Learning Center
Plans & pricing Sign in
Sign Out



									Immigration   Immigration

Test Your Immigration Knowledge

What Percentage of the Population is
Foreign Born?

A. 2.5%
B. 8%
C. 12.5%
D. 25%

What is the U.S. Census Bureau’s
Projection for the 2050 U.S.
A.130 Million
B. 420 Million
C. 205 Million
D. 429 Million

What Percentage of the Foreign-Born
Population is from Mexico?
A. 11%
B. 27%
C. 31%
D. 8%

What Does Illegal Immigration Cost
the American Taxpayer Each Year?
A. No Cost
B. $500 Million
C. $2 Billion
D. $36 Billion

How Many Illegal Aliens Are
Currently in the U.S.?

A. 1 million
B. 22 million
C. 18 million
D. 13 million

How Many Immigrants Come to the
U.S. Legally Each Year?

A. Fewer than 250,000
B. 250,000 to 500,000
C. 500,000 to 750,000
D. More than one million

How Many Immigrants in the U.S.
Lack Health Insurance?
A. 25%
B. 10%
C. 2%
D. Less than 1%

What is Used to Justify Birthright

A. Declaration of Independence
B. Bill of Rights
C. 14th Amendment
D. The Immigration and Naturalization Act of

Approximately How Much of the U.S.-
Mexican Border is Fenced?
A. 2,000 miles
B. 1,000 miles
C. 370 miles
D. There is no fence

Non-Citizens Are Counted in the U.S.

B. False

1. C. 12.5%
2. B. 420 Million
3. C. 31%
4. D. 36 Billion
5. D. 13 Million
6. D. More than 1 Million
7. A. 25%
8. C. 14th Amendment
9. C. 370 Miles
10. True

   Immigration history can be viewed in 4 eras,
         1.Colonial Period
         2.Midnineteenth century
         3.Turn of the 20th century
         4.Post 1965

   The settling of America began with an idea. The idea was that people can join together and agree to
    govern themselves by making laws for the common good. With that idea in mind, 102 English
    colonists set sail in 1620 on the Mayflower. This is considered to be the start of European migration.

   In 1638 the Swedes began their migration to America. They were an organized group of colonizers
    sent by the Swedish Government to establish a colony in Delaware. In 1655, the colony was lost to
    the Dutch.

   During the colonial era most of the immigrants to the U.S. came from Northern Europe. Their
    numbers declined during the 1770s, but picked up during the mid 1800s. New arrivals came
    from several countries, but mostly from Germany and Ireland where crop failures caused
    many to leave their homelands. Other groups also arrived from the Netherlands, Spain, Italy,
    the Scandinavian countries, and Eastern Europe
Significant Historic Dates in U.S. Immigration

   Naturalization Act of 1790: Stipulated that “Any alien, being a free
    white person, may be admitted to become a citizen of the United
   1875: Supreme Court declared that regulation of US immigration is
    the responsibility of the Federal Government.
   1891: The Federal Government assumed the task of inspecting,
    admitting, rejecting, and processing all immigrants seeking admission
    to the U.S.
   1892: On January 2, a new Federal US immigration station opened
    on Ellis Island in New York Harbor.
   1903: This Act restated the 1891 provisions concerning land borders
    and called for rules covering entry as well as inspection of aliens
    crossing the Mexican border.
   1907 The US immigration Act of 1907: Reorganized the states
    bordering Mexico into Mexican Border District to stem the flow of
    immigrants into the United States.
Significant Historic Dates in U.S. Immigration

