Power Market in Africa to 2020 - Private Public Partnerships Will Improve Infrastructure to Serve Rural and Peri-Urban Communities by GBIResearch

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									   Power Market in Africa to 2020 - Private Public Partnerships
    Will Improve Infrastructure to Serve Rural and Peri-Urban
                          Communities
 Reference Code: GBIPE0011MR                                                                                      Publication Date: May 2011


                                       Changing Dynamics of Power Sector in Africa
  The power market in                  Africa has huge untapped reserves of fossil and hydro resources that can be used for generating
  African countries is                 electricity. However, the electrification and consumption levels are low, particularly in the rural
  dominated by state                   areas, as the continent is unable to utilize its reserves due to drought, high oil prices, conflicts and
  utilities. Eskom, a South            lack of funds. The existing transmission and distribution networks are incapable of supporting the
  African power company, is            entire power supply to the entire nation and often result in high losses. There is an urgent need to
  the largest entity in the            overhaul the entire system, apart from the addition of new lines to bring in more population under
  African power sector                 the electrified bracket.
                                       To improve the power scenario, countries have introduced reforms such as restructuring of power
                                       utilities, privatizing the vertically integrated monopolies, legalized the entry of foreign players and
                                       Foreign Direct Investments (FDI) in the power sector and allowing Independent Power Producers
                                       (IPPs) into the country.
                                       In order to derive synergies in the power sector, African countries have formed Power Pools. Major
                                       power pools include the South African Power Pool (SAPP), the Eastern African Power Pool (EAPP)
                                       and the North African Power Pool (NAPP). SAPP is the largest of the power pool with an installed
                                       1,747 MW capacity in the Southern African region in 2008. The main aim of these pools was to
                                       stabilize and improve the power supply to all the countries in the region.
                                       Private Public Partnership Increasing Gradually in Africa
                                       The Private Public Partnership (PPP) in Africa is expected to increase going forward as private
                                       players gradually show interest in Africa. At present there are plans to increase the installed
                                       capacity in Africa through public-private partnerships. IPSA‟s (UK based utility company) combined
                                       heat and power (CHP) plant in Newcastle is South Africa's first privately financed independent
                                       power plant, which is also South Africa's first independent gas-fired power station. Artumas Group,
                                       a Canadian based company is setting up a 300 MW gas plant in Tanzania which is expected to
                                       come online in two years. AES-SONEL is setting up a 250 MW plant in Cameroon.
                                       Power Market in Africa Dominated by Vertically Integrated State Utilities
                                       South Africa is the single largest power generating and consuming market in Africa. Eskom Holding
                                       Limited (Eskom), South Africa‟s power generating company, is the single largest player in the
                                       continent. Eskom accounts for almost 45% of the electricity generated in the continent and 95% of
                                       the electricity generated in South Africa. The Egyptian Electricity Holding Company (EEHC) of
                                       Egypt is the second largest company in Africa, in terms of installed capacity. However, its installed
                                       capacity is almost half of Eskom‟s installed capacity. SonelGaz Spa of Algeria is the third largest
                                       player, followed by Power Holding Company of Nigeria (PHCN) and General Electricity Company of
                                       Libya which are the fourth and fifth largest electricity company respectively in Africa, in terms of
                                       installed capacity.
                                       Sluggish or negligible growth in alternative energy
                                       The growing size of the global alternative energy market is yet to have a significant effect on the
                                       African power market. Apart from South Africa, none of the countries have a nuclear power station
                                       in operation. Renewable energy is yet to join the mainstream energy grid in most parts of Africa.
                                       Many of the top countries that have been covered for this study do not have a stable renewable
                                       power generation system in operation, though there are plans for the same but are yet to be
                                       implemented. High capital cost and high cost of transmission are the major hurdles for the spread
                                       of alternative energy in the region.




Power Market in Africa to 2020 - Private Public Partnerships Will                                           GBIPE0011MR / Published MAY 2011
Improve Infrastructure to Serve Rural and Peri-Urban
Communities                                                                                                                                Page 1
                                                                           © GBI Research. This is a licensed product and is not to be photocopied
                                       Cumulative Installed Capacity in South Africa to Reach 59,858 MW In 2020
                                       The cumulative installed capacity for power in South Africa was 46,296 MW in 2010. Thermal fuel
   South Africa is a leading           sources – coal, oil and gas – were the highest contributors with a combined share of 91.1% or
   country in the African              42,168 MW of total installed capacity. Hydro power came a distant second, with a share of 4.5% or
   power market, with                  2,065 MW of total installed capacity. Nuclear power and renewable energy sources (the latter
   thermal power sources               including solar, wind and biomass) contributed 4.1% and 0.4% respectively.
   being the major source of
   generation                          During the forecast period 2011-2020, cumulative installed capacity is expected to grow at a CAGR
                                       of 2.6%, reaching a total of 59,858 MW in 2020. Thermal fuel sources will remain the highest
                                       contributor and are forecast to contribute 52,032 MW to the cumulative installed capacity in 2020.
                                       However, their relative share is expected to decrease to 86.9% in 2020 due to government focus
                                       on carbon footprint reduction.

