overview of the current Flex Fuel Vehicles market (month 19)
M60 Flexi Fuel Vehicle marketing strategies and market introduction scenarios (month 18)




9
  Milestones are control points at which decisions are needed; for example concerning which of several
technologies will be adopted as the basis for the next phase of the project.
Work package 9 description
Work package number                                  9 Evaluation and monitoring

Start date or starting event:                        Month 1

WP Leader             ICEPT                WP leader time                      Included below

Participant id        Person-months                             Participant id         Person-months per
                      per participant:                                                 participant:
ICEPT                 48                                        UMU                    25
MF                    5                                         M&CB                   3
BFR                   24,5                                      SEKAB                  3
GW Rotterdam          5                                         Nedalco                8
SSC                   6                                         Wessex Grain           2
Tsinghua univ         7                                         EVE                    8
MAD                   5                                         Ford                   8
WIP                   6,5                                       CENBIO                 7,5
IEE                   2


Objectives
    Ensure the monitoring process at the sites in order to fulfil an integrated evaluation
    Co-ordinate, supervise and support the evaluation performed by Local evaluators and Work Package
    leaders in order to fulfil an integrated evaluation on time and to cost.




Description of work

Task 1 - Monitoring
    Ensure that the monitoring protocols to be performed by the Local evaluators and Work Package leaders
    will result in credible and replicable in order to fulfil an integrated evaluation on time and to cost
    Monitor National/EU fuel specifications
    Establish measurement / technical capacity of each Workpackage to monitor:
            NOx, Particulate Matter (PM), CO, HC / NMHC, CO2, SOx, CH4
            If necessary, monitor aldehyde emissions in selected case studies
            Carry out cross-checking / validation at WP coordination facilities
    Establish effective drive cycles for vehicles and compare with existing standard drive cycles’
Direct collaboration will be required with the local evaluation managers in each of the workpackages in order
to ensure the quality of the outputs

Task 2 - Evaluation
    Support Local Evaluation managers and Work Package leaders with methodology for evaluation,
    standards, exchange of experiences, arranging work shops, seminars, training etc
    Guarantee that local evaluation results are satisfactory from scientific point of view
    Establish threshold economic and policy (technical standards) for the effective take up of ethanol as a
    fuel in the study EU regions
Act as BEST's Contact point for the accompanying Co-ordinated Action regarding Evaluation issues and Co-
ordination of possible common evaluation with other biofuel projects

Task 3 - Socio economic study
Umeå University will, based on the work in at the sites, perform a study on the socioeconomic effects of a
large scale use of ethanol in the participating countries.

Task 4 - Local monitoring and evaluation
The evaluation of the projects is integrated in the demonstration tasks. The common evaluation work will be
performed within the WP monitoring and evaluation.




Deliverables
D52 Report and spreadsheet (excel) at end of 1st year on development of monitoring and evaluation
methodology in WP1 and WP2
D53 Report of draft data (fuel supply and use, GHG tailpipe emissions and particulates) on use of the 200
Flexi Fuel Vehicles delivered to fleets (WP1) month 24
D54 Report on draft data (as above) on use of Ethanol in Buses – Month 30
D55 Report on comparative incentives for ethanol as a transport fuel
D56 Report on socio economic effects of introduction of ethanol




Milestones10 and expected result
M73 Agreements with implementing partners / Local Evaluation Managers on data gathering protocols in
collaboration with WP7 – month 6
M74 Production of Fleet Flexi Fuel Vehicles draft Report – month 24
M75 Production of individuals Flexi Fuel Vehicles draft Report – month 26
M76 Production of Ethanol Bus draft Report – month 3
M77 Report on fuel standards and specifications performance – month 36
M78 Final draft report on performance of Flexi Fuel Vehicles and Ethanol Bus Trials – Month 44




10
   Milestones are control points at which decisions are needed; for example concerning which of several
technologies will be adopted as the basis for the next phase of the project.
9 Other issues

A. Applicants are requested to fill in the following table

 Does your proposed research raise sensitivethical         YES           NO
 questions related to:
 Human beings                                                            x
 Human biological samples                                                x
 Personal data (whether identified by name or not)                       x
 Genetic information                                                     x
 Animals                                                                 x




B. Applicants are requested to confirm that the proposed research does
not involve:
The BEST project does NOT involve any of the following issues
   Research activity aimed at human cloning for reproductive purposes,
   Research activity intended to modify the genetic heritage of human beings which could
   make such changes heritable
   Research activity intended to create human embryos solely for the purpose of research or
   for the purpose of stem cell procurement, including by means of somatic cell nuclear
   transfer

				
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