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ENGLISH AND COMPARATIVE LITERATURE

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					                      ENGLISH AND COMPARATIVE LITERATURE


ENGLISH AND COMPARATIVE                              focus on one particular era. Field of study
LITERATURE                                           concentrations in creative writing, film
                                                     studies, or theory are options for students
Elisabeth Lyon, Ph.D.; Associate                     with particular interests in those areas.
  Professor, Department Chair                            The concentration will appear on the
Biman Basu, Ph.D.; Assistant Professor               student’s transcript in the following way:
Melanie Conroy-Goldman, M.F.A.;                      Major in English with a Concentration in
  Assistant Professor                                (selected concentration).
James Crenner, Ph.D.; Professor, The                     The comparative literature major is an
  John Milton Potter Chair                           interdisciplinary program coordinated by
Peter M. Cummings, Ph.D.; Professor                  faculty from several different depart-
Laurence Erussard, Ph.D.; Assistant                  ments.
  Professor                                              The comparative literature major is an
Robert F. Gross, Ph.D.; Professor                    interdisciplinary program coordinated by
Grant I. Holly, Ph.D.; Professor                     faculty from several different depart-
Daniel O’Connell, Ph.D.; Professor                   ments.
Eric Patterson, Ph.D.; Associate Professor               This major allows students to study the
Lee Quinby, Ph.D.; Professor, The                    international aspects of literature. English
  Donald R. Harter ’39 Chair                         courses that count toward the compara-
Deborah Tall, M.F.A.; Professor                      tive literature major or minor have a “c”
David Weiss, M.F.A.; Professor                       following the course number (e.g., 228c).
                                                     A fuller description of the program
The Department of English offers a wide              appears in this Catalogue under the
variety of courses open to all students.             comparative literature program.
Students not majoring or minoring in                     The English department also partici-
English or comparative literature and                pates in the theatre program described in
students not yet certain of their major can          the theatre listing in this Catalogue.
take courses for their own interest without
prerequisites. Some courses are specifically         REQUIREMENTS FOR THE ENGLISH MAJOR
designed for non-majors.                             (B.A.)
    The department offers disciplinary               disciplinary, 11 courses
majors and minors in both English and                ENG 101; six English core courses, at
comparative literature. Within the                   least one of which must focus on a period
English and comparative literature major,            before 1800; and four additional English
a student is required to choose one area of          courses numbered 175 or above. Up to
concentration from a list of approved                two literature courses taught outside the
concentrations, or to develop a self-                department may count toward the major
designed concentration in consultation               with the consent of the department chair.
with an adviser.                                     Students interested in majoring in
    Concentrations consist of at least three         English should contact a department
courses which serve to provide focus                 faculty member to discuss possible areas of
within the larger discipline. Concentra-             concentration or alternative courses to
tions may be defined by literary history,            those within the department.
genre, or field of study. A genre concen-
tration could, for example, include three
courses on poetry, while a literary history
concentration might provide an overview
of literary history, or allow students to


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                           ENGLISH AND COMPARATIVE LITERATURE


REQUIREMENTS FOR THE ENGLISH MINOR                           ENG 257     Dickens and His World
disciplinary, 5 courses                                      ENG 258     19th-Century English Novel
                                                             ENG 261     Literature of Decadence
ENG 101, and at least two core courses
                                                             ENG 262     Irish Literary Renaissance
numbered 175 or above. ENG 101 should                        ENG 264     Post World War II American Poetry
be taken before the others, preferably in                    ENG 278     Introduction to Dramatic Literature
the first or second year. One literature                     ENG 281     Literature of Sexual Minorities
course taught outside the department may                     ENG 284     Comic Agony
count toward the minor with the consent                      ENG 285     Three English Novelists
of the department chair.                                     ENG 290     African-American Autobiography
                                                             ENG 291     Introduction to African-American
                                                                         Literature I
COURSE CONCENTRATIONS                                        ENG 292     Introduction to African-American
Introductory Course                                                      Literature II
ENG 101          Literary Consciousness                      ENG 300     Literary Theory Since Plato
Note: Students who have received a 4 or 5 on the             ENG 302     Post-Structuralist Literary Theory
English AP exam, or who have transferred in credit           ENG 304     Feminist Literary Theory
for an introductory literature course from another           ENG 312     Psychoanalysis and Literature
college, are advised not to take English 101, but to         ENG 318     Body, Memory, and Representation
enroll in a higher-numbered course (ENG 176-299).            ENG 322     Renaissance Imagination
Those choosing to major or minor in English may              ENG 327     The Lyric
substitute their AP or equivalent course for the             ENG 334     The Epic
English 101 requirement.                                     ENG 337     James Joyce’s Ulysses
                                                             ENG 338     Poe, Dickinson and Frost
Course for Non-majors                                        ENG 339     The American Tale
ENG 165        Shakespeare for Non-majors                    ENG 342     Readings in Multi-Ethnic Women’s
                                                                         Literature
Creative Writing Courses                                     ENG 343     After Huck Finn: Literature of
ENG 260        Creative Writing                                          Initiation
ENG 305        Poetry Workshop                               ENG 354     Forms of Memoir
ENG 307        Playwriting Workshop                          ENG 356     Nabokov, Borges, Calvino
ENG 308        Screenwriting                                 ENG 360     20th-Century Central European
ENG 309        Fiction Workshop                                          Fiction
ENG 310        Creative Non-Fiction Workshop                 ENG 372     20th-Century Latin American
                                                                         Literature
Core Literature and Criticism Theory Courses                 ENG 381     Sexuality and American Literature
ENG 202        Modern Short Story                            ENG 389     Shakespeare’s Language
ENG 207        American Literature to Melville               ENG 399     Milton
ENG 208        American Literature from Crane
ENG 210        Modernist American Poetry                     Core Theatre Courses
ENG 216        Literature of the Gilded Age                  ENG 178     Acting I
ENG 217        Chaucer                                       ENG 275     Acting II
ENG 223        Environmental Literature                      ENG 307     Playwriting Workshop
ENG 225        Shakespeare: Histories and
               Comedies                                      Core Film Courses
ENG 226        Shakespeare: Tragedies                        ENG 176     Film Analysis I
ENG 228        Comparative Medieval Literature               ENG 229     Television Histories, Television
ENG 236        Post-Apocalyptic Literature                               Narratives
ENG 239        Popular Fiction                               ENG 230     Film Analysis II
ENG 240        18th-Century Literature and Art               ENG 233     The Art of the Screenplay
ENG 246        Globalism and Literature                      ENG 287     Film Histories I
ENG 249        18th-Century Novel                            ENG 288     Film Histories II
ENG 250        English Romantic Poets                        ENG 289     Film Histories III
ENG 255        Victorian Literature                          ENG 368     Film and Ideology
ENG 256        The Gothic Novel                              ENG 370     Hollywood on Hollywood



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                           ENGLISH AND COMPARATIVE LITERATURE


ENG 375        Science Fiction Film                           Typical readings: selected 16th-20th century
ENG 376        New Waves                                    poetry; Homer’s Odyssey; Shakespeare; selected
                                                            novels and short fiction; the work of a living
Literary Courses Outside the Department                     poet and/or novelist
AMST 100       History and Forms of American
                                                            165 Shakespeare for Non-Majors General
               Culture                                      introduction for the non-specialist reader to the
AMST 101       American I, Eye, Aye                         dramatist and poet. Historical and intellectual
AMST 201       American Attitudes toward Nature             backgrounds, as well as biographical informa-
ASN 210        Buddhism and Taoism through                  tion, provide a setting in which to sample
               Chinese Literature                           representative works from the genres that
ASN 342        Chinese Cinema: Gender, Politics,            Shakespeare mastered: comedy, history play,
               and Social Change in Contemporary            tragedy, romance, narrative poem, and sonnet.
               China                                        In focusing on the linguistic medium of
                                                            Shakespeare’s art, the course raises questions
CLAS 108       Greek Tragedy
                                                            about how such abstract and mysterious things as
CLAS 112       Classical Myths                              personality, emotion, character development,
CLAS 213       Ancient Comedy                               and the intricacies of human relationships are
FRNE 341       Boulevard Saint-Germain                      given concrete and dramatic expression on the
RUSE 350       Survey of 19th-Century Russian               page. The course is aimed at the appreciation of
               Literature                                   what language is capable of in the hands of its
RUSE 351       Other Voices in 20th-Century Russian         most sophisticated artist. (Cummings, offered
               Literature: Women Writers                    occasionally)
WRRH 250       Talk and Text: Introduction to                 Typical readings: From The Riverside
                                                            Shakespeare: As You Like It, Henry IV, Part I,
               Discourse Analysis
                                                            Hamlet, The Tempest, Venus and Adonis, and
WRRH 310       Power and Persuasion: Readings in            selected sonnets
               Rhetoric, Ancient to Medieval
WRRH 312       Power and Persuasion: Readings in            176 Film Analysis I This course focuses on
               Rhetoric, Renaissance to Modern              specific aspects of the filmic system and how
WRRH 322       Adolescent Literature                        they work. Attention is paid to detailed analyses
WRRH 420       Writers Guild                                of images and sounds and their dynamic relation
                                                            to the film’s narrative. The goal of the course is a
Comparative Literature Courses                              keener understanding not only of the world of
                                                            film, but of the increasingly visual world in
ENG 228        Comparative Medieval Literature
                                                            which we live. The primary emphasis is on what
ENG 236        Post-Apocalyptic Literature                  is called the Classical Hollywood Model, the
ENG 240        18th-Century Literature and Art              dominant (culturally, economically, ideologi-
ENG 287        Film Histories I                             cally) mode of filmmaking in the world today
ENG 288        Film Histories II                            (although not the only mode). As such it is
ENG 300        Literary Theory Since Plato                  crucial for students of film and, arguably, for us
ENG 302        Post-Structuralist Literary Theory           all to be actively aware of its structures and
ENG 304        Feminist Literary Theory                     assumptions. Open to first-year students only.
ENG 312        Psychoanalysis and Literature                (Lyon, Fall, offered annually)
ENG 322        Renaissance Imagination II
                                                            178 Acting I This course is designed to introduce
ENG 356        Nabokov, Borges, Calvino                     the beginning student to the craft of acting
ENG 360        20th-Century Central European                through the use of improvisation, theatre games,
               Fiction                                      and acting exercises. Actor training focuses on
ENG 376        New Waves                                    and makes use of individual and group exercises
                                                            that challenge both the mind and the body.
COURSE DESCRIPTIONS                                         Emphasis is placed on developing concentration
101 Literary Consciousness An introduction to               and focus, the use of the imagination, sensory
the study of literature and narrative form, this            awareness, and verbal and physical improvisa-
course is devoted to detailed readings of a variety         tional skills. Exercises are designed to encourage
of literary works from diverse cultures, periods,           the acting student to listen to his or her impulses
and genres. The course investigates questions of            and to respond to them within the context of an
framing, point of view and narrative form, and              imaginary circumstance. Students also learn to
the relationship of rhetorical forms, prosody,              work off of a partner in order to discover their
tropes, and figures of speech to their historical           own true and authentic responses to another
and cultural contexts. (Offered each semester)              person. This course is a prerequisite for Acting II.
                                                            (Staff, offered each semester)


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                           ENGLISH AND COMPARATIVE LITERATURE


202 Modern Short Story This course includes                 include Troilus and Criseyde, The Legend of Good
formal analysis and explication of selected stories         Women, and some of Chaucer’s short poems.
by masters of the genre, with some attention to             (Erussard, offered alternate years)
its history and development. (Crenner, offered
alternate years)                                            223 Environmental Literature In this course
  Typical readings: Selected readings from                  students read essays and poems by contemporary
Hemingway, Fitzgerald, O’Connor, O’Hara,                    American nature writers who concern them-
Salinger, Malamud, Yates, Barthelme, and some               selves with the human experience of and
contemporaries                                              relation to nature. These writers lovingly evoke
                                                            the American landscape while at the same time
207 American Literature to Melville A study of              contemplating the modern environmental crisis.
the major American transcendentalists, this                 They approach the question of the meaning of
course considers literary works in terms of their           nature in our lives in personal, as well as
textual qualities and in terms of the social                philosophical and ethical, ways. Crosslisted with
contexts that produced them. Not open to                    environmental studies. (Tall, offered alternate years)
first-year students. (Patterson, offered alternate            Typical readings: Annie Dillard, Gretel
years)                                                      Ehrlich, Scott Russell Sanders, Gary Snyder,
   Typical readings: Emerson, Whitman, Thoreau,             Susan Griffin, Kim Stafford, Terry Tempest
Melville, Hawthorne, Dickinson                              Williams, and Michael Pollan

208 American Literature from Crane This                     225 Shakespeare: Histories and Comedies This
course surveys American literature written from             course considers the separate genres of history,
the turn of the century through the first three             play, and comedy in which Shakespeare worked,
decades of the 20th century. It examines the                and of some theoretical relationships between
works as responses to America’s movement                    them. Historical time in the Tudor myth which
toward modernization and focuses on how                     structures the second tetralogy of history plays is
gender, class, ethnicity, and race inform these             reminiscent of the comic time of the romantic
novels. Not open to first-year students. (Quinby,           comedies. Both deal with the correction of
Mason, Spring, offered annually)                            disorder by wisdom and love so that life can be
  Typical readings: Crane, Wharton, Yezierska,              affirmed. Biographical facts about Shakespeare
Hemingway, Fitzgerald, Faulkner, Hurston                    are introduced along with Elizabethan philo-
                                                            sophical backgrounds in order to render the texts
210 Modernist American Poetry This course is a              more accessible to the modern reader.
study of selected major early 20th-century figures,         (Cummings, Fall, offered annually)
including Mina Loy, T.S. Eliot, Hilda Doolittle,              Typical readings: Selections from The Norton
Wallace Stevens, and William Carlos Williams.               Shakespeare; the second tetralogy, Richard II,
(Crenner, Spring, offered alternate years)                  Henry IV, Parts 1 and 2, and Henry V; selected
  Typical readings: Selected poetry and                     comedies, The Taming of the Shrew, Much Ado
prose-on-poetry of Eliot, Pound, H.D., Williams,            about Nothing, and As You Like It
Stevens, Moore, Cummings, Jeffers, Crane
                                                            226 Shakespeare: Tragedies By looking at
216 Literature of the Gilded Age This course                various ideas about tragedy, from Aristotle’s
examines American novels, short stories, and                classical formulations in the Poetics to the
poetry from the period between the Civil War                Christian and commonplace notions of
and first World War, looking particularly at                Shakespeare’s time in Renaissance England, this
responses to industrialization, social class, and           course talks about different ways of expressing
gender and race relations. (Patterson, offered              and understanding the idea of tragedy. Who, or
alternate years)                                            what, brings about the end? Fate or chance; God
  Typical readings: Twain, James, Wharton,                  or the devil; or a crucial flaw in the psychologi-
Crane, London, Dreiser                                      cal life of the protagonist? Against this critical
                                                            and historical background, and by means of close
217 Chaucer Chaucer composed his poetry in the              analysis of Shakespeare’s unique control of
context of peasant risings, religious heresy,               language and dramatic technique, the course
English imperialism, and the aftermath of the               studies the four famous tragedies: Hamlet,
Black Death. Focusing primarily on The                      Othello, King Lear, and Macbeth. Because of the
Canterbury Tales, this course investigates issues           special and frequent use made of its introduc-
surrounding the authorship, language, audience,             tions, illustrations, maps, tables, and appendices,
and ideologies of Chaucer’s work within the                 The Norton Shakespeare is a text required of all
larger cultural, social, and political context of           students. (Cummings, Spring, offered annually)
late medieval England. Readings may also




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                           ENGLISH AND COMPARATIVE LITERATURE


228c Comparative Medieval Literature This                    destroying experiences and responses to them:
course surveys some of the major forms of                    despair, recovery, redemption, regeneration, and
medieval literature—the epic, the romance, and               continuance, and the ways they are figured in a
the fable—and attempts to relate these works to              variety of comparative literatures. (Weiss, offered
the earlier classical tradition. In addition, it             alternate years)
attempts to make both cross-cultural connections               Typical readings: Silko, Ceremony; Grossman,
and connections with the social, historical, and             See Under: Love; Milosz, The World; Dostoevsky,
philosophical levels of medieval culture.                    Dream of a Ridiculous Man; Levi, The Drowned
(Erussard, offered alternate years)                          and the Saved; Hoban, Riddley Walker;
  Typical readings: Beowulf; the Chanson de                  Matthieson, Far Tortuga
Roland; the Provencal poets; Gottfried, Tristan,
The Cid; Wolfram, Parzifal; the criticism of                 240c Style and Structure in 18th-Century
Auerbach, Curtius, and Spitzer                               Literature and Art This course offers a topology
                                                             of desire in the 18th century as it manifests itself
229 Television Histories, Television Narratives              in literary, architectural, and graphic produc-
This course is a short history of television                 tions. This course pays special attention to
narrative: the development of family dramas and              fantasies of power; architectural fantasies and
their relation to post-war shifts in the domestic            imaginary landscapes; the oppositions of
space of the family; the relation between                    Gothicism and Classicism; the garden and the
programs and advertising; daytime vs. primetime              city; the sublime and the beautiful; and the
programming; and the appeal to or avoidance of               relationship of the teleology of desire to
issues of sexual difference, class, and race. (Lyon,         narrative form. (Holly, offered alternate years)
offered occasionally)                                          Typical readings: Price, Restoration and
  Typical readings: Barnouw, Tube of Plenty;                 Eighteenth Century Literature; Austin, Northanger
Ang, Watching Dallas; Spigel and Mann, eds.,                 Abbey; Piranesi, The Prisons; Diderot, Rameau’s
Television and Domestic Space; assorted articles             Nephew; Blake, Marriage of Heaven and Hell

230 Film Analysis II This course focuses on                  246 Globalism and Literature Globalism as a
specific aspects of the filmic system and how they           contemporary phenomenon seems to be in the
work. Attention is paid to detailed analyses of              ascendancy. It is, among other things, an
images and sounds and their dynamic relation to              economic, cultural, technological, and
the film’s narrative. The goal of the course is a            demographic phenomenon. We examine
keener understanding not only of the world of                globalism and its related metaphors of hybridity,
film, but of the increasingly visual world in                cosmopolitanism, migrancy, exile, and so on
which we live. The primary emphasis is on what               against nationalism and its privileged metaphors
is called the Classical Hollywood Model, the                 of rootedness and identity. If the production of
dominant (culturally, economically, ideologi-                a national subject is no longer the purpose of
cally) mode of filmmaking in the world today                 "discipline," what does it mean to produce a
(although not the only mode). As such it is                  transnational subject? These are some of the
crucial for students of film and, arguably, for us           concerns of the fiction we read for this course.
all to be actively aware of its structures and               Prerequisite: ENG 101. (Basu, offered annually)
assumptions.
                                                             249 The 18th-Century Novel This course is
233 The Art of the Screenplay Screenplays are                designed to be a survey of significant themes and
the blueprints of movies. In this course students            techniques in the novels of the period, with
read screenplays and study the films that have               some attention paid to continental influences
been made from them. Special attention is paid               and development and metamorphoses of
to such elements as story, structure, character              18th-century themes in the novels of the 19th
development, and to the figurative techniques for            and 20th centuries. Special attention is given to
turning written text into moving image.                      novels by and about women. (Holly, offered
Prerequisites: ENG 101 (Holly, offered annually)             alternate years)
  Screenings may include: Casablanca; Planes,                  Typical readings: Defoe, Moll Flanders;
Trains, and Automobiles; Witness; Rain Man; Pulp             Richardson, Pamela or Clarissa; Fielding, Joseph
Fiction; and the screenplay of a film to be released         Andrews, Shamela; Rousseau, La Nouvelle Heloise;
during the term of the course                                Laclos, Les Liaisons Dangereuses; Marquis de
                                                             Sade, Justine; Cleland, Fanny Hill; Austin, Emma
236c Post-Apocalyptic Literature This course
explores literature that imagines societal and               250 English Romanticism That nature in the
individual life in the aftermath of near-terminal            wild is beautiful is a Romantic discovery.
and apocalyptic events. It considers biblical,               Mountains were thought ugly in the West until
post-nuclear, post-holocaust, and culture-                   the Romantic movement saw their sublimity.



                                                       170
                          ENGLISH AND COMPARATIVE LITERATURE


The Romantic movement revolutionized almost                Otranto; Shelley, Frankenstein; Stoker, Dracula;
every aspect of human life, including noticing             C. Brontë, Jane Eyre; E. Brontë, Wuthering
nature. The place in the world of human beings             Heights; Rhys, Wide Sargasso Sea; Poe, The
was put into question. Romanticism is anti-                Narrative of Arthur Gordon Pym; Doyle, The
authoritarian, perhaps the world’s first and               Parasite
unfinished, world-wide movement against
systematization, against normalization.                    257 Dickens and His World Some of the
Sometimes people without imagination mistake               bitterest struggles of the Victorian era were
rules for order. The romantic movement saw that            between personal sensibilities and mass
order more often meant suppression, repression,            production, between the dreamer and artist and
oppression. (Offered every three years)                    the pragmatist, between aesthete as revolutionary
  Typical readings: Selected readings in Blake,            and the common consumer. Such figures as
Coleridge, Wordsworth, Keats, Shelley                      Charles Dickens, John Ruskin, Robert Browning,
                                                           William Morris, and Oscar Wilde are studied, for
251 Medieval Drama This course offers a                    each was concerned with the cost to human
panorama of Medieval dramatic genres. It surveys           beings of a dehumanizing education in
works from the 10th to the 15th centuries. The             dehumanizing environments, yet each met the
stylistic diversity includes the sadomasochistic           issues in a different way. (Offered every three
plays of the Saxon canoness Hrotsvit of                    years)
Gandersheim, the proto-opera form of Hildegard               Typical readings: Charles Dickens, Hard Times,
of Bingan, some English mystery plays from                 Our Mutual Friend; selections from Browning;
different cycles and a selection of French sexual          selections from The Genius of John Ruskin; a
farce. The study is based on both historicist and          study of William Morris as a craftsman;
formalist critical analysis and on occasional              selections from Hopes and Fears for Art
classroom performance. (Erussard, offered
alternate years)                                           258 The 19th-Century Novel Students read
                                                           and discuss selected British examples from this
255 Victorian Literature This course investi-              second great century of the novel in English. A
gates origins of the modern world view as                  major focus of the course is women, both as key
anticipated and expressed in 19th-century                  contributors to the novel’s evolution and as
English literature: the breakdown of traditional           central characters in the texts. (Offered alternate
religious beliefs; the alienation and isolation of         years)
the individual; changing attitudes toward nature;            Typical readings: Austin, Mansfield Park; C.
the loss of communication; the role of education;          Brontë, Jane Eyre; E. Brontë, Wuthering Heights;
and the affirmation of art. (Offered alternate             Eliot, Middlemarch; Hardy, The Return of the
years)                                                     Native; Meredith, The Egoist
   Typical readings: an anthology of Victorian
literature; novels by Austen, C. Brontë, Eliot,            260 Creative Writing This course offers
Dickens, Hardy; essays by Carlyle, Arnold,                 introductory techniques in the writing of both
Ruskin, Newman, Pater                                      fiction and poetry. The workshop format
                                                           emphasizes group discussion of the writings of
256 The Gothic Novel This course traces the                class members. Some exercises are assigned, some
rise and development of the gothic novel from its          individual invention is expected. Readings of
beginnings to the present. The gothic novel has            modern authors supplement discussions of form
proved to be a peculiarly attractive genre to the          and technique. This course is normally required
eccentric, the exiled, and the oppressed. By               as a prerequisite for fiction and poetry work-
means of the gothic novel, many women writers              shops. Prerequisite: ENG 101. (Crenner, Weiss,
first became famous; many socially disaffected             Conroy-Goldman, Staff, offered each semester)
individuals became notorious. Since the authors              Typical readings: short stories and poems by a
of gothic novels number among minorities, social           wide variety of modern writers
outcasts, and social prisoners, it is curious that
the literature has found so wide a reading                 261 The Literature of Decadence This course
audience. The course considers such questions as           offers an exploration of the phenomenon of
probable reasons for the popularity of the gothic,         decadence in its literary aspect: the pursuit of
the usefulness of psychoanalytic and feminist              heightened experience, sensory or imaginative,
criticism in interpreting gothic texts, and the            in the face of social and ethical constraints.
influence of sado-masochism and of theories of             (O’Connell, offered occasionally)
the sublime on the development of the genre.                 Typical readings: Huysmans, Against the Grain;
Prerequisite: ENG 101. Crosslisted with women’s            Stevens, Poems; Cavafy, Poems; Camus, The Fall;
studies. (Offered every three years)                       Mamm, Death in Venice
   Typical readings: Walpole, The Castle of



                                                     171
                           ENGLISH AND COMPARATIVE LITERATURE


262 The Irish Literary Renaissance This course               281 Literature of Sexual Minorities In a
reviews the literature of modern Ireland in its              homophobic society that discourages the
cultural, historical, and political context. Open            political organization of sexual minorities by
to English majors; others by permission.                     subjecting them to discrimination and violence,
(O’Connell, Spring, offered alternate years)                 one of the few ways in which lesbian and gay
  Typical readings: Yeats, Poems; Joyce, A Portrait          people have been able to articulate a conscious-
of the Artist; Heaney, Field Work; Beckett,                  ness of their identity has been through the
Murphy                                                       publication of works of fiction, although until
                                                             the 1940s even this mode of expression often
264 Post WWII American Poetry An                             was legally suppressed. In this course students
introduction to contemporary American poetry,                read and discuss eight novels that played pivotal
this course emphasizes both the close reading of             roles in the development of a sense of identity
poems and the placing of recent American poetry              and political purpose among gay and lesbian
within its social and literary contexts. Prerequi-           people and which thus helped to define the
site: ENG 101 or permission of the instructor.               lesbian and gay communities and movements of
Crosslisted with women’s studies. (Tall, offered             today. (Patterson, offered alternate years)
alternate years)                                               Typical readings: Hall, The Well of Loneliness;
  Typical readings: Roethke, Lowell, Wright,                 Vidal, The City and The Pillar; Baldwin,
Plath, Rich, Hass, Glück, Graham, Dove                       Giovanni’s Room; Bannon, I Am A Woman;
                                                             Brown, Rubyfruit Jungle; Forster, Maurice
270 American Drama The history of dramatic
literature and theatrical performance from the               284 Comic Agony In the literary sub-genre
early 20th century, with the plays of Rachel                 known as black humor, comedy and cruelty are
Crothers, Eugene O’Neill and Susan Glaspell, to              often fused with disturbing results. This course
the present, with the theatrical experiments of              considers Freud’s thesis that all humor is based
the Ontological-Hysteric Theatre and the                     on an implicit threat of violence or obscenity. It
Wooster Group. The course will trace the                     also considers the extent to which black humor
development of dramatic forms, theatrical                    is peculiarly modern and/or American. (Crenner,
organizations, and changing styles in directing,             offered occasionally)
acting and design. (Gross, offered every three                 Typical readings: Freud, Wit and its Relations to
years)                                                       the Unconscious; Bergson, Laughter; West, Miss
                                                             Lonelyhearts; Nabokov, Laughter in the Dark;
275 Theatre Techniques: Acting II A                          Southern, The Magic Christian
continuation of the skills discovered in Acting I,
this course is designed to deepen the student’s              285 Three English Novelists In this course’s
understanding of the craft of acting through the             close reading of three of the major novelists of
use of structured improvisations, acting exercises,          the British tradition—Virginia Woolf, Joseph
and scene work. Actor training focuses on and                Conrad, and D.H. Lawrence—attention is given
makes use of individual and group exercises that             to the connections with literary modernism in
can be applied to the use of a text. The acting              England, as well as social and historical
student goes further into his or her explorations            questions of class and gender. (O’Connell,
of the emotional life, learns how to create a basic          offered alternate years)
who/what/where scene using a text, learns about                Typical readings: Woolf, To the Lighthouse, Mrs.
the importance of cause and effect sequencing,               Dalloway, The Waves; Conrad, Lord Jim, Nostromo;
and works on mastering the skill of working off of           Lawrence, Sons and Lovers, The Rainbow, Lady
a partner as well as listening and responding                Chatterly’s Lover; Conrad, Heart of Darkness
truthfully on the impulse even when the text is
previously supplied. The acting student also                 287c, 288c, 289 Film Histories I, II, III This
learns about the basic function of rehearsal and             series of courses is conceived as a modular film
how to research a role. (Staff, Fall, offered                histories group aimed at giving students a
alternate years)                                             background in a specific historical period and/or
                                                             preparation for more specialized work in a
278 Introduction to Dramatic Literature How                  specific area of film history. Each year one
is reading a play different from reading other               module is offered, usually during the fall
forms of literature? How do the realities of                 semester. Since it is not possible to cover all of
theatrical production challenge us to think about            world cinema during any of these historical
reading and interpretation differently? Readings             periods in a single term, a selection is made to
will range widely, from Asian to European,                   emphasize specific themes or historical events.
“classic” to contemporary. (Staff, offered alternate         The historical periods break down approximately
years)                                                       as follows:




