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					  Keyboard Shortcut                     Result in Windows ® XP - General

CTRL and A            Selects all the items in the active window.
                      Copies the item or items to the Clipboard and can be
CTRL and C
                      pasted using CTRL and V.
CTRL and F            Displays the Find all files dialog box.
CTRL and G            Displays the Go to folder dialog box.
CTRL and N            Displays the New dialog box.
CTRL and O            Displays the Open dialog box.
CTRL and P            Displays the Print dialog box.
CTRL and S            Displays the Save dialog box.
CTRL and V            Pastes the copied item or items from the Clipboard.
CTRL and X            Cuts the item or items selected to the Clipboard.
CTRL and Z            Undoes the last action.
CTRL and F4           Closes the active document window.
CTRL while dragging
an item
                      Copy the selected item

CTRL+SHIFT with
arrow keys
                      Highlight a block of text

CTRL+F4               Close the active document
CTRL+ESC              Display the Start menu
                      Opens the next document window in the active
CTRL and F6
                      application.

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  Keyboard Shortcut                     Result in Windows ® XP - General

ALT+ENTER             View the properties for the selected item
ALT+F4                Close the active item, or quit the active program
ALT+SPACEBAR          Open the shortcut menu for the active window
ALT+TAB               Switch between the open items
                      Cycle through items in the order that they had been
ALT+ESC
                      opened

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  Keyboard Shortcut                     Result in Windows ® XP - General

F1 key                Gives help on the active window or selected item.
F2 key                Rename the selected item
F3 key                  Search for a file or a folder
                        Display the Address bar list in My Computer or Windows
F4 key
                        Explorer
F5 key                  Update the active window
                        Cycle through the screen elements in a window or on the
F6 key
                        desktop
F10 key                 Activate the menu bar in the active program

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  Keyboard Shortcut                       Result in Windows ® XP - General

Windows Logo            Display or hide the Start menu
Windows
Logo+BREAK
                        Display the System Properties dialog box

Windows Logo+D          Display the desktop
Windows Logo+M          Minimize all of the windows
Windows
Logo+SHIFT+M
                        Restore the minimized windows

Windows Logo+E          Open My Computer
Windows Logo+F          Search for a file or a folder
CTRL+Windows
Logo+F
                        Search for computers

Windows Logo+F1         Display Windows Help
Windows Logo+ L         Lock the keyboard
Windows Logo+R          Open the Run dialog box
Windows Logo+U          Open Utility Manager

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  Keyboard Shortcut                     Result in Windows ® XP - Dialogue Box

TAB                     Move forward through the options
SHIFT+TAB               Move backward through the options
CTRL+TAB                Move forward through the tabs
CTRL+SHIFT+TAB          Move backward through the tabs
                        Perform the corresponding command or select the
ALT+Underlined letter
                        corresponding option
ENTER                   Perform the command for the active option or button
SPACEBAR                Select or clear the check box if the active option is a
                       check box
F1 key                 Display Help
F4 key                 Display the items in the active list
                       Select a button if the active option is a group of option
Arrow keys
                       buttons
                       Open a folder one level up if a folder is selected in the
BACKSPACE
                       Save As or Open dialog box


    
         Change the desktop background color in Windows XP ®


Before you follow this tutorial you must read and agree to the terms of our disclaimer.



Changing start menu
If you are used to Windows 95/98/ME then when you first install Windows XP the start menu may look
strange.

Thankfully you can change this back to the "classic view" very easily, follow the guide below to change
your start menu to something more familiar ;o)

First right-click on the START button, then click on Properties from the menu that appears.

Now you will see a box appear similar to that shown in fig 1.1, click on the Start Menu tab (as shown
below)
Now simply select the Classic Start Menu option as shown on the left and then click OK

Now the start menu will look more familiar to those users of previous versions of windows.

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Change the desktop background color
in Windows XP ®                                 First right click on the desktop and then left click on
Properties from the menu that appears.

The Display properties dialogue box will appear, click on the Desktop tab as shown below.
Next, click on the small arrow next to the current background colour (as seen above) to view available
colours.

A small selection of colours will appear, these are basic colours, if you want a more varied selection then
click on other and you will be presented with a wider choice.