                                         Africa Power Market, Cumulative Installed Capacity for South Africa and Africa (MW),
                                         2000-2020

                                                                                   250,000




                                                                                   200,000
                                              Cumulative Installed Capacity (MW)




                                                                                   150,000




                                                                                   100,000




                                                                                    50,000




                                                                                        0
                                                                                             2000             2005                      2010                     2015                   2020
                                                                                                    South Africa Cumulative Installed Capacity   Africa Cumulative Installed Capacity


                                         Source: GBI Research




Power Market in Africa to 2020 - Private Public Partnerships Will                                                                                         GBIPE0011MR / Published MAY 2011
Improve Infrastructure to Serve Rural and Peri-Urban
Communities                                                                                                                                                                                    Page 2
                                                                                                          © GBI Research. This is a licensed product and is not to be photocopied
                                       1         Table of Contents
                                       1 Table of Contents ........................................................................................................................ 3
                                         1.1    List of Tables................................................................................................................... 11
                                         1.2    List of Figures ................................................................................................................. 15
                                       2 Introduction ................................................................................................................................ 18
                                         2.1    Methodology Adopted For Selection of Countries ........................................................... 18
                                         2.2    Country Level Parameters .............................................................................................. 18
                                            2.2.1    Business Viability..................................................................................................... 18
                                         2.3    Industry Specific Parameters .......................................................................................... 19
                                            2.3.1    Power Generation.................................................................................................... 19
                                            2.3.2    Electrification Ratio .................................................................................................. 19
                                            2.3.3    Consumption Growth Rate ...................................................................................... 20
                                         2.4    Weights Assigned to the Parameters .............................................................................. 21
                                         2.5    Country Selection Methodology ...................................................................................... 22
                                         2.6    GBI Research Report Guidance ..................................................................................... 23
                                       3 Africa Power Market, Overview ................................................................................................. 24
                                         3.1    Top Electricity Markets in Africa, by Installed Capacity ................................................... 29
                                         3.2    Changing Trends in Power Generation and Consumption .............................................. 32
                                         3.3    Africa Power Market, Cumulative Installed Capacity: Overview ...................................... 35
                                            3.3.1    Cumulative Installed Capacity by Type of Power Plant: Percentage ....................... 35