                                                       172
                           ENGLISH AND COMPARATIVE LITERATURE


  (287c) Film Histories I (1895-1935) The                     Students look at several texts which occupy spaces
development of film style from the origins of                 in between the strict division, and explore the
cinema through the early years of the transition              challenges these texts pose to the distinction.
to sound technology. (Lyon)                                   Finally, students read some works of contemporary
  (288c) Film Histories II (1930-1950) may                    historical fiction and discuss the ways these
include a study of the Hollywood studio system,               fictions respond to the problems of historical
European and American pre-World War II and                    truth. Prerequisite: ENG 101 or 102. (Conroy-
wartime cinemas (including French films of the                Goldman, offered alternate years)
Occupation and Italian neo-realism) and postwar                 Typical readings: Schama, Dead Certainties;
European and American cinemas. (Lyon)                         Wechsler, Mr. Wilson’s Cabinet of Wonders;
  (289) Film Histories III (1944-1980) A                      Delillo, Libra; Byan, Possession
selection of films and topics from the post-World
War II era through 1980. This course frequently               300c Literary Theory Since Plato This course
examines postwar American film genres and                     offers a survey and analysis of major trends in the
their relation to the social, cultural, economic,             understanding of literature from Plato to the
ideological and technological context in which                present. (Holly, offered occasionally)
they were produced. (Lyon)
                                                              301 Modernism and Postmodernism The
290 African-American Autobiography This                       beginning of a new century, the 21st, marks a
course examines the place and importance of                   broad-scale shift in our conception of the written
autobiography in African-American writing.                    word, in literary and paraliterary texts. The
Students read actual and fictional autobiogra-                traditional literary categories—Realism,
phies and consider the history of autobiography               Naturalism, etc.—have fallen into disrepute, to
(post-slave narratives) and the purposes to which             be replaced by postmodern concepts such as
it has been put to use. (Part of a series on African          pastiche, quotation and appropriation. The line
literature.) (Basu, Spring, offered alternate years)          between literary and non-literary texts has been
                                                              erased. This course investigates the influence of
291 Introduction to African American                          these new cultural conditions on the practice of
Literature This course concentrates on African                producing what used to be called “literature.”
American narratives of the 20th century, from the             (O’Connell, offered alternate years)
Harlem Renaissance through the “protest” novel                  Typical readings: Joseph Conrad, Franz Kafka,
and black nationalism to black women writers.                 Virginia Woolf, Wallace Stevens, Samuel
Students focus on a central concern of the African            Beckett, E.L. Doctorow, Frederic Jameson
American traditions, the tension between the
political and the aesthetic. Students pay attention           302c Post-Structuralist Literary Theory An
to both the aesthetic properties of the literary text         examination of the techniques and significance
and to its political dimensions. In addition to the           of contemporary movements in criticism and
concerns with race, class, gender, and sexuality,             literary theory, this course attempts to discover
students examine the intricate set of intertextual            the world view implicit in these approaches by
relations between different writers which                     addressing such issues as the philosophical,
constitute the tradition of African American                  political, and moral implications of contempo-
writing. (Basu, offered annually)                             rary theories of the text. The class chooses a
  Typical readings: Hurston, Their Eyes Were                  target text (or texts) for practical criticism.
Watching God; Larsen, Passing; Himes, If He                   (Holly, offered alternate years)
Hollers Let Him Go; Wright, Black Boy; Petry, The                Typical readings: works by such authors as
Street; Marshall, Brown Girl, Brownstones;                    Derrida, Lacan, Barthes, Hartman, Bloom,
Morrison, Sula                                                Macherey, Deleuze, Eagleton, deMan, Girard,
                                                              and Lyotard
292 Introduction to African-American
Literature II This course looks at past enslave-              304c Feminist Literary Theory This course is
ment writings by African Americans from                       an introduction to feminist literary theories and
DuBois to James Waldon Johnson and Nella                      critical practices. It focuses on such issues as
Larson. (A series of three or four courses                    female sexualization, representations of violence
constitute the Introduction to African-American               and madness, and subjectivity. Students are
literature). (Basu, Fall, offered alternate years)            expected to apply feminist analyses to a variety
                                                              of texts. (Quinby, offered occasionally)
294 Story and History This course examines,
first, the delineation between historiography and             305 Poetry Workshop For students highly
historical fiction writing. Then, it considers                motivated to write poetry, this course offers the
problems and controversies facing each genre, and             opportunity to write both independently and in
how these problems serve to blur the boundaries.              response to technical issues raised in class. Class



                                                        173
                           ENGLISH AND COMPARATIVE LITERATURE


time is divided between discussions of modern                  Participants should be prepared to write one
poetry (using an anthology and a collection of                 essay a week. Prerequisite: permission of
essays by contemporary poets) and workshops on                 instructor, based on a writing sample. (Tall,
student writing. Close reading and the revision                Spring, offered annually)
process are emphasized. There are individual                     Typical readings: Selections from Didion,
conferences, one critical paper, and, as a final               Orwell, Dillard, Lopate, McPhee, Walker,
project, a small collection of poems. Prerequi-                Kingston, Kincaid, Sanders, and others
sites: permission of the instructor is required
based on a writing sample. ENG 260 is generally                312c Psychoanalysis and Literature Aside from
required. (Tall, Spring, offered alternate years)              its aspirations to being medicine or a science,
                                                               psychoanalysis constitutes a powerful theory of
307 Playwriting This course is designed to                     reading, which, in its emergence at the
further the understanding of the craft of                      beginning of the 20th century, corresponds to
playwriting as it is first discovered in the                   the revolution in interpretation which continues
playwriting process workshop. Students are                     into our own time. The aim of this course is to
encouraged to nurture the development of their                 study this theory of reading in order to show how
skills through daily writing exercises, to develop a           it is the foundation of such interpretive concepts
personal and consistent process for writing, to                and procedures as close reading, text, and the
shake up any preconceived notions about                        intentional fallacy, as well as being both the
playwriting, to explore a personal point of view               source and critique of the modern handling of
or voice for their writing, to develop and sharpen             such interpretational elements as image, myth,
their skills in analysis and critique, to test the             and meaning. (Holly, offered alternate years)
flexibility of creative thought necessary for the                Typical readings: Freud, The Interpretation of
crafting of dramatic literature, and to complete a             Dreams, and selected writings; Sophocles,
short one-act play by the end of the semester.                 Oedipus Tyrannus; Plato, The Phaedrus;
(Staff, offered alternate years)                               Shakespeare, The Tempest; Nabokov, Lolita;
                                                               selected short stories
308 Screenwriting This course offers a workshop
in the fundamentals of writing the motion                      317 Hearts of Darkness This course explores
picture. Weekly writing assignments move                       the European encounter with the non-Western
students through a process of script develop-                  world; in the encounter with that which is alien,
ment—from brainstorming and the movie in a                     an exploration of Western culture and the
paragraph to the treatment/outline, beat sheet,                Western psyche takes place. Conrad’s Heart of
the creation of a scene, and the first act. Students           Darkness is the archetype of this encounter. In
share work and engage in a variety of exercises                the hundred years since it was written, Western
designed to help each tell his or her stories.                 and non-Western writers have constructed
Prerequisites: ENG 230 and/or ENG 233. (Holly,                 versions and counter-versions of it. Colonialism,
offered annually)                                              identity, love, religion, freedom, justice, the
  Typical readings: Egri, The Art of Dramatic                  nature of the self, and the complex character of
Writing; Fields, Screenwriting; Goldman,                       western civilization itself are all subjects.
Adventures in the Screen Trade; Mamet, On                      Students read each fiction by the light of its own
Directing Film; selected screenplays                           structure and intent as well as in dialogue with
                                                               Conrad.
309 Fiction Workshop An intensive workshop                       Typical readings: Conrad, Heart of Darkness;
devoted to the creation and critiquing of student              Kingsley, Travels in West Africa; Greene, The
fiction, this course is suitable for students strongly         Quiet American; Matthiessen, At Play in the Fields
committed to fiction writing. Students are                     of the Lord; Salieh, A Season of Migration to the
expected to produce a portfolio of polished                    North
stories. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor,
based on writing sample. ENG 260 is generally                  318 Body, Memory, Representation Black
required. (Conroy-Goldman, Spring, offered                     women writers have initiated an important line
annually)                                                      of inquiry that is perhaps best represented by the
                                                               publication of several reconstructions of slavery
310 Creative Nonfiction Workshop This is a                     in fiction of slavery in fiction. In these texts,
writing course in creative nonfiction designed for             black women writers represent the desires of
English majors or others seriously interested in               slaves, and, at a fundamental level, the course
working to develop their own voices in the                     examines the relationship between power and
medium of the personal essay. Students read and                desire and the suggestion that desire itself cannot
discuss essays by major contemporary American                  be evacuated of power relations. Taking slave
essayists. They also read and discuss each others’             desires of the other, the course compares these
essays in a workshop with an eye toward revision.



                                                         174
                           ENGLISH AND COMPARATIVE LITERATURE


desires to contemporary gendered and sexual                  Poe, Hawthorne, Stowe, Chopin, Wharton,
normativity. (Offered annually)                              James, and others. (Crenner, offered alternate years)
  Typical readings: Douglass, Narrative of the Life;           Typical readings: Poe, The Murders in the Rue
Styron, The Confessions of Nat Turner; Morrison,             Morgue; Hawthorne, The Minister’s Black Veil;
Beloved; Jones, Corregidora; Butler, Kindred;                Stowe, The Minister’s Housekeeper; Melville,
Williams Dessa Rose                                          Bartleby, the Scrivener; Twain, The Facts
                                                             Concerning the Recent Carnival of Crime in
322c The Renaissance Imagination This course                 Connecticut; James, The Turn of the Screw
offers a comparative introduction to four literary
masters of the Renaissance periods in Italy,                 342 Reading in Multi-Ethnic Women’s
France, and Spain. Occasional lectures present               Literature In this course, students read literature
information on the historical, social, religious,            by women who are often classified as part of
and literary backgrounds for each figure, as well            “minority” groups. They examine these visual
as introduce appropriate models of literary                  and literary texts as they engage the problematics
criticism. Class discussion centers around analysis          of exile, sexuality, language, place, and memory.
of the comic and Menippian structures of the                 They read texts by Asian, Black, Chicana,
four masterworks. By means of critical analysis,             Indian, lesbian, bisexual, and heterosexual
discussion, and imitation, this course attempts to           women writers. (Basu, offered annually)
define the engaging spirit of Renaissance literary             Typical readings: Cherrie Moraga, Heroes and
irony that pervades the selected works. Editorial            Saints; Sandra Cisneros, The House on Mango
selections are made in most cases to allow for               Street; Amy Tan, The Joy Luck Club; Sherley
significant acquaintance with each writer’s world            Anne Williams, Dessa Rose; Bharati Mulcherjee,
view in the short time available for each. A term            Middleman; Toni Morrison, Tar Baby; and
paper, creative criticism, and a final essay form            others.
the basis of evaluation. (Cummings, offered
alternate years)                                             343 After Huck Finn: The Literature of
  Typical readings: Ariosto, Orlando Furioso;                Initiation This course focuses on literature that
Rabelais, Gargantua and Pantagruel; Cervantes,               deals with coming of age and the getting of—if
Don Quixote                                                  not wisdom—then at least a bracing dose of
                                                             self-knowledge. (Offered occasionally)
327 The Lyric This course is about ways of                     Typical readings: Joyce, Portrait of the Artist;
defining, analyzing, thinking about, and                     Robinson, Housekeeping; McDermot, That Night;
understanding one of the highest and most                    Cisneros, House on Mango Street; McCabe,
concentrated forms of verbal—indeed, of any—                 Butcher Boy; Moody, Ice Storm; Maxwell, So
art. Students study a number of poetic types, as             Long, See You Tomorrow; Kincaid, Annie John;
well as great individual works, emphasizing                  Eugenides, Virgin Suicides; Johnson, Jesusí Son
forms, themes, and traditions. (Weiss, offered
occasionally)                                                354 Forms of Memoir This course in
                                                             20th-century autobiographical prose explores
337 James Joyce’s Ulysses This course is an                  both novelistic and factual memoirs. It compares
intensive examination of the central novel of                the forms that literary memoir takes in several
literary modernism. Enrollment is limited to 17              different cultures. The question of fiction vs.
students; each student presents a single chapter             nonfiction is addressed, as well as the relation-
of the novel to the class. (O’Connell, offered               ship of the author to the speaker of her/his book,
alternate years)                                             and the ways in which the linear time of a lived
                                                             life is transformed into literature. Students have
338 Poe, Dickinson, Frost This course is a study             the opportunity to write some memoiristic prose
of three American originals, eccentrics who,                 themselves in addition to critical papers.
though wildly different from one another, reflect            Crosslisted with women’s studies. (Tall, offered
in common some central aspects of the American               alternate years)
psyche. (Crenner, offered alternate years)                      Typical readings: Gosse, McCarthy, Kingston,
  Typical readings: Poe, Eureka and other essays,            Kincaid, Goyen, Auster, Duras, Hoffman, Eggars
stories, and poems; Dickinson, complete poems
and selected letters; Frost, poems and essays                356c Nabokov, Borges, Calvino In this close
                                                             examination of the works of these three most
339 American Tale A study of selected short                  important modern writers, special attention is
fiction by some of the major authors of 19th-                paid to parallels between their works and
century America, this course uses Northrop Frye’s            movements in the visual arts, and to the
distinction between the short realistic form he              implications of self-conscious narrative. (Holly,
calls “story” and the short romance form he calls            offered every three years)
“tale” to illuminate readings of short fictions by



                                                       175
                          ENGLISH AND COMPARATIVE LITERATURE


360c 20th-Century Central European Fiction:                 376c New Waves The events of the late 1950s
from Kafka to Kundera This course explores the              and ’60s produced significant changes in film
modernist reinvention of the novel that occurred            production and viewing around the world.
in those countries of Europe that until recently            Reacting against American imperialism and the
were part of the Soviet Bloc: Poland, Hungary,              economic and cultural control that the
East Germany, Romania, Yugoslavia, and                      Hollywood film industry held over post-war film
Czechoslovakia. The course begins with Franz                markets, many countries, including France,
Kafka and his harrowing dreams of the modern                Japan, Germany, and Brazil, redefined their
world, and the place of the individual in it,               national cinemas in the direction of a politics of
which anticipate many experiences of this                   cinema where both film making and film
century. The works read register the historical             viewing were conceived as radical political tools.
experiences of the first and second World Wars              (Lyon, offered occasionally)
and of the totalitarian states that emerged after
1945. (Weiss, offered alternate years)                      381 Sexuality and American Literature This
  Typical readings: works of Franz Kafka, Bruno             course focuses on the literary production of
Schulz, I. Witkiewicz, Witold Gombrowicz,                   sexuality and subjectivity in America. It
Robert Musil, Tadeusz Borowski, Milan Kundera               considers the works in light of Michel Foucault’s
                                                            theory of the deployment of sexuality and
368 Film and Ideology The subject of this                   feminist discussions on the politics of sexuality,
course is a selection of mainstream studio and              and looks at the relationships between sexuality,
independent films which respond in some way to              power, and resistance both within novels and
contemporary debates around political and social            within their respective cultural contexts.
issues such as national identity, war, racism,              Crosslisted with women’s studies and American
sexism, class divisions, sexual identity, masculin-         studies. (Quinby, Mason, Spring, offered alternate
ity and femininity. Students study each film in             years)
narrative and visual detail in order to see how the           Typical readings: Foucault, The History of
film system can work not only to mask and                   Sexuality; Hawthorne, The Scarlet Letter; Chopin,
naturalize ideological positions and assumptions            The Awakening; West, Miss Lonelyhearts;
but to dismantle them and make them visible.                Morrison, Sula
(Lyon, Spring, offered annually)
                                                            389 Shakespeare’s Language Shakespeare’s
370 Hollywood on Hollywood This course                      language is more complex and interesting than
examines the various ways in which the                      any other writer’s in all of world history. His
Hollywood film industry reflects on and                     vocabulary is larger, his syntax more varied, his
represents its own conditions of existence.                 poetry more intricate, his generic range wider,
Students view a variety of films from different             and his characters more profound than any other
genres and historical moments, each of which                writer we know. To test and verify such sweeping
reflects in its own way on the aesthetic,                   claims, the seminar explores the grammar, logic,
ideological and economic aspects of film                    rhetoric, style, poesis, and vital energy of that
production, the star system and the relation                language in as many of its minute particulars as
between spectator and spectacle. (Lyon, offered             possible. If “genius is in the detail,” as more than
alternate years)                                            one thinker has claimed, than we must look to
                                                            the detail and nuance of Shakespeare’s medium
375 Science Fiction Film This course is a                   itself, the language, if we are truly to discover his
selective study of science fiction film, emphasiz-          genius. Written work centers on close language
ing American postwar science fiction and its                analysis, rather than literary interpretation.
complex and shifting relation to the cultural and           Significant emphasis is placed on metrical
historical context which produced it. Students              scansions and syncopations. (Cummings, offered
consider individual films in visual and narrative           every three years)
detail as well as broader issues inherent in the              Typical readings: work from Shakespeare’s
genre of science fiction. Central to the study will         early, middle, and late periods
be the ways in which the films visualize
difference—sexual, racial, human/alien. Students
also look at how science fiction films are shaped
by the relation between technology and
capitalism, not only on a thematic and narrative
level but in the literal production of the images
and effects that fascinate us. (Lyon, offered
alternate years)




                                                      176
                                     ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES


394 Story and History Fiction writers have long             ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES
been enchanted with the writing of historians, at
times imitating, at times stealing, and even at
times attempting to pass their inventions off as            Environmental Studies Faculty
legitimate history. Since the 1960s, historians
have also considered the role of fiction in their           John Halfman, Geoscience, Director
work. To what extent is history fiction? This
course examines the evolution of the relation-              Coordinating Committee
ship between history writing and fiction,
moments of cross-over such as falsified docu-
                                                            Nan Arens, Geoscience
ments and hoaxes, and the way contemporary                  Walter Bowyer, Chemistry
writers wrestle with the murky territory between            Scott Brophy, Philosophy
the two. (Conroy-Goldman, Fall, alternate years)            Judith Maria Buechler, Anthropology
399 Milton Central to this course is Milton’s               Sigrid Carle, Chemistry
major poem, the epic Paradise Lost. Milton is               Tara Curtin, Geoscience
studied in relation to the whole of the 17th                Bahar Davary, Religious Studies
century, so that the course introduces the student          Christine de Denus, Chemistry
to the theological, political, and aesthetic issues
of the period. Students discuss epic and form,              Mark Deutchlander, Biology
ideas about freedom, nature, human and natural;             Thomas Drennen, Economics
and history, biblical and temporal. (Weiss, offered         Christopher Gunn, Economics
alternate years)
   Typical readings: Paradise Lost, and selections
                                                            Clifton Hood, History
from the sonnets and prose of Milton                        Jo Anna Isaak, Art
                                                            Mark Jones, Art
401 Senior Seminar An intensive seminar in a                Kristy Kenyon, Biology
special topic or single author, offered for senior
majors. (Offered annually)                                  Neil Laird, Geoscience
                                                            Steven Lee, Philosophy
450 Independent Study                                       James MaKinster, Education
490 Honors
                                                            Richard Mason, Sociology
                                                            Stanley Mathews, Architecture
                                                            Brooks McKinney, Geoscience
                                                            Kevin Mitchell, Mathematics and
                                                              Computer Science
                                                            Elizabeth Newell, Biology
                                                            Ilene Nicholas, Sociology
                                                            Carol Parish, Chemistry
                                                            Eric Patterson, English / American Studies
                                                            Erin Pelkey, Chemistry
                                                            Craig Rimmerman, Political Science
                                                            James Ryan, Biology
                                                            Deborah Tall, English

                                                            Earth’s environment is maintained
                                                            through complex feedback mechanisms
                                                            which, over geologic time, have operated
                                                            to keep that environment within a range
                                                            appropriate for life. Humans have always
                                                            affected the environment, but since
                                                            industrialization the nature and scope of
                                                            their impact has increased dramatically.
                                                                Presently, our use of natural resources



                                                      177
                                 ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES


is spiraling due to exponential population            AREAS OF CONCENTRATION
growth. Due largely to the destruction of             Core and elective environmental studies
the tropical rain forests, we appear to be            courses can be selected, in consultation
losing species at a rate that equals or               with an adviser, to complete an area of
exceeds anything in the earth’s history.              concentration, e.g., environmental
Human activities create smog, cause acid              science, concepts of nature, social
rain, introduce poisonous substances to               ecology, public policy, and aquatic
the hydrosphere, and change the                       studies.
composition of the atmosphere in ways                     Environmental Science emphasizes
that are of great concern. Poverty and                scientific approaches to environmental
racism, in their environmental dimen-                 issues. Within this area, students can
sion, threaten global survival and a                  focus on a particular approach to environ-
sustainable future.                                   mental issues (e.g., environmental
    Environmental concerns will be with               chemistry) with a program concentrated
us for generations as we work toward a                in one department, or focus on an
sustainable way of life. The environmen-              environmental issue (e.g., global change),
tal studies program structures a liberal arts         resulting in a program that spans multiple
education around these concerns and it                departments. Careful selection of elective
prepares students for entry level positions           courses is the key to developing a
in environmental fields as well as for                coherent program of study within this
graduate programs in environmental                    area of concentration. A double major is
areas.                                                highly recommended where the disciplin-
    Environmental studies is a                        ary major is one of the natural science
multidisciplinary field, thus the program             departments.
offers an interdisciplinary major and an                  Concepts of Nature focuses on the
interdisciplinary minor. The natural                  conceptual lenses through which one
sciences offer an understanding of how the            views both the natural and built environ-
environment works and how human                       ments.
activities affect it. The social sciences                 Social Ecology emphasizes the impact of
consider the social and political implica-            social, economic, and political arrange-
tions of environmental policy and the                 ments of human life on the environment,
economic trade offs involved. The                     connecting environmental issues to the
humanities offer an understanding of the              ways in which people live, and have
concepts and values involved in our                   lived, their lives. This area offers a choice
perception of, and interaction with, the              of concentrations in work, ethical and
environment. These approaches are                     moral issues, and communities and
combined explicitly in our introductory               history.
integrative course and the senior integrative             Public Policy concentrates on public
experience. Program faculty and graduates             policy and economics and their relation-
of the program also highly recommend two              ship with environmental issues. It
majors, a major in environmental studies              emphasizes the ways in which policies are
along with a major in a discipline to benefit         shaped and put in place, the ends they
from the breath of environmental studies              serve, and their economic consequences
and the focus of a discipline. All courses            or trade-offs involved.
counting toward an environmental studies                  Aquatic Studies emphasizes the
major or minor must be passed with a grade            environmental aspects of the hydrosphere
of C- or higher.                                      including watersheds, lakes, streams,
                                                      wetlands, groundwater, the atmosphere,


                                                178
                                  ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES


and the oceans. Within this area,                    ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES CORE COURSES
students can focus on aquatic science                Humanities Core
courses, or focus on an aquatic topic (e.g.,         ART 451     Art and Ecology Seminar (Isaak)
water resources and protection), resulting           AMST 201    American Attitudes Towards Nature
                                                                 (Patterson)
in a program that spans multiple
                                                     ENG 223     Environmental Literature (Tall)
departments. A double major, where the               HIST 215    American Urban History (Hood)
second major is in a discipline, is highly           HIST 246    American Environmental History
recommended.                                                     (Hood)
                                                     PHIL 154    Environmental Ethics (Lee or
REQUIREMENTS FOR THE                                             Oberbrunner)
                                                     REL 226     Ecology of the Sacred (Davary)
ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES MAJOR (B.A.)
interdisciplinary, 12 courses                        Natural Sciences Core
ENV 110; ENV 300 or ENV 301; two “ES                 BIOL 150    Foundations of Biology (biology
Core” courses from different departments in                      faculty)
each division, and four “ES Elective”                BIOL 16x    BIOL 161-166 Introductory Topics in
courses from the ES Core and/or ES                               Biology (biology faculty)
Elective course lists. Three of the ES               CHEM 110    Molecules that Matter (chemistry
                                                                 faculty)
Electives must be at the 200 level or above.         ENV 191     Introductory Environmental Science
Careful selection of ES core and elective                        (Halfman)
courses can define a theme or focus. For             GEO 190     Environmental Geoscience
example, careful selection allows a                              (geoscience faculty)
concentration in one of the following areas:
environmental science, concepts of nature,           Social Sciences Core
                                                     ANTH 210    Prehistoric Ecology (Nicholas)
social ecology, public policy, and aquatic
                                                     ANTH 280    Environment and Culture (Buechler)
studies (see details below).                         ECON 212    Environmental Economics (Drennen)
                                                     POL 328     Environmental Policy (Rimmerman)
REQUIREMENTS FOR THE                                 SOC 249     Technology and Society (Mason)
ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES MINOR                          SOC 271     Sociology of Environmental Issues
interdisciplinary, 6 courses                                     (Mason)
ENV 110 or substitute one additional ES
Core course; one ES Core course from                 ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES ELECTIVE
each division; and two ES Elective                   COURSES*
                                                     AMST 101    American I, Eye, Aye (Quinby)
courses from the ES Core and/or ES
                                                     ANTH 206    Early Cities (Nicholas)
Elective course lists at the 200 level or            ANTH 228    Physical Anthropology (Nicholas)
above.                                               ANTH 247    Urban Anthropology (Buechler)
                                                     ANTH 271    Jobs, Power and Capital (Buechler)
ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES                                ANTH 285    Primate Behavior (Nicholas)
INTRODUCTORY COURSES                                 ANTH 296    African Cultures (Dillon)
Topics in Environmental Studies                      ANTH 297    Peoples and Cultures of Latin
ENV 110-01   Biodiversity (Newell or Arens)                      America (Buechler)
ENV 110-02   Energy (Drennen and Halfman)            ANTH 298    Modern Japan (Dillon)
ENV 110-03   Water (B. McKinney and Ryan)            ANTH 326    Patterns and Processes in Ancient
ENV 110-04   Global Climate Change (Curtin)                      Mesoamerica Urbanism (Nicholas)
ENV 110-05   Sense of Place (Tall)                   ARCH 301    Design II: The Immediate
                                                                 Environment (Hauser)
                                                     ARCH 302    Design III: The Wider Environment
                                                                 (Hauser)
                                                     ARCH 311    History of Modern Architecture
                                                                 (Mathews)



                                               179
                                ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES


ARCH 312   Theories of Modern Architecture and         GEO 280    Hydrogeology and Geochemistry
           Urbanism (Mathews)                                     (Curtin)
ART 102    Renaissance to Modern Art (Ciletti)         GEO 320    Sediments and Sedimentary Rocks
ART 116    World Architecture (Mathews)                           (Curtin)
ART 234    Photography (Jones)                         GEO 330    Limnology (Halfman)
ART 301    Photography Workshop (Jones)                HIST 204   History of American Society (Singal)
BIDS 120   Russia and the Environment                  HIST 208   Women in American History
           (Galloway)                                             (Tetrault)
BIDS 219   Math Models and Biological Systems          HIST 234   Medieval History (Flynn)
           (Mitchell and Ryan)                         HIST 253   Renaissance and Reformation (Flynn)
BIOL 212   Biostatistics (Glover, Droney)              HIST 256   Technology and Society in Europe
BIOL 220   Genetics (Glover)                                      (Linton)
BIOL 225   Ecology (Newell)                            HIST 264   Modern European City (Linton)
BIOL 233   General Physiology (Deutchlander)           HIST 310   Rise of Industrial America (Hood)
BIOL 236   Evolution (Droney)                          HIST 311   20th-Century America: 19170-1941
BIOL 315   Advanced Topics (Staff)                                (Hood)
BIOL 316   Conservation Biology (Shelley)              HIST 312   The U.S. Since 1939 (Singal)
BIOL 327   Behavioral Ecology (Droney)                 HIST 397   Environmental History Seminar
BIOL 339   Physiological Ecology (Newell)                         (Hood)
CHEM 120   Chemical Reactivity (chemistry              MATH 130   Calculus I (math faculty)
           faculty)                                    MATH 131   Calculus II (math faculty)
CHEM 210   Quantitative Chemical Analysis              MATH 214   Applied Linear Algebra (math faculty)
           (Bowyer)                                    MATH 232   Multivariable Calculus (math faculty)
CHEM 240   Introduction to Organic Chemistry           MATH 237   Differential Equations (math faculty)
           (Pelkey)                                    MATH 350   Probability (math faculty)
CHEM 241   Intermediate Organic Chemistry              MATH 353   Mathematical Models (math faculty)
           (Pelkey)                                    PHIL 190   Facts and Values (Simson)
CHEM 260   Environmental Chemistry (Bowyer)            PHIL 232   Liberty and Community (Lee)
CHEM 348   Biochemistry I (Craig)                      PHIL 235   Morality and Self Interest (Lee)
CPSC 124   Introduction to Programming                 PHIL 236   Philosophy of Law (Lee)
           (computer science faculty)                  PHIL 238   Philosophy of Natural Science
ECON 202   Statistics (economics faculty)                         (Brophy)
ECON 213   Urban Economics (McGuire)                   PHIL 372   Early Modern Philosophy (Brophy)
ECON 230   History of Economic Thought                 PHYS 150   Introduction to Physics I (physics
           (Gilbert)                                              faculty)
ECON 232   U.S. Economy: A Critical Analysis           PHYS 160   Introduction to Physics II (physics
           (Gunn)                                                 faculty)
ECON 301   Microeconomic Theory and Policy             PHYS 270   Modern Physics (physics faculty)
           (economics faculty)                         PHYS 285   Mathematical Methods (physics
ECON 316   Labor Market Analysis (Mertens)                        faculty)
ECON 348   Natural Resources and Energy                POL 215    Minority Group Politics (Johnson,
           Economics (Drennen)                                    Lucas)
ECON 461   Seminar: Environmental Economics            POL 216    African-American Women
           (Drennen)                                   POL 219    Sexual Minority Movements and
EDUC 334   Science and Cognition (MaKinster)                      Public Policy (Rimmerman)
EDUC 348   Our National Parks (MaKinster)              POL 236    Urban Politics (Rimmerman)
ENG 207    American Literature to Melville             POL 320    Mass Media (Deutchman)
           (Patterson)                                 SOC 221    Sociology of Minorities
ENG 250    English Romantic Poets                      SOC 222    Social Change (Bennett)
ENG 257    Dickens and His World                       SOC 223    Social Stratification (Mason)
ENG 338    Poe, Dickinson, Frost (Crenner)             SOC 225    Sociology of the Family (Bennett)
GEO 230    Problems in Earth History (Arens)           SOC 244    Religion in American Society
GEO 240    Mineralogy (McKinney)                                  (Perkins)
GEO 250    Physical Oceanography (Laird)               SOC 251    Sociology of the City (Spates)
GEO 260    Meteorology (Laird)                         SOC 257    Political Sociology (Monson)



