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					Wayne County

Plan of Work


  Submitted May 28, 1999

                        Wayne County Plan of Work


The Wayne County University Outreach and Extension Center is the front door to
the four campuses of the University of Missouri System and Lincoln University.
University Outreach and Extension maintains a unique partnership among federal,
state, and local governments that provides access to the research based resources
needed to provide high quality educational programs on issues of highest priority
to meet the needs of the citizens of Missouri. The Wayne County Extension
Council, as established by state statute, is a partner with University Outreach and
Extension and the USDA-CSREES in the development, implementation, and
evaluation of extension educational programs.

Rationale for the Program Plan

This plan began with eight (8) deliberative group sessions involving 149 people.
These Wayne County residents identified the future outcomes they believed to be
of highest concern to the majority of citizens in Wayne County. The priorities
emerging from that process, along with our analysis of the major socio-economic
trends in the county, and an assessment of the current outreach and extension
programs being offered in the county provided the basis for the final plan.

Wayne County citizens envision a future that includes a vibrant rural economy
based on the timber industry, tourism and government transfers. Such a future has
an economic base that provides full employment opportunities at an income level,
which will support a safe, ecologically sound, healthy rural lifestyle. The future
we will strive to attain will include educational and training opportunities to meet
the needs of the changing global work force, strong community commitment to
support individual and family needs.

Our rural population has experienced a steady but small growth since 1980. In
1980 the population was 11,277, in 1990, 11,543 and in 1997, the population has
grown to 12,803. A large part of this growth is due to retired people moving into
Wayne County. In 1996, twenty percent (20%) of our population was 65 or over.
Wayne County is predominately white (99.4%) and the two minority groups,
Hispanic and American Indian, have decreased over the last few years.

Our economic base is made up of (27.99%) Government & Government
Enterprises, Services (19.67%), Manufacturing (17.46%), Retail Trade (15.67%)
with Agriculture at (-3.18%). In 1990 the total personal income was 118,413 with
$117,508 (99.24%) coming from nonfarm and only $905 (0.76%) from farm
income. In 1996 the total amount of transfer payments were $76,459 which was an
increase of 81% from 1990.

Unemployment from June 1994 – June 1995 was 19.9% but has steadily dropped
and was 10.4% in 1997 in comparison to the state which is 4.4%.

Affordable housing is a major issue as is public transportation, especially for the
elderly to get to clinics for adequate health care.

Women are very active in the labor force. Almost sixty percent (60%) of all
women with children in the household were employed outside of the home in
1997. This figure continues to grow each year. As a result of the growing number
of working mothers, the number of children that the licensed daycare centers in the
county can handle is 116 which meets only 22.6% of the child care needs.

The median family income is $17,148 with approximately 30% of the total
population in Wayne County living below the poverty guidelines. The high school
graduate rate in 1997 was 70.4%, with the annual dropout rate in 1997 – 6.7%.

Wayne Counties assessed valuation in 1997 was $73,073,854 with $63,781,734
being taxable property, however, $10,292,120 were state assessed utilities where
taxes were not collected.

Wayne County Program Priorities

Based on the county's vision of the future, county trends and formal survey
analysis, the Wayne County Program Plan is directing its time and resources
toward four major program themes: Children, Youth, and Family; Economics
Competitiveness (including Agriculture); Community Viability; Environment and
Natural Resources.

                         PROGRAM THEME #1
                     CHILDREN,YOUTH, AND FAMILY

Wayne County's families are the most basic unit related to parenting and youth
development. Families are viable and closely connected to all aspects of the
community. Family needs include information and educational programs related to
teenage pregnancy prevention, stronger families - parenting skills, available
recreational and educational opportunities, affordable and competent child care,
reduced drug and alcohol use, job fair and 4-H life skills. Attention will be given
to access by under-represented groups.

Program Focus Area #1: Teenage Pregnancy Prevention. During 2000-03,
Wayne County youth will have access to teenage pregnancy prevention and health-
related information.

Measurable Objectives:

A. During 2000-03, a minimum of two health workshops dealing with teenage
pregnancy prevention and sexually transmitted diseases along with other health
related issues will be held in area schools. This is an ongoing project of the
Wayne County Youth (Interagency) Coalition.