When you have chosen a colour you can preview it by clicking on the apply button, when you are happy
with your choice simply click the OK button. First right-click on the desktop and then left click on
Properties from the menu that appears.

The display properties dialogue box will appear as shown in fig 1.1 below, click on the settings tab at
the top right of the box.




        Changing screen resolution in
         Windows XP ®
    
The areas worth noting are:

Screen Resolution
This slide bar is what you use to change the resolution, the options you have will depend on your graphics
card and monitor, but the standard options are 800x600, 1024x768 and 1152x864.

Normally the default (in XP) is set to 800x600 which means the display will be 800 pixels wide and 600
pixels high.

Color Quality
This pull down box will contain the current colour options available, again this will depend on your grahics
card and monitor, for best results select the highest option available.

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Changing the Resolution
To change your resolution simply slide the bar along to the resolution of your choice and then click the
Apply button.

After clicking Apply your screen will resize to the new resolution and you will be presented with a confirm
dialogue box (see left), if you are happy with the way your screen looks then simply click Yes, if you
would like to try a different resolution click No.

When you have finished simply close the Display properties box.

note: It is best to use your PC for a while in the new resolution to see if it is suitable for you.
Changing Date/Time in Windows XP ®
note: the background colour will only change if don't have a background image on your desktop.




        Changing Date/Time in Windows
         XP ®
Changing the date and time

The first thing to do is double click the clock on the taskbar, you will be presented with the Windows XP
Date and Time Properties box.




In fig 1.1 above you can see an example of a typical Windows XP Date and Time Properties box, we have
pointed out the areas of interest.

To adjust the date use the monthly calendar (A) along with the month selector (B) and year selector (C).

To adjust the time, click on the part of the time you want to change (hour or minutes) D and then use the
up and down arrows (E) to change it.

To adjust the timezone click on the Timezone tab (F) and then select your timezone from the selection
tool provided.

The Internet Time tab (G) allows you to synchronise your PC's clock with an internet server



        Formatting a floppy disk in
         Windows XP ®
Floppy disks usually need to be formatted before you can use them, although some blank floppy disks
come pre-formatted but at some point you will want to format your own.

Windows XP makes it easy to format floppy disks, you will find the process very straight forward by
following the instructions below.

First click on the START button, then click on My Computer on the start menu.

note: if you are using the classic start menu then simply double click My Computer on the desktop.

Next right click on the floppy drive icon (see below), then left click on the Format option from the menu
that appears.

Now you are presented with the Format Dialogue box as shown below in fig 1.1




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A few options are available:

Capacity: This will depend on the floppy disk that you are formatting, most disks are now 1.44Mb, it is
best to leave this option as it is.

File System: FAT or NTFS, FAT is the normal file system for floppies, however if you have a utility
installed to enable NTFS floppies then select NTFS, if you are unsure or FAT is the only option then just
leave it on FAT.

Allocation Unit Size: This should be left on the default unless you have a reason to change it.

Volume Label: This is where you can enter a label for your floppy disk, simply type the name into the
box, in our example we have named the disk NEW DISK.

Quick Format: This option can be selected if the disk has previously been formatted and you just want to
clear the data off the disk.
Create an MS-DOS startup disk: This option can be used to copy system files over to make a bootable
system disk (everyone should have at least one of these).


Ms word
  Keyboard Shortcut                           Result in Microsoft Word

CTRL and A            Selects all in the current document.
CTRL and B            Bold text.
                      Copies the item or text to the Clipboard and can be
CTRL and C
                      pasted using CTRL and V.
CTRL and D            Displays the Font dialogue box.
CTRL and E            Centre Alignment.
                      Displays the Find dialog box, to search the current
CTRL and F
                      document.
                      Displays the Go to dialog box, to go to a specific location
CTRL and G
                      in the current document.
CTRL and H            Displays the Replace dialogue box.
CTRL and I            Italic text.
CTRL and J            Full Justification.
CTRL and K            Create Hyperlink
CTRL and L            Left Alignment
CTRL and M            Tab
CTRL and N            Creates a new document.
CTRL and O            Displays the Open File dialogue box.
CTRL and P            Displays the Print dialog box.
CTRL and R            Right Alignment.
CTRL and S            Displays the Save dialog box.
CTRL and U            Underline text
                      Pastes the copied item or text from the Clipboard into the
CTRL and V
                      current position in the document.
CTRL and X            Cuts the item or text selected to the Clipboard.
CTRL and Y            Redo the last undone action.
CTRL and Z            Undoes the last action.
CTRL and ENTER        Insert Page Break.
CTRL and F2           Show Print preview.
CTRL and F4           Closes the active document window.
CTRL and F6           Opens the next document window.




