Rooftop Solar Challenge Webinar Financing_ Planning and Zoning

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					  The DOE SunShot
  Initiative is a collaborative
  national initiative to make
  solar energy technologies
  cost-competitive with
  other forms of energy by
  reducing the cost of solar
  energy systems by about
  75% before 2020.



                             Venue:        Rooftop Solar Challenge Webinar:
                                           Financing Options, Planning and Zoning

                             Presenters:   Charlie Coggeshall – New West Tech (DOE)
                                           Justin Barnes – North Carolina Solar Center
                                           Chad Laurent - Meister Consultants Group

                             Date:         July 20th 2011

DOE Solar Energy Technologies Program
                         Challenge Goal and Strategy




      Federal Funding in Phase 1
      •   DOE will invest up to $12.5 million to support up to 25 teams
      •   Award range: $250,000 to $1,000,000 per team
      •   Cost-share requirements: 10% in Phase 1
      Phase 2 (potential)
      •   Based on measured success in Phase 1, teams may be eligible for additional funding in Phase 2

DOE Solar Energy Technologies Program
                                                                                                          2
                                 Eligibility Requirements
Applicant entities must satisfy the following criteria:
       –    Located in the United States and
       –    State or territorial governments; or
       –    Local governments; or
       –    Consortia, made up of regional or statewide teams of local governments, large single jurisdictions, or Indian
            Tribes; or
       –    Non-profit or for-profit entities authorized to act on behalf of a consortia of state and/or local governments, and
       –    The total population represented by eligible entities for this FOA must be 500,000 or greater as defined by the
            2010 report of the U.S. Census Bureau .


Forming strong teams:
Applicants are encouraged to partner with diverse stakeholders to ensure
the buy-in and resources necessary to make progress under all action areas.

Potential partners include:
      – Utilities
      – Solar companies
      – Non-profit organizations
      – State governments




DOE Solar Energy Technologies Program                                                                                    3
          Action Areas and Measuring Progress
                                                                                       ACTION AREA                                POINTS
Phase 1 Action Areas:                                                                  Permitting Process                             460
•   PERMITTING AND INTERCONNECTION PROCESSES: Develop and implement a                     Application                                 110
    transparent, consistent, and expedient permitting and interconnection process         Information Access                           60
    for residential (less than approximately 10kW) and small commercial (less than        Process Time                                110
    approximately 300kW) rooftop PV systems, throughout all participating                 Fee                                          30
    jurisdictions.                                                                        Model Process                                30
•   NET METERING AND INTERCONNECTION STANDARDS: Improve                                   Inspection                                   80
    interconnection and net metering standards, as evaluated by the Network for           Communication w/ Utility                     40
    New Energy Choices grading scheme, for the primary load-serving utility in         Interconnection Process                        110
    each participating jurisdiction.                                                      Application                                  40
•   FINANCING OPTIONS: Increase distributed PV market activity in models other            Information Access                           20
    than self-financed ownership by enabling direct financing options, community          Process Time                                 20
    solar programs, and/or utility-owned distributed generation and resolving legal       Inspection                                   30
    issues around third party ownership models.
•   PLANNING AND ZONING: Remove siting restrictions and incorporate favorable          Interconnection Standard                         100
    provisions in state and local codes and land use policies in every participating   Net Metering Standard                            100
    jurisdiction to maximize PV siting options.
                                                                                       Financing Options                                150
Measuring Progress:                                                                       Third Party Ownership (or equivalent)          90
                                                                                          Direct Finance Options                         25
•  Point scoring approach allows jurisdictions to demonstrate progress through a
                                                                                          Community Solar                                15
   variety of policy and practice improvements
                                                                                          Other                                          20
•  Applicants submit benchmark data for each participating jurisdiction with their
   application                                                                         Planning and Zoning                               80
•  Teams must achieve a total score of 800/1000 at the end of Phase 1 in order to         Solar Rights and Access                        54
   be eligible for a potential Phase 2                                                    Zoning                                         20
                                                                                          New Construction                                6
                                                                                       TOTAL POINTS POSSIBLE                           1000


