CARICOM Managing the Crime and Security Agenda within the Caribbean Community By Colonel (Retd) Fairbairn Liverpool CARICOM Secretariat At Working Group Session for the First Meeting of Public Safety Ministers of the Americas 14 August 2008 CARICOM OUTLINE • What is the Caribbean Community (CARICOM) • The main threats to public security • Caribbean Security- A Historical Perspective • CARICOM’s response to the threats • New Architecture to manage Crime and Security • Current regional security initiatives • Challenges facing the Caribbean Sub-Region • The Way Forward CARICOM EUROPE TRANSIT ZONE TRANSIT ZONE Caribbean SECURITY - A CARICOM HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE • National-based security focus and included bilateral security cooperation except for RSS (MOU in 82 & Treaty in 96) • Collaborating with Int’l Partners with different agendas – ACCP, CCLEC, CFATF, CICAD, EU, UNODC • Barbados Plan of Action May 1996 • Hemispheric Security Strategy Oct 1996 • Bridgetown Declaration May 1997 • EU/LAC Cooperation in Security 1999 • Third Border Initiative 2001 • US strategic perspective of Principle of ‘Defence in Depth’ – Bilateral ‘ship-rider’ Agreements CARICOM REGIONAL TASK FORCE ON CRIME AND SECURITY • Mandate – Examine the main causes of crime – Recommendations for a coordinated response • Composition – Reps from Member States – ACCP, RSS,CCLEC, CFATF, UWI and Sects. – Chaired by TT • Reported in July 2002 CARICOM CAUSES OF CRIME AND VIOLENCE • Poverty • Unemployment • Social marginalization and inequality • Illegal drug trade • Corruption • Trafficking in illegal firearms • Deportation of criminals • Ineffectiveness of the criminal justice systems CARICOM CRIME PREVENTION STRATEGIC FRAMEWORK • Primary Prevention – systematic treatment of root causes – Progs of poverty alleviation and reintegration of marginalized communities • Secondary Prevention - make communities more resilient to criminality – Reducing opportunities for crime • Tertiary Prevention – Strengthening institutions responsible for responding to crime – Provision of improved training, technology, equipment Police & Prison reform etc CARICOM CHALLENGES OF IMPLEMENTATION • Absence of a clear regional political mandate • Limited implementation capacity • Access to resources • Uncoordinated int’l support • No clear national crime & security strategy • No clear regional security strategy FRAMEWORK FOR MANAGING REGIONAL CRIME AND SECURITY CARICOM CONFERENCE OF HEADS OF GOVERNMENT PRIME MINISTER RESPONSIBLE FOR REGIONAL SECURITY Council of Ministers Responsible for Ministerial Sub – Committee On Resource National Security and Law Enforcement Mobilisation and Implementation Security Policy Advisory Committee Implementation Agency for Crime (SEPAC) CIMA And Security (IMPACS) Standing Standing Standing Standing Committee Standing Committee Committee Committee Heads of Intel Committee Commissioners Chiefs of Chiefs of & Financial Military Heads of Police Immigration Customs Investigations CARICOM CURRENT SECURITY INITIATIVES • Advanced passenger and cargo info system (APIS & ACIS) under JRCC • Intelligence sharing through RIFC – Regional integrated ballistic information network (RIBIN) • The Treaty on Security Assistance – COPACS • Regional Investigative Management Systems (RIMS) • Legislative reform – Arrest Warrant Treaty – Maritime and Airspace Cooperation Agreement • Initiating wider Caribbean Military Cooperation CARICOM WIDER CARIBBEAN MILITARY COOPERATION • Maritime and Airspace Security Cooperation • Disaster Preparedness and Response • Interconnectivity of systems and existing mechanisms • Training and capacity building • Cooperation in managing major events security e.g. V-SOA & CHOGM in 09 • Cooperation in info & int sharing • Formalizing CARICOM-JIATF South relationship • Conduct of joint multilateral command estimate on the illegal trafficking issues affecting the Region • Formation of working groups to address results of the command estimate • Identification of available resources available to counter illegal trafficking in the Region CARICOM CHALLENGES FACING CARIBBEAN SUB-REGION • Limited security cooperation between CARICOM, the wider Caribbean and Latin America • Lack of awareness of security challenges and perspectives of wider Caribbean and LA neighbours • Language barriers • Absence of communication channels CARICOM THE WAY FORWARD • Identification of hemispheric and wider Caribbean security platforms for engagement at the political, administrative and operational levels • Review status of bilateral MOU between CARICOM States and LA Partners • Focus on information and intelligence sharing • Maritime and air space security CARICOM THANK YOU AND GOOD LUCK!
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