Experimental Psychology

Document Sample
Experimental Psychology Powered By Docstoc
					                                  EASTERN ARIZONA COLLEGE
                                    Experimental Psychology
                                                    Course Design
                                                      2009-2010


Course Information
Division                                  Social Sciences
Course Number                             PSY 270
Title                                     Experimental Psychology
Credits                                   4
Developed by                              Jennifer Leaver
Lecture/Lab Ratio                         3 Lecture/2 Lab
Transfer Status                                     ASU                  NAU                  UA
                                          PSY 290, Literacy &     PSY Departmental Valid thru Fall
                                          Critical Inquiry (L),   Elective, Social and 2009:
                                          Natural Science -       Political Worlds     PSYC290A (3) --
                                          General (SG)            [SPW]                and-- PSYC or
                                                                                       PSYV Departmental
                                                                  Note: Will satisfy   Elective (1)
                                                                  research methods
                                                                  requirement for      Spring 2010 and
                                                                  PSY majors, but will beyond: PSY 290A
                                                                  not satisfy Junior   (3) --and-- PSY or
                                                                  Level Writing        PSYV Departmental
                                                                  Requirement          Elective (1)

Activity Course                           No
CIP Code                                  42.0101
Assessment Mode                           Pre/Post Test (105 Questions/200 Points)
Semester Taught                           Spring
GE Category                               Social Sciences
Separate Lab                              Yes
Awareness Course                          No
Intensive Writing Course                  Yes


Prerequisites
ENG 102 with a grade of “C” or higher, and PSY 220 or MAT 160 with a grade of “C” or higher, and
PSY 101 with a grade of “C” or higher


Educational Value
A. To General Education: This course is designed to assist the student in understanding how science
can be applied to the study of human behavior and mental processes and help the student distinguish
between science, per se, and empiricism. The course satisfies an intensive writing requirement toward
fulfillment of the associated general education requirement. Students are required to design and
implement a research project as approved by the instructor. The written component shall not be less than


EASTERN ARIZONA COLLEGE                                     -1-                             Experimental Psychology
Equal Opportunity Employer and Educator
a total of 2,500 words, with extensive rewriting as required and the completion of at least 3 written
critiques of not less than 250 words each of assigned journal articles.


B. To other courses or curricula: The class is required for all students who major in psychology at the
associates and bachelor degree levels of study. It would also be valuable preparation for sociology
majors and helpful for persons planning careers in other behavioral or social sciences. Experimental
Psychology is an advanced psychology course.


Description
This course is an introduction to the experimental and quantitative methods used by psychologists to
generate new psychological knowledge, and to determine the generality, validity, and reliability of
research data. Laboratory will offer demonstrations as well as direct experience with research methods
and techniques, and with methods for the analysis, description, and reporting of research results.
Students will design and conduct an experiment as approved by the instructor.


Supplies
None


Competencies and Performance Standards
1.     Examine the application of the scientific method to experimental psychology
       Learning objectives
       What you will learn as you master the competency:
       a.       Define and distinguish between nonscientific sources of data and nonscientific inference
       b.       Characterize the elements involved in gathering empirical data
       c.       Define methodology and data
       d.       Identify antecedent conditions and distinguish those from treatment
       e.       Distinguish between cause and effect relationship
       f.       Define experimentation
       g.       Differentiate between measurement and observation
       h.       Characterize parsimony
       i.       Explain psychology experiment
       j.       Define replication
       k.       Differentiate between science, scientific method and theory
       Performance Standards
       Competence will be demonstrated:
       o        In objective examinations
       o        in application to their research project
       Criteria - Performance will be satisfactory when:
       o        learner can identify the need for the use of scientific methodology
       o        learner can identify the characteristics of contemporary scientific inquiry
       o        learner can apply the elements of the scientific method
       o        learner can differentiate between the a scientific explanation and the psychology
                experiment
       o        learner can identify the elements of the experimental process