DOE Solar Energy Technologies Program
                                                                                                                                   4
                                        How to Apply
  • Submit Letter of Intent by July 29, 2011
  • Applications due August 31, 2011
  • Include project plan (up to 16 pages)
  • Include letters of commitment and letters of
    support
  • Include initial market assessment
    (Attachment 1)
  • Link to Challenge home page:
                                                    Webinar Schedule:
          – http://www.solar.energy.gov/challenge
  • Direct link to Funding Opportunity              June 29: Funding Opportunity
                                                    Overview
    Announcement (FOA):                             July 6: Permitting and
          – https://eere-exchange.energy.gov        Interconnection Processes
  • Q&A available at FOA link above                 July 13: Net Metering and
                                                    Interconnection Standards
  • All webinars will be recorded and made          July 20: Financing Options and
    available from the Challenge home page          Planning and Zoning

DOE Solar Energy Technologies Program
                                                                                     5
                       This Presentation Will Cover…

     Reasons Financing Options and Planning and Zoning
         are Important to Solar Market Development




        Tips for Completing Benchmarking of Financing,
                  Planning, and Zoning Criteria




                           Defining Key Terms



         Starting Points for Gathering Benchmark Data



                                                         6
DOE Solar Energy Technologies Program
        Why are Financing Options, Planning and Zoning
              Important Challenges to Address?
       Large upfront cost is the most frequently cited barrier to
       investing in solar energy. The ability of a consumer to
       finance a system and pay for it over time, rather than
       having to pay the whole cost up front, is often critical in
       determining whether or not the consumer adopts solar at
       all.
       Planning and zoning are important policy areas at the state
       and jurisdictional levels because they represent key
       opportunities to protect the rights of potential, and current,
       solar system owners, in addition to increasing the ease and
       economics of residential and commercial installations.


                                                                     7
DOE Solar Energy Technologies Program
              Third-Party Ownership – Key Terms
             Third-Party Power Purchase Agreement (PPA)

             • A PPA is a legal agreement between a solar developer and a building owner whereby
               the developer finances, owns, installs, operates and maintains a PV system located on
               the building owner’s property. The building owner (“the host”) agrees to purchase all
               of the electricity produced by the PV system from the solar developer. A PPA is a long
               term contract that is considered “behind-the-meter.” The solar developer, as the
               owner of the system, takes the tax credits and other incentives available in a given
               jurisdiction unless negotiated otherwise.

             Third-Party Lease

             • A solar lease is a transaction between a solar developer and a building owner whereby
               the developer agrees to lease a PV system that is located on the building owner’s
               property. Unlike a solar PPA which involves a sale of electricity, under a solar lease,
               the building owner makes monthly lease payments to the solar developer. In return,
               the building owner benefits directly from all of the electricity produced by the PV
               system. The solar developer, as the owner of the system, takes the tax credits and
               other incentives available in a given jurisdiction unless negotiated otherwise.



                                                                                                         8
DOE Solar Energy Technologies Program
           Third-Party Ownership – Question #1

        Is there legislation/regulation that allows for the
          third party ownership structures whereby the
        PV system is owned by a third-party (not owned
                    by the utility or site host)?
                                        Allows both PPAs and Leases
                                        Allows only PPA
                                        Allows only Leases
                                        Remains silent
                                        Disallows




                                                                      9
DOE Solar Energy Technologies Program
                             Third-Party Ownership - Suggested
                                 Starting Point - DSIRE Map
                    3 rd -P arty Solar P V P ow er P urchase Agreem ents (P P As)
                                                                 www.dsireusa.org / June 2011