B. The focus of the Wayne County Youth (Interagency) Coalition will continue to
deal with the issue of teenage pregnancy prevention and sexually transmitted

Baseline Data:
About 60% of our children are enrolled on medicaid. Almost eighteen percent
(17.9%) live in single parent households. According to the standards of children’s
well being measured by Kids Count currently ranks 111th overall in the state.

-Overall Kids Count ranking.
-Number of low birth weight infants.
-Number of births to teenage mothers (ages 15-19).
-Infant mortality.

Program Focus Area #2: Reduced Drug and Alcohol. Drugs and alcohol
continue to be a growing problem with both the youth and family members in
Wayne County.

Measurable Objectives:
A. During 2000-03, Wayne County youth will be provided with resources at two
health fairs related to drug and alcohol prevention.

B. Offer drug and alcohol abuse programs in the schools during the two health
   fairs offered by the Wayne County Youth (Interagency) Coalition.

Program Focus Area #3: Stronger Families - Parenting Skills: Wayne County
families continue to be very concerned to the overall development of children.
Home environments with well adjusted adults and children play an essential role in
family preservation.

Measurable Objectives:
A. In 2000-03, Wayne County families will be given the opportunity to attend the
Building Strong Family’s series. This educational program related to parenting
skills, child development, and coping with stress.

Baseline Objectives:
Sixteen percent of the households were headed by females. Forty seven children
were born to mothers without high school diploma which was 29.9% of the
children born in Wayne County.

-Number of Building Strong Families sessions held
-Number of parents who attend the Building Strong Family sessions.

Program Focus Area #4: Available Recreational and Educational
Opportunities: Young people need something to do, especially on weekends,
besides cruise town and meet on business parking lots or have big parties in
various locations.

Measurable Objectives:
A. During 2000-03, educational material and/or programs will be available from
   the local Extension Office for families focusing on recreational needs.

Baseline Data:
MO youth that currently use alcohol is 56%. Many of them say it’s because they
have nothing else to do. Often youth cruise up and down the street because they
are bored. Twenty one percent of our MO youth drove a car after drinking.

-Number of people requesting information on recreational ideas
-Number of youth abusing alcohol and drugs.
-Number of youth driving a car after drinking.

Program Focus Area #5: Affordable and Competent Child Care. The number
of working mothers in Wayne County continues to grow each year. More than
60% of all mothers are in the work force. The number of licensed daycare
facilities continues to be limited in the county. Quality daycare is essential to the
welfare of families.

Measurable Objectives:
A. During 2000-03, a minimum of two educational programs will be offered to
   daycare centers in order for their employees to complete their hours of
   continuing education each year.

B. At least one babysitting workshop will be offered to youth that are interested in
   learning babysitting skills.

Baseline Data:
Women are very active in the labor force. Almost sixty percent (60%) of all
women with children in the household are employed outside of the home.
Licensed daycare centers in Wayne County can handle 22.6% of the children

-Number of women in workforce.
-Number of licensed daycare facilities in the county.

Program Focus Area #6: Expanded Foods and Nutrition Program.
The limited income federal program continues to help young families throughout
Wayne County. Home visits by Nutrition Education Assistants help families
increase their awareness of foods and nutrition and practice what they learn with
their families.

Measurable Objectives:
A. Participation in the Foods and Nutrition Program for low-income families in
Wayne County will increase by 5%.

B. Continuing Survival Skills for Women and Great Beginnings will be taught
locations in Wayne County to interested food stamp recipients to help build self-
reliance and self-esteem.

C. There will be a 5% increase in the number of “at risk” youth taught Survival
Skills in school districts in Wayne County.

Baseline Data:
An on-going successful EFNP program continues to serve their targeted audiences
in Wayne County.

-Number of participants enrolled in the program.
-Number of lessons provided.

Program Focus Area #7: 4-H Life Skills. Wayne County youth/adults will be
involved in 4H activities and educational programs with emphasis on life-
skills/values and leadership development.

Measurable Objectives:
A. During 2000-03, develop, maintain, and expand the non-traditional and
traditional 4H program by 5%.

B. During 2000-03, develop, maintain, and expand special interest units and school
enrichment educational programs. i.e., rodeo, career day, health day, and others by

C. In 2000, maintain and develop leadership opportunities for adults/teens by 10%.

Baseline Data:
Youth enrolled in the total 4-H program in Wayne County.

