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					                                                 Regent Theatre
                                                 Heritage Management Plan



                                                 for

                                                 Brookfield Multiplex on behalf of ISPT

                                                 December 2010




www.erm.com
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                   FINAL




Brookfield Multiplex on behalf of ISPT



Regent Theatre

Heritage Management Plan


December 2010
Reference: 0073780.rp1




  Environmental Resources Management
                 Australia
       Level 1, 60 Leichhardt Street
          Spring Hill, QLD 4000
        Telephone +61 7 3839 8393
        Facsimile +61 7 3839 8381
              www.erm.com
  Approved                John Hoysted
  by:
  Position:               Project Manager
  Signed:
                                                                      Regent Theatre
  Date:                   6 December, 2010                            Heritage Management Plan
  Approved                Alan Simonic
  by:
  Position:               Partner                                     Brookfield Multiplex on behalf of ISPT
  Signed:



  Date:                   6 December, 2010                            December 2010
Environmental Resources Management Australia Pty Ltd Quality System




                                                                      0073780

                                                                      www.erm.com
Quality-ISO-9001-PMS302




This disclaimer, together with any limitations specified in the report, apply to use of this report. This
report was prepared in accordance with the contracted scope of services for the specific purpose stated
and subject to the applicable cost, time and other constraints. In preparing this report, ERM relied on: (a)
client/third party information which was not verified by ERM except to the extent required by the scope
of services, and ERM does not accept responsibility for omissions or inaccuracies in the client/third
party information; and (b) information taken at or under the particular times and conditions specified,
and ERM does not accept responsibility for any subsequent changes. This report has been prepared
solely for use by, and is confidential to, the client and ERM accepts no responsibility for its use by other
persons. This report is subject to copyright protection and the copyright owner reserves its rights. This
report does not constitute legal advice.
        CONTENTS




1       INTRODUCTION

1.1     BACKGROUND                                      1
1.2     OBJECTIVES                                      1
1.3     METHODOLOGY                                     1
1.4     STUDY AREA                                      2
1.5     HERITAGE STATUS                                 4
1.6     PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT                            5

2       BACKGROUND HISTORY

2.1     THE DEVELOPMENT OF BRISBANE AND QUEEN STREET    6
2.2     THE REGENT THEATRE                              8

3       DESCRIPTION

3.1     EXTERIOR                                       13
3.2     ENTRANCE HALL AND GRAND FOYER LOBBY            15
3.3     GRAND FOYER                                    17
3.4     BASEMENT                                       20
3.5     CAFÉ AND SHOP                                  21
3.6     OFFICES                                        22

4       CONDITION

4.1     STRUCTURE                                      26
4.2     EXTERIOR                                       26
4.2.1   ROOFS                                          26
4.2.2   WALLS                                          27
4.3     INTERIOR                                       30
4.3.1   ENTRANCE HALL                                  30
4.3.2   GRAND FOYER                                    30
4.3.3   BASEMENT                                       31
4.3.4   CAFÉ AND SHOP                                  31
4.3.5   OFFICES                                        31

5       CULTURAL HERITAGE SIGNIFICANCE

5.1     COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS                           32
5.1.1   REGENT THEATRE, SYDNEY                         32
5.1.2   REGENT THEATRE, MELBOURNE                      33
5.1.3   VILLAGE TWIN, NEW FARM                         34
5.1.4   STATE THEATRE, SYDNEY                          35
5.1.5   SUMMARY COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS                   36
5.2     ASSESSMENT OF SIGNIFICANCE                     39
5.3     STATEMENT OF SIGNIFICANCE                      40
        CONTENTS




5.4     DETERMINING THE EXTENT OF SIGNIFICANCE       40

6       OPPORTUNITIES AND CONSTRAINTS

6.1     SIGNIFICANCE                                 47
6.2     LEGISLATIVE CONSTRAINTS                      47
6.2.1   BRISBANE CITY PLAN HERITAGE REGISTER         47
6.2.2   QUEENSLAND HERITAGE REGISTER                 47
6.2.3   NATIONAL TRUST OF QUEENSLAND HERITAGE LIST   47
6.2.4   REGISTER OF THE NATIONAL ESTATE              48
6.3     REDEVELOPMENT OPPORTUNITIES                  48
6.3.1   CONTINUED COMMUNITY USE                      48
6.3.2   NEW DEVELOPMENT TO REAR OF SITE              48
6.3.3   REDEVELOPMENT OF BASEMENT AREA               48
6.3.4   REINVIGORATION OF AREA OF MALL               49

7       CONSERVATION POLICY

7.1     DEFINITIONS                                  51
7.2     GENERAL POLICIES                             52
7.2.1   ADOPTION OF POLICIES                         53
7.2.2   APPROPRIATE SKILLS                           53
7.3     FABRIC AND SETTING                           53
7.3.1   SETTING AND STREETSCAPE                      53
7.3.2   SIGNIFICANT FABRIC                           54
7.4     BUILDING EXTERIOR                            54
7.4.1   MONITORING                                   54
7.4.2   NEW OPENINGS                                 54
7.4.3   SIGNAGE                                      54
7.4.4   MAINTENANCE                                  55
7.5     BUILDING INTERIOR                            55
7.5.1   ENTRANCE HALL                                55
7.5.2   GRAND FOYER                                  56
7.5.3   CAFÉ                                         57
7.5.4   BASEMENT                                     57
7.5.5   OFFICES                                      58
7.5.6   SHOPFRONT                                    58
7.6     MOVEABLE HERITAGE                            58
7.6.1   FURNITURE AND PAINTINGS                      58
7.7     SERVICES                                     58
7.7.1   UPGRADING AND NEW SERVICES                   58
7.8     MAINTENANCE                                  59
7.8.1   PRIORITISED MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE             59
7.9     CONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENT                      59
7.9.1   DEMOLITION                                   59
7.9.2   EXCAVATION                                   60
          CONTENTS




7.9.3     SECURITY                                   62
7.9.4     TEMPORARY WEATHER PROTECTION               62
7.9.5     TEMPORARY USE                              62
7.10      DOCUMENTING CHANGE                         62
7.10.1    ARCHIVAL RECORDING                         62
7.11      INTERPRETATION                             63
7.12      COMPLIANCE                                 63
7.12.1    APPROVALS                                  64
7.13      IMPLEMENTATION                             64
7.13.1    IMPLEMENTATION                             64
7.13.2    LODGEMENT OF DOCUMENTS                     64
7.13.3    HMP REVIEW                                 65

8         FULFILMENT OF MINISTERIAL DIRECTION

8.1       DIRECTIVE I                                66
8.2       DIRECTIVE II                               70
8.3       DIRECTIVE III                              76
8.3.1     ‘CINEMA BOX’ ARTEFACTS                    107
8.4       DIRECTIVE IV                              110




ANNEX A   PRIORITISED MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE
ANNEX B   INFORMATION REQUEST – HERITAGE RESPONSE
ANNEX C   QUEENSLAND HERITAGE REGISTER ENTRY
ANNEX D   INTERPRETIVE CONCEPT
ANNEX E   FURNISHINGS AND FITTINGS CATALOGUE
ANNEX F   HERITAGE ADVICE – ERM AUGUST 2010
1     INTRODUCTION




1.1   BACKGROUND

      Environmental Resources Management Australia Pty Ltd (ERM) was
      commissioned in March 2010 to prepare a Heritage Management Plan (HMP)
      for the Regent Theatre, Queen Street, Brisbane, by Brookfield Multiplex (BMP)
      on behalf the Industry Superannuation Property Trust (ISPT). ISPT is
      redeveloping the Regent Theatre site in conjunction with BMP.



1.2   OBJECTIVES

      The HMP was initially prepared in response to a Direction by the Queensland
      Minister for Infrastructure and Planning dated 19 February 2009 and aimed to
      address the following specific requirements of the Ministerial Direction:




      Following a review of the first draft of the HMP by the Department of
      Infrastructure and Planning (DIP), Department of Environment and Resource
      Management (DERM) and Brisbane City Council (BCC) further direction was
      received to provide additional reporting consistent with recognised heritage
      industry standards for heritage and conservation management planning.



1.3   METHODOLOGY

      This HMP is intended to address specific issues associated with the future
      redevelopment of the Regent Theatre site and the Ministerial Direction
      requirements, but also aims to guide the future conservation and management
      of the heritage listed Entrance Hall, Grand Foyer and Offices. Accordingly,
      this HMP is based on recognised guidelines such as The Australia ICOMOS
      Charter for Places of Cultural Significance and associated guidelines (Burra
      Charter), The Conservation Plan, J.S. Kerr, 5th Edition, Sydney, May 2000, and
      the DERM’s Conservation Management Plan Template.

      ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCES MANAGEMENT AUSTRALIA   REGENT_HERITAGE MANAGEMENT PLAN/FINAL_V3/6 DECEMBER 2010

                                                     1
      ERM has drawn on information contained in a number of heritage
      management documents it has prepared for the Regent since 2007 including;

      •   Heritage Assessment of the “Cinema Box,” 2007;

      •   Regent Heritage Impact Assessment, 2007;

      •   Regent Request for Information Response, 2008;

      •   Regent Fittings and Furniture Catalogue, 2008;

      •   Regent Offices Conservation Report, 2008; and

      •   Regent Schedule of Construction Conservation Measures, 2008.

      ERM has also drawn on and incorporated information from The Regent
      Interpretation Concept by X Squared Design Pty Ltd+Peter Emmett prepared in
      2010.

      The HMP provides a summary history of the Regent Theatre in Section 2
      followed by a description of the place in Section 3 and condition reporting at
      Section 4. A discussion of the heritage values follows at Section 5, an overview
      of the opportunities and constraints at Section 6, and conservation policy at
      Section 7. Section 8 addresses each of the Ministerial Direction HMP
      requirements.



1.4   STUDY AREA

      The study area encompasses the Hoyts Entertainment Area at 163-167 Queen
      Street and comprises Lot 1 on RP65292, Lot 2 on RP49018, Lot 1 RP574, and
      Lot 1 on RP575. The study area is shown at Figure 1.1.




      ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCES MANAGEMENT AUSTRALIA   REGENT_HERITAGE MANAGEMENT PLAN/FINAL_V3/6 DECEMBER 2010

                                                     2
Figure 1.1:   Study Location




              ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCES MANAGEMENT AUSTRALIA   REGENT_HERITAGE MANAGEMENT PLAN/FINAL_V3/6 DECEMBER 2010

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1.5           HERITAGE STATUS

              The Entrance Hall, Grand Foyer (including the Marble Staircase), Basement,
              Café and Shop and Offices are listed in the Brisbane City Council’s City Plan
              Heritage Register (Place ID BCC S22-36), the Queensland Heritage Register
              (QHR) (Place ID 600140), the National Trust of Queensland Heritage List
              (BNE1/0047), and the Register of the National Estate (Place ID: 008414).

              The heritage register boundary of the Regent Theatre comprises part of Lot 2
              on RP49018 and is shown at Figure 1.2.




Figure 1.2:   Heritage Context



              ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCES MANAGEMENT AUSTRALIA   REGENT_HERITAGE MANAGEMENT PLAN/FINAL_V3/6 DECEMBER 2010

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1.6   PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT

      The Regent Theatre is to be redeveloped by Brookfield Multiplex on behalf of
      the ISPT Property Group. However, the Heritage Registered spaces on Queen
      Street and all heritage listed elements are to be retained and conserved with
      the Grand Foyer linking to the Regent Tower through existing lower level
      entrance doors and off the marble staircase at the upper level. The new Regent
      Theatre will contain three multipurpose auditoria within its podium level
      accessible from the marble staircase.

      The new development is anticipated to be a major new commercial
      construction, with the construction of a 40 level commercial office tower and
      podium which will include function areas, retail and commercial space,
      located on the footprint of the existing ‘cinema box’. The four existing 1980s
      cinemas in the cinema box area will be demolished, as will its remnant 1920s
      brick walls.

      The development will provide an additional 69.403m2 of gross floor area on
      part of the existing Regent Theatre and Wintergarden Shopping Centre. The
      ground foyer area will be redeveloped, and will include a corporate lounge
      and direct passage between Elizabeth and Queen Streets.




      ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCES MANAGEMENT AUSTRALIA   REGENT_HERITAGE MANAGEMENT PLAN/FINAL_V3/6 DECEMBER 2010

                                                     5
2            BACKGROUND HISTORY

             The following provides an overview of the development of Brisbane including
             the site of the Regent Theatre on Queen Street. The history of the Regent
             Theatre has essentially drawn from the DERM Heritage Register Entry and
             research file1



2.1          THE DEVELOPMENT OF BRISBANE AND QUEEN STREET

             Before the arrival of Europeans, Aboriginal people from various tribal groups,
             including the Turrbal and Jagera lived around the present area of Brisbane.

             Explorer John Oxley found the Brisbane River in 1823 naming it after the New
             South Wales Governor of the time, Major-General Sir Thomas Brisbane. A
             convict colony was established at Redcliffe on Moreton Bay in 1824, and by
             1825, this had moved to where North Quay now stands.

             It was some years before the first free settlers arrived and by 1842 the penal
             settlement had closed due to the decrease in convicts being sent from England.
             An assortment of entrepreneurs and ex-convicts quickly followed and a town
             began to grow around the river. Queensland separated from New South
             Wales in 1859 and became a colony with its own local government.




Figure 2.1   Queen Street looking towards George Street c18642




             1   Environmental Protection Agency Heritage Register Entry Reference 600140

             2   John Oxley Library, Item ID 139497


             ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCES MANAGEMENT AUSTRALIA   REGENT_HERITAGE MANAGEMENT PLAN/FINAL_V3/6 DECEMBER 2010

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             By the late 1880s Brisbane was the main centre of commerce and the capital of
             the colony of Queensland. Most evidence of convict occupation in the central
             business district was gone by this time and the town was beginning to
             develop its own distinctive architecture and culture, demonstrated by the
             c1889 view up Queen Street in Figure 2.2.




Figure 2.2   View along Queen Street c18893

             Construction of the David Jones building in Queen Street commenced in 1909,
             and by 1929 a series of extensions resulted in David Jones being a four storey
             building along Queen Street. On the opposite side of Queen Street, the
             Tattersall’s Club had previously been established some four years earlier,
             while the Regent Theatre was also constructed in 1929 adjacent to the
             Wintergarden Theatre.

             The city grew steadily until World War II when it became the main allied
             headquarters in the South Pacific and an influx of Australian and American
             servicemen stretched the population to 750,000 people. Industry flourished
             and continued to boom post war and Brisbane firmly staked its claim as the
             third largest city in the country.

             The 1982 Commonwealth Games were hosted in Brisbane and the city
             received a massive infrastructure and sporting facilities boost as a result. In
             1988 the World Expo was hosted at Southbank, and the event also helped put
             Brisbane 'on the map'.




             3   John Oxley Library , Item ID 100723


             ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCES MANAGEMENT AUSTRALIA   REGENT_HERITAGE MANAGEMENT PLAN/FINAL_V3/6 DECEMBER 2010

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2.2   THE REGENT THEATRE

      The Queen Street site of the Regent Theatre was acquired by William
      MacIntosh Mayne, property speculator, in 1892. After his death on 16 August
      1921, title passed to his sister Mary Mayne and brother Dr James O'Neil
      Mayne of Moorlands.4 The remainder of the Elizabeth Street property was
      subsequently purchased by JC Williamson, film director and entrepreneur,
      before being transferred to Hoyts Theatres. Dr Mayne's land was leased to
      Capitol Theatres Ltd and then sub-leased to Hoyts from 1925 until 1977.5

      ‘Picture palaces’ were gaining popularity in the 1920s, and in Brisbane
      theatres such as the Wintergarden, His Majesty’s, the Majestic, and the Tivoli
      were establishing this area of the CBD as the cultural hub of the city. At the
      same time, Hoyts theatres were establishing a number of lavish picture
      palaces in Sydney, Melbourne and Adelaide reflecting the opulence and
      grandeur of the Hollywood era.

      In 1926, approval was given by the City Council to build a new theatre in
      Queen Street which was to incorporate all classes of entertainment including
      opera, vaudeville and film6. The theatre was designed by Charles N
      Hollinshed (the Regent's Melbourne-based architect), Richard Gailey Junior of
      Brisbane, and Aaron Bolot (employed by Gailey).7 An early architects’ plan is
      shown in Figure 2.3 where it is notable that a number of changes were made
      during construction associated with the design of the stair to the mezzanine
      level.

      Originally referred to as the Capitol Building,8 the name changed to Regent
      Building prior to construction. The shape of the block, with its narrow
      frontage to Queen Street, determined the theatre's plan. The Queen Street
      block comprised the Entrance Hall and Grand Foyer to the theatre, a basement
      and four storeys of commercial tenancies, and a shop adjacent to the entrance
      opened out to the street. The theatre auditorium was constructed on the
      broad part of the site facing Elizabeth Street,9 which also comprised six shops
      and an entrance to the basement carpark. An early view of the Regent
      Theatre is seen in Figure 2.4.



      4   Environmental Protection Agency Heritage Register Entry Reference 600140

      5   Ibid

      6 Environmental Protection Agency, Regent Theatre Showcase Cinema (No.1) and
      Adjoining Vestibule and Bar Assessment of Significance, Cultural Heritage Branch,
      Queensland Environmental Protection Agency 19 August 2009, p4.

      7   Environmental Protection Agency Heritage Register Entry Reference 600140

      8   The A & B Journal of Queensland, July 11 1927

      9Environmental     Protection Agency Heritage Register Entry Reference 600140


      ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCES MANAGEMENT AUSTRALIA   REGENT_HERITAGE MANAGEMENT PLAN/FINAL_V3/6 DECEMBER 2010

                                                     8
Figure 2.3   Orchestra Level10




Figure 2.4   Regent Theatre Queen Street c192911



             10   The A & B Journal of Queensland July 1927

             ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCES MANAGEMENT AUSTRALIA   REGENT_HERITAGE MANAGEMENT PLAN/FINAL_V3/6 DECEMBER 2010

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The Brisbane Regent Theatre opened on 8 November 1929 and was described
as ‘palatial, ‘rich in detail’ and ‘strikingly beautiful12. The interior was highly
decorated in a confection of styles including Gothic, Baroque and Classical in
accordance with the picture palace guiding principle.13

The auditorium, then one of the largest in Australia, provided seating
accommodation for over 2,500 patrons (see Figure 2.6). It included an
extensive stage, 56 feet wide by 28 feet deep, (17 metres by 8.5 metres) a movie
screen, modern lighting facilities, three talking machines and a £25,000
Wurlitzer Organ from New York, which in today’s terms would have cost
close to one million dollars. Two staircases led from the mezzanine floor to
the dress circle. The large oval dome above the stalls featured a one ton
bronze chandelier.

The proscenium arch, lobby and dome were embellished with decorative
plaster work by Picton, Hopkins and Son P/L in Melbourne, assisted by the
local Decorative Tile Company who were responsible for the marble tiling14.
Mollocco Brothers of Sydney created the marble work. The theatre was
erected by AJ Dickenson at a cost of £300 000 and the Queen Street building
was constructed by J and EL Rees. 15

Furniture and artworks used throughout the building were selected by the
Managing Director of Hoyts, Frank Thring Senior during his travels through
Europe.16 Total costs for construction and fitout including furniture and
paintings was estimated at around £400 000.17




11National       Library of Australia, Item ID vn3420603

12   Environmental Protection Agency Heritage Register Entry Reference 600140.

13Environmental Protection Agency, Regent Theatre Showcase Cinema (No.1) and
Adjoining Vestibule and Bar Assessment of Significance, Cultural Heritage Branch,
Queensland Environmental Protection Agency 19 August 2009, p5.

14   Ibid

15   Environmental Protection Agency Heritage Register Entry Reference 600140

16Environmental Protection Agency, Regent Theatre Showcase Cinema (No.1) and
Adjoining Vestibule and Bar Assessment of Significance, Cultural Heritage Branch,
Queensland Environmental Protection Agency 19 August 2009, p6.

17   Ibid, p5.


ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCES MANAGEMENT AUSTRALIA     REGENT_HERITAGE MANAGEMENT PLAN/FINAL_V3/6 DECEMBER 2010

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Figure 2.5   Interior view c192918

             After James Mayne and Mary Mayne died in 1939 and 1940 respectively, their
             estate was left to the University of Queensland as the sole beneficiary. The
             introduction of television in Queensland in 1959 and increase in motor vehicle
             ownership and drive in theatres saw a decline in the popularity of picture
             palaces.19

             Hoyts and the Mayne Estate began investigating opportunities for
             redevelopment of the Regent Theatre in 1969,20 with plans published in the
             Courier Mail in 1973 prompting an assessment of the buildings heritage
             values, and subsequent inclusion in the National Trust of Queensland’s
             heritage list.

             Architectural firm, Lange L. Powell, Dods and Thorpe were commissioned to
             design the redevelopment of the theatre which involved demolition of the
             theatre auditorium and replacement with a series of smaller cinemas.
             Following a number of revisions of the initial plans, Brisbane City Council
             approved the final plan in June 1978 which involved retention of the entrance
             hall, grand foyer, café and offices, and replacement of the auditorium with
             four cinemas and a shopping arcade.


             18   National Library of Australia, Item ID vn342021.

             19Environmental Protection Agency, Regent Theatre Showcase Cinema (No.1) and
             Adjoining Vestibule and Bar Assessment of Significance, Cultural Heritage Branch,
             Queensland Environmental Protection Agency 19 August 2009, p6.

             20   Ibid


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             Following approval for the redevelopment, the National Heritage
             Commission announced the theatre would be included on its National
             Register21, and a ‘Save the Regent’ campaign was launched.

             The final film was shown in the Regent Theatre in August 1978 and
             demolition began in December the same year (See Figure 2.6).

             Local architect Ian Swan was engaged as a theatre design consultant for the
             project, and has reported that the only original fabric to be reused in the
             redevelopment was the grilles, lanterns and balustrades inside the blind
             archways of the Showcase Cinema walls, and the decorative material in the
             vestibule and bar areas22.

             The new four cinema complex opened on 2nd August 198023, and in 1994 the
             remnant 1929 component of the Regent Theatre including the Entrance Hall,
             Grand Foyer and Offices were permanently entered in the Queensland
             Heritage Register.




Figure 2.6   Demolition of Theatre Auditorium 24



             21Environmental Protection Agency, Regent Theatre Showcase Cinema (No.1) and
             Adjoining Vestibule and Bar Assessment of Significance, Cultural Heritage Branch,
             Queensland Environmental Protection Agency 19 August 2009, p6.

             22Environmental Protection Agency, Regent Theatre Showcase Cinema (No.1) and
             Adjoining Vestibule and Bar Assessment of Significance, Cultural Heritage Branch,
             Queensland Environmental Protection Agency 19 August 2009, p7.

             23   Environmental Protection Agency Heritage Register Entry Reference 600140

             24   Courier Mail, 25 October 1979

             ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCES MANAGEMENT AUSTRALIA    REGENT_HERITAGE MANAGEMENT PLAN/FINAL_V3/6 DECEMBER 2010

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3     DESCRIPTION

      The following description of the Regent Theatre is derived from the DERM
      heritage citation25.