                                                 180
                                 ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES


SOC 258     Social Problems (Mason)                    PHYS 270     Modern Physics
SOC 275     Social Policy (Monson)                     PHYS 285     Mathematical Methods
SOC 290     Sociology of Community (Harris)
SOC 300     Classical Sociological Theory              CONCEPTS OF NATURE
            (Moodie, Spates)                           Select courses from each group.
SOC 325     Moral Sociology and the Good
            Society (Spates)                           Aesthetic, Literary and Religious Concepts
*Various internship (Boston Program,                   AMST 201     American Attitudes toward Nature
SLPWA, etc.) and abroad opportunities                  ARCH 301     Design II: The Immediate Environment
(e.g., Australia/New Zealand, Mexico,                  ARCH 302     Design III: The Wider Environment
Ecuador, Washington, DC, etc.) offer                   ARCH 311     History of Modern Architecture
                                                       ART 102      Renaissance to Modern Art
courses not listed here that may substitute            ART 116      World Architecture
for environmental studies electives and/or             ART 234      Photography
the SIE requirement. All substitutions                 ART 301      Photography Workshop
must be approved by the program director.              ART 340      American Architecture to 1900
                                                       ART 451      Senior Seminar: Art and Ecology
EXAMPLE CONCENTRATIONS                                 ENG 207      American Literature to Melville
                                                       ENG 223      Environmental Literature
NATURAL SCIENCES                                       ENG 338      Poe, Dickinson, Frost
Select courses from one theme, e.g., the               ENG 250      English Romantic Poets
earth, ecology, global change, or from one
department that is unique from your                    Ethical Concepts
disciplinary major or minor.                           PHIL 154     Issues: Environmental Ethics
BIDS 219    Math Models and Biological Systems         PHIL 190     Facts and Values
BIOL 212    Biostatistics                              PHIL 232     Liberty and Community
BIOL 220    General Genetics                           PHIL 235     Morality and Self Interest
BIOL 225    Ecology
BIOL 233    General Physiology                         Methodological Concepts
BIOL 236    Evolution                                  EDUC 334     Science and Cognition
BIOL 316    Conservation Biology                       PHIL 239     Philosophy of Natural Science
BIOL 327    Behavioral Ecology                         PHIL 372     Early Modern Philosophy
BIOL 339    Physiological Ecology
CHEM 120    Chemical Reactivity                        Social and Historical Concepts
CHEM 210    Quantitative Chemical Analysis             ANTH 210     Prehistoric Ecology
CHEM 240    Introduction to Organic Chemistry          ANTH 280     Environment and Culture: Cultural
CHEM 241    Intermediate Organic Chemistry                          Ecology
CHEM 348    Biochemistry I                             ECON 212     Environmental Economics
CPSC 124    Introduction to Programming                ECON 348     Natural Resources and Energy
GEO 230     Problems in Earth History                               Economics
GEO 240     Mineralogy                                 HIST 215     American Urban History
GEO 250     Physical Oceanography                      HIST 234     Medieval History
GEO 260     Meteorology                                HIST 246     American Environmental History
GEO 280     Hydrogeology and Geochemistry              HIST 253     Renaissance and Reformation
GEO 320     Sediments and Sedimentary Rocks            HIST 256     Technology and Society in Europe
GEO 330     Limnology                                  HIST 310     Rise of Industrial America
MATH 130    Calculus I                                 POL 328      Environmental Policy
MATH 131    Calculus II                                SOC 249      Technology and Society
MATH 214    Applied Linear Algebra                     SOC 251      Sociology of the City
MATH 232    Multivariable Calculus                     SOC 271      Sociology of Environmental Issues
MATH 237    Differential Equations
MATH 350    Probability                                SOCIAL ECOLOGY
MATH 353    Mathematical Models                        Essential courses: ANTH 210, ANTH 280
PHYS 150    Introduction to Physics I                  or HIST 246, ECON 212 or ECON 236,
PHYS 160    Introduction to Physics II                 POL 328, SOC 249 or SOC 271. Select


                                                 181
                                  ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES


remaining courses from any one of the                     Other related courses
following groups.                                         ANTH 247      Urban Anthropology
                                                          ANTH 273      Ethnographic Research and Methods
                                                          ARCH 312      Theories of Modern Architecture and
Work Concentration
                                                                        Urbanism
ANTH 271    Jobs, Power and Capital
                                                          ART 451       Senior Seminar: Art and Ecology
ECON 316    Labor Market Analysis
                                                          ECON 202      Statistics
HIST 256    Technology and Society in Europe
                                                          ECON 213      Urban Economics
HIST 310    Rise of Industrial America
                                                          ECON 232      U.S. Economy: A Critical Analysis
SOC 290     Sociology of Community
                                                          ECON 301      Microeconomic Theory and Policy
                                                          HIST 208      Women in American History
Ethical and Moral Issues Concentration
                                                          HIST 215      American Urban History
AMST 101    American I, Eye, Aye
                                                          HIST 246      American Environmental History
AMST 201    American Attitudes Toward Nature
                                                          HIST 310      Rise of Industrial America
PHIL 154    Issues: Environmental Ethics
                                                          HIST 311      20th-Century America: 1917-1941
PHIL 190    Facts and Values
                                                          HIST 312      The U.S. Since 1939
PHIL 235    Morality and Self Interest
                                                          HIST 397      Environmental History Seminar
SOC 300     Classical Sociological Theory
                                                          PHIL 232      Liberty and Community
SOC 325     Moral Sociology and the Good
                                                          PHIL 235      Morality and Self Interest
            Society
                                                          PHIL 236      Philosophy of Law
                                                          POL 215       Minority Group Politics
Communities and History Concentration
                                                          POL 219       Sexual Minority Movements and
ANTH 206    Early Cities
                                                                        Public Policy
ANTH 210    Prehistoric Ecology
                                                          POL 236       Urban Politics
ANTH 247    Urban Anthropology
                                                          POL 320       Mass Media
ANTH 280    Environment and Culture: Cultural
                                                          SOC 221       Sociology of Minorities
            Ecology
                                                          SOC 222       Social Change
ANTH 296    African Cultures
                                                          SOC 223       Social Stratification
ANTH 297    Peoples and Cultures of Latin America
                                                          SOC 225       Sociology of the Family
ANTH 298    Modern Japan
                                                          SOC 257       Political Sociology
ANTH 326    Patterns and Processes in Ancient
            Mesoamerica Urbanism
HIST 204    History of American Society                   AQUATIC STUDIES
HIST 215    American Urban History                        Essential courses: CHEM 260; GEO 250,
HIST 246    American Environmental History
                                                          GEO 260, GEO 280, GEO 330. Other
HIST 264    Modern European City
HIST 397    Environmental History Seminar                 related courses: BIDIS 219, BIOL 212,
PHIL 232    Liberty and Community                         BIOL 225; CHEM 210, ECON 212;
POL 216     African American Women                        ECON 348; GEO 320, MATH 232,
SOC 221     Sociology of Minorities                       MATH 237.
SOC 223     Social Stratification
SOC 244     Religion in American Society                  COURSE DESCRIPTIONS
SOC 258     Social Problems                               110 Topics in Environmental Studies Our
SOC 271     Sociology of Environmental Issues             introductory requirement emphasizes the
SOC 290     Sociology of Community                        interdisciplinary nature of selected pressing
                                                          environmental issues. Each semester a variety of
                                                          sections of this introductory requirement will be
PUBLIC POLICY
                                                          available, each with its own environmental
Essential courses: ANTH 280, ANTH                         topic. The current topics include: Biodiversity,
279 or HIST 246; ECON 212. Select                         Energy, Water, Global Climate Change, and
remaining courses from the following                      Sense of Place and Environmental Conscious-
                                                          ness. Their individual descriptions are found
electives: AMST 201, ECON 348,                            below. This course, ENV 110, is not open to
ECON 461, HIST 397, PHIL 154, POL                         juniors and seniors. Juniors and seniors who have
110, POL 328, SOC 258, SOC 271, SOC                       not taken this course are required to replace this
275.                                                      required courses with any other ES Core course.
                                                          (ES Faculty, offered each semester)



                                                    182
                                     ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES


Biodiversity Why should we care about the                   and the policies that help address such problems.
extinction of species? What should we do when               Finally, students apply both the scientific and
human needs conflict with the needs of other                historical perspectives to current water issues,
species? Do other species have a right to exist?            both regional and global. Note that this course
These are a few of the difficult questions                  includes a mandatory laboratory period which is
addressed in this course. Students draw upon                used for field trips and special class activities.
biology, geoscience, philosophy, and political              (Ryan/B. McKinney, Spring, offered alternate
science as they explore patterns of biodiversity            years)
loss and gain over time, impacts of reductions in             Typical readings: de Villiers, Water; Gleick,
biodiversity, strategies for the protection of              World’s Water 2000-2001; Reisner, Cadillac
biodiversity, and philosophical arguments for               Desert
biodiversity’s protection. (Newell, Staff, offered
annually)                                                   Global Climate Change Today, an experiment is
  Typical readings: Leopold, A Sand County                  being conducted upon the world in which we
Almanac; Wilson, Biophilia; other readings from             live: What is the global effect of increasing the
journals, magazines, and newspapers                         amount of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere
                                                            through the burning of fossil fuels, deforestation,
Biodiversity Biologists estimate that Earth is              etc.? This class addresses numerous questions
populated by between 10 million and 100                     and perspectives regarding global change. What
million species. Each is unique and these                   is global change? What causes it? What are the
differences constitute biodiversity. In this course         consequences? Who/what does it effect? Is there
students explore the origins and history of all             natural variability in global climate and, if so,
that diversity, including Earth’s history of                how much? What influence do/can/have humans
extinctions, as a context in which to consider              have (had) on global climate? How do we know
today’s world. How bad is today’s biodiversity              the difference between short and long term
“crisis”? How does it compare with past events?             climate trends? Does the Earth have the ability
What are its causes? Are there solutions? How do            to moderate climate regardless of the cause?
we as individuals fit into the picture, making              What are our responsibilities, as an individual, a
ethical, social and scientific decisions about              nation, to the Earth? How does population
biodiversity? Students explore these questions              growth, industrialization, economic status, social,
through reading, discussion, writing and original           ethical, and political beliefs effect an
research. (Arens, offered annually)                         individual’s/country’s perspective or role in
  Typical readings: Wilson, The Diversity of Life           experiencing/dealing with the consequences of
                                                            global climate change? A number out-of-
Energy Life cannot exist without energy. Life on            classroom activities will be required, involving
earth harnesses energy from the sun and other               fieldtrips and supporting the local community on
plants and animals. Society harnesses energy                issues related to global change. (Curtin, offered
from fossil and modern organic matter, from                 annually)
atoms, the sun, wind, and tides, and from the                  Typical readings: Schneiderman, The Earth
earth’s interior. Each energy source harnessed by           Around Us: Maintaining a Livable Planet; Cronin,
society has a set of environmental, technologic,            Principles of Paleoclimatology; assorted newspaper,
geologic, economic, social, and moral advan-                journal, and other book sections
tages and disadvantages. Which source of energy
is better? What does “better” mean? Which                   Sense of Place and Environmental Conscious-
source of energy is, over the long term,                    ness This course explores sense of place: people’s
sufficient, environmentally safe, and adaptable             view of and attachment to communities and
to many applications? In this course, students              bioregions, and how this affects their relationship
examine various aspects of the energy question              to and actions toward the environment. Students
to arrive at answers to these and other questions.          read works by geographers, historians, anthropolo-
(Halfman/Drennen, Spring, offered annually)                 gists, religious scholars, social critics, environmen-
  Typical readings: Hinrichs, Energy; other                 talists, geologists, and creative writers to consider
readings from scientific journals, news maga-               how people—here and elsewhere in the world,
zines, and newspapers                                       now and historically—express their view of the
                                                            land they live on through architecture, farming
Water This course examines water as a critical,             practices, zoning laws, placenames, religion,
renewable resource using several different                  community traditions, social policy, etc. The class
perspectives. Initially, students seek a scientific         touches on such subjects as sacred land vs.
understanding of how water moves and the                    commercial land, utopian experiments, contem-
aquatic ecosystems it supports. Then they look at           porary gated communities, “virtual” places, and
water use and development in the arid western               the slow food movement. And students use the
United States as a case history of water scarcity           Geneva area as a case study to discern how a



                                                      183
                                      ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES


culture inscribes itself on a landscape, altering the         251 Geological and Environmental Issues of
environment to create a sense of place. (Tall,                South America The different geological and
offered alternate years)                                      environmental issues that affect South America
  Typical readings: David Barnhill, ed., At Home              are numerous. The coastline of western South
on the Earth; James Howard Kunstler, The                      America lies on a convergent plate margin,
Geography of Nowhere: The Rise and Decline of                 resulting in the Andes Mountains, volcanoes,
America’s Man-Made Landscape; Kathryn                         and earthquakes. The Galapagos Islands are
Grover, Geneva’s Changing Waterfront; Brian                   hotspots, formed by the movement of the Earth’s
Friel, Translations; Scott Russell Sanders,                   plates. Thus, the basics behind plate tectonics,
Staying Put; and essays by Wendell Berry, Gary                earthquakes, volcanoes, and hotspots, as well as
Snyder, Leslie Marmon Silko, Barry Lopez, bell                the environmental effects, are discussed and
hooks, John Stilgoe, Yi-Fu Tuan, and others.                  examples visited firsthand. Other important
                                                              environmental issues such as microclimates, El
191 Introduction to Environmental Science                     Niño, farming practices/sustainability (previous
This is an introductory course focusing on                    and current) and the effects of/on ancient
environmental issues from the scientific                      civilizations in the area as well as the ongoing
perspective. Students learn about the scientific              rainforest destruction are also covered. (Staff,
nature and the complex interrelationships of                  Ecuador Program)
environmental issues like ecosystems, popula-
tions, genetic manipulation, mineral resources,               300 Senior Integrative Experience The senior
land-use planning, agriculture and soil resources,            integrative experience (SIE) involves a multi
water resources and pollution, global warming,                disciplinary project or seminar, independent
acid rain, and solid, liquid and hazardous waste              study, or an off campus internship. Ideally an
disposal. (Halfman, Spring, offered annually)                 internship should have both an academic and an
  Typical Readings: Enger and Smith, Environ-                 experiential component. Students must register
mental Science, plus supplementary readings.                  for ENV 300 during their senior year even if they
                                                              are fulfilling this requirement by completing an
250 Human Impact on South American                            independent study. A student should discuss the
Environments This course explores the impact                  SIE project with his or her adviser, as well as
human cultures have had on environments in                    with the faculty member supervising the work if
Ecuador and Peru. In prehistory, intensive                    other than the student’s adviser. Completion of
agriculture was practiced widely, not only to                 the senior integrative experience requires
change the environment but also to take                       preparation of a substantial paper demonstrating
advantage of natural variations in the environ-               integration of all three perspectives of study, and
ment. More recently, deforestation and modern                 a public presentation at one of our brown bag
agricultural practices have been extremely                    seminars. (Staff, offered each semester)
destructive to rainforests and other environ-
ments. In addition to considering the environ-                301 Group Senior Integrative Experience The
mental problems, students consider solutions and              group senior integrative experience (SIE)
reasons for optimism. The course can be                       involves a multidisciplinary project or seminar.
considered to cover three different areas,                    It enables a group of ES seniors to investigate an
although all are interrelated: deforestation,                 interdisciplinary topic of environmental interest
agriculture, and ecotourism. (Bowyer, Ecuador                 with a focus on the local HWS and Geneva
Program)                                                      community. The topic is selected at the
  Typical readings: Rudel, Tropical Deforestation;            beginning of the semester and students work
Kolata, The Tiwanaku: Portrait of an Andean                   both independently and in groups towards the
Culture                                                       completion of an overall class goal. Completion
                                                              of the group senior integrative experiences
                                                              requires preparation of a substantial individual
                                                              paper demonstrating the student’s project focus
                                                              as well as the integration of their work with the
                                                              others within the class, and a public (group or
                                                              individual) presentation at one of our brown-bag
                                                              seminars. (Staff, Fall, offered annually)




                                                        184
                                    EUROPEAN STUDIES


EUROPEAN STUDIES                                    REQUIREMENTS FOR THE MINOR
                                                    interdisciplinary, 7 courses
Program Faculty                                     EUST 101 or 102; one European studies
Susanne McNally, History, Coordinator               theory course; one European studies fine
Eugen Baer, Philosophy                              or performing arts course; one semester of
Scott Brophy, Philosophy                            a European language at a level appropriate
Clarence Butler, Modern Languages                   to the student; three additional courses
Elena Ciletti, Art                                  focused on a single theme in European
Peter Cummings, English                             studies.
Marie France Etienne, Modern Languages
Laurence Erussard, English                          EUROPEAN STUDIES COURSES
Maureen Flynn, History                              In general, courses from any department
Catherine Gallouët, Modern Languages                that focus on European history, literature,
Grant Holly, English                                art, politics, society, or institutions may
Jo-Anna Isaak, Art                                  count towards European Studies require-
George Joseph, Modern Languages                     ments. Thus, for instance, courses on the
Judith McKinney, Economics                          British novel, on ancient Greek philoso-
Patricia Myers, Music                               phy, or on the Russian economy, could
Daniel O’Connell, English                           count for European Studies, as could
David Ost, Political Science                        courses that analyze trans-European
Linda Robertson, Media and Society                  phenomena such as the Renaissance, the
John Shovlin, History                               Enlightenment, or the European Union.
James Spates, Sociology                             A European Studies adviser may be
                                                    consulted on whether a particular course
European studies provides students with a           counts or not.
systematic introduction to European
culture, a critique of European mythology           THEORY COURSES
and origins from several perspectives, and          The following is a non-exhaustive, representative list
coherent concentrations at the major and            of courses that meet the requirement for a European
minor level. It is an appropriate field for         Studies theory course.
those interested in international politics,         ANTH 205        Race, Class and Ethnicity
global economies, and the fine and                  ANTH 271        Jobs, Power and Capital
performing arts. Study in Europe is                 ART 211         Feminism in the Arts
recommended for all European studies                BIDS 200        Dialogues in Critical Social Studies
students.                                           ECON 212        Environmental Economics
                                                    ECON 230        History of Economic Thought
                                                    ECON 236        Introduction to Radical Political
REQUIREMENTS FOR THE MAJOR (B.A.)
                                                                    Economy
interdisciplinary, 11 courses                       ECON 305        Political Economy
EUST 101 and 102; one European studies              ECON 310        Economics and Gender
theory course; one European studies fine            HIST 102        Modern World
or performing arts course; two semesters of         HIST 375        Seminar: Western Civilization and Its
a European language at a level appropriate                          Discontents
to the student; and five additional courses         POL 160         Introduction to Political Theory
                                                    POL 265         Modern Political Theory
focused on a single theme in European               POL 379         Radical Thought, Left and Right
studies.                                            REL 402         Conflict of Interpretations
                                                    SOC 340         Feminist Sociological Theory




                                              185
                                            EUROPEAN STUDIES


FINE AND PERFOMING ARTS COURSES                                Sample Concentrations
The following is a non-exhaustive, representative list         The following are examples of the kinds of
of courses that meet the requirement for a European            concentrations students might pursue.
studies course in fine and performing arts.
                                                               Political Culture in Modern Europe
ART 210         Woman as Image and Image Maker                 ART 389        Rococo to Revolution
ART 223         The Poetry of Color: Painting in               FRNE 395       Society and Culture of the Ancien
                Venice (1470 1600)                                            Régime
ART 226         Northern Renaissance Art                       POL 245        Politics of the New Europe
ART 230         The Age of Michelangelo                        POL 265        Modern Political Theory
ART 232         Rococo Art and Architecture                    WRRH 312       Power and Persuasion: Readings in
ART 240         European Painting in the 19th Century                         Rhetoric, Renaissance to Modern
ART 250         20th-Century European Art: Reality
                Remade                                         Gender Systems in European Societies
ART 256         Art of Russian Revolution                      ART 210        Woman as Image and Image-Maker
ART 333         Contemporary Art                               CLAS 230       Gender in Antiquity
DAN 210         Dance History I                                ENG 388        Writing on the Body
DAN 212         Dance History II                               FRE 380        Images de Femmes
MUS 130         Beethoven: The Man and His Music               FRNE 311       Feudal Women in France, Vietnam
MUS 150         In a Russian Voice                                            and Japan
MUS 160         The Symphony                                   HIST 367       Women and the State: Russia
MUS 202         History of Western Art Music:
                Medieval/Renaissance                           A Case Study in Comparative Development—
MUS 203         History of Western Art Music:                  Russia and France
                Baroque Classical                              ECON 146       Russian Economy: From Plan to
MUS 204         History of Western Art Music:                                 Market
                Romantic Modern                                FRNE 395       Society and Culture of the Ancien
MUS 206         Opera As Drama                                                Régime
                                                               HIST 223       Modern France
                                                               HIST 237       Europe Since the War
CONCENTRATION REQUIREMENTS IN
                                                               HIST 260       Peter the Great to 1917
EUROPEAN STUDIES
Five courses must be organized around a
                                                               COURSE DESCRIPTIONS
particular theme that should be chosen in                      101 Foundations of European Studies I:
consultation with a European Studies                           Antiquity to Renaissance Arising from the
adviser. Students are encouraged to                            conjunction, over time, of ancient Mediterra-
pursue genuinely transnational studies, or                     nean peoples with other indigenous groups, the
                                                               set of cultures known as “European” continues to
studies of European institutions and ideas                     influence us. Drawing on art, history, literature,
across time. But if a student wishes to                        music, and philosophy from Greco Roman
concentrate on a particular European                           antiquity to the Renaissance, this course
                                                               explores, both historically and critically, some of
society, or a particular period in European                    the core ideas which characterize these European
history, such concentrations can be                            cultures. (Baer, Sage, Robertson)
accommodated. Concentrations ought to                             Typical readings: selected works from the
be as multi-disciplinary as possible.                          Greek, Roman, Medieval and Renaissance
                                                               literature in history and philosophy. Examples
Within the five courses that make up the                       include Homer, Sophocles, Plato, Herodotus,
concentration, students are required to                        Livy, Perpetua, Hildegard, Catherine of Siena,
select courses from at least three different                   Boccaccio, Aquinas, Maimonides, Machiavelli,
departments.                                                   Voyages of Columbus




                                                         186
                                           FISHER CENTER


102 Foundations of European Studies II: Early             FISHER CENTER
Modern to Postmodern Europe The course
explores the structural transformations Europe
has undergone since the sixteenth century while           Betty Bayer, Women’s Studies, Director
assessing critical European engagement with
those transformations. Some of the topics
                                                          The Fisher Center for the Study of
covered are: the rise and transformation of the
European state system; the Reformation; the               Women and Men provides interdiscipli-
development of capitalism and a class society;            nary courses to bring students together to
the origins of democratic liberalism; scientific          pursue in-depth study of gender issues
and technological revolution; the Enlighten-
ment; imperialism and colonization; the                   through the Center’s yearly theme.
development of the modern subject; and Europe             Courses are coordinated with the series’
in the age of globalization. (O’Connell,                  evening lectures and morning roundtables
Shovlin)                                                  in order to offer students and others the
  Typical readings: Machiavelli, The Prince;
Defoe, Robinson Crusoe; Locke, Second Treatise of         opportunity for sustained conversation
Government; Marx & Engels, The Communist                  around central concerns for contemporary
Manifesto; Dickens, Hard Times; Conrad, Heart             culture. Yearly themes have included
of Darkness; Camus, The Fall.
                                                          globalization and labor; globalization and
                                                          education; and, for 2004-2005, globaliza-
                                                          tion, rights and health.

                                                          COURSE DESCRIPTIONS
                                                          FSCT 200-level Fisher Center Thematic
                                                          Courses Each semester this interdisciplinary
                                                          course is offered, students and faculty gather to
                                                          read and reflect on topics associated with the
                                                          current Fisher Center theme. Readings are
                                                          selected from amongst those written by visiting
                                                          speakers, as well as critical reflection on those
                                                          writings from alternative perspectives. The course
                                                          requires attendance at the Fisher Center lecture
                                                          series as well as the morning seminars. (Offered
                                                          occasionally)

                                                          FSCT 300-level Fisher Center Topics This
                                                          interdisciplinary course pursues the Fisher Center
                                                          yearly theme through the expertise of the Fisher
                                                          Center Fellow. The course focuses on an aspect
                                                          of the theme in-depth, offering a thorough
                                                          understanding of the topics through extensive
                                                          reading and writing. Courses are crosslisted with
                                                          other departments or programs as approved on an
                                                          annual basis. The 2004-05 topical theme is
                                                          “Globalization, Rights and Health.”




