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Fire Code - Granite School District

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Fire Code - Granite School District Powered By Docstoc
					                         GRANITE SCHOOL DISTRICT
                          FIRE PROTECTION AND SAFETY

                          Common Fire Codes Violations



All state owned buildings (including schools, buildings and grounds) fall under the jurisdiction of
the OFFICE OF THE STATE FIRE MARSHAL, and are all subject to the laws, codes,
regulations and inspections set forth by the state and federal government.

 Fire marshals inspect schools, buildings and structures for fire and safety violations, using the
International Building code, International Fire code, State laws and regulations and other codes
mandated and adopted by the State of Utah and United States Federal government.


 Acts such as arson, vandalism, tampering or altering fire alarm devices or equipment, fire
extinguishers, or any other life safety item is in direct violation of these laws and codes.
Included are such things as playing with matches or lighters, removal or defacement of life safety
devices, false alarms, and bomb threats are a few common violations. Staff or administration
whether they are misdemeanors or felonies, SHALL NOT deal with these violations IN-
HOUSE. When such crimes are committed, the Granite Police Department SHALL be
contacted.

Failure to do so could result in being charged with obstruction of justice and or being charged as
an accomplice to the crime.


Any questions or concerns please contact:

District Fire Marshal
Engineering Services
646-4373
DECORATIVE MATERIALS
2006 International Fire Code 806 & 807

General:
   A. Drapes, hanging curtains, drops and other decorative material, including all Artificial
       vegetation that would tend to increase the fire and panic hazard, shall be made from material
       which is non- flammable, or shall be treated and maintained in a flame-retardant
       condition by means of a flame- retardant solution or a process approved by the Authority
       having Jurisdiction. Manufacturer documentation certifying flame retardant shall be
       retained.
       Maintenance of flame- retardant treatments. Treatments used to accomplish flame
       retardation shall be renewed as often as necessary to maintain the flame-retardation effect
       according to manufactures specifications.

   B. Decorations shall not be place over, cover or hide: Exit doors, exit lights, fire alarm
      and electrical panels, fire alarm pull stations, smoke detectors, heat detectors, fire sprinkler
      system and components, fire extinguishers and equipment. Nor shall their locations be
      concealed or obstructed in any manner.
      Decorative material and artificial vegetation shall not obstruct any mean of egress.

   C. Flammable material coverage. No more than 20% of any wall in a classroom shall be
      covered with a flammable material
      Artwork and teaching materials on walls of corridors shall be limited to NOT more
      than 20 percent of the wall area.

    D. Hanging decorations. Shall be permitted on a temporary basis only. Such as for a
                            Holiday (not the season) 1 or 2 weeks is acceptable.

    E. Christmas Trees. All natural cut trees are PROHIBITED in ALL schools not
       having an approved FIRE SPRINKLER SYSTEM. IFC 806

    F. Electrical fixtures and wiring. The use of unlisted electrical wiring and lighting on
       decorative vegetation shall be prohibited.




pg. 1
BLOCKED EXITS
2006 International Fire Code    Chapter 8 & 10

Exit Obstructions:

A. Obstructions, including storage, shall not be placed within the required width of an exit
   (corridor), except projections permitted by the building code. Exits shall not be obstructed
   in any manner and shall remain free of any material or obstruction, where its presence
   would hinder or render the exit hazardous.

B. Aisles. Aisles leading to required exits shall be provided from all portions of building. The
   width and spacing of aisles shall be maintained as required by the Building and Fire code.

C. Use of Exit Ways. Interior and exterior stairways, smoke proof enclosures, hallways,
   corridors, vestibules, balconies and bridges leading to a stairway or exit shall not be used in
    any way that will obstruct their use as an exit or that will present a hazardous condition
   during egress. This also includes holding CLASSES within a corridor or hallway.

D. Furnishings or other objects shall not be placed to obstruct exits access, egress
   there from or visibility thereof.

E. All corridors, stairways, and exits must be free and clear of any storage, furniture or
   obstructions of any kind. Exits shall not be obstructed in any manner and shall remain free
   from any material that could cause obstruction or render the exit hazardous.

F.   Exit doors SHALL NOT be locked, chained, bolted, barred, latched or otherwise
     rendered unusable from either side.


DEAD END CORRIDORS
International Fire Code

Access to Exits:
   When more than one exit is required, they shall be so arranged that it is possible to go in
    either direction from any point in a corridor to a separate exit, except for dead end corridors
    not exceeding 20 feet in length.