                                            3.3.2    Cumulative Installed Capacity by Type of Power Plant: Total Value ....................... 36
                                         3.4    Competitive Landscape of the Africa Power Market ....................................................... 37
                                            3.4.1    Top Players in the African Electricity Market: Overview .......................................... 37
                                            3.4.2    Contribution of International Players in the African Electricity Market: Overview ..... 39
                                       4 South Africa Power Market Outlook to 2020 .............................................................................. 41
                                         4.1    South Africa Power Market Overview ............................................................................. 41
                                            4.1.1    Thermal Installed Capacity, Dominant Source in the Power Mix ............................. 41
                                            4.1.2    Continued Growth in Electricity Generation and Consumption ................................ 41
                                            4.1.3    Restructuring to Increase Private Participation ........................................................ 41
                                            4.1.4    Expansion of Power Infrastructure ........................................................................... 41
                                         4.2    South Africa Power Market, Demand and Consumption Scenario .................................. 42
                                            4.2.1    South Africa Power Market, Import and Export Scenario ........................................ 43
                                            4.2.2    South Africa Power Market, Annual Power Consumption, 2000-2020..................... 46
                                         4.3    South Africa Power Market, Cumulative Installed Capacity, 2000-2020 ......................... 48
                                            4.3.1    Cumulative Installed Capacity by Type of Power Plant: Percentage ....................... 48
                                            4.3.2    Cumulative Installed Capacity by Type of Power Plant: Total Value ....................... 49
                                            4.3.3    Cumulative Thermal Installed Capacity, 2000-2020 ................................................ 51
                                            4.3.4    Cumulative Hydro Installed Capacity, 2000-2020 .................................................... 53
                                            4.3.5    Cumulative Nuclear Installed Capacity, 2000-2020 ................................................. 55
                                            4.3.6    Cumulative Renewable Installed Capacity, 2000-2020 ........................................... 57
                                         4.4    South Africa Power Market, Annual Power Generation, 2000-2020 ............................... 59
                                            4.4.1    Annual Thermal Power Generation, 2000-2020 ...................................................... 61
                                            4.4.2    Annual Hydro Power Generation, 2000-2020 .......................................................... 63
                                            4.4.3    Annual Nuclear Power Generation, 2000-2020 ....................................................... 65
                                            4.4.4    Annual Renewable Power Generation, 2000-2020.................................................. 67
                                         4.5    South Africa Power Market, Top 10 Active and Upcoming Projects ................................ 69
                                            4.5.1    Active Power Projects .............................................................................................. 69
                                            4.5.2    Upcoming Power Projects ....................................................................................... 72
                                         4.6    South Africa Power Market, Regulatory Structure........................................................... 74
                                            4.6.1    South Africa Power Market, Country Investment Scenario ...................................... 74
                                            4.6.2    South Africa Power Market, Foreign Investment Laws and Regulations, Country
                                                     Analysis ................................................................................................................... 75
                                            4.6.3    South Africa Power Market, Regulatory Structure, Overview .................................. 76
                                         4.7    South Africa Power Market, Infrastructure ...................................................................... 77