-Number of youth enrolled in traditional 4-H programs.

-Number of leadership programs.
Program Focus Area #8: Youth Development Youth development programs
promote positive physical, social, cognitive and emotional growth for young
people, and reduce the likelihood of high-risk behaviors. In Wayne County , a 4-
H club program, 4-H school and other programs to prevent alcohol, tobacco and
other drug abuse are on-going.

Educational programs to meet youth development needs in the county include:

      -Character Education. Research on positive youth development and the
      prevention of high-risk behaviors among young people points to the need for
      character education. The Search Institute, drawing upon a sample of over
      250,000 young people in mostly Midwestern cities and towns, has identified
      40 essential assets for young people. These assets emphasize the importance
      of support for young people from family, school, neighborhood and non-
      parent adults, as well as modeling of positive, responsible behavior by
      parents, other adults and peers. At least 10 of the 40 essential assets are
      directed specifically to character.

Measurable Objectives:
A. By 2003 the number of Missouri citizens receiving character education
   programming by Youth Development staff, as reported in MPPERS, will

B. By 2003 the number of schools, including teachers receiving MO 4-H Youth
   Development support for school-based character education programs will

C. Youth Development support for school-based character education programs
   will increase.

Baseline Data:
Since February 1997 over 25,000 Missourians (youth and adults) have participated
in programs on character education presented by staff of University Outreach and

-The number of teenagers enrolled in 4-H who are trained to teach younger
children will increase. Regional workshops/lock-ins will be provided for teenaged

4-H members. Upon completion of the training teens will be equipped to present
character education programs to younger children.
-There will be an increased number of parents of school-aged children having a
greater understanding of the practical daily application of character education. The
development of character education guide sheets and parent newsletters will
provide practical insights to parents.
 -The number of Missourians with an understanding of the application of character
education in the workforce will increase. The development of a character
education guide sheet will provide practical insights.

                           PROGRAM THEME #2
                      ECONOMIC COMPETITIVENESS
               ( includes AGRICULTURAL PROFITABILITY)

The economic stability of Wayne County has recovered somewhat from the closing
of our biggest employer in the county (Brown Shoe) in 1994, however, the
unemployment rate is still high in comparison to the rest of the state. It is essential
to give Wayne Countians pertinent information and do programs on home-based
businesses, sustainable agriculture, value-added ag, job skills, job and career
possibilities, tourism, financial information, and a farmers market.

In building the economic base in Wayne County the focus is on the increased
development of job opportunities. Items to consider include creation of well
paying jobs/new businesses for jobs; family financial tools; basic skills for
employment; skills for the global economy; and increased emphasis on
computer/technical skills. Attention will be given to access for under-represented

Program Focus Area #1: Creation of Well Paying Jobs/New Businesses For
Jobs. Wayne County needs to increase the number of well paying jobs and help
create new businesses for increased job opportunities.

Measurable Objectives:
A. By the year 2003, three educational programs and materials will be offered to
community officials, businesses, and other interested adults in reference to small
business development.

B. Assist community organizations in development/enhancement of Web pages
   that market Wayne County to prospective employers.
Baseline Data:
Number of businesses in Wayne County.
Median family income.
% Unemployement

- Number of programs held on small business development
- Number of people attending programs on small business development
- Active participation of community officials/organizations in web page

Program Focus Area #2: Family Financial Tools. Families need to be better
prepared for financial planning in times of hardship and uncertainty.

Measurable Objectives:
A. At least two financial, investment and/or retirement planning workshops will be
   offered in Wayne County.

B. At least 40 families will be assisted through computer workshops on budgeting
   and other family financial topics.

C. Access to the diversity of tax forms and basic tax assistance will smooth the
   stress of 200 families' annual tax responsibilities.

Baseline Data:
- Pre-test information from financial workshops.
- Initial level of requests for financial information.

-Total number of requests for information from drop-ins and phone calls.
- Number of tax forms distributed and number of tax requests.
- Post-test and workshop/seminar results.

Program Focus Area #3: Basic Skills for Employment. Young people need to
acquire the basic skills needed for employment in Wayne County.

Measurable Objectives: A. By 2003, 250 individuals will have received and
utilized information contained in the "Business Start-Up" kit.