                                           UT: limited to
                                          certain sectors




                                      AZ: limited to
                                     certain sectors
                                                                                                                                                             At least 20
                                                                                TX: effective
                                                                                                                                                             states + PR
                                                                                  09/2011                                                                   authorize or
                                                                                                                                                           allow 3rd-party
                                                                                                                                                           solar PV PPAs
         Authorized by state or otherwise currently in use, at least in certain jurisdictions within in the state
         Apparently disallowed by state or otherwise restricted by legal barriers
         Status unclear or unknown                                                                                                                           Puerto Rico
   Note: This map is intended to serve as an unofficial guide; it does not constitute legal advice. Seek qualified legal expertise before making binding
         financial decisions related to a 3rd-party PPA. See following slides for additional important information and authority references.
                                                                                                                                                                           10
DOE Solar Energy Technologies Program
               Third-Party Ownership - Suggested Starting
                            Points and Tips
       Check DSIRE map – www.dsireusa.org/summarymaps/


       See how utilities are defined in state statutes and local codes

       Key sources might include: State legislatures, Secretary of State pages, and local
       government websites

       Some websites compile state or local codes, examples of LexisNexis and municode.com -
       many codes are searchable by keyword

                      •    Certain states may allow third-party ownership models for "limited
                           sectors"; this commonly refers to non-profit and government
                           organizations as these are sectors that cannot benefit directly from
                           tax credits.
     Tips:            •    Certain states allow third-party leasing for solar but not third-party
                           PPAs as the former does not involve the sale of electricity whereas
                           the latter does (i.e., Florida allows third-party leases but prohibits
                           third-party PPAs).
                                                                                                    11
DOE Solar Energy Technologies Program
                     Roof Lease Program - Key Term
            Roof Lease Program

            • A host site leases space to a third party (here the utility) for a
              solar energy system. The utility often receives the renewable
              energy credits and capitalizes on tax incentives and rebates.
              Income to the property owner comes in the form of lease
              payments or utility bill credits from the utility.




                                                                                   12
DOE Solar Energy Technologies Program
           Utility Roof Lease Program – Question #2
          Does the utility “offer” a roof lease program whereby a
          homeowner or business owner could host and receive
          benefits from a rooftop PV system that is owned by the
                                    utility?
                                    Roof lease program is established
                                    Petitioning to launch program
                                    Opposed, have not explored, unable,
                                    specify



                “Offer”

                • The utility enters into (or is willing to enter into) contracts or agreements
                  involving mutual promises for leasing roof space for solar energy systems.


                                                                                                  13
DOE Solar Energy Technologies Program
         Utility Roof Lease Program - Suggested Starting
                              Points



                                          A utility’s contact for
               Contact utility,
                                         distributed generation
           department of public
                                        or renewable energy is
           utilities, state energy
                                        a good point of contact
                    office
                                        for info on roof leasing.




                                                                    14
DOE Solar Energy Technologies Program
                                        Direct Finance Options


                         Direct Finance Options

                         • Financing options that allow the
                           customer, rather than a third party,
                           to own the solar system.
                             • Property-Assessed Clean Energy
                               Programs
                             • Loan or other Financing Programs




                                                                  15
DOE Solar Energy Technologies Program
             Property-Assessed Clean Energy (PACE) - Key
                                Term


                         Property-Assessed Clean Energy (PACE):

                         • A financing mechanism whereby local governments
                           raise money through the issuance of bonds or other
                           sources of capital to fund energy efficiency and
                           renewable energy projects on behalf of property
                           owners. These property owners repay the financial
                           obligation through standard property assessment
                           mechanisms, which are secured by a property lien
                           and paid along with standard property taxes.




                                                                                16
DOE Solar Energy Technologies Program
                                        PACE – Question #3

          Is there state-level enabling legislation in place
           for creating a residential or commercial PACE
                              program?
                                    Yes/No




                                                               17
DOE Solar Energy Technologies Program
            PACE – Suggested Starting Points - DSIRE Map

               P roperty Assessed Clean Energy (P ACE)
                                              www.dsireusa.org / July 2011

                                                                                                                      ME: 2010
                                                         MN: 2010              MI: 2010 (C&I Only)
                                                                                                                      NH: 2010
                                                                                               NY: 2009
           OR: 2009                                                                                                   VT: 2009
                                                                       WI: 2009                                       MA: 2010
                                        WY: 2011


