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Cancer By: Erionne Walker What is Cancer • Cancer begins in your cells, which are the building blocks of your body. • Normally, your body forms new cells as you need them, replacing old cells that die. • Sometimes this process goes wrong. • New cells grow even when you don't need them, and old cells don't die when they should. • These extra cells can form a mass called a tumor. • Tumors can be benign or malignant. Types of Cancer • Breast Cancer • Colon Cancer • Lung Cancer • Liver Cancer • Prostate Cancer • And Many, Many more! Symptoms • Chills • Fatigue • Fever • Loss of appetite • Night sweats • Weight loss • Some Cancers don’t have any symptoms. • Colon Cancer can cause you to have diarrhea. Causes • Cells are the building blocks of living things. • Cancer grows out of normal cells in the body. • Normal cells multiply when the body needs them, and die when the body doesn't need them. • Cancer appears to occur when the growth of cells in the body is out of control and cells divide too quickly. Testes • Biopsy of the tumor • Blood chemistries • Bone marrow biopsy (for lymphoma or leukemia) • Chest x-ray • Complete blood count (CBC) • CT scan Treatment • Treatment also varies based on the type of cancer and its stage. The stage of a cancer refers to how much it has grown and whether the tumor has spread from its original location. • If the cancer is confined to one location and has not spread, the most common goals for treatment are surgery and cure. This is often the case with skin cancers, as well as cancers of the lung, breast, and colon. • If the tumor has spread to local lymph nodes only, sometimes these can also be removed. • If surgery cannot remove all of the cancer, the options for treatment include radiation, chemotherapy, or both. Some cancers require a combination of surgery, radiation, and chemotherapy. More types of Cancer • Brain cancer • Cervical cancer • Hodgkin's lymphoma • Kidney cancer • Leukemia • Liver cancer • Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma • Ovarian cancer • Skin cancer • Testicular cancer • Thyroid cancer • Uterine cancer Pictures Brain Cancer Skin Cancer Liver Cancer Kidney Cancer Lung Cancer References • "Cancer: MedlinePlus." National Library of Medicine - National Institutes of Health. Web. 19 Mar. 2010. <http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/canc er.html>. • "Cancer." Google Health. Web. 19 Mar. 2010. <https://health.google.com/health/ref/Canc er>.
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