A. Career information will be provided to local youth through career days,
   mentoring programs and workshops.

B. The Business and Industry specialist maintains a library for people who are
   interested in obtaining various career choice information. It will be available to
   clients on an as requested basis.

C. Offer programs for the community to help teach job skills, learn the ins and outs
   of starting your own home-based business and to help promote tourism in the

D. Support getting Vo-Ag in the schools if requested and offer food and fiber
   system literacy workshops to youth.

E. By 2003, 100 individuals interested in starting their own business will have
   received assistance through one-on-one counseling and workshops. 20% of
   these individuals will successfully start their own business. 75% will indicate an
   increase in understanding of the topic.

Baseline Data and Indicators:
Through record keeping and surveys with business owners and managers who
participate in the business and industry programs, information will be gathered that
captures the change among clientele in the following areas:
-Total number of individuals receiving start-up information.
-Total number of individuals receiving one-on-one counseling.
-Total number of new business formations.
-Total number of individuals who decide not to start a business based on
counseling and training information.
-Total number of new clients securing startup financing.
-Total number of new jobs created by clients.
-Total number of individuals participating in workshops and seminars.
-Value of sales generated in the first year of business.
-Total number of participants who report increased knowledge following training.
- Positive feedback from participants in post-conference evaluations.
- Number of youth who learn where their food and clothing comes form
- Number of youth who learn about career choices in the food and fiber system.

Program Focus Area #4: Increased Emphasis on Computer/Technical Skills.
Computers and Internet access are becoming increasingly available in private
residents and homes. More than 40% of all homeowners have a computer.
Information and updating is needed by computer owners.

Measurable Objectives:
A. Information and at least three workshops (such as basic Windows, Microsoft
   Office, using the Internet and building your own web page) will be available for
   individuals interested in improving their computer and technical skills in
   Wayne County.

B. The TCRC will provide computer training for specialists upon request.

C. Develop a Wayne County Web site and gradually increase its use as a tool for
   delivering educational information to local residents of both a time-sensitive
   and archival nature.

Baseline Data:
Number of office requests for computer information and increasing sophistication
of requests.
Responses of participants in workshop evaluations.
Number of families in Wayne County with a computer in their home and Internet
Number of businesses and individuals with Internet Web Pages

-Total number of requests for information from drop-ins and phone calls.
- Increase in individual and community web pages.
- Number of participants in workshops.
- Evaluation responses from workshops.

Program Focus Area #5: Keeping Abreast of Technology. Wayne County
farmers need to keep abreast of new technology in the areas of value-added,
sustainable, and traditional agriculture. New methods of delivery will be
investigated to improve access to those who have previously not used Extension.

Measurable Objectives:
A. Annually farm clientele and agribusinesses will receive 10% more information
   focusing on areas of strength in the county: forestry, forages and livestock, and
   ag products in home-based businesses through consulting, diagnostics, on-site
   visits, Extension web-sites, newsletters, news articles and continuing education.

B. The Small Farm family Program education assistant will increase work load
   with cooperating families 15%, through farm visits and group meetings,
   consulting with ag specialists on any more specialized questions received.

C. Special needs of women in agriculture will be addressed through cooperative
   (interagency) seminars and, if requested, continuing targeted topic programs.

Baseline Data
Number of workshops and current level of enrollment in 1999.
Number of women active in agriculture.
Number of contacts in agriculture.
Number of home-based ag businesses
Mailing lists for newsletters

- Increase in participation level in workshops.
- Increase in home-based ag businesses
- Increase in value-added ag businesses.
- Increase in newsletter subscriptions
- Number of women attending "women in ag" workshops
- Number of web-site hits.

Program Focus Area #6: Marketing and Economics. Wayne County residents
and farmers need information and educational seminars related to marketing and
economics. Reach those who would not otherwise use Extension assistance.

Measurable Objectives:
A. During 2000-03, the Small Farm Family Program education assistant will help
   30 families improve quality of life by providing information and facilitating for
   improved marketing of farm products.

B. During 2000-03, information, at least two seminars/workshops per year, along
   with educational materials being distributed on alternative and value-added
   agriculture to 50 agricultural producers in Wayne County.

C. During 2000-03, 25 farmers will receive educational material and be offered
   seminars on livestock and forage marketing and economics.

