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MT HOOD COMMUNITY COLLEGE Allied Health Division Physical

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MT HOOD COMMUNITY COLLEGE Allied Health Division Physical Powered By Docstoc
					MT. HOOD COMMUNITY COLLEGE
Allied Health Division
Physical Therapist Assistant Program

COMMONLY USED ABBREVIATIONS LIST

a                            before

A                            assist


c, w/                        with

I,   I                       independent


p                            post, after


s                            without

x                            except

*b.i.w.                      two times per week; rather than use write out “twice a wk.”
*q.d., qd                    every day
*q.i.d., qid                 four times a day
*q.o.d.. qod                 every other day
*t.i.w., tiw                 three times per week
          4WW                Four – Wheeled Walker
90/90                        ninety-ninety traction
A&O                          alert and oriented
A                            assist, active
AA                           active assist
AAA                          abdominal aortic aneurysm
AAROM                        active assistive range of motion
abd, abd., ABD               abduction, abdomen
ABG                          arterial blood gas
ACL                          anterior cruciate ligament
ad lib                       freely, as desired
add, ADD.                    adduction
ADL                          activities of daily living
adm.                         admission
AE A/E                       above elbow
AFH                          Adult Foster Home (also called a “Group Home”)
AFO                          ankle foot orthosis
AIDS                         Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome
AK, A/K                      above knee
AKA                          above knee amputation
ALF                          Assisted Living Facility
ALS                          amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
am, a.m., AM                 morning



*JCAHO prohibited the use of these abbreviations in 2004, secondary to safety concerns.
jc/c/My Documents/MHCC/ Abbreviation list/ abbreviation master rev 7-22-08
AMA                          against medical advice, American Medical Association
amb.                         ambulate, ambulation
ANS                          autonomic nervous system
ant                          anterior
AP, A & P                    anterior posterior, anterior & posterior
approx, ≈                    approximately
appt.                        appointment
ARDS                         adult respiratory distress syndrome
AROM, arom                   active range of motion
ARROM                        active resistive range of motion
As Tol                       as tolerated
ASAP                         as soon as possible
ASHD                         arteriosclerotic heart disease
ASIS                         anterior superior iliac spine
ATNR                         asymmetrical tonic neck reflex
b.i.d., BID                  two times per day
bilat., BIL, B               bilateral
BKA                          below knee amputation
BM                           bowel movement
BMD                          bone mineral density
BOS                          base of support
BP                           blood pressure, back pain, bedpan, birthplace
BPM                          beats per minute
BR                           bedrest
BRP                          bathroom privileges
BSC                          Bed Side Commode
Bx.                          biopsy
C, c.                        centigrade
C/O, c/o                     complains of
Ca                           calcium, cancer, carcinoma
CA                           carcinoma (cancer), cardiac arrest, coronary artery
CABG                         coronary artery bypass graft
CAD                          coronary artery disease
CAT                          computerized axial tomography
cath                         catheter
CBC                          complete blood count
CC                           chief complaint, cubic centimeter
CC, cc.                      cubic centimeter
CCU                          coronary care unit
cerv., c-spine               cervical
CF                           cystic fibrosis
CG                           contact guard, caregiver
CGA                          contact guard assist
CHF                          congestive heart failure
CHI                          closed head injury
CKC                          closed kinetic chain
cm, cm.                      centimeter
CN                           cranial nerve
CNS                          central nervous system
CO                           cardiac output
cont.                        continued



*JCAHO prohibited the use of these abbreviations in 2004, secondary to safety concerns.
jc/c/My Documents/MHCC/ Abbreviation list/ abbreviation master rev 7-22-08
COPD                         chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
CORF                         Certified Outpatient Rehabilitation Facility
COTA                         Certified Occupational Therapy Assistant
CP                           cerebral palsy, chest pain
CPM                          continuous passive motion machine
CPR                          cardiac pulmonary resuscitation
CRF                          chronic renal failure
CSF                          cerebral spinal fluid
CT                           computerized tomography, cervical-thoracic
CTS                          carpal tunnel syndrome
CVA                          cerebral vascular accident
D/C, DC, d/c                 discontinue, discharge
DDD                          degenerative disc disease
DF                           dorsiflexion
DHS                          dynamic hip screw
DIP                          distal interphalangeal joint
DJD                          degenerative joint disease
DM                           diabetes mellitus
DME                          durable medical equipment
DNR                          do not resuscitate
DO                           doctor of osteopathy
DOB                          date of birth
DOE                          dyspnea on exertion
Dr.                          doctor
DTR                          deep tendon reflexes
DVT                          deep venous thrombosis
Dx, dx, diag.                diagnosis
E.S., e. stim.               Electrical stimulation
ECF                          extended care facility
ED                           emergency department
EEG                          electroencephalogram
EENT                         eye, ear, nose & throat
EKG, ECG                     electrocardiogram
EMG                          electromyography
ENT                          ear, nose and throat
EOB                          edge of bed
ER, E. R.                    emergency room, external rotation
ETOH                         alcohol (usually related to alcohol abuse)
ETS                          Elevated Toilet Seat (same as RTS = Raised Toilet Seat)
EV                           eversion
eval, eval.                  Evaluation
ex, ex.                      exercise
exam.                        Examination
Ext, ext.                    Extension
ext. rot., ER                external rotation
ext., /                      extension, extensor, extend, extremity, external
F                            fair (muscle grade), Fahrenheit, female
f/u                          follow up
FES                          functional electrical stimulator
FH                           family history
Flex, flex., √                        flexion, flex, flexor