3.1   EXTERIOR

      The Queen Street facade of the Regent Theatre is in the classical revival style
      and has some Italianate detailing. It is a four storey building with three
      window bays across. The original awning form to Queen Street survives but
      original bronzed fascia and soffit cladding was replaced by 1980 with new
      folded metal. Above the awning the first floor level has arched window
      openings with moulded keystones. This level has rustication in the form of
      render imitating stonework. The upper two levels have square window
      openings. These are separated by plain giant order pilasters with ornate
      moulded capitals. Paired pilasters occur to each side of these windows at each
      end of the facade. The second floor windows have Italianate balusters at their
      base between the pilasters. The panels between the capitals above the third
      floor windows have decorative festoons. The frieze above the capitals has
      paired rosettes at each end with the name 'REGENT BUILDING' in the centre.
      A large cornice supported on closely spaced brackets appears above this. The
      parapet has open sections with balusters in line with the window openings
      below.

      Elizabeth Street has a large relatively unadorned facebrick facade with three
      high rendered arched recesses with decorative cast iron panels located
      centrally. The heads of the recesses are rendered to imitate voussoirs. A tall
      concrete parapet with dentiled cornice runs across the width of the building.
      The top of this originally had a shallow apex but this was altered in the 1979
      works. Two roundels with moulded grotesques are situated between the tops
      of the three arched openings. A moulded cornice runs across below the
      recesses. A plain rendered panel is located between this and the cantilevered
      awning. On the northern side the remains of what was a three storey office
      which originally had an air conditioning cooling tower above can be seen,
      however, this was extensively altered during the 1979 works when its walls
      were extended to match the new parapet height. A comparison can be made
      between what survives today (Figure 3.1) and the drawings of the Elizabeth
      Street façade published in The A & B Journal of Queensland in July 1927
      (Figure 3.1).




      25   Environmental Protection Agency Heritage Register Entry Reference 600140


      ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCES MANAGEMENT AUSTRALIA    REGENT_HERITAGE MANAGEMENT PLAN/FINAL_V3/6 DECEMBER 2010

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Figure 3.1   Elizabeth Street Façade 201026 (left) and Proposed Façade 192727 (right)

             The side walls of the “cinema box” originally followed the line of the theatre
             ceiling and the fly tower exhibited a shallow gable roof. This detail can be
             seen in the distance in the c1942 photograph (Figure 3.2).




Figure 3.2   c1942 View down Elizabeth Street with south wall of Regent Theatre in the
             distance28




             26   ERM 2010

             27   A&B Journal of Queensland July 1927

             28   State Library of Victoria, c1942, Item ID an003653.


             ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCES MANAGEMENT AUSTRALIA    REGENT_HERITAGE MANAGEMENT PLAN/FINAL_V3/6 DECEMBER 2010

                                                            14
             As a result of the 1979 work, the apex of each of these wall elements was
             removed and a straight parapet was formed by infilling with brickwork to
             establish a new level parapet to accommodate a new shallow pitched longrun
             ribbed roof. Evidence of the three back light side windows to the theatre can
             be seen on the southern and northern elevations along with other now
             enclosed openings (Figure 3.3).




Figure 3.3   View of the “cinema box” from the south29

             The entrance doors to the theatre are recessed with this originally providing
             an alcove for feature film and performance advertising in glazed cabinets.
             These elements still remain but are covered by later television monitors and
             cabinetry. Original bi-folding timber and glass doors survive off Queen Street
             but physical evidence provided by two lines of barrel bolt floor fixings
             indicates the doors have been moved at some stage. Marble facings to the
             Queen Street façade were installed in 1979/80.

3.2          ENTRANCE HALL AND GRAND FOYER LOBBY
             The entrance doors lead to a high vaulted ceiling covered in richly decorated
             ornamental plasterwork, with painted medieval scenes in each section. A
             heavy decorative cornice surrounds the space at the junction with the mottled
             finish plaster walls which have equally positioned pilasters with Corinthian
             capitals. Two original chandeliers survive and a later ticket counter is on the
             right hand side as you enter which was constructed as a part of the 1980
             cinemas refurbishment.



             29   ERM 2007.


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             Panels providing movie advertising were added to each end of the Entrance
             Hall in the early 1950s which is demonstrated by their decoration with a
             crown likely celebrating the coronation of Queen Elizabeth II. At this time a
             crown is also seen in historic photographs above the Queen Street awning.




Figure 3.4   Queen Street Entrance30 (left) and Lobby31 (right)

             A marble staircase the width of the Entrance Hall leads through three sets of
             original timber and glass doors into the Grand Foyer. A later coffee bar has
             been installed immediately to the left of this stair in an area that is likely to
             have contained an earlier milk bar. 1929 and 1950s photographs show the
             Queen Street shop tenancy opening into the Entrance Hall of the Regent and
             out to Queen Street through bi-fold doors.

             The original ticket box was replaced by a now redundant ticket box. The wall
             panel in the location of the original ticket box is a later addition. Carpet has
             covered the original terrazzo floors, which are likely to be intact beneath.

             Television screens have been installed to the right of the entrance portico and
             an advertising cabinet has been applied to its left side. The marble threshold
             between the Entrance Lobby and Grand Foyer appears to have been replaced
             with granite.


             Overview of Changes to the Fabric to the Present

             The Entrance Lobby is largely as it was originally constructed, with the only
             substantial change being:

             •      infill of the two openings into what was the milk bar to the right of the
                    lobby and the area now occupied by the Aromas Coffee Bar and Queen
                    Street shop;

             •      double doors to the lift foyer have been removed; and

             •      original ticket box has been removed.


             30   ERM2010

             31   ibid


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             These changes can be compared with the current arrangements in Figure 3.5.




Figure 3.5   Entrance Lobby looking towards Queen Street c192932 (left) and 200733 (right)


             Integrity

             The Entrance Hall is highly intact.

3.3          GRAND FOYER
             The Grand Foyer space is lofty and extends over three storeys. The space is
             dominated by a centrally positioned grand staircase constructed in
             Queensland marble that leads to what was the Circle entrance and now
             provides access to the two c1980 upper level cinemas. This entrance is
             expressed by an arch with gothic tracery.

             Entrances to what was the Orchestra level of the theatre can be found flanking
             the staircase. The side walls of the Grand Foyer are covered in mottled plaster
             with gold paint finish and have miniature balconies (Figure 3.6). At the rear of
             each balcony is a large mirror extending to the ceiling. Draped deep red
             curtains which contrast with the mirrored surfaces hang from tracery pelmets.
             The arches overhead with their colourful medieval figures are supported on
             stone columns interwoven with lines of tracery. Evenly spaced ornate
             chandeliers are suspended centrally from the foyer ceiling.




             32   National Library of Australia, Item ID vn3420596-v, c1929

             33   ERM 2007


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Figure 3.6   Side Wall of Grand Foyer34

             At the outside of the east wall of the Grand Foyer it is expected two niches
             and original internal plaster work survive. These features are evident in
             Figure 3.7




             .

Figure 3.7   West wall of ”cinema box” c1980 35


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             Overview of Changes to the Fabric to the Present

             The Grand Foyer is intact with only minor superficial changes since 1929.
             These changes have included the removal of an original ticket booth against
             the west wall, and the introduction of new ticketing box and candy bar in the
             northwest corner shown in Figure 3.8. The floor area beneath the candy bar is
             a fibre cement topping over a timber floor and this has also covered the
             marble border.36

             Figure 3.9 compares the view towards the grand stair in 1929 and 2008.
             Physical evidence confirms anecdotal evidence that single openings once
             connected adjoining buildings north and south of the foyer. Double doors to
             the stair beneath the grand stair leading to the basement have been removed.
             An original timber door with raised geometric pattern was located at a
             storeroom under the grand stair. The Grand Foyer was originally carpeted
             with the current carpet likely to be fifth or sixth generation.




Figure 3.8   Grand Foyer with original ticket box c192937(left) and in 200838 (right)




             35   Save the Regent

             36   Environmental Protection Agency Heritage Register Entry Reference 600140
             37   National Library of Australia, Item ID vn3707927-v, c1929

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Figure 3.9    Grand Staircase c192939 (left) and in 201040 (right)


              Integrity

              The Grand Foyer is highly intact.



3.4           BASEMENT

              Original plans of the basement area beneath the Entrance Hall and Grand
              Foyer show a stairwell below the marble staircase providing access to a switch
              room and lobby area, and ramps providing access to the carpark below the
              auditorium41. Today the basement comprises a number of large rooms which
              have been stripped of previous fitouts, wall cladding and services (see Figure
              3.10)




Figure 3.10   Basement of Regent Theatre42




              39   National Library of Australia, Item ID vn3707846-v, c1929

              40   ERM 2010

              41Richard Gailey Architect, Basement Floor Plan, Plan of Regent Theatre Queen St
              Brisbane Sheet No 1.

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              Overview of Changes to the Fabric to the Present

              In the 1979 redevelopment of the site, McDonalds leased the basement area,43
              and remained in this tenancy until the early 2000s.




Figure 3.11   Layout of McDonalds Tenancy in Basement 1980s-1990s44



3.5           CAFÉ AND SHOP

              At the Queen Street level, a retail tenancy currently exists adjacent to the
              Entrance Hall to the Regent, and above the stairwell which previously
              provided access to McDonalds in the basement. The shop is shown at Figure
              3.12.




Figure 3.12   Retail tenancy adjacent to the Regent45




              43 Lange Powell, Dods and Thorpe Architects, The Regent Theatre Elizabeth Street
              Brisbane – Floor Plan Elizabeth Street Level, Drawing Number 780/102, August 1978.

              44Phillips Smith Conwell Architects, Hoyts Regent Proposed Restaurant Remodel, Stage 2
              Site and Key Plan, Drawing Number RM-A01, May 1998.

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              Behind the shop, and accessible through the Grand Foyer Lobby is Aromas
              Café. Seating for the café extends into the Entrance Hall as shown at Figure
              3.13.




Figure 3.13   Aromas Coffee Bar46


              Overview of Changes to the Fabric to the Present

              Following the 1970s redevelopment of the site, the cafe has undergone a
              number of small alterations in accordance with its use as a café including new
              floor coverings, the addition of suspended ceiling and bulkheads, repainting
              and new kitchen fittings.

              There is little historical evidence of the original shop on Queen Street other
              than early photographs showing bi-fold doors and connection to the Entrance
              Hall. The current tenancy has had a suspended ceiling, floor tiles, a partition
              between the shopfront and a back room, and floor to ceiling glazing on the
              Queen Street frontage installed.


              Integrity

              Although little is known of the original details of the shop and café, both have
              had a number of alterations and consequently do not have a high degree of
              integrity. The shop in particular has a very low integrity.

              The café has some evidence of a previous wall towards the lift, and may have
              part of the original floor intact beneath the later ceramic and carpet tile floor
              coverings.

3.6           OFFICES
              The offices comprise the four storeys above the Entrance Hall, Grand Foyer
              and Shop. Entry to these tenancies is via a lift which is in its original location
              at the eastern end of the café. The original stairwell is situated adjacent to this
              and originally extended to the basement area, however, this section was


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              demolished and blocked off when the McDonalds fast food restaurant was
              installed in the early 1980s.

              The first floor takes up half the floor plan area and runs beside what is the
              ceiling area over the Entrance Hall. A room on Queen Street sits over the
              lower entrance porch. Levels 2, 3 and 4 are the same plan layout with some
              differences as a result of later alterations. Each of these levels has central hall
              with toilets between this and the light well.

              A secondary stairwell constructed c1979 is on the western end of the light
              well. Offices extend south, west and east of the hall. An indented bay
              window is on the south elevation. The roof above level four is saw toothed
              with the two bays at the Queen Street end providing borrowed light.

              The Offices are constructed from solid brick which is exposed externally and
              has been painted with a high build textured finish within each of the office
              levels. Floors are reinforced concrete and external windows that remain have
              ‘Crittall’ metal frames. Parquet floors appear to survive at each of the office
              levels under carpet but have been exposed and polished at Level 2 (Figure
              3.14).




Figure 3.14   Parquet flooring on Level 247

              Only two original doors survive and these are the dummy doors against the
              Entrance Hall ceiling on the first floor, the remaining doors have been
              replaced, presumably during the c1979 alterations.

              Original ceilings, which are gypsum plaster over reinforced concrete, survive
              above suspended ceilings which are installed at each level except Level 4.


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              Fibrous plaster ceilings are located at Level 4 except at the open saw toothed
              section which appears to be ‘Gyprock’. Ducted air conditioning has been
              installed and this is reticulated up the light well from ground level. Windows
              around the light well have been removed and the openings bricked in.

              The original stairwell is constructed in reinforced concrete with gypsum
              plaster finish and has a wrought iron balustrade with moulded timber
              handrail and is shown in Figure 3.15.




Figure 3.15   Original Stairwell at Level 148


              Overview of Changes to the Fabric to the Present

              Changes on Level 1 include the addition of bathroom facilities adjacent to the
              light well, and a suspended ceiling containing services such as ducted air
              conditioning, carpet over the parquet floor, infilled windows, and a new
              staircase adjacent to the light well. A small theatrette exists in the Queen
              Street end of Level 1 and it’s fittings suggest that this dates from the 1979
              Hoyts redevelopment.

              Level 2 also has suspended ceilings throughout, carpet covering the parquetry
              floor and the 1980s staircase on the northern side of the light well.

              Level 3 has also had suspended ceilings installed throughout, the later
              staircase and a number of plasterboard partitions. The original parquetry
              floor is exposed in a number of places covered with linoleum in some
              locations.



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Similar to Levels 1-3, changes to Level 4 include the later staircase, addition of
new rooms with plasterboard partitions, and new floor coverings over the
parquetry floor.


Integrity

Level 1 appears to be in good condition overall. The installation of services
within the suspended ceiling has been physically intrusive and not in
accordance with best conservation practice

Level 2 is in good condition, with the exterior walls and windows, interior
walls, staircase and light well being the remaining original elements. New
walls have been erected to create office space and there is physical evidence of
the original layout of this level.

Level 3 is used by the public and is in very good condition with high quality
finishes. Although divided by later partitioning there is physical evidence of
the original layout

Level 4 is in good condition, with the exterior walls and windows, staircase
and light well being the original elements. There is no evidence of the early
layout, however, this may be revealed when carpets are removed to reveal the
parquet floor.

The original layout of the offices is still evident, however alterations such as
removal of doors and infilling of windows contributes to a moderate degree of
integrity.




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4       CONDITION

        The following section discusses the condition of the building focussing on the
        heritage listed section to include Offices, Entrance Hall and Grand Foyer.
        Observations were made from the ground, the roof of the Plant Room over the
        Grand Foyer and Level One Offices.




4.1     STRUCTURE

        The heritage listed section of the Regent Theatre appear to be in good overall
        structural condition with no evidence of major cracking of masonry or
        subsidence. However, the “Cinema Box” has been affected after basement
        excavation on the adjacent building site on the corner of Albert and Elizabeth
        Streets caused cracking of masonry and reinforced concrete. This movement
        has not appeared to have any impact on the Grand Foyer but this is
        continuing to be monitored by a structural engineer with a number of
        movement station points established.




4.2     EXTERIOR

        The condition of the exterior of the heritage listed section of the Regent
        Theatre is discussed in this section and a schedule of maintenance is included
        in Annex A.


4.2.1   Roofs

        The longrun ribbed roofs over the Grand Foyer and Plant Room above are in
        good condition. The condition of the gable, saw toothed and flat roofs over
        the Offices and Lift are unknown as these were not visually accessible.




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Figure 4.1   View to West of Grand Foyer Roof49


4.2.2        Walls


             West Wall

             The west wall which faces Queen Street is in good condition but it is likely to
             be due for repainting as part of a necessary 10 year building repainting
             maintenance cycle. Some horizontal cracking is evident in the south west
             corner of the parapet (see Figure 4.2). The “Crittall” metal windows are in
             serviceable condition.




Figure 4.2   West Façade and Cracking at South West Corner of Parapet50




             49   ERM 2007

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             The “Regent” sign is in good condition and the roof and gutter of the Queen
             Street awning are sound but requires some clearing and rationalisation of
             services equipment.




Figure 4.3   Regent Sign on Queen Stree51t (left) Queen Street awning roof52


             South Wall

             The south wall masonry and rendered banding appears to be in good
             condition and the “Crittall” metal windows serviceable. Galvanised steel
             gutters to later timber awning and window hood roofs on this elevation
             appear to be corroded. Metal rainwater heads and associated downpipes are
             also showing signs of corrosion which may necessitate replacement.




             51   ERM 2008

             52   ERM 2010


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Figure 4.4   South Elevation53

             North Wall Light Well

             The windows to the north light well have been infilled and the space now
             serves as an open services duct where redundant and operational services
             combine. A layer of debris was observed over the Ground Level roof.




Figure 4.5   Infilled Windows (left) Northern Light Well (right) 54




             53   ERM 2010

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4.3     INTERIOR

        The condition of the interior spaces is discussed in this section and detailed
        conservation documentation for the Grand Foyer and Entrance Hall, prepared
        by ERM in 2008 as part of an Information Request – Heritage Response, is
        included in Annex B.


4.3.1   Entrance Hall

        ERM’s examination of the fabric showed the Entrance Lobby to be in sound
        condition, with the ceiling surfaces and paintings showing no evidence of
        failure. This reflects the conservation program carried out in 1996 by Sandy
        Burnside and Karel Kellner under the direction of Ian Swan of May and Swan
        Architects.55

        The wall structure is also generally sound with the only evidence of damage at
        lower levels where impacts from furniture have chipped paint and plaster.
        Entrance doors from Queen Street and doors into the Grand Foyer have
        superficial damage caused by general wear and tear. Terrazzo floors may be
        damaged where the original ticket box was removed and where the later ticket
        box has been installed.


4.3.2   Grand Foyer

        The condition of the Grand Foyer is similar to the Entrance Lobby with the
        condition of ceiling and upper walls reflecting the 1996 conservation work.
        Once again the physical damage is confined to the lower levels of the walls
        where furniture has come in contact. An architrave block is missing from the
        north side of the entrance doors from the Entrance Lobby. Some minor
        damage has also occurred where electrical and plumbing services, to operate
        the later candy bar and ticket box, have been installed.

        No visual access was available behind the candy bar fittings along the north
        wall so further examination to access condition in this area will be necessary.
        However, Ian Swan indicated that the installation of the candy bar fittings
        were designed not to physically impact the wall fabric. There is some minor
        damage to adjacent walls where fixings have been removed.

        The marble border behind the candy bar and ticket box may be damaged
        beneath the fibre cement floor topping (12mm) which warrants further
        examination. The marble border in front of the marble stair has some cracked
        sections. A small section of peeling wall paint was noted below the soffit to
        the southern entrance doors to the cinemas.




        55   Environmental Protection Agency Files BNE 12358 Volumes 1 and 2

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Figure 4.6   Peeling wallpaper (left) and chipped plaster (right)56


4.3.3        Basement

             The basement surfaces condition is poor after the removal of the McDonald’s
             tenancy.


4.3.4        Café and Shop

             The café area is in good condition and the modern fitout of the shop appears
             to be in good condition.


4.3.5        Offices

             Overall the offices appear in good condition.




             56   ERM 2008




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5       CULTURAL HERITAGE SIGNIFICANCE

        The method of finding out why a place or object is significant is essential in
        order to determine how the heritage values should be conserved. This section
        comprises a comparative analysis of similar 1920s theatres in Australia and
        provides an assessment and statement of significance taken from the DERM
        heritage entry for the Hoyt’s Entertainment Centre57 (see Annex C).



5.1     COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS

        Four theatres were chose for comparative analysis to determine the degree of
        rarity and representativeness of the Regent Theatre. Four contemporary
        theatres were chosen, two of which were constructed as Regent Theatres and
        leased by Hoyts Theatres Limited in Sydney and Melbourne, one in the inner
        city suburb of New Farm, and another in Sydney built at the same time and of
        the same architectural style as the Brisbane Regent Theatre.


5.1.1   Regent Theatre, Sydney

        The Sydney Regent Theatre opened in 1928, and was constructed of a design
        by Architect Cedric Ballantyne. The building was constructed of rendered
        masonry, the façade in George Street was Italianate in design and decoration
        (see Figure 5.1), while the interior was designed in a style similar to the Regent
        Theatres proposed or already completed throughout Australia.

        In the 1970s the building was privately sold and underwent extensive
        renovations including addition of new bar and offices, repainting the foyer,
        completing the dressing room block, recarpeting and reseating the stalls and a
        new restaurant at the street level.

        The building was heritage listed in the 1980s at a time when proposals to
        redevelop the site were being investigated. The building was subsequently
        demolished in 1990 until construction began on a new high rise building in
        2006.




        57   Environmental Protection Agency Heritage Register Entry Reference 600140


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Figure 5.1   Regent Theatre Sydney58


5.1.2        Regent Theatre, Melbourne

             The Melbourne Regent Theatre opened in March 1929 and was one of the
             largest in Australia, with the capacity to seat 3277 people. It was designed by
             Cedric Ballantyne and combines Spanish Gothic and French Renaissance
             styles. The basement level was originally constructed as a cabaret, but
             subsequently became a cinema after failure to obtain a liquor license.

             In 1945, the main auditorium of the Regent was destroyed by fire, but its
             popularity saw it completely reconstructed almost to the original detail within
             two years. The building closed in 1970 and remained vacant and neglected
             for over 25 years while its future was decided. The building underwent
             extensive restoration work in the mid 1990s, reopening in 1996, and has
             remained in use as a live theatre venue for the last fourteen years.




             58   National Library of Australia, Item ID an24848023-v


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Figure 5.2   Grand Foyer and Auditorium of the Regent Theatre, Melbourne59


5.1.3        Village Twin, New Farm

             The Village Twin opened in 1921 as the Merthyr Picture Palace and was a
             rendered masonry structure with corrugated iron roof. It became the Astor
             Theatre in 1924 following refurbishment of the building which included
             remodelling the facade in a Mediterranean style. Further renovation of the
             building in 1937 saw the seating capacity increased to 1145 people. Village
             Theatres bought the building in 1970 and commissioned further renovations
             which involved adapting the original space for twin cinemas located back to
             back with a shared projector box between them. The complex also included a
             coffee lounge and mini art gallery.

             The Village Twin was bought by a property developer in 2003 and proposed
             for redevelopment, however an assessment of the structural integrity of the
             building found the building to be unsafe the rear half of the building was
             demolished in 2008. Today the building remains partially demolished and
             barricaded while plans for the future of the site are negotiated.




             59   http://www.regenttheatremelbourne.com


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Figure 5.3   Interior of the Building60 (left) and Façade from Brunswick Street61


5.1.4        State Theatre, Sydney

             In 1929 the State Theatre opened in Market Street, Sydney. It was designed by
             architects John Eberson and Henry White and is Gothic Revival Style with the
             State Theatre office building rising ten storeys up above the theatre.

             The theatre comprises a Gothic entrance hall with statuary and pan vaulted
             ceiling, an Empire Room with brass and bronze grille doors leading to grand
             marble faced stair with mirrored walls and domed ceiling, various lounges
             and picture galleries containing fountains, sculpture, furniture and paintings,
             and an auditorium with vast coffered domed ceiling, seating for 2,800 persons
             and a 20,000 piece chandelier.

             In 1937, an Art Deco style shopfront was added to the façade, and subsequent
             alterations in the 1980s and 1990s included restoration works to the
             auditorium, and contemporary art deco alterations to the café. The building
             remains in use as a theatre today, and remains in good condition.