   1924 Act: Reduced the number of US immigration visas and allocated them
    on the basis of national origin.
   1940 The Alien Registration Act: Required all aliens (non-U.S. citizens)
    within the United States to register with the Government and receive an Alien
    Registration Receipt Card (the predecessor of the "Green Card").
   1950 Passage of the Internal Security Act: Rendered the Alien Registration
    Receipt Card even more valuable. Immigrants with legal status had their
    cards replaced with what generally became known as the "green card" .
   1986 Act: Focused on curtailing illegal US immigration. It legalized hundred
    of thousands of illegal immigrants. The 1986 Immigration Act is commonly
    know as the 1986 Immigration Amnesty. It also introduced the employer
    sanctions program which fines employers for hiring illegal workers. It also
    passed tough laws to prevent bogus marriage fraud.
   USA Patriot Act 2001: Uniting and Strengthening America by providing
    appropriate tools required to intercept and obstruct terrorism.
History continued
   Most legal immigrants were male but in the 1990s women accounted
    for just over half of all legal immigrants, indicating a shift away from
    male dominated immigration of the past.

   Contemporary immigrants tend to be younger then the native
    population of the US with people between ages of 15 and 34.

   Immigrants are also more likely to be married now and less to be
    divorced then native born Americans of the same age.
 Republican       views on Immigration
 • The Republican Party supports reforming the immigration system to
   ensure that it is legal, safe, orderly and humane. It also supports
   measures to ensure that the immigration system is structured to
   address the needs of national security. They often believe that
   many foreigners want to "invade" the US rather than become part
   of it.

 • Democratic views on Immigration
      Democrats would like to see everyone on earth have their chance at
       life, liberty and the pursuit of freedom. Although Americans do come
       first in terms of the legal protections and rights that Democrats fight
       for, their views extend to people beyond the American borders as
       well. They want to give illegal immigrants a chance to prove their
       worth and become citizens in the land of the free.
Players continued
 Interest   groups:
 American Immigration Control Foundation
  ◦ Claims to be non-partisan but has history of supporting
    republican amendments
  Federation for American Immigration Reform
  ◦ Also describes itself as non-partisan but leans
  American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) & AFL-CIO
  ◦ Tend to support immigration and democrats
Players continued ….

   Lou Dobbs, formerly of CNN, was a major proponent of anti-
    immigration legislation.

   Sen. John McCain is one republican who has supported and
    pushed for immigration reform, including sponsoring a 2005
    bill with the late Sen. Ted Kennedy.
Public Opinion
 The gap between the public and the political elite over
  immigration has been growing.
  • Currently 60% of public feels that immigration is a large
    issue (6th on Foreign Policy issues)
  • However, only 14% of elite feel the same way
    (Immigration 26th on importance)
  • In 1998 the numbers were 55% to 18% respectively
 This creates a political stalemate. Supporters of amnesty
  for immigration want something, but the strength of public
  opinion keeps legislatures from doing anything against
  what the public wants.
Public Opinion continued
 The    public has been changing opinion slightly over
    the past years about amnesty for illegal immigrants.
    • June 2006
       52% supported reform
       44% opposed
    • April 2009
       61% supported
       35% opposed
   A very surprising finding is that although in the Southwest immigration may be
    a more predominant issue, their opinions are consistent with the American
Public Opinion continued...
 Numbers by region...
  • South
     54% favor decrease in immigration
  • East
     51%
  • Midwest
     48%
  • West
     44%
 There is a gap in Partisan response, but both have increased their
  percentages from a year ago. 61% of republicans want a decrease (up from
  46%). Democrats are now up to 44%, as compared to 39% last year.

Immigration Polls

   ABC News/Washington Post Poll. April 21-24, 2009.

   "Would you support or oppose a program giving illegal immigrants now
    living in the United States the right to live here legally if they pay a fine
    and meet other requirements?”

                           Support          Oppose           Unsure
                               %               %                %
        4/21-24/09            61               35                3
        12/16-19/07           49               46                5
        9/27-30/07            58               35                7
 Gallup     Poll. June 5-July 6, 2008.
   "Now, thinking specifically about illegal immigrants, which comes
    closer to your point of view? Illegal immigrants in the long-run become
    productive citizens and pay their fair share of taxes. OR, Illegal
    immigrants cost the taxpayers too much by using government services
    like public education and medical services."