     Dead end corridors exceeding 20 feet in length shall have a separate exit.
     Any device used to construct a dead end corridor such as gates, railings, furniture or
     any other material or equipment caused to create a dead end corridor is prohibited.



pg. 2
STORAGE IN BUILDINGS
2006 International Fire Code 315

Storage in buildings:

Ceiling clearance:
       Storage of combustible materials in buildings shall be orderly and maintained not less
       than 24 inches from the ceiling and not less than 18 inches below sprinkler head
       deflectors. Cabinets may extend to the ceiling with DOORS covering the top of the
       cabinets to at least 24 inches below the ceiling.
Exits:
       Combustible material shall not be stored in exits or exit enclosures.

Equipment rooms:
     Combustible material SHALL NOT be stored in BOILER, MECHANICAL
     or ELECTRICAL rooms.

Attic, under-floor and concealed spaces:
        Attic, under-floor, and concealed spaces used for storage of combustible material shall
        be protected on the storage side as required for one-hour fire-resistive construction.
        Openings shall be protected by assemblies that are self-closing and are of
        noncombustible construction or solid wood core not less than 1 3/4 inch in thickness.
        Storage shall not be placed on exposed joists.


FUELED EQUIPMENT:
     Fueled equipment, including but not limited to motorcycles, mopeds, lawn care
     equipment and portable cooking equipment, shall not be stored, operated or
     repaired within a building.

EXCEPTIONS:
     1. Building or room constructed for such use in accordance with the Building Code.
     2. When permitted by the other provisions of this code. The Authority having
       Jurisdiction is authorized to require removal of such equipment from any location
       when the presence of such equipment is determined to be hazardous.

HOUSE KEEPING/FIRE LOAD

The storage of flammable products contributes to the cause and severity of a fire. All
papers and other flammable material shall be kept neat and orderly, removed or disposed
of. Storage in cabinets is preferred. Loose papers must be stacked neatly or discarded.
Excess fire loading can overwhelm the ability to fight or extinguish fires.


pg. 3
EXTENSION CORDS
2006 International Fire Code 605

Extension cords:
  General: Extension cords shall not be used as a substitute for permanent wiring.

1. Extension cords shall only be used with portable appliances while such appliances are in
      immediate use.

2. Power Supply. Extension cords shall be plugged directly into an approved receptacle,
   power tap or multi-plug adapter and shall, except for approved multi-plug extension
   cords, serve only one portable appliance. Daisy chaining is prohibited.

3. Amperage. The amperage of the extension cord shall not be less than the rated capacity of the
    portable appliance supplied by the cord.

4. Maintenance. The extension cords shall be maintained in good condition without splices,
    deterioration or damage.

5. Grounding. Extension cords shall be grounded when servicing grounded portable appliances.

6. Installation. Extension cords and flexible cords shall not be affixed to structures; extend
     through walls, ceilings, floors, doorways or floor coverings; or be subject to
     environmental or physical damage.

   ALL EXTENSION CORDS SHALL BE OF THE 3 WIRE TYPE (WITH A GROUND
   PRONG). 2 WIRE HOUSEHOLD (non grounded) ZIP CORD IS PROHIBITED.

CLEARANCES
2006 International Fire Code 605

Access to Electrical panels, Fire alarm panels, Switchboards, and other Electronic and
Electrical equipment:

1. General. Workspace around panels and switchboards shall be provided and maintained
   as required by the Electrical and Fire Codes. Such space shall not be used for storage.

2. Access. A clear working space of not less than 30 inches in width, 78 inches in height and
   36 inches in depth shall be provided in front of all electrical service equipment.
    Including: Electrical, Fire alarm, Control, Electronic panels, etc.

3. No storage of any material shall be located in the designated working space.


pg. 4
DOORS
2006 International Fire Code 1008

   All locking devices shall be of an approved type.

  Exit doors shall be openable from the inside without the use of a key or any special
  knowledge or effort. Exit doors shall not be locked, chained, bolted, latched or otherwise
  rendered unusable. 1008.1.8

DEAD BOLTS SHALL NOT BE USED.
 Exception: Storage rooms that cannot be occupied (closets).

 Corridor and classroom doors may be fire rated and shall not be altered or modified without
 being done by a factory or factory authorized company. This includes cutting in windows, vents,
 louvers or any other device that may alter the integrity of a door.

Open Doors:
Doors may be held open by approved means only.

1. Friction hold open door closers are approved on classroom doors only.

   Classrooms with flammable gas, flammable liquids, open flame, chemicals, etc.,
   such as shops, science rooms, chemistry rooms or similar classrooms that may
   contain a hazardous environment are not approved for friction hold opens.

2. Door Wedges and other similar devices used to hold a door open are not
    approved and shall not be used.



OPEN FLAMES IN BUILDINGS
2006 International Fire Code 308
State Risk Management
Office of the State Fire Marshal
Granite School District Administrative Memorandum Number Eight.