             60   DERM Village Twin Cinemas, Queensland Heritage Register Entry #602101

             61   Google Maps Street view, Accessed 9 June 2010


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Figure 5.4   State Theatre, Sydney62


5.1.5        Summary Comparative Analysis

             With the exception of the Village Twin in New Farm, all theatres were built
             within two years of the Brisbane Regent Theatre. The original layout of these
             buildings were all similar with a grand entrance and foyer leading to a rear
             auditorium.

             Externally, theatres are typically constructed of rendered masonry with a
             large awning on the façade. As a suburban theatre, the Village Twin is a low
             scale construction whereas the Regent Theatres discussed above contained a
             number of additional storeys which were used to house offices. Village Twin
             was unique in containing a mini art gallery while the State Theatre was
             unique in its 10 storey office high rise above the theatre.

             Internally, entrance halls led to large foyer spaces which were highly
             decorative with high ceilings containing ticket booths. The Regent and State
             theatres all contained grand staircases similar to that of the Brisbane Regent,
             and the Brisbane Regent, Original internal details of the theatres were ornate
             and included decorative plasterwork, ornate lighting, plush furnishings, and
             decorative ceilings.

             The State Theatre is the most intact of the theatres compared, with the Sydney
             Regent having been demolished in 1990, the Brisbane Regent having been
             partially demolished in the late 1970s, the Village Twin partially demolished
             in 2008 and the Melbourne Regent auditorium destroyed by fire in 1945.

             While the heritage listed entrance hall, grand foyer and offices of the Brisbane
             Regent Theatre has had some alterations, it is comparable with that of the
             State Theatre in Sydney and Regent Theatre in Melbourne.




             62   Google Maps Street View, accessed 9 June 2010


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In terms of building use, the Sydney Regent Theatre has been demolished and
the Village Twin remains in a partially demolished state while its future use is
decided. All building have had use as a cinema at some stage in their history,
however the State Theatre and Melbourne Regent are the only two which
retina their theatre use today.

This comparative analysis demonstrates that there are more intact examples
of 1920s theatres in Australia, but not in Brisbane. The Brisbane Regent
Theatre is more representative of its type that the Sydney Regent Theatre and
Village Twin, which have been completely or partially demolished, but does
not retain as many characteristics of a 1920s theatre as the Melbourne’s Regent
or State Theatres.




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Table 4.1 Summary Comparative Analysis

           Name                      Date of       Architectural Style             Alterations                       Integrity             Heritage Status                  Current Use
                                   Construction


Regent Theatre Brisbane         1929              Gothic Revival         Auditorium demolished in 1978,      Integrity of Entrance      Grand foyer listed at        Hoyts              Cinema
                                                                         and new cinema box added in         and Foyer High, rear       local,    State   and        Complex.
                                                                         early 1980s.                        auditorium low.            National level.


Village Twin, New Farm          c1921             Unknown                Rear of building demolished.        Only façade survives,      Listed at local      and     Currently       being
                                                                                                             therefore integrity low.   State level.                 redeveloped into new
                                                                                                                                                                     cinema complex.
Regent Theatre Melbourne        1929              Spanish Gothic and     Fire destroyed main auditorium      Moderate-High.             Listed at local, State       Theatre.
                                                  French Renaissance     in 1945, rebuilt in 1947.                                      and National level.
                                                                         Refurbished in early 1990s.


Regent Theatre Sydney           c1928             Italian Renaissance    Refurbished in the 1970s and        Nil. Demolished      in    Removed             from     Demolished.
                                                                         1980s                               1990.                      registers.


State Theatre Sydney            1929              Gothic Revival         Art deco alterations to shopfront   High.                      Listed at local, State       Theatre,       cinema,
                                                                         in 1937.                                                       and National level.          presentations      and
                                                                         Restoration of the auditorium in                                                            convention centre.
                                                                         1980s. Contemporary Art Deco
                                                                         alterations to café in mid 1990s.




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5.2   ASSESSMENT OF SIGNIFICANCE

      Under Section 35 (1) of the Queensland Heritage Act 1992, a place may be
      entered in the Queensland Heritage Register if it meets the State level
      threshold for one or more of the following criteria.

      (a) the place is important in demonstrating the evolution or pattern of
           Queensland’s history;

      (b) the place demonstrates rare, uncommon or endangered aspects of
          Queensland’s cultural heritage;

      (c) the place has potential to yield information that will contribute to an
          understanding of Queensland’s history;

      (d) the place is important in demonstrating the principal characteristics of a
          particular class of cultural places;

      (e) the place is important because of its aesthetic significance;

      (f)   the place is important in demonstrating a high degree of creative or
            technical achievement at a particular period;

      (g) the place has a strong or special association with a particular
          community or cultural group for social, cultural or spiritual reasons;

      (h) the place has a special association with the life or work of a particular
          person, group or organisation of importance in Queensland’s history.

      The place currently meets criterion A,B, D, E and G for entry in the QHR, as
      outlined in excerpt from the Heritage Register Entry below.

      Criterion     Opened in 1929, the location of the Regent Theatre in Queen Street demonstrates
      A             the development of this street as a cultural centre from the 1920s.


      Criterion     The Regent Theatre is characteristic of a 1920s picture palace, and is one of only
      B             four Hoyts/Regent picture palaces constructed in Australia at this time.


      Criterion     The Regent Theatre is characteristic of a 1920s picture palace, and is one of only
      D             four Hoyts/Regent picture palaces constructed in Australia at this time.


      Criterion     The Regent Theatre is valued by the community, and the ornate interior of the
      E             entry foyer has aesthetic quality.


      Criterion     The Regent Theatre is valued by the community, and the ornate interior of the
      G             entry foyer has aesthetic quality.




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5.3         STATEMENT OF SIGNIFICANCE

            Opened in 1929, the location of the Regent Theatre in Queen Street demonstrates the
            development of this street as a cultural centre from the 1920s. The Theatre is
            characteristic of a 1920s ‘picture palace’, incorporating facilities for movies and live
            productions, and is one of only four constructed in Australia at this time. The Regent
            Theatre is highly valued by the community, having been a meeting place and social
            venue for Brisbane residents and visitors since the 1920s. The entry foyer is ornate
            and rich in detail and has high aesthetic significance63.



5.4         DETERMINING THE EXTENT OF SIGNIFICANCE

            The level of heritage significance of specific components of a place also need
            to be considered, as different components make up different relative
            contributions to its heritage value. Loss of integrity or poor condition may
            diminish its significance. Table 5.1 provides the categories of grading and
            their relative justifications:

Table 5.1   Significance Grading for Regent Theatre

                     Grading                        Justification                               Status
            Exceptional                Rare or outstanding item of local or       Fulfils criteria for local or
                                       State significance. High degree of         State listing.
                                       intactness, can be interpreted easily.
            High                       High degree of original fabric.            Fulfils criteria for local or
                                       Demonstrates a key element of the          State listing.
                                       item’s significance. Alterations do
                                       not detract from significance.
            Moderate                   Altered or modified elements.              Fulfils criteria for local or
                                       Elements with little heritage value,       State listing.
                                       but which contribute to the overall
                                       significance of the item.
            Low                        Alterations detract from significance      Does not fulfil the criteria for
                                       and difficult to interpret.                local or State listing.
            Intrusive                  Damaging to the items heritage             Does not fulfil the criteria for
                                       significance.                              local or State listing.
            These gradings are taken from the NSW Heritage Office guideline “Assessing Heritage
            Significance,” 2001, which is the NSW guideline used as best practice model for determining
            the extent of significance of a place and its components.


            Figures 5.1 to 5.6 show the levels of significance of fabric within the Regent
            Theatre. Significance of moveable heritage items is discussed in the
            Ministerial Directive III at Section 8.3.




            63   Environmental Protection Agency Heritage Register Entry Reference 600140


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                                                            40
                                               Legend
                                                             High
                                                             Moderate
                                                             Low
                                                             Intrusive




      PLANT
                   UNALLOCATED   UNALLOCATED

           PLANT




                                               Figure 5.1
                                               Heritage Significance Plan
                                               Floor Plan, Basement
                                               Regent Offices
                                               Client:     Multiplex Regent Pty Ltd
BASEMENT                                       Project:    Regent Theatre
                                                           Queen Street
                                                           Brisbane, QLD
                                               Drawing No: 0073780b_C005_R0
                                               Date:            24/06/2010                   Drawing size: A3
                                               Drawn by:        JB                           Reviewed by: NH
                                               Scale:           Refer Scale
                                                                Not to to Scale Bar
                                                                       0                10               20m
                                                  N
                                               Maps and figures contained within this document may be based on third
                                               party data, may not be to scale and is intended for use as a guide only.
                                               ERM does not warrant the accuracy of any such maps or figures.

                                               Environmental Resources Management Australia Pty Ltd
                                               Level 1, 60 Leichardt Street, Spring Hill, QLD 4000
                                               Telephone +61 7 3839 8393
                                                                         Legend
                                                                                       High
                                                                                       Moderate
                                                                                       Low
                                                                                       Intrusive




                                                       TICKET BOX

                               GRAND
                               FOYER                 ENTRANCE HALL




                                              CAFÉ
                              TICKET/                           RETAIL
                              CONFECTIONARY




                                                                         Figure 5.2
                                                                         Heritage Significance Plan
                                                                         Floor Plan,
                                                                         Entrance Hall and Grand Foyer
                                                                         Client:     Multiplex Regent Pty Ltd
ENTRANCE HALL & GRAND FOYER                                              Project:    Regent Theatre
                                                                                     Queen Street
                                                                                     Brisbane, QLD
                                                                         Drawing No: 0073780b_C006_R0
                                                                         Date:            24/06/2010                   Drawing size: A3
                                                                         Drawn by:        JB                           Reviewed by: NH
                                                                         Scale:           Refer Scale
                                                                                          Not to to Scale Bar
                                                                                                 0                10               20m
                                                                            N
                                                                         Maps and figures contained within this document may be based on third
                                                                         party data, may not be to scale and is intended for use as a guide only.
                                                                         ERM does not warrant the accuracy of any such maps or figures.

                                                                         Environmental Resources Management Australia Pty Ltd
                                                                         Level 1, 60 Leichardt Street, Spring Hill, QLD 4000
                                                                         Telephone +61 7 3839 8393
                                                      Legend
                                                                    High
                                                                    Moderate
                                                                    Low
                                                                    Intrusive




                                         THEATRETTE




   LIFT                  HALL


                    WC    WC
     STAIR                      STAIR
                                        PROJECTION
                     VOID
                                                      Figure 5.3
                                                      Heritage Significance Plan
                                                      Floor Plan, Level 1
                                                      Regent Offices
                                                      Client:     Multiplex Regent Pty Ltd
OFFICES - LEVEL 1                                     Project:    Regent Theatre
                                                                  Queen Street
                                                                  Brisbane, QLD
                                                      Drawing No: 0073780b_C001_R0
                                                      Date:            24/06/2010                   Drawing size: A3
                                                      Drawn by:        JB                           Reviewed by: NH
                                                      Scale:           Refer Scale
                                                                       Not to to Scale Bar
                                                                              0                 5               10m
                                                         N
                                                      Maps and figures contained within this document may be based on third
                                                      party data, may not be to scale and is intended for use as a guide only.
                                                      ERM does not warrant the accuracy of any such maps or figures.

                                                      Environmental Resources Management Australia Pty Ltd
                                                      Level 1, 60 Leichardt Street, Spring Hill, QLD 4000
                                                      Telephone +61 7 3839 8393
                                                                              Legend
                                                                                            High
                                                                                            Moderate
                                                                                            Low
                                                                                            Intrusive




    OFFICE
                                                 OFFICE

               OFFICE
                                                                   OFFICE
                                OFFICE
    OFFICE                                       OFFICE




   LIFT                      HALL



                        WC      WC       KIT

      STAIR                                               OFFICE     OFFICE
                                         STAIR
                         VOID
                                                                              Figure 5.4
                                                                              Heritage Significance Plan
                                                                              Floor Plan - Level 2
                                                                              Regent Offices
                                                                              Client:     Multiplex Regent Pty Ltd
OFFICES - LEVEL 2                                                             Project:    Regent Theatre
                                                                                          Queen Street
                                                                                          Brisbane, QLD
                                                                              Drawing No: 0073780b_C002_R0
                                                                              Date:            24/06/2010                   Drawing size: A3
                                                                              Drawn by:        JB                           Reviewed by: NH
                                                                              Scale:           Refer Scale
                                                                                               Not to to Scale Bar
                                                                                                      0                 5               10m
                                                                                 N
                                                                              Maps and figures contained within this document may be based on third
                                                                              party data, may not be to scale and is intended for use as a guide only.
                                                                              ERM does not warrant the accuracy of any such maps or figures.

                                                                              Environmental Resources Management Australia Pty Ltd
                                                                              Level 1, 60 Leichardt Street, Spring Hill, QLD 4000
                                                                              Telephone +61 7 3839 8393
                                                                           Legend
                                                                                         High
                                                                                         Moderate
                                                                                         Low
                                                                                         Intrusive




                                                            SURGERY



          OFFICE
                                                  SURGERY
                                 OFFICE
                                                                  OFFICE




   LIFT                  HALL



                    WC      WC
                                            KIT
                                                             SURGERY
      STAIR                               STAIR
                     VOID
                                                                           Figure 5.5
                                                                           Heritage Significance Plan
                                                                           Floor Plan - Level 3
                                                                           Regent Offices
                                                                           Client:     Multiplex Regent Pty Ltd
OFFICES - LEVEL 3                                                          Project:    Regent Theatre
                                                                                       Queen Street
                                                                                       Brisbane, QLD
                                                                           Drawing No: 0073780b_C003_R0
                                                                           Date:            24/06/2010                   Drawing size: A3
                                                                           Drawn by:        JB                           Reviewed by: NH
                                                                           Scale:           Refer Scale
                                                                                            Not to to Scale Bar
                                                                                                   0                 5               10m
                                                                              N
                                                                           Maps and figures contained within this document may be based on third
                                                                           party data, may not be to scale and is intended for use as a guide only.
                                                                           ERM does not warrant the accuracy of any such maps or figures.

                                                                           Environmental Resources Management Australia Pty Ltd
                                                                           Level 1, 60 Leichardt Street, Spring Hill, QLD 4000
                                                                           Telephone +61 7 3839 8393
                                                        Legend
                                                                      High
                                                                      Moderate
                                                                      Low
                                                                      Intrusive




                                                STORE
          STORE                 STORE




                            HALL
   LIFT



                    WC             WC     KIT

      STAIR
                                        STAIR
                                                STORE
                         VOID
                                                        Figure 5.6
                                                        Heritage Significance Plan
                                                        Floor Plan - Level 4
                                                        Regent Offices
                                                        Client:     Multiplex Regent Pty Ltd
OFFICES - LEVEL 4                                       Project:    Regent Theatre
                                                                    Queen Street
                                                                    Brisbane, QLD
                                                        Drawing No: 0073780b_C004_R0
                                                        Date:            24/06/2010                   Drawing size: A3
                                                        Drawn by:        JB                           Reviewed by: NH
                                                        Scale:           Refer Scale
                                                                         Not to to Scale Bar
                                                                                0                 5               10m
                                                           N
                                                        Maps and figures contained within this document may be based on third
                                                        party data, may not be to scale and is intended for use as a guide only.
                                                        ERM does not warrant the accuracy of any such maps or figures.

                                                        Environmental Resources Management Australia Pty Ltd
                                                        Level 1, 60 Leichardt Street, Spring Hill, QLD 4000
                                                        Telephone +61 7 3839 8393
6       OPPORTUNITIES AND CONSTRAINTS




6.1     SIGNIFICANCE

        The significance of the site provides both constraints and opportunities for
        owners and/or users of the building. As described in Section 5, the Regent
        Theatre has historical, architectural, aesthetic and social significance and also
        has importance in being representative of its type.

        The significance of the Regent means that changes which may adversely
        impact on the identified heritage values constrain redevelopment
        opportunities for the site. However there are also opportunities to enhance
        the significance of the sight through appreciation of the aesthetic attributes
        and architectural details, use of the site for community events and
        interpretation of the history and development of the site.



6.2     LEGISLATIVE CONSTRAINTS

        The Regent is entered in local, State and National heritage registers which
        have varying degrees of legislative requirements which constrain the site.


6.2.1   Brisbane City Plan Heritage Register

        The Brisbane City Plan Heritage Register is a list of places identified as having
        local significance. This register is maintained by the Brisbane City Council,
        and development of and adjacent to identified places are subject to the
        Heritage Place Code and the Demolition Code. These codes ensure that
        development within and adjacent to heritage listed properties do not have an
        adverse impact on the heritage values of the registered place.


6.2.2   Queensland Heritage Register

        The Queensland Heritage Register is a list of places identified as having State
        significance. The QHR is maintained by the Department of Environment and
        Resource Management (DERM), and subject to the provisions of the
        Queensland Heritage Act 1992.


6.2.3   National Trust of Queensland Heritage List

        The National Trust has been gathering information about heritage places in
        Queensland for more that three decades. This list contains individual
        buildings, precincts, natural environment places or culturally significant
        artefacts. These listings do not attract any legal protection for a place, nor do
        they put the owner of a listed place under any legal obligation.

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6.2.4   Register of the National Estate

        The Register of the National Estate (RNE) is Australia's national inventory of
        natural and cultural heritage places which are worth keeping for the future. It
        was compiled by the Australian Heritage Commission. There are now more
        than 12,000 natural, historic and Indigenous places in the Register. With the
        introduction of amendments to the Environment Protection and Biodiversity
        Conservation Act 1999 (EPBC Act) and the Australian Heritage Council Act 2003
        in 2004 and 2006 the RNE is no longer classed as a statutory list. However, it
        remains a guide to the heritage value of a place.



6.3     REDEVELOPMENT OPPORTUNITIES


6.3.1   Continued Community Use

        Redevelopment of the Regent provides opportunities to enhance the historical
        and social significance of the site through continued community use,
        particularly associated with its theatre or cinema use. Redevelopment
        provides opportunities for the Regent to continue to be a place where people
        meet and be entertained.

        Current proposals for the redevelopment of the Regent allows for continued
        public access and the construction of three boutique cinemas in the new
        building adjacent to the heritage listed entrance and foyer areas.


6.3.2   New Development to Rear of Site

        The Regent auditorium was demolished in the late 1970s and rear of the
        Regent known as the “cinema box” has been assessed as not having
        significant heritage value to warrant listing on the Queensland Heritage
        Register.    Redevelopment of the rear part of the Regent adjacent to the
        heritage listed component provides opportunities for the continuation and
        interpretation of the Regent Theatre’s social heritage values as well as
        innovative modern design and business development.


6.3.3   Redevelopment of Basement Area

        The 1980s redevelopment of the Regent saw the basement area, originally
        used for carparking, air conditioning plant and shops become a McDonalds
        restaurant on the Queen Street side, and retail outlets on the Elizabeth Street
        side. Since their closure, this area of the Regent building has been mostly
        vacant and currently provides an opportunity to be utilised once again
        accessed from the new Regent Tower podium and existing Grand Foyer stair
        and Office’s lift and stair.



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6.3.4   Reinvigoration of Area of Mall

        The adjacent Wintergarden Shopping Centre is currently being redeveloped
        with the aim to reinvigorate this area of the Queens Street Mall. As a cinema
        complex, the Regent has been underutilised, and redevelopment of the site
        provides an opportunity to reinvigorate this area of the CBD as the cultural
        hub of the city.




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7            CONSERVATION POLICY

             Opening in 1929, the use of the Regent Theatre has changed over the years
             reflecting changes in social and cultural pursuits and the development of new
             technologies. In the 1930s live theatre could no longer compete with movies
             and by 1938 the Regent Theatre was one of than 60 picture theatres across the
             city.64 The 1970s saw a decline in attendance at the Regent, and consequently
             the original auditorium was demolished, and the site redeveloped to
             incorporate a new four cinema complex. In recent years the market place has
             changed again with a further decline in attendance at the Regent, and further
             redevelopment is proposed to demolish the ‘cinema box’ on the Elizabeth
             Street side of the site.

             The following conservation policy focuses specifically on the heritage listed
             component of the Regent, comprising the Entrance Hall, Grand Foyer,
             Basement and Offices, and aims to provide is guidance in the future
             management and conservation of the Regent Theatre.

             Conservation policies for the Regent Theatre fall under twelve main categories
             shown in Table 7.1 which are described in further detail below.

Table 7.1:   Summary of Policies

                            Category                                 Sub Category                     Policy Number
             General Policies                           Burra Charter                                          1
                                                        Adoption of Policies                                   2
                                                        Appropriate Skills                                     3
             Fabric and Setting                         Setting and Streetscape                                4
                                                        Significant Fabric                                   5&6
             Building Exterior                          Monitoring                                             7
                                                        New Openings                                           8
                                                        Signage                                                9
                                                                                                         Section 8.4
                                                        Maintenance                                           10
             Building Interior                          Entrance Hall                                       11-16
                                                        Grand Foyer                                         17-20
                                                        Café                                                  21
                                                        Basement                                              22
                                                        Offices                                             23-25-
                                                        Shopfront                                           26-27
             Moveable Heritage                          Furniture and Paintings                               28
                                                                                                         Section 8.3




             64    University  of    Queensland,    Brisbane  Between   the                             Wars,        n.d.
             http://www.library.uq.edu.au/fryer/brisbane_btw/page6.html


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                                                               50
                       Category                             Sub Category                    Policy Number
      Services                                   Upgrading and New Services                         29
      Maintenance                                Prioritised Maintenance Schedule                   30
      Construction Management                    Demolition                                       31-33
                                                 Excavation                                         34
                                                 Security                                           35
                                                 Temporary weather Protection                       36
                                                 Temporary Use                                      37
      Documenting Change                         Archival Recording                               38-39
      Interpretation                             Interpretive Strategy                         Section 8.2
      Compliance                                 Approvals                                          40
      Implementation                             Lodgement                                          41
                                                 Implementation                                     42
                                                 Review                                             43




7.1   DEFINITIONS

      The definitions for conservation terms used in this report are those adopted in
      The Burra Charter: The Australia ICOMOS Charter for places of cultural
      significance.

      Adaptation means modifying a place to suit proposed compatible uses.

      Associations mean the special connections that exist between people and a
      place.

      Compatible uses means a use which involves no change to the culturally
      significant fabric which are substantially reversible, or changes which require
      minimal impact.

      Conservation means all the processes of looking after a place so to retain its
      cultural significance. It includes maintenance and may, according to
      circumstance, include restoration, preservation, reconstruction and
      adaptation, and will commonly be a combination of more than one of these.

      Demolition is confined to actions which reveal structures or relationships of
      much greater significance than the structure demolished, or that will remove
      intrusions which reduce the significance of the place. At times demolition may
      be considered if portions of the site can be opened for new construction that
      will facilitate the successful adaptation of the more significant components.

      Interpretation means all the ways of presenting the cultural significance of a
      place and may include exhibitions, events, publications, art works and other
      forms of expressions, and is not confined to the place.



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      Maintenance means the continuous protective care of the fabric, contents and
      setting of the place, and is distinguished from repair. Repair involves
      restoration or reconstruction and it should be treated accordingly.

      Preservation means returning the fabric to a known earlier state by removing
      accretions of by re-assembling of refixing components without the
      introduction of new materials.

      Reconstruction means returning the place as nearly as possible to a known
      earlier state or the introduction of materials (new or old) into the fabric. It
      does not necessarily mean going back to the earliest stage of construction or
      even to one date for the entire place. Reconstruction is associated with
      recapturing the expression of the place at points in history which are either
      important or at which the place demonstrated a greater functional clarity or
      design expression. This is not to be confused with either re-creation or
      conjectural reconstruction, which are outside the scope of The Burra Charter.

