ALCOHOL

Document Sample
ALCOHOL Powered By Docstoc
					      IPRC                               Indiana Prevention
                                         Resource Center                                           IPRC                               Indiana Prevention
                                                                                                                                      Resource Center                                           IPRC                               Indiana Prevention
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Resource Center


               ALCOHOL                                                                                      ALCOHOL                                                                                     ALCOHOL
Alcohol is a colorless liquid that is                                                        Alcohol is a colorless liquid that is                                                        Alcohol is a colorless liquid that is
usually produced through fermenta-                                                           usually produced through fermenta-                                                           usually produced through fermenta-
tion of organic sources such as                                                              tion of organic sources such as                                                              tion of organic sources such as
grapes, berries, corn, rice, and barley.                                                     grapes, berries, corn, rice, and barley.                                                     grapes, berries, corn, rice, and barley.
Ethyl alcohol is the psychoactive                                                            Ethyl alcohol is the psychoactive                                                            Ethyl alcohol is the psychoactive
drug in alcoholic drinks that acts on                                                        drug in alcoholic drinks that acts on                                                        drug in alcoholic drinks that acts on
the body as a depressant and pro-                                                            the body as a depressant and pro-                                                            the body as a depressant and pro-
duces a sedative effect. Alcohol is a                                                        duces a sedative effect. Alcohol is a                                                        duces a sedative effect. Alcohol is a
very accessible drug although it is                                                          very accessible drug although it is                                                          very accessible drug although it is
only legal for sale and consumption                                                          only legal for sale and consumption                                                          only legal for sale and consumption
for those over the age of 21. Alco-                                                          for those over the age of 21. Alco-                                                          for those over the age of 21. Alco-
holic beverages come in many forms,                                                          holic beverages come in many forms,                                                          holic beverages come in many forms,
including beer, wine, tequila, brandy,                                                       including beer, wine, tequila, brandy,                                                       including beer, wine, tequila, brandy,
whiskey, gin, wine coolers, and                                                              whiskey, gin, wine coolers, and                                                              whiskey, gin, wine coolers, and
mixed drinks.                                                                                mixed drinks.                                                                                mixed drinks.


EFFECTS                                                                                      EFFECTS                                                                                      EFFECTS
When alcohol is consumed, it is carried throughout the                                       When alcohol is consumed, it is carried throughout the                                       When alcohol is consumed, it is carried throughout the
body via the bloodstream. It is absorbed quickly, within a                                   body via the bloodstream. It is absorbed quickly, within a                                   body via the bloodstream. It is absorbed quickly, within a
few minutes, and is capable of staying in the body for sev-                                  few minutes, and is capable of staying in the body for sev-                                  few minutes, and is capable of staying in the body for sev-
eral hours, depending on the amount consumed. The ef-                                        eral hours, depending on the amount consumed. The ef-                                        eral hours, depending on the amount consumed. The ef-
fects that alcohol has on the central nervous system can                                     fects that alcohol has on the central nervous system can                                     fects that alcohol has on the central nervous system can
vary; it is capable of making users more comfortable and                                     vary; it is capable of making users more comfortable and                                     vary; it is capable of making users more comfortable and
relaxed, but can also make other users more aggressive.                                      relaxed, but can also make other users more aggressive.                                      relaxed, but can also make other users more aggressive.
The short-term effects of alcohol consumption include                                        The short-term effects of alcohol consumption include                                        The short-term effects of alcohol consumption include
impaired motor coordination, impaired memory recollec-                                       impaired motor coordination, impaired memory recollec-                                       impaired motor coordination, impaired memory recollec-
tion including blackouts, slower heart rate and respiration,                                 tion including blackouts, slower heart rate and respiration,                                 tion including blackouts, slower heart rate and respiration,
lowered inhibitions, and impaired decision-making capac-                                     lowered inhibitions, and impaired decision-making capac-                                     lowered inhibitions, and impaired decision-making capac-
ity, which can lead to risky behaviors. Long term effects                                    ity, which can lead to risky behaviors. Long term effects                                    ity, which can lead to risky behaviors. Long term effects
of excessive alcohol consumption include cirrhosis, can-                                     of excessive alcohol consumption include cirrhosis, can-                                     of excessive alcohol consumption include cirrhosis, can-
cers, cardiac illnesses, gastritis, and permanent damage to                                  cers, cardiac illnesses, gastritis, and permanent damage to                                  cers, cardiac illnesses, gastritis, and permanent damage to
the brain.                                                                                   the brain.                                                                                   the brain.