Power Market in Africa to 2020 - Private Public Partnerships Will                                                                     GBIPE0011MR / Published MAY 2011
Improve Infrastructure to Serve Rural and Peri-Urban
Communities                                                                                                                                                                    Page 3
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                                            4.7.1   South Africa Power Market, Infrastructure Overview ............................................... 77
                                       5 Egypt Power Market Outlook to 2020 ........................................................................................ 80
                                         5.1    Egypt Power Market Overview ........................................................................................ 80
                                            5.1.1   Changing Dynamics of Egypt Power Market ........................................................... 80
                                            5.1.2   Continued Growth in Electricity Generation and Consumption ................................ 80
                                            5.1.3   Renewable Energy, the Way Forward ..................................................................... 80
                                         5.2    Egypt Power Market, Demand and Consumption Scenario ............................................ 81
                                            5.2.1   Egypt Power Market, Import and Export Scenario ................................................... 82
                                            5.2.2   Egypt Power Market, Annual Power Consumption, 2000-2020 ............................... 83
                                         5.3    Egypt Power Market, Cumulative Installed Capacity, 2000-2020.................................... 85
                                            5.3.1   Cumulative Installed Capacity by Type of Power Plant: Percentage ....................... 85
                                            5.3.2   Cumulative Installed Capacity by Type of Power Plant: Total Value ....................... 86
                                            5.3.3   Cumulative Thermal Installed Capacity, 2000-2020 ................................................ 88
                                            5.3.4   Cumulative Hydro Installed Capacity, 2000-2020 .................................................... 90
                                            5.3.5   Cumulative Nuclear Installed Capacity, 2000-2020 ................................................. 91
                                            5.3.6   Cumulative Renewable Installed Capacity, 2000-2020 ........................................... 92
                                         5.4    Egypt Power Market, Annual Power Generation, 2000-2020 .......................................... 94
                                            5.4.1   Annual Thermal Power Generation, 2000-2020 ...................................................... 96
                                            5.4.2   Annual Hydro Power Generation, 2000-2020 .......................................................... 98
                                            5.4.3   Annual Nuclear Power Generation, 2000-2020 ..................................................... 100
                                            5.4.4   Annual Renewable Power Generation, 2000-2020................................................ 100
                                         5.5    Egypt Power Market, Top Active and Upcoming Projects ............................................. 102
                                            5.5.1   Active Power Projects ............................................................................................ 102
                                            5.5.2   Upcoming Power Projects ..................................................................................... 104
                                         5.6    Egypt Power Market, Regulatory Structure ................................................................... 106
                                            5.6.1   Egypt Power Market, Country Investment Scenario .............................................. 106
                                            5.6.2   Egypt Power Market, Foreign Investment Laws and Regulations, Country Analysis
                                                     .............................................................................................................................. 107
                                            5.6.3   Egypt Power Market, Regulatory Structure, Overview ........................................... 107
                                         5.7    Egypt Power Market, Infrastructure ............................................................................... 108
                                            5.7.1   Egypt Power Market, Infrastructure Overview ....................................................... 108
                                       6 Tunisia Power Market Outlook to 2020 .................................................................................... 110
                                         6.1    Tunisia Power Market, Overview .................................................................................. 110
                                            6.1.1   Combined Cycle Gas Turbines (CCGT) Replace Gas Turbines in Tunisia ........... 110
                                         6.2    Tunisia Power Market, Demand and Consumption Scenario ........................................ 110
                                         6.3    Tunisia Power Market, Import and Export Scenario ...................................................... 111
                                            6.3.1   Tunisia Power Market, Power Consumption, 2000-2020 ....................................... 112
                                            6.3.2   Tunisia Power Market, Cumulative Installed Capacity, 2000-2020 ........................ 114
                                            6.3.3   Cumulative Thermal Installed Capacity, 2000-2020 .............................................. 117
                                            6.3.4   Cumulative Hydro Installed Capacity, 2000-2020 .................................................. 119
                                            6.3.5   Cumulative Nuclear Installed Capacity, 2000-2020 ............................................... 120
                                         6.4    Tunisia Power Market, Power Generation, 2000-2020 ................................................. 121
                                            6.4.1   Thermal Power Generation, 2000-2020 ................................................................ 123
                                            6.4.2   Hydro Power Generation, 2000-2020 .................................................................... 125
                                         6.5    Tunisia Power Market, Top 10 Active and Upcoming Projects...................................... 127
                                            6.5.1   Active Power Projects ............................................................................................ 127
                                            6.5.2   Upcoming Power Projects ..................................................................................... 129
                                         6.6    Tunisia Power Market, Regulatory Structure................................................................. 130
                                            6.6.1   Tunisia Power Market, Country Investment Scenario ............................................ 130
                                            6.6.2   Tunisian Power Market, Foreign Investment Laws and Regulations, Country
                                                    Analysis ................................................................................................................. 130
                                            6.6.3   Tunisia Power Market, Regulatory Structure, Overview ........................................ 131
                                            6.6.4   Tunisia Power Market, Market Reforms and Increasing Privatization .................... 131
                                            6.6.5   Tunisia Power Market, Renewable Energy, Major Policies and Incentives ........... 131