                      NV: 2009                                                          OH: 2009                      MD: 2009
                                                                        IL: 2009
                                          CO: 2008
                                                                                                                 DC   DC: 2010
           CA: 2008
                                                                                                     VA: 2009
                                                                    MO: 2010
                                                                                                          NC: 2009
                                        NM: 2009         OK: 2009

                                                                                              GA: 2010
                                                     TX: 2009
                                                                        LA: 2009
                                                                                                                26 states + DC
                                                                                        FL: 2010            authorize PACE (25
                        HI: Existing                                                                        states have passed
                         Authority
                                                                                                             legislation and HI
      PACE financing authorized by the state*
 *The Federal Housing Financing Agency (FHFA) issued a statement in July 2010 concerning the                permits it based on
 senior lien status associated with most PACE programs. In response to the FHFA statement, most                 existing law)
 local PACE programs have been suspended until further clarification is provided.
                                                                                                                                 18
DOE Solar Energy Technologies Program
                Competitive Loans / Financing Programs –
                     Question #4 and Key Terms
           Is there a “competitive” loan/financing program offered for
           rooftop PV consumers in the jurisdiction or utility territory?
                                    State Govt Program
                                    Local Govt Program
                                    “Public/Private Partnership”
                                    Private Sector Program
                                    Utility Program
                                    No


                       “Competitive”

                      • Loan/financing programs with terms that are as good as or better than comparable
                        commercially-available loans/financing.

                       “Public-private Partnership”

                      • Partnership between government and one or more private sector companies.

                                                                                                           19
DOE Solar Energy Technologies Program
            Direct Finance Options - Suggested Starting Points

   DSIRE for state info: http://www.dsireusa.org/solar*.

   Talk with local utility, department of public utilities, state energy office

   Contact the utility person in charge of distributed generation, renewable energy and/or net metering

   Talk with local government agencies

   Talk with local banks and credit unions

   An actual bank representative should support final determinations of what direct ownership financing
   programs actually exist.

   Talk with local installers and renewable energy/sustainability non-profits

   *click on Solar Policy Guide in Resources tab on left, look for PACE Financing entry and Loan Programs entry
                   Local financial institutions may have traditional loan products like home equity loans and lines of
    Tip:           credit that can be used for solar installations and these institutions may have made a concerted
                   effort to understand and develop lending criteria that makes the loan products viable for solar
                   projects.
                                                                                                                   20
DOE Solar Energy Technologies Program
                        Community Solar - Key Terms
            Community Solar

            • As defined in “A Guide to Community Solar” (see Resources), Community Solar is defined as a solar-
              electric system that, through a voluntary program, provides power and/or financial benefit to, or is
              owned by, multiple community members.

            Virtual Net-metering

            • An agreement under which dispersed individual ratepayers can draw electricity from a shared power
              grid. Allows all ratepayers to participate in renewable energy generation regardless of where the
              ratepayer’s electric meter may reside.

            Group Billing

            • Group billing arrangements operate much like master metering in a multi-unit residential or
              commercial building. Under master-metering, a landlord receives a single electric bill for all electricity
              usage within a building, including tenant load. The landlord then determines how to assign energy
              costs to individual tenants taking into account tenant leases. Group billing for community projects
              works much the same way except that participants do not need to reside in a single building.

            Joint Ownership

            • An undivided bundle of rights shared by two or more persons allowing them to use, manage and
              enjoy the property, including the right to convey it to others.

                                                                                                                           21
DOE Solar Energy Technologies Program
                    Community Solar – Question #5

          Is there legislation/regulation that accepts one
             or more of the following community solar
                       enabling mechanisms?
                                    Virtual Net Metering
                                    Group Billing
                                    Joint Ownership




                                                             22
DOE Solar Energy Technologies Program
           Community Solar – Utility Program – Question
                       #6 and Key Term
            Does the primary utility offer a community solar
            program that provides benefits to participating
                             consumers?
                                        Yes, specify
                                        No




                       Community Solar Utility Program

                      • Utilities may sponsor community solar programs that offer their
                        customers a way to benefit directly from a local solar project. Such a
                        program could include multiple options for customer participation, but
                        the customer does not have an ownership interest in the system.