                        Pay Fair        Cost Too      Neither/ Both
                         Share           Much         (vol.)/Unsure
                           %                %               %
    6/5 - 7/6/08           31              63                6
    6/8-25/06              29              66                4
   Los Angeles Times/Bloomberg Poll. Nov. 30-Dec. 3, 2007.

   "One proposal that has been discussed in Congress would allow illegal
    immigrants who have been living and working in the United States for a
    number of years, and who do not have a criminal record, to start on a
    path to citizenship by registering that they are in the country, paying a
    fine, getting fingerprinted, and learning English, among other
    requirements. Do you support or oppose this, or haven't you heard
    enough about it to say?"

                         Support          Oppose            Unsure
                             %                %                %
    11/30 - 12/3/07         60               15                25
   Los Angeles Times/Bloomberg Poll. Nov. 30-Dec. 3, 2007.

   "Which comes closer to your view? Illegal immigrants mostly take
    jobs that American workers want. OR, Illegal immigrants mostly
    take low-paying jobs Americans don't want."

                       Jobs        Jobs       Neither/ Both
                     Americans   Americans    (vol.)/Unsure
                       Want      Don't Want

                        %            %             %
      6/5 - 7/6/08      15           79            7
      6/8-25/06         17           74            10
   64% of California Voters Say Illegal Immigrants Are
    Major Strain on State Budget
    • Thursday, July 23, 2009 from Rasmussen Report
    • About 64% of California voters say illegal immigrants put a significant strain
      on the state budget as lawmakers struggle to close a $26 billion deficit.
    • 88% of Republicans and 67% of voters not affiliated with either major party
      see illegal immigrants as a serious budget strain. Democrats are evenly
      divided on the question.
    • 65% of all voters in the state believe the availability of government money
      and services draws illegal immigrants to California. 22% disagree and say
      the money and services are not a draw to illegal immigrants.
    • “Men believe this more than women, whites more than blacks and those of
      other races.
    • 87% of Republican voters and 66% of unaffiliated voters see state services
      and money as a magnet for illegal immigrants.” (64% of Cali…)

   56% Say U.S. Government Policies Encourage Illegal
    • Tuesday, October 13, 2009 from Rasmussen Reports
    • 56% of people surveyed say the policies of the federal government
      encourage people to enter the United States illegally. Only 27% disagree,
      and 17% are not sure.
    • Republicans and unaffiliated voters overwhelmingly believe that federal
      policies encourage illegal immigration.
    • “What is often lost in the debate over immigration reform is that once the
      borders are controlled, most Americans favor a welcoming immigration
      policy provided it is done within the law.
    • Republicans are more supportive than Democrats of such a policy. Overall,
      by a 55% to 27% margin” (56% Say U.S. Gov….)

Works Cited
   "56% Say U.S. Government Policies Encourage Illegal Immigration - Rasmussen Reports""
    Rasmussen Reports": The Most Comprehensive Public Opinion Data Anywhere. Web. 30 Nov.

   "64% of California Voters Say Illegal Immigrants Are Major Strain on State Budget - Rasmussen
    Reports"" Rasmussen Reports": The Most Comprehensive Public Opinion Data Anywhere. Web. 30
    Nov. 2009.

   "Immigration." Web. 30 Nov. 2009. <>.

                            Works Cited
 Public    Opinion
 • Center for Immigration Studies, 2007. Web. 18 Nov. 2009. <>.
 • National Immigration Forum. National Immigration Forum, 2009. Web. 18 Nov. 2009.
 • Opportunity Agenda. Opportunity Agenda, 2008. Web. 18 Nov. 2009.
 • Dolliver, Mark. "Public Opinion Sours on Immigration." Adweek. 13 Aug. 2009. Web. 18
       Nov. 2009. <>.


To top