      Restoration means returning the existing fabric of a place to a known earlier
      state by removing accretions or by reassembling existing components without
      the introduction of new material.

      Setting conservation requires the retention of an appropriate visual setting
      and other relationships that contribute to the cultural significance of the place.



7.2   GENERAL POLICIES

      The Regent Theatre is a recognised place of cultural heritage significance. The
      Australia ICOMOS Charter for the Conservation of Places of Cultural
      Significance, 1999, the Burra Charter, is widely recognised for its guiding
      principles on the conservation in Australia in terms of the physical fabric. It
      contains basic conservation principles in a range of articles, which address
      cultural significance and how to protect it. This conservation management
      plan advocates an understanding of those principles which include:

      • The place itself is important;

      • Understand the significance of the place;

      • Understand the fabric;

      • Significance should guide decisions;

      • Do as much as is necessary, as little as possible;

      • Keep records; and

      • Do everything in a logical order.




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                                                     52
        Policy 1: The conservation and development of the Regent Theatre, its fabric
                  and uses, shall be carried out in accordance with the principles of
                  The Burra Charter.


7.2.1   Adoption of Policies

        The policies recommended in this Heritage Management Plan shall be
        endorsed as a primary guide for management as well as future planning and
        development work.

        Policy 2: This Heritage Management Plan should be adopted by owners and
                  users of the site to guide the ongoing care and conservation of the
                  building.


7.2.2   Appropriate Skills

        In accordance with Article 27 of the Burra Charter, any building works on the
        site should be monitored and undertaken by suitably qualified tradespeople
        and professionals with experience in heritage conservation. Works involving
        the use of the local community should be supervised by a heritage
        professional. A log of all new work should also be kept.

        Policy 3: People skilled and experienced in protecting and conserving
                  historic places should be involved in conservation and building
                  work at the Regent Theatre.



7.3     FABRIC AND SETTING

        The conservation policy identifies the most appropriate way of caring for the
        fabric and setting of the place arising out of the Statement of Significance and
        other constraints.


7.3.1   Setting and Streetscape

        Historically, the Regent Theatre has had considerable streetscape qualities.
        However these have been diminished over time with the construction of the
        Queen Street Mall and subsequent redevelopments including the addition of a
        dining establishment directly in front of the building.

        Policy 4: Future redevelopments of the Queen Street Mall should incorporate
        an open space area to the front of the building to allow for the enhancement of
        the streetscape values of the Regent Theatre.




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                                                       53
7.3.2   Significant Fabric

        Section 5.5 of this HMP identifies the significance values of the complex which
        can be used as a guide when proposing changes to fabric.

        Policy 5: Changes to significant fabric should be minimal and Figures 5.1-5.6
                  should be used as a guide.

        Original and early fabric, including moveable heritage items such as furniture
        and paintings are of primary cultural significance and should be carefully
        conserved, while elements identified as low or intrusive may not contribute
        to, or may actually detract from the significance of the place.

        Policy 6: Fabric identified as intrusive are detrimental to the significance of
                  the place and should be removed, and fabric designated low
                  significance may also be removed if there is opportunity for
                  original fabric to be revealed.



7.4     BUILDING EXTERIOR


7.4.1   Monitoring

        The exterior of the building has undergone a number of alterations including
        new signage and later cladding and soffit to awning. From the street level, the
        Queen Street elevation appears to be in good condition, with the exception of
        a small crack in the parapet on the western corner.

        Policy 7: Cracking in parapet on Queen Street façade should be regularly
                  monitored and if there is any change, advice from an engineer with
                  experience in heritage buildings should be sought.


7.4.2   New Openings

        The southern and western elevations of the building visible from the Queen
        Street level retain their original window arrangement, and contribute to the
        streetscape aesthetic of the Regent.

        Policy 8: No new openings should be made to southern and western
                  elevations of the building.


7.4.3   Signage

        The current Regent signage on the Queen Street elevation is not original and
        was added to the building at some stage after 1985. As discussed in Section
        8.4, a range of signage has advertised the Regent Theatre throughout its
        history, and there is opportunity in the future for signage to be used as part of
        the interpretation of the place.
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                                                       54
        Policy 9: Where opportunity exists in the future, signage should be
                  incorporated into the interpretation of the history and
                  development of the Regent Theatre.


7.4.4   Maintenance

        While appearing in good condition from the street level, an investigation of
        the awning from the offices found a great deal of leaf litter and debris on the
        awning and clogging up gutters.

        Policy 10: Appearance of the building, including regular cleaning and
                   painting should be undertaken in accordance with the Prioritised
                   Maintenance Schedule at Annex A.



7.5     BUILDING INTERIOR

        Internally, the Regent Theatre comprises the Entrance Hall providing access to
        the Grand Foyer, Offices and Café. A small retail outlet also exists adjacent
        the main entrance at the ground level. There is also a basement level and an
        additional four levels of offices above the entrance hall.


7.5.1   Entrance Hall

        Just inside the entry to the Regent is a small interpretive case with television
        screen and framed photographs of the original Regent Theatre auditorium.
        While it is important to retain the interpretive element, the current
        arrangement is obstructing original fabric, and interpretation can be
        undertaken in a manner more sympathetic to the building and its architectural
        values.

        Policy 11: Television screens, display case and poster panels in the Entrance
                   Hall should be removed to reveal original fabric, and
                   interpretation of the place undertaken in a manner sympathetic to
                   the physical fabric of the building.

        The current ticket office in the Grand Foyer Lobby is not an original feature
        having been installed in 1980, and is visually obtrusive.

        Policy 12: The ticket booth should be removed.

        A small ticket box was originally located on the southern side of the Entrance
        Hall and was removed by 1980. An opportunity exists for interpretation of
        this ticket box using interpretive exhibition techniques, reconstruction or
        construction of a contemporary interpretation in its original location and reuse
        as a ticketing outlet.




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        Policy 13: The original Entrance Hall ticket box should be interpreted and
                   could be reconstructed.

        There is historical evidence that the Entrance Hall and Grand Foyer Lobby
        had a terrazzo floor, which is likely to remain under the existing floor
        covering. This presents opportunities for restoration and interpretation.

        Policy 14: Where terrazzo floor survives it may be revealed and restored or
                   interpreted.

        Crown topped movie advertising panels appear in 1950s historical
        photographs of the Entrance Hall and Lobby, and may have been associated
        with the coronation of Queen Elizabeth II in 1953. While not an original
        feature, they contribute to the story of the history and development of the
        Regent, and perhaps the impact of the Queen’s coronation on Queensland
        architecture.

        Policy 15: The crown topped panels contribute to the history of the Regent
                   Theatre and may be retained in future development of the place.

        An equitable access stair lift has been installed at the stairs to the Grand Foyer
        which is visually obtrusive and detracts from the place’s heritage values. The
        original brass handrail has been located and is in storage.

        Policy 16: The existing stair lift is visually obtrusive and should be removed
                   and the existing lift upgraded to connect to the grand foyer level.
                   The original brass handrail is available for reinstallation.


7.5.2   Grand Foyer

        The candy bar is to be removed in the proposed redevelopment which will
        expose damage to the walls and floors, and expose the timber floor.

        Policy 17: When replacing carpet in the Grand Foyer, opportunities to
                   interpret the original pattern seen in historic photographs should
                   be investigated.

        Furniture has damaged lower levels of the plaster walls throughout the Grand
        Foyer, and general repairs and maintenance should be regularly undertaken
        to ensure the conservation and longevity of the building.

        Policy 18: The lower levels of the decorative plaster walls should be repaired
                   and repainted to match existing, and the ceiling and balance of the
                   walls cleaned in accordance with ERM’s 2008 Information Request –
                   Heritage Response at Annex B.

        A storage room has been formed beneath the Office stairs with access from the
        west wall of the Grand Foyer. This storage area, the adjacent liftwell and later
        opening should be altered for the provision of equitable access from the


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        Entrance Hall into the Grand Foyer which is less visually obtrusive than the
        existing stairlift.

        Policy 19: The storage room, liftwell and opening in the wall to the Grand
                   Foyer may be altered for the provision of equitable access from the
                   Entrance Hall into the Grand Foyer.

        An original ticket box was positioned along the west wall of the Grand Foyer
        up until the 1979/80 cinemas construction phase. An opportunity exists for
        interpretation of this ticket box using interpretive exhibition techniques,
        reconstruction or construction of a contemporary interpretation in its original
        location and potential reuse as a ticketing outlet. This activity would need to
        be coordinated with proposal for equitable access from the adjacent lift.

        Policy 20: The interpretation of the original 1929 ticket box should be
                   investigated.


7.5.3   Café

        Documentary evidence regarding the café is limited, however historic
        photographs provide information that it originally extended to Queen Street
        through bi-fold doors and into the Entrance Hall via three of the existing
        square arched openings. Aromas is a compatible use for this area of the
        building.

        Policy 21: The current use of the café tenancy is compatible with the heritage
                   values of the place, and may be retained in future development and
                   can be extended to include the shop.


7.5.4   Basement

        While the original details of the basement are unknown, the impact of the use
        the site as a fast food outlet for more than two decades is evident in the lack of
        original or significant fabric surviving. The stair from the offices was removed
        at basement level as a result of the McDonalds tenancy. More recently a
        firewall was constructed at the bottom of the stairs from the Grand Foyer. In
        its current condition, the basement comprises a large area with potential to be
        developed.

        Policy 22: Opportunities should be investigated for the future use of the
                   basement area which are compatible with its heritage values
                   including the removal of the firewall and potentially the
                   reconstruction of the Offices stair.




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7.5.5   Offices

        While the upper floors of the building are currently or have historically been
        used as office space, there may come a time when this use will change.
        Therefore it is necessary to ensure that additions are minimal and reversible.

        Policy 23: New office fitouts should be easily reversible with lightweight
                   plasterboard partitions and fixings into original and early fabric
                   minimised.

        Policy 24: In according with the significance mapping (Figure X) the two
                   original doors on Level 1 of the offices should be retained in
                   addition to the form and material of the original stairwell.

        The original parquet floor is exposed in the tenancy on Level 2, and is likely to
        exist beneath later floor coverings on the other levels of the offices.

        Policy 25: Parquet floors should be exposed and restored where still existing.


7.5.6   Shopfront

        Opportunities to restore the shopfront are limited by lack of detail other than
        evidence that originally the opening contained bi-fold doors. An exit door
        from the Offices is located in the northern end of the existing shopfront which
        is unobtrusive.

        Policy 26: The reinstallation of the bi-fold doors could be undertaken in the
                   context of the extension of the original café foot print.

        Policy 27: The fire exit door can remain but further fire exit doors in this
                   location would be undesirable.

7.6     MOVEABLE HERITAGE


7.6.1   Furniture and Paintings

        ERM has conducted an audit of moveable heritage items to include paintings
        and furniture known to be original to the 1929 Regent Theatre. Their
        management is addressed in the Ministerial Direction in Section 8.

        Policy 28: Original furniture items and paintings should be retained,
                   conserved and reused where possible in the new development

7.7     SERVICES


7.7.1   Upgrading and New Services

        The current chandelier and candelabra lights in the Entrance Hall and Grand
        Foyer are likely to need upgrading along with the installation of new lighting

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        systems to provide enhanced lighting to these spaces. Installation of new fire
        protection services will also be required. Retention of the appearance of
        existing light fittings and concealment of reticulation and other services is
        paramount.

        Policy 29: New services such as ducting, cabling, plumbing, wiring and fire
                   services should be installed using existing voids and cavities where
                   possible and the appearance of existing original light fittings is to
                   be retained.

7.8     MAINTENANCE
        Maintenance is an essential part of owning a heritage property and ensuring
        its preservation for the future.


7.8.1   Prioritised Maintenance Schedule

        Policy 30: The faults outlined at Section 4 should form the basis of a
                   prioritised schedule of maintenance, and monthly, annual and five
                   yearly inspections undertaken.

7.9     CONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENT


7.9.1   Demolition


        Cinema Box

        It is proposed that the existing “cinema box” is completely demolished.

        The west wall of the “cinema box” currently extends the width of the site and
        takes in the connection with the east wall of the Grand Foyer. The reinforced
        concrete frame of the 1979/80 conversion of the Regent Theatre to four
        cinemas within the “cinema box” appears to be generally structurally
        independent of the surrounding brick walls. The demolition of this reinforced
        concrete frame will need to be carefully controlled during the work to ensure
        there are no vibration or impact loads applied to the masonry walls of the east
        end of the Grand Foyer.

        Policy 31: Demolition of reinforced concrete and adjoining “cinema box”
                   walls in the area of the east wall of the Grand Foyer should be by
                   hand operated jack hammers.




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        It is proposed that the brick masonry west wall of the “cinema box”, that
        flanks each side of the Grand Foyer, will be cut at the junction of the Grand
        Foyer transverse walls and demolished.

        Policy 32: This demolition work should be carried out by hand to ensure no
                  physical or vibration damage occurs to the fabric of the Grand
                  Foyer.



        Plant Room No 2

        Should the removal of Plant Room No 2 above the Grand Foyer ceiling be
        contemplated there is a potential risk to the foyer ceiling. This plant room has
        a reinforced concrete beam spanning the width of the Grand Foyer supporting
        a “Spandeck” reinforced concrete floor. If demolition were to proceed then a
        20mm particle board or similar covering should be installed and supported by
        the existing roof framing to protect the painted plaster ceilings below.
        Boarding will need to be in narrow strips and the existing ceiling space hatch
        possibly widened to facilitate access.

        Policy 33: Should demolition of Plant Room No 2 be decided protection
                 measures to protect the Grand Foyer must be implemented.



7.9.2   Excavation

        The proposed development of the Regent Theatre includes the excavation of
        the area for the proposed Regent Tower to a level 5.0m below the existing
        basement floor level. It is anticipated this excavation will expose the existing
        Regent Theatre foundations and will be below their current bearing level.
        Figure 7.1 provides some insight into the foundation structure adjacent the
        east wall of the Grand Foyer where reinforced concrete piles and pile caps are
        indicated and circled in red.




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Figure 7.1   Part August 1978 Sections (Lange L Powell, Dods and Thorpe Architects)

             Policy 34: Structural engineering design during excavation and new
                        construction will need to ensure nil settlement of the Regent
                        Theatre foundations adjacent the Regent Tower excavation.




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7.9.3    Security

         When the Regent Theatre is closed at the commencement of the Regent Tower
         construction project, security measures should be put in place to ensure
         unauthorised access to the building is controlled. Ideally a 24 hour on site
         security patrol should be operated within the Regent Theatre. Openings in
         the east wall and basement should have secure temporary walls installed.

         Policy 35:     Security measures must be implemented when the Regent Theatre
                       closes and during construction.



7.9.4    Temporary Weather Protection

         As result of the demolition of the “cinema box” the current east wall of the
         Grand Foyer will become exposed and the current openings from the Marble
         Stair, the lower level double doors to existing cinemas and the basement will
         be open to the weather. Weather protection should be through the
         application of a heavy weight pvc covering batten fixed to the full height of
         the masonry wall or by well secured tarpaulins.

         Policy 36: The exposed wall and openings should have temporary weather
                    protection applied after the openings are secured from
                    unauthorised entry.



7.9.5    Temporary Use

         If it is proposed that the existing Regent Theatre Offices on Queen Street or
         other areas of the Regent Theatre are to be used as construction site offices,
         then protective coverings should be installed over all historic fabric that will
         be impacted where access between offices and other parts of the construction
         site is required. Walls in the Grand Foyer and Entrance Hall should have
         solid hoardings erected. Terrazzo floors in the Entrance Hall, marble stairs in
         the Grand Foyer and parquet flooring in the offices should be covered with
         plywood over a layer of felt.

         Policy 37: Protective covering should be installed over all historic fabric
                    affected by any temporary use of the Regent Theatre.


7.10     DOCUMENTING CHANGE


7.10.1   Archival Recording

         Articles 31 and 32 of the Burra Charter recommend documenting changes and
         keeping records of a heritage place. The DERM guidelines for archival


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       recording include the preparation of measured drawings of the site which
       include:

       •   A location plan;

       •   A site plan (1:500 or 1:200);

       •   A floor plan/s (1:100 or 1:50); and

       •   Any other significant details (1:20 or 1:10).

       Photographic recording may also be a useful prior to any alterations on site.
       Photographic recording should include negatives and proof sheets of black
       and white and colour photographs in 35mm. Specific photographs should
       include:

       •   General views to and from the site;

       •   Relationship of the place to its surroundings;

       •   Record of individual features including close ups and contextual
           photographs of the item; and

       •   Any significant details.

       Policy 38: Where loss or alteration of original fabric is to occur, archival
                  recording should be undertaken in accordance with DERM
                  guidelines.

       Policy 39: Records of changes to the Regent Theatre should be retained by the
                  building owner, and forwarded to DERM for retention in their
                  archives.

7.11   INTERPRETATION
       Heritage interpretation is a means of sharing culture and history within the
       local and wider community. It is also a means of passing on knowledge and
       appreciation of a place’s cultural heritage to future generations so this is not
       lost. Interpretation should be an integral part of the experience of significant
       heritage places where site access is feasible within security and safety
       requirements.

       Interpretive consultants X Squared Pty Ltd+Peter Emmett have been
       commissioned to prepare an interpretive strategy for the Regent as part of the
       Ministerial Directive II. More detail is at Section 8.2.

7.12   COMPLIANCE
       As the Entrance Hall and Grand Foyer are listed in the Queensland Heritage
       Register and the Brisbane City Council City, City Plan Heritage Register,
       consultation should be undertaken with staff of the Brisbane City Council
       (BCC) and DERM’s heritage staff prior to undertaking future work.



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7.12.1   Approvals

         Furthermore, it is necessary to obtain relevant permits and approvals when
         undertaking work to a heritage listed place including proposals to demolish,
         alter or obstruct significant fabric. DERM have a number of pre-approved
         works that are consistent with Burra Charter principles known as General
         Exemptions which cover general maintenance and minor repairs to a place.
         However, more extensive work with potential to impact on the heritage
         values of the place requires approval from DERM and BCC and either an
         exemption certificate or development application to be made

         Policy 40: Minor works and maintenance should endeavour to be undertaken
                    in accordance with DERM General Exemption guidelines, and
                    approval sought from relevant authorities for works beyond the
                    scope of these guidelines.

7.13     IMPLEMENTATION
         It is essential that the HMP be available to building owners, occupants,
         contractors and heritage authorities, and for the document to remain up to
         date.


7.13.1   Implementation

         This HMP should be adopted by the owner, and copies provided to building
         manager, tenants and contractors. Recognition of the HMP should also be
         formalised by way of amendments to lease agreements.

         Policy 41: This HMP should be adopted by building owner, and copies
                    provided to all kep parties involved in the day to day management
                    and use of the Regent. Lease agreements should also be altered to
                    recognise the HMP.


7.13.2   Lodgement of Documents

         Article 28 of the Burra Charter recommends storage of site information and
         records in a public repository such as public archive, library of Government
         department. It is recommended that any future archival recordings be
         provided to the DERM Cultural Heritage Branch as a record of the change to
         the building, and the original documentation placed in the John Oxley
         Library.

         Policy 42: This HMP and any future archival recordings of the Regent
                    Theatre should be submitted to DERM and the original copy
                    lodged with the John Oxley Library.




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7.13.3   HMP Review

         For this HMP to remain a useful tool for the care and conservation of the
         Regent Theatre, it needs to be regularly reviewed and updated.

         Policy 43: This HMP should be reviewed and updated at the completion of
                    the Regent Tower development project and every five years
                    thereafter, or when the use or the management of the Regent
                    Theatre changes.




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8     FULFILMENT OF MINISTERIAL DIRECTION

      As a condition of the preliminary building approval, the following is required,
      as stipulated by the Minister for Infrastructure and Planning:




      This section discusses each of the issues required to be addressed in this HMP.



8.1   DIRECTIVE I

      Identifies and details the internal treatment, materials, colours and finishes of the
      Redesigned Regent Theatre in accordance with the ICOMOS Burra Charter, 1999.

      The Regent Tower development includes the “Redesigned Regent Theatre”
      which is made up of three contemporary design multifunctional auditoria.
      The largest auditorium has seating for 300 people and the two smaller
      auditoria seating for 60 people. The auditoria are accessible from the Regent
      Grand Foyer space at the top of the marble staircase. The floor plan layout of
      the new theatres and their relationship with the Regent Grand Foyer prepared
      by John Wardle Architects is shown in the following two figures (Figures 8.1,
      Floor Plan Level 2; and Figure 8.2, Floor Plan Level 03) and also in the cross
      section supplied at Figure 8.3.

      The Australian ICOMOS (International Council on Monuments and Sites)
      Charter for the conservation of places of cultural significance (the Burra
      Charter) sets a standard of practice for those who provide advice, make
      decisions about, or undertake works to places of cultural significance
      including owners, managers and custodians. The Charter provides specific
      guidance for physical and procedural actions that should occur in relation to
      significant heritage places.

      In this case the Entrance Hall, Grand Foyer and Offices, as shown in Figure 1.2
      comprises the significant heritage place entered in the QHR and therefore
      subject to management in accordance with the Burra Charter. The cinema box
      area is a later development and has been assessed as not significant by the
      Queensland Heritage Council on a number of occasions.


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                                                                             LIFT




                                                        GRAND FOYER




SERVICES

                          VEHICLE ENTRY
                              RAMP                                    LEVEL 2
                                                                        FOYER


                                                                                                                                          LIFT LOBBY




                       VEHICLE EXIT
                          RAMP




                                                                                                                                                   STAIR
RAMP




                                        MP




                                             SERVICES
                                      RA




                                                                     FOYER BELOW
       MULTI-PURPOSE
       AUDITORIUM 1


                                             SERVICES
                                                                                                                                                                              E I S
                                                                                                                                                                             S RV CE




                                                                                                                          Client   ISPT                                                Project No.              Scale

                                                                                                                                   BROOKFIELD MULTIPLEX                                              0708       1:200@A3


                                                        John Wardle          Telephone               ' 2007 John Wardle   Project REGENT, WINTERGARDEN & HILTON
                                                                                                                                                                                       Drawing No.              Revision
                                                        Architects
                                                        Level 10
                                                        180 Russell Street
                                                                             +61 3 9654 8700
                                                                             Facsimile
                                                                             +61 3 9654 8755
                                                                                                     Pty Ltd Architects
                                                                                                     ABN 83 006 814 268            BRISBANE                                                          SK807
                                                        Melbourne Victoria   Email
                                                        3000 Australia       johnwardle@johnwardle
                                                                             architects.com                               Title    LEVEL 02 FLOOR PLAN            Date: 08-11-2010 Drwn:              Co-Ord:   Chck:
Figure 8.3 Cross Section


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      The interior of the Redesigned Regent Theatre is proposed to be decorated in
      a modern idiom. Floors are to be carpeted using heavy duty broadloom
      looped pile. Walls in the auditorium foyer are to include curtaining, Helidon
      sandstone and Blackbutt timber panelling. Walls in the Auditorium are to be
      covered in a combination of clear finished Blackwood timber acoustic panels,
      leather finished wall panels and curtaining. Ceilings in the auditorium are
      flush plasterboard finished with low sheen acrylic paint. Ceilings in the
      Auditorium Foyer are plasterboard with a painted finish. Auditorium seating
      is fully upholstered with tilt back mechanism. Doors are timber with bronze
      anodised aluminium trim.