Power Market in Africa to 2020 - Private Public Partnerships Will                                                                    GBIPE0011MR / Published MAY 2011
Improve Infrastructure to Serve Rural and Peri-Urban
Communities                                                                                                                                                                  Page 4
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                                               6.6.6Tunisia Power Market, Foreign Investment Laws and Regulations, Country Analysis
                                                     .............................................................................................................................. 132
                                         6.7    Tunisia Power Market, Infrastructure ............................................................................ 132
                                            6.7.1   Tunisia Power Market, Infrastructure Overview ..................................................... 132
                                       7 Libya Power Market Outlook to 2020 ....................................................................................... 133
                                         7.1    Libya Power Market Overview ...................................................................................... 133
                                            7.1.1   Changing Dynamics of Libya Power Market .......................................................... 133
                                            7.1.2   Natural Gas, the Way Forward .............................................................................. 133
                                         7.2    Libya Power Market, Demand and Consumption Scenario ........................................... 134
                                            7.2.1   Libya Power Market, Import and Export Scenario ................................................. 135
                                            7.2.2   Libya Power Market, Annual Power Consumption, 2000-2020 ............................. 136
                                         7.3    Libya Power Market, Cumulative Installed Capacity, 2000-2020 .................................. 138
                                            7.3.1   Type of Thermal Power Plant: Percentage ............................................................ 138
                                            7.3.2   Cumulative Installed Capacity by Type of Power Plant: Total Value ..................... 139
                                            7.3.3   Cumulative Thermal Installed Capacity, 2000-2020 .............................................. 141
                                            7.3.4   Cumulative Nuclear Installed Capacity, 2000-2020 ............................................... 143
                                            7.3.5   Cumulative Renewable Installed Capacity, 2000-2020 ......................................... 143
                                         7.4    Libya Power Market, Annual Power Generation, 2000-2020 ........................................ 144
                                            7.4.1   Annual Thermal Power Generation, 2000-2020 .................................................... 146
                                            7.4.2   Annual Nuclear Power Generation, 2000-2020 ..................................................... 147
                                            7.4.3   Annual Renewable Power Generation, 2000-2020................................................ 147
                                         7.5    Libya Power Market, Top Active and Upcoming Projects ............................................. 148
                                            7.5.1   Active Power Projects ............................................................................................ 148
                                            7.5.2   Upcoming Power Projects ..................................................................................... 148
                                         7.6    Libya Power Market, Regulatory Structure ................................................................... 149
                                            7.6.1   Libya Power Market, Country Investment Scenario ............................................... 149
                                            7.6.2   Libya Power Market, Foreign Investment Laws and Regulations, Country Analysis
                                                     .............................................................................................................................. 150
                                            7.6.3   Libya Power Market, Regulatory Structure, Overview ........................................... 150
                                         7.7    Libya Power Market, Infrastructure ............................................................................... 151
                                            7.7.1   Libya Power Market, Infrastructure Overview ........................................................ 151
                                       8 Morocco Power Market Outlook to 2020 ................................................................................. 153
                                         8.1    Morocco Power Market Overview ................................................................................. 153
                                         8.2    Morocco Power Market, Demand and Consumption Scenario...................................... 154
                                            8.2.1   Morocco Power Market, Import and Export Scenario ............................................ 155
                                            8.2.2   Morocco Power Market, Annual Power Consumption, 2000-2020 ........................ 156
                                         8.3    Morocco Power Market, Cumulative Installed Capacity, 2000-2020 ............................. 158
                                            8.3.1   Cumulative Installed Capacity by Type of Power Plant: Percentage ..................... 158
                                            8.3.2   Cumulative Installed Capacity by Type of Power Plant: Value .............................. 159
                                            8.3.3   Cumulative Thermal Installed Capacity, 2000-2020 .............................................. 161
                                            8.3.4   Cumulative Hydro Installed Capacity, 2000-2020 .................................................. 163
                                            8.3.5   Cumulative Renewable Installed Capacity, 2000-2020 ......................................... 165
                                            8.3.6   Cumulative Nuclear Installed Capacity .................................................................. 166
                                         8.4    Morocco Power Market, Annual Power Generation, 2000-2020 ................................... 167
                                            8.4.1   Annual Thermal Power Generation, 2000-2020 .................................................... 169
                                            8.4.2   Annual Hydro Power Generation, 2000-2020 ........................................................ 171
                                            8.4.3   Annual Renewable Power Generation, 2000-2020................................................ 173
                                         8.5    Morocco Power Market, Top Active and Upcoming Projects ........................................ 175
                                            8.5.1   Active Power Projects ............................................................................................ 175
                                            8.5.2   Upcoming Power Projects ..................................................................................... 177
                                         8.6    Morocco Power Market, Regulatory Structure .............................................................. 178
                                            8.6.1   Country Investment Scenario ................................................................................ 178
                                            8.6.2   Foreign Investment Laws and Regulations, Country Analysis ............................... 178
                                            8.6.3   Morocco Power Market, Regulatory Structure, Overview ...................................... 179
                                            8.6.4   Morocco Power Market, Electricity Reforms .......................................................... 179