EASTERN ARIZONA COLLEGE                                -2-                                Experimental Psychology
Equal Opportunity Employer and Educator
2.     Learn the alternatives to experimentation
       Learning objectives
       What you will learn as you master the competency:
       a.       Differentiate between case study, deviant case analysis, field study, phenomenology,
                participant observer study, survey research and naturalistic observation
       b.       Define and distinguish between cluster, non/probability, quota and random sampling
                techniques
       c.       Define convenience sampling
       d.       Distinguish between internal and external validity and manifest content
       e.       Define representativeness
       f.       Define response style
       g.       Characteristic systematic observation
       h.       Distinguish between event recording, interval recording, time sampling and observation
                of permanent products
       i.       Define reliability and identify acceptable coefficients of reliability
       j.       Calculate reliability and define primary and secondary observers
       k.       Identify the formula for calculating reliability
       l.       Define correlation and differentiate between a negative and positive correlation and
                identify when a correlation study can be used.
       m.       Distinguish between cross sectional, longitudinal, and ex post facto study
       n.       Define quasi-experimental designs
       o.       Differentiate between regression line and scatterplot
       Performance Standards
       Competence will be demonstrated:
       o        in objective examinations
       Criteria - Performance will be satisfactory when:
       o        learner can identify the alternatives to experimentation
       o        learner can describe research activities
       o        learner can identify non experimental approaches


3.     Learn how to formulate hypotheses
       Learning objectives
       What you will learn as you master the competency:
       a.       Differentiate between an inductive and deductive model
       b.       Define hypothesis
       c.       Identify the elements of an experimental hypothesis, and a non experimental hypothesis
       d.       Define serendipity
       e.       Distinguish between analytic and non analytical statements and testable statement
       f.       Define synthetic statements
       Performance Standards
       Competence will be demonstrated:
       o        in objective examinations



EASTERN ARIZONA COLLEGE                                 -3-                               Experimental Psychology
Equal Opportunity Employer and Educator
       o        as applied to the students experiment
       Criteria - Performance will be satisfactory when:
       o        learner can identify the characteristics of an experimental hypothesis
       o        learner can differentiate between the inductive method and deductive methods
       o        learner can detail the elements of developing a hypothesis based upon prior research
       o        learner can distinguish between serendipity and the windfall hypothesis


4.     Examine the basics of experimentation
       Learning objectives
       What you will learn as you master the competency:
       a.       Differentiate between construct, face and content validity
       b.       Define and differentiate dependent and independent variables
       c.       Distinguish between subject, task, confounding, environmental and extraneous variables
       d.       Differentiate between internal, predictive and external validity
       e.       Distinguish between interitem, interrater and interobserver reliability
       f.       Characterize interval, nomina, ordinal and ratio scales of measurement
       g.       Define level of measurement
       h.       Define scale of measurement.
       i.       Define experimental operational definition
       j.       Define experimental condition
       Performance Standards
       Competence will be demonstrated:
       o        in objective examinations
       o        as applied to student's experiment
       Criteria - Performance will be satisfactory when:
       o        learner can identify variables
       o        learner can define conceptual definitions and operational definitions
       o        learner can examine and evaluate definitions of variables
       o        learner can distinguish between external and internal validity concepts


5.     Learn the elements of research ethics
       Learning objectives
       What you will learn as you master the competency:
       a.       Define ethics
       b.       Distinguish between subjects at risk versus at minimal risk
       c.       Characterize the process of debriefing
       d.       Define informed consent
       e.       Identify the elements of statutes that direct ethical conduct in research
       f.       Define plagiarism
       g.       Characterize risk/benefit analysis
       h.       Characterize the APA guidelines as they associate with research ethics



EASTERN ARIZONA COLLEGE                               -4-                                   Experimental Psychology
Equal Opportunity Employer and Educator
       i.       Identify the concept that establishes animal rights as applied to research
       Performance Standards
       Competence will be demonstrated:
       o        in objective examinations
       o        as applied to informed consent agreements acquired from student's subjects as
                applicable
       Criteria - Performance will be satisfactory when:
       o        learner can define ethics and apply the concept to experimentation
       o        learner can identify the American Psychological Associations guidelines relative to
                conducting research
       o        learner can define plagiarism


