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					 Tobacco

How it Effects the
  Human Body
           Tobacco
• Smoking is the #1 cause of
  preventable diseases in the
  United States.
• Over 3,000 teens begin smoking
  everyday in the u.s.
• Cigarettes contain about 300
  different chemicals.
            Nicotine
• It is the addictive drug in all
  cigarettes.
• It causes physiological and
  psychological dependence.
• It is classified as a stimulant.
               Nicotine
• How does It harm you:
  –   It raises blood pressure
  –   Increases heart rate
  –   Contributes to heart disease
  –   Contributes to stroke
          Tobacco Tar
• Tar
  – Thick, sticky, dark fluid produced
    when tobacco burns.
  – It destroys cilia:
    • Tiny like hairlike structures that
      line the upper airways and protect
      against infection.
          Tobacco Tar
• Destroys Alveoli:
  – Air sacs, which absorb oxygen and
    rid the body of carbon dioxide.
• Destroys Lung Tissue:
  – Making the lungs less able to
    function.
    • Makes lung more susceptible to
      diseases like bronchitis, pneumonia,
      emphysema, and cancer.
     Carbon monoxide
• It is colorless, odorless, and
  poisonous gas.
• It replaces oxygen in the blood,
  thereby depriving the tissues
  and cells of oxygen.
• It increases the risk of high
  blood pressure, heart disease,
  and hardening of arteries.
           Other ingredients
•   ACETANISOLE                        •   CITRIC ACID
•   ACETIC ACID                        •   D,L-CITRONELLOL
                                       •   CLARY OIL
•   ACETOPHENONE
                                       •   COCOA AND COCOA PRODUCTS
•   AMMONIUM HYDROXIDE                 •   COFFEE EXTRACT
•   ANGELICA ROOT OIL                  •   COGNAC, GREEN, OIL
•   BENZALDEHYDE                       •   CORIANDER OIL
•   BENZOIN, RESINOID                  •   DAVANA OIL
•   BENZYL ALCOHOL                     •   DELTA-DECALACTONE
                                       •   GAMMA-DECALACTONE
•   BERGAMOT OIL
                                       •   DECANOIC ACID
•   BORNYL ACETATE                     •   DIACETYL
•   BUTYRIC ACID                       •   DIAMMONIUM PHOSPHATE
•   CARDAMOM SEED OIL                  •   2,3-DIETHYLPYRAZINE
•   CAROB BEAN AND EXTRACT             •   DILL OIL
•   CELERY SEED OIL                    •   2,5-DIMETHYLPYRAZINE
•   CELLULOSE                          •   ETHYL ACETATE
•   CHAMOMILE FLOWER, HUNGARIAN, OIL   •   ETHYL BUTRYATE
•   CHAMOMILE FLOWER, ROMAN, OIL       •   ETHYL HEXANOATE
•   CINNAMALDEHYDE                     •   ETHYL ISOVALERATE
•   CINNAMYL ALCOHOL                   •   ETHYL LACTATE
•   CITRAL                             •   ETHYL VANILLIN
           Other Ingredients
•   ETHYL OCTANOATE                      •   ISOAMYL ACETATE
•   ETHYL PHENYLACETATE                  •   ISOAMYL BUTYRATE
•   ETHYL PROPIONATE                     •   ISOAMYL FORMATE
•   ETHYL VANILLIN                       •   ISOAMYL HEXANOATE
•   5-ETHYL-3-HYDROXY-4- METHYL-2(5H)-   •   ISOAMYL ISOVALERATE
    FURANONE                             •   ISOAMYL PHENYLACETATE
•   FENUGREEK EXTRACT AND OLEORESIN      •   ISOBUTYRIC ACID
•   GERANIOL                             •   ISOVALERIC ACID
•   GERANIUM ROSE OIL                    •   LICORICE EXTRACT
•   GLYCEROL                             •   LIME OIL
•   GUAR GUM                             •   LINALOOL
•   GAMMA-HEPTALACTONE                   •   LOVAGE EXTRACT
•   2-HEPTANONE                          •   LOVAGE OIL
•   GAMMA-HEXALACTONE                    •   MALTOL
•   HEXANOIC ACID                        •   MATE ABSOLUTE
•   HEXYL ACETATE                        •   MEGASTIGMATRIENONE
•   4-(PARA-HYDROXYPHENYL)-2- BUTANONE   •   L-MENTHOL
•   IMMORTELLE EXTRACT                   •   PARA-METHOXYBENZALDEHYDE
•   ALPHA-IONONE                         •   METHYL ISOVALERATE
                                         •   4'-METHYLACETOPHENONE
           Other Ingredients
•   3-METHYLBUTYRALDEHYDE          •   PROPYLENE GLYCOL
•   2-METHYLBUTYRIC ACID           •   RHODINOL
•   METHYLCYCLOPENTENOLONE         •   ROSE OIL, BULGARIAN, TRUE OTTO
•   MIMOSA ABSOLUTE                •   RUM
•   MOUNTAIN MAPLE EXTRACT SOLID   •   RUM FLAVOR, NON-ALCOHOLIC
•   GAMMA-NONALACTONE              •   SALICYLADEHYDE
•   OAKMOSS ABSOLUTE               •   SANDALWOOD OIL, YELLOW
•   GAMMA-OCTALACTONE              •   SCLAREOLIDE
•   OCTANOIC ACID                  •   STORAX
•   OPOPONAX OIL                   •   STYRAX EXTRACT
•   ORANGE OIL, SWEET              •   SUGAR: HIGH FRUCTOSE CORN SYRUP
•   ORRIS ROOT EXTRACT                 42%
•   PECTIN                         •   SUGAR: INVERT SUGAR
•   PEPPERMINT OIL                 •   SUGAR: SUCROSE
•   PETITGRAIN OIL                 •   TANGERINE OIL
•   PHENETHYL ALCOHOL              •   ALPHA-TERPINEOL
•   PHENETHYL PHENYLACETATE        •   2,3,5,6-TETRAMETHYLPYRAZINE
•   PHENYLACETIC ACID              •   PARA-TOLYL ACETATE
•   PIPERONAL                      •   4-(2,6,6-TRIMETHYL CYCLOHEX-1-ENYL)
•   PROPENYLGUAETHOL                   BUT-2-EN-4-ONE
                                   •   2,3,5-TRIMETHYLPYRAZINE