*JCAHO prohibited the use of these abbreviations in 2004, secondary to safety concerns.
jc/c/My Documents/MHCC/ Abbreviation list/ abbreviation master rev 7-22-08
FTSG                         full thickness skin graft
FUO                          fever of undetermined origin
FWB                          full weight bearing
         FWW                 front-wheeled walker
Fx, fx                       fracture
G                            good (muscle grade)
GCS                          Glasgow coma scale
gen.                         general
GERD                         gastroesophageal reflux disease
GI                           gastrointestinal
glut.                        Gluteal
GS                           Gluteal Set
GSW                          gun shot wound
GT                           gait training
gt                           gait
GU                           genitourinary, gastric ulcer
Gyn.                         Gynecology
H and P                      history & physical
h.s.                         at bedtime
h/o                          history of
H2O                          water
HA, H/A                      headache, hearing aid, hospital admission
ham.                         Hamstring
HBP                          high blood pressure
Hct                          hematocrit
hemi                         hemiplegia
HEP                          home exercise program
HH                           Home Health
HI                           head injury
HIV                          human immunodeficiency virus
HNP                          herniated nucleus pulposus
HO                           heterotopic ossification
HOB                          head of bed
HOH                          hard of hearing
HP                           hot pack
HR                           heart rate, hospital record
hr., h                       hour
HS                           Hamstring Set; hamstrings
Ht                           hematocrit
HT                           Hubbard tank, hydrotherapy
ht.                          height
HTN                          hypertension
HVGS                         high voltage galvanic stimulation
       HW                    Hemi Walker
Hx.,hx                       history
I&O                          intake and output
i.e.                         that is
IADL                         instrumental acts of daily living
ICF                          intermediate care facility
ICT                          intermittent cervical traction
ICU                          intensive care unit



*JCAHO prohibited the use of these abbreviations in 2004, secondary to safety concerns.
jc/c/My Documents/MHCC/ Abbreviation list/ abbreviation master rev 7-22-08
IDDM                         insulin dependent diabetes mellitus
IF                           interferential
IM                           intramuscular
incont                       incontinent
int, INT                     internal
INV                          inversion
IP                           interphalangeal
IPPB                         intermittent positive pressure breathing
IPT                          intermittent pelvic traction
IR                           internal rotation, infra-red
IV                           intravenous
IVP                          intravenous pyelogram
JCAHO                        Joint Commission on Accreditation of Health Care Organizations
JRA                          juvenile rheumatoid arthritis
jt.                          Joint
KAFO                         knee ankle foot orthosis
L, L                         left, lower, lumbar, liter
L/S, LS                      lumbosacral
lab.                         Laboratory
LAQ                          Long Arc Quad
lat.                         Lateral
LB                           low back
lb.                          pound
LBP                          low back pain
LBQC                         Large Based Quad Cane
LE                           lower extremity
LLE                          left lower extremity
LMN                          lower motor neuron
LOB                          loss of balance
LOS                          length of stay
LP                           lumbar puncture
LPT, RPT                     Licensed Physical Therapist, Registered Physical Therapist
LPTA                         Licensed Physical Therapist Assistant
LRR                          labyrinthine righting reflex
lt.                          left, liter
LTG                          long term goal
LTM                          long term memory
LUE                          left upper extremity
LWP                          large (leg) whirlpool
M                            male, meter
M.D.                         medical doctor
mass.                        Massage
max.                         maximum
MCA                          motor cycle accident
MCP, MP                      metacarpalphalangeal joint
MD                           muscular dystrophy
MED                          minimal erythemal dose
Meds., meds.                 Medication
mg.                          milligram
MH                           mental health
MI                           myocardial infarction