                                                    187
                         FRENCH AND FRANCOPHONE STUDIES


FRENCH AND FRANCOPHONE                              and richness of the francophone world.
STUDIES                                             This minor will interest students majoring
                                                    in such fields as anthropology, archaeol-
Catherine Gallouët, Ph.D.; Professor,               ogy, studio art, art history, history,
 Department Chair                                   economics, environmental studies,
Kanate Dahouda, Ph.D.; Assistant                    political science, psychology, education,
 Professor                                          and women’s studies.
Marie France Etienne, Ph.D.; Professor                  All students studying French are
George Joseph, Ph.D.; Professor                     strongly advised to study one semester
Nadia Louar, Ph.D.; Assistant Professor             abroad. French and Francophone studies
                                                    sponsors two language and culture
In our global village, the ability to speak         programs—Aix/Avignon, France (every
and function in a foreign culture has               spring) and Dakar, Sénégal (alternate
become an essential skill. French remains           years). Students in these programs
one of the most important languages in              receive as many as four credits for courses
the world: it is one of the two official            taken while abroad. These credits can be
languages of the European Union, the                applied toward a major or a minor in
second language of the United Nations,              French and Francophone studies.
one of the national languages of Canada             Students in French and Francophone
and the official language of several                studies may also use credits from programs
African countries. French is also enjoying          in Geneva, Switzerland, and Hanoi,
a renaissance in Francophone areas of the           Vietnam, upon consultation with the
southern United States, and it is spoken            French and Francophone studies’ chair.
on most continents. Because of the                  Arrangements for off campus programs are
diversity of French speaking cultures               made through the Center for Global
throughout the world, the French and                Education.
Francophone studies department offers                   The French and Francophone studies
integrated courses in language, culture,            courses contribute to many programs
and literature that reflect this rich               including Africana studies, Asian studies,
diversity. Departmental instruction is              comparative literature, European studies,
primarily in French except for a series of          international relations, and women’s
French and francophone courses offered              studies. The department faculty members
in English.                                         participate in First-Year Seminars, and
    The French and Francophone studies              collaborate with their colleagues in
program offers a disciplinary major in              bidisciplinary courses.
French and Francophone studies, and
three minors, one disciplinary and the              FRENCH AND FRANCOPHONE STUDIES
other two interdisciplinary. The disci-             MAJOR (B.A.)
plinary major and minor consist entirely            disciplinary, 10 courses
of courses from the department. The                 All French courses numbered 226 or
interdisciplinary concentration in French           above count toward the major. Normally,
minor validates the experience of non               a student must take FRE 226, FRE 227 (or
major students enrolled in French                   the equivalent) and an additional eight
language classes by making the semester             courses. No more than one departmental
abroad in Aix or Dakar the main                     French/Francophone literature course
multidisciplinary curricular core compo-            taken in English may count toward the
nent. The interdisciplinary Francophone             major. Courses must include: FRE 226,
studies minor acknowledges the variety              FRE 227, FRE 241, and FRE 242; two


                                              188
                        FRENCH AND FRANCOPHONE STUDIES


courses from FRE 251, FRE 252, FRE 253              level French course. No more than one
(may not be taken in senior year); and              departmental French/Francophone culture
two 300-level courses, one in the senior            or literature course taught in English may
year. Upon declaring the major, the                 count toward the minor.
student may select an area of concentra-
tion, Traditions Françaises, or Parcours            REQUIREMENTS FOR THE
Multi-culturel.                                     CONCENTRATION IN FRENCH MINOR
                                                    interdisciplinary, 6 courses
REQUIREMENTS FOR THE TRADITIONS                     This minor combines a semester abroad
FRANÇAISES CONCENTRATION FOR THE                    with courses taken before and after that
MAJOR (B.A.)                                        semester in uninterrupted sequence.
FRE 226, FRE 227 (or the equivalent);               Requirements include one or two courses
FRE 241; FRE 251 and FRE 252 (must be               in French preceding the semester abroad,
completed before the senior year); two              a semester abroad with four courses in Aix
other 300-level French courses taught in            or Dakar, and one or two courses upon
French, one in the senior year; one                 returning from abroad. The minor may
Francophone course at the 200 or 300                begin at any level of language acquisition,
level; and two additional courses selected          including the 100 level.
in consultation with the adviser. French
majors are strongly encouraged to pursue            REQUIREMENTS FOR THE FRENCH AND
off campus study (Avignon/Aix-en                    FRANCOPHONE STUDIES MINOR
Provence or Dakar, Sénégal).                        interdisciplinary, 6 courses
                                                    Six courses selected in consultation with
REQUIREMENTS FOR THE PARCOURS                       an adviser in the program and including
MUTICULTURELS CONCENTRATION FOR                     one course in French at the 200 level or
THE MAJOR (B.A.)                                    above, at least two French and
FRE 226 and FRE 227 (or equivalent);                Francophone literature and culture
FRE 243; FRE 251 or FRE 252; and FRE                courses, and two courses in other disci-
253 (must be completed before the senior            plines. A semester abroad in Avignon,
year); two Francophone courses at the 300           France; Dakar, Sénégal; Geneva, Switzer-
level, one in the senior year; one French           land; or Hanoi, Vietnam, is strongly
200- or 300-level course, and two                   recommended.
additional courses selected in consultation
with the adviser. French majors are                 COURSES IN ENGLISH
strongly encouraged to pursue off campus            FRNE 111    Them and Us: Diversity in Modern
study in a Francophone country other                            France
                                                    FRNE 211    Black African Literature: The Quest
than France (Sénégal).
                                                                for Identity
                                                    FRNE 213    Vietnamese Literature in translation
REQUIREMENTS FOR THE FRENCH AND                     FRNE 218    Island Voices: Culture and Identity In
FRANCOPHONE STUDIES MINOR                                       French Caribbean Literature
disciplinary, 6 courses                             FRNE 219    Beyond Colonialism: Maghreb
FRE 226 and 227 (or equivalent demon-                           Cultures and Literatures
                                                    FRNE 311    Feudal Women in France, Vietnam
stration of competency in speaking,
                                                                and Japan
reading, writing, and listening); FRE 241           FRNE 341    Boulevard Saint-Germain
or 242; one Francophone course at the               FRNE 395    Society and Culture of the Ancien
200 or 300 level; and one 200- or 300-                          Régime




                                              189
                            FRENCH AND FRANCOPHONE STUDIES


COURSES IN FRENCH                                             ALST 310       Black Images/ White Myths
Language Acquisition                                          ART 101        Ancient to Medieval
Level 1: Fundamentals Language Skills                         ART 102        Renaissance to Modern
FRE 101      Beginning French I                               ART 116        World Architecture
FRE 102      Beginning French II                              ART 216        Medieval Monuments
FRE 105      Beginning French in Review                       ART 240        European Painting in 19th Century
FRE 121      Intermediate French I                            ART 249        Islamic Art and Architecture
FRE 122      Intermediate French II                           ART 389        Rococo to Revolution
FRE 125      Intermediate French in Review                    DAN 210        Dance History I
                                                              DAN 212        Dance History II
Level II: Advanced Language Skills                            DAN 214        Dance History III
FRE 226      French in Review I: Parler et                    HIST 103       Revolutionary Europe
             comprendre                                       HIST 223       Modern France
FRE 227      French in Review II: Lire, Écrire et             HIST 234       Medieval History
             traduire                                         HIST 241       The Politics of Gender and Family
                                                              HIST 250       Medieval Popular Culture
Culture and Literature                                        HIST 257       The French Revolution
Level III: Introduction to Culture and                        HIST 259       African Politics
Literature                                                    HIST 264       Modern European City
FRE 241      Prises de Vues: Introduction to                  HIST 284       Africa - From Colonialism to Neo
             Contemporary France                              HIST 301       The Enlightenment
FRE 242      Topics in French: Introduction to                HIST 325       Medicine in Modern Europe
             Québec Studies                                   MUS 202        Medieval/Renaissance
FRE 243      Introduction to Francophone Cultures             MUS 203        Baroque/Classical
FRE 251      Introduction to literature I: Eros et            MUS 204        Romantic/Modern
             Thanatos                                         MUS 206        Opera as Drama
FRE 252      Introduction to literature II: Que sais-         POL 140        Comparative Politics
             je?                                              POL 180        Introduction to International Relations
FRE 253      Introduction to literature III: Paris-           POL 243        Europe After Communism
             Outre-mer                                        POL 245        Politics of the New Europe
                                                              POL 265        Modern Political Philosophy
Level IV: Advanced                                            POL 296        International Law
FRE 351      Francophone African Fiction                      POL 428        Pan Africanism
FRE 352      North African Literature: Narrative of           REL 219        Introduction to Islamic tradition
             Dissent and the search for Identity              REL 236        Gender and Islam
FRE 353      Vietnamese Voices: Language of                   REL 242        Islamic Mysticism
             Exile                                            REL 321        Muslim Women in Literature
FRE 355      Voices from the French Americas:
             Francophone Caribbean Literatures                COURSE DESCRIPTIONS
FRE 380      Images de Femmes                                 COURSES IN ENGLISH (FRNE)
FRE 381      Voix Lyriques: from Baudelaire to                FRNE 111 Them and Us: Diversity in
             Surrealism                                       Contemporary France This course introduces
FRE 382      French Theater                                   the students on the problematics of the place of
FRE 383      Topics in Middle-Ages and XVIth                  the other in a modern society, namely France.
             century                                          The principles on which this society is organized
FRE 384      Topics in XVIIth and XVIIIth century             (referring particularly to the 1789 Déclaration des
                                                              droits de l’homme et du citoyen). What becomes of
FRE 385      Topics in XIXth and XXth century
                                                              these principles today in the face of growing
                                                              resentment on perceived immigration, and a
Crosslisted Courses (Interdisciplinary                        crisis in national identity is analyzed in writings
Minor)                                                        from media and creative discourse. A study of
ALST 150     Foundations of Africana Studies                  the current national debate on the Islamic veil in
ALST 214     Sénégal: an Orientation                          the Republic serves to illustrate the undercur-
ALST 216     African Literature II: National                  rents of the contemporary French mentalités.
             Literatures of Africa                            (Gallouët)
ALST 240     Third World Women’s Texts



                                                        190
                              FRENCH AND FRANCOPHONE STUDIES


FRNE 211 Black African Literature I: The                    FRNE 311 Feudal Woman in France, Vietnam
Quest for Identity An introduction to both oral             and Japan This course focuses on the role played
and written forms from Black Africa. This course            by women in the shaping of tradition and culture
considers how writers and bards seek to create an           in medieval France, Vietnam and Japan.
identity for their societies and themselves in face         Prerequisite: Open to all, but recommended for
of pressures not only from foreign cultures, but            sophomores and beyond. For French majors: FRE
also from within their own societies. (Joseph)              251 and FRE 252, or permission of the instructor.
  Typical readings: Sundiata, Wolof oral poetry,            (Etienne)
Camara Laye, Ousmane Sembène, Chinua                          Typical readings: Countess of Dia, Lady
Achebe, Ngugi, Emechetta, Gordimer,                         Musaraki, Sei Shonagon, Nguyen Du, Ho Xuan
Wickham, Head                                               Huong

FRNE 213 Vietnamese Literature in Transla-                  FRNE 341 Boulevard Saint-Germain: Beauvoir,
tion In this course students listen to the voices           Sartre, and Camus The Western imagination of
of dissidence and read texts as an expression of a          the 20th century has evolved in response to, and
culture in which politics and literature are                in spite of, the major traumas of two world wars
intertwined, reading texts from Vietnamese                  and their aftermath. This course examines how
writers living in Vietnam, or in exile in America           the particular conceptions of the universe,
and Australia. Prerequisite: open to all, but               deriving from the stark realities of a war-torn
recommended for sophomores, and beyond.                     continent, were formulated in the fictional
Taught in English. (Etienne)                                writing of de Bauvoir, Sartre, and Camus, the
  Typical readings: Duong Thu Huong, Nguyen                 three voices that resonated with the deepest
Du, Nguyen Huy Thiep, Thich Nhat Hanh, Ho                   chords of a wounded nation, a continent, a
Xuan Huong                                                  world. (Joseph, offered occasionally)

FRNE 218 Island Voices: Culture and Identity                FRNE 395 Society and Culture of the Ancien
In French Caribbean Literature This course                  Régime This course offers a study of the structure
offers to students windows into the Francophone             of the Old Régime of French society and its
Caribbean culture, society as a literary                    impact and influence on architecture, painting,
construction. They analyze the problem of                   and literature from Louis XIII to the French
identity through a study of Caribbean literary              Revolution. Literary texts, as well as multimedia
movements. Topics include discrimination and                texts illustrating the social and artistic context,
violence; exile and identity; the writings of               are analyzed. Open to all, but recommended for
diversity; French civilization and post-colonial            Sophomore and beyond. This course should be of
literatures relations; the search for Africa and            interest to students of Art, Architecture,
metaphors of root; writing in diaspora; gender              Comparative literature, French and Francophone
and literature relations. Taught in English.                Studies, History, Political Science.
(Dahouda)                                                     Typical readings: Corneille, Sévigné, Lafayette,
   Typical readings: Césaire, Damas, Fanon,                 Montesquieu, Graffigny, Voltaire, d’Alembert,
Condé, Étienne, Ménil, Schwartz-Bart                        Laclos

FRNE 219 Beyond Colonialism: Maghreb                        COURSES TAUGHT IN FRENCH
Literatures and Cultures Between North and                  101 Beginning French I This is an immersion
South, Mediterranean and continental Africa,                course that teaches speaking, listening, reading,
with a rich 2,000 year history and the sequels of           writing, and French body language through a
colonization, the Maghreb region faces many                 creative combination of interactive materials
challenges: national, tribal, linguistic and                that introduce students to French culture as well
personal identities, the various faces of Islam,            as language. This course, which uses French as
tradition and modernity. The texts introduce                the principal language of instruction in the
students into an extraordinarily diverse culture            classroom, includes two weekly mandatory
that seeks solutions to all the challenges of               laboratories. It is open only to students with no
contemporary Algeria, Morocco, and Tunisia.                 prior experience in French, or students who have
(Gallouët)                                                  been placed in FRE 101. (Offered each semester)
  Typical readings: readings from contemporary
essayist and fiction authors such as Amrouche,              102 Beginning French II This course is a
Djebar, Memmi, Mokeddem, Ben Jelloun,                       continuation of FRE 101. It includes two
Yacine, Feraoun, Khadra                                     mandatory laboratories per week. Prerequisite:
                                                            FRE 101 or equivalent, or permission of
                                                            instructor. (Offered each semester)




                                                      191
                             FRENCH AND FRANCOPHONE STUDIES


105 Beginning French in Review This course                 227 French in Review II: Lire, écrire, et
offers qualified students the opportunity to               traduire This course continues to review the
complete the elementary sequence of language               fundamentals of grammar while emphasizing the
acquisition in one semester rather than two.               skills of reading, writing, and translation. Students
Students learn the fundamentals of the French              will read short stories from the Francophone
language (speaking, listening, writing, and                world and write weekly essays. Prerequisite: FRE
reading). Instruction and practice rely heavily on         226 or permission of the instructor. (Spring)
technological tools such as CD-Roms, computer-
ized drilling exercises, and interactive World             241 Prises de vue: Introduction to Contempo-
Wide Web activities. Weekly laboratory is                  rary France This course seeks to analyze
mandatory. First-year students are placed in the           contemporary French culture through its
class after examination of their high school               representation in films and the press. Major
records; other students may enroll with                    trends examined include youth, education,
permission of the instructor. (Fall, offered               immigration, women in society, and the political
alternate years)                                           system. Students pursue a research topic of their
                                                           choice and submit a portfolio at the end of the
121 Intermediate French I This course is for               term. The course includes a required laboratory
students who successfully completed the                    to view a film every Tuesday night. Students
elementary sequence or equivalent. French                  improve their language skills through readings
grammar fundamentals are reviewed and                      and discussions, and writing weekly film reviews
practiced orally and in writing. Students work             and papers on relevant topics. This course is
with selected cultural topics from the                     highly recommended for students planning a
Francophone world, in written texts and video.             term in France. Prerequisites: FRE 226 and FRE
This course, which uses French as the principal            227, or permission of the instructor. (Gallouët,
language of instruction in the classroom, includes         Fall)
two weekly mandatory laboratories. Prerequisite:              Typical readings: Edminston, La France
FRE 102, or permission of the instructor.                  contemporaine, Steel, St Onge & St Onge, La
                                                           Civilisation française en évolution, and weekly
122 Intermediate French II This course is a                films such as La haine, La Vie est un long fleuve
continuation of FRE 121. It uses French as the             tranquille, Milou en mai, Le fabuleux destin
principal language of instruction in the                   d’Amélie Poulain, Bye Bye, etc.
classroom and includes two weekly mandatory
laboratories. Prerequisite: FRE 121, or permission         242 Introduction to Quebec Studies This
of the instructor.                                         course traces the rise and development of the
                                                           literature from French Canadian and Quebecois
125 Intermediate French in Review This course              society in its cultural expression, and political
offers qualified students the opportunity to               and historical contexts. It offers students an
complete the intermediate sequence of language             understanding of contemporary issues relevant to
acquisition in one semester instead of two.                this French-speaking community, such as rural
Students review and reinforce all the fundamen-            and urban space relations, colonization vs.
tals of the French language (speaking, listening,          independence, the emergence of the feminist
writing, and reading). Instruction and practice            writers, quiet revolution and the question of
depend heavily on the use of technology. A                 sovereignty, violence, writing, and
mandatory weekly laboratory is included, in                deconstruction, discourse on Church ideology,
addition to individual practice at the language            voices from immigrant writers. Students explore
computer laboratory. First-year students are               a new imaginary space while improving their
placed in the class after examination of their             French language skills through readings,
high-school records; other students can enroll             discussions, film reviews, and papers on relevant
with permission of the instructor. Prerequisite:           topics. Prerequisite: FRE 226 and FRE 227 or
FRE 102 or 105 or 121 or permission of the                 permission of the instructor. (Fall)
instructor. (Fall)                                            Typical readings: Lacombe, Roy, Miron,
                                                           Aquin, Proulx, Robin, Gagnon, Ollivier, Hébert
226 French in Review I: Parler et Comprendre
This course offers a complete grammar review               243 Topics in Francophone Cultures This
while emphasizing aural and speaking skills to             course seeks to introduce the various manifesta-
prepare students for advanced courses. The                 tions of French language and the many
course, which uses French as the principal                 Francophone cultures and societies throughout
language of instruction in the classroom, includes         the world. Students are introduced to the
two weekly mandatory laboratories. Prerequisite:           concept of francophonie, its ideological and
FRE 122 or permission of the instructor. (Fall)            political meaning as well as its cultural
                                                           manifestations and literary expressions. Students



                                                     192
                             FRENCH AND FRANCOPHONE STUDIES


discuss the relations of the Francophone world              351 Advanced Francophone Topics:
with France and the USA in the context of                   Francophone African Fiction A study of the
globalization. This course provides students with           origins of Francophone African fiction in both
a broader cultural dimension to raise their                 French European and African oral traditions. It
consciousness of intercultural perspectives.                includes fragmentation of traditional models of
Students improve their level of language                    identity in both men and women and the call for
proficiency by reading, discussions, writing weekly         both master and slave to embrace a new freedom.
film reviews, and papers on relevant topics.                Prerequisite: FRE 253 and one of FRE 251, FRE
Prerequisite: FRE 226 and 227, or permission of             252, or permission of the instructor. (Joseph,
the instructor. (Offered alternate years)                   offered occasionally)
   Typical readings: Selections from journal                  Typical readings: Soundjata, Diop, Kane,
articles, newspapers, books and Web materials               Kouraouma, Laye, Onyono, Sembene
dealing with current events related themes
examined in class.                                          352 North African Literature: Narratives of
                                                            Dissent and the Search for Identity This course
251 Introduction to Literature I: Eros and                  introduces narrative fiction from North Africa
Thanatos This course follows the theme of love              written in French. Students study the rise of
and its relationship to death through texts from            Francophone narratives against colonialism and
medieval to present time, paying particular                 analyze their development into the national
attention to the role of women in their love/               literatures of Morocco, Tunisia, and Algeria.
death relationships with men. Students see                  Paying particular attention to issues of gender,
movies such as Lancelot du Lac, and Hiroshima               language, and religion, students analyze how these
mon Amour by Alain Resnais. Prerequisite: Any               narratives of dissent evolve into fiction construct-
one of FRE 241, 242, 243 or permission of the               ing individual and national identities. Prerequi-
instructor. (Offered alternate years)                       site: FRE 253 and one of FRE 251, FRE 252 or
  Typical readings: Troubadours, Chrétien de                permission of the instructor. (Offered occasionally)
Troyes, Ronsard, Madame de Lafayette, Racine,                  Typical readings: Fanon, Memmi, Kahoha,
Duras, Hébert                                               Jelloun, Chraibi, Djebar, Mimouni, and Yacine

252 Introduction to Literature II: Que sais je?             353 Vietnamese Voices: Language of Exile This
This course is an introduction to literary                  course concentrates on Vietnamese writers who
discourse and a study of essays by significant              chose to write in the language of the oppressor
authors who have shaped French thought from                 during the colonial occupation, and on contem-
the Renaissance to the present. It follows the              porary writers living in France. In both cases,
evolution of the ways of knowing in French                  language (French) becomes the location of exile
culture, with particular consideration to the               and the literary text is the site of alienation.
development of traditional “universal” values               Students also read texts about Indo China written
and their role in contemporary culturally                   by French writers in Vietnam. Prerequisite: FRE
inscribed perceptions of self and other. Prerequi-          253 and one of FRE 251, FRE 252 or permission
site: Any one of FRE 241, 242, 243 or permission            of the instructor. (Etienne, offered occasionally)
of the instructor. (Offered alternate years)                  Typical readings: Pham Van Ky, Pham Duy
  Typical readings: selections from Montaigne,              Khiem, Van Tung, Lê, Loti, Claudel
Descartes, Voltaire, Rousseau, Camus, de
Beauvoir, Kristeva, Maalouf, 1789 Déclaration des           355 Voices from the Americas: Francophone
droits de l’homme et du citoyen                             Caribbean Identities This course deals with ways
                                                            in which Francophone Caribbean writers represent
253 Introduction to Literature III: Paris                   their society in a context of deep alienations, and
Outre-mer In this course students listen to                 how they try to reinvent themselves and their
voices in French from outside France. Paris is              community through the diversity of their unique
considered a starting point, rather than the                culture and humanity. Students will improve their
center of Francophone cultures. Special                     cultural and language skills by discussing these
attention is given to the ambiguous love hate               major topics: deconstructing colonization; the
relations between French colonial and post                  relation of self to other; memory, migrancy and the
colonial cultures. This course teaches explication          quest for identity; women in literature; French
de textes, the French approach to reading literary          language and local language relations; writers and
and other cultural texts. Prerequisite: Any one of          their imaginary homeland; Caribbean societies and
FRE 241, 242, 243 or permission of the                      the racial problem; images of society in literature
instructor. (Offered alternate years)                       (France or the French West Indies). Prerequisite:
  Typical readings: selections from Camus,                  FRE 253 and one of FRE 251, FRE 252 or
Cesaire, Djebar, Laye, Pham Duy Khiem, or Ben               permission of the instructor. (Dahouda, offered
Jelloun, Montaigne, Montesquieu, de Duras,                  occasionally)
Senghor, Kourouma, Maalouf


                                                      193
                                               GEOSCIENCE


 Typical readings: Césaire, Fanon, Dépestre,                 GEOSCIENCE
Zobel, Condé, Glissant, Schwartz-Bart,
Chamoiseau
                                                             D. Brooks McKinney, Ph.D.; Professor,
364 Voix Lyriques In this course, students                     Department Chair
participate in the metamorphoses of the world
through in depth analysis of poems. Prerequisites:           Nan Crystal Arens, Ph.D.; Assistant
FRE 251 and FRE 252, or permission of the                      Professor
instructor. (Joseph, Etienne, Louar, offered                 Tara Curtin, Ph.D.; Assistant Professor
occasionally)
                                                             John D. Halfman, Ph.D.; Associate
  Typical readings: Baudelaire, Rimbaud,
Mallarmé, Valéry, Breton, Eluard, Appolinaire                  Professor
                                                             David C. Kendrick, Ph.D.; Adjunct
380 Images de Femmes Mother or lover,                          Assistant Professor
sorceress or goddess, redeemer or temptress—she
often is a path toward the divine, or brings total           Neil F. Laird, Ph.D.; Assistant Professor
destruction. This course studies recurrent literary
images of the feminine and explores the mythical             Geoscience is the study of our planet, its
and mystical dimensions of these images.                     rocks, oceans, and atmosphere. Many
Prerequisites: FRE 251 and FRE 252, or
permission of the instructor. (Offered occasionally)         people find a deep personal satisfaction in
  Typical readings: Malleus Maleficarum, Nerval,             better understanding our planet and its
Gautier, Baudelaire, Cocteau                                 history, but there are also important
382 French Theater In this course, students read
                                                             practical applications. Geoscientists use
and analyze plays from Molière to the present                their expertise to monitor changes in the
time. A play must be spoken, heard, and                      environment, to predict and evaluate
visualized—so an important part of the course is             how human activities may contribute to
devoted to the creative interpretation of selected
scenes which are presented on stage toward the               environmental change, and to manage
end of the term. Prerequisites: FRE 251 and FRE              Earth’s resources. The study of geoscience
252, or permission of the instructor. (Etienne,              provides strong preparation for a variety
Louar, offered occasionally)
                                                             of careers in government, industry, and
  Typical readings: Molière, Marivaux, Hugo,
Sartre, Beckett, Racine                                      academia, including environmental
                                                             consulting, natural resource management,
383 Topics in Middle-Ages and XVIth                          environmental law, petroleum
Renaissance Prerequisites: FRE 251 and FRE
252, or permission of the instructor. (Joseph,               exploration, science teaching, science
offered alternate years)                                     journalism, and research in geology,
                                                             oceanography, climatology, and
384 Topics in XVIIth and XVIIIth century                     meteorology.
Prerequisites: FRE 251 and FRE 252, or
permission of the instructor. (Gallouët, offered                 The geoscience department offers
alternate years)                                             courses in geology, geochemistry,
                                                             oceanography, meteorology, environmen-
385 Topics in XIXth and XXth century
Prerequisites: FRE 251 and FRE 252, or
                                                             tal geology, and hydrology. In addition to
permission of the instructor. (Etienne, Louar,               taking formal courses, most geoscience
offered occasionally)                                        students undertake undergraduate
                                                             research during their junior and/or senior
450 Independent Study
                                                             year. Our instruction and research are
495 Honors                                                   strongly augmented by field data, some of
                                                             which are acquired on the Colleges’
                                                             65-foot research vessel, The William
                                                             Scandling. The department offers two
                                                             disciplinary majors, a B.A. and B.S., and
                                                             a disciplinary minor. Courses in other



                                                       194
                                        GEOSCIENCE


departments designed for non-majors that              COURSE DESCRIPTIONS
do not count toward a major in that                   160 Weather and Climate A survey of our
department cannot normally be counted                 atmosphere, how it works, and its signature on
                                                      Earth and its peoples, this course is intended for
toward a geoscience degree. Only those                students who do not have strong science/
courses in which a student has obtained a             mathematics backgrounds. Not open to juniors
grade of C- or better will be credited                and seniors except by permission of the
                                                      instructor. (Laird, offered each semester)
toward a geoscience major or minor. Only                Typical readings: Moran and Morgan,
two courses transferred from another                  Meteorology
institution may count toward the major
unless the student has previously been                190 Environmental Geoscience This is an
                                                      analytical course investigating our planet and
matriculated at another institution.                  geoenvironmental issues. Plate tectonic theory
                                                      serves as a foundation to the course. Topics
REQUIREMENTS FOR THE MAJOR (B.A.)                     covered include rock origins, surface and
                                                      subsurface processes and their rates, and geologic
disciplinary, 12 courses                              time. The emphasis is on geologic environmental
GEO 190; at least three 200-level                     issues, including resource management and the
geoscience courses; at least two 300-level            risks from natural hazards such as earthquakes,
geoscience courses; two additional                    volcanoes, landslides, and hurricanes. Approxi-
                                                      mately half the laboratory work is in the field.
geoscience courses; CHEM 110; MATH                    No prerequisites; however, this course is a
130; and two additional courses in                    prerequisite for most geoscience courses. (Offered
geoscience, biology, chemistry, computer              each semester)
                                                        Typical readings: Press and Siever, Understand-
sciences, mathematics or physics. GEO
                                                      ing Earth, plus supplementary readings
160 may count toward the major, but
only if it is the first geoscience course             230 Problems in Earth History This course
taken by a student.                                   develops the methods by which the Earth’s
                                                      history is deciphered. It looks at sedimentary
                                                      rocks and their structures, fossils and the fossil
REQUIREMENTS FOR THE MAJOR (B.S.)                     record, organic evolution, various ways of
disciplinary, 15 courses                              delineating geologic time, and the geologic
                                                      history of the North American continent.
At least four 200-level geoscience courses;
                                                      Laboratory work is centered on analysis of
at least two 300-level geoscience courses;            structures, facies, and stratigraphy, with the
GEO 460; two additional geoscience                    construction of a geologic map as a culminating
courses; CHEM 120; MATH 130;                          activity. Prerequisite: GEO 190 or permission of
                                                      the instructor. (Offered alternate years)
MATH 131; PHYS 140; and one                             Typical readings: Prothero, Dott, and Dott,
additional course in geoscience, biology,             Evolution of the Earth
chemistry, computer science, mathemat-
ics or physics. GEO 160 may count                     240 Mineralogy Mineralogy is the study of the
                                                      structure, chemistry, and origin of minerals.
toward the major, but only if it is the first         Since minerals are the basic components of all
geoscience course taken by a student.                 rocks and sediments and are commonly in
                                                      chemical equilibrium with natural waters, an
                                                      understanding of minerals is crucial to many
REQUIREMENTS FOR THE MINOR                            fields in geoscience. This course introduces
disciplinary, 5 courses                               students to the chemical and physical properties
Four geoscience courses and one addi-                 of minerals, their occurrence in rocks, and their
tional course in geoscience, biology,                 economic uses. It also familiarizes students with
                                                      some of the most important minerals and the
chemistry, computer science, mathemat-                techniques used in their identification and
ics or physics.                                       characterization. Techniques covered include
                                                      crystallographic, x-ray, spectroscopic, and optical
                                                      microscopy. Laboratory. Prerequisites: GEO 190
                                                      and CHEM 110 (or concurrent enrollment).
                                                      (McKinney, offered annually)