D. Help increase consumer access to fresh, wholesome food and assist farmers
   with direct marketing by facilitating the development of a farmers market .

E. Seminars, news articles and workshops will assist citizens with estate planning
   and income taxes.

Baseline Data:
Number of farms (380) in Wayne County
Number and percent of farm proprietors (400 farm vs 799 non-farm, or 50%)
% of income obtained from agriculture in Wayne County (0.76%)
Median income of farm families (model farm mix - to be evaluated, case study)
Number of enrolled SFFP families (~20)
SFFP reports of family contacts (~975 in FY99)

 - Number of farm related requests for information from drop-ins, phone calls, and
- Total number of residents attending ag related workshops
- Number of cooperators enrolled in the Small Farm Family program and number
of contacts.
- Number of farmers and other citizens attending workshops dealing with
alternative and value-added agriculture, estate planning and tax information.
- SFFP family progress in improved marketing

                  PROGRAM THEME #3

The county is very rich in natural resources including rivers, lakes and forest lands.
The preservation of these natural resources and protecting the environment is very

important to add to the quality of life of the Wayne County residents. Educational
programs and information to increase awareness, beautify and help to preserve
these resources are essential.

Program Focus #1:Recycling and Community Pride– Recycling, county-wide
clean-up, programs to promote community pride – including beautification with
flowers and landscaping seemed to have a common theme in our deliberative
groups under the Environmental theme.

Measurable Objectives:
A. Provide educational materials and three programs relating to gardening and
   landscaping for Wayne County residents.

B. Provide information and at least one program on Water Quality and other
   environmental issues such as Recycling and Littering.

C. Continue holding one Ecology Day for Wayne County fifth grade youth each
   year to teach recycling, water quality and the importance of preservation of our
   natural resources.

Baseline Data:
Number of interest and requests in horticulture in Wayne County
Interest in Ecology Day
Interest in workshops on environmental issues
Number of illegal trash dumps along county roads.

-Number of youth participating in Ecology Day activities.
-Number of requests on environmental issues
-Number of people making requests and attending meetings on gardening and

                           PROGRAM THEME #4
                          COMMUNITY VIABILITY

In Wayne County communities need to develop their abilities to vision, plan and
identify issues and needs. Communities need to enhance abilities to inform and

involve members of the community in solutions to problems such as quality
affordable housing, improved health care, restoration of buildings in county
including the courthouse, adult education opportunities, better roads and bridges,
and community beautification.

Program Focus Area #1: Community Cooperation. In Wayne County local
governments and communities face a wide variety of challenges. The planning,
financing and providing community facilities and services require the development
of skills and knowledge.

Measurable Objective:
A. During 2000-03, the development and implementation of educational programs,
workshops, and materials will be available at the University Extension Center to
help with the growing issue of community cooperation.

Program Focus Area #2: Adult Education Opportunities. Wayne County will
have quality educational opportunities available to the citizens.

Measurable Objective:
A. By 2003 citizens in Wayne County will benefit from various educational
   workshops each year.

B. Information will be available and one program will be held, when appropriate,
   for the elderly - dealing with health , transportation and financial issues.

Baseline Data:
Number of workshops and seminars targeting needs of the elderly in our county.
Current adult population in Wayne County is 19,405 (18+).
The number of retired people moving into Wayne County has increased, and many
of these people will be interested in educational opportunities.

-Number of people participating in workshops and seminars offered targeting
issues for the elderly.


The Wayne County Program Plan has been developed using input from people
who participated in deliberative group process along with the Wayne County
Extension Council and the University Outreach and Extension staff who serve this
county. Based on the information available we have chosen to focus the
educational programs in four major areas: Children, Youth, and Family; Economic
Competitiveness including Agricultural Profitability; Economic Competitiveness;
and Community Viability. Within each of those we have identified Program Focus
Areas with Measurable Objectives. The programs that are provided in response to
the needs will be evaluated. Annually the Wayne County Extension Council will
review progress, determine the priorities to be emphasized for the coming year and
assist in developing the resources necessary to address the needs.

The Wayne County Extension program is designed to serve your needs. Please
help us by sharing your suggestions for improvement and change with the County
Extension Council.

                                                               As of 5-27-99

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