The Indiana Prevention Resource Center is operated by the Department of Applied Health       The Indiana Prevention Resource Center is operated by the Department of Applied Health       The Indiana Prevention Resource Center is operated by the Department of Applied Health
Science, School of Health, Physical Education and Recreation at Indiana University.          Science, School of Health, Physical Education and Recreation at Indiana University.          Science, School of Health, Physical Education and Recreation at Indiana University.
Funded, in part, by a contract with the Indiana Family and Social Services Administration,   Funded, in part, by a contract with the Indiana Family and Social Services Administration,   Funded, in part, by a contract with the Indiana Family and Social Services Administration,
Division of Mental Health and Addiction, financially supported through Health and Human       Division of Mental Health and Addiction, financially supported through Health and Human       Division of Mental Health and Addiction, financially supported through Health and Human
Services/Substance Abuse Mental Health Services Administration, Center for Substance         Services/Substance Abuse Mental Health Services Administration, Center for Substance         Services/Substance Abuse Mental Health Services Administration, Center for Substance
Abuse Prevention, Substance Abuse Prevention and Treatment Block Grant.                      Abuse Prevention, Substance Abuse Prevention and Treatment Block Grant.                      Abuse Prevention, Substance Abuse Prevention and Treatment Block Grant.
INCIDENCE & PREVALENCE                                                       INCIDENCE & PREVALENCE                                                       INCIDENCE & PREVALENCE
According to the SAMHSA 2007 National Survey on                              According to the SAMHSA 2007 National Survey on                              According to the SAMHSA 2007 National Survey on
Drug Use & Health (NSDUH), 51.1 percent of Americans                         Drug Use & Health (NSDUH), 51.1 percent of Americans                         Drug Use & Health (NSDUH), 51.1 percent of Americans
ages 12 and older reported being current drinkers. In addi-                  ages 12 and older reported being current drinkers. In addi-                  ages 12 and older reported being current drinkers. In addi-
tion, a little over one-fifth of persons 12 and over reported                tion, a little over one-fifth of persons 12 and over reported                tion, a little over one-fifth of persons 12 and over reported
that they had participated in binge drinking (five or more                   that they had participated in binge drinking (five or more                   that they had participated in binge drinking (five or more
drinks in one sitting) at least once in the preceding thirty                 drinks in one sitting) at least once in the preceding thirty                 drinks in one sitting) at least once in the preceding thirty
days. Among Indiana youth, the rates of alcohol use are                      days. Among Indiana youth, the rates of alcohol use are                      days. Among Indiana youth, the rates of alcohol use are
decreasing. According to the IPRC 2008 Alcohol, To-                          decreasing. According to the IPRC 2008 Alcohol, To-                          decreasing. According to the IPRC 2008 Alcohol, To-
bacco, and Other Drug Use by Indiana Children and Ado-                       bacco, and Other Drug Use by Indiana Children and Ado-                       bacco, and Other Drug Use by Indiana Children and Ado-
lescent Survey, the prevalence rates of lifetime, annual,                    lescent Survey, the prevalence rates of lifetime, annual,                    lescent Survey, the prevalence rates of lifetime, annual,
monthly, and daily consumption of alcohol has been hold-                     monthly, and daily consumption of alcohol has been hold-                     monthly, and daily consumption of alcohol has been hold-
ing steady or declining for the past several years.                          ing steady or declining for the past several years.                          ing steady or declining for the past several years.