                                                                                                 23
DOE Solar Energy Technologies Program
             Community Solar - Suggested Starting Points


       Look up state net metering regulations.

       Search DSIRE for net metering records with relevant information about
       community solar: http://www.dsireusa.org/solar.

       Look at IREC’s Net Metering Tables: http://irecusa.org/irec-programs/connecting-
       to-the-grid/net-metering/.

       In Appendix A of Freeing the Grid, the Net Metering section includes criteria
       addressing community solar, by state.

       Contact utility directly for information on utility-run community solar program;
       consider asking specifically for the person in charge of distributed generation.



                                                                                          24
DOE Solar Energy Technologies Program
        Other Financing Options – Question #7

         Does the jurisdiction and/or utility have other
         programs not listed in the above criteria which
          provide consumers with a means of financing
                              solar?
        (Do not include direct rebate/subsidy programs)

                                        Yes
                                        No




                                                           25
DOE Solar Energy Technologies Program
           Financing Options - Useful Resources
       Database of State Incentives for Renewables & Efficiency (DSIRE): http://www.dsireusa.org/



       U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). Guide to Community Solar: Utility, Private, and Non-profit Project Development. January 2011:
       http://www.nrel.gov/docs/fy11osti/49930.pdf


       U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). Homeowners Guide to Financing a Grid-Connected Solar Electric System. October 2010:
       http://www1.eere.energy.gov/solar/pdfs/48969.pdf


       Kollins, K., B. Speer and K. Cory. Solar PV Project Financing: Regulatory and Legislative Challenges for Third-Party PPA System
       Owners. National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). February 2010: http://www.nrel.gov/docs/fy10osti/46723.pdf

       Property Assessed Clean Energy (PACE) Financing: Update on Commercial Programs. (Policy Brief). Lawrence Berkeley National
       Laboratory (LBNL), Clinton Climate Initiative, Renewable Funding. March 23, 2011: http://eetd.lbl.gov/ea/emp/reports/pace-pb-
       032311.pdf

       Zimring M., I. Hoffman and M. Fuller. PACE Status Update. LBNL. August 11, 2010: http://eetd.lbl.gov/ea/emp/reports/ee-
       policybrief081110.pdf


       Lantz, E. State Clean Energy Policies Analysis: State, Utility and Municipal Loan Programs. NREL. May 2010:
       http://www.nrel.gov/docs/fy10osti/47376.pdf


                                                                                                                                         26
DOE Solar Energy Technologies Program
             Solar Rights and Access – Key Terms

                Solar Rights

                • Refers to the ability to install solar energy systems on
                  residential and commercial property that is subject to private
                  restrictions, i.e., covenants, conditions, restrictions, bylaws,
                  condominium declarations, as well as local government
                  ordinances and building codes.

                Solar Access

                • Defined as the ability of one property or area to continue to
                  receive sunlight without obstruction from a nearby home or
                  building, landscaping, or other impediment. Solar access laws
                  may be implemented at both the state and local levels.

                                                                                     27
DOE Solar Energy Technologies Program
         Solar Rights – Question #s1-2 and Tips
         1. Is there a state or local law that protects property owner
                 rights to install solar systems on their property?

       2. If there is a state or local law that protects property owner
             rights to install solar systems on their property, does it
                protect from both local ordinances and restrictive
                                      covenants?
                           •Check DSIRE website
                           •Check for local laws by consulting the local code of ordinances for any
                           ordinances which relate to “solar”, “photovoltaic”, or “PV”.
                           •Check with local planning officials to see if they are aware of any local
                           zoning or planning laws which specifically protects the installation of solar
     Tips:                 energy systems.