                                                195
                                               GEOSCIENCE


  Typical readings: Klein, Mineral Science; Nesse,           from fossils? How do fossils tell time in the
Introduction to Optical Mineralogy                           geologic record? The class answers these
                                                             questions through a detailed study of the fossils
250 Physical Oceanography This course                        themselves. (Arens, Fall, offered alternate years)
addresses the ways in which bodies of water, such
as the ocean, the Great Lakes, and Seneca Lake,              320 Sediments and Sedimentary Rocks
respond to inputs of energy, in particular heat              Sediments and sedimentary rocks are the most
from the sun and energy from the wind. Students              common of the geologic materials on the Earth’s
examine the distribution of heat, temperature,               surface. Found in them are many of the raw
salinity, and water movements and how they                   materials used in our industrial society, the
interact with the atmosphere, both on a global               record of life in the past and the record of
scale and on the more localized scale represented            ancient environmental change. Laboratories
by Seneca Lake. Laboratory meets once a week                 involve the description, classification, correla-
and many meetings are aboard the HWS Explorer                tion, and interpretation of sediments and
on Seneca Lake. Prerequisite: Calculus or                    sedimentary rocks. Weekend field trips required.
concurrent registration or consent of instructor.            Prerequisite: GEO 190, GEO 230, or permission
(Laird, offered annually)                                    of the instructor. (Curtin, offered alternate years)
  Typical reading: Pinet, Invitation to Oceanography           Typical readings: Boggs, Principles of Sedimentol-
                                                             ogy and Stratigraphy, and readings from recent
260 Meteorology An introduction to the                       geologic literature
workings of the atmosphere, this course covers
topics such as cloud formation (i.e., atmospheric            330 Limnology Limnology is the study of lakes
physics) and the use of the thermodynamic                    from a chemical, biological, physical, and
diagram, precipitation processes, radiative                  geological perspective. Topics include the
transfer of energy and the earth’s energy budget;            thermal structure of lakes, lake optics, dissolved
winds (on a global and synoptic scale), and an               gases, biological nutrients, trace elements,
introduction to forecasting. Prerequisite: One               plankton populations, food-chain dynamics,
semester of calculus (or concurrent registration             estuaries, and the origin and nature of lake
or consent of instructor). (Laird, offered annually)         basins. Freshwater and marine systems are
  Typical reading: Stull, Meteorology Today for              contrasted, with Seneca Lake serving as an
Engineers and Scientists                                     example of the former. The roles of planktonic
                                                             life, input from rivers, and thermal stratification
280 Hydrogeology and Geochemistry This is an                 on the chemistry of Seneca Lake are explored.
analytical course investigating surface and                  Special emphasis is placed on biological nutrient
subsurface water and its interaction with its                dynamics and environmental concerns. Weekly
chemical environment. Hydrogeology has                       laboratories are conducted on Seneca Lake
experienced rapid growth of career opportunities             aboard the HWS Explorer. Prerequisites: CHEM
in recent years due to the increasing demand on              120 and GEO 190 (Halfman, offered alternate
our water resources for industrial, agricultural,            years)
and municipal uses and dwindling supply of                      Typical reading: Goldman and Horne,
freshwater from contamination. Lecture and                   Limnology
laboratory topics include the hydrologic cycle,
surface and ground water flow, geochemical                   340 Petrology Petrology deals with the
cycles, hydrogeochemistry, water quality issues,             description, classification, and origin of rocks.
pollutant transport, and other environmental                 Although the subject encompasses all classes of
concerns. More than half the laboratory work is              rocks, this course focuses principally on igneous
in the field. Prerequisites: GEO 190, CHEM 120               and metamorphic rocks. Topics include the
or by permission. (Curtin, Spring, offered                   mineralogical and chemical makeup of the
annually)                                                    common rock types, crystal growth, and
  Typical readings: Fetter, Applied Hydrogeology             equilibrium in magmatic and metamorphic
and Berner and Berner, Global Environment                    environments, the application of experimental
                                                             studies to the interpretation of igneous and
290 Paleontology This course examines the fossil             metamorphic rocks, and the origin of magmas.
record from the perspective of the questions that            Laboratory work emphasizes the systematic
can be asked of it. How do fossils contribute to             description of rocks in hand specimen and thin
understanding patterns of evolution? What large              section, and the interpretation of origin from
scale patterns biological diversity are seen only            mineralogy and texture. Laboratory and one
from the vantage point of fossils? How does form             extended field trip. Prerequisite: GEO 240.
give clues to function? What can be learned                  CHEM 120 is also recommended. (McKinney,
about Earth’s past climates and environments                 offered alternate years)




                                                       196
                                  GERMAN AREA STUDIES


  Typical reading: Winter, An Introduction to               GERMAN AREA STUDIES
Igneous and Metamorphic Petrology

370 Structural Geology Structural geology is the            Program Faculty
study of the deformed rocks that mark areas of              Eric Klaus, German, Coordinator
present or past crustal movement, chiefly the
earth’s mountain belts. Its basic tasks are the             Eugen Baer, Philosophy
recognition, representation, and genetic                    Clarence Butler, German
interpretation of a variety of rock structures.             Jodi Dean, Political Science
These structures range from microscopically
                                                            Derek Linton, History
deformed mineral grains to entire mountain belts.
Major goals of the course include the visualiza-            Patricia Ann Myers, Music
tion of rock geometries and structures from maps
and cross-sections, and the interpretation of these         The German area studies program has two
structures in terms of rock deformation processes.
Field observations and mapping of deformed                  overriding objectives: to provide profi-
rocks constitute an important part of the course.           ciency in the German language and to
Laboratory with two extended field trips.                   acquaint students with German-speaking
Prerequisite: GEO 190. (McKinney, offered                   Europe’s cultural legacies, historical
alternate years)
    Typical reading: Davis, Structural Geology of           heritages, and intellectual traditions.
Rocks and Regions                                           German area studies is inherently
                                                            interdisciplinary in that it incorporates
460 Geoscience Seminar
                                                            the approaches of multiple fields includ-
450 Independent Study                                       ing history, philosophy, political science,
                                                            and music. By pursuing its cross-curricu-
495 Honors                                                  lar mission, German area studies at HWS
                                                            makes available a richness of perspectives
                                                            through which students can gain an
                                                            understanding of the issues and concerns
                                                            that constitute this field. To this end, the
                                                            program integrates existing courses from a
                                                            multiplicity of disciplines in order to
                                                            provide students with opportunities to
                                                            explore all that the subject of German
                                                            area studies has to offer.

                                                            REQUIREMENTS FOR THE MINOR
                                                            disciplinary, 7 courses
                                                            The disciplinary minor in German area
                                                            studies focuses on German language and
                                                            culture and is comprised of seven courses
                                                            originating from the German curriculum.
                                                            Students wishing to complete a disciplin-
                                                            ary minor in German area studies must
                                                            take four semesters of German language
                                                            including GERM 301 Conversation and
                                                            Composition and three courses in German
                                                            literature and culture. One of these
                                                            culture courses may be a GERE course
                                                            (German culture taught in English),
                                                            while the other culture courses must be
                                                            upper-level German courses. Appropriate


                                                      197
                                         GERMAN STUDIES


classes for this second requirement                       Historical Heritages
include GERM 340, GERM 341, GERM                          HIST 237       Europe Since the War
370, or GERM 371.                                         HIST 238       The World Wars in Global
                                                                         Perspective
                                                          HIST 269       Modern Germany 1764 – 1996
REQUIREMENTS FOR THE MINOR                                HIST 272       Nazi Germany
interdisciplinary, 7 courses                              HIST 276       The Age of Dictators
The interdisciplinary minor in German                     HIST 325       Medicine and Public Health in
area studies is made up of seven courses:                                Modern Europe
three required courses and four electives.                POL 243        Europe after Communism
                                                          POL 245        Politics of New Europe
The required courses would originate from                 REL 270        Modern Jewish History
the German curriculum. Students                           REL 271        History and Impact of the Holocaust
choosing an interdisciplinary minor in
German area studies must take at least                    Intellectual Traditions
two semesters of German language.                         HIST 253       Renaissance and Reformation
Moreover, students are required to take                   HIST 256       Technology and Society in Europe
                                                          HIST 301       The Enlightenment
either GERE 206 Madness and Mayhem in
                                                          PHIL 373       Kant
Modernity or GERE 208 Guilt and                           POL 265        Modern Political Philosophy
Punishment in German Culture. Beyond
these courses, students are expected to                   COURSE DESCRIPTIONS
take four electives. These electives should               101 Beginning German I This course offers an
reflect the three areas of inquiry, namely                introduction to contemporary German with
cultural legacies, historical heritages, and              intensive training in listening and reading
                                                          strategies, communicative competence in spoken
intellectual traditions. When choosing                    and written contexts, and vocabulary acquisi-
electives, students must select at least one              tion. Topics from German-speaking countries are
course from each area. The electives should               presented in written and spoken texts, on videos,
be chosen from the crosslisted courses.                   German TV-programs, newspapers, advertise-
                                                          ments, and other material. Regular meetings for
                                                          conversation in small groups are required. (Klaus,
CROSSLISTED COURSES                                       offered annually)
Cultural Legacies
ART 226      Northern Renaissance Art                     102 Beginning German II This course offers a
ART 250      20th-Century European Art: Reality           continuation of GERM 101. Prerequisite: GERM
                                                          101 or the equivalent. (Klaus, offered annually)
             Remade
ENG 287c     Film Histories I (1895 – 1935)               105 Fundamentals of German Fundamentals of
ENG 368      Film and Ideology                            German introduces students to the basic and
ENG376c      New Waves                                    essential rules of grammar, promotes a communi-
MDSC 224     Age of Propaganda I                          cative atmosphere, and integrates instructional
MDSC 225     Age of Propaganda II                         technology into classroom activities. Technology
MUS 130      Beethoven: The Man and His Music             will figure prominently in instruction in order to
MUS160       The Symphony                                 aid students in mastering material. (Klaus, offered
MUS 203      History of Western Art: Baroque and          annually)
             Classical (1600 – 1800)
                                                          201 Intermediate German I Using modern
MUS 204      History of Western Art: Romantic and         German texts, i.e. German written by Germans
             Modern (1800 – 1950)                         for Germans, students are introduced to the
REL 401      Literary and Theological Responses           literary aspects of German, while reviewing
             to the Holocaust                             grammatical and syntactical principles. The
                                                          course concentrates on continued vocabulary
                                                          growth, along with aural comprehension and oral
                                                          communication. Prerequisite: GERM 102 or the
                                                          equivalent. (Klaus/Butler, offered annually)




                                                    198
                                       GERMAN AREA STUDIES


202 Intermediate German II This course offers a              370, 371 Special Topics The topic of these
continuation of GERM 201. Prerequisite: GERM                 courses will be determined by the instructor.
201 or the equivalent. (Klaus/Butler, offered                Possible topics include Immigrantenliteratur,
annually)                                                    Kafka, Romanticism, and the Image of America
                                                             in German Culture. Prerequisite: German 301 or
301 Conversation and Composition This course                 permission of instructor. May be repeated for
stimulates growth of the students’ ability to                credit. (Klaus/Butler, Offered annually)
express their thoughts clearly, concisely, and
correctly in spoken and written German.                      450 Independent Study
Prerequisite: GERM 203 or its equivalent, or
permission of instructor. (Offered alternate years)          495 Honors

302 Contemporary Topics This is an advanced                  Course Taught in English (GERE)
conversation and composition course focusing on              208 Guilt and Punishment in German Culture
current events and contemporary issues presented             Whether the crime is theft, incest, or murder,
by the German-language media. Newspapers,                    transgression and the resulting guilt and
magazines, journal articles, and films are the basis         punishment have factored prominently in
from which students prepare their class                      German-language novellas over the last two
discussion, oral reports, position papers, and short         centuries. What are these crimes and what
research papers. Prerequisite: GERM 203 or its               repercussions arise from them? What do these
equivalent, or permission of instructor. (Offered            transgressions reveal about German-speaking
alternate years)                                             Europe? Does this particular genre lend itself to
                                                             tales of sin and despair? These and other
340 Introduction to German Literature and                    questions guide this tour of these truly remark-
Culture I Germany, a country that forms the                  able texts. (Klaus, offered every third year)
crossroads of Europe, has always been forced to                Typical readings: Novellas by Heinrich von
define itself by the influences that have come               Kleist, Annette von Dröste-Hülschoff, Thomas
outside, from other surrounding cultures. A study            Mann, and Günter Grass, among others
of the social, religious, and economic influences,
as seen in the literature and other historical
documents of Germany, this course introduces
students to the rich and varied background of the
nation from the period of the Völkerwanderungen
to the Middle Ages to the Reformation to the
beginning of Aufklärung. Prerequisite: An ability
to comprehend written and spoken German.
(Butler, offered every three years)

341 Introduction to German Literature and
Culture II Beginning with the Aufklärung, this
survey course treats epochs and major develop-
ments in the area of German literature and
culture from the 18th century to the present.
Individual representative texts (including plays,
paintings, and films) are studied and discussed in
terms of their literary significance and their
relation to the historical, cultural, and social
contexts. The course develops critical and
analytical skills through an intensive introduc-
tion to the study of German literature, culture,
and political history. Prerequisite: An ability to
comprehend written and spoken German. (Klaus,
offered every three years)




                                                       199
                                   THE GOOD SOCIETY


THE GOOD SOCIETY                                     two courses must be foundational (F) and
                                                     two multicultural (M). There must also
Program Faculty                                      be a minimum of two courses from the
Steven Lee, Philosophy, Coordinator                  social sciences, and two from the
Richard Dillon, Anthropology                         humanities or fine and performing arts.
T. Dunbar Moodie, Sociology
James Spates, Sociology                              COURSES
                                                     Introductory Courses
                                                     AMST 100    History and Forms of American
Through the ages, philosophers, political                        Culture (M)
theorists, explorers, communitarians,                AMST 101    American I, Eye, Aye (M)
socialist revolutionaries, and utopian               ANTH 110    Introduction to Cultural Anthropology
dreamers have urgently sought to                                 (M)
understand the nature of and in some                 CHEM 110    Molecules That Matter
cases tried to establish the Good Society.           ECON 122    Economics of Caring
                                                     ENV 110     Energy
Unlike the Holy Grail, however, the
                                                     PHIL 150    Issues: Justice and Equality (F)
Good Society is not a single tangible                PHIL 151    Issues: Crime and Punishment (F)
object, and coming to know what exactly              PHIL 152    Issues: Philosophy and Feminism (M)
it may be is a dauntingly complex and                PHIL 154    Issues: Environmental Ethics (F)
multifaceted task. Not only is the nature            PHIL 155    Issues: Morality of War and Nuclear
of the Good Society inherently controver-                        Weapons (F)
sial, but many doubt the coherence of the            PHIL 156    Issues: Biomedical Ethics (F)
                                                     WMST 100    Introduction to Women’s Studies (M)
very idea. It is the intent of the Good
Society program to expose students to the            Elective Courses
best theories of the Good Society that               ALST 200    Ghettoscapes (M)
thinkers and activists have created over             ANTH 298    Modern Japan (M)
the centuries, to show students the                  ART 101     Ancient to Medieval Art (F)
exquisite difficulties involved in devising          ART 102     Renaissance to Modern Art (F)
such models, and to encourage them to                ASN 101     Intellectual and Religious
                                                                 Foundations of Asian Civilization (M)
have, with themselves, their fellow
                                                     BIDS 229    Two Cities: New York and Toronto
students, their friends, and their teachers,         BIDS 245    Men and Masculinity (M)
the “Good Society debate,” one of the                BIDS 295    Alcohol Use and Abuse
most important discussions there can be.             CLAS 202    Athens in the Age of Pericles (F)
    The emphasis of this Good Society                ECON 248    Poverty and Welfare (F)
minor also is upon exploring the variety of          EDUC 200    Philosophy of Education (F)
constraints that render attainment of the            MDSC 100    Introduction to Media and Society
                                                     PHIL 232    Liberty and Community (F)
Good Society so challenging and upon                 PHIL 235    Morality and Self Interest (F)
combining humanistic, natural scientific,            PHIL 236    Philosophy of Law (F)
and social scientific ways of knowing to             PSY 223     Introduction to Social Psychology
achieve a better understanding of what on            REL 108     Religion and Alienation (M)
earth the Good Society might be. All                 REL 237     Christian Worlds (M)
courses toward the minor must be                     REL 238     Liberating Theology (M)
                                                     SOC 228     Social Conflict (M)
completed with a grade of C- or higher.
                                                     SOC 230     The Sociology of Everyday Life (M)
                                                     SOC 251     Sociology of the City
REQUIREMENTS FOR THE MINOR                           SOC 290     Sociology of Community
interdisciplinary, 6 courses
Two introductory courses and four
electives, at least one of which must be an
advanced elective. In addition, at least


                                               200
                                               HISTORY


Advanced Elective Courses                                 HISTORY
ANTH 352    Builders and Seekers (M)
EDUC 337    Education and Racial Diversity in the
            U.S. (M)                                      Daniel J. Singal, Ph.D.; Professor,
EDUC 338    Inclusive Schooling (M)                         Department Chair
HIST 301    The Enlightenment: Encounters with            William S. Atwell, Ph.D.; Professor
            the Other (F)                                 Rocco L. Capraro, Ph.D.; Assistant
HIST 374    Seminar: Western Civilization and Its
                                                            Professor
            Discontents (F)
HIST 396    History and the Fate of Socialism             Maureen Flynn, Ph.D.; Associate
POL 328     Environmental Policy                            Professor
POL 364     Social Policy and Community                   Clifton Hood, Ph.D.; Associate Professor
            Activism                                      Derek Linton, Ph.D.; Professor
POL 365     Democratic Theory                             Susanne E. McNally, Ph.D.; Professor
REL 312     New Heavens, New Earths (M)                   John Shovlin, Ph.D.; Assistant Professor
SOC 325     Moral Sociology and the Good
                                                          Gebru Tareke, Ph.D.; Professor
            Society (F)
SOC 370     Theories of Religion                          Lisa Tetrault, Ph.D.; Assistant Professor
WMST 300    Feminist Theory (M)
WMST 323    Research in Social Psychology (M)             The history department faculty seeks, in
WMST 372    Topics in Social Psychology (M)               its research and with its students, to better
                                                          understand what humanity is by investi-
                                                          gating what humanity has done. The
                                                          department conceives the human
                                                          community:
                                                           1) in time, attempting not merely to
                                                          chronicle events but to explain events in
                                                          their various connections;
                                                           2) in space, juxtaposing events and their
                                                          explanations in one part of the world with
                                                          events and explanations in other parts of
                                                          the world; and
                                                           3) in a system of analytic categories,
                                                          exploiting every explanatory category of
                                                          the humanistic disciplines and of the
                                                          social and natural sciences that promises
                                                          insight into humanity’s past.
                                                              The history department offers a
                                                          disciplinary major and minor. All history
                                                          majors must select an area of concentra-
                                                          tion by their junior year (see below). The
                                                          area of concentration may be geographic
                                                          (African and Middle Eastern, American
                                                          [including Latin American], Asian, or
                                                          European [including Russian]), thematic
                                                          (industrialism, for example, or revolu-
                                                          tions), or chronological (the 12th
                                                          century, for example). To count toward
                                                          the major or minor, all courses must be
                                                          passed with a grade of C- or better.



                                                    201
                                                  HISTORY


REQUIREMENTS FOR THE MAJOR (B.A.)                          HIST 226    Colonial Latin America
disciplinary, 10 courses                                   HIST 227    African American History I: The Early
                                                                       Era
At least two 100-level introductory courses
                                                           HIST 228    African American History II: The
(EUST 102 and ASN 101 may substitute                                   Modern Era
for one or more introductory history                       HIST 231    Modern Latin America
courses); four 200-level or higher history                 HIST 240    Immigration and Ethnicity in America
courses in one area of concentration                       HIST 246    American Environmental History
(geographic, thematic, or chronological);                  HIST 279    Body Politics
four additional history courses, only one of               HIST 300    American Colonial History
                                                           HIST 304    The Early National Republic: 1789-
which may be at the 100 level. Of the 10
                                                                       1840
courses in the major, at least three courses               HIST 306    Civil War and Reconstruction: 1840-
must cover different geographical areas. At                            1877
least two of the 10 courses for the major                  HIST 307    The American Revolution
must be at the 300 level or above. At least                HIST 310    Rise of Industrial America
one of the 300-level or higher courses must                HIST 311    20th Century America: 1917 1941
be a research seminar, history independent                 HIST 312    The U.S. Since 1939
                                                           HIST 314    Aquarian Age: The 1960s
study, or history honors project.                          HIST 316    Metropolis
                                                           HIST 317    Women’s Rights Movements in the U.S.
REQUIREMENTS FOR THE MINOR                                 HIST 336    History of American Thought to 1865
disciplinary, 5 courses                                    HIST 337    History of American Thought Since
At least one 100-level introductory course                             1865
(EUST 102 and ASN 101 may substitute for                   HIST 340    Seminar: Faulkner and Southern
                                                                       Historical Consciousness
one or more introductory history courses); at
                                                           HIST 352    Who Wants to Be a Millionaire: Elites
least one 300- or 400-level history course;                            in America
three additional history courses, not more                 HIST 463    Seminar: Topics in American History
than one of which may be at the 100 level.                 HIST 469    Seminar: Global Cities
At least two of the courses must be in two
different geographic areas.                                Asian History Courses
                                                           HIST 291    Late Imperial China
                                                           HIST 292    Traditional Japan
COURSE CONCENTRATIONS
                                                           HIST 390    The Modern Transformations of
Introductory Courses
                                                                       China and Japan
HIST 102     Making of the Modern World
                                                           HIST 394    Russia and Asia
HIST 103     Revolutionary Europe
                                                           HIST 396    History and the Fate of Socialism:
HIST 105     Introduction to the American
                                                                       Russia and China
             Experience
                                                           HIST 492    Seminar: Chinese History
HIST 151     Food Systems in History
                                                           HIST 493    Seminar: Japanese History
HIST 199     Meditations on Time and Memory
                                                           European and Russian History Courses
African and Middle Eastern History Courses
                                                           HIST 223    Modern France
BIDS 235     Third World Experience
                                                           HIST 230    Modern Ireland: Colonial and Post
HIST 283     South Africa in Transition
                                                                       Colonial
HIST 284     Africa: From Colonialism to
                                                           HIST 234    Medieval History
             Neocolonialism
                                                           HIST 237    Europe Since the War
HIST 285     The Middle East: Roots of Conflict
                                                           HIST 238    The World Wars in Global
HIST 364     African History
                                                                       Perspective
HIST 461     War and Peace in the Middle East
                                                           HIST 241    The Politics of Gender and The
                                                                       Family in Europe: 1700-1850
American and Latin American History Courses
                                                           HIST 250    Medieval Popular Culture
HIST 204     History of American Society
                                                           HIST 253    Renaissance and Reformation
HIST 208     Women in American History
                                                           HIST 256    Technology and Society in Europe
HIST 215     American Urban History


                                                     202
                                                  HISTORY


HIST 257       The French Revolution                         and Revolution in France; Williams, Keywords;
HIST 260       Modernity in Russia                           Polanyi, Great Transformation
HIST 261       20th-Century Russia
HIST 262       Nations of Eastern Europe                     105 Introduction to the American Experience
                                                             This introduction to American history is not a
HIST 264       Modern European City
                                                             survey course. Instead it is based upon the
HIST 269       Modern Germany: 1764-1996                     assumption that the study of history is the study
HIST 272       Nazi Germany                                  of the various conceptual frameworks that people
HIST 276       The Age of Dictators                          have created to make sense out of their
HIST 301       The Enlightenment                             experience. The course involves students in the
HIST 313       Darwin and the Darwinian Revolution           critical examination of various interpretations of
HIST 315       Nationalism in Europe                         the American past, including the progressive,
HIST 325       Medicine and Public Health in                 consensus, and post consensus views. Problems of
               Modern Europe                                 historical methods are also discussed and recent
                                                             efforts to examine the history of such previously
HIST 367       Women and the State: Russia
                                                             neglected groups as blacks and women are
HIST 371       Life-Cycles: The Family in History            explored. (Offered each semester)
HIST 375       Seminar: Western Civilization and Its           Typical readings: Norton et al., The Americans;
               Discontents                                   Hofstader, The Progressive Historians; Skotheim
HIST 394       Russia and Asia                               (ed.), The Historian and the Climate of Opinion;
HIST 396       History and the Fate of Socialism:            Turner, The Significance of the Frontier in
               Russia and China                              American History; Zinn, A People’s History of the
                                                             United States
COURSE DESCRIPTIONS                                          151 Food Systems in History This course traces
102 The Making of the Modern World This                      the historical emergence of the contemporary
course examines a global system linked by                    world food system. Students briefly examine the
commodities, ideas, and microbes and sustained               transition from hunter-gathering to Neolithic
by relations of military and political power                 village agriculture, the differentiation between
between the 15th and 18th centuries. The                     steppe agriculture and steppe nomadism in
mining and plantation economies of the                       ancient Eurasia and the medieval agricultural
Americas and the development of direct trading               systems of East Europe and Asia. In the second
relations between Europe and Asia are treated as             half students then treat development of the
interactive processes involving European                     present-day global food system since 1500. An
explorers and merchants, the labor and crafts of             important course goal is to understand the
African slaves, the fur trapping of Amerindian               meaning of changes in the food systems for
tribes, and the policy making of the Chinese                 individual lives. (McNally, offered alternate years)
Empire. Religious confrontation, the improve-                  Typical readings: Newman, Hunger in History;
ment of cartography, and nautical instruments                Bergin and Garvey, Culture and Agriculture;
are examined. (Atwell, Linton, offered annually)             Anderson, The Food of China; Unklesbay, World
  Typical readings: The Times Concise Atlas of               Food and You; Crosby, Germs, Seeds and Animals;
World History; Stavrianos, The World Since 1500;             Colburn, Everyday Forms of Peasant Resistance;
Crosby, Ecological Imperialism; Parry, European              White, Medieval Technology and Social Change;
Reconnaissance: Selected Documents                           Hughes, The Face of the Earth; Bryant et al., The
                                                             Cultural Feast
103 Revolutionary Europe This course explores
the origins of a 19th century bourgeois social               199 Meditations on Time and Memory This
order in Europe and examines the historiographi-             course is designed to introduce students to
cal consensus of the 1860s—that the French                   various ways in which the movement of time has
Revolution and the Industrial Revolution                     been conceived. Some of the most influential
created a market society in Western Europe.                  philosophical and scientific analyzes of time are
Revisionist scholarship arguing that 1789 was a              studied, along with literary novels concerning
political rather than social revolution is                   the process of human memory. (Flynn, offered
explored, and recent literature arguing that no              alternate years)
dramatic transformation of the British economy                 Typical readings: Westphal, Time; Hegel,
occurred between 1760 and 1830. The view that                Reason and History; Achebe, Arrow of God; Swift,
a bourgeois social order emerged as the result of a          Waterland; Gould, The Discovery Deep Time
cultural transformation in the 18th century will
receive particular attention. (Fall)                         204 History of American Society This course
  Typical readings: Ashton, Industrial Revolution;           traces the development of American society from
Chartier, Cultural Origins of the French Revolution;         the colonial town to the urban mass society. It
Hobsbawm, The Age of Revolution; Sewell, Work



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                                                  HISTORY


relies on social sciences concepts and techniques,           national form. (Shovlin, offered alternate years)
and examines how much social mobility there has                Typical readings: Blanning, The French
been at various periods of our history, how                  Revolution; Tocqueville, Old Regime and the
demographic trends have helped to shape the                  French Revolution; Weber, Peasants into
country, what the class structure has looked like,           Frenchmen; Paxton, Vichy France; Gaspard, A
and whether or not a genuine community life has              Small City in France
been possible since the onset of industrialization.
Topics include immigration, the growth of cities,            226 Colonial Latin America This course
race relations, family life, and changes in American         examines the colonial period in Latin American
social values. (Singal, offered alternate years)             history from the initial Spanish and Portuguese
  Typical readings: Lockridge, A New England                 contact and conquest to the early 19th century
Town; Rothman and Rothman, Sources of the                    wars for independence. It focuses on the
American Social Tradition; Johnson, A                        background of European colonization, the
Shopkeeper’s Millenium; Warner, Streetcar Suburbs            process of interaction between natives and
                                                             Europeans, the growth and development of
208 Women in American History This course is                 colonial society, the shifting uses of land and
designed to study the changing role of women in              labor, and the roots of the 19th-century
American history and culture. It examines the status         revolutionary movements. (Offered alternate years)
of women within historical context, analyzing those            Typical readings: Clendinnen, Ambivalent
cultural developments that affected the role of              Conquests; Gibson, Spain in America; Lockhart
women in the community and the family. The course            and Otte, Letters and People of the Spanish Indies;
also considers the various methodological approaches         Lockhart and Schwartz, Early Latin America; Stein
that have been developed to study the role of women          and Stein, The Colonial Heritage of Latin America
in history. (Tetrault, offered alternate years)
  Typical readings: Ulrich, Good Wives; Cott,                227 African American History I: The Early
Bonds of Womanhood; Beard, Women as Force in                 Era This course traces the history of Africans
History; Sklar, Catherine Beecher; Stansell, City of         and their descendants in America from the 17th
Women; Banner, Women in Modern America                       century through the Civil War. Topics include
                                                             the slave trade from Africa to the English
215 American Urban History This course                       colonies in North America; establishment of the
examines the urbanization of American society                slave system and slave laws in the 17th century;
from the colonial period to the present, with                the evolution of slavery and slave culture in the
emphasis on the development of the physical city.            18th century; transformations in African
It explores the establishment and growth of                  American life during the Revolutionary age; the
colonial cities; the impact of technological                 experience of free blacks in the North and
innovations such as mass transit and the                     South; black society in the Old South; black
automobile on urban spatial form; the changing               abolitionism; the Civil War; and Emancipation.
responses to urban problems such as water, fire,             (Offered alternate years)
pollution, housing, crime and disorder; the advent             Typical readings: Thornton, Africa and Africans
of city planning; the relationship between ethnic            in the Making of the Atlantic World; Egerton, He
and racial conflicts and urban form, especially              Shall Go Out Free; Douglass, My Bondage and My
suburbanization; and the rise of the contemporary            Freedom; Litwack, North of Slavery
decentralized city. (Hood, offered alternate years)
  Typical readings: Bailyn, The Peopling of British          228 African American History II: The Modern
North America; Rosenberg, The Cholera Years;                 Era This course examines the varied experiences of
Riis, How the Other Half Lives; Warner, Streetcar            African Americans from Reconstruction to the
Suburbs; Barth, City People                                  present, focusing on class and gender differences
                                                             within African American society as well as on the
223 Modern France This course is intended to give            fight for social and political equality in America.
a broad overview and strong chronological                    Major topics include Reconstruction in the South;
narrative of modern French history while exploring           African American intellectuals; the Great
two unifying themes. The course analyzes the                 Migration; the Civil Rights movement; black power;
problem of French political instability in the               and contemporary problems. (Offered alternate years)
nineteenth and twentieth centuries with the                     Typical readings: Washington, Up From Slavery;
revolution from the fall of Napoleon to political            Huggins, Harlem Renaissance; Moody, Coming of
equilibrium after May 1968. The course explores              Age in Mississippi; Dickerson, An American Story
the French nation state and French national
identity as an historical problem. Beginning with            230 Modern Ireland: Colonial and Post Colonial
the French Revolution and the Napoleonic Wars,               This course explores the social and political history
students analyze the process by which Frenchness             of Ireland from the 17th century to today. Topics
was imagined, disseminated, and contested in a               have been the origins and modalities of political