      By presenting the interior elements identified above in a clearly modern way,
      they will be readily identifiable as new work. This approach is in accordance
      with Burra Charter Article 22.2. The Article states:

          “New work becomes part of the story of the place. Don’t confuse or falsify the
      story by disguising new work as old.”

      Article 22 further discusses that:

      “To avoid distorting or obscuring significance, you have to understand significance.
      Take account of the specific characteristics of the place and what makes it important...
      New work is less likely to distort or obscure significance if both the new work and the
      existing forms and components of the place remain recognisable…Taken together, the
      new work should be similar to (but not imitate) the existing significant fabric... New
      work may be appropriate when it allows a significant use to continue and where it
      assists in retaining associations and meanings.”

      The concept of reconstruction of the interior of the original Theatre in the
      auditorium was raised and considered by the project team, however has been
      deemed to be not in accordance with Burra Charter principles. The Burra
      Charter (Article 1.8) defines reconstruction as:

      “Returning a place to a known earlier state and is distinguished from restoration by
      the introduction of new material into the fabric.”

      Article 20.1 and 20.2 (Reconstruction) further state:

      “Reconstruction is appropriate only where a place is incomplete through damage or
      alteration and only where there is sufficient evidence to reproduce an earlier state of
      the fabric…Reconstruction should be identifiable on close inspection or through
      additional interpretation.”



8.2   DIRECTIVE II

      Identifies, conserves and incorporates into the Redesigned Regent Theatre, or any
      other publically accessible areas within the development, any existing heritage
      artefacts as an interpretive heritage story telling and path finding journey


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Interpretive consultants X Squared Pty Ltd+Peter Emmett were commissioned
by Brookfield Multiplex/ISPT in March 2010 to prepare an Interpretive
Concept to address the above HMP requirement.

The interpretation concept is focussed on providing the visitor with a sensory
experience as they move through the space, to enhance appreciation of the
grandeur of the site, and its associated heritage values. The interpretation
program will draw on the concept of Theatres as ‘performance spaces’,
designed to choreograph the movement of people through spaces, moods and
sensations. Achievement of this experience will be afforded using a variety of
media and sources, and will focus primarily on the heritage listed spaces as an
artefact within which to centre the interpretive program. The program will
reveal the history of and meanings attributed to the Regent Theatre through
interpretation of its suite of spaces and material fabric.

The current proposed Interpretive Concept is attached at Annex D and is
summarised in Table 8.1. This is followed by a layout drawing of the
Interpretive Concept elements, and a perspective of the auditorium interior.
It should be noted that as of April 2010, this is a work in progress and may be
subject to change.




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Table 8.1           Summary of Interpretive Concept

No.                   Area                                                Theme                                                           Interpretive Elements
1      EXTERIOR
1.1    Regent Sign                        Regent identity in Queen Street                                        Retain Sign as is


2      ENTRANCE PORTICO
2.0    Entrance Portico                   Important threshold between mall and lobby                             Light the space to encourage the welcoming transition between mall
                                                                                                                 and entrance lobby
2.1    Place Sign                         What is this place?                                                    Side alcove – brief history of place since 1929
                                                                                                                 Good lighting – visible when doors closed
2.2    Tenant Directory                   What / who is here now?                                                Side alcove – list and description of tenants – indicates continuity of
                                                                                                                 screen culture
                                                                                                                 Good lighting – visible when doors closed
2.3    What’s On? Sign                    What’s On – current events                                             Free-standing signage located as per 1929 images during public
                                                                                                                 functions


3      ENTRANCE LOBBY
3.0    Entrance Lobby                     Experience of the place                                                Quality lighting to enhance paintings and space
                                          Key interpretation of stories
3.1    Poster Panels                      Regent stories – the pivotal didactic interpretation for the project   Reconstruct six metal, glass front poster cases c1929
                                                                                                                 Install 6 poster-sized LCD screens
                                                                                                                 The LCD “posters” subtly change image and text to tell the key stories
                                                                                                                 of the Regent, past and present
                                          Palace of dreams – The Regent 1929                                     Graphic and text – focus on the quality photographs of 1929
                                          Regent story – 1929-2010                                               Graphic and text – the history of the Theatre – background, design,
                                                                                                                 changes, staff and uses
                                          Red carpet – Regent stars                                              Graphic and text – highlights from film, fashion and stars
                                          Regent and BrisVegas                                                   Graphic and text – Brisbane society life and style
                                          The new Regent                                                         Graphics and text – conservation and tower projects
                                          Theatre of memory                                                      Graphic and text – people record memories of coming to the Regent
3.3    Lobby Stairs                       Threshold to Grand Foyer                                               Lighting to articulate threshold




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4.0    Grand Foyer
4.0    Grand Foyer                        A new meeting place for Brisbane                           A dramatic place to meet, dwell, pass through and return
                                                                                                     Multi-functional space for waiting, meeting, working, functions
                                                                                                     Lighting is the key to enhance the qualities of the Foyer and influence
                                                                                                     the choreography of people in the space
                                                                                                     Free wi-fi allows access to the Regent website with simple
                                                                                                     introduction and / or layered interpretation based on “poster” panels
                                                                                                     material. This will also provide links to screen culture network
4.1    Seating – Perimeter                Restoration to historic location to enhance room comfort   Reinstate the seven ‘gothic’ seats from 1929 in their original location
                                                                                                     on the perimeter of the Grand Foyer – softens the edges and
                                                                                                     encourages people to dwell in the space
4.2    Seating – Central Lounge Area      A new people place                                         Considered choice of contemporary furniture to create a distinctive
                                          Continuation of screen culture use                         lounge area – to give the Foyer a new identity as a room rather than a
                                                                                                     foyer
4.3    Under Stairs                       Threshold space with distinctive soffit decoration         Quality lighting to enhance ceiling
                                                                                                     Possible use of sound
                                                                                                     Possible future access to basement
4.4    Grand Staircase                    Central promenade                                          Use of dramatic lighting to enhance the experience of moving up or
                                                                                                     down stairs
                                                                                                     Flower arrangements in marble vases – ideally fresh
4.5    Balconies                          Ceiling spotting and people observing                      Spot lighting and possibly sound installation – ways to encourage
                                                                                                     people to dwell and explore ceiling


5      TOWER
5.1    Regent Collage 1                   Scenic theatre design tradition                            Collage installations of historic elements from 1929 theatre – these are
       Entry to marble staircase from     Promenading of theatre-goers                               the most dramatic forms of interpretation of the 1929 Regent, as well
       Auditorium level                   Psychology of theatre                                      as ways to conserve historic elements
                                                                                                     A dramatic collage of forms, patterns, textures – paintings, wall
                                                                                                     panels, gills, furniture – with graphics, patterns, textures – a
                                                                                                     deconstruction of the mixture of styles that made up the 1929 theatre
                                                                                                     – emphasis on the philosophy and design of ‘atmospheric’ scenic
                                                                                                     theatres of the 1920s
                                                                                                     Install small LCD screens behind grills with imagery of people
                                                                                                     moving past as in the social promenading of theatre goers




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5.2    Regent Collage 2                   As above                          As above
       (Entry to Grand Foyer area
       from tower mezzanine level)
5.3    Auditorium foyer                   A new cinema meeting place        Work with Architects to coordinate an interpretive layer of
                                                                            impression and pattern as memory traces of old Regent
                                                                            Free wi-fi allows access to the Regent website with simple
                                                                            introduction and/or layered interpretation based on “poster” panels
                                                                            material
                                                                            This will also provide links to screen culture network




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Figure 8.4 Interpretive Concept Layout Drawing




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8.3   DIRECTIVE III

      Provides a comprehensive photographic record of all significant heritage artefacts, their
      location and use, and where appropriate stipulates, the proposed location for their re-
      use within the redesign

      In September 2008, ERM conducted a thorough assessment of the Regent
      Theatre furniture and fittings. A collection of original loose furnishings was
      identified as provenanced to the original 1929 theatre. A number of fittings
      and fixtures were also identified that were recovered from the 1929 auditorium
      during demolition in 1978 and then incorporated in the redevelopment in the
      Showcase Cinema and its associated foyer and bar. These items form the basis
      of the Historic Furnishing and Fittings Catalogue, which is provided at Annex
      E. It should be noted that the objects included in Table 8.2 are those which, from
      the whole collection, ERM has assessed as having the highest significance
      value, in terms of their historic significance, integrity and provenance. The
      items included in the Catalogue at Annex E but excluded from Table 8.2 are
      those which ERM has assessed as possessing low levels of significance, as they
      are reproductions (c1980) of earlier furnishings.

      A selection of the identified materials, dated to c1929, are to be removed from
      their current locations for inclusion in the Interpretive Exhibition. The material
      includes six original lanterns and associated grilles, several decorative wall
      pilasters and a section of marble capped balustrade within the lower level
      foyer, along with a number of furniture pieces and several paintings.         The
      tables at Table 8.2 and 8.3 indicate the proposed conservation and use of each
      item.

      A further directive by DIP has requested that a list of the furniture, paintings,
      and building fabric identified in Tables 8.2 and 8.3 is to be supplied to it at the
      conclusion of the project detailing the ultimate positioning and/or disposal of
      each item.




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Table 8.2 Significant fabric

 ORIGINAL FITTINGS


    ID                        PHOTOGRAPH                  LOCATION       DESCRIPTION             CONDITION             FUTURE MANAGEMENT

   RH1                                         Cinema 1              6     octagonal     metal        Good           Three lanterns to be included
                                                                     lanterns       suspended                        in interpretive collage in
                                                                     from decorative metal                           Level 2 or 3 and the other
                                                                     brackets in front of each                       three to be in a public space in
                                                                     of the 6 vaulted arches.                        the        Regent        Tower
                                                                                                                     redevelopment




   RH3                                         Cinema 1              Gilded       plasterwork         Good           Selection to be included in
                                                                     above grilles.                                  interpretive collage in Level 2
                                                                                                                     or 3.




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 ORIGINAL FITTINGS


    ID                        PHOTOGRAPH                  LOCATION       DESCRIPTION             CONDITION             FUTURE MANAGEMENT

   RH4                                         Cinema 1              Decorative        spindle        Good           Selection to be included in
                                                                     metal grilles.                                  interpretive collage in Level 2
                                                                                                                     or 3.




   RH5                                         Cinema 1              Plaster balustrade .             Good           Selection to be included in
                                                                                                                     interpretive collage in Level 2
                                                                                                                     or 3.




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 ORIGINAL FITTINGS


    ID                        PHOTOGRAPH                         LOCATION                    DESCRIPTION            CONDITION             FUTURE MANAGEMENT

   RH6                                         Entrance to bar area in Cinema 1 foyer.   Cast          terracotta        Good           Selection to be included in
                                                                                         balustrade with marble                         interpretive collage in Level 2
                                                                                         capped handrail.                               or 3.




   RH7                                         Entrance to bar area in cinema foyer.     Cast          terracotta        Good           Selection to be included in
                                                                                         balustrade with marble                         interpretive collage in Level 2
                                                                                         capped handrail.                               or 3.




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 ORIGINAL FITTINGS


    ID                        PHOTOGRAPH                         LOCATION                  DESCRIPTION           CONDITION             FUTURE MANAGEMENT

   RH8                                         Entrance to bar area in cinema foyer.   Copper bronze plaster          Good           Selection to be included in
                                                                                       wall panel.                                   interpretive collage in Level 2
                                                                                                                                     or 3..




   RH9                                         Northern Wall of bar area.              Copper bronze plaster          Good           Selection to be included in
                                                                                       wall panel with brass                         interpretive collage in Level 2
                                                                                       five candle candelabra.                       or 3.




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 ORIGINAL FITTINGS


    ID                        PHOTOGRAPH                        LOCATION             DESCRIPTION           CONDITION             FUTURE MANAGEMENT

  RH10                                         Northern Wall of bar area.        Wall mounted brass five        Good           Four candelabras to be
                                                                                 candle candelabra.                            retained as spare fittings for
                                                                                                                               Grand Foyer.           Surplus
                                                                                                                               candelabras to be offered to
                                                                                                                               Queensland Museum or some
                                                                                                                               other            appropriate
                                                                                                                               organisation.




  RH11                                         Western Wall of bar area.         Wall mounted brass five        Good           Four candelabras to be
                                                                                 candle candelabra.                            retained as spare fittings for
                                                                                                                               Grand Foyer.           Surplus
                                                                                                                               candelabras to be offered to
                                                                                                                               Queensland Museum or some
                                                                                                                               other            appropriate
                                                                                                                               organisation.




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 ORIGINAL FITTINGS


    ID                        PHOTOGRAPH                         LOCATION                 DESCRIPTION           CONDITION             FUTURE MANAGEMENT

  RH12                                         Western wall at entrance to bar area.   Copper bronze plaster         Good           Surplus wall panels to be
                                                                                       wall panel.                                  offered to the Queensland
                                                                                                                                    Museum or some other
                                                                                                                                    appropriate organisation.




  RH13                                         Entrance to Cinema foyer.               Copper bronze plaster         Good           Surplus wall panels to be
                                                                                       wall panel with brass                        offered to the Queensland
                                                                                       five candle candelabra                       Museum or some other
                                                                                                                                    appropriate organisation.




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 ORIGINAL FITTINGS


    ID                        PHOTOGRAPH                        LOCATION           DESCRIPTION           CONDITION             FUTURE MANAGEMENT

  RH14                                         Western wall of Cinema foyer.   Copper bronze plaster          Good           Surplus wall panels to be
                                                                               wall panel with brass                         offered to the Queensland
                                                                               five candle candelabra.                       Museum or some other
                                                                                                                             appropriate organisation.




  RH15                                         Western wall of Cinema foyer.   Copper bronze plaster          Good           Surplus wall panels to be
                                                                               wall panel with brass                         offered to the Queensland
                                                                               five candle candelabra.                       Museum or some other
                                                                                                                             appropriate organisation.




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 ORIGINAL FITTINGS


    ID                        PHOTOGRAPH                        LOCATION               DESCRIPTION           CONDITION             FUTURE MANAGEMENT

  RH16                                         Southwest corner of Cinema foyer.   Copper bronze plaster          Good           Surplus wall panels to be
                                                                                   wall panel.                                   offered to the Queensland
                                                                                                                                 Museum or some other
                                                                                                                                 appropriate organisation.




  RH17                                         Southern wall of Cinema Foyer.      Copper bronze plaster          Good           Surplus wall panels to be
                                                                                   wall panel with brass                         offered to the Queensland
                                                                                   five candle candelabra.                       Museum or some other
                                                                                                                                 appropriate organisation.




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 ORIGINAL FITTINGS


    ID                        PHOTOGRAPH                       LOCATION                          DESCRIPTION           CONDITION             FUTURE MANAGEMENT

  RH18                                         Southern wall of Cinema foyer at entrance to   Copper bronze plaster         Good           Surplus wall panels to be
                                               Ciinema 1.                                     wall panel with brass                        offered to the Queensland
                                                                                              five candle candelabra                       Museum or some other
                                                                                                                                           appropriate organisation.




  RH19                                         Southern wall of Cinema foyer between the      Copper bronze plaster         Good           To be considered for reuse in
                                               entrances to Cinema 1 and 2.                   wall panel.                                  the    interpretive   collage,
                                                                                                                                           offered to the Queensland
                                                                                                                                           Museum or some other
                                                                                                                                           appropriate organisation.




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 PAINTINGS
   ID                           PHOTOGRAPHS                         LOCATION    DESCRIPTION          CONDITION                 FUTURE
                                                                                                                           MANAGEMENT
  RH21                                         Secure ISPT storage offsite     600 x 900mm pond           Good          To be included in
                                                                               scene on canvas in                       the Regent Offices.
                                                                               decorative plaster
                                                                               frame    -  Artist
                                                                               “William Bustard
                                                                               1928.”




  RH22                                         Secure ISPT storage offsite     660     x   750mm          Good          To be included in the
                                                                               ocean sailing scene                      Regent Offices.
                                                                               on     canvas    in
                                                                               decorative plaster
                                                                               frame – Artist
                                                                               “William Bustard
                                                                               1928.”




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 PAINTINGS
 RH23                                          Secure ISPT storage offsite   1500 x 1000mm               Good          To be included in the
                                                                             woman      adorned                        Regent Offices.
                                                                             with    scarf    on
                                                                             canvas            in
                                                                             decorative plaster
                                                                             frame        -Artist
                                                                             unknown




 RH24                                          Secure ISPT storage offsite   1500 x 1000mm               Good          To be included in the
                                                                             woman seated in                           Regent Offices.
                                                                             timber frame –
                                                                             Artist unknown




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 FURNITURE

   ID                             PHOTOGRAPH                           LOCATION   DESCRIPTION        CONDITION                 FUTURE
                                                                                                                           MANAGEMENT
 RH25                                          Secure ISPT storage offsite        2 seater Louis          Good            To be restored
                                                                                  XIV sofa.                               and used in the
                                                                                                                          Grand Foyer area
                                                                                                                          where originally
                                                                                                                          located




 RH26                                          Secure ISPT storage offsite        2 seater Louis          Good            To be restored
                                                                                  XIV sofa.                               and used in the
                                                                                                                          Grand Foyer area
                                                                                                                          where originally
                                                                                                                          located




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 FURNITURE

   ID                             PHOTOGRAPH                           LOCATION   DESCRIPTION         CONDITION                 FUTURE
                                                                                                                            MANAGEMENT
 RH27                                          Secure ISPT storage offsite        Louis XIV style          Good            To be restored
                                                                                  armchair.                                and used in the
                                                                                                                           Grand Foyer area
                                                                                                                           where originally
                                                                                                                           located




 RH28                                          Secure ISPT storage offsite        Round      Louis         Good            To be restored
                                                                                  XIV style table.                         and used in the
                                                                                                                           Grand Foyer




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 FURNITURE

   ID                             PHOTOGRAPH                           LOCATION   DESCRIPTION         CONDITION                 FUTURE
                                                                                                                            MANAGEMENT
 RH29                                          Secure ISPT storage offsite        Louis XIV style          Good            To be restored
                                                                                  armchair.                                and used in the
                                                                                                                           Grand Foyer area
                                                                                                                           where originally
                                                                                                                           located




 RH30                                          Secure ISPT storage offsite        2 seater Louis           Good            To be restored
                                                                                  XIV style sofa.                          and used in the
                                                                                                                           Grand Foyer area
                                                                                                                           where originally
                                                                                                                           located




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 FURNITURE

   ID                             PHOTOGRAPH                           LOCATION   DESCRIPTION         CONDITION                 FUTURE
                                                                                                                            MANAGEMENT
 RH31                                          Secure ISPT storage offsite        Louis XIV style          Good            To be restored
                                                                                  console   table                          and either used
                                                                                  with        top                          in              the
                                                                                  missing.                                 interpretive
                                                                                                                           collage, installed
                                                                                                                           in          Screen
                                                                                                                           Queensland       or
                                                                                                                           Brisbane
                                                                                                                           International
                                                                                                                           Film       Festival
                                                                                                                           offices,         or
                                                                                                                           alternatively
                                                                                                                           offered          to
                                                                                                                           Queensland
                                                                                                                           Museum.
 RH32                                          Secure ISPT storage offsite        Round     Louis           Fair           To be restored
                                                                                  XIV style table                          and used in the
                                                                                  with    marble                           Grand Foyer
                                                                                  top.




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 FURNITURE

   ID                             PHOTOGRAPH                           LOCATION   DESCRIPTION         CONDITION                 FUTURE
                                                                                                                            MANAGEMENT
 RH34                                          Secure ISPT storage offsite        Louis XIV style     Fair/Good            To be restored
                                                                                  console   table     (console from        and either used
                                                                                  with        top     cross brace          in              the
                                                                                  missing.            between legs         interpretive
                                                                                                      missing)             collage, installed
                                                                                                                           in          Screen
                                                                                                                           Queensland       or
                                                                                                                           Brisbane
                                                                                                                           International
                                                                                                                           Film       Festival
                                                                                                                           offices,         or
                                                                                                                           alternatively
                                                                                                                           offered          to
                                                                                                                           Queensland
                                                                                                                           Museum .
 RH35                                          Secure ISPT storage offsite        Louis XIV style     Fair     (cross      To be restored
                                                                                  console   table     braces to legs       and either used
                                                                                  with        top     missing)             in              the
                                                                                  missing.                                 interpretive
                                                                                                                           collage, installed
                                                                                                                           in          Screen
                                                                                                                           Queensland       or
                                                                                                                           Brisbane
                                                                                                                           International
                                                                                                                           Film       Festival
                                                                                                                           offices,         or
                                                                                                                           alternatively
                                                                                                                           offered          to
                                                                                                                           Queensland
                                                                                                                           Museum.




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                                                                  92
 FURNITURE

   ID                             PHOTOGRAPH                           LOCATION   DESCRIPTION         CONDITION                 FUTURE
                                                                                                                            MANAGEMENT
 RH36                                          Secure ISPT storage offsite        Louis XIV style          Good            To be restored
                                                                                  console   table                          and either used
                                                                                  with        top                          in              the
                                                                                  missing.                                 interpretive
                                                                                                                           collage, installed
                                                                                                                           in          Screen
                                                                                                                           Queensland       or
                                                                                                                           Brisbane
                                                                                                                           International
                                                                                                                           Film       Festival
                                                                                                                           offices,         or
                                                                                                                           alternatively
                                                                                                                           offered          to
                                                                                                                           Queensland
                                                                                                                           Museum.
 RH37                                          Secure ISPT storage offsite        Louis XIV style     Fair/Good            To be restored
                                                                                  console   table     (console from        and either used
                                                                                  with        top     cross    brace       in              the
                                                                                  missing.            between legs         interpretive
                                                                                                      missing)             collage, installed
                                                                                                                           in          Screen
                                                                                                                           Queensland       or
                                                                                                                           Brisbane
                                                                                                                           International
                                                                                                                           Film       Festival
                                                                                                                           offices,         or
                                                                                                                           alternatively
                                                                                                                           offered          to
                                                                                                                           Queensland
                                                                                                                           Museum.




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                                                                  93
 FURNITURE

   ID                             PHOTOGRAPH                           LOCATION   DESCRIPTION         CONDITION                FUTURE
                                                                                                                           MANAGEMENT
 RH38                                          Secure ISPT storage offsite        Round     Louis           Fair           To be restored
                                                                                  XIV style table                          and used in the
                                                                                  with    marble                           Grand Foyer
                                                                                  top.