*JCAHO prohibited the use of these abbreviations in 2004, secondary to safety concerns.
jc/c/My Documents/MHCC/ Abbreviation list/ abbreviation master rev 7-22-08
min.                         minute, minimal, minimum
mm.                          muscles, millimeter
MMT                          manual muscle test
mob.                         Mobilization, mobility
mod.                         Moderate
MRSA                         methicillin resistant staphylococcus aureus
MS                           multiple sclerosis, musculoskeletal
msg.                         message
m.                           muscle, meter
MVA                          motor vehicle accident
N                            normal (muscle grade)
n., nn.                      Nerve, nerves
N.A.D.                       no appreciable disease; no acute distress
N/A, n/a                     not applicable
N/S                          no show
N/V                          nausea and vomiting
NDT                          neuro developmental treatment
neg                          negative
NG, ng                       nasogastric
NIDDM                        non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus
NKA                          no known allergies
no., #                       number
noc, noct., Noc.             At night
NPO                          nothing by mouth
Nsg.; NSG                    nursing
NT                           not tested
NWB                          non-weight bearing
O2                           oxygen
OA                           osteoarthritis
OB, OB/gyn                   obstetrics, obstetrics and gynecology
OBS                          organic brain syndrome
OJT                          on-the-job training
OOB                          out of bed
OP                           out patient
OR                           operating room
ORIF                         open reduction internal fixation
Ortho                        orthopedics
OT                           Occupational Therapy
P                            pulse
p.c.                         after food, after meals
p.r.n.                       as required, whenever necessary
path                         pathology
PCL                          posterior cruciate ligament
PD                           Parkinson’s disease
PE                           pulmonary embolus, physical exam
PF                           plantar flexion
PFWW                         Platform Front Wheeled Walker
PID                          pelvic inflammatory disease
PIP                          proximal interphalgeal joint
pm, p.m., PM                 afternoon, evenings (PM also means Physical Medicine)
PMH                          past medical history


*JCAHO prohibited the use of these abbreviations in 2004, secondary to safety concerns.
jc/c/My Documents/MHCC/ Abbreviation list/ abbreviation master rev 7-22-08
pn                           pain
PNF                          proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation
PO, po, p.o.                 post-op, postoperative, by mouth
POD                          post-op day
POMR                         problem-oriented medical record
pos.                         positive
post.                        Posterior, after
postop., post-op             after surgery
PRE                          progressive resistive exercise
preop., pre-op               preoperative
PROM                         passive range of motion
PT                           Physical Therapy, prothrombin time
pt.                          patient
PTA                          prior to admission, post-traumatic amnesia, Physical Therapist Assistant
PTB                          patellae tendon bearing
        PUW                  pick-up walker
PVD                          peripheral vascular disease
PWB                          partial weight bearing
q.                           every, each
q.2.d.                       every second day
q.2.h.                       every two hours
q.h.                         every hour
q.n.                         every night
QC                           Quad Cane
QS                           Quad Set
R                            respiration
R, R , rt.                   Right
R/O, r/o                     rule out
RA                           rheumatoid arthritis, restorative aide
rad. Dev.                    Radial deviation
RCF                          Residential Care Facility
rehab.                       Rehabilitation
reps.                        Repetitions
RHD                          rheumatic heart disease
RLE                          right lower extremity
RLL                          right lower lobe
Rm                           room
RML                          right middle lobe
RN                           registered nurse
ROM, rom                     range of motion
rr                           recovery room, respiratory rate
RT                           Respiratory Therapy
RTS                          Raised Toilet Seat
RTW                          return to work
RUE                          right upper extremity
RUL                          right upper lobe
Rx                           treatment, drugs, prescription, therapy
S/P                          status post
S/S                          signs & symptoms
SAQ                          short arc quad
SB                           Slide Board



*JCAHO prohibited the use of these abbreviations in 2004, secondary to safety concerns.
jc/c/My Documents/MHCC/ Abbreviation list/ abbreviation master rev 7-22-08
SBA                          stand by assist
SBQC                         Small Based Quad Cane
SC                           straight cane
SCI                          spinal cord injury
SCS                          Strain-Counterstrain
SDH                          subdural hematoma
SI                           sacroiliac joint
SLP                          speech language pathologist
SLR                          straight leg raise
SNF                          skilled nursing facility
SO                           significant other
SOAP                         subjective, objective, assessment, plan
SOB                          short of breath
SOC                          standard of care
SPC                          Single Point Cane
SPT                          standing pivot transfer, student physical therapist
SPTA                         student physical therapist assistant
ST                           speech therapist, speech therapy
Stat.                        immediately
STG                          short term goal
STM                          short-term memory; soft tissue mobilization
STSG                         split thickness skin graft
SWD                          shortwave diathermy
Sx.                          symptoms
T                            trace (muscle grade), temperature, thoracic
t.i.d., tid                  three times per day
TB                           tuberculosis
TBA                          to be assessed; to be announced
TBI                          traumatic brain injury
TC                           telephone call
TDWB                         Touch Down Weight Bearing = same as TTWB
TENS, TNS                    transcutaneous electric nerve stimulation
ther. ex.                    therapeutic exercise
THR, THA                     total hip replacement (total hip arthroplasty)
TIA                          transient ischemic attack
TKE                          terminal knee extension
TKR, TKA                     total knee replacement (total knee arthroplasty)
TMD                          temporomandibular dysfunction
TMJ                          temporomandibular joint
TO, T/O                      telephone order
TPR                          temperature, pulse, and respiration
trach.                       tracheotomy
TT                           tilt table
TTWB                         Toe Touch Weight Bearing = weight of leg only; no further pressure
UE                           upper extremity
uln. dev.                    ulnar deviation
UMN                          upper motor neuron
unilat.                      unilateral
URI                          upper respiratory infection
US                           ultra sound
UTI                          urinary tract infection