                                                       204
                                                 HISTORY


violence in modern Ireland; the history of Irish            the Common Market (EEC), NATO, and the
nationalism; transformations in Irish identity; and         Warsaw Pact. Special emphasis is placed on
Ireland’s complicated relationship with Britain.            European relations with the U.S. and the former
Students are introduced to conquest and                     U.S.S.R. Students explore consequences of the
colonization; emergence and development of                  end of the Cold War, including attempts to
nationalism; struggle for Catholic emancipation;            construct democracies and market economies in
Famine; economic history of 19th and 20th-century           Eastern Europe, political turmoil, and the
Ireland; and origins of the Troubles in Northern            resurgence of nationalism in Western Europe.
Ireland. The course also focuses on the current             (Linton, offered alternate years)
historiographical battle between “revisionist” and            Typical readings: Havel, Living in Truth; Laqueur,
“nationalist” histories. (Shovlin, Spring)                  Europe Since the War; Williams, The European
  Typical readings: Whelan, Tree of Liberty;                Community; Stokes, The Walls Came Tumbling
O’Tuathaigh, Ireland Before the Famine; Poirteir,           Down; Camus, Resistance, Rebellion, and Death
ed., Great Irish Famine; Lee, Ireland 1912 1985;
Waters, Jiving at the Crossroads; Brady, ed.,               238 The World Wars in Global Perspective
Interpreting Irish History                                  The American century; the formation of
                                                            Communist states; genocides, including the
231 Modern Latin America This course                        Armenian massacres and the destruction of
examines the modern era in Latin American                   European Jewry; the ongoing crisis in the Middle
history from the early 19th century wars of                 East; and the relative decline of Europe and
independence to the present day. The course is              decolonization were all closely linked to the two
arranged topically and explores such issues as the          world wars. This course explores these two
formation of the Latin American states, the                 cataclysmic wars—their origins, conduct, and
development and growth of Latin American                    consequences. In addition to such traditional
culture and society, the legacy of slavery, the             approaches as military, political, and diplomatic
transition to capitalism in the region, the growth          history, students use literary, artistic, and
of export economies and dependency, and the                 cinematic representations to view these wars
rise of nationalism and revolutionary movements             through personal experiences. (Linton, Fall)
in Latin America. (Offered alternate years)                   Typical readings: Winter, The Experience of World
  Typical readings: Chastine and Tulchin,                   War I, The Diaries of Vera Brittain; Juenger, Storm of
Problems in Latin American History; Guentes, The            Steel; Weinberg, A World at Arms; Levi, Survival in
Campaign; Galeono, Open Veins of Latin America;             Auschwitz; Tumarkin, The Living and the Dead
Keen, A History of Latin America; Schlesinger
and Kinzer, Bitter Fruit                                    240 Immigration and Ethnicity in America What
                                                            is an American? This course examines this question
234 Medieval History With the decline of the                by analyzing the sources of mass immigration to the
Roman Empire, Europe’s cultural heritage faced              United States, the encounters among various
unprecedented challenges and opportunities.                 immigrant groups and natives, and the changing
The “Dark Ages” were a time of recovery and                 conceptions of ethnicity. The course covers the
synthesis, with Germanic and pagan customs                  period from the 1840s to the present. It starts with
mixing with Roman and Christian culture to                  the Irish and Germans who emigrated in the early
form a unique blend of religion, family life,               19th century, then consider the Russian Jews,
politics, and economy. Through literature, this             Italians, and others who began arriving in the
course discusses the origins of the Western                 1890s, and then investigates the post-1965
ascetic spirit and the beginning of romantic love           emigration from Asia, the Americas, and India that
and the cult of chivalry. Through visual sources,           is remaking the country today. Reference is also
it explores the construction and defense of                 made to the internal migrations of African-
castles and manors and traces the embryonic                 Americans. (Hood, offered alternate years)
development of agriculture and technology.
(Flynn, offered alternate years)                            241 The Politics of Gender and The Family in
  Typical readings: J. Le Goff, Medieval                    Europe: 1700-1850 The course explores the
Civilization; The Wisdom of the Desert; Chretien            changing circumstances of women and men in
de Troyes, Lancelot; Letters of Heloise and Abelard         European societies between the middle of the
                                                            18th century and the middle of the 19th new
237 Europe Since the War This course examines               representations of gender during the Enlighten-
the remarkable revival and reconstruction of                ment that exiled women to the domestic realm.
Europe in the post World War II era, exploring              The course examines the rich historiography
the division of Europe into two blocs, economic             produced since the late 1980s on the gendered
recovery, the formation of welfare states,                  construction of the public sphere during the
decolonization, and supra national associations—            Enlightenment and the French Revolution; the




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                                                  HISTORY


second examines the redefinition of social and
economic gender roles during the industrial                   256 Technology and Society in Europe The
revolution. (Shovlin, offered alternate years)                coming of modern machinery has fundamentally
  Typical readings: Barker-Benfield, Culture of               altered the nature of work, and has thoroughly
Sensibility; Choderlos de Laclos, Dangerous                   transformed communications, warfare,
Liaisons; Davidoff and Hall, Family Fortunes;                 international relations, leisure time, and the arts.
Menetra, Journal of My Life; Scott, Gender and the            This course examines the impact of machinery
Politics of History                                           on social relations and human relations to
                                                              nature. It explores the promotion and institu-
246 American Environmental History In this                    tionalization of technical innovation in the last
course, historical place in the natural landscape is          two centuries in Europe. Finally, it views the
described through the methods of “environmen-                 conflicting intellectual and social responses to
tal history,” embracing three concerns: ecological            technological change, ranging from fantasies of
relationships between humans and nature,                      technocratic utopias to machine smashing and
political and economic influences on the                      dark visions of humanity displaced and
environment, and cultural conceptions of the                  dominated by mechanized systems. (Linton, Fall,
natural world. Drawing on methods from the                    offered alternate years)
natural and social sciences, and the humanities,                Typical readings: Landes, The Unbound
students will survey 500 years of American                    Prometheus; Giedion, Mechanization Takes
environmental history, from the ecological                    Command; Headrick, The Tools of Empire
conflicts of Indians and settlers to recent debates
over endangered species and hazardous wastes.                 257 The French Revolution This course
Topics range from urban pollution and suburban                explores the origins, progress, and consequences
sprawl to agricultural practices and wilderness               of the French Revolution. The goals of the
protection. (Hood, offered alternate years)                   course are to offer a solid narrative of revolution-
  Typical readings: Cronon, Changes in the Land;              ary events, to explore alternative interpretations
Isenberg, The Destruction of the Bison; Hurley,               of the Revolution, and to analyze the role of
Environmental Inequalities; Tarr, The Search for the          political violence at a formative moment in
Ultimate Sink; White, The Organic Machine;                    western political life. Course readings contrast
Carson, Silent Spring                                         the two major bodies of scholarship that have
                                                              vied to define the significance of the Revolution
250 Medieval Popular Culture What is the                      over the last three decades—one elaborating a
relationship between “high” and “low” culture?                “social” interpretation of the Revolution, the
How do “oral” cultures think, and how have literacy           other advancing a “political” reading. (Shovlin,
and television transformed human consciousness in             Fall)
more recent times? Close exploration of the                     Typical readings: Popkin, A Short History of the
material conditions of peasant life, of the                   French Revolution; Kates, The French Revolution:
psychological workings of folklore, magic,                    Recent Debates and New Controversies; Hunt,
witchcraft, and play in culture help students come            Family Romance of the French Revolution; Gough,
to terms with these issues. (Flynn, offered annually)         The Terror in the French Revolution
  Typical readings: Le Roy Ladurie, Montaillou;
Carlo Ginzburg, The Cheese and the Worms;                     260 Modernity in Russia This course attempts
Robert Darnton, The Great Cat Massacre                        a balanced survey of the century leading to the
                                                              Russian Revolution. Russia is both a participant
253 Renaissance and Reformation This course                   in European civilization and one of the first
explores the major intellectual, artistic, political,         countries to respond intentionally to the
and religious events making up the “Renaissance”              challenge of Western European modernity. In
and the “Reformation.” Students will read the                 19th century Russia, policy makers, social critics,
works of several principal architects of these                and artists explored brilliantly many problems
movements, and contemporary historians’                       and dilemmas that still preoccupy thoughtful
attempts to explain the convergence of                        world citizens: the problem of economic
individual genius and collective cooperation                  development, the relation between individuals
between 1300 and 1600. The period shattered                   and groups, and the role of culture in human
medieval understanding of the nature of reality,              communities. (McNally, offered alternate years)
the shape of the cosmos, and the relation                       Typical readings: Westwood, Endurance and
between man and god. It was in this period that               Endeavor; Eklof and Frank, The World of the
modern notions of individualism, freedom of                   Russian Peasant; Tolstoi, What People Live By
conscience and national sovereignty began to shape
the modern world. (Flynn, offered alternate years)            261 20th-Century Russia This course examines
  Typical readings: Petrarch, Christine de Pisan,             the 20th century history of Russia, the Soviet
Machiavelli, Castiglione, Erasmus and Luther                  Union, and the Commonwealth of Independent



                                                        206
                                                  HISTORY


States as developments profoundly shaped by                   Nazi seizure of power, leading to the second World
Russia’s Eurasian character. Problems of cultural             War and the Holocaust. (Linton, offered annually)
diversity, of economic prosperity, and of political            Typical readings: Blackbouen, The Long
integration are seen as leading to the collapse of            Nineteenth Century; James, A German Identity;
both the Tsarist Empire in 1917 and the Soviet                Burleigh, The Racial State
Union in 1991. (McNally, offered alternate years)
  Typical readings: Lewin, The Gorbachev                      272 Nazi Germany Nazi Germany and the Hitler
Phenomenon: Current Digest of the Soviet Press;               Regime remain epitomes of political evil. This
Von Laue, Why Lenin, Why Stalin?; Pipes, The                  course explores the formation, ideology, and
Formation of the Soviet Union; Mandelbaum,                    dynamic of the Third Reich, concentrating on
Central Asia and the World; Colton and Legvald,               politics, economics, social policy, and cultural
After the Soviet Union                                        policies of the regime. Students examine the
                                                              combination of terror and everyday life, utopian
262 Nations of Eastern Europe This course                     promise, and the extermination of Jews and other
explores the history of that part of Europe that              minorities that lay at the heart of Hitler’s regime.
lies west of Russia, east of Germany and Austria.             They also consider the ways in which the regime
Politics, culture, and society in the nations from            has been interpreted by historians and political
the Baltic Sea to the Balkan Peninsula form the               scientists and the way the Nazi regime has been
bulk of the course. The course begins with                    represented since its defeat in 1945. (Linton,
national liberation movements and ends with the               offered alternate years)
crisis in Kosovo. (Fall, one time only)                         Typical readings: Burleigh and Wippermann,
 Typical readings: Stokes, When The Wall Came                 The Racial State; Koonz, Mothers in the Fatherland;
Tumbling Down; Zeromski, The Faithful River;                  Kershaw, Hitler; Evans, In Hitler’s Shadow;
Kundera, Book of Laughter and Forgetting                      Friedlander, Nazi Germany and the Jews

264 Modern European City This course examines                 276 The Age of Dictators European one-party
the emergence and development of new industrial               dictatorships that used state organs to mobilize
cities, such as Manchester and Bochum, and the                mass support and unleash unprecedented levels
transformation of older administrative and                    of coercion and terror directed at their own
cultural centers such as Paris and Vienna. The                populations still haunt our memory and
course emphasizes the ways in which contrasting               understanding of the 20th century. This course
visions of the city—source of crime and pathology             will examine and compare the origins and
or fount of economic dynamism and democratic                  dynamics of Stalin’s Soviet Union, Mussolini’s
sociability—were expressed and embodied in city               Italy, and Hitler’s Germany, and their ways of
planning, reform movements, and the arts. In                  securing popular support and eliminating
exploring the modern city, students use perspec-              opposition. The class critically explores theories
tives derived from European and American social               and concepts used to classify and categorize these
and political thought and employ literary,                    regimes: “totalitarianism,” “fascism,” “bonapartist
statistical, and visual source materials. (Linton,            dictatorships.” (Linton, offered alternate years)
offered alternate years)                                        Typical readings: Palla, Mussolini and Fascism;
  Typical readings: Benevolo, The Origins of                  Kershaw, Hitler; Johnson, Nazi Terror; Ward,
Modern Town Planning; Engels, The Condition of                Stalin’s Russia; Fitzpatrick, Everyday Stalinism;
the Working Class in England in 1844; Evenson,                Payne, A History of Fascism
Paris: A Century of Change; essays by Weber,
Simmel, Corbusier, Park, Mumford, Schorske                    279 Body Politics Do bodies have a history?
                                                              What do bodies mean? Are we our bodies? This
269 Modern Germany: 1764-1996 The                             course examines these questions by exploring the
unification of Germany has raised anew the issue of           history of women’s health in America. It
German national identity. This course analyzes                examines this topic from a wide variety of
Germany’s often-tortured road to creating a modern            perspectives, including biology, disease, violence,
national state with special emphasis on the                   body image, reproductive rights, childbirth, and
problems of forging a satisfactory national identity.         sexuality. Each of these issues has a history,
Students examine the complex interplay of politics,           which shapes current practice and debate. This
economics, and culture, following the fate of the             course is designed to examine these practices and
German national movement from emergence after                 debates as well as the history behind them.
the Napoleonic conquest through unification under             (Tetrault, offered alternate years)
Bismarck. They examine ways the modernist                       Typical readings: Ehrenreich, For Her Own
dynamism, internal divisions, and international               Good; Leavitt, Brought to Bed; Brumbert, The
aggressiveness of the new Germany resulted in the             Body Project and Fasting Girls; Gordon, Woman’s
first World War, the Weimar Republic, and the                 Body, Woman’s Right; Roberts, Killing the Black
                                                              Body; Feinberg, Trans Liberation



                                                        207
                                                     HISTORY


283 South Africa in Transition After a long                     themes in Chinese history during the period from
period of colonialist domination, exploitation,                 approximately A.D. 1200 to 1800. Among those
racial humiliation, and destructive wars, southern              themes are: the Mongol conquest of China and the
Africa is emerging as a land of renewed hope for                nature of Mongol rule, the restoration of Chinese
peace, stability and prosperity. This transition is             rule under the native Ming dynasty (1368 1644),
explored in this course from the late 19th century              the intellectual and cultural life of the Ming elite,
to the rise of Nelson Mandela. By placing greater               China’s role in the “emerging world economy,” and
emphasis on South Africa, the course investigates               the domination of China by the Manchu Ch’ing
such themes as the rise and demise of apartheid,                dynasty during the late 17th and 18th centuries.
wars of national liberation, economic develop-                  Prerequisite: HIST 101 or permission of instructor.
ment, demographic and environmental concerns,                   (Atwell, offered alternate years)
and democratization and the construction of                       Typical readings: Gernet, A History of Chinese
pluralist societies. (Tareke, offered annually)                 Civilization; Langlois, China Under Mongol Rule,
  Typical reading: Davenport, South Africa: A                   The Travels of Marco Polo; Hucker, The Ming
Modern History; Martin and Johnson, The Struggle                Dynasty: Its Origins and Evolving Institutions
for Zimbabwe; Moodie, Going for Gold; Minter,
Apartheid's Contras; Mandela, Long Walk to Freedom              292 Traditional Japan A survey of Japanese
                                                                political and cultural history to a.d. 1800, this
284 Africa: From Colonialism to Neocolonial-                    course considers the primitive culture of the
ism Genocide in Rwanda, famine in Somalia,                      prehistoric and early historic periods, the
civil war in Liberia, executions in Nigeria, and                introduction of an advanced culture from China
more. What explains these negative images of a                  in the sixth century A.D., the distinctive
continent in change? Is there more to the African               aristocratic culture of the Heian period (795-
experience? These questions are examined in this                1185), and the cultural and political dominance
survey of African history since World War II.                   of the samurai “class” during the Kamakura
Major topics of interest potentially include the                (1185-1330s), Ashikaga (1330-1560s), and early
contradictory effects of colonialism, cultural and              Tokugawa (1603-1868) periods. Prerequisite:
intellectual origins of African nationalism, the                HIST 101, ASN 201, or permission of instructor.
limits and possibilities of political independence,             (Atwell, Fall, offered alternative years)
the conflict between developmental needs and                      Typical readings: Sansom, Japan: A Short
environmental concerns, the changing relations                  Cultural History; Munsterberg, The Arts of Japan;
between state and society, and prospects for                    Morris, The World of the Shining Prince; Keene,
democratization. (Tareke, offered annually)                     Anthology of Japanese Literature
  Typical readings: Freund, The Making of
Contemporary Africa; Davidson, The Black Man’s                  300 American Colonial History This course
Burden; Bayart, The State in Africa; Young,                     examines the transplantation of Europeans to
Ideology and Development in Africa; Gordons,                    the colonies, and the development of ideas and
Understanding Contemporary Africa                               institutions in the New World. It takes a close
                                                                look at local communities in the colonies, and
285 The Middle East: Roots of Conflict The                      the interplay of religion, politics, economics, and
Middle East has been particularly prone to conflict             family life. It also deals with the factors that led
and violence since the dissolution of the Ottoman               to the Revolution. (Offered alternate years)
Empire at the end of World War I and the                          Typical readings: Rutman, Winthrop’s Boston;
subsequent rise of national states. This course                 Lockridge, A New England Town; Miller, Errand
examines the historical, social, and ideological roots          into the Wilderness; Greven, Child Rearing and the
of conflict and the prospects for a durable peace and           Puritan Temperament; Allen, In English Ways
sustained development in the region, by devoting
special attention to the complex and changing                   301 The Enlightenment This course introduces
relations among Arabs and between Arabs and                     students to major works of the Enlightenment from
Israelis. The course explores the Egyptian and                  a comparative European perspective. The course is
Iranian revolutions, Lebanese sectarianism, Kurdish             organized around an exploration of enlightenment
quest for statehood, the politics of oil and water,             visions of political order. A series of readings
secularism, and the challenges of religious                     highlight the tension between state-centered
fundamentalism. (Tareke, offered annually)                      visions of social and economic order (social
  Typical readings: Peretz, The Middle East Today;              contract theory, civic republicanism, mercantil-
Elon, The Israelis; Said, The Question of Palestine;            ism), and theories that locate the source of order
Friedman, From Beirut to Jerusalem                              within societies and economies themselves
                                                                (liberalism, political economy). Another series of
291 Late Imperial China After introductory lectures             texts are used to examine the relationship between
on the nature of traditional Chinese civilization, this         the philosophical ferment of the Enlightenment
course turns to a consideration of some of the major            and emergence of revolutionary political orders in



                                                          208
                                                   HISTORY


France and America in the last quarter of the 18th            centuries. The nature of industrial leadership,
century. (Shovlin, offered annually)                          immigration and urbanization, and analyses of
  Typical readings: Montesquieu, Persian Letters;             major political and social reform movements are
Rousseau, Basic Political Writings; Smith, Wealth of          among the topics to be covered. (Hood, offered
Nations; Voltaire, Candide and Philosophical Letters;         alternate years)
Wollstonecraft, Vindication of the Rights of Woman              Typical readings: Wiebe, The Search for Order;
                                                              Hofstadter, The Age of Reform; Sumner, What
304 The Early National Republic: 1789-1840                    Social Classes Owe to Each Other; Bell, Out of
This course examines the United States from the               This Furnace; DuBois, Souls of Black Folk
ratification of the federal Constitution up
through the presidency of Andrew Jackson.                     311 20th-Century America: 1917-1941 This
Particular attention is given to the process of               course is a continuation of HIST 310. World War I
political party formation, the impact of the                  and its aftermath, economic and social changes in
“market revolution” upon national life, the                   the 1920s, interaction between politics and
origins and ramifications of the Second Great                 urbanization, the Depression, Franklin D.
Awakening, and the antebellum reform                          Roosevelt, and the New Deal are among the topics
movements. (Offered annually)                                 to be covered. (Hood, offered alternate years)
  Typical readings: McCoy, The Elusive Republic;                Typical readings: Badger, The New Deal;
Watson, Liberty and Power; Sheriff, The Artificial            McElvaine, Down and Out in the Great Depres-
River; Rorabaugh, The Alcoholic Republic;                     sion; Brinkley, Voices of Protest; Ellis, Eye Deep in
Greenberg, Confessions of Nat Turner; Dublin,                 Hell; Lewis, Babbitt
Women at Work; Abzug, Cosmos Crumbling
                                                              312 The United States Since 1939 This course
306 The Civil War and Reconstruction, 1840-                   surveys American history from the start of World
1877 This course examines America’s pivotal                   War II to the presidency of Jimmy Carter,
middle period, a period of rising sectional tensions,         covering foreign and domestic affairs. Subjects
bloody civil war, and protracted debate about the             include origins of the Cold War, diplomacy in
promise and limits of equality in the United States.          the nuclear age, McCarthyism, the Korean War,
Among the topics covered are the meaning of                   the affluent society, the civil rights and black
freedom in antebellum America, territorial                    power movements, the Vietnam War and its
expansion and the development of slavery as a                 consequences, youth culture in the 1960s, the
political issue, the collapse of the national party           women’s movement, the Watergate crisis, and
system and the secession crisis, the meaning of the           the dilemmas of the postwar American economy.
American Civil War, and the postwar settlement of             Special attention is paid to the state of politics
reconstruction. (Tetrault, offered annually)                  and the problems of studying recent historical
  Typical readings: Holt, Political Crisis of the             events. (Singal, offered annually)
1850s; Stowe, Uncle Tom’s Cabin; Durrill, War of                Typical readings: Sherwin, A World Destroyed;
Another Kind; Oates, With Malice Toward None;                 Ambrose, Rise to Globalism; Alexander, Holding the
Foner, A Short History of Reconstruction;                     Line; Kennedy, Thirteen Days; Halberstam, The
Douglass, Narrative of the Life of an American                Making of a Quagmire; Schell, The Time of Illusion
Slave; Linderman, Embattled Courage
                                                              313 Darwin and the Darwinian Revolution
307 The American Revolution This course                       This course first examines the life and work of
explores the origins and major events of the                  Charles Darwin focusing on the genesis of his
American Revolution, from the French and Indian               theory of evolution and then explores the
War through the ratification of the Constitution.             ramifications of the Darwinian revolution both
Special attention is given to the development of              for the natural and human sciences and for
Revolutionary ideology, the social and economic               broader religious, cultural, and political life. The
changes of the Revolutionary period, the role                 course investigates what the Darwinian
women and African Americans played in the                     revolution tells about scientific revolutions and
struggle, and competing interpretations of the                about the use and abuse of science in the modern
Revolution by scholars. (Offered annually)                    world. The emphasis will be on Darwinian
   Typical readings: Bailyn, The Ideological Origins          revolution in Europe, but attention will be paid
of the American Revolution; Kerber, Women of the              to Darwin’s fate in the Americas and Asia.
Republic; Wood, The Radicalism of the American                (Linton, offered alternate years)
Revolution; Nash, Forging Freedom                               Typical readings: Darwin, Voyage of the Beagle,
                                                              Origin of Species, Descent of Man; Brown, Charles
310 The Rise of Industrial America The main                   Darwin: Voyaging; Ruse, The Darwinian
theme of this course is the multiple meanings for             Revolution; Paul, Controlling Human Heredity
diverse Americans of the triumph of an urban/
industrial society in the late 19th and early 20th



                                                        209
                                                 HISTORY


314 Aquarian Age: The 1960s The era known                   What effects do they have on patterns of wealth,
as the “sixties” was a time of relentless change in         the exercise of power, the natural environment,
which all facets of American life seemed to                 and the construction of identities locally,
undergo a vast transformation. This course                  nationally, and globally? This interdisciplinary
examines the sources and nature of that change,             course draws readings and theories from such
paying particular attention to the realms of                disciplines as urban planning, sociology, and
culture, personal identity, and politics. Students          environmental studies as well as history. (Hood,
study the earlier part of the 20th century to               offered annually)
locate the forces that gave rise to the Aquarian              Typical readings: Hall, Cities in Civilization;
impulses of the 1960s and the reaction that                 Abu-Lughod, New York, Chicago, Los Angeles;
developed against them, and decide whether or               Page, The Creative Destruction of Manhattan,
not the legacy left behind by the 1960s should be           1900-1940; Ladd, Ghosts of Berlin; Lee, Shanghai
considered beneficial. (Singal, offered annually)           Modern; Davis, Ecology of Fear
  Typical readings: Farber, The Age of Great
Dreams; Englehardt, The End of Victory Culture;             317 Women’s Rights Movements in the U.S.
Burner and West, The Torch is Passed; Anderson,             This course examines the creation and
The Movement and the Sixties; Gould, 1968: The              development of women’s rights movements in
Election that Changed America; Kunen, The                   the United States in the 19th and 20th centuries
Strawberry Statement; Roszak, The Making of a               – two centuries that witnessed the explosion of
Counter Culture                                             movements for women’s emancipation. Students
                                                            explore the social, legal, political and economic
315 Nationalism in Europe This course explores              conditions of women at different historical
the development of nationalism in Western                   moments along with the efforts of women (and
Europe from the 18th century through WWI.                   men) to change those conditions. Women often
The course emphasizes the development of                    differed about what the most important issues
nationalism in France and in the British Isles. In          facing their sex were. Consequently, this course
the French case, emphasis falls on the early link           examines not only the issues that have united
between nationalism and revolutionary                       women, but also the issues that have divided
democracy; the nationalization of peasant                   them. (Tetrault, offered alternate years)
populations by state and market in the nine-                  Typical readings: DuBois, Feminism and Suffrage;
teenth century; and the migration of nationalism            Rosen, World Split Open; Lorde, Sister Outsider
from political left to political right in the 1880s
and 1890s. In exploring British nationalism the             325 Medicine and Public Health in Modern
principal themes are the relationship between               Europe This course examines the
nationalism and class hegemony, and the failure             “medicalization” of Europe—the conquest of
of British nationalism to successfully assimilate           infectious disease and consequently increasing
Ireland. Considerable attention is devoted to the           life spans, the triumph of the medical profession
major social-scientific attempts to conceptualize           legitimated by scientific credentials, the
nationalism and to trace its historical origins.            development and growth of medical institutions
(Shovlin, offered annually)                                 including the clinic, hospital, and research
  Typical readings: Anderson, Imagined                      institute, and the transformation of health care
Communities; Bell, The Cult of the Nation in                into a central public policy issue. It explores the
France; Boyce, Nationalism in Ireland; Colley,              impact of medicalization on European culture
Britons; Deutsch, Nationalism and Social                    and mentality by examining literary and artistic
Communication; Gellner, Nations and Nationalism;            representations of disease and medicine. (Linton,
Weber, Peasants into Frenchmen                              offered alternate years)
                                                               Typical readings: Foucault, The Birth of the
316 Metropolis This course examines the history             Clinic; Latour, The Pasteurization of France;
and prospects of major metropolises such as New             Evans, Death in Hamburg; Proctor, Racial
York, London, Tokyo, Berlin, and Shanghai. As               Hygiene: Medicine Under the Nazis
the international economy has become
interconnected, these cities have become centers            336 History of American Thought to 1865
of economic and political decisions that                    This course traces the development of major
reverberate worldwide. Students explore these               ideas in a broad array of fields, including politics,
metropolises’ social structures, physical                   religion, psychology, and history, through the
landscapes, political systems, and memory                   Civil War era. While it focuses chiefly on formal
cultures, asking such questions as: What factors            thought, it also pays attention to trends in
make a city a “global” one? How, and why, are               popular culture and to the social context. It
these metropolises alike and how are they                   relies heavily on primary source readings, a
different? How do their residents respond to rapid          number of which are literary in character. Some
growth, disasters, and other urban problems?                questions examined involve the relationship