 RH39                                          Secure ISPT storage offsite        Louis XIV style     Fair – one leg       To be restored
                                                                                  planter box         missing              and used in the
                                                                                                                           Grand Foyer




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                                                                  94
 FURNITURE

   ID                             PHOTOGRAPH                           LOCATION   DESCRIPTION         CONDITION                FUTURE
                                                                                                                           MANAGEMENT
 RH40                                          Secure ISPT storage offsite        Louis XIV style     Fair – one leg       To be restored
                                                                                  planter box         missing              and used in the
                                                                                                                           Grand Foyer




 RH41                                          Secure ISPT storage offsite        Louis XIV style     Fair – one leg       To be restored
                                                                                  planter box         missing              and used in the
                                                                                                                           Grand Foyer




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                                                                  95
 FURNITURE

   ID                             PHOTOGRAPH                           LOCATION   DESCRIPTION         CONDITION                 FUTURE
                                                                                                                            MANAGEMENT
 RH54                                          Secure ISPT storage offsite        Louis XIV style          Good            To be restored
                                                                                  armchair.                                and used in the
                                                                                                                           Grand Foyer area
                                                                                                                           where originally
                                                                                                                           located




 RH60                                          Secure ISPT storage offsite        Louis XIV style          Good            To be restored
                                                                                  3 seater sofa.                           and used in the
                                                                                                                           Grand Foyer area
                                                                                                                           where originally
                                                                                                                           located




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                                                                  96
 FURNITURE

   ID                             PHOTOGRAPH                           LOCATION   DESCRIPTION         CONDITION                 FUTURE
                                                                                                                            MANAGEMENT
 RH61                                          Secure ISPT storage offsite        Louis XIV style          Good            To be restored
                                                                                  3 seater sofa.                           and used in the
                                                                                                                           Grand Foyer area
                                                                                                                           where originally
                                                                                                                           located




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Table 8.3      Objects for Re-use

 ID                           PHOTOGRAPHS                        LOCATION          DESCRIPTION         CONDITION           FUTURE MANAGEMENT

 RH42                                           Secure ISPT storage offsite        Louis XIV style     Fair – one leg    Restore and reuse in Regent
                                                                                   chair               missing           Tower       redevelopment,
                                                                                   (provenance to                        Regent offices or Regent
                                                                                   be determined                         Café.
                                                                                   by        antique
                                                                                   furniture
                                                                                   specialist)




 RH43                                           Secure ISPT storage offsite        Louis XIV style     Good              Restore and reuse in Regent
                                                                                   chair                                 Tower       redevelopment,
                                                                                   (provenance to                        Regent offices or Regent
                                                                                   be determined                         Café.
                                                                                   by        antique
                                                                                   furniture
                                                                                   specialist)




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ID                           PHOTOGRAPHS                        LOCATION          DESCRIPTION         CONDITION           FUTURE MANAGEMENT

RH44                                           Secure ISPT storage offsite        Louis XIV style     Good              Restore and reuse in Regent
                                                                                  chair                                 Tower       redevelopment,
                                                                                  (provenance to                        Regent offices or Regent
                                                                                  be determined                         Café.
                                                                                  by        antique
                                                                                  furniture
                                                                                  specialist)




RH45                                           Secure ISPT storage offsite        Louis XIV style     Good              Restore and reuse in Regent
                                                                                  chair                                 Tower       redevelopment,
                                                                                  (provenance to                        Regent offices or Regent
                                                                                  be determined                         Café.
                                                                                  by        antique
                                                                                  furniture
                                                                                  specialist)




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                                                                             99
ID                           PHOTOGRAPHS                        LOCATION           DESCRIPTION         CONDITION           FUTURE MANAGEMENT

RH46                                           Secure ISPT storage offsite         Louis XIV style     Good              Restore and reuse in Regent
                                                                                   chair                                 Tower       redevelopment,
                                                                                   (provenance to                        Regent offices or Regent
                                                                                   be determined                         Café.
                                                                                   by        antique
                                                                                   furniture
                                                                                   specialist)




RH47                                           Secure ISPT storage offsite         Louis XIV style     Good              Restore and reuse in Regent
                                                                                   chair                                 Tower       redevelopment,
                                                                                   (provenance to                        Regent offices or Regent
                                                                                   be determined                         Café.
                                                                                   by        antique
                                                                                   furniture
                                                                                   specialist)




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ID                           PHOTOGRAPHS                        LOCATION           DESCRIPTION         CONDITION           FUTURE MANAGEMENT

RH48                                           Secure ISPT storage offsite         Louis XIV style     Good              Restore and reuse in Regent
                                                                                   chair                                 Tower       redevelopment,
                                                                                   (provenance to                        Regent offices or Regent
                                                                                   be determined                         Café.
                                                                                   by        antique
                                                                                   furniture
                                                                                   specialist)




RH49                                           Secure ISPT storage offsite         Louis XIV style     Good              Restore and reuse in Regent
                                                                                   chair                                 Tower       redevelopment,
                                                                                   (provenance to                        Regent offices or Regent
                                                                                   be determined                         Café.
                                                                                   by        antique
                                                                                   furniture
                                                                                   specialist)




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ID                           PHOTOGRAPHS                        LOCATION           DESCRIPTION         CONDITION           FUTURE MANAGEMENT

 RH50                                          Secure ISPT storage offsite         Louis XIV style     Fair              Restore and reuse in Regent
                                                                                   chair                                 Tower       redevelopment,
                                                                                   (provenance to                        Regent offices or Regent
                                                                                   be determined                         Café.
                                                                                   by        antique
                                                                                   furniture
                                                                                   specialist)




RH51                                           Secure ISPT storage offsite         Louis XIV style     Good              Restore and reuse in Regent
                                                                                   chair                                 Tower       redevelopment,
                                                                                   (provenance to                        Regent offices or Regent
                                                                                   be determined                         Café.
                                                                                   by        antique
                                                                                   furniture
                                                                                   specialist)




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ID                           PHOTOGRAPHS                        LOCATION           DESCRIPTION         CONDITION           FUTURE MANAGEMENT

 RH52                                          Secure ISPT storage offsite         Louis XIV style     Good              Restore and reuse in Regent
                                                                                   chair                                 Tower       redevelopment,
                                                                                   (provenance to                        Regent offices or Regent
                                                                                   be determined                         Café.
                                                                                   by        antique
                                                                                   furniture
                                                                                   specialist)




 RH53                                          Secure ISPT storage offsite         Louis XIV style     Good              Restore and reuse in Regent
                                                                                   chair                                 Tower       redevelopment,
                                                                                   (provenance to                        Regent offices or Regent
                                                                                   be determined                         Café.
                                                                                   by        antique
                                                                                   furniture
                                                                                   specialist)




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ID                           PHOTOGRAPHS                        LOCATION           DESCRIPTION         CONDITION           FUTURE MANAGEMENT

RH55                                           Secure ISPT storage offsite         Louis XIV style     Good              Restore and reuse in Regent
                                                                                   2 seater sofa                         Tower       redevelopment,
                                                                                   (provenance to                        Regent offices or Regent
                                                                                   be determined                         Café.
                                                                                   by        antique
                                                                                   furniture
                                                                                   specialist).




RH56                                           Secure ISPT storage offsite         Louis XIV style     Good              Restore and reuse in Regent
                                                                                   2 seater sofa                         Tower       redevelopment,
                                                                                   (provenance to                        Regent offices or Regent
                                                                                   be determined                         Café.
                                                                                   by        antique
                                                                                   furniture
                                                                                   specialist)




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ID                           PHOTOGRAPHS                        LOCATION           DESCRIPTION         CONDITION           FUTURE MANAGEMENT

RH57                                           Secure ISPT storage offsite         Louis XIV style     Good              Restore and reuse in Regent
                                                                                   2 seater sofa                         Tower       redevelopment,
                                                                                   (provenance to                        Regent offices or Regent
                                                                                   be determined                         Café.
                                                                                   by        antique
                                                                                   furniture
                                                                                   specialist)




RH58                                           Secure ISPT storage offsite         Louis XIV style     Good              Restore and reuse in Regent
                                                                                   2 seater sofa                         Tower       redevelopment,
                                                                                   (provenance to                        Regent offices or Regent
                                                                                   be determined                         Café.
                                                                                   by        antique
                                                                                   furniture
                                                                                   specialist).




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                                                                             105
ID                           PHOTOGRAPHS                        LOCATION           DESCRIPTION         CONDITION           FUTURE MANAGEMENT

RH59                                           Secure ISPT storage offsite         Louis XIV style     Good              Restore and reuse in Regent
                                                                                   2 seater sofa                         Tower       redevelopment,
                                                                                   (provenance to                        Regent offices or Regent
                                                                                   be determined                         Café.
                                                                                   by        antique
                                                                                   furniture
                                                                                   specialist).




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8.3.1   ‘Cinema Box’ Artefacts

        On 12 August 2010, a further set of comments from DIP in relation to the
        potential reuse of existing features, fittings, decorative plasterwork and
        artefacts in the new development, and their incorporation into the HMP. These
        items currently exist in the ‘Cinema Box’ which is outside of the Queensland
        Heritage Register boundary, and as such there is no statutory requirement for
        their retention under the Queensland Heritage Act 1992. Although the ‘Cinema
        Box’ and its contents have been assessed as not meeting the threshold
        requirement for entry in the Queensland Heritage Register, they have a
        connection to the Regent complex, and possess varying levels of heritage
        value. As such there is potential for their reuse and interpretation within the
        heritage listed building, and the new development. On the 23 August 2010 a
        response was tabled confirming how each of these items would be addressed
        (See Annex F). The below list schedules each item and the agreed action.




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EXTERNAL ELEMENTS
  ID                              PHOTOGRAPH                       LOCATION   DESCRIPTION        CONDITION                 FUTURE
                                                                                                                       MANAGEMENT
RH66                                           East wall of “Cinema Box”      2   No   Cast      Good                 Photographically
                                                                              cement plaster                          record         and
                                                                              roundels                                consider for use in
                                                                                                                      interpretive
                                                                                                                      collage or other
                                                                                                                      location,
                                                                                                                      internally on the
                                                                                                                      Regent tower.




RH67                                           East wall of “Cinema Box”      2   No   Cast      Good                 Photographically
                                                                              cement plaster                          record         and
                                                                              roundels                                consider for use in
                                                                                                                      interpretive
                                                                                                                      collage or other
                                                                                                                      location,
                                                                                                                      internally on the
                                                                                                                      Regent tower.




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                                                                108
EXTERNAL ELEMENTS
  ID                              PHOTOGRAPH                       LOCATION   DESCRIPTION           CONDITION                 FUTURE
                                                                                                                          MANAGEMENT
RH68                                           East wall of “Cinema Box”      3    No     metal     Good                 Photographically
                                                                              grilles                                    record         and
                                                                                                                         consider for use in
                                                                                                                         interpretive
                                                                                                                         collage or other
                                                                                                                         location,
                                                                                                                         internally       or
                                                                                                                         externally on the
                                                                                                                         Regent tower.




INTERNAL ELEMENT
  ID                              PHOTOGRAPH                       LOCATION   DESCRIPTION           CONDITION               FUTURE
                                                                                                                         MANAGEMENT
 RH65                                          Ceiling of showcase cinema     Sunblaze             Good                 Offer          to
                                                                              (replica piece –                          Queensland
                                                                              to be confirmed                           Museum or some
                                                                              at removal)                               other appropriate
                                                                                                                        organisation.




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8.4          DIRECTIVE IV

             Preserves the existing Queen Street 1970’s Regent sign in its current location

             Records indicate that the original Regent sign shown in the 1929 photograph
             in Figure 5.1 was removed c1963 and replaced with a new smaller sign
             positioned lower on the façade of the building. By 1981 wording on the sign
             had changed from “Regent” to “Hoyts” shown in Figure 5.2. Wording
             changed back to “Regent” after this at an unknown date.

             It is proposed that the existing Regent sign shown in Figure 5.3 is retained as
             is.




Figure 8.5   Regent Theatre Queen Street Frontage c192965




             65   National Library of Australia, Item ID-vn3420603, c1929


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Figure 8.6   View Along Queen Street from Edward Street 198166




Figure 8.7   Existing Regent Sign on Queen Street Frontage67




             66   John Oxley Library, Item ID ibp 00107, 1981

             67   ERM 2009




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Annex A




Prioritised Maintenance
Schedule
1   PRIORITISED MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE

    The following schedule of external repairs is a result of ERM’s inspections of
    the property on a number of occasions since October 2007 to the present.
    Works noted as being high priority should be undertaken immediately,
    moderate within two years, and low within the next five to ten years.

    Note that internal repairs to the interiors of the Entrance Hall and Grand
    Foyer are presented as a set of marked drawings prepared for the Regent
    Tower development.

    Repair Works

             Site Fault                        Description of the Work                    Priority

    Building Exterior – Roofs

    Condition of Offices and       Commission condition survey of roofs and                 High
    Lift shaft roof unknown.       implement report recommendations.

    Building Exterior – West Facade

    Paint work faded.              Program repainting.                                   Moderate

    Metal windows in fair          Replace putty as required         and   repaint,      Moderate
    condition.                     lubricate hinges and catches.

    Cracking to south west         Commission structural engineer to inspect                High
    corner of parapet.             inside surfaces of parapet.

    Debris and untidy services     Clear roof and gutter and rationalise services.          High
    on awning roof.

    Building Exterior – South Facade

    Metal windows in fair          Replace putty as required         and   repaint,      Moderate
    condition.                     lubricate hinges and catches.

    Rainwater   heads       and    Replace in galvanised steel or Colorbond to           Moderate
    downpipes rusted.              match original detail.

    Gutters to skillion roof and   Remove window hood and replace skillion               Moderate
    window hood rusted.            roof gutter with quad profile Colorbond and
                                   connect into downpipe system from main
                                   roofs.

    Building Exterior – North Light Well

    Debris on roof.                Clear roof and gutter of debris and check                High
                                   downpipe for flow.

    Redundant services.            Rationalise services.                                 Moderate




    ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCES MANAGEMENT AUSTRALIA                     HMP_ANNEX A/FINAL/17 SEPTMEBER 2010
                                                    A1
Annex B




Information Request –
Heritage Response ERM 2008
Regent Theatre
Information Request – Heritage Response



August 2008

Reference: 0073780 rpt4
              FINAL REPORT




Regent Theatre
Information Request –
Heritage Response


August 2008




  Environmental Resources Management
                 Australia
       Level 1, 60 Leichhardt Street
          Spring Hill, QLD 4000
        Telephone +61 7 3839 8393
        Facsimile +61 7 3839 8381
              www.erm.com
                 FINAL REPORT




Regent Theatre
Information Request –
Heritage Response

August 2008

Reference: 0073780 rpt4




For and on behalf of
Environmental Resources Management
Australia

Approved by:           Alan Simonic


Signed:

Position:              Partner in Charge

Date:                  5 August 2008


This report has been prepared in accordance with the
scope of services described in the contract or agreement
between     Environmental     Resources     Management
Australia Pty Ltd ACN 002 773 248 (ERM) and the
Client.     The report relies upon data, surveys,
measurements and results taken at or under the
particular times and conditions specified herein. Any
findings, conclusions or recommendations only apply to
the aforementioned circumstances and no greater
reliance should be assumed or drawn by the Client.
Furthermore, the report has been prepared solely for use
by the Client and ERM accepts no responsibility for its
use by other parties
        CONTENTS




1       INTRODUCTION


2       CONSERVATION OF THE FABRIC

2.1     ENTRANCE LOBBY                                      2
2.1.1   OVERVIEW OF CHANGES TO THE FABRIC TO THE PRESENT    2
2.1.2   CONDITION                                           3
2.1.3   PROPOSED CONSERVATION WORKS                         3
2.2     GRAND FOYER                                         4
2.2.1   OVERVIEW OF CHANGES TO THE FABRIC TO THE PRESENT    4
2.2.2   CONDITION                                           5
2.2.3   PROPOSED CONSERVATION WORKS                         6

3       GRAND FOYER AND ENTRANCE LOBBY LIGHTING SYSTEM

3.1     ORIGINAL LIGHTING SYSTEM                            8
3.2     CURRENT LIGHTING SYSTEM                            11
3.3     NEW REQUIREMENTS                                   11
3.4     HERITAGE OPPORTUNITIES AND CONSTRAINTS             11

4       REFERENCES
1   INTRODUCTION

    Environmental Resources Management (ERM) was commissioned by
    Brookfield Multiplex in June 2008 to assist with a response to the Brisbane
    City Council’s (BCC) Information Request (IR) to …..“Provide more detailed
    documentation in relation to the proposed restoration works to the Regent foyer on the
    relevant drawings. Further provide additional information in relation to the lighting
    upgrade of the heritage foyer”.1

    ERM prepared a Heritage Assessment of the Regent Cinemas’ ‘Cinema Box’
    for Brookfield Multiplex in October 2007. This was followed by Heritage
    Impact Assessments for the Regent Theatre Foyer and adjacent Wintergarden,
    associated with the proposed construction of the Regent Tower on the site of
    the ‘Cinema Box’ and the refurbishment of the Wintergarden.

    The Regent Theatre Foyer is entered in the Queensland Heritage Register as it
    demonstrates the development of Queen Street as a cultural centre from the
    1920s. It is characteristic as a part of one of four 1920s Hoyts/Regent picture
    palaces constructed in Australia, it is valued by the community and its ornate
    interior has aesthetic quality.

    This report provides advice on the conservation works to the Entrance Lobby
    and Grand Foyer, and a recommended approach to lighting upgrades to these
    spaces.




    1   Brisbane City Council Information Request 6 May 2008



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2            CONSERVATION OF THE FABRIC

             The following section outlines changes to the original planning and detail of
             the Entrance Lobby and Grand Foyer fabric, assesses their condition and
             outlines proposed conservation works. Drawings 73780/DD01-08 at Annex A
             presents the proposed suite of conservation works.



2.1          ENTRANCE LOBBY


2.1.1        Overview of Changes to the Fabric to the Present

             The Entrance Lobby is largely as it was originally constructed, with the only
             substantial change being:

             •   the infill of the two openings into what was the milk bar to the right of the
                 lobby and the area now occupied by the Aromas Coffee Bar;

             •   double doors to the lift foyer have been removed; and

             •   original ticket box shown on the left in Figure 2.1 has been removed.

             These changes can be compared with the current arrangements in Figure 2.2.




Figure 2.1   Entrance Lobby c 1929 (note terrazzo             Figure 2.2 Entrance Lobby interior
             floor, ticket box to left, and wall                         looking towards Queen
             openings to right) (Source:NLA pic-                         Street (ERM 2007)
             vn3420596-v)




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        The original ticket box was replaced by a now redundant ticket box, which
        includes elements from the original ticket booth in the Grand Foyer. The wall
        panel in the location of the original ticket box is a later addition. Carpet has
        covered the original terrazzo floors, which are likely to be intact beneath. A
        later frame, to carry movie advertising, was added to the vaulted ends of the
        hall space. Television screens have been installed to the right of the entrance
        portico and an advertising cabinet has been applied to its left side. The marble
        threshold between the Entrance Lobby and Grand Foyer appears to have been
        replaced with granite.


2.1.2   Condition

        ERM’s examination of the fabric showed the Entrance Lobby to be in sound
        condition, with the ceiling surfaces and paintings showing no evidence of
        failure. This reflects the conservation program carried out in 1996 by Sandy
        Burnside and Karel Kellner under the direction of Ian Swan of May and Swan
        Architects.2 The wall structure is also generally sound with the only evidence
        of damage at lower levels where impacts from furniture have chipped paint
        and plaster. Entrance doors from Queen Street and doors into the Grand
        Foyer have superficial damage caused by general wear and tear. Terrazzo
        floors may be damaged where the original ticket box was removed and where
        the later ticket box has been installed.


2.1.3   Proposed Conservation Works

        The proposed conservation works outlined below and detailed in the
        following schedule are designed to remove intrusive elements and repair
        earlier physical damage that has diminished the cultural heritage significance
        of the Entrance Lobby. These works represent good conservation practice that
        will recover cultural significance, and are consistent with the principles and
        practices of the Burra Charter.

        Schedule of Proposed Conservation Works

        •     remove later ticket box and further investigate its fabric to confirm the
              existence of earlier ticket booth from the Grand Foyer and recover these
              elements;

        •     remove carpet and determine condition of terrazzo floor;

        •     remove stair lift and associated servicing;

        •     remove television screens and signage in the entrance portico;

        •     remove spotlights located at cornice level;



        2   Environmental Protection Agency Files BNE 12358 Volumes 1 and 2

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        •     remove tenancy signs if required;

        •     remove speakers at each end of lobby;

        •     remove illuminated advertising signs and make good walls at south wall;

        •     investigate removal of later advertising signs at either end of the lobby;

        •     investigate relocation of fire alarm panel and light switching panel to less
              obtrusive locations;

        •     dust down and wipe ceiling;

        •     repair lower levels of decorative plaster walls and repaint to match
              existing;

        •     repair and restore entrance doors;

        •     replace existing granite threshold between Grand Foyer and Entrance
              Lobby with marble to match borders;

        •     upgrade security cameras with least obtrusive latest technology;

        •     retain exit signs; and

        •     retain plaque on the north wall.



2.2     GRAND FOYER


2.2.1   Overview of Changes to the Fabric to the Present

        The Grand Foyer is intact with only minor superficial changes since 1929.
        These changes have included the removal of an original ticket booth against
        the west wall shown in Figure 2.3, and the introduction of new ticketing box
        and candy bar in the northwest corner shown in Figure 2.4. The floor area
        beneath the candy bar is a fibre cement topping over a timber floor and this
        has also covered the marble border.3 Figures 2.5 and 2.6 compare the view
        towards the grand stair in 1929 and 2008. Physical evidence confirms
        anecdotal evidence that single openings once connected adjoining buildings
        north and south of the foyer. Double doors to the stair beneath the grand stair
        leading to the basement have been removed. An original timber door with
        raised geometric pattern was located at a storeroom under the grand stair.
        The Grand Foyer was originally carpeted with the current carpet likely to be
        fifth or sixth generation.


        3   ibid



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Figure 2.3   Grand Foyer looking               Figure 2.4        Grand Foyer looking west 2008 (ERM)
             west c1929 (nla pic-
             vn3707927-v)




Figure 2.5   Grand Foyer towards marble stair c1929                       Figure 2.6 Grand Foyer
             (nla pic-vn3707846-v)                                                   towards marble
                                                                                     stair 2008 (ERM)



2.2.2        Condition

             The condition of the Grand Foyer is similar to the Entrance Lobby with the
             condition of ceiling and upper walls reflecting the 1996 conservation work.
             Once again the physical damage is confined to the lower levels of the walls
             where furniture has come in contact. An architrave block is missing from the
             north side of the entrance doors from the Entrance Lobby. Some minor
             damage has also occurred where electrical and plumbing services, to operate
             the later candy bar and ticket box, have been installed.




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        No visual access was available behind the candy bar fittings along the north
        wall so further examination to access condition in this area will be necessary.
        However, Ian Swan indicated that the installation of the candy bar fittings
        were designed not to physically impact the wall fabric. There is some minor
        damage to adjacent walls where fixings have been removed.

        The marble border behind the candy bar and ticket box may be damaged
        beneath the fibre cement floor topping (12mm) which warrants further
        examination. The marble border in front of the marble stair has some cracked
        sections. A small section of peeling wall paint was noted below the soffit to
        the southern entrance doors to the cinemas.


2.2.3   Proposed Conservation Works

        The proposed conservation works outlined below and detailed in the
        following schedule are designed to remove intrusive elements and repair
        earlier physical damage that has diminished the cultural heritage significance
        of the Grand Foyer. These works represent good conservation practice that
        will recover cultural significance, and are consistent with the principles and
        practices of the Burra Charter.