*JCAHO prohibited the use of these abbreviations in 2004, secondary to safety concerns.
jc/c/My Documents/MHCC/ Abbreviation list/ abbreviation master rev 7-22-08
UV                           ultra-violet
v.c., v/c, V/Cs              verbal cues
v.o., vo, V.O, VO            verbal order
V/S                          vital signs
VC                           vital capacity
VMO                          vastus medialis oblique
W                            watt
         W, wh, w/           wheeled
w/                           with, wheeled
W/C                          Wheelchair
Walker:
WBAT                         Weight Bearing as Tolerated = as much weight as tolerated by patient
         wkr                 walker
WNL                          within normal limits
wt.                          weight
X                            times (for example, 3X/wk = 3 times per week
XR                           xray
y.o., y/o                    year old
yr.                          year




*JCAHO prohibited the use of these abbreviations in 2004, secondary to safety concerns.
jc/c/My Documents/MHCC/ Abbreviation list/ abbreviation master rev 7-22-08
SYMBOLS
@                            at
Δ                            change, changes
↑                            increase, up, elevated
↓                            decrease, below
→                            move or transfer to, leads to
←                            move or transfer from, leads from
↔                            to and from (for example, in and out of bed or chair)
♂                            male
♀                            female
>, ≥                         greater than, greater than or equal to
<, ≤                         less than, less than or equal to
/, ext.                      extension
   , flex.,                  flexion, (check indicates an action was done in response to specific orders
=                            equals
≈                            approximately
≅                            approximately equal to
+                            plus, positive, present
?                            possible, questionable
-                            minus, absent, negative
°                            degree
1°                           primary, first degree
2°                           secondary, second degree
3°                           tertiary, third degree
#                            pound, number
“                            inch, second (time)
', ft                        foot, minute
//                           parallel bars

EXERCISE ABBREVIATIONS
Ext             Extension
Flex            Flexion
GS              Gluteal Set
HS              Hamstring Set; hamstrings
LAQ             Long Arc Quad
QS              Quad Set
SAQ             Short Arc Quad
SLR             Straight Leg Raise
TKE             Terminal Knee Extension




*JCAHO prohibited the use of these abbreviations in 2004, secondary to safety concerns.
jc/c/My Documents/MHCC/ Abbreviation list/ abbreviation master rev 7-22-08
EQUIPMENT ABBREVIATIONS
BSC              Bed Side Commode
ETS              Elevated Toilet Seat (same as RTS = Raised Toilet Seat)
LBQC             Large Based Quad Cane
PFWW             Platform Front Wheeled Walker
QC               Quad Cane
RTS              Raised Toilet Seat
SB               Slide Board
SBQC             Small Based Quad Cane
SPC              Single Point Cane
Walker:
       wkr       walker
       4WW       Four – Wheeled Walker
       FWW       front-wheeled walker
       HW        Hemi Walker
       PUW       pick-up walker
       W, wh, w/ wheeled

W/C                          Wheelchair

HEALTHCARE SETTINGS
AFH            Adult Foster Home (also called a “Group Home”)
ALF            Assisted Living Facility
ECF            extended care facility
CORF           Certified Outpatient Rehabilitation Facility
HH             Home Health
ICF            Intermediate Care Facility
               (usually intermediate care level in a SNF)
OP             Outpatient
RCF            Residential Care Facility (also called Assisted Living)
SNF            Skilled Nursing Facility

WEIGHT BEARING ABBREVIATIONS:
Listed in order from most to least restrictive

NWB                          Non Weight Bearing = not allowed to put any weight down

TTWB                         Toe Touch Weight Bearing = weight of leg only; no further pressure

TDWB                         Touch Down Weight Bearing = same as TTWB

PWB                          Partial Weight Bearing = MD defines specific % of weight allowed

WBAT                         Weight Bearing as Tolerated = as much weight as tolerated by patient

FWB                          Full Weight Bearing = full amount of weight is allowed




*JCAHO prohibited the use of these abbreviations in 2004, secondary to safety concerns.
jc/c/My Documents/MHCC/ Abbreviation list/ abbreviation master rev 7-22-08

				
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