                      Prevalence of Alcohol Use Among                                              Prevalence of Alcohol Use Among                                              Prevalence of Alcohol Use Among 
                      Indiana 10th Graders, 2001‐2008                                              Indiana 10th Graders, 2001‐2008                                              Indiana 10th Graders, 2001‐2008
 80                                                                           80                                                                           80
 70                                                                           70                                                                           70
 60                                                                           60                                                                           60
                                                                  Lifetime                                                                     Lifetime                                                                     Lifetime
 50                                                                           50                                                                           50
                                                                  Annual                                                                       Annual                                                                       Annual
 40                                                                           40                                                                           40
 30                                                               Monthly     30                                                               Monthly     30                                                               Monthly

 20                                                               Daily       20                                                               Daily       20                                                               Daily

 10                                                               Binge       10                                                               Binge       10                                                               Binge
  0                                                                            0                                                                            0
        2001   2002     2003   2004   2005   2006   2007   2008                      2001   2002     2003   2004   2005   2006   2007   2008                      2001   2002     2003   2004   2005   2006   2007   2008


      Source: IPRC 2008 ATOD Use By Children & Adolescent Survey*                  Source: IPRC 2008 ATOD Use By Children & Adolescent Survey*                  Source: IPRC 2008 ATOD Use By Children & Adolescent Survey*

LAW & CRIMINAL JUSTICE                                                       LAW & CRIMINAL JUSTICE                                                       LAW & CRIMINAL JUSTICE
In Indiana, the legal blood alcohol concentration (BAC)                      In Indiana, the legal blood alcohol concentration (BAC)                      In Indiana, the legal blood alcohol concentration (BAC)
while operating a vehicle is a maximum of 0.08. An indi-                     while operating a vehicle is a maximum of 0.08. An indi-                     while operating a vehicle is a maximum of 0.08. An indi-
vidual who operates a vehicle with a BAC higher than                         vidual who operates a vehicle with a BAC higher than                         vidual who operates a vehicle with a BAC higher than
0.08 is committing a misdemeanor under Indiana State                         0.08 is committing a misdemeanor under Indiana State                         0.08 is committing a misdemeanor under Indiana State
laws. A total of 9,935 alcohol-related collisions occurred                   laws. A total of 9,935 alcohol-related collisions occurred                   laws. A total of 9,935 alcohol-related collisions occurred
in Indiana in 2007, in which 291 turned out to be fatal                      in Indiana in 2007, in which 291 turned out to be fatal                      in Indiana in 2007, in which 291 turned out to be fatal
accidents. In regards to minors and alcohol, it is a misde-                  accidents. In regards to minors and alcohol, it is a misde-                  accidents. In regards to minors and alcohol, it is a misde-
meanor for a minor (under the age of 21) to knowingly                        meanor for a minor (under the age of 21) to knowingly                        meanor for a minor (under the age of 21) to knowingly
possess or consume an alcoholic beverage. In addition, it                    possess or consume an alcoholic beverage. In addition, it                    possess or consume an alcoholic beverage. In addition, it
is illegal for a person to knowingly or intentionally sell,                  is illegal for a person to knowingly or intentionally sell,                  is illegal for a person to knowingly or intentionally sell,
barter, exchange, provide, or furnish an alcoholic beverage                  barter, exchange, provide, or furnish an alcoholic beverage                  barter, exchange, provide, or furnish an alcoholic beverage
to a minor.                                                                  to a minor.                                                                  to a minor.
          Indiana Preven on Resource Center                                            Indiana Preven on Resource Center                                            Indiana Preven on Resource Center
               501 N. Morton St. Suite 110                                                  501 N. Morton St. Suite 110                                                  501 N. Morton St. Suite 110
                 Bloomington, IN 47404                                                        Bloomington, IN 47404                                                        Bloomington, IN 47404
             Indiana Toll Free: 800-346-3077                                              Indiana Toll Free: 800-346-3077                                              Indiana Toll Free: 800-346-3077
                Telephone: 812-855-1237                                                      Telephone: 812-855-1237                                                      Telephone: 812-855-1237
                    Fax: 812-855-4940                                                            Fax: 812-855-4940                                                            Fax: 812-855-4940
                  drugprc@indiana.edu                                                          drugprc@indiana.edu                                                          drugprc@indiana.edu
              h p://www.drugs.indiana.edu                                                  h p://www.drugs.indiana.edu                                                  h p://www.drugs.indiana.edu

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:4
posted:7/24/2011
language:English
pages:2