        Schedule of Proposed Conservation Work

        •   remove existing candy bar and ticket booth and make good timber floor;

        •   seek to expose marble border behind candy bar and ticket booth by
            removing current fibre cement topping;

        •   remove grille and curtains at the head of stair to basement;

        •   remove interpretive signage at south side of marble stair;

        •   remove later pelmet from entrance to cinemas;

        •   remove ropes from gothic windows at east and west ends;

        •   remove signs and services on west wall behind candy bar and ticket booth
            area;

        •   remove Regent sign above south entrance to cinemas;

        •   remove height indicators from doors from Entrance Lobby;

        •   vaccum, dust and wipe down decorative plaster walls and other
            decorative elements;

        •   dust and wipe down painted plaster ceilings;

        •   install new carpet over area of Grand Foyer;



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•   investigate the reconstruction of the original ticket booth from the
    Entrance Lobby to its original position on the west wall;

•   install new doors to match existing at the head of the stairs to the
    basement;

•   repaint marble stair handrail scrolls;

•   repair and repaint decorative plaster posts to marble stair;

•   repair lower levels of decorative plaster walls and repaint to match
    existing;

•   repair minor damage to vent on the south side of the marble stair landing;

•   replace architrave block at door from Entrance Lobby;

•   repaint soffit over doors from Entrance Lobby;

•   install new timber door to match original detail at west wall;

•   repair minor wall damage at east end of south wall adjacent doors to
    lower level cinemas; and

•   retain exit signs.




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3            GRAND FOYER AND ENTRANCE LOBBY LIGHTING SYSTEM

             The BCC IR has sought … additional information in relation to the lighting upgrade
             of the heritage foyer. This section describes the original lighting system and
             current lighting system in the Grand Foyer and Entrance Lobby and a
             recommended approach to lighting upgrades to these spaces.



3.1          ORIGINAL LIGHTING SYSTEM

             This section describes the original lighting system in the Entrance Lobby and
             Grand Foyer which in 1929 would have been powered by an AC supply to
             incandescent globing. The original fittings in the Entrance Lobby and Grand
             Foyer consisted of two octagonal suspended lanterns with attached
             candelabras at each corner. In the Grand Foyer these fittings were globed
             within the lantern and each surrounding candelabra had four electric candles.

             The scale of these lanterns is smaller in the Entrance Lobby. Wall mounted
             candelabras with electric candles located on pilasters provided the only other
             means of lighting in the Entrance Lobby. These fittings can be seen in
             Figure 3.1.




Figure 3.1   Entrance Hall interior looking towards Queen Street c1929 (NLA pic-
             vn3420596-v)




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             Historic photographs of the Grand Foyer in Figures 3.2 and 3.3 show the two
             suspended lanterns. Bronzed wall mounted candelabras with five leafed
             storks surrounding a central goblet with four electric candles to each element
             can also be identified. These fittings are located at mid level between paired
             decorative plaster half columns. Wall mounted candelabras can also be seen
             at high level each side of the gothic window on the western wall.




Figure 3.2   Grand Foyer viewed from the west c1929 (NLA.pic-vn3707846-v)




Figure 3.3   Grand Foyer viewed from the east c 1929 (NLA.pic-vn3707927-v)


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             Three original centrally positioned surface mounted squat round fittings with
             projecting incandescent globes and an internal globe provide lighting beneath
             the soffit of the balcony to the marble stair. A current photograph of one of
             these original fittings is seen in Figure 3.4.




Figure 3.4   Marble stair balcony soffit light fitting (ERM 2008)

             A larger and more elaborate round fitting is located in the portico to the
             Entrance Lobby, as shown in Figure 3.5. This is an original light fitting.




Figure 3.5   Entrance portico light fitting (ERM 2008)

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3.2   CURRENT LIGHTING SYSTEM

      Examination of the current lighting system in the Entrance Lobby and Grand
      Foyer indicate that the original arrangement of light fittings remains intact but
      the wiring to these will most likely have been upgraded to comply with
      current code requirements. The original system has been enhanced by the
      installation of up lights at paired half column capitals in the Grand Foyer and
      the introduction of spotlights in the Entrance Lobby located on top of the
      cornice to spotlight advertising panels at each end.

      The switching for the lighting system is located in the Entrance Lobby where
      the 1929 ticket box was located and behind the current (redundant) ticket box.
      Reticulation is either embedded in the walls or runs in voids behind
      decorative plaster elements.



3.3   NEW REQUIREMENTS

      The Grand Foyer and Entrance Lobby are currently used for theatre access,
      coffee bar seating, foyer and ticketing functions to the Regent Cinemas, they
      will provide the same functions as a part of the Regent Tower at 150 Elizabeth
      Street. The Grand Foyer and Entrance Lobby will not only continue to
      function as foyer spaces to the new multipurpose auditoriums on level three
      of the Regent Tower, they will provide access opportunity from Queen Street
      into the new Regent Tower and through to Elizabeth Street. It is also likely
      the Grand Foyer may be used for new activities associated with the Regent
      Tower such as a functions space which may require new power and data
      cabling systems to be installed.

      The lighting system in the Grand Foyer and Entrance Lobby will be inspected
      to ensure it complies with current codes. The lighting levels provided by the
      existing system will be analysed against the proposed use of these spaces. If
      satisfactory lighting levels are confirmed no changes will be made to the
      current system. Existing emergency lighting, exit lighting and security
      systems will also be inspected and upgraded if required.

      Should upgraded lighting be required the intention is to maintain the ambient
      character created by the current lighting system. Upgraded lighting will be
      sufficient to meet the required codes and necessary, safety requirements at
      floor level. Should upgrades of emergency lighting, exit lighting and security
      systems be necessary innovative design solutions will be sought that
      complement the architectural integrity and detail of these important spaces.



3.4   HERITAGE OPPORTUNITIES AND CONSTRAINTS

      In Australia, the conservation of heritage places is guided by the Australian
      International Council on Monuments and Sites (ICOMOS), Burra Charter. The
      Burra Charter has been widely adopted as the standard for heritage
      conservation practice in Australia, providing a guiding philosophy for the
      care of places of cultural heritage significance in Australia.

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Installation of new power and data systems and any necessary upgrade of the
lighting, emergency lighting and security systems to the Regent Grand Foyer
and Entrance Lobby should be guided by the principles of the Burra Charter
in terms of retaining the original lighting system fittings, unobtrusively
installing new power, data and lighting systems and fittings, concealing
reticulation and minimising impact of historic fabric. Relevant Burra Charter
Principles to guide any upgrades are:


Article 3: Cautious Approach

All changes have the potential to impact on significance. A cautious approach of
changing as much as necessary but as little as possible is recommended.

It is intended to maintain the ambient character of the Grand Foyer and
Entrance Lobby spaces.


Article 10: Contents

Contents, fixtures and objects that contribute to the significance should be retained at
the place.

All existing light fittings should be retained. These can be upgraded by the
use of new globing technology inside existing lamps. However, where globes
are exposed, replacement globes should not significantly alter the appearance
of the light fittings overall. For example, if candelabra candle globes were to
be changed these should be the same (or similar) size and shape, if available in
current lighting technology. If obsolescence of incandescent globing becomes
an issue, new technology globes with the most sympathetic appearance in the
context of the overall appearance and lighting tone (i.e. soft light and not cold
light effect) of light fittings should be selected.


Article 22: New Work

New work and existing work should be clearly recognisable. New work should be
similar to existing fabric in its consideration of matters including siting, bulk, form,
scale, character, colour, texture and material, but should be contemporary.

Ideally new light fittings should be concealed from view. However, if new
lighting upgrade requirements demand a new light fitting is positioned in
view, it should be of an appropriate scale, be carefully positioned to
complement the architectural detail of the foyer and lobby spaces and be
simple, have subtle lines and appearance and subservient to historic detailing.
Conversely, any new power and data cabling and associated fittings should be
concealed as much as possible.




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Article 28: Disturbance of Fabric

Fabric should not be disturbed unless it is necessary for the conservation of the place.

Any lighting upgrades should not damage historic fabric.             Existing
reticulation routes should be utilised. Should new wiring be required this
should be reticulated in existing voids behind decorative plaster, in ceilings
and under floors. Exposed conduit should not be used.


Article 30: Direction, Supervision and Implementation

Competent direction and supervision is required during all stages of the conservation
of a place.

Lighting upgrade works should be carried out under heritage architect
supervision by tradesman experienced in dealing with historic buildings.




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                                               13
4   REFERENCES

    Brisbane City Council Information Request 6 May 2008

    Environmental Protection Agency Files BNE 12358 Volumes 1 and 2

    Australia ICOMOS Burra Charter

    Personal communication Ian Swan 29 July 2008




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                                                   14
Annex A




Conservation Drawings
737880 / Dd01-08
Annex C




Queensland Heritage Register
Entry
Registers and Inventories                                                              Page 1 of 4




 Hoyts Entertainment Centre
 Place Details

 Place ID                   600140
 Place Name                 Hoyts Entertainment Centre
 Alternative Name           Regent Theatre
 Place Classification       Built
 Place Category             Recreation and Entertainment
 Place Type                 Picture theatre/Cinema
 Place Components           Office/s
                            Foyer - entrance
                            Steps/stairway

 Location

 Address                    167 Queen Street
 Property Name
 Town / Suburb              BRISBANE
 Post Code                  4000
 LGA                        BRISBANE CITY COUNCIL
 Context Study Region Brisbane Region

 Cultural Significance

 Priniciple Period
                            1929 (fabric), 1929-1970s ( Historical), 1929-ongoing (social)
 of Significance
 Criterion A                Opened in 1929, the location of the Regent Theatre in Queen Street
                            demonstrates the development of this street as a cultural centre from
                            the 1920s.
 Criterion B                The Regent Theatre is characteristic of a 1920s picture palace, and
                            is one of only four Hoyts/Regent picture palaces constructed in
                            Australia at this time.
 Criterion D                The Regent Theatre is characteristic of a 1920s picture palace, and
                            is one of only four Hoyts/Regent picture palaces constructed in
                            Australia at this time.
 Criterion E                The Regent Theatre is valued by the community, and the ornate
                            interior of the entry foyer has aesthetic quality.
                            The Regent Theatre is valued by the community, and the ornate



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 Criterion G                interior of the entry foyer has aesthetic quality.


 History

 History                    The Regent Building was erected in 1929 for use as a theatre and
                            cinema. The Queen Street site was acquired by William MacIntosh
                            Mayne, property speculator, in 1892. After his death on 16 August
                            1921, title passed to his sister Mary Mayne and brother Dr James
                            O'Neil Mayne of Moorlands [600052]. The remainder of the
                            Elizabeth Street property (allotment 16) was purchased by JC
                            Williamson, film director and entrepreneur, in 1928 and transferred
                            to Hoyts Theatres the following year. Dr Mayne's land was leased to
                            Capitol Theatres Ltd and then sub-leased to Hoyts from 1925 until
                            1977. The shape of the block, with its narrow frontage to Queen
                            Street, determined the theatre's plan. The Queen Street block
                            comprised the entrance foyer, giving the theatre a prestigious
                            address, while the auditorium was constructed on the broad part of
                            the site in Elizabeth Street. Originally referred to as the Capitol
                            Building, the name changed to Regent Building prior to
                            construction. The theatre was designed by Charles N Hollinshed
                            (the Regent's Melbourne based architect), Richard Gailey, Junior of
                            Brisbane, and Aaron Bolot (employed by Gailey). One of four
                            Regent Theatres built in Australia during the 1920s, in the Hoyts
                            house style, these picture palaces reflected the opulence and
                            grandeur of the Hollywood era. Opened on 8 November 1929 the
                            theatre was described as "palatial", "rich in detail" and "strikingly
                            beautiful". The auditorium, then one of the largest in the
                            Commonwealth, provided seating accommodation for over 2500
                            patrons. The Regent comprised an extensive stage, 56 feet wide by
                            28 feet deep, (17 metres by 8.5 metres) a movie screen, modern
                            lighting facilities, three talking machines and a £25 000 Wurlitzer
                            Organ from New York. Two staircases led from the mezzanine floor
                            to the dress circle. The large oval dome above the stalls featured a
                            one ton bronze chandelier. The proscenium arch, lobby and dome
                            were embellished with decorative plaster work by Picton, Hopkins
                            and Son. The tile work was executed by the Decorative Tile
                            Company, and Mollocco Brothers of Sydney created the marble
                            work. The theatre was erected by AJ Dickenson at a cost of £300
                            000 and the Queen Street building was constructed by J and EL
                            Rees. With the opening of the Regent, Brisbane audiences were
                            provided with the opportunity to experience first hand the glamour
                            associated with Hollywood's "golden era" - the romance of the silver
                            screen, the extravagance of celebrity appearances- in the lavish
                            surroundings of a picture palace. Built near His Majesty's, Majestic
                            and Wintergarden Theatres, the Regent contributed to the
                            development of Queen Street as the cultural hub of the city. After
                            James Mayne and Mary Mayne died in 1939 and 1940 respectively,
                            their estate was left to the University of Queensland as the sole
                            beneficiary. In the mid 1970s Hoyts planned the demoliton of the
                            Regent. A "Save the Regent" campaign was launched and a
                            compromise was reached whereby the foyer and the marble staircase
                            was retained. The new four cinema complex opened on 2 August
                            1980.



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 Description

 Designer Name              Hollinshed, Charles N
 Style                      Classical
 Period                     Interwar period (1920s - 1930s)
 Builder Name               Rees, J & EL
 Construction Date          1929 - 1929
 Constuction Method         Load-bearing brick
 Fabric (Exterior
                            Brick - rendered
 Structure)
 Fabric (Roof)
 Roof Form
 Description                The Queen Street facade of the Regent theatre is in the classical
                            revival style and has some Italianate detailing. It is a four storey
                            building with three window bays across. The first floor level has
                            arched window openings with moulded keystones. This level has
                            rustication in the form of render imitating stonework. The upper two
                            levels have square window openings. These are separated by plain
                            giant order pilasters with ornate moulded capitals. Paired pilasters
                            occur to each side of these windows at each end of the facade. The
                            second floor windows have Italianate balusters at their base between
                            the pilasters. The panels between the capitals above the third floor
                            windows have decorative festoons. The frieze above the capitals has
                            paired rosettes at each end with the name 'REGENT BUILDING' in
                            the centre. A large cornice supported on closely spaced brackets
                            appears above this. The parapet has open sections with balusters in
                            line with the window openings below. Elizabeth Street has a large
                            relatively unadorned facebrick facade with three large rendered
                            arched recesses with cast iron pieces located centrally. The heads of
                            the recesses are rendered to imitate voussoirs. A tall concrete
                            parapet and cornice runs across the width of the building. Moulded
                            grotesques are situated between the tops of the three arched
                            openings. A moulded band runs across below the recesses. A plain
                            rendered panel is located between this and the cantilevered awning.
                            The entrance hall from Queen Street features a high vaulted ceiling
                            covered in ornamental plasterwork, with painted medieval scenes in
                            each end vault. A long Queensland marble staircase faces the
                            entrance of the original theatre. This leads to a space with a ceiling
                            incorporating medieval motifs. The side walls of the lobby have
                            miniature balconies. At the rear of each balcony is a large mirror
                            extending to the ceiling. Deep red curtains contrast with the
                            mirrored surfaces. The arches overhead with their colourful
                            medieval figures are supported on stone columns interwoven with
                            lines of tracery. Evenly spaced ornate chandeliers are suspended
                            centrally from the foyer ceiling. Several plasterwork features were
                            salvaged from the destruction of the auditorium and these have been
                            reused in the smaller showcase cinema that replaced part of the
                            original. These features are out of scale with their new location. The
                            upper levels of the Queen Street building have been refurbished as



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                                offices.

 Keywords

 Keywords

 Images




 Description                    Hoyts Entertainment Centre Queen St frontage
 Media Author
 Media Date
 Copyright                      DERM




 Information about places in the Queensland Heritage Register is maintained by the Environmental
 Protection Agency under the Queensland Heritage Act 1992. Information available here is only
 part of the full Register entry and should not be taken as an official entry. Absence does not mean
 a particular place is not in the Register.

 Certified copies of the full entries in the Register are available for a fee.

 You can also search the full Register for a fee to find out if a place or parcel of land is listed or
 otherwise affected by the Act.

 Last updated: 04 April 2006




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Annex D




Interpretive Concept
Annex E




Furnishings and Fittings
Catalogue – ERM September
2008
Regent Theatre Pty Ltd
Furniture and Fittings Catalogue
0073780 RPT5

For – Multiplex Regent Pty Ltd

September 2008
             FINAL REPORT




Multiplex Regent Pty Ltd



Regent Theatre
Furniture and Fittings
Catalogue


September 2008




  Environmental Resources Management
                 Australia
        Level 1 60 Leichhardt Street
            Spring Hill Q 4000
        Telephone +61 7 3839 8393
         Facsimile +61 7 3839 8381
              www.erm.com
                 FINAL REPORT




Multiplex Regent Pty Ltd



Regent Theatre
Furniture and Fittings
Catalogue


September 2008

Reference: 73780 Rpt5




For and on behalf of
Environmental Resources Management
Australia

Approved by: Sandy Vigar



Signed:

Position:          Partner

Date:              12 September 2008




This report has been prepared in accordance with the
scope of services described in the contract or agreement
between     Environmental     Resources     Management
Australia Pty Ltd ACN 002 773 248 (ERM) and the
Client.     The report relies upon data, surveys,
measurements and results taken at or under the
particular times and conditions specified herein. Any
findings, conclusions or recommendations only apply to
the aforementioned circumstances and no greater
reliance should be assumed or drawn by the Client.
Furthermore, the report has been prepared solely for use
by the Client and ERM accepts no responsibility for its
use by other parties
      CONTENTS




1     INTRODUCTION

1.1   BACKGROUND     1
1.2   STUDY AREA     1
1.3   METHODOLOGY    2

2     RESULTS


3     INVENTORY


4     PAINTINGS


5     FURNITURE
1     INTRODUCTION

      Environmental Resources Management Australia Pty Ltd (ERM) was
      commissioned by Brookfield Multiplex in June 2008 to prepare an inventory
      cataloguing original and early fittings, furniture and fabric within the “cinema
      box” and Grand Foyer of the Regent Theatre.



1.1   BACKGROUND

      Environmental Resources Management Australia Pty Ltd (ERM) was
      commissioned in October 2007 to undertake a Heritage Assessment (HA) of
      the Regent Theatre, Queen Street, Brisbane, by Multiplex Regent Pty. Ltd.,
      which has contracted to purchase the property. The HA concluded that the
      heritage significance of the Regent was limited to the Queen Street part of the
      building which includes the Entrance Hall and Grand Foyer. This was
      supported by the Queensland Heritage Council in October 2007, who decided
      not to include the “cinema box” within the heritage register boundary of the
      Regent Theatre heritage listing.

      A development application was subsequently lodged in March 2008 for the
      demolition of the cinema box and construction of a commercial office tower to
      the rear of the Regent foyer areas. Brisbane City Council has since requested
      further information about the development, while the EPA has granted a
      conditional approval.

      Condition 6 of the EPA’s referral response was to provide further information
      pertaining to the proposed interpretation of the site, and ERM were
      subsequently engaged to prepare an inventory cataloguing original and early
      fittings, furniture and fabric. This cataloguing will form part of a Heritage
      Management Plan to support the proposed Regent Tower project.



1.2   STUDY AREA

      The area investigated comprised the “cinema box” to the rear of the Grand
      Foyer which will be demolished as part of the proposed redevelopment.
      Additional pieces of movable heritage such as furniture located in the Grand
      Foyer area were also recorded as part of this study. The study area is outlined
      in red at Figure 1.1, while the heritage registered Grand Foyer area containing
      pieces of furniture is outlined in green.




      ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCES MANAGEMENT AUSTRALIA       0073780 REGENT HERITAGE INVENTORY/FINAL/12 SEPTEMBER 2008

                                                     1
Figure 1.1   Study Area



1.3          METHODOLOGY

             A site inspection was undertaken on 29 July 2008 to investigate and document
             early and original fittings and furniture. The site inspection was assisted by
             architect, Ian Swan, who played a major part in the 1979 redevelopment on
             the site, and who was consequently invaluable in providing details of the
             reuse of certain fittings in the current building, and replication of others.

             Cinema 1 was initially inspected to determine what original fittings and
             details survive from the 1929 theatre. The lower cinema foyer and cinema
             offices and storerooms were subsequently investigated and documented
             where fittings and furniture from the earlier theatre were found.

             A storeroom beneath the Cinema 1 screen contained a great deal of furniture
             of various dates and styles and this was assessed in more detail on 12 August
             2008.



             ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCES MANAGEMENT AUSTRALIA       0073780 REGENT HERITAGE INVENTORY/FINAL/12 SEPTEMBER 2008

                                                            2
2            RESULTS

             Architect Ian Swan was able to provide valuable information on which fittings
             were reused in the Cinema 1 redevelopment, and information was confirmed
             through comparison of historic photos and existing fabric.




Figure 2.1   Theatre arches 1929 and 2008 (National Library of Australia #vn3420630)

             Figure 2.1 shows the original Regent Theatre c1929, with three arches of
             increasing height along the wall of the theatre. Figure 2.2 shows the three
             arches which currently exist in Cinema 1 of the Regent, demonstrating a
             number of similarities to the details of the arches in the historic photograph.




Figure 2.2   Theatre arches 2008 (ERM 2008)



             ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCES MANAGEMENT AUSTRALIA       0073780 REGENT HERITAGE INVENTORY/FINAL/12 SEPTEMBER 2008

                                                            3
             Figure 2.3 is a close up of the middle arch from the Regent Theatre prior to the
             site’s redevelopment in 1976, and an arch which exists in Cinema 1 today.

             The photos clearly demonstrate a number of similarities, indicating that much
             of the plasterwork and vertical grilles may have been reused in the new
             arches, while other details may have been reproduced. Ian Swan was able to
             confirm that all the plasterwork in Cinema 1 was replicated and only the
             panels below the cornice and between the “barley twist” columns contained
             original elements to include metal grills and balustrades. The area identified
             by Ian Swan is marked (white border) in the ERM 2008 photograph.




Figure 2.3   Theatre arches 1976 and 2008 (State Library Queensland # 55316 and ERM
             2008)

             Historical photos also demonstrate a range of Louis XIV furniture used
             throughout the building (See Figure 2.4), and many of these pieces survive
             today either in the cinema foyer, or in storerooms to the rear of and beneath
             the cinemas. Examples are shown at Figure 2.5.




             ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCES MANAGEMENT AUSTRALIA       0073780 REGENT HERITAGE INVENTORY/FINAL/12 SEPTEMBER 2008

                                                            4
Figure 2.4   Furniture in Foyer Areas c1976 and 1929 (SLQ #195551 and NLA #vn3707852)




Figure 2.5    Existing furniture in Cinema 1 foyer and storeroom beneath Cinema 1 (ERM
             2008)




             ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCES MANAGEMENT AUSTRALIA       0073780 REGENT HERITAGE INVENTORY/FINAL/12 SEPTEMBER 2008

                                                            5
3                       INVENTORY

The following inventory provides the location, photograph, description and condition of identified furniture and fittings.


        ID                               PHOTOGRAPH                                LOCATION                            DESCRIPTION                       CONDITION


      ORIGINAL FITTINGS


       RH1                                                       Cinema 1                                            6 octagonal metal Good
                                                                                                                     lanterns suspended
                                                                                                                     from       decorative
                                                                                                                     metal brackets in
                                                                                                                     front of each of the 6
                                                                                                                     vaulted arches.




ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCES MANAGEMENT AUSTRALIA                                                                            0073780 REGENT HERITAGE INVENTORY/FINAL/12 SEPTEMBER 2008

                                                                             6
       RH3                                     Cinema 1       Gilded plasterwork Good
                                                              above grilles.