Power Market in Africa to 2020 - Private Public Partnerships Will                                                                    GBIPE0011MR / Published MAY 2011
Improve Infrastructure to Serve Rural and Peri-Urban
Communities                                                                                                                                                                  Page 5
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                                             8.6.5   Morocco Power Market, Clean Energy Development Programs............................ 179
                                          8.7    Morocco Power Market, Infrastructure .......................................................................... 180
                                             8.7.1   Morocco Power Market, Infrastructure Overview ................................................... 180
                                       9 Algeria Power Market Outlook to 2020 .................................................................................... 182
                                          9.1    Algeria Power Market Overview .................................................................................... 182
                                             9.1.1   Thermal Installed Capacity, Dominant Source in the Power Mix ........................... 182
                                             9.1.2   Continued Growth in Electricity Generation and Consumption .............................. 182
                                             9.1.3   Renewable Energy, the Way Forward ................................................................... 182
                                          9.2    Algeria Power Market, Demand and Consumption Scenario ........................................ 183
                                             9.2.1   Algeria Power Market, Import and Export Scenario ............................................... 184
                                             9.2.2   Algeria Power Market, Annual Power Consumption, 2000-2020 ........................... 185
                                          9.3    Algeria Power Market, Cumulative Installed Capacity, 2000-2020................................ 187
                                             9.3.1   Cumulative Installed Capacity by Type of Power Plant: Percentage ..................... 187
                                             9.3.2   Cumulative Installed Capacity by Type of Power Plant: Total Value ..................... 188
                                             9.3.3   Cumulative Thermal Installed Capacity, 2000-2020 .............................................. 190
                                             9.3.4   Cumulative Hydro Installed Capacity, 2000-2020 .................................................. 192
                                             9.3.5   Cumulative Nuclear Installed Capacity, 2000-2020 ............................................... 194
                                             9.3.6   Cumulative Renewable Installed Capacity, 2011-2020 ......................................... 194
                                          9.4    Algeria Power Market, Annual Power Generation, 2000-2020 ...................................... 196
                                             9.4.1   Annual Thermal Power Generation, 2000-2020 .................................................... 198
                                             9.4.2   Annual Hydro Power Generation, 2000-2020 ........................................................ 200
                                             9.4.3   Annual Nuclear Power Generation, 2000-2020 ..................................................... 201
                                             9.4.4   Annual Renewable Power Generation, 2011-2020................................................ 202
                                          9.5    Algeria Power Market, Top Active and Upcoming Projects ........................................... 203
                                             9.5.1   Active Power Projects ............................................................................................ 203
                                             9.5.2   Upcoming Power Projects ..................................................................................... 204
                                          9.6    Algeria Power Market, Regulatory Structure ................................................................. 205
                                             9.6.1   Algeria Power Market, Country Investment Scenario ............................................ 205
                                             9.6.2   Algeria Power Market, Foreign Investment Laws and Regulations, Country Analysis
                                                      .............................................................................................................................. 205
                                             9.6.3   Algeria Power Market, Regulatory Structure, Overview ......................................... 206
                                             9.6.4   Algeria Power Market, Electricity Reforms ............................................................ 206
                                          9.7    Algeria Power Market, Infrastructure ............................................................................. 207
                                             9.7.1   Algeria Power Market, Infrastructure Overview ..................................................... 207
                                             9.7.2   Distribution Lines ................................................................................................... 208
                                             9.7.3   Algeria Power Market, Planned Developments ..................................................... 208
                                       10 Ghana Power Market Outlook to 2020 .................................................................................... 209
                                          10.1 Ghana Power Market Overview .................................................................................... 209
                                             10.1.1 Changing Dynamics of Ghana Power Market ........................................................ 209
                                             10.1.2 Continued Growth in Electricity Generation and Consumption .............................. 209
                                          10.2 Ghana Power Market, Demand and Consumption Scenario......................................... 209
                                             10.2.1 Ghana Power Market, Import and Export Scenario ............................................... 210
                                             10.2.2 Ghana Power Market, Annual Power Consumption, 2000-2020 ........................... 211
                                          10.3 Ghana Power Market, Cumulative Installed Capacity, 2000-2020 ................................ 213
                                             10.3.1 Cumulative Installed Capacity by Type of Power Plant: Percentage ..................... 213
                                             10.3.2 Cumulative Installed Capacity by Type of Power Plant: Total Value ..................... 214
                                             10.3.3 Cumulative Thermal Installed Capacity, 2000-2020 .............................................. 216
                                             10.3.4 Cumulative Hydro Installed Capacity, 2000-2020 .................................................. 218
                                             10.3.5 Cumulative Nuclear Installed Capacity, 2000-2020 ............................................... 219
                                             10.3.6 Cumulative Renewable Installed Capacity, 2000-2020 ......................................... 219
                                          10.4 Ghana Power Market, Annual Power Generation, 2000-2020 ...................................... 220
                                             10.4.1 Annual Thermal Power Generation, 2000-2020 .................................................... 222
                                             10.4.2 Annual Hydro Power Generation, 2000-2020 ........................................................ 224
                                             10.4.3 Annual Nuclear Power Generation, 2000-2020 ..................................................... 225
                                             10.4.4 Annual Renewable Power Generation, 2000-2020................................................ 225

