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Liberia

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					adf                                                                                                Liberia



Liberia

Location: West Africa

Bordering Countries: Côte d'Ivoire, Guinea and Sierra Leone

Area: 111,370 sq. km

Population statistics (based on UN medium-variant projections
for 1995-2000):
       Total: 2,804,000 (estimates for 1998)
       Growth rate: 2.8
       Ratio of males per 100 females: 101.6
       Age structure (1995 figures)
         Percentage aged 0-4 : 13.8
         Percentage aged 5-14 : 28.6
         Percentage aged 15-24 : 20.1
         Percentage aged 25-60 : 28.2
         Percentage aged 60-over : 9.3
       Population density: 19 per sq. km

Literacy rate: na
GNP in US$ billions: 1.2 (1989 - latest data)
GNP per capita in US$: 471 (1989 - latest data)
Human Development Index value: na
Human Development Index rank: na
Gender-related Development Index value: na
Gender-related Development Index rank: na

Liberia is the oldest independent republic in Africa founded by liberated Afro-American slaves. The
country marked its 150th anniversary on 26 July 1997. However, the country had been devastated by civil
war since 1990 resulting in the loss of life of over 150,000 Liberians and the displacement of half of the
population inside the country and to neighboring countries. The economy was ruined and the government
services collapsed.

For many years, the country depended on exports of iron ore, rubber and timber for its foreign exchanges
earnings. Production of all commodities was disrupted by the war. Among the few functioning facilities is
the country's large flag-of-convenient merchant fleet. Ship owners from all over the world are attracted to
the facility by the competitive registry fees and minimum interference in their operations. The country's
politics was dominated from 1820 to 1980 by Americo-Liberians who account for less than 3% of the
population. The rest of the country is inhabited by various indigenous ethnic groups. The democratically
elected government, installed in August 1997, inherited massive international debts and currently relies
on revenues from its maritime registry to provide the bulk of its foreign exchange earnings.

Information on the telecommunication network is out-of-date due to the civil war. Latest figures suggest
there were 4,500 lines connected in 1993, resulting in a telephone density of 0.16 per hundred people.




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Liberia                                                                                               adf

NICI Infrastructure and Policy
a) Telecommunications
      After a devastating 7 year civil war from 1990 to 1997, the entire development structure of Liberia
      has been destroyed and thrown far behind that of most nations. The country held its first post war
      elections on July 19, 1997, and the government which took power has embarked in the rebuilding of
      Liberia.

      The Liberia Telecommunications Corporation (LTC) is the country's only licensed telephony
      provider and a public corporation responsible to the Ministry of Posts and
      Telecommunications. As there is no independent regulatory authority, the Ministry of Posts and
      Telecommunications is in charge of the regulation of the telecommunications sector. LTC has now
      the task of rebuilding the telecommunications sector with the scarce financial resources available to
      it.

      Teledensity: 0.16 (1996)

      Digital main lines: na

      Waiting list for telephone lines: na

      Telephone Tariff: na

      Public telephones: na

      Public telephones per 1000 inhabitants: na

      Mobile cellular subscribers: na

      Omega Communications Inc. plans to introduce GSM cellular network by March 1999.

      Mobile cellular tariff: na

      Telecentres: na

      Facsimiles (k): na


b) Internet Connectivity

      Data Technology Solutions (DTS) [http://www.liberia.net/] is currently the sole provider of
      Internet services via a 128 Kbps backbone connection to PanAmSat/UUNET. The service is
      restricted to the capital, Monrovia, due to poor or non-existent telecommunications infrastructure in
      other areas.

      The Liberia Telecommunications Corporation (LTC) is planning to become an Internet Service
      Provider by establishing a link to MCI in the US.
      Internet host sites: 1 (1998)
      Internet subscribers: 75 (1998)
      Internet subscribers per 10,000 inhabitants: 0.27
      Internet bandwidth (Kbps): 128




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adf                                                                                           Liberia


c) ICT Training and Development
   Seven years of civil war (1990 - 1997) had a devastating impact on the Liberian education system as
   most of the schools, including the main two university colleges, Cuttington University and
   University of Liberia, had been heavily damaged. Efforts are currently being made through donor
   assistance to rebuild the entire educational infrastructure.



d) Broadcasting/Media
   Liberian Broadcasting System (LBS) was founded in January 1960 as a state-operated agency
   responsible radio and television broadcasting. By 1980, LBS was expanded to include a rural
   broadcasting component through which three regional radio stations were established focusing on
   community development, family planning, agriculture, sanitation, and others.

   In a press conference at the Africa Telecom 98 trade show today, WorldSpace Corporation and the
   Liberian Broadcasting System (LBS) announced the signing of an agreement to use the WorldSpace
   satellite digital audio system to broadcast LBS programming throughout the African continent.

   Local Radio Broadcasters: Radio Agatashya [http://www.hirondelle.org]

   Shortwave Broadcasters:

   LCN - Liberia Communication Network [http://www.afric-network.fr/afric/liberia/liberia.
   html]: On 5100 and 6100 SW, broadcasting news, information, education and entertainment in
   English, French, and other African languages, based in Monrovia.

   Star Radio [http://www.hirondelle.org]: On 3400 / 5880 SW, an independent radio station based in
   Monrovia and run by the Foundation Hirondelle. Only broadcasting on one local FM frequency in
   Monrovia.

   Radios per 100 inhabitants: na

   Television receivers per 100 inhabitants: 2.14 (1996)

   Pay TV decoders: na

   Cable TV subscribers: na

   Home satellite dishes: na




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Liberia                                                                              adf

NICI Indicators 1995-1998
                                          1995         1996    1997        1998

 Telephone lines                          4,500        4,500

 Teledensity                              0.17         0.16

 Digital main lines (%)

 Waiting list for main lines

 Public telephones

 Public telephones per 1,000 inhab.

 Mobile subscribers

 Mobile subscribers per 100 inhab.

 Telecentres

 Facsimiles

 Computer(s) per 100 inhab.

 Radios per 100 inhab.                    4.2

 TVs per 100 inhab.                       2.03         2.14

 Cable TV subscribers

 Satellite dish subscribers

 Internet host sites                                           1           1

 Internet service providers (ISPs)                                         1

 Internet subscribers                                                      75

 Internet subscribers per 10,000 inhab.                                    0.27

 Internet bandwidth (Kbps)                                                 128



Source: ITU (International Telecommunication Union) and NW (Network Wizards) Internet Host
        Surveys.

Note: Blank spaces indicate unavailable information.




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