       RH4                                     Cinema 1       Decorative spindle Good
                                                              metal grilles.




ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCES MANAGEMENT AUSTRALIA                    0073780 REGENT HERITAGE INVENTORY/FINAL/12 SEPTEMBER 2008

                                                          7
       RH5                                     Cinema 1                                  Plaster balustrade               Good




       RH6                                     Entrance to bar area in Cinema 1 foyer.   Cast       terracotta Good
                                                                                         balustrade      with
                                                                                         marble        capped
                                                                                         handrail.




ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCES MANAGEMENT AUSTRALIA                                               0073780 REGENT HERITAGE INVENTORY/FINAL/12 SEPTEMBER 2008

                                                           8
       RH7                                     Entrance to bar area in cinema foyer.   Cast       terracotta Good
                                                                                       balustrade      with
                                                                                       marble        capped
                                                                                       handrail.




       RH8                                     Entrance to bar area in cinema foyer.   Copper         bronze Good
                                                                                       plaster wall panel.




ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCES MANAGEMENT AUSTRALIA                                             0073780 REGENT HERITAGE INVENTORY/FINAL/12 SEPTEMBER 2008

                                                           9
       RH9                                     Northern Wall of bar area.   Copper        bronze Good
                                                                            plaster wall panel
                                                                            with    brass    five
                                                                            candle candelabra.




      RH10                                     Northern Wall of bar area.   Wall mounted brass Good
                                                                            five        candle
                                                                            candelabra.




ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCES MANAGEMENT AUSTRALIA                                  0073780 REGENT HERITAGE INVENTORY/FINAL/12 SEPTEMBER 2008

                                                          10
      RH11                                     Western Wall of bar area.               Wall mounted brass Good
                                                                                       five        candle
                                                                                       candelabra.




      RH12                                     Western wall at entrance to bar area.   Copper         bronze Good
                                                                                       plaster wall panel.




ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCES MANAGEMENT AUSTRALIA                                             0073780 REGENT HERITAGE INVENTORY/FINAL/12 SEPTEMBER 2008

                                                          11
      RH13                                     Entrance to Cinema foyer.       Copper        bronze Good
                                                                               plaster wall panel
                                                                               with    brass    five
                                                                               candle candelabra




      RH14                                     Western wall of Cinema foyer.   Copper        bronze Good
                                                                               plaster wall panel
                                                                               with    brass    five
                                                                               candle candelabra




ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCES MANAGEMENT AUSTRALIA                                     0073780 REGENT HERITAGE INVENTORY/FINAL/12 SEPTEMBER 2008

                                                          12
      RH15                                     Western wall of Cinema foyer.       Copper        bronze Good
                                                                                   plaster wall panel
                                                                                   with    brass    five
                                                                                   candle candelabra




      RH16                                     Southwest corner of Cinema foyer.   Copper         bronze Good
                                                                                   plaster wall panel.




ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCES MANAGEMENT AUSTRALIA                                         0073780 REGENT HERITAGE INVENTORY/FINAL/12 SEPTEMBER 2008

                                                          13
      RH17                                     Southern wall of Cinema Foyer.              Copper        bronze Good
                                                                                           plaster wall panel
                                                                                           with    brass    five
                                                                                           candle candelabra




      RH18                                     Southern wall of Cinema foyer at entrance to Copper        bronze Good
                                               Ciinema 1.                                   plaster wall panel
                                                                                            with    brass    five
                                                                                            candle candelabra




ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCES MANAGEMENT AUSTRALIA                                                  0073780 REGENT HERITAGE INVENTORY/FINAL/12 SEPTEMBER 2008

                                                          14
      RH19                                     Southern wall of Cinema foyer between the Copper         bronze Good
                                               entrances to Cinema 1 and 2.              plaster wall panel.




      RH20                                     In storeroom beneath Cinema 1 screen.      Part      of      cast
                                                                                          terracotta baluster




ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCES MANAGEMENT AUSTRALIA                                                0073780 REGENT HERITAGE INVENTORY/FINAL/12 SEPTEMBER 2008

                                                          15
      PAINTINGS

        ID                               PHOTOGRAPH                    LOCATION              DETAILS                      CONDITION

      RH21                                            Western wall of Cinema foyer.    600 x 900mm pond Good
                                                                                       scene on canvas in
                                                                                       decorative   plaster
                                                                                       frame     -   Artist
                                                                                       “William    Bustard
                                                                                       1928.”




      RH22                                            Southern Wall of Cinema foyer.   660 x 750mm ocean Good
                                                                                       sailing scene on
                                                                                       canvas in decorative
                                                                                       plaster   frame    –
                                                                                       Artist      “William
                                                                                       Bustard 1928.”




ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCES MANAGEMENT AUSTRALIA                                             0073780 REGENT HERITAGE INVENTORY/FINAL/12 SEPTEMBER 2008

                                                                 16
      RH23                                     Eastern wall of Cinema foyer.                1500    x   1000mm Good
                                                                                            woman       adorned
                                                                                            with scarf on canvas
                                                                                            in decorative plaster
                                                                                            frame         -Artist
                                                                                            unknown




      RH24                                     In storeroom on upper floor of cinema box.   1500    x   1000mm Good
                                                                                            woman seated in
                                                                                            timber frame – Artist
                                                                                            unknown




ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCES MANAGEMENT AUSTRALIA                                                  0073780 REGENT HERITAGE INVENTORY/FINAL/12 SEPTEMBER 2008

                                                          17
      FURNITURE


        ID                               PHOTOGRAPH                     LOCATION                          DETAILS                      CONDITION

      RH25                                            Western wall of Grand Foyer.                  2 seater Louis XIV Good
                                                                                                    sofa.




      RH26                                            Western    wall   of   the     Cinema   foyer. 2 seater Louis XIV Good
                                                                                                     sofa.




ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCES MANAGEMENT AUSTRALIA                                                          0073780 REGENT HERITAGE INVENTORY/FINAL/12 SEPTEMBER 2008

                                                                 18
      RH27                                     Western wall of the Cinema foyer.   Louis   XIV            style Good
                                                                                   armchair.




      RH28                                     Western wall of the Cinema foyer.   Round Louis             XIV Good
                                                                                   style table.




ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCES MANAGEMENT AUSTRALIA                                         0073780 REGENT HERITAGE INVENTORY/FINAL/12 SEPTEMBER 2008

                                                          19
      RH29                                     Western wall of the Cinema foyer.           Louis   XIV            style Good
                                                                                           armchair.




      RH30                                     In      upper       foyer      of   cinema. 2 seater Louis XIV
                                                                                           style sofa.




ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCES MANAGEMENT AUSTRALIA                                                 0073780 REGENT HERITAGE INVENTORY/FINAL/12 SEPTEMBER 2008

                                                          20
      RH31                                     In cinema office on upper foyer floor of cinema Louis    XIV  style Good
                                               box.                                            console table with
                                                                                               top missing.




      RH32                                     Store room backing onto Elizabeth Street, first Round Louis XIV Fair
                                               level under Cinema 4.                           style   table with
                                                                                               marble top.




ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCES MANAGEMENT AUSTRALIA                                                   0073780 REGENT HERITAGE INVENTORY/FINAL/12 SEPTEMBER 2008

                                                         21
      RH33                                     Store room backing onto Elizabeth Street, first Louis XIV style 2
                                               level under Cinema 4.                           seater sofa.




      RH34                                     Store   room   under   Cinema    1   screen. Louis    XIV  style Fair/Good
                                                                                            console table with (console from
                                                                                            top missing.        cross    brace
                                                                                                                between legs
                                                                                                                missing)




ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCES MANAGEMENT AUSTRALIA                                                   0073780 REGENT HERITAGE INVENTORY/FINAL/12 SEPTEMBER 2008

                                                         22
      RH35                                     Store   room   under   Cinema   1   screen. Louis    XIV  style Fair     (cross
                                                                                           console table with braces to legs
                                                                                           top missing.        missing)




      RH36                                     Store   room   under   Cinema   1   screen. Louis    XIV  style Good
                                                                                           console table with
                                                                                           top missing.




ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCES MANAGEMENT AUSTRALIA                                                 0073780 REGENT HERITAGE INVENTORY/FINAL/12 SEPTEMBER 2008

                                                         23
      RH37                                     Store   room   under   Cinema   1   screen. Louis    XIV  style Fair/Good
                                                                                           console table with (console from
                                                                                           top missing.        cross    brace
                                                                                                               between legs
                                                                                                               missing)




      RH38                                     Store   room   under   Cinema   1   screen. Round Louis XIV
                                                                                           style   table with
                                                                                           marble top.




ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCES MANAGEMENT AUSTRALIA                                                 0073780 REGENT HERITAGE INVENTORY/FINAL/12 SEPTEMBER 2008

                                                         24
      RH39                                     Store   room   under   Cinema   1   screen. Louis    XIV           style Fair – one leg
                                                                                           planter box                  missing




      RH40                                     Store   room   under   Cinema   1   screen. Louis    XIV           style Fair – one leg
                                                                                           planter box                  missing




ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCES MANAGEMENT AUSTRALIA                                                 0073780 REGENT HERITAGE INVENTORY/FINAL/12 SEPTEMBER 2008

                                                         25
      RH41                                     Store   room   under   Cinema   1   screen. Louis    XIV            style Fair – one leg
                                                                                           planter box                   missing




      RH42                                     Store   room   under   Cinema   1   screen. Louis       XIV         style Fair – one leg
                                                                                           chair.                        missing




ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCES MANAGEMENT AUSTRALIA                                                  0073780 REGENT HERITAGE INVENTORY/FINAL/12 SEPTEMBER 2008

                                                         26
      RH43                                     Store   room   under   Cinema   1   screen. Louis       XIV         style Good
                                                                                           chair.




      RH44                                     Store   room   under   Cinema   1   screen. Louis       XIV         style Good
                                                                                           chair.




ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCES MANAGEMENT AUSTRALIA                                                  0073780 REGENT HERITAGE INVENTORY/FINAL/12 SEPTEMBER 2008

                                                         27
      RH45                                     Store   room   under   Cinema   1   screen. Louis       XIV         style Good
                                                                                           chair.




      RH46                                     Store   room   under   Cinema   1   screen. Louis       XIV         style Good
                                                                                           chair.




ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCES MANAGEMENT AUSTRALIA                                                  0073780 REGENT HERITAGE INVENTORY/FINAL/12 SEPTEMBER 2008

                                                         28
      RH47                                     Store   room   under   Cinema   1   screen. Louis       XIV         style Good
                                                                                           chair.




      RH48                                     Store   room   under   Cinema   1   screen. Louis       XIV         style Good
                                                                                           chair.




ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCES MANAGEMENT AUSTRALIA                                                  0073780 REGENT HERITAGE INVENTORY/FINAL/12 SEPTEMBER 2008

                                                         29
      RH49                                     Store   room   under   Cinema   1   screen. Louis       XIV         style Good
                                                                                           chair.




      RH50                                     Store   room   under   Cinema   1   screen. Louis       XIV         style Poor
                                                                                           chair.




ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCES MANAGEMENT AUSTRALIA                                                  0073780 REGENT HERITAGE INVENTORY/FINAL/12 SEPTEMBER 2008

                                                         30
      RH51                                     Store   room   under   Cinema   1   screen. Louis       XIV         style Good
                                                                                           chair.




      RH52                                     Store   room   under   Cinema   1   screen. Louis       XIV         style Good
                                                                                           chair.




ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCES MANAGEMENT AUSTRALIA                                                  0073780 REGENT HERITAGE INVENTORY/FINAL/12 SEPTEMBER 2008

                                                         31
      RH53                                     Store   room   under   Cinema   1   screen. Louis       XIV         style Good
                                                                                           chair.




      RH54                                     Store   room   under   Cinema   1   screen. Louis   XIV             style Good
                                                                                           armchair.




ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCES MANAGEMENT AUSTRALIA                                                  0073780 REGENT HERITAGE INVENTORY/FINAL/12 SEPTEMBER 2008

                                                         32
      RH55                                     Store   room   under   Cinema   1   screen. Louis XIV style 2 Good
                                                                                           seater sofa.




      RH56                                     Store   room   under   Cinema   1   screen. Louis XIV style 2 Good
                                                                                           seater sofa.




ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCES MANAGEMENT AUSTRALIA                                                0073780 REGENT HERITAGE INVENTORY/FINAL/12 SEPTEMBER 2008

                                                         33
      RH57                                     Store   room   under   Cinema   1   screen. Louis XIV style 2 Good
                                                                                           seater sofa.




      RH58                                     Store   room   under   Cinema   1   screen. Louis XIV style 2 Good
                                                                                           seater sofa.




ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCES MANAGEMENT AUSTRALIA                                                0073780 REGENT HERITAGE INVENTORY/FINAL/12 SEPTEMBER 2008

                                                         34
      RH59                                     Store   room   under   Cinema   1   screen. Louis XIV style 2 Good
                                                                                           seater sofa.




      RH60                                     Store   room   under   Cinema   1   screen. Louis XIV style 3 Good
                                                                                           seater sofa.




ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCES MANAGEMENT AUSTRALIA                                                0073780 REGENT HERITAGE INVENTORY/FINAL/12 SEPTEMBER 2008

                                                         35
      RH61                                     Store   room   under   Cinema   1   screen. Louis XIV style 3 Good
                                                                                           seater sofa.




      RH62                                     Store   room   under   Cinema   1   screen. Office sign from Good
                                                                                           later Entrance Hall
                                                                                           Ticket Booth




ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCES MANAGEMENT AUSTRALIA                                                0073780 REGENT HERITAGE INVENTORY/FINAL/12 SEPTEMBER 2008

                                                         36
      RH63                                     Store   room   under   Cinema   1   screen. Parts    of    round Poor
                                                                                           marble table top




      RH64                                     Store   room   under   Cinema   1   screen. Assorted pieces of Poor
                                                                                           furniture.




ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCES MANAGEMENT AUSTRALIA                                                 0073780 REGENT HERITAGE INVENTORY/FINAL/12 SEPTEMBER 2008

                                                         37
Annex F




Heritage Advice - ERM
August 2010
                                                 Regent Theatre
                                                 Heritage Advice



                                                 for

                                                 Brookfield Multiplex

                                                 August 2010




www.erm.com
Delivering sustainable solutions in a more competitive world
  Approved by:
  Position:
                              John Hoysted
                              Project Manager
                                                                      Regent Theatre Redevelopment
  Signed:
                                                                      Heritage Response



  Date:                       20 August, 2010                         Brookfield Multiplex
  Approved by:                David Pope
  Position:                   Partner
  Signed:
                                                                      August 2010



  Date:                       20 August, 2010

Environmental Resources Management Australia Pty Ltd Quality System




                                                                      0073780

                                                                      www.erm.com




Quality-ISO-9001-PMS302




This disclaimer, together with any limitations specified in the report, apply to use of this report. This
report was prepared in accordance with the contracted scope of services for the specific purpose stated
and subject to the applicable cost, time and other constraints. In preparing this report, ERM relied on: (a)
client/third party information which was not verified by ERM except to the extent required by the scope
of services, and ERM does not accept responsibility for omissions or inaccuracies in the client/third
party information; and (b) information taken at or under the particular times and conditions specified,
and ERM does not accept responsibility for any subsequent changes. This report has been prepared
solely for use by, and is confidential to, the client and ERM accepts no responsibility for its use by other
persons. This report is subject to copyright protection and the copyright owner reserves its rights. This
report does not constitute legal advice.
        CONTENTS




1       BACKGROUND


2       REPONSE TO COMMENTS

2.1     SHOWCASE CINEMA              2
2.1.1   PLASTER SUNBURST PANEL       2
2.1.2   ARCHITECTURAL WALL DETAILS   2
2.2     INNER VESTIBULE/BAR          3
2.3     ELIZABETH STREET FACADE      3
2.4     INDIVIDUAL ITEMS             4

3       CONCLUSION
1   BACKGROUND

    Environmental Resources Management Australia Pty Ltd (ERM) was
    commissioned in March 2010 to prepare a Heritage Management Plan (HMP)
    for the Regent Theatre, Queen Street, Brisbane, by Brookfield Multiplex (BMP)
    on behalf the Industry Superannuation Property Trust (ISPT).

    The first draft HMP was prepared in response to a Direction by the
    Queensland Minister for Infrastructure and Planning dated 19 February 2009
    and aimed to address the four specific requirements of the Ministerial
    Direction.

    Comments from the Department of Infrastructure and Planning (DIP),
    Department of Environment and Resources Management (DERM) and
    Brisbane City Council (BCC) were incorporated into the second draft of the
    HMP.

    On 12 August 2010, ERM received a further set of comments from DIP in
    relation to the potential reuse of existing features, fittings, decorative
    plasterwork and artefacts in the new development, and their incorporation
    into the HMP. These items currently exist in the ‘Cinema Box’ which is
    outside of the Queensland Heritage Register boundary, and as such there is no
    statutory requirement for their retention under the Queensland Heritage Act
    1992.

    Although the ‘Cinema Box’ and its contents have been assessed as not meeting
    the threshold requirement for entry in the Queensland Heritage Register, they
    have connection to the Regent complex, and possess varying levels of heritage
    value. As such there is potential for their reuse and interpretation within the
    heritage listed building, and the new development. This report provides
    ERM’s heritage response to DIP’s email and attachment of 12 August 2010.




    ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCES MANAGEMENT AUSTRALIA       0073780.RP/HERITAGE ADVICE/23 AUGUST 2010

                                                   1
2       REPONSE TO COMMENTS




2.1     SHOWCASE CINEMA


2.1.1   Plaster Sunburst Panel

        The item is a smaller, re-oriented, and recast version of the original ceiling
        medallion with ‘sunburst’ surround. It has no association with the original
        theatre and has little heritage value. It is likely the feature will require further
        downsizing to fit within the confines of the new auditorium.                    The
        reinstallation of the feature will provide little contribution to the interpretation
        of the scale, atmosphere and flamboyancy of what has already been lost at the
        Regent Theatre.

        ERM does not recommend reuse in the new cinema.


2.1.2   Architectural Wall Details


        a) Arches b) lanterns, plaster entablature, balustrade panels c) plaster frieze d) panels
        and moulding e) plaster cornice, bulkheads and coffer panels

        The metal lanterns and grilles (RH 4) are original, thus have high heritage
        value. ERM has recommended in the HMP to install the lanterns as
        interpretive elements in the No.1 auditorium, and the grilles in the
        interpretive collage.

        Some original plasterwork is reported to have been used in the 1980s
        redevelopment, however the majority is re-cast. The installation of the
        plasterwork into the re-created 1980s theatre provides some contribution to
        the aesthetic appeal of the theatre. However, it disguises the fact that these
        were spaces completed in 1980 and distorts the Burra Charter concept of
        reconstruction, which is the ‘introduction of new material into existing fabric, and
        is only appropriate where a place is incomplete due to damage or alteration. This is not
        to be confused with either re-creation or conjectural reconstruction, which are outside
        the scope of the Burra Charter’.

        ERM recommends retention of these items for consideration in the
        interpretive collage, however it is noted that their inclusion will be dependant
        on size and condition of features. Alternatively, these items should be offered
        to the Queensland Museum.




        ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCES MANAGEMENT AUSTRALIA               0073780.RP/HERITAGE ADVICE/23 AUGUST 2010

                                                       2
2.2   INNER VESTIBULE/BAR


      a) Parts of the plaster ceiling b) plaster cornices and entablatures c) plaster mouldings
      d) plaster ceiling panels d) plaster cornices (bar area) and plaster threshold panels and
      columns.

      ERM considers the general recommendations as per Section 2.1.2, relating to
      plaster elements, to be applicable to the proposals for retention of items listed
      in Section 2.2.

      However, the consideration of inclusion of selections of these elements in the
      interpretive collage is considered appropriate, only if they can be
      appropriately fitted into the display area, and included in a meaningful way
      which identifies and interprets their level of heritage significance. Consistent
      with Burra Charter principles, maintaining evidence of all periods of a
      building’s construction can help retain meanings. However, re-cast fabric
      (‘new work’) should not be interpreted or disguised as original fabric, rather,
      interpreted as new work.

      ERM recommends retention of these items for consideration in the
      interpretive collage where appropriate.



2.3   ELIZABETH STREET FACADE


      a) Two theatrical grotesques, b) wrought iron grilles, c) other grotesques – Elizabeth
      St façade

      The theatrical grotesques and grilles are both indicated on the original 1927
      drawings of the Elizabeth Street façade of the Regent Theatre, and thus have
      heritage significance. Inclusion into the interpretive collage could be
      considered if required, providing the items can be interpreted in a meaningful
      way which identifies and interprets their significance. Practical display
      aspects such as the scale and size of the collage and the items, and also the
      content of the display need consideration and should guide the decision to
      include these items in any display medium.

      However, the removal of the grilles and all grotesques from their location in
      situ, and re-installation in a contemporary space (i.e. the new proposed
      commercial foyer area) is likely to substantially diminish the weight of the
      special associations which these items have to the original Regent, and affect
      their meaning and significance.

      ERM recommends photographically recording the features prior to their
      removal or alteration, and consideration where appropriate for adaptive reuse
      in the new development in a sympathetic manner. Alternatively, these items
      should be offered to the Queensland Museum.


      ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCES MANAGEMENT AUSTRALIA              0073780.RP/HERITAGE ADVICE/23 AUGUST 2010

                                                     3
2.4   INDIVIDUAL ITEMS


      RH1, 3, 4 and 5

      In accordance with Burra Charter principles, ERM believes reconstruction of
      the 1980 reconstruction in the new development is not appropriate. Instead,
      the heritage value of original architectural elements and details would be
      better demonstrated as interpretive elements in the interpretive collage.


      RH 10 and 11

      To be considered for reuse in the interpretive collage in the first instance,
      otherwise offered to the Queensland Museum.


      RH 19

      To be considered for reuse in the interpretive collage in the first instance,
      otherwise offered to the Queensland Museum.


      RH 21, 22, 23, 24

      ERM does not recommend reuse of the paintings in the Grand Foyer, as
      historically these were located in the theatre foyer/mezzanine, and
      subsequently the Inner Vestibule/Bar area in the 1980 redevelopment. ERM
      believes a more appropriate location for their display would be in the lift
      lobby area or within tenancies of the Regent Offices.

      RH 31, 34-37

      This is an appropriate suggestion, pending the design requirements and
      planning of the space permit the inclusion of the objects. Otherwise
      recommendations as per the HMP stand.


      RH45,46,55,56 &57

      ERM recommends restoring these pieces of furniture, and reusing within the
      Regent complex.         Historically these were located in the theatre
      foyer/mezzanine, and subsequently the Inner Vestibule/Bar area in the 1980
      redevelopment. As such, ERM does not agree with their reuse in the Grand
      Foyer, but instead recommends considering their retention and adaptive reuse
      in other spaces of the building such as the offices, lift lobby and Regent Café.




      ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCES MANAGEMENT AUSTRALIA        0073780.RP/HERITAGE ADVICE/23 AUGUST 2010

                                                     4
3   CONCLUSION

    While moveable heritage items such as paintings and furniture are easily able
    to be adaptively reused, architectural elements such as plaster features are
    more difficult. The heritage value of such items has already been diminished
    as a result of being dismantled and installed in the 1980 development, and
    interpretation of these items in a contemporary setting is a better outcome in
    terms of Burra Charter principles.




    ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCES MANAGEMENT AUSTRALIA       0073780.RP/HERITAGE ADVICE/23 AUGUST 2010

                                                   5

				
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