                                                      210
                                                  HISTORY


between intellectual and social change, the                   that, since the mid-20th century, has increasingly
distinctiveness of American thought, and the                  valued egalitarianism? What is the importance of
role of an intellectual elite in a democratic                 elites for social inequality, economic growth, and
society. (Singal, offered alternate years)                    race, ethnicity, and gender? How are changing
  Typical readings: Tracy, Jonathan Edwards,                  understandings of rank, class, wealth, and equality
Pastor; Paine, Common Sense; Wilson, Figures of               reflected in the cultural realm, especially in the
Speech; Jefferson, Notes on Virginia; Sklar,                  “self-help” literature? How is opposition to elites
Catherine Beecher; Stowe, Uncle Tom’s Cabin                   expressed politically and culturally? (Hood, offered
                                                              alternate years)
337 History of American Thought Since 1865                      Typical readings: Breen, Tobacco Culture;
This course covers the history of American thought            Franklin, Autobiography; Beckert, The Monied
and culture from the late Victorian period to the             Metropolis; Jaher, Urban Establishment, Mills,
present, examining forces that led Americans to               Power Elite; Carnegie, How to Win Friends and
rebel against the Victorian world view and which              Influence People; Brooks, Bobos in Paradise
were responsible for the rise of Modernism. Social
and political thought are emphasized, but the rise of         364 Seminar: African History The seminar
the social sciences, new philosophical movements,             examines the nature and scope of the contempo-
theology and aesthetics, American identity, the               rary African predicament. Few observers would
emergence of the university as a major cultural               contest that the African continent is faced with a
institution, and the role of the intellectual in              serious and multifaceted crisis that adversely
modern America are also discussed. There is no                affects the lives of ordinary people; but there is no
prerequisite, but HIST 336 is recommended.                    agreement on the fundamental causes—nor on
(Singal, offered alternate years)                             the possible solutions. Whereas some locate the
  Typical readings: Bellamy, Looking Backward;                roots in the colonial systems and other exogenous
Adams, The Education of Henry Adams; James, The               factors, others blame the postcolonial govern-
Will to Believe and Other Essays; Dewey, The School           ments. This class assesses both perspectives in
and Society; Singal, Modernist Culture in America             light of the historical evidence. (Tareke, offered
                                                              alternate years)
340 Seminar: Faulkner and the Southern                          Typical readings: Hochschild, King Leopold’s
Historical Consciousness This seminar style                   Ghost; Fanon, The Wretched of the Earth; Davidson,
course examines the relationship between                      The Black Man’s Burden; Ayittey, Africa in Chaos;
William Faulkner’s literary works and his                     Chabal and Daloz, Africa Works; Wa Tiongo,
consciousness of his region’s past. It includes               Petals of Blood; Gourevitch, We Wish to Inform You
intensive reading of four or five of his major
novels to determine the ways in which Southern                367 Women and the State: Russia When we
history shaped Faulkner’s thought, paying special             learn the history of a country we often actually
attention to the technique and structure of his               learn the history of the State. This course instead
art as a prime source of evidence. Particular                 explores the history of one European country
attention is paid to such topics as the heroic                (Russia) from the perspective of the majority of
myth of the Southern aristocracy; his treatment               its population (women and the young). Students
of race; his attitudes toward nature and the                  examine how the Russian state grew out of the
wilderness; and his depiction of Southern                     ancient Russian family system; how most
women. (Singal, offered annually)                             Russians assumed the juridical status of children
  Typical readings: Faulkner, Flags in the Dust,              within the system of serfdom; how these
The Sound and the Fury, Light in August, Absalom,             developments sharpened the authoritarianism of
Absalom!, Go Down, Moses                                      Russian patriarchy and politics; how Russian
                                                              liberals have struggled for two centuries to
352 Who Wants To Be A Millionaire: Elites in                  cultivate the linked institutions of civil liberty
America Exercising power that is entirely                     and romantic love; and how the capitalism of
disproportionate to their small numbers, elites have          today’s Russia has produced contradictory
shaped American society by making political and               consequences for the majority of the Russian
economic decisions and by influencing cultural                people. (McNally, offered alternate years)
values. This seminar explores the history, social               Typical readings: Pouncy, The Domostroi;
composition, and power of elites in American                  Stites, The Women’s Movement in Russia; Tolstoi,
history by asking questions such as: What groups              Anna Karenina; Bridger, No More Heroines
should be considered elites? Who belongs to elites,
who doesn’t, and why? How have the makeup and                 371 Life Cycles: The Family in History Historical
authority of elites changed in U.S. history? How do           transformations in child birthing techniques and
elites use power and understand themselves and                child rearing patterns are juxtaposed with emerging
their roles? How do elites seek to legitimate                 notions of “childhood” and “adulthood” in order to
themselves in a society that prizes democracy and             clarify both the practical and philosophical



                                                        211
                                                     HISTORY


foundations of marriage and patriarchy. (Flynn,                   Typical readings: Wilson, To The Finland Station;
Spring, offered alternate years)                                Graham, Ghost of the Executed Engineer; Meisner,
  Typical readings: Sappho’s poetry; Ozment, The                Marxism, Maoism and Utopianism; Tucker, The
Burgermeister’s Daughter; Goethe, The Sorrows of                Marxian Revolutionary Idea; Marx & Engels, Marx
Young Werther; G. Ruggiero, Binding Passions;                   and Engels Reader; Harrington, Socialism
Shahar, Growing Old
                                                                461 Seminar: War and Peace in the Middle East
375 Seminar: Western Civilization and Its                       This seminar examines some of the major wars that
Discontents Seven of the Western world’s most                   took place in the region between 1948 and 1991,
searing critiques of the “civilizing process” form              paying particular attention to their origins, strategies
the basis of discussions concerning the distur-                 and tactics: Why and how were they fought and
bances and the promises of modern existence.                    won or lost? (Tareke, offered alternate years)
(Flynn, Spring, offered alternate years)                          Typical readings: Keegan, A History of Warfare;
  Typical readings: Rousseau, Discourse on                      von Clausewitz, War, Politics, and Power; Herzog,
Inequality; Brown, Life Against Death; Elias, The               The Arab-Israeli Wars; O’Ballance, No Victor, No
Civilizing Process; Freud, Civilization and its                 Vanquished
Discontents; Eisler, R., Sacred Pleasure, Daniel
Quinn, Beyond Civilization                                      463 Topics in American History (Offered
                                                                annually)
390 The Modern Transformations of China and
Japan This course compares and contrasts the                    469 Seminar: Global Cities This seminar
histories of China and Japan from approximately                 examines global cities—urban agglomerations
1800 to the present. Topics include the military                having world-wide significance. As the interna-
and political humiliation of China by the West                  tional economy has become more interconnected,
in the 19th century, the restructuring of Japanese              major cities have become centers of economic
society following the Meiji Restoration,                        and political decisions and social experience with
emergence of Japan as the dominant Asian                        worldwide effects. And, as the terrorist attack of
economic and military power, Sino-Japanese War                  Sept. 11, 2001, made clear, global cities have also
of 1894-95, “Nationalist Revolution” in China,                  become targets of aggrieved groups that view
“failure” of liberal democracy in Japan, Second                 them as sources of injustice. This raises important
World War, American occupation of Japan,                        questions: what makes a city a “global” one? What
Communist Revolution in China, and modern-                      conditions facilitate and limit global cities’ reach?
ization efforts of both countries since 1950.                   Are national and local identities changing
Prerequisite: History 102, Asian Studies 101, or                because of globalization, and, if so, how? Are
permission of the instructor. (Atwell, Spring)                  global cities instruments of imperial domination?
                                                                Or are global cities engines of economic growth
394 Russia and Central Asia This course traces                  and modernity? Students consider these questions,
the converging stories of two culturally distinct               and critically analyze globalization theory itself,
culture areas: Russia and Central Asia. Students                by exploring the history of selected global cities.
start with geography, trace the rise of Orthodox                (Hood, offered annually)
and Moslem states and then examine their                          Typical readings: Sassen, The Global City;
interactions through the Mongol Conquests, the                  Seidensticker, Tokyo Rising: The City since the Great
expansion of the Russian/Soviet Empires and the                 Earthquake; Davis, Ecology of Fear: Los Angeles and
implications for Russia and Central Asia of the                 the Imagination of Disaster; Hall, Cities in Civilization
Soviet collapse. (McNally, offered alternate years)
  Typical readings: Wesson, The Russian Dilemma;                492 Seminar: Chinese History Intended for
Halperin, Russia and the Golden Horde;                          advanced students of Chinese history and
Cherniavsky, “Khan or Basileus”; Kotkin and Wolff,              society, the contents of this course change with
Rediscovering Russia in Asia; d’Encausse, Islam and the         the interests of the students and the instructor.
Russian Empire; Lentzeff, Eastward to Empire                    Prerequisite: HIST 290, HIST 291, or permission
                                                                of the instructor. (Atwell, offered alternate years)
396 History and the Fate of Socialism: Russia and
China This course studies Marxian Socialism as a                493 Seminar in Japanese History Intended for
product of history, as a lens through which to view             advanced students of Japanese history and
past, present and future history and as a shaper of             society, the contents of this course change with
history. After introduction to the fundamentals                 the interests of the students and the instructor
(only) of Marx’s thought, we will examine how                   Prerequisite: HIST 292 or permission of the
those ideas played out during the great 20th century            instructor. (Atwell, offered alternate years)
revolutions in Russia and China. Finally, we will
spend a few weeks thinking about uses of socialism
today in a possibly Post Marxian world. (McNally,
offered alternate years)


                                                          212
                                    HOLOCAUST STUDIES


HOLOCAUST STUDIES                                      COURSES
                                                       Core Group 1
Program Faculty                                        REL 271        History of the Holocaust
                                                       REL 401        Literary and Theological Responses to
Michael Dobkowski, Religious Studies,                                 the Holocaust
 Coordinator                                           HIST 269       Modern Germany: 1764-1996
Scott Brophy, Philosophy                               HIST 271       Nazi Germany
Derek Linton, History
                                                       Core Group 2
The Holocaust, 1933-1945, was a human                  REL 270        Modern Jewish History
                                                       REL 273        The Foundations of Jewish Thought
disaster of unprecedented proportions.
                                                       REL 276        History of Eastern European Jewry,
Mass murder by “lawful” decree reached                                1648-1945
extraordinary proportions when a faceless              REL 278        Jewish Life and Thought in Modern
and mindless bureaucracy combined with                                Times
passionate hatred to lay waste European                SOC 221        Sociology of Minorities
Jewish culture and millions of its practitio-          SOC 222        Social Change
ners. As a result, concepts of civilization            PHIL 130       Moral Dilemmas: Limiting Liberty
                                                       POL 180        Introduction to International Relations
were undermined, cherished ideas such as
                                                       POL 348        Racism and Other Hatreds
rationalism and progress as the basis for              MDLN 358       From Weimar to Hitler
societal conduct were challenged, and the
power of the churches and their teachings              Social Sciences Electives
were called into question. Intellect and               POL 150        Introduction to Comparative Politics
goodwill accounted for little in the Nazi era.         POL 215        Minority Group Politics
    The Holocaust studies minor provides               POL 348        Racism and Hatreds
                                                       SOC 224        Social Deviance
an opportunity to study the Holocaust and
                                                       SOC 228        Social Conflict
its impact on society. This enterprise must            SOC 256        Power and Powerlessness
go beyond history and religion, because the            SOC 258        Social Problems
Holocaust cannot be understood without                 SOC 325        Moral Sociology and the Good
knowledge of the dynamics of prejudice, of                            Society
propaganda, of political and social
organization, of social and psychological              Humanities Electives
                                                       EDUC 202       Human Growth and Development
deviance, or of the history of Judaism and             HIST 238       World Wars in Global Perspectives
the Jewish people. Holocaust study is by its           HIST 269       Modern Germany: 1764-1996
very nature interdisciplinary.                         HIST 272       Age of Dictators
                                                       PHIL 150       Philosophy and Contemporary Issues:
REQUIREMENTS FOR THE MINOR                                            Justice and Equality
interdisciplinary, 6 courses                           PHIL 151       Philosophy and Contemporary Issues:
                                                                      Crime and Punishment
Two courses from Core Group 1, one
                                                       PHIL 235       Morality and Self Interest in 20th
course from either Core Group 1 or 2, and                             Century Culture
three other courses from either of the Core            PHIL 236       Philosophy of Law
Groups or the electives. At least two of the           REL 108        Religion and Alienation in 20th-
courses must be from the social sciences                              Century Culture
and at least two from the humanities; no
more than three of the courses may be from
any one department.




                                                 213
                                INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS


INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS                                relations as an established subfield of
                                                       political science. This core is comple-
Program Faculty                                        mented by an interdisciplinary approach
Kevin Dunn, Political Science, Coordinator             that encourages students to recognize that
Bahar Davary, Religious Studies                        the collective “imagining” of interna-
Jack Harris, Sociology                                 tional affairs is also expressed through
Marilyn Jiménez, Africana Studies                      literature, art, and music. As a result, the
Judith McKinney, Economics                             program is flexible in its design, and
Scott McKinney, Economics                              adaptable to students’ interests regarding
David Ost, Political Science                           relevant themes, world regions, and
Richard Salter, Religious Studies                      disciplinary perspectives.
John Shovlin, History                                      Note that where a language course is
Virginia Tilley, Political Science                     listed under area studies or one of the
                                                       concentrations, it can both satisfy the
The program in international relations                 area studies or concentration requirement
examines questions of power, order,                    and count toward language competency.
cooperation, and conflict that emerge as
national and international actors relate               REQUIREMENTS FOR THE MAJOR (B.A.)
across state boundaries. Such actors                   interdisciplinary, 10 courses
include states as well as international                Political Science 180 International
organizations like the United Nations,                 Relations, three other core courses, at least
transnational advocacy groups (such as                 one at the 300-level or above, three
environmental and human rights                         courses beyond the introductory course in
networks), multinational corporations,                 one concentration, one course in each of
ethnic and racial groups, and labor                    two area studies course groups dealing with
sectors. Patterns include diplomacy and                regions outside of North America, and an
war, exchanges of commodities and ideas,               elective course (which may be a language
ethnic conflict, transnational networking,             course). In addition, international
and the flow of people and problems                    relations majors must demonstrate
across state borders.                                  competence in a foreign language
    The program also includes theoretical              equivalent to four semesters of language
studies of why these actors do as they do—             study. Of the 10 courses counted toward
from the pursuit of national self-interest, to         the major, at least three must be from the
the promotion of universal standards of                social sciences and at least two must be
justice, to personal or group gain. The                from the humanities.
major in particular encourages students to
explore how aspects of the international               REQUIREMENTS FOR THE MINOR
system, such as security and trade regimes,            interdisciplinary, 5 courses
are fluid and ever-changing, how they                  Political Science 180 International
have emerged over time, and how they are               Relations, one other core course, two
presently being “re-imagined” and                      courses beyond the introductory course in
re-constructed by an increasingly diverse              one concentration, and one area studies
range of actors.                                       course from a region outside of North
    For its core curriculum, the interna-              America. Of the five courses counted
tional relations program rests on the                  toward the minor, at least two courses must
extensive body of theory and literature                be from the social sciences and at least one
already developed within international                 course must be from the humanities.



                                                 214
                                         INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS


CROSSLISTED COURSES                                                 Transnational Issues
Courses taken on study abroad programs are also                     ALST 240    Third World Women’s Texts
regularly credited toward the International Relations               ANTH 205    Race, Class and Ethnicity
program; consult in advance with a program adviser                  ANTH 227    Intercultural Communication
about petitioning.                                                  ANTH 280    Environment and Culture: Cultural
Core Courses                                                                    Ecology
ANTH 110         Introduction to Cultural Anthropology              ECON 212    Environmental Economics
ANTH 206         Early Cities                                       POL 348     Racism and Hatreds
ECON 240         International Trade                                POL 481     Seminar: International Travel
HIST 102         Modern World                                       REL 108     Religion and Alienation
HIST 375         Seminar: Western Civilization and its              REL 228     Religion and Resistance
                 Discontents                                        REL 240     What is Christianity?
POL 180          International Relations                            REL 241     Rastaman and Christ
POL 290          American Foreign Policy                            REL 270     Modern Jewish History
POL 380          International Relations Theory                     REL 305     Tongues of Fire
POL 394          Identity and International Relations               SOC 228     Social Conflict
POL 416          Ethnic and Racial Conflict                         SOC 249     Technology and Society
POL 417          Seminar: Identity in International Affairs         SOC 256     Power and Powerlessness
                                                                    SOC 258     Social Problems
CONCENTRATIONS                                                      SOC 271     Sociology of Environmental Issues
Note: These are sample listings. Courses may fulfill                SOC 325     Moral Sociology and the Good Society
more than concentration or area study; consult an
IR adviser.                                                         Conflict, War and Peace
Comparative and International Political                             ANTH 205    Race, Class and Ethnicity
Economy                                                             ANTH 227    Intercultural Communication
ECON 233         Comparative Economics                              HIST 238    The World Wars in Global Perspective
ECON 240         International Trade                                MDSC 223    War, Words and War Imagery
ECON 344         Economic Development                               MDSC 224    Age of Propaganda, I
ECON 425         Seminar: Public Macroeconomics                     MDSC 224    Age of Propaganda, II
POL 140          Introduction to Comparative World                  PHIL 154    The Morality of War and Nuclear
                 Politics                                                       Weapons
POL 248          Politics of Development                            PHIL 155    Issues: Morality of War and Nuclear
                                                                                Weapons
Politics, Society and Development                                   POL 283     Terrorism
ANTH 220         Sex Roles: A Cross-Cultural                        POL 416     Seminar: Ethnic Conflict
                 Perspective
ANTH 247         Urban Anthropology                                 AREA STUDIES
BIDS 229         Two Cities: New York and Toronto                   Africa
BIDS 235         Third World Experience                             ALST 214    Senegal: An Orientation
BIDS 280         Women’s Narratives of Wealth and                   ALST 216    African Literature II: National
                 Power                                                          Literatures of Africa
ECON 310         Economics and Gender                               ANTH 290    Pharaohs, Fellahin, and Fantasy
ECON 344         Economic Development                               ANTH 296    African Cultures
EDUC 345         Women, Nature and Science                          ANTH 352    Builders and Seekers
POL 140          Introduction to Comparative World                  CLAS 228    Classical and African Epic
                 Politics                                           FRE 351     Advanced Francophone Topics:
SOC 201          Sociology of International                                     Francophone African Fiction
                 Development                                        FRE 352     Advanced Francophone Topics:
SOC 221          Sociology of Minorities                                        Maghreb Literature
SOC 226          Sociology of Sex and Gender                        HIST 283    South Africa in Transition
SOC 233          Women in the Third World                           HIST 284    Africa: From Colonialism to
SOC 240          Gender and Development                                         Neocolonialism
SOC 251          Sociology of the City                              MUS 217     Folk and Traditional Music of Africa
SOC 340          Feminist Sociological Theory                                   and the Americas
                                                                    POL 259     African Politics



                                                              215
                                 INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS


East Asia                                                Latin America and the Caribbean
ANTH 298    Modern Japan                                 ANTH 297      Peoples and Cultures of Latin America
ART 220     Arts of China                                ECON 135      Latin American Economies
ART 252     Japanese Art and Culture                     ECON 425      Public Macroeconomics
ART 253     Buddhist Art and Architecture                ECON 435      Political Economy of Latin America
ASN 209     The Golden Age of Chinese Culture            ENG 372       20th-Century Latin American
ASN 220     Male and Female in East Asian                              Literature
            Societies                                    FRNE 218      French Caribbean
ASN 231     Tibetan Mandala Painting                     HIST 226      Colonial Latin America
ASN 312     Literary and Historic Meaning in             HIST 231      Modern Latin America
            China                                        LTAM 210      Perspectives on Latin America
ASN 313     Tibet Incarnate                              LTAM 308      Latin American/Latino Cinema
ASN 342     Chinese Cinema: Gender, Politics,            POL 255       Politics of Latin American
            and Social Change in Contemporary                          Development
            China                                        SPAN 316      Voces De Mujeres
FRNE 313    Vietnamese Literature in Translation         SPAN 317      Arte y Revolucion
HIST 291    Late Imperial China                          SPAN 321      Cuentos, Cuentistas y Cuenteros de
HIST 292    Traditional Japan                                          America Latina
HIST 390    The Modern Transformations of China          SPAN 346      Latin American Women’s Narratives
            and Japan                                    SPNE 355      Garcia Marquez: The Major Works
HIST 394    Russia and Asia
HIST 396    History and the Fate of Socialism            Middle East
HIST 492    Seminar: Chinese History                     ART 249       Islamic Art and Architecture
HIST 493    Seminar: Japanese History                    ASN 102       Istanbul and the Ottoman World
MUS 216     Musics of Asia                               HIST 285      The Middle East: Roots of Conflict
MUS 217     Folk and Traditional Music of Africa         POL 258       Middle East Politics
            and the Americas                             REL 219       Introduction to Islamic Tradition
POL 257     Russia and China Unraveled                   REL 236       Gender and Islam
REL 315     Japanese Religions                           REL 274       Zionism, Israel and the Middle East
SOC 291     Society in India                                           Conflict
SOC 299     Sociology of Vietnam                         REL 321       Muslim Women in Literature

European Politics                                        Russia and Central Asia
CLAS 202    Athens in the Age of Pericles                ART 256       Art of Russian Revolution
FRNE 341    Boulevard Saint-Germain                      ECON 146      Russian Economy: From Plan to
HIST        All history courses in the European                        Market
            history section are applicable               HIST 260      Peter the Great to 1917
POL 243     Europe After Communism                       HIST 261      20th Century Russia
POL 245     Politics of the New Europe                   HIST 367      Women and the State: Russia
POL 257     Russia and China Unraveled                   HIST 396      History and the Fate of Socialism
REL 271     The Holocaust                                POL 257       Russia and China Unraveled
REL 276     History of East European Jewry
REL 401     Literary and Theological Responses
            to the Holocaust
SPAN 336    Spain: The Making of a Nation
SPAN 362    Generations of 1898 and 1927




                                                   216
                                         JAPANESE


JAPANESE                                           COURSE DESCRIPTIONS
                                                   101 Beginning Japanese I This course provides
                                                   an introduction to modern spoken Japanese.
Program Faculty                                    Open to seniors only by permission. (Holland,
James-Henry Holland II, Asian Studies,             Spring, offered annually)
  Coordinator
                                                   102 Beginning Japanese II This course is a
                                                   continuation of JPN 101. Prerequisite: JPN 101
The Japanese program does not offer a              or placement by instructor. (Holland, Fall, offered
major or minor in Japanese. However,               annually)
students interested in Japanese language
                                                   201 Intermediate Japanese I Prerequisite: JPN
study are encouraged to consider the               102 or placement by instructor. (Holland, Spring,
interdisciplinary major or minor in Asian          offered annually)
studies, which can include a significant
Japanese language component. For such a            202 Intermediate Japanese II Prerequisite: JPN
                                                   201 or placement by instructor. (Holland, Fall,
major, four language credits are required,         offered annually)
and up to seven credits may be applied.
For an individual minor in Asian studies           301 Advanced Japanese I Prerequisite: JPN 202
                                                   or placement by instructor. (Holland, Spring,
with a Japan focus, two credits are                offered annually)
required, and up to four credits are
possible. For further details, see the             302 Advanced Japanese II Prerequisite: JPN
information on the Department of Asian             301 or placement by instructor. (Holland, Fall,
                                                   offered annually)
Languages and Cultures.
   Study abroad programs in Japan are              450 Independent Study
available on an individual basis for
advanced students. Students who have
taken Japanese language classes before,
and believe they should start somewhere
other than with JPN 101, please contact
Professor Holland for a placement
interview.




                                             217
                                 LATIN AMERICAN STUDIES


LATIN AMERICAN STUDIES                                 course, etc.). At least two of the 10 courses
                                                       in the major must be from the advanced
Program Faculty                                        Latin American studies group.
Scott McKinney, Economics, Coordinator
Robert Andolina, Political Science                     REQUIREMENTS FOR THE MINOR
Michael Bogin, Art                                     interdisciplinary, 5 courses
Judith-Maria Buechler, Anthropology                    At least two courses in a primary concen-
Marisa DeSantis, Spanish and Hispanic                  tration of a) humanities or b) history and
  Studies                                              social sciences, and at least two courses
Marilyn Jiménez, Africana Studies                      outside the primary concentration; and at
Juan Liébana, Spanish and Hispanic                     least one Spanish language course at the
  Studies                                              102 level or above.
Alejandra Molina, Spanish and Hispanic
  Studies                                              CROSSLISTED COURSES
Beth Newell, Biology                                   Humanities
                                                       ALST 200     Ghettoscapes
Edgar Paiewonsky-Conde, Spanish and
                                                       ALST 240     Third World Women's Texts
  Hispanic Studies                                     ALST 311     The Latino Experience
Richard Salter, Religious Studies                      FRNE 218     French Caribbean
Virginia Tilley, Political Science                     LTAM 308     Latin American Cinema
                                                       MUS 217      Folk and Traditional Music of Africa
The Latin American studies program                                  and the Americas
provides students with an understanding                REL 205      Tongues of Fire
                                                       REL 238      Liberating Theology
of the many facets of Latin America: its
                                                       REL 241      Rastaman and Christ
literature and history, its culture, econom-           SPAN 316     Voces de Mujeres
ics, and politics, including the Latino                SPAN 317     Arte y Revolución
experience in the United States.                       SPAN 321     Cuentos de América Latina
    The Latin American studies program                 SPNE 330     Latina Writing in the United States
offers an interdisciplinary major and
minor. The cross-listed courses and many               Advanced Humanities
                                                       SPNE 345     The Paradoxes of Fiction
courses taken abroad on the programs in                SPAN 346     Latin American Women’s Narratives
Ecuador/Peru, Brazil, Mexico, and the                  SPAN 355     Garcia Marquéz: The Major Works
Dominican Republic count for the major                 SPAN 460     Dramaturgas Mundo Hispano
and minor. All courses must be passed
with a grade of C- or better.                          History and Social Science
                                                       ANTH 297     Peoples and Cultures of Latin America
                                                       ANTH 326     Patterns and Processes in Ancient
REQUIREMENTS FOR THE MAJOR (B.A.)
                                                                    Mesoamerica Urbanism
interdisciplinary, 10 courses                          ECON 135     Latin American Economies
LTAM 210 Latin American Perspectives; at               HIST 226     Colonial Latin America
least one Spanish language course at the               HIST 231     Modern Latin America
122 level or higher; at least three courses in         POL 248      Politics of Development
a primary concentration of a) humanities or            POL 255      Politics of Latin American Development
b) history and social sciences, and at least           POL 351      Identity Politics: Indigenous
                                                                    Movements in Latin America
three courses outside the primary concentra-
tion; a senior year independent study; and a           Advanced History and Social Science
methods course (e.g., a social science                 ECON 425     Seminar: Public Macroeconomics
research methods course, a translation                 ECON 435     Political Economy of Latin America
                                                       POL 427      Seminar: Race in the Americas




                                                 218
                                         LAW AND SOCIETY


Methods                                                     LAW AND SOCIETY
ANTH 273       Ethnographic Research and Methods
ECON 202       Statistics
POL 263        Philosophy of Political Science
                                                            Program Faculty
SOC 211        Research Methods                             Steven Lee, Philosophy, Coordinator
SOC 212        Data Analysis                                Eric Barnes, Philosophy
SPAN 231       Translation I                                Scott Brophy, Philosophy
                                                            Richard Dillon, Anthropology
Other                                                       Paul Passavant, Political Science
LTAM 210       Latin American Perspectives
LTAM 450       Senior Independent Study
                                                            The law permeates our lives, shaping both
COURSE DESCRIPTIONS                                         our behavior and our sense of right and
210 Latin American Perspectives An interdisci-              wrong, often in ways in which we are not
plinary introduction to the region, also serving as         aware. But, as law has a great impact on
the introductory course in Latin American                   society, so too does society have a great
studies. This course first examines structural
characteristics of Latin America such as                    impact on law. As law has an internal
geography, the interaction of indigenous and                logic, represented by the reasoning of
European cultures, the economics of mining, and             judicial opinions, so does it have an
agricultural exports. Second, the course focuses            external logic, as it is affected by social
on artistic, literary, economic, and political
responses to these characteristics. (D’Agostino,            and historical forces. The purpose of the
offered alternate years)                                    law and society program is to provide an
  Typical readings: Weatherford, Indian Givers;             opportunity for students to study the
Thomsen, Living Poor; Barrios de Chungara, Let
Me Speak!; Alvarez, In the Time of the Butterflies
                                                            impact of law on society and of society on
                                                            law. We have come to understand in
222 Caribbean Literature and Politics This                  recent decades how law is a truly interdis-
survey course offers an interdisciplinary study of          ciplinary area of study. A number of
Caribbean literature focusing on the political
history of the region from 1898 to the present.             disciplines have something to contribute
Besides the literary texts, films and substantive           to our understanding of law. The law and
readings contribute to an examination of five               society program seeks to provide an
main topics: legacies of colonialism; race and
                                                            avenue to an understanding of law in this
ethnicity; constructed identities; U.S. dominance
and interventionism; and the Caribbean                      broader sense.
Diaspora.                                                      The law and society program offers an
                                                            interdisciplinary minor; it does not offer a
308 Latin American/Latino Cinema This course
consists of a study of the major Latin American             major. All course toward the minor must
and Latino filmmakers in an attempt to                      be completed with a grade of C- or higher.
understand the historical development and
political role of film in the Latin American                MINOR REQUIREMENTS
context. The developing major film centers in
Latin America are reviewed, including                       interdisciplinary, 6 courses
Argentina, Chile, Mexico, Brazil, Cuba; the                 Three core courses, at least one in each
developing cinema of Puerto Rico, Chicano and               category, and three electives. Of the six
other Latino groups in the United States is also
considered. Directors include: Sanjines, Alea,              courses in the minor, at least two must be
Littin, Gomez, Rocha. (Jiménez, offered alternate           from the social sciences, two must be from
years)                                                      the humanities, and no more than three
  Typical readings: Chanan, The Cuban Image;                may be in any one department. Courses in
Johnson, Brazilian Cinema; various articles by
Burton and others                                           any of the core categories may also be
                                                            taken as electives.