Power Market in Africa to 2020 - Private Public Partnerships Will                                                                    GBIPE0011MR / Published MAY 2011
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Communities                                                                                                                                                                   Page 6
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                                          10.5 Ghana Power Market, Top Active and Upcoming Projects ........................................... 226
                                             10.5.1 Active Power Projects ............................................................................................ 226
                                             10.5.2 Upcoming Power Projects ..................................................................................... 227
                                          10.6 Ghana Power Market, Regulatory Structure ................................................................. 228
                                             10.6.1 Ghana Power Market, Country Investment Scenario............................................. 228
                                             10.6.2 Ghana Power Market, Foreign Investment Laws and Regulations, Country Analysis
                                                     228
                                             10.6.3 Ghana Power Market, Regulatory Structure, Overview ......................................... 229
                                          10.7 Ghana Power Market, Infrastructure ............................................................................. 230
                                             10.7.1 Ghana Power Market, Infrastructure Overview ...................................................... 230
                                       11 Ethiopia Power Market Outlook to 2020 .................................................................................. 232
                                          11.1 Ethiopia Power Market Overview .................................................................................. 232
                                             11.1.1 Hydroelectric Installed Capacity, Dominant Source in the Power Mix ................... 232
                                             11.1.2 Continued Growth in Electricity Generation and Consumption .............................. 232
                                          11.2 Ethiopia Power Market, Demand and Consumption Scenario ...................................... 233
                                             11.2.1 Ethiopia Power Market, Import and Export Scenario ............................................. 234
                                             11.2.2 Ethiopia Power Market, Annual Power Consumption, 2000-2020 ......................... 234
                                          11.3 Ethiopia Power Market, Cumulative Installed Capacity, 2000-2020 .............................. 236
                                             11.3.1 Cumulative Installed Capacity by Type of Power Plant: Percentage ..................... 236
                                             11.3.2 Cumulative Installed Capacity by Type of Power Plant: Total Value ..................... 237
                                             11.3.3 Cumulative Thermal Installed Capacity, 2000-2020 .............................................. 239
                                             11.3.4 Cumulative Hydro Installed Capacity, 2000-2020 .................................................. 241
                                             11.3.5 Cumulative Renewable Installed Capacity, 2000-2020 ......................................... 242
                                          11.4 Ethiopia Power Market, Annual Power Generation, 2000-2020 .................................... 243
                                             11.4.1 Annual Thermal Power Generation, 2000-2020 .................................................... 245
                                             11.4.2 Annual Hydro Power Generation, 2000-2020 ........................................................ 247
                                             11.4.3 Annual Renewable Power Generation, 2000-2020................................................ 248
                                          11.5 Ethiopia Power Market, Top Active and Upcoming Projects ......................................... 249
                                             11.5.1 Active Power Projects ............................................................................................ 249
                                             11.5.2 Upcoming Power Projects ..................................................................................... 250
                                          11.6 Ethiopia Power Market, Regulatory Structure ............................................................... 251
                                             11.6.1 Ethiopia Power Market, Country Investment Scenario .......................................... 251
                                             11.6.2 Ethiopia Power Market, Foreign Investment Laws and Regulations, Country Analysis
                                                     252
                                             11.6.3 Ethiopia Power Market, Regulatory Structure, Overview ....................................... 252
                                          11.7 Ethiopia Power Market, Infrastructure ........................................................................... 253
                                             11.7.1 Ethiopia Power Market, Infrastructure Overview.................................................... 253
                                       12 Nigeria Power Market Outlook to 2020 .................................................................................... 255
                                          12.1 Nigeria Power Market, Demand and Consumption Scenario ........................................ 255
                                          12.2 Nigeria Power Market, Import and Export Scenario ...................................................... 256
                                          12.3 Nigeria Power Market, Historical and Forecast Power Consumption, 2000-2020 ......... 257
                                          12.4 Nigeria Power Market, Cumulative Installed Capacity, 2000-2020 ............................... 259
                                             12.4.1 Cumulative Installed Capacity by Type of Power Plant: Percentage ..................... 259
                                             12.4.2 Cumulative Installed Capacity by Type of Power Plant: Total Value ..................... 260
                                             12.4.3 Thermal Installed Capacity, 2000-2020 ................................................................. 262
                                             12.4.4 Hydro Installed Capacity, 2000-2020..................................................................... 264
                                             12.4.5 Renewable Installed Capacity, 2000-2020 ............................................................ 265
                                             12.4.6 Nuclear Installed Capacity, 2000-2020 .................................................................. 265
                                          12.5 Nigeria Power Market, Power Generation, 2000-2020 .................................................. 266
                                             12.5.1 Thermal Power Generation, 2000-2020 ................................................................ 267
                                             12.5.2 Hydro Power Generation, 2000-2020 .................................................................... 268
                                          12.6 Nigeria Power Market, Top Active and Upcoming Projects ........................................... 269
                                             12.6.1 Active Power Projects ............................................................................................ 269
                                             12.6.2 Upcoming Power Project ....................................................................................... 270
                                          12.7 Nigeria Power Market, Regulatory Structure ................................................................. 272


