Dias nummer by liaoqinmei


									Text Analysis and History

   Session Four: Imagery

 Week 42: NO CLASS – just work for you!
 The prose fiction module
 An introduction to imagery, symbol and
  related concepts in an historical context
 Group work: imagery and symbolism in ”A
  White Heron”
 Group presentations and general discussion
The prose fiction module
 Motif and theme
 Story and plot, character and characterisation
 Point of view
 Imagery
 General summary: Toni Morrison, ”Recitatif”
 Evaluation: Essay assignment (for the
Imagery, symbol and related concepts
in the context of history: Imagery
1. Broadest def.:              2. Broad def.:
All the objects and            Specific descriptions of
    qualities of sense            visible objects and
    perception                    scenes
   1.   Literal descriptions   2. = motif
   2.   Allusions              3. Narrow def.:
   3.   The vehicles of        Figurative language – the
        similes and               vehicles of metaphors
                                  and similes (= 1.3)
1. = motif
An Example: Imagery – broad senses
 ”Charlie Stove waited until he heard his mother snore
  before he got out of bed. Even then he moved with
  caution and tiptoed to the window. The front of the
  house was irregular, so that it was possible to see a
  light burning in his mother’s room. But now all the
  windows were dark. A search-light passed across the
  sky, lighting the banks of cloud and probing the dark
  deep spaces between, seeking enemy airships. The
  wind blew from the sea, and Charlie Stowe could
  hear behind his mother’s snores the beating of the
  waves. A draught through the crack in the window-
  frame stirred his night-shirt. Charlie Stowe was
  frightened.” (Graham Greene, ”I Spy”, p. 534)
Imagery, symbol and … (cont.): simile
and metaphor
 Simile – a statement of similarity
 Metaphor – a statement of identity
 The tenor – the subject
 The vehicle – the metaphorical term itself

 My love is like a red, red rose (Robert Burns)
Imagery, symbol and … (cont.): simile
and metaphor
 There’s a lipstick sunset smeared across the
  August sky (John Hiatt)
 Let us go, then, you and I when the evening
  is spread out against the sky like a patient
  etherised upon a table (T.S. Eliot, ”The Love
  Song of J. Alfred Prufrock”)
 He smiled like an open piano (Graham
An Example: simile
 When the door had closed Charlie Stowe tiptoed
  upstairs and got into bed. He wondered why his
  father had left the house again so late at night and
  who the strangers were. Surprise and awe kept him
  for a little while awake. It was as if a familiar
  photograph had stepped from the frame to reproach
  him with neglect. He remembered how his father had
  held tight to his collar and fortified himself with
  proverbs, and he thought for the first time that, while
  his mother was boisterous and kindly, his father was
  very like himself, doing things in the dark which
  frightened him.” (Graham Green, ”I Spy”, p. 537)
William Blake, ”The Sick Rose”
(1794): literal or metaphorical rose?
 O Rose, thou art sick.
  The invisible worm,
  That flies in the night
  In the howling storm:
 Has found out thy bed
  Of crimson joy:
  And his dark secret love
  Does thy life destroy.
William Blake, ”The Sick Rose”
Imagery, symbol and … (cont.):
 Public symbols (cultural specific signification
  and value)
 Private symbols (writer specific signification
  and value
Imagery, symbol and … (cont.):
Imagery, symbol and … (cont.):
Imagery, symbol and … (cont.):
Imagery, symbol and … (cont.):
Imagery, symbol and … (cont.):
James Joyce, ”The Dead”
 He stood still in the gloom of the hall, trying to catch
  the air that the voice was singing and gazing up at his
  wife. There was grace and mystery in her attitude as
  if she were a symbol of something. He asked himself
  what is a woman standing on the stairs in the
  shadow, listening to distant music, a symbol of. If he
  were a painter, he would paint her in that attitude.
  Her blue felt hat would show off the bronze of her hair
  against the darkness and the dark panels of her skirt
  would show off the light ones. (p. 2192)
James Joyce, ”The Dead”
 A few light taps upon the pane made him turn to the window. It
  had begun to snow again. He watched sleepily the flakes, silver
  and dark, falling obliquely against the lamplight. The time had
  come for him to set out on his journey westward. Yes, the
  newspapers were right: snow was general all over Ireland. It
  was falling on every part of the dark central plain, on the
  treeless hills, falling softly upon the Bog of Allen and, farther
  westward, softly falling into the dark mutinous Shannon waves.
  It was falling, too, upon every part of the lonely churchyard on
  the hill where Michael Furey lay buried. It lay thickly drifted on
  the crooked crosses and headstones, on the spears of the little
  gate, on the barren thorns. His soul swooned slowly as he heard
  the snow falling faintly through the universe and faintly falling,
  like the descent of their last end, upon all the living and the
Imagery, symbol and … (cont.):
 Modernism

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