                                   •   GAMMA-UNDECALACTONE
                                   •   VALERIAN ROOT EXTRACT
                                   •   VANILLA BEAN EXTRACT (EXTRACTIVES)
    Smokeless Tobacco
• It can be sniffed, held in the
  mouth, or chewed.
• They are not a safe alternative!
• It Contains 1000’s of harmful
  ingredients, including:
  – Cyanide, Formaldehyde, arsenic,
    insecticides, paint, toilet cleaners,
    antifreeze, and explosives.
    Smokeless Tobacco
• It delivers two – three times the
  amount of nicotine and
  carcinogens then cigarettes.
  – Ex: people who use 8-10 pinches of
    chew each day take in the same
    amount of nicotine as two packs of
    cigarettes a day.
    Smokeless Tobacco
• Harmful effects:
  – It irritates the mouth’s sensitive
    tissues, causing leukoplakia.
    • Thickened, white, leathery-looking
      spots on the inside of the mouth that
      can develop into oral cancer.
  – Cancer of the throat, larynx,
    esophagus, stomach, and pancreas
    are also common.
Healthy Lung   cancerous Lung
Throat Cancer
   Affects on the body
• Short-term effects:
  – Changes in brain chemistry
    • Experience withdrawal symptoms
      such as headaches, nervousness, and
      trembling.
  – Increased Respiration & heart rate
    • Breathing becomes more difficult.
  Short Term Effects
       (con’t)
– Dulled taste buds/reduced
  appetite.
  • Lose much of your ability to enjoy
    food.
– Bad Breath and smell hair, clothes,
  and skin.
  • May cause people to avoid you.
    Long term effects
• Chronic Bronchitis
 – Leads to build up of tar in lungs,
   causing chronic coughing and
   excessive mucus secretion.
• Emphysemia
 – Destroys tiny air sacs in the lungs.
 – An individual w/advanced
   emphysemia uses up to 80% of their
   energy just to breath.
     Long term effects
• Lung Cancer
  – Cilia and Bronchi are destroyed,
    extra mucus cannot be expelled.
  – Cancerous cells start to grow and
    block the bronchi, and then move
    into the lungs.
     Long term effects
• Coronary Heart disease and stroke.
  – Nicotine constricts the blood vessels,
    which cuts down on circulation.
  – Nicotine also contributes to plaque
    buildup in vessels.
  – Arteries become clogged, increasing the
    risk of a heart attack or stroke.
    Effects of smoke on
        nonsmokers
• Effects on unborn children:
  – Nicotine passes through placenta,
    constricting the blood vessels of
    the fetus.
  – Impairs fetal growth, miscarriage,
    prenatal death, premature
    delivery, low birth weight,
    deformities, and stillbirths.
     Effects on unborn
         children
• Babies of smokers are 2.5 more
  times more likely to die from
  sudden infant death syndrome
  (sids).
• 60% of all sids cases are a result
  of exposure to tobacco smoke.
    Effects of smoke on
        nonsmokers
• Effects on young children:
  – Children of smokers tend to have
    higher incidences of sore throats,
    ear infections, and upper
    respiratory problems.
  – Children who live with smokers
    have double the risk of developing
    lung cancer.
   Other Consequences
• Legal Consequences:
  – Student ma be suspended or
    expelled for smoking on school
    property.
• Social Consequences:
  – Many people find second hand
    smoke, bad breath, yellow teeth,
    and stained fingers unattractive.
   Other Consequences
• Financial Consequences:
  – Someone who smokes a pack a day
    can spend $2,000.00 a year on
    cigarettes.
  – Estimated economic cost of
    tobacco use to taxpayers in the
    u.s., including medical costs, is
    about $97 billion dollars a year.
 Percent of Adults who are
daily smoking began smoking.
       11
                 16




                           By age 12
                           By age 16
  27                       By age 14
                           By age 18
                      25   After age 18




            21
    Number of Deaths per
           year
         30,000   19,000
                                     Cigarette
    81,000                           Motor Vehicle

14,000                               AIDS

17,000                               Drug Use

                                     Alcohol Abuse
 41,000
                                     Suicides
                           430,000
                                     Homicides
     High school Students
             who:
40
35
30
25
20                                             Smoke Cigarettes in
                                               the last 30 days in %
15
10
5
0
     1991   1993   1995   1997   1999   2001
Current Cigarette Users
 40
 35
 30                                         37.5
 25                                                   Male
                    25.4      32.3             33.1
 20
 15          23.6      28.4
 10                                  27.3             Female
      24.3
 5
 0
      Ninth         Tenth     Eleventh      Twelfth
      Grade         Grade      Grade        Grade

				
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posted:7/24/2011
language:English
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