William Shakespeare

Document Sample
William Shakespeare Powered By Docstoc
					William Shakespeare
The life and times of the Great
              Will!
        What’s up with Will?
 What little we know comes from the
  Parish Register in Stratford, the 1st bio.
  Written by Nicholas Rowe in 1709, and
  conjecture.
 Born April 26th, 1564 (but fixed at the day
  of his death—April 23rd)
 Married Anne Hathaway in 1582
 3 kids…Susanna, Judith, Hamnet
 Died in 1616
            Him in a Nutshell
   William Shakespeare was born in 1564 to
    a successful middle-class glove-maker in
    Stratford-upon-Avon, England.
              School Years
   Shakespeare attended grammar school,
    but his formal education proceeded no
    further.
               Married Life
   In 1582 he married an older woman, Anne
    Hathaway, and had three children with
    her.
                    Career
   Around 1590 he left his family behind and
    traveled to London to work as an actor
    and playwright. Public and critical acclaim
    quickly followed, and Shakespeare
    eventually became the most popular
    playwright in England and part-owner of
    the Globe Theater.
           From Ruler to Ruler
   His career bridged the reigns of Elizabeth I
    (ruled 1558–1603) and James I (ruled
    1603–1625), and he was a favorite of both
    monarchs.
              More nutshells
   Wealthy and renowned, Shakespeare
    retired to Stratford and died in 1616 at the
    age of fifty-two. At the time of
    Shakespeare’s death, literary luminaries
    such as Ben Jonson hailed his works as
    timeless.
         On his tombstone
GOOD FREND FOR JESVS SAKE FORBEARE,
TO DIGG THE DVST ENCLOASED HEARE.
BLESE BE Y MAN Y SPARES THES STONES,
AND CVRST BE HE Y MOVES MY BONES.

Translation: ―…cursed be he who moves my
  bone.‖
           Early Works by Will
 1st   narrative poems: Venus & Adonis and
    Rape of the Lucrece
   Most agree that his sonnets were written
    during this time, but not published until
    1609
                Will’s $$
 From financial records of the time we
  know:
 Partner with both Globe & Blackfriars
 Properties bought in Stratford & London
 Was paid for plays by his company: The
  Lord Chamberlain’s Men (he joined in
  1594) later became King’s Men after the
  assession of King James
 Averaged 2 plays per year for 20 years.
       How we got Will’s Plays
 Plays were not usually published because of
  copyright issues, so companies kept them for
  themselves
 Sometimes ―bad‖ versions of the plays would
  surface that were based on an actors memories
  of their lines—16 of Will’s plays were published
  during his lifetime withOUT his permission
 To prevent against this pirating, companies
  registered playbooks w/the Stationer’s Register
  as ―BLOCKED‖ or ―STAYED‖; therefore, we can
  guestimate as to when a play was written
     The 4 Distinct Periods of Will’s
                Writings
   Early Comedies      1st History Plays
Taming of the
 Shrew                  King John
Comedy of Errors        Titus Andronicus
 (based on
 Plautus’
 Menaechmi)
         Composed between 1584-1594
 Great Comedies
 2nd History Cycle


Romeo & Juliet



       Composed between 1594-1599
 7 Great Tragedies
 Some darker comedies (called ―PROBLEM
  PLAYS‖) like Measure for Measure




      Composed between 1599-1608
   Romances like

The Tempest

Composed later in his life, perhaps just
 before retiring to his home in Stratford
Shakesperean Tragedy (Elizabethan
            Tragedy)
   Some resemblance to Aristotle's Poetics
    where the action is of high significance,
    the use of poetic language, tragic hero

   Here are some works you should know…
    Terms of Elizabethan Tragedy
   Hamartia: a mistake in judgment that
  make a hero fall from grace
 Hubris: excessive pride
 Peripeteia: reversal of fortune
 Anagnorisis: recognition
 Catharsis: purging of pity & terror
     How Will Changed Tragedy
   We see dramatic changes from Will’s Titus
    Andronicus (one of his first plays) to the
    later dramas. In Titus numerous people
    killed on state. Lavinia has her tongue cut
    out & her hands chopped off. Tamora is
    served her sons baked in a pie….so the
    violence changes. Will refines his concept
    of tragedy to a more loosely structured
    plot including subplots
              And the final shells
   The unprecedented admiration garnered by his works
    led to a fierce curiosity about Shakespeare’s life, but the
    dearth of biographical information has left many details
    of Shakespeare’s personal history shrouded in mystery.
    Some people have concluded from this fact and from
    Shakespeare’s modest education that Shakespeare’s
    plays were actually written by someone else—Francis
    Bacon and the Earl of Oxford are the two most popular
    candidates—but the support for this claim is
    overwhelmingly circumstantial, and the theory is not
    taken seriously by many scholars.
   In the absence of credible evidence to the contrary,
    Shakespeare must be viewed as the author of the thirty-
    seven plays and 154 sonnets that bear his name.

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:18
posted:7/23/2011
language:English
pages:20