OPEN FLAMES are prohibited in Schools (State Owned Buildings).
Candles and other open-flame devices shall not be used.
Open flames include; birthday candles, lighters, matches, torches or any other means of
open flame.

Exception: Buildings or rooms approved for such use as Industrial arts, shops,
science rooms or garages where approved.

pg. 5
FIRE DRILLS
2006 International Fire Code 404, 405
State amended code R710-4.3.9.1C
Fire Drills in Educational Occupancies.

Fire drills in Group "E" Occupancies shall be conducted in accordance with the following:

   1. Elementary school fire drills shall be conducted at least once each month of operation.
   2. Secondary schools shall conduct fire drills at least every 2 months.
   3. All drill to be conducted within the first 2 weeks of the school year.
      Exception: During severe weather, fire drills may be postponed.

4. A record of all required fire drills shall be kept and forwarded to the Granite School District
   Police Dept. Records of fire drills shall include the time, date and the name of the person
   conducting such drill also the time required to vacate the building.

5. Fire drill shall include complete evacuation of ALL personal from the building.

6. Granite Police Dept. will be notified prior to each fire drill.

7. Fire drills are to be activated by use of a fire alarm device (smoke detector, heat detector, pull
   station, etc). A fire drill SHALL NOT be activated from the fire alarm panel.
   A fire alarm device shall be activated to exercise the fire alarm system.
   Fire drills shall be conducted on a surprise basis.

8. Recall/Re-entry: IFC 405.9

   Any signal electrical or mechanical signal used to recall occupants after an evacuation shall be
    separate and distinct from any signal used to initiate the evacuation or normal day operation.
    CLASS BELL SIGNALS OR TONES SHALL NOT BE USED FOR RECALL.

REPORTING OF FIRES

Emergency Forces Notification.
International fire code 401.3

In the event a fire occurs on a property, the owner or occupant shall immediately report such
condition to the Fire Department (911). Building employees and tenants shall implement the
appropriate emergency plans and procedures. No person shall, by verbal or written directive, require
any delay in the reporting of a fire to the fire department.
ALL fires shall be reported to the Fire Department regardless of size. Once given the description and
condition of the fire, the fire department can then make the decision to respond.
In the event of a fire, it is the Schools responsibility to call "911" and then notify Granite
Dispatch at 481-7122 (if time allows).
pg.6
FLAMMABLE LIQUID STORAGE
2006 International Fire Code Chapter 34

1. Flammable and combustible liquids are allowed to be used for maintenance purposes and
    operation of equipment when stored in cabinets which comply with the Fire Code.
   Quantities not exceeding 10 gallons are allowed to be stored outside of a cabinet when in
   approved containers and approved locations.

Liquids for maintenance and operation of equipment.
   In all occupancies, quantities of flammable and combustible liquids in excess of 10 gallons
   (38 L) used for maintenance purposes and the operation of equipment shall be stored in liquid
   storage cabinets. Quantities not exceeding 10 gallons (38 L) are allowed to be stored
   outside of a cabinet when in approved containers.

Design and construction of storage cabinets Shall be of an approved type.

Labeling. Cabinets shall be provided with a conspicuous label in red letters on
          contrasting background, which reads: FLAMMABLE KEEP FIRE AWAY.

Doors.   Doors shall be well fitted, self closing, and equipped with a three-point latch.

Bottom. The bottom of the cabinet shall be liquid tight to a height of at least 2 inches (51 mm).

Capacity. The combined total quantity of liquids in a cabinet shall not exceed 120 gallons
             (454 L), with not more than 60 gallons (227 L) being Class I or II liquids.




VEHICLE PARKING
International Fire Code

    The code requires an UN-OBSTRUCTED PATH of egress to a street or public way.
    NO VEHICLE PARKING WITHIN 20 FEET OF ANY EXTERIOR EXIT DOOR.

    NO VEHICLE PARKING IN OR AROUND RELOCATABLES OR WHERE
    THERE IS STUDENT PATHS, PLAYGROUND OR TRAFFIC.




pg.7
KILNS
     Kilns must be separated from combustible surfaces by 36”. This includes walls,
     bookcases, shelving, storage, etc. 18" from non-combustible surfaces.
     KILNS MUST BE MECHANICALY EXHAUSTED TO THE OUTSIDE



DUMPSTERS
International Fire Code, State Amended code R710-4

         Rubbish within Dumpsters. Dumpsters and containers with an individual capacity
         of 1.5 cubic yards (40.5 cubic feet) or more shall not be stored in buildings or placed
         near combustible walls, openings or combustible roof eave lines.

         State Fire Marshal requires at least 20 feet from buildings with eaves or overhangs.




7/2/07

pg.8

				
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