                                                      219
                            LESBIAN, GAY, AND BISEXUAL STUDIES


CROSSLISTED COURSES                                      LESBIAN, GAY, AND BISEXUAL
Political Perspective Core Courses                       STUDIES
POL 296      International Law
POL 332      American Constitutional Law
POL 333      Civil Rights                                Program Faculty
POL 334      Civil Liberties                             Susan Henking, Religious Studies,
POL 335      Law and Society                               Cooordinator
                                                         James-Henry Holland II, Asian Studies,
Philosophical Perspectives Core Courses                    Cooordinator
PHIL 150     Issues: Debating Public Policy              Michael Armstrong, Classics
PHIL 151     Issues: Crime and Punishment
PHIL 159     Advocacy and Argument
                                                         Betty Bayer, Women’s Studies
PHIL 236     Philosophy of Law                           Sigrid Carle, Biology
                                                         Leah Himmelhoch, Classics
Humanities Electives                                     Juan Liébana, Modern Languages
HIST 215     American Urban History                      DeWayne Lucas, Political Science
HIST 300     American Colonial History                   Eric Patterson, English
HIST 311     20th Century America: 1917 1941
                                                         Lee Quinby, English
HIST 312     The U.S. Since 1939
HIST 336     History of American Thought to 1865         Craig Rimmerman, Political Science
PHIL 150     Issues: Justice and Equality                Lisa Tetrault, History
PHIL 232     Liberty and Community
PHIL 235     Morality and Self Interest                  The program in lesbian, gay, and bisexual
                                                         studies seeks to understand the historical
Social Sciences Electives                                and cultural construction of sexuality. This
ANTH 247     Urban Anthropology
                                                         interdisciplinary program is
ECON 204     Business Law
ECON 212     Environmental Economics                     anti-homophobic in intent, offering courses
ECON 319     Forensic Economics                          that attend seriously to the experience of
POL 215      Minority Group Politics                     gay, lesbian, and bisexual people; to the
POL 225      American Presidency                         theoretical controversies surrounding sexual
POL 229      State and Local Government                  identities; and to the variety of scholarship
POL 236      Urban Politics and Public Policy            in this area. As a multi-disciplinary
POL 328      Environmental Policy
POL 375      Feminist Legal Theory                       enterprise drawing on a variety of method-
SOC 222      Social Change                               ological approaches, theoretical orienta-
SOC 228      Social Conflict                             tions, and substantive foci, the program
SOC 258      Social Problems                             examines subjectivity and identity, social
SOC 325      Moral Sociology and the Good                and economic roles, religious practice,
             Society                                     political praxis, literary productions, and
                                                         science. In so doing, the program enhances
                                                         educational development through
                                                         cross-divisional courses that explore how
                                                         social change and transformation might
                                                         follow from a comprehensive understanding
                                                         of the cultural diversity of sexual practice.
                                                             The program offers both a major and a
                                                         minor, both of which may be either
                                                         disciplinary or interdisciplinary, depend-
                                                         ing upon a student’s selection of courses.
                                                         No more than two course equivalents may
                                                         be counted toward the major.



                                                   220
                        LESBIAN, GAY, AND BISEXUAL STUDIES


   Core courses deal directly and                    REQUIREMENTS FOR THE MINOR
extensively with LGB issues. Elective                interdisciplinary, 5 courses
courses are not necessarily focused on               All of the requirements for the disciplin-
LGB issues, yet include these issues as a            ary minor, but the five courses of the
recurrent theme, constituting a consider-            minor must include courses in at least two
able portion of the readings and discus-             departments and at least two courses in
sions. Perspectives courses may not deal             each of two divisions (humanities, social
with LGB issues directly, but provide                sciences, natural sciences, and fine and
important theoretical and/or method-                 performing arts).
ological tools for their analysis.
   Additional courses offered occasionally           CROSSLISTED COURSES
may also count toward the major or minor             Core Courses
with the approval of faculty adviser and             AMST 310    Sexual Minorities in America
program coordinator(s).                              CLAS 230    Gender in Antiquity
                                                     ENG 281     Literature of Sexual Minorities
                                                     POL 219     Sexual Minority Movements and
REQUIREMENTS FOR THE MAJOR (B.A.)                                Public Policy
disciplinary, 10 courses                             REL 283     Que(e)rying Religious Studies
Two core courses; two perspective courses;
five additional courses selected either              Elective Courses
from the core group or the electives; and a          ALST 200    Ghettoscapes
capstone course, which can only be                   ALST 240    Third World Women’s Texts
                                                     ENG 304     Feminist Literary Theory
undertaken after completing at least eight           ENG 327     The Lyric
courses toward the major. The capstone               ENG 342     Readings in Multi-Ethnic Women’s
course should involve close work with a                          Literature
faculty adviser to create an internship,             ENG 381     Sexuality and American Literature
independent study, or Honors project                 LTAM 308    Latin American/Latino Cinema
which serves to integrate material from              POL 236     Urban Politics and Public Policy
                                                     POL 375     Feminist Legal Theory
throughout the major. The courses in a
                                                     PSY 275     Human Sexuality
major program must include at least one              REL 257     What’s Love Got to Do with It?
course from each division and at least               SOC 221     Sociology of Minorities
three courses in one division.                       SOC 226     Sociology of Sex and Gender
                                                     SPNE 314    Spanish Cinema: Buñuel to
REQUIREMENTS FOR THE MAJOR (B.A.)                                Almodóvar
interdisciplinary, 10 courses                        WMST 300    Feminist Theory
                                                     WMST 357    Self in American Culture
All of the requirements for the disciplin-
ary major, but, included within the 10               Perspectives Courses
courses, there must be work from at least            ANTH 110    Introduction to Cultural Anthropology
two departments and at least three courses           ANTH 230    Beyond Monogamy
in each of two or more divisions (humani-            BIDS 245    Men and Masculinity
ties, social sciences, natural sciences, and         DAN 214     Dance History III
                                                     ENG 291     Introduction to African-American
fine and performing arts).
                                                                 Literature I
                                                     HIST 269    Modern Germany: 1764-1996
REQUIREMENTS FOR THE MINOR                           HIST 279    Body Politics: Women and Health in
disciplinary, 5 courses                                          America
Two core courses; one perspective course;            HIST 317    Women’s Rights Movements in the U.S.
and two additional courses selected from             HIST 325    Medicine and Public Health in
either the core group or the electives.                          Modern Europe
                                                     HIST 371    Life-Cycles: The Family in History



                                               221
                       MATHEMATICS AND COMPUTER SCIENCE


MDSC 100   Introduction to Media and Society         MATHEMATICS AND COMPUTER
PEHR 212   Making Connections
PEHR 214   Teaching for Change
                                                     SCIENCE
PSY 230    Biopsychology
POL 175    Introduction to Feminist Theory           Kevin Mitchell, Ph.D.; Professor,
REL 109    Imagining American Religion(s)              Department Chair
SOC 230    The Sociology of Everyday Life
                                                     David Belding, Ph.D.; Associate Professor
SOC 258    Social Problems
SOC 259    Social Movements                          Stina Bridgeman, Ph.D.; Assistant
WMST 100   Introduction to Women’s Studies             Professor
WMST 247   Psychology of Women                       Carol Critchlow, Ph.D., Associate
                                                       Professor
                                                     David Eck, Ph.D.; Professor
                                                     Erika King, Ph.D.; Assistant Professor
                                                     Dana Olanoff, M.S.; Instructor
                                                     Scotty Orr, M.S.; Instructor
                                                     John Vaughn, Ph.D.; Associate Professor

                                                     Mathematics has always been one of the
                                                     core subjects of a liberal arts education
                                                     because it promotes rigorous thinking and
                                                     problem solving ability. Many students
                                                     who major in mathematics go on to study
                                                     mathematics in graduate school or to
                                                     work in mathematically oriented
                                                     professions, but mathematics courses are
                                                     actively sought by students from all
                                                     academic divisions.
                                                         To meet the challenges, opportunities,
                                                     and responsibilities encountered after
                                                     graduation, mathematics majors are
                                                     encouraged to obtain a broad but firm
                                                     foundation in mathematics, to acquire
                                                     some skill in the use of mathematical
                                                     methods for dealing with problems from a
                                                     variety of disciplines, and to complement
                                                     these with some training in computer
                                                     science. Computer science is a rapidly
                                                     growing and changing field, with
                                                     applications across a broad range of
                                                     disciplines. The department offers a range
                                                     of applied and theoretical courses that
                                                     enable the student to use technology and
                                                     also to understand the fundamental and
                                                     enduring principles beyond applications.
                                                         The Department of Mathematics and
                                                     Computer Science offers two disciplinary
                                                     majors in mathematics (B.A. and B.S.),
                                                     each with an optional concentration in



                                               222
                       MATHEMATICS AND COMPUTER SCIENCE


applied mathematics, two disciplinary                REQUIREMENTS FOR THE MATHEMATICS
majors in computer science (B.A. and                 MINOR
B.S.), and disciplinary minors in math-              disciplinary, 5 courses
ematics and computer science. In addition            MATH 135 and four additional MATH
to the specific courses listed below, other          courses at the 130 level or above.
courses, such as bidisciplinary courses
taught by members of the department,                 REQUIREMENTS FOR THE COMPUTER
may be approved by the department for                SCIENCE MAJOR (B.A.)
credit toward a major.                               disciplinary, 10 courses
    To be counted toward the major or                CPSC 120, CPSC 124, CPSC 225, CPSC
minor, all courses must be passed with a             229, four additional computer science
grade of C- or better; the department                courses (excluding CPSC 450 and CPSC
strongly recommends courses be taken on              495), and two additional computer
a graded, rather than a credit/no credit,            science or other approved courses.
basis.
    A double major in mathematics and                REQUIREMENTS FOR THE COMPUTER
computer science involves completing the             SCIENCE MAJOR (B.S.)
requirements for each major provided the             disciplinary, 16 courses
majors include at least 16 distinct courses.         All of the requirements for the computer
                                                     science B.A., plus six additional courses in
REQUIREMENTS FOR THE MATHEMATICS                     the sciences.
MAJOR (B.A.)
disciplinary, 10 courses                             REQUIREMENTS FOR THE COMPUTER
MATH 135, MATH 204, and MATH                         SCIENCE MINOR
232; a concentration of MATH 331 and                 disciplinary, 5 courses
MATH 375 (mathematics concentration)                 CPSC 120, CPSC 124, and three
or MATH 350 and MATH 353 (applied                    additional computer science courses.
mathematics concentration); three
additional mathematics courses, two of               MATHEMATICS COURSE DESCRIPTIONS
which are at or above the 300 level and              100 Precalculus: Elementary Functions
one of which is at or above the 200 level;           Designed to help students prepare for the
and two additional courses from the                  calculus sequence, this course involves the study
                                                     of basic functions: polynomial, rational,
following categories-mathematics (200-               exponential, logarithmic, and trigonometric.
level or above), computer science (at or             Topics include a review of the real number
above CPSC 124), and courses in other                system, equations and inequalities, graphing
                                                     techniques, and applications of functions.
departments which complement the
                                                     Includes problem-solving laboratory sessions.
concentration (must be approved by                   Permission of instructor is required. This course
adviser and department).                             does not count toward the major or minor in
                                                     mathematics. (Offered each semester)
                                                       Typical reading: Larson and Hostetler,
REQUIREMENTS FOR THE MATHEMATICS                     Precalculus
MAJOR (B.S.)
disciplinary, 16 courses                             110 Discovering in Mathematics A study of
                                                     selected topics dealing with the nature of
All of the requirements for the mathemat-            mathematics, this course has an emphasis on its
ics B.A. and six additional courses in the           origins and a focus on mathematics as a creative
natural sciences (which may include                  endeavor. This course does not count toward the
MATH 130 and/or MATH 131).                           major or minor in mathematics. (Offered each
                                                     semester)
                                                       Typical reading: Smith, The Nature of
                                                     Mathematics



                                               223
                           MATHEMATICS AND COMPUTER SCIENCE


130 Calculus I This course offers a standard                 232 Multivariable Calculus A study of the
introduction to the concepts and techniques of               concepts and techniques of the calculus of
the differential calculus of functions of one                functions of several variables, this course is
variable. A problem solving lab is included as an            required for the major in mathematics.
integral part of the course. (Offered each semester)         Prerequisites: MATH 131. (Offered annually)
  Typical reading: Stewart, Calculus                           Typical reading: Stewart, Calculus

131 Calculus II This course is a continuation of             237 Differential Equations This course offers an
the topics covered in MATH 130 with an                       introduction to the theory, solution techniques,
emphasis on integral calculus, sequences, and                and applications of ordinary differential
series. A problem solving lab is an integral part of         equations. Models illustrating applications in the
the course. (Offered each semester)                          physical and social sciences are investigated. The
  Typical reading: Stewart, Calculus                         mathematical theory of linear differential
                                                             equations is explored in depth. Prerequisites:
135 First Steps into Advanced Mathematics                    MATH 232 and MATH 204 or permission of
This course emphasizes the process of mathemati-             instructor. (Offered annually)
cal reasoning, discovery, and argument. It aims to             Typical reading: Nagle, Saff, Snider,
acquaint students with the nature of mathematics             Fundamentals of Differential Equations
as a creative endeavor, demonstrates the methods
and structure of mathematical proof, and focuses             278 Number Theory This course couples
on the development of problem solving skills.                reason and imagination to consider a number of
Specific topics covered vary from year to year.              theoretic problems, some solved and some
This course is appropriate as a first course for             unsolved. Topics include divisibility, primes,
students interested in a mathematics major.                  congruencies, number theoretic functions,
MATH 135 is required for the major and minor                 primitive roots, quadratic residues, and quadratic
in mathematics. (Offered each semester)                      reciprocity, with additional topics selected from
                                                             perfect numbers, Fermat’s Theorem, sums of
204 Linear Algebra This course is an introduc-               squares, and Fibonacci numbers. Prerequisites:
tion to the concepts and methods of linear                   MATH 131 and MATH 204 or permission of
algebra. Among the most important topics are                 instructor. (Offered alternate years)
general vector spaces and their subspaces, linear              Typical reading: Burton, Elementary Number
independence, spanning and basis sets, solution              Theory
space for systems of linear equations, linear
transformations and their matrix representations,            320 Seminar for Mathematics Teachers
and inner products. It is designed to develop an             Designed for students intending to teach
appreciation for the process of mathematical                 mathematics at the secondary level, this seminar
abstraction and the creation of a mathematical               focuses on the phenomenon of mathematical
theory. Prerequisite: MATH 131, and MATH                     problem solving and explores ways teachers can
135 strongly suggested, or permission of                     shape the classroom experience so their students
instructor. Required for the major in mathemat-              develop good problem solving skills. After
ics. (Offered annually)                                      analyzing their own problem solving processes,
  Typical reading: Anton, Elementary Linear                  students in the seminar study several formal
Algebra                                                      theories of mathematical problem solving and
                                                             conduct an independent research project in
214 Applied Linear Algebra A continuation of                 which they analyze problem solving behavior in
linear algebra with an emphasis on applications.             other students. Prerequisites: MATH 331 and
Among the important topics are eigenvalues and               enrollment in the secondary mathematics
eigenvectors, diagonalization, and linear                    education program, permission of instructor.
programming theory. The course explores how                  (Offered occasionally)
the concepts of linear algebra are applied in                  Typical readings: Polya, How to Solve It;
various areas, such as, graph theory, game theory,           Schoenfeld, Mathematical Problem Solving
differential equations, Markov chains, and least
squares approximation. Prerequisite: MATH 204.               331 Foundations of Analysis I This course
(Offered alternate years)                                    offers a careful treatment of the definitions and
  Typical readings: Anton, Elementary Linear                 major theorems regarding limits, continuity,
Algebra; Rorres and Anton, Applications of Linear            differentiability, integrability, sequences, and
Algebra                                                      series for functions of a single variable. Required
                                                             for the mathematics concentration major.
                                                             Prerequisite: MATH 135 and MATH 204.
                                                             (Offered alternate years)
                                                               Typical reading: Belding and Mitchell,
                                                             Foundations of Analysis


                                                       224
                            MATHEMATICS AND COMPUTER SCIENCE


332 Foundations of Analysis II This course                   360 Foundations of Geometry An introduction
begins with a generalization of the notions of               to the axiomatic method as illustrated by neutral,
limit, continuity, and differentiability (devel-             Euclidean, and non-Euclidean geometries. Careful
oped in MATH 331), and extends them to the                   attention is given to proofs and definitions. The
two dimensional setting. Next, the Fundamental               historical aspects of the rise of non-Euclidean
Theorem of Calculus is extended to line integrals            geometry are explored. This course is highly
and then to Green’s Theorem. The course                      recommended for students interested in secondary
culminates with a brief introduction to analysis in          school teaching. Prerequisite: MATH 331 or
the complex plane. Prerequisites: MATH 232 and               MATH 375. (Offered alternate years)
MATH 331. (Offered occasionally)                               Typical reading: Greenberg, Euclidean and
  Typical reading: Belding and Mitchell,                     Non-Euclidean Geometries: History and Develop-
Foundations of Analysis                                      ment

350 Probability This is an introductory course               371 Topics in Mathematics Each time this
in probability with an emphasis on the                       course is offered, it covers a topic in mathematics
development of the student’s ability to solve                that is not usually offered as a regular course.
problems and build models. Topics include                    This course may be repeated for grade or credit.
discrete and continuous probability, random                  However, it cannot be counted more than once
variables, density functions, distributions, the Law         toward the fulfillment of requirements for a
of Large Numbers, and the Central Limit                      major in computer science or mathematics,
Theorem. Required for the applied concentration              except by permission of the department chair.
mathematics major. Prerequisite: MATH 232 or                 Prerequisite: MATH 135 and MATH 204 or
permission of instructor. (Offered annually)                 permission of instructor. (Offered occasionally)
  Typical reading: Ross, A First Course in
Probability                                                  375 Abstract Algebra I This course studies
                                                             abstract algebraic systems such as groups,
351 Mathematical Statistics This is a course in              examples of which are abundant throughout
the basic mathematical theory of statistics. It              mathematics. It attempts to understand the
includes the theory of estimation, hypothesis                process of mathematical abstraction, the
testing, and linear models, and, if time permits, a          formulation of algebraic axiom systems, and the
brief introduction to one or more further topics             development of an abstract theory from these
in statistics (e.g., nonparametric statistics,               axiom systems. An important objective of the
decision theory, experimental design). In                    course is mastery of the reasoning characteristic
conjunction with an investigation of the                     of abstract mathematics. Required for the
mathematical theory, attention is paid to the                mathematics concentration major. Prerequisite:
intuitive understanding of the use and limita-               MATH 135 and MATH 204 or permission of
tions of statistical procedures in applied                   the instructor. (Offered annually)
problems. Students are encouraged to investigate               Typical reading: Fraleigh, A First Course in
a topic of their own choosing in statistics.                 Abstract Algebra
Prerequisite: MATH 350. (Offered occasionally)
  Typical reading: Bain and Engelhardt,                      376 Abstract Algebra II This course is a
Introduction to Probability and Mathematical                 continuation of the study of algebraic systems
Statistics                                                   begun in MATH 375. Among the topics covered
                                                             are rings, fields, principal ideal domains, unique
353 Mathematical Models Drawing on linear                    factorization domains, Euclidean domains, field
algebra and differential equations, this course              extensions, and finite fields. The latter portion of
investigates a variety of mathematical models                the course emphasizes applications of group, ring,
from the biological and social sciences. In the              and field theory drawn from such areas as error
course of studying these models, such mathemati-             correcting codes, exact computing, crystallogra-
cal topics as difference equations, eigenvalues,             phy, integer programming, cryptography, and
dynamic systems, and stability are developed.                combinatorics. Prerequisite: MATH 375.
This course emphasizes the involvement of                    (Offered occasionally)
students through the construction and investiga-               Typical readings: Mackiew, Applications of
tion of models on their own. Required for the                Abstract Algebra; Hadlock, Field Theory and Its
applied concentration mathematics major.                     Classical Problems
Prerequisites: MATH 204 and MATH 237 or
permission of the instructor. (Offered alternate
years)
  Typical reading: Haberman, Mathematical Models




                                                       225
                           MATHEMATICS AND COMPUTER SCIENCE


380 Mathematical Logic First order logic is                 COMPUTER SCIENCE COURSE
developed as a basis for understanding the nature
of mathematical proofs and constructions and to             DESCRIPTIONS
gain skills in dealing with formal languages.               120 Principles of Computer Science This
Topics covered include propositional and                    course is an introduction to computer science
sentential logic, logical proofs, and models of             that investigates the structure of computers,
theories. Examples are drawn mainly from                    computer programs, and computer systems,
mathematics, but the ability to deal with abstract          beginning with electronic components. This
concepts and their formalizations is beneficial.            course is an introduction to some of the
Prerequisite: MATH 204, PHIL 240, or                        fundamental ideas of the science of computing
permission of instructor. (Offered alternate years)         and covers a wide variety of topics such as
  Typical reading: Enderton, A Mathematical                 hardware organization, the Internet, program-
Introduction to Logic                                       ming, and graphics. No prerequisite. This course
                                                            is required for the major or minor in computer
436 Topology This course covers the fundamen-               science but another CPSC course may be
tals of point set topology, starting from axioms            substituted by permission of the department
that define a topological space. Topics typically           chair. (Offered each semester)
include: topological equivalence, continuity,
connectedness, compactness, metric spaces,                  124 Introduction to Programming An
product spaces, and separation axioms. Some                 introduction to the theory and practice of
topics from algebraic topology, such as the                 computer programming, the emphasis of this
fundamental group, might also be introduced.                course is on techniques of program development,
Prerequisite: MATH 331 or permission of the                 especially abstraction and encapsulation using
instructor. (Offered occasionally)                          object oriented programming. It covers such
                                                            standard topics as control structures, subroutines,
446 Real Analysis This course presents a careful            objects, and arrays. Currently, Java is the
study of various concepts of analysis. Such topics          programming language used in the course. This
as convergence and continuity are briefly                   course has a required lab component. This
examined, first on the real line and then in more           course is required for the major or minor in
general metric spaces. Other topological                    computer science. There is no prerequisite, but
properties of metric spaces are studied. An                 CPSC 120, or equivalent experience, is
examination of different types of integrals                 recommended. (Offered each semester)
concludes the course. Prerequisite: MATH 331
or permission of instructor. (Offered occasionally)         225 Intermediate Programming This course
  Typical reading: Goldberg, Methods of Real                covers advanced C++ programming techniques,
Analysis                                                    including recursion, files, pointers, and dynamic
                                                            variables. It uses these techniques in the study of
448 Introduction to Complex Analysis An                     the implementation and applications of such
introduction to the theory of functions of a                elementary data structures as stacks, lists, queues,
complex variable. Topics include the geometry of            and binary trees. The assignments in this course
the complex plane, analytic functions, series               include at least one large scale or cooperative
expansions, complex integration, and residue                programming project. Prerequisite: CPSC 124 or
theory. When time allows, harmonic functions                permission of instructor. Required for the major
and boundary value problems are discussed.                  in computer science. (Offered annually)
Prerequisite: MATH 331 or permission of
instructor. (Offered alternate years)                       226 Computer Architecture This course
  Typical reading: Churchill and Brown,                     explores how hardware and software work
Introduction to Complex Variables                           together to perform computations. Theoretical
                                                            design issues of computers and peripherals are
450 Independent Study                                       supplemented by practical projects, such as
                                                            building basic electronic circuits, constructing
495 Honors                                                  logic gates and combinatorial circuits, and
                                                            assembling and programming a microprocessor-
                                                            controlled mobile robot. Prerequisites: CPSC 124
                                                            and CPSC 225 or permission. (Offered annually)




                                                      226
                           MATHEMATICS AND COMPUTER SCIENCE


229 Foundations of Computation This course                  343 Database Theory and Practice Computer
covers topics in theoretical computer science such          databases are used to store, organize, and retrieve
as logic, formal proofs, grammars, finite state             large collections of information. This course
automata, and computability theory. Applica-                covers the theoretical foundations of relational
tions of these topics are discussed. Required for           databases, database design, SQL, WWW access
the major in computer science. Prerequisites:               to databases, and object-oriented databases.
CPSC 120 and CPSC 124. (Offered annually)                   Prerequisites: CPSC 225 and CPSC 229. (Offered
                                                            alternate years)
324 Fundamentals of Computer Graphics This
course studies the principles underlying the                371 Topics in Computer Science This course
generation and display of two-dimensional and               covers a topic in computer science that is not
three-dimensional computer graphics. Topics                 usually offered as a regular course. This course
include geometric modeling, transformations,                may be repeated for grade or credit. However, it
lighting and shading, and one or more graphics              cannot be counted more than once toward the
systems such as OpenGL. Advanced topics may                 fulfillment of requirements for a major in
include ray tracing, radiosity, the mathematics of          computer science or mathematics, except by
curves and surfaces, volumetric rendering, and              permission of the department. Prerequisite:
particle systems. Prerequisite: CPSC 225.                   CPSC 225 or permission of instructor. (Offered
(Offered alternate years)                                   occasionally)

327 Data Structures and Algorithms This                     428 Program Translators This course is a survey
course continues the study of data structures,              of the three basic programming language
their applications, and the algorithms associated           processors: assemblers, interpreters, and compilers.
with them. Topics include abstract data types,              Topics include design and construction of
graphs, searching and sorting. The design and               language processors, formal syntactic definition
analysis of algorithms is also covered, with topics         methods, parsing techniques, and code generation
such as efficiency and complexity, NP complete-             techniques. Assignments include actual
ness, dynamic programming, and amortized                    construction of language processors. Prerequisites:
analysis. Prerequisites: CPSC 225 or permission             CPSC 225; CPSC 229; at least one 300-level
of instructor. (Offered alternate years)                    computer science course; CPSC 333 is recom-
                                                            mended. (Offered every three years)
331 Operating Systems This course includes an
examination of the development of various types             441 Computer Networks and Distributed
of operating systems, an overview of components             Processing One of the most important recent
and organization of such systems, and a detailed            developments in computing is the explosive
examination of routines used in common                      growth in the use of computer networks, which
operating systems. System programming projects              allow computers to communicate and work
are assigned throughout the class. Prerequisites:           together. This course is an introduction to the
CPSC 225; CPSC 229 is recommended. (Offered                 theory and practice of computer networks, the
alternate years)                                            software protocols that allow them to operate,
                                                            and the distributed applications that make use of
333 Organization of Programming Languages                   them. Prerequisites: CPSC 225; and at least one
This course presents a broad range of issues in             300-level computer science course. (Offered every
the design of programming languages. The course             three years)
opens with an introduction to assembly language
programming, and then examines how such high-               453 Artificial Intelligence This course serves as
level programming language features as control              an introduction to the major techniques and
structures, complex data types, and subroutines             problems in the field of artificial intelligence. It
are implemented in assembly language.                       includes an introduction to one of the two major
Assignments include the creation of a compiler              programming languages used in artificial
for a simple high-level language; advanced topics           intelligence-LISP and Prolog. Topics to be
can include exception-handling, concurrency,                covered might include natural language
and functional programming. Prerequisite: CPSC              processing, neural nets, case based reasoning,
225 and CPSC 229 or permission of the                       robotics, and artificial life. Prerequisites: CPSC
instructor. (Offered alternate years)                       225; CPSC 229; and at least one 300-level
                                                            computer science course. (Offered every three years)

                                                            450 Independent Study

                                                            495 Honors




                                                      227

				
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