6.     Differentiate between subjects experimental designs
       Learning objectives
       What you will learn as you master the competency:
       a.       Characterize between subjects design
       b.       Define control condition and control group
       c.       Define experimental condition and identify the values assigned
       d.       Define experimental design
       e.       Distinguish between experimental and control groups
       f.       Differentiate between multiple groups and multiple independent groups design
       g.       Distinguish between random assignment, range matching and rank ordered matching
       h.       Differentiate between two group, two independent and two matched groups designs
       Performance Standards
       Competence will be demonstrated:
       o        in objective examinations
       Criteria - Performance will be satisfactory when:
       o        learner can identify the elements of between subject research designs
       o        learner can characterize the different methods used to select subjects to participate in
                an experiment
       o        learner can distinguish between the types of two group designs in which one
                independent variable is introduced.
       o        learner can distinguish between two independent and two matched group designs


7.     Differentiate between experiments with more than two groups
       Learning objectives
       What you will learn as you master the competency:
       a.       Define factor
       b.       Define factorial designs
       c.       Define and distinguish between interaction and higher order interaction
       d.       Define main effect
       e.       Characterize a two factor experiment



EASTERN ARIZONA COLLEGE                              -5-                                  Experimental Psychology
Equal Opportunity Employer and Educator
       Performance Standards
       Competence will be demonstrated:
       o        in objective examinations
       Criteria - Performance will be satisfactory when:
       o        learner can differentiate between experiment using more than two groups
       o        learner can define multiple group designs
       o        learner can differentiate between designs using more than one independent variable
       o        learner can define factorial designs
       o        learner can characterize the elements used in selecting a between subjects design


8.     Differentiate among “between subjects” and “within subjects” designs
       Learning objectives
       What you will learn as you master the competency:
       a.       Define carryover effect
       b.       Distinguish between across subjects, latin square and complete counterbalancing
       c.       Define fatigue effects
       d.       Define order effects
       e.       Identify partial counterbalancing techniques
       f.       Characterize progressive error
       g.       Distinguish between repeated measures and within subject design
       h.       Define reversal designs
       i.       Differentiate between ABA< BAB> and ABAB experimental designs
       j.       Identify the constraints considered when using a reversal design
       k.       Define baseline condition
       l.       Distinguish between small N and Large N design
       m.       Define multiple baseline designs
       n.       Distinguish between multiple baseline designs across subject, behaviors, environments
       o.       Define induction
       p.       Identify the effects of trends in data associated with the introduction of the independent
                variable
       q.       Characterize the minimum number of sessions/trials typically associated introduction of
                the independent variable for small N experimental designs.
       r.       Define multiple baseline designs
       Performance Standards
       Competence will be demonstrated:
       o        in objective examinations
       o        as applied to student's research project
       Criteria - Performance will be satisfactory when:
       o        learner can define within subject designs
       o        learner can distinguish between the different types of single subject designs
       o        learner can identify the advantages and disadvantages in the use of single subject
                designs and distinguish between those with between subject designs



EASTERN ARIZONA COLLEGE                                -6-                               Experimental Psychology
Equal Opportunity Employer and Educator
       o        learner can identify the determiners in the use of the various single subject designs


9.     Learn how to control extraneous/physical/personality/social variables
       Learning objectives
       What you will learn as you master the competency:
       a.       Distinguish between personality, context, physical and social variables
       b.       Define demand characteristics
       c.       Distinguish between a double blind experiment and single blind experiment
       d.       Define experimenter bias
       e.       Differentiate between placebo and Rosenthal effect
       Performance Standards
       Competence will be demonstrated:
       o        in objective examinations
       o        as applied to student's research project
       Criteria - Performance will be satisfactory when:
       o        learner can distinguish between extraneous and confounding variables
       o        learner can characterize the methods to control for variables


10.    Learn the methods used in analyzing results
       Learning objectives
       What you will learn as you master the competency:
       a.       Differentiate between directional and non directional hypothesis
       b.       Distinguish between descriptive and inferential statistics
       c.       Differentiate between mean median mode and identify which is measure is most
                influenced by extremes in a distribution
       d.       Apply the Null hypothesis to data and distinguish whether to accept or to reject null.
       e.       Distinguish between one and two tailed tests of significance
       f.       Define statistics
       g.       Determine type 1 and type 2 errors from hypothetical data
       h.       Define degree of freedom as applied to determining critical values of significance
       i.       Differentiate between nominal, ordinal, ratio, and interval data and identify which is
                appropriate for t test analysis
       j.       Define and differentiate between independent, paired samples
       k.       Determine when a t test for matched groups may be used
       Performance Standards
       Competence will be demonstrated:
       o        in objective examinations
       o        as applied to student's research project
       Criteria - Performance will be satisfactory when:
       o        learner can identify the measures of central tendency
       o        learner can distinguish between measures of central tendency
       o        learner can differentiate between variability and variance