                           Be aware that some state laws permit local governments to develop solar
                           rights laws but local governments may not have acted on this authority and
                           as a result do not necessarily grant system owners any specific protections

                                                                                                           28
DOE Solar Energy Technologies Program
                            Solar Rights - Key Terms and Tips

                Ordinance

                • An ordinance is a local law or regulation typically found within the code of a local jurisdiction
                  such as a municipality or a county.

                Restrictive Covenant

                • Restrictive covenants are mutual private agreements usually contained in a deed or lease that
                  restrict the use of real property. They are typically part of planned communities and
                  subdivisions where the developer has stipulated the architectural form and general scheme of
                  construction in the community. These restrictions are not personal in nature but rather are
                  considered to “run with the land” (e.g., laws of the land that exist regardless of the owner).

                       •Review any applicable laws to see whether and how they pertain to public or private
                       restrictions.
                              Protections against private restrictions generally refer to restrictive covenants,
                              contracts, deed restrictions, or other legal instruments which affect the sale or transfer
     Tips:                    of a property.
                              Protections against public restrictions will typically refer to local ordinances or laws.

                       •Consult with local installers or an attorney to identify whether the existing law has any
                       significant weaknesses or has been the subject of any past or ongoing disputes.


                                                                                                                      29
DOE Solar Energy Technologies Program
                                 Solar Rights - Key Terms
                Agency
                • An administrative body tasked with enforcement of solar rights laws and/or prohibitions
                  of restrictive covenants. The existence of any agency usually avoids the need for
                  litigation.


                Fixed Process
                • A government established procedure for obtaining a solar rights permit or filing a
                  declaration stating that a property owner is exercising their solar right.



                Court of Law
                • A property owner’s only enforcement options would be by bringing a lawsuit and using
                  the court system to enforce their right.




                                                                                                            30
DOE Solar Energy Technologies Program
                             Solar Rights – Question #3

       What type of enforcement mechanism is used to
                    support solar rights?
                                    Agency
                                    Fixed Process
                                    Court of Law
                                    N/A


                           •Look at the state solar rights law or local ordinance related to solar rights to see if an
                           enforcement mechanism is described or if a specific entity or agency is given oversight
                           over solar rights laws.
     Tips:
                           •Speak with the specified agency or entity that has oversight of solar rights, if one
                           exists, to find out what responsibilities the agency has.


                                                                                                                     31
DOE Solar Energy Technologies Program
          Solar Access – Question #4, Key Term, and Tips

             Is there a state or local law that provides for solar
           easements to protect access to sunlight (solar access)?
                       Solar Easements

                       • An easement is created to protect the dominant estate’s exposure to the direct
                         rays of the sun. A solar easement grants the owners of solar energy systems the
                         right to continued access to sunlight without obstruction from a neighbor’s
                         property and limits future property developments (i.e., building, foliage) that
                         could restrict solar access. A solar easements law can either provide a model for
                         voluntary agreements that neighboring property owners enter into to protect
                         one’s solar access or can be used to create an affirmative or negative easement.



                                 •Check DSIRE
                                 •Check with local planning officials to see if they are aware of any
        Tips:                    local zoning or planning laws which specifically protect a system
                                 owner’s access to sunlight or allow for creation of such
                                 protections in the form of an easement.



                                                                                                             32
DOE Solar Energy Technologies Program
             Solar Access – Question #5 and Tips

         Is there a state or local process for a PV system
        to be registered in order to protect solar access?
                                    Yes
                                    No


                                •The registration process typically involves a system owner filing
                                paperwork that puts a notice on-record, similar to recording the title to
        Tips:                   your home or your mortgage, so that there is public record of the system
                                owner claiming rights to access sunlight.

