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					John Henry
 By: Julius Lester
 Illustrated by Jerry Pinkney


Genre: Tall Tale/Legend
Author’s Purpose: Entertainment
Skill: Making Judgments
   Compiled by Terry Sams, Piedmont
              Summary
    Folks knew John Henry was special from
the day he was born. He jumped right out
of his mama's arms and grew so fast that
his head and shoulders poked through the
porch roof. He went on to win a race with
Ferret-Faced Freddy, even though Freddy
was riding a horse and John Henry was
running on his own two legs. Later, he
broke up a boulder that even dynamite
couldn't touch.
    Genre: Tall Tales
    A tall tale is a story that has these features:
    A larger-than-life, or superhuman, main
    character with a specific job.
   A problem that is solved in a funny way.
   Exaggerated details that describe things as
    greater than they really are.
   Characters who use everyday language.
   There are some real-life details.
 Comprehension Skill:
      Making Judgments

Making judgments means thinking
about and deciding how to react toward
people, situations, and ideas in stories
you read.
Use what you have read and your own
experiences as you make judgments.
Ask yourself if the author is trying to
influence you and whether he succeeds.
      Comprehension Skill Review –
                  Character
   Authors provide information about
    characters through thoughts and
    actions.
   Authors also use a character’s
    relationships to give clues to their traits.
   Pay attention to motivations, conflicts,
    points of view, and changes to help you
    better understand a character’s traits.
              Practice Character
 Clue to               Example from
Character                 Story                       Trait
Motivation       “What matters is how          goodhearted
               well you do your living (p.254)
Conflict      “But even you can’t outhammer competitive
                    a machine.” P.251)
Point of View “I’ve heard you are the best      respected
                 there ever was.” (p.251)
Relationship “That day John helped his papa hard-working
           rebuild the porch he had busted…”(p. 244)
Changes       “…that baby jumped out of his     tall tale hero
             mama’s arms and started growing.”p.242)
       Vocabulary Skill:
    Multiple-Meaning Words
   Many words have more than one
    meaning. To decide which meaning of
    a word is being used, look for clues in
    the surrounding sentences or
    paragraph.
   Use context clues, experience, and
    word order to decide on the correct
    meaning of a multiple-meaning word.
         Click on the title to practice this skill.
    Research Skill –
    Card Catalog/Library Database

   To find books in the library, you can use
    the card catalog or library database.
   You can search for a book by author, title,
    or subject.
   When searching by author, always use
    the author’s last name first.
   When searching for what a book is about,
    always use the subject of the book.
   If you only know the title, always look for
    the title first.
More Good Stuff
   ABC Spelling words
   John Henry Stories
   More About Tall Tale
   More on John Henry
   Create your own tall tale
   Reading Test
   Spelling Test
   Weekly Fluency Check -
   Improve Read with Expression

● Students should vary reading pace to match
  the action of the story. Because of the
  exaggeration and vivid language in tall tales,
  the pace and intensity of the story are often
  at high levels.
● Reflect this pace through stressed words,
  loudness and softness, and a slightly
  quickened reading rate.
● Go to pages 248-249, beginning with
     “That dynamite. . .”
      Read to Find Out – Day 1
        Pages 241-247
1.   What happens when John Henry is
     born?
2.   What jobs does John Henry
     accomplish the day after he is born?
     Is this possible or exaggerated?
3.   Why do you think John Henry
     challenges Ferret-Faced Freddy to a
     race?
     Read to Find Out – Day 2
       Pages 248 - 257
1.    How does John Henry succeed in
      building the road when no one else
      could do it?
2.    How was John Henry different from
      other newborn babies?
3.    How was John Henry like a steam
      drill?
4.    What lesson does this story teach?
          Writing Assignment
Pick one of the following and write it on
           notebook paper.
   Pretend to be John Henry and write a
    diary entry describing one of the
    events that happened in the story.
   Write an article for a newspaper or
    television broadcast that tells about
    John Henry and his amazing feats.
       Say It!
boulder    rhythm
glimpse    shivered
hollered   tunnel
horizon
More Words to Know
   dynamite
   parapets
sledgehammer
 boulder
a   large rock
         glimpse
   a   short look
        hollered
   cried or
    shouted
    loudly;
    yelled
        horizon
 theline where the
 earth and sky seem to
 meet
        rhythm
 anymovement with
 regular repetition of a
 beat
          shivered
   shook with
    cold, fear, or
    excitement
       tunnel
 anunderground
 passage
       dynamite
    a powerful explosive
    most commonly used
    in blasting rock
        parapets
   low walls or mounds of
    stone or earth used to
    protect soldiers
  sledgehammer
a large hammer
 usually swung with
 both hands
The soldiers hid behind
the parapet when the
shooting started.
The soldiers hid behind
the parapet when the
shooting started.
A large boulder blocked
my way out.
A large boulder blocked
my way out.
   The workers used
    dynamite to move the
    mountain out of the way
    of the new road.
 Theworkers used
 dynamite to move the
 mountain out of the
 way of the new road.
The children hollered
so loud you could hear
them over the roaring
of the cars on the
street!
The children hollered
so loud you could hear
them over the roaring
of the cars on the
street.
I got a glimpse of
the butterfly as it
fluttered by the window.
I got a glimpse of
the butterfly as it
fluttered by the window.
The sun comes up on
the eastern horizon.
The sun comes up on
the eastern horizon.
The rhythm of a
heartbeat is very
important.
The rhythm of
the heartbeat is
very important
John Henry shivered
when he got out of
the creek.
John Henry shivered
when he got out of
the creek.
The train tunnel
through the
mountain was
very dark.
The train tunnel
through the
mountain was
very dark.
     Spelling Words
    Adding -er and -est
 smallest    deepest
 largest     closest
 happiest    scariest
 hottest     funniest
 saddest     fattest
    Spelling Words
   Adding -er and -est
 smaller    deeper
 larger     closer
 happier    scarier
 hotter     funnier
 sadder     fatter
This Week’s Word Wall Words


Click and type your own
words for this week:
 Let’s review our spelling
          words.
Watch carefully because
  they will flash on the
screen for just a moment.
 We will clap as we spell
        the word .
                 .
smaller
smallest
larger
largest
happier
happiest
hotter
hottest
sadder
saddest
deeper
deepest
closer
closest
scarier
scariest
funnier
funniest
fatter
fattest
GREAT JOB!

				
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posted:7/24/2011
language:English
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