EASTERN ARIZONA COLLEGE                               -7-                                 Experimental Psychology
Equal Opportunity Employer and Educator
       o        learner can identify the sources of variability
       o        learner can identify and apply t tests
       o        learner can identify which statistical analysis is appropriate for use in factorial designs
       o        learner distinguish between descriptive and inferential statistics
       o        learner can describe the normal curve
       o        learner can identify type 1 and type 2 errors
       o        learner can characterize the null hypothesis
       o        learner can differentiate between t tests and identify scales of measurement appropriate
                for analysis
       o        learner can apply degrees of freedom and differentiate between one and two tailed tests
                of significance


11.    Determining when and which statistics to use in analysis of data
       Learning objectives
       What you will learn as you master the competency:
       a.       Define ANOVA
       b.       Define a priori comparison
       c.       Define between groups variability
       d.       Define main effect
       e.       Differentiate between grand mean and mean square
       f.       Differentiate between one way between subjects analysis of variance and one way
                repeated measures ANOVA
       g.       Distinguish between sum of squares and sum of squares between groups and within
                groups
       h.       Define within groups variability
       i.       Define post hoc test
       Performance Standards
       Competence will be demonstrated:
       o        in objective examinations
       o        as applied to student's research project
       Criteria - Performance will be satisfactory when:
       o        learner can analyze results with multiple groups and factorial experiments
       o        learner can differentiate between one way, and two analysis of variance
       o        learner can identify and apply statistical tests appropriate for repeated measures and
                mixed factorial designs
       o        learner can differentiate between sources of variability
       o        learner can distinguish between within groups variability and between groups variability


12.    Examine the different strategies used to make conclusions
       Learning objectives
       What you will learn as you master the competency:
       a.       Define effect size
       b.       Define field experiment


EASTERN ARIZONA COLLEGE                                  -8-                               Experimental Psychology
Equal Opportunity Employer and Educator
       c.       Differentiate between multivariate analysis of variance and multivariate design
       d.       Define unobtrusive measure
       e.       Define faulty hypothesis
       f.       Distinguish between internal and external validity as applied to drawing research
                conclusions.
       g.       Characterize the considerations that associate with generalizing from the results and
                generalizing across subjects
       Performance Standards
       Competence will be demonstrated:
       o        in objective examinations
       o        as applied to student's research project
       Criteria - Performance will be satisfactory when:
       o        learner can apply evaluative criteria to research results
       o        learner can define external and internal validity concepts


13.    Learn the different sections of a manuscript in accord with the American Psychological
       Associations official guidelines
       Learning objectives
       What you will learn as you master the competency:
       a.       Identify the elements of acceptable writing style for submission of manuscripts to APA
       b.       Differentiate between abstract, introduction, method, results, discussion and reference
                section in an manuscript
       c.       Identify the correct referencing sequence in a bibliography
       Performance Standards
       Competence will be demonstrated:
       o        in objective examinations
       o        as applied to student's final written research report
       Criteria - Performance will be satisfactory when:
       o        learner can identify the different sections of a research report according to APA
                guidelines
       o        learner can identify the procedural details in completing a research report
       o        learner can prepare a research report according to the APA guidelines


Types of Instruction
Lecture
Lab
Discussion




EASTERN ARIZONA COLLEGE                               -9-                               Experimental Psychology
Equal Opportunity Employer and Educator
Grading Information
Grading Rationale
Students will be evaluated as follows in accord with the weights assigned to course requirements:
1. Pre Test - Weight: 0%
2. Course Examinations - Weight: 30%
3. Assignments and Lab work – Weight: 35%
4. Final research report - Weight: 15%
5. Participation (including lab) – Weight 5%
6. Post Test: - Weight: 15%


Grading Scale
A         90% - 100%
B         80% - 89%
C         70% - 79%
D         60% - 69%
F         Below 60 %




EASTERN ARIZONA COLLEGE                           - 10 -                             Experimental Psychology
Equal Opportunity Employer and Educator

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:13
posted:7/26/2011
language:English
pages:10