                                •Check local or state solar access laws and contact appropriate agency
                                or entity with authority over these laws or ordinances


                                                                                                            33
DOE Solar Energy Technologies Program
              Solar Rights and Access - Suggested Starting
                           Point – DSIRE Map
                                    State Solar Access Law s
                                                  www.dsireusa.org / April 2011




                                                                                                DC




      Solar Easements Provision                                                                      38 states +
      Solar Rights Provision
                                                                                                         USVI
                                                                          U.S. Virgin Islands
                                                                                                       have solar
      Solar Easements and Solar Rights Provisions
                                                                                                      access laws
       Local option to create solar rights provision
                                                                                                                34
DOE Solar Energy Technologies Program
                      Zoning – Question #6 and Tips
          Approximately what percent of structures in your
             jurisdiction are zoned to allow rooftop solar
         facilities automatically “as a matter of right” or "by
                                 right"?
                                    All structures
                                        ≥ 50% of Structures
                                    < 50% of Structures
                                    None

                                 •Check local zoning laws to see if there are any solar specific zoning
                                 codes or ordinances in place.
        Tips:                    •Speak with local planning and zoning officials
                                 •If the local official cannot or will not make such an estimate,
                                 generate your own estimate based on your findings above.

                                                                                                          35
DOE Solar Energy Technologies Program
                                        Zoning – Question #7

               Approximately what percent of structures in your
          jurisdiction are zoned to allow rooftop solar facilities only
            after a public hearing and the issuance of a special or
                            conditional use permit?
               (Calculate residential and commercial separately)

                                        None
                                        < 50% of Structures
                                        ≥ 50% of Structures
                                        All Structures




                                                                          36
DOE Solar Energy Technologies Program
                                        Zoning – Question #8

           Has your jurisdiction conducted a review of local
        ordinances to identify barriers to solar installations and
          make recommendations for updating ordinances to
                        address those barriers?
                                        Yes
                                        No




                                                                     37
DOE Solar Energy Technologies Program
                        New Construction - Key Term

            A Solar-Ready home or building is designed as if a solar energy
         system were going to be installed during construction. Architects and
               builders take precautions to ensure a viable site for solar
                                     technologies.
       • Orient building and roof in such a way as to obtain maximum solar
         access
       • Leave adequate roof space free from vents, chimneys, and
         equipment
       • Plan landscaping to avoid shading the unobstructed roof space in
         the future
       • Plan extra space for equipment in mechanical rooms
       • Pre-install roof mounting systems and conduit
       • Label structural reinforcements and end points of wires or pipes

                                                                                 38
DOE Solar Energy Technologies Program
                  New Construction – Question #9

                 Are there state or local standards for new
                 construction that reduce barriers to solar
                               deployment?
                           (Check all that apply)
                                    East-west street and building orientation
                                    Solar-ready construction guidelines
                                    Solar easements for new construction
                                    Other (*Specify)




                                                                                39
DOE Solar Energy Technologies Program
                   Planning and Zoning – Useful Resources

       Database of State Incentives for Renewables & Efficiency (DSIRE): http://www.dsireusa.org/



       DOE’s Solar Powering Your Community: A Guide for Local Governments, topic area on “Solar Access and Rights Laws:
       http://solaramericacommunities.energy.gov/resources/guide_for_local_governments/3/1/

       Kettles, C. A Comprehensive Review of Solar Access Law in the United States. October 2008. Solar America Board for
       Codes and Standards (Solar ABCs): http://www.solarabcs.org/about/publications/reports/solar-access/pdfs/Solaraccess-
       full.pdf

       Zucker, Scott I. America Solar Energy Society (ASES). Solar Today. “Understanding Solar Easements: Solar System Owners
       Can Negotiate With Neighbors to Prevent Shading.” February 9, 2010:
       http://www.ases.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=928&Itemid=23


       Open Energy Information (Open EI). Solar Wind Access Policy. http://en.openei.org/wiki/Solar/Wind_Access_Policy



       Lissell, L., T. Tetreault and A. Watson. Solar Ready Buildings Planning Guide. National Renewable Energy Laboratory
       (NREL). December 2009. http://www.nrel.gov/docs/fy10osti/46078.pdf




                                                                                                                             40
DOE Solar Energy Technologies Program
                                        Thank You!




                                                     41
DOE Solar Energy Technologies Program

				
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