MOTIVATION - PowerPoint by nasif123

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									Motivation-A key to
Higher Performance

             M. Ali Hossain
             Sr. Manager, HR
Do you see the face? Or an Eskimo?
       What do you see?




There's a face... and the word liar
What is Motivation?
What is Motivation?

Motivation means to influence
the behavior of an individual to
achieve more than he/she
usually achieves. It is thus the
driving force to influence
people in “willing to act”.
Importance of Motivation
Achievement of objective depends upon
performance. Performance is determined
by:
• Ability
• Motivation
• Environment
How is Productivity & Motivation
            linked?
 Motivation is the set of
 forces that make people
 behave in certain ways.
    Productivity=A x M

 where: A=Ability, M=Motivation
What is Motivation for these people
right now?
What is Motivation for this Baby?
What is Motivation for these people?
What is Motivation for this person?
What is Motivation for this person?
What is Motivation for these people?
What is Motivation for this person?
   Self-actualization


    Self-Esteem

Belongingness & Love

       Safety

 Physiological Need
Process of Motivation
   Unsatisfied need

       Tension

        Drives

   Search behavior

    Satisfied need

 Reduction of Tension
You are a busy executive, when do
you get time to worry about
people’s inner motivation?
Otherwise people will look like this -
So how do we Motivate people?
You cannot Motivate ALL the
People ALL the TIME!
For Demotivated People

• Find the reasons, why they are
  demotivated
• Identify ‘what would motivate
  them’
• Implement whatever help you can
  offer to him/her
Tools of Motivation
• Set personal example
• Use regular feedback
• Set challenging but achievable target
• Empowerment
• Participation
• Reward vs punishment
• Job Design & Redesign
• Hard vs. soft approach
• Use of ‘Carrot and Stick’ principle
Five Broad Approaches to Empowerment
• Helping employees achieve job mastery
  (training, coaching, guided experience)
• Allowing more control (Giving discretion over
  job performance)
• Providing successful role model
• Using social reinforcement and persuasion
  (praise, encouragement etc)
• Giving emotional support (task, assistance,
  honest, caring)
     Aim of Reward Management

•Improve individual & organization performance
•Encourage value added performance
•Support culture management
•Achieve integration
•Support managers
•Empower individuals and teams
                                           Cont’d….
Aim of Reward Management
 • Motivate members of the organization
 • Increase commitment
 • Achieve fairness & equity
 • Support new development
 • Enhance equality
 • Promote team working
 • Encourage flexibility
Reward System
• Financial rewards
• Non-financial rewards
        »Intrinsic motivation-the work itself
        »Extrinsic Motivation-recognition, letter,
         certificate
A MAN HAD TWO SONS: ONE AN
 INTENSE PESSIMIST AND THE
 OTHER AN EXTREME OPTIMIST.
 THE FATHER DECIDED IT WAS BAD
 FOR BOTH OF THEM AND HE
 SHOULD    DO  SOMETHING    TO
 CHANGE THEIR ATTITUDE. SO, HE
 PRESENTED A ROOM FULL OF TOYS
 TO THE PESSIMIST AND A GARAGE
 FULL OF HORSE DUNG TO THE
 OPTIMIST.
CHECKING UP ON THE PESSIMIST, HE
 FOUND THE BOY SITTING IN THE
 MIDDLE OF ALL THE TOYS AND
 CRYING. CONFUSED THE FATHER
 ASKED, “SON, COULDN’T ALL THESE
 TOYS MAKE YOU HAPPY?”       “AT
 FIRST THEY DID FATHER, BUT NOW
 I’M AFRAID TO PLAY WITH THEM
 BECAUSE I MIGHT BREAK THEM.”
FEELING SORRY FOR THE KID HE WENT
  TO THE GARAGE TO FIND HIS OTHER
  SON, BUT HE WAS NOWHERE IN
  SIGHT. AFTER BEING CALLED A FEW
  TIMES, THE OPTIMIST EMERGED
  WITH HORSE DUNG ALL OVER HIS
  BODY AND A BIG SPADE IN HIS HAND.
  AGAIN    CONFUSED       THE FATHER
  ASKED HIM, “WHY ARE YOU DIGGING
  THE DUNG?” THE SON REPLIED, “WITH
  ALL THIS HORSE DUNG LYING HERE,
  I’M SURE THERE IS A HORSE HIDDEN
  IN IT SOMEWHERE!!!!!!!”
Tips for building employee self-efficacy

•Don’t imply that employees are incompetent
•Don’t criticize their work in front of their peers
•Do praise them for their appropriate efforts
•Do listen carefully to their ideas
•Do share positive feedback
•Do provide formal recognition for achievement
Suggestions for Motivating Employees
 • Recognize individual differences
 • Match people to jobs
 • Use goal
 • Individualized reward
 • Link rewards to performance
 • Check system for equity
 • Recognize importance of money
Your Approach should do the trick!
SL#                    Name   Topic
   1Tabinda Islam
   2Rushdia Ahmed
   3Nadia Afroz Nushat

   4Sumaya Mahmud Sharna        ISO
   5Fouad Md. Delwar
   6M Abrar Hasnat
   7Easin Uddin Syed

   8M Abid Nawaz
   9Uttom Nandi
  10Mehnaz Majid

  11Sumaiya Sadaf             MHRA
  12Faria Gias Senjoti
  13Sumaiya Razzak
  14Layla Zaman

  15Gazi Asif Mahmood
  16Ashik Jonaid
  17Rubana Reaz Tana

  18                            TGA
  19
   20
   21

								
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