Power Market in Africa to 2020 - Private Public Partnerships Will                                                           GBIPE0011MR / Published MAY 2011
Improve Infrastructure to Serve Rural and Peri-Urban
Communities                                                                                                                                                      Page 7
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                                             12.7.1 Country Investment Scenario ................................................................................ 272
                                             12.7.2 Foreign Investment Laws and Regulations, Country Analysis ............................... 272
                                             12.7.3 Nigeria Power Market, Regulatory Structure, Overview ........................................ 272
                                             12.7.4 Nigeria Power Market, Electric Power Sector Reform Act 2005 ............................ 273
                                             12.7.5 Nigeria Power Market, Renewable Electricity Policy Guidelines ............................ 273
                                          12.8 Nigeria Power Market, Infrastructure ............................................................................ 274
                                             12.8.1 Nigeria Power Market, Key Regulatory Authorities for Energy Infrastructure Projects
                                                    274
                                       13 Mozambique Power Market Outlook to 2020 ........................................................................... 275
                                          13.1 Mozambique Power Market Overview .......................................................................... 275
                                             13.1.1 Mozambique Power Market, No Major Capacity Expansion since 2000 ................ 275
                                             13.1.2 Coal and Gas Plants, The Way Forward ............................................................... 275
                                             13.1.3 Continued Growth in Electricity Generation ........................................................... 275
                                          13.2 Mozambique Power Market, Demand and Consumption Scenario ............................... 276
                                             13.2.1 Mozambique, Power Market, Import and Export Scenario .................................... 277
                                             13.2.2 Mozambique Power Market, Power Consumption, 2000-2020 .............................. 278
                                          13.3 Mozambique Power Market, Cumulative Installed Capacity, 2000-2020 ...................... 280
                                             13.3.1 Cumulative Installed Capacity by Type of Power Plant: Percentage ..................... 280
                                             13.3.2 Cumulative Installed Capacity by Type of Power Plant: Total Value ..................... 281
                                             13.3.3 Cumulative Thermal Installed Capacity, 2000-2020 .............................................. 283
                                             13.3.4 Cumulative Hydro Installed Capacity, 2000-2020 .................................................. 285
                                          13.4 Mozambique Power Market, Total Power Generation, 2000-2020................................ 287
                                             13.4.1 Thermal Power Generation, 2000-2020 ................................................................ 289
                                             13.4.2 Hydro Power Generation, 2000-2020 .................................................................... 291
                                          13.5 Mozambique Power Market, Major Active and Upcoming Projects ............................... 293
                                             13.5.1 Active Power Projects ............................................................................................ 293
                                             13.5.2 Upcoming Power Projects ..................................................................................... 294
                                          13.6 Mozambique Power Market, Regulatory Structure........................................................ 295
                                             13.6.1 Mozambique Power Market, Country Investment Scenario ................................... 295
                                             13.6.2 Mozambique Power Market, Foreign Investment Laws and Regulations, Country
                                                    Analysis ................................................................................................................. 295
                                             13.6.3 Mozambican Power Market, Labor Laws ............................................................... 295
                                             13.6.4 Mozambique Power Market, Regulatory Structure, Overview ............................... 295
                                          13.7 Mozambique Power Market, Infrastructure ................................................................... 297
                                             13.7.1 Mozambique Power Market, Infrastructure Overview ............................................ 297
                                       14 Angola Power Market Outlook to 2020 .................................................................................... 298
                                          14.1 Angola Power Market Overview .................................................................................... 298
                                             14.1.1 Hydro power, The Way Forward ............................................................................ 298
                                             14.1.2 Continued Growth in Electricity Generation ........................................................... 298
                                          14.2 Angola Power Market, Peak Demand and Consumption Scenario ............................... 299
                                          14.3 Angola Power Market, Power Consumption, 2000-2020 .............................................. 300
                                          14.4 Angola Power Market, Cumulative Installed Capacity, 2000-2020................................ 302
                                             14.4.1 Cumulative Installed Capacity by Type of Power Plant: Percentage ..................... 302
                                             14.4.2 Cumulative Installed Capacity by Type of Power Plant: Total Value ..................... 303
                                             14.4.3 Cumulative Thermal Installed Capacity, 2000-2020 .............................................. 305
                                             14.4.4 Cumulative Hydro Installed Capacity, 2000-2020 .................................................. 307
                                          14.5 Angola Power Market, Total Power Generation, 2000-2020 ......................................... 309
                                             14.5.1 Thermal Power Generation, 2000-2020 ................................................................ 311
                                             14.5.2 Hydro Power Generation, 2000-2020 .................................................................... 313
                                          14.6 Angola Power Market, Major Active and Upcoming Projects ........................................ 315
 
								
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