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					CARICOM



             Managing the Crime and Security
          Agenda within the Caribbean Community
                               By
               Colonel (Retd) Fairbairn Liverpool
                       CARICOM Secretariat
                              At
             Working Group Session for the
                      First Meeting of
          Public Safety Ministers of the Americas
                        14 August 2008
CARICOM            OUTLINE
   • What is the Caribbean Community
     (CARICOM)
   • The main threats to public security
   • Caribbean Security- A Historical Perspective
   • CARICOM’s response to the threats
   • New Architecture to manage Crime and
     Security
   • Current regional security initiatives
   • Challenges facing the Caribbean Sub-Region
   • The Way Forward
CARICOM


                           EUROPE




            TRANSIT ZONE
          TRANSIT ZONE
           Caribbean SECURITY - A
CARICOM
           HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE
   • National-based security focus and included bilateral
     security cooperation except for RSS (MOU in 82 &
     Treaty in 96)
   • Collaborating with Int’l Partners with different agendas
       – ACCP, CCLEC, CFATF, CICAD, EU, UNODC
   •   Barbados Plan of Action May 1996
   •   Hemispheric Security Strategy Oct 1996
   •   Bridgetown Declaration May 1997
   •   EU/LAC Cooperation in Security 1999
   •   Third Border Initiative 2001
   •   US strategic perspective of Principle of ‘Defence in
       Depth’ – Bilateral ‘ship-rider’ Agreements
CARICOM
          REGIONAL TASK FORCE ON
          CRIME AND SECURITY
   • Mandate
      – Examine the main causes of crime
      – Recommendations for a coordinated response
   • Composition
      – Reps from Member States
      – ACCP, RSS,CCLEC, CFATF, UWI and Sects.
      – Chaired by TT
   • Reported in July 2002
CARICOM   CAUSES OF CRIME AND VIOLENCE

   •   Poverty
   •   Unemployment
   •   Social marginalization and inequality
   •   Illegal drug trade
   •   Corruption
   •   Trafficking in illegal firearms
   •   Deportation of criminals
   •   Ineffectiveness of the criminal justice systems
CARICOM   CRIME PREVENTION
          STRATEGIC FRAMEWORK

     • Primary Prevention – systematic treatment of
       root causes
          – Progs of poverty alleviation and reintegration of
            marginalized communities
     • Secondary Prevention - make communities
       more resilient to criminality
          – Reducing opportunities for crime
     • Tertiary Prevention – Strengthening institutions
       responsible for responding to crime
          – Provision of improved training, technology,
            equipment Police & Prison reform etc
CARICOM
               CHALLENGES OF
              IMPLEMENTATION
   • Absence of a clear regional political
     mandate
   • Limited implementation capacity
   • Access to resources
   • Uncoordinated int’l support
   • No clear national crime & security strategy
   • No clear regional security strategy
                                  FRAMEWORK FOR MANAGING
                                       REGIONAL CRIME AND SECURITY
CARICOM
                                    CONFERENCE OF HEADS
                                       OF GOVERNMENT


                                PRIME MINISTER RESPONSIBLE FOR
                                       REGIONAL SECURITY


                                  Council of Ministers Responsible for             Ministerial Sub – Committee On Resource
                                 National Security and Law Enforcement                  Mobilisation and Implementation




            Security Policy Advisory Committee                                           Implementation Agency for Crime
                          (SEPAC)                                    CIMA                     And Security (IMPACS)




   Standing        Standing                        Standing   Standing Committee
                                    Standing
   Committee       Committee                      Committee      Heads of Intel
                                  Committee
 Commissioners     Chiefs of                      Chiefs of        & Financial
                                 Military Heads
    of Police     Immigration                      Customs       Investigations
CARICOM   CURRENT SECURITY INITIATIVES

   • Advanced passenger and cargo info system (APIS &
     ACIS) under JRCC
   • Intelligence sharing through RIFC
      – Regional integrated ballistic information network (RIBIN)
   • The Treaty on Security Assistance
      – COPACS
   • Regional Investigative Management Systems (RIMS)
   • Legislative reform
      – Arrest Warrant Treaty
      – Maritime and Airspace Cooperation Agreement
   • Initiating wider Caribbean Military Cooperation
CARICOM
            WIDER CARIBBEAN MILITARY
            COOPERATION
   •   Maritime and Airspace Security Cooperation
   •   Disaster Preparedness and Response
   •   Interconnectivity of systems and existing mechanisms
   •   Training and capacity building
   •   Cooperation in managing major events security e.g. V-SOA &
       CHOGM in 09
   •   Cooperation in info & int sharing
   •   Formalizing CARICOM-JIATF South relationship
   •   Conduct of joint multilateral command estimate on the illegal
       trafficking issues affecting the Region
   •   Formation of working groups to address results of the command
       estimate
   •   Identification of available resources available to counter illegal
       trafficking in the Region
CARICOM
           CHALLENGES FACING
          CARIBBEAN SUB-REGION
   • Limited security cooperation between
     CARICOM, the wider Caribbean and Latin
     America
   • Lack of awareness of security challenges
     and perspectives of wider Caribbean and
     LA neighbours
   • Language barriers
   • Absence of communication channels
CARICOM
          THE WAY FORWARD
   • Identification of hemispheric and wider
     Caribbean security platforms for
     engagement at the political, administrative
     and operational levels
   • Review status of bilateral MOU between
     CARICOM States and LA Partners
   • Focus on information and intelligence
     sharing
   • Maritime and air space security
CARICOM




          THANK YOU AND GOOD LUCK!

				
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Description: Rider Agreements document sample