       setting the homepage in Internet
        Explorer (r)
First click on TOOLS on the main menu at the top of the screen, then click on INTERNET OPTIONS as
see fig 1.1 below:




next you will see the Internet Options dialogue box as shown below in fig 1.2

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Type in the address of the homepage you would like to set, or if it is the one you are currently visiting just
click Use Current.

then simply click on the OK button.



adding favorites in Internet Explorer (r)
You can also hold down CTRL and press D when you are at the page you want to add, but it is good to
know your way around internet explorer.



          First click on the Favorites button as seen to the left.




                                        You will now see the favorites side bar.

                                        Click on ADD as shown in fig 1.1, this will add the webpage you
                                        are currently visiting.
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clearing the cache history in Internet
Explorer (r)
You will now see the Add favorites dialogue box as shown in fig 1.2 above.

If you want to change the title of the page change the text in the box provided.

To save the page to your hard drive put a tick by the Make available offline option.

When done simply click the OK button.

Now you will see the page added to the list on the left, so, to quickly go to this page again in the future,
first click the FAVORITES button, and then click on the name of the page in the Favorites Sidebar.

When done simply click on the small X

First click on TOOLS at the top of the screen, then click on INTERNET OPTIONS as shown below in fig
1.1:




You will now see the Internet Options dialogue box as shown below in fig 1.2:

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You can see several buttons, the procedure for clearing your history is:
                Click on the DELETE FILES button, again as shown on the left, this will delete the
                'cached' elements that Internet Explorer has stored. It will prompt you for confirmation
                when you click the button.
                Clicking on the CLEAR HISTORY button as shown on the left will clear the box that
                appears with suggestions when you are typing in a web address. It will prompt you for
                confirmation when you click the button. Notice also that you can select how many days
                these suggestions are kept in history.

                Then simply click the OK button




Keyboard Shortcuts in Internet Explorer
(r) To Select all items on a webpage use CTRL and A.
To Copy a selected item to the clipboard use CTRL and C.

To Paste an item from the clipboard into a document use CTRL and V.

To Add the current page/document to your favorites use CTRL and D.

To Open the IE search utility use CTRL and E.

To Open the FIND box to search the current document use CTRL and F.

To Open the History utility use CTRL and H.
To Open the Favorites utility use CTRL and I.

To Go to a new location/document use CTRL and L. Also CTRL and O.

To Open a new Explorer window use CTRL and N.

To Print the current page/document use CTRL and P.

To Refresh the current page/document use CTRL and R. Also you can use the F5 key.

To Save the current document/page use CTRL and S.

To Close the current Explorer window use CTRL and W.

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These are achieved by holding down and pressing a combination of keys

To go to your default homepage use ALT and the HOME key.

To go forward one page (equivalent to the FORWARD button) use ALT and the right arrow key.

To go back one page (equivalent to the BACK button) use ALT and the left arrow key.



disabling cookies in Internet Explorer
(r)
First click on TOOLS at the top of the screen, then click on INTERNET OPTIONS as shown below in fig
1.1:




Click on the Privacy Tab as shown below.




Now click on the ADVANCED button.

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You will now see the Advanced Privacy Settings dialogue box as seen in fig 1.1 below.
Select the Override automatic cookie handling option as shown above.

First Party cookies are cookies set by the website you are visiting and Third Party cookies refer to
cookies that are set by a different site to the one you are visiting.

You have 3 choices for each type of cookie:


       Accept - Accepts any cookies.
       Block - Blocks all cookies.
       Prompt - Asks you before storing a cookie.

Session cookies are cookies that will expire when you have finished your session on the website (some
websites need these cookies enabled to function correctly).

Your choice for the 3 options will depend on your requirements, select whichever settings you want and
then click the OK button.

				
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